JP4441424B2 - Kneading equipment - Google Patents

Kneading equipment Download PDF

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JP4441424B2
JP4441424B2 JP2005058303A JP2005058303A JP4441424B2 JP 4441424 B2 JP4441424 B2 JP 4441424B2 JP 2005058303 A JP2005058303 A JP 2005058303A JP 2005058303 A JP2005058303 A JP 2005058303A JP 4441424 B2 JP4441424 B2 JP 4441424B2
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powder
kneading
space
tunnel portion
screw
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JP2006239554A (en
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洋一 加島
晃義 日野
幸博 黒沼
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株式会社新日南
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Description

  The present invention relates to a kneading apparatus (mixer) for kneading powder (and / or granules) and a liquid, and in particular, two kneading members are provided on the outer peripheral surface of the apparatus and are installed in parallel with each other. The present invention relates to a kneading apparatus for kneading powder and liquid by rotating a rotating shaft.

  In garbage incinerators, in order to detoxify the fly ash collected from the flue gas generated during incineration, the fly ash, activated carbon powder for dioxin adsorption, acid gas neutralizer, or solidifying cement, etc. Kneaded with a mixture of the above powder, a heavy metal dissolution preventing chemical solution (hereinafter simply referred to as a chemical solution) and dilution water, and the kneaded product (hereinafter referred to as a fly ash kneaded material) is indefinite. A process of solidifying into a granular or lump shape is performed. For the kneading, the above kind of kneading apparatus is used.

  In the configuration of the kneading apparatus, an inlet for charging the above powder is provided above one end of the elongated casing of the apparatus, and an outlet for discharging fly ash kneaded material is provided below the other end. In the casing, the two rotation shafts are installed in parallel with each other along the length direction of the casing. For example, in the conventional configuration described in Patent Document 1 below, a rod as a kneading member is erected on the outer peripheral surface so as to be arranged in a spiral shape at predetermined intervals in the axial direction of the rotation shaft with respect to each of the rotation shafts. Has been. The powder charged from the charging port is agitated by the rotating rod of the rotating shaft, and since the rod is arranged in a spiral shape, it is sent to the discharging port by the same action force as that of the screw. On the way, the above mixed liquid is injected from above, and the powder and the mixed liquid are kneaded by the rod to produce a fly ash kneaded product, which is discharged from the discharge port.

  A plate that divides the space in the case where powder is input immediately below the input port (hereinafter referred to as input space) and the space where powder and liquid are kneaded on the discharge port side (hereinafter referred to as kneading space). The plate member is formed with a hole through which the two rotating shafts are inserted, and is conveyed from the charging space to the kneading space through the gap between the periphery of the hole and the outer periphery of the rotating shaft (push-in). The amount of powder is limited.

  However, in such a configuration, since the kneading member provided on the rotating shaft is all a rod, the conveying force of the powder or the kneaded material is weak, and in particular, the conveying force of the powder from the charging space to the kneading space is insufficient. As a result, the amount of the powder transported is insufficient, which may hinder kneading.

On the other hand, according to the following Patent Document 2, the applicant, as a configuration of the kneading apparatus, in each of the two rotating shafts, the outer peripheral surface of the portion immediately below the inlet is along the axial direction of the rotating shaft. We proposed a configuration in which screw blades formed in a continuous spiral shape were provided, and a plurality of rods were erected on the outer peripheral surface of the portion closer to the discharge port than the portion directly below the input port so as to be arranged in a spiral shape.
JP 2003-144878 A JP 2004-105840 A

  However, in the configuration of Patent Document 2, although the conveying force of the powder from the charging space in the housing to the kneading space is increased by the screw blades, and the conveying amount increases, the conveying force becomes too strong, and the inside of the charging space is increased. In this case, the powder is shifted to the kneading space side, or part of the powder is pressed against the partition plate member and solidified, so that the transfer of the powder from the input space to the kneading space becomes unstable, and the transfer amount is increased. There was a problem that it often changed in an unstable manner. Of course, the above-mentioned type of kneading apparatus can also be used for kneading powders and liquids other than fly ash kneaded materials. There are cases where liquids are kneaded, but in these cases, there are the same problems as described above.

