JP4211718B2 - Machining method of raceway surface of outer ring of double row angular contact ball bearing - Google Patents

Machining method of raceway surface of outer ring of double row angular contact ball bearing Download PDF

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JP4211718B2
JP4211718B2 JP2004283325A JP2004283325A JP4211718B2 JP 4211718 B2 JP4211718 B2 JP 4211718B2 JP 2004283325 A JP2004283325 A JP 2004283325A JP 2004283325 A JP2004283325 A JP 2004283325A JP 4211718 B2 JP4211718 B2 JP 4211718B2
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raceway
grindstone
track
curved
shoulder
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JP2006095629A (en
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康成 阿保
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株式会社ジェイテクト
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2326/00Articles relating to transporting
    • F16C2326/01Parts of vehicles in general
    • F16C2326/02Wheel hubs or castors

Description

  The present invention relates to a method for processing a raceway surface of an outer ring of a double row angular contact ball bearing.
  Conventionally, double-row angular contact ball bearings are frequently used in vehicle hub units. On the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring of this bearing, two rows of raceway surfaces on which balls roll are formed along the axial direction. Yes. The raceway surface has an arc shape in cross section (see, for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2). As shown in FIG. 3, after the inner peripheral surface 21 a of the outer ring 21 is cut into an arc shape in advance, each is predetermined. The two grinding wheels 24 arranged along the axial direction of the rotary shaft 25 are moved in the radial direction of the outer ring 21 to polish the cut portion. ing.
JP 2001-59523 A JP 2003-232365 A
However, in the conventional polishing method, since the grindstone is moved in the radial direction of the outer ring, as shown in FIG. 4, the allowance t3 of the track shoulder is about 2 to 3 times the allowance t4 of the track bottom, As a result, when the shoulder angle α of the track shoulder increases, troubles such as so-called polishing burn and grinding wheel loss tend to occur at the track shoulder. When such a trouble occurs, the yield of the product is lowered, and the production efficiency is also lowered due to the replacement work of the grindstone.
Further, since the trouble is likely to occur when the shoulder angle α of the track shoulder increases, the upper limit value of the shoulder angle α is usually limited to about 70 to 73 °, and the design restrictions on the raceway surface of the outer ring. It has become.
  The present invention has been made in order to solve such problems of the prior art, and prevents troubles such as polishing burns and grinding wheel loss, improving the yield and production efficiency of products, and shoulders. An object of the present invention is to provide a method for processing a raceway surface of an outer ring of a double-row angular contact ball bearing that can increase the upper limit value of the angle and increase the degree of freedom in design of the raceway surface.
The processing method of the raceway surface of the outer ring of the double row angular contact ball bearing of the present invention (hereinafter simply referred to as the processing method) is the raceway of the outer ring in the double row angular contact ball bearing having two raceway surfaces in the axial direction on which the balls roll. A processing method of a surface,
Two rows are formed on the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring, with a track surface comprising a linear track bottom and a curved track shoulder following the track bottom so that the track shoulders face each other at a predetermined interval. And
In a cross-section including the rotation axis, a grindstone having a rotating body having a straight portion and a curved portion following the straight portion is used as the polishing surface, and the curved portion of the grindstone is in contact with the shoulder portion of the raceway surface. In this case, the grindstone is moved in the contact angle direction to polish the raceway surface, and the cross-sectional shape of the raceway surface is formed into the cross-sectional shape of the grindstone of the rotating body shape .
In the processing method of the present invention, the grinding wheel is moved in the contact angle direction to polish the raceway surface of the outer ring, so that the allowance for the track shoulder and the allowance for the track bottom become substantially equal. It is about 1/2 to 1/3 of the allowance for the shoulder of the track in the method of moving the grindstone in the radial direction. Therefore, the entire grinding surface of the grindstone is evenly loaded, and the load does not concentrate on the grindstone portion corresponding to the raceway shoulder of the raceway surface as in the past. Can be prevented. Thereby, generation | occurrence | production of the inferior goods resulting from the trouble of a grindstone can be prevented, and the yield of a product can be improved. Moreover, since the replacement frequency of the grindstone is reduced, the production efficiency can be improved.
In addition, since the allowance for the shoulder portion of the raceway, which has determined the polishing time, can be greatly reduced, the cycle time of the outer ring raceway surface processing as a whole is reduced despite the fact that the two rows of raceway surfaces are sequentially polished. It can be shortened.
