JP4451125B2 - Small antenna - Google Patents

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JP4451125B2
JP4451125B2 JP2003399731A JP2003399731A JP4451125B2 JP 4451125 B2 JP4451125 B2 JP 4451125B2 JP 2003399731 A JP2003399731 A JP 2003399731A JP 2003399731 A JP2003399731 A JP 2003399731A JP 4451125 B2 JP4451125 B2 JP 4451125B2
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conductor
antenna
end
wires
tag
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JP2005167327A (en
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智三 太田
裕彦 津田
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シャープ株式会社
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Description

The invention, for example, relates to a small antenna used for like RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) system.

  An RFID system is usually composed of a reader having a write / read function and a wireless tag. Conventionally, particularly in the microwave region, a tag incorporating a battery is often used as a wireless tag in the FA field or the like. Recently, batteryless tags that detect transmission radio waves from readers and use them as drive power to perform tag operations have been introduced. Various applications are being studied in many fields. Major use and development are planned in fields such as distribution.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 7, the RFID system includes a reader RW, an antenna A, and a wireless tag T. The reader RW transmits a radio wave signal, and the radio wave tag T transmits a radio wave signal from the reader RW. In response to the information stored in the memory in the tag, the input signal is subjected to reflection modulation and returned to the reader RW. The signal returned from the wireless tag T is demodulated by the reader RW to extract tag information. In the RFID system, frequency bands such as 13.56 MHz band, 900 MHz band, and 2.54 GHz band are used.

  As a wireless tag used in an RFID system, a planar tag mounted on a device (device) or the like has been commercialized so far. One example is a wireless tag having a dipole antenna. The wireless tag is shown in FIG.

  A wireless tag T30 shown in FIG. 8 is formed by forming a dipole antenna 301 that transmits and receives a signal as a radio wave on a dielectric substrate 302 and incorporating a tag IC 303 having a tag processing function. In the wireless tag T30 having such a dipole antenna, a good gain can be obtained by setting the antenna length of the dipole antenna 301 to the half wavelength (λ / 2) of the wavelength λ of the communication frequency. Matching can be achieved relatively easily.

  Recently, there has been an increasing demand for downsizing of wireless tags used in RFID systems and the like.

  In the case of reducing the size of the tag in the wireless tag as shown in FIG. 8, it is conceivable to shorten the antenna length of the dipole antenna. However, when the antenna length is shorter than λ / 2, the gain does not decrease so rapidly. However, the impedance decreases rapidly. Also, since the resistance approaches 0Ω and the reactance approaches minus infinity, tuning with the tag IC may be difficult.

  As a method for solving such a problem, a method of increasing the antenna length by making the dipole antenna into a meander line shape has been proposed (for example, see Patent Document 1).

As another method for downsizing, the entire RFID tag is sealed with a dielectric material such as glass epoxy, so that the wavelength of electromagnetic waves can be reduced to 1 / √εr (εr is the dielectric constant of the dielectric) ) Has been proposed (see, for example, Patent Document 2).
JP 2002-141727 A JP 2002-222398 A

  Of the two methods described above, the method of making the dipole antenna in the meander line shape makes it easy to adjust the impedance because the antenna length is long. However, since the distance between the patterns approaches, Interference occurs and the gain decreases greatly.

  Also in the method of sealing the wireless tag with a dielectric material, the gain is reduced due to the dielectric loss (tan δ) of the dielectric that is the sealing material.

The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, it is possible to reduce the size while minimizing the decrease in gain, moreover, that you provide a compact antenna easy construction impedance matching Objective.

In the small antenna of the present invention, an antenna conductor is connected to each end of two conductor wires formed in parallel and symmetrically with each other at a sufficiently small interval compared to the wavelength of the communication frequency. This is a small antenna in which an IC chip is mounted on the other end of the conductor wire. In the small antenna of the present invention, each of the two antenna conductors extends at least from a first conductor extending in a direction intersecting the conductor wire, and extends in a direction parallel to the bent conductor wire from the tip of the first conductor. A bent pattern having a second conductor and a third conductor extending in a direction intersecting with the bent conductor line from the tip of the second conductor; and the first conductor, the second conductor, and In the third conductor, each of the two conductors is formed in a shape extending in opposite directions in the same direction, and the antenna conductor connected to one end of the two conductor wires is the two conductors. The other end of the two antenna conductors that are formed in a shape surrounding the line and the IC chip to be mounted and connected to one end of each of the two conductor lines is an open end Is characterized by .

