JP4345219B2 - Non-contact ID reader mounting structure, mounting method, removing method, manufacturing method, and electric lock system - Google Patents

Non-contact ID reader mounting structure, mounting method, removing method, manufacturing method, and electric lock system Download PDF

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JP4345219B2
JP4345219B2 JP2000311185A JP2000311185A JP4345219B2 JP 4345219 B2 JP4345219 B2 JP 4345219B2 JP 2000311185 A JP2000311185 A JP 2000311185A JP 2000311185 A JP2000311185 A JP 2000311185A JP 4345219 B2 JP4345219 B2 JP 4345219B2
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reader
plate
mounting
mounting plate
construction
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JP2002070378A (en
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隆 田中
安記 嘉正
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パナソニック電工株式会社
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【0001】
【発明の属する技術分野】
本発明は、非接触IDリーダの取付構造及びその取付方法、取り外し方法、製造方法及び電気錠システムに関するものである。
【0002】
【従来の技術】
従来より、データを記憶するメモリが内部に設けられたタグ(データキャリア)、及び、タグとの間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行う非接触IDリーダから構成される非接触IDシステムを用いて入退室を管理する入退室管理システムが提供されていた。このようなシステムでは、建物の出入口付近の外壁にリーダを設置しておき、この建物に出入りする人がタグをリーダに近づけると、タグとリーダとの間で非接触でデータ通信が行われ、タグに記憶されたIDデータがリーダによって読み取られる。そして、リーダの読み取ったIDデータを、入退室管理システムのコンピュータ又はリーダが処理して、予め登録されたデータに一致すると、出入口を開けるようにしていた(例えば特開平9−41744号公報参照)。
【0003】
ところで、非接触IDリーダを建物に取り付ける取付構造としては、例えば図45及び図46に示すように、建物の出入口付近の外壁42に埋設された埋込ボックス44に取付枠45を用いてリーダ1’を取り付けると共に、取付枠45の前面にプレート枠46を介して化粧プレート47を取り付けて、化粧プレート47の開口47aからリーダ1’の前面を露出させたり、図47(a)(b)に示すように建物の出入口付近の外壁42にリーダ1’を直接ねじ止めしたりしていた。
【0004】
【発明が解決しようとする課題】
上述した非接触IDリーダの取付構造では、建物の外壁42の外側面にリーダ1’を設置しているが、一戸建ての住宅や集合住宅や商業ビルディングなど建物の種類によって建物の構造や外観が異なり、また施主の意向や施工手順の関係などによって、建物の外側に面した外壁42の表面にリーダ1’を設置できない場合があった。また、建物の内壁と外壁との間にリーダ1’を埋め込んで使用する場合、リーダ1’を埋め込む際に外側の壁面から工事できない場合があり、このような場合には建物の建築中に外壁と内壁との間にリーダ1’を埋め込むか、又は建築後に内壁の工事を行ってリーダ1’を埋め込むことが考えられる。しかしながら、従来の取付構造では建物の外壁にリーダ1’を取り付けるのが一般的であったため、内壁側からリーダ1’を取り付けることができなかった。
【0005】
本発明は上記問題点に鑑みて為されたものであり、その目的とするところは、建物の内側の壁にリーダを容易に取り付けることのできる非接触IDリーダの取付構造及びその取付方法、取り外し方法、製造方法及び電気錠システムを提供することにある。
【0006】
【課題を解決するための手段】
上記目的を達成するために、請求項1の発明では、内部にデータを記憶するメモリを備えたタグとの間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行う非接触IDリーダを、造営材に設けた断面矩形状の取付孔に取り付けるための非接触IDリーダの取付構造において、外形寸法が取付孔よりも小さい寸法に形成され、タグとの間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行うためのアンテナや回路部を収納したリーダ本体と、矩形板状であって取付孔よりも若干小さい寸法に形成され、リーダ本体の背面にリーダ本体との間隔を保持するための間隔保持部材を介してねじ止めされたリーダ取付板と、矩形板状であって少なくとも長手方向寸法が取付孔よりも大きい寸法に形成され、リーダ取付板に対して略平行で且つ各辺がリーダ取付板の各辺に対して略45度の角度で交差するような状態でリーダ取付板の背面側に取り付けられるプレート取付板と、プレート取付板に設けた挿通孔に挿通されると共にリーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に螺入されるプレート取付ねじとを備え、上記造営材は建物の外壁の内側に設けられた内壁であり、この内壁に設けた取付孔内にリーダ本体が挿入されており、上記間隔保持部材はリーダ本体をリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢するばね部材からなり、リーダ本体が外壁と当接し且つばね部材が撓められた状態でリーダ本体が取り付けられるようにばね部材の長さ寸法を設定し、リーダ本体と共に造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入されて造営材の反対側に配置されたリーダ取付板と、リーダ取付板を造営材の反対側に配置した状態で各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるように略45度回転されたプレート取付板との間で造営材を挟持することを特徴とし、建物の外壁と内壁との間に非接触IDリーダを取り付ける場合でも、内壁に設けた取付孔に室内側からリーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを挿入して、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを内壁と外壁との間の空間に配置し、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を略45度回転させた状態で、プレート取付ねじのねじ込み量を調整すると、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間に内壁を挟持することにより、リーダ本体が内壁に取り付けられるから、外壁の工事を行うことなく、外壁と内壁との間の空間に室内側から非接触IDリーダを取付可能で、外壁の美観を損なうことのない取付構造を実現できる。
【0007】
さらに請求項1の発明では、リーダ本体は、ばね部材によってリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢され、ばね部材が撓められた状態で外壁と当接しており、ばね部材のばね力によって常に外壁に押し付けられた状態で取り付けられているから、取付状態が安定する。しかも、リーダ本体が外壁と接触しているので、外壁とリーダ本体との間隔を最小にでき、タグとリーダ本体との間で交信可能な外壁からの距離を長くとることができる。
【0008】
請求項の発明では、請求項1の発明において、プレート取付ねじとして長さの異なるものを複数種類用意し、何れかのねじを選択して使用することを特徴とし、造営材の厚み寸法に応じてプレート取付ねじの長さを適宜選択することにより、様々な厚みの造営材に対応することができる。
【0009】
請求項の発明では、請求項1又は2の発明において、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを結合するリーダ取付ねじとプレート取付ねじのねじ径及びピッチが同じであることを特徴とし、リーダ取付ねじとプレート取付ねじのねじ径及びピッチを共通化することによって、必要なねじの種類を削減できる。
【0010】
請求項の発明では、請求項1乃至3の何れかの発明において、リーダ取付板におけるプレート取付板側の面に、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を回転させた状態で、取付孔の端面と係止する係止部を設けたことを特徴とし、係止部と取付孔の端面とを係止させることによって、リーダ取付板が造営材に対して傾いたり、倒れたりするのを防止でき、取付作業を容易に行える。
【0011】
請求項の発明では、請求項の発明において、係止部は、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に取り付けたねじ部材であることを特徴とし、リーダ取付板にねじ孔を設けるだけで良いから、リーダ取付板の構造を簡単にでき、リーダ取付板の製造コストを低減できる。
【0012】
請求項の発明では、請求項の発明において、係止部は、リーダ取付板の中心に対して対角の位置に2個設けられたことを特徴とし、2個の係止部が取付孔の端面とそれぞれ係止することによってリーダ取付板の移動範囲が規制されるから、リーダ本体のがたつきを防止でき、リーダ本体の取付不良を防止できる。
【0013】
請求項の発明では、請求項の発明において、係止部は、リーダ取付板の2本の対角線上に、リーダ取付板の中心に対して対角の位置に2個づつ設けられたことを特徴とし、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を取付孔内に挿入した状態で、プレート取付板を何れの方向に略45度回転させたとしても、2個の係止部を取付孔の上下の端面と係止させることができるから、施工作業を容易に行える。
【0014】
請求項の発明では、請求項の発明において、リーダ取付板におけるプレート取付板側の面に、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を回転させた状態で取付孔の端面と当接する段部を設け、該段部により係止部を構成したことを特徴とし、プレート取付板に設けた段部と取付孔の端面とを係止させることによって、リーダ取付板が造営材に対して傾いたり、倒れたりするのを防止でき、取付作業を容易に行える。しかも、リーダ取付板に設けた段部により係止部を構成しているので、リーダ取付板に別途の部材を組み込む必要がなく、リーダ取付板と係止部とを1つの部材で構成することができる。
【0015】
請求項の発明では、請求項1乃至8の何れかの発明において、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを結合するリーダ取付ねじのねじ部先端を、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔の途中で止めたことを特徴とし、リーダ取付板におけるリーダ本体と反対側の面から、リーダ取付ねじのねじ部先端が突出していないので、造営材の表面とリーダ取付板とが面接触し、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間で造営材を挟持する際に造営材に加わる応力を分散させることができるから、造営材に長時間応力が加わることによって造営材が変形するのを防止できる。
【0016】
請求項10の発明では、請求項1乃至9の何れかの発明において、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を造営面の反対側に配置した状態で、造営面の反対側に予め配線されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続する結線作業を行うための開口孔をリーダ取付板に設けたことを特徴とし、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営面の反対側に配置した状態で、開口孔を通してケーブルをケーブル本体に接続することができ、ケーブルを結線していない状態でリーダ本体やリーダ取付板の施工作業が行えるから、ケーブルが施工作業の邪魔にならず、施工作業を容易にした非接触IDリーダの取付構造を実現できる。
【0017】
請求項11の発明では、請求項1乃至9の何れかの発明において、造営面の反対側から引き出されたケーブルを通すためのケーブル挿通部をリーダ本体に設けたことを特徴とし、取付孔を介して引き出されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続し、このケーブルをケーブル挿通部に通した状態で、リーダ本体やリーダ取付板を取付孔内に挿入して施工作業を行うことができるから、取付孔の端面とリーダ本体との間の隙間が狭い場合でも容易に施工作業が行える非接触IDリーダの取付構造を実現できる。
【0018】
請求項12の発明では、請求項1乃至11の何れかの発明において、プレート取付板の背面側にねじ固定される矩形枠状のプレート枠と、プレート枠に嵌合固定される化粧プレートとを備えて成ることを特徴とし、プレート取付板の背面側にプレート枠を介して化粧プレートを取り付けることができるから、室内のインテリアに合わせたデザインの化粧プレートを取り付けることにより、室内の美観を高めることができる。
【0019】
請求項13の発明では、請求項1乃至12の何れかの発明において、上記造営材は建物の外壁の内側に設けられた内壁であり、建物の出入口付近の内壁に設けた取付孔内にリーダ本体が挿入され、内壁と外壁との間の空間に取り付けられることを特徴とし、請求項1乃至12の発明と同様、外壁の工事を行うことなく、外壁と内壁との間の空間に室内側から非接触IDリーダを取り付けることができるから、外壁の美観を保つことができ、且つ、リーダ本体は外壁の裏側に配置されているから、リーダ本体が破壊されるなどのいたずらを防止でき、また部外者にはリーダ本体の存在が分からないため、防犯上の安全性が高い
【0020】
請求項14の発明では、請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材から取り外す取り外し方法において、先ずプレート取付ねじを緩めて、プレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間の距離を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くした状態で、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にした後、プレート取付板を造営材から離れる方向に移動させて、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を取付孔から取り出すことを特徴とし、プレート取付ねじを緩めることによって、プレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持する状態を容易に解除することができ、その後プレート取付板を回転させて、造営材から離れる方向に移動させることにより、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材から容易に取り外すことができ、リーダ本体の修理や解体などのメンテナンス作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0021】
請求項15の発明では、請求項記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、リーダ本体に設けた貫通孔に挿通されたリーダ取付ねじにばね部材を通し、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に螺入することにより、リーダ本体をリーダ取付板にねじ止めすると共に、プレート取付板をプレート取付ねじを用いてリーダ取付板にねじ止めし、ばね部材によってリーダ本体をリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢し、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間の間隔を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くした状態で、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した後、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とし、リーダ本体は、ばね部材によってリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢され、ばね部材が撓められた状態で外壁と当接しており、ばね部材のばね力によって常に外壁に押し付けられた状態で取り付けられているから、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板が外壁と内壁との間に仮保持され、取付作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0022】
請求項16の発明では、請求項10記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、先ずリーダ本体にリーダ取付板を取り付け、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した状態で、造営面の反対側に予め配線されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続する結線作業を開口孔を通して行った後、リーダ取付板にプレート取付板を取り付け、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とし、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営面の反対側に配置した状態で、開口孔を通してケーブルをケーブル本体に接続することができ、ケーブルを結線していない状態でリーダ本体やリーダ取付板の施工作業が行えるから、ケーブルが作業の邪魔にならず、施工作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0023】
請求項17の発明では、請求項11記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、先ずリーダ本体にリーダ取付板とプレート取付板とを取り付け、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間の間隔を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くし、造営面の反対側から取付孔を通して引き出されたケーブルをリーダ本体に結線し、このケーブルをリーダ本体のケーブル挿通部に通した状態で、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した後、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とし、取付孔を介して引き出されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続し、このケーブルをケーブル挿通部に通した状態で、リーダ本体やリーダ取付板を取付孔内に挿入して施工作業を行うことができるから、取付孔の端面とリーダ本体との間の隙間が狭い場合でも施工作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0024】
請求項18の発明では、請求項11記載の非接触IDリーダの製造方法であって、リーダ本体にケーブル挿通部を形成し、ケーブル挿通部の形成されたリーダ本体の部位をカバーで覆った後、リーダ本体の内部に封止樹脂を充填して、リーダ本体内部に配置されたアンテナと回路部とを封止樹脂で封止した後、カバーを取り外して成ることを特徴とし、リーダ本体に設けたケーブル挿通部には封止樹脂が回り込まないようにする必要があるが、ケーブル挿通部の形成されたリーダ本体の部位をカバーで覆った状態で封止樹脂を充填することによって、ケーブル挿通部に封止樹脂が回り込むのを防止でき、必要な部位のみに封止樹脂を充填することができる。
【0025】
請求項19の発明では、請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダと、出入口のドアに設けられた電気錠と、非接触IDリーダがタグから受信した情報に基づいて電気錠の施錠/開錠を制御する電気錠制御部とを備えて成ることを特徴とし、請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダを用いて、出入口のドアに設けられた電気錠を電気錠制御部により施錠/解錠する電気錠システムを実現することができる。
【0026】
【発明の実施の形態】
本発明の実施の形態を図面を参照して説明する。
【0027】
(基本構成)
本発明の基本構成を図1乃至図11を参照して説明する。以下に説明する取付構造は、造営材たる内壁40と外壁42とで構成される建物の壁内に非接触IDリーダ1を取り付けるための取付構造である。図3は非接触IDリーダ1の正面図を示しており、この非接触IDリーダ1は、内部にデータを記憶するメモリを備えたタグ50との間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行うアンテナ部や回路部を収納し、樹脂を充填することにより箱状に形成されたリーダ本体2を備えており、リーダ本体2の前面には前面が円形状に形成された突台部3が突設されている。また、リーダ本体2の四隅には内側に凹んだ凹所4が設けられており、各凹所4の底面にはリーダ本体2を貫通する貫通孔5が設けられている。尚、リーダ本体2の外形寸法は、内壁40に穿設した断面正方形状の取付孔41よりも若干小さい寸法に形成されている。
【0028】
リーダ本体2の背面には、図1及び図2に示すように、前面が正方形状であって取付孔41よりも若干小さい寸法に形成された金属板からなるリーダ取付板6が所定の間隔をおいて取り付けられる。リーダ本体2の貫通孔5に対応するリーダ取付板6の部位にはリーダ取付ねじ7を挿通するねじ挿通孔8が形成されており、リーダ取付板6の背面側からねじ挿通孔8に挿通したリーダ取付ねじ7を筒状のスペーサ9に通し、リーダ取付ねじ7の先端をリーダ本体2の貫通孔5に背面側から挿入して、リーダ本体2の前面側に突出したリーダ取付ねじ7をナット10にねじ込むことにより、リーダ取付板6とリーダ本体2とが結合される。
【0029】
またリーダ取付板6の背面には、前面が正方形状であって取付孔41よりも大きい寸法に形成された金属板からなるプレート取付板11が、リーダ取付板6に対して略平行で且つ対角線がリーダ取付板6の対角線と略45度の角度で交差するようにして取り付けられる(図5参照)。ここで、リーダ取付板6の隣接する2辺には、この2辺が交差する角から略等しい距離にねじ孔12が2個形成されている。またリーダ取付板6の他の2辺にも、この2辺が交差する角から略等しい距離にねじ孔12が2個形成されている。一方、図6(a)(b)に示すように、プレート取付板11の互いに対向する2辺には、リーダ取付板6に設けたねじ孔12に対応する部位にねじ挿通孔13が穿設されており、ねじ挿通孔13に挿通したプレート取付ねじ14をリーダ取付板6のねじ孔12にねじ込むことにより、プレート取付板11がリーダ取付板6の背面側に取り付けられる。ここで、プレート取付ねじ14のねじ込み量を調整すると、リーダ取付板6とプレート取付板11との間の間隔が変化するので、リーダ取付板6のねじ挿通孔8に挿通されたリーダ取付ねじ7のねじ頭とプレート取付板11との間で内壁40を挟持することによって、リーダ本体2が内壁40に固定される。
【0030】
ところで、プレート取付板11の対向2辺には、ねじ挿通孔13が一対づつ設けられているのであるが、プレート取付板11におけるねじ挿通孔13に対して外側の部位には、端面にねじ溝が形成されたねじ孔15がそれぞれ設けられている。ここで、プレート取付板11の室内側には四角枠状のプレート枠16が取り付けられ、プレート枠16の室内側には例えばプレート枠16に設けた孔(図示せず)と化粧プレート18の背面に設けた突起(図示せず)とを嵌合させることにより化粧プレート18が嵌合固定される。プレート枠16は、図7に示すように中央に窓孔16cが形成された主部16aと、主部16aの周縁部から背面側に向かって連続一体に垂下された側部16bとで構成され、主部16aの上下辺におけるプレート取付板11のねじ孔15に対応する部位にはねじ挿通孔が2個づつ形成されており、各ねじ挿通孔に挿通したプレート固定ねじ17をプレート取付板11のねじ孔15にねじ込むことにより、プレート枠16がプレート取付板11に固定されるのである。このように、プレート取付板11の背面側(室内側)にプレート枠16を介して化粧プレート18を取り付けることができるから、室内のインテリアに合わせたデザインの化粧プレート18を取り付けることにより、室内の美観を高めることができる。
【0031】
以下に、非接触IDリーダ1を内壁40に取り付ける取付方法について図4及び図11を参照して説明する。先ず内壁40に、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6の外形寸法よりも大きく、且つ、プレート取付板11の外形寸法よりも小さい断面略正方形の取付孔41を穿孔して、内壁40の裏側(すなわち内壁40と外壁42との間の空間)からケーブル30を室内側に引き出す(図4(a)参照)。
【0032】
次に、リーダ本体2にリーダ取付板6及びプレート取付板11を取り付けた状態でリーダ本体2にケーブル30を接続する。そして、プレート取付ねじ14を緩めてリーダ取付板6とプレート取付板11の間の距離を内壁40の厚み寸法よりも長くし、リーダ取付板6の各辺を取付孔41の端面と略平行にした状態で、内壁40の取付孔41に室内側からリーダ本体2を挿入し(図4(b)参照)、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側(すなわち内壁40と外壁42の間の空間)に配置する(図4(c)及び図11(a)参照)。
【0033】
その後、プレート取付板11の各辺が取付孔41の端面と略平行になるよう、プレート取付板11を図11(a)中右回りに略45度回転させると、プレート取付板11のねじ挿通孔13に挿通されたプレート取付ねじ14が上下に並び、リーダ取付板6の角部が取付孔41の投影面から外側に突出する(図11(b)参照)。この状態で、プレート取付ねじ14を締め付けると、リーダ取付板6とプレート取付板11との間の距離が短くなって、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを結合するリーダ取付ねじ7のねじ頭とプレート取付板11との間に内壁40が挟持され、リーダ本体2が内壁40に固定され、リーダ本体2の前面は外壁42の裏面に取り付けられた断熱材43と対向配置される(図4(d)参照)。そして、リーダ本体2を固定した後、プレート取付板11における室内側の面にプレート枠16を介して化粧プレート18が取り付けられる(図4(e)参照)。ここで、リーダ本体2の前面から外壁42までの距離をL2とすると、非接触IDリーダ1の交信距離L1から距離L2を引いた距離L3(=L1−L2)が見かけ上の交信距離になる。尚、本取付構造ではプレート取付板11を略45度回転させているので、取付孔41の投影面から外側に突出するリーダ取付板6の部位を大きくすることができ、リーダ取付板6とプレート取付板11との間で内壁40を強固に挟持することができる。
【0034】
一方、非接触IDリーダ1を内壁40から取り外す際は上述と逆の手順により取り外される。すなわち、プレート枠16と化粧プレート18とを取り外した後、プレート取付ねじ14を緩めると、リーダ取付板6とプレート取付板11との間の距離が内壁40の厚み寸法よりも長くなって、内壁40の挟持状態が解除される。この状態でプレート取付板11を45度回転させて、リーダ取付板6の各辺を取付孔41の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6の向きを取付孔41の向きに合わせた後、プレート取付板11を内壁40から離れる向きに引っ張ると、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6が内壁40から室内側に引き出される。
【0035】
このように、本取付構造では、建物の外壁42と内壁40との間に非接触IDリーダ1を取り付ける場合でも、内壁40に設けた取付孔41に室内側からリーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを挿入して、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40と外壁42との間の空間に配置し、プレート取付板11の各辺が取付孔41の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板11を略45度回転させた状態で、プレート取付ねじ14のねじ込み量を調整すると、リーダ取付板6とプレート取付板11との間に内壁40を挟持することにより、リーダ本体2が内壁40に取り付けられるから、外壁42の工事を行うことなく、外壁42と内壁40との間の空間に室内側から非接触IDリーダ1を迅速且つ確実に取り付けることができ、外壁42の美観を損なうことがない。また、リーダ本体2は外壁42の裏側に配置されているから、リーダ本体2が破壊されるなどのいたずらを防止でき、また部外者にはリーダ本体2の存在が分からないため、防犯上の安全性が高い。また、取付方法と逆の手順で非接触IDリーダ1の取り外し作業を行うことができるから、外壁42と内壁40の間の空間に取り付けられたリーダ本体2を室内側から容易に取り外すことができ、リーダ本体2の修理や解体などのメンテナンス作業を容易に行える。
