JP4544128B2 - Drum washing machine - Google Patents

Drum washing machine Download PDF

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JP4544128B2
JP4544128B2 JP2005308167A JP2005308167A JP4544128B2 JP 4544128 B2 JP4544128 B2 JP 4544128B2 JP 2005308167 A JP2005308167 A JP 2005308167A JP 2005308167 A JP2005308167 A JP 2005308167A JP 4544128 B2 JP4544128 B2 JP 4544128B2
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water
water supply
drainage
drum
washing
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JP2007111409A (en
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光市 久保
勝章 住田
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パナソニック株式会社
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本発明は、回転ドラム内で衣類の洗濯などを行うドラム式洗濯機に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a drum-type washing machine that performs washing of clothes in a rotating drum.
従来、この種のドラム式洗濯機は、洗剤投入手段を備えたものが考えられている(例えば、特許文献1参照)。以下、その一例を図5により説明する。   Conventionally, this type of drum type washing machine has been considered to be provided with a detergent charging means (for example, see Patent Document 1). Hereinafter, an example thereof will be described with reference to FIG.
ドラム1は、外周部に多数の通水孔2を全面に設け、水槽3内に回転自在に配設している。ドラム1の回転中心に回転軸4が設けられ、この回転軸4に水槽3の背面に取り付けたモータ5が連結され、モータ5によりドラム1が正転、逆転方向に回転駆動される。ドラム1の内壁面には数個の突起板6が設けられ、水位検知手段7は、水槽3内の水位を検知するために設けられている。ドラム1の開口部1aには蓋8を開閉自在に設けている。   The drum 1 is provided with a large number of water passage holes 2 on the entire outer periphery thereof and is rotatably disposed in the water tank 3. A rotation shaft 4 is provided at the rotation center of the drum 1, and a motor 5 attached to the rear surface of the water tank 3 is connected to the rotation shaft 4, and the drum 1 is driven to rotate in the forward and reverse directions by the motor 5. Several projection plates 6 are provided on the inner wall surface of the drum 1, and the water level detection means 7 is provided for detecting the water level in the water tank 3. A lid 8 is provided at the opening 1a of the drum 1 so as to be freely opened and closed.
水槽3は、洗濯機本体9よりばね体10で吊り下げ、防振ダンパー11により脱水時の振動が洗濯機本体9に伝達されないように防振支持している。給水弁12は、洗剤ケース13を通して水槽1内に洗濯水を給水するもので、排水弁14は、排水口15から水槽3内の洗濯水を排水するものである。制御装置16は、モータ5、給水弁12などの動作を制御し、洗濯、すすぎ、脱水などの一連の行程を逐次制御する。   The water tub 3 is suspended from the washing machine body 9 by a spring body 10 and is supported by a vibration isolating damper 11 so that vibration during dehydration is not transmitted to the washing machine body 9. The water supply valve 12 supplies washing water into the water tank 1 through the detergent case 13, and the drain valve 14 drains the washing water in the water tank 3 from the drain port 15. The control device 16 controls operations of the motor 5, the water supply valve 12, and the like, and sequentially controls a series of processes such as washing, rinsing, and dehydration.
以上のように構成されたドラム式洗濯機の動作を以下に説明する。蓋8を開いてドラム1内に洗濯物を投入し、洗剤ケース13内に所定量の洗剤を投入した後、運転を開始させると、給水弁12を駆動して水槽3内に洗濯水とともに洗剤が水槽3内に入る。洗濯水の水位が所定水位に達すると給水弁12の駆動を停止し、給水を終了する。その後、ドラム1はモータ5によって低速で回転駆動され、ドラム1内の洗濯物は持ち上げられて水面上に落下される。こうして洗濯行程が進行する。洗濯行程を所定時間行った後、排水口15から排水し、中間脱水を行い、その後のすすぎ行程を行う。そのすすぎ工程においても洗濯行程と同様の動作を行う。脱水行程では、ドラム1は高速で回転駆動され、洗濯物は遠心脱水される。
特開平11−347297号公報
The operation of the drum type washing machine configured as described above will be described below. When the lid 8 is opened and the laundry is put into the drum 1 and a predetermined amount of detergent is put into the detergent case 13 and then the operation is started, the water supply valve 12 is driven to bring the detergent into the water tank 3 together with the washing water. Enters the aquarium 3. When the water level of the washing water reaches a predetermined water level, the driving of the water supply valve 12 is stopped and the water supply is terminated. Thereafter, the drum 1 is driven to rotate at a low speed by the motor 5, and the laundry in the drum 1 is lifted and dropped onto the water surface. Thus, the washing process proceeds. After performing the washing process for a predetermined time, the water is drained from the drain port 15, intermediate dehydration is performed, and the subsequent rinsing process is performed. In the rinsing process, the same operation as that in the washing process is performed. In the dehydration process, the drum 1 is rotationally driven at a high speed, and the laundry is dehydrated by centrifugation.
JP-A-11-347297
しかしながら、このような従来のドラム式洗濯機では、洗濯水とともに投入された洗剤が水槽3内の背面側を沿って水槽3下方背面側まで達し、排水口15に洗剤が塊のまま入ってしまい、洗剤が無駄になり、洗浄性能が得られないことがあるという問題を有していた。   However, in such a conventional drum type washing machine, the detergent put together with the washing water reaches the lower back side of the water tank 3 along the back side in the water tank 3 and the detergent enters the drain port 15 as a lump. However, there is a problem that the detergent is wasted and the cleaning performance may not be obtained.
