JP4347359B2 - Optical input device - Google Patents

Optical input device Download PDF

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JP4347359B2
JP4347359B2 JP2007089002A JP2007089002A JP4347359B2 JP 4347359 B2 JP4347359 B2 JP 4347359B2 JP 2007089002 A JP2007089002 A JP 2007089002A JP 2007089002 A JP2007089002 A JP 2007089002A JP 4347359 B2 JP4347359 B2 JP 4347359B2
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amplification factor
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JP2008250495A (en
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峰和 宮崎
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Smk株式会社
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  The present invention relates to an optical input device that can perform an input operation without contact since a light detection signal is blocked by the input operation, and more particularly to an optical input device that eliminates the influence of disturbance light.

  In the optical input device, a pair of light emitting elements and a light receiving element are arranged across an input operation region so that a light detection signal emitted from the light emitting element is received by the pair of light receiving elements. The light detection signal is emitted during the light emission period. When an operation body such as a finger cuts off the light detection signal that passes through the input operation area by an input operation, the light receiving element that is paired in the light emission period does not receive the light detection signal, and the light receiving amount of the light receiving element is reduced. An input operation is detected from the decrease in the amount of received light. Therefore, the optical input device is excellent in durability because it does not use moving parts, and can perform a predetermined input operation without touching the operation panel. Therefore, it is widely used as an input device for inputting predetermined data to various devices. It is used.

  As described above, the optical input device detects an input operation from a change in the amount of light received by the light receiving element. However, since the light receiving surface of the light receiving element faces the input operation area, the optical input device has disturbance light other than the light detection signal. In order to detect light input and input operations, it was necessary to eliminate the influence of ambient light. Therefore, conventionally, the light receiving amount of the light receiving element is detected as the light receiving amount at the time of extinction during the extinguishing period when the light emitting element does not emit the light detection signal, and this is estimated as the amount of received light due to disturbance light and received during the light emitting period. Assuming that the difference between the received light amount during light emission and the received light amount during extinction represents the received light amount based on the light detection signal, the presence or absence of an input operation is detected from the level of the difference.

  However, the illuminance at the installation place of the optical input device may vary from about 100 lux in a dark room to about 100,000 lux in the outdoors receiving direct sunlight, and the amount of received light is large depending on the installation environment of the optical input device. On the other hand, when the amount of disturbance light received is large, the light reception output signal is saturated, and light reception by the light detection signal cannot be detected, and the input operation cannot be detected. On the other hand, if the light reception sensitivity is reduced to match the case where the amount of disturbance light is large, the light reception sensitivity for the light detection signal also decreases when the amount of disturbance light reception is small. In some cases, it could not be detected accurately. Therefore, there is a method to reduce the light receiving sensitivity of the light receiving element by reducing the load resistance of the light receiving element so that the level of the difference between the light receiving amount during light emission and the light received amount during light extinction becomes a predetermined value even when the amount of ambient light is large. It is known (see Patent Document 1).

  Hereinafter, the first conventional optical input device 100 will be described with reference to FIG. 7. A pair of a light emitting element 101 and a light receiving element 102 are arranged to face each other with an input operation area therebetween. The light emitting element 101 is connected between the constant voltage power supply Vcc and the ground via analog switches 101a and 101b controlled to be opened and closed by the CPU 103, and emits a light detection signal toward the light receiving element 102 during a predetermined light emitting period. ing.

  The light receiving element 102 has an analog switch 105 connected to the constant voltage power supply Vcc, and an analog switch block 106 and a resistor block 107 connected in series on the other side. The switching terminals a, b, c of the analog switch block 106 are connected to load resistors 107a, 107b, 107c having different resistance values of the resistor block 107, and the other ends of the load resistors 107a, 107b, 107c are grounded. ing. The opening and closing of the analog switch 105 and the switching between the switching terminals of the analog switch 106 are controlled by the CPU 103, and the light receiving element 102 receives light in each of the extinguishing period in which the light emitting element 101 is off and the light emitting period in which the light is emitted. Then, a photoelectric conversion current representing the amount of received light is passed through one of the switched load resistors 107a, 107b, and 107c.

  The connection point between the light receiving element 102 and the analog switch block 106 is connected to the input of the amplifier 108, and the output of the amplifier 108 is connected to the storage device 110 connected to the CPU 103 via the A / D converter 109.

  In this optical input device 100, analog is set so that the light receiving element 102 is connected to any one of the load resistors 107 a, 107 b, 107 c (for example, the load resistor 107 b) of the resistor block 107 in the initial setting before detecting the input operation. The switch block 106 is switched, and the light receiving element 102 detects the light reception amount when the light emitting element 101 receives light during the light extinction period and the light reception amount when light emission is received during the light emission period. The photoelectric conversion current flows through the load resistor 107b in accordance with the light reception amount when the light is turned off and the light reception amount when the light is emitted, and the input potential of the amplifier 108 receives the light received when the light is turned off and the light reception amount when the light is emitted unless the saturation voltage is reached. The amount is approximately proportional to the resistance value of the load resistor 107b.

  This input voltage is amplified by the amplifier 108, and the amplified voltage is A / D converted by the A / D converter 109 and stored as a digital value in the storage device 110. Therefore, the CPU 103 stores the storage device 110 during the light emission period. The threshold value of the input operation is set from the level difference between the light-receiving level at the time of light emission stored in the light-receiving level and the light-receiving level at the time of light-off stored in the storage device 110 during the light-off period. When the light reception level at the time of light emission is decreased by the determination threshold value or more, it is determined as an input operation.

  On the other hand, if the performance of the light emitting element 101 or the light receiving element 102 is deteriorated due to aging, or if dust or the like adheres to the filter that covers the light receiving surface of the light receiving element 102 and the transmittance decreases, the data is stored in the storage device 110 in the initial setting. If both the light-receiving level at the time of light emission and the light-receiving level at the time of extinction are reduced, the difference between the two levels also decreases, and a determination threshold value that allows the CPU 103 to determine the input operation cannot be obtained. In such a case, switching control of the analog switch block 106 is performed, and a load resistor (for example, load resistor 107 c) having a higher resistance value is connected to the light receiving element 102. Since the input potential of the amplifier 108 by the photoelectric conversion signal is proportional to the resistance value of the load resistor 107c, the light receiving sensitivity of the light receiving element 102 is increased, and the level of the light receiving level at the time of light emission and the light receiving level at the time of light extinction stored in the storage device 110. The difference is enlarged, and a determination threshold that can be determined by the CPU 103 can be set.

