JP4527202B2 - Backlight device and display device - Google Patents

Backlight device and display device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4527202B2
JP4527202B2 JP2010507556A JP2010507556A JP4527202B2 JP 4527202 B2 JP4527202 B2 JP 4527202B2 JP 2010507556 A JP2010507556 A JP 2010507556A JP 2010507556 A JP2010507556 A JP 2010507556A JP 4527202 B2 JP4527202 B2 JP 4527202B2
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luminance
light
weighting
light emitting
value
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JPWO2010035473A1 (en
Inventor
敦士 中西
英行 中西
敏輝 大西
隆宏 小林
暁宏 山村
清司 濱田
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パナソニック株式会社
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Priority to JP2008250117 priority
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Priority to PCT/JP2009/004854 priority patent/WO2010035473A1/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/3406Control of illumination source
    • G09G3/342Control of illumination source using several illumination sources separately controlled corresponding to different display panel areas, e.g. along one dimension such as lines
    • G09G3/3426Control of illumination source using several illumination sources separately controlled corresponding to different display panel areas, e.g. along one dimension such as lines the different display panel areas being distributed in two dimensions, e.g. matrix
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
    • G02F1/1336Illuminating devices
    • G02F2001/133601Illuminating devices for spatial active dimming
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/06Adjustment of display parameters
    • G09G2320/0626Adjustment of display parameters for control of overall brightness
    • G09G2320/0646Modulation of illumination source brightness and image signal correlated to each other
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2360/00Aspects of the architecture of display systems
    • G09G2360/14Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors
    • G09G2360/144Detecting light within display terminals, e.g. using a single or a plurality of photosensors the light being ambient light
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/34Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source
    • G09G3/36Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters by control of light from an independent source using liquid crystals
    • G09G3/3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
    • G09G3/3648Control of matrices with row and column drivers using an active matrix

Description

  The present invention relates to a backlight device and a display device using the backlight device. In particular, the present invention relates to a backlight device and a display device that control lighting of a plurality of divided regions.

  A non-self-luminous display device typified by a liquid crystal display device includes a backlight device (also simply referred to as a backlight) on the back surface. These display devices display an image via a light modulation unit. The light modulation unit adjusts the amount of reflection and transmission of light emitted from the backlight according to the image signal. In these display devices, for the purpose of expanding the dynamic range of display luminance, etc., a configuration in which the backlight illumination unit is divided into a plurality of divided regions and the luminance is controlled for each region is used.

  In the above-described configuration, it is difficult to make the number of backlight divisions (backlight resolution) the same as the resolution of the light modulation unit from the viewpoint of cost. Therefore, normally, the resolution of the backlight is lower than the resolution of the light modulator. For this reason, the bad effect by the difference in both resolution generate | occur | produces. A phenomenon in which a portion to be displayed in black is bright and visible (hereinafter referred to as “black floating”) is one of the adverse effects. Hereinafter, this will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 1 is an explanatory diagram for explaining the state of “black floating” in a still image. FIG. 1A shows an input image 900 (or may be considered as a modulation state of the light modulation unit). In the input image 900, a circle-shaped object having a high luminance peak exists on a black background. The broken line on the input image 900 indicates the position of the divided region of the backlight for easy understanding, and is not included in the input image. In accordance with this input image, for example, a light modulator such as a liquid crystal panel is controlled. Specifically, the aperture ratio of the liquid crystal panel is controlled so that light is further transmitted in a portion with high luminance.

  FIG. 1B shows the light emission state of the backlight 910. Here, the backlight 910 has nine divided regions. Here, it is assumed that the above-described circle-shaped object is completely included in an area located at the center of the backlight 910 (hereinafter simply referred to as “center area”). Since the center region is a region including a circle-shaped object having a high luminance peak in the input image 900 as described above, light is emitted with luminance according to the image in the region. The surrounding area is turned off because the entire image in the area is black.

  FIG. 1C shows a display image 920 displayed on the display device. In this way, in the central region, even though it is a black portion, light is actually transmitted slightly. Therefore, a luminance difference occurs in the background black between the central region and the region adjacent to the region. As a result, “black floating” occurs more strongly in the central region than in the adjacent region.

  Although the case of a still image has been described with reference to FIG. 1, the case of a moving image will be described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram for explaining the state of “black floating” in a moving image. FIG. 2A shows how a circle-shaped object moves from left to right in the same input image 900 as FIG. 1A.

  FIG. 2B shows how the light emission state of the backlight 910 changes. When a circle-shaped object moves to the right and straddles two light emitting areas, both light emitting areas emit light. Therefore, the area of the light emitting region is larger than when a circle-shaped object is included in only one light emitting region. Then, when the circle-shaped object further moves to the right, the circle is included in one area again, and there is one light emitting area that emits light.

  FIG. 2C shows a transition state of the display image 920 displayed on the display device. As described above, when an object having a luminance difference from the surroundings moves, the area of the above-described “black floating” portion changes at the timing when the object crosses the light emitting region. When there is such an area change, “black floating” is easily visually recognized.

  As a method of reducing such “black floating”, in backlight luminance control, “lighting is performed on an adjacent region having a certain width of a non-lighting region adjacent to a divided region that is turned on based on an image signal”. There is disclosed a configuration having an adjacent area lighting means for lighting a backlight with a luminance smaller than the luminance of the divided area (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

JP 2008-51905 A

  However, in the liquid crystal display device disclosed in Patent Document 1, for example, whether or not to correct the luminance in the peripheral region (region other than the central region) in FIG. 1B depends on the threshold value of the luminance difference from the central region. Therefore, it is determined. For this reason, when the luminance difference between the central region and the peripheral region crosses the threshold, there is a possibility that a temporal discontinuity of luminance occurs in the peripheral region. The discontinuity of brightness may be recognized by the observer.

  An object of the present invention is to provide a backlight device and a display device capable of luminance control with little deterioration in image quality.

In order to solve the above-described problem, the backlight device of the present invention has a plurality of image display areas and displays an image by modulating illumination light emitted from the back surface for each of the screen display areas according to an image signal. An illumination unit that emits illumination light for displaying an image to the light modulation unit, and a light emission luminance value of the illumination unit are determined, and a light emission state of the illumination unit is updated based on the determined light emission luminance value A luminance determination unit, and the illumination unit includes a plurality of light emitting regions that irradiate each of the plurality of image display regions, and the luminance determination unit includes a first image display region based on an input image signal of the first image display region. Determining a light emission luminance value of a light emitting region that irradiates the first image display region from a value obtained by weighting one information and second information based on an input image signal of the second image display region ; and , The illuminance of ambient light around the device Zui and employs a configuration to change the weighting for the first information and the second information.

Further, the backlight device of the present invention has a plurality of image display areas and a light modulation unit that displays an image by modulating illumination light irradiated from the back for each screen display area according to an image signal. An illumination unit that emits illumination light for displaying an image, and a luminance determination unit that determines a light emission luminance value of the illumination unit and updates a light emission state of the illumination unit based on the determined light emission luminance value. The illumination unit has a plurality of light emitting regions that irradiate each of the plurality of image display regions, and the luminance determination unit includes first information based on an input image signal of the first image display region, And determining a light emission luminance value of the light emitting area that irradiates the first image display area from a value obtained by weighting the second information based on the input image signal of the second image display area, and Based on the ambient illuminance, A configuration for changing the number of second information used to determine the light emission brightness value of the light emitting region for irradiating the image display region of.

Further, the backlight device of the present invention has a plurality of image display areas and a light modulation unit that displays an image by modulating illumination light irradiated from the back for each screen display area according to an image signal. An illumination unit that emits illumination light for displaying an image, and a luminance determination unit that determines a light emission luminance value of the illumination unit and updates a light emission state of the illumination unit based on the determined light emission luminance value. The illumination unit has a plurality of light emitting regions that irradiate each of the plurality of image display regions, and the luminance determination unit includes first information based on an input image signal of the first image display region, A light emission luminance value of a light emitting region that irradiates the first image display region is determined from a value obtained by weighting the second information based on the input image signal of the second image display region; and Based on the information and the second information, A configuration to change the weighting for serial first information and the second information.

  In addition, the display device of the present invention employs a configuration including the backlight device and the light modulation unit.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a backlight device and a display device capable of brightness control with little deterioration in image quality.

