JP4291754B2 - Magnetic head slider and magnetic disk drive - Google Patents

Magnetic head slider and magnetic disk drive Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4291754B2
JP4291754B2 JP2004233248A JP2004233248A JP4291754B2 JP 4291754 B2 JP4291754 B2 JP 4291754B2 JP 2004233248 A JP2004233248 A JP 2004233248A JP 2004233248 A JP2004233248 A JP 2004233248A JP 4291754 B2 JP4291754 B2 JP 4291754B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
heater
slider
recording
reproducing element
magnetic head
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Expired - Fee Related
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JP2004233248A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2006053972A (en
Inventor
晃司 三宅
篤 加藤
昌幸 栗田
秀明 田中
利也 白松
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ヒタチグローバルストレージテクノロジーズネザーランドビーブイ
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Priority to JP2004233248A priority Critical patent/JP4291754B2/en
Publication of JP2006053972A publication Critical patent/JP2006053972A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/48Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed
    • G11B5/58Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed with provision for moving the head for the purpose of maintaining alignment of the head relative to the record carrier during transducing operation, e.g. to compensate for surface irregularities of the latter or for track following
    • G11B5/60Fluid-dynamic spacing of heads from record-carriers
    • G11B5/6005Specially adapted for spacing from a rotating disc using a fluid cushion
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/127Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive
    • G11B5/31Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive using thin films
    • G11B5/3103Structure or manufacture of integrated heads or heads mechanically assembled and electrically connected to a support or housing
    • G11B5/3106Structure or manufacture of integrated heads or heads mechanically assembled and electrically connected to a support or housing where the integrated or assembled structure comprises means for conditioning against physical detrimental influence, e.g. wear, contamination
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/127Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive
    • G11B5/31Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive using thin films
    • G11B5/3109Details
    • G11B5/313Disposition of layers
    • G11B5/3133Disposition of layers including layers not usually being a part of the electromagnetic transducer structure and providing additional features, e.g. for improving heat radiation, reduction of power dissipation, adaptations for measurement or indication of gap depth or other properties of the structure
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/127Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive
    • G11B5/31Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive using thin films
    • G11B5/3109Details
    • G11B5/313Disposition of layers
    • G11B5/3133Disposition of layers including layers not usually being a part of the electromagnetic transducer structure and providing additional features, e.g. for improving heat radiation, reduction of power dissipation, adaptations for measurement or indication of gap depth or other properties of the structure
    • G11B5/314Disposition of layers including layers not usually being a part of the electromagnetic transducer structure and providing additional features, e.g. for improving heat radiation, reduction of power dissipation, adaptations for measurement or indication of gap depth or other properties of the structure where the layers are extra layers normally not provided in the transducing structure, e.g. optical layers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/40Protective measures on heads, e.g. against excessive temperature
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/48Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed
    • G11B5/58Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed with provision for moving the head for the purpose of maintaining alignment of the head relative to the record carrier during transducing operation, e.g. to compensate for surface irregularities of the latter or for track following
    • G11B5/60Fluid-dynamic spacing of heads from record-carriers
    • G11B5/6005Specially adapted for spacing from a rotating disc using a fluid cushion
    • G11B5/6011Control of flying height
    • G11B5/6064Control of flying height using air pressure
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/48Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed
    • G11B5/58Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed with provision for moving the head for the purpose of maintaining alignment of the head relative to the record carrier during transducing operation, e.g. to compensate for surface irregularities of the latter or for track following
    • G11B5/60Fluid-dynamic spacing of heads from record-carriers
    • G11B5/6005Specially adapted for spacing from a rotating disc using a fluid cushion
    • G11B5/6011Control of flying height
    • G11B5/607Control of flying height using thermal means

Description

  The present invention relates to a magnetic head slider capable of adjusting a gap flying height and a magnetic disk apparatus equipped with the magnetic head slider, and more particularly to a configuration of a magnetic head slider incorporating a heater for adjusting a gap flying height. .

  The magnetic disk apparatus has a rotating magnetic disk and a magnetic head slider supported by a suspension and mounted with a recording / reproducing element. The slider travels relatively on the magnetic disk and reads / writes information from / to the magnetic disk. In such a magnetic disk device, in order to increase the recording density, it is necessary to reduce the distance between the magnetic disk and the magnetic head slider, that is, the slider flying height. In particular, it is necessary to narrow the gap flying height (hg), which is the distance between the magnetic disk and the recording / reproducing element portion of the magnetic head slider. The gap flying height (hg) varies depending on the processing error of the magnetic head slider and the environment (temperature, pressure, etc.) used. If this amount of change can be reduced, the gap flying height (hg) can be reduced.