本発明は、上記従来の課題を解決するもので、洗剤、および柔軟剤が排水口へ直接入らなくすることにより、洗剤の無駄を無くし、所定の洗浄性能、柔軟剤効果を得ることができるドラム式洗濯機を提供することを目的としている。   SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention solves the above-described conventional problems, and prevents the detergent and softener from directly entering the drain, thereby eliminating the waste of the detergent and obtaining a predetermined cleaning performance and softener effect. The purpose is to provide a washing machine.
本発明は上記目的を達成するために、水槽内に回転自在に配設され、その回転中心軸が水平もしくは水平から傾斜した回転ドラムと、前記水槽の底部に設けた排水口と、前記回転ドラムを回転駆動するモータと、前記水槽内に洗剤、および洗濯水を給水する給水手段と、前記水槽の内底部に設けた凹状の排水溝と、前記給水手段に連通するとともに、前記水槽の背面寄りの部分に連通する給水経路と、前記水槽内の洗濯水を排水する排水手段と、前記モータ、給水手段および排水手段等を制御して洗濯、すすぎ、脱水等の各工程を実行する制御手段とを備え、前記排水溝の背面を前記排水溝以外の背面より前方に突出させ、前記排水口は前記排水溝の前記給水経路側の側壁および背面近傍に設け、前記排水溝の前記給水経路側の側壁には、背面に延接し前記排水口の少なくとも一部を覆う延接リブを設け、前記制御手段は、洗濯工程において前記給水手段を動作するとともに、前記回転ドラムを前記延接リブの延接方向に回転させるようにし、脱水工程おいて前記回転ドラムを前記延接リブの延接方向と逆方向に回転させるようにしたものである。 In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a rotating drum that is rotatably disposed in a water tank and whose rotation center axis is inclined horizontally or horizontally, a drain port provided at the bottom of the water tank, and the rotating drum. a motor for rotating the, water supply means for supplying water detergent, and wash water into the water tank, and the concave ditch provided on the inner bottom of the tub, as well as communicating with the water supply means, the back surface of the tub A water supply path communicating with the close part, a drainage means for draining the wash water in the water tank, and a control means for controlling the motor, the water supply means, the drainage means, etc. to execute each step of washing, rinsing, dewatering, etc. And the rear surface of the drainage groove projects forward from the back surface other than the drainage groove, and the drainage port is provided in the vicinity of the side wall and the rear surface of the drainage groove on the water supply path side. The side wall of the back Extending contact provided Nobese' ribs covering at least a portion of the water outlet, the said control unit is configured to operate said water supply means in the washing process, so as to rotate the rotary drum Nobese' direction of the Nobese' rib In the dehydrating step, the rotating drum is rotated in the direction opposite to the extending direction of the extending rib .
これにより、洗剤投入時、また、柔軟剤投入時、給水手段から給水された洗剤、および柔軟剤が排水口へ直接入らなくすることにより、洗剤の無駄を無くし、所定の洗浄性能、柔軟剤効果を得ることができる。   As a result, when detergent is added or when the softener is added, the detergent supplied by the water supply means and the softener do not directly enter the drain, thereby eliminating the waste of the detergent, and the predetermined cleaning performance and softener effect. Can be obtained.
本発明のドラム式洗濯機は、洗剤または柔軟剤の投入時、給水手段から給水された洗剤、および柔軟剤が排水口へ直接入らなくすることができ、所定の洗浄効果または柔軟剤効果を得ることができる。また、脱水工程時において、洗濯水や泡を積極的に排水口へ導くことで排出し、その後、正常な脱水回転速度で脱水を実行することにより、所定のすすぎ性能、脱水性能を得ることができる。 The drum type washing machine of the present invention can prevent the detergent supplied from the water supply means and the softener from directly entering the drain outlet when the detergent or softener is charged, thereby obtaining a predetermined cleaning effect or softener effect. be able to. Also, during the dehydration process, washing water and foam can be actively discharged to the drain outlet, and then drained at a normal dehydration rotation speed to obtain predetermined rinsing performance and dewatering performance. it can.