  Also, if the amount of light received due to ambient light becomes excessive, in the initial setting, the input potential of the amplifier 108 due to the photoelectric conversion signal saturates close to the power supply Vcc, and the light-receiving level at the time of light emission stored in the storage device 110 and the light-off time are turned off. Since both light reception levels indicate saturated levels, there is no difference between the levels, and similarly, a determination threshold value that allows the CPU 103 to determine an input operation cannot be obtained. When disturbance light increases in this way, the analog switch block 106 is controlled to switch, and a load resistor (for example, load resistor 107a) having a lower resistance value is connected to the light receiving element 102, and the amplifier 108 based on the photoelectric conversion signal The input potential is made lower than the saturation voltage in proportion to the resistance value of the load resistor 107a. That is, the light reception sensitivity of the light receiving element 102 is lowered, and a level difference between the light reception level at the time of light emission and the light reception level at the time of light extinction stored in the storage device 110 is generated to obtain a determination threshold that can be determined by the CPU 103.

  Therefore, according to the optical input device 100, even when disturbance light increases excessively, the light receiving sensitivity of the light receiving element 102 can be lowered to detect an input operation.

  As a second conventional example, both the light reception amount during light emission when the light detection signal is interrupted by the input operation and the light reception amount during light emission when the light detection signal is not interrupted are both linear in the light reception amount-photocurrent characteristic of the light receiving element. An optical input device that adjusts the amplification factor of the photoelectric conversion signal so as to be included in the region is also known (see Patent Document 2).

  According to this conventional optical input device, even if the characteristics of the light emitting element and the light receiving element vary, the light receiving amount during light emission exceeds the saturation light receiving amount of the light receiving element by adjusting the amplification factor of the photoelectric conversion signal. Therefore, the input operation can be detected without error from the level difference that changes in the linear region.

Japanese Patent Publication No. 6-12512 (page 3, lines 5 to 24, Fig. 1) JP-A-6-186350 (page 3, column 3, line 42 to column 4, line 9, page 4, column 6, line 31 to line 46, FIG. 10)

  However, in the first conventional example, the input operation is determined from the level difference between the light reception level during light emission that is A / D converted by the A / D converter 109 and the light reception level during light extinction stored in the storage device 110 during the light extinction period. However, if the amplification factor is adjusted and changed, this level difference also changes according to the change in the amplification factor. Therefore, each time the amplification factor is adjusted, the determination threshold is obtained from the level difference obtained by initial setting. There was a need.

  This problem is a second conventional example in which the amplification factor is varied for the purpose of simply changing in a linear region the amount of light received during light emission when the light detection signal is interrupted and the amount of light received during light emission when not interrupted. Similarly, the level difference between the two differs by changing the amplification factor, and the input operation cannot be determined by comparing the fixed determination threshold with the level difference.

  In the first and second conventional examples, both the received light amount of disturbance light itself is not determined and the amplification factor of the photoelectric conversion signal is not adjusted, so that the received light amount during light emission is the saturated received light amount of the light receiving element. If it does not exceed, the amplification factor is not changed, and fine adjustment of the amplification factor according to the amount of light received by the light receiving element cannot be made within a range not exceeding the saturation light reception amount.

  In particular, according to the first conventional example, even when the light reception amount during light emission during the initial setting is close to the saturated light reception amount, a predetermined level difference is obtained between the light reception level during light emission and the light reception level during extinction, and the light reception sensitivity. Therefore, even if the ambient light slightly increases during detection of the subsequent input operation, the light receiving sensitivity of the light receiving element may be saturated and the input operation may not be detected.

  The present invention has been made in view of such conventional problems, and a photoelectric conversion signal representing the amount of light received by a photodetection signal is input to the input determination means with the same amplification factor even when the reception sensitivity is adjusted. An object of the present invention is to provide an optical input device capable of determining an input operation in comparison with a fixed determination threshold value.

  It is another object of the present invention to provide an optical input device that can detect the interruption due to the input operation of the light detection signal in detail according to the amount of disturbance light received without reaching the saturation light reception amount by the light receiving means.

In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the optical input device according to claim 1 is disposed opposite to the light emitting means with a light emitting means for emitting a light detection signal at a predetermined scanning period (T) and an input operation area. , An optical transmission / reception unit (U) having a pair of light receiving means capable of receiving a light detection signal, a light emission period (ton) in which the light emission means emits a light detection signal, and a light extinction period (toff) in which the light detection signal is not emitted In each period, a light receiving control means for causing the paired light receiving means to detect the received light amount, and outputting a photoelectric conversion signal representing the detected received light amount from the light receiving means, and a received light amount at the time of light emission detected during the light emission period (ton) ( Lon) and a photoelectric conversion signal representing the light reception amount (Loff) detected during the light extinction period (toff) are amplified with the same first amplification factor, and the light emission amplification signal and the light extinction signal are turned off, respectively. Amplified signal Amplifying means; differential output means for outputting a difference signal indicating a difference between the level of the amplified signal at the time of light emission and the level of the amplified signal at the time of extinction; a second amplifying means for amplifying the difference signal at a second gain; An optical input device comprising: an input determination unit that detects whether or not a light detection signal is received by the light receiving unit during a light emission period (ton) from an output level of the amplification unit, and determines an input operation state to the input operation region; A device,
Each of the first amplification means and the second amplification means can select a first amplification factor that can select the first amplification factor from at least two different amplification factors, and can select a second amplification factor from at least two different amplification factors. Second selection means, and the first selection means selects the first amplification factor according to the level of the photoelectric conversion signal representing the light reception amount (Loff) when extinguished or the amplification signal when extinguishing, and the second selection The means is characterized in that the second amplification factor is selected so that an amplification factor obtained by multiplying the first amplification factor by the second amplification factor becomes a constant value.

  The amplification signal at the time of light emission represents the amount of light received by the light receiving unit that combines the disturbance light and the light detection signal, and the amplification signal at the time of extinction represents the amount of disturbance light received by the light reception unit. Therefore, the output level obtained by amplifying the differential signal output from the differential output means by the second amplifying means represents the presence or absence of the amount of light received by the light detection signal, and when the output level is equal to or less than a predetermined determination threshold value, The input operation state can be determined.

  In addition, since the first selection means selects the first amplification factor according to the level of the photoelectric conversion signal representing the light reception amount (Loff) at the time of extinction that is a measure of the illuminance of disturbance light, or the amplification signal at the time of extinction, the light emission period (Ton), the first gain can be adjusted so that the light receiving means and the difference output means are not saturated.

  The output level of the second amplifying means is a photoelectric conversion signal indicating the light reception amount (Lon) detected during the light emission period (ton) and a photoelectric conversion indicating the light reception amount (Loff) during the extinction period (toff). The signal level difference is multiplied by the first amplification factor and the second amplification factor. The level difference between the photoelectric conversion signal representing the light reception amount (Lon) during light emission and the photoelectric conversion signal representing the light reception amount (Loff) during light extinction represents the level of the photoelectric conversion signal obtained by photoelectric conversion of the light detection signal. Regardless of the amount of received light, it is substantially constant, and the amplification factor obtained by multiplying the first amplification factor and the second amplification factor is set to a constant value by the second selection unit, so the output of the second amplification unit determined by the input determination unit The level varies within a certain range depending on whether or not the light detection signal is received.

