JP4043175B2 - Optical information medium and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Optical information medium and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP4043175B2
JP4043175B2 JP2000233783A JP2000233783A JP4043175B2 JP 4043175 B2 JP4043175 B2 JP 4043175B2 JP 2000233783 A JP2000233783 A JP 2000233783A JP 2000233783 A JP2000233783 A JP 2000233783A JP 4043175 B2 JP4043175 B2 JP 4043175B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
layer
recording
resin
light
layers
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2000233783A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2002063736A (en
Inventor
次郎 吉成
拓哉 塚越
壮 小巻
Original Assignee
Tdk株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2000-174543 priority Critical
Priority to JP2000174543 priority
Application filed by Tdk株式会社 filed Critical Tdk株式会社
Priority to JP2000233783A priority patent/JP4043175B2/en
Publication of JP2002063736A publication Critical patent/JP2002063736A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4043175B2 publication Critical patent/JP4043175B2/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/2403Layers; Shape, structure or physical properties thereof
    • G11B7/24035Recording layers
    • G11B7/24038Multiple laminated recording layers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/26Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture of record carriers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/26Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture of record carriers
    • G11B7/266Sputtering or spin-coating layers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/21Circular sheet or circular blank

Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a multilayer information medium having at least two information holding layers such as a recording layer and a method for producing the medium.
[0002]
[Prior art]
In recent years, there has been a significant demand for higher density and larger capacity for optical disks. Currently, a DVD (Digital Versatile Disk) with a recording capacity of about 4.7 GB on one side, which is about seven times the size of a compact disk, has been released, but development of a technology that can record more information is actively underway. Yes.
[0003]
Techniques for increasing the recording capacity of an optical disk include shortening the wavelength of recording / reproducing light, increasing the NA (numerical aperture) of an objective lens in a recording / reproducing light irradiation optical system, increasing the number of recording layers, and multi-value recording. Among these, three-dimensional recording by increasing the number of recording layers enables a dramatic increase in capacity at a low cost compared to shortening the wavelength or increasing the NA. A three-dimensional recording medium is described in, for example, JP-A-9-198709. Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 8-255374 describes a medium in which a rewritable information storage layer and a read-only information storage layer are stacked.
[0004]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
  In a multilayer recording medium, a transparent resin layer that is highly transparent to recording / reproducing light is usually provided between adjacent recording layers, and the recording / reproducing light passes through the transparent resin layer and reaches the recording layer. Reflects on the surface of the layer and returns to the optical pickup. For this reason, the transparent resin layer is required to have strict uniformity in terms of layer thickness, layer quality, and optical characteristics. When the medium is disk-shaped, the transparent resin layer is generally formed by spin coating. In the spin coating method, a relatively homogeneous transparent resin layer can be formed.When the transparent resin layer is formed, the disk center hole is closed with a closing means, and when the transparent resin layer is cured after removing the closing means after spin coating, the optical disk having a multi-layer recording layer is subjected to the above process. Will be produced repeatedly. At this time, an annular convex portion raised by removal of the blocking means remains on the inner peripheral edge of the first transparent layer, and since this is cured, the annular layer is formed during the spin coating of the next transparent resin layer. The projecting of the resin is hindered by the convex portions, and the formation of the transparent resin layer tends to be hindered. In addition, an annular convex portion is formed in the next transparent resin layer, and the first annular convex portion and the second annular convex portion overlap each other. Therefore, the thickness of the resin layer in the vicinity of the inner periphery of the disk is a design value. And the distance between the recording layers increases near the inner periphery of the disc.
[0005]
In addition, in the case of a bonded optical disc in which a recording layer is sandwiched between two substrates, if the outer peripheral portion of the transparent resin layer sandwiched between both substrates is thickened, the optical disc is likely to be warped and distorted, and the mechanical accuracy is increased. It becomes difficult.
[0006]
By the way, when reproducing a multi-layer recording medium having a multi-layered recording layer, an optical pickup that irradiates the reproduction light has a reflection from a recording layer other than the reproduction target, that is, a recording layer other than the recording layer on which the reproduction light is focused. The light will also return. For this reason, signal interference occurs between a plurality of recording layers, which results in crosstalk. As a result, noise is mixed in the reproduction signal. The influence of the reflected light returning from the recording layer other than the reproduction target becomes smaller in inverse proportion to the square of the distance between the recording layers. Therefore, in order to suppress the mixing of noise, it is preferable that the distance between the recording layers is large. For example, in the case of using an optical pickup having a normal structure used for reproduction of a conventional optical disk such as a DVD, in order to obtain a practical signal quality, the distance between recording layers should be at least 30 μm, preferably 70 μm or more. Is desirable. Actually, in the example of the above-mentioned JP-A-9-198709, a transparent resin layer having a thickness of 100 μm is provided between the recording layers. In the above Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 8-255374, the distance between two adjacent information storage layers is set to 30 μm or more.
[0007]
However, when the recording interlayer distance is increased to 30 μm or more, the number of recording layers is limited to prevent the disk from becoming too thick, and therefore the recording capacity of the entire disk is also limited. Moreover, it is difficult to form a thick transparent resin layer having a thickness of 30 μm or more with a uniform thickness. Moreover, since the internal stress of the thick resin layer increases, the medium is likely to warp. Therefore, there is a problem that it is difficult to ensure the mechanical accuracy of the optical disk.
[0008]
On the other hand, in order to reduce the crosstalk in the recording layer in the multi-layer recording medium, as described in, for example, JP-A-10-222856 and SOM '94 technical digest (1994) 19, reproduction of each recording layer is performed. Furthermore, it has been proposed to use an optical pickup equipped with a confocal detection optical system that applies the principle of a confocal microscope. In an optical pickup equipped with a confocal detection optical system, a pinhole is arranged in the optical system, and reproduction is performed by light passing through the pinhole. For this reason, when an optical pickup including a confocal detection optical system is used, the follow-up range of the focus servo is narrowed, so that the uniformity of the thickness of the transparent resin layer is required to be higher.
[0009]
In addition, the multilayer recording medium has the following problems. In a medium having a single recording layer, a groove (guide groove) is formed on a resin substrate on which the recording layer is formed, whereby the groove is transferred to the recording layer. However, when two or more recording layers are laminated via a relatively thick transparent resin layer, it is difficult to transfer the grooves provided on the substrate to all the recording layers. That is, the groove depth is at most about 100 nm due to optical requirements, while the interlayer distance is significantly thicker than this. Therefore, for example, as described in JP-A-9-198709, a groove must be formed in the transparent resin layer using a photopolymer (2P) method or the like. As a result, the manufacturing cost increases significantly.
[0010]
An object of the present invention is to achieve good reproduction characteristics in all information holding layers in a multilayer information medium having a plurality of information holding layers, and to obtain good mechanical accuracy in the multilayer information medium. It is another object of the present invention to provide such a multilayer information medium at a low cost.
[0011]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
  In order to solve the above problems, in the present invention, when forming a plurality of resin layers, the annular convex portions of each layer are formed so as to be shifted from each other. The transparent layer farther from the substrate has a larger inner diameter. As a result, in the state where the transparent layers are laminated, the inner peripheral edge of the transparent layer laminate is stepped. And the annular convex part is exposed to the step surface of this step-like part. Thus, if each transparent layer is laminated | stacked stepwise so that the cyclic | annular convex part of another transparent layer may not be covered, the said problem can be solved. IeAccording to the present invention described in (1) to (5) belowThe above problems can be solved.
(1) At least two annular information holding layers for holding recording information and / or servo information on a disk-like substrate having a central hole or between a pair of disk-like substrates, and another information holding layer There is an information holding layer that is recorded or reproduced by recording light or reproducing light transmitted throughFormed by a spin coat method in which the central hole is closed by the closing means by the closing means,It ’s an annulus,,On the inner peripherySwelled by separation of the closing meansEach of these resin layers has at least two resin layers having an annular convex portionLaminated on the annular convex side of one of the resin layersOther resin layersThe ringConvexIs on the outside of the annular convex portion of the one resin layerAn optical information medium stacked in a staircase pattern.
(2) The optical information medium according to the above (1), wherein the thickness of the resin layer existing between the information recording layers holding recorded information is 5 μm or more and less than 30 μm.
(3) The optical information medium according to (1) or (2), wherein a confocal detection optical system is used for reproducing the information holding layer.