Explanatory drawing explaining the state of “black float” in still images Explanatory drawing explaining the state of “black float” in the video 1 is a configuration diagram showing an overall configuration of a liquid crystal display device according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. Configuration diagram showing configurations of a light-emitting portion and a liquid crystal panel in Embodiment 1 Configuration diagram showing a configuration of a luminance determination unit in the first embodiment The figure which shows the example of the characteristic of the conversion table which converts the feature-value in Embodiment 1 into a reference | standard brightness value The block diagram which shows the structure of the weighting means in Embodiment 1. Explanatory drawing for explaining the concept of weighting in the first embodiment FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example of an image input to the liquid crystal panel in Embodiment 1. The figure which shows the reference | standard brightness value of each light emission area | region of the light emission part computed by the brightness | luminance calculation means in Embodiment 1. The figure which shows the light emission state when not passing through the weighting means in Embodiment 1. FIG. 6 shows an image actually displayed on the liquid crystal panel in the first embodiment. The figure which shows the weighted luminance value output from the weighting means in Embodiment 1. Explanatory drawing for demonstrating calculation of the light-emitting luminance value in Embodiment 1 The figure which shows the light emission state when passing through the weighting means in Embodiment 1. FIG. 6 shows an image actually displayed on the liquid crystal panel in the first embodiment. Explanatory drawing explaining the characteristic at the time of using a luminance average value as a feature-value in Embodiment 1. Explanatory drawing explaining the characteristic at the time of using a luminance peak value as a feature-value in Embodiment 1. Explanatory drawing which shows the weight in case of M: N = 2: 1 in Embodiment 1. Explanatory drawing which shows the weight in case M: N = 1: 2 in Embodiment 1. Explanatory drawing in the case of making small the weight applied to the reference | standard brightness value of the light emission area | region located diagonally in Embodiment 1. FIG. Explanatory drawing in the case where weighting of the reference luminance value is performed on the light emission area of 5 rows × 5 columns in the first embodiment. Configuration diagram showing a configuration of a luminance determining unit in the second embodiment The block diagram which shows an example of a structure of the weighting means in Embodiment 2. The block diagram which shows the other example of a structure of the weighting means in Embodiment 2. The block diagram which shows the structure of the brightness | luminance determination part in Embodiment 3. The block diagram which shows the structure of the weighting means in Embodiment 3. The figure which shows an example of the mode of switching of weighting in Embodiment 3. The figure which shows the example of the characteristic of the conversion table which converts the external light illuminance value in Embodiment 3 into a 2nd weight. Explanatory drawing of the 1st case which changes only the 2nd weight according to external light illuminance in Embodiment 4. Explanatory drawing in the 2nd case which changes only 2nd weight according to external light illumination intensity in Embodiment 4.

(Embodiment 1)
Hereinafter, Embodiment 1 which is an example in which the present invention is applied to a liquid crystal display device (an embodiment in which weighting is applied to a reference luminance value) will be described with reference to the drawings.

<1-1. Configuration of liquid crystal display device>
First, the configuration of the liquid crystal display device will be described.

  FIG. 3 is a configuration diagram showing the overall configuration of the liquid crystal display device. The liquid crystal display device 1 roughly includes a liquid crystal panel 10, an illumination unit 20, a luminance determination unit 30, and an image signal correction unit 40. Hereinafter, the illumination unit 20 and the luminance determination unit 30 are collectively referred to as a backlight device. The configuration of each part will be described in detail below.

<1-1-1. LCD panel>
The liquid crystal panel 10 displays an image by modulating illumination light irradiated from the back according to an image signal.

  The liquid crystal panel 10 has a plurality of image display areas as indicated by broken lines in the figure. Each image display area has a plurality of pixels.

  The liquid crystal panel 10 has a configuration in which a liquid crystal layer divided for each pixel is sandwiched between glass substrates. In the liquid crystal panel 10, a signal voltage is applied to a liquid crystal layer corresponding to each pixel by a gate driver (not shown), a source driver (not shown), and the like, and the aperture ratio is controlled for each pixel. The liquid crystal panel 10 uses an IPS (In Plane Switching) method. The IPS system is a system that performs a simple movement in which liquid crystal molecules rotate in parallel with a glass substrate. As a result, the liquid crystal panel adopting the IPS system has a wide viewing angle, and has a feature that there is little change in color tone depending on the viewing direction and color tone in all gradations.

  The liquid crystal panel 10 is an example of a light modulation unit. As a method of the liquid crystal panel, another method such as a VA (Vertical Alignment) method may be used.

<1-1-2. Lighting section>
The illumination unit 20 irradiates illumination light for displaying an image on the liquid crystal panel 10 from the back side.

  The illumination unit 20 has a light emitting unit 21 composed of a plurality of light emitting regions. Each light emitting area is provided so as to face the image display area of the liquid crystal panel 10 and mainly irradiates the opposite image display area. Here, “mainly irradiate” is because the light emitting region may irradiate a part of the illumination light even to the image display region which is not opposed. Each light emitting area has four LEDs 210 as light sources. The illumination unit 20 has an LED driver 22 for driving the LED 210 of the light emitting unit 21.

  The LED driver 22 has 60 drive circuits (not shown) corresponding to the total number of light emitting areas so that it can be driven independently for each light emitting area.

  With the above configuration, the illumination unit 20 can control the luminance for each light emitting region.

  FIG. 4 is a configuration diagram showing the configuration of the light emitting unit 21. The light emitting unit 21 has a total of 60 light emitting regions composed of 6 rows and 10 columns. Here, each light emitting area is specified and represented by a combination of an Arabic numeral code corresponding to a row number and an alphabetic code corresponding to a column number. For example, in FIG. 4, the light emitting area corresponding to row number 3 and column number d is represented as light emitting area 3d.

  The LED 210 emits white light. Four LEDs 210 belonging to one light emitting region are connected to one drive circuit of the LED driver 22. Then, the four LEDs 210 belonging to one light emitting region emit light with the same luminance in accordance with a signal from the LED driver 22.

  The LED 210 is not limited to the one that directly emits white light. For example, it is possible to emit white light by mixing three colors of RGB light. Further, the number of LEDs 210 belonging to one light emitting area is not limited to four. A larger number of LEDs may be used, or a smaller number of LEDs may be used.

<1-1-3. Brightness determination unit>
The luminance determination unit 30 determines the light emission luminance value for each of the plurality of light emission regions of the illumination unit 20 based on the input image signal. The input image signal is a signal in which image signals for each image display area are arranged in time series for a plurality of image display areas of the liquid crystal panel 10. That is, the luminance determination unit 30 inputs an input image signal for each image display region of the liquid crystal panel 10 and outputs a light emission luminance value for each light emission region to the LED driver 22 of the illumination unit 20. In addition, the luminance determination unit 30 also outputs a light emission luminance value for each light emitting region to the image signal correction unit 40.

  In particular, as a feature of the liquid crystal display device 1 of the present invention, the luminance determining unit 30 determines information (first information) based on the input image signal of the first image display region when determining the light emission luminance value of one light emitting region. Then, from the value obtained by weighting the information (second information) based on the input image signal of the second image display area, the light emission luminance value of the light emission area is determined. The first image display area is an image display area that is mainly irradiated by the light emitting area that is the target of determining the light emission luminance value. The second image display area is an image display area different from the image display area that is mainly irradiated by the light emitting area whose light emission luminance value is determined.

  FIG. 5 is a configuration diagram illustrating a detailed configuration of the luminance determining unit 30. The luminance determination unit 30 roughly includes a feature detection unit 31, a luminance calculation unit 32, a temporary memory 33, and a weighting unit 34.

<1-1-3-1. Feature detection means>
The feature detection unit 31 detects the feature amount of the input image signal for each image display area. Hereinafter, the feature amount refers to a value that is directly used for calculation of a reference luminance value described later. Here, an average value of luminance signals of each pixel (hereinafter referred to as “luminance average value”) is used as the feature amount. The luminance signal of each pixel is included in the input image signal. That is, the feature detection unit 31 receives an image signal and detects an average luminance value for each image display area. Then, the feature detection unit 31 sequentially outputs the detected feature amounts to the luminance calculation unit 32.

<1-1-3-2. Luminance calculation means>
The luminance calculation unit 32 calculates a reference luminance value for each light emitting area based on the input feature amount. Specifically, the luminance calculation unit 32 converts the average luminance value into a reference luminance value for each image display area using the conversion table, and outputs the reference luminance value to the temporary memory 33. The reference luminance value is a value used as a reference when calculating a luminance value to be applied to the light emitting region of interest (hereinafter referred to as “light emitting luminance value”).

  FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example of characteristics of a conversion table for converting feature amounts into reference luminance values. 6A to 6C, the horizontal axis indicates the feature amount, and the vertical axis indicates the reference luminance value.

  For example, when the conversion table having the characteristics shown in FIG. 6A is used, the feature amount is converted into a reference luminance value having the same value. For example, if the feature amount is 0, the reference luminance value is 0, and if the feature amount is 255, the reference luminance is 255. For example, when correcting the γ curve of the feature amount, a conversion table having the characteristics shown in FIG. 6B can be used. Further, when the reference luminance value is saturated at a predetermined feature value or more, a conversion table having the characteristics shown in FIG. 6C can be used. The luminance calculation means 32 can adjust the light emission luminance of the light emitting unit 21 with respect to the input image signal by using these conversion tables.