  According to another aspect of the optical input device of the present invention, the input determination unit has an A / D conversion unit connected to the output of the second amplification unit, and the light emission period is determined from the output level A / D converted by the A / D conversion unit. (Ton) detects whether or not the light detection signal is received by the light receiving means, the second selection means outputs the output level of the second amplification means input to the A / D conversion section, and the A / D conversion section sets the A level to A. The second amplification factor is selected so that the input voltage range can be / D converted.

  The output level of the second amplifying means input to the A / D converter varies within a certain range depending on whether or not the light detection signal is received within an input voltage range in which A / D conversion is possible, and the fluctuation range is received by disturbance light. Since it is fixed regardless of the amount, the A / D converter does not saturate with the input voltage, and the input fluctuation range depending on the presence or absence of reception of the light detection signal is optimally matched to the resolution of the A / D converter. Can be set within the fluctuation range.

  By setting the determination threshold value within the input fluctuation range depending on whether or not the light detection signal is received, it is possible to determine the input operation compared to the same determination threshold value regardless of the amount of received light due to disturbance light.

  According to another aspect of the optical input device of the present invention, the first amplifying unit is connected in series between the light receiving unit and the constant voltage terminal, and outputs a signal having a voltage obtained by multiplying the current of the photoelectric conversion signal output from the light receiving unit by the resistance value. It is a load resistor that is output as an amplified signal from one end on the connection side with the light receiving means, and the first selection means is a common terminal connected to the light receiving means and one end on each connection side of two or more load resistors having different resistance values. The first amplification factor is selected according to the resistance value of any one of the load resistors connected to the light receiving means with the changeover switch.

  Since the photoelectric conversion current flows to the load resistance, the voltage signal represented by the voltage drop due to the load resistance is used as an amplification signal. Therefore, the amplification signal is obtained by changing the value of the photoelectric conversion current by an amplification factor proportional to the resistance value of the load resistance. Amplified. Therefore, the first gain can be set to a desired gain by using a load resistance having a resistance value matched to the gain. Further, the first amplification factor can be selected from different amplification factors by switching the load resistor connected to the light receiving means from the load resistors having different resistance values by the changeover switch.

  The optical input device according to claim 4 inputs the differential output means and the second amplifying means to the non-inverting input terminal and the inverting input terminal to either one of the amplified signal during light emission and the amplified signal when extinguished, and to the other. It is characterized by comprising a differential amplifier circuit with the rate being the second amplification factor.

  The differential amplifier circuit amplifies and outputs the difference between the level of the amplified signal at the time of light emission and the level of the amplified signal at the time of extinction at the second amplification factor, so that the differential output means and the second amplification means are combined. .

  According to the first aspect of the present invention, the amount of received light due to the disturbance light is obtained from the level of the photoelectric conversion signal indicating the light reception amount (Loff) at the time of extinction or the amplification signal at the time of extinction, and the photoelectric conversion signal of the photoelectric conversion signal subjected to photoelectric conversion by the light receiving means Since the one amplification factor is adjusted, the photoelectric conversion signal can be amplified with an optimum amplification factor corresponding to the illuminance of disturbance light within a range in which the light receiving means and the difference output means are not saturated.

  Regardless of the amount of light received due to disturbance light, the level of the photoelectric conversion signal corresponding to the light reception amount of only the light detection signal is amplified with the same amplification factor and input to the input determination means. Even if the first amplification factor is adjusted and the reception sensitivity is changed, the input operation can be determined by comparison with a fixed determination threshold value.

  According to the invention of claim 2, the output level of the second amplifying means that varies depending on whether or not the light detection signal is received is adjusted so that the first amplification factor and the second amplification factor are adjusted, and the output level to the A / D conversion unit is adjusted. It is possible to set the optimum fluctuation range according to the input range and input it to the A / D converter. Since this fluctuation range is constant regardless of the amount of light received by disturbance light, the A / D converter is not saturated by the input voltage, and the presence or absence of light detection signal reception can be accurately determined.

  By setting a judgment threshold within the output value of the A / D converter that fluctuates depending on whether or not the light detection signal is received, it can be compared with the same judgment threshold regardless of the amount of light received by disturbance light. Input operation can be determined.

  In addition, according to the third aspect of the present invention, the first amplification factor can be selected from different amplification factors only by using load resistors having different resistance values and a changeover switch for switching connection between the light receiving means and each load resistor. .

  In addition, according to the invention of claim 4, the differential output means and the second amplifying means can be constituted by only the differential amplifier circuit, the circuit configuration is simplified, and the number of parts is reduced.

  Hereinafter, the basic configuration and operation of an optical input device 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in the figure, an optical input device 1 includes an infrared LED 3 as a pair of light emitting means and a phototransistor as a light receiving means around an input operation area E into which an operation body 2 such as a finger or a pen can be freely inserted. A large number of four optical transmission / reception units U are arranged.

  The infrared LEDs 3 are arranged at equal intervals inward along the orthogonal X and Y directions around the input operation area E, and the paired phototransistors 4 sandwich the input operation area E and have the light receiving surface on the LED 3. Arranged to face each other. The light receiving surface of each phototransistor 4 is covered with an infrared transmission filter (not shown) so as to allow the infrared light detection signal to pass therethrough and remove the influence of disturbance light as much as possible.

  The infrared LED 3 of each optical transmission / reception unit U is connected to an LED multiplexer 6 that is connected and controlled by a microcontroller (hereinafter referred to as a microcomputer) 5, and sequentially emits an infrared light detection signal at a light emission timing controlled by the microcomputer 5. To do. The infrared LED 3 of one switch unit U has, for example, a 0.05 msec extinction period (toff) before and after, and a 0.05 msec light emission period (ton) at a timing that does not overlap with other infrared LEDs 3. It emits a light detection signal, and does not emit an infrared light detection signal from any other infrared LED 3 during the front and back extinction periods toff. The light emission control is repeated again after performing the light emission control for all the infrared LEDs 3, and the one scanning cycle T is set to a time shorter than the time required for the input operation. The time required for the input operation by the operator is estimated to be at least 50 msec or more empirically although there are individual differences, and one scanning cycle T is set to be shorter than 50 msec.

  On the other hand, the phototransistor 4 of each optical transmission / reception unit U is connected to a Pd multiplexer 7 whose connection is controlled by the microcomputer 5, and performs a light receiving operation at a light reception timing controlled by the microcomputer 5. This light reception timing is synchronized with the light emission control of the paired LEDs 3, and the light reception timing is set for each phototransistor 4. Here, during the normal operation period in which the input operation is detected, the infrared LED 3 that is paired receives light during the light-off period (toff) and the light-emission period (ton), and the light-reception amount during the light-off period (Loff) that is received during that period. ) And the amount of light received during light emission (Lon).