  In the small antenna of the present invention, since two parallel conductor wires are symmetrically arranged at a sufficiently small interval compared to the wavelength of the communication frequency, a current flows through each conductor wire, but each electric field is mutually connected. Therefore, the gain does not occur and only the impedance is changed. In addition, the two parallel conductor lines are very close to each other, and therefore have little effect on the antenna gain. Therefore, by connecting the antenna conductors to one end portions of the two parallel conductor wires, the length of the two antenna conductors, that is, the antenna length of the dipole antenna can be shortened. By adjusting the length of the conductor wire, impedance matching can be easily performed, and the entire antenna can be reduced in size.

  Here, when the antenna length of the dipole antenna is shortened, the gain decreases. However, as described above, since the decrease in gain is not so rapid, it is possible to secure a gain that can sufficiently respond to actual use. is there.

In addition, by making the antenna conductor into a bent pattern, the antenna length of the dipole antenna can be increased and the gain can be increased while achieving downsizing of the entire antenna.

Further, when the antenna conductor has a bent pattern, the number of times of bending does not necessarily have to be the same between the two antenna conductors, and any one of the number of times of bending may be sufficient.

  In the small antenna according to the present invention, if the interval between the two parallel conductor lines is set to be equal to the interval between the pair of connection pads of the IC chip mounted on the other end of the conductor wire, An IC chip can be mounted at an arbitrary position in the vertical direction. By adjusting the position at which the IC chip is mounted (position in the length direction of the conductor wire), the IC chip and the end of the antenna conductor can be adjusted. The length of the conductor wire between them can be adjusted, and the impedance can be matched.

  In the small antenna according to the present invention, if a plurality of pads for connecting an IC chip are arranged at a predetermined pitch in the length direction of the conductor wire at the other end of the two conductor wires, By appropriately selecting a pad connecting the IC chip among the pads, the length of the conductor line between the IC chip and the end of the antenna conductor can be adjusted, and the impedance can be matched.

  The wireless tag of the present invention comprises a small antenna and an IC chip having the characteristics described above, and the IC chip is mounted on the other end of the two conductor wires of the small antenna, so that the tag can be miniaturized. can do.

  According to the present invention, a dipole antenna is configured by connecting an antenna conductor to each one end of two conductor wires formed in parallel and symmetrically with each other at an interval sufficiently smaller than the wavelength of the communication frequency. In addition, since the two antenna conductors have patterns extending in opposite directions in the same direction, it is possible to achieve downsizing of the entire antenna while minimizing a decrease in gain. Furthermore, the impedance of the IC chip and the antenna can be easily matched by finely adjusting the mounting position of the IC chip without changing the antenna pattern.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a plan view showing an example of a small antenna according to the present invention. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line XX in FIG. 1 (a) and an enlarged sectional view taken along line YY (b).

  The small antenna AN of this example has a planar structure in which two conductor wires 3 and 4 and two antenna conductors 1 and 2 parallel to each other are formed on a dielectric substrate (for example, a glass epoxy substrate) 6. It is a dipole antenna.

  The two parallel conductor lines 3 and 4 are symmetrically arranged at a sufficiently small interval compared to the wavelength λ (for example, 2.54 GHz: λ = 120 mm) of the communication frequency. Therefore, although current flows through each of the conductor lines 3 and 4, since the respective electric fields cancel each other, no gain is generated. Antenna conductors 1 and 2 are connected to one end portions of these two conductor wires 3 and 4, respectively, and the other end portions of the conductor wires 3 and 4 serve as an IC mounting portion 5 of an IC chip such as a tag IC. Yes.

  The antenna conductor 1 connected to one of the two conductor wires 3 and 4 includes a first conductor 11 that is bent at a right angle from one end of the conductor wire 3, and a tip of the first conductor 11. A second conductor 12 that extends in a direction perpendicular to the conductor wire 3 and extends away from the conductor wire 3 in a direction parallel to the conductor wire 3, bends at a right angle from the tip of the second conductor 12, and is orthogonal to the conductor wire 3. A third conductor 13 extending in a direction opposite to the first conductor 11, a right angle bend from the tip of the third conductor 13, and extending in a direction parallel to the conductor line 3 to the second conductor 12. This is a bent pattern in which the fourth conductor 14 is continuously formed.