  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to solve the above-described problems in a kneading apparatus of the type described above, and to stably and reliably convey powder (and / or granules) from an input space in a housing to a kneading space. The object of the present invention is to provide a structure capable of stably and satisfactorily mixing powder and liquid.

In order to solve the above-described problems, the present invention provides a kneading apparatus for kneading powder (and / or granules) and a liquid, wherein a powder inlet is provided at one end in a length direction that is substantially horizontal. A casing provided with a discharge port for the mixture of powder and liquid at the other end, and two rotating shafts laid in parallel with each other along the length direction of the casing in the casing, In the housing, the two spaces are provided as a space between a charging space where powder is charged immediately below the charging port and a kneading space where powder and liquid are kneaded on the discharge port side. A plurality of rods or paddles are erected on the outer peripheral surface of the portion over the charging space and the portion over the kneading space in each of the rotary shafts. Formed in a continuous spiral on the outer peripheral surface of the part inserted through the hole of the tunnel part Screw blade is provided that the by providing the tunnel portion between the charged space and kneading space, the conveying force by the rod or paddle of the two rotating shafts in the closing space of the tunnel portion It is configured to be weaker than the conveying force due to the screw wings, and the conveying force due to the screw wings is stronger than the conveying force due to the rods or paddles of the two rotating shafts in the input space, and further to the input space side of the tunnel portion In order to adjust the area of the opening of the hole on the surface, two semicircular cutouts having a diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the portion inserted through the hole of the tunnel portion on each of the two rotation shafts are provided. Two upper and lower diaphragm plates formed in a positional relationship corresponding to the rotation axis are vertically moved on the surface of the tunnel portion on the input space side. Opposing variably attached the mounting position in the vertical direction, by changing the vertical mounting position of the two diaphragm plates, throttle means is provided for adjusting the area of opening of said holes, each of the rotary shaft By the action of the rod or paddle and screw blades due to the rotation of the powder, the powder charged into the charging space from the charging port is transported from the charging space to the kneading space through the hole of the tunnel part, and injected into the kneading space. It is characterized by being kneaded with a liquid and discharged from the discharge port.

  According to the configuration of the kneading apparatus according to the present invention, the conveying force of the powder by the rod or paddle of the rotating shaft in the charging space in the housing is weaker than the conveying force by the screw blades in the hole of the tunnel part, so the conveying force is too strong. Thus, the powder is not greatly displaced in the charging space, or is pressed against the tunnel side and solidified, so that the powder conveyance is not unstable. Moreover, since the powder conveying force by the screw blades is strong, the powder conveying force from the charging space to the kneading space will not be insufficient. Accordingly, it is possible to stably and reliably carry the powder from the charging space to the kneading space, and to obtain an excellent effect that the powder and liquid can be stably and well kneaded in the kneading space.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. Here, the Example in the kneading apparatus which kneads fly ash kneaded material in the garbage incinerator mentioned above is shown. The configuration of the kneading apparatus according to the present invention can be applied to a kneading apparatus for kneading powder and liquid other than the kneading of fly ash kneaded material, and further kneading apparatus for kneading powder, granules and liquid. Of course, the present invention can also be applied to a kneading apparatus for kneading particles and liquid.

  FIGS. 1 to 5 illustrate the structure and operation of the kneading apparatus of the embodiment. FIG. 1 is a plan view showing a state in which a part of the upper side of the kneading apparatus casing and a tunnel portion described later are removed. 2 is a side view along one rotation axis in the housing of the kneading apparatus, FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along arrow A in FIG. 2, FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along arrow B in FIG. These are explanatory drawing of the screw wing | blade part of a rotating shaft.

