JP4202401B1 - Structure installation stand, its assembling method, solar cell module, and construction structure using structure installation stand - Google Patents

Structure installation stand, its assembling method, solar cell module, and construction structure using structure installation stand Download PDF

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JP4202401B1
JP4202401B1 JP2007208425A JP2007208425A JP4202401B1 JP 4202401 B1 JP4202401 B1 JP 4202401B1 JP 2007208425 A JP2007208425 A JP 2007208425A JP 2007208425 A JP2007208425 A JP 2007208425A JP 4202401 B1 JP4202401 B1 JP 4202401B1
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bracket
mounting
vertical
mounting bar
shaped
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JP2009041286A (en
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健一 嵯峨山
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シャープ株式会社
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • H02S20/24Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures specially adapted for flat roofs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/10Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/10Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules extending in directions away from a supporting surface
    • F24S25/13Profile arrangements, e.g. trusses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/61Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/65Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for coupling adjacent supporting elements, e.g. for connecting profiles together
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/70Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules with means for adjusting the final position or orientation of supporting elements in relation to each other or to a mounting surface; with means for compensating mounting tolerances
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/10Supporting structures directly fixed to the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/01Special support components; Methods of use
    • F24S2025/012Foldable support elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/16Hinged elements; Pin connections
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

【課題】垂直方向及び水平方向のいずれの力にも十分に耐えることができ、かつ部品点数も少なくて、コストを低く抑えることが可能な構造物設置架台を提供する。
【解決手段】載置用桟4から前方ブラケット2へと荷重が作用したときには、この荷重に基づく力が、載置用桟4の先端部4aと前方ブラケット2間を接続固定する各ボルト14、16で受けられるだけではなく、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが当接する前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kでも受けられ、各ボルト14、16及び各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kという複数箇所で受けられることになる。このため、前方ブラケット2に作用する力をボルトだけで受けた場合と比較すると、載置用桟4と前方ブラケット2間の接続部位の耐荷重性が向上する。
【選択図】図3
A structure installation stand that can sufficiently withstand both vertical and horizontal forces, has a small number of parts, and can be reduced in cost.
When a load is applied from the mounting bar 4 to the front bracket 2, a force based on the load causes each bolt 14 to connect and fix between the front end 4a of the mounting bar 4 and the front bracket 2. 16 is also received at the inner peripheral contact portion 2k of each side plate 2b, 2c of the front bracket 2 with which the upper edge 4d of the front end 4a of the mounting bar 4 contacts, and the bolts 14, 16 and Each side plate 2b, 2c is received at a plurality of locations called the inner peripheral contact portion 2k. For this reason, compared with the case where the force which acts on the front bracket 2 is received only by the bolt, the load resistance of the connection portion between the mounting bar 4 and the front bracket 2 is improved.
[Selection] Figure 3

Description

本発明は、太陽電池モジュール等の平板状の構造物を地面や陸屋根上に設置するのに好適な構造物設置架台、その組立方法、太陽電池モジュール、及び構造物設置架台を用いた施工構造に関する。 TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a structure installation stand suitable for installing a flat structure such as a solar cell module on the ground or a flat roof , an assembly method thereof, a solar cell module, and a construction structure using the structure installation stand. .
この種の従来の架台では、太陽電池モジュールを太陽に向けて支持するために、載置用桟を地面や陸屋根等の基礎面に対して傾斜させて固定し、この傾斜した載置用桟の上に太陽電池モジュールを支持している。例えば、図27に示すように2つの基礎ブロック101、102を離間して固定し、載置用桟103の先端部103aを前方の基礎ブロック101に接続固定し、縦桟104の上端部104aを載置用桟103の中央付近に接続すると共に、縦桟104の下端部104bを後方の基礎ブロック102に接続して、載置用桟103と後方の基礎ブロック102間を縦桟104で連結し、これにより載置用桟103を傾斜させて固定していた。そして、このような載置用桟103を複数本並設し、これらの載置用桟103上に太陽電池モジュールを載せて支持していた。   In this type of conventional frame, in order to support the solar cell module toward the sun, the mounting beam is tilted and fixed with respect to the foundation surface such as the ground or a flat roof. The solar cell module is supported on the top. For example, as shown in FIG. 27, the two base blocks 101 and 102 are spaced apart and fixed, the tip 103a of the mounting beam 103 is connected and fixed to the front base block 101, and the upper end 104a of the vertical beam 104 is fixed. In addition to being connected near the center of the mounting beam 103, the lower end 104 b of the vertical beam 104 is connected to the rear foundation block 102, and the mounting beam 103 and the rear foundation block 102 are connected by the vertical beam 104. Thus, the mounting bar 103 is tilted and fixed. A plurality of such mounting bars 103 are arranged side by side, and a solar cell module is mounted on and supported by these mounting bars 103.
あるいは、4本の脚部を地面や陸屋根上に立設し、これらの脚部の上に矩形状の枠体を固定支持し、この枠体上に太陽電池モジュールを載置したり、前側の2つの脚部を後側の2つの脚部よりも短くして、枠体を傾斜させ、太陽電池モジュールの受光面を太陽光の入射方向に略向けるようにしていた(特許文献1、2を参照)。
特開2000−101123号 特開平11−177115号
Alternatively, four legs are erected on the ground or a flat roof, a rectangular frame is fixedly supported on these legs, and a solar cell module is placed on the frame, The two legs are shorter than the two legs on the rear side, the frame is inclined, and the light receiving surface of the solar cell module is substantially directed in the incident direction of sunlight (see Patent Documents 1 and 2). reference).
JP 2000-101123 A JP-A-11-177115
ところで、太陽電池モジュール等の平板状の構造物を支持する場合は、構造物に受ける風圧が大きいので、構造物そのものの荷重だけではなく、風圧から生じる荷重にも十分に耐えることができなければならない。   By the way, when supporting a flat structure such as a solar cell module, since the wind pressure received by the structure is large, not only the load of the structure itself but also the load generated from the wind pressure must be able to withstand sufficiently. Don't be.
例えば、特許文献1、2のように4本の脚部を立設し、これらの脚部の上に太陽電池モジュールを支持する構造では、構造物の荷重や風圧から生じる荷重が作用すると、それぞれの脚部に垂直方向及び水平方向の力が作用するので、これらの脚部が倒れないように該各脚部を強固に支持せねばならず、脚部を固定支持するためのボルトや補強金具の個数を増やす必要があった。ところが、このために部品点数や組立て工数が増大し、現場での組立て作業が困難になり、コストが上昇した。   For example, in the structure in which four legs are erected as in Patent Documents 1 and 2 and the solar cell module is supported on these legs, when a load resulting from a structure load or wind pressure acts, Since vertical and horizontal forces act on the legs of the legs, the legs must be firmly supported so that the legs do not fall down, and bolts and reinforcing brackets for fixing and supporting the legs It was necessary to increase the number. However, this increased the number of parts and the number of assembling steps, making it difficult to assemble on-site and increasing the cost.
これに対して図27に示すように載置用桟103、縦桟104、及び基礎面を三角に組み合わせた三角構造では、格別に部品点数を増やさなくても、垂直方向及び水平方向のいずれの力にも十分に耐えることができる。   On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 27, in the triangular structure in which the mounting beam 103, the vertical beam 104, and the base surface are combined in a triangle, the vertical and horizontal directions can be obtained without particularly increasing the number of parts. It can withstand enough force.
このような三角構造の本来の強度を十分に高く維持するには、載置用桟及び縦桟の強度は勿論のこと、載置用桟、縦桟、及び基礎面の接続箇所の強度を十分に高くする必要がある。特に、載置用桟の先端部は、垂直方向及び水平方向のいずれにも大きな力が作用するので、この先端部の接続強度を高くする必要がある。   In order to maintain the original strength of such a triangular structure sufficiently high, the strength of the connection of the mounting beam, the vertical beam, and the foundation surface as well as the strength of the mounting beam and the vertical beam are sufficient. Need to be high. In particular, since a large force acts on both the vertical direction and the horizontal direction at the front end of the mounting bar, it is necessary to increase the connection strength of the front end.
しかしながら、載置用桟の先端部とブラケット間の接続強度を高くするために、ボルトや補強金具の個数を増やしたならば、特許文献1、2と同様に、部品点数や組立て工数が増大し、現場での組立て作業が困難になり、コストが上昇してしまう。   However, if the number of bolts and reinforcing metal fittings is increased in order to increase the connection strength between the tip of the mounting bar and the bracket, the number of parts and assembly man-hours increase as in Patent Documents 1 and 2. As a result, the assembly work at the site becomes difficult and the cost increases.
そこで、本発明は、上記従来の問題点に鑑みてなされたものであり、垂直方向及び水平方向のいずれの力にも十分に耐えることができ、かつ部品点数も少なくて、コストを低く抑えることが可能な構造物設置架台、その組立方法、太陽電池モジュール、及び構造物設置架台を用いた施工構造を提供することを目的とする。 Therefore, the present invention has been made in view of the above-described conventional problems, and can sufficiently withstand any force in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction, has a small number of parts, and can keep costs low. It is an object of the present invention to provide a structure installation stand , a method for assembling the structure , a solar cell module, and a construction structure using the structure installation stand .