  As means for reducing the change in gap flying height (hg) due to processing errors and environmental changes, Patent Document 1 provides a thin film resistor in the coil insulating layer of an inductive thin film magnetic head. An invention is disclosed in which a magnetic pole tip is projected by thermal expansion by energizing a resistor. Patent Document 2 discloses an invention in which a heater is provided at a position opposite to the air bearing surface (ABS) of a magnetic head element.

JP-A-5-20635 JP 2003-168274 A

  In adjusting the gap flying height (hg) using a heater, the position and size of the formed heater are important factors. As a result of investigations by the inventors, by changing the size and shape of the heater of the magnetic head slider and its formation position, the power consumption and response speed of the heater are improved, and the influence of the heater on the life of the reproducing element is minimized. It was found that it can be suppressed.

  In order to keep the power consumed by the heater as small as possible, it is necessary to increase the gap levitation change amount (Δhg) per unit power consumption of the heater. The response speed of the flying height adjustment is one of the important characteristics of the flying height adjustment type magnetic head slider, and the faster the better. Since forming the heater in the vicinity of the reproducing element leads to a shortening of the life of the reproducing element due to a temperature rise, it is essential to minimize the temperature rise of the reproducing element.

  An object of the present invention is to provide a magnetic head slider that improves the power consumption and response speed of the heating means for adjusting the gap flying height (hg) and achieves a long life of the reproducing element.

  Another object of the present invention is to provide a magnetic head slider that achieves an improvement in performance as an actuator and a longer life of a heating means for adjusting the gap flying height (hg).

  Still another object of the present invention is to provide a magnetic disk drive equipped with a magnetic head / slider equipped with a highly reliable heating means that adjusts the gap flying height (hg) of a recording / reproducing element with high accuracy. It is.

  In order to achieve the above object, the magnetic head slider of the present invention comprises a slider and a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on the element forming surface (air outflow end face) of the slider, Furthermore, a heater is provided between the slider and the recording / reproducing element with an insulating material interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element so that the leading end is located behind the reproducing element of the recording / reproducing element.

  In the heater, resistance wires are alternately moved back and forth on a surface parallel to the element forming surface (air outflow end surface) of the slider.

  In order to achieve the above other objects, the magnetic head slider of the present invention has a slider and a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on the element forming surface (air outflow end face) of the slider. In addition, a heater provided between the slider and the recording / reproducing element with an insulating material interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element so that its tip is located behind the reproducing element, and provided in the vicinity of the heater. It has a film of a substance having a higher thermal conductivity than the insulating material.

  The film is provided on either the lower part or the upper part of the heater.

  The film may be provided on both sides of the heater.

  The film may be an insulator.

  The film preferably has a smaller coefficient of thermal expansion than the insulating material and a larger Young's modulus than the heater.

  A barrier layer of tungsten or titanium may be provided on at least one of the upper and lower sides of the heater.

  In order to achieve the above other objects, the magnetic head slider of the present invention has a slider and a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on the element forming surface (air outflow end face) of the slider. Further, a resistance wire is interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element via an insulating material, the tip of the resistance wire is located behind the reproducing element of the recording / reproducing element, and the cross-sectional area of the central part is larger than the peripheral part. Thus, it has the heater which was made to go back and forth alternately.

  The resistance wire has a line width wider at the center than at the periphery.

  The resistance wire is thicker at the center than at the periphery.

  In order to achieve the other object, the magnetic head slider of the present invention includes a slider and a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on an element forming surface (air outflow end surface) of the slider. In the magnetic head slider, the tip of the resistance wire is located between the slider and the recording / reproducing element with an insulating material interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element. A magnetic head slider comprising heaters that are alternately moved so as to increase in size.

  In order to achieve the above other objects, the magnetic head slider of the present invention has a slider and a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on the element forming surface (air outflow end face) of the slider. Further, a resistance wire is interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element via an insulating material, and the tip of the resistance wire is located behind the reproducing element of the recording / reproducing element, and alternately goes back and forth avoiding the highest temperature portion. It is characterized by having a heater.

  The resistance wire is wired in a portion other than the central portion of the heater.

  The resistance wire is wired to a portion other than the central portion of the heater and the vicinity of the reproducing element.

In order to achieve the above other object, in the magnetic disk apparatus of the present invention,
A magnetic disk;
A spindle motor that holds and rotates the magnetic disk on a rotating shaft;
A magnetic head slider for recording and reproducing information to and from the magnetic disk;
A suspension for supporting the magnetic head slider;
A driving device for moving the suspension in a radial direction of the magnetic disk;
The magnetic head slider has
A slider, a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on an element forming surface (air outflow end surface) of the slider, and a leading end of the recording / reproducing element through an insulating material between the slider and the recording / reproducing element And a heater provided so as to be located behind the reproducing element of the element.