  For example, when the feature amount is the luminance average value, the feature amount is small in an image having a small white bright spot on a black background. Therefore, the brightness of the white bright spot portion may be too low. In such a case, the characteristic conversion table shown in FIG. 6C may look better than the characteristic conversion table shown in FIG. 6A. This is because the characteristic shown in FIG. 6C corresponds to a relatively large reference luminance value for a small feature amount.

  Therefore, it is desirable that the luminance calculation unit 32 prepares a plurality of conversion tables having different characteristics in advance, and switches and uses conversion tables that can obtain better image quality according to the state of the image. As described above, the luminance calculating unit 32 can adaptively change the conversion table used for calculating the reference luminance value corresponding to the image.

  In the present embodiment, the case where the conversion table is used has been described, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the luminance calculation unit 32 may perform conversion to a reference luminance value as needed using a conversion function having the conversion characteristics as described above. According to such a configuration, it is possible to reduce the amount of memory.

<1-1-3-3. Temporary memory>
The temporary memory 33 stores the reference luminance value output from the luminance calculating unit 32. That is, the temporary memory 33 sequentially stores the reference luminance values for each light emitting area, and temporarily stores the reference luminance values of all the light emitting areas.

<1-1-3-4. Weighting means>
The weighting unit 34 calculates the first light emission from the value obtained by weighting the reference luminance value of the first light emitting area as the first information and the reference luminance value of the second light emitting area as the second information. The emission luminance value of the area is determined. That is, the weighting unit 34 reads the reference luminance value (first information) for the light emitting area stored in the temporary memory 33 when determining the light emitting luminance value of one light emitting area (first light emitting area). Further, the reference luminance value (second information) of a predetermined light emitting area (second light emitting area) different from the light emitting area is also read from the temporary memory 33. Then, the weighting unit 34 weights the plurality of read reference luminance values, adds a plurality of values after the weighting (hereinafter referred to as “weighted luminance values”), and finally adds the light emitting region (the first light emitting region). 1) is determined.

  In the present embodiment, the second light emitting regions are eight light emitting regions adjacent to the periphery of the first light emitting region. For example, referring to FIG. 4, when the first light emitting region is the light emitting region 3d, the second light emitting regions are the light emitting regions 2c, 2d, 2e, 3c, 3e, 4c, 4d, and 4e.

  FIG. 7 is a configuration diagram showing a more detailed configuration of the weighting means 34 in the present embodiment. The weighting means 34 includes a first information reading block 340, eight second information reading blocks 341a, 341b, 341c, 341d, 341e, 341f, 341g, 341h, a first information weighting block 350, and eight second information weighting blocks 351a. , 351b, 351c, 351d, 351e, 351f, 351g, 351, and an addition block 360.

  The first information reading block 340 reads the first information from the temporary memory 33. The first information weighting block 350 performs weighting on the first information read by the first information reading block 340 and outputs a first weighted luminance value.

  The second information reading blocks 341a to 341h read the second information corresponding to the second light emitting areas 2c to 4e from the temporary memory 33, respectively. The second information weighting blocks 351a to 351h respectively weight the second information read by the second information reading blocks 341a to 341h and output second weighted luminance values.

  The addition block 360 adds the first weighted luminance value output from the first information weighting block 350 and the eight second weighted luminance values output from the second information weighting blocks 351a to 351h.

  In the present embodiment, the first information weighting block 350 performs 8/16 weighting on the first information. Also, the second information weighting blocks 351a to 351h all perform equal weighting of 1/16 on the second information. The second information is a reference luminance value of each of the eight light emitting areas adjacent to the periphery of the first light emitting area. Hereinafter, the weight for the first information (reference luminance value of the first light emitting area) is referred to as “first weight”, and the weight for the second information (reference luminance value of the second light emitting area) is referred to as “second weight”. "

  FIG. 8 is an explanatory diagram for explaining the concept of weighting. FIG. 8 shows a part of the light emitting unit 21 and shows how the reference luminance of each light emitting area is weighted when the first light emitting area is the light emitting area 3e. In this case, the light emitting area belonging to the area of 3 rows × 3 columns around the light emitting area 3e is the second light emitting area (area surrounded by a broken line). Here, a case where the first weight is 8/16 and the second weight is 1/16 will be described.

  As shown in FIG. 8, in the light emitting area 3e, the reference luminance value is weighted by 8/16. Further, in the second light emitting area in the vicinity thereof, 1/16 weighting is applied to each reference luminance value. According to such weighting, the sum of the weights is 1, and the weight for the reference luminance value of the first light emitting area (first weight) and the weight for the reference luminance value of all the second light emitting areas are The ratio to the total value (the total value of the second weights) is 1: 1. That is, the first weight is 50%, the total value of the second weight is 50% (each second weight is 50/8 = 6.25%), and the total weight is 100%.

  Nine weighted luminance values obtained by these weights are added to calculate the final light emitting luminance value of the light emitting region 3e.

  Here, an example of a method for determining the weight value of each light emitting area to a predetermined ratio without changing the sum of the weights will be described.

  First, it is assumed that the ratio of the first weight and the total value of the second weight is set to M: N. Further, it is assumed that there are X second light emitting regions.

  Under such conditions, the first weight can be obtained by M × X / {(M + N) × X}.

  Further, the total value of the second weights can be obtained by N × X / {(M + N) × X}. Here, when all the second weights have the same value, the second weight is N / {(M + N) × X}.

  In the present embodiment, M: N = 1: 1 and X = 8. Therefore, the first weight can be obtained as 8/16, and the second weight can be obtained as 1/16.

  The weight setting method is not particularly limited to this, and other methods may be used.

  With such a configuration, in the calculation of the light emission luminance value of the light emitting region, the light emission luminance value reflecting the luminance signal corresponding to the light emitting region around the light emitting region can be calculated.

  The determined light emission luminance value of the light emitting area is output to the LED driver 22 of the illumination unit 20 and the image signal correction unit 40.

<1-1-4. Image signal correction unit>
The image signal correction unit 40 corrects the image signal input to the liquid crystal panel 10 based on the light emission luminance value determined by the luminance determination unit 30.

  When brightness control is performed for each light emitting area, even if the original image signal is the same image display area, it is displayed depending on whether the light emitting brightness value of the corresponding light emitting area is determined to be low or high. The brightness of the images to be different will be different. Therefore, the displayed image may appear unnatural. In order to reduce this, the image signal correction unit 40 corrects the image signal of the displayed image in conjunction with the light emission luminance value for each light emitting region. Specifically, the image signal correction unit 40 changes the contrast gain of the image displayed on the liquid crystal panel 10 in accordance with how the light emission luminance value is changed. As a result, the image signal correction unit 40 corrects the adverse effects associated with the above-described luminance control for each light emitting area.

  The configuration of the liquid crystal display device has been described above.

<1-2. Operation of liquid crystal display device>
Next, a specific example of the display operation of the liquid crystal display device based on the above configuration will be described focusing on the characteristic operation of the present invention.

<1-2-1. Calculation of reference luminance value>
FIG. 9 shows an example of an image input to the liquid crystal panel 10, and two large and small white 100% rectangular objects are arranged on a black background. In FIG. 9, white grid lines indicate the frame of the image display area of the liquid crystal panel 10 (or the corresponding light emission area of the light emitting unit 21), and are not included in the actual image.

  The image signal of the image shown in FIG. 9 is input to the feature detection unit 31 in the brightness determination unit 30, and the brightness average value as the feature amount is detected for each image display area. Then, each detected feature amount is input to the luminance calculation means 32 and converted into a reference luminance value of each light emitting area.

  FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating the reference luminance value of each light emitting area of the light emitting unit 21 calculated by the luminance calculating unit 32. Note that the luminance calculation means 32 used here has a characteristic conversion table as shown in FIG. 6A. Therefore, if the feature quantity is 0, the reference brightness value is 0, if the feature quantity is 128, the reference brightness value is 128, if the feature quantity is 255, the reference brightness value is 255, and so on. Converted to luminance value.

  The numerical values in FIG. 10 will be specifically described taking the light emitting region 3c as an example. In the case of the light emitting region 3c, the smaller rectangular object in FIG. 9 is an image of white 100%. Therefore, the luminance signal of each pixel included in the image signal of the object part has a maximum value of 255. The smaller rectangular object in FIG. 9 has a quarter of the image display area corresponding to the light emitting area 3c. That is, the luminance signal is 255 in the ¼ pixel of the corresponding image display area. Therefore, the luminance average value 64 is detected as the feature amount for the light emitting region 3c, and the reference luminance value 64 is obtained.

  Similarly, the larger rectangular pattern in FIG. 9 will be described. In the light emitting area 3g and the light emitting area 4g, the luminance signal is 255 in all the pixels of the corresponding image display area. Therefore, the feature amount 255 is detected for each of the light emitting regions 3g and 4g, and the reference luminance value 255 is obtained.

  In the light emitting areas 2g, 3f, 3h, 4f, 4h, and 5g, the luminance signal is 255 in half the pixels of the corresponding image display area. Therefore, a feature quantity 128 that is half the luminance signal is detected for these light emitting areas, and a reference luminance value 128 is obtained.