上記課題を解決するために、本発明の構造物設置架台は、基礎面に固定された前方ブラケットと、構造物が載置される載置用桟とを備え、載置用桟を基礎面に対して傾斜させて、傾斜した載置用桟の先端部側面と前方ブラケット側面を重ね合わせて、これらの側面を貫通するボルトにより載置用桟の先端部と前方ブラケットを締結した構造物設置架台において、前記前方ブラケットは、前記載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面に当接する当接部位を有し、載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの当接部位に当接することによりボルト周りでの載置用桟の移動が阻止されている。   In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a structure installation stand of the present invention includes a front bracket fixed to a foundation surface and a mounting bar on which the structure is mounted. The structure installation stand in which the tip side of the inclined mounting bar and the side of the front bracket are overlapped and the tip of the mounting bar and the front bracket are fastened by bolts penetrating these side surfaces. The front bracket has a contact portion that contacts the upper edge or the upper surface of the tip portion of the mounting beam, and the upper edge or upper surface of the tip portion of the mounting beam serves as a contact portion of the front bracket. By the contact, movement of the mounting bar around the bolt is prevented.
また、前記載置用桟の少なくも先端部は、コの字型もしくはハット型の断面形状を有し、前記前方ブラケットは、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の各側板に当接するそれぞれの側板と、コの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面に当接する当接部位とを有し、前記ボルトは、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の各側板と前方ブラケットの各側板を貫通して、コの字型もしくはハット型先端部と前方ブラケットを締結し、前方ブラケットの当接部位は、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面に上方から当接している。   In addition, at least the front end of the mounting bar has a U-shaped or hat-shaped cross-sectional shape, and the front bracket is a side plate of the U-shaped or hat-shaped front end of the mounting bar. Each of the side plates that come into contact with the upper edge of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip or an abutting portion that comes into contact with the upper surface, and the bolt is a U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting beam. The U-shaped or hat-shaped tip and the front bracket are fastened by passing through each side plate of the front part and each side plate of the front bracket, and the contact part of the front bracket is the U-shaped or hat of the mounting beam. It is in contact with the upper edge or upper surface of the die tip from above.
また、前記前方ブラケットの当接部位は、前方ブラケットの各側板に形成されたそれぞれの凹所であり、前記載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの各側板の凹所に入り込んで当接している。   Further, the contact portion of the front bracket is a recess formed in each side plate of the front bracket, and the upper edge or upper surface of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar is the front bracket. It enters into the recess of each side plate and contacts.
また、前記前方ブラケットの各側板の凹所は、前方ブラケットの各側板に形成された円弧状もしくは直線状の切り込み溝であり、前記載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの各側板の切り込み溝に入り込んで当接している。   In addition, the recess of each side plate of the front bracket is an arcuate or straight cut groove formed in each side plate of the front bracket, and the upper side of the U-shaped or hat-shaped front end portion of the mounting rail The edge or upper surface enters and contacts the cut groove of each side plate of the front bracket.
また、前記前方ブラケットと離間して基礎面に固定された後方ブラケットと、前記載置用桟と前記後方ブラケット間を連結接続する縦桟とを備えている。   In addition, a rear bracket that is spaced from the front bracket and fixed to the base surface, and a vertical beam that connects and connects the mounting beam and the rear bracket are provided.
一方、本発明の構造物設置架台の組立方法は、前方ブラケット及び後方ブラケットを離間して基礎面に固定するステップと、縦桟を基礎面に対して傾斜させた状態で、該縦桟を後方ブラケットに固定する工程と、載置用桟を縦桟に載せて、載置用桟を基礎面に対して傾斜させた状態で、載置用桟の先端部側面と前方ブラケット側面を重ね合わせて、これらの側面を貫通するボルトにより載置用桟の先端部と前方ブラケットを締結し、載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面を前方ブラケットの当接部位に当接させて、ボルト周りでの載置用桟の移動を阻止するステップとを含んでいる。
また、本発明の構造物設置架台は、複数台の前記構造物設置架台を並設し、これらの構造物設置架台の載置用桟上に複数の横桟を架け渡して、これらの横桟を離間配置し、これらの横桟間に太陽電池モジュールを挟み込んで支持するために用いられる。
更に、本発明の太陽電池モジュールは、前記本発明の構造物設置架台により支持された太陽電池モジュールにおいて、複数台の前記構造物設置架台を並設し、これらの構造物設置架台の載置用桟上に複数の横桟を架け渡して、これらの横桟を離間配置し、これらの横桟間に挟み込んで支持される。
また、本発明の構造物設置架台を用いた施工構造は、太陽電池モジュールを支持するために前記本発明の構造物設置架台を用いた施工構造において、複数台の前記構造物設置架台を並設し、これらの構造物設置架台の載置用桟上に複数の横桟を架け渡して、これらの横桟を離間配置し、これらの横桟間に太陽電池モジュールを挟み込んで支持している。
On the other hand, the method for assembling the structure installation stand according to the present invention includes a step of separating the front bracket and the rear bracket and fixing them to the foundation surface, and the rear of the vertical beam in a state where the vertical beam is inclined with respect to the foundation surface. With the process of fixing to the bracket and the mounting beam placed on the vertical beam, the mounting beam is tilted with respect to the foundation surface, and the tip side of the mounting beam and the front bracket side are overlapped The front end of the mounting bar and the front bracket are fastened with bolts penetrating these side surfaces, and the upper edge or upper surface of the front end of the mounting bar is brought into contact with the abutting portion of the front bracket to And a step of preventing the mounting bar from moving at the position.
Further, the structure installation stand of the present invention includes a plurality of the structure installation stands arranged side by side, and a plurality of horizontal rails are laid over the mounting rails of these structure installation stands. Are spaced apart and are used to sandwich and support the solar cell module between these horizontal rails.
Furthermore, the solar cell module of the present invention is a solar cell module supported by the structure installation stand of the present invention, wherein a plurality of the structure installation stands are juxtaposed and for mounting these structure installation stands. A plurality of horizontal rails are bridged on the rails, these horizontal rails are spaced apart and supported by being sandwiched between these horizontal rails.
The construction structure using the structure installation stand of the present invention is a construction structure using the structure installation stand of the present invention to support a solar cell module, and a plurality of the structure installation stands are arranged side by side. Then, a plurality of horizontal rails are spanned on the mounting rails of these structure installation stands, the horizontal rails are spaced apart, and the solar cell module is sandwiched and supported between the horizontal rails.
本発明の構造物設置架台によれば、傾斜した載置用桟の先端部側面と前方ブラケット側面が重ね合わせられて、これらの側面を貫通するボルトにより載置用桟の先端部と前方ブラケットが締結される。また、載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの当接部位に当接して、ボルト周りでの載置用桟の水流れ方向と垂直上方向の移動が阻止される。従って、載置用桟に作用した荷重は、載置用桟の先端部と前方ブラケットを締結するボルトで受けられるだけではなく、載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が当接する前方ブラケットの当接部位でも受けられ、ボルト及び当接部位の複数箇所に分散して受けられることになる。このため、ボルトの1箇所だけで載置用桟に作用した荷重全てを受けた場合と比較すると、載置用桟と前方ブラケット間の接続部位の耐荷重性が向上する。しかも、部品点数や組立て工数が増大することはない。   According to the structure installation stand of the present invention, the tip side surface of the inclined mounting bar and the side surface of the front bracket are overlapped, and the front end part of the mounting beam and the front bracket are connected by bolts penetrating these side surfaces. It is concluded. Further, the upper edge or upper surface of the tip of the mounting bar comes into contact with the contact portion of the front bracket, and the movement of the mounting bar around the bolt in the direction perpendicular to the water flow direction is prevented. Therefore, the load acting on the mounting bar is not only received by the bolt that fastens the front end of the mounting bar and the front bracket, but also the front bracket where the upper edge or upper surface of the front end of the mounting bar abuts. The contact portion is also received and distributed to a plurality of locations of the bolt and the contact portion. For this reason, the load resistance of the connection part between the mounting bar and the front bracket is improved as compared with a case where all the loads acting on the mounting bar are received at only one place of the bolt. Moreover, the number of parts and assembly man-hours do not increase.
例えば、載置用桟の先端部は、コの字型もしくはハット型の断面形状を有する。このような断面形状により先端部の強度が向上する。また、ボルトは、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の各側板と前方ブラケットの各側板を貫通して、コの字型もしくはハット型先端部と前方ブラケットを締結する。更に、前方ブラケットの当接部位は、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面に上方から当接して、ボルト周りでの載置用桟の水流れ方向と垂直上方向の移動を阻止する。   For example, the tip of the mounting bar has a U-shaped or hat-shaped cross-sectional shape. Such a cross-sectional shape improves the strength of the tip. In addition, the bolt passes through each side plate of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar and each side plate of the front bracket, and fastens the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip and the front bracket. Furthermore, the contact portion of the front bracket is in contact with the upper edge or upper surface of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting beam from above, and is perpendicular to the water flow direction of the mounting beam around the bolt. Prevent upward movement.
例えば、前方ブラケットの当接部位は、前方ブラケットの各側板に形成されたそれぞれの凹所であり、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの各側板の凹所に入り込んで当接する。前方ブラケットの各側板の凹所は、円弧状もしくは直線状の切り込み溝等である。   For example, the contact portion of the front bracket is a respective recess formed in each side plate of the front bracket, and the upper edge or upper surface of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar is each of the front bracket. It enters into the recess of the side plate and contacts. The recess of each side plate of the front bracket is a circular or straight cut groove or the like.
また、前方ブラケットと離間して基礎面に固定された後方ブラケットと、載置用桟と後方ブラケット間を連結接続する縦桟とを備えているので、載置用桟、縦桟、及び基礎面からなる三角構造の架台を構成することができる。このような三角構造の架台では、荷重がいずれの方向から載置用桟に作用しても、この荷重を分散させて受けることができる。このため、載置用桟の上に太陽電池モジュール等の平板状の構造物を載置して固定した状態で、構造物そのものの荷重や風圧に基づく荷重が作用しても、これらの荷重に対して耐えることができる。   In addition, since it includes a rear bracket spaced apart from the front bracket and fixed to the foundation surface, and a vertical beam for connecting and connecting the mounting beam and the rear bracket, the mounting beam, the vertical beam, and the foundation surface A triangular structure frame can be constructed. In such a triangular structure, even if a load acts on the mounting bar from any direction, the load can be distributed and received. For this reason, even if a flat structure such as a solar cell module is placed and fixed on the mounting bar and a load based on the structure itself or a wind pressure is applied, these loads are not affected. It can withstand it.
