JP4154385B2 - Solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing equipment - Google Patents

Solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing equipment Download PDF

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JP4154385B2
JP4154385B2 JP2004327827A JP2004327827A JP4154385B2 JP 4154385 B2 JP4154385 B2 JP 4154385B2 JP 2004327827 A JP2004327827 A JP 2004327827A JP 2004327827 A JP2004327827 A JP 2004327827A JP 4154385 B2 JP4154385 B2 JP 4154385B2
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sleeve
solid
pouring
molten metal
slurry
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JP2005219121A (en
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俊杓 洪
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株式会社ナノキャストコリア
俊杓 洪
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D17/00Pressure die casting or injection die casting, i.e. casting in which the metal is forced into a mould under high pressure
    • B22D17/007Semi-solid pressure die casting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H7/00Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for
    • A61H7/002Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for by rubbing or brushing
    • A61H7/003Hand-held or hand-driven devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C33/00Feeding extrusion presses with metal to be extruded ; Loading the dummy block
    • B21C33/02Feeding extrusion presses with metal to be extruded ; Loading the dummy block the metal being in liquid form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D7/00Casting ingots, e.g. from ferrous metals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1683Surface of interface
    • A61H2201/169Physical characteristics of the surface, e.g. material, relief, texture or indicia
    • A61H2201/1692Enhanced rubbing effect

Description

  The present invention relates to a solid-liquid coexistence state metal material production apparatus for producing a solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry by applying an electromagnetic field to molten metal.

  A metal slurry in a solid-liquid coexistence state, that is, a semi-molten or semi-solid metal slurry, is usually an intermediate product of composite processing methods such as a semi-solid forming method (Reocasting) and a semi-melt forming method (Thixocasting). Semi-solid metal slurry can be deformed even with a small force due to thixotropic properties in a state where the liquid phase and spherical crystal grains are mixed at an appropriate ratio at the temperature of the semi-solid region. It is a metal material that is excellent in properties and is easy to form like a liquid phase.

  Here, the semi-solid forming method refers to a processing method in which a billet or a final molded product is manufactured by casting or forging a solid-solid coexisting slurry having a predetermined viscosity without being completely solidified. Such a semi-solid molding method is called a semi-solid or semi-melt molding method together with a semi-melt molding method. Here, the semi-melt molding method is a method in which a billet produced by a semi-solid molding method is a slurry in a semi-molten state. This is a processing method in which this slurry is cast or forged into a final product after being reheated.

  Such a semi-solidified or semi-molten molding method has various advantages compared to a general molding method using a molten metal such as casting or melt forging. For example, since the semi-molten metal slurry used in these semi-solid or semi-molten forming methods has fluidity at a lower temperature than the molten metal, the temperature of the die exposed to this slurry can be further lowered than in the case of molten metal, This extends the life of the die.

  Also, when the slurry is pushed out along the cylinder, the generation of turbulent flow is small, and the entry of air during the casting process is reduced, thereby reducing the generation of pores in the final product. In addition, there is little coagulation shrinkage, workability is improved, the mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of the product are improved, and the product can be reduced in weight. As a result, it can be used as a new material in the automobile and aircraft industry fields, electrical and electronic information communication equipment, and the like.

  As described above, in these semi-solid forming methods or semi-melt forming methods, a metal slurry in a semi-solid state is used. As described above, in the semi-solid forming method, a slurry obtained by cooling molten metal by a predetermined method is used. In the semi-melt molding method, a slurry obtained by reheating the billet in the solid phase is used. Here, in the semi-solid metal slurry, the region where the liquid phase and the solid phase coexist between the liquid phase line and the solid phase line of the metal, that is, the crystal grain boundary inside the metal at the temperature of the metal semi-solid region. This means a metal material that is partially dissolved and partially remains as a solid phase component. A semi-solid slurry produced by a semi-solid forming method, that is, cooled from molten metal. Say.

  Further, as a conventional semi-solid forming method, a nucleation method for producing a semi-solid metal slurry by growing a plurality of crystal nuclei in a molten metal and then growing the crystal nuclei by a production process, The method is roughly classified into a stirring method in which dendritic crystals as an initial solidified layer are grown in molten metal, and then the resinous crystals are crushed to produce a semi-solid state metal slurry.

  By the way, in the conventional nucleation method, the pouring temperature of the molten metal must be kept very low, and the cooling rate is made very slow to gradually advance the process to generate a plurality of crystal nuclei. These crystal nuclei are grown. For this reason, there is a problem that the manufacturing time of the semi-solid state metal slurry is too long and it is difficult to apply it to an actual mass production process.

  On the other hand, in the conventional stirring method, when the molten metal is cooled, it is mainly stirred at a temperature below the liquidus, and the dendritic crystal structure that has already been formed is crushed to produce spherical particles suitable for semi-solid forming. Is the method. As the stirring method, mechanical stirring method, electromagnetic stirring method, gas bubbling, low frequency, high frequency or electromagnetic wave vibration, stirring method by electric shock, or the like is used.

  And as a method of manufacturing a liquid phase solid phase mixture, it cools, stirring strongly, while a molten metal solidifies. Furthermore, the production apparatus for producing this liquid phase solid phase mixture stirs with a stir bar in a state where the solid liquid mixture is poured into a container, and this stir bar stirs the solid liquid mixture having a predetermined viscosity. To crush the dendritic structure in the mixture or to disperse the crushed dendritic structure (for example, see Patent Document 1).

  However, in the above method for producing a liquid phase solid phase mixture, a dendritic crystal form already formed in the cooling process is pulverized, and a spherical crystal is obtained using the pulverized dendritic crystal as a crystal nucleus. For this reason, there are many problems such as a decrease in cooling rate and an increase in production time due to generation of latent heat due to the formation of an initial solidified layer, and a non-uniform crystal state due to temperature non-uniformity in the stirring vessel. Also in the case of a production apparatus for producing this liquid phase solid phase mixture, the temperature distribution in the container is non-uniform due to the limitations of mechanical agitation, and the working time and subsequent steps for operating in the chamber Linking to has a very difficult limit.

  Moreover, as a manufacturing apparatus of a semi-solid alloy slurry, a cooling manifold and a mold are sequentially provided inside an electromagnetic field applying means with a coil. And the upper side of this metal mold | die is formed so that a molten metal may be poured continuously, and it is comprised so that cooling water may flow into a cooling manifold and a metal mold | die may be cooled. Furthermore, according to the semi-solid alloy slurry manufacturing method using the semi-solid alloy slurry manufacturing apparatus, first, molten metal is poured from the upper side of the mold, and the molten metal passes through the mold by the cooling manifold. A solid phase region is formed. Here, a magnetic field is applied by an electromagnetic field applying means, cooling proceeds while crushing the dendritic tissue, and an ingot is formed from the lower part (see, for example, Patent Document 2).

  However, the semi-solid alloy slurry manufacturing method also has many problems in terms of process and structure because it crushes the dendritic structure by applying vibration after solidification. Also, in the case of the above-mentioned semi-solid alloy slurry manufacturing apparatus, the molten metal continuously forms an ingot while progressing from the upper part to the lower part. By continuously growing the molten metal, the state of the metal is changed. It is difficult to adjust and overall process control is not easy. Furthermore, since the mold is water-cooled before applying the electromagnetic field, the temperature difference between the vicinity of the wall and the center of the mold is extremely large.

  In addition to this, there are various types of semi-solid forming method or semi-melt forming method, and all of them have crushed the dendritic structure in the molten metal that has already been formed, and the dendritic structure is converted into crystal nuclei. It is intended to be used as

  Moreover, as a manufacturing method of the metal slurry for semi-solid casting, molten metal is poured into a container at a temperature close to or higher than the liquidus temperature by 50 ° C. Thereafter, when the molten metal is cooled, at least a part of the molten metal becomes lower than the liquidus temperature, that is, when the molten metal first passes the liquidus temperature, for example, the molten metal is moved by ultrasonic vibration. Add. Furthermore, after adding motion to this molten metal, a metal slurry for semi-solid casting having a metal structure in the form of grain crystals is manufactured by gradually cooling (see, for example, Patent Document 3).

  However, even in the above-described method for producing a metal slurry for semi-solid casting, a force such as ultrasonic vibration is used for crushing a dendritic crystal structure formed in the initial stage of cooling. If the pouring temperature is higher than the liquid line temperature, it is difficult to obtain a crystal form of the grain phase, and at the same time, it is difficult to cool the molten metal rapidly. Further, the texture of the surface portion and the central portion becomes non-uniform.

  Furthermore, as a method for forming the semi-molten metal, after pouring the molten metal into the container, the vibrating bar is immersed in the molten metal and vibrated in direct contact with the molten metal to give vibration to the molten metal. Yes. Specifically, by transmitting the vibration force of the vibration bar to the molten metal, a solid-liquid coexisting alloy having crystal nuclei at a liquidus temperature or lower is formed. Thereafter, the molten metal is maintained in the vessel for 30 seconds or more and 60 minutes or less while being cooled to a molding temperature exhibiting a predetermined liquid phase ratio, thereby growing crystal nuclei to obtain a semi-molten metal. However, the size of the crystal nucleus obtained by this method is about 100 μm, the process time is considerably long, and it is difficult to apply to a container of a predetermined size or more (see, for example, Patent Document 4).