【0036】
尚、リーダ取付ねじ7及びスペーサ9の長さ寸法は内壁40と外壁42との間の壁内間隔L4に応じて適宜設定すれば良く、リーダ取付ねじ7及びスペーサ9として長さの異なるものを複数種類用意しておき、所望の長さのリーダ取付ねじ7及びスペーサ9を選択して使用することにより、内壁40の裏面からリーダ本体2の前面までの距離を調整することができる。したがって、外壁42と内壁40との間に非接触IDリーダ1を取り付ける場合は、外壁42と内壁40との間の壁内間隔L4に応じてリーダ取付ねじ7及びスペーサ9の長さを適宜選択することにより、外壁42からリーダ本体2までの距離が調整され、タグ50とリーダ本体2との間で交信可能な外壁42からタグ50までの距離を調整できる。例えば図8に示すように内壁40と外壁42との間の壁内間隔L4が広い場合は、リーダ1とタグ50との間の見かけ上の交信距離L3が所定の距離以上になるように、図1に示すリーダ取付ねじ7及びスペーサ9に比べて長さの長いものを選択すれば良い。
【0037】
また、プレート取付ねじ14の長さ寸法は内壁40の厚み寸法に応じて適宜設定すれば良く、プレート取付ねじ14として長さの異なるものを複数種類用意しておき、内壁40の厚み寸法に応じて所望の長さのねじを選択することにより、様々な厚みの造営材に対応できる。例えば図9に示すように内壁40の厚みが薄い場合は長さの短いプレート取付ねじ14を選択し、図10に示すように内壁40の厚みが厚い場合はプレート取付ねじ14の長さを長くすれば良い。
【0038】
なお、リーダ取付ねじ7及びプレート取付ねじ14には、ねじ径及びピッチの同じねじを用いており、ねじ径及びピッチが同じで長さの異なるねじを複数種類用意することによって、内壁40の厚み寸法や内壁40と外壁42との間の壁内間隔L4が異なる場合にも容易に対応することができ、またねじ径及びピッチを共通化することによって、必要なねじの種類を削減できる。
【0039】
(参考例)
本発明の参考例を図13乃至図19を参照して説明する。本取付構造では、図13及び図14(a)(b)に示すように、リーダ取付板6及びプレート取付板11の取り付けられたリーダ本体2を内壁40の取付孔41内に挿入して、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側に配置し、プレート取付板11を45度だけ回転させた状態で、取付孔41の下側縁と係止する係止部たる係止片19をリーダ取付板6の一部を切り起こすことにより形成している。尚、係止片19以外の構成は基本構成で説明した取付構造と同様であるので、同一の構成要素には同一の符号を付して、その説明を省略する。
【0040】
ところで、基本構成で説明した非接触IDリーダ1の取付構造では、図12に示すようにリーダ取付板6及びプレート取付板11の取り付けられたリーダ本体2を内壁40の取付孔41内に挿入して、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側に配置してから、プレート取付ねじ14を締め付けて、リーダ本体2の固定作業が終了するまでの間に、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が重みによって下側に移動し、プレート取付板11と内壁40との係止が外れて、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が内壁40の取付孔41から脱落する虞があり、またプレート取付ねじ14を締め付けてリーダ本体2を固定する際にリーダ本体2が下側にずれたり傾いた状態で固定される虞があるため、プレート取付板11を支えながら、プレート取付ねじ14のねじ締め作業を行う必要がある。
【0041】
それに対して、本取付構造ではリーダ取付板6の係止片19と取付孔41の端縁とが係止することによって、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6の位置が下側にずれることがないから、プレート取付ねじ14を締め付けてリーダ本体2の固定作業が終了するまでの間に、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が重みによって下側に移動し、プレート取付板11と内壁40との係止が外れて、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が内壁40の取付孔41から脱落したりすることがなく、またリーダ本体2が下側にずれたり傾いた状態で固定されるのを防止でき、リーダ本体2の取付作業を容易に行える。
【0042】
尚、本取付構造ではリーダ取付板6の一部を切り起こして形成した係止片19から係止部を構成しているが、係止片19を形成する代わりに、図15(a)(b)に示すようにリーダ取付板6にねじ孔を形成し、このねじ孔に取り付けたねじ20により係止部を構成しても良く、ねじ20のねじ部を取付孔41の下側の端縁と係止させることによって、上述と同様の効果が得られる。また、リーダ取付板6にねじ孔を形成するだけでよいので、リーダ取付板6の一部を切り起こして係止片19を形成する場合に比べて、リーダ取付板6の構造を簡単にでき、リーダ取付板6の製造コストを低減できる。
【0043】
また、図15(a)(b)に示すリーダ取付板6では、取付孔41の下側の端面に対応する部位にねじ20を1個だけ取り付けているが、取付孔41の上下の端面に対応する部位にねじ20を2個取り付けても良い。すなわち、図16(a)(b)に示すように、リーダ取付板6における取付孔41の上下の端面に対応し、且つリーダ取付板6の中心に対して対角の位置に一対のねじ孔を形成し、各ねじ孔にねじ20を取り付けても良い。ここで、一対のねじ20の間隔は取付孔41の上下の幅寸法よりも若干小さい寸法に形成されているので、リーダ取付板6及びプレート取付板11の取り付けられたリーダ本体2を内壁40の取付孔41内に挿入して、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側に配置し、プレート取付板11を45度だけ回転させると、各ねじ20が取付孔41の上下の端面と係止するため、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が重みによって倒れたり、傾くことがなく、また一対のねじ20によって上下方向におけるリーダ取付板6の移動範囲が規制されるので、がたつきを防止することもできる。
【0044】
また更に、図16(a)(b)に示すリーダ取付板6では、取付孔41の上下の端面に対応する部位に一対のねじ20を取り付けているが、取付孔41の上下及び左右の端面に対応する部位に各一対のねじ20を取り付けても良い。すなわち、図18(a)(b)に示すように、リーダ取付板6の2本の対角線上に、リーダ取付板6の中心に対して対角の位置にねじ孔を2個づつ形成すると共に、各2個のねじ孔にねじ20を取り付けても良い。ここで、各2個のねじ20の間隔は取付孔41の上下又は左右の幅寸法よりも若干小さい寸法に形成されているので、リーダ取付板6及びプレート取付板11の取り付けられたリーダ本体2を内壁40の取付孔41内に挿入して、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側に配置し、プレート取付板11を何れかの方向に45度だけ回転させると、各ねじ20が取付孔41の上下又は左右の端面と係止するため、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が重みによって倒れたり、傾くことがなく、また各2個のねじ20によって上下方向及び左右方向におけるリーダ取付板6の移動範囲が規制されるので、がたつきを防止することもできる。またリーダ取付板6の2本の対角線状には2個のねじ20がそれぞれ取り付けられているので、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側に配置した状態からプレート取付板11を何れの方向に45度回転させても、一対のねじ20と取付孔41の上下の端面とを係止させることができ、施工作業を容易に行える。
【0045】
(実施形態
本発明の実施形態を図20乃至図26を参照して説明する。基本構成で説明した非接触IDリーダの取付構造では、間隔保持部材として筒状のスペーサ9を用いているが、本実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造では、間隔保持部材としてコイルばね20を用いている。そして、リーダ本体2の貫通孔5内にリーダ取付板6と反対側から挿通したリーダ取付ねじ7をコイルばね20に通し、リーダ取付板6に設けたねじ孔8’に螺入することにより、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを結合している。尚、コイルばね20以外の構成は基本構成で説明した取付構造と同様であるので、同一の構成要素には同一の符号を付して、その説明を省略する。
【0046】
ここで、コイルばね20の自然長は、取付時の長さよりも長い寸法に設定されているので、コイルばね20の組込時は、コイルばね20を撓ませながら組込作業を行う。組立状態ではコイルばね20に初期撓みを持たせているので、コイルばね20のばね復帰力によってリーダ本体2がリーダ取付板6から遠ざかる向きに付勢されており、リーダ取付ねじ7のねじ込み量を調整することによって、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6との間の間隔を変化させることができる。
【0047】
また、基本構成で説明した取付構造ではプレート取付板11を略正方形の金属板で構成しているが、本実施形態では、図25(a)(b)に示すように、中央に矩形の窓孔21aを有する四角枠状の2つの取付枠21を短幅方向に並べてプレート取付板11を構成している。取付枠21の長手方向において対向する2つの枠辺21bには、プレート取付ねじ14を挿通するためのねじ挿通孔13と、プレート枠16をねじ止めするためのねじ孔15がそれぞれ形成されており、プレート枠16の孔に通したプレート固定ねじ17をねじ孔15に螺入することによって、プレート枠16が取付枠21に取り付けられる。そして、プレート枠16の室内側には例えばプレート枠16に設けた孔(図示せず)と化粧プレート18の背面に設けた突起(図示せず)とを嵌合させることにより化粧プレート18が嵌合固定される。
【0048】
この非接触IDリーダを内壁40に取り付ける取付方法について簡単に説明する。内壁40には、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6の外形寸法よりも大きく、且つ、取付枠21を短幅方向に2つ並べた大きさよりも小さい断面略正方形の取付孔41を穿孔してある。
【0049】
先ず、リーダ取付ねじ7をリーダ本体2の貫通孔5内にリーダ取付板6と反対側から挿通し、貫通孔5から突出するリーダ取付ねじ7をコイルばね20に通し、リーダ取付板6のねじ孔8’に螺入することによって、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを結合する。この時、リーダ本体2はコイルばね20のばね力によってリーダ取付板6から離れる向きに付勢される(図21(a)(b)参照)。
【0050】
次に、2つの取付枠21にそれぞれ設けた各2個のねじ挿通孔13にプレート取付ねじ14を挿通し、プレート取付ねじ14をリーダ取付板6のねじ孔12にそれぞれねじ込むことによって、2つの取付枠21がリーダ取付板6にそれぞれ結合される。ここで、プレート取付ねじ14のねじ込み量を調整して、リーダ取付板6と取付枠21との間の距離を内壁40の厚み寸法よりも長くし、リーダ取付板6の各辺を取付孔41の端面と略平行にした状態で、内壁40の取付孔41に室内側からリーダ本体2を挿入する。
【0051】
リーダ本体2を外壁42側に押し込むと、リーダ本体2の前面が外壁42の裏面に取り付けられた断熱材43と当接する。さらにリーダ本体2をコイルばね20のばね力に抗して外壁42側に押し込み、リーダ取付板6を内壁40の裏側(すなわち内壁40と外壁42の間の空間)まで押し込んだ状態で、取付枠21の各辺が取付孔41の端面と略平行になるよう、2つの取付枠21をリーダ取付板6の中心位置の回りに略45度回転させると、取付枠21のねじ挿通孔13に挿通されたプレート取付ねじ14が上下に並び、リーダ取付板6の角部が取付孔41の投影面から外側に突出する。この時、コイルばね20が撓められるため、コイルばね20のばね力によってリーダ本体2が断熱材43に押し付けられ、リーダ本体2の取付状態が安定する。また、コイルばね20のばね力によりリーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6がそれぞれ外壁42及び内壁40に押し付けられ、仮保持されるので、リーダ本体2の取り付け又は取り外しの際に、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6を保持する必要がなく、取り付け及び取り外し作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0052】
この状態で、プレート取付ねじ14を締め付けると、リーダ取付板6から突出するリーダ取付ねじ7の先端と取付枠21との間に内壁40が挟持され、リーダ本体2が内壁40に固定される。リーダ本体2の固定後、取付枠21における室内側の面にプレート枠16を介して化粧プレート18が取り付けられる。尚、本実施形態では取付枠21をリーダ取付板6の中心位置の回りに略45度回転させているので、取付孔41の投影面から外側に突出するリーダ取付板6の部位を大きくすることができ、リーダ取付板6と取付枠21との間で内壁40を強固に挟持することができる。
【0053】
一方、非接触IDリーダ1を内壁40から取り外す際は上述と逆の手順により取り外される。すなわち、プレート枠16と化粧プレート18とを取り外した後、プレート取付ねじ14を緩めると、リーダ取付板6と取付枠21との間の距離が内壁40の厚み寸法よりも長くなって、内壁40の挟持状態が解除される。この状態で取付枠21をリーダ取付板6の中心位置の回りに略45度回転させて、リーダ取付板6の各辺を取付孔41の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6の向きを取付孔41の向きに合わせた後、取付枠21を内壁40から離れる向きに引っ張ると、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6が内壁40から室内側に引き出される。
【0054】
ところで、リーダ本体2の前面から外壁42までの距離をL2とすると、非接触IDリーダ1の交信距離L1から距離L2を引いた距離L3(=L1−L2)が見かけ上の交信距離になる。ここで、リーダ本体2の突台部3前面からリーダ取付板6までの距離が、外壁42の裏面に取り付けられた断熱材43からリーダ取付板6までの距離よりも長い場合、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側に挿入すると、突台部3前面が断熱材43に当接して、コイルばね20が撓められるので、断熱材43すなわち外壁42にリーダ本体2が最も接近した状態でリーダ本体2を取り付けることができ、見かけ上の交信距離L3を伸ばすことができる。また、図23(a)に示すように、内壁40と外壁42との間隔がリーダ取付ねじ7の長さと略同じか又は若干長い場合、コイルばね20の撓み量が最も大きくなり(ばね長が最も短くなり)、リーダ本体2が外壁42の裏面に押し付けられる。一方、図23(b)に示すように、内壁40と外壁42との間隔が広く、リーダ取付ねじ7のねじ頭がリーダ本体2と接触するまでコイルばね20が伸びた場合、コイルばね20のばね長は最も長くなり、この時リーダ本体2を外壁42に押し付ける力は発生しない。
【0055】
尚、リーダ取付ねじ7及びコイルばね20の長さ寸法は内壁40と外壁42との間の壁内間隔L4に応じて適宜設定すれば良く、リーダ取付ねじ7及びコイルばね20として長さの異なるものを複数種類用意しておき、所望の長さのリーダ取付ねじ7及びコイルばね20を選択して使用することにより、外壁42の裏面からリーダ本体2の前面までの距離を調整することができる。すなわち、図24に示すように内壁40と外壁42との間の壁内間隔L4が長い場合は、リーダ取付ねじ7及びコイルばね20に長さ寸法の長いものを選択して使用すれば良く、外壁42の裏面からリーダ本体2の前面までの距離を短くして、見かけ上の交信距離L3を伸ばすことができる。
【0056】
ところで、本実施形態ではリーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とをリーダ取付ねじ7で結合しており、リーダ取付ねじ7の先端をリーダ取付板6から裏面側に突出させているが、図27に示すように、リーダ取付ねじ7の先端がリーダ取付板6から裏面側に突出しないように、リーダ取付ねじ7のねじ込み量を調整しても良く、図28に示すように、取付孔41から外側に突出するリーダ取付板6の角部が内壁40と面接触するので、リーダ取付板6と内壁40とを密着させることができる。また、リーダ取付ねじ7の先端が内壁40と当接する場合に比べて、リーダ取付板6とプレート取付板21との間で内壁40を挟持する際に内壁40に加わる応力を分散させることができるから、内壁40に長時間応力が加わることによって内壁40が変形するのを防止できる。
【0057】
(実施形態
本発明の実施形態を図29乃至図31を参照して説明する。本実施形態では、実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造において、リーダ取付板6を、略正八角形に形成された板状の主部6aと、主部6aの4辺からリーダ本体2側にそれぞれ突出する連結片6bと、連結片6bの先端縁から外側にそれぞれ突出する三角形の固定片6cとを連続一体に形成したような形状に形成しており、各固定片6cにリーダ取付ねじ7が螺合するねじ孔8’をそれぞれ形成している(図30参照)。ここで、各固定片6cの主部6aとの連結部位(段部)は、取付枠21の各辺が取付孔41の端面と略平行になるように取付枠21を回転させた状態で、取付孔41の端面と係止しており、各連結片6bから係止部が構成される。尚、リーダ取付板6以外の構成は実施形態の非接触IDリーダと同様であるので、同一の構成要素には同一の符号を付してその説明を省略する。
【0058】
ここで、この非接触IDリーダを内壁40に取り付ける取付方法について簡単に説明する。内壁40には、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6の外形寸法よりも大きく、且つ、取付枠21を短幅方向に2つ並べた大きさよりも小さい断面略正方形の取付孔41を穿孔してある。
【0059】
先ず、リーダ取付ねじ7をリーダ本体2の貫通孔5内にリーダ取付板6と反対側から挿通し、貫通孔5から突出するリーダ取付ねじ7をコイルばね20に通し、リーダ取付板6のねじ孔8’に螺入することによって、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを結合する。この時、リーダ本体2はコイルばね20のばね力によってリーダ取付板6から離れる向きに付勢される。
【0060】
次に、2つの取付枠21にそれぞれ設けた各2個のねじ挿通孔13にプレート取付ねじ14を挿通し、プレート取付ねじ14をリーダ取付板6のねじ孔12にそれぞれねじ込むことによって、2つの取付枠21がリーダ取付板6にそれぞれ結合される。ここで、プレート取付ねじ14のねじ込み量を調整して、リーダ取付板6の固定片6cと取付枠21との間の距離を内壁40の厚み寸法よりも大きくし、リーダ取付板6における固定片6cが形成された辺以外の辺を取付孔41の端面と略平行にした状態で、内壁40の取付孔41に室内側からリーダ本体2を挿入する。
【0061】
リーダ本体2を外壁42側に押し込むと、リーダ本体2の前面が外壁42の裏面に取り付けられた断熱材43と当接する。さらにリーダ本体2をコイルばね20のばね力に抗して外壁42側に押し込み、リーダ取付板6を内壁40の裏側(すなわち内壁40と外壁42の間の空間)まで押し込んだ状態で、取付枠21の各辺が取付孔41の端面と略平行になるよう、2つの取付枠21をリーダ取付板6の中心位置の回りに略45度回転させると、取付枠21のねじ挿通孔13に挿通されたプレート取付ねじ14が上下に並び、リーダ取付板6の角部(すなわち固定片6c)が取付孔41の投影面から外側に突出する。この時、コイルばね20が撓められるため、コイルばね20のばね力によってリーダ本体2が断熱材43に押し付けられ、リーダ本体2の取付状態が安定する。また、コイルばね20のばね力によりリーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6がそれぞれ外壁42及び内壁40に押し付けられ、仮保持されるので、リーダ本体2の取り付け又は取り外しの際に、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6を保持する必要がなく、取り付け及び取り外し作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0062】
この状態でプレート取付ねじ14を締め付けると、リーダ取付板6から突出するリーダ取付ねじ7の先端と取付枠21との間に内壁40が挟持され、リーダ本体2が内壁40に固定される。ここで、各固定片6cと主部6aとの連結部位(連結片6b)が取付孔41の端面と当接するため、プレート取付ねじ14を締め付けてリーダ本体2の固定作業を終了するまでの間に、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が自重で取付孔41から脱落するのを防止することができ、取付作業を容易に行える。
【0063】
ところで、外壁42の裏面にはグラスウール等の断熱材43が取り付けられているため、リーダ本体2の突台部3は断熱材43と当接し、断熱材43の厚み分だけ見かけ上の交信距離が短くなるという問題がある。そこで、図31に示すように取付孔41に臨む外壁42の部位に取り付けられた断熱材43を切り取ることによって、リーダ本体2の突台部3を外壁42の裏面と直接接触させた状態でリーダ本体2を取り付けることができ、断熱材43の厚み分だけ見かけ上の交信距離を伸ばすことができる。
【0064】
(実施形態
本発明の実施形態を図32乃至図35を参照して説明する。本実施形態では、実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造において、リーダ取付板6の中央に略正方形の開口孔6dを穿設すると共に、取付枠21(すなわちプレート取付板11)の各辺が取付孔41の端面と略平行になるように取付枠21を回転させた状態で取付孔41の端面と係止する係止突片6eを開口孔6dの四隅に切り起こしにより形成している。
【0065】
この非接触IDリーダの取付方法について図34(a)〜(e)を参照して説明する。先ず、内壁40にリーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6の外形寸法よりも大きく、且つ、プレート枠11の外形寸法よりも小さい断面略正方形の取付孔41を穿孔する(図34(a)参照)。
【0066】
次に、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とをリーダ取付ねじ7を用いて結合し、リーダ取付板6の各辺を取付孔41の端面と略平行にした状態で、取付孔41に室内側からリーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを挿入する(図34(b)参照)。
【0067】
そして、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側(すなわち内壁40と外壁42の間の空間)に配置し(図34(c)参照)、略45度回転させた状態で、取付孔41及びリーダ取付板6の開口孔6dを通して工具60を挿入して、内壁40と外壁42との間に予め配線されたケーブル30をリーダ本体2の接続端子(図示せず)に結線する(図34(d)参照)。次に、取付枠21のねじ挿通孔13に挿通したプレート取付ねじ14をリーダ取付板6のねじ孔12にねじ込み、リーダ取付板6と2つの取付枠21とを結合して、リーダ取付板6と2つの取付枠21との間で内壁40を挟持することにより、リーダ本体2を内壁30に固定した後、取付枠21にプレート枠16を介して化粧プレート18を取り付ける(図34(e)参照)。
【0068】
ところで、実施形態の非接触IDリーダでは、内壁40と外壁42との間に予め配線されたケーブル30を取付孔41から引き出して、リーダ本体2の接続端子に結線した後、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを取付孔41内に挿入しているため、ケーブル30を一端引き出した後、再び取付孔41内に戻す作業が必要になる。それに対して、本実施形態ではリーダ取付板6に開口孔6dを設けており、この開口孔6dを通してケーブル30をリーダ本体2に接続することができるので、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6を壁内に取り付けた状態でケーブル30の結線作業を行うことができ、ケーブル30を取付孔41から引き出した後、再び取付孔41内に戻す作業が不要になるから、結線作業の作業性が向上する。また、化粧プレート18を外すと、開口孔6dを通してケーブル30の結線状態を確認することができるので、施工後の点検、修理作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0069】
さらに、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを取付孔41内に挿入して、内壁40の裏側に配置した後、略45度回転させると、リーダ取付板6の係止突片6eが取付孔41の端面と当接するため、ケーブル30の結線作業やリーダ本体2の固定作業が終了するまでの間に、リーダ本体2やリーダ取付板6が自重で取付孔41から脱落するのを防止することができる。尚、本実施形態ではリーダ取付板6の中央に正方形状の開口孔6dを形成し、開口孔6dの4隅に係止突片6eを切り起こしによって形成しているが、リーダ取付板6及び開口孔6dの形状を上記の形状に限定する趣旨のものではなく、図35に示すように、実施形態で説明したリーダ取付板6において、リーダ取付板6の中央に円形の開口孔6fを形成しても良く、上述と同様の効果を得ることができる。
【0070】
(実施形態
本発明の実施形態を図36乃至図38を参照して説明する。本実施形態では、実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造において、図36(a)〜(c)に示すようにリーダ本体2の側面にケーブル挿通用の切欠部22を形成している。そして、図38(a)(b)に示すように切欠部22が形成されたリーダ本体2の部位を覆うようにしてリーダ本体2の裏面にカバー23を取り付け、リーダ本体2内にアンテナや回路部を収納した後、リーダ本体2内に封止樹脂24を充填する。そして、封止樹脂24を硬化させた後、カバー23を取り外してリーダ本体2を形成する(図39参照)。図39中の斜線部は封止樹脂24の充填部位を示している。尚、切欠部22以外の構成は実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造と同様であるので、同一の構成要素には同一の符号を付して、その説明を省略する。
【0071】
この非接触IDリーダの取付方法について図40(a)〜(e)を参照して簡単に説明する。先ず内壁40に、リーダ本体2及びリーダ取付板6の外形寸法よりも大きく、且つ、プレート取付板11の外形寸法よりも小さい断面略正方形の取付孔41を穿孔して、内壁40の裏側(すなわち内壁40と外壁42との間の空間)からケーブル30を室内側に引き出す(図40(a)参照)。
【0072】
次に、リーダ本体2の貫通孔5に挿通されたリーダ取付ねじ7をコイルばね20に通し、リーダ取付板6のねじ孔に螺入することにより、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを結合した状態で、取付孔41から引き出されたケーブル30をリーダ本体2に接続する(図40(b)参照)。
【0073】
そして、リーダ本体2の切欠部22内にケーブル30を納め、リーダ取付板6の各辺を取付孔41の端面と略平行にした状態で、取付孔41内に室内側からリーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを挿入する(図40(c)参照)。その後、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを内壁40の裏側(すなわち内壁40と外壁42の間の空間)に配置し(図40(d)参照)、略45度回転させてリーダ取付板6の角部を取付孔41の投影面内から突出させた状態で、取付枠21のねじ挿通孔13に挿通したプレート取付ねじ14をリーダ取付板6のねじ孔12にねじ込み、リーダ取付板6と2つの取付枠21とを結合して、リーダ取付板6と2つの取付枠21との間で内壁40を挟持することにより、リーダ本体2を内壁30に固定した後、取付枠21にプレート枠16を介して化粧プレート18を取り付ける(図40(e)参照)。
【0074】
