JP4546951B2 - Removal device for removing unnecessary parts of fruit and fruit skin removal machine - Google Patents

Removal device for removing unnecessary parts of fruit and fruit skin removal machine Download PDF

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JP4546951B2
JP4546951B2 JP2006354900A JP2006354900A JP4546951B2 JP 4546951 B2 JP4546951 B2 JP 4546951B2 JP 2006354900 A JP2006354900 A JP 2006354900A JP 2006354900 A JP2006354900 A JP 2006354900A JP 4546951 B2 JP4546951 B2 JP 4546951B2
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JP2008161128A (en
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克己 中村
直人 井伊
浩幸 小林
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株式会社ミツワ
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本発明は、果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置並びに果実の表皮除去機に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a removing device for removing unnecessary portions of fruits and a skin removal machine for fruits.
本出願人は、特開平7−132075号及び特開平8−173122号により柿の皮剥き機(以下、従従来機)を提案している。   The present applicant has proposed a cocoon peeling machine (hereinafter referred to as a conventional machine) according to Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Nos. 7-1332075 and 8-173122.
この従従来機が提案される以前は、例えば干し柿農家などの果実加工業者において必須の作業となる果実の皮剥き作業は一つ一つ作業者の手作業により行われていたが、この従従来機は、前述の作業者による手間を確実に解消して飛躍的に作業能率を向上し得るものとして極めて画期的である。   Before this subordinate machine was proposed, for example, the fruit peeling work, which is essential for fruit processors such as dried persimmon farmers, was carried out manually by the individual workers. The machine is extremely epoch-making as it can relieve the above-mentioned troubles by the operator and dramatically improve the work efficiency.
ところが、この従従来機は、皮剥き刃により柿の表皮を剥く際、皮剥き刃まで柿を搬送する際の柿の保持が、柿に針を刺すことで保持する構造であり、よって、この針を刺した部位から雑菌が入り込んで痛み易いなど柿の商品価値が低下する問題点があった。   However, this conventional machine has a structure in which, when peeling the skin of the cocoon with a skinning blade, the heel is held when the cocoon is transported to the skinning blade by piercing the needle with a needle. There was a problem that the commercial value of the sputum declined, such as various bacteria entering from the site where the needle was stabbed and being easily painful.
そこで、本出願人は、この問題点を解消すべく特許第3053615号に開示される果実の表皮除去機(以下、従来機)を提案している。   Therefore, the present applicant has proposed a fruit skin removal machine (hereinafter referred to as a conventional machine) disclosed in Japanese Patent No. 3053615 to solve this problem.
この従来機は、柿の表皮を除去する表皮除去装置と、該表皮除去装置に柿を搬送する搬送装置とを備え、この表皮除去装置に柿を搬送する搬送装置は、柿を吸引保持する吸引部を備えた構造としている。   This conventional machine includes a skin removing device that removes the skin of the cocoon, and a transport device that transports the cocoon to the skin removing device, and the transport device that transports the cocoon to the skin removing device is a suction that holds and holds the cocoon. It has a structure with parts.
従って、柿を搬送する際における柿の保持は吸引により行う構造のため、前述した従従来機で生じた問題点は確実に解消されることになる。   Accordingly, since the bag is held by suction when the bag is transported, the above-described problems caused by the conventional machine are surely solved.
特開平7−132075号公報JP-A-7-1332075 特開平8−173122号公報JP-A-8-173122 特許第3053615号公報Japanese Patent No. 3053615
ところで、従来例は、搬送装置の吸引部における柿に対する良好な吸引を達成する為、前加工装置により柿のへた部及びその周辺部を所定形状となるように除去している。   By the way, in the conventional example, in order to achieve a good suction with respect to the wrinkles in the suction portion of the transport device, the head portion of the scissors and its peripheral portion are removed by the pre-processing device so as to have a predetermined shape.
具体的には、前加工装置は、果実を配置する複数の果実載置部が自転自在に配設される回転テーブルを設け、この回転テーブルの上方所定位置に果実載置部に載置した柿に当接する板状刃体を備えた皮剥き装置を設けた構成であり、柿のへた部に板状刃体を当接させて果実載置部を自転させると、柿のへた部及びその周辺部が板状刃体により平坦に且つ平面方向から見てリング状に除去される。この板状刃体で除去された平坦な部位を搬送装置の吸引部で吸引して保持することになる。   Specifically, the pre-processing apparatus is provided with a rotary table on which a plurality of fruit placement units for arranging fruits are rotatably arranged, and the basket placed on the fruit placement unit at a predetermined position above the rotary table. Is provided with a peeling device provided with a plate-like blade body that comes into contact with the plate, and when the plate-like blade body is brought into contact with the heel portion of the cocoon to rotate the fruit placement portion, the heel portion of the heel and The peripheral portion is removed flatly by a plate-like blade and in a ring shape when viewed from the plane direction. The flat portion removed by the plate-like blade body is sucked and held by the suction portion of the transport device.
ところが、従来例は、柿を載置する果実載置部はカップ状に形成されて、柿ごとに異なる形状や大きさが考慮されて若干余裕を持たせた形状及び大きさとされているが、この果実載置部を自転させて該果実載置部に載置される柿の不要部分を板状刃体で除去した際、特に切断抵抗の大きいへた部を除去するということもあって果実載置部内で柿が揺動して傾いてしまう場合があり、更に、板状刃体での除去作業後、搬送装置まで回転テーブルで送られる間にも振動などによって柿が果実載置部内で揺動して傾いてしまう問題点がある。   However, in the conventional example, the fruit placing part for placing the cocoon is formed in a cup shape, and the shape and size are given a little allowance in consideration of different shapes and sizes for each cocoon, When the fruit placing part is rotated and the unnecessary part of the cocoon placed on the fruit placing part is removed with a plate-like blade, the fruit part having a particularly high cutting resistance is also removed. There is a case where the cocoon swings and tilts in the placement unit, and after the removal work with the plate-like blade body, the cocoon also moves in the fruit placement unit due to vibration or the like while being sent to the transport device by the rotary table. There is a problem of swinging and tilting.
この果実載置部内で傾いた状態のまま搬送装置の吸引部で吸引しようとしても良好に吸着保持されず、処理エラーが生じてしまう。   Even if an attempt is made to suck with the suction portion of the transport device while the state is inclined in the fruit placement portion, the suction is not satisfactorily held and a processing error occurs.
また、柿が果実載置部内で傾いた状態で除去されることにより除去した部分が水平状でなく傾斜状となってしまうと、後に表皮除去装置で除去する際に柿の周面に対して皮剥き刃が設定通りの角度で当接せず良好な皮剥き処理が行われない場合もある(表皮除去装置における柿の表面に対する皮剥き刃の当接角度や動作は、前加工装置において柿のへた部及びその周辺部が平坦且つ水平状に形成されていることを前提として設定されている。)。   In addition, if the removed part becomes inclined instead of horizontal by removing it in a state where it is tilted in the fruit placement section, it will be later removed with respect to the peripheral surface of the straw when removing with the skin removing device. In some cases, the skinning blade does not come into contact with the set angle and good skinning processing is not performed (the contact angle and operation of the skinning blade with respect to the surface of the skin in the skin removal device are It is set on the assumption that the edge part and its peripheral part are flat and horizontal.)
本出願人は、この従来機について更なる研究開発を進め、このたび、良好に果実の不要部分を除去ができる本発明を完成した。   The present applicant has advanced further research and development on this conventional machine, and has now completed the present invention capable of successfully removing unnecessary portions of fruits.