Moreover, as a manufacturing method of a semi-molten metal slurry, a semi-molten metal slurry is manufactured by precisely controlling cooling and stirring simultaneously. Specifically, after pouring molten metal into the mixing container, a stator assembly installed around the mixing container is operated to generate a magnetomotive force sufficient to rapidly stir the molten metal in the container. Further, the temperature of the molten metal is rapidly lowered using a thermal jacket provided around the mixing container and precisely adjusting the temperature of the container and the molten metal. The molten metal continues to be agitated when it is cooled, provides rapid agitation when the solid fraction is low, and is adjusted in a manner that provides an increased electromotive force as the solid fraction increases (eg, Patent Literature 5).
U.S. Pat. No. 3,948,650 (columns 3-8 and FIG. 3) U.S. Pat. No. 4,465,118 (columns 4-12, FIGS. 1, 2, 5, and 6) Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-33692 (page 3-5 and FIG. 1) JP-A-10-128516 (page 4-7 and FIG. 3) U.S. Pat. No. 6,432,160 (columns 7-15, FIGS. 1A-2B and 4)

  As described above, the conventional semi-solid metal slurry production method and production apparatus use shear force to pulverize the dendritic crystal already formed in the cooling process into a granular metal structure. ing. Therefore, since a force such as vibration is effective only when at least a part of the molten metal falls below the liquidus, various kinds of effects such as a decrease in cooling rate and an increase in production time due to generation of latent heat due to the formation of an initial solidified layer. Difficult to avoid problems. Also, it is difficult to obtain a uniform and fine structure as a whole due to uneven temperature in the container, and the wall surface of the container and the central part are not adjusted unless the temperature of pouring molten metal into the container is adjusted. The tissue non-uniformity further increases due to the temperature difference between the two.

  Further, in the above-described method for producing a semi-solid metal slurry, even if the billet is formed by a continuous casting method, after the semi-solid metal slurry is produced, the semi-solid metal slurry is formed into a molded product by a direct molding process. There is a problem that it is not easy to do.

  This invention is made | formed in view of such a point, and it aims at providing the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus which can prevent a durable fall and reduce energy loss.

The solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1 is provided in a cylindrical pouring part in which an axial direction is inclined with respect to a vertical direction and molten metal is poured, and the pouring part. A pouring port for pouring molten metal into the pouring part, an opening / closing means for opening and closing the lower end side of the pouring part with respect to the pouring port, and an upper end side of the opening / closing means and a lower end side of the pouring port. A stirring portion for applying a predetermined electromagnetic field to the pouring portion, and a slurry discharge port provided on one end side, the slurry discharge port side being disposed in a state of facing either the horizontal or the lower side, An axial direction intersecting at an acute angle toward the other end, which is the opposite side of the slurry discharge port, with respect to the axial direction of the portion, the lower end of the pouring portion communicates, and the pouring is performed by opening the opening / closing means solid-liquid coexistence metal slurry prepared in part is, the upper surface of the solid-liquid coexistence metal slurry A cylindrical pumping unit to be sent to the slurry discharge port side from the lower end of the pouring part together with a state of being positioned at the other end on the opposite side of the slurry discharge port side, the other end of the pumping unit A solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry, which is inserted so as to be able to advance and retreat toward the one end side, is pressed toward the slurry discharge port.

  Then, in a state where the lower end side of the pouring part of the pouring part is closed by the opening / closing means, molten metal is poured from the pouring part of the pouring part, and a predetermined electromagnetic field is generated by the stirring part to the pouring part. To produce a solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry. Thereafter, the lower end side from the pouring port of the pouring part is opened by an opening / closing means, and the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry produced in the pouring part is sent from the lower end of the pouring part to the slurry discharge port side of the pumping part. . Furthermore, the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry sent from the lower end of the pouring part to the slurry discharge port side of the pumping unit is pressed toward the slurry discharge port by the pumping unit pressing means. As a result, the durability of the apparatus due to the pressing of the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry can be prevented and energy loss can be reduced, and the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry produced in the pouring part can be more reliably transferred to the pumping part. It is discharged from the slurry discharge port.

  The solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 2 is inserted into the solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1 so as to be able to advance and retreat from the upper end side of the pouring part, and is manufactured at this pouring part. In addition, there is provided a pouring part pressing means for pressing the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry.

  Then, the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry produced in the pouring part is pressed by the pouring part pressing means, so that the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry produced in the pouring part is more reliably transferred to the pumping part slurry. It is sent to the other end side from the discharge port.

  The solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 3 is the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the opening / closing means is configured to supply molten metal poured into the pouring part by a closing operation. It is a lid that allows the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry produced by the pouring part to be dropped by its own weight by receiving and opening operation.

  And the molten metal poured into the pouring part can be received by the closing operation of the lid, and the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry produced in the pouring part is dropped by its own weight by the opening operation of the lid. Therefore, the production of the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry in the pouring part and the feeding of the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry from the pouring part to the pressure feeding part can be facilitated.

  The solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 4 is the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the pouring part is made of a non-magnetic material. is there.

  And, since the pouring part is made of a non-magnetic material, even if an electromagnetic field is applied to the pouring part, induction heating does not occur and heat is not generated. Easy to cool. Therefore, since the electromagnetic field can be more efficiently applied to the molten metal poured into the molten metal by the stirring unit, the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry can be more efficiently produced.

  The solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 5 is the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the pouring part is expanded from the upper end side toward the lower end side. It is formed in a taper shape.

  Then, by forming the pouring part into a taper shape that expands from the upper end side to which the molten metal is poured toward the lower end side, a solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry from the lower end side of the pouring part to the pumping part. It becomes easy to pump.

  The solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 6 is the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein an initial solidified layer is formed on the molten metal poured into the pouring part. An electromagnetic field of a level not to be applied is applied in the stirring unit before the molten metal is poured into the pouring part, and when the crystal nucleus is generated in the molten metal poured into the pouring part, the pouring unit And a control means for terminating the application of the electromagnetic field to.

  Then, an electromagnetic field that does not form an initial solidified layer on the molten metal poured into the pouring part is applied by the control means at the stirring unit before the molten metal is poured into the pouring part, When crystal nuclei are generated in the molten metal poured into the molten metal, the control means ends the application of the electromagnetic field to the molten metal. As a result, crystal nuclei can be generated in the molten metal by applying an electromagnetic field to the molten metal without forming an initial solidified layer in the molten metal poured into the molten metal. Therefore, a solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry can be produced by growing crystal nuclei in the molten metal without generating solidification latent heat due to the formation of an initial solidified layer in the molten metal.

  According to the solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1, it is possible to prevent a decrease in durability of the apparatus due to pressing of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry, and to reduce energy loss. Furthermore, the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry manufactured in the pouring part can be more reliably discharged from the slurry discharge port of the pumping part.

  According to the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 2, in addition to the effect of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1, the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry manufactured in the pouring part is poured. By pressing with the hot water portion pressing means, the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry produced in this pouring portion can be more reliably sent to the other end side from the slurry discharge port of the pressure feeding portion.

  According to the solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 3, in addition to the effect of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, The solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry produced in the pouring part can be dropped by its own weight by opening the lid, so that the solid-liquid coexisting state metal in the pouring part can be received. The production of the slurry and the feeding of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry from the pouring part to the pressure feeding part can be facilitated.

  According to the solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 4, in addition to the effect of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, even if an electromagnetic field is applied to the pouring part Since induction heating does not occur and heat is not generated, and the molten metal poured into this pouring part can be cooled easily, the electromagnetic field applied by the stirring part to the molten metal poured into this pouring part can be more efficiently applied. Therefore, the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry can be produced more efficiently.

  According to the solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 5, in addition to the effect of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, the upper end side to the lower end where molten metal is poured. By forming the hot water pouring part into a taper shape expanding toward the side, it is possible to easily pump the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry from the lower end side of the pouring part to the pumping part.

  According to the solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 6, in addition to the effect of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5, Crystal nuclei can be generated in the molten metal by applying an electromagnetic field to the molten metal without forming a solidified layer, so that there is no generation of latent heat of solidification due to the formation of an initial solidified layer in the molten metal. A metal slurry coexisting with solid and liquid can be produced by growing crystal nuclei in the molten metal.

Hereinafter, a first prerequisite technology of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  First, a semi-solid forming apparatus that is a solid-liquid coexisting state metal manufacturing apparatus for forming a semi-solid coexisting state metal slurry S as a solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry uses a semi-solid state metal slurry S to form a molded product of a predetermined shape, for example, This is an apparatus using a semi-solid metal forming method for forming the extruded material E.