  The output of the Pd multiplexer 7 is connected via a first amplifier circuit 8 to an input hold circuit 9 for light emission and an input hold circuit 10 for light extinction. The light emission input hold circuit 9 inputs a light emission amplification signal obtained by amplifying the photoelectric conversion signal output from the paired phototransistor 4 by the first amplifier circuit 8 during the light emission period (ton) of the infrared LED 3 and turns off the light. The hour input hold circuit 10 inputs a light-off amplification signal obtained by amplifying the photoelectric conversion signal output from the paired phototransistor 4 by the first amplifier circuit 8 during the light-off period (toff) of the infrared LED 3.

  The outputs of the light emission input hold circuit 9 and the light extinction input hold circuit 10 are connected to a differential output circuit 11, respectively. The difference output circuit 11 is a difference representing the difference between the level of the amplified signal during light emission and the level of the amplified signal during light extinction. The signal is output to the second amplifier circuit 12. The amplified signal at the time of light emission represents the received light amount (Lon) of the phototransistor 4 obtained by adding the light detection signal to the disturbance light, and the amplified signal at the time of extinction is the received light amount (Loff) of the phototransistor 4 of only the disturbance light when the light is turned off Therefore, the difference signal that is the difference between the two levels represents the amount of light received by only the photodetection signal.

  Further, the output of the input hold circuit 10 at the time of extinction is also connected to the disturbance light discriminating unit 13 (see FIG. 2) of the microcomputer 5 so that the first amplifier circuit 8 and the second amplifier circuit 12 receive the light depending on the amount of disturbance light received. The amplification factor is adjusted, details of which will be described later.

  The differential signal output from the differential output circuit 11 is amplified to a level that can be determined by the microcomputer 5 by the second amplifier circuit 12, and the microcomputer 5 determines the presence or absence of an infrared input operation based on the level of the amplified differential signal. That is, a level lower than the output level of the second amplifier circuit 12 when the phototransistor 4 receives the infrared light detection signal emitted from the paired infrared LED 3 is set as a determination threshold value, and the second amplifier circuit When the output level of 12 is equal to or lower than the determination threshold, the optical transmission / reception unit U is assumed that the optical path of the infrared light detection signal from the paired infrared LED 3 is blocked by the input body 2 of the input operation. It is determined that there is an input operation between the mounting positions.

  In the entire optical input device 1, the infrared LEDs 3 of all the optical transmission / reception units U are sequentially scanned for light emission, and a mesh-like scanning optical path indicated by a broken line in FIG. When the operator inserts the operating tool 2 into the input operation area E and performs an input operation, infrared light detection signals in the X and Y directions passing through the input operation position are blocked. As a result, the phototransistors 4 on the optical path do not receive the infrared light detection signal at the light emission timing of the paired infrared LEDs 3, so that the microcomputer 5 determines whether or not there is an input operation. Detect input operation position.

  Hereinafter, a more specific configuration and operation of the optical input device 1 will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram of the optical input device 1 illustrated as an optical transmission / reception unit U including a pair of infrared LEDs 3 and a phototransistor 4 connected by multiplexers 6 and 7. FIG. FIG. 4 is an explanatory diagram for explaining the amplifying action of the first amplifier circuit 8 and the second amplifier circuit 12. FIG. 4 is a waveform diagram showing the operation waveforms of the respective parts when light emission and light reception control of the optical transceiver unit U is performed. Here, the open / close switches SW1 to SW6 and the changeover switches SW7 and SW8 shown in FIG. 2 are controlled to open / close or change at the timing shown in FIG. 3 by the control signal output from the control port 14 of the microcomputer 5.

  The infrared LED 3 has an anode connected to the constant voltage power source Vcc via SW1, and a cathode grounded. SW1 closes in response to the “H” level control signal shown in FIG. 3 and opens in response to the “L” level control signal. Therefore, the “H” level period of the SW1 control signal in FIG. 3 is the light emission period (ton), and the “L” level period is the extinguishing period (toff).

  The collector of the phototransistor 4 is connected to the constant voltage power supply Vcc via SW2, and the emitter is connected to the common terminal of the changeover switch SW8 constituting the first amplifier circuit 8 together with the load resistors R1 and R2. The two switching terminals of the selector switch SW8 are further connected to load resistors R1 and R2 having different resistance values r1 and r2, respectively, and the other sides of the load resistors R1 and R2 are grounded. Considering that the amount of disturbance light received varies by a factor of several tens depending on the installation location of the optical input device 1 and the surrounding environment, the ratio of the resistance value r1 of the load resistor R1 and the resistance value r2 of the load resistor R2 However, for convenience of explanation, the resistance value r1 is assumed to be 5 KΩ and the resistance value r2 is assumed to be 2 KΩ.

  SW2 opens and closes in response to control signals of “L” level and “H” level shown in FIG. 3, and the phototransistor 4 performs a light receiving operation while the control signal of SW2 is at “H” level. ”Pause for level. During the light receiving operation period of the phototransistor 4, a photoelectric conversion current corresponding to the amount of light received by the phototransistor 4 flows through the phototransistor 4, and one of the load resistors R <b> 1 connected in series with the phototransistor 4 by switching the changeover switch SW <b> 8. , R2 flows. At this time, the potential of the common terminal of the changeover switch SW8 is a value obtained by multiplying the photoelectric conversion current by the resistance value of the load resistance connected to the common terminal, and the voltage signal represented by the potential of the common terminal of the changeover switch SW8 is photoelectrical. The converted signal is an amplified signal V1 obtained by amplifying the converted signal with the resistance value of the load resistor. In the present embodiment, since the changeover switch SW8 is switched to select either the resistance value r1 of 5 KΩ or the resistance value r2 of 2 KΩ, the first amplification factor due to the load resistance of the first amplifier circuit 8 is 5 times. It is selected from either of 2 times.

  The common terminal of the changeover switch SW8 is connected to one side contact of SW3 and SW4 that opens and closes in response to control signals of “L” level and “H” level, and the other side contact of SW3 and the other side contact of SW4 are The input hold circuit 9 at the time of light emission and the input hold circuit 10 at the time of extinction are respectively connected to the inputs. As shown in FIG. 3, SW3 receives an “H” level control signal during the light emission period (ton) and the phototransistor 4 is performing a light receiving operation, and closes. A light emission amplification signal V1 indicating the received light reception amount (Lon) is output to the light emission input hold circuit 9. SW4 is closed by receiving an “H” level control signal during a light extinction period (toff) and a period during which the phototransistor 4 performs a light receiving operation, and is extinguished when the phototransistor 4 receives light during the light extinction period (toff). A light-off amplification signal V1 representing the light reception amount (Loff) at the time of turn-off is output to the input hold circuit 10 at the time of turn-off.