(4) The optical information medium according to any one of (1) to (3), wherein the information holding layer is separated into a data layer holding recorded information and a servo layer holding servo information.
(5) A method of manufacturing the optical information medium according to any one of (1) to (4) above, wherein the substrate is placed on a rotary table, and the central hole is formed by a closing means having a disk portion. In a closed state, a coating liquid containing resin is supplied onto the disk portion, and then the base is rotated together with the closing means, whereby the coating liquid is spread on the base to form a resin layer. CraftAboutThe resin layer is formed into an annular shape by separating the disk portion from the base.ShapeConstructionAboutA process to cure the resin layerAboutYes in this orderAnd a method of forming the resin layer, and then, when the disc portion is separated from the base body, the diameter is larger than the annular convex portion formed on the inner peripheral edge of the resin layer and straddles the same. The step of forming the resin layer, the step of separating the disc portion from the base, the curing of the resin layer, with the central hole closed by the closing means having the next disc portion with the lower surface hollowed out And the method of forming the resin layer is repeated at least once.Manufacturing method of optical information medium.
[0012]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The optical information medium to which the present invention is applied has a structure in which at least two information holding layers are laminated. The information holding layer in this specification includes a data layer and a servo layer. The data layer is a layer in which recording marks or pits for holding recording information are present, and the servo layer is a layer in which tracking servo patterns made up of irregularities such as grooves and pits are present. However, when the servo layer is not provided independently of the data layer, a tracking servo pattern is formed in the data layer.
[0013]
In this specification, the light for reading the data layer and the light for recording on the data layer are called data light, and the light for reading the servo layer is called servo light. In this specification, recording / reproducing light is a concept including data light and servo light.
[0014]
The multilayer information medium in the present specification is a medium having a plurality of information holding layers and an information holding layer on which recording or reproduction is performed by recording / reproducing light transmitted through the other information holding layers.
[0015]
The optical information medium of the present invention includes an optical recording medium and a read-only medium. In the optical recording medium, the data layer includes a recording layer. In the read-only medium, pits or recording marks for holding data are formed in advance in the data layer.
[0016]
FIG. 1 shows a cross-sectional view of a configuration example of the multilayer medium of the present invention. In the medium shown in FIG. 1, two data layers DL-1 and DL-2 are laminated on a substrate 2 provided with a tracking groove, and a filter layer FL exists between both data layers. A transparent layer TL exists on the data layer DL-2. The transparent layer TL functions as a protective layer. In this medium, reproduction of the data layers DL-1 and DL-2 is performed by making two kinds of reproduction lights having different wavelengths incident from the lower side in the figure and detecting the reflected light by an optical pickup. When this medium is an optical recording medium, the recording light and the reproduction light are usually irradiated from the same optical pickup, and the recording light and the reproduction light have the same wavelength.
[0017]
In the filter layer FL in the medium of the present invention shown in FIG. 1, the absorption rate of the data light for reading the lower data layer DL-1 is higher than the absorption rate of the data light for reading the upper data layer DL-2. Is also expensive. Therefore, when the data layer DL-1 is read, the intensity of the reproduction light reaching the data layer DL-2 is reduced, so that the influence of the reflected light from the data layer DL-2 can be suppressed. On the other hand, when the data layer DL-2 is reproduced, there is little data light absorption by the filter layer FL, so that there is no problem in reproduction. Therefore, even if the distance between the data layer DL-1 and the data layer DL-2 is reduced, the crosstalk generated between the data layers is small. On the other hand, when a transparent layer having high transparency with respect to the recording / reproducing light is provided instead of the filter layer FL, the data layer DL-1 on the lower side in the figure is focused unless the transparent layer is sufficiently thick. At the time of reading, the optical pickup picks up the reflected light from the upper data layer DL-2, which becomes reproduction noise.
[0018]
When the upper data layer DL-2 is reproduced, it is affected by reflected light from the lower data layer DL-1, but if the recording density is low, the influence of crosstalk becomes small. In the configuration shown in FIG. 1, it is preferable to set the recording density of DL-2 to be lower than that of DL-1. In this case, the data light wavelength used for DL-2 recording / reproduction is usually longer than the data light wavelength used for DL-1 recording / reproduction.
[0019]
FIG. 2 shows another configuration example of the medium of the present invention. In the medium shown in FIG. 2, a single data layer DL is provided on a base 2 and a servo base 20 is laminated on the data layer DL via a filter layer FL. The servo base 20 is provided with a tracking servo pattern composed of grooves and / or pits. A reflection layer is formed on the recording / reproducing light incident side surface of the servo base 20, and this functions as the servo layer SL.
[0020]
When reproducing the medium shown in FIG. 2, the servo layer SL is read with servo light having a wavelength different from that of the data light for reading the data layer DL. The filter layer FL in this medium has an absorption rate of the data light higher than that of the servo light. Therefore, at the time of reading the data layer DL, reproduction noise due to the reflection of the data light from the servo layer SL is not easily mixed.
[0021]
Since reading servo information such as tracking servo information is less susceptible to noise than reading data layers, the configuration shown in FIG. 2 can read a high recording density data layer with low noise and a high-precision servo. Is possible. In FIG. 2, since the servo layer SL is provided independently, the data layer DL can be a smooth layer. Therefore, the reflectance of the data layer DL is increased. Further, interference due to the step of the tracking servo pattern does not occur. Further, no noise is generated due to the influence of irregular shapes such as tracking servo pattern collapse, for example, meandering of the groove. In the configuration shown in FIG. 2, the wavelength of the data light is usually shorter than the wavelength of the servo light.
[0022]
Here, FIG. 4 shows a configuration example of an optical pickup applicable to the recording and reproduction of the multilayer information medium of the present invention, together with the medium having the structure shown in FIG.
[0023]
In this optical pickup, the data light is emitted from the laser diode LD1. The data light passes through the lens L1 to become parallel light, and further passes through the polarization beam splitter PBS1, and then passes through the quarter-wave plate QWP1 and the dichroic mirror DCM that is transparent to the data light. The light enters L4 and is focused on the data layer DL of the multilayer information medium. The data light reflected by the data layer DL follows a path opposite to that upon incidence on the medium, then is reflected by the polarization beam splitter PBS1, is focused on the photodetector PD1 by the lens L5, and is focused on the data layer DL. Servo, or this and the detection of the reproduction signal are performed.
[0024]
In the medium shown in FIG. 4, since the filter layer FL exists between the data layer DL and the servo layer SL, the data light reflected by the servo layer SL and returning to the optical pickup reciprocates through the filter layer FL and is significantly attenuated. It will be. Therefore, when reproducing the data layer DL, it is possible to remarkably suppress the occurrence of noise due to reflection from the servo layer.
[0025]
On the other hand, the servo light is emitted from the laser diode LD2, is reflected by the polarization beam splitter PBS2, passes through the lens L6 and the quarter wavelength plate QWP2, is reflected by the dichroic mirror DCM, and enters the objective lens L4. The servo light emitted from the objective lens L4 is condensed on the servo layer SL. The servo light reflected by the servo layer SL follows a path opposite to that at the time of incidence, then passes through the polarization beam splitter PBS2 and is condensed on the photodetector PD2, and tracking servo and focus servo for the servo layer are performed. .
[0026]
Using an optical pickup having such a configuration, that is, using an optical pickup including a dichroic mirror DCM having a spectral characteristic in which servo light is reflected and data light is transmitted, the data layer and the servo layer are separated, and the data light This is advantageous when reproduction is performed while simultaneously irradiating the servo light. That is, the reflected light of the servo light can be prevented from entering the photodetector PD1 for detecting the data light, and the reflected light of the data light can be prevented from entering the photodetector PD2 for detecting the servo light. be able to.
[0027]
However, the dichroic mirror DCM cannot completely transmit the data light, and partially reflects it. Therefore, if a transparent layer is present instead of the filter layer FL shown in the figure, a part of the data light reflected by the servo layer SL reaches the servo photodetector PD2 and adversely affects the tracking servo. In particular, when the intensity of the data light is high, for example, when the data light for recording is irradiated, the above-described adverse effect becomes large. On the other hand, if the filter layer FL is provided between the data layer DL and the servo layer SL as shown in the figure, the data light is significantly attenuated by reciprocating the filter layer FL. The bad influence given can be suppressed remarkably.