  In the light emitting areas 2f, 2h, 5f, and 5h corresponding to the four corners of the rectangular pattern, the luminance signal is 255 in the ¼ pixel of the corresponding image display area. Therefore, a feature quantity 64 that is a quarter of the luminance signal is detected for these light emitting areas, and a reference luminance value 64 is obtained.

<1-2-2. Calculation of luminance value by weighting>
Next, the operation of the weighting unit 34 for the calculated reference luminance value will be described.

  Here, in order to clarify the operation of the present invention, a case where the weighting means 34 is not used will be described as a comparison.

  FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating a light emission state of the light emitting unit 21 when the reference luminance value illustrated in FIG. 10 is input to the illumination unit 20 as it is without using the weighting unit 34. FIG. 12 is a diagram showing an image actually displayed on the liquid crystal panel 10 when the light of FIG. 11 is irradiated from the back side.

  As shown in FIG. 12, when comparing a light emitting region that does not emit light (for example, the light emitting region 1g) and a light emitting region 2g that is a light emitting region, the black portion of the light emitting region 2g floats brightly. . That is, an unfavorable display in which “black float” is visually recognized. This is due to a difference in light emission luminance value between a light emitting region that does not emit light and a light emitting region that emits light. Note that, unlike the black portion, the white portion has a uniform luminance because the luminance signal is corrected by the image signal correction unit 40.

  Next, the case where the weighting means 34 is used will be described.

  FIG. 13 is a diagram showing the weighted luminance value output from the weighting means 34. The calculation of the numerical values in FIG. 13 will be specifically described with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 14 is an explanatory diagram for explaining the calculation of numerical values, and shows a reference luminance value before being input to the weighting means 34. For example, in the case of the light emitting region 4h, the reference luminance value corresponding to the first information is 128 as shown in FIG. The second information of the light emitting area 4h is a reference luminance value of each of the eight neighboring light emitting areas 3g, 3h, 3i, 4g, 4i, 5g, 5h, and 5i.

  Here, as described in the above configuration, the first information is weighted by 8/16 by the first information weighting block 350. That is, a value of 128 × (8/16) is derived from the light emitting region 4h as the first weighted luminance value.

  The second information is weighted by 1/16 by the second information weighting blocks 351a to 351h. That is, a value of 255 × (1/16) is obtained from each of the light emitting regions 3g and 4g, a value of 128 × (1/16) is obtained from each of the light emitting regions 3h and 5g, and 64 × from the light emitting region 5h. A value of (1/16) is derived from the light emitting areas 3i, 4i, 5i as a second weighted luminance value of 0 × (1/16), respectively.

  Then, 115.9 which is an addition value of these nine weighted luminance values is calculated as the light emission luminance value of the light emitting region 4h.

  If the light emission luminance values are calculated for all the light emitting regions by the same method, the light emission luminance values shown in FIG. 13 are obtained.

  It should be noted that there is no light emitting region in any of the eight directions around the light emitting region at the end of the light emitting unit 21 (light emitting regions belonging to rows 1 and 6 and columns a and j). Therefore, as shown in FIG. 14, the weighting means 34 uses a virtual light emitting area expanded in the row direction and column direction, and emits light in eight directions in all the light emitting areas. Assuming that the region exists, the light emission luminance value is calculated.

  That is, the weighting unit 34 adds one row of a virtual light emitting area having the same reference luminance value as that of the row 1 above the row 1 and has the same reference luminance value as that of the row 6 below the row 6. Add one line of the virtual light emitting area. Then, the weighting unit 34 adds one column of a virtual light emitting area having the same reference luminance value as the column a to the left side of the column a, and a virtual unit having the same reference luminance value as the column j to the right side of the column j. Add one row of the light emitting area. In addition, the weighting unit 34 uses the light emitting areas at the four corners of the light emitting unit 21 as the light emitting areas corresponding to the four corners of the expanded virtual area.

  FIG. 15 is a diagram illustrating a light emission state of the light emitting unit 21 when the light emission luminance value illustrated in FIG. 13 is input to the illumination unit 20. FIG. 16 is a diagram showing an image actually displayed on the liquid crystal panel 10 when the light of FIG. 15 is irradiated from the back side.

  As shown in FIG. 16, when the weighting unit 34 is used, the emission luminance value between the light emitting region that does not emit light and the light emitting region that emits light is larger than that in FIG. 12 when the weighting unit 34 is not used. The difference has eased. Thereby, “black float” is relieved.

  The operation of the liquid crystal display device has been described above.

<1-3. Summary of Features>
Next, characteristic effects of the liquid crystal display device according to the present invention will be illustrated.

  For example, in a conventional liquid crystal display device, a low luminance value is obtained when a light emitting region having a high luminance value and a light emitting region having a low luminance value (particularly, a light emitting region having a luminance value close to 0) are adjacent to each other in the input image signal. Whether the light emission luminance value of the light emitting area is corrected or not is determined by comparing the luminance difference with a threshold value. Therefore, as described above, there is a possibility that a temporal discontinuity point in luminance occurs.

  Since the liquid crystal display device according to the present invention does not use such a threshold value, luminance discontinuity does not occur.

  Further, when a light emitting region having a high luminance value and a light emitting region having a low luminance value (particularly, a light emitting region having a luminance value close to 0) are adjacent to each other in the input image signal, the conventional liquid crystal display device emits light having a high luminance value. The luminance value of the area is not corrected, and only the luminance value of the light emitting area having a low luminance value is corrected so as to increase.

  On the other hand, the liquid crystal display device of the present invention acts to lower the light emission luminance value of the light emitting region having a high luminance average value and increase the light emission luminance value of the light emitting region having a low luminance average value. By this action, an increase in power due to the correction of the luminance value can be reduced as compared with the conventional configuration.

  In particular, in the present embodiment, the sum of the weights of the light emitting areas of the weighting means is 1. Therefore, weighting can be performed in a state where a change in the amount of light emitted from the illumination unit is suppressed, and consumption of excess power can be suppressed.

  In the present embodiment, the luminance average value is used as the feature amount. When the average luminance value is used as a feature amount, as shown in FIG. 15, the luminance of the light emitting region for a white object with a small area is lower than the light emitting region corresponding to a white object with a large area. Therefore, when the image signal is not corrected by the image signal correction unit, the brightness of the image that is transmitted through the liquid crystal panel is lower in white having a smaller area than in white having a larger area.

  However, generally, in the characteristics of the human eye, when the luminance is the same, white having a small area tends to feel brighter than white having a large area. For this reason, even when the luminance average value is used as the feature amount, the result is a display with little discomfort. Of course, the image signal correction unit can also correct the image signal so that the difference in luminance between white having a large area and white having a small area becomes small.

  In the liquid crystal display device of the present embodiment, the peak value of the luminance signal of each pixel included in the input image signal for each image display area (hereinafter referred to as “luminance peak value”) is used as the feature amount. Similar effects can be obtained. In the conventional configuration, when only the luminance peak value is used, it is not possible to obtain a change in luminance value according to the area as described above. In the present embodiment, since the luminance signal corresponding to the peripheral light emitting region is reflected, the luminance value can be changed according to the area even if the luminance peak value is used as the feature amount. This will be described later.

  Moreover, you may use combining a brightness | luminance average value and a brightness | luminance peak value as a feature-value. Furthermore, the weighting of the luminance average value and the luminance peak value when adding the luminance average value and the luminance peak value may be changed according to the input image signal for each image display area. The effect in these structures is demonstrated using FIG. 17, FIG.

  FIG. 17 is an explanatory diagram for explaining a feature when a luminance average value is used as a feature amount. FIG. 17A shows the input image 400. In the input image 400, a circular object having a high luminance peak exists on a black background. Note that broken lines on the input image 400 indicate the positions of the divided areas of the backlight for easy understanding, and are not included in the input image. FIG. 17B shows a light emission state of the light emitting unit 21a which is a part of the light emitting unit 21 when the average luminance value is used as the feature amount. Here, the region located at the center of the light emitting unit 21a is a region including a circle-shaped object having a high luminance peak of the input image 400, and therefore emits light with luminance according to the image of the region. The surrounding area is turned off because the entire image in the area is black. FIG. 17C shows a display image 500a displayed on a part of the liquid crystal panel 10 when the luminance average value is used as the feature amount.

  FIG. 18 is an explanatory diagram for explaining a feature when a luminance peak value is used as a feature amount. FIG. 18A shows the same input image 400 as FIG. 17A. FIG. 18B shows a light emission state of the light emitting unit 21b which is a part of the light emitting unit 21 when the luminance peak value is used as the feature amount. Here, the region located at the center of the light emitting unit 21b is a region including a circle-shaped object having a high luminance peak in the input image 400, and therefore emits light with luminance according to the image of the region. The surrounding area is turned off because the entire image in the area is black. FIG. 18C shows a display image 500b displayed on a part of the liquid crystal panel 10 when the luminance peak value is used as the feature amount.