添付図面を参照して本発明の要旨を説明する。   The gist of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
果実10を載置する果実載置部4と、この果実載置部4に載置した果実10の不要部分を除去する除去部15とから成る果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置であって、前記果実載置部4に果実10を載置した際、果実10の荷重を受ける荷重受け部5と、この荷重受け部5で荷重を受けることで作動して果実10の周面にして前記荷重受け部5が当接する部位よりも上方部位に押圧当接する押圧部6とを具備する果実支承体7を前記果実載置部4に複数設け、前記押圧部6は、前記果実支承体7に上下方向に回動自在に設けられる回動体11の内面に果実押圧面6aを設けて構成されており、前記除去部15で果実10の不要部分を除去する際、前記果実載置部4に載置された果実10の上部を押圧する押圧機構16を備え、この押圧機構16で果実10の上部を押圧した際、前記荷重受け部5に対する荷重の増加に伴い前記押圧部6における押圧力が増加するように構成したことを特徴とする果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置に係るものである。 A removal device for removing an unnecessary part of a fruit, comprising a fruit placement part 4 for placing a fruit 10 and a removal part 15 for removing an unnecessary part of the fruit 10 placed on the fruit placement part 4, When the fruit 10 is placed on the fruit placing part 4, the load receiving part 5 that receives the load of the fruit 10, and the load receiving part 5 operates by receiving the load to make the peripheral face of the fruit 10 the load. receiving unit 5 is provided with a plurality of fruit bearing body 7 comprising a pressing portion 6 pressing contact with the upper part than the site in contact with the fruit mounting portion 4, the pressing unit 6 is vertically the fruit scaffold 7 The fruit pressing surface 6a is provided on the inner surface of the rotating body 11 that is freely rotatable in the direction. When the unnecessary part of the fruit 10 is removed by the removing unit 15, the fruit is placed on the fruit placing unit 4. When the upper part of the fruit 10 is pressed by the pressing mechanism 16 Those of the removal device for removing the unnecessary portion of the fruit, characterized in that the pressing force of the pressing portion 6 with increasing load on the load receiving portion 5 is configured to increase.
また、前記果実載置部4と前記除去部15とを接離移動自在とし、前記除去部15に設けた刃体14を前記果実載置部4に載置した果実10に当接させて果実10と刃体14とを相対回動することで果実10の不要部分を除去するように構成し、この除去部15に設けた刃体14を果実10の上部に押圧当接するように設けて前記押圧機構16を構成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置に係るものである。   Further, the fruit placing part 4 and the removing part 15 are made to be movable toward and away from each other, and the blade 14 provided in the removing part 15 is brought into contact with the fruit 10 placed on the fruit placing part 4 so as to be fruit. 10 and the blade 14 are configured to remove the unnecessary portion of the fruit 10 by relatively rotating, and the blade 14 provided in the removing portion 15 is provided so as to press and contact the upper portion of the fruit 10. The pressing mechanism 16 is configured, and the present invention relates to a removing device for removing unnecessary portions of fruit according to claim 1.
また、前記果実載置部4に擺動自在に設けた擺動体の支点部の一端側位置に力点部としての前記荷重受け部5を設けるとともに、前記支点部の他端側位置に作用点部としての前記押圧部6を設けて前記果実支承体7を構成したことを特徴とする請求項1,2のいずれか1項に記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置に係るものである。   Moreover, while providing the said load receiving part 5 as a force point part in the one end side position of the fulcrum part of the peristaltic body provided in the said fruit mounting part 4 so that a rocking | fluctuation is freely possible, as an action point part in the other end side position of the said fulcrum part The said pressing part 6 was provided and the said fruit support body 7 was comprised, It concerns on the removal apparatus which removes the unnecessary part of the fruit of any one of Claim 1, 2 characterized by the above-mentioned.
また、前記押圧部6に果実10に刺入する先鋭突部13を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1〜のいずれか1項に記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置に係るものである。 The apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the pressing portion 6 is provided with a sharp protrusion 13 that pierces the fruit 10. It is.
また、前記先鋭突部13を果実10の表皮10aの厚さと同一若しくは近似する突出度合いに設定したことを特徴とする請求項記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置に係るものである。 5. The apparatus according to claim 4 , wherein the sharp protrusion 13 is set to a protrusion degree that is the same as or close to the thickness of the skin 10a of the fruit 10.
また、果実10の表皮10aを除去する表皮除去装置1と、該表皮除去装置1に果実10を搬送する搬送装置2と、搬送前に果実10の所定部分を所定形状に前加工する前加工装置3とより成る果実の表皮除去機において、前記前加工装置3を前記請求項1〜のいずれか1項に記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置としたことを特徴とする果実の表皮除去機に係るものである。 Moreover, the skin removal apparatus 1 which removes the skin 10a of the fruit 10, the conveying apparatus 2 which conveys the fruit 10 to this skin removal apparatus 1, and the pre-processing apparatus which pre-processes the predetermined part of the fruit 10 into a predetermined shape before conveyance A fruit epidermis remover comprising a fruit skin, wherein the pre-processing device 3 is a removal device for removing unnecessary portions of the fruit according to any one of claims 1 to 5. It relates to a removal machine.
本発明は上述のように構成したから、果実の不要部分の除去作業が良好に行われるなど極めて商品価値の高い画期的な果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置並びに果実の表皮除去機となる。   Since the present invention is configured as described above, it is a removal device and a fruit skin removal machine that removes an unnecessary part of a fruit having a very high commercial value, such as a work for removing an unnecessary part of a fruit. .
好適と考える本考案の実施形態を、図面に基づいて本考案の作用を示して簡単に説明する。   The preferred embodiment of the present invention will be briefly described with reference to the drawings showing the operation of the present invention.
本発明は、果実載置部4に載置された果実10の不要部分を除去部15で除去する。   In the present invention, an unnecessary portion of the fruit 10 placed on the fruit placing unit 4 is removed by the removing unit 15.
この際、果実10は果実載置部4に設けられる複数の果実支承体7により支承されており、前述した従来機のように果実載置部に載置された果実10が揺動して傾いたりすることが確実に防止される。   At this time, the fruit 10 is supported by a plurality of fruit supports 7 provided in the fruit placing part 4, and the fruit 10 placed on the fruit placing part is rocked and tilted as in the conventional machine described above. Is reliably prevented.
具体的には、果実載置部4に設けられる各果実支承体7は、果実10の荷重を受ける荷重受け部5と、この荷重受け部5で荷重を受けることで作動して果実10の周面にして前記荷重受け部5が当接する部位よりも上方部位に押圧当接する押圧部6とを具備する構造であり、よって、この果実載置部4に果実10を載置するだけで果実10は挟持された状態で支承される。   Specifically, each fruit support 7 provided in the fruit placing part 4 is actuated by receiving a load from the fruit 10 and a load receiving part 5 receiving the load of the fruit 10, And a pressing portion 6 that presses and abuts on a portion above the portion on which the load receiving portion 5 abuts. Therefore, the fruit 10 can be obtained simply by placing the fruit 10 on the fruit placing portion 4. Is supported in a clamped state.
そして更に、本発明は、除去部15で果実10の不要部分を除去する際、果実載置部4に載置された果実10の上部を押圧する押圧機構16を備え、この押圧機構16で果実10の上部を押圧した際、荷重受け部5に対する荷重の増加に伴い押圧部6における押圧力が増加するように構成されており、よって、除去部15で果実10の不要部分を除去する際にはより一層強い力で支承されることになる。   In addition, the present invention further includes a pressing mechanism 16 that presses the upper part of the fruit 10 placed on the fruit placing unit 4 when removing the unnecessary part of the fruit 10 by the removing unit 15. When the upper part of 10 is pressed, it is comprised so that the pressing force in the press part 6 may increase with the increase in the load with respect to the load receiving part 5, Therefore, when removing the unnecessary part of the fruit 10 in the removal part 15 Will be supported with even stronger power.
従って、例えば果実10を移動する際に果実載置部4に振動が加わったとしても果実載置部4に載置される果実10が揺動して傾くことが確実に防止され、しかも、除去部15で不要部分を除去する際に振動や負荷が果実10にかかっても果実載置部4に載置される果実10が揺動して傾くことが確実に防止されることになる。また、前述した構造上、果実支承体7で支承された状態は、例えば果実10を持ち上げるだけで簡単に解除される。   Therefore, for example, even when vibration is applied to the fruit placing part 4 when the fruit 10 is moved, the fruit 10 placed on the fruit placing part 4 is reliably prevented from swinging and tilting and removed. Even when vibration or a load is applied to the fruit 10 when the unnecessary part is removed by the part 15, the fruit 10 placed on the fruit placing part 4 is reliably prevented from swinging and tilting. In addition, due to the structure described above, the state of being supported by the fruit support 7 can be easily released simply by lifting the fruit 10, for example.