ところで、実施形態の非接触IDリーダでは、内壁40と外壁42との間に予め配線されたケーブル30を取付孔41から引き出して、リーダ本体2の接続端子に結線した後、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを取付孔41内に挿入しているが、リーダ本体2にケーブル挿通用の切欠部が設けられていないため、リーダ本体2の周面と取付孔41の端面との間にケーブル30を通す隙間を設ける必要があり、取付孔41の大きさを大きくする必要があった。それに対して、本実施形態ではリーダ本体2の周面に切欠部22を形成し、この切欠部22にケーブル30を納めた状態で(図37参照)、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを取付孔41内に挿入しているため、リーダ本体2の周面と取付孔41の端面との間にケーブル30を通すための隙間を確保する必要が無く、取付孔41の大きさを小さくできる。
【0075】
ところで、本実施形態ではケース本体2の一側面にケーブル挿通部としての切欠部22を形成しているが、ケーブル挿通部の形状を上記の形状に限定する趣旨のものではなく、図41(a)〜(c)に示すようにケース本体2の前面における突台部3以外の部位にケース本体2を貫通する長孔25を形成しても良く、長孔25内に通したケーブル30をリーダ本体2に接続した後、リーダ本体2とリーダ取付板6とを取付孔41内に挿入するようにすれば、リーダ本体2の周面と取付孔41との間の隙間が狭い場合でも、施工作業を容易に行うことができる。このリーダ本体2を組み立てる際は、図42(a)(b)に示すように長孔25が形成されたリーダ本体2の部位を覆うようにしてリーダ本体2の裏面にカバー23を取り付け、リーダ本体2内にアンテナや回路部を収納した後、図43に示すようにリーダ本体2内に封止樹脂24を充填する。そして、封止樹脂24を硬化させた後、カバー23を取り外してリーダ本体2を形成する(図43参照)。尚、図43中の斜線部は封止樹脂24の充填部位を示している。
【0076】
(実施形態
本実施形態では、上述した実施形態1〜4及び基本構成で説明した非接触IDリーダ1を用いる電気錠システムについて図44を参照して説明する。この電気錠システムは、内壁40に穿孔した取付孔41内に挿入され、内壁40と外壁42との間の空間に配設される非接触IDリーダ1と、建物の居住者などが所持するタグ50と、非接触IDリーダ1に電源を供給する電源部51と、出入口などの扉に取り付けられた電気錠52と、非接触IDリーダ1から入力される信号に応じて電気錠52の開閉を制御する制御部53とで構成される。尚、非接触IDリーダ1の構成は実施形態1〜4及び基本構成で説明したものと同様であるので、その説明は省略する。
【0077】
非接触IDリーダ1は建物の出入口付近の壁内に設置されており、この建物に出入りする人がタグ50を非接触IDリーダ1に近づけると、タグ50と非接触IDリーダ1との間で電磁誘導により非接触でデータ通信が行われ、タグ50に記憶されたIDデータが非接触IDリーダ1によって読み取られる。制御部53は、非接触IDリーダ1が読み取ったタグ50のIDデータを、予め登録されているIDデータと照合し、両者が一致した場合は電気錠52に解錠信号又は施錠信号を出力して、電気錠52を解錠又は施錠させている。
【0078】
本実施形態の電気錠システムでは、実施形態1〜4及び基本構成で説明した非接触IDリーダ1を用いており、非接触IDリーダ1は内壁40に設けた取付孔41内に取り付けられ、内壁40と外壁42との間の空間に配置されているので、非接触IDリーダ1の取付作業を容易に行うことができる。
【0079】
【発明の効果】
上述のように、請求項1の発明は、内部にデータを記憶するメモリを備えたタグとの間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行う非接触IDリーダを、造営材に設けた断面矩形状の取付孔に取り付けるための非接触IDリーダの取付構造において、外形寸法が取付孔よりも小さい寸法に形成され、タグとの間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行うためのアンテナや回路部を収納したリーダ本体と、矩形板状であって取付孔よりも若干小さい寸法に形成され、リーダ本体の背面にリーダ本体との間隔を保持するための間隔保持部材を介してねじ止めされたリーダ取付板と、矩形板状であって少なくとも長手方向寸法が取付孔よりも大きい寸法に形成され、リーダ取付板に対して略平行で且つ各辺がリーダ取付板の各辺に対して略45度の角度で交差するような状態でリーダ取付板の背面側に取り付けられるプレート取付板と、プレート取付板に設けた挿通孔に挿通されると共にリーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に螺入されるプレート取付ねじとを備え、上記造営材は建物の外壁の内側に設けられた内壁であり、この内壁に設けた取付孔内にリーダ本体が挿入されており、上記間隔保持部材はリーダ本体をリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢するばね部材からなり、リーダ本体が外壁と当接し且つばね部材が撓められた状態でリーダ本体が取り付けられるようにばね部材の長さ寸法を設定し、リーダ本体と共に造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入されて造営材の反対側に配置されたリーダ取付板と、リーダ取付板を造営材の反対側に配置した状態で各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるように略45度回転されたプレート取付板との間で造営材を挟持することを特徴とし、建物の外壁と内壁との間に非接触IDリーダを取り付ける場合でも、内壁に設けた取付孔に室内側からリーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを挿入して、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを内壁と外壁との間の空間に配置し、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を略45度回転させた状態で、プレート取付ねじのねじ込み量を調整すると、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間に内壁を挟持することにより、リーダ本体が内壁に取り付けられるから、外壁の工事を行うことなく、外壁と内壁との間の空間に室内側から非接触IDリーダを取付可能で、外壁の美観を損なうことのない取付構造を実現できるという効果がある。
【0080】
さらに請求項1の発明では、リーダ本体は、ばね部材によってリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢され、ばね部材が撓められた状態で外壁と当接しており、ばね部材のばね力によって常に外壁に押し付けられた状態で取り付けられているから、取付状態が安定するという効果がある。しかも、リーダ本体が外壁と接触しているので、外壁とリーダ本体との間隔を最小にでき、タグとリーダ本体との間で交信可能な外壁からの距離を長くとることができるという効果がある。
【0081】
請求項の発明は、請求項1の発明において、プレート取付ねじとして長さの異なるものを複数種類用意し、何れかのねじを選択して使用することを特徴とし、造営材の厚み寸法に応じてプレート取付ねじの長さを適宜選択することにより、様々な厚みの造営材に対応することができるという効果がある。
【0082】
請求項の発明は、請求項1又は2の発明において、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを結合するリーダ取付ねじとプレート取付ねじのねじ径及びピッチが同じであることを特徴とし、リーダ取付ねじとプレート取付ねじのねじ径及びピッチを共通化することによって、必要なねじの種類を削減できるという効果がある。
【0083】
請求項の発明は、請求項1乃至3の何れかの発明において、リーダ取付板におけるプレート取付板側の面に、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を回転させた状態で、取付孔の端面と係止する係止部を設けたことを特徴とし、係止部と取付孔の端面とを係止させることによって、リーダ取付板が造営材に対して傾いたり、倒れたりするのを防止でき、取付作業を容易に行えるという効果がある。
【0084】
請求項の発明は、請求項の発明において、係止部は、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に取り付けたねじ部材であることを特徴とし、リーダ取付板にねじ孔を設けるだけで良いから、リーダ取付板の構造を簡単にでき、リーダ取付板の製造コストを低減できるという効果がある。
【0085】
請求項の発明は、請求項の発明において、係止部は、リーダ取付板の中心に対して対角の位置に2個設けられたことを特徴とし、2個の係止部が取付孔の端面とそれぞれ係止することによってリーダ取付板の移動範囲が規制されるから、リーダ本体のがたつきを防止でき、リーダ本体の取付不良を防止できるという効果がある。
【0086】
請求項の発明は、請求項の発明において、係止部は、リーダ取付板の2本の対角線上に、リーダ取付板の中心に対して対角の位置に2個づつ設けられたことを特徴とし、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を取付孔内に挿入した状態で、プレート取付板を何れの方向に略45度回転させたとしても、2個の係止部を取付孔の上下の端面と係止させることができるから、施工作業を容易に行えるという効果がある。
【0087】
請求項の発明は、請求項の発明において、リーダ取付板におけるプレート取付板側の面に、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を回転させた状態で取付孔の端面と当接する段部を設け、該段部により係止部を構成したことを特徴とし、プレート取付板に設けた段部と取付孔の端面とを係止させることによって、リーダ取付板が造営材に対して傾いたり、倒れたりするのを防止でき、取付作業を容易に行えるという効果がある。しかも、リーダ取付板に設けた段部により係止部を構成しているので、リーダ取付板に別途の部材を組み込む必要がなく、リーダ取付板と係止部とを1つの部材で構成することができるという効果がある。
【0088】
請求項の発明は、請求項1乃至8の何れかの発明において、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを結合するリーダ取付ねじのねじ部先端を、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔の途中で止めたことを特徴とし、リーダ取付板におけるリーダ本体と反対側の面から、リーダ取付ねじのねじ部先端が突出していないので、造営材の表面とリーダ取付板とが面接触し、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間で造営材を挟持する際に造営材に加わる応力を分散させることができるから、造営材に長時間応力が加わることによって造営材が変形するのを防止できるという効果がある。
【0089】
請求項10の発明は、請求項1乃至9の何れかの発明において、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を造営面の反対側に配置した状態で、造営面の反対側に予め配線されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続する結線作業を行うための開口孔をリーダ取付板に設けたことを特徴とし、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営面の反対側に配置した状態で、開口孔を通してケーブルをケーブル本体に接続することができ、ケーブルを結線していない状態でリーダ本体やリーダ取付板の施工作業が行えるから、ケーブルが施工作業の邪魔にならず、施工作業を容易にした非接触IDリーダの取付構造を実現できるという効果がある。
【0090】
請求項11の発明は、請求項1乃至9の何れかの発明において、造営面の反対側から引き出されたケーブルを通すためのケーブル挿通部をリーダ本体に設けたことを特徴とし、取付孔を介して引き出されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続し、このケーブルをケーブル挿通部に通した状態で、リーダ本体やリーダ取付板を取付孔内に挿入して施工作業を行うことができるから、取付孔の端面とリーダ本体との間の隙間が狭い場合でも容易に施工作業が行える非接触IDリーダの取付構造を実現できるという効果がある。
【0091】
請求項12の発明は、請求項1乃至11の何れかの発明において、プレート取付板の背面側にねじ固定される矩形枠状のプレート枠と、プレート枠に嵌合固定される化粧プレートとを備えて成ることを特徴とし、プレート取付板の背面側にプレート枠を介して化粧プレートを取り付けることができるから、室内のインテリアに合わせたデザインの化粧プレートを取り付けることにより、室内の美観を高めることができるという効果がある。
【0092】
請求項13の発明は、請求項1乃至12の何れかの発明において、上記造営材は建物の外壁の内側に設けられた内壁であり、建物の出入口付近の内壁に設けた取付孔内にリーダ本体が挿入され、内壁と外壁との間の空間に取り付けられることを特徴とし、請求項1乃至12の発明と同様、外壁の工事を行うことなく、外壁と内壁との間の空間に室内側から非接触IDリーダを取り付けることができるから、外壁の美観を保つことができ、且つ、リーダ本体は外壁の裏側に配置されているから、リーダ本体が破壊されるなどのいたずらを防止でき、また部外者にはリーダ本体の存在が分からないため、防犯上の安全性が高いという効果がある
【0093】
請求項14の発明は、請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材から取り外す取り外し方法において、先ずプレート取付ねじを緩めて、プレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間の距離を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くした状態で、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にした後、プレート取付板を造営材から離れる方向に移動させて、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を取付孔から取り出すことを特徴とし、プレート取付ねじを緩めることによって、プレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持する状態を容易に解除することができ、その後プレート取付板を回転させて、造営材から離れる方向に移動させることにより、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材から容易に取り外すことができ、リーダ本体の修理や解体などのメンテナンス作業を容易に行うことができるという効果がある。
【0094】
請求項15の発明は、請求項記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、リーダ本体に設けた貫通孔に挿通されたリーダ取付ねじにばね部材を通し、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に螺入することにより、リーダ本体をリーダ取付板にねじ止めすると共に、プレート取付板をプレート取付ねじを用いてリーダ取付板にねじ止めし、ばね部材によってリーダ本体をリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢し、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間の間隔を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くした状態で、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した後、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とし、リーダ本体は、ばね部材によってリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢され、ばね部材が撓められた状態で外壁と当接しており、ばね部材のばね力によって常に外壁に押し付けられた状態で取り付けられているから、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板が外壁と内壁との間に仮保持され、取付作業を容易に行えるという効果がある。
【0095】
請求項16の発明は、請求項10記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、先ずリーダ本体にリーダ取付板を取り付け、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した状態で、造営面の反対側に予め配線されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続する結線作業を開口孔を通して行った後、リーダ取付板にプレート取付板を取り付け、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とし、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営面の反対側に配置した状態で、開口孔を通してケーブルをケーブル本体に接続することができ、ケーブルを結線していない状態でリーダ本体やリーダ取付板の施工作業が行えるから、ケーブルが作業の邪魔にならず、施工作業を容易に行えるという効果がある。
【0096】
請求項17の発明は、請求項11記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、先ずリーダ本体にリーダ取付板とプレート取付板とを取り付け、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間の間隔を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くし、造営面の反対側から取付孔を通して引き出されたケーブルをリーダ本体に結線し、このケーブルをリーダ本体のケーブル挿通部に通した状態で、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した後、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とし、取付孔を介して引き出されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続し、このケーブルをケーブル挿通部に通した状態で、リーダ本体やリーダ取付板を取付孔内に挿入して施工作業を行うことができるから、取付孔の端面とリーダ本体との間の隙間が狭い場合でも施工作業を容易に行えるという効果がある。
【0097】
請求項18の発明は、請求項11記載の非接触IDリーダの製造方法であって、リーダ本体にケーブル挿通部を形成し、ケーブル挿通部の形成されたリーダ本体の部位をカバーで覆った後、リーダ本体の内部に封止樹脂を充填して、リーダ本体内部に配置されたアンテナと回路部とを封止樹脂で封止した後、カバーを取り外して成ることを特徴とし、リーダ本体に設けたケーブル挿通部には封止樹脂が回り込まないようにする必要があるが、ケーブル挿通部の形成されたリーダ本体の部位をカバーで覆った状態で封止樹脂を充填することによって、ケーブル挿通部に封止樹脂が回り込むのを防止でき、必要な部位のみに封止樹脂を充填できるという効果がある。
【0098】
請求項19の発明は、請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダと、出入口のドアに設けられた電気錠と、非接触IDリーダがタグから受信した情報に基づいて電気錠の施錠/開錠を制御する電気錠制御部とを備えて成ることを特徴とし、請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダを用いて、出入口のドアに設けられた電気錠を電気錠制御部により施錠/解錠する電気錠システムを実現できるという効果がある。
【図面の簡単な説明】
【図1】 本発明に係る非接触IDリーダの取付構造の基本構成を説明する断面図である。
【図2】 同上の非接触IDリーダにリーダ取付板を取り付けた状態を前面側から見た斜視図である。
【図3】 同上の非接触IDリーダの正面図である。
【図4】 (a)〜(e)は同上の非接触IDリーダの取付方法及び取り外し方法を説明する説明図である。
【図5】 同上の非接触IDリーダの取付方法を説明する説明図である。
【図6】 同上のプレート取付板を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図7】 同上のプレート取付板に化粧プレートを取り付ける方法を説明する説明図である。
【図8】 同上の別の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図9】 同上のまた別の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図10】 同上のさらに別の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図11】 (a),(b)は同上の非接触IDリーダの取付方法を説明する説明図である。
【図12】 同上の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図13】 同上の参考例を説明する断面図である。
【図14】 同上のリーダ取付板を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図15】 同上の別のリーダ取付板を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図16】 同上のまた別のリーダ取付板を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図17】 同上の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図18】 同上のさらに別のリーダ取付板と内壁に設けた取付孔との位置関係を示し、(a)は裏側から見た図、(b)は側方から見た断面図である。
【図19】 同上の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図20】 実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図21】 同上のリーダ本体とリーダ本体とを示し、(a)は組立前の側面図、(b)は組立後の状態を示す側面図である。
【図22】 同上の取付方法を説明する説明図である。
【図23】 (a)(b)は同上の取付状態を説明する一部省略せる断面図である。
【図24】 同上の別の取付状態を説明する断面図である。
【図25】 同上に用いるプレート取付板を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図26】 同上のプレート取付板に化粧プレートを取り付ける方法を説明する説明図である。
【図27】 同上の別の取付状態を説明する断面図である。
【図28】 同上に用いるリーダ取付板の取付状態を説明する説明図である。
【図29】 実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する断面図である。
【図30】 同上に用いるリーダ取付板の外観斜視図である。
【図31】 同上の別の取付状態を説明する断面図である。
【図32】 実施形態の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する一部省略せる外観斜視図である。
【図33】 同上に用いるリーダ取付板を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図34】 (a)〜(e)は同上の取付方法を説明する説明図である。
【図35】 同上に用いる別のリーダ取付板を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図36】 実施形態の非接触IDリーダのケース本体を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図、(c)は裏面図である。
【図37】 同上のケース本体を内壁に設けた取付孔内に挿入した状態を示す説明図である。
【図38】 同上のケース本体にカバーを取り付けた状態を示し、(a)は裏面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図39】 同上のケース本体に封止樹脂を充填した状態を示す裏面図である。
【図40】 (a)〜(e)は同上の組立方法を説明する説明図である。
【図41】 同上の別のケース本体を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図、(c)は裏面図である。
【図42】 同上のケース本体にカバーを取り付けた状態を示し、(a)は裏面図、(b)は側面図である。
【図43】 同上のケース本体に封止樹脂を充填した状態を示す裏面図である。
【図44】 実施形態の電気錠システムの概略構成図である。
【図45】 従来の非接触IDリーダの取付構造を説明する分解斜視図である。
【図46】 同上の断面図である。
【図47】 従来の非接触IDリーダの別の取付構造を示し、(a)は正面図、(b)は側面図である。
【符号の説明】
2 リーダ本体
6 リーダ取付板
9 スペーサ
11 プレート取付板
40 内壁
41 取付孔
[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  The present invention relates to a non-contact ID reader mounting structure, a mounting method, a detaching method, a manufacturing method, and an electric lock system.
[0002]
[Prior art]
  Conventionally, a non-contact ID system including a tag (data carrier) provided with a memory for storing data and a non-contact ID reader that performs mutual data communication with the tag by electromagnetic induction is used. An entrance / exit management system for managing entrance / exit was provided. In such a system, a reader is installed on the outer wall near the entrance of the building, and when a person entering or exiting the building brings the tag close to the reader, data communication is performed in a non-contact manner between the tag and the reader, The ID data stored in the tag is read by the reader. Then, the ID data read by the reader is processed by the computer or reader of the room entrance / exit management system, and when it matches the pre-registered data, the entrance is opened (see, for example, JP-A-9-41744). .
[0003]
  By the way, as an attachment structure for attaching the non-contact ID reader to the building, for example, as shown in FIGS. 45 and 46, the reader 1 is used by using an attachment frame 45 in an embedded box 44 embedded in the outer wall 42 near the entrance of the building. 47, and a decorative plate 47 is attached to the front surface of the mounting frame 45 via the plate frame 46 so that the front surface of the reader 1 'is exposed from the opening 47a of the decorative plate 47, as shown in FIGS. As shown, the reader 1 'is directly screwed to the outer wall 42 near the entrance of the building.
[0004]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
