JP4083696B2 - Optical connector, optical connector assembly method - Google Patents

Optical connector, optical connector assembly method Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4083696B2
JP4083696B2 JP2004097491A JP2004097491A JP4083696B2 JP 4083696 B2 JP4083696 B2 JP 4083696B2 JP 2004097491 A JP2004097491 A JP 2004097491A JP 2004097491 A JP2004097491 A JP 2004097491A JP 4083696 B2 JP4083696 B2 JP 4083696B2
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optical fiber
optical
optical connector
connector
portion
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JP2005283954A (en
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賢一 中澤
洋 古川
敬 山口
大悟 斉藤
幸司 柴田
恒尊 江間
和宏 瀧澤
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日本電信電話株式会社
株式会社フジクラ
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Description

  The present invention relates to an optical connector having a mechanism for connecting optical fibers to each other, an optical connector that can be easily assembled by this mechanism, and an optical connector assembling method using the optical connector.

In recent years, so-called on-site optical connectors have been widely used as optical connectors that can be easily assembled to the tip of an optical fiber even at a connection site other than a factory (for example, Patent Document 1).
11 and 12 are side views showing an example of the on-site optical connector (optical connector plug) as described above. The optical connector 101 in the illustrated example is applied to an SC type optical connector (SC: Single fiber Coupling optical fiber connector. For example, an F04 type optical connector established in JIS C 5973), and an optical fiber 112 is inserted in advance. A ferrule 102 that is fixed and polished on the joining end surface 102a (front end surface), a mechanical splice type clamp portion 103 disposed on the rear end side opposite to the joining end surface 102a of the ferrule 102, and a ferrule The sleeve-like plug frame 104 is mounted on the outer side of the ferrule 102 so that the rotation of the ferrule 102 is restricted so as to be accommodated, and the rear end of the plug frame 104 (the right side in FIG. 11) is engaged and attached. And a stop ring 105 that accommodates the clamp portion 103. The optical connector 101 includes a light that is inserted into the clamp unit 103 from the built-in optical fiber 112 and the optical fiber insertion port 106 that is opened at the rear end of the stop ring 105 and hits the built-in optical fiber 112 in the clamp unit 103. The fiber 111 is clamped to maintain the butt connection state between the optical fibers 111 and 112, and the optical connector can be assembled in a short time.
JP-A-10-206688

In FIG. 11, reference numeral 107 denotes a spring. For example, when the optical connector 101 is inserted into an optical connector adapter or the like and connected to another optical connector, the ferrule 102 is matched with the optical connector on the other side of the connection. It fulfills the function of giving power.
In FIG. 11, reference numeral 108 denotes a wedge window, which is opened to the stop ring 105. As shown in FIG. 12, the wedge window 108 is used to press-fit a wedge 109 from the outside of the stop ring 105 between a pair of elements 103a and 103b having a halved structure of the clamp portion 103. When the gap between the elements 103a and 103b is released by press-fitting the wedge 109 from the wedge window 108, the optical fiber 111 can be inserted between the elements 103a and 103b. When the wedge 109 is pulled out between the elements 103a and 103b, the clamp portion 103 is inserted. Between the elements 103a and 103b, the optical fibers 111 and 112 are clamped and fixed between the elements 103a and 103b by the elasticity of the spring 103c (C-shaped spring). In FIG. 12, an alignment groove 110 (here, V groove) is an alignment means for precisely aligning the optical fibers 111 and 112.

As described above, the optical connector 101 (on-site optical connector) has a structure in which housings such as the plug frame 104 and the stop ring 105 are assembled, and a coupling (knob) for housing the plug frame 104 is mounted. In the assembled state, it is generally used for insertion and connection to a receiving side optical connector such as an optical connector adapter.
By the way, in recent years, not only optical connector plugs but also optical connector receptacles have been demanded to develop a field-mounted type that can be easily assembled to the tip of an optical fiber. For example, it is conceivable to assemble an optical connector receptacle by incorporating an on-site optical connector as described above into the housing of the optical connector receptacle. However, on-site optical connectors with a built-in housing such as a plug frame, stop ring, and coupling have many parts and the number of components of the optical connector receptacle increases, making it difficult to reduce the cost and size of the optical connector receptacle. There is dissatisfaction that it is. In view of this, for example, a stop ring 105 shown in FIG. 11, a housing that performs a function of smooth insertion by guiding an optical fiber inserted into the alignment groove from the rear end of the clamp portion into the alignment groove. If this is omitted, it will be difficult to insert the optical fiber into the clamp part, and this time, there will be a problem that the workability of assembling the optical connector to the tip of the optical fiber will be reduced. Absent.