本発明の具体的な一実施例について図面に基づいて説明する。   A specific embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
本実施例は、適宜な駆動源(図示省略)を内装した機体40に、果実10の表皮10aを除去する表皮除去装置1と、該表皮除去装置1に果実10を搬送する搬送装置2と、搬送前に果実10の所定部分を所定形状に前加工する前加工装置3とより成る果実の表皮除去機を設けたものである。   In this embodiment, an airframe 40 equipped with an appropriate drive source (not shown), an epidermis removing device 1 for removing the skin 10a of the fruit 10, a transport device 2 for transporting the fruit 10 to the epidermis removing device 1, A fruit skin removal machine comprising a pre-processing device 3 for pre-processing a predetermined portion of the fruit 10 into a predetermined shape before conveyance is provided.
また、本実施例は、表皮の除去作業(皮剥き作業)を行う果実10として頂部(柄部10bの周囲近傍)にへた部10cを備えた柿10を対象とし、柿10の表皮10aを剥く皮剥き機として構成している。尚、本実施例に係る皮剥き構造は、柿10の皮剥き機だけに限らず、例えばリンゴやナシ、或いは、野菜のカブなどといった主に表皮の除去作業が行われる柿10以外の果物や野菜に対してもその対象範囲が広く及ぶものである
以下、本実施例の構成各部の詳細な説明をする。
In addition, the present embodiment is directed to a cocoon 10 having a crest 10c on the top (near the periphery of the handle 10b) as a fruit 10 for performing a skin removal operation (skinning operation). It is configured as a peeling machine. In addition, the skinning structure according to the present embodiment is not limited to the peeler of the cocoon 10, but for example, fruits other than the cocoon 10 where the skin removal work such as apples and pears or vegetable turnips is mainly performed. The scope of the application covers a wide range of vegetables. Hereinafter, detailed description of each component of the present embodiment will be given.
表皮除去装置1は、図1に図示したように駆動装置9と、皮剥き刃体8とで構成され、この皮剥き刃体8は駆動装置9に連設され回動(180°の反復回動)する軸杆8aに設けられている。更に、皮剥き刃体8は刃部材12を有する刃取付体34を先端側に備えた構成である。   As shown in FIG. 1, the skin removing device 1 includes a driving device 9 and a skinning blade body 8, and the skinning blade body 8 is connected to the driving device 9 and is rotated (repetitively rotated 180 °). It is provided on a shaft rod 8a that moves. Further, the peeling blade body 8 has a configuration in which a blade mounting body 34 having a blade member 12 is provided on the distal end side.
皮剥き刃体8は、柿10の表皮10aに対する刃部材12の皮剥き当接角度及び押圧力を調節し得る皮剥き調節機構35を備えている。   The skinning blade body 8 includes a skinning adjustment mechanism 35 that can adjust the skin contact angle and pressing force of the blade member 12 with respect to the skin 10a of the heel 10.
また、刃取付体34の軸芯は前記軸杆8aの軸芯とずれた位置に設定されており、よって、軸杆8aが回動(180°の反復回動)すると、刃取付体34の先端の刃部材12は正面方向から見て略半円の軌道上を移動するように設けられている。   The axis of the blade mounting body 34 is set at a position shifted from the axis of the shaft rod 8a. Therefore, when the shaft rod 8a rotates (repetitive rotation of 180 °), the blade mounting body 34 The blade member 12 at the tip is provided so as to move on a substantially semicircular orbit when viewed from the front.
また、刃部材12の近傍には機体40に設けられるコンプレッサー(図示省略)に接続されるエアー吹出ノズル(図示省略)を設けている。このエアー吹出ノズルは、刃部材12に付いた表皮をエアーにより除去する不要物除去構造であり、柿10の表皮10aを剥く前に毎回エアーの吹き付け作動が行われるように構成されている。   Further, an air blowing nozzle (not shown) connected to a compressor (not shown) provided in the machine body 40 is provided in the vicinity of the blade member 12. This air blowing nozzle has an unnecessary object removing structure for removing the skin attached to the blade member 12 with air, and is configured such that an air blowing operation is performed every time before peeling the skin 10a of the bag 10.
搬送装置2は、図1に図示したように機体40内の適宜な駆動源(図示省略)に接続される回動基体37に直交状態で連設する回動軸部38を設け、該回動軸部38は、回動装置39の作動により回動自在となる管状の回動アーム41を突設している。   As shown in FIG. 1, the transport device 2 is provided with a rotation shaft portion 38 that is connected to a rotation base 37 connected to an appropriate drive source (not shown) in the machine body 40 in an orthogonal state. The shaft portion 38 is provided with a tubular rotating arm 41 that is rotatable by the operation of the rotating device 39.
この回動軸部38は、回動基体37を正面側に向けた際、回動アーム41の先端が後述する回転テーブル17の上方に位置するように構成され、回動基体37を水平回動させて回動基体37を側方へ向けた際には回動アーム41の先端が前述した表皮除去部1の皮剥き刃体8の近傍に配されるように構成されている。   The rotation shaft portion 38 is configured such that when the rotation base 37 faces the front side, the tip of the rotation arm 41 is positioned above a rotary table 17 described later, and the rotation base 37 is horizontally rotated. Thus, when the rotating base 37 is directed to the side, the tip of the rotating arm 41 is arranged in the vicinity of the skinning blade body 8 of the skin removing portion 1 described above.
この回動基体37を正面側に向けた際における回動アーム41の先端対向位置にして回転テーブル17の下方位置には昇降装置45が設けられており、この昇降装置45は昇降アーム46を上下動することで前加工済みの柿10が載置される果実載置部4を昇降するように構成されている。   A lifting device 45 is provided at a position below the rotary table 17 so as to face the front end of the rotating arm 41 when the rotating base 37 faces the front side. The lifting device 45 moves the lifting arm 46 up and down. It is configured to move up and down the fruit placing part 4 on which the pre-processed cocoon 10 is placed by moving.
また、回動アーム41には、その先端に吸引部42が設けられている。   Further, the rotary arm 41 is provided with a suction portion 42 at the tip thereof.
この吸引部42は、回動アーム41の先端に適度な柔軟性を備えた環状部材43を設け、回動アーム41の後端に機体40に設けられる真空ポンプ36に接続されるホース部材44を接続して構成されている。   This suction part 42 is provided with an annular member 43 having appropriate flexibility at the tip of the rotating arm 41, and a hose member 44 connected to a vacuum pump 36 provided in the body 40 at the rear end of the rotating arm 41. Connected and configured.
また、上記真空ポンプ36は、柿10を吸引する吸引作用の他にも吸引作業時に吸ってしまう柿10のシブやカスなどの吸引物を逆噴出させて吹き出すエアー吹き出し作用を発揮するように構成されており、このエアー吹き出し構造により、柿10を吸引するよりも前に毎回吹き出し作動をして吸引物を吹き出すことになる。   Further, the vacuum pump 36 is configured to exert an air blowing action that reversely blows out the sucked material such as sibs and debris sucked during suction work in addition to the sucking action for sucking the firewood 10. With this air blowing structure, the sucked material is blown out every time before the bag 10 is sucked.
以上から、搬送装置2は、昇降装置45を介して上昇する柿10の頂部(除去部位10d)に吸引部42に係る環状部材43を当接させ、真空ポンプ10を作動することにより柿10を吸引することができ(果実の受け渡しが行われ)、且つ、回動基体37を水平回動させることにより柿10を吸引保持したまま表皮除去部1に搬送することができるように構成されている。   From the above, the conveying device 2 causes the annular member 43 related to the suction portion 42 to abut on the top (removal site 10d) of the eaves 10 rising via the elevating device 45, and the vacuum pump 10 is operated to operate the eaves 10 It is configured so that it can be sucked (fruits are delivered) and can be transported to the skin removal unit 1 while sucking and holding the cocoon 10 by horizontally rotating the rotating base 37. .
前加工装置3は、図1に図示したように搬送手段としての回転テーブル17により搬送され、柿10を載置する果実載置部4と、この果実載置部4に載置した柿10のへた部10c及びその周辺部を除去(皮剥き加工)する除去部15とを有するものである。   As shown in FIG. 1, the pre-processing device 3 is transported by a rotary table 17 as a transport means, and a fruit placing unit 4 for placing the straw 10 and a straw 10 placed on the fruit placing part 4. It has a removal portion 15 for removing (skinning) the peripheral portion 10c and its peripheral portion.
