JP4361001B2 - Rear engine bus exhaust purification system - Google Patents

Rear engine bus exhaust purification system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4361001B2
JP4361001B2 JP2004314556A JP2004314556A JP4361001B2 JP 4361001 B2 JP4361001 B2 JP 4361001B2 JP 2004314556 A JP2004314556 A JP 2004314556A JP 2004314556 A JP2004314556 A JP 2004314556A JP 4361001 B2 JP4361001 B2 JP 4361001B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
tank
reducing agent
engine
engine room
opening
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JP2004314556A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2006123717A (en
Inventor
政志 川口
哲 川岸
英 飯山
保弘 黒木
Original Assignee
日産ディーゼル工業株式会社
西日本車体工業株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an exhaust gas purification device for a rear engine bus that uses a liquid reducing agent to reduce and remove nitrogen oxides (NOx) in exhaust gas, and in particular, while securing a space between a wheel base and a cabin, The present invention relates to a technique for suppressing freezing of a liquid reducing agent.

As a catalyst purification system for removing NOx contained in engine exhaust, an exhaust purification device disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2002-166130 (Patent Document 1) has been proposed.
Such an exhaust emission control device arranges a NOx reduction catalyst in an exhaust passage of an engine, and injects a reducing agent from an injection nozzle provided upstream of the NOx reduction catalyst, thereby catalyzing NOx and reducing agent in the exhaust. A reduction reaction is performed to purify NOx into harmless components.

For the reduction reaction, ammonia having good reactivity with NOx is used. Ammonia is obtained by injecting and supplying an aqueous urea solution stored in a tank into the exhaust, and performing a hydrolysis reaction using exhaust heat and water vapor in the exhaust. At this time, the flow rate of the urea aqueous solution injected and supplied into the exhaust gas is controlled by a reducing agent supply device disposed in the flow path of the urea aqueous solution from the tank to the injection nozzle.
JP 2002-166130 A

  However, when such an exhaust purification device is applied to the rear engine bus, if a tank is provided between the wheel bases, it may be difficult to secure a luggage space between the wheel bases and to lower the floor of the cabin. . Also, from the viewpoint of early activation of the NOx reduction catalyst, it is necessary to dispose it at a position close to the engine, and supply a reducing agent so that an aqueous urea solution with an appropriate flow rate is injected and supplied into the exhaust gas with good response. Since it is necessary to shorten the flow path of the urea aqueous solution between the apparatus and the injection nozzle, the introduction path of the urea aqueous solution from the tank to the reducing agent supply device becomes long. As a result, when the tank and the introduction path are cooled by the traveling wind in the cold season, the urea aqueous solution may freeze in the tank and the introduction path.

  Therefore, in view of the above-described conventional problems, the present invention provides a tank and introduction while securing a space between a wheel base and a cabin by disposing a tank and a reducing agent supply device in the engine room. An object of the present invention is to provide an exhaust purification device that suppresses freezing of a liquid reducing agent in a road.

For this reason, the invention according to claim 1 is provided in a portion of the exhaust passage close to the engine, and uses a liquid reducing agent to reduce and purify nitrogen oxides, and a tank for storing the liquid reducing agent. A reductant supply device for controlling the flow rate of the liquid reductant supplied from the tank to the reduction catalyst, and an exhaust purification device for a rear engine bus configured to open and close the engine room on the side of the vehicle body A tank replenishment port is arranged at a position close to the door , and one surface of the tank and the reducing agent supply device is parallel to the panel extending in the vehicle width direction in front of the vehicle in the engine room, and the tank is connected to the panel. The tank and the reducing agent supply device are disposed in the engine room with the reducing agent supply device approaching .

The invention described in claim 2 is characterized in that the tank and the reducing agent supply device are fixed to the bracket while sandwiching a portion of the bracket disposed in the engine room in the vehicle body vertical direction back to back.
The invention described in claim 3 is characterized in that a part of the piping of the hot water heater for warming the passenger compartment of the vehicle is arranged along the tank.

The invention according to claim 4 is characterized in that an opening is provided in a portion of the engine room opening / closing door that faces the supply port of the tank .
The invention according to claim 5 is characterized in that an opening / closing door for opening and closing the opening is provided.
The invention according to claim 6 is characterized in that a heat insulating material is provided on the inner surface of the engine room door.