Then, as shown in FIG. 1, the semi-solid forming method used in this semi-solid forming apparatus is such that after the molten metal M is injected into the second sleeve 22 to produce the semi-solid metal slurry S, this semi-solid forming method is performed. The solidified metal slurry S is molded by pressurization, and molding processes such as extrusion and forming are possible even at low pressure. At this time, before the injection of the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22 is completed, an electromagnetic field is applied and stirred. That is, before pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22, simultaneously with pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22, or at the time of pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22. The generation of the initial dendritic structure is blocked by stirring in an electromagnetic field while pouring the inside. At this time, an ultrasonic wave or the like can be used for the stirring instead of the electromagnetic field.

  That is, an electromagnetic field is applied before the molten metal M is injected into the second sleeve 22, and the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 is electromagnetically stirred to enter the molten metal M. Blocks formation of initial solidified layer and dendrites. At this time, the application of the electromagnetic field is performed with a strength capable of stirring the molten metal M.

  Specifically, first, the molten metal M is injected in a state where an electromagnetic field is applied to a slurry manufacturing region T that is a predetermined region of the second sleeve 22 surrounded by the stirring unit 1 to which the electromagnetic field is applied. The application of the electromagnetic field at this time is performed with such strength that the initial solidified layer and dendritic crystals are not formed in the molten metal M to be poured.

Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 3, for pouring the molten metal M in the molten metal at a temperature T P in the second sleeve 22 as the pouring process. At this time, an electromagnetic field is applied to the second sleeve 22 so that stirring can be performed. At this time, the electromagnetic field can be stirred simultaneously with the pouring of the molten metal M, and the electromagnetic field can be stirred while the molten metal M is being poured.

  In this way, by stirring the electromagnetic field before the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22, the initial solidified layer is formed on the inner wall of the second sleeve 22 at a low temperature. It does not form and thus does not grow into a dendritic tissue. That is, by pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22 with the electromagnetic field applied to the second sleeve 22, the wall surface of the second sleeve 22 into which the molten metal M has been poured. There is almost no temperature difference between the center and center, and between the top and bottom. Therefore, the initial solidification near the wall surface of the slurry pouring vessel that occurs in the prior art does not occur, and the entire molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 is rapidly cooled uniformly just below the liquidus temperature. This is because these crystal nuclei can be generated simultaneously. For this reason, fine crystal nuclei are generated simultaneously over the entire molten metal M in the second sleeve 22, and the entire molten metal M is uniformly cooled rapidly immediately below the liquidus temperature to produce a large number of crystal nuclei. Occur simultaneously.

  This is because the molten metal M on the surface and the molten metal M on the surface are activated by the active initial stirring action before or after the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22 or by applying an electromagnetic field simultaneously with the molten metal. This is because the heat transfer in the molten metal M is fast and the formation of the initial solidified layer on the inner wall of the second sleeve 22 is suppressed.

  Further, the convective heat transfer between the molten metal M which is well stirred and the inner wall of the low temperature second sleeve 22 is increased, and the temperature of the entire molten metal M is rapidly cooled. That is, the poured molten metal M is dispersed into the dispersed particles by electromagnetic field stirring simultaneously with the pouring, and the dispersed particles are uniformly distributed in the second sleeve 22 as crystal nuclei, whereby the second sleeve 22 is distributed. There is no temperature difference throughout. On the other hand, according to the above-described conventional technology, the poured molten metal comes into contact with the inner wall of the low-temperature sleeve and grows as dendritic crystals in the initial solidified layer by rapid convection heat transfer.

  Such a principle can be explained in relation to latent heat of solidification. In other words, since the initial solidification of the molten metal M on the wall surface of the second sleeve 22 does not occur, no further solidification latent heat is generated, whereby the cooling of the molten metal M is simply performed by the specific heat of the molten metal M (about the solidification latent heat). It is possible only by releasing a quantity of heat corresponding to (only 1/400).

  Therefore, dendritic crystals in the initial solidified layer that often occur on the inner wall surface of the slurry pouring vessel in the prior art are not formed, and the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 is transferred to the second sleeve 22. It shows a state in which the temperature is uniformly and rapidly lowered from the wall surface to the central portion. The time required for lowering the temperature at this time is only a short time of about 1 second to 10 seconds after pouring of the molten metal M. As a result, a large number of crystal nuclei are uniformly generated over the entire molten metal M in the second sleeve 22, and the distance between the crystal nuclei becomes very short due to an increase in the crystal nucleation density, so that dendritic crystals are not formed. Grows independently to form spherical particles.

  This is the same when the electromagnetic field is applied while the molten metal M is being poured. That is, by applying an electromagnetic field before the pouring of the molten metal M is completed, an initial solidified layer is not formed on the inner wall surface of the second sleeve 22.

At this time, the pouring temperature T p of the molten metal M is higher than the liquidus temperature, it is desirable to be maintained at a lower temperature than the liquidus + 100 ° C. (melt superheat = 0 ° C. or higher 100 ° C. or less). As described above, since the entire inside of the second sleeve 22 into which the molten metal M has been poured is uniformly cooled, before the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22, the temperature near the liquidus temperature. This is because it is not necessary to cool to a low temperature, and the liquidus + 100 ° C. may be maintained at a high temperature.

  On the other hand, according to the conventional method of applying an electromagnetic field to a slurry production container when a part of the molten metal falls below the liquidus after pouring molten metal into the slurry production container, While the initial solidified layer is formed, solidification latent heat is generated. However, since the solidification latent heat is about 400 times the specific heat, it takes a long time to lower the temperature of the molten metal in the entire slurry manufacturing vessel. Therefore, in such a conventional method, it is general that the temperature of the molten metal is cooled to about the liquidus or about 50 ° C. higher than the liquidus, and then poured into the slurry production vessel.

Also, the time to end the electromagnetic field agitation, as shown in FIG. 3, when the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 is also a portion, where the temperature of the molten metal M falls below the liquidus temperature T l That is, there is no problem even if it is finished any time after the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M is about 0.001 and a predetermined crystal nucleus is formed. In other words, the time when the electromagnetic field stirring is finished is the time when the temperature of the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 reaches near the liquidus. Further, the time when the electromagnetic field stirring is finished is the time when crystal nuclei are uniformly formed in the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22.

Here, the nucleation density in the production of semi-solid metal slurry S from the molten metal M, regardless of the alloy system to be used as the molten metal M, the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M is 0.0001 (10 - 4 ) At the point of time, crystal nucleation is completed in all alloy systems. Moreover, it is not easy to measure the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M to a unit of 0.0001. In order to surely terminate the nucleation of the molten metal M used as a raw material of the semi-solid metal slurry S for the purpose of producing a semi-solid metal slurry S that can be used industrially, The phase ratio does not need to be 0.0001, 0.001 or more is sufficient, and more preferably 0.001 or more from the viewpoint of productivity.

  That is, as to how to increase the number of crystal nucleation nuclei in the molten metal M, it is sufficient to apply an electromagnetic field to the molten metal M only while crystal nucleation occurs in the molten metal M. Therefore, even if an electromagnetic field is applied to the molten metal M for a longer time and the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M is set to 0.001 or more, the semi-solid metal slurry S can be manufactured. It is not desirable in terms of energy efficiency to continue to apply an electromagnetic field even when the value of N is 0.1 or more, because the solidified structure of the semi-solid metal slurry S to be produced is coarsened and the process time is increased. Because there is no.

  Further, the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22 and the electromagnetic field is applied until the molten metal M is cooled, and the subsequent pressurizing step, for example, before the molding process such as the die casting process or the hot forging process. The electromagnetic field stirring may be stopped. This is because the crystal nuclei are already uniformly distributed over the entire slurry manufacturing region T of the second sleeve 22, and electromagnetic field agitation at the stage where the crystal grains grow around this crystal nuclei is produced semi-solid. This is because the characteristics of the metal slurry S are not affected.

  Therefore, the electromagnetic field stirring is continued at least until the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M becomes 0.001 or more and 0.7 or less. In other words, in the electromagnetic field stirring, when the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M becomes 0.001 or more and 0.7 or less, the electromagnetic field is applied to the second sleeve 22 into which the molten metal M is poured. Is terminated. However, considering the energy efficiency, the duration of the electromagnetic field stirring is preferably continued until at least the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 is 0.001 or more and 0.4 or less. Is maintained until the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M becomes 0.001 or more and 0.1 or less.

  On the other hand, an electromagnetic field is applied before the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22 to form crystal nuclei with a uniform distribution, and then the second sleeve 22 is cooled as a cooling step. Accelerates the growth of the generated crystal nuclei. Therefore, such a cooling step may be performed when the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22. Moreover, you may apply an electromagnetic field continuously also during this cooling process. Therefore, this cooling step may be performed while an electromagnetic field is applied to the second sleeve 22. Thereby, after the semi-solid metal slurry S in the semi-solid state is manufactured by the second sleeve 22, it can be used immediately in the molding process which is a subsequent process. In addition, although such a cooling process may be performed by the separate 2nd temperature control apparatus 44, you may air-cool naturally.