  The antenna conductor 2 connected to the other conductor wire 4 is bent at a right angle from one end of the conductor wire 4 to the IC mounting portion 5 from the first conductor 21 bent at a right angle from one end of the conductor wire 4. A second conductor 22 that bends and extends in a direction parallel to the conductor wire 4, the front end portion faces the rear side of the IC mounting portion 5, is bent at a right angle from the front end of the second conductor 22, and is orthogonal to the conductor wire 4. A third conductor 23 extending in a direction opposite to the first conductor 21 in a direction to be bent, a right angle from the tip of the third conductor 23, and a direction opposite to the second conductor 22 in a direction parallel to the conductor wire 4. This is a bent pattern in which the extended fourth conductor 24 is continuously formed.

  In the antenna conductors 1 and 2 having the above two bent patterns, the first conductor 11 of one antenna conductor 1 and the first conductor 21 of the other antenna conductor 2 extend in opposite directions in the same direction. In addition, the second conductor 12 of one antenna conductor 1 and the second conductor 22 of the other antenna conductor 2 extend in the same direction and opposite to each other. Further, the third conductor 13 of the one antenna conductor 1 and the third conductor 23 of the other antenna conductor 2 extend in the same direction and opposite to each other, and the fourth conductor of the one antenna conductor 1. 14 and the fourth conductor 24 of the other antenna conductor 2 extend in opposite directions in the same direction.

  Therefore, by making the antenna conductors 1 and 2 have such a bent pattern, the antenna length can be increased while realizing a reduction in the size of the entire antenna, and the portions where the electric fields cancel each other can be reduced. Therefore, the gain can be increased.

  According to the small antenna AN shown in FIG. 1, two parallel conductor wires 3 and 4 arranged symmetrically in parallel with each other at a sufficiently small interval as compared with the wavelength λ of the communication frequency are used as a feeding portion, and the conductor wire 3 , 4 are connected to the antenna conductors 1 and 2, respectively, so that a current flows through the conductor lines 3 and 4 which are power feeding parts, but the respective electric fields cancel each other, resulting in a gain. And there is an effect that the impedance is increased. Further, since the two parallel conductor wires 3 and 4 are very close to each other, it hardly affects the gain of the antenna.

  Therefore, even if the length of the two antenna conductors 1 and 2 connected to one end of the two parallel conductor wires 3 and 4, that is, the antenna length of the dipole antenna is shortened, the conductor wires 3 and 4 By adjusting the length, impedance matching can be easily performed. Here, when the antenna length of the dipole antenna is shortened, the gain decreases. However, as described above, since the decrease in gain is not so rapid, it is possible to secure a gain that can sufficiently respond to actual use.

  Then, by mounting a tag IC 7 as shown in FIG. 3 on the IC mounting portion 5 at the other end of the two parallel conductor wires 3 and 4 of the small antenna AN having such characteristics, a small wireless tag is obtained. T0 can be realized.

  Here, in the small antenna AN of FIG. 1, the distance between the two parallel conductor lines 3 and 4 is matched with the distance between the pair of connection pads (not shown) of the tag IC 7 (or other IC chip). Then, it becomes possible to mount the tag IC 7 at an arbitrary position in the length direction of the conductor wires 3 and 4, and as shown in FIG. 4, the position where the tag IC 7 is mounted (the length of the conductor wires 3 and 4). By adjusting the direction position, the length of the conductor lines 3 and 4 between the tag IC 7 and the end portions of the antenna conductors 1 and 2 can be adjusted, and the impedance can be easily matched. Therefore, even if the characteristic (impedance) of the tag IC 7 mounted on the small antenna AN varies, the variation of the IC characteristic can be absorbed by adjusting the mounting position of the tag IC 7 on the conductor wires 3 and 4. . In addition, in this example, the mounting position of the tag IC 7 can be adjusted steplessly, so that the impedance can be finely adjusted.