一方、本発明の組立方法によれば、載置用桟、縦桟、及び基礎面からなる三角構造の架台を組立てることができる。また、ボルトにより載置用桟の先端部と前方ブラケットを締結し、載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面を前方ブラケットの当接部位に当接させているので、ボルト周りでの載置用桟の水流れ方向と垂直上方向の移動を阻止することができ、載置用桟と前方ブラケット間の接続部位の耐荷重性が向上する。   On the other hand, according to the assembling method of the present invention, it is possible to assemble a frame having a triangular structure including a mounting bar, a vertical bar, and a base surface. In addition, the front end of the mounting bar and the front bracket are fastened by bolts, and the upper edge or upper surface of the front end of the mounting bar is brought into contact with the contact portion of the front bracket. The movement of the mounting bar in the direction perpendicular to the water flow direction can be prevented, and the load resistance of the connection portion between the mounting bar and the front bracket is improved.
以下、本発明の実施形態を添付図面を参照しつつ詳細に説明する。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
図1は、本発明の構造物設置架台の一実施形態を示す斜視図である。本実施形態の構造物設置架台1は、太陽電池モジュール等の平板状の構造物を地面や陸屋根上に設置するためのものである。この架台1では、前方ブラケット2及び後方ブラケット3を地面や陸屋根等の水平な基礎面に一定距離を開けて設置固定し、載置用桟4の先端部4aを前方ブラケット2に接続固定し、第1縦桟5を後方ブラケット3と載置用桟4の中央付近間に介在させて固定し、更に第2縦桟6を第1縦桟5の下端部5aと載置用桟4の後端近傍間に介在させて固定している。   FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an embodiment of the structure installation stand of the present invention. The structure installation stand 1 of this embodiment is for installing flat structures, such as a solar cell module, on the ground or a flat roof. In this gantry 1, the front bracket 2 and the rear bracket 3 are installed and fixed at a certain distance from a horizontal base surface such as the ground or a flat roof, and the front end 4 a of the mounting bar 4 is connected and fixed to the front bracket 2. The first vertical beam 5 is interposed and fixed between the rear bracket 3 and the center of the mounting beam 4, and the second vertical beam 6 is fixed to the lower end 5 a of the first vertical beam 5 and the mounting beam 4. It is fixed between the ends.
載置用桟4は、その先端部4aのみがコの字型断面形状を有し、先端部4a近傍から後端までの範囲ではハット型の断面形状を有している。また、第1及び第2縦桟5、6は、それらの上端部のみがコの字型断面形状を有し、上端部近傍から下端までの範囲ではハット型の断面形状を有している。   Only the front end 4a of the mounting bar 4 has a U-shaped cross-sectional shape, and a hat-shaped cross-sectional shape in the range from the vicinity of the front end 4a to the rear end. In addition, the first and second vertical bars 5 and 6 have a U-shaped cross-sectional shape only at their upper end portions, and a hat-shaped cross-sectional shape in the range from the vicinity of the upper end portion to the lower end.
前方ブラケット2、後方ブラケット3、載置用桟4、第1及び第2縦桟5、6のいずれも、メッキ鋼板等の金属板を切断及び折り曲げ加工したものである。   Each of the front bracket 2, the rear bracket 3, the mounting bar 4, and the first and second vertical bars 5 and 6 is obtained by cutting and bending a metal plate such as a plated steel plate.
図2及び図3は、載置用桟4の先端部4aに対する前方ブラケット2の接続構造を示す斜視図及び側面図である。また、図4は、前方ブラケット2を裏面側から見たときの接続構造を示す斜視図である。更に、図5は、前方ブラケット2を示す斜視図である。   2 and 3 are a perspective view and a side view showing a connection structure of the front bracket 2 with respect to the tip end portion 4a of the mounting bar 4. FIG. FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a connection structure when the front bracket 2 is viewed from the back side. FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing the front bracket 2.
前方ブラケット2は、底板2aと、底板2aの両側で折り曲げられて立ち上がった各側板2b、2cと、底板2aの前後で折り曲げられて立ち上がった各補強部2d、2eとを有している。前方ブラケット2の底板2aには、複数の孔2fが形成されている。また、各側板2b、2cには、それぞれのネジ孔2g、2h及びそれぞれの円弧溝2i、2jが形成されており、各円弧溝2i、2jが各ネジ孔2g、2hよりも前方に位置している。   The front bracket 2 includes a bottom plate 2a, side plates 2b and 2c that are bent and raised at both sides of the bottom plate 2a, and reinforcing portions 2d and 2e that are bent and raised at the front and rear of the bottom plate 2a. A plurality of holes 2 f are formed in the bottom plate 2 a of the front bracket 2. Also, each side plate 2b, 2c is formed with a respective screw hole 2g, 2h and a respective arc groove 2i, 2j, and each arc groove 2i, 2j is located in front of each screw hole 2g, 2h. ing.
少なくとも1本のボルト11が、ワッシャ12に通され、更に前方ブラケット2の底板2aの孔2fに通されて基礎面にねじ込まれ、これにより前方ブラケット2が基礎面に固定される。   At least one bolt 11 is passed through the washer 12, and further passed through the hole 2f of the bottom plate 2a of the front bracket 2 and screwed into the base surface, whereby the front bracket 2 is fixed to the base surface.
載置用桟4の先端部4aは、コの字型断面形状を有しており、先端部4aの各側板4b、4cの内幅が前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの外幅と同一かもしくは該外幅よりも僅かに広く設定され、先端部4aの各側板4b、4cの内側に前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cが挟み込まれて、先端部4aの各側板4b、4cが前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cに重ねられる。   The front end 4a of the mounting bar 4 has a U-shaped cross-sectional shape, and the inner width of each side plate 4b, 4c of the front end 4a is the same as the outer width of each side plate 2b, 2c of the front bracket 2. Or slightly wider than the outer width, the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2 are sandwiched inside the side plates 4b and 4c of the tip 4a, and the side plates 4b and 4c of the tip 4a are forward. It is overlaid on each side plate 2b, 2c of the bracket 2.
そして、ボルト14が、ワッシャ15に通され、先端部4aの一方の側板4bの孔(図示せず)を通じて前方ブラケット2の一方の側板2bのネジ孔2gにねじ込まれて締結され、またボルト16が、ワッシャ17に通され、先端部4aの他方の側板4cの孔(図示せず)を通じて前方ブラケット2の他方の側板2cのネジ孔2hにねじ込まれて締結される。これにより、載置用桟4の先端部4aが前方ブラケット2に接続固定される。   Then, the bolt 14 is passed through the washer 15, and is screwed into the screw hole 2g of the one side plate 2b of the front bracket 2 through the hole (not shown) of the one side plate 4b of the front end portion 4a. Is passed through the washer 17 and screwed into the screw hole 2h of the other side plate 2c of the front bracket 2 through the hole (not shown) of the other side plate 4c of the front end portion 4a. Thereby, the front end 4 a of the mounting bar 4 is connected and fixed to the front bracket 2.
基礎面に対して載置用桟4が傾斜させられた状態では、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの円形溝2i、2jに入って、先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが各円形溝2i、2jの内周当接部位2kに当接する。   In a state where the mounting bar 4 is inclined with respect to the base surface, the upper edge 4d of the tip 4a of the mounting bar 4 enters the circular grooves 2i and 2j of the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2. The upper edge 4d of the tip portion 4a contacts the inner peripheral contact portion 2k of each circular groove 2i, 2j.
この状態では、前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kは、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dに上方から当接し、載置用桟4の先端部4aが各ボルト14、16周りで該載置用桟4の水流れ方向と垂直上方向に移動しようとすると、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kに圧接して、載置用桟4の先端部4aの水流れ方向と垂直上方向への移動が阻止される。   In this state, the inner peripheral contact portion 2k of each side plate 2b, 2c of the front bracket 2 is in contact with the upper edge 4d of the front end portion 4a of the mounting bar 4 from above, and the front end part 4a of the mounting bar 4 Is about to move vertically around the water flow direction of the mounting rail 4 around the bolts 14 and 16, the upper edge 4d of the tip 4a of the mounting rail 4 is moved to the side plates 2b of the front bracket 2. The tip end 4a of the mounting bar 4 is prevented from moving in the direction perpendicular to the water flow direction by being pressed against the inner peripheral contact portion 2k of 2c.
従って、載置用桟4から前方ブラケット2へと荷重が作用したときには、この荷重に基づく力が、載置用桟4の先端部4aと前方ブラケット2間を接続固定する各ボルト14、16で受けられるだけではなく、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが当接する前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kでも受けられ、各ボルト14、16及び各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kという複数箇所に分散して受けられることになる。このため、前方ブラケット2に作用する力をボルトだけで受けた場合と比較すると、載置用桟4と前方ブラケット2間の接続部位の耐荷重性が向上する。特に、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kに当接する向き(水流れ方向と垂直上方向)での耐荷重性が向上する。しかも、部品点数や組立て工数が増大することはない。   Therefore, when a load is applied from the mounting bar 4 to the front bracket 2, a force based on this load is applied by the bolts 14 and 16 that connect and fix the tip 4 a of the mounting bar 4 and the front bracket 2. In addition to being received, the bolts 14 and 16 and the side plates are also received at the inner peripheral contact portions 2k of the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2 with which the upper edge 4d of the tip 4a of the mounting bar 4 contacts. 2b and 2c are received in a plurality of locations as inner peripheral contact portions 2k. For this reason, compared with the case where the force which acts on the front bracket 2 is received only by the bolt, the load resistance of the connection portion between the mounting bar 4 and the front bracket 2 is improved. In particular, load resistance in the direction in which the upper edge 4d of the front end 4a of the mounting bar 4 is in contact with the inner peripheral contact portion 2k of each side plate 2b, 2c of the front bracket 2 (upward direction perpendicular to the water flow direction). Will improve. Moreover, the number of parts and assembly man-hours do not increase.