Further, such a cooling process can be continued before a molding process such as a pressurizing process as a subsequent process. That is, to maintain the cooling step up to the point t 2 when the molten metal M reaches the solid fraction of 0.1 to 0.7. Specifically, when the product produced by casting the semi-solid metal slurry S is thin and complicated in shape, it is experimentally cooled until the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M becomes 0.1. Then, it is necessary to make the molten metal M more liquid, to increase the time until the semi-solid metal slurry S is solidified in the mold, and to increase the flow rate of the semi-solid metal slurry S into the mold. It is.

  On the other hand, when the thickness of the product produced by casting the semi-solid metal slurry S is thick and the shape is simple, until the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M becomes 0.7 experimentally. There is no problem even if the molten metal M is further solidified by cooling and the time until the semi-solid metal slurry S is solidified in the mold is shortened, and the flow rate of the semi-solid metal slurry S is reduced. Because.

  As a result, if the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M used for the production of the semi-solid metal slurry S is set to 0.1 or more and 0.7 or less, the molten metal M can be used regardless of the alloy system used as the molten metal M. With the produced semi-solid metal slurry S, die-cast products of any shape can be produced. Further, the time required from the time when the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22 to the time when it is formed into a semi-solid metal slurry S having a solid phase ratio of 0.1 to 0.7 is 30 seconds to 60 seconds. It is only below. Therefore, in order to produce the semi-solid metal slurry S from the molten metal M within 60 seconds, that is, within 1 minute, the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M is cooled to 0.1 or more and 0.7 or less. Good.

  At this time, the cooling rate of the molten metal M is set to about 0.2 ° C./sec or more and 5.0 ° C./sec or less, more preferably 0.2 ° C./sec depending on the distribution of crystal nuclei and the fineness of the particles. s to 2.0 ° C./sec. This is because, when an electromagnetic field is applied to the molten metal M to produce a semi-solid metal slurry S, the generation of crystal nuclei can be performed by applying an electromagnetic field from the viewpoint of the distribution of crystal nuclei and the fineness of particles. This is because the finished molten metal M needs to be cooled at a cooling rate of at least 0.2 ° C./sec.

  That is, when the cooling rate of the molten metal M is set to 0.2 ° C./sec or less, crystal nuclei in the molten metal M grow too much and become too large. Since the time required for producing the slurry S becomes longer, the productivity and mechanical properties of the semi-solid metal slurry S produced from the molten metal M are lowered. For this reason, it is necessary to set the cooling rate of the molten metal M to at least 0.2 ° C./sec or more, and the higher the cooling rate of the molten metal M, the more the semi-solid metal slurry S can be manufactured. It is preferable because the required time can be shortened and energy efficiency can be improved.

  However, when the cooling rate of the molten metal M is set to 5 ° C./sec or more, when the molten metal M is cooled, dendritic crystals are formed in the molten metal M to be dendrited and solidified. Further, when the distance between crystal nuclei formed in the molten metal M is large, the molten metal M is cooled at a relatively slow rate of about 0.2 ° C./sec. Large crystal nuclei in M can be grown. On the other hand, when the distance between the crystal nuclei formed in the molten metal M is small, it is not necessary to grow the crystal nuclei in the molten metal M too much. It is preferable to cool at a relatively fast rate of about sec.

  Furthermore, when the cross-sectional area of the second sleeve 22 into which the molten metal M is poured is large, it is preferable to cool the molten metal M at a relatively slow rate of about 0.2 ° C./sec. . On the other hand, when the cross-sectional area of the second sleeve 22 into which the molten metal M is poured is small, the molten metal M can be cooled even if the molten metal M is cooled at a relatively fast rate of about 5 ° C./sec. The crystal nucleus inside can be grown sufficiently.

  Here, the generation of crystal nuclei in the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 depends on the temperature of the molten metal M at the time of pouring into the second sleeve 22, that is, the pouring temperature. In addition, as this pouring temperature, it can show by the heating degree which shows how much it heated from this liquidus temperature like liquidus temperature of molten metal M +100 degreeC. The degree of heating has an important influence on the stage from when the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22 until crystal nuclei are generated in the molten metal M.

  On the other hand, the crystal growth from the generation of crystal nuclei in the molten metal M until the solidification of the cast semi-solid metal slurry S is completed is a semi-solid metal slurry S produced from the molten metal M. The thickness of the product produced by casting the steel has an important effect. Therefore, after the generation of crystal nuclei by applying an electromagnetic field, the cooling rate of the molten metal M when growing the crystal nuclei is the crystal nuclei before pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22. Depends on each of the heating degree of the molten metal M for generating the metal and the thickness of the product manufactured from the semi-solid metal slurry S formed from the molten metal M. That is, if the heating degree of the molten metal M is constant and the thickness of the product is determined, the cooling rate of the cast semi-solid metal slurry S is naturally determined.

  Here, when the heating degree of the molten metal M is high, the number of crystal nuclei generated in the molten metal M, that is, the number of nucleation decreases, so it is necessary to slow down the cooling rate of the molten metal M. is there. In addition, when the heating degree of the molten metal M is low, the number of nucleation generated in the molten metal M increases, so that the cooling rate of the molten metal M can be increased. The particles of the semi-solid metal slurry S to be made can be made finer.

  Accordingly, the cooling rate of the molten metal M is set to 0.2 ° C./sec or more and 5 ° C./sec or less, and the temperature at which the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22 is set to the liquid phase of the molten metal M. If the temperature is lower than the line + 100 ° C., a semi-solid metal slurry S in a semi-solid state having a predetermined solid fraction can be manufactured within a range that can be used in the foundry industry. Etc. to form a predetermined molded product.

  At this time, the time for producing the semi-solid metal slurry S can be remarkably shortened, but the metal slurry form having a solid phase ratio of 0.1 to 0.7 from the time of pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22 is achieved. The time taken to form the metal material is only 30 seconds or more and 60 seconds or less. If a product is molded using the semi-solid metal slurry S thus produced, a uniform and dense spherical crystal structure can be obtained.

It will now be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2 a semi-solid molding device using the semi-solidified metal molding.

The semi-solid forming apparatus shown in FIGS . 1 and 2 is of a so-called batch type, and includes a stirring portion 1 for applying an electromagnetic field and a sleeve 2 as an elongated cylindrical tubular portion. The sleeve 2 includes a first sleeve 21 for injection which is a first cylindrical portion as a pressure feeding portion, and a second sleeve 22 for EMS which is a second cylindrical portion as a pouring portion. The central part along the axial direction is divided and configured.

  First, the second sleeve 22 of the sleeve 2 has an elongated cylindrical shape that is open at both ends and has an axial direction along the vertical direction to a state having an axial direction along the horizontal direction. It is installed so that it can rotate. The second sleeve 22 has a pouring port 25 serving as an upper end that is one end along the axial direction and a slurry discharge port 26 serving as a lower end that is the other end opposite to the pouring port 25. It is opened in a state where it communicates in a shape. The second sleeve 22 is configured such that a molten metal M in a liquid phase is poured from a pouring port 25 and the molten metal M is accommodated and received inside.

  The second sleeve 22 is configured such that a semi-solid metal slurry S manufactured from the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 is discharged from the slurry discharge port 26. Further, the peripheral surface portion of the second sleeve 22 has a tapered shape that gradually expands from the pouring port 25 side, which is the side where the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22, toward the slurry discharge port 26 side. Is formed. In other words, the inner diameter dimension of the peripheral surface portion of the second sleeve 22 gradually increases toward the discharge direction of the semi-solid metal slurry S, which is a direction from one end side to the other end side of the second sleeve 22. The diameter is expanded to become.

  Further, a cylindrical stirrer 1 as a stirring means for applying an electromagnetic field to the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 is installed and attached to the periphery of the second sleeve 22. It has been. The stirring unit 1 is fixed to the second sleeve 22 so that it can rotate together with the second sleeve 22.

  In addition, a circular flat-plate-type opening / closing type stopper 3 as a lid as an opening / closing means is attached to the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22. The stopper 3 is connected to a driving device (not shown) and is formed of the same material as the second sleeve 22. Further, as shown in FIG. 1, the stopper 3 closes the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 so that it can be opened and closed with the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22 facing upward. A bottom portion 4 as a closed portion of a slurry manufacturing region T into which molten metal M is poured is formed in the second sleeve 22, and the second sleeve 22 is formed into a container shape.

  Further, the stopper 3 is formed in the second sleeve 22 by opening the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 in a state where the second sleeve 22 is rotated and leveled. The semi-solid metal slurry S is discharged from the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 to the outside. If the stopper 3 can open and close the slurry discharge port 26 which is the lower end of the second sleeve 22, one side is hingedly fixed to the periphery of the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22. It may be a door shape, and may have any configuration such as a configuration in which the central portion is divided and opened in both directions.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 2, a second temperature adjusting device 44 as a second temperature adjusting means is attached to the outside of the second sleeve 22. The second temperature adjusting device 44 cools the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 or the semi-solid metal slurry S produced in the second sleeve 22. Further, the second temperature adjusting device 44 includes a water jacket 46 that is a cooling device as a cylindrical cooling means in which a cooling water pipe 45 is spirally incorporated.