回転テーブル17は、均等間隔をおいて4つの貫通孔17aが設けられ、この4つの貫通孔17a夫々には柿10を載置する果実載置部4が自転自在に嵌合配設されており、更に、回転テーブル17は下部に設けた回動装置(図示省略)により約90°ずつ間欠的に水平回転するように構成されている。   The rotary table 17 is provided with four through holes 17a at equal intervals, and the fruit mounting portion 4 on which the basket 10 is placed is fitted and disposed in each of the four through holes 17a so as to be rotatable. Furthermore, the rotary table 17 is configured to rotate horizontally horizontally by about 90 ° by a rotating device (not shown) provided in the lower part.
尚、本実施例では、回転テーブル17に4つの果実載置部4を設けている為、回転テーブル17の回転は約90°ずつ間欠的に行われるように設定されているが、例えば6つの果実載置部4を配設するように構成した場合には、回転テーブル17の回転は約60°ずつ間欠的に行われるように設定するものである。   In the present embodiment, since the four fruit mounting portions 4 are provided on the rotary table 17, the rotary table 17 is set to be intermittently rotated by about 90 °. In the case where the fruit placement unit 4 is arranged, the rotation table 17 is set to rotate about 60 ° intermittently.
果実載置部4は、図2に図示したように前述した回転テーブル17に設けた貫通孔17aに着脱自在に嵌合配設される基体18の上面部に複数の果実支承体7を設けて構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 2, the fruit mounting part 4 is provided with a plurality of fruit supports 7 on the upper surface of a base body 18 that is detachably fitted in the through hole 17a provided in the rotary table 17 described above. It is configured.
この果実支承体7は、果実載置部4に果実10を載置した際、果実10の荷重を受ける荷重受け部5と、この荷重受け部5で荷重を受けることで作動して果実10の周面にして前記荷重受け部5が当接する部位よりも上方部位に押圧当接する押圧部6とを具備する構成である。   When the fruit 10 is placed on the fruit placing part 4, the fruit support 7 operates by receiving the load of the fruit 10 and the load receiving part 5 to receive the load of the fruit 10. It is the structure which comprises the press part 6 which press-contacts to an upper part rather than the site | part which the said load receiving part 5 contact | abuts on a surrounding surface.
具体的には、果実支承体7は、図2,5に図示したように果実載置部4の上面に設けられる支持部材19に枢着され上下方向に擺動する擺動体であり、支点部の一端側位置に力点部としての荷重受け部5を設けるとともに、支点部の他端側位置にして力点部よりも上方位置に作用点部としての押圧部6を設けて構成されている。   Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 5, the fruit support body 7 is a sliding body that is pivotally attached to a support member 19 provided on the upper surface of the fruit placement section 4 and swings in the vertical direction. A load receiving portion 5 as a force point portion is provided at one end side position, and a pressing portion 6 as an action point portion is provided at a position above the force point portion at the other end side position of the fulcrum portion.
従って、果実支承体7は、下方位置の荷重受け部5で果実10の荷重を受けることで擺動し、上方位置の押圧部6が果実10の周面にして荷重受け部5が当接する部位よりも上方部位に押圧当接することになり、荷重受け部5に対する荷重の増加に伴い押圧部6における押圧力が増加するように構成されている。   Therefore, the fruit support body 7 swings by receiving the load of the fruit 10 at the load receiving part 5 in the lower position, and the pressing part 6 at the upper position makes the peripheral surface of the fruit 10 and the load receiving part 5 comes into contact with the fruit support body 7. Also, it is configured such that the pressing force in the pressing portion 6 increases as the load on the load receiving portion 5 increases.
また、押圧部6は、果実支承体7に枢着され上下方向に回動自在に設けられる回動体11の内面に果実押圧面6aを設けて構成されている。   The pressing portion 6 is configured by providing a fruit pressing surface 6a on the inner surface of a rotating body 11 that is pivotally attached to the fruit support 7 and is provided so as to be rotatable in the vertical direction.
従って、押圧部6は上下方向に回動(首振り)することになり、単なる固定されたタイプに比し、果実10の形状に対応して確実にその周面を押圧することができ、しかも、果実支承体7で支承された状態の果実10を上方に持ち上げた際、果実10に対する支承の解除が良好に行われることになる。   Therefore, the pressing portion 6 is pivoted (swinged) in the vertical direction, and can reliably press the peripheral surface corresponding to the shape of the fruit 10 as compared with a mere fixed type. When the fruit 10 supported by the fruit support 7 is lifted upward, the support for the fruit 10 is successfully released.
また、この果実押圧面6aには先鋭突部13が設けられている。   Further, a sharp protrusion 13 is provided on the fruit pressing surface 6a.
この先鋭突部13は果実10の表皮10aに刺入して果実10の支承を堅固にするためのものであり、その突出度合いを果実10の表皮10aの厚さと同一若しくは近似する突出度合いに設定されている。   This sharp protrusion 13 is for inserting into the skin 10a of the fruit 10 to make the support of the fruit 10 firm, and the degree of protrusion is set to be the same as or close to the thickness of the skin 10a of the fruit 10. Has been.
また、荷重受け部5の果実受け面5aにも先鋭突部20が設けられている。   Further, a sharp protrusion 20 is also provided on the fruit receiving surface 5 a of the load receiving portion 5.
本実施例では、前述した4個の果実支承体7を、果実載置部4の上面に該果実載置部4に載置した果実10を囲むように等間隔(90°間隔)に配設している。   In the present embodiment, the four fruit supports 7 described above are arranged at equal intervals (90 ° intervals) on the upper surface of the fruit placing portion 4 so as to surround the fruits 10 placed on the fruit placing portion 4. is doing.
従って、果実載置部4に果実10を載置した際、各果実支承体7の押圧部6が外から内へ移動して中央に配された果実10の周面(側面)に対して挟持状態で支承することになる。   Therefore, when the fruit 10 is mounted on the fruit mounting part 4, the pressing part 6 of each fruit support body 7 moves from the outside to the inside, and is clamped with respect to the peripheral surface (side surface) of the fruit 10 arranged in the center. Will be supported in the state.
また、果実載置部4に係る基体18の下面部には、図2,3,4に図示したように前述した昇降装置45の昇降アーム46及び後述する昇降回動装置47の昇降回動アーム48に連結する連結部21が設けられており、この連結部21は昇降アーム46及び昇降回動アーム48夫々の上端部に設けられる被嵌連結部46a,48aに被嵌連結される構造である。   Further, as shown in FIGS. 2, 3, and 4, as shown in FIGS. 2, 3, and 4, the lifting arm 46 of the lifting device 45 and the lifting and lowering arm of the lifting and lowering device 47, which will be described later, are provided on the lower surface portion of the base body 18. 48 is provided, and this connecting portion 21 is structured to be fitted and connected to fitted connecting portions 46a and 48a provided at the upper ends of the lifting and lowering arms 46 and 48, respectively. .
従って、果実載置部4は、昇降装置45の昇降アーム46の上昇により搬送装置2との果実受け渡し部位まで上昇し、昇降回動装置47の昇降回動アーム48の上昇により除去部15での除去処理部位まで上昇する。   Accordingly, the fruit placing unit 4 rises to the fruit delivery site with the transport device 2 by the raising of the lifting arm 46 of the lifting device 45, and the removing unit 15 moves by the lifting and lowering arm 48 of the lifting and turning device 47. It rises to the removal processing part.
また、基体18に設けられる連結部21には一対の棒体22が対向位置に突設されており、この棒体22は、基体18の連結部21に昇降回動アーム48の被嵌連結部48aを被嵌連結した際、該被嵌連結部48aに突設された一対の棒体49が周面で当接するように構成されている(図3参照) In addition, a pair of rod bodies 22 project from the coupling portion 21 provided on the base body 18 at opposing positions. The rod body 22 is connected to the coupling portion 21 of the base body 18 and the fitting coupling portion of the lifting and lowering arm 48. When 48a is fitted and connected, a pair of rods 49 projecting from the fitted and connecting portion 48a are configured to abut on the peripheral surface (see FIG. 3) .