This invention was made in consideration of such circumstances, and its purpose is
(A) It is possible to omit from the optical connector main body the housing that performs the function of realizing smooth insertion by guiding the optical fiber inserted into the aligning groove into the aligning groove. Reduction and downsizing,
(B) By detaching the optical fiber guide component, the optical connector body can be used alone for assembly of an optical connector receptacle,
(C) By using the optical connector main body from which the optical fiber guide component has been removed for assembling the optical connector receptacle, an optical connector and an optical device capable of obtaining excellent effects such as reduction in the number of components of the optical connector receptacle and reduction in size To provide a connector assembly method.

An optical connector according to a first aspect of the present invention includes a portion protruding from the rear end of the ferrule of an optical fiber inserted and fixed to the ferrule at a rear portion on the opposite side to the connection end face of the front end of the ferrule, and the light. An optical connector body having a clamp portion that clamps and fixes another optical fiber that is butt-connected to the fiber by a spring that is attached to the element by sandwiching the optical fiber between two elements, and between the elements of the optical connector body An optical fiber guide that is removably assembled to the optical connector main body, and a wedge that is removably inserted into the optical connector body and maintains a state in which the other optical fiber can be inserted and removed between the elements. With parts,
The optical fiber guide component includes a connector holder that is detachably attached to the optical connector body, and an insertion guide member that is slidably supported by the connector holder, and the insertion guide member includes the another optical fiber. An optical fiber support for supporting the optical fiber is supported by the optical fiber support by bringing the insertion guide member close to the optical connector main body by sliding the insertion guide member relative to the connector holder. An optical fiber can be inserted into the alignment groove of the clamp portion of the optical connector body, and the connector holder includes a holder portion that holds the optical connector body and an element of the clamp portion of the optical connector body. A wedge driving unit for pulling out the wedge inserted between the elements, and the wedge driving unit Is configured in a ring shape protruding outwardly from the holder portion,
The wedge is protruded toward the holder at the movable end that is the end of the wedge drive opposite to the holder, and the wedge drive is connected to the movable end. By bringing the pair of connecting wall portions that connect with the holder portion to approach each other by the side pressure applied from opposite sides, the distance between the movable end portion and the holder portion is increased. Thus, the wedges inserted between the elements can be extracted from between the elements .
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an optical connector including a portion protruding from the ferrule rear end of an optical fiber inserted and fixed to the ferrule at a rear portion opposite to a connection end face of the ferrule tip and the light. An optical connector body having a clamp portion that clamps and fixes another optical fiber that is butt-connected to the fiber by a spring that is attached to the element by sandwiching the optical fiber between two elements, and between the elements of the optical connector body An optical fiber guide that is removably assembled to the optical connector main body, and a wedge that is removably inserted into the optical connector body and maintains a state in which the other optical fiber can be inserted and removed between the elements. With parts,
The optical fiber guide component includes a connector holder that is detachably attached to the optical connector body, and an insertion guide member that is slidably supported by the connector holder, and the insertion guide member includes the another optical fiber. An optical fiber support for supporting the optical fiber is supported by the optical fiber support by bringing the insertion guide member close to the optical connector main body by sliding the insertion guide member relative to the connector holder. An optical fiber can be inserted into the alignment groove of the clamp portion of the optical connector main body, and the insertion guide member is a pair of rail members protruding in the longitudinal direction from the optical fiber support portion. And a guide portion that is slidably supported by the connector holder, and is attached to the connector holder. A rail guide portion that slideably supports the rail member is formed, and the optical fiber insertion member is moved relative to the connector holder while the rail guide portion guides the rail member. An optical connector characterized in that the optical fiber support can be brought close to an optical connector body .
An optical connector according to a third aspect of the present invention is the optical connector according to the first or second aspect, wherein the connector holder removably holds a ferrule of the optical connector main body or a clamp portion exposed at a rear portion of the ferrule. It is characterized by that.
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided an optical connector assembling method, wherein the insertion guide member of the optical connector according to any one of the first to third aspects is slid relative to the connector holder, and the optical connector body is moved to the optical connector body. By approaching the optical fiber support part, the other optical fiber previously supported by the optical fiber support part is inserted into the alignment groove of the clamp part of the optical connector body, and the optical fiber on the ferrule side After butt connection,
Pull out the wedge from between the elements, and clamp and fix the ferrule-side optical fiber and the other optical fiber between the elements in an abutted state, thereby assembling the optical connector body at the tip of the other optical fiber, The optical fiber guide component is detached from the optical connector, the optical connector body is assembled in a connector housing, and an optical connector receptacle is assembled.
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided an optical connector assembling method, wherein the optical fiber guide component is detached from the optical connector main body of the optical connector according to any one of the first to third aspects, and the optical connector main body is assembled into a connector housing. Assembling an optical connector receptacle in