  In the non-contact ID reader mounting structure described above, the reader 1 'is installed on the outer surface of the outer wall 42 of the building. However, the structure and appearance of the building vary depending on the type of building such as a detached house, an apartment house, or a commercial building. In some cases, the reader 1 ′ cannot be installed on the surface of the outer wall 42 facing the outside of the building depending on the intention of the owner or the construction procedure. Further, when the reader 1 ′ is embedded between the inner wall and the outer wall of the building and used, there is a case where construction cannot be performed from the outer wall surface when the reader 1 ′ is embedded. It is conceivable to embed the reader 1 'between the inner wall and the inner wall, or to embed the reader 1' by constructing the inner wall after construction. However, in the conventional mounting structure, since the reader 1 'is generally attached to the outer wall of the building, the reader 1' cannot be attached from the inner wall side.
[0005]
  SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a non-contact ID reader mounting structure, a mounting method thereof, and a detachment that can easily mount the reader on the inner wall of the building. A method, a manufacturing method, and an electric lock system are provided.
[0006]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
  In order to achieve the above object, in the invention of claim 1, the construction material is provided with a non-contact ID reader that performs data communication with each other by electromagnetic induction with a tag having a memory for storing data therein. In a non-contact ID reader mounting structure for mounting in a mounting hole having a rectangular cross section, an external dimension is formed to be smaller than that of the mounting hole, and an antenna for performing data communication with the tag by electromagnetic induction The reader main body that houses the circuit part, and is formed in a rectangular plate shape that is slightly smaller than the mounting hole, and is screwed to the back surface of the reader main body via a distance holding member for holding the distance from the reader main body. A reader mounting plate and a rectangular plate, and at least the longitudinal dimension is larger than the mounting hole, is substantially parallel to the reader mounting plate, and each side is relative to each side of the reader mounting plate. A plate mounting plate that is attached to the back side of the reader mounting plate in a state of intersecting at an angle of approximately 45 degrees, and a screw hole that is inserted into the insertion hole provided in the plate mounting plate and that is provided in the reader mounting plate. Plate mounting screws,The construction material is an inner wall provided inside the outer wall of the building, and a reader body is inserted into a mounting hole provided in the inner wall, and the spacing member attaches the reader body to the opposite side of the reader mounting plate. The length of the spring member is set so that the reader body can be attached in a state where the reader body is in contact with the outer wall and the spring member is bent,A leader mounting plate that is inserted into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material together with the leader body and disposed on the opposite side of the construction material, and each side of the mounting hole is disposed with the leader mounting plate disposed on the opposite side of the construction material. Even if a non-contact ID reader is attached between the outer wall and the inner wall of the building, the construction material is sandwiched between the plate mounting plate rotated approximately 45 degrees so as to be substantially parallel to the end face. The reader body and the reader mounting plate are inserted into the mounting hole provided in the room from the indoor side, and the reader body and the reader mounting plate are arranged in the space between the inner wall and the outer wall, and each side of the plate mounting plate is attached to the mounting hole. When the screw amount of the plate mounting screw is adjusted in a state where the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees so as to be substantially parallel to the end surface of the plate, the inner wall is sandwiched between the leader mounting plate and the plate mounting plate, The reader body is attached to the inner wall That because, without the construction of the outer wall, can attach the contactless ID reader from the indoor side in the space between the outer and inner walls, it can be achieved without mounting structure impair the appearance of the outer wall.
[0007]
  Furthermore, in the invention of claim 1,The leader body is urged to the opposite side of the leader mounting plate by the spring member, is in contact with the outer wall in a state where the spring member is bent, and is always attached to the outer wall by the spring force of the spring member. Therefore, the mounting state is stable. In addition, since the reader body is in contact with the outer wall, the distance between the outer wall and the reader body can be minimized, and the distance from the outer wall that allows communication between the tag and the reader body can be increased.
[0008]
  Claim2In the invention of claim1'sIn the invention, multiple types of plate mounting screws with different lengths are prepared, and one of the screws is selected and used, and the length of the plate mounting screw is appropriately selected according to the thickness dimension of the construction material By doing so, it is possible to cope with construction materials of various thicknesses.
[0009]
  Claim3In the invention of claim 1,Or 2According to the invention, the screw diameter and pitch of the leader mounting screw and the plate mounting screw are the same, and the screw diameter and pitch of the leader mounting screw and the plate mounting screw are made common. By doing so, the type of screw required can be reduced.
[0010]
  Claim4In the present invention, claims 1 toOne of 3In this invention, the plate mounting plate is rotated relative to the surface of the reader mounting plate on the side of the plate mounting plate so that each side of the plate mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole. It is characterized by providing a locking part that stops, and by locking the locking part and the end face of the mounting hole, the leader mounting plate can be prevented from tilting or falling down with respect to the construction material. Work can be done easily.
[0011]
  Claim5In the invention of claim4In this invention, the locking portion is a screw member attached to a screw hole provided in the leader mounting plate, and it is only necessary to provide a screw hole in the leader mounting plate, so that the structure of the leader mounting plate can be simplified. This can reduce the manufacturing cost of the leader mounting plate.
[0012]
  Claim6In the invention of claim4In the invention, the two locking portions are provided at diagonal positions with respect to the center of the leader mounting plate, and the two locking portions are respectively locked with the end surfaces of the mounting holes. Since the movement range of the reader mounting plate is restricted, rattling of the reader body can be prevented, and poor mounting of the reader body can be prevented.
[0013]
  Claim7In the invention of claim4In this invention, the two locking portions are provided on the two diagonal lines of the reader mounting plate at two diagonal positions with respect to the center of the reader mounting plate, and the reader main body and the reader mounting plate are characterized in that Even if the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees in any direction in a state where the mounting hole is inserted into the mounting hole, the two locking portions can be locked to the upper and lower end surfaces of the mounting hole. Work can be done easily.
[0014]
  Claim8In the invention of claim4In this invention, the surface of the reader mounting plate on the side of the plate mounting plate is in contact with the end surface of the mounting hole while the plate mounting plate is rotated so that each side of the plate mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole. A stepped portion is provided, and a locking portion is configured by the stepped portion. By locking the stepped portion provided on the plate mounting plate and the end surface of the mounting hole, the leader mounting plate is attached to the construction material. It can be prevented from tilting or falling down, making it easy to install. In addition, since the locking portion is configured by the step portion provided on the reader mounting plate, it is not necessary to incorporate a separate member into the reader mounting plate, and the reader mounting plate and the locking portion are configured by one member. Can do.
[0015]
  Claim9In the present invention, claims 1 toAny of 8According to the invention, the tip of the screw part of the leader mounting screw that couples the leader body and the leader mounting plate is stopped in the middle of the screw hole provided in the leader mounting plate. Since the tip of the thread of the leader mounting screw does not protrude from the surface, the surface of the construction material and the leader mounting plate are in surface contact, and the construction material is sandwiched between the leader mounting plate and the plate mounting plate. Since the stress applied to the material can be dispersed, it is possible to prevent the construction material from being deformed by applying stress to the construction material for a long time.
[0016]
  Claim10In the present invention, claims 1 toAny of 9In this invention, with the reader body and the reader mounting plate arranged on the opposite side of the construction surface, an opening hole for connecting the cable pre-wired on the opposite side of the construction surface to the reader body is attached to the reader. The cable is connected to the cable body through the opening hole in a state where the reader body and the reader mounting plate are arranged on the opposite side of the construction surface, and the cable is not connected. Since the construction work of the reader main body and the leader mounting plate can be performed, the cable does not interfere with the construction work, and a non-contact ID reader mounting structure that facilitates the construction work can be realized.
[0017]
  Claim11In the present invention, claims 1 toAny of 9In this invention, the reader main body is provided with a cable insertion portion for passing a cable drawn from the opposite side of the construction surface, and the cable drawn through the mounting hole is connected to the reader main body. With the cable inserted through the cable insertion part, the reader body and reader mounting plate can be inserted into the mounting hole for installation work, making it easy even when the gap between the end surface of the mounting hole and the reader body is narrow It is possible to realize a non-contact ID reader mounting structure capable of performing construction work.
[0018]
  Claim12In the present invention, claims 1 toAny one of 11In this invention, the plate mounting plate is provided with a rectangular frame-like plate frame fixed to the back side of the plate mounting plate and a decorative plate fitted and fixed to the plate frame. Since the decorative plate can be attached via the plate frame, the aesthetics of the room can be enhanced by attaching the decorative plate designed for the interior of the room.
[0019]
  Claim13In the present invention, claims 1 toAny of 12In this invention, the construction material is an inner wall provided inside the outer wall of the building, and the reader body is inserted into a mounting hole provided in the inner wall near the entrance of the building, and is attached to the space between the inner wall and the outer wall. Claims 1 to12As in the case of the invention, since the non-contact ID reader can be attached from the indoor side to the space between the outer wall and the inner wall without performing the construction of the outer wall, the appearance of the outer wall can be maintained, and the reader main body is Because it is arranged on the back side of the outer wall, it can prevent mischief such as destruction of the reader body, and since outsiders do not know the existence of the reader body, security is high.
[0020]
  Claim14According to the invention, in the removal method of removing the non-contact ID reader from claim 1 in the first aspect, first, the plate mounting screw is loosened, and the distance between the plate mounting plate and the reader mounting plate is made larger than the thickness dimension of the building material. With the plate length extended, the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees so that each side of the reader mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole, and then the plate mounting plate is moved away from the construction material, The leader mounting plate is taken out from the mounting hole, and by loosening the plate mounting screw, the state where the construction material is sandwiched between the plate mounting plate and the reader mounting plate can be easily released, and then the plate By rotating the mounting plate and moving it away from the construction material, the reader body and the leader mounting plate can be easily removed from the construction material. It is possible to easily perform the maintenance work such as repair or demolition.