  The light emission input hold circuit 9 and the light extinction input hold circuit 10 take the voltage levels of the light amplification signal V1 and the light amplification signal V1 inputted at different timings as described above, and the operational amplifier 11 in the subsequent stage calculates the difference between them. This is held until it is output as a differential signal, and is reset every time the phototransistor 4 finishes the light receiving operation. For this reason, the input hold circuit 9 at the time of light emission includes an integrating circuit in which a resistor R3 and a capacitor C are connected in series between the other side contact of SW3 and the ground, SW5 connected in parallel to the capacitor C, and a non-inverting input terminal. Is connected to the connection point of the resistor R3 and the capacitor C and the inverting input terminal is connected to the output, so that the amplification factor is set to 1. The time constant of the integrating circuit comprising the RC circuit is set to a sufficiently short time constant that is at least 1/5 or less of the closing period (input period) of SW3. After SW3 is closed, the charging voltage of capacitor C is quickly amplified during light emission. The voltage of the signal V1 is reached.

  By connecting the operational amplifier 15 having a high input impedance to the output side of the integrating circuit, the charging current to the capacitor C flowing through the resistor R3 does not flow to the output side, and the capacitor C is output from the output side until the SW5 is closed and controlled. The discharge current does not flow through the capacitor C, and the charging voltage of the capacitor C is maintained. Therefore, the output V2 which is the voltage of the amplification signal V1 at the time of light emission is output from the operational amplifier 15 having an amplification factor of 1 until SW5 is closed. As shown in FIG. 3, when the phototransistor 4 finishes the light receiving operation, the SW5 is closed in response to the “H” level control signal, and all the charges accumulated in the capacitor C are discharged and the charge voltage becomes 0V. Thereafter, the opening control is performed in response to the control signal of “L” level.

  Each circuit of the input hold circuit 10 when turned off is the same as the input hold circuit 9 when light is emitted, and the circuit constants of the circuit elements constituting the same are also the same. To do. The operational amplifier 15 of the light-off input hold circuit 10 outputs an output V3 that is the voltage of the light-amplified amplified signal V1 until the SW6 that opens and closes simultaneously with SW5 is closed. By making the circuit 10 the same configuration, the light emission amplification signal V1 and the light extinction amplification signal V1 input at different timings are output as the output V2 and the output V3 with the same amplification factor (here, 1). When SW3 and SW4 are closed when the phototransistor 4 finishes the light receiving operation (SW2 is controlled to open), the charge of the capacitor C is discharged through the load resistors R1 and R2. When opening / closing control is performed, SW5 and SW6 are not necessarily provided.

  The outputs of the input hold circuit 9 at the time of light emission and the input hold circuit 10 at the time of turn-off are respectively input to the non-inverting input terminal and the inverting input terminal of the operational amplifier 11 constituting the differential output circuit. Accordingly, the output of the operational amplifier 11 is a difference signal V4 representing a level difference between the output V2 that is the voltage of the amplified signal V1 during light emission and the output V3 that is the voltage of the amplified signal V1 during extinction. The voltage of the amplified signal V1 during light emission represents the amount of light received by adding disturbance light when the infrared light detection signal is received, and the voltage of the amplified signal V1 during extinction represents the amount of light received only by disturbance light. The level of V4 represents the amount of light received by the phototransistor 4 that has received the infrared light detection signal.

  The output of the operational amplifier 11 is connected to the non-inverting input terminal of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16 constituting the second amplifier circuit 12 together with the changeover switch SW7. The output of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16 is connected to the analog input terminal of the A / D converter 17 built in the microcomputer 5 and the common terminal of the changeover switch SW7, and the feedback resistors Rf1 and Rf2 having different resistance values rf1 and rf2 are switched. By connecting to the two switching terminals of the switch SW7, the feedback resistors Rf1 and Rf2 are selectively connected. Further, the other sides of the feedback resistors Rf1 and Rf2 are grounded via a voltage dividing resistor R4 having a resistance value r4, and a connection point between the feedback resistors Rf1 and Rf2 and the voltage dividing resistor R4 is an inverting input terminal of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16. Connected to.

  The voltage gain (second amplification factor) of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16 configured as described above is 1 + rf1 / r4 when the feedback resistor Rf1 is connected, and 1 + rf2 / r4 when the feedback resistor Rf2 is connected. . In the present invention, the amplification factor obtained by multiplying the first amplification factor by the first amplification circuit 8 by the second amplification factor by the second amplification circuit 12 is set to a constant value, so that one of the resistance values rf1 and rf2 of the feedback resistors Rf1 and Rf2 , R4 and the other four times the resistance value of r4, and the second amplification factor can be selected from two times and five times. Here, the resistance value rf1 of the feedback resistor Rf1 is set to the same resistance value as r4, The resistance value rf2 of the feedback resistor Rf2 is set to a resistance value four times r4. Therefore, the second gain by the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16, that is, the voltage gain (V5 / V4) of the output level V5 of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16 with respect to the output level V4 of the operational amplifier 11 is connected to the feedback resistor Rf1 by the changeover switch SW7. If the feedback resistor Rf2 is connected, it is doubled.

The microcomputer 5 further includes a storage unit 18 that stores an output value output from the A / D converter 17 for each scanning period T, a determination threshold value to be compared with the output value, and the like. The determination threshold value V TH is a value lower than the output value output from the A / D converter 17 in the light emission period (ton) in the initial setting before detecting the input operation, and is preferably about ½. A value is set for each optical transmission / reception unit U. Since no input operation is performed in the initial setting, the output value of the A / D converter 17 obtained by A / D converting the output level V5 of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16 represents the level at which the infrared light detection signal is received, If the infrared light detection signal is interrupted by the input operation, the output value of the A / D converter 17 becomes a value approximate to 0, and therefore the determination threshold value V TH is set between the fluctuation ranges.

  Further, the output of the input hold circuit 10 at the time of extinction is also connected to the disturbance light determination unit 13 of the microcomputer 5, and an output V 3 representing the amount of light received only from the disturbance light is output to the disturbance light determination unit 13. The disturbance light discriminating unit 13 outputs a control signal for switching the changeover switch SW7 and the changeover switch SW8 from the control port 14 according to the amount of light received only from the disturbance light, and the first amplification factor 8 and the second amplification factor of the first amplification circuit 8 are output. The second amplification factor of the circuit 12 is selected. That is, when the amount of light received by disturbance light is large, the first gain is lowered to lower the light receiving sensitivity so that the phototransistor 4 and the operational amplifier 15 are not saturated, and the second gain is multiplied by the first gain. Adjust so that the amplification factor is constant. Thereby, the output level V5 of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16 varies within a certain range depending on whether or not the infrared light detection signal is received regardless of the variation of the first amplification factor, and is within the input voltage range of the A / D converter 17. Thus, the output level V5 can be A / D converted with high resolution.