In order to achieve the above other object, in the magnetic disk apparatus of the present invention,
A magnetic disk;
A spindle motor that holds and rotates the magnetic disk on a rotating shaft;
A magnetic head slider for recording and reproducing information to and from the magnetic disk;
A suspension for supporting the magnetic head slider;
A driving device for moving the suspension in a radial direction of the magnetic disk;
The magnetic head slider has
A slider, a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on an element forming surface (air outflow end surface) of the slider, and a leading end of the recording / reproducing element through an insulating material between the slider and the recording / reproducing element It has a heater provided so as to be located behind the reproducing element of the element, and a film of a substance having a higher thermal conductivity than the insulating material provided in the vicinity of the heater.

In order to achieve the above other object, in the magnetic disk apparatus of the present invention,
A magnetic disk;
A spindle motor that holds and rotates the magnetic disk on a rotating shaft;
A magnetic head slider for recording and reproducing information to and from the magnetic disk;
A suspension for supporting the magnetic head slider;
A driving device for moving the suspension in a radial direction of the magnetic disk;
The magnetic head slider has
A slider, a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on an element forming surface (air outflow end face) of the slider, and a tip of a resistance wire interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element via an insulating material. The heater is located rearward of the reproducing element of the recording / reproducing element, and is alternately moved so that the cross-sectional area of the central part is larger than that of the peripheral part.

In order to achieve the above other object, in the magnetic disk apparatus of the present invention,
A magnetic disk;
A spindle motor that holds and rotates the magnetic disk on a rotating shaft;
A magnetic head slider for recording and reproducing information to and from the magnetic disk;
A suspension for supporting the magnetic head slider;
A driving device for moving the suspension in a radial direction of the magnetic disk;
The magnetic head slider has
A slider, a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on an element forming surface (air outflow end face) of the slider, and a tip of a resistance wire interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element via an insulating material. And a heater that is positioned rearward of the reproducing element of the recording / reproducing element and is alternately moved back and forth so that the interval between the central portions is larger than the peripheral portion.

In order to achieve the above other object, in the magnetic disk apparatus of the present invention,
A magnetic disk;
A spindle motor that holds and rotates the magnetic disk on a rotating shaft;
A magnetic head slider for recording and reproducing information to and from the magnetic disk;
A suspension for supporting the magnetic head slider;
A driving device for moving the suspension in a radial direction of the magnetic disk;
The magnetic head slider has
A slider, a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on an element forming surface (air outflow end face) of the slider, and a tip of a resistance wire interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element via an insulating material. And a heater that is positioned behind the reproducing element of the recording / reproducing element and alternately goes back and forth while avoiding the highest temperature portion.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to improve the performance of the heating means for adjusting the gap flying height (hg) as an actuator and to prolong the life of the reproducing element.

  FIG. 15 shows the configuration of a magnetic disk device 50 on which a magnetic head slider (hereinafter referred to as slider) 1 according to each embodiment of the present invention is mounted. A magnetic disk 53 is mounted on a rotary shaft 52 of a spindle motor fixed to the base 51, and is driven to rotate. An actuator arm 55 is pivotally supported on the pivot 54, a suspension 56 is attached to one end of the actuator arm 55, and a coil (not shown) constituting a voice coil motor 57 is attached to the other end. Yes. The pivot 54, the actuator arm 55, and the voice coil motor 57 constitute a drive device. The magnetic head slider 1 is attached to the tip of the suspension 56. The base 51 is provided with a ramp mechanism 58 and is located on the outer peripheral side of the magnetic disk 53. The ramp mechanism 58 has a slope on which the lift tab 59 rides when the magnetic head slider 1 is unloaded.

  By energizing the coil of the voice coil motor 57, rotational torque is generated in the actuator arm 55, and the suspension 56 attached to the actuator arm 55 is moved in the radial direction of the magnetic disk 53. By this rotation operation, the magnetic head slider 1 attached to the tip of the suspension 56 is moved to an arbitrary position in the radial direction of the magnetic disk 53 to record and reproduce information. When the magnetic head slider 1 is unloaded, the lift tab 59 is moved so as to ride on the ramp of the ramp mechanism 58. At the time of loading, the lift tab 59 is loaded on the recording surface of the magnetic disk 53 from the standby state. The