[0021]
  Claim15In the invention of claim1In the attachment method of attaching the non-contact ID reader described above to the construction material, by passing a spring member through a reader attachment screw inserted into a through hole provided in the reader body, and screwing into a screw hole provided in the reader attachment plate, The reader body is screwed to the reader mounting plate, and the plate mounting plate is screwed to the reader mounting plate using a plate mounting screw, and the reader body is biased to the opposite side of the reader mounting plate by a spring member. With the distance between the plate mounting plate and the plate mounting plate longer than the thickness of the construction material, each side of the leader mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole, and the leader body and the leader mounting plate are After inserting into the mounting hole from one side and arranging the leader body and the reader mounting plate on the opposite side of the construction material, the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees, and each side of the plate mounting plate is connected to the end surface of the mounting hole And abbreviation The reader body is attached to the construction material by screwing a plate mounting screw and sandwiching the construction material between the plate mounting plate and the reader mounting plate. Since the spring member is biased to the opposite side of the mounting plate and is in contact with the outer wall in a bent state and is always pressed against the outer wall by the spring force of the spring member, the reader main body and the reader The mounting plate is temporarily held between the outer wall and the inner wall, so that the mounting work can be easily performed.
[0022]
  Claim16In the invention of claim10In the attachment method of attaching the non-contact ID reader to the construction material, first, the reader attachment plate is attached to the reader body, and each side of the reader attachment plate is made substantially parallel to the end surface of the attachment hole, and the reader body and the reader attachment plate are Insertion into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material, with the leader body and leader mounting plate placed on the opposite side of the construction material, connecting the cable pre-wired to the opposite side of the construction surface to the leader body After working through the opening hole, attach the plate mounting plate to the reader mounting plate, rotate the plate mounting plate approximately 45 degrees, and place each side of the plate mounting plate substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole to mount the plate The leader body is attached to the construction material by screwing the screw and sandwiching the construction material between the plate mounting plate and the leader mounting plate, and the leader body and the leader mounting plate are attached to the construction surface. With the cable placed on the opposite side, the cable can be connected to the cable body through the opening hole, and the leader body and leader mounting plate can be installed without connecting the cable. Therefore, construction work can be easily performed.
[0023]
  Claim17In the invention of claim11In the attachment method for attaching the non-contact ID reader to the construction material, first, the reader attachment plate and the plate attachment plate are attached to the reader body, and the distance between the leader attachment plate and the plate attachment plate is set to be larger than the thickness dimension of the construction material. Connect the cable drawn from the opposite side of the construction surface through the mounting hole to the reader body, and pass this cable through the cable insertion part of the reader body, and then connect each side of the reader mounting plate to the end surface of the mounting hole. After the reader body and the reader mounting plate are inserted into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material so as to be substantially parallel, and the reader body and the reader mounting plate are arranged on the opposite side of the construction material, the plate mounting plate is moved to about 45. By rotating the plate mounting plate, each side of the plate mounting plate is arranged substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole, and the plate mounting screw is screwed to sandwich the construction material between the plate mounting plate and the reader mounting plate, The cable is pulled through the mounting hole and connected to the reader body, and the cable is passed through the cable insertion part, and the reader body and the reader mounting plate are attached to the mounting hole. Since the construction work can be performed by being inserted into the construction, the construction work can be easily performed even when the gap between the end face of the mounting hole and the reader body is narrow.
[0024]
  Claim18In the invention of claim11A method of manufacturing a non-contact ID reader according to claim 1, wherein a cable insertion portion is formed in the reader body, and a portion of the reader body where the cable insertion portion is formed is covered with a cover, and then a sealing resin is applied to the inside of the reader body. The antenna and the circuit unit disposed inside the reader body are sealed with a sealing resin, and then the cover is removed. The cable insertion portion provided in the reader body has a sealing resin Although it is necessary not to wrap around the cable, it is possible to prevent the sealing resin from wrapping around the cable insertion part by filling the sealing resin with the cover of the reader body part where the cable insertion part is formed. The sealing resin can be filled only in necessary portions.
[0025]
  Claim19In this invention, the non-contact ID reader according to claim 1, the electric lock provided on the door of the doorway, and the electric for controlling the locking / unlocking of the electric lock based on the information received from the tag by the non-contact ID reader. An electric lock system for locking / unlocking an electric lock provided on a door of an entrance / exit by an electric lock control unit using the non-contact ID reader according to claim 1. Can be realized.
[0026]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  Embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
[0027]
  (Basic configuration)
  Of the present inventionBasic configurationWill be described with reference to FIGS.Mounting structure described belowIs a mounting structure for mounting the non-contact ID reader 1 in a building wall composed of an inner wall 40 and an outer wall 42 as construction materials. FIG. 3 shows a front view of the non-contact ID reader 1. The non-contact ID reader 1 is an antenna that performs data communication with each other by electromagnetic induction with a tag 50 having a memory for storing data therein. The reader body 2 is formed in a box-like shape by housing a circuit portion and a circuit portion and filled with resin, and a projecting base portion 3 having a front surface formed in a circular shape protrudes from the front surface of the reader body 2. Has been. In addition, recesses 4 that are recessed inward are provided at the four corners of the reader body 2, and through holes 5 that penetrate the reader body 2 are provided on the bottom surface of each recess 4. Note that the outer dimensions of the reader body 2 are slightly smaller than the mounting holes 41 having a square cross section formed in the inner wall 40.
[0028]
  As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a reader mounting plate 6 made of a metal plate having a square front surface and a size slightly smaller than the mounting hole 41 is provided at a predetermined interval on the back surface of the reader body 2. Installed. A screw insertion hole 8 through which the leader mounting screw 7 is inserted is formed at a portion of the reader mounting plate 6 corresponding to the through hole 5 of the reader main body 2, and the screw insertion hole 8 is inserted from the back side of the reader mounting plate 6. The leader mounting screw 7 is passed through the cylindrical spacer 9, the tip of the leader mounting screw 7 is inserted into the through hole 5 of the reader body 2 from the back side, and the leader mounting screw 7 protruding to the front side of the reader body 2 is nuted. By screwing it into 10, the reader mounting plate 6 and the reader body 2 are coupled.
[0029]
  In addition, on the rear surface of the reader mounting plate 6, a plate mounting plate 11 made of a metal plate having a square front surface and a size larger than the mounting hole 41 is substantially parallel to the reader mounting plate 6 and diagonal. Is attached so as to intersect the diagonal of the leader mounting plate 6 at an angle of approximately 45 degrees (see FIG. 5). Here, two screw holes 12 are formed on two adjacent sides of the leader mounting plate 6 at substantially equal distances from the angle at which the two sides intersect. Also, two screw holes 12 are formed on the other two sides of the leader mounting plate 6 at substantially the same distance from the angle at which the two sides intersect. On the other hand, as shown in FIGS. 6 (a) and 6 (b), screw insertion holes 13 are formed in portions corresponding to the screw holes 12 provided in the leader mounting plate 6 on two opposite sides of the plate mounting plate 11. The plate mounting plate 11 is mounted on the back side of the reader mounting plate 6 by screwing the plate mounting screw 14 inserted through the screw insertion hole 13 into the screw hole 12 of the reader mounting plate 6. Here, when the screwing amount of the plate mounting screw 14 is adjusted, the distance between the leader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 changes, and therefore the leader mounting screw 7 inserted through the screw insertion hole 8 of the reader mounting plate 6. The reader body 2 is fixed to the inner wall 40 by sandwiching the inner wall 40 between the screw head and the plate mounting plate 11.
[0030]
  Incidentally, a pair of screw insertion holes 13 are provided on two opposite sides of the plate mounting plate 11, but a screw groove on the end surface is provided at a portion outside the screw insertion hole 13 in the plate mounting plate 11. Are respectively provided with screw holes 15. Here, a square frame-like plate frame 16 is attached to the indoor side of the plate mounting plate 11. For example, holes (not shown) provided in the plate frame 16 and the back surface of the decorative plate 18 are provided on the indoor side of the plate frame 16. The decorative plate 18 is fitted and fixed by fitting a projection (not shown) provided on the plate. As shown in FIG. 7, the plate frame 16 is composed of a main portion 16a having a window hole 16c formed at the center, and a side portion 16b that hangs continuously and integrally from the peripheral edge of the main portion 16a toward the back side. Two screw insertion holes are formed in portions corresponding to the screw holes 15 of the plate mounting plate 11 on the upper and lower sides of the main portion 16a, and the plate fixing screws 17 inserted into the screw insertion holes are inserted into the plate mounting plate 11 respectively. The plate frame 16 is fixed to the plate mounting plate 11 by being screwed into the screw holes 15. In this way, the decorative plate 18 can be attached to the back side (inside the room) of the plate mounting plate 11 via the plate frame 16, so that by attaching the decorative plate 18 designed for the interior of the room, Can enhance aesthetics.
[0031]
  Below, the attachment method which attaches the non-contact ID reader 1 to the inner wall 40 is demonstrated with reference to FIG.4 and FIG.11. First, a mounting hole 41 having a substantially square cross section that is larger than the outer dimensions of the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 and smaller than the outer dimensions of the plate mounting plate 11 is drilled in the inner wall 40, so The cable 30 is drawn out indoors from the space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 (see FIG. 4A).
[0032]
  Next, the cable 30 is connected to the reader body 2 with the reader attachment plate 6 and the plate attachment plate 11 attached to the reader body 2. Then, the plate mounting screw 14 is loosened so that the distance between the reader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 is longer than the thickness dimension of the inner wall 40, and each side of the reader mounting plate 6 is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole 41. In this state, the reader body 2 is inserted into the mounting hole 41 of the inner wall 40 from the indoor side (see FIG. 4B), and the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are connected to the back side of the inner wall 40 (that is, the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42). (Refer to FIG. 4C and FIG. 11A).
[0033]
  Thereafter, when the plate mounting plate 11 is rotated approximately 45 degrees clockwise in FIG. 11A so that each side of the plate mounting plate 11 is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole 41, the screw insertion of the plate mounting plate 11 is performed. The plate mounting screws 14 inserted through the holes 13 are arranged vertically, and the corners of the reader mounting plate 6 protrude outward from the projection surface of the mounting holes 41 (see FIG. 11B). When the plate mounting screw 14 is tightened in this state, the distance between the reader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 is shortened, and the screw head of the reader mounting screw 7 that couples the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 together. An inner wall 40 is sandwiched between the plate mounting plate 11 and the reader main body 2 is fixed to the inner wall 40. The front surface of the reader main body 2 is disposed opposite to the heat insulating material 43 attached to the back surface of the outer wall 42 (FIG. 4). (See (d)). Then, after fixing the reader body 2, the decorative plate 18 is attached to the indoor side surface of the plate attachment plate 11 via the plate frame 16 (see FIG. 4 (e)). Here, when the distance from the front surface of the reader main body 2 to the outer wall 42 is L2, a distance L3 (= L1-L2) obtained by subtracting the distance L2 from the communication distance L1 of the non-contact ID reader 1 is an apparent communication distance. . still,This mounting structureSince the plate mounting plate 11 is rotated approximately 45 degrees, the portion of the leader mounting plate 6 that protrudes outward from the projection surface of the mounting hole 41 can be enlarged, and the leader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 The inner wall 40 can be firmly held between them.
[0034]
  On the other hand, when removing the non-contact ID reader 1 from the inner wall 40, it is removed by a procedure reverse to the above. That is, when the plate mounting screw 14 is loosened after the plate frame 16 and the decorative plate 18 are removed, the distance between the leader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 becomes longer than the thickness dimension of the inner wall 40, and the inner wall 40 clamping state is cancelled | released. In this state, the plate mounting plate 11 is rotated 45 degrees so that each side of the reader mounting plate 6 is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole 41, so that the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are directed to the mounting hole 41. After the alignment, when the plate mounting plate 11 is pulled away from the inner wall 40, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are pulled out from the inner wall 40 to the indoor side.
[0035]
  in this way,HontoriIn the attached structure, even when the non-contact ID reader 1 is attached between the outer wall 42 and the inner wall 40 of the building, the reader body 2 and the reader attachment plate 6 are inserted into the attachment hole 41 provided in the inner wall 40 from the indoor side. The reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are arranged in a space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42, and the plate mounting plate 11 is placed so that each side of the plate mounting plate 11 is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole 41. When the screwing amount of the plate mounting screw 14 is adjusted in a state where the plate mounting screw 14 is rotated by approximately 45 degrees, the reader body 2 is mounted on the inner wall 40 by sandwiching the inner wall 40 between the reader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11. Therefore, the non-contact ID reader 1 can be quickly and reliably attached to the space between the outer wall 42 and the inner wall 40 from the indoor side without performing the construction of the outer wall 42, and the appearance of the outer wall 42 is not impaired.Further, since the reader body 2 is disposed on the back side of the outer wall 42, it is possible to prevent mischief such as destruction of the reader body 2, and since outsiders do not know the existence of the reader body 2, High safety. Further, since the contactless ID reader 1 can be removed in the reverse order of the attachment method, the reader body 2 attached to the space between the outer wall 42 and the inner wall 40 can be easily removed from the indoor side. Maintenance work such as repair and disassembly of the reader body 2 can be easily performed.
[0036]
  Note that the length dimensions of the leader mounting screw 7 and the spacer 9 may be set as appropriate according to the inner wall distance L4 between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42. The leader mounting screw 7 and the spacer 9 may have different lengths. The distance from the back surface of the inner wall 40 to the front surface of the reader body 2 can be adjusted by preparing a plurality of types and selecting and using the leader mounting screw 7 and the spacer 9 having a desired length. Therefore, when the non-contact ID reader 1 is attached between the outer wall 42 and the inner wall 40, the lengths of the reader attachment screw 7 and the spacer 9 are appropriately selected according to the inner wall distance L4 between the outer wall 42 and the inner wall 40. Thus, the distance from the outer wall 42 to the reader main body 2 is adjusted, and the distance from the outer wall 42 to the tag 50 that can communicate between the tag 50 and the reader main body 2 can be adjusted. For example, as shown in FIG. 8, when the inner wall distance L4 between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 is large, the apparent communication distance L3 between the reader 1 and the tag 50 is equal to or greater than a predetermined distance. What is necessary is just to select what is long compared with the leader attachment screw 7 and the spacer 9 shown in FIG.
[0037]
  The length dimension of the plate mounting screw 14 may be set as appropriate according to the thickness dimension of the inner wall 40. Plural types of plate mounting screws 14 having different lengths are prepared, and the length dimension of the inner wall 40 is determined. By selecting a screw having a desired length, it is possible to cope with construction materials having various thicknesses. For example, when the inner wall 40 is thin as shown in FIG. 9, the plate mounting screw 14 having a short length is selected, and when the inner wall 40 is thick as shown in FIG. 10, the plate mounting screw 14 is lengthened. Just do it.
[0038]
  The leader mounting screw 7 and the plate mounting screw 14 have the same screw diameter and pitch, and by preparing a plurality of types of screws having the same screw diameter and pitch but different lengths, the thickness of the inner wall 40 is increased. It is possible to easily cope with the case where the dimension and the inner wall distance L4 between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 are different, and by sharing the screw diameter and pitch, the necessary types of screws can be reduced.
[0039]
  (Reference example)
  Of the present inventionReference exampleWill be described with reference to FIGS.This mounting structureThen, as shown in FIGS. 13 and 14A and 14B, the reader main body 2 to which the reader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 are attached is inserted into the mounting hole 41 of the inner wall 40, and the reader main body 2 is inserted. And the leader mounting plate 6 are arranged on the back side of the inner wall 40, and the locking piece 19 as a locking portion that locks the lower edge of the mounting hole 41 in the state where the plate mounting plate 11 is rotated by 45 degrees. It is formed by cutting and raising a part of the mounting plate 6. The configuration other than the locking piece 19 isMounting structure explained in the basic configurationTherefore, the same components are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted.
[0040]
  by the way,Described in the basic configurationIn the attachment structure of the non-contact ID reader 1, as shown in FIG. 12, the reader body 2 to which the reader attachment plate 6 and the plate attachment plate 11 are attached is inserted into the attachment hole 41 of the inner wall 40, and the reader body 2 and reader After the mounting plate 6 is arranged on the back side of the inner wall 40, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are placed on the lower side by weighting until the plate mounting screw 14 is tightened and the fixing operation of the reader body 2 is completed. , The plate mounting plate 11 and the inner wall 40 are unlocked, and the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 may fall out of the mounting hole 41 of the inner wall 40, and the plate mounting screw 14 is tightened to When the main body 2 is fixed, the reader main body 2 may be fixed in a state of being shifted downward or tilted. Therefore, it is necessary to perform the screw tightening operation of the plate mounting screw 14 while supporting the plate mounting plate 11. There is.
[0041]
  On the other hand,This mounting structureThen, since the locking piece 19 of the reader mounting plate 6 and the edge of the mounting hole 41 are locked, the positions of the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 do not shift downward. The reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are moved downward due to the weight until the reader body 2 is fixed by tightening, and the locking between the plate mounting plate 11 and the inner wall 40 is released. 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are not dropped from the mounting hole 41 of the inner wall 40, and it is possible to prevent the reader body 2 from being displaced downward or being fixed in a tilted state. Can be easily performed.
[0042]
  still,This mounting structureIn FIG. 15, a locking portion is formed by a locking piece 19 formed by cutting and raising a part of the leader mounting plate 6, but instead of forming the locking piece 19, as shown in FIGS. A screw hole may be formed in the leader mounting plate 6, and a locking part may be constituted by the screw 20 attached to the screw hole, and the screw part of the screw 20 is locked to the lower edge of the mounting hole 41. Thus, the same effect as described above can be obtained. Further, since it is only necessary to form a screw hole in the leader mounting plate 6, the structure of the leader mounting plate 6 can be simplified as compared with the case where the locking piece 19 is formed by cutting and raising a part of the leader mounting plate 6. The manufacturing cost of the leader mounting plate 6 can be reduced.
[0043]
  Further, in the reader mounting plate 6 shown in FIGS. 15A and 15B, only one screw 20 is mounted on the portion corresponding to the lower end surface of the mounting hole 41, but on the upper and lower end surfaces of the mounting hole 41. Two screws 20 may be attached to the corresponding part. That is, as shown in FIGS. 16A and 16B, a pair of screw holes corresponding to the upper and lower end faces of the mounting hole 41 in the leader mounting plate 6 and diagonally with respect to the center of the reader mounting plate 6. And a screw 20 may be attached to each screw hole. Here, the distance between the pair of screws 20 is formed to be slightly smaller than the upper and lower width dimensions of the mounting hole 41, so that the reader body 2 to which the reader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 are mounted is attached to the inner wall 40. When the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are disposed on the back side of the inner wall 40 by being inserted into the mounting hole 41 and the plate mounting plate 11 is rotated by 45 degrees, each screw 20 is connected to the upper and lower end faces of the mounting hole 41. The leader body 2 and the leader mounting plate 6 do not fall or tilt due to weight, and the range of movement of the leader mounting plate 6 in the vertical direction is regulated by the pair of screws 20. Can also be prevented.