  1-4, the housing | casing 2 is provided on the flame | frame 1 of the base of the kneading apparatus. The casing 2 is formed in an elongated rectangular parallelepiped shape here, and is installed with its length direction being horizontal (may be slightly inclined). On the upper side of one end of the casing in the length direction (right end in FIGS. 1 and 2), fly ash, activated carbon powder for dioxin adsorption, and slaked lime or solidified for neutralization of sulfuric acid from a hopper (not shown) An inlet 2a is provided for charging (dropping) powder such as cement for use into the casing 2, and the powder, the above-described chemical solution, and the above-described chemical solution are provided below the other end (left end). A discharge port 2b is provided for discharging (dropping) the fly ash kneaded material kneaded with the water mixture for dilution from the housing 2 onto a conveyor (not shown).

  In the housing 2, two rotating shafts 3 and 4 are laid in parallel with each other along the length direction thereof, and bearings 5 and 6 fixed to the outside of the left end portion of the housing 2 in FIG. 1. And is rotatably supported by two bearings 7 and 8 fixed to the outside of the gear case 9 provided on the frame 1 near the outside of the right end of the housing 2. The diameters of the parts facing each other along the axial direction of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 are the same.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the rotating shafts 3 and 4 are inserted through holes 22 a formed in a tunnel portion 22 provided in the housing 2. Although the details of the tunnel portion 22 will be described later, the tunnel portion 22 is provided adjacent to the discharge port 2b side with respect to the space immediately below the input port 2a in the housing 2, thereby Thus, an input space 20 in which the powder just under the input port 2a is input is separated from a kneading space 21 in which the powder and the mixed liquid are kneaded as fly ash kneaded material on the discharge port 2b side. ing.

  A plurality of rods 3a and 4a as kneading members are provided on the rotary shafts 3 and 4 on the portion over the input space 20 and the portion over the kneading space 21 (up to the edge of the discharge port 2b). It is erected perpendicularly to the outer peripheral surfaces of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 so as to be arranged in a spiral shape at a pitch (interval) of a predetermined distance along the axial direction and at a pitch of a predetermined angle in the circumferential direction. The dimensions of the rods 3a and 4a are the same, and the pitches in the axial direction of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 of the rods 3a and 4a are also the same. However, the spiral winding directions of the arrangement of the rods 3a and 4a are opposite to each other. In order to perform self-cleaning described later, the pitches of the angles of the rods 3a and 4a in the circumferential direction of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 are different, for example, 45 ° and 36 °, respectively. Further, only one rod 3a, 4a is provided in the rotary shafts 3, 4 until halfway before the outlet 2b, but a plurality of rods 3a, 4a are provided in the vicinity of the outlet 2b.

  In addition, the portion of the rotary shaft 3 or 4 that is inserted through the hole 22a of the tunnel portion 22 has a larger diameter than the other portion, and the outer peripheral surface has a predetermined pitch along the axial direction of the rotary shaft 3 or 4. Screw blades 3b and 4b formed in a continuous spiral shape are provided. The diameters of the screw blades 3b and 4b are the same. However, the spiral winding directions of the screw blades 3b and 4b are opposite to each other. Further, the pitches of the screw blades 3b and 4b are also different. For example, as shown in FIG. 5, the pitch of the screw blades 4b is 1.25L with respect to the pitch L of the screw blades 3b.

  Further, gears 11 and 12 are fixed to a portion of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 inserted into the gear box 9 at the right end portion in FIG. 1 and mesh with each other. The gear ratio of the gears 11 and 12, that is, the ratio of the number of teeth, is the same as the pitch ratio of the screw blades 3b and 4b, for example, 4: 5.

  Further, the right end of the rotating shaft 3 in FIG. 1 protrudes outward from the bearing 7, and a sprocket 13 is fixed to the right end.

  On the other hand, the frame 1 protrudes to one side outside the right end of the housing 2 in FIG. 1, and a motor 14 is provided on the protruding portion. A cyclo reducer 15 is connected to the rotating shaft of the motor 14, and a sprocket 16 is fixed to the output shaft. A chain 17 is stretched between the sprocket 16 and the sprocket 13.