尚、前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cに各円形溝2i、2jを形成する代わりに、図6に示すような各直線状溝2mを形成しても構わない。これらの直線状溝2mに載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが入れられると、先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが各直線状溝2mの内周当接部位2kに当接し、載置用桟4の水流れ方向と垂直上方向への移動が阻止されるだけではなく、載置用桟4の下方への回転が阻止される。このため、載置用桟4の先端部4aを前方ブラケット2に接続固定するだけで、載置用桟4を基礎面に対して傾斜した状態で支持することができ、載置用桟4と基礎面間に第1縦桟5を連結接続して、載置用桟4、第1縦桟5、及び基礎面からなる三角構造の構造物設置架台1を構成するときに、その組立て作業が容易になる。   Instead of forming the circular grooves 2i and 2j on the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2, the linear grooves 2m as shown in FIG. 6 may be formed. When the upper edge 4d of the tip portion 4a of the mounting bar 4 is inserted into these linear grooves 2m, the upper edge 4d of the tip portion 4a comes into contact with the inner peripheral contact portion 2k of each linear groove 2m, and is mounted. Not only is the movement of the mounting beam 4 upward in the direction perpendicular to the water flow direction, but also the rotation of the mounting beam 4 is prevented. For this reason, the mounting beam 4 can be supported in an inclined state with respect to the base surface by simply connecting and fixing the front end 4 a of the mounting beam 4 to the front bracket 2. When the first vertical beam 5 is connected and connected between the base surfaces to constitute the mounting frame 1, the first vertical beam 5, and the triangular structure installation stand 1 composed of the basic surface, the assembly work is performed. It becomes easy.
また、円形溝や直線状溝だけではなく、他の形状の凹所を前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cに形成し、各側板2b、2cの凹所の当接部位が先端部4aの上側エッジ4dにその上方から当接するようにしても構わない。更に、円形溝、直線状溝、及び凹所等の当接部位が、先端部4aの上側エッジ4dではなく、先端部4aの上面に当接する構成でも構わない。   Further, not only circular grooves and linear grooves but also other shapes of recesses are formed in the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2, and the contact portions of the recesses of the side plates 2b and 2c are located above the tip portion 4a. You may make it contact | abut to the edge 4d from the upper direction. Furthermore, a configuration in which a contact portion such as a circular groove, a straight groove, and a recess is in contact with the upper surface of the tip portion 4a instead of the upper edge 4d of the tip portion 4a may be employed.
図7及び図8は、第1縦桟5の下端部5aに対する後方ブラケット3の接続構造を示す斜視図及び側面図である。また、図9は、後方ブラケット3等を示す斜視図である。   7 and 8 are a perspective view and a side view showing a connection structure of the rear bracket 3 to the lower end portion 5a of the first vertical rail 5. FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing the rear bracket 3 and the like.
後方ブラケット3は、底板3aと、底板3aの両側で折り曲げられて立ち上がった各側板3bと、底板3aの前後で折り曲げられて立ち上がった各補強部3d、3eとを有している。後方ブラケット3の底板3aには、複数の孔3fが形成されている。また、各側板3bには、それぞれのネジ孔3gが形成されている。更に、前の補強部3dは、その途中で斜めに折り曲げられ、その斜めの先端側が受け部3iとなっている。   The rear bracket 3 includes a bottom plate 3a, side plates 3b that are bent and raised at both sides of the bottom plate 3a, and reinforcing portions 3d and 3e that are bent and raised at the front and rear of the bottom plate 3a. A plurality of holes 3 f are formed in the bottom plate 3 a of the rear bracket 3. Each side plate 3b has a screw hole 3g. Further, the front reinforcing portion 3d is bent obliquely in the middle thereof, and the inclined front end side is a receiving portion 3i.
少なくとも1本のボルト21が、ワッシャ22に通され、更に後方ブラケット3の底板3aの孔3fに通されて基礎面にねじ込まれ、これにより後方ブラケット3が基礎面に固定される。   At least one bolt 21 is passed through the washer 22, and further passed through the hole 3f of the bottom plate 3a of the rear bracket 3 and screwed into the base surface, whereby the rear bracket 3 is fixed to the base surface.
図1に示すように第1縦桟5は、その上端部5dのみがコの字型断面形状を有し、上端部5d近傍から下端までの範囲ではハット型の断面形状を有しており、図7及び図8に示すように第1縦桟5の各側板5bの内幅が後方ブラケット3の各側板3bの外幅と同一かもしくは該外幅よりも僅かに広く設定されている。第1縦桟5の下端部5aでは、各側板5bの内側に後方ブラケット3の各側板3bが挟み込まれて、各側板5bが後方ブラケット3の各側板3bに重ねられる。また、各側板5bの下辺が後方ブラケット3の補強部3dの受け部3iに当接される。   As shown in FIG. 1, only the upper end 5d of the first vertical cross 5 has a U-shaped cross-sectional shape, and has a hat-shaped cross-sectional shape in the range from the vicinity of the upper end 5d to the lower end. As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the inner width of each side plate 5 b of the first vertical rail 5 is set to be the same as or slightly wider than the outer width of each side plate 3 b of the rear bracket 3. At the lower end portion 5 a of the first vertical bar 5, the side plates 3 b of the rear bracket 3 are sandwiched inside the side plates 5 b, and the side plates 5 b are overlapped with the side plates 3 b of the rear bracket 3. Further, the lower side of each side plate 5 b is in contact with the receiving portion 3 i of the reinforcing portion 3 d of the rear bracket 3.
この状態で、ボルト24が、ワッシャ25に通され、第1縦桟5の下端部5aの一方の側板5bの孔(図示せず)を通じて後方ブラケット3の一方の側板3bのネジ孔3gにねじ込まれて締結され、また他方のボルト(図示せず)も、ワッシャ(図示せず)に通され、下端部5aの他方の側板5bの孔(図示せず)を通じて後方ブラケット3の他方の側板3bのネジ孔3gにねじ込まれて締結される。これにより、第1縦桟5の下端部5aが後方ブラケット3に接続固定される。   In this state, the bolt 24 is passed through the washer 25 and screwed into the screw hole 3g of the one side plate 3b of the rear bracket 3 through the hole (not shown) of one side plate 5b of the lower end portion 5a of the first vertical bar 5. The other bolt (not shown) is also passed through a washer (not shown), and the other side plate 3b of the rear bracket 3 is passed through a hole (not shown) in the other side plate 5b of the lower end 5a. The screw hole 3g is screwed and fastened. As a result, the lower end 5 a of the first vertical beam 5 is connected and fixed to the rear bracket 3.
このとき、第1縦桟5の下端部5aでは、各側板5bの下辺が後方ブラケット3の補強部3dの受け部3iに当接して受けられるので、第1縦桟5が基礎面に対して傾斜させられた状態で支持される。   At this time, at the lower end portion 5a of the first vertical beam 5, the lower side of each side plate 5b is received in contact with the receiving portion 3i of the reinforcing portion 3d of the rear bracket 3, so that the first vertical beam 5 is in contact with the base surface. It is supported in an inclined state.
図1に示すように第1縦桟5の上端部5dは、ハット型の載置用桟4の中央付近の内側に差し込まれ、2本のボルト26が載置用桟4の各側壁の孔を通じて第1縦桟5の各側壁のネジ孔にねじ込まれて締結され、これにより第1縦桟5の上端部5dが載置用桟4の中央付近に連結固定される。   As shown in FIG. 1, the upper end 5 d of the first vertical beam 5 is inserted inside the center of the hat-shaped mounting beam 4, and two bolts 26 are formed in the holes on the side walls of the mounting beam 4. The upper end 5d of the first vertical bar 5 is connected and fixed near the center of the mounting bar 4 by being screwed into the screw holes on the respective side walls of the first vertical bar 5 and fastened.
また、第2縦桟6も、その上端部6dのみがコの字型断面形状を有し、上端部6d近傍から下端までの範囲ではハット型の断面形状を有しており、第2縦桟6の各側板6bの内幅が第1縦桟5の各側板5bの外幅と同一かもしくは該外幅よりも僅かに広く設定されている。第2縦桟6の下端部6aでは、各側板6bの内側に第1縦桟5の各側板5bが挟み込まれて、各側板6bが第1縦桟5の各側板5bに重ねられる。   The second vertical beam 6 also has a U-shaped cross-section only at the upper end 6d, and has a hat-shaped cross-sectional shape in the range from the vicinity of the upper end 6d to the lower end. 6, the inner width of each side plate 6b is set to be the same as or slightly wider than the outer width of each side plate 5b of the first vertical rail 5. At the lower end 6 a of the second vertical beam 6, the side plates 5 b of the first vertical beam 5 are sandwiched between the side plates 6 b, and the side plates 6 b are overlapped with the side plates 5 b of the first vertical beam 5.