  According to the present invention, the optical fiber guide component assembled to the optical connector main body facilitates the assembly of the optical connector main body to the optical fiber tip by inserting the optical fiber into the alignment groove of the clamp portion of the optical connector main body. Therefore, it is possible to omit from the optical connector body the housing that performs the function of realizing smooth insertion by guiding the optical fiber to be inserted into the alignment groove to the alignment groove. Reduction and downsizing can be realized. Also, by removing the wedge and the optical fiber guide component from the optical connector body, the optical connector body can be used alone for assembling the optical connector receptacle, etc., and the optical connector body is assembled in the housing to assemble the optical connector receptacle. By using this, it is possible to reduce the number of parts and reduce the size of the optical connector receptacle. The optical connector according to the present invention and the optical connector receptacle assembled by the optical connector assembling method of the present invention can be easily reduced in cost by reducing the number of components.

Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an optical connector 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In FIG. 1, an optical connector 1 has a configuration in which an optical fiber guide component 10 described later is assembled to an optical connector body 2 that is an on-site optical connector.

First, the optical connector body 2 will be described.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the optical connector body 2.
In FIG. 2, the optical connector main body 2 has a configuration in which a clamp portion indicated by reference numeral 4 is assembled to the rear portion on the opposite side to the joining end surface 3a (tip surface) at the tip of the ferrule 3.
Various configurations can be adopted as the ferrule 3, but here, a ferrule applied to an F16 type optical connector established in JIS C 5985 is adopted. An optical fiber 8 (bare optical fiber; hereinafter also referred to as a built-in optical fiber) is inserted and fixed to the ferrule 3 in advance, and the joining end face 3a of the ferrule 3 is polished.

The clamp part 4 is a structure in which a plurality of members are assembled to an extension part (meaning the element 5) 5 extending from the flange part 3b of the ferrule 3 toward the rear end side of the optical connector body 2, An element (hereinafter also referred to as a lid-side element) 6 arranged on the mating surface of the element 5 is housed inside a sleeve-like spring 7 (a U-shaped spring) having a U-shaped cross section. The lid-side element 6 is composed of two lid-side elements 6a and 6b, with one (lid-side element 6a) being closer to the ferrule 3 than the other (lid-side element 6b). Are arranged in the front-rear direction (left and right in FIG. 3, left and right in FIG. 4).
The spring 7 causes the elasticity of the spring 7 to act separately on the two lid-side elements 6a and 6b by a slit 7a formed in the spring 7 near the boundary between the two lid-side elements 6a and 6b. It is like that. However, one set of the lid-side element 6a and the element 5 and the other set of the lid-side elements 6a and 6b and the element 5 can also function as independent clamp portions.
The spring is not limited to a U-shaped spring, and may be, for example, a C-shaped section.

  Between the pair of elements 5 and 6 of the clamp portion 4, a protruding portion 8 a, which is a portion where the built-in optical fiber 8 inserted and fixed to the ferrule 3 protrudes from the rear end of the ferrule 3, is inserted. The portion 8a is precisely aligned by an alignment groove 9a (see FIG. 3) as an alignment mechanism provided between the pair of elements 5 and 6. Specifically, the aligning groove 9a is a part of the positioning groove 9 formed over the entire length in the longitudinal direction of the mating surface 5a of one element 5 (the mating surface with the other element 6). A portion corresponding to the lid-side element 6 in the positioning groove 9 is formed particularly precisely. The alignment groove 9a is a V-groove here, but various configurations such as a U-groove and a round groove (groove with a semicircular cross section) can be employed. The tip of the protruding portion 8a of the built-in optical fiber 8 reaches the central portion in the longitudinal direction of the aligning groove 9a. The built-in optical fiber 8 and the clamp portion 4 are connected to the rear end side of the clamp portion 4 (ferrule 3 and Is the opposite side (the right side of FIG. 3, the right side of FIG. 4), and the bare optical fiber 81 at the tip of the optical fiber 80 (here, a single-core optical fiber) is precisely adjusted by the alignment groove 9a. It is made a butt connection. An opening 9 b that is an end of the positioning groove 9 is formed at the rear end of the clamp 4. The opening 9b functions as an insertion port for inserting the optical fiber 80 so as to be pushed into the positioning groove 9.