第1の発明は、水槽内に回転自在に配設され、その回転中心軸が水平もしくは水平から傾斜した回転ドラムと、前記水槽の底部に設けた排水口と、前記回転ドラムを回転駆動するモータと、前記水槽内に洗剤、および洗濯水を給水する給水手段と、前記水槽の内底部に設けた凹状の排水溝と、前記給水手段に連通するとともに、前記水槽の背面寄りの部分に連通する給水経路と、前記水槽内の洗濯水を排水する排水手段と、前記モータ、給水手段および排水手段等を制御して洗濯、すすぎ、脱水等の各工程を実行する制御手段とを備え、前記排水溝の背面を前記排水溝以外の背面より前方に突出させ、前記排水口は前記排水溝の前記給水経路側の側壁および背面近傍に設け、前記排水溝の前記給水経路側の側壁には、背面に延接し前記排水口の少なくとも一部を覆う延接リブを設け、前記制御手段は、洗濯工程において前記給水手段を動作するとともに、前記回転ドラムを前記延接リブの延接方向に回転させるようにし、脱水工程おいて前記回転ドラムを前記延接リブの延接方向と逆方向に回転させるようにしたことにより、洗剤投入時、または、柔軟剤投入時、給水経路から投入された洗剤、および柔軟剤が排水口へ直接入らなくすることができ、洗剤の無駄を無くし、所定の洗浄性能、柔軟剤効果を得ることができる A first aspect of the present invention is a rotary drum that is rotatably arranged in a water tank and whose rotation center axis is horizontal or inclined from the horizontal, a drain port provided at the bottom of the water tank, and a motor that rotationally drives the rotary drum When a communication and water supply means for supplying water detergent, and wash water into the water tank, and the concave ditch provided on the inner bottom of the tub, as well as communicating with the water supply means, the back surface side of the portion of the water tub A water supply path, drainage means for draining the wash water in the water tank, and control means for controlling the motor, the water supply means, the drainage means, etc. to execute each step of washing, rinsing, dehydration, etc. The rear surface of the drainage groove is projected forward from the back surface other than the drainage groove, the drainage port is provided near the water supply path side wall and the back surface of the drainage groove, Extending to the back and the drain Provided Nobese' ribs covering at least a portion, wherein the control means is configured to operate said water supply means in the washing process, and the rotary drum to rotate in the Nobese' direction of the Nobese' ribs, the keep dehydration step By rotating the rotating drum in the direction opposite to the extending direction of the extending rib , the detergent and the softening agent introduced from the water supply path when the detergent is added or when the softening agent is supplied directly to the drain outlet. It can be prevented from entering, the waste of detergent can be eliminated, and predetermined cleaning performance and softener effect can be obtained .
また、洗剤、および柔軟剤を、回転ドラムの回転により、排水口から遠ざけて排水口へ直接入らなくすることができ、洗剤の無駄を無くし、所定の洗浄性能、柔軟剤効果を得ることができる Further, the detergent and the softener can be kept away from the drainage port by the rotation of the rotating drum so as not to enter the drainage port directly, the waste of the detergent can be eliminated, and the predetermined cleaning performance and softener effect can be obtained. .
さらに、脱水工程時において、水槽内底部に洗濯水が溜まった場合や、水槽と回転ドラムの間に泡が充満した場合でも、洗濯水や泡を排水口方向へ圧をかけて積極的に排水口へ導くことで排出し、その後、正常な脱水回転速度で脱水を実行することにより、所定のすすぎ性能、脱水性能を得ることができる。 Furthermore, during the dehydration process, and when accumulated washing water in water tank bottom, even if the bubbles between the water tub and the rotary drum is full, by the washing water and bubbles over pressure the water outlet direction actively By discharging to the drain outlet and then performing dehydration at a normal dehydration rotation speed, predetermined rinsing performance and dewatering performance can be obtained.
の発明は、第1の発明の凹状の排水溝以外の背面より前方に突出させた排水溝の背面のうち、給水経路側と反対側の一部は、前記排水溝以外の面と略同一面となるようにしたことにより、脱水工程時において、洗濯水が回転ドラムの遠心力によって、排水溝以外の背面より前方に突出させた排水溝の背面の上面を回って排水溝に落ちず排水できないということを無くし、スムーズに洗濯水を排水溝、排水口へ導くことで排出し、その後、正常な脱水回転速度で脱水を実行することにより、所定のすすぎ性能、脱水性能を得ることができる。 In the second invention, a part of the back surface of the drainage groove protruding forward from the back surface other than the concave drainage groove of the first invention is substantially the same as the surface other than the drainage groove. By making it the same surface, the washing water does not fall into the drainage groove around the upper surface of the drainage groove protruding forward from the backside other than the drainage groove due to the centrifugal force of the rotating drum during the dehydration process. Eliminates the inability to drain water, smoothly drains washing water into the drainage channel and drainage port, and then performs dehydration at a normal dewatering rotation speed to obtain predetermined rinsing performance and dewatering performance. it can.
以下、本発明の実施の形態について、図面を参照しながら説明する。なお、この実施の形態によって本発明が限定されるものではない。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. Note that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments.
(実施の形態1)
図1は、本発明の第1の実施の形態に係るドラム式洗濯機の側断面図である。図1にお
いて、回転ドラム17は、有底円筒状に形成され、外周部に多数の通水孔18が全面に設けられて、水槽19内に回転自在に配設されている。回転ドラム17の回転中心に傾斜方向に回転軸(回転中心軸)20が設けられ、回転ドラム17の軸心方向は正面側から背面側に向けて下向きに傾斜させている。この回転軸20に、水槽19の背面に取り付けたモータ21が連結され、モータ21により回転ドラム17が正転、逆転方向に回転駆動される。回転ドラム17の内壁面には数個の突起板22が設けられている。
(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a side sectional view of a drum type washing machine according to a first embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 1, the rotating drum 17 is formed in a bottomed cylindrical shape, and a large number of water passage holes 18 are provided on the entire surface of the outer peripheral portion, and are rotatably disposed in a water tank 19. A rotation axis (rotation center axis) 20 is provided in the inclination direction at the rotation center of the rotary drum 17, and the axial center direction of the rotation drum 17 is inclined downward from the front side toward the back side. A motor 21 attached to the rear surface of the water tank 19 is connected to the rotating shaft 20, and the rotating drum 17 is driven to rotate in the forward and reverse directions by the motor 21. Several protruding plates 22 are provided on the inner wall surface of the rotating drum 17.