[0044]
  Furthermore, in the reader mounting plate 6 shown in FIGS. 16A and 16B, a pair of screws 20 are mounted on the portions corresponding to the upper and lower end surfaces of the mounting hole 41, but the upper and lower and left and right end surfaces of the mounting hole 41. Each pair of screws 20 may be attached to a portion corresponding to. That is, as shown in FIGS. 18A and 18B, two screw holes are formed on the two diagonal lines of the leader mounting plate 6 at two positions diagonal to the center of the leader mounting plate 6. The screw 20 may be attached to each of two screw holes. Here, since the interval between the two screws 20 is formed to be slightly smaller than the vertical or horizontal width of the mounting hole 41, the reader main body 2 to which the reader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 11 are mounted. Is inserted into the mounting hole 41 of the inner wall 40, the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are arranged on the back side of the inner wall 40, and the plate mounting plate 11 is rotated by 45 degrees in either direction. 20 is engaged with the upper and lower or left and right end surfaces of the mounting hole 41, so that the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 do not fall down or tilt due to weight, and each of the two screws 20 in the vertical and horizontal directions. Since the movement range of the leader mounting plate 6 is regulated, it is possible to prevent rattling. Since the two screws 20 are attached to the two diagonal lines of the reader mounting plate 6, the plate mounting plate 11 is removed from the state in which the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are arranged on the back side of the inner wall 40. Even if it is rotated 45 degrees in any direction, the pair of screws 20 and the upper and lower end surfaces of the mounting hole 41 can be locked, and the construction work can be easily performed.
[0045]
  (Embodiment1)
  Embodiment of the present invention1Will be described with reference to FIGS.Described in the basic configurationIn the non-contact ID reader mounting structure, the cylindrical spacer 9 is used as the spacing member, but in the non-contact ID reader mounting structure of the present embodiment, the coil spring 20 is used as the spacing member. Then, the reader mounting screw 7 inserted from the opposite side of the reader mounting plate 6 into the through hole 5 of the reader main body 2 is passed through the coil spring 20 and screwed into the screw hole 8 ′ provided in the reader mounting plate 6. The reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are coupled. The configuration other than the coil spring 20 isMounting structure explained in the basic configurationTherefore, the same components are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted.
[0046]
  Here, since the natural length of the coil spring 20 is set to a dimension longer than the length at the time of attachment, when the coil spring 20 is assembled, the assembly work is performed while the coil spring 20 is bent. Since the coil spring 20 is initially bent in the assembled state, the reader body 2 is urged away from the reader mounting plate 6 by the spring restoring force of the coil spring 20, and the screwing amount of the reader mounting screw 7 is reduced. By adjusting, the distance between the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 can be changed.
[0047]
  Also,Mounting structure explained in the basic configurationIn this embodiment, the plate mounting plate 11 is formed of a substantially square metal plate. However, in this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 25 (a) and 25 (b), a rectangular frame-shaped 2 having a rectangular window hole 21a at the center. Two mounting frames 21 are arranged in the short width direction to constitute the plate mounting plate 11. A screw insertion hole 13 for inserting the plate mounting screw 14 and a screw hole 15 for screwing the plate frame 16 are formed in two frame sides 21b opposed in the longitudinal direction of the mounting frame 21, respectively. The plate frame 16 is attached to the mounting frame 21 by screwing the plate fixing screw 17 passed through the hole of the plate frame 16 into the screw hole 15. Then, the decorative plate 18 is fitted on the interior side of the plate frame 16 by fitting a hole (not shown) provided in the plate frame 16 and a protrusion (not shown) provided on the back surface of the decorative plate 18, for example. Fixed.
[0048]
  A method for attaching the non-contact ID reader to the inner wall 40 will be briefly described. The inner wall 40 is provided with a mounting hole 41 having a substantially square cross section that is larger than the outer dimensions of the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 and smaller than the size of two mounting frames 21 arranged in the short width direction. .
[0049]
  First, the reader mounting screw 7 is inserted into the through hole 5 of the reader body 2 from the side opposite to the reader mounting plate 6, the leader mounting screw 7 protruding from the through hole 5 is passed through the coil spring 20, and the screw of the reader mounting plate 6 is inserted. The reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are coupled by screwing into the hole 8 ′. At this time, the reader main body 2 is urged away from the reader mounting plate 6 by the spring force of the coil spring 20 (see FIGS. 21A and 21B).
[0050]
  Next, the plate mounting screws 14 are inserted into the two screw insertion holes 13 provided in the two mounting frames 21, respectively, and the plate mounting screws 14 are respectively screwed into the screw holes 12 of the reader mounting plate 6. The attachment frame 21 is coupled to the reader attachment plate 6 respectively. Here, the screwing amount of the plate attachment screw 14 is adjusted so that the distance between the leader attachment plate 6 and the attachment frame 21 is longer than the thickness dimension of the inner wall 40, and each side of the leader attachment plate 6 is attached to the attachment hole 41. The reader main body 2 is inserted into the mounting hole 41 of the inner wall 40 from the indoor side in a state of being substantially parallel to the end face.
[0051]
  When the reader body 2 is pushed into the outer wall 42 side, the front surface of the reader body 2 comes into contact with the heat insulating material 43 attached to the back surface of the outer wall 42. Further, the reader main body 2 is pushed into the outer wall 42 against the spring force of the coil spring 20, and the leader mounting plate 6 is pushed to the back side of the inner wall 40 (that is, the space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42). When the two attachment frames 21 are rotated about 45 degrees around the center position of the reader attachment plate 6 so that each side of the attachment 21 is substantially parallel to the end face of the attachment hole 41, the insertion holes 13 are inserted into the screw insertion holes 13 of the attachment frame 21. The plate mounting screws 14 arranged vertically are arranged so that the corners of the reader mounting plate 6 protrude outward from the projection surface of the mounting hole 41. At this time, since the coil spring 20 is bent, the reader body 2 is pressed against the heat insulating material 43 by the spring force of the coil spring 20, and the attachment state of the reader body 2 is stabilized. Further, since the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are pressed against the outer wall 42 and the inner wall 40 by the spring force of the coil spring 20 and temporarily held, the reader body 2 and the reader body 2 are attached when the reader body 2 is attached or detached. There is no need to hold the mounting plate 6 and the mounting and detaching operations can be performed easily.
[0052]
  When the plate mounting screw 14 is tightened in this state, the inner wall 40 is sandwiched between the tip of the reader mounting screw 7 protruding from the reader mounting plate 6 and the mounting frame 21, and the reader body 2 is fixed to the inner wall 40. After fixing the reader body 2, the decorative plate 18 is attached to the indoor side surface of the attachment frame 21 via the plate frame 16. In this embodiment, since the mounting frame 21 is rotated approximately 45 degrees around the center position of the reader mounting plate 6, the portion of the reader mounting plate 6 that protrudes outward from the projection surface of the mounting hole 41 is enlarged. The inner wall 40 can be firmly clamped between the leader mounting plate 6 and the mounting frame 21.
[0053]
  On the other hand, when removing the non-contact ID reader 1 from the inner wall 40, it is removed by a procedure reverse to the above. That is, when the plate mounting screw 14 is loosened after removing the plate frame 16 and the decorative plate 18, the distance between the leader mounting plate 6 and the mounting frame 21 becomes longer than the thickness dimension of the inner wall 40, and the inner wall 40. The holding state is released. In this state, the attachment frame 21 is rotated approximately 45 degrees around the center position of the reader attachment plate 6 so that each side of the reader attachment plate 6 is substantially parallel to the end face of the attachment hole 41, and the reader main body 2 and the reader attachment plate. 6, after the mounting frame 21 is pulled away from the inner wall 40, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are pulled out from the inner wall 40 to the indoor side.
[0054]
  When the distance from the front surface of the reader main body 2 to the outer wall 42 is L2, a distance L3 (= L1−L2) obtained by subtracting the distance L2 from the communication distance L1 of the non-contact ID reader 1 is an apparent communication distance. Here, when the distance from the front surface of the protrusion 3 of the reader body 2 to the reader mounting plate 6 is longer than the distance from the heat insulating material 43 attached to the back surface of the outer wall 42 to the reader mounting plate 6, When the leader mounting plate 6 is inserted into the back side of the inner wall 40, the front surface of the projecting portion 3 abuts against the heat insulating material 43 and the coil spring 20 is bent, so that the reader main body 2 comes closest to the heat insulating material 43, that is, the outer wall 42. In this state, the reader main body 2 can be attached, and the apparent communication distance L3 can be extended. Further, as shown in FIG. 23A, when the distance between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 is substantially the same as or slightly longer than the length of the leader mounting screw 7, the amount of bending of the coil spring 20 becomes the largest (the spring length is smaller). The reader body 2 is pressed against the back surface of the outer wall 42. On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 23 (b), when the coil spring 20 extends until the space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 is wide and the screw head of the leader mounting screw 7 contacts the leader body 2, The spring length becomes the longest, and at this time, no force is generated to press the reader body 2 against the outer wall 42.
[0055]
  The lengths of the leader mounting screw 7 and the coil spring 20 may be set as appropriate according to the inner wall distance L4 between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42. The leader mounting screw 7 and the coil spring 20 have different lengths. By preparing a plurality of types and selecting and using the leader mounting screw 7 and the coil spring 20 having a desired length, the distance from the back surface of the outer wall 42 to the front surface of the reader body 2 can be adjusted. . That is, as shown in FIG. 24, when the inner wall distance L4 between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 is long, the leader mounting screw 7 and the coil spring 20 may be selected and used having a long length. The apparent communication distance L3 can be increased by shortening the distance from the back surface of the outer wall 42 to the front surface of the reader body 2.
[0056]
  By the way, in this embodiment, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are coupled by the reader mounting screw 7 and the tip of the reader mounting screw 7 is projected from the reader mounting plate 6 to the back side. As shown in FIG. 28, the screwing amount of the leader mounting screw 7 may be adjusted so that the tip of the leader mounting screw 7 does not protrude from the leader mounting plate 6 to the back surface side. Since the corners of the leader mounting plate 6 projecting to the surface are in surface contact with the inner wall 40, the leader mounting plate 6 and the inner wall 40 can be brought into close contact with each other. Further, the stress applied to the inner wall 40 when the inner wall 40 is sandwiched between the leader mounting plate 6 and the plate mounting plate 21 can be dispersed as compared with the case where the tip of the reader mounting screw 7 contacts the inner wall 40. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the inner wall 40 from being deformed by applying stress to the inner wall 40 for a long time.
[0057]
  (Embodiment2)
  Embodiment of the present invention2Will be described with reference to FIGS. In this embodiment, the embodiment1In the non-contact ID reader mounting structure, the reader mounting plate 6 includes a plate-shaped main portion 6a formed in a substantially regular octagon, and connecting pieces 6b protruding from the four sides of the main portion 6a toward the reader body 2 side. The triangular fixing pieces 6c projecting outward from the leading edge of the connecting piece 6b are formed in a continuous and integrated shape, and the screw holes 8 into which the leader mounting screws 7 are screwed into the respective fixing pieces 6c. 'Is formed (see FIG. 30). Here, the connection part (step part) with the main part 6a of each fixing piece 6c is in a state where the mounting frame 21 is rotated so that each side of the mounting frame 21 is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole 41. It is engaged with the end face of the mounting hole 41, and an engaging part is constituted by each connecting piece 6b. The configuration other than the reader mounting plate 6 is the embodiment.1Therefore, the same components are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted.
[0058]
  Here, a method of attaching the non-contact ID reader to the inner wall 40 will be briefly described. The inner wall 40 is provided with a mounting hole 41 having a substantially square cross section that is larger than the outer dimensions of the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 and smaller than the size of two mounting frames 21 arranged in the short width direction. .
[0059]
  First, the reader mounting screw 7 is inserted into the through hole 5 of the reader body 2 from the side opposite to the reader mounting plate 6, the leader mounting screw 7 protruding from the through hole 5 is passed through the coil spring 20, and the screw of the reader mounting plate 6 is inserted. The reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are coupled by screwing into the hole 8 ′. At this time, the reader body 2 is urged away from the reader mounting plate 6 by the spring force of the coil spring 20.
[0060]
  Next, the plate mounting screws 14 are inserted into the two screw insertion holes 13 provided in the two mounting frames 21, respectively, and the plate mounting screws 14 are respectively screwed into the screw holes 12 of the reader mounting plate 6. The attachment frame 21 is coupled to the reader attachment plate 6 respectively. Here, the screwing amount of the plate mounting screw 14 is adjusted so that the distance between the fixing piece 6c of the leader mounting plate 6 and the mounting frame 21 is larger than the thickness dimension of the inner wall 40, and the fixing piece on the leader mounting plate 6 is fixed. The reader body 2 is inserted into the mounting hole 41 of the inner wall 40 from the indoor side in a state where the sides other than the side where the 6c is formed are substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole 41.
[0061]
  When the reader body 2 is pushed into the outer wall 42 side, the front surface of the reader body 2 comes into contact with the heat insulating material 43 attached to the back surface of the outer wall 42. Further, the reader main body 2 is pushed into the outer wall 42 against the spring force of the coil spring 20, and the leader mounting plate 6 is pushed to the back side of the inner wall 40 (that is, the space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42). When the two attachment frames 21 are rotated about 45 degrees around the center position of the reader attachment plate 6 so that each side of the attachment 21 is substantially parallel to the end face of the attachment hole 41, the insertion holes 13 are inserted into the screw insertion holes 13 of the attachment frame 21. The plate mounting screws 14 arranged vertically are arranged so that the corners (that is, the fixing pieces 6 c) of the reader mounting plate 6 protrude outward from the projection surface of the mounting hole 41. At this time, since the coil spring 20 is bent, the reader body 2 is pressed against the heat insulating material 43 by the spring force of the coil spring 20, and the attachment state of the reader body 2 is stabilized. Further, since the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are pressed against the outer wall 42 and the inner wall 40 by the spring force of the coil spring 20 and temporarily held, the reader body 2 and the reader body 2 are attached when the reader body 2 is attached or detached. There is no need to hold the mounting plate 6 and the mounting and detaching operations can be performed easily.
[0062]
  When the plate mounting screw 14 is tightened in this state, the inner wall 40 is sandwiched between the tip of the reader mounting screw 7 protruding from the reader mounting plate 6 and the mounting frame 21, and the reader body 2 is fixed to the inner wall 40. Here, since the connection part (connection piece 6b) of each fixing piece 6c and the main part 6a contacts the end surface of the attachment hole 41, the plate attachment screw 14 is tightened and the fixing operation of the reader body 2 is completed. In addition, it is possible to prevent the reader main body 2 and the reader attachment plate 6 from dropping from the attachment hole 41 due to their own weight, and the attachment work can be easily performed.
[0063]
  By the way, since the heat insulating material 43 such as glass wool is attached to the back surface of the outer wall 42, the protruding portion 3 of the reader main body 2 contacts the heat insulating material 43, and the apparent communication distance is equal to the thickness of the heat insulating material 43. There is a problem of shortening. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 31, the heat insulating material 43 attached to the portion of the outer wall 42 facing the attachment hole 41 is cut off, so that the protruding portion 3 of the reader main body 2 is in direct contact with the back surface of the outer wall 42. The main body 2 can be attached, and the apparent communication distance can be extended by the thickness of the heat insulating material 43.
[0064]
  (Embodiment3)
  Embodiment of the present invention3Will be described with reference to FIGS. In this embodiment, the embodiment1In the non-contact ID reader mounting structure, a substantially square opening 6d is formed in the center of the reader mounting plate 6 and each side of the mounting frame 21 (that is, the plate mounting plate 11) is substantially the end surface of the mounting hole 41. Locking protrusions 6e that are locked to the end face of the mounting hole 41 in a state where the mounting frame 21 is rotated so as to be parallel to each other are formed by cutting and raising at the four corners of the opening hole 6d.
[0065]
  A method of attaching the non-contact ID reader will be described with reference to FIGS. First, a mounting hole 41 having a substantially square cross section that is larger than the outer dimensions of the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 and smaller than the outer dimensions of the plate frame 11 is drilled in the inner wall 40 (see FIG. 34A).
[0066]
  Next, the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are coupled using the reader mounting screw 7, and each side of the reader mounting plate 6 is made substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole 41, and the mounting hole 41 is connected to the indoor side. Then, the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are inserted (see FIG. 34B).
[0067]
  Then, the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are arranged on the back side of the inner wall 40 (that is, the space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42) (see FIG. 34 (c)), and mounted in a state rotated approximately 45 degrees. The tool 60 is inserted through the hole 41 and the opening hole 6d of the reader mounting plate 6, and the cable 30 wired in advance between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 is connected to a connection terminal (not shown) of the reader body 2 (not shown). FIG. 34 (d)). Next, the plate mounting screw 14 inserted through the screw insertion hole 13 of the mounting frame 21 is screwed into the screw hole 12 of the reader mounting plate 6, and the reader mounting plate 6 and the two mounting frames 21 are coupled to each other. And the two mounting frames 21 sandwich the inner wall 40 to fix the reader body 2 to the inner wall 30 and then attach the decorative plate 18 to the mounting frame 21 via the plate frame 16 (FIG. 34 (e)). reference).
[0068]
  By the way, the embodiment1In the non-contact ID reader, after the cable 30 previously wired between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 is pulled out from the mounting hole 41 and connected to the connection terminal of the reader body 2, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are connected to each other. Is inserted into the mounting hole 41, it is necessary to return the cable 30 to the mounting hole 41 after the cable 30 is pulled out. On the other hand, in the present embodiment, the opening 6d is provided in the reader mounting plate 6, and the cable 30 can be connected to the reader main body 2 through the opening 6d, so that the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are connected to the wall. The connection work of the cable 30 can be performed in a state of being attached inside, and after the cable 30 is pulled out from the attachment hole 41, it is not necessary to return the cable 30 back into the attachment hole 41, thereby improving the workability of the connection work. . Moreover, since the connection state of the cable 30 can be confirmed through the opening hole 6d when the decorative plate 18 is removed, inspection and repair work after construction can be easily performed.
[0069]
  Further, when the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are inserted into the mounting hole 41 and arranged on the back side of the inner wall 40 and then rotated approximately 45 degrees, the locking protrusion 6e of the reader mounting plate 6 is attached to the mounting hole. 41, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are prevented from dropping out of the mounting hole 41 by their own weight until the cable 30 connection work and the reader body 2 fixing work are completed. Can do. In this embodiment, a square opening hole 6d is formed in the center of the reader mounting plate 6 and the locking projections 6e are formed by cutting and raising at the four corners of the opening hole 6d. The shape of the opening hole 6d is not limited to the above-described shape, and as shown in FIG.2In the reader mounting plate 6 described in the above, a circular opening 6f may be formed in the center of the reader mounting plate 6, and the same effect as described above can be obtained.
[0070]
  (Embodiment4)
  Embodiment of the present invention4Will be described with reference to FIGS. In this embodiment, the embodiment1In the non-contact ID reader mounting structure, a cable insertion notch 22 is formed on the side surface of the reader body 2 as shown in FIGS. Then, as shown in FIGS. 38A and 38B, a cover 23 is attached to the back surface of the reader main body 2 so as to cover the portion of the reader main body 2 in which the notch 22 is formed. After the portion is stored, the sealing resin 24 is filled in the reader body 2. Then, after the sealing resin 24 is cured, the cover 23 is removed to form the reader body 2 (see FIG. 39). A hatched portion in FIG. 39 indicates a filling portion of the sealing resin 24. The configuration other than the notch 22 is the embodiment.1Therefore, the same components are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted.