FIG. 16 shows a configuration of the magnetic head slider 1 as viewed from the air bearing surface side according to each embodiment of the present invention. The magnetic head slider 1 has a front bearing surface 101, side bearing surfaces 102 and 103, and a rear bearing surface 104 formed on a surface serving as an air bearing surface (ABS) of the slider 100 by a processing technique such as ion milling. Rails 105 and 106 are formed on the bearing surface 101 and the side bearing surfaces 102 and 103, and a rail 107 is formed on the rear bearing surface 104. The recording / reproducing element 2 of the magnetic head is exposed on the surface of the rail 107. A negative pressure generating deep groove 108 is formed between the front bearing surface 101, the side bearing surfaces 102 and 103, and the rear bearing surface 104. A protective film such as carbon is formed on each bearing surface and each rail surface.
<Internal configuration of magnetic head slider according to first embodiment>
1 is a cross-sectional view of the magnetic head slider 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention in the vicinity of a recording / reproducing element viewed from the side of the slider (corresponding to a cross-sectional view taken along the line CC ′ of FIG. 16). FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA ′ of the heater 12 as viewed from the slider air outflow end side. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the recording / reproducing element 2 of this embodiment is formed in the vicinity of the air bearing surface (ABS) of the element forming surface (air outflow end surface) of the Altic slider 4, and the periphery thereof is insulated. Filled with the material alumina 3. The recording / reproducing element 2 includes a reproducing head (MR) 9 and a reproducing head having an upper shield 10 and a lower shield 11 for protecting the reproducing element 9 from an external magnetic field, and an upper magnetic pole 5 laminated on the reproducing head via an insulator. And a recording element having a lower magnetic pole 6, a coil 7, and an insulating resist 8 filling the periphery of the coil 7. A heater 12 for adjusting the flying height is provided between the slider 4 and the recording / reproducing element 2 and in the vicinity of the recording / reproducing element 9.

  The heater (resistor) 12 between the lower shield 11 and the slider 4 has a structure in which resistance wires are alternately passed, and the tip thereof is located behind the reproducing element 9 (on the side opposite to the ABS). The size of the heater 12 is such that the heater dimension in the slider thickness direction is the height 21, the slider width dimension heater dimension is the width 22, the slider longitudinal dimension heater dimension is the thickness 23, and the heater 12 position is the heater dimension. It is expressed as a distance 24 between the center of 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS). Further, the center of the heater 12 is on the plane of symmetry B-B ′ similarly to the centers of the coil 7 and the reproducing element 9.

  First, the results of studying the position of the heater 12 are shown in FIGS. FIG. 5 shows three types of experimental samples in which the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is changed to 38 μm, 68 μm, and 98 μm without changing the structure such as the size, line width, and gap of the heater 12. FIG. 6 shows the time constant of the change in the flying height of the gap per unit power consumption of the heater 12, FIG. 6 shows the time constant of the change in the flying height, and FIG. 7 shows the temperature rise (ΔT) of the reproducing element (MR) 9.

  As is apparent from FIG. 5, when the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is shortened, Δhg per 50 mW of heat generated by the heater 12 increases. This means that the closer the heater 12 is to the air bearing surface (ABS), the smaller the electric power required for adjusting the flying height. In addition, as shown in FIG. 6, it can be seen that the time constant of the change in the flying height decreases when the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is reduced. On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 7, when the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is reduced, ΔT per 50 mW of heat generated by the heater 12 increases. That is, it can be seen that the shorter the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS), the better the actuator characteristics, but the shorter the life of the reproducing element 9 instead.

  Next, the result of examining the size of the heater 12 is shown. In FIG. 8, the width 22 of the heater 12 is 20 μm, the thickness 23 of the heater 12 is 0.08 μm, the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is 25 μm, and the height 21 of the heater 12 is 10 μm and 20 μm. , The temperature rise of the reproducing element 9 per unit levitation change amount and the power consumption of the heater 12 per unit levitation change amount for the simulation model changed to 40 μm. FIG. 8 shows that as the height 21 of the heater 12 is decreased, the temperature rise of the reproducing element 9 per unit levitation change amount decreases, and the power consumption of the heater 12 per unit levitation change amount increases. . As a result of examining a simulation model in which the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is changed, the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is reduced, and the height 21 of the heater 12 is also increased. It was found that when the size is reduced, the power consumption of the heater 12 per unit levitation change amount can be reduced while suppressing the temperature rise of the reproducing element 9 per unit levitation change amount.

  In FIG. 9, the height 21 of the heater 12 is 20 μm, the thickness 23 of the heater 12 is 0.08 μm, the distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface (ABS) is 25 μm, and the width 22 of the heater 12 is 20 μm and 40 μm. , Regarding the simulation model changed to 80 μm, the temperature rise of the reproducing element 9 per unit flying height change and the power consumption of the heater 12 per unit flying height change are shown. From FIG. 9, it can be seen that as the width 22 of the heater 12 is reduced, the temperature rise of the reproducing element 9 per unit levitation change amount hardly changes and the power consumption of the heater 12 per unit levitation change amount decreases. .