  The water jacket 46 is concentrically attached to the outside of the second sleeve 22 so as to surround the outside of the second sleeve 22. Here, the cooling water pipe 45 in the water jacket 46 may be embedded in the second sleeve 22. Any cooling device other than the cooling water pipe 45 may be used as long as the molten metal M and the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 can be cooled.

  Further, the second temperature adjusting device 44 includes an electric heating coil 47 as a heating device as a heating means. The electric heating coil 47 is concentrically attached so as to be wound around the outer side of the water jacket 46 so as to surround the outer side of the water jacket 46. Here, the electric heating coil 47 may be any heating mechanism other than the electric heating coil 47.

  Therefore, the second temperature adjusting device 44 may have any configuration as long as the temperature of the molten metal M or the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 can be adjusted. The second temperature adjusting device 44 cools the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 at an appropriate speed. Further, the second temperature adjusting device 44 can be installed over the entire second sleeve 22, but it is concentrated only around the slurry manufacturing region T in which the molten metal M is accommodated in the second sleeve 22. It can also be installed. Instead of providing the second temperature adjusting device 44, the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 may be naturally cooled to produce a semi-solid metal slurry S having a desired solid phase ratio.

  Specifically, the second temperature adjusting device 44 cools the molten metal M accommodated in the second sleeve 22 until it reaches a solid phase ratio of 0.1 or more and 0.7 or less. The second temperature adjusting device 44 adjusts the cooling rate to cool the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 at a cooling rate of 0.2 ° C./s to 5.0 ° C./s. More preferably, cooling is performed at a cooling rate of 0.2 ° C./s or more and 2.0 ° C./s.

  At this time, the second temperature adjusting device 44 may be performed after the stirring of the electromagnetic field by the stirring unit 1 is completed, irrespective of the stirring of the electromagnetic field, that is, while the application of the electromagnetic field is continued. It is also possible to start from the stage of pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22.

  On the other hand, the stirring unit 1 has a predetermined space 12 formed inside the stirring unit 1, and an electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 is disposed and attached so as to surround and surround the space 12. Yes. The electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 is fixed to a frame (not shown). Further, the coil device 11 for applying an electromagnetic field applies an electromagnetic field having a predetermined strength to the space 12 and agitates the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 accommodated in the space 12 by electromagnetic field. . Here, the electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 may be any coil device that can be used for normal electromagnetic field stirring. Further, the stirring unit 1 may be an ultrasonic stirring device such as ultrasonic stirring other than the electromagnetic field.

Here, the electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 can be tightly coupled to the outside of the second sleeve 22. Then, the molten metal M injected into the second sleeve 22 by the electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 is thoroughly stirred from the step of injecting it into the second sleeve 22. For this reason, the coil device 11 for applying an electromagnetic field is configured to rotate in conjunction with the rotation of the second sleeve 22. That is, the electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 is fixed to the second sleeve 22. In addition, you may comprise so that only this 2nd sleeve 22 may rotate.

Further, as shown in FIG. 1, an electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13 as a control means for adjusting the application of the electromagnetic field by the stirring unit 1 is electrically connected and connected to the electromagnetic field application coil device 11. Yes. As the electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13, a control device is used, and switching means (not shown) that determines application of power, and electromagnetic that adjusts applied electromagnetic waves by adjusting voltage, frequency, electromagnetic force, and the like. It has wave control means. That is, the electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13 adjusts the intensity of the electromagnetic field, the operation time, and the like.

  Further, the electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13 drives the electromagnetic field application coil device 11 of the stirring unit 1 so that the dendritic crystals as the initial solidified layer are formed on the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22. An electromagnetic field that does not form, that is, does not form a resinous crystal is applied to the second sleeve 22 from the stage before the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22. Further, the electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13 performs electromagnetic operation on the second sleeve 22 when the temperature of the poured molten metal M reaches near the liquidus, that is, when crystal nuclei are generated in the molten metal M. The electromagnetic field application coil device 11 is adjusted so that the application of the field is terminated.

  Therefore, the electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13 adjusts the electromagnetic field application time point of the electromagnetic field application coil device 11 until the semi-solid metal slurry S produced is compressed. You may continue without ending. However, it can stir in an electromagnetic field from the point of energy efficiency to the manufacturing process of the semi-solid metal slurry S. Therefore, the stirring by the electromagnetic field is continued until the solid phase ratio of the semi-solid metal slurry S to be produced is at least 0.001 to 0.7. The stirring by the electromagnetic field is preferably continued until the solid phase ratio of the semi-solid metal slurry S to be produced is at least 0.001 to 0.4. Further, the stirring by the electromagnetic field is more preferably finished when the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M becomes 0.001 or more and 0.1 or less. In addition, time until it becomes such a solid-phase rate can be investigated beforehand by experiment.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 1, the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 are joined at one end of the opposite end portions, and the other end side of the second sleeve 22 is centered at a predetermined angle θ. It is configured to be able to rotate downward. Here, the rotation angle θ of the second sleeve 22 is desirably within 90 °. The second sleeve 22 is located inside the stirring unit 1 and is installed in the space 12 so as to be concentric with the electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 of the stirring unit 1.

  Further, the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 are made of a metal material, an insulating material, or a nonmagnetic material. That is, it is desirable to use the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 that have a melting point higher than that of the molten metal M in which the melting points of the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 themselves are accommodated.

  In particular, the second sleeve 22 is non-magnetic as a non-magnetic material having excellent conductivity and no magnetism so that the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 can be rapidly cooled. It is made of a metal that is a material. That is, the second sleeve 22 is constituted by a nonmagnetic metal material or a nonmagnetic ceramic material which is a nonmagnetic material as a metal material or an insulating material. Therefore, since the second sleeve 22 is made of a nonmagnetic material, the second sleeve 22 itself does not generate heat without induction heating due to the application of an electromagnetic field. Since this is advantageous for cooling the molten metal M, the molten metal M can be cooled after the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22. Further, when the second sleeve 22 is formed of a nonmagnetic metal material, the melting point of the second sleeve 22 itself is higher than the temperature of the molten metal M accommodated in the second sleeve 22. It is desirable to use

  The second sleeve 22 may be melted when the temperature of the second sleeve 22 itself is raised to the temperature of the molten metal M, so that the second sleeve 22 itself may melt. The temperature of the sleeve 22 cannot be raised to the temperature of the molten metal M. Therefore, in the second sleeve 22, when an electromagnetic field is applied to the molten metal M immediately after pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22, the second sleeve 22 and the molten metal M are used. A large difference in temperature is generated, and dendritic crystals are instantaneously formed around the portion of the molten metal M in contact with the second sleeve 22.

  On the other hand, the first sleeve 21 is disposed so as to have an axial direction horizontal to the ground. The second sleeve 22 is configured to be rotatable at a predetermined angle around the slurry discharge port 26 side on the other end side, which is a portion coupled to the first sleeve 21. Further, the second sleeve 22 forms a slurry manufacturing region T in which a semi-solid metal slurry S is formed by electromagnetic stirring on the molten metal M poured and accommodated in the second sleeve 22. Further, the first sleeve 21 is a region for pressurizing and molding the semi-solid metal slurry S formed in the second sleeve 22.

  Accordingly, the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 function as a slurry production container for producing the semisolid metal slurry S from the molten metal M by electromagnetic field stirring and pressurize the produced semisolid metal slurry S. It also has a function as a molding frame to be molded. Here, the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 do not necessarily have a structure in which both ends are open, and the semi-solid metal slurry S manufactured in the second sleeve 22 is connected to each other. Any structure can be used as long as it can be pumped to the first sleeve 21 and discharged from the first sleeve 21.

  Specifically, the first sleeve 21 has an elongated cylindrical shape with both ends opened and opened, and is installed and fixed in a state having an axial direction along the horizontal direction. Further, the first sleeve 21 is formed to have substantially the same diameter as the second sleeve 22. A cap body 20 as a lid body is attached to one end side along the axial direction of the first sleeve 21. A slurry discharge port 23 opened in a predetermined shape is formed at the center of the cap body 20. The slurry discharge port 23 is configured such that the semi-solid metal slurry S comes out from the first sleeve 21. Further, the slurry discharge port 23 is provided at the end opposite to the side coupled to the second sleeve 22.

  Further, on the downstream side of the slurry discharge port 23, an extruding unit 6 is formed as a forming unit for forming the extruded material E which is a molded product of a predetermined shape from the semi-solid metal slurry S discharged from the slurry discharge port 23. An extrusion device provided is arranged and attached. The shape of the semi-solid metal slurry S discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 is determined in the pushing portion 6 by the configuration of the pushing portion 6. Here, the pushing portion 6 is disposed outside the slurry discharge port 23 in the second sleeve 22.