そして、ボルト31が、ワッシャ32に通され、第2縦桟6の下端部6aの一方の側板6bの孔(図示せず)を通じて第1縦桟5の一方の側板5bのネジ孔(図示せず)にねじ込まれて締結され、また他方のボルト(図示せず)が、ワッシャ(図示せず)に通され、第2縦桟6の下端部6aの他方の側板6bの孔(図示せず)を通じて第1縦桟5の他方の側板5bのネジ孔(図示せず)にねじ込まれて締結される。これにより、第2縦桟6の下端部6aが第1縦桟5の下端部5aに接続固定される。   Then, the bolt 31 is passed through the washer 32, and the screw hole (not shown) of one side plate 5b of the first vertical beam 5 is passed through the hole (not shown) of one side plate 6b of the lower end portion 6a of the second vertical beam 6. And the other bolt (not shown) is passed through a washer (not shown), and a hole (not shown) in the other side plate 6b of the lower end 6a of the second vertical beam 6 is inserted. ) And screwed into a screw hole (not shown) of the other side plate 5b of the first vertical beam 5 to be fastened. As a result, the lower end 6 a of the second vertical beam 6 is connected and fixed to the lower end 5 a of the first vertical beam 5.
図1に示すように第2縦桟6の上端部6dは、ハット型の載置用桟4の後端近傍の内側に差し込まれ、2本のボルト33が載置用桟4の各側壁の孔を通じて第2縦桟6の各側壁のネジ孔にねじ込まれて締結され、これにより第2縦桟6の上端部6dが載置用桟4の後端近傍に連結固定される。   As shown in FIG. 1, the upper end 6 d of the second vertical beam 6 is inserted inside the vicinity of the rear end of the hat-shaped mounting beam 4, and two bolts 33 are provided on each side wall of the mounting beam 4. Through the hole, it is screwed into a screw hole on each side wall of the second vertical beam 6 and fastened, whereby the upper end portion 6 d of the second vertical beam 6 is connected and fixed near the rear end of the mounting beam 4.
ここで、載置用桟4から第1縦桟5へと荷重が作用するか、もしくは載置用桟4から第2縦桟6を介して第1縦桟5へと荷重が作用すると、この荷重に基づく力が、第1縦桟5の下端部5aと後方ブラケット3を締結する2本のボルト24で受けられるだけではなく、第1縦桟5の各側壁5bの下辺が当接する後方ブラケット3の受け部3iでも受けられ、2本のボルト24及び後方ブラケット3の受け部3iという複数箇所に分散して受けられることになる。このため、後方ブラケット3に作用する力をボルトだけで受けた場合と比較すると、第1縦桟5と後方ブラケット3間の接続部位の耐荷重性が向上する。しかも、部品点数や組立て工数が増大することはない。   Here, when a load acts from the mounting beam 4 to the first vertical beam 5 or when a load acts from the mounting beam 4 to the first vertical beam 5 via the second vertical beam 6, The rear bracket in which the force based on the load is not only received by the two bolts 24 that fasten the lower end portion 5a of the first vertical beam 5 and the rear bracket 3, but the lower side of each side wall 5b of the first vertical beam 5 abuts. 3 receiving portions 3i are received in a distributed manner at a plurality of locations including two bolts 24 and the receiving portion 3i of the rear bracket 3. For this reason, compared with the case where the force which acts on the back bracket 3 is received only with the volt | bolt, the load resistance of the connection part between the 1st vertical cross 5 and the back bracket 3 improves. Moreover, the number of parts and assembly man-hours do not increase.
また、後方ブラケット3の受け部3iは、第1縦桟5の各側板5bの下辺を下方から受けているので、各ボルト24周りの第1縦桟5の下方への回転移動が阻止される。このため、第1縦桟5の先端部5aを後方ブラケット3に接続固定するだけで、第1縦桟5を傾斜した状態で支持することができ、載置用桟4、第1縦桟5、及び基礎面からなる三角構造の構造物設置架台1を構成するときに、その組立て作業が容易になる。   Further, since the receiving portion 3i of the rear bracket 3 receives the lower side of each side plate 5b of the first vertical beam 5 from below, the downward movement of the first vertical beam 5 around each bolt 24 is prevented. . For this reason, the first vertical beam 5 can be supported in an inclined state simply by connecting and fixing the front end portion 5a of the first vertical beam 5 to the rear bracket 3, and the mounting beam 4 and the first vertical beam 5 can be supported. When the triangular structure installation stand 1 composed of the foundation surface is constructed, the assembling work is facilitated.
このような構成の構造物設置架台1において、その全体をみると、載置用桟4、第1縦桟5、及び基礎面が三角形状に組み合わせられている。また、載置用桟4、第2縦桟6、及び基礎面も三角形状に組み合わせられ、載置用桟4、第1縦桟5、及び第2縦桟6も三角形に組み合わせられている。この複合的に三角形状に構成された架台1では、載置用桟4に作用した力を該載置用桟4、第1及び第2縦桟5、6、及び基礎面に分散させて受けることができるので、架台1の強度が高くなる。例えば、載置用桟4上に載置された太陽電池モジュールの荷重や太陽電池モジュールに加わった風圧等を載置用桟4、第1及び第2縦桟5、6、及び基礎面に分散させて受けることができる。   In the structure installation stand 1 having such a configuration, when viewed as a whole, the mounting beam 4, the first vertical beam 5, and the base surface are combined in a triangular shape. The mounting beam 4, the second vertical beam 6, and the base surface are also combined in a triangular shape, and the mounting beam 4, the first vertical beam 5, and the second vertical beam 6 are also combined in a triangular shape. In this gantry 1 constructed in a triangular shape, the force acting on the mounting beam 4 is distributed and received on the mounting beam 4, the first and second vertical beams 5, 6 and the base surface. Therefore, the strength of the gantry 1 is increased. For example, the load of the solar cell module mounted on the mounting beam 4 and the wind pressure applied to the solar cell module are distributed to the mounting beam 4, the first and second vertical beams 5, 6 and the base surface. Can be received.
また、載置用桟4、第1及び第2縦桟5、6の断面形状をハット型にして、載置用桟4、第1及び第2縦桟5、6の部品そのものについても、それぞれの強度を高くしている。   In addition, the cross-sectional shape of the mounting beam 4, the first and second vertical beams 5, 6 is a hat shape, and the components of the mounting beam 4, the first and second vertical beams 5, 6 are respectively The strength is increased.
しかも、本実施形態では、先に述べたように載置用桟4から前方ブラケット2へと作用した荷重が、2本のボルト14、16だけではなく、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dが当接する前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの内周当接部位2kでも受けられるので、載置用桟4と前方ブラケット2間の接続部位の耐荷重性が高くなっている。また、載置用桟4から第1縦桟5へと作用した荷重、もしくは載置用桟4から第2縦桟6を介して第1縦桟5の下端部5aへと作用した荷重も、2本のボルトで受けられるだけではなく、第1縦桟5の下端部5aの下辺が当接する後方ブラケット3の受け部3iでも受けられるので、第1縦桟5と後方ブラケット3間の接続部位の耐荷重性も高くなっている。   In addition, in the present embodiment, as described above, the load applied from the mounting rail 4 to the front bracket 2 is not limited to the two bolts 14 and 16 but the tip 4 a of the mounting rail 4. Since it can also be received at the inner peripheral contact portion 2k of each side plate 2b, 2c of the front bracket 2 with which the upper edge 4d contacts, the load resistance of the connection portion between the mounting bar 4 and the front bracket 2 is increased. In addition, a load applied from the mounting beam 4 to the first vertical beam 5 or a load applied from the mounting beam 4 to the lower end portion 5a of the first vertical beam 5 via the second vertical beam 6 is also obtained. Since it is received not only by two bolts but also by the receiving portion 3i of the rear bracket 3 with which the lower side of the lower end portion 5a of the first vertical beam 5 abuts, the connection portion between the first vertical beam 5 and the rear bracket 3 The load resistance is also high.
すなわち、構造物設置架台1の三角形状の構造により、架台1そのものの強度が高くなっているだけではなく、載置用桟4と前方ブラケット2間の接続部位及び第1縦桟5と後方ブラケット3間の接続部位の強度が高くなっているので、架台1に作用した荷重がそれらの接続部位に集中しても、この荷重に耐えることができる。   That is, not only the strength of the gantry 1 itself is increased due to the triangular structure of the structure installation gantry 1, but also the connection portion between the mounting beam 4 and the front bracket 2 and the first vertical beam 5 and the rear bracket. Since the strength of the connection portion between the three is high, even if the load acting on the gantry 1 is concentrated on the connection portion, it can withstand this load.
このような構造物設置架台1は、後で詳しく述べるように複数のものを地面や陸屋根等の基礎面に並設して用いられる。複数の構造物設置架台1を略平行に並べて固定し、各構造物設置架台1の載置用桟4上に複数の横桟を水平方向に架け渡し、これらの横桟間に太陽電池モジュールを支持する。   As will be described in detail later, such a structure installation stand 1 is used by arranging a plurality of such structures on a base surface such as the ground or a flat roof. A plurality of structure installation stands 1 are arranged in parallel and fixed substantially, and a plurality of horizontal beams are horizontally laid on the mounting beam 4 of each structure installation frame 1, and a solar cell module is installed between these horizontal beams. To support.
次に、本実施形態の構造物設置架台1の組立方法を説明する。   Next, the assembly method of the structure installation stand 1 of this embodiment is demonstrated.