From the above examination results, the heater 12 is disposed between the lower shield 11 of the reproducing element 9 and the slider 4, and the distance between the height 21 of the heater 12, the width 22 of the heater 12, the center of the heater 12, and the air bearing surface (ABS). Therefore, the power consumption of the heater 12 and the response speed of the flying change can be improved, and the influence on the life of the reproducing element 9 can be minimized.
<Internal structure of magnetic head slider according to second embodiment>
In the first embodiment, if the height of the heater 12 and the width 22 of the heater 12 are reduced by making the resistance of the heater 12 constant in order to improve the actuator performance for controlling the flying height, the heater 12 will inevitably be reduced. The cross-sectional area of the resistance wire is small, and it is easy to break by melting due to heat generation or migration due to current and stress. That is, the size and reliability of the heater 12 are in a contradictory relationship. Therefore, it is important to make a heater 12 that simultaneously realizes sufficient actuator performance and reliability.

  It was also found that there was an uneven temperature distribution inside the heater. FIG. 10 shows the disconnection location of the heater 12 with x marks when the power supplied to the heater 12 is increased until the disconnection occurs. The disconnection points are concentrated in the central portion of the heater 12 and the disconnection points are biased, so that it can be seen that the temperature distribution inside the heater 12 is actually biased. This is because the thermal conductivity of the alumina 3 that fills the space around the heater 12 and the resistance wire is about one tenth of the thermal conductivity of the heater 12, so that the heat conduction inside the heater 12 is hindered and heat is generated. This is because it is easy to hang up. Therefore, when the temperature distribution inside the heater 12 is biased and a part of the heater 12 is locally hot, the reliability of the locally hot part is significantly reduced. The reliability of the entire heater 12 becomes lower than when the temperature distribution is constant.

  Therefore, in the second embodiment, the first embodiment is further improved to realize high reliability of the heater. A schematic configuration of a magnetic head slider according to the second embodiment is shown in FIGS. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view (corresponding to the cross-sectional view taken along the line CC ′ of FIG. 16) of the magnetic head slider having the heater according to the present embodiment when viewed from the side surface of the slider. FIG. It is AA 'line sectional drawing seen from the air outflow end side. 1 is a magnetic head slider having a recording / reproducing element 2 equivalent to the magnetic head slider 1 shown in FIG. 1 and a heater 12. As shown in FIG. 3, the recording / reproducing element 2 is an element forming surface of an Altic slider 4. It is formed in the vicinity of the air bearing surface (ABS) of the (air outflow end surface), and its periphery is filled with alumina 3.

  The recording / reproducing element 2 includes an upper magnetic pole 5, a lower magnetic pole 6, a coil 7, a recording element having a resist 8 that fills the periphery of the coil 7, a reproducing element (MR) 9 for reproducing, and a reproducing element. 9 includes an upper shield 10 and a lower shield 11 for protecting 9 from an external magnetic field. A heater 12 for adjusting the flying height is provided near the recording / reproducing element 2. The heater 12 between the lower shield 11 and the slider 4 has a structure in which resistance wires are alternately routed as in FIG. 2, and the size of the heater (resistor) 12 is 21 in the thickness direction of the slider. The position of the heater 12 is expressed as a distance 24 between the center of the heater 12 and the air bearing surface ABS, with the width direction of the slider being a width 22 and the slider longitudinal direction being a thickness 23. Further, the center of the heater 12 is on the plane of symmetry B-B ′ similarly to the centers of the coil 7 and the reproducing element 9.

  The most significant feature of this embodiment is that a film (temperature gradient alleviating material) 31 made of a material having a higher thermal conductivity than alumina 3 is formed in the vicinity of the heater 12. In the present embodiment, the heater 12 located between the alumina 3 is sandwiched between two temperature gradient relaxing materials 31. The heater 12 and the temperature gradient alleviating material 31 are spaced apart from each other in order to obtain a sufficient insulation resistance. As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 3, the size of the temperature gradient mitigating material 31 sandwiching the heater 12 is as follows: the height of the slider is 32 in the thickness direction, the width of the slider is 33, and the slider is longitudinal. The dimension is expressed as thickness 34. The size of the slider in the longitudinal direction of the heater 12 and the temperature gradient reducing material 31 is expressed as a pseudo heater thickness 35.

  The gap between the heater 12 and the temperature gradient reducing material 31 is preferably 0.01 μm or more and 2 μm or less considering the insulation resistance and thermal conductivity between the heater 12 and the temperature gradient relaxing material 31. Further, in order to obtain the effect of relaxing the temperature gradient, the surface area of the heater 12 in contact with the temperature gradient relaxing material 31 through the insulating medium is desirably 30% or more of the total surface area of the heater 12. Each temperature gradient reducing material 31 is formed so as to be in contact with the high temperature portion of the heater 12 via an insulating medium, and at the same time, be in contact with the low temperature portion of the heater 12 via an insulating medium. Further, if the temperature gradient relaxing material 31 is extended to the air bearing surface (ABS), it acts as a heat sink that increases the amount of heat radiation to the magnetic disk. Is desirable. In this embodiment, the insulating medium is alumina, but a material having higher thermal conductivity than alumina may be used.