水槽19の正面側で本体23の上向き傾斜面23aに設けた開口部24を蓋体25により開閉自在に覆い、この蓋体25を開くことにより、開口部24、水槽衣類出入口26および回転ドラム衣類出入口27を通して回転ドラム17内に洗濯物を入れ、回転ドラム17内から洗濯物を取り出せるようにしている。蓋体25を上向き傾斜面23aに設けているため、使用者は洗濯物を出し入れする際に、腰を屈める具合を少なくして行うことができる。   An opening 24 provided on the upward inclined surface 23a of the main body 23 on the front side of the aquarium 19 is covered with a lid 25 so that it can be opened and closed. By opening the lid 25, the opening 24, the aquarium clothing entrance 26 and the rotating drum clothing are provided. The laundry is put into the rotary drum 17 through the entrance / exit 27 so that the laundry can be taken out from the rotary drum 17. Since the lid 25 is provided on the upward inclined surface 23a, the user can reduce the degree of bending the waist when putting in and out the laundry.
水槽19は、本体23からばね体28とダンパー29により揺動可能に吊り下げられており、水槽19の内底部には、回転軸20の方向に長い凹状の排水溝30を設けている。この排水溝30の底部には排水口31を設けており、この排水口31に排水経路32の一端を接続し、排水経路32の他端を排水弁(排水手段)33に接続して、水槽19内の洗濯水を排水するようにしている。給水弁(給水手段)34は、洗剤ケース35、および水槽19の上方背面寄りの部分に設けた給水経路35aを通して水槽19内に洗濯水を給水する。水位検知手段36は、水槽19内の水位を検知するために設けられている。   The water tank 19 is suspended from the main body 23 by a spring body 28 and a damper 29 so as to be swingable. A concave drainage groove 30 that is long in the direction of the rotary shaft 20 is provided on the inner bottom of the water tank 19. A drainage port 31 is provided at the bottom of the drainage groove 30. One end of a drainage channel 32 is connected to the drainage port 31, and the other end of the drainage channel 32 is connected to a drainage valve (drainage means) 33. The washing water in 19 is drained. The water supply valve (water supply means) 34 supplies the washing water into the water tank 19 through the detergent case 35 and a water supply path 35 a provided near the upper rear surface of the water tank 19. The water level detection means 36 is provided for detecting the water level in the water tank 19.
制御装置37は、図2に示すように構成されており、マイクロコンピュータで構成した制御手段38を有し、パワースイッチング手段39を介してモータ21、排水弁(DV)33、給水弁(FV)34などの動作を制御し、洗濯、すすぎ、脱水、乾燥の一連の工程を逐次制御する。   The control device 37 is configured as shown in FIG. 2, has a control means 38 constituted by a microcomputer, and has a motor 21, a drain valve (DV) 33, and a water supply valve (FV) via a power switching means 39. 34 and the like, and a series of steps of washing, rinsing, dewatering and drying are sequentially controlled.
制御手段38は、運転コース等を設定するための入力設定手段40からの情報を入力して、その情報を基に表示手段41で表示して使用者に知らせる。記憶手段42は、制御手段38により制御するのに必要なデータを記憶している。なお、43は商用電源、44は電源スイッチである。   The control means 38 inputs information from the input setting means 40 for setting a driving course or the like, and displays it on the display means 41 based on the information to notify the user. The storage means 42 stores data necessary for control by the control means 38. In addition, 43 is a commercial power source and 44 is a power switch.
図3(a)は、排水溝30に設けた排水口31近傍の断面図、図3(b)は、同斜視図である。図に示すように、排水口31は排水溝30の給水経路35a側の側壁30aおよび排水溝30の背面45近傍に設け、排水溝30の給水経路35a側の側壁30aには、排水溝30の背面45に延接し排水口31を覆う延接リブ46を設けている。排水溝30の背面45を排水溝30以外の背面47より前方に突出させ、排水溝30の背面45のうち、給水経路35a側と反対側の一部は、排水溝30以外の面と略同一面47aとなるようにしている。   3A is a cross-sectional view of the vicinity of the drain port 31 provided in the drain groove 30, and FIG. 3B is a perspective view thereof. As shown in the figure, the drain port 31 is provided in the vicinity of the side wall 30a of the drainage groove 30 on the side of the water supply path 35a and the back surface 45 of the drainage groove 30, and the side wall 30a of the drainage groove 30 on the side of the water supply path 35a An extending rib 46 that extends in contact with the back surface 45 and covers the drain port 31 is provided. The rear surface 45 of the drainage groove 30 is projected forward from the rear surface 47 other than the drainage groove 30, and a part of the rear surface 45 of the drainage groove 30 opposite to the water supply path 35 a side is substantially the same as the surface other than the drainage groove 30. The surface 47a is formed.