Of the positioning groove 9, the portion corresponding to the lid side element 6 b has a wide groove shape that is wider than the alignment groove 9 a, and light inserted into the positioning groove 9 from the rear end of the clamp portion 4. The cover housing groove 9c functions as a guide groove for guiding the bare optical fiber 81 led to the tip of the fiber 80 to the aligning groove 9a and a function for housing and positioning the coating portion of the optical fiber 80. . In the illustrated example, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the cover-side element 6b is also provided with a covering and storing groove 9d at a position corresponding to the covering and storing groove 9c. It is formed as necessary corresponding to the shape of the covering portion of the fiber 80, and may be omitted.
The positioning groove 9 may be formed in one or both of the pair of elements 5 and 6, and is not necessarily limited to the configuration formed only in the extending portion 5.

Next, the optical fiber guide component 10 will be described.
As shown in FIG. 1, an optical fiber guide component 10 includes a connector holder 20 that is detachably assembled to the outside of the optical connector body 2, and an insertion guide member 11 that is slidably supported by the connector holder 20. It consists of

  As shown in FIG. 1, the insertion guide member 11 includes a guide formed by an optical fiber support 15 and two rod-shaped rail members 18 extending in parallel from a block-shaped pedestal 16 of the optical fiber support 15. Part 14.

The optical fiber support portion 15 has a pedestal portion 16 formed in a block shape, and a V-shaped positioning groove 17 is formed on the upper surface of the pedestal portion 16. When the optical fiber 80 is placed and supported, the positioning groove 17 aligns the alignment axis A of the optical connector body 2 in which the optical fiber 80 is held by the connector holder 20 (specifically, the alignment groove 9a is aligned). Along with the extension of the axis. As a means for fixing the optical fiber 80 to the positioning groove 17, a structure in which the optical fiber 80 is pressed into the positioning groove 17 by a pressing member provided in advance in the optical fiber support portion 15 and clamped, or an operator's hand is used. The optical fiber 80 may be pressed into the positioning groove 17 and fixed. Further, although the positioning groove 17 has a V-shape, the shape is not limited to this as long as the optical fiber 80 can be positioned, and may be a round groove (groove having a semicircular cross section), a U groove, or the like.
Reference numerals 6 c and 6 d denote insertion ports into which the wedges 22 of the connector holder 20 are inserted.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 7, the guide portion 14 is supported so as to be slidable relative to a connector holder 20 described later, and is formed to extend in the longitudinal direction of the insertion guide member 11. Two rail members 18 are provided. The two rail members 18 are arranged to face each other via the alignment axis A of the optical connector body 2 (specifically, an extension line of the alignment axis A at the rear end side of the optical connector body 2). ing.
In addition, although the insertion guide member 11 is an integrally molded product made of synthetic resin, a structure assembled by a combination of a plurality of parts may be used.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, the connector holder 20 includes an optical connector main body 2 (specifically, a clamp portion 4 of the optical connector main body 2), an element 5 of the optical connector main body 2, The wedge 22 that maintains the state in which another optical fiber 80 can be inserted and removed between the elements 5 and 6 by being inserted between the elements 6 and 6, and the wedge 22 that is inserted between the elements 5 and 6 of the clamp portion 4 The wedge drive unit 23 is pulled out from between 5 and 6, and the rail guide unit 24 guides the rail member 18 of the guide unit 14 slidably. The wedge 22 protrudes from the movable plate 26 toward the holder portion 21 side. The wedge drive unit 23 is configured in a ring shape protruding outward from the holder unit 21, and the movable plate 26 is a movable end unit that is an end of the wedge drive unit 23 on the side opposite to the holder unit 21. Function as.
Here, the connector holder 20 is an integrally molded product made of synthetic resin (including the wedge 22). However, in the present invention, the connector holder 20 is not limited to this, and may be formed of a plurality of parts.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, the holder portion 21 is formed in a U-shaped cross section, and an inner side thereof is an accommodation recess 25 in which the optical connector main body 2 is removably accommodated.
As shown in FIG. 6, to assemble the connector holder 20 to the optical connector body 2, for example, the optical connector body 2 is pushed into the housing recess 25 of the holder portion 21. By this pushing, the insertion piece 22a at the tip of the wedge 22 (projecting tip from the movable plate 26) is inserted between the elements 5 and 6 of the clamp part 4 to release the clamp part 4, and the optical fiber into the positioning groove 9 80 can be inserted and matched with the built-in optical fiber 8. The optical connector main body 2 housed in the housing recess 25 is fixed to the wedge 22 by sandwiching the clamp portion 4 between the elements 5 and 6, and is easily detached from the wedge 22 unless a pulling force is forcibly applied. do not do.
The bottom wall 28 of the holder portion 21 is divided into two via slits 28a, and the wedge 22 protrudes into the housing recess 25 via the slits 28a. The configuration for projecting into the housing recess 25 is not limited to the slit 28a that bisects the bottom wall 28, and may be, for example, a small hole drilled in the bottom wall 28 or the like.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the wedge drive unit 23 includes the movable plate 26, a pair of side wall portions 25 a and 25 b (hereinafter referred to as connection wall portions) that connect the movable end portion 26 and the holder body 22. It is comprised. The connecting wall portion 25a has a configuration in which the two wall portions 41a and 41b are connected to each other via a hinge portion (here, the thin-walled portion 30) so as to be relatively rotatable. The connecting wall portion 25b also includes two wall portions 42a and 42b. It is set as the structure connected through the hinge part (here thin part 30). The connecting wall portions 27a and 27b have a "<" shape, and the connecting wall portions 27a and 27b have directions in which the inner corners of the bent portions of the "<" shape face each other, that is, the holder portion 21 and the movable plate 26. Between, the holder part 21 and the movable plate 26 are connected in such a direction that the bent part protrudes on both sides. The projecting tips of the connecting wall portions 27a and 27b from the holder portion 21 are connected to both sides of the movable plate 26 via hinge portions (here, the thin-walled portions 30), and the movable plate 26 includes a pair of connecting wall portions 27a. 27b is supported so as to be substantially parallel to the plate-like bottom wall 28 of the holder portion 21. The connecting wall portions 27a and 27b are connected to both sides of the holder portion 21 (specifically, the side wall portions 21a and 21b on both sides) via hinge portions (here, the thin-walled portions 30).