  The invention described in claim 7 is characterized in that a heat insulating material is provided on the inner surface of the door.

  According to the first aspect of the present invention, since the tank and the reducing agent supply device are disposed not in the wheel base but in the engine room, it is possible to secure the space between the wheel base and the cabin. Further, the liquid reducing agent in the introduction path for introducing the liquid reducing agent from the tank or from the tank to the reducing agent supply device is heated by the heat of the engine. Thereby, freezing of the liquid reducing agent in the tank or the introduction path can be suppressed.

According to the second aspect of the present invention, since the tank and the reducing agent supply device are close to each other, the introduction path can be shortened. Thereby, freezing of the liquid reducing agent in the introduction path can be further suppressed.
According to the invention of claim 3, since the tank is heated by the heat of the piping of the hot water heater, the freezing of the liquid reducing agent in the tank can be further suppressed.
According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the liquid reducing agent can be easily supplied to the tank without opening the engine room opening / closing door by supplying the liquid reducing agent from the supply port through the opening from the outside of the vehicle body.

According to invention of Claim 5, since an opening part can be closed with an opening-and-closing door, the heat retention in an engine room can be improved. Thereby, the tank and the introduction path can be efficiently heated by the heat of the engine.
According to invention of Claim 6 or Claim 7, the heat retention in an engine room can further be improved with a heat insulating material.

  As shown in FIG. 1, an exhaust pipe 2 that is an exhaust passage of the engine 1 includes an oxidation catalyst 3 that oxidizes nitrogen monoxide in the exhaust into nitrogen dioxide, and NOx reduction that reduces and purifies NOx in order from the exhaust upstream. A catalyst 4 and an ammonia oxidation catalyst 5 that oxidizes ammonia are provided. In addition, an injection nozzle 6 that injects and supplies an aqueous urea solution as a liquid reducing agent is disposed in the exhaust pipe 2 between the oxidation catalyst 3 and the NOx reduction catalyst 4.

The injection nozzle 6 is supplied with the urea aqueous solution stored in the tank 8 together with the compressed air stored in the air tank 9 by the reducing agent supply device 7. At this time, the reducing agent supply device 7
The flow rate of the urea aqueous solution supplied to the injection nozzle 6, that is, the urea aqueous solution supplied from the tank 8 to the NOx reduction catalyst 4 is controlled. The reducing agent supply device 7 is operated and controlled by the control unit 10, and a urea aqueous solution having a flow rate corresponding to the engine operating state is supplied to the NOx reduction catalyst 4.

  As a result, the urea aqueous solution injected and supplied into the exhaust pipe 2 is hydrolyzed by the exhaust heat and the water vapor in the exhaust, and ammonia is generated. The produced ammonia reacts with NOx in the exhaust gas in the NOx reduction catalyst 4 and is purified into water and harmless gas. At this time, nitric oxide in the exhaust gas is oxidized into nitrogen dioxide by the oxidation catalyst 3, and the ratio of nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide in the exhaust gas approaches the optimum ratio for purification in the NOx reduction catalyst 4. Therefore, the exhaust purification efficiency in the NOx reduction catalyst 4 is improved. The exhaust gas that has passed through the NOx reduction catalyst 4 passes through the ammonia oxidation catalyst 5, whereby ammonia remaining in the exhaust gas is oxidized and removed.

  Hereinafter, the arrangement of the reducing agent supply device 7 and the tank 8 on the vehicle body will be described with reference to FIGS. The engine 1 of the rear engine bus is mounted in an engine room 12 behind the vehicle body from the rear tire 11 of the vehicle. The oxidation catalyst 3, the NOx reduction catalyst 4, and the ammonia oxidation catalyst 5 are disposed in the lower part of the engine room 12, that is, in the exhaust pipe 2 in the vicinity of the engine 1.

  A bracket 13 is disposed in the engine room 12. The bracket 13 includes two vertical members 13a extending in the vertical direction of the vehicle body at intervals in the left-right direction of the vehicle body in the engine room 12, and two bottom members 13b extending in parallel to each other in the vehicle front direction from the lower end of the vertical member 13a. And a connecting member 13c that connects the two vertical members 13a. The upper end portion of the vertical member 13a and the front end portion of the bottom member 13b are each fixed to the vehicle body.