  The rotational driving force in one direction of the motor 14 is transmitted to the rotating shaft 3 through the cyclo reducer 15, the sprocket 16, the chain 17 and the sprocket 13, and the rotating shaft 3 rotates in one direction. The rotation shaft 4 is transmitted to the rotation shaft 4 through 11 and 12, and the rotation shaft 4 rotates in the reverse direction. The rotation directions of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 are indicated by arrows in FIGS.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIGS. 2 to 4, the tunnel portion 22 provided in the housing 2 includes an upper screw guide 23 attached to support plates 25 and 26 provided on the upper side in the housing 2, and The lower screw guide 24 is provided on the bottom surface of the housing 2.

  The upper screw guide 23 includes an upper half portion of the inner peripheral surface of the hole 22a of the tunnel portion 22, and an upper half portion of each of the front surface (surface on the input space 20 side) and the back surface (surface on the kneading space 21 side) of the tunnel portion 22. The inner peripheral surface portion is formed by bending two semicircles slightly larger in diameter than the screw blades 3b and 4b into a circular arc shape (see FIG. 3). The upper screw guide 23 is attached by bolting the front and back portions to the support plates 26 and 25, for example. It is assumed that the mounting position of the upper screw guide 23 can be adjusted in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction by a method of making the hole for bolting a long hole.

  The lower screw guide 24 is a plate member that constitutes the lower half portion of the inner peripheral surface of the hole 22 a and the lower half portions of the front surface and the rear surface of the tunnel portion 22, and the inner peripheral surface portion is the same as the upper screw guide 23. It is formed in a curved shape, and is similarly mounted on the bottom surface of the housing 2 by bolting or the like, and its mounting position can be adjusted. Although not shown in detail, a gap of about 7.5 to 15 mm is formed between the inner peripheral surface of the hole 22a formed by the upper and lower screw guides 23 and 24 and the outer peripheral edge of the screw blades 3b and 4b. Configured as follows.

  As shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, upper and lower diaphragm plates 27 and 28 are attached to the front portions of the upper and lower screw guides 23 and 24 so as to face each other in the vertical direction. As shown in FIG. 4, the diaphragm plates 27, 28 are attached to the front portions of the guides 23, 24 by bolts 29, and the guides 23, 24 are passed through the long holes 27 a, 28 a through which the bolts 29 are formed. The mounting position with respect to is variable in the vertical direction. In FIG. 4, the left side of the center line of the alternate long and short dash line shows a state in which the upper diaphragm plate 27 is attached to the lower limit attachment position and the lower diaphragm plate 28 is attached to the upper limit attachment position. The state where the plate 27 is attached to the upper limit attachment position and the lower diaphragm plate 28 is attached to the lower limit attachment position is shown.

  On the lower side of the upper diaphragm plate 27 and on the upper side of the lower diaphragm plate 28, the diameters of the screw blade portions provided with the screw blades 3b and 4b of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 (diameter of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 themselves) are slightly different, respectively. Two semicircular notches having a large diameter are formed in a positional relationship corresponding to the rotation shafts 3 and 4.

  Here, the area of the opening of the hole 22a on the front surface of the tunnel portion 22 (surface on the input space 20 side) is indicated by hatching on the right side of the center line in FIG. 4, but the diaphragm plates 27 and 28 are attached in the vertical direction. By changing the position, adjustment can be performed by changing from the minimum state shown on the left side of FIG. 4 to the maximum state shown on the right side. By adjusting the area of the opening, it is possible to adjust the transport amount per unit time of the powder transported from the input space 20 to the kneading space 21 through the hole 22a of the tunnel portion 22 in the kneading operation described later. It is like that.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 2, in the kneading space 21 in the housing 2, a mixed solution obtained by mixing the above-described chemical solution for preventing heavy metal elution and water for dilution is placed at the upper position near the tunnel portion 22. A pipe (nozzle) 18 for injecting into the housing 2 is provided.