従って、果実載置部4は、昇降回動アーム48を回動させた際、昇降回動アーム48に設けた棒体49が基体18に設けた棒体22の周面を押し動することで自転回動することになる。   Therefore, when the fruit mounting unit 4 rotates the lifting / lowering rotation arm 48, the rod body 49 provided on the lifting / lowering rotation arm 48 pushes the peripheral surface of the rod body 22 provided on the base 18. It will rotate and rotate.
また、基体18に設けた棒体22及び昇降回動アーム48に設けた棒体49は夫々先端部が先鋭状に形成されており、これは基体18に設けた連結部21に対して昇降回動アーム48に設けた被嵌連結部48aを被嵌連結する際、棒体22,49同士が突合せ状態となることで被嵌連結が良好に行われない状態を防止するための構成である。   Further, the rod body 22 provided on the base 18 and the rod body 49 provided on the up-and-down rotating arm 48 are each formed with a sharp tip, which is raised and lowered with respect to the connecting portion 21 provided on the base 18. This is a configuration for preventing a state in which the fitting connection is not performed satisfactorily because the rod bodies 22 and 49 are in a butting state when the fitting connection portion 48a provided on the moving arm 48 is fitted and connected.
除去部15は、回転テーブル17の上方に位置にして昇降回動装置47の上方位置に刃体14を設けて構成されている。   The removing unit 15 is configured by providing a blade body 14 at a position above the rotary table 17 and above the lifting / lowering rotation device 47.
刃体14は、図1に図示したように機体40の所定位置に垂設される垂設支持部材23の先端部に水平状態に設けられており、果実載置部4に載置され上昇する柿10に刃体14を当接させた際、その先端部が柿10のへた部10cに立設される柄部10bの近傍位置に配されるように構成され、更に、除去作業における柿10への刃縁の当接角度は適宜設定されている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the blade body 14 is provided in a horizontal state at the distal end portion of the hanging support member 23 that is suspended at a predetermined position of the machine body 40, and is placed on the fruit placing portion 4 and rises. When the blade body 14 is brought into contact with the scissors 10, the tip thereof is arranged in the vicinity of the handle portion 10b erected on the heel portion 10c of the scissors 10, and further, the scissors in the removing operation The contact angle of the blade edge to 10 is set as appropriate.
従って、刃体14を果実載置部4に載置した柿10に当接させて柿10を刃体14に対して回動(相対回動)することで、柿10のへた部10c及びその周辺部が刃体14により平坦に且つ平面方向から見てリング状に除去される。   Accordingly, the blade 10 is brought into contact with the ridge 10 placed on the fruit placement portion 4 and the heel 10 is rotated (relatively rotated) with respect to the blade body 14, so that the heel portion 10 c and The peripheral portion thereof is removed by the blade body 14 in a ring shape as seen from the flat direction.
また、刃体14は、除去作業の際、柿10の上部(へた部10c及びその近傍位置)に押圧当接することになり、後述する当接体24と共に押圧機構16を構成する。   Further, the blade body 14 comes into pressure contact with the upper part of the heel 10 (the head portion 10c and its vicinity) during the removal operation, and constitutes the pressing mechanism 16 together with the contact body 24 described later.
当接体24は、図1に図示したように機体40の所定位置に垂設される垂設棒部材24aの下端に筒状の当接部材24bを回動自在に設けて構成されており、果実載置部4に載置され上昇する柿10のへた部10c中央位置に(柄部10bの周囲を囲む状態で)押圧当接するように構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the abutment body 24 is configured such that a cylindrical abutment member 24b is rotatably provided at the lower end of a hanging rod member 24a suspended at a predetermined position of the machine body 40. It is comprised so that it may press-contact to the center position of the edge part 10c of the cocoon 10 which is mounted in the fruit mounting part 4 and raises (in the state surrounding the periphery of the handle | pattern part 10b).
従って、当接体24は、前述した刃体14と共に柿10の上部(へた部10c及びその周辺部)に押圧当接する押圧機構16を構成することになり、この押圧機構16で果実載置部4に載置される柿10の上部を押圧した際、果実支承体7における荷重受け部5に対する荷重の増加に伴い押圧部6における押圧力が増加することで柿10に対する支承が堅固となる。   Accordingly, the abutting body 24 constitutes a pressing mechanism 16 that presses and abuts on the upper portion of the heel 10 (the head portion 10c and its peripheral portion) together with the blade body 14 described above. When the upper part of the cocoon 10 placed on the part 4 is pressed, the pressing force on the pressing part 6 increases as the load on the load receiving part 5 in the fruit support 7 increases, so that the support on the cocoon 10 becomes firm. .
符号25は刃体14で切除されて形成された柿10の平坦な除去部位10dの周縁に位置する部位(肩部)を傾斜状(テーパー状)に切除する仕上げ刃体、26は刃体14及び仕上げ刃体25で切除された不要物を回転羽根26aで除去する不要物除去部、27は真空ポンプ36から延設され刃体14及び仕上げ刃体25で切除された不要物をエアーで吹き飛ばすエアー噴射ノズルである。   Reference numeral 25 denotes a finishing blade that cuts a portion (shoulder) located at the periphery of the flat removal portion 10d of the heel 10 formed by cutting with the blade 14 in an inclined shape (tapered shape), and 26 denotes the blade 14 And an unnecessary object removing section 27 for removing unnecessary objects cut off by the finishing blade 25 with a rotary blade 26a, 27 is extended from the vacuum pump 36 and blows away unnecessary objects cut off by the blade 14 and the finishing blade 25 with air. It is an air injection nozzle.
以上の構成から成る除去部15における柿10の不要部分の除去作業は、果実載置部4を昇降回動装置47を介して上昇させ且つ自転回動させることで行われる。   The removal operation of the unnecessary portion of the jar 10 in the removing unit 15 having the above-described configuration is performed by raising and rotating the fruit placing unit 4 through the lifting and rotating device 47.
昇降回動装置47は、図6に図示したように機体40に設けられる昇降装置47Aと、この昇降装置47Aを介して昇降する回動装置47Bとで構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 6, the lifting / lowering rotation device 47 includes a lifting device 47A provided in the machine body 40 and a rotation device 47B that moves up and down via the lifting device 47A.
昇降装置47Aは、図6,11に図示したように伸縮機構50(電動シリンダー)と、この伸縮機構50の伸縮アーム50aに連結される昇降体51とで構成され、この昇降体51は機体40に設けられる左右のガイド棒体52にスライド自在に設けられている。   As shown in FIGS. 6 and 11, the elevating device 47 </ b> A is composed of an expansion / contraction mechanism 50 (electric cylinder) and an elevating body 51 connected to the expansion / contraction arm 50 a of the expansion / contraction mechanism 50. The left and right guide bar bodies 52 are slidably provided.
回動装置47Bは、図6,11に図示したように回動機構53(モーター)により回動する昇降回動アーム48を設けて構成されており、この昇降回動アーム48の上端部には前述した果実載置部4の連結部21に被嵌連結する被嵌連結部48aが設けられている。また、昇降回動アーム48は、昇降体51の中央位置に設けられる貫通部にスライド自在に貫挿されている。   As shown in FIGS. 6 and 11, the rotation device 47 </ b> B is configured by providing an up / down rotation arm 48 that is rotated by a rotation mechanism 53 (motor). The fitting connection part 48a which carries out fitting connection to the connection part 21 of the fruit mounting part 4 mentioned above is provided. Further, the lifting / lowering rotation arm 48 is slidably inserted into a penetrating portion provided at the center position of the lifting / lowering body 51.
この回動装置47Bは、前述した昇降装置47Aの昇降体51に連設されて昇降自在に設けられており、従って、昇降回動アーム48は、上昇することで果実載置部4と連結して、果実載置部4を昇降すると共に自転回動することができる。   The rotating device 47B is connected to the elevating body 51 of the elevating device 47A described above and is provided so as to be able to move up and down. Therefore, the elevating and rotating arm 48 is connected to the fruit placing unit 4 by moving up. Thus, the fruit placing portion 4 can be raised and lowered and rotated.
また、本実施例では、昇降装置47Aと回動装置47Bとの連設部に削り量設定機構が設けられている。   Further, in this embodiment, a shaving amount setting mechanism is provided at a connecting portion between the lifting device 47A and the rotation device 47B.