Further, even if the shoulder angle is increased, the allowance for the track shoulder of the track surface is substantially the same as the allowance for the track bottom, and the load does not concentrate on the grindstone portion corresponding to the track shoulder. An angle larger than (about 73 °) (for example, 90 ° is also possible) can be employed. As a result, the degree of freedom in designing the raceway surface of the outer ring can be increased.
Using a grindstone having curved parts on both sides of the straight line part, polishing the shoulder of one raceway surface of the two rows in one curved part, and then moving the grindstone in the axial direction, The curved shoulder portion of the other raceway surface can be polished by the curved portion. A grindstone having curved portions before and after its axial direction is relatively simple in shape, and can be easily and inexpensively manufactured. Since the distance between them is close, the load applied to the grindstone shaft at the time of machining becomes uniform, and the diameter difference between the two tracks can be reduced.
  In addition, an annular convex portion formed with a polishing surface having a straight portion and a curved portion that follows the straight portion uses a grindstone that is arranged in parallel in the axial direction so that the curved portions face each other. After polishing the track shoulder of one of the track surfaces of the two rows with the curved portion of the annular convex portion, and then moving the grindstone in the axial direction, the other track surface with the curved portion of the other annular convex portion The shoulder of the track can be polished. When a grindstone having two curved portions spaced apart from each other corresponding to the raceway shoulder of the raceway surface of the outer ring is used, the other raceway shoulder is polished only by slightly moving the grindstone after polishing one raceway shoulder. The working time can be shortened.
  According to the processing method of the present invention, it is possible to prevent troubles such as polishing burn and grinding wheel loss, improve the yield and production efficiency of the product, and shorten the cycle time of the raceway surface processing of the outer ring. Moreover, the upper limit of the shoulder angle can be increased to increase the degree of freedom in designing the raceway surface.
Hereinafter, embodiments of the processing method of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of the processing method of the present invention. For easy understanding, an outer ring 1 of a double row angular ball bearing and a base plate 2 with which one end edge 1a of the outer ring 1 abuts are shown. It is represented by a cross section. 2 to 3, the outer ring and the base plate are similarly shown in cross section.
  On the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 1, a raceway surface 3 on which a ball (not shown) rolls is formed in two rows along the axial direction of the outer ring 1, and the raceway surface 3 has an axial sectional shape. Is composed of a linear track bottom 3a and a track shoulder 3b having a curved cross-sectional shape in the axial direction following the track bottom 3a. Two rows of track surfaces 3 are arranged so that the track shoulder portions 3b face each other with a predetermined distance d. The raceway surface 3 of the outer ring 1 is cut into a predetermined shape using a cutting tool such as a cutting tool, heat-treated to a predetermined hardness, and then polished with a grindstone 4. At the time of polishing, the outer ring 1 is held by a jig (not shown) so that the end edge 1a abuts against the base plate 2, and thereby the outer ring 1 is positioned.
  The grindstone 4 is fixed to a rotary shaft 5 connected to a rotational drive source, and is movable in the axial direction and radial direction of the outer ring 1 and in the contact angle direction of the raceway surface 3 of the outer ring 1. The grindstone 4 has a substantially short cylindrical shape, and the polishing surface 6 includes a straight line portion 6a near the center in the axial direction, and curved portions 6b arranged on both sides of the straight line portion 6a following the straight line portion 6a. It is made up of. The dimensions and shapes of the linear portion 6a and the curved portion 6b are appropriately selected according to the size and shape of the raceway surface 3 to be polished. In the present specification, the description of “straight line portion” or “curved portion” is an expression based on the fact that the cross section of the grinding surface of the grindstone including the rotation axis exhibits a straight line or a curve, and the actual grinding surface 6 The straight line part 6a and the curved line part 6b are both curved surfaces in the circumferential direction.