  FIG. 5 is a plan view showing the main structure of another example of the small antenna of the present invention.

  In this example, as shown in FIG. 5 (a), a plurality of pads 131, 131, 141, 141 for IC chip connection are respectively provided at the other ends of the two conductor lines 103, 104. The conductor wires 103 and 104 are characterized in that they are arranged at a predetermined pitch in the length direction.

  According to the small antenna AN1 of this example, in the tag IC mounting process, as shown in FIG. 5B, by appropriately selecting the pads 131 and 141 for connecting the tag IC7, the tag IC7 and the antenna conductor 1, The length of the conductor lines 3 and 4 between the two ends can be adjusted, and the impedance can be matched. Therefore, even in this example, even if the characteristic (impedance) of the tag IC 7 mounted on the small antenna AN1 varies, by adjusting the mounting position of the tag IC 7 on the conductor wires 103 and 104, the variation of the IC characteristics can be reduced. It becomes possible to absorb.

  Here, in each of the above examples, the two antenna conductors 1 and 2 are formed as a bent pattern including the first conductor 11 to the fourth conductor 14 and the first conductor 21 to the fourth conductor 24, respectively. However, the number and pattern of bending of the antenna conductor are not particularly limited. For example, as shown in FIG. 6, the antenna conductors 201 and 202 are respectively connected to the first conductor 211 and 221 and the second conductor 212, It is good also as a bending pattern which consists of 222. However, also in this case, the first conductor 211 of one antenna conductor 201 and the first conductor 221 of the other antenna conductor 202 have shapes extending in opposite directions in the same direction, and the second conductor of one antenna conductor 201 The second conductor 212 of the other antenna conductor 202 and the second conductor 202 of the other antenna conductor 202 have shapes extending in opposite directions in the same direction. A small wireless tag can be obtained by mounting the tag IC 7 on the IC mounting portion 5 at the other end of the conductor wires 3 and 4 using the small antenna AN2 of FIG.

  Further, when the antenna conductor has a bent pattern, the number of times of bending does not necessarily have to be the same between the two antenna conductors, and any one of the number of times of bending may be sufficient.

It is a top view which shows an example of the small antenna of this invention. It is a figure which writes and shows XX expanded sectional view (a) and YY expanded sectional view (b) of FIG. It is a top view which shows an example of the radio | wireless tag using the small antenna of FIG. It is a top view which shows the more concrete structure of the small antenna of FIG. It is a principal part top view which shows the other example of the small antenna of this invention. It is a top view which shows another example of the small antenna of this invention. 1 is a diagram illustrating a basic configuration of an RFID system. It is a top view which shows an example of the conventional radio | wireless tag.

Explanation of symbols

AN small antenna T0 wireless tag 1 antenna conductor 11 first conductor 12 second conductor 13 third conductor 14 fourth conductor 2 antenna conductor 21 first conductor 22 second conductor 23 third conductor 24 fourth Conductor 3,103 Conductor wire 4,104 Conductor wire 131,141 Pad 5 IC mounting portion 6 Dielectric substrate 7 Tag IC

Claims (2)

  1. An antenna conductor is connected to each end portion of two conductor wires formed in parallel and symmetrically with each other at an interval sufficiently smaller than the wavelength of the communication frequency, and in addition to the two conductor wires. A small antenna with an IC chip mounted on the end,
    Each of the two antenna conductors is at least a first conductor extending in a direction intersecting the conductor wire, and a second conductor bent from the tip of the first conductor and extending in a direction parallel to the conductor wire. And a bent pattern having a third conductor bent from the tip of the second conductor and extending in a direction crossing the conductor line,
    In the first conductor, the second conductor, and the third conductor, each of the two conductors is formed in a shape extending in opposite directions in the same direction,
    The antenna conductor connected to one end of the two conductor wires is formed in a shape surrounding the two conductor wires and the IC chip to be mounted ,
    A small antenna, wherein the other end of the two antenna conductors connected to one end of each of the two conductor wires is an open end .
  2. 2. The plurality of pads for connecting the IC chips are respectively disposed at the other end portions of the two conductor wires at a predetermined pitch in the length direction of the conductor wires . Small antenna.
JP2003399731A 2003-11-28 2003-11-28 Small antenna Active JP4451125B2 (en)

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