  Further, an insulating material may be used for the temperature gradient reducing material 31. In that case, in order to increase the amount of heat transferred between the heater 12 and the temperature gradient relaxing member 31, the gap between the heater 12 and the temperature gradient relaxing member 31 is eliminated, or the temperature gradient relaxing member 31 is also formed in the gap between the resistance wires. It is desirable to do.

  While the temperature gradient of the heater 12 is relaxed by the temperature gradient mitigating material 31, the temperature gradient mitigating material 31 also rises to the same temperature as the heater 12, and thus acts as a part of the heater 12. Therefore, instead of the thickness 23 of the heater 12, the pseudo heater thickness 35 is treated as the thickness of the heater that affects the thermal deformation, and is apparently thicker than the actual heater thickness 23. However, the analysis results show that even if the heater thickness is increased several times, power consumption, the response speed of the flying height change, and the temperature rise of the reproducing element are hardly affected. However, in the present embodiment, the heater 12 and the temperature gradient reducing material 31 are formed between the lower shield 11 and the slider 4. Therefore, when the temperature gradient relaxing material 31 is thickened, the distance between the lower shield 11 and the slider 4 is increased. It gets bigger. When the distance between the lower shield 11 and the slider 4 is increased, the local protrusion of the floating surface (ABS) called thermal protonation due to the heat generated by the write coil 7 is increased, which hinders the reduction of the flying height. End up. Therefore, it is desirable that the thickness 34 of the temperature gradient reducing material 31 be within 5 times the thickness 23 of the heater 12.

  In the present embodiment, two temperature gradient reducing materials 31 are formed so as to sandwich the heater 12, but the position, shape, and number are not unique. Therefore, the height 32 of the temperature gradient relaxing material 31 and the width 33 of the temperature gradient relaxing material 31 may be larger or smaller than the height 21 of the heater 12 and the width 22 of the heater, or only on one side of the heater 12. The gradient relaxing material 31 may be formed, or a plurality of temperature gradient relaxing materials 31 may be formed. The shape does not need to be square, and may be any shape according to the temperature distribution inside the heater.

  Further, by selecting a material having a thermal expansion coefficient smaller than that of alumina 3 or a material having a Young's modulus larger than that of the heater 12 as the material of the temperature gradient reducing material 31, the heater 12 accompanying the thermal deformation in the vicinity of the recording / reproducing element 2. The deformation of can be reduced. By suppressing the deformation of the heater 12, fatigue failure of the heater due to repeated deformation and disconnection due to stress migration can be prevented.

  Depending on the material used for the heater 12, a multilayer wiring using a barrier metal layer such as tungsten or titanium on the lower layer, the upper layer or the upper and lower layers of the heater wiring can reduce electromigration and stress migration. Resistance may be improved.

As described above, in the slider according to this embodiment, the heat quantity between the high temperature portion and the low temperature portion of the heater 12 is not limited to the resistance wire of the heater 12 having a small cross-sectional area and the alumina 3 having a low thermal conductivity, but also has a sufficient cross-sectional area. This is mainly performed through a temperature gradient moderating material 31 having a thermal conductivity larger than that of the retained alumina 3. Therefore, the temperature difference between the high temperature portion and the low temperature portion of the heater 12 becomes smaller than when there is no temperature gradient mitigating material 31, and the temperature gradient is relaxed. By eliminating the heat concentration, the reliability of the entire heater 12 is improved.
<Configuration of heater according to the third embodiment>
The configuration of the heater according to the third embodiment of the present invention is shown in FIGS. The overall configuration of the magnetic head slider, the recording / reproducing element structure, and the heater arrangement are the same as in the first and second embodiments. 11 and 12 show the heater 12 as seen from the slider outflow end side. The thickness 23 of the heater 12 is constant.

  The greatest feature of the third embodiment is that the cross-sectional area of the resistance wire near the center where the temperature of the heater 12 is highest is increased so that the temperature inside the heater 12 is constant or substantially constant. . In the example shown in FIG. 11, the line width is changed every time the resistance wire is turned back, and the line width is increased as the distance from the center is approached. In other words, the resistance per unit length decreases as the distance from the center increases. In the example shown in FIG. 12, the line width of the resistance line is changed as needed, and the line width is increased toward the center.

  In this embodiment, the cross-sectional area of the resistance wire near the center where the temperature of the heater 12 is highest is increased, but the heater 12 has a constant or almost constant temperature distribution inside the heater 12. The gap between the resistance wires near the center of the wire may be increased.