  The holder portion 21 and the wedge drive portion 23 constitute a sleeve, and when the connecting wall portions 27a and 27b are brought close to each other by pressing force (side pressure) from opposite sides as shown by an arrow C in FIG. Due to the deformation of each hinge portion (here, the thin portion 30) of the wedge drive portion 23, the cross-sectional shape of the wedge drive portion 23 is deformed so that the distance between the holder portion 21 and the movable plate 26 is increased. The projection is driven in a direction to reduce (or eliminate the projection) the projecting dimension into the housing recess 25. At this time, since the optical connector main body 2 is restricted from following movement with the wedge 22 by contact with the bottom wall 28 of the holder portion 21, as shown in FIG. The wedge 22 inserted between the elements 5 and 6 of the clamp portion 4 of the optical connector main body 2 that is held can be pulled out from between the elements 5 and 6.

In the present invention, the “ring shape” indicating the shape of the wedge drive portion 23 refers to all shapes bulging from the holder portion 21 such as a circle, an ellipse, a rhombus, and a C shape. However, as a configuration of the wedge drive unit, both side portions (connection wall portions in the present embodiment) that connect between the holder portion 21 and the movable end portion 26 are provided between the holder main body 22 and the movable end portion 26. The distance between the holder portion 21 and the movable end portion 26 can be increased by bringing both side portions (connection wall portions) closer to each other by pressing force (side pressure) from opposite sides. A configuration is adopted in which the wedge 22 is driven so as to be increased and driven in a direction of reducing (or eliminating) the protruding dimension into the receiving recess 25.
In addition, the connector holder 20 is not limited to being a resin-integrated molded product. For example, a configuration in which a plurality of plate-like members, each of which is a single member, are connected via a hinge portion constituted by pins or the like is also employed. Is possible.
Further, the material of the connector holder 20 and the insertion guide member 11 is not limited to resin, and for example, metal can be used.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, the rail guide portion 24 protrudes on both side walls 21 a and 21 b of the holder portion 21 in the outer direction of the sleeve constituted by the holder portion 21 and the wedge drive portion 23. The guide members 24a and 24a have an extended shape. As shown in FIG. 7, each guide member 24 a is formed with a guide groove 29 that slidably supports the rail member 18 of the guide portion 14, and the insertion guide member 11 is rattled by the guide groove 29. The sliding with respect to the connector holder 20 can be performed along the alignment axis A (and its extension) while being guided by the rail guide portion 24 in a state in which the positional deviation is prevented. In the configuration of the illustrated example, the pair of guide members 24a of the connector holder 20 are disposed between the pair of rail members 18 of the insertion guide member 11, and are slidable so as to be fitted into the guide grooves 29 of the respective guide members 24a. In such a configuration, the pair of rail members 18 function as a protective member for protecting the holder portion 21 and the optical connector main body 2 accommodated in the holder portion 21 from a collision object, and the holder portion. There is also an advantage that the function of preventing deformation (for example, opening between the pair of side wall portions 21a and 21b) is achieved.
In addition, the formation position of the guide groove 29 is not limited to the above-mentioned, For example, the space inner surface between a pair of side wall parts 21a and 21b etc. may be sufficient. Further, the support means for slidably supporting the guide portion 14 is not limited to the rail guide portion 24 as described above, and may be, for example, a hole for accommodating the rail member 18.