[0028]
FIG. 3 shows another configuration example of the multilayer medium of the present invention. In the medium shown in FIG. 3, five transparent layers TL-1 to TL-5 exist on the substrate 2, and four data layers DL-1 to DL-4 exist between adjacent transparent layers. . On the transparent layer TL-5, the filter layer FL, the servo layer SL, and the servo base 20 are present in this order. The servo base 20 is provided with a tracking servo pattern composed of grooves and / or pits, and this pattern is transferred to the servo layer SL.
[0029]
The medium shown in FIG. 3 has the same configuration as the medium shown in FIG. 2 except that the number of data layers is large. If the number of data layers is 2 or more, especially 3 or more, it is difficult to form a tracking servo pattern at a low cost with high accuracy in each data layer. Therefore, the data layer and the servo layer are provided independently. Is valid.
[0030]
In FIG. 3, the filter layer FL is provided between the data layer DL-4 and the servo layer SL, but no filter layer is provided between adjacent data layers. Therefore, when the distance between the data layers is shortened, the crosstalk becomes large. In order to reduce crosstalk in this configuration, it is preferable to use an optical pickup provided with a confocal detection optical system that applies the principle of a confocal microscope for reproducing each data layer. An optical pickup provided with a confocal detection optical system has extremely high resolution in the thickness direction of the medium, so that crosstalk between data layers can be significantly reduced. A confocal detection optical system that can be used for reproducing a multilayer information medium is described in, for example, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 10-222856 and SOM '94 technical digest (1994) 19.
[0031]
FIG. 5 shows a configuration example of an optical pickup that includes a confocal detection optical system and can be applied to recording and reproduction of a multilayer information medium together with the medium. The illustrated medium has a structure in which a data layer DL-1, a transparent layer TL, a data layer DL-2, a filter layer FL, a servo layer SL, and a servo substrate 20 are laminated on the substrate 2 in this order.
[0032]
This optical pickup is the same as the optical pickup shown in FIG. 4 except that a lens L2, a pinhole plate PHP, and a lens L3 are incorporated between the polarization beam splitter PBS1 and the quarter-wave plate QWP1 in the optical path of the data light. It is a configuration.
[0033]
In this optical pickup, the data light transmitted through the polarization beam splitter PBS1 is collected by the lens L2. A pinhole plate PHP having a pinhole is disposed at the condensing position, and the data light that has passed through the pinhole is converted into parallel light by the lens L3, and then has the same path as the optical pickup shown in FIG. Then, the light is condensed on the lower data layer DL-1 of the multilayer information medium. The data light reflected by the data layer DL-1 follows a path opposite to that when entering the medium. The data light passes through the data layer DL-1 to be reproduced and reaches the data layer DL-2, and the reflected light also returns to the optical pickup. However, since the data light is out-of-focus with respect to the data layer DL-2, the reflected light from the data layer DL-2 is not condensed at the pinhole position of the pinhole plate PHP but spreads at the pinhole position. For this reason, the majority is blocked by the pinhole plate PHP. Therefore, crosstalk between data layers can be suppressed by using an optical pickup including a confocal detection optical system.
[0034]
Next, the configuration of each part of the optical recording medium of the present invention will be described in detail.
[0035]
Filter layer
The filter layer shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 has one of the two types of recording / reproducing light (two types of data light, or data light and servo light) having a relatively higher absorption rate than the other absorption rate. Is a layer. Specifically, the absorption rate of one recording / reproducing light is preferably 80% or more, more preferably 90% or more. If this absorption rate is too low, the effect of the present invention will be insufficient. On the other hand, the absorption rate of the other recording / reproducing light is preferably 20% or less, more preferably 10% or less. If this absorption rate is too high, reproduction of the information holding layer by recording / reproducing light incident through the filter layer becomes difficult, and recording becomes difficult in the case of a recording medium.
[0036]
The constituent material of the filter layer is not particularly limited, and a material exhibiting a desired spectral absorption characteristic may be appropriately selected. For example, various dyes made of an organic material or an inorganic material, particularly organic dyes are preferable. The thing containing is preferable. As the resin, a resin cured by active energy rays such as ultraviolet rays is preferable. By mixing the resin instead of the pigment alone, the filter layer can be easily formed. For example, if a mixture of an ultraviolet curable composition and a dye is spin-coated and then irradiated with ultraviolet rays, a homogeneous and relatively thick filter layer can be formed in a short time.
[0037]
The dye used for the filter layer is not particularly limited as long as it satisfies the spectral absorption characteristics required for the filter layer. For example, various organic dyes such as cyanine, phthalocyanine, and azo may be used. In consideration of compatibility with the resin, modification for providing a substituent in the side chain of the dye may be performed as necessary. In order to easily control the spectral absorption characteristics, two or more dye layers having different spectral absorption characteristics may be laminated to form a filter layer.
[0038]
When the filter layer contains a dye and a resin, the dye content is not particularly limited, and may be appropriately determined according to the type of the resin so as to satisfy the required spectral absorption characteristics. It is preferable that it is mass%. If the pigment content is too low, the filter layer needs to be thick, which is not preferable. On the other hand, when there is too much pigment content, pot life will become short.
[0039]
When the absorption target wavelength is relatively short, for example, when steep absorption characteristics are to be obtained in a wavelength region of 450 nm or less, the filter layer can be formed of an ultraviolet curable resin layer containing no dye. The ultraviolet curable resin layer is formed by ultraviolet curing a coating film of a composition containing an ultraviolet curable composition and a photopolymerization initiator. The photopolymerization initiator exhibits a large absorption near the wavelength of light used for curing. And the coating film after hardening also shows big absorption near the wavelength. This is presumably because the photopolymerization initiator is not completely decomposed during curing, and remains partially or in a modified state. Therefore, it can be used as a filter layer that selectively exhibits large absorption in a short wavelength region.
[0040]
The photopolymerization initiator used for the filter layer is not particularly limited. For example, absorption from ordinary photopolymerization initiators such as benzoates, benzophenone derivatives, benzoin derivatives, thioxanthone derivatives, acetophenone derivatives, propiophenone derivatives, and benzyl. What is necessary is just to select suitably according to an object wavelength.
[0041]
The thickness of the filter layer may be appropriately determined so as to satisfy the required spectral absorption characteristics. However, in a filter layer containing a resin and using a dye or a photopolymerization initiator as an absorbing material, the thickness of the filter layer is 1 to 30 μm. It is preferable to set within the range. If the filter layer is too thin, it is difficult to obtain sufficient absorption characteristics. On the other hand, if the filter layer is too thick, the medium becomes thick, which is not preferable because the number of data layers is limited.
[0042]
In addition, when the absorption target wavelength is relatively short, for example, 450 nm or less, a metal layer containing at least one metal (including metalloid) element can be used as the filter layer. Some metals, such as Au, have an absorptance that rapidly increases in a short wavelength region. Therefore, what is necessary is just to select the metal seed | species and the thickness of a filter layer so that sufficient absorptance can be ensured in an absorption object wavelength range, and sufficient transmittance | permeability can be ensured in a transmission object wavelength region. Examples of the metal preferably used for the filter layer include Au, Pt, and Cu. In order to easily control the spectral absorption characteristics, two or more metal layers having different spectral absorption characteristics may be laminated to form a filter layer.
[0043]
The thickness of the metal layer used as the filter layer varies depending on the metal species used, but is preferably 10 to 200 nm, more preferably 20 to 100 nm. If the metal layer is too thin, sufficient absorption cannot be obtained in the absorption target wavelength region, and if the metal layer is too thick, sufficient transmission cannot be obtained in the transmission target wavelength region.
[0044]
In addition, an interference filter can be used as a filter layer. Examples of the interference filter include a dielectric multilayer film, and a dielectric film sandwiched between two metal thin films made of Ag or the like.
[0045]
In FIG. 3, the filter layer is provided only between the data layer and the servo layer, that is, only one of the adjacent information holding layers, but may be provided between other information holding layers as necessary. . That is, two or more filter layers may be provided, and three or more types of light having different wavelengths may be used as recording or reproduction light. For example, data layers DL-1, DL-2, and DL-3 are provided in this order from the light incident side, and a filter layer FL-1 is provided between DL-1 and DL-2, and DL-2 and DL-3 are provided. Filter layer FL-2 is provided, and DL-1 is reproduced at a wavelength of 400 nm, DL-2 is reproduced at a wavelength of 600 nm, and DL-3 is reproduced at a wavelength of 800 nm. What is necessary is just to have a high absorptance in the vicinity of 400 nm and a low absorptance in the vicinity of a wavelength of 600 nm and a wavelength of about 800 nm. On the other hand, the filter layer FL-2 is not particularly limited in the absorptance in the vicinity of the wavelength of 400 nm.