  As shown in FIG. 17C, when the average luminance value is used as the feature amount, even if an object in the image moves, a display with little discomfort can be obtained without abruptly changing the luminance of each light emitting area. However, in an image display area with a low luminance average value, there may be a shortage of luminance peaks of minute white bright spots (for example, objects such as stars in the night sky) with a high luminance value.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 18C, when the luminance peak value is used as the feature amount, the luminance peak can be maintained even in an object such as a star in the night sky. However, when an object in the image moves, the luminance of each light emitting region may change sharply, resulting in an uncomfortable display.

  Utilizing such characteristics, the luminance average value and the luminance peak value are combined as the feature amount, and the weighting of the luminance average value and the luminance peak value is changed according to the input image signal for each image display area. The following effects are obtained. In other words, it is possible to reduce the local shortage of peak luminance values depending on the image to be displayed or unnatural light emission depending on the movement of the image, and light emission with an optimal feature amount as appropriate. The amount of light emitted from the region can be adjusted.

  In the present embodiment, the LED is used as the light source, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, a laser light source or a fluorescent tube may be used as the light source. In short, any light source can be used as long as it can divide the light emitting area and control the light emission luminance of each divided area. When a laser light source is used, the color reproduction area can be widened. When a fluorescent tube is used, it can be made thinner than when LEDs are arranged.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the weighting unit weights the reference luminance value of the first light emitting area by 8/16, and weights the reference luminance value of the second light emitting area by 1/16. I went there, but is not limited to this. If it is desired to increase the first weight and decrease the second weight, for example, the weight may be set as shown in FIG. FIG. 19 is an explanatory diagram showing weights when M: N = 2: 1.

  On the contrary, when it is desired to decrease the first weight and increase the second weight, the weighting means may be weighted as shown in FIG. 20, for example. FIG. 20 is an explanatory diagram showing the first weight and the second weight when M: N = 1: 2.

  These weights may be changed according to the input image signal for each image display area. Other specific values for the weights may be used. When it is desired to increase the brightness as a whole, the first weight and the second weight may be determined so that the sum of the weights is 1 or more. On the other hand, when it is desired to lower the luminance as a whole, the first weight and the second weight may be determined so that the sum of the weights is 1 or less.

  In the present embodiment, the weighting unit is configured so that the second weights are all the same, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, as shown in FIG. 21, the weighting means is a second light emitting region (light emitting region 2 d, 2 f, 4 d, 4 f) located obliquely with respect to the first light emitting region (light emitting region 3 e). May be made smaller than the second weights of the other second light emitting regions. That is, the weighting unit may change the weight for each second light emitting region.

  The second light emitting region located obliquely has a substantial distance from the first light emitting region slightly longer than the other second light emitting regions. Therefore, by reducing the weight of the reference luminance value of the second light emitting area located obliquely, it is possible to display an image with less sense of incongruity.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the weighting means weights the reference luminance value to the light emission area of 3 rows × 3 columns with the eight light emitting areas as the second light emission area centering on the first light emission area. However, it is not limited to this. The weighting means may change the number of light emitting areas to be weighted, such as 5 rows × 5 columns or 5 rows × 3 columns. In this case, it is possible to set a second light-emitting region that is symmetrical in the column direction with respect to the first light-emitting region by setting the odd-numbered row × the odd-numbered column.

  FIG. 22 is an explanatory diagram in the case where the reference luminance value is weighted with respect to the light emission region of 5 rows × 5 columns. At this time, the weighting unit applies a smaller weight to the reference luminance value of the second light emitting area farther from the first light emitting area. In this way, it is possible to display an image with less sense of incongruity.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the second light emitting region has eight regions around the first light emitting region, but is not limited thereto. For example, all the light emitting areas including the first light emitting area may be used as the second light emitting area, and weighting may be performed using the average value of the luminance signal of the entire screen as the second information.

  In this way, the luminance of each light emitting area can be changed according to the average value of the luminance signal of the entire screen. Therefore, for example, in an image close to all white display in which the power consumption of the backlight device is increased, it is possible to display with lower power consumption and lower power. In addition, in an image where there are small white bright spots on a black background where the power consumption of the backlight device is small, the white portion can be displayed brightly by concentrating the power only in the area with the white bright spots. it can. In this way, the liquid crystal display device 1 can provide an image with expressiveness by setting all the light emitting regions as the second light emitting regions.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the liquid crystal display device 1 uses an expanded virtual light emitting region for the light emitting region at the end of the light emitting unit 21, and there are light emitting regions in eight directions around all the light emitting regions. Although the emission luminance value is calculated as an example, another calculation method may be used. For example, the weighting unit may weight only the reference luminance value of the second light emitting area that actually exists without using all of the surrounding eight directions. Alternatively, the liquid crystal display device 1 may not use weighting means for the light emitting area at the end.

  In the present embodiment, the weighting means performs constant weighting, but the weighting may be changed depending on some factor. For example, the weighting unit may change the weighting based on the difference between the first information and the second information. When the difference between the first information and the second information is large, the “black float” is more easily recognized. Therefore, when the difference between the first information and the second information is large, the visual recognition of “black float” can be further reduced by changing the second weight to be large.

  In the present embodiment, the liquid crystal display device 1 includes the image signal correction unit 40, but may be configured without the image signal correction unit 40. Even if the liquid crystal display device 1 is configured without the image signal correction unit 40, it is possible to perform luminance control with less degradation in image quality compared to a conventional liquid crystal display device. As a further effect of having the image signal correction unit 40, as described above, it is possible to correct the adverse effects associated with the luminance control for each light emitting area.

(Embodiment 2)
Next, Embodiment 2 (an embodiment in which weighting is applied to a reference feature amount), which is an example in which the present invention is applied to a liquid crystal display device, will be described with reference to the drawings. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in the configuration of the luminance determining unit 30 shown in FIG. The configuration of other parts is the same as that of the first embodiment, and a part of the description is omitted.

  In the first embodiment, the reference luminance value calculated by the luminance calculating unit is weighted. In the second embodiment, the feature amount of the image signal before the luminance calculating unit is weighted. .

  FIG. 23 is a configuration diagram showing a detailed configuration of the luminance determining unit 30a. The luminance determining unit 30a is roughly divided into a feature detecting unit 31a, a temporary memory 33a, a weighting unit 34a, and a luminance calculating unit 32a.

  The feature detection unit 31a has the same function as the feature detection unit 31 in the first embodiment. That is, the feature detection unit 31a detects the average brightness value for each image display area. The feature detection unit 31a sequentially outputs the detected luminance average value for each image display area to the temporary memory 33a as a reference feature amount. The reference feature value is a value serving as a reference when calculating the feature value of the image signal in each image display area.

  The temporary memory 33a stores the reference feature amount output from the feature detection unit 31a. That is, the temporary memory 33a sequentially stores the reference feature values for each image display area, and temporarily stores the reference feature values of all the image display areas.

  The weighting unit 34a calculates the first image from the value obtained by weighting the first information (reference feature value of the first image display area) and the second information (reference feature value of the second image display area). The feature amount of the display area is determined. That is, when determining the feature amount of one image display region (first image display region), the weighting unit 34a reads the reference feature amount (first information) for the image display region from the temporary memory 33a. The weighting unit 34a also reads out the reference feature amount (second information) of a predetermined image display area (second image display area) different from the image display area from the temporary memory 33a. Then, the weighting unit 34a weights and adds the plurality of read reference feature amounts (first information and second information) to determine the feature amount of the image display area (first image display area).

  In the present embodiment, the second image display area is eight image display areas adjacent to the periphery of the first image display area. For example, referring to FIG. 4, when the image display area corresponding to the light emitting area 3d is the first image display area, the second image display area is the light emitting areas 2c, 2d, 2e, 3c, 3e, This is an image display area corresponding to 4c, 4d, and 4e.

  FIG. 24 is a configuration diagram showing a more detailed configuration of the weighting means 34a in the present embodiment. The weighting unit 34a includes a first information reading block 340a, eight second information reading blocks 342a, 342b, 342c, 342d, 342e, 342f, 342g, 342h, a first information weighting block 350a, and eight second information weighting blocks 352a. , 352b, 352c, 352d, 352e, 352f, 352g, 352h, and an addition block 360a.

  The first information reading block 340a reads the first information from the temporary memory 33a. The first information weighting block 350a weights the read first information and outputs a first reference feature amount.

  The second information reading blocks 342a to 342h read the second information from the temporary memory 33a. The second information weighting blocks 352a to 352h perform weighting on the read second information and output the second reference feature amount.

  The addition block 360a adds the first reference feature amount output from the first information weighting block 350a and the second reference feature amount output from the second information weighting blocks 352a to 352h.

  In the present embodiment, the first information weighting block 350a performs 8/16 weighting on the first information. Further, the second information weighting blocks 352a to 352h all perform equal weighting of 1/16 on the second information. The second information is a reference feature amount of each of the eight image display areas adjacent to the periphery of the first image display area.