この削り量設定機構は、昇降装置47Aと回動装置47Bとをバネ56(抗縮バネ)を介して連結するとともに、この昇降装置47Aと回動装置47Bとの相対移動量を測定する相対移動量測定装置55を設けて構成されている。   The shaving amount setting mechanism connects the lifting device 47A and the rotating device 47B via a spring 56 (anti-deflection spring), and measures relative movement between the lifting device 47A and the rotating device 47B. A quantity measuring device 55 is provided.
この相対移動量測定装置55は、前記昇降装置47Aに擺動自在に設けられる擺動部55aを回動装置47Bに連設し、この擺動部55aの擺動量により昇降装置47Aと回動装置47Bとの相対移動量を測定する測定部55bを具備している。   The relative movement amount measuring device 55 is provided with a swinging portion 55a that is slidably provided on the lifting device 47A and connected to the turning device 47B, and the lifting device 47A and the turning device 47B are controlled by the swinging amount of the swinging portion 55a. A measuring unit 55b for measuring the relative movement amount is provided.
具体的には、この削り量設定機構は、図8に図示したように昇降装置47Aを作動させて回動装置47Bを上昇させ、果実載置部4に載置される柿10に刃体14が当接した際に相対移動量測定装置55が作動し、この時点から更に昇降装置47Aが上昇して回動装置47Bとの相対移動量が予め設定された上昇距離(図9中の距離L)に達したことを擺動部55aの擺動量で測定することで昇降装置47Aを停止する(図9参照)。この昇降装置47Aにおける更なる上昇をさせることで果実載置部4に載置される柿10の上部に押圧機構16(刃体14及び当接体24)が押圧することになる。   Specifically, the cutting amount setting mechanism operates the lifting device 47A as shown in FIG. 8 to raise the rotating device 47B, so that the blade 14 is placed on the basket 10 placed on the fruit placing portion 4. The relative movement amount measuring device 55 is actuated at the time of contact, and from this time, the lifting device 47A further rises, and the relative movement amount with respect to the rotation device 47B is set as a rising distance (distance L in FIG. 9). ) Is measured by the amount of swing of the swinging portion 55a, the lifting device 47A is stopped (see FIG. 9). By further raising the lifting device 47A, the pressing mechanism 16 (the blade body 14 and the contact body 24) presses the upper part of the cocoon 10 placed on the fruit placing portion 4.
その後、回動装置47Bを作動させることで柿10の不要部分の除去作業が開始され、この不要部分が削られることで回動装置47Bはバネ56により昇降装置47Aとの間に生じた相対移動量(図9中の距離L)だけ昇降体51へ引き寄せられることになる(図10参照)。これにより刃体14による設定した通りの削り量が得られることになる。   Thereafter, the rotating device 47B is operated to start removing the unnecessary portion of the rod 10, and the unnecessary movement of the rotating device 47B is caused by the spring 56 relative to the lifting device 47A. An amount (distance L in FIG. 9) is drawn to the lift 51 (see FIG. 10). As a result, the amount of cutting as set by the blade 14 can be obtained.
従って、この削り量設定機構により、大きさの異なる柿10に対して常に一定の深さの削り量が得られることになり、しかも、大きさの異なる柿10に対して常に柿10の不要部分を除去するに必要となる程度の支承力で支承することができる為(過度の支承力で柿10を支承することがない為)、柿10を傷めることなく確実且つ良好な不要部分の除去が行われることになる。   Therefore, by this cutting amount setting mechanism, a constant amount of cutting amount can always be obtained for different sizes of 柿 10, and an unnecessary portion of 柿 10 can always be obtained for 柿 10 of different sizes. Since it can be supported with the necessary bearing force to remove the stencil (because it does not support 支 10 with excessive bearing force), it is possible to remove unnecessary parts reliably and without damaging 柿 10. Will be done.
以下、本機における柿10の皮剥き工程について具体的に説明する。   Hereinafter, the peeling process of the bag 10 in this machine will be specifically described.
先ず、前加工装置3に係る回転テーブル17上の果実載置部4に表皮を剥きたい柿10をへた部10cの有る頂部が上方を向くように順次載置する。この際、柿10は果実載置部4に設けられる複数の果実支承体7により支承されており、回転テーブル17が振動するなどしても揺動して傾いたりすることが確実に防止される。また、回転テーブル17は約90°ずつ間欠的に回転しており、果実載置部4に載置した柿10は前加工装置3に係る除去部15の下方まで送られ、昇降回動装置47により果実載置部4は上昇することで、柿10のへた部10cに刃体14及び当接体24が押圧当接する。この際、刃体14a及び当接体24から成る押圧機構16により押圧されることでこの押圧機構16で柿10の上部を押圧した際、果実支承体7に係る荷重受け部5に対する荷重の増加に伴い押圧部6における押圧力が増加し、この荷重受け部5及び押圧部6夫々に設けた先鋭突部13,20が表皮10aに刺入される。   First, the fruit is placed on the fruit placing part 4 on the rotary table 17 according to the pre-processing apparatus 3 so that the top part with the part 10c on which the peel 10 is to be peeled faces upward. At this time, the basket 10 is supported by a plurality of fruit supports 7 provided on the fruit mounting portion 4, so that it is reliably prevented from swinging and tilting even if the rotary table 17 vibrates. . Further, the rotary table 17 is intermittently rotated by about 90 °, and the cocoon 10 placed on the fruit placing unit 4 is sent to the lower side of the removing unit 15 related to the pre-processing device 3 to be moved up and down. As a result, the fruit placing portion 4 is raised, so that the blade body 14 and the abutting body 24 are pressed against and brought into contact with the heel portion 10c of the bowl 10. At this time, when the upper part of the cocoon 10 is pressed by the pressing mechanism 16 by being pressed by the pressing mechanism 16 including the blade body 14a and the contact body 24, the load on the load receiving portion 5 related to the fruit support 7 is increased. Accordingly, the pressing force at the pressing portion 6 increases, and the sharp protrusions 13 and 20 provided at the load receiving portion 5 and the pressing portion 6 are inserted into the skin 10a.
続いて、柿10のへた部10cに刃体14及び当接体24が押圧当接すると、昇降回動アーム48が回動して果実載置部4が自転し、柿10のへた部10及びその周辺部が刃体14により平坦に且つ平面方向から見てリング状に表皮が除去され、このようにして前加工装置3における柿10の前加工工程が完了することになる(仕上げ刃体15による切除も行われる。)。この際、柿10に振動や負荷がかかっても果実支承体7及び押圧機構16により堅固に支承されている為、柿10の傾きは確実に防止されることになり、確実に柿10のへた部10cの除去作業が行われることになる。   Subsequently, when the blade body 14 and the contact body 24 are pressed and contacted with the heel portion 10c of the cocoon 10, the up-and-down rotation arm 48 is rotated and the fruit placing portion 4 rotates, and the heel portion of the heel 10 is rotated. 10 and its peripheral part are flattened by the blade 14 and the skin is removed in a ring shape when viewed from the plane direction, and the pre-processing step of the ridge 10 in the pre-processing apparatus 3 is thus completed (finishing blade) Resection with body 15 is also performed.) At this time, even if vibration or a load is applied to the cocoon 10, since it is firmly supported by the fruit support body 7 and the pressing mechanism 16, the inclination of the cocoon 10 is surely prevented, so The removal work of the part 10c is performed.
続いて、この前加工装置3における工程終了後、更に回転テーブル17が約180°(90°回転が2回)回転した際、昇降アーム46が上昇し、予めその上方で待機している搬送装置2に係る吸引部42の環状部材43の先端面で柿10の除去部15(平坦且つ平面方向から見てリング状の加工部)に当接した状態で良好に吸着し、この吸引部42で柿10を吸着した状態で搬送装置2に係る回動基体37は約90°水平回動し、柿10は表皮除去装置1の皮剥き刃体8の近傍位置に配されることになる。この際、皮剥き刃体8の刃部材12は所定の当接角度で且つ所定の押圧力がかかった状態で柿10の表皮10aに当接している。   Subsequently, after the process in the pre-processing apparatus 3 is completed, when the rotary table 17 is further rotated by about 180 ° (90 ° rotation is twice), the lifting / lowering arm 46 is lifted and is previously waiting on the upper side. The suction part 42 of the suction part 42 according to 2 is adsorbed satisfactorily in a state where it is in contact with the removal part 15 (ring-like processed part as seen from the flat and planar direction) of the flange 10 at the tip surface of the annular member 43. The rotating base 37 related to the conveying device 2 is horizontally rotated by about 90 ° in a state in which the scissors 10 are adsorbed, and the scissors 10 are arranged in the vicinity of the skinning blade body 8 of the skin removing device 1. At this time, the blade member 12 of the skinning blade body 8 is in contact with the skin 10a of the flange 10 with a predetermined contact angle and a predetermined pressing force.