[0046]
That is, for example, in a medium that is applied to a system that uses n + 1 recording / reproducing lights having different wavelengths and n + 1 filter layers, each filter layer is an information holding layer closest to the filter layer on the light incident side. It is sufficient that the recording / reproducing light used has a relatively high absorptance and the recording / reproducing light used in the information holding layer on the light emitting side of the filter layer has a relatively low absorptance. In this description, the relatively high absorption rate is preferably 80% or more, more preferably 90% or more, and the relatively low absorption rate is preferably 20% or less, more preferably 10%. It is as follows.
[0047]
When a plurality of filter layers are provided, it is not necessary to use the same kind of light absorbing material for all the filter layers. For example, a metal layer or interference filter and a dye-containing filter layer may be used in combination.
[0048]
In FIG. 3, instead of providing a filter layer between the data layer and the servo layer, a reflective layer (servo layer SL) provided on the surface of the servo base 20 can be used as the filter layer. When the present invention is applied to a read-only medium, pits are formed on the transparent layer or the filter layer, and a translucent reflective layer is formed on the pit formation surface by sputtering or the like. Although it may be used as a data layer, in this case, a reflective layer made of metal, metalloid, etc. can also be used as a filter layer. In these cases, each filter layer that also serves as an information holding layer has a relatively high reflectance of recording / reproducing light used for the filter layer, and is the information holding layer closest to the filter layer on the light incident side. It is sufficient that the reflectance of the recording / reproducing light used is relatively low. In the case where an information holding layer is further present on the light emitting side of the filter layer, it is sufficient that the transmittance of recording / reproducing light used in the information holding layer is relatively high.
[0049]
The specific wavelength of each of the plurality of recording / reproducing lights having different wavelengths is not particularly limited, but the difference in wavelength between the recording / reproducing lights is preferably 50 to 700 nm, more preferably 100 to 400 nm. If this wavelength difference is too small, a steep spectral absorption characteristic is required for the filter layer, which makes it difficult to select a filter layer constituent material. On the other hand, if the wavelength difference is too large, the recording density of the entire medium cannot be increased, or sufficient servo accuracy cannot be obtained.
[0050]
The wavelength range in which a plurality of recording / reproducing lights are present is preferably 300 to 1000 nm, more preferably 400 to 800 nm. A semiconductor laser that oscillates a laser beam having a shorter wavelength is difficult to obtain. On the other hand, if a laser beam having a longer wavelength is used, high-density recording and reproduction of high-density recorded information become difficult.
[0051]
Transparent layer
The transparent layer in FIG. 3 is preferably made of a material having a high transmittance with respect to recording / reproducing light. The constituent material of the transparent layer is not particularly limited, but it is preferable to use a resin because the transparent layer needs to be relatively thick. Although the formation method of a transparent layer is not specifically limited, Since a homogeneous transparent layer can be formed in a short time, it is preferable to comprise from active energy ray curable resins, such as resin, especially ultraviolet curable resin.
[0052]
As described in the description of the filter layer, the transparent layer composed of the ultraviolet curable resin exhibits relatively steep absorption in a short wavelength region due to the influence of the photopolymerization initiator. Therefore, in order to ensure transparency with respect to the recording / reproducing light in the short wavelength region, it is necessary to appropriately select the type of the photopolymerization initiator according to the wavelength of the recording / reproducing light to be used.
[0053]
When a transparent layer is present in contact with the substrate 2, the difference between the refractive index of the transparent layer and the refractive index of the substrate is 0.1 at the wavelength of recording / reproducing light in order to suppress reflection at the interface between the two. The following is preferable.
[0054]
The thickness of the transparent layer is not particularly limited, and may be set so that crosstalk between data layers is within an allowable range. Specifically, when a normal optical pickup is used, the thickness of the transparent layer is preferably 30 μm or more. However, if the transparent layer is too thick, the thickness distribution tends to increase, the internal stress tends to increase, and the total thickness of the medium increases, so the thickness of the transparent layer must be 100 μm or less. Is preferred.
[0055]
On the other hand, when the confocal detection optical system is used, the thickness of the transparent layer may be set so that the crosstalk between the data layers is within an allowable range according to the resolution in the depth direction. Specifically, although it depends on the wavelength of the data light and the configuration of the confocal detection optical system, for example, when the wavelength of the data light is about 300 to 1000 nm, the thickness of the transparent layer is 5 μm or more. Is preferred. When using the confocal detection optical system, the thickness of the transparent layer can be less than 30 μm, and there is no problem even if it is 20 μm or less.
[0056]
When the medium is disk-shaped, the transparent layer made of resin is preferably formed by spin coating. In the spin coating method, a relatively homogeneous transparent layer can be formed. In the spin coating method, a resin is supplied to the surface of a substrate fixed to a rotary table, the substrate is rotated, and the resin is spread by centrifugal force. The base has a central hole that is used for loading into the drive device, so the resin cannot be supplied to the center of rotation (the center of the base), and is supplied in an annular form at an equal distance from the center of rotation. become. However, the farther the resin supply position is from the center of rotation, the thicker the outer periphery of the disc is compared to the inner periphery of the disc. That is, the thickness unevenness in the radial direction of the transparent layer increases. In a multilayer information medium, the number of transparent layers increases as the number of data layers increases, so the thickness distribution of the transparent layers is accumulated. As a result, even if the data light is perpendicularly incident on the substrate 2 at the outer periphery of the disk, the data light reflected on the data layer surface is not perpendicular to the substrate 2, and as a result, the amount of light returning to the optical pickup is reduced. End up. For this reason, the reproduction output varies between the inner peripheral portion and the outer peripheral portion.
[0057]
In an optical pickup equipped with a confocal detection optical system, a pinhole is arranged in the optical system, and reproduction is performed by light passing through the pinhole. For this reason, when an optical pickup including a confocal detection optical system is used, the tracking range of the focus servo is narrowed, so that the uniformity of the thickness of the transparent layer is required to be higher.
[0058]
For this reason, a transparent layer is formed between the recording information holding areas (recording track existing areas) of two adjacent data layers, or between the recording information holding area of the data layer and the servo information holding area of the servo layer. The difference between the maximum thickness and the minimum thickness is preferably 3 μm or less, more preferably 2 μm or less. By reducing the thickness distribution of the transparent layer in this way, reproduction output fluctuation can be suppressed. The difference between the maximum thickness and the minimum thickness of the transparent layer is preferably as small as possible. However, when the spin coating method is used, it is difficult to make the difference zero. If the difference is within the above-mentioned limited range, the influence on the reproduction output fluctuation is small. Therefore, the difference need not be less than 1 μm. In a disk-shaped medium, the recorded information holding area is generally annular, and its width is generally about 20 to 50 mm.
[0059]
In addition, a resin layer other than the transparent layer, for example, a filter layer containing a resin or a dye and a pigment, a protective layer that may be provided on the surface of the medium, an adhesive layer, and the like may be formed by spin coating. Also in the resin layer, it is desired that the thickness distribution is as small as the transparent layer.
[0060]
In order to suppress the thickness distribution of the resin layer such as the transparent layer and the filter layer within the above range, it is preferable to perform spin coating by the following method using the following apparatus.
[0061]
Hereinafter, the case where the transparent layer TL-1 of the medium shown in FIG. 3 is formed will be described as an example. In this method, first, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the base 2 having the center hole 101 is placed on the rotary table 200. In addition, when forming transparent layers other than TL-1, the information holding layer or this and a resin layer are provided in the base | substrate 2 surface. The base 2 is fixed by the center hole 101 being fitted into the annular protrusion 201 of the rotary table 200. Although these figures are cross-sectional views, only end faces appearing in the cross-section are displayed, and illustration in the depth direction is omitted. The same applies to the subsequent sectional views.
[0062]
Next, the central hole 101 is closed by the closing means 300. The closing means 300 includes a disc portion 301 for closing the center hole 101, a support shaft 302 integrated at the center thereof, and a convex portion integrated with the disc portion 301 on the side facing the center hole 101. 303. By fitting the convex portion 303 to the inner peripheral portion of the protrusion 201, the closing means 300 can be fixed to the rotary table 200 and the base 2 and the closing means 300 can be positioned. However, the method for fixing the base body 2 and the closing means 300 to the turntable 200 is not particularly limited. For example, the closing means 300 is fitted to the turntable 200 in a state where the base body 2 and the closing means 300 are fitted. It may be.