  Further, the extrusion unit 6 includes a transfer roller 61 as transfer means for transferring and conveying the semi-solid metal slurry S discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 of the first sleeve 21. Above the transfer surface 60 of the transfer roller 61, a plurality of spray type cooling devices 62 are attached as cooling means for cooling the semi-solid metal slurry S discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 of the first sleeve 21. ing. Further, above the outside of the slurry discharge port 23 of the first sleeve 21, a cutter 63 that cuts and cuts the semi-solid metal slurry S discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 with a predetermined length can move up and down. Is installed. The cutter 63 is installed with the cutting edge facing downward, and when the semi-solid metal slurry S is discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 for a predetermined length, the cutter 63 moves downward to remove the semi-solid metal slurry S. Cut to a predetermined length.

  Therefore, the extruding unit 6 transfers the semi-solid metal slurry S pushed out from the slurry discharge port 23 of the first sleeve 21 and discharged by the transfer roller 61, the cooling device 62, and the cutter 63, and rapidly cools it to be predetermined. The extruded material E such as a wire or plate having a predetermined shape is formed by cutting with a length of.

  Therefore, since the semi-solid metal slurry S discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 is conveyed by the extruding unit 6 to the slurry discharge port 23 of the first sleeve 21, the semi-solid state discharged from the slurry discharge port 23. The shape of the metal slurry S is determined. Therefore, the shape of the slurry discharge port 23 is adjusted by the pushing portion 6. Further, the slurry discharge port 23 corresponds to the shape of the extruded material E that is extruded and discharged from the slurry discharge port 23, and is circular when the extruded material E is a wire having a circular cross section, When the extruded material E is a plate material having a rectangular cross section, the extruded material E has a rectangular shape such as a rectangle.

  On the other hand, a slurry insertion port 24 is formed on the other end side of the first sleeve 21 along the axial direction facing the slurry discharge port 23. The slurry discharge port 23 and the slurry insertion port 24 are concentrically connected. Further, the slurry insertion port 24 is formed in a shape equal to the slurry discharge port 26 so as to communicate concentrically with the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22. Therefore, the first sleeve 21 is configured such that the semi-solid metal slurry S manufactured in the second sleeve 22 is inserted from the slurry insertion port 24 and discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 to be discharged. .

  That is, the peripheral surface portion of the first sleeve 21 is formed in a tapered shape that gradually expands from the slurry insertion port 24 side toward the slurry discharge port 23 side. In other words, the inner surface dimension of the peripheral surface portion of the first sleeve 21 gradually increases toward the discharge direction of the semi-solid metal slurry S, which is the direction from the other end side to the one end side of the first sleeve 21. The diameter is expanded to become. Therefore, the inner diameter of the first sleeve 21 is larger than the inner diameter of the second sleeve 22, that is, (the inner diameter of the first sleeve 21) ≧ (the inner diameter of the second sleeve 22). It is configured to be a relationship.

Further, as shown in FIG. 1, a first temperature adjusting device 41 as a first temperature adjusting means is attached to the outside of the first sleeve 21. The first temperature adjusting device 41 adjusts the temperature of a predetermined region in the first sleeve 21 to adjust the temperature of the semi-solid metal slurry S in the first sleeve 21. That is, the first temperature control device 41 prevents the semi-solid metal slurry S that is pressed and pressurized in the first sleeve 21 from being rapidly cooled. Therefore, it is desirable that the first temperature adjusting device 41 has a predetermined heat retaining effect.

  Specifically, the first temperature control device 41 includes a cylindrical water jacket 43 in which a pipe 42 is spirally incorporated. The water jacket 43 is concentrically attached to the outside of the second sleeve 22 so as to surround the outside of the first sleeve 21. Therefore, the first temperature adjusting device 41 can adjust the temperature of the semi-solid metal slurry S in the first sleeve 21 by appropriately adjusting the temperature of the medium flowing in the pipe 42.

  Here, the pipe 42 in the water jacket 43 may be embedded in the first sleeve 21. In addition to such a pipe 42, any structure that can adjust the temperature of the semi-solid metal slurry S in the first sleeve 21 may be used. That is, as the first temperature adjustment device 41, an electric heater (not shown) may be used.

  On the other hand, a first plunger 52 as a first pressing means is inserted into the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22 so as to be able to advance and retreat. The first plunger 52 is connected to a separate cylinder device controlled by a control unit (not shown), and reciprocates the piston in the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 communicated with each other. Here, the pressing surface 54, which is the tip surface of the first plunger 52, is a flat plane orthogonal to the moving direction of the first plunger 52.

  Further, the first plunger 52 is inserted from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22 in a state in which the semi-solid metal slurry S is manufactured in the second sleeve 22, and the second sleeve 22. The one end side is closed. Further, the first plunger 52 rotates together with the second sleeve 22 in a state where the first plunger 52 is inserted into the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22, and is halfway from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22. The leakage of the solidified metal slurry S is prevented. The first plunger 52 has a slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 communicated with a slurry insertion port 24 of the first sleeve 21, and a stopper is provided between the slurry discharge port 26 and the slurry insertion port 24. 3, the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 is pressed toward the slurry discharge port 23 side of the first sleeve 21 and is pumped to the semi-solid metal slurry S. Is discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 onto the transfer surface 60 of the transfer roller 61 of the extrusion unit 6.

In other words, the first plunger 52 is subjected to an electromagnetic field in the second sleeve 22 and cooled while the second sleeve 22 is cooled, that is, from the molten metal M to the semi-solid metal in the second sleeve 22. During the production of the slurry S, as shown in FIG. 1, the slurry S is pulled out from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22. Further, the first plunger 52 is inserted from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22 after the semi-solid metal slurry S is formed in the second sleeve 22, and Driven to press the semi-solid metal slurry S. The first plunger 52 is configured to rotate and drive in conjunction with the rotation of the second sleeve 22, and the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 is supplied to the first plunger 52. Pressurize and feed toward the sleeve 21 side.

  The first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 incorporate a thermocouple (not shown), and the thermocouple is electrically connected to the control unit so that the first sleeve 21 and the second sleeve 22 are electrically connected to the controller. Temperature information such as molten metal M or semi-solid metal slurry S in the sleeve 22 may be sent to the control unit.

  Furthermore, when pouring the molten metal M from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22, a pouring container 51 as an injection part is used. In the pouring container 51, the molten metal M in the liquid phase is poured into the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22. And as this pouring container 51, the normal bowl electrically connected with the control part, ie, a ladle, can be used. Here, the pouring vessel 51 may have any configuration as long as the molten metal M can be poured into the second sleeve 22 such as directly connected to a furnace in which a metal is melted in addition to a normal pot. .

Next, the operation of the semi-solid forming apparatus of the first prerequisite technique will be described.

  First, as shown in FIG. 1, the pouring port 25 side of the second sleeve 22 is turned upward by 90 ° with respect to the first sleeve 21, and the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22 is moved. While opening upward, the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 is closed by the stopper 3 so that the molten metal M can be poured from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22. .

  Next, the electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13 moves the electromagnetic field application coil device 11 of the stirring unit 1 to form an initial solidified layer or dendritic crystal on the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22. An electromagnetic field not applied is applied to the second sleeve 22.

  At this time, the electromagnetic field application coil device 11 desirably applies an electromagnetic field of 250 V, 60 Hz, and 500 Gauss, but is not necessarily limited thereto, and is appropriately adjusted depending on the situation.

  In this state, the molten metal M melted in a separate furnace is transported in the pouring vessel 51 and from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22 under the influence of the electromagnetic field, into the second sleeve 22. Pour hot water into. Here, when the molten metal M is poured into the second sleeve 22, the molten metal M is prevented from leaking from between the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 and the stopper 3. The molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 instantaneously becomes a semi-solid metal slurry S, and this semi-solid metal slurry S leaks from between the slurry outlet 26 of the second sleeve 22 and the stopper 3. The solid phase ratio of the semi-solid metal slurry S is made relatively high so as not to be emitted.

At this time, the molten metal M in the liquid phase melted by directly connecting the furnace and the second sleeve 22 can be poured into the second sleeve 22 immediately. Further, the molten metal M at this time may be a temperature of the liquidus temperature of the molten metal M + about 100 ° C. Further, another gas supply pipe (not shown) is connected to the second sleeve 22 so as to prevent oxidation of the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 and nitrogen gas (N 2 ). Alternatively, an inert gas such as argon gas (Ar) may be injected.

  In this way, by completely pouring the molten metal M in the liquid phase, which has been completely melted, into the second sleeve 22 that has been subjected to electromagnetic field stirring, the initial solidified layer is formed over the entire second sleeve 22. Fine recrystallized particles are distributed without formation, and the recrystallized particles grow rapidly and no dendritic structure is generated.

  The application of an electromagnetic field to the second sleeve 22 by the coil device 11 for applying an electromagnetic field may be performed simultaneously with pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22.

  The application of the electromagnetic field by the electromagnetic field applying coil device 11 is continued until the semi-solid metal slurry S produced in the second sleeve 22 is pressed by the first plunger 52. The process is continued until the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M before becoming the metal slurry S is at least 0.001 to 0.7.