  The tank 8 is formed in a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape, and a liquid reducing agent supply port 8 a to the reducing agent supply device 7 is provided on the upper wall. The tank 8 and the reducing agent supply device 7 are fixed to the bracket 13 while sandwiching the vertical member 13a back to back. At this time, the tank 8 is placed on the bottom member 13b, and the replenishing port 8b is disposed at a position close to the left outer wall of the vehicle body, that is, an engine room opening / closing door described later.

An electric heater (not shown) is provided in the hose 14 as an introduction path for introducing the urea aqueous solution from the tank 8 to the reducing agent supply device 7. The electric heater is controlled by a heater control unit (not shown) to operate when the engine is operating and the temperature of the urea aqueous solution is equal to or lower than the freezing temperature.
According to the above configuration, since the tank 8 and the reducing agent supply device 7 are disposed not in the wheel base but in the engine room 12, a space between the wheel bases is secured. Thereby, the luggage space between wheel bases can be ensured, or the cabin can be lowered. Moreover, since the urea aqueous solution in the tank 8 and the hose 14 is heated by the heat of the engine 1, freezing of the urea aqueous solution in the tank 8 and the hose 14 is suppressed. Furthermore, when the urea aqueous solution freezes in the hose 14 during the cold season, the thawing of the urea aqueous solution in the hose 14 can be promoted while suppressing the power consumption of the electric heater provided in the hose 14. .

  Since the tank 8 and the reducing agent supply device 7 are fixed to the bracket 13 while holding the vertical member 13a of the bracket 13 back to back, the hose 14 between the supply port 8a of the tank 8 and the reducing agent supply device 7 is shortened. can do. Thereby, freezing of the urea aqueous solution in the hose 14 is further suppressed. Moreover, since the power consumption of the electric heater provided in the hose 14 is reduced, consumption of engine power for driving the generator is suppressed, and fuel consumption is improved. Furthermore, the component cost of the hose 14 can be reduced.

Also, as shown in FIG. 6, a part of the hot water heater pipe 20 is arranged along the tank 8 in the engine room 12. Thereby, since the tank 8 is heated by the heat of the pipe 20, freezing of the urea aqueous solution in the tank 8 can be further suppressed.
As shown in FIG. 7, an engine room opening / closing door 21 that opens and closes the engine room 12 is provided at the rear of the left outer surface of the vehicle body in order to check the engine 1 and its auxiliary equipment. The engine room opening / closing door 21 can be opened and closed in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body around a hinge provided at the front end thereof. The engine room opening / closing door 21 is provided with an opening 22 at a portion facing the supply port 8b. Thus, when the urea aqueous solution is supplied to the tank 8, the urea aqueous solution is supplied from the outside of the vehicle body through the opening 22 through the supply port 8 b, thereby easily supplying the urea aqueous solution without opening the engine room opening / closing door 21. It can be carried out. As shown in FIG. 8, the present invention can be similarly applied to a structure in which the engine room opening / closing door 21 opens and closes in the vertical direction of the vehicle body around a hinge provided at the upper end thereof.

Further, as shown in FIG. 9, the engine room opening / closing door 21 is provided with an opening / closing door 23 for opening and closing the opening 22. Thereby, the heat retaining property in the engine room 12 can be improved by closing the door 23 when the urea aqueous solution is not replenished. Therefore, the tank 8 and the hose 14 can be efficiently heated by the heat of the engine 1.
A heat insulating material 24 such as glass wool is provided on the inner surface of the engine room opening / closing door 21. Thereby, the heat insulation in the engine room 12 can be further improved by the heat insulating material 24.

Moreover, if the heat insulating material 24 is provided in the opening / closing door 23, the heat retaining property in the engine room 12 can be further improved.
In the above embodiment, the urea aqueous solution is used as the liquid reducing agent. However, an ammonia aqueous solution, a light oil mainly composed of hydrocarbon, or the like may be used.