[0063]
Next, as shown in FIG. 8, a coating liquid 500 made of a resin or a resin solution is discharged from a nozzle 400 that is a discharge means, and the coating liquid 500 is supplied to the outer peripheral surface of the support shaft 302. At this time, the rotary table 200 is rotated at a relatively low speed, preferably 20 to 100 rpm, so that the coating liquid is uniformly distributed on the disc portion 301.
[0064]
Next, as shown in FIG. 9, the coating liquid 500 is spread by rotating the rotary table 200 at a relatively high speed. Thereby, the transparent layer TL-1 is formed on the base 2.
[0065]
The spreading condition of the coating solution is not particularly limited. When conditions other than the viscosity of the coating solution are the same in the spin coating method, it is theoretically known that the thickness of the coating film is proportional to the square root of the viscosity of the coating solution. On the other hand, the larger the number of rotations and the longer the rotation time, the thinner the coating film. Therefore, the rotation speed and rotation time during spin coating may be appropriately determined according to the thickness of the transparent layer TL-1 to be formed and the viscosity of the coating liquid.
[0066]
Next, the closing means 300 is separated from the base 2 as shown in FIG. With the separation of the outer peripheral edge of the disc part 301, the inner peripheral edge of the transparent layer TL-1 rises, and an annular convex part 600 is formed as shown. The annular convex portion 600 is a region where the resin constituting the transparent layer TL-1 is continuously raised.
[0067]
When the coating liquid to be used contains an ultraviolet curable resin, the transparent layer TL-1 is cured by irradiating ultraviolet rays as shown in FIG. In FIG. 11, ultraviolet rays are irradiated on the rotary table 200, but a curing stage may be provided separately from the rotary table and cured thereon. Further, the closing means may be separated while rotating the base.
[0068]
The annular convex portion 600 formed by this method has a smooth curve (arc shape) as shown in the outline of its cross section. On the other hand, when the blocking means 300 is separated after the transparent layer TL-1 is cured, the annular continuous convex portion is not formed, and even if the convex portion is formed, it is due to the generation of burrs, and in the circumferential direction. It is not a continuous annular convex part. Further, in this case, there is also a problem that the cured resin is broken and easily scattered on the substrate 2.
[0069]
The height of the annular convex portion 600, that is, the height from the lowest resin layer surface near the annular convex portion to the top portion of the annular convex portion is usually 1 to 100 μm. The width of the annular protrusion 600, that is, the distance from the lowest position in the vicinity of the annular protrusion on the surface of the transparent layer to the inner periphery of the transparent layer is usually 0.5 to 3 mm. In general, the thicker the resin layer, the larger the height and width of the annular protrusion.
[0070]
After forming the first transparent layer TL-1, the first data layer DL-1 is formed by sputtering or the like. The data layer is formed so that the inner peripheral edge thereof is located on the outer peripheral side with respect to the inner peripheral edge of the transparent layer.
[0071]
Next, the second transparent layer TL-2 is formed again using the closing means 300. At this time, the annular convex part 600 exists in the inner periphery of the 1st transparent layer TL-1. For this reason, when the same closing means 300 as that used for forming TL-1 is used, the annular protrusion 600 prevents the resin from spreading and tends to hinder the formation of TL-2. In addition, since an annular convex portion is generated also in TL-2, the annular convex portion of TL-1 and the annular convex portion of TL-2 are overlapped. Therefore, the thickness of the resin layer in the vicinity of the inner periphery of the disk is determined from the design value. The distance between the data layers is greatly increased near the inner periphery of the disk.
[0072]
In order to solve such a problem, in the present invention, when forming a plurality of resin layers, the annular convex portions of each layer are formed so as to be shifted from each other. FIG. 12 shows a cross-sectional view of the vicinity of the inner periphery of the substrate 2 in which the transparent layers TL-1 to TL-4 and the data layers DL-1 to DL-4 are alternately provided. In the drawing, the inner diameter of the transparent layer is larger in the transparent layer farther from the substrate 2 and, as a result, the inner peripheral edge of the transparent layer laminate is stepped in the state where the transparent layers are laminated. And the annular convex part 600 is exposed to the step surface of this step-like part. Thus, if each transparent layer is laminated | stacked stepwise so that the cyclic | annular convex part of another transparent layer may not be covered, the said problem can be solved.
[0073]
In order to make the inner peripheral edge of the transparent layer laminate into a stepped shape in this way, a blocking means 300 as shown in FIG. 13 may be used when forming the second transparent layer TL-2. The process shown in FIG. 13 is substantially the same as the process shown in FIG. 6 except that the substrate 2 provided with the transparent layer TL-1 is used, but the blocking means 300 used is different. In order to form a transparent layer having a larger inner diameter than that of the transparent layer TL-1, the closing means 300 has a larger diameter of the disc portion 301 than that shown in FIG. Moreover, it is set as the shape which hollowed the lower surface of the disc part 301 so that it could straddle the cyclic | annular convex part 600 and can contact the flat part of transparent layer TL-1. When forming the third and subsequent transparent layers, a closing means having a disk shape that has the same shape and can cover the annular convex portion of the transparent layer formed immediately before the transparent layer may be used.
[0074]
The closing means used in the above method is not particularly limited as long as it has at least a disk portion for closing the central hole of the disk substrate. For example, JP-A-10-320850, JP-A-10-249264, JP-A-10-289489, JP-A-11-195250, and JP-A-11-111 can be used for spin coating using a closing means for closing the central hole of the disk substrate. -195251. In these publications, in order to reduce the thickness unevenness in the radial direction of the resin layer, the center hole of the disk substrate is closed by a closing means such as a plate-like member, a disk portion, a closing plate, a cap, etc. A method is described in which resin is supplied near the center of the substrate, that is, near the center of rotation. Each of these publications does not describe a multilayer information medium, nor does it describe that an annular protrusion is formed on the inner periphery of the resin layer during spin coating. Further, the blocking means described in each of these publications also has the following problems.
[0075]
In the above-mentioned JP-A-10-320850, JP-A-10-249264, and JP-A-11-195250, there is no description of a method of removing a plate-like member or cap, which is a closing means, after spin coating. Difficult to use. Further, these publications do not describe that the resin layer is cured after the closing means is separated from the disk substrate.
[0076]
Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 10-289489 describes that after spin coating, a disc portion as a closing means is punched out or removed by adsorption with an electromagnet, and then the resin layer is cured while rotating the disk substrate. . However, when removing the closing means by punching and electromagnet, a large acceleration is applied to the closing means, so that the resin coating film is likely to be disturbed.
[0077]
Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-195251 describes a closing means having a structure in which a support is integrated in the center of a circular cap. The publication describes that the provision of the support facilitates the attachment and detachment and positioning of the closing means. The support is a hollow cylinder having at least one hole or a plurality of rods. A resin layer is formed on the disk substrate by injecting the resin into the interior of the hollow cylinder or the region surrounded by the plurality of rod-shaped bodies, and then rotating the disk substrate and the closing means integrally. If this closing means is used, it becomes easy to remove the closing means. This publication describes that the resin layer is cured in a state where the disk substrate is stationary after the closing means is separated from the disk substrate.
[0078]
In this publication, spin coating is performed by allowing a resin to flow out from a hole provided in the hollow cylinder of the closing means or between adjacent rod-shaped bodies. Therefore, the resin is blocked by the wall of the support (region other than the hole) or the rod-shaped body. In addition, the dammed resin may flow onto the disk substrate all at once at an unpredictable timing. Therefore, the coating film is likely to be uneven. Moreover, since the shape of the surface which contacts this resin is complicated and the area which contacts the resin is large, it is difficult to clean the blocking means. If the resin remains on the surface of the closing means, unevenness of the coating tends to occur. In Table 1 of the same publication, the variation in the thickness of the coating film is examined for the case where the outer diameter of the hollow cylinder is 4 to 16 mm. It can be seen that the thickness irregularity increases as the outer diameter increases. That is, even if the resin is supplied into the hollow cylinder, the application start position does not coincide with the rotation center, and the outer peripheral position of the hollow cylinder is considered to be the application start position. In view of the relatively high viscosity of the resin, it is difficult to make the outer diameter of the hollow cylinder less than 4 mm. Therefore, in the method described in the publication, the thickness unevenness of the resin coating is remarkably reduced. Is difficult.