  The weighting method is the same as the weighting method described in FIG. 8 of the first embodiment. That is, the weighting method in the present embodiment is a method in which the light emitting area is replaced with the image display area in the weighting technique in the description of FIG.

  The weighting unit 34a weights the reference feature amount of each image display area, and outputs the weighted value (feature amount) to the luminance calculation unit 32a.

  The luminance calculation unit 32a calculates a light emission luminance value for each light emission region based on the input feature amount. That is, the luminance calculation unit 32a converts the feature amount into a light emission luminance value of a light emission region corresponding to the image display region for each image display region, and the LED driver 22 of the illumination unit 20 and the image signal correction unit. 40 is output. Since the conversion table possessed by the luminance calculation means is the same as that of the luminance calculation means 32 of the first embodiment, description thereof will be omitted.

  According to such a configuration, there is a difference between weighting the feature amount of the image signal for each image display area and weighting for the light emission luminance value for each light emission area corresponding to the image display area. However, as a result, the same effect as in the first embodiment can be obtained. That is, when an image signal of an image as shown in FIG. 9 is input, the light emission luminance value of the light emission region as shown in FIG. 13 is obtained.

  In the present embodiment, the sum of the luminance signals of the respective pixels for each image display area (hereinafter referred to as “luminance sum value”) may be used as the reference feature amount instead of the luminance average value. In this case, the luminance total value is used as the reference feature value and is converted into an average value by the weighting means. A specific configuration is shown in FIG.

  FIG. 25 is a configuration diagram showing the configuration of the weighting means 34b used when the luminance summation value is used as the reference feature amount. The weighting unit 34b is different from the weighting unit 34a in that it includes a division block 370.

  When the luminance total value is used as the reference feature amount, the first information and the second information are luminance total values. Therefore, the weighting unit 34b averages the value output from the addition block 360a in the division block 370 in order to obtain a feature amount corresponding to one image display area. That is, the division block 370 divides the addition result of the addition block 360a by the number of pixels of the liquid crystal panel 10 included in all of the first image display area and the eight second image display areas. Similar results can be obtained with such a configuration.

(Embodiment 3)
Next, Embodiment 3 as an example in which the present invention is applied to a liquid crystal display device (Embodiment 1 in which weighting for a reference luminance value is changed based on external light) will be described with reference to the drawings. The third embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that the luminance determining unit includes an external light detection unit. The configuration of other parts is the same as that of the first embodiment, and a part of the description is omitted.

  The visibility of the above-described “black floating” portion varies greatly depending on the ambient light condition of the liquid crystal display device. That is, in an environment where the illuminance of ambient light is small, such as when an image is viewed in a very dark room, “black float” is likely to be visually recognized. Conversely, in an environment where the illuminance of ambient ambient light is large, such as when viewing an image in a bright room, “black float” is less likely to be visually recognized.

  Further, in an environment where the illuminance of ambient light is large, the contrast is weakly recognized if the luminance peak is low. However, in an environment where the illuminance of ambient light is small, the contrast is strongly recognized even if the luminance peak is low.

  In addition, when the sum of weights is set to a predetermined value (for example, 1), if the second weight (weight applied to the second information) is increased, the first weight is decreased and the luminance peak is decreased. When the weight of 2 is decreased, the first weight is increased and the luminance peak is increased.

  Therefore, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment changes the first weight and the second weight according to the external light illuminance, thereby reducing the visibility of “black float” and improving the visibility of contrast. Both. More specifically, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment aims to reduce “black float” by increasing the second weight in an environment where the ambient illuminance is small. On the contrary, in an environment where the illuminance of ambient light is large, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment reduces the second weight so that light is concentrated in an area where luminance is required and peak luminance is increased. The image display with higher contrast is recognized.

  FIG. 26 is a configuration diagram illustrating a detailed configuration of the luminance determining unit 30c. The luminance determination unit 30c includes the same feature detection unit 31, luminance calculation unit 32, and temporary memory 33 as in the first embodiment. The luminance determining unit 30c includes an external light detection unit 35 and a weighting unit 34c that changes the weighting according to the detection result of the external light detection unit 35 as a characteristic configuration.

  The external light detection means 35 detects the illuminance around the liquid crystal display device, and outputs an external light illuminance value indicating the detection result to the weighting means 34c. The external light detection means 35 is, for example, an illuminance sensor using a photodiode disposed on the display surface side of the liquid crystal panel 10. Then, the external light detection unit 35 detects the illuminance of external light irradiated on the display surface side of the liquid crystal panel 10. There may be one external light detection unit 35 or a plurality of external light detection units 35 may be installed. When detecting the illuminance at a plurality of positions, the liquid crystal display device outputs, for example, an average value of the detection results to the weighting unit 34c as an external light illuminance value.

  The weight of each weighting block of the weighting means 34c is variable. Here, the weighting means 34c includes at least the weighting shown in FIG. 8 (hereinafter referred to as “basic weighting”), the weighting shown in FIG. 19 (hereinafter referred to as “weighting during high illumination”), and the weighting shown in FIG. It is assumed that the weighting can be switched between “weighting during illumination”). In the high illuminance weighting, the first weight is larger and the second weight is smaller than the basic weighting. In the low-illuminance weighting, the first weight is smaller and the second weight is larger than the basic weighting.

  The weighting unit 34 c receives the external light illuminance value from the external light detection unit 35. And the weighting means 34c determines the weight of each weighting block based on the input external light illuminance value. That is, the weighting unit 34c performs weighting according to the input external light illuminance value so that the second weight is large when the external light illuminance value is small and the second weight is small when the external light illuminance value is large. change.

  FIG. 27 is a configuration diagram showing a more detailed configuration of the weighting means 34c in the present embodiment, and corresponds to FIG. 7 of the first embodiment. In the present embodiment, each of the first information weighting block 350 and the second information weighting blocks 351a to 351h of the weighting means 34c has a configuration in which the weight is changed according to the control signal. Further, the weighting unit 34c includes a weight control unit 380 that inputs an external light illuminance value and outputs a control signal corresponding to the input external light illuminance value to each of the weighting blocks 350 and 351a to 351h.

  For example, the weight control unit 380 presets the range of the ambient light illuminance value to which the basic weight (FIG. 8) is applied as the basic illuminance value. The basic illuminance value and each weight can be determined based on empirical measurements and experimental results. Then, when the external light illuminance increases and the external light illuminance value exceeds the basic illuminance value, the weight control unit 380 changes the weight applied from the basic weight (FIG. 8) to the high illuminance weight (FIG. 19). A control signal is output so as to switch. That is, the weight control unit 380 changes the weighting so that the second weight becomes smaller. This is because, as described above, in an environment where the illuminance of outside ambient light is large, “black float” is difficult to visually recognize, but contrast is also difficult to recognize.

  On the other hand, for example, when the external light illuminance decreases and the external light illuminance value is lower than the basic illuminance value, the weight control unit 380 changes the weight applied from the basic weight (FIG. 8) to the low illuminance weight (FIG. 8). The control signal is output so as to switch to 20). That is, the weight control unit 380 changes the weighting so that the second weight is increased. This is because, as described above, in an environment where the illuminance of ambient light is small, contrast is easily recognized, but “black float” is also easily recognized.

Moreover, it is preferable to perform weighting switching as shown in FIG. 28, for example. That is, it is desirable that the first threshold value for switching weighting when the external light illuminance value increases and the second threshold value for switching weighting when the external light illuminance value decreases. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 28A, the weight control unit 380 uses an external light illuminance value (first threshold value P 1 ) higher than the basic illuminance value P 0 when the external light illuminance value increases. , Switch weighting. Then, as illustrated in FIG. 28B, the weight control unit 380 switches the weighting with an external light illuminance value (second threshold P 2 ) lower than the basic illuminance value when the external light illuminance value decreases. By doing so, it is possible to suppress chattering of switching around the basic illuminance value.

  In changing the weight, the weight control unit 380 uses, for example, a conversion table in which the external light illuminance value is associated with the first weight and the second weight. However, when there are few weighting patterns, when the external light illuminance changes, the light emission luminance changes greatly, which may give the viewer a sense of discomfort. Therefore, it is desirable for the weight control unit 380 to use a conversion table that associates the first weight and the second weight more finely with the external light illuminance value.

  In addition, for example, when the total value of the first weight and the second weight is set to a predetermined value (for example, 1), the weight control unit 380 includes only the first weight or only the second weight as the external light illuminance value. Can be used.

  FIG. 29 is a diagram illustrating an example of characteristics of a conversion table for converting an external light illuminance value into a second weight. 29A to 29D, the horizontal axis indicates the external light illuminance value, and the vertical axis indicates the second weight.

  FIG. 29A shows the characteristics of the conversion table when the second weight is linearly decreased with respect to the increase in the ambient light illuminance value. When this conversion table is used, weighting control is easy.