  Hereinafter, the operation of the optical input device 1 during the normal operation period for detecting the input operation will be described with reference to FIG. In the figure, the scanning time for the other optical transmission / reception units U within one scanning period T is omitted with a one-dot chain line.

  In the present embodiment, a default value is set assuming that the optical input device 1 is placed in an environment (A) where the amount of disturbance light received is relatively small, such as only indoor lighting, in the normal use state. In the initial state, SW7 and SW8 are controlled to be switched and connected to the RF1 and R1 sides, respectively. Assuming that the disturbance light is discriminated every scanning period T during the normal operation period, before controlling the lighting of the infrared LED 3, SW2 and SW4 are closed, and the photoelectric conversion current at the time of extinction is applied to the load resistor R1. Shed.

Accordingly, the off-time amplification signal V1 obtained by amplifying the photoelectric conversion signal five times by the resistance value r1 of the load resistor R1 is output from the off-time input hold circuit 10 as the output V3. 11 to the inverting input terminal. The disturbance light discriminating unit 13 switches SW8 according to the level of the output V3, and the output V2 to which the amount of received light of the infrared light detection signal is added does not saturate the phototransistor 4 and the operational amplifier 15 (V R1 in FIG. In the following description, the first amplification factor is selected as an optimum amplification factor. Here, since the level of the output V3 is sufficiently small, it is determined that the environment (A) is present ((A) in FIG. 3). , SW7 and SW8 are kept connected to the RF1 and R1 sides, SW4 is opened, and the connection of the input hold circuit 10 is cut off when it is turned off.

Subsequently, while continuing the light receiving operation of the phototransistor 4, SW1 is closed to cause the infrared LED 3 to emit light, and SW3 is closed to connect the input hold circuit 9 at the time of light emission. As shown in FIG. 4, the photoelectric conversion current flowing through the phototransistor 4 during this light emission period (ton) is equal to the photoelectric conversion current I S representing the light reception amount of the light detection signal, and the photoelectric conversion current I N representing the light reception amount of the disturbance light. The sum of Since the photoelectric conversion signal at the time of light emission flows into the load resistor R1 which increases the first amplification factor by 5 like the photoelectric conversion current at the time of light extinction, it is input to the light emission input hold circuit 9 as the light emission amplification signal V1. , the output V2 of the light-emitting time input hold circuit 9 is the sum of the 5V S and 5V N obtained by amplifying the photoelectric conversion current I N representing the amount of light received by the photoelectric conversion current I S and the disturbance light representing a received light amount to 5-fold.

In the differential output circuit 11, the level representing disturbance light included in common with the level of the output V 3 to be compared with the level of the output V 2 is 5V N amplified by the same first amplification factor. As shown in FIG. 4, the output difference signal V4 is 5V S representing the light reception level of the light detection signal without being influenced by disturbance light.

The differential signal V4 of 5V S is amplified to 10V S by the second amplifier circuit 12 in which the second amplification factor is set to 2 times, and the output V5 of the second amplifier circuit 12 is further amplified by the A / D converter 17 / D converted and compared with the determination threshold value V TH stored in the storage unit 18 by the microcomputer 5. The determination threshold value V TH is set to, for example, 5 V S that is ½ of the output level of the second amplifier circuit 12 when only the infrared light detection signal is received, and the level 10 V S of the output V5 is determined as the threshold value. Since it is equal to or greater than the value VTH, it is assumed that the infrared light detection signal is received without being blocked ((b) in FIG. 3), and that an input operation for blocking the optical path of the optical transceiver unit U is not performed. judge.

  When the presence / absence of the input operation is determined, SW5 and SW6 are controlled to be closed, and the electric charge accumulated in the capacitor C is discharged, so that the output V2 of the input hold circuit 9 during light emission and the output V3 of the input hold circuit 1 during light extinction become 0V. Is reset.

As long as the environment (A) where the amount of disturbance light received is small, the same processing is repeated in one scanning period T. When the optical path of the infrared light detection signal of the optical transmission / reception unit U is interrupted by the input operation, as shown in FIG. 3, the infrared light emitting element 3 emits light (the control signal of SW1 shifts from “L” to “H”). However, since the amplified signal V1 at the time of light emission does not change from the amplified signal V1 at the time of extinction, the levels of the output V2 and the output V3 are substantially equal, and the level of the difference signal V4 is approximately 0V. Accordingly, the level of the output V5 A / D-converted by the A / D converter 17 is also almost 0 and is equal to or less than the determination threshold value VTH , so that the infrared light detection signal is interrupted (see FIG. 3). (C)) It is determined that an input operation for blocking the optical path of the optical transceiver unit U has been performed.

  On the other hand, when the optical input device 1 is placed in an environment (B) that receives outdoor light or direct sunlight and has a large amount of disturbance light, the SW8 is switched and connected to the R1 side in the initial state. The photoelectric conversion current at the time of extinguishing with SW2 and SW4 closed flows through the load resistor R1.

The extinction signal V1 at the time of extinction amplified by the resistance value r1 of the load resistor R1 is output as an output V3 from the input hold circuit 10 at the time of extinction to the disturbance light determination unit 13 of the microcomputer 5 to determine the light reception level of the disturbance light Is done. The level of the output V3 in the environment (B) is such that the output V2 when the amount of received infrared light detection signal is added exceeds the saturation voltage (V R1 in FIG. 4) of the phototransistor 4 and the operational amplifier 15. Therefore, it is determined that the environment is (B) ((d) in FIG. 3), SW7 and SW8 are switched to the RF2 and R2 sides, and the photoelectric conversion current when extinguished is caused to flow to the load resistor R2.

  The amplification signal V1 at the time of extinction is a signal obtained by amplifying the photoelectric conversion current twice by the resistance value r2 of the load resistor R2, and the level of the output V3 of the input hold circuit 10 at the time of extinction is also reduced due to a decrease in the amplification factor. The light is output to the disturbance light determination unit 13 of the microcomputer 5 and the inverting input terminal of the difference output circuit 11. The disturbance light discriminating unit 13 again selects the optimum first amplification factor from the level of the output V3. However, since the SW7 and SW8 are already switched and connected, the SW4 is connected to the RF2 and R2 sides. When open and extinguished, the input hold circuit 10 is disconnected.