[0079]
In contrast to such a conventional closing means, the closing means 300 shown in FIG. 6 is provided with the support shaft 302 in the disc portion 301, so that the handling of the closing means 300 in the medium manufacturing process is facilitated, especially after spin coating. It becomes easy to remove the means 300.
[0080]
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-195251 describes a closing means in which a hollow cylindrical support or a support made of a plurality of rods is integrated with a cap. The means have the advantages described below.
[0081]
In Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-195251, since the resin is blocked by the wall of the support or the rod-shaped body, the coating film is likely to be uneven as described above. On the other hand, in the closing means shown in FIG. 6, since the coating liquid is supplied to the outer peripheral surface of the support shaft to perform spin coating, the coating film is less likely to be uneven. Further, in the closing means shown in FIG. 6, since the resin adheres to the outer peripheral surface of the support shaft, the closing means can be easily cleaned as compared with the above-mentioned JP-A-11-195251. In JP-A-11-195251, since the coating liquid is supplied into the hollow cylindrical support, the outer diameter of the support is reduced in order to ensure the fluidity of the coating liquid having a relatively high viscosity. Therefore, the application start position is relatively far from the rotation center. On the other hand, in the closing means shown in FIG. 6, since the outer diameter of the support shaft can be remarkably reduced as compared with the publication, the uneven thickness of the coating film can be remarkably reduced.
[0082]
Such an effect is realized not only in the configuration shown in FIG. 6 but also in any closing means having a disk portion and a support shaft. The closing means 300 shown in FIG. 6 has a truncated cone-shaped disc portion 301 and a columnar support shaft 302. In addition, for example, FIGS. 14 (A) to 14 (D) respectively. The blocking means of the configuration shown can also be used.
[0083]
The closing means shown in FIG. 14 (A) has a truncated cone-shaped disc portion 301 having a hollowed bottom surface and an inverted truncated cone-shaped support shaft 302 in the same manner as shown in FIG. When this closing means is used, the coating start position of the coating liquid can be brought closer to the center of the disc portion 301, and hence the coating thickness unevenness can be further reduced. In addition, unlike the case where the entire support shaft 302 is thinned, it is possible to suppress a decrease in the mechanical strength of the support shaft 302. Further, when the support shaft 302 is gripped by a chuck or the like, it is difficult to drop, which is advantageous when the closing means is attached and detached and transported. Note that the entire support shaft 302 need not have an inverted truncated cone shape. That is, it is only necessary that at least a part of the support shaft 302 has a truncated cone shape whose diameter gradually decreases toward the disc portion 301 and the diameter of the support shaft does not increase in a region closer to the disc portion.
[0084]
In the closing means shown in FIG. 14B, the cross-sectional shape of the disc portion 301 is different from that in FIG. In order to spread the coating liquid uniformly on the disc portion 301, it is preferable that the thickness of the disc portion 301 gradually decreases toward the outer peripheral portion. In that case, in the cross section of the disc part 301, the shape of the upper edge where the coating liquid is spread may be linear as shown in FIG. 14 (A) or as shown in FIG. 14 (B). It may be curved. Further, as shown in FIG. 14C, the outer periphery of the disc portion 301 may be a vertical surface. However, in FIG. 14C, the thickness t on the outer periphery of the disc portion 301 is preferably 0.4 mm or less. When the thickness t is too large, it becomes difficult to apply the resin layer without unevenness. Further, the thickness of the disc portion 301 may be uniform as shown in FIG.
[0085]
Each of the closing means shown in FIGS. 14A to 14D has a shape in which the lower surface of the disc portion 301 is hollowed out in order to correspond to the formation of the second and subsequent resin layers.
[0086]
In the closing means, the minimum diameter of the support shaft 302 in the vicinity of the disc portion 301 is preferably less than 4 mm, more preferably 2 mm or less. When the diameter of the support shaft 302 in the vicinity of the disc portion 301 is too large, the application start position is separated from the center of the disc portion 301, and the thickness unevenness in the radial direction of the resin layer is increased. However, if the diameter of the support shaft 302 in the vicinity of the disc portion 301 is too small, the mechanical strength of the support shaft 302 becomes insufficient. Therefore, the minimum diameter is preferably 0.5 mm or more, more preferably 0.7 mm or more. It is. The length of the support shaft 302 is not particularly limited, and may be determined as appropriate so that the supply of the coating liquid to the outer peripheral surface is facilitated and in consideration of the ease of handling when gripping, The thickness is preferably 5 to 100 mm, more preferably 10 to 30 mm. If the support shaft 302 is too short, it is difficult to supply the coating liquid to the outer peripheral surface, and it is difficult to grip. On the other hand, if the support shaft 302 is too long, handling becomes troublesome.
[0087]
The diameter of the disc part 301 should just be larger than the diameter of the center hole 101 of a disc board | substrate, and smaller than the internal diameter of the cyclic | annular information recording surface which a disc board | substrate has. However, since the coating liquid 500 may enter the lower surface of the disc portion 301 and contaminate the peripheral surface of the center hole 101 (the inner peripheral surface of the disk substrate), the diameter of the disc portion 301 is the diameter of the center hole 101. Is preferably 4 mm or more, particularly 8 mm or more. Further, when the disk part 301 is removed, the shape of the resin layer in the vicinity thereof is likely to be disturbed, so that the diameter of the disk part 301 is preferably 3 mm or more, particularly 5 mm or more smaller than the inner diameter of the information recording surface. The specific dimensions vary depending on the diameter of the center hole and the inner diameter of the information recording area. Usually, when applied to the manufacture of an optical disc having a diameter of about 60 to 130 mm, the diameter of the disc portion 301 is 20 to 40 mm, In particular, it is preferably within a range of 25 to 38 mm.
[0088]
The constituent material of the closing means is not particularly limited, and may be any of metal, resin, ceramics, etc., and may be a composite material using two or more of these. Moreover, you may comprise the disc part 301 and the support shaft 302 from a different material. However, since the mechanical strength, durability and dimensional accuracy are good, the closing means is preferably made of metal. As the metal, for example, a stainless alloy, aluminum, and an aluminum alloy are preferable.
[0089]
It is preferable that the surface of the closing means 300, particularly the entire surface of the disc portion 301, has a lower surface tension than the coating solution. If the surface of the closing means 300 is difficult to wet with the coating solution, the coating solution adhering to the surface of the closing means can be easily cleaned. The surface tension can be controlled by appropriately selecting the constituent material of the blocking means, but it is preferable to perform water / oil repellent treatment such as Teflon processing on the region where the surface tension is desired to be lowered.
[0090]
Servo layer
The servo layer is a reflective layer formed on the surface of the servo substrate 20 provided with unevenness for holding tracking servo information, and holds tracking servo information corresponding to the unevenness. The irregularities are generally grooves and / or pits.
[0091]
The configuration of the reflective layer constituting the servo layer is not particularly limited, and may be the same as the reflective layer provided in the conventional optical information medium. Usually, Al, Au, Ag, Pt, Cu, Ni, Cr, Ti, What is necessary is just to comprise from metals, such as Si, or a single metal of a semimetal, or an alloy containing 1 or more of these. In general, the thickness of the reflective layer is preferably 10 to 300 nm. When the thickness is less than the above range, it becomes difficult to obtain sufficient reflectance. Further, even if the above range is exceeded, the improvement in reflectance is small, which is disadvantageous in terms of cost. The reflective layer is preferably formed by a vapor phase growth method such as sputtering or vapor deposition.
[0092]
Data layer
When the present invention is applied to an optical recording medium, the data layer includes at least a recording layer containing a recording material. The optical recording medium to which the present invention is applied is not particularly limited. For example, a rewritable medium or write once medium using a phase change recording material, a rewritable medium using a magneto-optical recording material, or an organic dye is recorded. Any of the write-once medium used as a material may be used. However, it is preferable to use a phase change type recording material because the light transmittance is higher than that of other recording materials and the number of recording layers can be increased.