  FIG. 29B shows the characteristics of the conversion table when the second weight is decreased non-linearly with respect to the increase in the ambient light illuminance value. When this conversion table is used, the change rate of the second weight decreases as the external light illuminance value increases. That is, as the external light illuminance value increases, finer weighting control is possible.

  FIG. 29C is a characteristic of the conversion table in which the second weight is set to 0 when the external light illuminance value is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold in the characteristic illustrated in FIG. 29A. When this conversion table is used, the influence of the second information is not reflected on the light emission luminance under a condition where the illuminance value of outside light is large. That is, when the external light illuminance value is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold, the visibility of contrast can be given the highest priority. In other words, in an environment where the black float is not noticeable, it should be displayed as bright as possible where it should be bright (where the reference luminance value is high) and as dark as possible where it should be dark (where the reference luminance value is low). Can do.

  FIG. 29D shows the characteristics of the conversion table when the second weight is not changed up to a predetermined value and is changed from a predetermined value or more with respect to an increase in the ambient light illuminance value. When this conversion table is used, priority is given to the visibility of contrast only in an environment where the illuminance of outside light is particularly large, and a constant weight is always applied in a normal use environment. That is, it is possible to easily achieve both control suitable for a bright place and control suitable for a dark place.

  Note that the weight control unit 380 prepares a plurality of conversion tables having different characteristics as shown in FIG. 29 in advance, and better image quality is obtained according to the state of the image, the type and state of the display device, user settings, and the like. Such a conversion table may be used by switching.

  With such a configuration, the liquid crystal display device according to the embodiment changes the degree of influence of the surrounding light emitting region according to the illuminance of outside light, and reduces the visibility of “black floating” and improves the visibility of contrast. Can be made compatible.

  In the present embodiment, the case where the conversion table is used has been described, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the weighting unit 34c may perform conversion to the first weight and the second weight at any time using the conversion function having the conversion characteristics as described above. According to such a configuration, it is possible to reduce the amount of memory.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the configuration in which the weight control unit 380 individually outputs control signals to the second information weighting blocks 351a to 351h is illustrated. However, when the second weight is always set to the same value, A common control signal may be output to the second information weighting blocks 351a to 351h.

  In the present embodiment, each weighting block 350, 351a to 351h is configured to change the weight according to the control signal. However, the weighting blocks 350 and 351a to 351h have different sets of weighting and are used. It is good also as a structure which switches.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the installation position of the external light detection means is the display surface side of the liquid crystal panel 10, but is not limited thereto. For example, the outside light detecting means may be installed on a frame (not shown) provided outside the display surface of the liquid crystal panel 10 or on a back cover (not shown) of the liquid crystal panel 10.

  In the present embodiment, the external light detection means is an illuminance sensor using a photodiode, but is not limited thereto. For example, the ambient light detection means may be an illuminance sensor using a phototransistor.

  In the present embodiment, the sum of the weights is a constant value, but the present invention is not limited to this. When the external light illuminance is high, only the second weight may be increased, and weighting may be performed so that the sum of the weights is 1 or more. Conversely, when the external light illuminance is low, only the second weight may be reduced, and weighting may be performed so that the sum of the weights is 1 or less.

(Embodiment 4)
Next, a fourth embodiment (second embodiment in which the weighting for the reference luminance value is changed based on external light), which is an example in which the present invention is applied to a liquid crystal display device, will be described with reference to the drawings. The fourth embodiment has external light detection means as in the third embodiment, but the weighting changing method according to the external light illuminance value is different.

  The liquid crystal display device according to Embodiment 4 changes only the second weight according to the ambient light illuminance value, and does not change the first weight. Other configurations are the same as those of the third embodiment, and the description thereof is omitted.

  If the luminance peak changes greatly, there is a risk that the observer will feel uncomfortable. On the other hand, even when the luminance peak is the same, the way the black float stands out differs depending on the ambient light illuminance value.

  Therefore, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment changes the distribution of the light emission luminance difference between the light emitting regions in accordance with the external light illuminance while keeping the luminance peak as constant as possible. More specifically, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment distributes the luminance over a wider range in an environment where the illuminance of outside ambient light is small while keeping the luminance peak as constant as possible. In an environment where the illuminance of light is large, the luminance is concentrated in a narrower range. As a result, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment achieves both relaxation of the change in luminance peak, reduction in the visibility of “black float”, and improvement in the visibility of contrast.

  In the present embodiment, it is assumed that the weighting unit 34c weights the reference luminance value with respect to the light emitting area of 5 rows × 5 columns. Further, here, the weighting means 34c includes at least the weighting shown in FIG. 22 (hereinafter referred to as “basic weighting”), the weighting shown in FIG. 30 (hereinafter referred to as low-illuminance weighting), and the weighting shown in FIG. It is assumed that weighting can be switched between “weighting at high illumination”).

  In the low-illuminance weighting, the second weight of the light-emitting area adjacent to the first light-emitting area (hereinafter referred to as “inner second weight”) is larger than the basic weighting, and the light-emitting area located outside the second weight. The second weight (hereinafter referred to as “outside second weight”) is small. Further, in the high-illuminance weighting, the inner second weight is smaller than the basic weighting, and the outer second weight is larger than the inner second weight. However, the first weight is the same for all of the basic weighting, the high illuminance weighting, and the low illuminance weighting.

  For example, when the external light illuminance decreases and the external light illuminance value is lower than the basic illuminance value, the weighting unit 34c switches the weighting to be applied from the basic weighting (FIG. 22) to the low illuminance weighting (FIG. 30). . That is, the weighting unit 34c increases the inner second weight and decreases the outer second weight. At this time, the weighting unit 34c does not change the first weight.

  On the contrary, when the external light illuminance increases and the external light illuminance value exceeds the basic illuminance value, the weighting unit 34c changes the weight applied from the basic weight (FIG. 22) to the high illuminance weight (FIG. 31). Switch. That is, the weighting unit 34c decreases the inner second weight and increases the outer second weight. At this time, the weighting unit 34c does not change the first weight.

  Therefore, the weighting unit 34c applies these weightings in accordance with the external light illuminance value, so that the luminance peak does not change so much, and the luminance is dispersed in an environment where the illuminance of ambient light is small. It is possible to output a light emission luminance value such that the luminance is concentrated in an environment where the brightness is large.

  As described above, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment changes the degree of influence of the peripheral light emitting region in accordance with the illuminance of outside light, reduces the change in luminance peak, and improves the visibility of “black float”. It is possible to achieve both reduction and improvement in contrast visibility.

  Note that in the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment, the first weight may be changed according to the illuminance of external light as in the third embodiment. Further, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment can apply the same weighting to a plurality of light emitting regions other than 5 rows × 5 columns. In any case, it is desirable that the liquid crystal display device apply weighting so that the total value of the first weight and all the second weights is 1.

(Embodiment 5)
Next, Embodiment 5 (an embodiment in which the number of second information is changed based on external light), which is an example in which the present invention is applied to a liquid crystal display device, will be described with reference to the drawings.

  The liquid crystal display device according to the fifth embodiment has external light detection means as in the third embodiment, but the number of second information (in this embodiment, according to the detection result of the external light detection means). The number of second light emitting regions) is different from that of the third embodiment. Other configurations are the same as those of the third embodiment, and the description thereof is omitted.

  When the luminance is concentrated like the weighting of 5 rows × 5 columns shown in FIG. 22 to the weighting of 5 rows × 5 columns shown in FIG. 30, the distribution of the weights is the weight distribution of 3 rows × 3 columns shown in FIG. Close to the distribution of weights.

  Therefore, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment is used to determine the number of second light emitting regions, that is, the light emission luminance value of the light emitting region that irradiates the first image display region, according to the external light illuminance value. Change the number of information of 2. More specifically, in the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment, in an environment where the illuminance of ambient light is small, the luminance is dispersed by increasing the number of second light emitting regions, and the illuminance of ambient light is large. In the environment, the luminance is concentrated by reducing the number of second light emitting regions. Even in such a form, it is possible to achieve both a reduction in the visibility of “black float” and an improvement in the visibility of contrast. In addition, since the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment changes the number of the second light emitting regions, the “black float” visibility is smoother than when the weighting is changed within a predetermined range. Reduction and improvement in contrast visibility can be achieved.

  In the present embodiment, the weighting means 34c includes at least a weight of 3 rows × 3 columns (hereinafter referred to as “basic weight”) shown in FIG. 8 and a weight of 5 rows × 5 columns (hereinafter referred to as “enlargement”) shown in FIG. It is assumed that the weighting can be switched between "weighting").

  For example, when the external light illuminance decreases and the external light illuminance value exceeds the basic illuminance value, the weighting unit 34c switches the applied weighting from the basic weight (FIG. 8) to the enlarged weight (FIG. 22). That is, the weighting unit 34c increases the number of light emitting regions (second light emitting regions) around the first light emitting region and changes the second weight.