  However, in order to stir the electromagnetic field up to the production process of the semi-solid metal slurry S in the energy efficiency dimension, the application of the electromagnetic field by the electromagnetic field application coil device 11 causes at least the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M to be at least 0.001. More preferably, it is maintained until the solid phase ratio of the molten metal M becomes 0.001 or more and 0.1 or less until it becomes 0.4 or less. The time for which the application of the electromagnetic field by the electromagnetic field application coil device 11 is continued can be obtained in advance by experiments.

  Further, after the application of the electromagnetic field by the electromagnetic field application coil device 11 is finished or while the application of the electromagnetic field is continued, the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 is 0.1 or more and 0. The semi-solid metal slurry S is manufactured through a cooling step of cooling by the second temperature controller 44 at a predetermined cooling rate until a solid phase ratio of 7 or less is reached.

At this time, the cooling rate of the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 is 0.2 ° C./sec or more and 5 ° C./sec or less, more preferably 0.2 ° C./sec or more by the second temperature adjusting device 44. It is adjusted to 2 ° C./sec or less. Here, the time t 2 until the solid fraction of the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 reaches the 0.1 to 0.7 can be obtained in advance by experiment.

  The semi-solid metal slurry S manufactured from the molten metal M in the second sleeve 22 is in a state where the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 is coupled to the slurry insertion port 24 of the first sleeve 21. When the slurry discharge port 26 and the slurry insertion port 24 are communicated with each other by the stopper 3, a part of the semi-solid metal slurry S leaks from between the slurry discharge port 26 and the slurry insertion port 24. It has a solid fraction that is not so high.

Next, after the semi-solid metal slurry S is manufactured in the second sleeve 22, the first plunger 52 is inserted from the pouring port 25 of the second sleeve 22, and the pouring port of the second sleeve 22 is inserted. The slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 is concentrically connected to the slurry insertion port 24 of the first sleeve 21 via the stopper 3 and is coupled by rotating the 25 side downward by 90 °. . At this time, the first plunger 52 rotates in conjunction with the rotation of the second sleeve 22.

  Thereafter, the stopper 3 is moved downward to open the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22, and the slurry discharge port 26 is concentrically communicated with the slurry insertion port 24 of the first sleeve 21.

In this state , the first plunger 52 is moved toward the slurry discharge port 23 side of the first sleeve 21 so that the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 is moved from the second sleeve 22 to the first. The semi-solid metal slurry S is discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 of the first sleeve 21 to the extrusion unit 6 and discharged.

  At this time, the temperature of the semi-solid metal slurry S in which compression is proceeding in the first sleeve 21 is maintained at a predetermined temperature by the first temperature adjusting device 41.

  The semi-solid metal slurry S discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 of the first sleeve 21 is discharged onto the transfer surface 60 of the transfer roller 61 of the extruding unit 6 and transferred by the transfer roller 61. And rapidly cooled by the cooling device 62.

Thereafter, semi-solid metal slurry S that has been rapidly cooled is conveyed cooling device 62 in the transfer roller 61 of the extrusion 6 This is an extruded material E having a predetermined shape is cut by the cutter 63 at a predetermined length Then, it is further transferred by the transfer roller 61.

Then, the push design E from biscuits B which is semi-solid metal slurry remaining in the first sleeve 21 after cutting is to return the first plunger 52 to its original position by the cutter 63, the second The sleeve 22 is turned 90 ° upward with the pouring port 25 side upward, and the slurry insertion port 24 of the first sleeve 21 is opened. It is taken out.

  Further, after the biscuit B is taken out from the first sleeve 21, the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 is closed by the stopper 3 as shown in FIG. After allowing the molten metal M to be accommodated, the molten metal M is poured again into the second sleeve 22 and the molding process of the extruded material E is repeated. As a result, an extruded material E having a fine structure and an overall uniform structure can be obtained by such repeated processes.

As described above, according to the first premise technique, the nucleation density on the wall surface of the second sleeve 22 is significantly increased by only a short stirring at a temperature higher than the liquidus of the molten metal M. Since the particles can be spheroidized, the semi-solid metal slurry S of fine and uniform spheroidized particles can be produced by the second sleeve 22. For this reason, since the stirring time of the molten metal M by the electromagnetic field can be greatly shortened, consumption of energy necessary for stirring the molten metal M by the electromagnetic field can be reduced. Further, even when the second sleeve 22 has an asymmetric shape other than a cylindrical cross section, a semi-solid metal slurry S of fine and uniform spheroidized particles can be produced.

  In addition, the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 can be pushed out to the extrusion portion 6 via the first sleeve 21 in the state of slurry. For this reason, a high-quality extruded material E can be obtained with a low pressure, and molding with a low pressure is possible, so that power loss can be prevented and the working time can be shortened. At the same time, it is possible to prevent the deterioration of the durability of the device parts due to the pressing of the semi-solid metal slurry S and to reduce the energy loss, so that the high quality extruded material E can be continuously formed in a short time.

As a result, it is possible to obtain an extruded material E having an overall uniform and fine structure. Furthermore, since the energy efficiency at the time of manufacturing this extruded material E can be improved, the manufacturing cost can be reduced, and the mechanical performance of this extruded material E can be improved. Furthermore, since the molding process when molding the extruded material E can be simplified and the manufacturing time of the extruded material E can be shortened, the entire process for producing the extruded material E can be simplified. The productivity of the extruded material E can be improved .

4 and 5 , the other end side of the second sleeve 22 is connected to the peripheral surface portion of the first sleeve 21, and the first sleeve 21 is connected to the first sleeve 21. The two sleeves 22 may be branched and connected. In this case, the first sleeve 21 is installed in a state where the axial direction of the first sleeve 21 is horizontal with respect to the ground. The second sleeve 22 is branched and connected from the peripheral surface portion of the first sleeve 21 to one end side of the first sleeve 21 and upward. A second plunger 53 as a second pressing means for pressurization is inserted into the opening 31 on the other end side of the first sleeve 21 so as to be able to advance and retreat. Here, the pressing surface 55 which is the tip surface of the second plunger 53 is a flat plane orthogonal to the moving direction of the second plunger 53.

  Further, a molding die 8 is coupled to the outside of the slurry discharge port 23 on one end side of the first sleeve 21. In addition, although the shaping | molding die 8 was attached as a shaping | molding part, it is not necessarily limited to this, The extrusion part 6, the press molding part 7, etc. can also be attached instead of this shaping | molding die 8. FIG.

  The second sleeve 22 is inclined at an angle of about 45 ° with the pouring port 25 on one end of the second sleeve 22 facing upward and the slurry discharge port 26 on the other end facing downward. is doing. The slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22 is connected to and communicated with a substantially intermediate portion along the axial direction of the first sleeve 21. Further, a stopper 3 for closing the other end side of the second sleeve 22 so as to be openable and closable is inserted and attached to the other end side of the second sleeve 22 so as to be removable from above. A stirring unit 1 is attached to the outer peripheral portion of the second sleeve 22. The stirring unit 1 covers one end side of the second sleeve 22 from the position where the stopper 3 is attached.

  Further, an inlet 28 for pouring molten metal M into the second sleeve 22 is attached to the second sleeve 22. The injection port 28 is attached to one end side of the second sleeve 22 from the position where the stirring unit 1 is attached, and protrudes upward from the peripheral surface portion of the second sleeve 22. The injection port 28 communicates with the second sleeve 22, and the molten metal M is poured into the slurry manufacturing region T to which an electromagnetic field is applied in the stirring unit 1 in the second sleeve 22. .

Then, as shown in FIG. 4 , molten metal M is poured from the inlet 28 of the second sleeve 22 with the other end side of the second sleeve 22 closed by the stopper 3. The molten metal M poured into the sleeve 22 is converted into a semi-solid metal slurry S by applying an electromagnetic field by the stirring unit 1. Next, the stopper 3 is moved upward to open the slurry discharge port 26 of the second sleeve 22, and then the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 is moved into the first sleeve 21. To discharge. At this time, the first plunger 52 is moved to the first sleeve 21 side, the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 is pressed by the first plunger 52, and this semi-solid metal slurry is pressed. The discharge of S to the first sleeve 21 is promoted.

Thereafter, with the semi-solid metal slurry S flowing into the first sleeve 21, the second plunger 53 is directed toward the slurry outlet 23 of the first sleeve 21, as shown in FIG. The semi-solid metal slurry S in the first sleeve 21 is pressurized and discharged from the slurry discharge port 23 and injected into the forming die 8. At this time, the semi-solid metal slurry S injected into the forming die 8 is rapidly cooled while being injected into the forming cavity 83 through the injection port 84 of the forming die 8 and corresponds to the shape of the forming cavity 83. The die-cast material D is manufactured. Further, after the production of the die cast material D in the molding cavity 83 of the molding die 8 is completed, the moving die 81 is moved backward to be separated from the fixed die 82, and the die casting material D is pulled out from the molding cavity 83.