[0071]
  A method for attaching the non-contact ID reader will be briefly described with reference to FIGS. First, a mounting hole 41 having a substantially square cross section that is larger than the outer dimensions of the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 and smaller than the outer dimensions of the plate mounting plate 11 is drilled in the inner wall 40, so The cable 30 is pulled out indoors from the space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 (see FIG. 40A).
[0072]
  Next, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are coupled by passing the reader mounting screw 7 inserted through the through hole 5 of the reader body 2 through the coil spring 20 and screwing it into the screw hole of the reader mounting plate 6. In this state, the cable 30 drawn from the attachment hole 41 is connected to the reader body 2 (see FIG. 40B).
[0073]
  Then, the cable 30 is housed in the notch 22 of the reader main body 2 and each side of the reader mounting plate 6 is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole 41, and the reader main body 2 and the reader are inserted into the mounting hole 41 from the indoor side. The mounting plate 6 is inserted (see FIG. 40C). Thereafter, the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are arranged on the back side of the inner wall 40 (that is, the space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42) (see FIG. 40D), and are rotated by approximately 45 degrees so that the reader mounting plate 6 The plate mounting screw 14 inserted into the screw insertion hole 13 of the mounting frame 21 is screwed into the screw hole 12 of the leader mounting plate 6 with the corner portion of the mounting hole 41 protruding from the projection plane of the mounting hole 41. After the reader body 2 is fixed to the inner wall 30 by joining the two mounting frames 21 and sandwiching the inner wall 40 between the reader mounting plate 6 and the two mounting frames 21, the plate frame is attached to the mounting frame 21. The decorative plate 18 is attached through 16 (see FIG. 40E).
[0074]
  By the way, the embodiment1In the non-contact ID reader, after the cable 30 previously wired between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42 is pulled out from the mounting hole 41 and connected to the connection terminal of the reader body 2, the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are connected to each other. Is inserted into the mounting hole 41, but the reader body 2 is not provided with a notch for inserting the cable, so that a gap for passing the cable 30 between the peripheral surface of the reader body 2 and the end surface of the mounting hole 41 is provided. Therefore, the size of the mounting hole 41 has to be increased. On the other hand, in this embodiment, the notch 22 is formed on the peripheral surface of the reader main body 2, and the cable 30 is placed in the notch 22 (see FIG. 37), the reader main body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are connected. Since it is inserted into the mounting hole 41, it is not necessary to secure a gap for passing the cable 30 between the peripheral surface of the reader body 2 and the end surface of the mounting hole 41, and the size of the mounting hole 41 can be reduced. .
[0075]
  By the way, in this embodiment, although the notch part 22 as a cable insertion part is formed in one side surface of the case main body 2, it is not the thing of the meaning which limits the shape of a cable insertion part to said shape, FIG. ) To (c), a long hole 25 penetrating the case main body 2 may be formed in a portion other than the protrusion 3 on the front surface of the case main body 2, and the cable 30 passed through the long hole 25 is connected to the leader. If the reader body 2 and the reader mounting plate 6 are inserted into the mounting hole 41 after being connected to the main body 2, even if the gap between the peripheral surface of the reader body 2 and the mounting hole 41 is narrow, Work can be done easily. When the reader body 2 is assembled, as shown in FIGS. 42A and 42B, a cover 23 is attached to the back surface of the reader body 2 so as to cover the portion of the reader body 2 in which the long holes 25 are formed. After the antenna and the circuit unit are accommodated in the main body 2, the sealing resin 24 is filled in the reader main body 2 as shown in FIG. Then, after the sealing resin 24 is cured, the cover 23 is removed to form the reader body 2 (see FIG. 43). 43 indicates a filling portion of the sealing resin 24.
[0076]
  (Embodiment5)
  In this embodiment, the above-described first to first embodiments.4 and basic configurationAn electric lock system using the non-contact ID reader 1 will be described with reference to FIG. This electric lock system is inserted into a mounting hole 41 drilled in an inner wall 40 and is arranged in a space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42, and a tag possessed by a resident of the building or the like 50, a power supply unit 51 for supplying power to the non-contact ID reader 1, an electric lock 52 attached to a door such as a doorway, and the opening and closing of the electric lock 52 according to a signal input from the non-contact ID reader 1 It is comprised with the control part 53 to control. The configuration of the non-contact ID reader 1 is the same as in the first to the first embodiments.4 and the basic configurationSince it is the same, the description is omitted.
[0077]
  The non-contact ID reader 1 is installed in a wall near the entrance of the building. When a person entering or exiting the building brings the tag 50 close to the non-contact ID reader 1, the contact 50 is placed between the tag 50 and the non-contact ID reader 1. Non-contact data communication is performed by electromagnetic induction, and ID data stored in the tag 50 is read by the non-contact ID reader 1. The control unit 53 collates the ID data of the tag 50 read by the non-contact ID reader 1 with previously registered ID data, and outputs an unlock signal or a lock signal to the electric lock 52 when the two match. Thus, the electric lock 52 is unlocked or locked.
[0078]
  In the electric lock system of the present embodiment, the first to the first embodiments.4 and basic configurationThe non-contact ID reader 1 described in the above is used, and the non-contact ID reader 1 is mounted in a mounting hole 41 provided in the inner wall 40 and is disposed in a space between the inner wall 40 and the outer wall 42. The attachment work of the contact ID reader 1 can be easily performed.
[0079]
【The invention's effect】
  As described above, the invention of claim 1 has a rectangular cross section in which a non-contact ID reader that performs data communication with each other by electromagnetic induction with a tag having a memory that stores data therein is provided in the construction material. In the mounting structure of the non-contact ID reader for mounting to the mounting hole, an external dimension is formed smaller than that of the mounting hole, and an antenna or circuit unit for performing data communication with the tag by electromagnetic induction is provided. The reader body that is housed, and the reader mounting that is rectangular plate-shaped and is slightly smaller than the mounting hole, and is screwed to the back surface of the reader body via a distance holding member for maintaining the distance from the reader body A plate and a rectangular plate having at least a longitudinal dimension larger than that of the mounting hole, substantially parallel to the reader mounting plate, and approximately 45 degrees on each side of the reader mounting plate. Corner A plate mounting plate that is mounted on the back side of the reader mounting plate in a state of intersecting with the plate mounting plate, and a plate mounting screw that is inserted into the insertion hole provided in the plate mounting plate and screwed into the screw hole provided in the reader mounting plate AndThe construction material is an inner wall provided inside the outer wall of the building, and a reader body is inserted into a mounting hole provided in the inner wall, and the spacing member attaches the reader body to the opposite side of the reader mounting plate. The length of the spring member is set so that the reader body can be attached in a state where the reader body is in contact with the outer wall and the spring member is bent,A leader mounting plate that is inserted into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material together with the leader body and disposed on the opposite side of the construction material, and each side of the mounting hole is disposed with the leader mounting plate disposed on the opposite side of the construction material. Even if a non-contact ID reader is attached between the outer wall and the inner wall of the building, the construction material is sandwiched between the plate mounting plate rotated approximately 45 degrees so as to be substantially parallel to the end face. The reader body and the reader mounting plate are inserted into the mounting hole provided in the room from the indoor side, and the reader body and the reader mounting plate are arranged in the space between the inner wall and the outer wall, and each side of the plate mounting plate is attached to the mounting hole. When the screw amount of the plate mounting screw is adjusted in a state where the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees so as to be substantially parallel to the end surface of the plate, the inner wall is sandwiched between the leader mounting plate and the plate mounting plate, The reader body is attached to the inner wall That because, without the construction of the outer wall, can attach the contactless ID reader from the indoor side in the space between the outer and inner walls, there is an effect that can be achieved without mounting structure impair the appearance of the outer wall.
[0080]
  Furthermore, in the invention of claim 1,The leader body is urged to the opposite side of the leader mounting plate by the spring member, is in contact with the outer wall in a state where the spring member is bent, and is always attached to the outer wall by the spring force of the spring member. Therefore, there is an effect that the mounting state is stabilized. In addition, since the reader body is in contact with the outer wall, the distance between the outer wall and the reader body can be minimized, and the distance from the outer wall that can communicate between the tag and the reader body can be increased. .
[0081]
  Claim2The invention of claim1'sIn the invention, multiple types of plate mounting screws with different lengths are prepared, and one of the screws is selected and used, and the length of the plate mounting screw is appropriately selected according to the thickness dimension of the construction material By doing so, there is an effect that it is possible to cope with construction materials of various thicknesses.
[0082]
  Claim3The invention of claim 1Or 2According to the invention, the screw diameter and pitch of the leader mounting screw and the plate mounting screw are the same, and the screw diameter and pitch of the leader mounting screw and the plate mounting screw are made common. By doing so, there is an effect that the types of necessary screws can be reduced.
[0083]
  Claim4The invention of claim 1 to claim 1One of 3In this invention, the plate mounting plate is rotated relative to the surface of the reader mounting plate on the side of the plate mounting plate so that each side of the plate mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole. It is characterized by providing a locking part that stops, and by locking the locking part and the end face of the mounting hole, the leader mounting plate can be prevented from tilting or falling down with respect to the construction material. There is an effect that the work can be easily performed.
[0084]
  Claim5The invention of claim4In this invention, the locking portion is a screw member attached to a screw hole provided in the leader mounting plate, and it is only necessary to provide a screw hole in the leader mounting plate, so that the structure of the leader mounting plate can be simplified. It is possible to reduce the manufacturing cost of the leader mounting plate.
[0085]
  Claim6The invention of claim4In the invention, the two locking portions are provided at diagonal positions with respect to the center of the leader mounting plate, and the two locking portions are respectively locked with the end surfaces of the mounting holes. Since the movement range of the reader mounting plate is restricted, it is possible to prevent the reader body from rattling and prevent the reader body from being mounted incorrectly.
[0086]
  Claim7The invention of claim4In this invention, the two locking portions are provided on the two diagonal lines of the reader mounting plate at two diagonal positions with respect to the center of the reader mounting plate, and the reader main body and the reader mounting plate are characterized in that Even if the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees in any direction in a state where the mounting hole is inserted into the mounting hole, the two locking portions can be locked to the upper and lower end surfaces of the mounting hole. There is an effect that the work can be easily performed.
[0087]
  Claim8The invention of claim4In this invention, the surface of the reader mounting plate on the side of the plate mounting plate is in contact with the end surface of the mounting hole while the plate mounting plate is rotated so that each side of the plate mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole. A stepped portion is provided, and a locking portion is configured by the stepped portion. By locking the stepped portion provided on the plate mounting plate and the end surface of the mounting hole, the leader mounting plate is attached to the construction material. Inclination and falling can be prevented, and the mounting work can be easily performed. In addition, since the locking portion is configured by the step portion provided on the reader mounting plate, it is not necessary to incorporate a separate member into the reader mounting plate, and the reader mounting plate and the locking portion are configured by one member. There is an effect that can be.
[0088]
  Claim9The invention of claim 1 to claim 1Any of 8According to the invention, the tip of the screw part of the leader mounting screw that joins the leader body and the leader mounting plate is stopped in the middle of the screw hole provided in the leader mounting plate. Since the tip of the thread of the leader mounting screw does not protrude from the surface, the surface of the construction material and the leader mounting plate are in surface contact, and the construction material is sandwiched between the leader mounting plate and the plate mounting plate. Since the stress applied to the material can be dispersed, there is an effect that the construction material can be prevented from being deformed by applying stress to the construction material for a long time.
[0089]
  Claim10The invention of claim 1 to claim 1Any of 9In this invention, with the reader body and the reader mounting plate arranged on the opposite side of the construction surface, an opening hole for connecting the cable pre-wired on the opposite side of the construction surface to the reader body is attached to the reader. The cable is connected to the cable body through the opening hole in a state where the reader body and the reader mounting plate are arranged on the opposite side of the construction surface, and the cable is not connected. Since the construction work of the reader main body and the leader mounting plate can be performed, the cable does not interfere with the construction work, and there is an effect that a non-contact ID reader mounting structure that facilitates the construction work can be realized.
[0090]
  Claim11The invention of claim 1 to claim 1Any of 9In this invention, the reader main body is provided with a cable insertion portion for passing a cable drawn from the opposite side of the construction surface, and the cable drawn through the mounting hole is connected to the reader main body. With the cable inserted through the cable insertion part, the reader body and reader mounting plate can be inserted into the mounting hole for installation work, making it easy even when the gap between the end surface of the mounting hole and the reader body is narrow There is an effect that it is possible to realize a non-contact ID reader mounting structure capable of performing construction work.
[0091]
  Claim12The invention of claim 1 to claim 1Any one of 11In this invention, the plate mounting plate is provided with a rectangular frame-like plate frame fixed to the back side of the plate mounting plate and a decorative plate fitted and fixed to the plate frame. Since the decorative plate can be attached via the plate frame, it is possible to enhance the aesthetics of the room by attaching the decorative plate designed for the interior of the room.
[0092]
  Claim13The invention of claim 1 to claim 1Any of 12In this invention, the construction material is an inner wall provided inside the outer wall of the building, and the reader body is inserted into a mounting hole provided in the inner wall near the entrance of the building, and is attached to the space between the inner wall and the outer wall. Claims 1 to12As in the case of the invention, since the non-contact ID reader can be attached from the indoor side to the space between the outer wall and the inner wall without performing the construction of the outer wall, the appearance of the outer wall can be maintained, and the reader main body is Since it is arranged on the back side of the outer wall, it can prevent mischief such as destruction of the reader body, and since outsiders do not know the existence of the reader body, there is an effect that security is high..
[0093]
  Claim14In the removal method of removing the non-contact ID reader from the construction material according to claim 1, first, the plate attachment screw is first loosened, and the distance between the plate attachment plate and the leader attachment plate is made larger than the thickness dimension of the construction material. With the plate length extended, the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees so that each side of the reader mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole, and then the plate mounting plate is moved away from the construction material, The leader mounting plate is taken out from the mounting hole, and by loosening the plate mounting screw, the state where the construction material is sandwiched between the plate mounting plate and the reader mounting plate can be easily released, and then the plate By rotating the mounting plate and moving it away from the construction material, the reader body and the leader mounting plate can be easily removed from the construction material. There is an effect that it is possible to perform maintenance tasks, such as management and dismantling easily.
[0094]
  Claim15The invention of claim1In the attachment method of attaching the non-contact ID reader described above to the construction material, by passing a spring member through a reader attachment screw inserted into a through hole provided in the reader body, and screwing into a screw hole provided in the reader attachment plate, The reader body is screwed to the reader mounting plate, and the plate mounting plate is screwed to the reader mounting plate using a plate mounting screw, and the reader body is biased to the opposite side of the reader mounting plate by a spring member. With the distance between the plate mounting plate and the plate mounting plate longer than the thickness of the construction material, each side of the leader mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole, and the leader body and the leader mounting plate are After inserting into the mounting hole from one side and arranging the leader body and the reader mounting plate on the opposite side of the construction material, the plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees, and each side of the plate mounting plate is connected to the end surface of the mounting hole And abbreviation The reader body is attached to the construction material by screwing plate mounting screws and sandwiching the construction material between the plate mounting plate and the leader mounting plate. Since the spring member is biased to the opposite side of the mounting plate and is in contact with the outer wall in a bent state and is always pressed against the outer wall by the spring force of the spring member, the reader main body and the reader The mounting plate is temporarily held between the outer wall and the inner wall, and there is an effect that the mounting operation can be easily performed.
[0095]
  Claim16The invention of claim10In the attachment method of attaching the non-contact ID reader to the construction material, first, the reader attachment plate is attached to the reader body, and each side of the reader attachment plate is made substantially parallel to the end surface of the attachment hole, and the reader body and the reader attachment plate are Insertion into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material, with the leader body and leader mounting plate placed on the opposite side of the construction material, connecting the cable pre-wired to the opposite side of the construction surface to the leader body After working through the opening hole, attach the plate mounting plate to the reader mounting plate, rotate the plate mounting plate approximately 45 degrees, and place each side of the plate mounting plate substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole to mount the plate The leader body is attached to the construction material by screwing the screw and sandwiching the construction material between the plate mounting plate and the leader mounting plate, and the leader body and the leader mounting plate are attached to the construction surface. With the cable placed on the opposite side, the cable can be connected to the cable body through the opening hole, and the leader body and leader mounting plate can be installed without connecting the cable. Therefore, there is an effect that the construction work can be easily performed.
[0096]
  Claim17The invention of claim11In the attachment method for attaching the non-contact ID reader to the construction material, first, the reader attachment plate and the plate attachment plate are attached to the reader body, and the distance between the leader attachment plate and the plate attachment plate is set to be larger than the thickness dimension of the construction material. Connect the cable drawn from the opposite side of the construction surface through the mounting hole to the reader body, and pass this cable through the cable insertion part of the reader body, and then connect each side of the reader mounting plate to the end surface of the mounting hole. After the reader body and the reader mounting plate are inserted into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material so as to be substantially parallel, and the reader body and the reader mounting plate are arranged on the opposite side of the construction material, the plate mounting plate is moved to about 45. By rotating the plate mounting plate, each side of the plate mounting plate is arranged substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole, and the plate mounting screw is screwed to sandwich the construction material between the plate mounting plate and the reader mounting plate, The cable is pulled through the mounting hole and connected to the reader body, and the cable is passed through the cable insertion part, and the reader body and the reader mounting plate are attached to the mounting hole. Since the construction work can be performed by being inserted into the inside, there is an effect that the construction work can be easily performed even when the gap between the end face of the mounting hole and the reader body is narrow.
[0097]
  Claim18The invention of claim11A method of manufacturing a non-contact ID reader according to claim 1, wherein a cable insertion portion is formed in the reader body, and a portion of the reader body where the cable insertion portion is formed is covered with a cover, and then a sealing resin is applied to the inside of the reader body. The antenna and the circuit unit disposed inside the reader body are sealed with a sealing resin, and then the cover is removed. The cable insertion portion provided in the reader body has a sealing resin Although it is necessary not to wrap around the cable, it is possible to prevent the sealing resin from wrapping around the cable insertion part by filling the sealing resin with the cover of the reader body part where the cable insertion part is formed. There is an effect that the sealing resin can be filled only in necessary portions.
[0098]
  Claim19According to the present invention, the non-contact ID reader according to claim 1, the electric lock provided at the door of the doorway, and the electric for controlling the locking / unlocking of the electric lock based on information received from the tag by the non-contact ID reader. An electric lock system for locking / unlocking an electric lock provided on a door of an entrance / exit by an electric lock control unit using the non-contact ID reader according to claim 1. There is an effect that it can be realized.
[Brief description of the drawings]
[Figure 1]According to the present inventionNon-contact ID reader mounting structureBasic configurationFIG.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a state in which a reader mounting plate is attached to the above non-contact ID reader as viewed from the front side.
FIG. 3 is a front view of the above non-contact ID reader.
FIGS. 4A to 4E are explanatory views for explaining a mounting method and a detaching method of the contactless ID reader of the above.
FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram for explaining a method of attaching the non-contact ID reader according to the above.