  As described above, the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment changes the degree of influence of the surrounding light emitting region in accordance with the illuminance of outside light, and more smoothly reduces the visibility of “black float” and the visibility of contrast. Can be improved.

  Note that the weighting unit may change the weighting so that the second weight becomes zero when the ambient ambient light is very bright and the ambient light illuminance value is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold value. In such a case, the “black float” is very difficult to visually recognize. In this way, when the second weight is set to 0, the number of luminance values added with the addition block weight can be reduced, and the processing load can be reduced.

  In the liquid crystal display device according to the present embodiment, three or more types of weights having different sizes of the second region may be switched. Further, the configuration of the fifth embodiment and the configuration of the third or fourth embodiment may be combined. That is, the number of second light emitting regions may be changed while changing the weight.

  Further, the liquid crystal display device may not set the sum of weights to a constant value. For example, when the external light illuminance is high and the number of second light emitting areas is increased, the liquid crystal display device sets a second weight to the enlarged second light emitting areas, and the other second light emitting areas The second weight is not changed. According to such a configuration, the processing load for changing the weighting can be reduced.

(Other embodiments)
As embodiments of the present invention, Embodiments 1 to 5 have been exemplified as described above. However, the present invention is not limited to these embodiments. Therefore, an example of another embodiment will be described below.

  The liquid crystal display device according to another embodiment has the same configuration as that of the first embodiment, and the feature detection unit weights the luminance average value and the luminance peak value for each image display region, thereby providing a feature amount. Is determined. The liquid crystal display device further includes external light detection means, and has a configuration for changing the weight applied to the average luminance value and the luminance peak value in accordance with the detected external light illuminance.

  According to such a configuration, when the illuminance of the outside light is high enough not to be concerned about “black floating”, by increasing the weighting of the luminance peak value, even with a small white bright spot, the feature amount is increased and brightened. Can shine. Therefore, it is possible to provide an optimal image corresponding to the illuminance of outside light.

  In addition, the liquid crystal display device according to another embodiment has the same configuration as that of the first embodiment, and the feature detection unit weights the luminance average value and the luminance peak value for each image display region. It is the structure which determines a feature-value by. And this liquid crystal display device has the structure which changes the 1st weight in a weighting means, and a 2nd weight according to the weight applied to this brightness | luminance average value and a brightness | luminance peak value.

  According to this configuration, for example, by increasing the second weight when the weight applied to the luminance peak value is large, the steepness when the object is moved that occurs when the weight applied to the luminance peak value is increased. An effect of improving the luminance change of the light emitting region can be obtained. Therefore, both the maintenance of the luminance peak and the smooth movement of the light emitting area according to the movement of the image can be achieved.

  Moreover, in Embodiment 1 thru | or Embodiment 5 mentioned above, as shown to FIG.8, FIG.19, FIG.20, FIG. 21, FIG. 30 with respect to the 1st light emission area | region and the 2nd light emission area | region, for example. Although the case where weighting is performed has been described, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the liquid crystal display device captures the feature amount of each image display area as image data, and uses the band limiting filter to display the surrounding image in the light emission luminance of the image display area of interest (first image display area). The luminance signal of the area (second image display area) may be reflected. In this case, the filter coefficient of the band limiting filter corresponds to the weight in the above-described embodiment. Specifically, for example, if the band limiting filter has three horizontal taps (three regions in the row direction) and three vertical taps (three regions in the column direction), the diagram shown in FIG. 8 corresponds to the filter coefficient.

  The disclosure of the specification, drawings and abstract contained in the Japanese application of Japanese Patent Application No. 2008-250117 filed on Sep. 29, 2008 is incorporated herein by reference.

  The backlight device and display device of the present invention can be used as a display device such as a liquid crystal television and a liquid crystal monitor, or a backlight device thereof.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Liquid crystal display device 10 Liquid crystal panel 20 Illumination part 21 Light emission part 22 LED driver 30, 30a, 30c Luminance determination part 31, 31a Feature detection means 32, 32a Luminance calculation means 33, 33a Temporary memory 34, 34a, 34b, 34c Weighting means 35 External light detection means 40 Image signal correction unit 210 LED
340, 340a First information read block 341a-341h, 342a-342h Second information read block 350, 350a First information weighting block 351a-351h, 352a-352h Second information weighting block 360, 360a Add block 370 Divide block 380 Weight Control unit 400 Input image 500a, 500b Display image 900 Input image 910 Backlight 920 Display image

Claims (15)

  1. Illumination light for displaying an image on a light modulation unit that displays an image by modulating illumination light emitted from the back surface having a plurality of image display areas for each of the screen display areas according to an image signal An illumination unit for irradiating
    A luminance determination unit that determines a light emission luminance value of the illumination unit and updates a light emission state of the illumination unit based on the determined light emission luminance value;
    The illumination unit is
    A plurality of light emitting areas for irradiating each of the plurality of image display areas;
    The brightness determination unit
    From the value obtained by weighting the first information based on the input image signal of the first image display area and the second information based on the input image signal of the second image display area, the first image display area Determining a light emission luminance value of a light emitting region that irradiates the light source, and changing the weighting of the first information and the second information based on the illuminance of ambient light of the device itself.
    Backlight device.
  2. The brightness determination unit
    The weighting on the first information and the second information is changed so that the weight applied to the second information becomes larger as the illuminance of the ambient light is smaller.
    The backlight device according to claim 1.
  3. The brightness determination unit
    When the illuminance of the ambient ambient light is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold, the weighting on the first information and the second information is changed so that the weight applied to the second information becomes 0.
    The backlight device according to claim 1.
  4. Illumination light for displaying an image on a light modulation unit that displays an image by modulating illumination light emitted from the back surface having a plurality of image display areas for each of the screen display areas according to an image signal An illumination unit for irradiating
    A luminance determination unit that determines a light emission luminance value of the illumination unit and updates a light emission state of the illumination unit based on the determined light emission luminance value;
    The illumination unit is
    A plurality of light emitting areas for irradiating each of the plurality of image display areas;
    The brightness determination unit
    From the value obtained by weighting the first information based on the input image signal of the first image display area and the second information based on the input image signal of the second image display area, the first image display area It determines the light emission brightness value of the light-emitting region to be irradiated with, and, on the basis of the illuminance of the surrounding external light of its own device, the second is used to determine the light emission brightness value of light emitting area illuminating the first image display area Change the number of information,
    Backlight device.
  5. Illumination light for displaying an image on a light modulation unit that displays an image by modulating illumination light emitted from the back surface having a plurality of image display areas for each of the screen display areas according to an image signal An illumination unit for irradiating
    A luminance determination unit that determines a light emission luminance value of the illumination unit and updates a light emission state of the illumination unit based on the determined light emission luminance value;
    The illumination unit is
    A plurality of light emitting areas for irradiating each of the plurality of image display areas;
    The brightness determination unit
    From the value obtained by weighting the first information based on the input image signal of the first image display area and the second information based on the input image signal of the second image display area, the first image display area And determining a light emission luminance value of the light emitting region to irradiate and changing the weighting for the first information and the second information based on the first information and the second information,
    Backlight device.
  6. The brightness determination unit
    Feature detection means for detecting a feature amount of an input image signal for each image display area;
    Luminance calculation means for calculating a reference luminance value for each light emitting region based on the feature amount;
    From the value obtained by weighting the reference luminance value of the first light emitting area as the first information and the reference luminance value of the second light emitting area as the second information, the first light emitting area Weighting means for determining the emission luminance value,
    The backlight device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 .
  7. The brightness determination unit
    Feature detection means for detecting a reference feature amount of an input image signal for each image display area;
    From the value obtained by weighting the reference feature quantity of the first image display area as the first information and the reference feature quantity of the second image display area as the second information, the first image display area Weighting means for determining the feature amount of
    Luminance calculating means for calculating a light emission luminance value for each light emitting region based on the feature amount;
    The backlight device according to claim 1 to claim 5.
  8. The second image display area is
    Including an image display area adjacent to the first image display area;
    The backlight device according to any one of claims 1 to 5.
  9. In the luminance determination unit,
    Weighting the second information smaller than the first information;
    The backlight device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 .
  10. The brightness determination unit
    The second information of the second image display area farther from the first image display area is multiplied by a smaller weight.
    The backlight device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 .
  11. The feature detection means includes
    Detecting a luminance peak value of the input image signal;
    The backlight device according to claim 6 or 7 .
  12. The feature detection means includes
    Detecting an average luminance value of the input image signal;
    The backlight device according to claim 6 or 7 .
  13. The feature detection means includes
    Detecting combination information of a luminance peak value and a luminance average value of the input image signal;
    The backlight device according to claim 6 or 7.
  14. The backlight device according to any one of claims 1 to 13 ,
    The light modulation unit,
    Display device.
  15. An image signal correction unit that corrects an image signal input to the light modulation unit based on the light emission luminance value determined by the luminance determination unit;
    The display device according to claim 14 .
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