  In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the two raceways 3 of the positioned outer ring 1 are ground from the raceway 3 opposite to the base plate 2. At that time, the grindstone 4 is moved in the contact angle direction (see arrow A) so that the curved portion 6a on the front end side (left side in FIG. 1) of the grindstone 4 abuts the raceway shoulder 3b of the raceway surface 3, thereby moving the raceway surface. 3 is polished. When the polishing is completed, the grindstone 4 is moved (retracted) in the direction opposite to the arrow A, and then the grindstone 4 is moved in the radial direction (downward in FIG. 1) and then moved in the axial direction (advanced). Next, after moving in the radial direction (upward in FIG. 1) to the position indicated by the two-dot chain line in FIG. 1, the curved portion 6 a on the rear side (right side in FIG. 1) of the grindstone 4 becomes the track shoulder of the track surface 3. The said grindstone 4 is moved to a contact angle direction (refer arrow B) so that it may hit the part 3b, and the track surface 3 by the side of the base plate 2 is grind | polished. When polishing is completed, the grindstone 4 is moved (retracted) in the direction opposite to the arrow B, then the grindstone 4 is moved in the radial direction (downward in FIG. 1), and further moved (retracted) in the axial direction to the initial position. The polishing process is completed by releasing the outer ring 1 from the jig.
  FIG. 2 shows another embodiment of the processing method of the present invention, which is different from that shown in FIG. 1 in the shape of the grindstone used. That is, in the grindstone 14 in this embodiment, the annular convex portion 15 on which the polishing surface 16 having the straight portion 16a and the curved portion 16b following the straight portion 16a is formed so that the curved portions 16b face each other. Two strips are juxtaposed in the axial direction. The distance d2 between the two annular convex portions 15 is set to be slightly larger than the distance d1 between the two raceways 3 of the outer ring 1. Moreover, the outer diameter of each annular convex part 15 is set so that it may become equal.
  In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the grindstone 14 is moved in the axial direction so that the protrusion 17 on the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring 1 is positioned in the middle of the two annular convex portions 15 of the grindstone 14 (see the solid line). Then, the grindstone 14 is moved in the radial direction (upward in FIG. 2) so that the raceway shoulder 3b of the raceway surface 3 and the curved portion 16b of the grindstone 14 are opposed to each other by a substantially equal distance (2 in FIG. 2). (See dotted line). Thereafter, the grindstone 4 is moved in the contact angle direction (see arrow C) so that the curved portion 16b of the annular convex portion 15 on the rear side (right side in FIG. 2) hits the track shoulder 3b, thereby polishing the track surface 3. Do. At that time, in FIG. 2, the track bottom 3a of the left track surface 3 is also polished together with the track surface 3 on the right side, but the entire track surface 3 on the left side is polished by an annular convex portion 15 on the tip side described later. When the polishing is completed, the grindstone 14 is moved (retracted) in the direction opposite to the arrow C, and then the curved portion 16a of the annular convex portion 15 on the front end side (left side in FIG. 2) of the grindstone 14 is the raceway shoulder portion of the raceway surface 3. The raceway surface 3 is polished by moving the grindstone 14 in the contact angle direction (see arrow D) so as to hit 3b. When polishing is completed, the grindstone 14 is moved (retracted) in the direction opposite to the arrow D, then the grindstone 4 is moved in the radial direction (downward in FIG. 2), and further moved (retracted) in the axial direction to the initial position. The polishing process is completed by releasing the outer ring 1 from the jig.
In the present invention, since the grinding wheel is moved in the contact angle direction in this way to polish the raceway surface, the allowance t1 at the track shoulder and the allowance t2 at the track bottom are substantially equal as shown in FIG. . Therefore, when polishing by the same amount (thickness and depth), the allowance at the track shoulder can be reduced to about ½ to 比 べ compared to moving the grindstone in the radial direction as in the past. it can. And since the load is evenly applied to the entire grinding surface of the grindstone, it is possible to prevent the load from being concentrated on the grindstone portion corresponding to the shoulder portion of the raceway surface and causing troubles such as polishing burns and loss of the grindstone on the grindstone portion. Can do.
The grinding wheel moving process described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2 is merely an example, and two rows of raceway surfaces can be polished as long as the grinding wheel can be moved in the contact angle direction to polish the raceway surfaces. The order and the moving direction of the grindstone can be changed as appropriate. For example, in the example shown in FIG. 1, the movement of the grindstone in the radial direction can be omitted, and the raceway surface can be polished by a combination of movement in the axial direction and the contact angle direction.
It is explanatory drawing which shows one Embodiment of the processing method of this invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows other embodiment of the processing method of this invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows the conventional processing method. It is a figure explaining the machining allowance in the track surface of an outer ring.
Explanation of symbols
1 outer ring 3 raceway surface 3a raceway bottom 3b raceway shoulder 4, 14 grindstone 5 rotating shaft 6, 16 polishing surface 6a, 16a linear part 6b, 16b curved part 15 annular convex part