6A and 6B show the same plate mounting plate, where FIG. 6A is a front view and FIG. 6B is a side view.
FIG. 7 is an explanatory diagram for explaining a method of attaching a decorative plate to the plate attachment plate of the above.
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a mounting structure of another non-contact ID reader according to the above.
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view for explaining another mounting structure of another non-contact ID reader.
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view for explaining still another non-contact ID reader mounting structure.
FIGS. 11A and 11B are explanatory views for explaining a mounting method of the above non-contact ID reader.
FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view for explaining a mounting structure of the above non-contact ID reader.
FIG. 13Reference exampleFIG.
14A and 14B show a reader mounting plate as described above, where FIG. 14A is a front view, and FIG. 14B is a side view.
FIGS. 15A and 15B show another reader mounting plate as described above, where FIG. 15A is a front view and FIG. 15B is a side view.
FIGS. 16A and 16B show another reader mounting plate, wherein FIG. 16A is a front view and FIG. 16B is a side view.
FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view for explaining a mounting structure of the above non-contact ID reader.
18A and 18B show the positional relationship between still another reader mounting plate and mounting holes provided in the inner wall, where FIG. 18A is a view seen from the back side, and FIG. 18B is a sectional view seen from the side.
FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view illustrating the mounting structure of the non-contact ID reader according to the above.
FIG. 20 shows an embodiment.1It is sectional drawing explaining the attachment structure of non-contact ID reader.
FIG. 21 shows the same reader main body and reader main body, (a) is a side view before assembly, and (b) is a side view showing a state after assembly.
FIG. 22 is an explanatory view for explaining the mounting method of the above.
23 (a) and 23 (b) are cross-sectional views illustrating a mounting state of the above, partly omitted.
FIG. 24 is a cross-sectional view illustrating another mounting state of the above.
FIG. 25 shows a plate mounting plate used in the above, (a) is a front view, and (b) is a side view.
FIG. 26 is an explanatory view for explaining a method of attaching a decorative plate to the plate attachment plate of the above.
FIG. 27 is a cross-sectional view illustrating another mounting state of the above.
FIG. 28 is an explanatory diagram for explaining a mounting state of a reader mounting plate used for the above.
FIG. 29 Embodiment2It is sectional drawing explaining the attachment structure of non-contact ID reader.
FIG. 30 is an external perspective view of a reader mounting plate used for the above.
FIG. 31 is a cross-sectional view illustrating another mounting state of the above.
FIG. 32 Embodiment3It is an external appearance perspective view which abbreviate | omits one part explaining the attachment structure of non-contact ID reader | leader.
FIG. 33 shows a reader mounting plate used for the above, in which (a) is a front view and (b) is a side view.
FIGS. 34A to 34E are explanatory views for explaining a mounting method of the above.
FIG. 35 shows another reader mounting plate used in the above, (a) is a front view and (b) is a side view.
FIG. 36 Embodiment4The case main body of a non-contact ID reader is shown, (a) is a front view, (b) is a side view, and (c) is a back view.
FIG. 37 is an explanatory view showing a state in which the case main body is inserted into a mounting hole provided in the inner wall.
FIG. 38 shows a state in which a cover is attached to the case main body, wherein (a) is a back view and (b) is a side view.
FIG. 39 is a back view showing a state in which the case main body is filled with sealing resin.
FIGS. 40A to 40E are explanatory views for explaining the same assembling method.
FIG. 41 shows another case main body same as the above, (a) is a front view, (b) is a side view, and (c) is a back view.
42A and 42B show a state where a cover is attached to the case main body, wherein FIG. 42A is a rear view, and FIG. 42B is a side view.
FIG. 43 is a back view showing a state where the case main body is filled with sealing resin.
FIG. 44 Embodiment5It is a schematic block diagram of an electric lock system.
FIG. 45 is an exploded perspective view illustrating a conventional non-contact ID reader mounting structure.
FIG. 46 is a cross-sectional view of the above.
47A and 47B show another mounting structure of a conventional non-contact ID reader, where FIG. 47A is a front view and FIG. 47B is a side view.
[Explanation of symbols]
  2 Reader body
  6 Leader mounting plate
  9 Spacer
  11 Plate mounting plate
  40 inner wall
  41 Mounting hole

Claims (19)

  1. 内部にデータを記憶するメモリを備えたタグとの間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行う非接触IDリーダを、造営材に設けた断面矩形状の取付孔に取り付けるための非接触IDリーダの取付構造において、
    外形寸法が取付孔よりも小さい寸法に形成され、タグとの間で電磁誘導により相互にデータ通信を行うためのアンテナや回路部を収納したリーダ本体と、矩形板状であって取付孔よりも若干小さい寸法に形成され、リーダ本体の背面にリーダ本体との間隔を保持するための間隔保持部材を介してねじ止めされたリーダ取付板と、矩形板状であって少なくとも長手方向寸法が取付孔よりも大きい寸法に形成され、リーダ取付板に対して略平行で且つ各辺がリーダ取付板の各辺に対して略45度の角度で交差するような状態でリーダ取付板の背面側に取り付けられるプレート取付板と、プレート取付板に設けた挿通孔に挿通されると共にリーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に螺入されるプレート取付ねじとを備え、上記造営材は建物の外壁の内側に設けられた内壁であり、この内壁に設けた取付孔内にリーダ本体が挿入されており、上記間隔保持部材はリーダ本体をリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢するばね部材からなり、リーダ本体が外壁と当接し且つばね部材が撓められた状態でリーダ本体が取り付けられるようにばね部材の長さ寸法を設定し、リーダ本体と共に造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入されて造営材の反対側に配置されたリーダ取付板と、リーダ取付板を造営材の反対側に配置した状態で各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるように略45度回転されたプレート取付板との間で造営材を挟持することを特徴とする非接触IDリーダの取付構造。
    A non-contact ID reader for mounting a non-contact ID reader that performs mutual data communication by electromagnetic induction with a tag having a memory for storing data therein to a mounting hole having a rectangular cross section provided in the construction material In the mounting structure,
    The outer dimensions of the reader body are smaller than the mounting hole, and the antenna body and the circuit unit for receiving data communication with each other by electromagnetic induction between the tag and the rectangular plate-shaped reader body. A reader mounting plate that is formed to have a slightly smaller size and is screwed to the back surface of the reader main body via a distance holding member for holding the distance from the reader main body; Is mounted on the back side of the reader mounting plate in a state that is substantially parallel to the reader mounting plate and that each side intersects each side of the reader mounting plate at an angle of approximately 45 degrees. comprising a plate mounting plate to be, and a plate mounting screw is threaded into a threaded hole provided in the reader mounting plate while being inserted into an insertion hole formed in the plate mounting plate, the building material is provided on the inner side of the outer wall of a building A reader body is inserted into a mounting hole provided in the inner wall, and the spacing member is a spring member that urges the reader body to the opposite side of the reader mounting plate, and the reader body is formed on the outer wall. The length of the spring member is set so that the reader body can be attached with the spring member in contact with the spring member , and inserted into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material together with the leader body, opposite to the construction material Between the reader mounting plate disposed on the side and the plate mounting plate rotated approximately 45 degrees so that each side is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole in a state where the reader mounting plate is disposed on the opposite side of the construction material. A non-contact ID reader mounting structure characterized in that the construction material is sandwiched between the two.
  2. プレート取付ねじとして長さの異なるものを複数種類用意し、何れかのねじを選択して使用することを特徴とする請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 2. The non-contact ID reader mounting structure according to claim 1 , wherein a plurality of types of plate mounting screws having different lengths are prepared and any one of the screws is selected and used .
  3. リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを結合するリーダ取付ねじとプレート取付ねじのねじ径及びピッチが同じであることを特徴とする請求項1又は2の何れか1項に記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 The attachment of the non-contact ID reader according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a screw diameter and a pitch of a leader attachment screw for coupling the leader body and the leader attachment plate are the same. Construction.
  4. リーダ取付板におけるプレート取付板側の面に、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を回転させた状態で、取付孔の端面と係止する係止部を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至3の何れか1項に記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 Locking with the end surface of the mounting hole while the plate mounting plate is rotated so that each side of the plate mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole on the surface of the leader mounting plate on the plate mounting plate side The attachment structure of the non-contact ID reader according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a portion is provided .
  5. 前記係止部は、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に取り付けたねじ部材であることを特徴とする請求項記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。The non-contact ID reader mounting structure according to claim 4 , wherein the locking portion is a screw member attached to a screw hole provided in the reader mounting plate .
  6. 前記係止部は、リーダ取付板の中心に対して対角の位置に2個設けられたことを特徴とする請求項記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。The non-contact ID reader mounting structure according to claim 4 , wherein the two locking portions are provided at diagonal positions with respect to the center of the reader mounting plate .
  7. 前記係止部は、リーダ取付板の2本の対角線上に、リーダ取付板の中心に対して対角の位置に2個づつ設けられたことを特徴とする請求項記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 5. The non-contact ID reader according to claim 4 , wherein two of the locking portions are provided at two positions diagonally with respect to the center of the reader mounting plate on two diagonal lines of the reader mounting plate. Mounting structure.
  8. リーダ取付板におけるプレート取付板側の面に、プレート取付板の各辺が取付孔の端面と略平行になるようにプレート取付板を回転させた状態で取付孔の端面と当接する段部を設け、該段部により前記係止部を構成したことを特徴とする請求項記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 On the surface of the reader mounting plate on the side of the plate mounting plate, a step is provided that contacts the end surface of the mounting hole when the plate mounting plate is rotated so that each side of the plate mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end surface of the mounting hole. The non-contact ID reader mounting structure according to claim 4, wherein the stepped portion constitutes the locking portion .
  9. リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを結合するリーダ取付ねじのねじ部先端を、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔の途中で止めたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至8の何れか1項に記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 The screw tip of the leader mounting screws for coupling the reader body and the reader mounting plate, according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that stopped in the middle of the screw hole provided in the reader mounting plate Non-contact ID reader mounting structure.
  10. リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を造営面の反対側に配置した状態で、造営面の反対側に予め配線されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続する結線作業を行うための開口孔をリーダ取付板に設けたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至9の何れか1項に記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 With the reader main body and the reader mounting plate arranged on the opposite side of the construction surface, an opening hole is provided in the leader mounting plate for performing a connection work for connecting a cable previously wired on the opposite side of the construction surface to the reader main body. The non-contact ID reader mounting structure according to claim 1 , wherein the non-contact ID reader is attached.
  11. 造営面の反対側から引き出されたケーブルを通すためのケーブル挿通部をリーダ本体に設けたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至9の何れか1項に記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。The non-contact ID reader mounting structure according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the reader body is provided with a cable insertion portion for passing a cable drawn from the opposite side of the construction surface .
  12. プレート取付板の背面側にねじ固定される矩形枠状のプレート枠と、プレート枠に嵌合固定される化粧プレートとを備えて成ることを特徴とする請求項1乃至11の何れか1項に記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 A rectangular frame-shaped plate frame that is screwed to the rear side of the plate mounting plate, to any one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that it comprises a decorative plate which is fitted and fixed to the plate frame Attachment structure of the non-contact ID reader described.
  13. 上記造営材は建物の外壁の内側に設けられた内壁であり、建物の出入口付近の内壁に設けた取付孔内にリーダ本体が挿入され、内壁と外壁との間の空間に取り付けられることを特徴とする請求項1乃至12の何れか1項に記載の非接触IDリーダの取付構造。 The construction material is an inner wall provided inside the outer wall of the building, and the reader body is inserted into a mounting hole provided in the inner wall near the entrance of the building, and is attached to the space between the inner wall and the outer wall. The attachment structure of the non-contact ID reader according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
  14. 請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材から取り外す取り外し方法において、先ずプレート取付ねじを緩めて、プレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間の距離を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くした状態で、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にした後、プレート取付板を造営材から離れる方向に移動させて、リーダ本体及びリーダ取付板を取付孔から取り出すことを特徴とする非接触IDリーダの取り外し方法。In the removal method which removes the non-contact ID reader according to claim 1 from the construction material, first, the plate mounting screw is loosened, and the distance between the plate mounting plate and the reader mounting plate is made longer than the thickness dimension of the construction material. The plate mounting plate is rotated approximately 45 degrees so that each side of the reader mounting plate is substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole, and then the plate mounting plate is moved away from the construction material, and the reader main body and the reader mounting plate A method for removing a non-contact ID reader, characterized in that the device is removed from the mounting hole.
  15. 請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、リーダ本体に設けた貫通孔に挿通されたリーダ取付ねじにばね部材を通し、リーダ取付板に設けたねじ孔に螺入することにより、リーダ本体をリーダ取付板にねじ止めすると共に、プレート取付板をプレート取付ねじを用いてリーダ取付板にねじ止めし、ばね部材によってリーダ本体をリーダ取付板と反対側に付勢し、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間の間隔を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くした状態で、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した後、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とする非接触IDリーダの取付方法。The attachment method for attaching the non-contact ID reader to the construction material according to claim 1, wherein a spring member is passed through a leader attachment screw inserted in a through hole provided in the reader body, and is screwed into a screw hole provided in the leader attachment plate. Thus, the reader body is screwed to the reader mounting plate, the plate mounting plate is screwed to the reader mounting plate using a plate mounting screw, and the reader body is biased to the opposite side of the reader mounting plate by a spring member, With the distance between the leader mounting plate and the plate mounting plate longer than the thickness of the construction material, each side of the leader mounting plate is made substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole, and the reader body and the reader mounting plate are After inserting into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material and placing the leader body and leader mounting plate on the opposite side of the construction material, rotate the plate mounting plate approximately 45 degrees to attach each side of the plate mounting plate Perforated A non-contact ID reader characterized in that the reader body is attached to the construction material by placing the construction material between the plate attachment plate and the reader attachment plate by screwing a plate attachment screw and placing the plate body between the plate attachment screw and the reader attachment plate. Mounting method.
  16. 請求項10記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、先ずリーダ本体にリーダ取付板を取り付け、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した状態で、造営面の反対側に予め配線されたケーブルをリーダ本体に接続する結線作業を開口孔を通して行った後、リーダ取付板にプレート取付板を取り付け、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とする非接触IDリーダの取付方法。11. The attachment method for attaching the non-contact ID reader to the construction material according to claim 10, wherein a leader attachment plate is first attached to the reader body, and each side of the leader attachment plate is made substantially parallel to the end face of the attachment hole to attach the reader body to the reader. With the board inserted into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material and the leader body and leader mounting plate placed on the opposite side of the construction material, a cable pre-wired on the opposite side of the construction surface is attached to the leader body. After connecting the connection through the opening hole, attach the plate mounting plate to the reader mounting plate, rotate the plate mounting plate approximately 45 degrees, and place each side of the plate mounting plate approximately parallel to the end face of the mounting hole. A mounting method of a non-contact ID reader, wherein a reader body is attached to the construction material by screwing a plate attachment screw and sandwiching the construction material between the plate attachment plate and the reader attachment plate
  17. 請求項11記載の非接触IDリーダを造営材に取り付ける取付方法において、先ずリーダ本体にリーダ取付板とプレート取付板とを取り付け、リーダ取付板とプレート取付板との間の間隔を造営材の厚み寸法よりも長くし、造営面の反対側から取付孔を通して引き出されたケーブルをリーダ本体に結線し、このケーブルをリーダ本体のケーブル挿通部に通した状態で、リーダ取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行にして、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の一側から取付孔内に挿入し、リーダ本体とリーダ取付板とを造営材の反対側に配置した後、プレート取付板を略45度回転させて、プレート取付板の各辺を取付孔の端面と略平行に配置し、プレート取付ねじをねじ込んでプレート取付板とリーダ取付板との間で造営材を挟持することにより、リーダ本体を造営材に取り付けることを特徴とする非接触IDリーダの取付方法。 12. The attachment method for attaching the non-contact ID reader to the construction material according to claim 11, wherein the leader attachment plate and the plate attachment plate are first attached to the reader body, and the distance between the leader attachment plate and the plate attachment plate is set to the thickness of the construction material. Connect the cable drawn through the mounting hole from the opposite side of the construction surface to the reader body and pass this cable through the cable insertion section of the reader body. After the reader body and the reader mounting plate are inserted into the mounting hole from one side of the construction material, and the reader body and the leader mounting plate are arranged on the opposite side of the construction material, the plate mounting plate Is rotated approximately 45 degrees, each side of the plate mounting plate is arranged substantially parallel to the end face of the mounting hole, and the plate mounting screw is screwed to sandwich the construction material between the plate mounting plate and the leader mounting plate. The mounting method of the contactless ID reader, characterized in that to attach the leader body building material.
  18. 請求項11記載の非接触IDリーダの製造方法であって、リーダ本体にケーブル挿通部を形成し、ケーブル挿通部の形成されたリーダ本体の部位をカバーで覆った後、リーダ本体の内部に封止樹脂を充填して、リーダ本体内部に配置されたアンテナと回路部とを封止樹脂で封止した後、カバーを取り外して成ることを特徴とする非接触IDリーダの製造方法。12. The method of manufacturing a non-contact ID reader according to claim 11, wherein a cable insertion portion is formed in the reader body, the portion of the reader body where the cable insertion portion is formed is covered with a cover, and then sealed inside the reader body. A method of manufacturing a non-contact ID reader, comprising filling a stop resin, sealing an antenna and a circuit unit arranged inside a reader body with a sealing resin, and then removing a cover.
  19. 請求項1記載の非接触IDリーダと、出入口のドアに設けられた電気錠と、非接触IDリーダがタグから受信した情報に基づいて電気錠の施錠/開錠を制御する電気錠制御部とを備えて成ることを特徴とする電気錠システム。A non-contact ID reader according to claim 1, an electric lock provided at an entrance door, and an electric lock control unit for controlling locking / unlocking of the electric lock based on information received from the tag by the non-contact ID reader; An electric lock system comprising:
JP2000311185A 2000-06-14 2000-10-11 Non-contact ID reader mounting structure, mounting method, removing method, manufacturing method, and electric lock system Expired - Fee Related JP4345219B2 (en)

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JP4718192B2 (en) * 2005-01-17 2011-07-06 新光電気工業株式会社 Reader / Writer
JP4661425B2 (en) * 2005-07-22 2011-03-30 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4661426B2 (en) * 2005-07-22 2011-03-30 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4626447B2 (en) * 2005-08-26 2011-02-09 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4678277B2 (en) * 2005-10-26 2011-04-27 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4670587B2 (en) * 2005-10-26 2011-04-13 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4670586B2 (en) * 2005-10-26 2011-04-13 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4692217B2 (en) * 2005-10-26 2011-06-01 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4692216B2 (en) * 2005-10-26 2011-06-01 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP4687417B2 (en) * 2005-11-21 2011-05-25 パナソニック電工株式会社 Non-contact IC card reader device
JP5044964B2 (en) * 2006-03-30 2012-10-10 大日本印刷株式会社 Information distribution system and information reader
JP5364946B2 (en) * 2009-12-17 2013-12-11 株式会社日本コンラックス Reader / writer unit
JP5445107B2 (en) * 2009-12-21 2014-03-19 大日本印刷株式会社 ID photography device
JP5849915B2 (en) * 2012-09-26 2016-02-03 株式会社デンソーウェーブ Card reader unit

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