  To assemble the optical connector 1 having the above-described configuration at the tip of the optical fiber 80, first, as shown in FIG. 1, the optical fiber 80 is placed in the positioning groove 17 formed on the upper surface of the base portion 16 of the optical fiber support portion 15. The insertion guide member 11 is slid so that the optical fiber support portion 15 approaches the connector holder 20 (in the direction of arrow B in FIG. 1) while the optical fiber 80 is being pressed into the positioning groove 17 by the operator's fingers. The optical fiber 80 is moved and inserted into the positioning groove 9 of the clamp portion 4 of the optical connector body 2 shown in FIG. The sliding movement of the insertion guide member 11 with respect to the connector holder 20 is not caused by the guide groove 29 without causing a positional deviation or backlash, and the positioning accuracy of the tip of the optical fiber 80 with respect to the minute positioning groove 9 of the clamp portion 4 is maintained. Therefore, the optical fiber 80 can be smoothly inserted into the positioning groove 9.

The optical fiber 80 inserted into the positioning groove 9 includes a protruding portion 8b (see FIG. 4) of the built-in optical fiber 8 into which the bare optical fiber 81 at the tip is inserted and fixed in the ferrule 3 in advance. Butt connected. When the operator presses the optical fiber 80 with his / her finger into the positioning groove 17 of the optical fiber support 15 and slides the insertion guide member 11, the resistance force when the optical fibers 8 and 80 are abutted with each other is You can tell the match.
Next, with the butt connection state between the optical fibers 8 and 80 maintained, the wedge drive unit 23 is operated to pull out the wedge 22 from between the elements 5 and 6 shown in FIG. Thereby, the optical fibers 8 and 80 are clamped and fixed between the elements 5 and 6 closed by the elastic force of the spring 7 in the butt connection state, and the butt connection state of the optical fibers 8 and 80 can be maintained. .

  After the butt connection between the optical fibers 8 and 80 (81), the optical fiber support portion 15 and the connector holder 20 are further brought close to each other, and the optical fiber 80 is slightly pushed into the clamp portion 4, It is preferable to pull out the wedge 22 from between the elements 5 and 6 in a state in which the butting force between the optical fibers 8 and 80 (81) is applied by causing the optical fiber 81 to be slightly bent.

The wedge drive unit 23 can be pulled out from between the elements 5 and 6 by, for example, operating the operator so that the operator pinches it with fingers. That is, as shown in FIG. 8, in the direction of arrow C, a pressing force (side pressure) from opposite sides is applied to the connecting wall portions 27a and 27b, and the operation of bringing the connecting wall portions 27a and 27b closer to each other is performed. Can be done with the fingers of the hand.
However, in this optical connector 1, the insertion guide member 11 is operated with one hand, and the wedge driving portion 23 of the connector holder 20 is operated with the other hand, so that an optical fiber can be used without using a special tool. The assembly work to 80 tips can be done very easily.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 9, the insertion guide member 11 is slid in the pull-back direction (arrow D; the direction opposite to that when the optical fiber 80 is inserted into the clamp portion 4), and the insertion guide member 11 is inserted from the connector holder 20. The member 11 is released. Then, the wedge drive part 23 of the connector holder 20 is released by releasing the engagement with the side walls 21a and 21b of the holder part 21, and the optical connector body 2 is taken out from the housing recess 25 (in the direction of arrow E in FIG. 9). The connector holder 20 is detached from the optical connector body 2). As described above, the optical connector main body 2 can be taken out from the optical fiber guide component 10.

The optical connector main body 2 from which the optical fiber guide component 10 has been detached is inserted into the housing 32 (connector housing) of the optical connector receptacle 31 (arrow F) and incorporated into the housing 32 as shown in FIG. It can be used for assembling the optical connector receptacle 31. By using the optical connector body 2 assembled at the tip of the optical fiber 80 for assembling the optical connector receptacle 31, the assembly of the optical connector receptacle 31 at the tip of the optical fiber 80 can be performed very easily.
The housing 32 of the illustrated optical connector receptacle 31 is an adapter of an F16 type optical connector established in JIS C 5985, and the SC type simple receptacle 31 is assembled by incorporating the optical connector body 2 into the housing 32. be able to. However, in the present invention, the optical connector receptacle is not limited to the above-described configuration, and can have various structures.