  In this embodiment, the heater thickness 23 is constant, but the heater height 21 and the heater width 22 are larger than the heater shown in FIG. It may be affected. Therefore, the cross-sectional area of the high temperature portion may be increased by adjusting the thickness of the heater.

  In the present embodiment, the portion where the temperature inside the heater 12 is highest is the center of the heater 12. However, the heat distribution of the recording / reproducing element 2 and the heater 12 is greatly affected by the element structure. The high temperature part is not necessarily in the center. Therefore, it is desirable to adjust the line cross-sectional area and the line gap in accordance with the temperature distribution inside the heater 12.

In this embodiment, the line cross-sectional area of the heater 12 is determined so that the temperature inside the heater 12 is constant or substantially constant. The cross-sectional area may be determined in consideration of improvement in electromigration resistance due to density reduction. In that case, using the Arrhenius equation often used in the kinetic model, A is a constant, J is a current density, n is a constant related to current (usually 2), Ea is an activation energy, k is a Boltzmann constant, The linear cross-sectional area of the heater 12 may be determined so that K in the equation K = AJ− n exp (−Ea / (kT)) is constant, where T is an absolute temperature.

As described above, in the magnetic head slider according to the present embodiment, the closer to the center, the larger the cross-sectional area of the resistance wire of the heater 12, and the smaller the resistance, the smaller the amount of heat generated per unit length. Accordingly, the temperature inside the heater 12 is constant or substantially constant, and the heat concentration is eliminated, so that the reliability of the heater 12 is improved.
<Configuration of heater according to the fourth embodiment>
The configuration of the heater according to the fourth embodiment is shown in FIGS. FIG. 13 is a view of the heater 12 with a resistance wire routed around the center of the heater as viewed from the slider outflow end side. FIG. 14 is a view of the heater 12 on which resistance wires are routed while avoiding the vicinity of the center of the heater and the vicinity of the reproducing element, as viewed from the slider outflow end side. The recording / reproducing element structure of the slider and the arrangement of the heater are the same as those of the magnetic head slider shown in FIG.

  The greatest feature of the fourth embodiment is that when the resistance wire is formed on the entire surface, the resistance wire is routed by avoiding the portion where the temperature of the heater 12 is highest. In the example shown in FIG. 13, the resistance wire is wired avoiding the vicinity of the center where the temperature becomes high. In this example, since there is no heat generation at the center of the heater, there is also an effect of relaxing the temperature gradient inside the heater.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 14, in order to suppress the temperature rise of the reproducing element, resistance wires may be wired avoiding the vicinity of the center of the heater and the vicinity of the reproducing element.

  In the present embodiment, the portion where the temperature inside the heater 12 is highest is the center of the heater 12. However, the heat distribution of the recording / reproducing element 2 and the heater 12 is greatly affected by the element structure. The high temperature part is not necessarily in the center. Therefore, it is desirable to adjust the wiring position according to the temperature distribution inside the heater 12.

  In this embodiment, only one heater is formed, but a plurality of heaters may be combined.

  Thus, in the slider according to the present embodiment, the reliability of the entire heater 12 can be improved by avoiding the center of the heater where the heat is concentrated and the reliability is lowered. Further, by wiring around the reproducing element, the temperature rise of the reproducing element 9 can be suppressed and the reliability of the reproducing element 9 can be ensured.

  As described above, according to the heating thin film structure or the heater according to the embodiment of the present invention, when the flying height is adjusted by applying electric power to the heater provided in the magnetic head slider, the uneven temperature distribution in the heater is eliminated. Alternatively, it is possible to provide a thin film structure for heating or a magnetic head slider having a heater that can realize substantially the same reliability in each part of the heater by increasing the reliability of the high-temperature part inside the heater.