続いて、回動アーム41を回動させるとともに、刃取付体34を正面方向から見て半円軌道上を移動をさせると、前記前加工装置3において除去した柿10の除去部位10dから先端部分にかけて螺旋状に表皮10aが剥かれて皮剥き工程が完了することになる(この表皮除去装置1における皮剥き作業は前記前加工装置3における除去部位10dと若干だぶる位置から皮剥き作業が行われるようにしても良い。)。   Subsequently, when the rotating arm 41 is rotated and the blade mounting body 34 is moved on a semicircular orbit when viewed from the front direction, the tip portion is removed from the removal portion 10d of the scissors 10 removed in the pre-processing device 3. The skin 10a is spirally peeled off to complete the skinning process (the skinning operation in the skin removal device 1 is performed from the position slightly deviating from the removal site 10d in the pre-processing device 3). You may do it.)
続いて、表皮除去装置1における皮剥き工程が完了した後、吸引部42における柿10への吸引作用を解除して回収部位に皮剥き済みの柿10を導入することになる。   Subsequently, after the skin peeling process in the epidermis removing apparatus 1 is completed, the suction action on the heel 10 in the suction section 42 is released, and the already peeled heel 10 is introduced into the collection site.
以上の工程を順次繰り返して柿10の皮剥き作業が行われることになる。   The above process is sequentially repeated to perform the peeling work of the bag 10.
本実施例は上述のように構成したから、例えば柿10を移動する際に果実載置部4に振動が加わったとしても果実載置部4に載置される柿10が揺動して傾くことが確実に防止され、しかも、除去部15で不要部分を除去する際に振動や負荷が柿10にかかっても果実載置部4に載置される柿10が揺動して傾くことが確実に防止されることになる。また、前述した構造上、果実支承体7で支承された状態は、例えば柿10を持ち上げるだけで簡単に解除される。   Since the present embodiment is configured as described above, for example, even when vibration is applied to the fruit mounting unit 4 when the basket 10 is moved, the basket 10 mounted on the fruit mounting unit 4 swings and tilts. In addition, when the unnecessary portion is removed by the removing unit 15, the cocoon 10 placed on the fruit placing unit 4 may swing and tilt even if vibration or load is applied to the cocoon 10. It will be surely prevented. In addition, due to the above-described structure, the state of being supported by the fruit support 7 can be easily released simply by lifting the basket 10, for example.
また、本実施例は、除去部15に設けた刃体14を柿10の上部に押圧当接するように設けて押圧機構16を構成したから、極めて効率の良い構造となる。   Further, in this embodiment, since the pressing mechanism 16 is configured by providing the blade body 14 provided in the removing portion 15 so as to press and contact the upper portion of the flange 10, the structure is extremely efficient.
また、本実施例は、押圧部6は果実支承体7に上下方向に回動自在に設けられる回動体11の内面に果実押圧面6aを設けて構成されているから、常に柿10の周面に対する良好な押圧が可能となるのは勿論、柿10を上昇させることで行われる柿10への支承の解除も良好に行われることになる。   Further, in the present embodiment, the pressing portion 6 is configured by providing the fruit pressing surface 6a on the inner surface of the rotating body 11 that is provided on the fruit support 7 so as to be rotatable in the vertical direction. As a matter of course, it is possible to release the support to the heel 10 which is performed by raising the heel 10.
また、本実施例は、押圧部6に柿10に刺入する先鋭突部13を設けたから、より一層良好な柿10の支承が行われることになる。   Further, in the present embodiment, since the pressing portion 6 is provided with the sharp projecting portion 13 that is inserted into the scissors 10, even better support of the scissors 10 is performed.
また、本実施例は、先鋭突部13を柿10の表皮10aの厚さと同一若しくは近似する突出度合いに設定したから、柿10の商品価値の低下を確実に防止することができる。   Further, in the present embodiment, since the sharp protrusion 13 is set to a protrusion degree that is the same as or close to the thickness of the skin 10a of the ridge 10, it is possible to reliably prevent a reduction in the commercial value of the ridge 10.
また、本実施例は、表皮除去装置1へ柿10を搬送する際、搬送装置2における搬送よりも前に予め前加工装置3により柿10の所定部分が所定形状に前加工されているため柿10の皮剥き作業が効率的に行われることになる。   Further, in this embodiment, when the bag 10 is transferred to the skin removing device 1, the predetermined portion of the bag 10 is pre-processed into a predetermined shape by the pre-processing device 3 before the transfer in the transfer device 2. Ten skinning operations will be performed efficiently.
また、本実施例は、柿10を搬送装置2で搬送する際、搬送装置2に設けた吸引部42による吸引手段により柿10を保持して搬送する構造である為、搬送する柿10を痛める事なく表皮除去装置1へ搬送することができることになる。   Further, in this embodiment, when the bag 10 is transferred by the transfer device 2, since the bag 10 is held and transferred by the suction means by the suction unit 42 provided in the transfer device 2, the transferred bag 10 is damaged. It can be conveyed to the skin removing device 1 without any problems.
また、本実施例は、搬送装置2における搬送より前に、予め前加工装置3により柿10のへた部10c及びその周辺部を除去するものであるから、例えば従来から柿10の皮剥き作業を自動的に行うこの種の機械にとって皮剥きが困難とされる柿10のへた部10c及びその周辺部に皮剥き加工が施されることになるから、表皮除去装置1とともに柿10の皮剥き加工が必要とされる部分について効率良く皮剥き作業が行われることになり、更に、この前加工装置3における柿10の除去部位10dが吸引部42で柿10を吸引保持する部分となるから、より一層搬送装置2に設けた吸引部42による吸引作用を良好に発揮させることができる。   Further, in this embodiment, before the transport in the transport device 2, the heel 10 and the peripheral portion thereof are removed by the pre-processing device 3 in advance. Since this type of machine automatically performs skinning on the heel 10 c and the peripheral part of the heel 10 which are difficult to peel off, the skin of the heel 10 is peeled off together with the skin removing device 1. Since the stripping work is efficiently performed on the part that needs to be stripped, the removal part 10d of the scissors 10 in the pre-processing apparatus 3 becomes a part that sucks and holds the scissors 10 by the suction part 42. Thus, the suction action by the suction portion 42 provided in the transport device 2 can be further improved.
即ち、例えば、仮に何ら前加工が施されていない柿10を吸引部42で吸引させる構造とした場合、吸引部42の当接面が柿10のへた部10c、特にへた部10cの葉が邪魔して柿10の表皮10aに当接する部分と当接しない部分とができたり、或いは、柿10は種々形状が異なる(凸凹形状を有する)ため柿10の周面に当接する部分と当接しない部分とができてしまったりするなど良好な吸引作用が発揮されず、柿10を吸引できなかったり、或いは、吸引できたとしても搬送時や皮剥き時に吸引部42から柿10が落ちてしまう恐れがあるが、本実施例によれば、吸引部42が当接する部分が予め除去され、また、除去部位10dは平坦になっている為、この柿10の除去部位10dに吸引部42の当接面を良好に当接させた状態で柿10を吸引できて確実な吸引作用が発揮されることになり、よって、搬送装置2における良好な柿10の搬送が可能になり、ひいては、飛躍的に作業効率を向上させることができることになる。   That is, for example, when the heel 10 that has not been subjected to any pre-processing is structured to be sucked by the suction portion 42, the contact surface of the suction portion 42 is the heel portion 10c of the heel 10, especially the leaf of the heel portion 10c. The part that comes into contact with the skin 10a of the bag 10 and the part that does not come into contact with each other are formed, or because the bag 10 has various shapes (having an uneven shape), the portion that comes into contact with the peripheral surface of the bag 10 Good suction action is not exhibited, such as forming a part that does not touch, and 柿 10 can not be sucked, or even if it can be sucked, 柿 10 will fall from the suction part 42 during transport or peeling However, according to the present embodiment, the portion with which the suction part 42 abuts is removed in advance, and the removal site 10d is flat. With the abutment surface in good contact, the rod 10 can be sucked and a reliable suction action is demonstrated. Will, therefore, enables the transport of good persimmon 10 in the conveying device 2, in turn, it will be able to improve dramatically efficiency.