As a result, since the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 can be die-cast in a slurry state, a high-quality die-cast material D can be obtained with a low pressure, and power loss can be prevented. it is possible to shorten the time, the temperature of the semi-solid metal slurry S that is injected into the molding die 8 can be lowered, it is possible to inject the semi-solid metal slurry S at low pressure into the molding die 8, similar to the above first base technology An effect can be produced.

Further, as in the second embodiment shown in FIG. 6 , the axial direction of the first sleeve 21 is set perpendicular to the ground, and the pouring port 25 from the first sleeve 21 to the second sleeve 22 is provided. It is also possible to adopt a configuration in which the inlets 28 of the second sleeve 22 are opened upwards, with the sides branched obliquely upward. In this case, the semi-solid metal slurry S produced in the second sleeve 22 can be easily moved to the molding die 8 side in the first sleeve 21 by the action of gravity due to its own weight. The process of forming the material D can be made faster.

In the first and second embodiments, the pressing surface 54, which is the distal end surface of the first plunger 52, is a flat plane orthogonal to the moving direction of the first plunger 52. FIG. As shown in the third embodiment, when the first plunger 52 is moved toward the first sleeve 21, the pressing surface 54 of the first plunger 52 becomes the inner periphery of the first sleeve 21. The pressing surface 54 of the first plunger 52 may be inclined by about 45 ° with respect to the moving direction of the first plunger 52 so as to be flush with the surface.

In this case, when the semi-solid metal slurry S in the second sleeve 22 is pressed by the first plunger 52, the pressing surface 54 of the first plunger 52 removes the entire semi-solid metal slurry S from the first. The first sleeve 21 is formed in a concave arc shape that is equal to the inner peripheral surface of the first sleeve 21 so as to be movable into the sleeve 21. That is, the pressing surface 54 of the first plunger 52 is configured to be able to close the slurry insertion port 24 of the first sleeve 21 along the inner peripheral surface of the first sleeve 21. Therefore, the inclination angle of the pressing surface 54 of the first plunger 52 is equal to the inclination angle of the second sleeve 22 with respect to the first sleeve 21 .

Et al is, in the first underlying technique and the embodiments, various metals or alloys, such as aluminum, aluminum alloys, magnesium, magnesium alloys, zinc, zinc alloy, copper, such as copper alloys, iron and iron alloys Any semi-solid metal forming method can be applied universally. In other words, any material that can be used for solid-liquid co-molding, so-called semi-solid or semi-melt molding, can be used, and among them, it is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, magnesium, copper, zinc, iron and alloys thereof. It is desirable. These alloys can contain various arbitrary metals depending on the physical properties required in the final molded product.

  That is, this is not a problem as to what alloy system is used as the molten metal M, and considering the theory of solidification, the temperature of the molten metal M before pouring into the sleeve 2 is that of the alloy system used as the molten metal M. Can be discussed in terms of specific heat. Therefore, whether the temperature of the molten metal M before pouring into the second sleeve 22 can be higher than the liquidus of the alloy system used as the molten metal M depends on the specific heat value itself. Is a problem.

  The specific heat of aluminum is about 0.25 kcal / g, and other alloy systems other than this aluminum, such as magnesium (about 0.18 kcal / g), zinc (about 0.1 kcal / g), copper (about 0 .1 kcal / g) and iron (about 0.1 kcal / g) have a specific heat smaller than that of aluminum. Therefore, other alloy systems other than aluminum have the effect that less heat has to be taken away than aluminum. Therefore, the molten metal M of any of these alloy systems is liquidus + 100 ° C. Even if the metal M is poured into the sleeve 2, an initial solidified layer is not formed on the molten metal M, and no latent heat is generated from the molten metal M. For this reason, if only specific heat is taken from these molten metals M, crystal nuclei in these molten metals M can be grown, so that any of these alloy systems can provide the same effects.

Theoretically, the difference between the temperature (T 1 ) changing from the liquid phase to the solid phase and the temperature (T S ) changing from the solid phase to the liquid phase, ie, T 1 −T S = ΔT is not 0 In any alloy system, crystal nuclei can be formed in the molten metal M by adjusting the temperature of the molten metal M between T 1 and T S.

  On the other hand, pure aluminum generally used in the casting industry contains about 1% of impurities. For each of magnesium, zinc, copper and iron other than aluminum, pure magnesium, pure zinc, pure copper and pure iron generally used in the foundry industry contain about 1% impurities.

Therefore, the difference between the temperature changing from the liquid phase to the solid phase (T 1 ) and the temperature changing from the solid phase to the liquid phase (T S ) is not 0, the specific heat is smaller than that of aluminum, and the application of the electromagnetic field Even in the case of magnesium, zinc, zinc alloy, copper, copper alloy, iron and iron alloy in which a magnetic field is formed in the molten metal M, the same result as that of the aluminum alloy can be obtained in principle.

  Further, after pouring the molten metal M into the second sleeve 22, an electromagnetic field is applied to the molten metal M poured into the second sleeve 22 by the electromagnetic field applying coil device 11. Even the semi-solid forming apparatus for producing the semi-solid metal slurry S from the molten metal M can be used by adjusting the control of the electromagnetic field application adjusting unit 13.

  In the present invention, a semi-solid metal slurry can be produced, and various metal molded products can be produced by molding the semi-solid metal slurry by a semi-molten metal forming method.

It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the process of pouring a molten metal into the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus of the 1st premise technique of this invention. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the 2nd temperature control means of a solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus same as the above. It is a secondary graph which shows the pouring temperature of the molten metal with respect to time in a solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus same as the above. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the process of pouring a molten metal into 1st Embodiment of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus of this invention. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the process which shape | molded the molded article with the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus same as the above. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the process of pouring a molten metal into 2nd Embodiment of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus of this invention. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the process of pouring a molten metal into 3rd Embodiment of the solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus of this invention.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Stirring part 3 The stopper which is a cover body as an opening / closing means
13 Electromagnetic field application controller as control means
21 First sleeve as pumping section
22 Second sleeve as pouring part
23 Slurry outlet
28 Filling port as pouring port
52 1st plunger as pouring part pressing means
53 Second Plunger as Pressing Unit Pressing M Molten Metal S Solid-Liquid Coexistence State Metal Solid Slurry as Metal Slurry

Claims (6)

  1. A cylindrical pouring part in which the axial direction is inclined with respect to the vertical direction and molten metal is poured;
    A pouring port provided in the pouring part for pouring molten metal into the pouring part,
    Opening and closing means for enabling opening and closing of the lower end side of the pouring part from the pouring port,
    A stirring unit for applying a predetermined electromagnetic field to the pouring part on the upper end side from the opening and closing means and on the lower end side from the pouring port;
    A slurry discharge port is provided on one end side, and the slurry discharge port side is disposed in a state where the slurry discharge port side faces either the horizontal side or the lower side, and the other end that is opposite to the slurry discharge port with respect to the axial direction of the pouring portion. having an axial intersecting at an acute angle toward the side, communicated with the lower end of the pouring portion, the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry prepared in the pouring part by opening operation of the opening and closing means, the solid-liquid coexisting A cylindrical pumping unit that is in a state where the upper surface of the state metal slurry is located on the other end side opposite to the slurry discharge port side and is sent from the lower end of the pouring unit to the slurry discharge port side;
    A pressure-feeding portion pressing means that is inserted so as to be able to advance and retreat from the other end side of the pressure-feeding portion toward the one-end side, and that presses the solid-liquid coexistence state metal slurry sent to the pressure-feeding portion toward the slurry discharge port. Solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus characterized by the above.
  2. The solid-liquid according to claim 1, further comprising a pouring part pressing means that is inserted from the upper end side of the pouring part so as to be able to advance and retreat, and presses the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry produced by the pouring part. Coexisting state metal material manufacturing equipment.
  3. The opening / closing means is a lid that receives the molten metal poured into the pouring part by the closing operation and drops the solid-liquid coexisting state metal slurry produced by the pouring part by its own weight by the opening operation. The solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1 or 2.
  4. The apparatus for producing a solid-liquid coexisting state metal material according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the pouring part is composed of a non-magnetic material.
  5. 5. The solid-liquid coexistence state metallic material manufacturing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the pouring part is formed in a tapered shape that expands from the upper end side toward the lower end side.
  6. An electromagnetic field that does not form an initial solidified layer on the molten metal poured into the pouring part is applied to the stirring part before the molten metal is poured into the pouring part, and the molten metal is poured into the pouring part. 6. A solid-liquid coexistence state metal material production according to claim 1, further comprising a control means for terminating application of an electromagnetic field to the pouring portion when crystal nuclei are generated in the molten metal. apparatus.
JP2004327827A 2004-02-04 2004-11-11 Solid-liquid coexistence state metal material manufacturing equipment Expired - Fee Related JP4154385B2 (en)

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JP2005219107A (en) 2005-08-18
US20050167073A1 (en) 2005-08-04
JP2005219121A (en) 2005-08-18
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EP1561529A1 (en) 2005-08-10
KR100554093B1 (en) 2006-02-22

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