Subsequently, while continuing the light receiving operation of the phototransistor 4, SW1 and SW3 are closed, and the photoelectric conversion signal at the time of light emission is passed to the load resistor R2 that amplifies the signal twice. Environment (B), the photoelectric conversion current flowing through the phototransistor 4 in the light emitting period (ton), as shown in FIG. 4, significant amount of received ambient light into the photoelectric conversion current I S that represents the amount of light received by the light detection signal Is the sum of photoelectric conversion currents I N representing The photoelectric conversion signal at the time of emission, flows through the first amplification factor to the load resistor R2 to twice, the output V2 of the light-emitting time input hold circuit 9, the light receiving photoelectric conversion current I S and the disturbance light representing a received light amount The sum of 2V S and 2V N obtained by amplifying the photoelectric conversion current I N representing the quantity by a factor of two is reduced to a saturation voltage V R1 or less by reducing the light receiving sensitivity by doubling the amplification factor.

In the differential output circuit 11, level representing the disturbance light commonly contained in the level of the output V3 to be compared with the level of the output V2 is because it is 2V N amplified with the same first amplification factor of the differential output circuit 11 As shown in FIG. 4, the output difference signal V4 is 2V S representing the light reception level of the light detection signal without being affected by disturbance light.

The differential signal V4 of 2V S is amplified to 10V S by the second amplifier circuit 12 in which the second amplification factor is set to 5 times, and the output V5 of the second amplifier circuit 12 is further amplified by the A / D converter 17 / D converted and compared with the determination threshold value V TH stored in the storage unit 18 by the microcomputer 5. Level 10V S of the output V5, since the determination is a threshold V TH or more, as the infrared light detection signal is received without being blocked (in FIG. 3 (e)), the optical transceiver unit U It is determined that an input operation for blocking the optical path is not performed.

As described above, since the received light amount of the infrared light detection signal and the amplification factor obtained by multiplying the first amplification factor by the second amplification factor are constant, the output V5 input to the A / D converter 17 is the disturbance light. regardless of amount of received light, so it varies a range of 0 and 10V S, the amplification factor obtained by multiplying the second gain to the first gain adjusted, optimal in accordance with the reference voltage R2 of the a / D converter 17 with an input voltage range can be compared to the determination threshold V TH output level V5 with high resolution.

Further, even if the first amplification factor is changed to adjust the light receiving sensitivity, the level of the output V5 input to the A / D converter 17 does not change, so that the determination threshold value VTH is not changed. Input operation can be determined.

  When the presence / absence of the input operation is determined, similarly to the setting in the environment (A), SW5 and SW6 are controlled to be closed, the electric charge accumulated in the capacitor C is discharged, and the output V2 of the input hold circuit 9 at the time of light emission and the time of extinction The output V3 of the input hold circuit 1 becomes 0V and is reset.

As long as the environment (B) where the amount of disturbance light is large does not change, the same processing is repeated in one scanning period T. When the optical path of the infrared light detection signal of the optical transmission / reception unit U is interrupted by the input operation, as shown in FIG. 3, even when the infrared light emitting element 3 emits light, the amplified signal V1 during light emission is the amplified signal V1 during light extinction. Therefore, the level of the output V5 that is A / D converted by the A / D converter 17 is also almost 0 and is equal to or less than the determination threshold value V TH. ((F) in FIG. 3), it is determined that an input operation for blocking the optical path of the optical transceiver unit U has been performed.

  In the above-described embodiment, the differential output circuit 11 that removes the influence of disturbance light and the second amplifier circuit 12 are configured as separate circuits. However, a single differential amplifier circuit may serve as both. FIG. 5 shows another embodiment using the differential amplifier circuit 20. The non-inverting input terminal of the differential amplifier circuit 20 is connected to the common terminal of SW9 and one end of the resistor R8A, and the resistor R8A. The other end is grounded. The two switching terminals of SW9 are connected to resistors R6A and R7A, respectively, and the other ends are connected to the output of the input hold circuit 9 at the time of light emission, and an output V2 that is the voltage of the amplified signal V1 at the time of light emission is input. The

  The inverting input terminal of the differential amplifier circuit 20 is connected to the common terminal of SW10 and one end of the resistor R8B, and the other end of the resistor R8B is the output of the differential amplifier circuit 20 together with the input of the A / D converter 17. Connected to. The two switching terminals of SW10 are connected to resistors R6B and R7B, respectively, and the other ends are connected to the output of the input hold circuit 10 when turned off, and the output V3 that is the voltage of the amplified signal V1 when turned off is input. The

  The resistors R6A and R6B have the same resistance value r6, the resistors R7A and R7B have the same resistance value r7, and the resistors R8A and R8B have the same resistance value r8, and SW9 and SW10 are set to the resistance R6A. When connected to the resistor R6B side, the output level V5 of the differential amplifier circuit 20 is V5 = (r8 / r6) × (V2−V3).

  Further, when SW9 and SW10 are connected to the resistors R7A and R7B, the output level V5 of the differential amplifier circuit 20 becomes V5 = (r8 / r7) × (V2−V3), and therefore the resistance values r6 and r7. Is arbitrarily selected and the connection is switched between SW9 and SW10, thereby obtaining an output V5 that amplifies the difference between V2 and V3 with two amplification factors. As is clear from the above equation, even if the resistance value common to the resistors R8A and R8B is selected from two types of resistance values, the output that amplifies the difference value of V2-V3 with two types of amplification factors V5 is obtained.

  In the first embodiment described above, the amplification factor of the non-inverting amplifier circuit 16 is changed to obtain two types of second amplification factors that are amplified by the second amplifier circuit 12, but the differential output V4 is supplied to the integrating circuit. Two types of second amplification factors may be obtained by inputting and changing the time constant of the integration circuit. FIG. 6 is a principal circuit diagram showing another embodiment in which this time constant is changed, and an integration in which one of the resistor R9 and the capacitors C1 and C2 is connected in series between the output of the differential output circuit 11 and the ground. Use a circuit. As shown in the figure, the resistor R9 has an input terminal connected to the output of the differential output circuit 11, a non-inverting input terminal of an operational amplifier 21 whose output terminal has an amplification factor of 1, a common terminal of the changeover switch SW11, and an open / close The switch SW12 is connected to one side contact. Capacitors C1 and C2 having different capacitance values c1 and c2 are connected between the two switching terminals of the changeover switch SW11 and the ground, respectively.

  When the differential signal V4 is amplified and output to the A / D converter 17, the open / close switch SW12 is opened, and the changeover switch SW11 is switched to connect one of the capacitors C1 and C2. The voltage input to the non-inverting input terminal of the operational amplifier 21 after a certain time after inputting the differential signal V4, that is, the voltage of the output V5 output to the A / D converter 17 is connected by the resistance value r9 of the resistor R9 and the SW11. The rate of increase differs depending on the time constant which is the product of the capacitance values c1 and c2 of the capacitors C1 and C2. Accordingly, the level of the output V5 output from the operational amplifier 21 is set as the second amplification factor of the difference signal V4 after a predetermined time sufficiently before the transition to the steady state after the difference signal V4 is input to the integration circuit. Capacitance values c1 and c2 of the capacitors C1 and C2 switched by the SW11 can be set so as to change with the amplification factor, and the capacitors C1 and C2 having the capacitance values c1 and c2 set in this way can be set. By switching and connecting with SW11, the second amplification factor can be selected from one of two types of amplification factors. After an output V5 is output from the operational amplifier 21 after a certain time, the open / close switch SW12 is closed, and the charges of the connected capacitors C1 and C2 are discharged and reset.