上記構成においてその動作を説明する。蓋体25を開いて回転ドラム17内に洗濯物を投入し、洗剤投入ケース35内に所定量の洗剤を投入した後、運転を開始させると、まず、洗濯工程を実行する。洗濯工程において、給水弁34が動作して洗濯水が給水され、その洗濯水は洗剤投入ケース35および給水経路35aを通り、洗剤とともに水槽19内に入る。これと同時に、回転ドラム17は、第1の所定回転速度(例えば、30r/min)で回転を開始する。この時の回転ドラム17の回転方向は、正面からみて反時計回り(矢印A)方向であり、側壁30aと背面45から突出するように延設した延接リブ46の延接方向と同方向である。   The operation of the above configuration will be described. When the lid 25 is opened and the laundry is put into the rotating drum 17 and a predetermined amount of detergent is put into the detergent charging case 35 and then the operation is started, the washing process is executed first. In the washing process, the water supply valve 34 is operated to supply the washing water, and the washing water passes through the detergent charging case 35 and the water supply path 35a and enters the water tank 19 together with the detergent. At the same time, the rotating drum 17 starts rotating at a first predetermined rotation speed (for example, 30 r / min). The rotating direction of the rotating drum 17 at this time is counterclockwise (arrow A) when viewed from the front, and is the same direction as the extending direction of the extending rib 46 extending so as to protrude from the side wall 30a and the back surface 45. is there.
このとき、洗剤、および洗濯水は、水槽19内面、および背面47に沿って、排水溝3
0近傍まで到達する。排水溝30の背面45は、背面47より前方に突出させており、また、排水溝30の給水経路35a側の側壁30aに排水溝30の背面45に延接し、排水口31を覆う延接リブ46を設けているため、洗剤は、排水溝30には直接落ちずに排水溝30の背面45の上面45a、および延接リブ46の上を流れる。さらに、回転ドラム17の回転方向は、延接リブ46の延接方向と同方向であるため、背面47より前方に突出させた排水溝30の背面45の上面45a、および延接リブ46の上を流れ落ちてくる洗剤、および柔軟剤を、排水口31から遠ざかる方向に流す(矢印B)。
At this time, the detergent and the washing water are discharged along the inner surface of the water tank 19 and the rear surface 47.
It reaches near zero. The rear surface 45 of the drainage groove 30 protrudes forward from the rear surface 47, and extends to the side wall 30 a of the drainage groove 30 on the water supply path 35 a side so as to extend to the rear surface 45 of the drainage groove 30 and cover the drainage port 31. 46 is provided, the detergent flows on the upper surface 45 a of the back surface 45 of the drainage groove 30 and the extending rib 46 without directly falling into the drainage groove 30. Further, since the rotating direction of the rotary drum 17 is the same as the extending direction of the extending rib 46, the upper surface 45 a of the back surface 45 of the drainage groove 30 protruded forward from the back surface 47 and the extending rib 46. The detergent and the softening agent that flow down are flowed away from the drain port 31 (arrow B).
その後、洗剤、および洗濯水は、排水溝30に落ちるが、給水と同時に、回転ドラム17は回転しているため、回転力により洗剤は溶解され、洗濯水に溶け込んでいる。また、回転ドラム17の回転方向は、延接リブ46の延接方向と同方向であるため、洗剤は排水口31から遠ざかる方向に力を受けながら溶解され、洗剤塊が排水口31に入り込むことはない。   Thereafter, the detergent and the washing water fall into the drainage groove 30, but simultaneously with the water supply, the rotating drum 17 is rotating, so the detergent is dissolved by the rotational force and dissolved in the washing water. Further, since the rotating direction of the rotating drum 17 is the same as the extending direction of the extending rib 46, the detergent is dissolved while receiving a force in a direction away from the drain port 31, and the detergent lump enters the drain port 31. There is no.
水槽19内の水位が所定水位に達すると、回転ドラム17の回転速度を、第2の所定回転速度(例えば、45r/min)に変更し、正転、休止、反転、休止の動作を繰り返す洗濯動作を所定時間実行する。   When the water level in the water tank 19 reaches a predetermined water level, the rotation speed of the rotary drum 17 is changed to a second predetermined rotation speed (for example, 45 r / min), and washing is repeated in the normal rotation, pause, inversion, and pause operations. The operation is executed for a predetermined time.
なお、この時の回転ドラム17の第2の所定回転速度での回転により、回転ドラム17内に収容された洗濯物は回転ドラム17の内周壁に設けられた突起板22によって回転方向に持ち上げられ、持ち上げられた適当な高さ位置から落下する攪拌動作が繰り返されるので、洗濯物には叩き洗いの作用が及んで洗濯がなされる。   Note that the laundry accommodated in the rotating drum 17 is lifted in the rotating direction by the projection plate 22 provided on the inner peripheral wall of the rotating drum 17 by the rotation of the rotating drum 17 at the second predetermined rotation speed at this time. Since the agitating operation of dropping from an appropriate raised height position is repeated, the laundry is subjected to tapping and washing, and washing is performed.
この洗濯動作を所定時間行った後、洗濯工程を終了し、第1排水工程を実行する。第1排水工程においては、排水弁33が動作して、排水が実行される。この時、水槽19内の洗濯水は、排水口31、排水経路32および排水弁33を介して、機外に排水される。その後、第1脱水工程に移行する。   After performing this washing operation for a predetermined time, the washing process is terminated and the first draining process is executed. In the first draining process, the drain valve 33 operates to drain the water. At this time, the washing water in the water tank 19 is drained outside the machine via the drain port 31, the drain path 32 and the drain valve 33. Thereafter, the process proceeds to the first dehydration step.