また、本実施例は、吸引部42には吸引したシブやカスなどの吸引物を吹き出す吹き出し構造が設けられているから、吸引部42で吸引したシブやカスなどの吸引物を吹き出すことができる構造の為、吸引部42における吸引力の低下や故障などを可及的に防止し得ることになる。   Further, in the present embodiment, since the suction part 42 is provided with a blowing structure for blowing out sucked matter such as sibs and debris, the sucked object such as shibs and debris sucked by the suction part 42 can be blown out. Due to the structure, it is possible to prevent the suction force in the suction part 42 from being reduced or broken as much as possible.
また、本実施例は、表皮除去装置1及び前加工装置3には表皮処理部により付着した表皮10aなどの不要物を除去する不要物除去構造が設けられているから、連続して行われる皮剥き作業に何ら支障を来さずより一層効率的な作業が行われることになる。   Further, in this embodiment, the skin removal device 1 and the pre-processing device 3 are provided with an unnecessary material removal structure for removing unnecessary materials such as the skin 10a attached by the skin processing unit, and therefore the skin that is continuously formed. Even more efficient work can be performed without any hindrance to the stripping work.
尚、本発明は、本実施例に限られるものではなく、各構成要件の具体的構成は適宜設計し得るものである。   Note that the present invention is not limited to this embodiment, and the specific configuration of each component can be designed as appropriate.
本実施例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の平断面図である。It is a plane sectional view of the important section concerning this example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example. 本実施例に係る要部の動作説明図である。It is operation | movement explanatory drawing of the principal part which concerns on a present Example.
1 表皮除去装置
2 搬送装置
3 前加工装置
4 果実載置部
5 荷重受け部
6 押圧部
6a 果実押圧面
7 果実支承体
10 果実
10a 表皮
11 回動体
13 先鋭突部
14 刃体
15 除去部
16 押圧機構
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Skin removal apparatus 2 Conveyance apparatus 3 Pre-processing apparatus 4 Fruit mounting part 5 Load receiving part 6 Press part 6a Fruit press surface 7 Fruit support body
10 fruit
10a epidermis
11 Rotating body
13 Sharp projection
14 Blade
15 Removal section
16 Pressing mechanism

Claims (6)

  1. 果実を載置する果実載置部と、この果実載置部に載置した果実の不要部分を除去する除去部とから成る果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置であって、前記果実載置部に果実を載置した際、果実の荷重を受ける荷重受け部と、この荷重受け部で荷重を受けることで作動して果実の周面にして前記荷重受け部が当接する部位よりも上方部位に押圧当接する押圧部とを具備する果実支承体を前記果実載置部に複数設け、前記押圧部は、前記果実支承体に上下方向に回動自在に設けられる回動体の内面に果実押圧面を設けて構成されており、前記除去部で果実の不要部分を除去する際、前記果実載置部に載置された果実の上部を押圧する押圧機構を備え、この押圧機構で果実の上部を押圧した際、前記荷重受け部に対する荷重の増加に伴い前記押圧部における押圧力が増加するように構成したことを特徴とする果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置。 A removal device for removing an unnecessary part of a fruit comprising a fruit placement part for placing a fruit and a removal part for removing an unnecessary part of the fruit placed on the fruit placement part, wherein the fruit placement part When a fruit is placed on a load receiving part that receives the load of the fruit, and a part that is operated by receiving a load at the load receiving part to make a peripheral surface of the fruit and above the part where the load receiving part abuts. A plurality of fruit support bodies each having a pressing part that presses and abuts are provided on the fruit mounting part, and the pressing part has a fruit pressing surface on an inner surface of a rotating body that is rotatably provided on the fruit support body in a vertical direction. When the unnecessary part of the fruit is removed by the removing unit, a pressing mechanism that presses the upper part of the fruit placed on the fruit placing part is provided, and the upper part of the fruit is pushed by this pressing mechanism. When the load is applied to the load receiving portion, the pressing portion Removing apparatus for removing an unnecessary portion of the fruit definitive pressing force is characterized by being configured to increase.
  2. 前記果実載置部と前記除去部とを接離移動自在とし、前記除去部に設けた刃体を前記果実載置部に載置した果実に当接させて果実と刃体とを相対回動することで果実の不要部分を除去するように構成し、この除去部に設けた刃体を果実の上部に押圧当接するように設けて前記押圧機構を構成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置。   The fruit placing part and the removing part can be freely moved toward and away from each other, and the blade provided in the removing part is brought into contact with the fruit placed on the fruit placing part to relatively rotate the fruit and the blade. 2. The structure according to claim 1, wherein the pressing mechanism is configured such that an unnecessary portion of the fruit is removed, and a blade body provided in the removing portion is provided so as to press and contact the upper portion of the fruit. Removal device to remove unnecessary parts of fruit.
  3. 前記果実載置部に擺動自在に設けた擺動体の支点部の一端側位置に力点部としての前記荷重受け部を設けるとともに、前記支点部の他端側位置に作用点部としての前記押圧部を設けて前記果実支承体を構成したことを特徴とする請求項1,2のいずれか1項に記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置。   The load receiving part as a force point part is provided at one end side position of a fulcrum part of a sliding body provided in a freely swingable manner on the fruit placing part, and the pressing part as an action point part at the other end side position of the fulcrum part The removing device for removing an unnecessary part of the fruit according to any one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the fruit support body is configured by providing the fruit supporting body.
  4. 前記押圧部に果実に刺入する先鋭突部を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1〜のいずれか1項に記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置。 The removing device for removing an unnecessary portion of the fruit according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the pressing portion is provided with a sharp protrusion that pierces the fruit.
  5. 前記先鋭突部を果実の表皮の厚さと同一若しくは近似する突出度合いに設定したことを特徴とする請求項記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置。 5. The removing device for removing an unnecessary portion of a fruit according to claim 4, wherein the sharp protrusion is set to a protrusion degree that is the same as or close to a thickness of a fruit skin.
  6. 果実の表皮を除去する表皮除去装置と、該表皮除去装置に果実を搬送する搬送装置と、搬送前に果実の所定部分を所定形状に前加工する前加工装置とより成る果実の表皮除去機において、前記前加工装置を前記請求項1〜のいずれか1項に記載の果実の不要部分を除去する除去装置としたことを特徴とする果実の表皮除去機。 In a fruit skin removal machine comprising a skin removal device for removing fruit skin, a transport device for transporting fruit to the skin removal device, and a pre-processing device for pre-processing a predetermined part of the fruit into a predetermined shape before transport An apparatus for removing a skin of a fruit, wherein the pre-processing device is a removing device for removing an unnecessary portion of the fruit according to any one of claims 1 to 5 .
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JP4991659B2 (en) * 2008-08-22 2012-08-01 木本産業株式会社 Crack generation processing equipment for oyster fruit
JP5436946B2 (en) * 2009-06-10 2014-03-05 株式会社木原製作所 Agricultural product cutting equipment
KR200459822Y1 (en) 2010-03-15 2012-04-18 강태선 Cutter of supporting portion persimmons flower for dried persimmons
CN101810363B (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-12-28 合浦果香园食品有限公司 Lichee pericarp girdling machine
CN101897462B (en) * 2010-07-13 2011-11-30 浙江理工大学 Beet topper capable of self-adjusting cutting thickness
KR101262628B1 (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-05-08 조경식 Apparatus for hulling coconut
KR101372381B1 (en) 2012-12-27 2014-03-12 김용만 Persimmon transfer appratus for automatic fruit paring
CN107684092A (en) * 2017-09-21 2018-02-13 安顺市众创电子科技发展有限公司 A kind of Rosa roxburghii removes thorn device

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