まず、図9に示すように2本のH型断面形状の鋼材41を一定間隔を開けて地面や陸屋根等に並設し、各鋼材41の上面41aを地面や陸屋根等に平行に配置して、各鋼材41の上面41aを基礎面とする。そして、前方の鋼材41の上面41aに前方ブラケット2を配置すると共に、後方の鋼材41の上面41aに後方ブラケット3を配置し、各鋼材41と直交する直線上に1組の前方ブラケット2及び後方ブラケット3を並べる。そして、ボルト11により前方ブラケット2を固定し、またボルト21により後方ブラケット3を固定する。   First, as shown in FIG. 9, two steel members 41 having an H-shaped cross section are arranged side by side on the ground, a flat roof, etc. at regular intervals, and the upper surface 41a of each steel member 41 is arranged parallel to the ground, a flat roof, etc. The upper surface 41a of each steel material 41 is a base surface. The front bracket 2 is disposed on the upper surface 41a of the front steel material 41, the rear bracket 3 is disposed on the upper surface 41a of the rear steel material 41, and one set of the front bracket 2 and the rear on a straight line orthogonal to each steel material 41. Arrange the brackets 3. Then, the front bracket 2 is fixed with the bolts 11 and the rear bracket 3 is fixed with the bolts 21.
また、複数組の前方ブラケット2及び後方ブラケット3を各鋼材41に沿って一定間隔で配設する。   In addition, a plurality of sets of the front bracket 2 and the rear bracket 3 are arranged at regular intervals along each steel material 41.
図10に示すように(細部は図7、図8を参照)後方ブラケット3毎に、第1縦桟5の下端部5aで各側板5bの内側に後方ブラケット3の各側板3b、3cを挟み込んで、2本のボルト24を第1縦桟5の各側板5bの孔を通じて後方ブラケット3の各側板3bのネジ孔3gにねじ込んで締結し、第1縦桟5の下端部5aを後方ブラケット3に接続固定する。このとき、第1縦桟5の各側板5bの下辺が後方ブラケット3の受け部3iに当接して受けられるので、第1縦桟5が基礎面に対して傾斜させられた状態で支持される。   As shown in FIG. 10 (see FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 for details), the side plates 3b and 3c of the rear bracket 3 are sandwiched inside the side plates 5b at the lower end 5a of the first vertical rail 5 for each rear bracket 3. Then, the two bolts 24 are screwed into the screw holes 3g of the side plates 3b of the rear bracket 3 through the holes of the side plates 5b of the first vertical beam 5, and the lower ends 5a of the first vertical beam 5 are fastened to the rear bracket 3. Secure the connection. At this time, since the lower side of each side plate 5b of the first vertical beam 5 is received in contact with the receiving portion 3i of the rear bracket 3, the first vertical beam 5 is supported in an inclined state with respect to the base surface. .
図11に示すように相互に隣り合う2本の第1縦桟5間に2本のブレース42を斜交いにして架け渡し、各ブレース42の両端をボルト及びナットで各第1縦桟5に固定する。   As shown in FIG. 11, two braces 42 are bridged obliquely between two first vertical bars 5 adjacent to each other, and both ends of each brace 42 are connected to each first vertical bar 5 with bolts and nuts. To fix.
次に、図12に示すように2本の桟43、44をボルト及びナットで連結して、1本の載置用桟4を形成する。   Next, as shown in FIG. 12, the two bars 43 and 44 are connected by bolts and nuts to form a single mounting bar 4.
図13に示すように(細部は図2、図3を参照)載置用桟4の先端部4aの各側板4b、4cの内側に前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cを挟み込み、載置用桟4の先端部4aの上側エッジ4dを前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cの円形溝2i、2jに入れて、先端部4aの上側エッジ4dを各円形溝2i、2jの内周当接部位2kに当接させ、2本のボルト14、16を先端部4aの各側板4b、4cの孔を通じて前方ブラケット2の各側板2b、2cのネジ孔2g、2hにねじ込んで締結し、載置用桟4の先端部4aを前方ブラケット2に接続固定する。   As shown in FIG. 13 (see FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 for details), the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2 are sandwiched inside the side plates 4b and 4c of the front end 4a of the mounting bar 4 for mounting. The upper edge 4d of the front end portion 4a of the crosspiece 4 is put in the circular grooves 2i and 2j of the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2, and the upper edge 4d of the front end portion 4a is placed in the inner peripheral contact portion of the circular grooves 2i and 2j. The two bolts 14 and 16 are screwed into the screw holes 2g and 2h of the side plates 2b and 2c of the front bracket 2 through the holes of the side plates 4b and 4c of the front end portion 4a, and fastened. The front end 4 a of the crosspiece 4 is connected and fixed to the front bracket 2.
また、図1に示すように第1縦桟5の上端部5dをハット型の載置用桟4の中央付近の内側に差し込んで、2本のボルト26を載置用桟4の各側壁の孔を通じて第1縦桟5の各側壁のネジ孔にねじ込んで締結し、第1縦桟5の上端部5dを載置用桟4の中央付近に連結固定する。   Further, as shown in FIG. 1, the upper end 5d of the first vertical beam 5 is inserted into the inside of the vicinity of the center of the hat-shaped mounting beam 4, and two bolts 26 are attached to each side wall of the mounting beam 4. The upper end 5d of the first vertical beam 5 is connected and fixed near the center of the mounting beam 4 through the holes and screwed into the screw holes on the respective side walls of the first vertical beam 5.
このとき、第1縦桟5が傾斜状態に維持されていることから、図14に示すように載置用桟4の中央付近での第1縦桟5の上端部5dの位置あわせを容易に行うことができる。   At this time, since the first vertical beam 5 is maintained in an inclined state, the upper end portion 5d of the first vertical beam 5 is easily aligned near the center of the mounting beam 4 as shown in FIG. It can be carried out.
図15に示すように前方ブラケット2毎に、載置用桟4の先端部4aを前方ブラケット2に接続固定し、第1縦桟5の上端部5dを載置用桟4の中央付近に連結固定する。これにより、前方ブラケット2及び後方ブラケット3毎に、載置用桟4及び第1縦桟5が三角形状に組み合わせられる。   As shown in FIG. 15, for each front bracket 2, the front end 4 a of the mounting bar 4 is connected and fixed to the front bracket 2, and the upper end 5 d of the first vertical bar 5 is connected near the center of the mounting bar 4. Fix it. Thereby, the mounting beam 4 and the first vertical beam 5 are combined in a triangular shape for each of the front bracket 2 and the rear bracket 3.
図16に示すように三角形状に組み合わせられた載置用桟4及び第1縦桟5毎に、第2縦桟6の下端部6aを第1縦桟5の下端部5aに接続固定すると共に、第2縦桟6の上端部6dを載置用桟4の後端近傍に接続固定する。   As shown in FIG. 16, for each mounting beam 4 and first vertical beam 5 combined in a triangular shape, the lower end 6 a of the second vertical beam 6 is connected and fixed to the lower end 5 a of the first vertical beam 5. The upper end 6 d of the second vertical beam 6 is connected and fixed near the rear end of the mounting beam 4.
そして、相互に隣り合う2本の第2縦桟6間に2本のブレース43を斜交いにして架け渡し、各ブレース43の両端をボルト及びナットで各第2縦桟6に固定する。   Then, two braces 43 are obliquely bridged between the two second vertical bars 6 adjacent to each other, and both ends of each brace 43 are fixed to the second vertical bars 6 with bolts and nuts.
このような構造物設置架台1の組立方法においては、第1縦桟5を後方ブラケット3に接続固定したときに、第1縦桟5が傾斜状態で支持されるので、第1縦桟5の上端部5dを載置用桟4の中央付近の内側に差し込んで連結固定する作業工程が容易であり、この作業工程を一人で行うことができる。また、他の作業工程についても、格別に困難ではなく、一人で行うことが可能である。   In such an assembly method of the structure installation stand 1, when the first vertical beam 5 is connected and fixed to the rear bracket 3, the first vertical beam 5 is supported in an inclined state. The work process of inserting and fixing the upper end portion 5d inside the center of the mounting bar 4 is easy, and this work process can be performed by one person. Also, other work processes are not particularly difficult and can be performed by one person.
しかも、構造物設置架台1毎に、三角形状の構造を持ち、相互に隣り合う構造物設置架台1間に複数のブレースを斜交いにして架け渡しているので、全体的な強度が非常に高くなる。   Moreover, each structure installation base 1 has a triangular structure, and a plurality of braces are bridged between the adjacent structure installation bases 1 so that the overall strength is very high. Get higher.
尚、上記組立方法の一部を変更しても構わない。例えば、図17に示すように第1縦桟5を第2縦桟6の内側に配置し、ボルトを用いて、第2縦桟6の下端部6aと第1縦桟5の下端部5aを予め接続しておき、図17及び図18に示すように第1縦桟5の下端部6aを後方ブラケット3に固定して、第1縦桟5を傾斜した状態で支持し、第1及び第2縦桟5、6の下端部5a、6aを相互に接続するボルト周りで、第2縦桟6を回転移動させて、第1及び第2縦桟5、6を相互に開き、この後に第1及び第2縦桟5、6の上端部5d、6dに載置用桟4を載せて固定し、更にブレースを取り付ける。   In addition, you may change a part of said assembly method. For example, as shown in FIG. 17, the first vertical beam 5 is arranged inside the second vertical beam 6, and the lower end 6 a of the second vertical beam 6 and the lower end 5 a of the first vertical beam 5 are connected using bolts. As shown in FIGS. 17 and 18, the lower end 6a of the first vertical beam 5 is fixed to the rear bracket 3, and the first vertical beam 5 is supported in an inclined state as shown in FIGS. The second vertical beam 6 is rotated and moved around the bolts connecting the lower ends 5a, 6a of the two vertical beams 5, 6 to each other, and then the first and second vertical beams 5, 6 are opened to each other. The mounting bar 4 is placed and fixed on the upper end portions 5d and 6d of the first and second vertical bars 5 and 6, and a brace is further attached.