第1脱水工程においては、洗濯物に含まれた洗濯水を回転ドラム17を第3の所定回転速度(例えば、900r/min)まで立ち上げて、この第3の所定回転速度で所定時間回転させ、洗濯物に含まれた洗濯水を脱水する。図4(a)において、回転ドラム17の脱水工程時の回転方向は正面から見て時計回り(矢印C)方向であり、延接リブ46の延接方向と逆方向としている。   In the first dehydration step, the washing water contained in the laundry is raised to a third predetermined rotation speed (for example, 900 r / min) by rotating the rotating drum 17 and is rotated at the third predetermined rotation speed for a predetermined time. , Dehydrate the washing water contained in the laundry. In FIG. 4A, the rotation direction of the rotating drum 17 during the dehydration process is clockwise (arrow C) when viewed from the front, and is opposite to the extending direction of the extending rib 46.
このとき、回転ドラム17の回転の遠心力により、洗濯物から脱水された洗剤成分を含む洗濯水は水槽19内面、および背面47に沿って、上向きに回り出そうとするが、排水溝30の背面45のうち、給水経路35a側と反対側の一部は、排水溝30以外の面と略同一面47aとなるようにしているため、図4(b)に示すように、洗濯水は排水溝30以外の面と略同一面47aから排水溝30へと落ちこむ(矢印D)。   At this time, the washing water containing the detergent component dehydrated from the laundry tends to rotate upward along the inner surface of the water tank 19 and the back surface 47 by the centrifugal force of the rotation of the rotating drum 17. A part of the back surface 45 opposite to the water supply path 35a is substantially flush with the surface 47a other than the drainage groove 30, so that the washing water is drained as shown in FIG. It falls into the drainage groove 30 from substantially the same surface 47a as the surface other than the groove 30 (arrow D).
この時の回転ドラム17の回転方向は、延接リブ46の延接方向と逆方向の正面から見て時計回り(矢印C)方向であるので、排水溝30へと落ちこんだ洗濯水は、延接リブ46に誘導されて、排水口31に流れ込む。このように、回転ドラム17の高速での脱水回転の妨げとなる水槽19の底部に溜まった洗濯水や、回転ドラム17を高速で回転させることで回転ドラム17と水槽19の間に発生する洗濯泡を積極的に排水することができるので、回転ドラム17の第3の所定回転速度までの立ち上げを円滑に実行することができる。   At this time, the rotation direction of the rotating drum 17 is clockwise (arrow C) when viewed from the front direction opposite to the extending direction of the extending rib 46, so that the washing water that has fallen into the drainage groove 30 is not expanded. It is guided by the contact rib 46 and flows into the drain port 31. As described above, the washing water collected at the bottom of the water tub 19 that hinders the spin-drying rotation of the rotating drum 17 at high speed, or the washing generated between the rotating drum 17 and the water tub 19 by rotating the rotating drum 17 at high speed. Since the foam can be positively drained, it is possible to smoothly start up the rotary drum 17 up to the third predetermined rotational speed.
この第1脱水工程を所定時間行った後、給水弁34が動作して、水槽19内に洗剤投入ケース35および給水経路35aを介して洗濯水が注水され、第1すすぎ工程が実施され
る。この第1すすぎ工程において、回転ドラム17の回転速度を、第2の所定回転速度(例えば、40r/min)に設定し、正転、休止、反転、休止の動作を繰り返し、洗濯物が回転ドラム17の内周壁に設けられた突起板22によって回転方向に持ち上げられ、持ち上げられた適当な高さ位置から落下する攪拌動作が繰り返されるすすぎ動作を所定時間実行する。
After performing this 1st dehydration process for the predetermined time, the water supply valve 34 operate | moves and the washing water is poured into the water tank 19 via the detergent addition case 35 and the water supply path 35a, and a 1st rinse process is implemented. In the first rinsing step, the rotation speed of the rotary drum 17 is set to a second predetermined rotation speed (for example, 40 r / min), and the forward rotation, pause, inversion, and pause operations are repeated, so that the laundry is the rotary drum. A rinsing operation is performed for a predetermined time, in which the stirring operation is repeated for a predetermined time by being lifted in the rotation direction by the protruding plate 22 provided on the inner peripheral wall 17 and dropping from the lifted appropriate height position.
その後、第1排水工程と同様に第2排水工程が実行され、第1脱水工程と同様に第2脱水工程が実行された後、第1すすぎ工程と同様に第2すすぎ工程が実行される。さらに、第1排水工程および第2排水工程と同様に第3排水工程が実行され、第1脱水工程および第2脱水工程と同様に最終脱水工程が実行される。なお、この最終脱水工程における脱水時間は、第1脱水工程および第2脱水工程より長く設定してある。   Thereafter, the second draining process is executed in the same manner as the first draining process, and after the second dehydrating process is executed in the same manner as in the first dehydrating process, the second rinsing process is executed in the same manner as in the first rinsing process. Further, the third drainage process is executed in the same manner as the first drainage process and the second drainage process, and the final dehydration process is executed in the same manner as the first dehydration process and the second dehydration process. The dehydration time in this final dehydration step is set longer than that in the first dehydration step and the second dehydration step.