[0093]
The composition of the phase change recording material is not particularly limited, but preferably contains at least Sb and Te. Since the recording layer made of only Sb and Te has a low crystallization temperature of about 130 ° C. and insufficient storage reliability, it is preferable to add other elements. As an additive element in this case, element M (element M is In, Ag, Au, Bi, Se, Al, P, Ge, H, Si, C, V, W, Ta, Zn, Ti, Ce, Tb) And at least one element selected from Sn, Pb, Pd and Y). Of these, Ge is particularly preferable because of its high storage reliability improvement effect.
[0094]
The atomic ratio of the recording layer constituent elements
Formula I SbaTebMc
Represented by
a + b + c = 1
And preferably
a = 0.2-0.85,
b = 0.1-0.6,
c = 0-0.25
And more preferably
c = 0.01-0.25
It is. If the Sb content is too small, the crystallization speed is not sufficiently high, and overwriting becomes difficult. On the other hand, if the Sb content is too large, the crystallization speed becomes too high, and it becomes difficult to form an amorphous recording mark. If the M content is too small, the effect of the addition of M becomes insufficient, and if the M content is too large, the change in reflectivity associated with the phase change becomes small and it is difficult to obtain a sufficient degree of modulation. If the Te content is too small, it becomes difficult to make amorphous and it becomes difficult to form a recording mark. On the other hand, when there is too much Te content, the crystallization speed will become slow and overwriting will become difficult.
[0095]
The phase change recording medium is generally used as a rewritable medium, but may be used as a write-once medium in the present invention. The write-once medium in this case is a medium that can be recorded but is not guaranteed for erasing the recorded mark once recorded, and the recorded mark on the recorded recording track is not erased and recorded again. It is a medium. The advantages of using it as a write-once medium will be described below.
[0096]
In a multilayer recording medium, since a plurality of recording layers are stacked, the light amount loss of recording / reproducing light becomes large. Therefore, it is necessary to make the recording layer as thin as possible. However, when the recording layer is thinned, the cooling rate of the recording layer after recording light irradiation is increased. Since the crystallization becomes difficult when the cooling rate is increased, the recording layer needs to have a composition that is easily crystallized in order to secure an erasure rate. That is, it is necessary to relatively increase the crystallization speed of the recording layer. However, the recording layer having a high crystallization speed has a problem that self-erasing described below is likely to occur. During recording, heat diffuses from the beam spot of the recording light in the in-plane direction of the recording layer, and this heat hinders cooling of the recording mark. When the crystallization speed of the recording layer is high, a part of the recording mark is recrystallized due to this cooling inhibition, and the recording mark is reduced. Specifically, the leading end of the recording mark (the portion irradiated with the beam spot first) is erased, or the trailing end of the recording mark is erased. Such a phenomenon is called self-erase in this specification. When self-erasing occurs, C / N reduction and jitter increase occur.
[0097]
As described above, when the recording layer is thinned, it is difficult to secure sufficient erasing characteristics and suppress self-erasing. On the other hand, when a medium having a phase change recording layer is used as a write-once medium, it is not necessary to consider the crystallization speed of the recording layer because it is not necessary to erase the recording mark. For this reason, there is no problem even if the crystallization speed of the recording layer is reduced to such an extent that self-erasing is not substantially affected by controlling the composition of the recording layer. In addition, when overwriting is performed, it is necessary to increase the crystallization speed of the recording layer as the linear velocity of the recording medium increases, so that self-erasing is likely to occur. However, if recording is performed only once instead of overwriting, recording is performed at a high linear velocity, for example, a linear velocity of about 10 m / s or more, on a recording layer having a relatively slow crystallization speed in which self-erasing is unlikely to occur. Therefore, a high data transfer rate can be easily realized.
[0098]
In the present invention, since a plurality of recording layers are stacked as described above, the light loss of recording / reproducing light increases. Therefore, it is preferable that the recording layer is as thin as possible within the range where the function as the recording layer is not impaired. However, if it is too thin, the function as the recording layer is impaired. Therefore, the thickness of the recording layer is preferably 2 to 50 nm, more preferably 4 to 20 nm.
[0099]
When a phase change recording layer is used, the data layer preferably has a structure exemplified as DL-1 in FIG. This data layer has a structure in which the recording layer 4 is sandwiched between the first dielectric layer 31 and the second dielectric layer 32. In this structure, the recording layer and each dielectric layer are preferably formed by sputtering. As the dielectric used for the dielectric layer, for example, various compounds containing at least one metal component selected from Si, Ge, Zn, Al, rare earth elements and the like are preferable. The compound is preferably an oxide, nitride, sulfide or fluoride, and a mixture containing two or more of these compounds can also be used. The thickness of each dielectric layer is preferably 10 to 500 nm.
[0100]
In the present invention, it is preferable to make the recording layer thin in order to reduce the light amount loss of the recording / reproducing light. However, if the phase change type recording layer is made thin, the degree of modulation becomes low. That is, the difference in reflectance between the amorphous recording mark and the crystalline region becomes small. In order to increase the degree of modulation, the dielectric layer is preferably a laminate of a plurality of layers having different refractive indexes. In addition, with such a multilayer structure, the degree of freedom in optical design is improved, and the light transmittance of the entire data layer can be improved. As the dielectric layer having a multilayer structure, for example, at least one layer selected from a magnesium fluoride layer, a manganese fluoride layer, a germanium nitride oxide layer, and a silicon oxide layer, ZnS-SiO2A laminated body with a layer is mentioned.
[0101]
When a plurality of recording layers are stacked, the intensity of the recording light reaching each recording layer becomes lower as the recording layer is farther from the recording light incident side surface of the medium. Therefore, it is preferable to adjust the recording sensitivity of the recording layer according to the intensity of the recording light that reaches. In a recording material that performs heat mode recording, such as a phase change recording material, if the recording layer is thickened, the heat storage property is improved, so that the recording sensitivity is improved. Therefore, if necessary, it is preferable that the recording layer farther from the recording light incident side surface is relatively thicker. However, the two adjacent recording layers may have the same thickness. In addition, since the recording layer far from the light incident side surface uses recording / reproducing light transmitted through other recording layers, in order to make the reproducing characteristics of each recording layer uniform, It is preferable that the closer the recording layer, the higher the light transmittance. Therefore, it is preferable that the recording layer farther from the recording light incident side surface is thicker.
[0102]
Note that the recording sensitivity adjustment and transmittance adjustment of the recording layer can also be performed by controlling the composition of the recording layer. In that case, all the recording layers may have the same thickness, or the composition control and the thickness control may be combined.
[0103]
The present invention can also be applied to read-only media. In this case, the data layer may be a layer having pits for holding recorded information, or may be a layer in which data is recorded in advance on a write-once medium. In the former case, pits are usually formed in the transparent layer or filter layer, and a translucent reflective layer is formed on the pit formation surface by sputtering or the like. In that case, the reflective layer becomes the data layer. Examples of the translucent reflective layer include an extremely thin metal layer and Si layer. In such a reproduction-only medium, the reflectance of the data layer may be controlled in order to level the reproduction signal output. In that case, it is only necessary to increase the reflectivity for a data layer that reaches a smaller amount of light. Further, if the reflectance is controlled in this way, the light transmittance can be increased as the data layer is closer to the light incident side surface, so that the significant attenuation of the amount of light reaching the data layer far from the light incident side surface can be prevented.
[0104]
In the present invention, the number of information holding layers is not particularly limited, and may be two or more. However, if the number of stacked layers is too large, the medium becomes too thick, and the influence of the thickness distribution of the transparent layer formed by the spin coating method increases, so the number of stacked information holding layers is preferably 10 or less, more preferably Is 6 or less.
[0105]
When a plurality of information holding layers are stacked, the amount of reflected light from the information holding layer is reduced. However, according to the study by the present inventors, even when the maximum reflectance of the information holding layer is 5% or less, sufficient C / N is obtained in the data layer, and sufficient servo signal strength is obtained in the servo layer. Was found to be obtained. However, if the reflectance is too low, the C / N and servo signal intensity cannot be secured sufficiently, and therefore the maximum reflectance of the information holding layer is preferably 0.1% or more.
[0106]
Base 2 and servo base 20
Since the recording / reproducing light is irradiated through the substrate 2, the substrate 2 is preferably made of a material that is substantially transparent to the light, for example, resin or glass. Of these, resins are preferred because they are easy to handle and inexpensive. Specifically, various resins such as acrylic resin, polycarbonate, epoxy resin, and polyolefin may be used. However, when recording / reproducing light having a short wavelength of, for example, about 450 nm or less is used, polycarbonate has a high recording / reproducing light absorption rate. In this case, a material having a low light absorption rate in the short wavelength region, for example, amorphous It is preferable to use polyolefin.