次に、本実施形態の構造物設置架台1による太陽電池モジュールの施工例を説明する。まず、図19に示すように6台の構造物設置架台1を一定間隔を開けて並設する。   Next, the construction example of the solar cell module by the structure installation stand 1 of this embodiment is demonstrated. First, as shown in FIG. 19, six structure installation stands 1 are arranged side by side at regular intervals.
構造物設置架台1毎に、載置用桟4の複数箇所にタップ金具51を取り付ける。図1に示すように載置用桟4の複数箇所に係合孔4eを形成しており、図20に示すように載置用桟4の裏側から係合孔4eを通じてタップ金具51の一対の支持片51aを載置用桟4の表側に突出させる。   Tap fittings 51 are attached to a plurality of places on the mounting bar 4 for each structure installation base 1. As shown in FIG. 1, engaging holes 4e are formed at a plurality of locations on the mounting bar 4, and as shown in FIG. 20, a pair of tap metal fittings 51 are formed from the back side of the mounting bar 4 through the engaging holes 4e. The support piece 51 a is projected to the front side of the mounting bar 4.
タップ金具51は、図21に示すようにその中板51bにネジ孔51cを形成し、その両側に側板51dを設けて2重に折り曲げ、更にそれぞれの側板51dの中央から突出するT字型の支持片51aを設けたものである。   As shown in FIG. 21, the tap metal fitting 51 has a screw hole 51c formed in its middle plate 51b, side plates 51d provided on both sides thereof, bent in a double manner, and further protruding from the center of each side plate 51d. A support piece 51a is provided.
図22(a)、(b)に示すように、タップ金具51の一方の支持片51aを載置用桟4の挿入スリット4fに挿し込んで、一方の支持片51aを挿入スリット4fから係合孔4eへと移動させ、引き続いてタップ金具51の他方の支持片51aを挿入スリット4fに挿し込んで、他方の支持片51aも挿入スリット4fから係合孔4eへと移動させ、各支持片51aのT字型の頭部を係合孔4eに引っ掛けて、タップ金具51を載置用桟4に取り付ける。このとき、タップ金具51の各側板51dが載置用桟4の各側板4b、4cに対して垂直に配置される。   As shown in FIGS. 22A and 22B, one support piece 51a of the tap fitting 51 is inserted into the insertion slit 4f of the mounting bar 4, and the one support piece 51a is engaged from the insertion slit 4f. Next, the other support piece 51a of the tap metal fitting 51 is inserted into the insertion slit 4f, and the other support piece 51a is also moved from the insertion slit 4f to the engagement hole 4e, and each support piece 51a is moved to the hole 4e. The T-shaped head is hooked on the engagement hole 4e, and the tap fitting 51 is attached to the mounting bar 4. At this time, the side plates 51 d of the tap metal fitting 51 are arranged perpendicular to the side plates 4 b and 4 c of the mounting bar 4.
こうして載置用桟4の係合孔4eにタップ金具51を取り付けた後、図20に示すようにタップ金具51の一対の支持片51a間に横桟53を配置し、タップ金具51の部位で、押え部材54を横桟53に重ね合わせ、ボルト55を押え部材54の孔及び横桟53の溝孔53aを通じてタップ金具51のネジ孔51cにねじ込んで、横桟53を載置用桟4に仮止めする。   After the tap metal fitting 51 is attached to the engaging hole 4e of the mounting beam 4 in this way, the horizontal beam 53 is disposed between the pair of support pieces 51a of the tap metal 51 as shown in FIG. The holding member 54 is overlapped with the horizontal beam 53, and the bolt 55 is screwed into the screw hole 51 c of the tap fitting 51 through the hole of the holding member 54 and the groove hole 53 a of the horizontal beam 53, and the horizontal beam 53 is attached to the mounting beam 4. Temporarily fix.
図23に示すように各構造物設置架台1の載置用桟4上に3本の横桟53を所定間隔で水平方向に配置して架け渡し、各横桟53を仮止めする。   As shown in FIG. 23, three horizontal rails 53 are horizontally arranged at predetermined intervals on the mounting beam 4 of each structure installation stand 1 and temporarily fixed.
横桟53毎に、図24に示すようにボルト55及びネジ止め金具56を用いて、横桟53に固定金具57を固定する。この固定金具57は、その上端に引っ掛け爪57aを有し、この引っ掛け爪57aを太陽電池モジュールの一辺に係合させて、太陽電池モジュールを固定支持するものであり、太陽電池モジュールの一辺について2個1組で用いられる。   As shown in FIG. 24, the fixing bracket 57 is fixed to the horizontal rail 53 for each horizontal rail 53 using a bolt 55 and a screw fixing metal 56. The fixing metal 57 has a hooking claw 57a at its upper end, and engages the hooking claw 57a with one side of the solar cell module to fix and support the solar cell module. One set is used.
また、図25(a)、(b)に示すように下側の横桟53の前方に、軒先カバー58を装着する。下側の横桟53を支持する各タップ金具51のボルト55を締め付けて、下側の横桟53を完全に固定する。   In addition, as shown in FIGS. 25A and 25B, an eaves edge cover 58 is mounted in front of the lower horizontal rail 53. The bolts 55 of the respective tap fittings 51 that support the lower side rail 53 are tightened to completely fix the lower side rail 53.
この後、図26(a)に示すように太陽電池モジュール61を下側の横桟53と中央の横桟53間に挿入して配置する。実際には、複数枚の太陽電池モジュール61を横並びにして下側の横桟53と中央の横桟53間に配置する。   Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 26A, the solar cell module 61 is inserted between the lower horizontal beam 53 and the central horizontal beam 53. Actually, a plurality of solar cell modules 61 are arranged side by side between the lower horizontal beam 53 and the central horizontal beam 53.
引き続いて、図26(b)に示すように太陽電池モジュール61の上側一辺を持ち上げて、図26(c)に示すように太陽電池モジュール61の下側一辺を下側の横桟53に押し付ける。これにより、固定金具57の引っ掛け爪57aが太陽電池モジュール61の下側一辺の係合溝61aに係合する。   Subsequently, the upper side of the solar cell module 61 is lifted as shown in FIG. 26B, and the lower side of the solar cell module 61 is pressed against the lower horizontal rail 53 as shown in FIG. As a result, the hooking claws 57 a of the fixing bracket 57 engage with the engaging grooves 61 a on the lower side of the solar cell module 61.
更に、図26(d)に示すように太陽電池モジュール61の上側一辺を降ろして中央の横桟53上に載せる。   Further, as shown in FIG. 26 (d), the upper side of the solar cell module 61 is lowered and placed on the central crosspiece 53.
そして、中央の横桟53を太陽電池モジュール61の上側一辺に押し付けて、下側の横桟53と中央の横桟53間に太陽電池モジュール61を挟み込んで支持する。中央の横桟53を支持する各タップ金具51のボルト55を締め付けて、中央の横桟53を完全に固定する。   Then, the central horizontal beam 53 is pressed against the upper side of the solar cell module 61, and the solar cell module 61 is sandwiched and supported between the lower horizontal beam 53 and the central horizontal beam 53. The center crosspiece 53 is completely fixed by tightening the bolt 55 of each tap metal fitting 51 that supports the central crosspiece 53.
同様の手順で、中央の横桟53と上側の横桟53間にも、太陽電池モジュール61を挟み込んで支持する。   In the same procedure, the solar cell module 61 is sandwiched and supported between the central horizontal beam 53 and the upper horizontal beam 53.
尚、本発明は、上記実施形態に限定されるものではなく、多様に変形することができる。例えば、載置用桟、第1及び第2縦桟の断面形状をハット型やコの字型にしているが、C型等にしても構わない。   In addition, this invention is not limited to the said embodiment, It can deform | transform variously. For example, although the cross-sectional shape of the mounting rail and the first and second vertical rails is a hat shape or a U-shape, it may be a C shape or the like.