  Further, in the housing 2, a clearance plate 19 is provided on the edge of the front side of the discharge port 2b (the input port 2a side), whereby fly ash kneading to the height of the lower half of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 is achieved. It is designed to dampen things.

  By the way, in the above configuration, the self-cleaning in which the screw blades 3b, 4b of the rotary shafts 3, 4 scrape off the powder adhered to the outer peripheral surface of the counterpart rotary shaft and both sides of the counterpart screw blade during the kneading operation described later. The rods 3a, 4a perform self-cleaning to scrape off the powder or fly ash kneaded material adhering to the outer peripheral surface of the other rotating shaft.

  For this reason, the rotary shafts 3 and 4 are such that the screw blades 3b and 4b enter between each other, the tip of the screw blade 3b is the outer peripheral surface of the screw blade portion of the rotary shaft 4, and the tip of the screw blade 4b is the rotary shaft. 3 is almost in contact with the outer peripheral surface of the screw wing part, that is, is in contact with or very close to the outer periphery, and the tip of the rod 3a is the outer peripheral surface of the rotary shaft 4, and the tip of the rod 4a is substantially the outer peripheral surface of the rotary shaft 3. It is arranged to touch.

  Further, as described above, the pitches of the screw blades 3b and 4b are different. For example, the pitch ratio is 4: 5. The pitch ratio is not limited to this, and it may be N-1: N, where N is an integer of 2 or more.

  Further, the rotation shafts 3 and 4 are rotated at unequal speed, and the rotation speed ratio per unit time T of the rotation shafts 3 and 4 (ratio of the reciprocal of the gear ratio of the gears 11 and 12) is the screw blade 3b, The reciprocal ratio of the pitch ratio of 4b, that is, N: N-1, for example, 5: 4 as shown in FIG.

  Further, in order to prevent the rods 3a and 4a from colliding with each other, the ratio of the angular pitches in the circumferential direction of the rotation shafts 3 and 4 of the rods 3a and 4a is the same as the rotation speed ratio of the rotation shafts 3 and 4. N × n ° and (N−1) × n °, for example, N is set to 5, and n = N + (N−1) = 9, and 45 ° and 36 °, respectively, as described above. The pitch.

  Next, the kneading operation of the kneading apparatus of the present embodiment will be described.

  At the time of kneading, the rotating shafts 3 and 4 are driven to rotate in opposite directions as indicated by arrows in FIGS. 3 to 5 by driving the motor 14, and the rods 3a and 4a and the screw blades 3b, 4b rotate in directions opposite to each other. Then, fly ash, powder of activated carbon for adsorbing dioxin, and powder of slaked lime for neutralizing sulfuric acid or cement for solidification are charged (dropped) into the charging space 20 in the housing 2 from the charging port 2a.

  At this time, the powder is agitated by the rods 3a and 4b rotating in the charging space 20, and is pressed and conveyed to the tunnel portion 20 side by the same action as that of the screws arranged in a spiral manner, and the diaphragm plate 27 and 28 are supplied into the hole 22a from the opening of the hole 22a on the front side whose area is adjusted.

  The powder supplied into the hole 22a is pressed and conveyed to the kneading space 21 side by the action of the screw by the rotation of the screw blades 3b and 4b. Then, in the kneading space 21, a mixed liquid obtained by mixing the chemical solution for preventing heavy metal elution and the diluting water is injected from the pipe (nozzle) 18, and the powder and the mixed liquid are kneaded by the rotating rods 3a and 4a. An ash kneaded product is produced. The fly ash kneaded material is sent to the discharge port 2b side while being kneaded by the same action as the screw of the rods 3a, 4a, and is pushed up by the rods 3a, 4a rotating at the squeeze plate 19 and passes over the seki plate 19. It is dropped from a discharge port 2b onto a conveyor (not shown) and discharged.