本実施の形態のように、回転ドラム17を水平方向から後下がりに傾斜させて配設した構成では、水槽19内に投入された洗剤、および洗濯水は、水槽19内の背面47側を沿って、水槽19下方背面47側に達することになる。排水口31は、排水溝30の背面45側に洗濯水が残らないように、排水溝30の背面45側寄りに設けなければならず、洗剤が塊のまま、排水口31に入ってしまい、洗浄性能が得られないことがあるが、上記構成にすることで、洗剤は排水口31から遠ざかる方向に力を受けながら溶解され、洗剤塊が排水口31に入り込むことを無くす事ができ、これによって、洗剤投入時、洗剤の無駄を無くし、所定の洗浄性能を得ることができる。   As in the present embodiment, in the configuration in which the rotating drum 17 is disposed so as to be inclined downward from the horizontal direction, the detergent and washing water introduced into the water tank 19 run along the back surface 47 side in the water tank 19. Thus, the water tank 19 reaches the lower back 47 side. The drain port 31 must be provided near the back surface 45 side of the drainage groove 30 so that washing water does not remain on the back surface 45 side of the drainage groove 30, and the detergent enters the drainage port 31 as a lump, Although the cleaning performance may not be obtained, with the above configuration, the detergent is dissolved while receiving a force in a direction away from the drain port 31, and the detergent lump can be prevented from entering the drain port 31. Therefore, it is possible to eliminate the waste of the detergent when the detergent is introduced and to obtain a predetermined cleaning performance.
また、脱水時に衣類に含まれた洗濯水が、回転ドラム17の通水孔18から抜け、水槽19内の下方背面47側に溜まることになる。このとき、脱水回転する回転ドラム17の遠心力によって洗濯水や洗濯泡が水槽19を上向きに上昇して排水不良が生じることがあるが、上記構成にすることで、洗濯水や洗濯泡は排水溝30へと落ちこみ、延接リブ46に誘導されて、排水口31に流れ込み、円滑に排水することができる。したがって、脱水工程時、洗濯泡による脱水起動不良状態を防止し、円滑に脱水を行うことにより、所定のすすぎ性能、脱水性能を実現させることが可能となる。   In addition, the washing water contained in the clothing at the time of dehydration escapes from the water passage hole 18 of the rotating drum 17 and accumulates on the lower back surface 47 side in the water tank 19. At this time, washing water and washing foam may rise upward in the water tub 19 due to the centrifugal force of the rotating drum 17 that rotates and spin-off, resulting in poor drainage. It falls into the groove 30, is guided by the extending rib 46, flows into the drain port 31, and can be smoothly drained. Therefore, during the dehydration process, it is possible to realize a predetermined rinsing performance and dewatering performance by preventing a dehydration start failure state due to washing foam and performing smooth dehydration.
なお、本実施の形態では、給水の開始と同時に回転ドラム17を第1の所定回転速度で回転させたが、給水開始後、水槽19内の水位が所定水位に達した後、回転ドラム17の回転を開始してもよい。   In the present embodiment, the rotating drum 17 is rotated at the first predetermined rotation speed simultaneously with the start of water supply. However, after the water supply starts and the water level in the water tank 19 reaches the predetermined water level, Rotation may be started.
なお、本実施の形態では、洗剤投入時について記載しているが、柔軟剤投入時についても同様の効果を得ることができる。   In addition, in this Embodiment, although the description at the time of detergent addition is described, the same effect can be acquired also at the time of softener addition.
なお、本実施の形態では、回転ドラム17の回転中心に傾斜方向に回転軸20を設け、回転ドラム17の軸心方向を正面側から背面側に向けて下向きに傾斜させているが、回転ドラム17の回転中心に水平方向に回転軸20を設け、回転ドラム17の軸心方向を水平方向にしてもよい。   In the present embodiment, the rotary shaft 20 is provided in the tilt direction at the rotation center of the rotary drum 17, and the axial center direction of the rotary drum 17 is tilted downward from the front side toward the back side. The rotation shaft 20 may be provided in the horizontal direction at the rotation center of 17 and the axial center direction of the rotation drum 17 may be set in the horizontal direction.
このように、本実施の形態によれば、洗剤投入時、また、柔軟剤投入時、給水手段から給水された洗剤、洗濯水、および柔軟剤が排水口へ直接入らなくすることにより、洗剤の無駄を無くし、所定の洗浄性能、柔軟剤効果を得ることができる。   As described above, according to the present embodiment, the detergent, the washing water, and the softener supplied from the water supply means are prevented from entering the drain outlet directly when the detergent is added or when the softener is added. It is possible to eliminate waste and obtain a predetermined cleaning performance and softening agent effect.
また、円滑に脱水を実行するとともに、洗濯泡と洗濯水を圧を逃さず速やかに排水口へ導くことで、泡による脱水時の起動不良状態を防止し、速やかに脱水を行うことができるので、所定のすすぎ性能および脱水性能の確保、そして脱水時間の短縮を実現させることが可能となる。   In addition, smooth dehydration is performed and washing foam and washing water are promptly guided to the drain without releasing pressure, preventing startup failure during dehydration due to foam and allowing quick dehydration. Thus, it is possible to ensure predetermined rinsing performance and dewatering performance, and to shorten the dewatering time.