According to the optical connector 1 configured as described above, the assembly at the tip of the optical fiber 80 can be easily performed without using a dedicated tool, and the optical fiber guide component 10 can be detached from the optical connector body 2 to The connector body 2 can be used for assembling an optical connector receptacle.
Further, since the optical connector main body 2 is composed only of the ferrule 3 and the clamp portion 4, the number of parts can be greatly reduced as compared with the conventional on-site optical connector, thereby reducing the cost. Can do. Further, the optical connector receptacle using the optical connector main body 2 can be easily reduced in number of parts, reduced in size, and reduced in cost.

In the present embodiment, the optical connector to which the optical connector main body 2 composed only of the ferrule 3 (including the flange) and the clamp portion 4 has been described. However, the optical connector according to the present invention is not limited thereto. Without limitation, for example, a configuration in which an optical connector main body with a housing is applied, such as a plug frame of an SC type optical connector (SC: F04 type optical connector established in JIS C 5973) Can also be adopted.
Further, when the insertion guide member 11 is separated from the optical connector main body, the insertion guide member 11 can be retrofitted to the optical connector main body, and is used as a small optical connector assembly tool for assembling the optical connector main body at the tip of the optical fiber. be able to.

It is a perspective view which shows the optical connector which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the optical connector main body of the optical connector in FIG. It is a top view which shows each element of the clamp part of the optical connector main body of FIG. It is sectional drawing of the optical connector main body of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows the connector holder of the optical connector of FIG. 6A and 6B are explanatory views showing a wedge of the connector holder shown in FIG. 5, in which FIG. 5A is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which the wedge is inserted between elements, and FIG. It is. It is sectional drawing which shows the guide groove vicinity formed in the connector holder of the optical connector of FIG. It is explanatory drawing which shows the state which inserted the optical fiber in the clamp part of the optical connector main body of the optical connector of FIG. It is explanatory drawing which shows the state which removed the optical fiber guide component from the optical connector main body of the optical connector. It is a perspective view which shows SC type simple receptacle assembled using the optical connector main body. It is a side view which shows the conventional optical connector. It is explanatory drawing which shows the conventional optical connector, Comprising: (a) is sectional drawing at the time of inserting a wedge in a clamp part, (b) is sectional drawing at the time of extracting a wedge from a clamp part.

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Optical connector, 2 ... Optical connector main body, 3 ... Ferrule, 3a ... Joining end surface, 4 ... Clamp part, 5 ... Element, 6 ... Element, 6a, 6b ... Cover side element, 7 ... Spring, 8 ... Optical fiber, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 80 ... Optical fiber, 9a ... Alignment groove, 10 ... Optical fiber guide component, 11 ... Insertion guide member, 14 ... Guide part, 15 ... Optical fiber support part, 18 ... Rail member, 20 ... Connector holder, 21 ... Holder part , 22 ... wedges, 23 ... wedge drive parts, 24 ... rail guide parts, 26 ... movable end parts, 27a, 27b ... connection wall parts, 31 ... optical connector receptacles, 32 ... connector housings.

Claims (5)