  In such a kneading operation, the conveying force of the powder by the rods 3a, 3b in the charging space 20 is weaker than the conveying force by the screw blades 3b, 4b in the hole 22a of the tunnel portion 22, so as in Patent Document 2 described above. The conveying force is too strong, so that the powder does not greatly shift to the tunnel portion 22 side in the input space 20 or is pressed against the diaphragm plates 27 and 28 on the front of the tunnel portion 22 to be solidified. The transport of the body does not become unstable. Moreover, since the conveying force of the powder by the screw blades 3b and 4b is stronger than the conveying force by the rods 3a and 3b, the conveying force of the powder from the insertion space 20 to the kneading space 21 is not insufficient. Therefore, it is possible to stably and reliably carry the powder from the charging space 20 to the kneading space 21, and to stably and satisfactorily knead the powder and liquid in the kneading space 21.

  Further, by changing the mounting position of the diaphragm plates 27 and 28 in the vertical direction, the area of the opening of the hole 22a in the front of the tunnel portion 22 is adjusted, and the amount of powder transported per unit time to the kneading space 21 is desired. Can be adjusted.

  Further, in the kneading operation, as the rotary shafts 3 and 4 rotate, the tip portions of the screw wings 3b and 4b that are substantially in contact with the outer peripheral surface of the screw wing portion of the counterpart rotary shaft are It moves to the left in FIG. 1 along the axial direction. Thereby, the powder adhering to the outer peripheral surface of the screw blade part of the rotating shafts 3 and 4 is scraped off.

  Although not shown in detail, the screw wings 3b and 4b have different pitches, so that one side of the left and right side surfaces of the screw wings 3b and 4b (for example, the right side and the left side) is almost in contact with the opposite side. It can arrange | position so that the location where the single side | surfaces of each other contact may be made. Then, as the rotary shafts 3 and 4 rotate, the screw blades 3b and 4b slide with each other at two substantially contacting locations, and scrape off the powder adhering to both the left and right sides of the partner screw blade. Then, as the rotary shafts 3 and 4 rotate, the substantially contacted portion moves along the axial direction, so that the powder can be slid from each other by mutual sliding over the entire screw blades 3b and 4b. It is scraped off.

  Since the rotation speed ratio of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 is the reciprocal of the pitch ratio of the screw blades 3b and 4b, the screw blades 3b and 4b appear to move in the left direction as the rotation shafts 3 and 4 rotate. The moving speed is the same, so that the screw blades 3b and 4b do not collide with each other.

  Further, as the rotary shafts 3 and 4 rotate, the rods 3a and 4a scrape off the powder adhering to the outer peripheral surface of the counterpart rotary shaft in the charging space 20, and the kneading space 21 is applied to the outer peripheral surface of the counterpart rotary shaft. Self-cleaning is also performed to scrape off the adhering fly ash kneaded material. Since self-cleaning is performed in this way, it is possible to stably and reliably carry the powder from the charging space 20 to the kneading space 21, and to stably knead the powder and the mixed solution in the kneading space 21. It can be performed well.

  In the kneading apparatus according to the embodiment described above, instead of the rods 3a and 4a, a substantially flat paddle is erected on the outer peripheral surface of the rotary shafts 3 and 4 so as to be arranged in a spiral shape in the same arrangement as the rods 3a and 4a. May be. By arranging the paddles in the same manner as the rods 3a and 4a, the paddles act similarly to the rods 3a and 4a, and the self-cleaning can be performed in the same manner. The paddle is provided with its width direction inclined at a predetermined angle (for example, 45 °) with respect to the axial direction of the rotary shafts 3 and 4.

  Note that the paddle does not necessarily have to be arranged in a spiral shape because the resulting conveying force of the powder or fly ash kneaded material is stronger than that of the rod. Since the conveyance force is not required so much in the part extending over, it does not have to be arranged in a spiral. Similarly, in the case where the rod is provided, it is not always necessary to arrange the rods so as to line up in a spiral shape in the portion over the input space 20.