  In addition, it is possible to provide a magnetic disk drive equipped with a magnetic head slider that realizes substantially the same reliability in each part of the heater and improves the reliability of the entire heater.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the vicinity of a recording / reproducing element of the magnetic head slider according to the first embodiment of the present invention. It is AA 'sectional drawing of FIG. FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the vicinity of a recording / reproducing element of a magnetic head slider according to a second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA ′ in FIG. 3. FIG. 6 is a diagram showing the amount of change in flying height per unit power consumption of the heater when the distance between the center of the heater and the air bearing surface is changed in the magnetic head slider according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a time constant of change in flying height when the distance between the center of the heater and the air bearing surface is changed in the magnetic head slider according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a temperature rise of the reproducing element per unit power consumption of the heater when the distance between the center of the heater and the air bearing surface is changed in the magnetic head slider according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a diagram showing the temperature rise of the reproducing element per unit flying height change and the power consumption of the heater in the magnetic head slider according to the first embodiment of the present invention when the height of the heater is changed. FIG. 7 is a diagram showing the temperature rise of the reproducing element per unit flying height change and the power consumption of the heater when the heater width is changed in the magnetic head slider according to the first embodiment of the present invention. In the magnetic head slider according to the first embodiment of the present invention, it is a diagram showing a breakage location of the heater when the power supplied to the heater is increased until the breakage occurs. It is a figure which shows the heater which changed the line | wire width of the resistance line for every folding of the resistance line by the 3rd Example of this invention. It is a figure which shows the heater which changed the line | wire width of the resistance wire at any time by the 3rd Example of this invention. It is a figure which shows the heater by which resistance wire was wired avoiding the center vicinity by 4th Example of this invention. It is a figure which shows the heater by which resistance wires were wired avoiding the center vicinity and the read element vicinity by 4th Example of this invention. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of a magnetic disk device on which a magnetic head slider according to each embodiment of the present invention is mounted. It is an external view of the magnetic head slider by each Example of this invention.

Explanation of symbols

1 ... Magnetic head slider,
2. Recording / reproducing element,
3 ... Alumina (insulating material),
4 ... Slider,
5… Top magnetic pole,
6 ... Bottom pole,
7 ... Coil,
8 ... resist insulation film,
9: Reproducing element (MR),
10 ... Upper shield,
11 ... Bottom shield,
12 ... heater (resistor),
21 ... Height of the heater,
22 ... Heater width,
23: Heater thickness,
24 ... Distance between the center of the heater and the air bearing surface (ABS),
31 ... Temperature gradient mitigating material,
32. Height of temperature gradient mitigating material,
33 ... Width of temperature gradient mitigating material,
34 ... thickness of temperature gradient mitigating material,
35 ... pseudo heater thickness,
36 ... Distance between temperature gradient mitigating material and air bearing surface,
50. Magnetic disk device,
51 ... Base,
52 ... Rotating shaft,
53. Magnetic disk,
54 ... Pivot,
55. Actuator arm,
56 ... Suspension,
57. Voice coil motor (VCM),
100 ... slider,
101 ... front bearing surface,
102, 103 ... side bearing surface,
104: Rear bearing surface,
105, 106, 107 ... rails,
108 ... A deep groove for generating negative pressure.

Claims (6)

  1. In a magnetic head slider having a slider and a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on the element forming surface of the slider, the tip of the magnetic head slider has an insulating material interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element. A magnetic device comprising: a heater provided at a position behind a reproducing element of a recording / reproducing element ; and an insulating film having a higher thermal conductivity than the insulating material provided in the vicinity of the heater. Head slider.
  2. 2. The magnetic head slider according to claim 1, wherein the film is provided on one of a lower part and an upper part of the heater .
  3. 2. The magnetic head slider according to claim 1, wherein the film is provided on both surfaces of the heater .
  4. 4. The magnetic head slider according to claim 1, wherein the film has a coefficient of thermal expansion smaller than that of the insulating material and a Young's modulus larger than that of the heater .
  5. 4. The magnetic head slider according to claim 1, wherein a barrier layer of tungsten or titanium is provided on at least one of the upper and lower sides of the heater .
  6. A magnetic disk;
      A spindle motor that holds and rotates the magnetic disk on a rotating shaft;
      A magnetic head slider for recording and reproducing information to and from the magnetic disk;
      A suspension for supporting the magnetic head slider;
      A driving device for moving the suspension in a radial direction of the magnetic disk;
    The magnetic head slider includes:
      A slider, a recording / reproducing element in which a reproducing element and a recording element are laminated on the element forming surface of the slider, and a leading end of the slider and the recording / reproducing element via an insulating material interposed between the slider and the recording / reproducing element. A magnetic disk device comprising: a heater provided so as to be positioned rearward; and an insulating film having a higher thermal conductivity than the insulating material provided in the vicinity of the heater.
JP2004233248A 2004-08-10 2004-08-10 Magnetic head slider and magnetic disk drive Expired - Fee Related JP4291754B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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JP2004233248A JP4291754B2 (en) 2004-08-10 2004-08-10 Magnetic head slider and magnetic disk drive

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

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JP2004233248A JP4291754B2 (en) 2004-08-10 2004-08-10 Magnetic head slider and magnetic disk drive
US11/201,569 US7649714B2 (en) 2004-08-10 2005-08-10 High reliability heater for flying height control

Publications (2)

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JP2006053972A JP2006053972A (en) 2006-02-23
JP4291754B2 true JP4291754B2 (en) 2009-07-08

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US20060034013A1 (en) 2006-02-16
JP2006053972A (en) 2006-02-23
US7649714B2 (en) 2010-01-19

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