Claims (3)

  1. A method for processing a raceway surface of an outer ring in a double row angular contact ball bearing having two raceway surfaces in the axial direction on which balls roll,
    Two rows are formed on the inner peripheral surface of the outer ring, with a track surface comprising a linear track bottom and a curved track shoulder following the track bottom so that the track shoulders face each other at a predetermined interval. And
    In a cross-section including the rotation axis, a grindstone having a rotating body having a straight portion and a curved portion following the straight portion is used as the polishing surface, and the curved portion of the grindstone is in contact with the shoulder portion of the raceway surface. The raceway surface of the outer ring of the double-row angular contact ball bearing is characterized in that the raceway surface is polished by moving the grinding stone in the contact angle direction and the cross-sectional shape of the raceway surface is formed into the cross-sectional shape of the grindstone of the rotating body shape Processing method.
  2.   Using a grindstone having curved parts on both sides of the straight line part, polishing the shoulder of one raceway surface of the two rows with one curved part, and then moving the grindstone in the axial direction, The processing method according to claim 1, wherein the curved shoulder portion of the other raceway surface is polished by the curved portion.
  3.   An annular convex part formed with a polishing surface having a straight line part and a curved part following the straight line part uses a grindstone arranged in parallel in the axial direction so that the curved parts face each other. After polishing the track shoulder of one track surface of the two rows with the curved portion of the portion, and then moving the grinding wheel in the axial direction, the track of the other track surface with the curved portion of the other annular convex portion The processing method according to claim 1, wherein the shoulder is polished.
JP2004283325A 2004-09-29 2004-09-29 Machining method of raceway surface of outer ring of double row angular contact ball bearing Active JP4211718B2 (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5599338A (en) 1984-07-02 1997-02-04 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Diapers with elasticized side pockets
CN102554741A (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-07-11 南京工艺装备制造有限公司 Method for grinding lead screw raceway by aid of double grinding wheels
CN107414634A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-12-01 江苏万达特种轴承有限公司 One kind finishing method for grinding

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5141072B2 (en) * 2006-04-25 2013-02-13 日本精工株式会社 Manufacturing method of outer ring for bearing unit
JP2008062336A (en) * 2006-09-07 2008-03-21 Ntn Corp Manufacturing method of wheel bearing device
CN101722457B (en) * 2008-10-23 2014-06-04 杭州雷迪克汽车部件制造有限公司 Double-channel grinding method of double-row ball bearing
JP5357820B2 (en) * 2010-04-12 2013-12-04 西部自動機器株式会社 Super finishing method and super finishing equipment
JP5186582B2 (en) * 2010-06-29 2013-04-17 康雄 山本 Rolling bearing
CN102518679A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-06-27 瓦房店冶矿轴承制造有限公司 Single-row tapered roller thrust bearing roller path grinding method
CN102990492B (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-12-10 中山市盈科轴承制造有限公司 Machining technology for grinding double bearing tracks and equipment thereof
JP6720525B2 (en) * 2015-12-25 2020-07-08 株式会社ジェイテクト Bearing device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5599338A (en) 1984-07-02 1997-02-04 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Diapers with elasticized side pockets
CN102554741A (en) * 2012-02-29 2012-07-11 南京工艺装备制造有限公司 Method for grinding lead screw raceway by aid of double grinding wheels
CN107414634A (en) * 2017-09-26 2017-12-01 江苏万达特种轴承有限公司 One kind finishing method for grinding

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