  In addition, in the rotary shafts 3 and 4, a rod may be provided in a portion over the charging space 20, and a paddle may be provided in a portion over the kneading space 21. These configurations are appropriately selected according to the kind of the kneaded material which varies depending on the use of the kneading apparatus.

It is a top view shown in the state where a part of the upper part of a case of a kneading apparatus by an example of the present invention and a tunnel part were removed. It is a side view along one rotating shaft in the housing | casing of the kneading apparatus. It is arrow sectional drawing by the arrow A in FIG. It is arrow sectional drawing by the arrow B in FIG. It is explanatory drawing of the screw blade | wing part of the rotating shaft of a kneading apparatus.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Frame 2 Case 2a Inlet 2b Outlet 3,4 Rotating shaft 3a, 4a Rod 3b, 4b Screw blade 5-8 Bearing 11, 12 Gear 14 Motor 19 Safety plate 20 Input space 21 Kneading space 22 Tunnel portion 22a Hole 23 Upper screw guide 24 Lower screw guide 27 Upper aperture plate 28 Lower aperture plate

Claims (3)

  1. A kneading apparatus for kneading powder (and / or granules) and liquid,
    A casing provided with a powder inlet at one end in a length direction that is substantially horizontal, and a discharge outlet for a kneaded product of powder and liquid at the other end;
    Two rotating shafts installed parallel to each other along the length direction of the casing in the casing;
    In the housing, the two spaces are provided as a space between a charging space where powder is charged immediately below the charging port and a kneading space where powder and liquid are kneaded on the discharge port side. Having a tunnel portion formed with a hole through which the rotation shaft is inserted,
    In each of the rotating shafts, a plurality of rods or paddles are erected on the outer peripheral surface of the portion over the charging space and the portion over the kneading space, and continuous with the outer peripheral surface of the portion inserted through the hole of the tunnel portion. Screw wings formed in a spiral shape are provided,
    By providing the tunnel portion between the charging space and the kneading space, the conveying force by the rods or paddles of the two rotating shafts in the charging space is weaker than the conveying force by the screw blades of the tunnel portion, and the screw The conveying force by the wing is configured to be stronger than the conveying force by the rods or paddles of the two rotating shafts in the input space,
    Further, in order to adjust the area of the opening of the hole on the surface of the tunnel portion on the input space side, each of the two rotation shafts has a diameter 2 slightly larger than the diameter of the portion inserted through the hole of the tunnel portion. Two semi-circular notches formed in a positional relationship corresponding to the two rotation axes are vertically opposed to each other on the surface of the tunnel portion on the input space side so that the mounting position is in the vertical direction. A squeezing means is provided for adjusting the area of the opening of the hole by changing the mounting position of the two squeezing plates in a vertical direction.
    Due to the action of the rod or paddle and screw blades caused by the rotation of each rotary shaft, the powder charged into the charging space from the charging port is conveyed from the charging space to the kneading space through the hole in the tunnel portion, and the kneading space. A kneading apparatus characterized in that it is kneaded with the liquid to be poured in and discharged from the outlet.
  2. During kneading, each of the rotating blades of the two rotating shafts transports the powder while scraping off the powder (and / or granules) adhering to the outer peripheral surface of the mating rotating shaft and both surfaces of the screw blade. The kneading apparatus according to claim 1 , wherein the kneading apparatus is configured as described above.
  3. At the time of kneading, the respective rods or paddles of the two rotating shafts that rotate are scraped off the powder (and / or granules), or the powder and liquid kneaded material, adhered to the outer peripheral surface of the other rotating shaft. 3. The kneading apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the kneading apparatus is configured to convey the powder or knead the powder and the liquid.
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US9610552B2 (en) * 2007-10-02 2017-04-04 Shin Nichinan Co., Ltd. Kneading apparatus with rotary shafts having stirring members and side blocking plates extending above shafts
JP4996692B2 (en) * 2007-10-02 2012-08-08 株式会社新日南 Kneading equipment
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