  For the same reason, either one of the resistors having two different resistance values is selectively connected as the resistor R9, the time constant of the integrating circuit is changed, and an amplification factor having a different second amplification factor is selected. Also good. Further, the above-described integration circuit that can be selected for different time constants is used to detect an elapsed time from when the difference signal V4 is input to the integration circuit until the output level output from the operational amplifier 21 reaches a predetermined value. It is also possible to select amplification factors having different second amplification factors by converting the time into the level of the output V5.

  In the above-described embodiment, the received light amount when the light is turned off (Loff), that is, the received light amount due to the disturbance light is detected for each scanning period T, but before the input operation is detected. Detection may be performed once at the initial setting stage, and the detection timing and number of times are arbitrary.

  In addition, although the phototransistor 4 is used as the light receiving element, a photodiode may be used. When a photodiode is used, a current-voltage conversion circuit that amplifies a weak photoelectric conversion current flowing through the photodiode is provided. As the first amplification circuit, the first amplification factor may be selected from different amplification factors of the current-voltage conversion circuit.

  In the above-described embodiment, the output V5 of the second amplifier circuit 12 is directly input to the A / D converter 17, but the circuit shown in FIG. In some cases, the amount of emission of the infrared light detection signal emitted from each infrared LED 3 may be different, and the second amplification is performed for each optical transmission / reception unit U between the second amplification circuit 12 and the A / D converter 17. An amplifier circuit for adjusting the output V5 output from the circuit 12 to the same level may be interposed.

  In the above-described embodiment, the first amplification factor and the second amplification factor can be selected from two types of amplification factors. However, if the amplification factor obtained by multiplying both is constant, three or more types of amplification factors can be selected. It may be selected, and any amplification factor is not necessarily a numerical value of 1 or more.

  Furthermore, the amplification factor of the light emission input hold circuit 9 and the light extinction input hold circuit 10 may be set to be the same second amplification factor, so that different amplification factors can be selected.

  The present invention is suitable for an optical input device that detects an input operation in a non-contact manner from blocking of a light detection signal.

1 is a block diagram showing an outline of an optical input device 1 according to a first embodiment of the present invention. 2 is a circuit diagram of the optical input device 1 related to an optical transmission / reception unit U including a pair of infrared LEDs 3 and a phototransistor 4. FIG. FIG. 3 is a waveform diagram illustrating operation waveforms of respective units in FIG. 2 when light emission and light reception control of the optical transmission / reception unit U is performed. FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram for explaining an amplification action of a first amplifier circuit 8 and a second amplifier circuit 12; FIG. 6 is a circuit diagram showing a main part of a second embodiment of the present invention using a differential amplifier circuit 20. It is a circuit diagram which shows the principal part of 3rd Embodiment of this invention using an integration circuit. FIG. 10 is a circuit diagram showing a conventional optical input device 100.

Explanation of symbols

1 Optical Input Device 3 Light Emitting Element (Infrared LED)
4 Light receiving element (phototransistor)
8 First amplifier circuit 11 Differential output circuit 12 Second amplifier circuit 17 A / D converter

Claims (4)

  1. Light having a pair of light emitting means for emitting a light detection signal at a predetermined scanning cycle (T) and a light receiving means arranged opposite to the light emitting means with an input operation area therebetween and capable of receiving the light detection signal A transmission / reception unit (U);
    The light receiving means detects and detects the amount of light received in each of the light emission period (ton) in which the light emitting means emits the light detection signal and the light extinction period (toff) in which the light detection signal is not emitted. A light receiving control means for outputting a photoelectric conversion signal representing the amount of received light from the light receiving means;
    A photoelectric conversion signal indicating the light reception amount (Lon (c)) detected during the light emission period (ton) and a photoelectric conversion signal indicating the light reception amount (Loff) during the extinction period (toff). A first amplifying means for amplifying at the same first amplification factor, which is an amplified signal at the time of light emission and an amplified signal at the time of extinction,
    Differential output means for outputting a differential signal representing a difference between the level of the amplified signal at the time of light emission and the level of the amplified signal at the time of extinction;
    Second amplifying means for amplifying the differential signal at a second amplification factor;
    Input determination means for detecting the presence or absence of reception of a light detection signal by the light receiving means in the light emission period (ton) from the output level of the second amplifying means, and for determining an input operation state to the input operation area; An optical input device comprising:
    The first amplifying means and the second amplifying means respectively have a first selecting means capable of selecting a first gain from at least two different gains, and a second gain from at least two different gains. Second selectable selectable means,
    The first selection unit selects the first amplification factor according to a level of a photoelectric conversion signal representing the light reception amount (Loff) when the light is turned off or an amplification signal when the light is turned off.
    The optical input device, wherein the second selection unit selects the second amplification factor so that an amplification factor obtained by multiplying the first amplification factor by the second amplification factor becomes a constant value.
  2. The input determination unit includes an A / D conversion unit connected to the output of the second amplifying unit, and the output level in the light emission period (ton) is determined from the output level A / D converted by the A / D conversion unit. Detect the presence or absence of light detection signal received by the light receiving means,
    The second selection unit is configured so that an output level of the second amplification unit input to the A / D conversion unit is within an input voltage range in which the A / D conversion unit can perform A / D conversion. 2. The optical input device according to claim 1, wherein two amplification factors are selected.
  3. The first amplifying unit is connected in series between the light receiving unit and a constant voltage terminal, and a signal having a voltage obtained by multiplying a current of a photoelectric conversion signal output from the light receiving unit by a resistance value is used as an amplified signal. Load resistance output from one end of the connection side,
    The first selection means comprises a changeover switch having a common terminal connected to the light receiving means and a plurality of changeover terminals connected to one end of each connection side of two or more load resistors having different resistance values,
    3. The optical according to claim 1, wherein the first amplification factor is selected by the changeover switch according to a resistance value of any one of the load resistors connected to the light receiving unit. Expression input device.
  4. The differential output means and the second amplifying means are input to the non-inverting input terminal and the inverting input terminal to either one of the amplified signal during light emission and the amplified signal when extinguished, respectively, and the amplification factor is set as the second amplification factor. 4. The optical input device according to claim 1, wherein the optical input device is configured by a differential amplifier circuit.
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