  1. A portion protruding from the rear end of the ferrule of the optical fiber (8) inserted and fixed to the ferrule on the rear portion on the opposite side of the connection end surface (3a) at the front end of the ferrule (3) and the optical fiber Light having a clamp portion (4) that is clamped by the elasticity of a spring (7) attached to the element by sandwiching another optical fiber (80) butt-connected to each other in the element (5, 6) having a split structure A connector body (2);
    A wedge (22) that is removably inserted between the elements of the optical connector body, and maintains a state in which the other optical fiber can be inserted and removed between the elements by opening the elements;
    An optical fiber guide component (10) removably assembled to the optical connector body,
    The optical fiber guide component includes a connector holder (20) detachably attached to the optical connector body, and an insertion guide member (11) supported slidably on the connector holder,
    The insertion guide member has an optical fiber support (15) for supporting the another optical fiber,
    The optical fiber supported by the optical fiber support is adjusted by adjusting the clamp of the optical connector by bringing the optical fiber support close to the optical connector by sliding the insertion guide member relative to the connector holder. It can be inserted into the heart groove (9a)
    The connector holder includes a holder part (21) for holding the optical connector body and a wedge drive part (23) for pulling out the wedge inserted between the elements of the clamp part of the optical connector body from between the elements. And
    The wedge drive part is configured in a ring shape protruding outward from the holder part,
    The wedge is protruded toward the holder portion at the movable end portion (26) which is the end portion of the wedge drive portion opposite to the holder portion,
    The wedge driving part is moved closer to the movable end part by a side pressure applied from opposite sides between a pair of connecting wall parts (27a, 27b) connecting the movable end part and the holder part. The light is characterized in that the wedge is inserted between the elements so that the distance between the elements can be increased so that the distance between the element and the holder increases. Connector (1).
  2. A portion protruding from the rear end of the ferrule of the optical fiber (8) inserted and fixed to the ferrule on the rear portion on the opposite side of the connection end surface (3a) at the front end of the ferrule (3) and the optical fiber Light having a clamp portion (4) that is clamped by the elasticity of a spring (7) attached to the element by sandwiching another optical fiber (80) butt-connected to each other in the element (5, 6) having a split structure A connector body (2);
    A wedge (22) that is removably inserted between the elements of the optical connector body, and maintains a state in which the other optical fiber can be inserted and removed between the elements by opening the elements;
    An optical fiber guide component (10) removably assembled to the optical connector body,
    The optical fiber guide component includes a connector holder (20) detachably attached to the optical connector body, and an insertion guide member (11) supported slidably on the connector holder,
    The insertion guide member has an optical fiber support (15) for supporting the another optical fiber,
    By sliding the insertion guide member relative to the connector holder, the optical fiber support portion is brought close to the optical connector body, so that the optical fiber supported by the optical fiber support portion is adjusted to the clamp portion of the optical connector body. It can be inserted into the heart groove (9a)
    The insertion guide member has a guide portion (14) which is configured by a pair of rail members (18) protruding from the optical fiber support portion so as to be aligned in the longitudinal direction and is slidably supported by the connector holder. And
    The connector holder is formed with a rail guide portion (24) for supporting the rail member in a slidable manner,
    The optical fiber support portion can be brought close to the optical connector body by moving the optical fiber insertion member relative to the connector holder while guiding the rail member to the rail guide portion. Optical connector.
  3.   3. The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the connector holder removably holds a ferrule of the optical connector main body or a clamp portion exposed at a rear portion of the ferrule.
  4. By sliding the insertion guide member of the optical connector (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3 with respect to the connector holder, the optical fiber support portion is brought close to the optical connector body, thereby After inserting the other optical fiber previously supported by the fiber support part into the alignment groove of the clamp part of the optical connector body and butt-connecting with the optical fiber (8) on the ferrule side,
    Pull out the wedge from between the elements, and clamp the clamp between the elements while the optical fiber on the ferrule side and the other optical fiber are butted together to assemble the optical connector body at the tip of the other optical fiber,
    Then, the optical fiber guide component is detached from the optical connector, and the optical connector body is assembled into the connector housing (32) to assemble the optical connector receptacle (31).
  5.   The optical fiber guide component is detached from the optical connector main body of the optical connector (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, and the optical connector main body is assembled into a connector housing (32) to mount the optical connector receptacle (31). An optical connector assembling method comprising assembling.
JP2004097491A 2004-03-30 2004-03-30 Optical connector, optical connector assembly method Active JP4083696B2 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4689415B2 (en) * 2005-01-18 2011-05-25 株式会社フジクラ Optical connector tool, optical connector with tool
JP4537935B2 (en) * 2005-10-31 2010-09-08 住友電気工業株式会社 Optical fiber connection jig
JP4954554B2 (en) * 2006-01-11 2012-06-20 株式会社フジクラ Optical fiber tools
JP4732282B2 (en) * 2006-09-05 2011-07-27 株式会社フジクラ Optical fiber connection tool
JP5164271B2 (en) 2008-06-24 2013-03-21 株式会社フジクラ Optical connector connection confirmation method and connection confirmation device
CN102326109B (en) 2009-01-19 2014-04-09 康宁光缆系统有限责任公司 Termination system for fiber optic connection
US8459880B2 (en) 2009-07-31 2013-06-11 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic connectors, cable assemblies and methods for making the same
WO2011087944A1 (en) 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Corning Cable Systems Llc Fiber optic connector of a fiber optic connection termination system
CA2784804A1 (en) 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Corning Cable Systems Llc Optical fiber handler for a fiber optic connection termination system
WO2011087942A1 (en) 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Corning Cable Systems Llc An optical fiber stripper for a fiber optic connection termination system
KR101216218B1 (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-12-26 주식회사 옵텔콤 Device for handling optical connector

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