本発明の構造物設置架台の一実施形態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows one Embodiment of the structure installation stand of this invention. 図1の構造物設置架台における載置用桟の先端部に対する前方ブラケットの接続構造を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the connection structure of the front bracket with respect to the front-end | tip part of the mounting bar in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図2の接続構造を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the connection structure of FIG. 図1の構造物設置架台における前方ブラケットを裏面側から見たときの接続構造を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows a connection structure when the front bracket in the structure installation stand of FIG. 1 is seen from the back surface side. 図1の構造物設置架台における前方ブラケットを示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the front bracket in the structure installation stand of FIG. 前方ブラケットの変形例を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the modification of a front bracket. 図1の構造物設置架台における第1縦桟の下端部に対する後方ブラケットの接続構造を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the connection structure of the back bracket with respect to the lower end part of the 1st vertical cross in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図7の接続構造を示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows the connection structure of FIG. 図1の構造物設置架台における前方ブラケット及び後方ブラケットの設置工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the installation process of the front bracket and back bracket in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図1の構造物設置架台における第1縦桟の取り付け工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the attachment process of the 1st vertical cross in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図10の第1縦桟へのブレースの取り付け工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the attachment process of the brace to the 1st vertical cross of FIG. 図1の構造物設置架台における載置用桟の組立工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the assembly process of the mounting crosspiece in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図1の構造物設置架台における載置用桟の取り付け工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the attachment process of the mounting crosspiece in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図1の構造物設置架台における載置用桟と第1縦桟の位置合わせの様子を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the mode of position alignment of the mounting beam and the 1st vertical beam in the structure installation stand of FIG. 複数組の載置用桟と第1縦桟を並設した状態を示す図である。It is a figure showing the state where a plurality of sets of mounting bars and first vertical bars were juxtaposed. 図1の構造物設置架台における第2縦桟の取り付け工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the attachment process of the 2nd vertical cross in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図1の構造物設置架台における第1及び第2縦桟の組立て工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the assembly process of the 1st and 2nd vertical beam in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図17の第1縦桟を後方ブラケットに取り付ける工程を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the process of attaching the 1st vertical cross of FIG. 17 to a back bracket. 複数の構造物設置架台を並設した状態を示す図である。It is a figure which shows the state which arranged the some structure installation stand in parallel. 図1の構造物設置架台における載置用桟に対するタップ金具の取り付け状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the attachment state of the tap metal fitting with respect to the mounting bar in the structure installation stand of FIG. 図20のタップ金具を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the tap metal fitting of FIG. (a)及び(b)は、図20のタップ金具及び載置用桟を表側及び裏側から見て示す斜視図である。(A) And (b) is a perspective view which shows the tap metal fitting and mounting rail of FIG. 20 as seen from the front side and the back side. 複数の構造物設置架台に対する複数の横桟の取り付け状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the attachment state of the some crosspiece with respect to a some structure installation stand. 構造物設置架台への横桟及び固定金具の取り付け状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the attachment state of the crosspiece and fixing bracket to a structure installation stand. (a)及び(b)は、構造物設置架台への横桟及び軒先カバーの取り付け状態を示す斜視図である。(A) And (b) is a perspective view which shows the attachment state of the crosspiece and eaves edge cover to a structure installation stand. (a)乃至(d)は、構造物設置架台に太陽電池モジュールを載せて支持するときの施工手順を示す図である。(A) thru | or (d) is a figure which shows the construction procedure when mounting and supporting a solar cell module on a structure installation stand. 従来の架台の概略構成を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows schematic structure of the conventional mount frame.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 構造物設置架台
2 前方ブラケット
3 後方ブラケット
4 載置用桟
5 第1縦桟
6 第2縦桟
11、14、16、21、24、31、33、55 ボルト
12、15、17、22、25、32 ワッシャ
41 鋼材
42 ブレース
51 タップ金具
53 横桟
54 押え部材
56 ネジ止め金具
57 固定金具
58 軒先カバー
61 太陽電池モジュール
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Structure installation stand 2 Front bracket 3 Back bracket 4 Mounting beam 5 1st vertical beam 6 2nd vertical beam 11, 14, 16, 21, 24, 31, 33, 55 Bolt 12, 15, 17, 22, 25, 32 Washer 41 Steel 42 Brace 51 Tap fitting 53 Horizontal crosspiece 54 Presser member 56 Screw fixing bracket 57 Fixing bracket 58 Eaves cover 61 Solar cell module

Claims (9)

  1. 基礎面に固定された前方ブラケットと、構造物が載置される載置用桟とを備え、載置用桟を基礎面に対して傾斜させて、傾斜した載置用桟の先端部側面と前方ブラケット側面を重ね合わせて、これらの側面を貫通するボルトにより載置用桟の先端部と前方ブラケットを締結した構造物設置架台において、
    前記前方ブラケットは、前記載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面に当接する当接部位を有し、
    載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの当接部位に当接することによりボルト周りでの載置用桟の移動が阻止されることを特徴とする構造物設置架台。
    A front bracket fixed to the base surface and a mounting bar on which the structure is mounted; the mounting bar is inclined with respect to the base surface; In the structure installation stand that superimposes the front bracket side surfaces and fastens the front bracket and the front bracket with bolts penetrating these side surfaces,
    The front bracket has an abutting portion that abuts on the upper edge or the upper surface of the tip portion of the mounting bar,
    A structure installation stand characterized in that the movement of the mounting beam around the bolt is prevented by the upper edge or upper surface of the tip of the mounting beam coming into contact with the contact portion of the front bracket.
  2. 前記載置用桟の少なくも先端部は、コの字型もしくはハット型の断面形状を有し、
    前記前方ブラケットは、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の各側板に当接するそれぞれの側板と、コの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面に当接する当接部位とを有し、
    前記ボルトは、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の各側板と前方ブラケットの各側板を貫通して、コの字型もしくはハット型先端部と前方ブラケットを締結し、
    前方ブラケットの当接部位は、載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面に上方から当接することを特徴とする請求項1に記載の構造物設置架台。
    At least the tip of the mounting bar has a U-shaped or hat-shaped cross-sectional shape,
    The front bracket includes a side plate that comes into contact with each side plate of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar, and a contact portion that contacts the upper edge or upper surface of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip. And
    The bolt passes through each side plate of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar and each side plate of the front bracket, and fastens the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip and the front bracket,
    2. The structure installation stand according to claim 1, wherein the contact portion of the front bracket is in contact with the upper edge or upper surface of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar from above.
  3. 前記前方ブラケットの当接部位は、前方ブラケットの各側板に形成されたそれぞれの凹所であり、
    前記載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの各側板の凹所に入り込んで当接することを特徴とする請求項2に記載の構造物設置架台。
    The contact portion of the front bracket is a respective recess formed in each side plate of the front bracket,
    3. The structure installation stand according to claim 2, wherein the upper edge or upper surface of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar enters into and comes into contact with the recess of each side plate of the front bracket.
  4. 前記前方ブラケットの各側板の凹所は、前方ブラケットの各側板に形成された円弧状もしくは直線状の切り込み溝であり、
    前記載置用桟のコの字型もしくはハット型先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面が前方ブラケットの各側板の切り込み溝に入り込んで当接することを特徴とする請求項3に記載の構造物設置架台。
    The recess of each side plate of the front bracket is a circular or linear cut groove formed in each side plate of the front bracket,
    4. The structure installation stand according to claim 3, wherein the upper edge or upper surface of the U-shaped or hat-shaped tip of the mounting bar enters and contacts the cut groove of each side plate of the front bracket.
  5. 前記前方ブラケットと離間して基礎面に固定された後方ブラケットと、
    前記載置用桟と前記後方ブラケット間を連結接続する縦桟とを備えることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の構造物設置架台。
    A rear bracket fixed to the base surface apart from the front bracket;
    The structure installation stand according to claim 1, further comprising a mounting beam and a vertical beam that connects and connects the rear bracket.
  6. 前方ブラケット及び後方ブラケットを離間して基礎面に固定するステップと、
    縦桟を基礎面に対して傾斜させた状態で、該縦桟を後方ブラケットに固定する工程と、
    載置用桟を縦桟に載せて、載置用桟を基礎面に対して傾斜させた状態で、載置用桟の先端部側面と前方ブラケット側面を重ね合わせて、これらの側面を貫通するボルトにより載置用桟の先端部と前方ブラケットを締結し、載置用桟の先端部の上側エッジもしくは上面を前方ブラケットの当接部位に当接させて、ボルト周りでの載置用桟の移動を阻止するステップとを含むことを特徴とする構造物設置架台の組立方法。
    Separating the front bracket and the rear bracket and fixing them to the foundation surface;
    Fixing the vertical beam to the rear bracket in a state where the vertical beam is inclined with respect to the foundation surface;
    With the mounting bar placed on the vertical bar and the mounting bar tilted with respect to the foundation surface, the side surface of the mounting bar is overlapped with the side surface of the front bracket and penetrates these side surfaces. The front end of the mounting bar and the front bracket are fastened with bolts, and the upper edge or upper surface of the front end of the mounting bar is brought into contact with the contact portion of the front bracket so that the mounting bar around the bolt A method for assembling the structure installation stand, comprising the step of preventing movement.
  7. 複数台の前記構造物設置架台を並設し、これらの構造物設置架台の載置用桟上に複数の横桟を架け渡して、これらの横桟を離間配置し、これらの横桟間に太陽電池モジュールを挟み込んで支持するために用いられたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至5のいずれか1つに記載の構造物設置架台。A plurality of the structure installation platforms are arranged side by side, and a plurality of horizontal beams are laid over the mounting beams of these structure installation platforms, and these horizontal beams are spaced apart from each other. The structure installation stand according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the structure installation stand is used for sandwiching and supporting a solar cell module.
  8. 請求項1乃至5のいずれか1つに記載の構造物設置架台により支持された太陽電池モジュールにおいて、In the solar cell module supported by the structure installation stand according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
    複数台の前記構造物設置架台を並設し、これらの構造物設置架台の載置用桟上に複数の横桟を架け渡して、これらの横桟を離間配置し、これらの横桟間に挟み込んで支持されたことを特徴とする太陽電池モジュール。A plurality of the structure installation platforms are arranged side by side, and a plurality of horizontal beams are laid over the mounting beams of these structure installation platforms, and these horizontal beams are spaced apart from each other. A solar cell module characterized by being sandwiched and supported.
  9. 太陽電池モジュールを支持するために請求項1乃至5のいずれか1つに記載の構造物設置架台を用いた施工構造において、In the construction structure using the structure installation stand according to any one of claims 1 to 5, in order to support the solar cell module,
    複数台の前記構造物設置架台を並設し、これらの構造物設置架台の載置用桟上に複数の横桟を架け渡して、これらの横桟を離間配置し、これらの横桟間に太陽電池モジュールを挟み込んで支持したことを特徴とする構造物設置架台を用いた施工構造。A plurality of the structure installation platforms are arranged side by side, and a plurality of horizontal beams are laid over the mounting beams of these structure installation platforms, and these horizontal beams are spaced apart from each other. A construction structure using a structure installation stand characterized by sandwiching and supporting a solar cell module.
JP2007208425A 2007-08-09 2007-08-09 Structure installation stand, its assembling method, solar cell module, and construction structure using structure installation stand Expired - Fee Related JP4202401B1 (en)

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