Configuration diagram of an exhaust purification apparatus to which the present invention is applied Layout diagram of tank and reducing agent supply device in engine room Side view showing the structure Perspective view showing the structure of the above The perspective view which shows the structure of the bracket which fixes a tank and a reducing agent supply apparatus. Explanatory drawing of hot water heater piping in the engine room Shows the engine room door, (A) is a plan view, (B) is a side view The other embodiment of an engine room opening / closing door is shown, (A) is a side view, (B) is a rear view. Detailed view of engine room door

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Engine 2 Exhaust pipe 4 NOx reduction catalyst 7 Reducing agent supply apparatus 8 Tank 8b Supply port 12 Engine room 13 Bracket 13a Vertical member 14 Hose 20 Piping 21 Engine room opening / closing door 22 Opening 23 Opening / closing door 24 Insulating material

Claims (7)

  1. A reduction catalyst that is disposed in a portion of the exhaust passage close to the engine and that reduces and purifies nitrogen oxides using a liquid reducing agent;
    A tank for storing a liquid reducing agent;
    A reducing agent supply device for controlling the flow rate of the liquid reducing agent supplied from the tank to the reduction catalyst;
    An exhaust gas purification device for a rear engine bus comprising:
    Supply of the tank and reducing agent to a panel extending in the vehicle width direction in front of the vehicle in the engine room is provided at a position close to an engine room opening / closing door that opens and closes the engine room on the side of the vehicle body The tank and the reducing agent supply device are disposed in an engine room in a state where one surface of the device is parallel and the tank and the reducing agent supply device are close to the panel. Engine bus exhaust purification system.
  2.   2. The rear according to claim 1, wherein the tank and the reducing agent supply device are fixed to the bracket while sandwiching a portion of the bracket disposed in the engine room that extends in the vertical direction of the vehicle body back to back. Engine bus exhaust purification system.
  3.   3. The exhaust purification device for a rear engine bus according to claim 1, wherein a part of a pipe of a hot water heater that warms the passenger compartment of the vehicle is disposed along the tank. 4.
  4. The exhaust purification device for a rear engine bus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein an opening is provided at a portion of the engine room opening / closing door that faces the replenishing port of the tank .
  5.   The exhaust purification device for a rear engine bus according to claim 4, wherein an opening / closing door for opening and closing the opening is provided.
  6.   The exhaust purification device for a rear engine bus according to claim 4 or 5, wherein a heat insulating material is provided on an inner surface of the engine room door.
  7.   The exhaust purification device for a rear engine bus according to claim 5, wherein a heat insulating material is provided on an inner surface of the open / close door.
JP2004314556A 2004-10-28 2004-10-28 Rear engine bus exhaust purification system Expired - Fee Related JP4361001B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004314556A JP4361001B2 (en) 2004-10-28 2004-10-28 Rear engine bus exhaust purification system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004314556A JP4361001B2 (en) 2004-10-28 2004-10-28 Rear engine bus exhaust purification system

Publications (2)

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JP2006123717A JP2006123717A (en) 2006-05-18
JP4361001B2 true JP4361001B2 (en) 2009-11-11

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5273933B2 (en) * 2007-03-28 2013-08-28 株式会社小松製作所 Construction vehicle
JP5194543B2 (en) * 2007-04-25 2013-05-08 マツダ株式会社 Reducing agent tank arrangement structure in vehicle
US20100186389A1 (en) * 2009-01-27 2010-07-29 Caterpillar Inc. Reductant Insulating System
JP5534143B2 (en) * 2009-07-28 2014-06-25 井関農機株式会社 Combine
WO2014069026A1 (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-08 株式会社小松製作所 Construction vehicle equipped with exhaust-gas post-processing device
JP5439634B1 (en) 2012-10-30 2014-03-12 株式会社小松製作所 Construction vehicle with exhaust aftertreatment device

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS61204875U (en) * 1985-06-14 1986-12-24
JP2002274335A (en) * 2001-03-22 2002-09-25 Nissan Diesel Motor Co Ltd Vehicular washer device
JP3788501B2 (en) * 2001-06-28 2006-06-21 三菱ふそうトラック・バス株式会社 Exhaust gas purification device for internal combustion engine
JP2003020936A (en) * 2001-07-03 2003-01-24 Komatsu Ltd ARRANGEMENT STRUCTURE FOR LIQUID REDUCING AGENT TANK FOR NOx REDUCTION CATALYST

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