以上のように、本発明にかかるドラム式洗濯機は、洗剤投入時、また、柔軟剤投入時、給水手段から給水された洗剤、および柔軟剤が排水口へ直接入らなくすることにより、洗剤の無駄を無くし、所定の洗浄性能、柔軟剤効果を得ることが可能となるので、洗濯性に優れたドラム式洗濯機として有用である。   As described above, the drum-type washing machine according to the present invention prevents the detergent supplied from the water supply means and the softener from directly entering the drain outlet when the detergent is charged or when the softener is charged. Since it is possible to eliminate waste and obtain a predetermined washing performance and softening agent effect, it is useful as a drum-type washing machine having excellent washability.
本発明の実施の形態1に係るドラム式洗濯機の側断面図Side sectional view of the drum-type washing machine according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. 同ドラム式洗濯機のブロック回路図Block diagram of the drum type washing machine (a)同ドラム式洗濯機の洗濯時における要部断面図(b)同要部斜視図(A) Main part sectional view at the time of washing of the drum type washing machine (b) Permanent part perspective view (a)同ドラム式洗濯機の脱水時における要部断面図(b)同要部斜視図(A) Main part sectional view at the time of dehydration of the drum type washing machine (b) The main part perspective view 従来のドラム式洗濯機の側断面図Side view of a conventional drum-type washing machine
17 回転ドラム
19 水槽
20 回転軸(回転中心軸)
21 モータ
31 排水口
33 排水弁(排水手段)
34 給水弁(給水手段)
38 制御手段
45 排水溝の背面
46 延接リブ
17 Rotating drum 19 Water tank 20 Rotating shaft (Rotating center shaft)
21 Motor 31 Drain port 33 Drain valve (drainage means)
34 Water supply valve (water supply means)
38 Control means 45 Back face of drainage groove 46 Extension rib

Claims (2)

  1. 水槽内に回転自在に配設され、その回転中心軸が水平もしくは水平から傾斜した回転ドラムと、前記水槽の底部に設けた排水口と、前記回転ドラムを回転駆動するモータと、前記水槽内に洗剤、および洗濯水を給水する給水手段と、前記水槽の内底部に設けた凹状の排水溝と、前記給水手段に連通するとともに、前記水槽の背面寄りの部分に連通する給水経路と、前記水槽内の洗濯水を排水する排水手段と、前記モータ、給水手段および排水手段等を制御して洗濯、すすぎ、脱水等の各工程を実行する制御手段とを備え、前記排水溝の背面を前記排水溝以外の背面より前方に突出させ、前記排水口は前記排水溝の前記給水経路側の側壁および背面近傍に設け、前記排水溝の前記給水経路側の側壁には、背面に延接し前記排水口の少なくとも一部を覆う延接リブを設け、前記制御手段は、洗濯工程において前記給水手段を動作するとともに、前記回転ドラムを前記延接リブの延接方向に回転させるようにし、脱水工程おいて前記回転ドラムを前記延接リブの延接方向と逆方向に回転させるようにしたドラム式洗濯機。 A rotating drum that is rotatably arranged in the aquarium and whose rotation center axis is horizontal or inclined from the horizontal, a drain opening provided at the bottom of the aquarium, a motor that rotationally drives the rotating drum, and a water tank and water supply means for supplying water detergent, and wash water, and the concave ditch provided on the inner bottom of the tub, as well as communicating with the water supply means, a water supply channel communicating with the back surface side of the portion of the water tank, the Drainage means for draining the wash water in the aquarium, and control means for controlling the motor, the water supply means, the drainage means and the like to execute each step of washing, rinsing, dehydration, etc. Protruding forward from the back surface other than the drainage groove, the drainage port is provided near the side wall and the back surface of the drainage groove on the water supply path side, and the side wall of the drainage groove on the water supply path side extends to the back surface and the drainage At least one of the mouth The Nobese' rib covers provided, the control means is configured to operate said water supply means in the washing process, the rotary drum so as to rotate in Nobese' direction of the Nobese' ribs, the rotary drum keep dehydration step A drum-type washing machine configured to rotate in a direction opposite to the extending direction of the extending rib .
  2. 凹状の排水溝以外の背面より前方に突出させた排水溝の背面のうち、給水経路側と反対側の一部は、前記排水溝以外の面と略同一面となるようにした請求項1記載のドラム式洗濯機。
    2. A part of the back surface of the drainage groove that protrudes forward from the back surface other than the concave drainage groove is substantially flush with a surface other than the drainage groove side. Drum-type washing machine.
JP2005308167A 2005-10-24 2005-10-24 Drum washing machine Active JP4544128B2 (en)

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102733141A (en) * 2011-04-13 2012-10-17 松下电器产业株式会社 Roller-type washing and drying machine

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KR101367112B1 (en) * 2007-06-07 2014-02-26 삼성전자주식회사 Rotating tub body and drum type washing machine having the same
JP5459171B2 (en) * 2010-10-19 2014-04-02 パナソニック株式会社 Drum washing machine

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JPS63501545A (en) * 1985-10-03 1988-06-16
JP2005124765A (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-05-19 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Drum type washing machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS63501545A (en) * 1985-10-03 1988-06-16
JP2005124765A (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-05-19 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Drum type washing machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102733141A (en) * 2011-04-13 2012-10-17 松下电器产业株式会社 Roller-type washing and drying machine
CN102733141B (en) * 2011-04-13 2014-08-06 松下电器产业株式会社 Roller-type washing and drying machine

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