[0107]
The shape and dimensions of the substrate 2 are not particularly limited, but are usually disc-shaped, and the thickness is usually 5 μm or more, preferably about 30 μm to 3 mm, and the diameter is about 50 to 360 mm.
[0108]
The servo base 20 shown in FIG. 3 may be made of resin or glass as in the case of the base 2, but is preferably made of resin because irregularities that hold servo information can be easily formed by injection molding. The servo base 20 does not need to be transparent. The thickness of the servo base 20 is not particularly limited, and may be set as appropriate within the range mentioned in the description of the base 2, for example. However, when the rigidity of the substrate 2 is low, it is preferable to secure the rigidity of the entire medium by making the servo substrate 20 relatively thick.
[0109]
In the above description, a multilayer information medium used in a system including a filter layer and using a plurality of recording / reproducing lights having different wavelengths has been described as an example. However, since the main effect of the present invention is realized when a resin layer is formed by a spin coating method in a multilayer information medium, the present invention is also effective for a medium having no filter layer.
[0110]
【Example】
Example 1
The optical recording disk sample having the structure shown in FIG. 3 was produced by the following procedure.
[0111]
Four transparent layers TL-1 to TL-4 and four data layers DL-1 to DL are formed on one surface of a substrate 2 made of a glass disk having a thickness of 1.2 mm and a diameter of 120 mm with both surfaces strengthened. -4 were alternately formed.
[0112]
Each transparent layer was formed by the following procedure using the method of the present invention using a blocking means. The closing means used is made of a stainless alloy and has the shape shown in FIG. The diameter of the disc portion 301 is 23 mm for the TL-1 formation, 28 mm for the TL-2 formation, 33 mm for the TL-3 formation, and 33 mm for the TL-4 formation. 38 mm. The support shaft 302 has a diameter of 1 mm and a length of 20 mm in any closing means. After closing the central hole of the substrate with the closing means, an ultraviolet curable resin (SD318 manufactured by Dainippon Ink & Chemicals, Inc.) is supplied to the outer peripheral surface of the support shaft 302 while rotating the rotary table at 60 rpm, and then the rotational speed After spin coating at 3000 rpm for 5 seconds, the blocking means was removed. Subsequently, it hardened | cured by irradiating an ultraviolet-ray and formed the transparent layer.
[0113]
When the thickness distribution of each transparent layer thus formed was measured with a laser focus displacement meter, the average thickness of any transparent layer was 13.6 μm, and the difference between the maximum thickness and the minimum thickness (thickness) Distribution) was within 2 μm. The thickness was measured at intervals of 5 mm in the radial direction of the recording information holding area (area having a radius of 20 to 58 mm from the center of the disk). The vicinity of the inner peripheral edge of the transparent layer has a stepped shape as shown in FIG. 12, and the annular convex portions 600 of the respective transparent layers did not overlap. The annular convex portion of each transparent layer had a height of 15 μm and a width of 1.5 mm.
[0114]
The composition (atomic ratio) of the recording layer 4 included in the data layer is
Sb22.1Te56.0Ge21.9
It was. The thickness of the recording layer 4 was 5 nm, 5 nm, 7 nm, and 13 nm in order from the closest to the data light incident side surface. The recording layer 4 was formed by magnetron sputtering, and its thickness was adjusted by controlling input power, pressure, and sputtering time during sputtering.
[0115]
The thickness of the first dielectric layer 31 and the second dielectric layer 32 included in each data layer is 75 to 271 nm so that the light transmittance of the entire data layer is increased while ensuring the absorptivity of the recording layer. Set within the range. All of these dielectric layers are formed by magnetron sputtering and the composition is ZnS (80 mol%)-SiO.2(20 mol%).
[0116]
On the other hand, a servo base 20 made of a polycarbonate disk having a thickness of 1.2 mm and a diameter of 120 mm was prepared by injection molding and provided with a groove having a width of 0.76 μm and a depth of 183 nm. An Au film having a thickness of 100 nm was formed on the groove forming surface of the servo base 20 by sputtering to form a servo layer SL. A filter layer FL was formed on the surface of the reflective layer. The filter layer FL is a mixture of a phthalocyanine dye (Blue-N, manufactured by Nippon Kayaku Co., Ltd.) and an ultraviolet curable resin (SD318, manufactured by Dainippon Ink & Chemicals, Inc.) with a rotational speed of After spin coating at 3500 rpm for 5 seconds, it was formed by irradiating with ultraviolet rays. During the spin coating, the above-described blocking means used for forming the transparent layer TL-1 was used. When the thickness of the filter layer FL thus formed was measured in the same manner as the transparent layer, the average thickness of the filter layer was 11 μm and the thickness distribution was within 2 μm.
[0117]
The absorption rate of the filter layer FL was 95% at a wavelength of 660 nm and 8% at a wavelength of 780 nm. In addition, this absorptance is the value measured about the filter layer independently formed on the said conditions on the transparent plate.
[0118]
Next, an ultraviolet curable resin (DVD-003 manufactured by Nippon Kayaku Co., Ltd.) is dropped on the uppermost surface (the uppermost data layer DL-4 surface) of the laminate including the substrate 2, and then the servo substrate 20 is included. The laminate was placed while centering, and the whole was rotated at 5000 rpm for 2 seconds. Next, the ultraviolet curable resin was cured by irradiating ultraviolet rays through the substrate 2. As a result, the laminate including the substrate 2 and the laminate including the servo substrate 20 were bonded together via the transparent layer TL-5 having a thickness of 35 μm, and an optical recording disk sample having the structure shown in FIG. 3 was formed.
[0119]
Bit contrast
After the recording layer of this sample was initialized (crystallized) by a bulk eraser, recording was performed by irradiating the recording data light with a wavelength of 660 nm and a pulse width of 50 ns through the substrate 2 while the sample was stationary. The data for reproduction was irradiated and the bit contrast was measured for each data layer. An optical pickup having a confocal detection optical system was used for irradiation of data light and detection of reflected light. The numerical aperture of the objective lens of this optical pickup is 0.52. As a result of this measurement, it was found that sufficient bit contrast was obtained in all of the four data layers. Also, the variation in recording sensitivity between data layers was sufficiently small.
[0120]
C / N ( carrier to noise ratio )
While rotating the sample, a single signal followed by pulses of the same length at regular intervals was recorded in each data layer of the sample, and C / N when this was reproduced was measured. The recording pulse has a duty ratio of 50%. Data light with a wavelength of 660 nm was used for recording and reproduction. In recording and reproduction, the servo layer SL was read by servo light having a wavelength of 780 nm to perform tracking servo. As a result of this measurement, it was found that a sufficiently high C / N was obtained.
[0121]
Bit error rate
A random signal of 1-7 modulation (mark length 2T to 8T) was recorded on the sample, and a bit error rate (BER) when the random signal was reproduced was measured. As a result of this measurement, it was found that the bit error rate was sufficiently low.
[0123]
Example 2
Transparent layers TL-1 to TL-4 were formed in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the spin coating conditions were 2500 rpm and the rotation time was 3 seconds. As a result, the average thickness of each transparent layer was 20 μm, and the thickness distribution was within 2 μm.
[0124]
Example 3
Transparent layers TL-1 to TL-4 are formed in the same manner as in Example 1 except that SSP50U10 manufactured by Showa Polymer Co., Ltd. is used as the ultraviolet curable resin, and the spin coating conditions are 6000 rpm and the rotation time is 4 seconds. did. As a result, the average thickness of each transparent layer was 28 μm, and the thickness distribution was within 2 μm.
[0125]
【The invention's effect】
In the present invention, when manufacturing a multilayer recording medium in which a plurality of information holding layers are laminated, the blocking means is used for forming the resin layer, and the annular convex portion formed on the inner peripheral edge of each resin layer is overlapped. Therefore, an optical disc with good mechanical accuracy, small reproduction output fluctuation, and good reproduction stability can be easily obtained.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of an optical information medium of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of an optical information medium of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of an optical information medium of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a configuration example of an optical pickup for recording or reproducing with respect to the optical information medium of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a configuration example of an optical pickup for recording or reproducing with respect to the optical information medium of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a transparent layer forming step.
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a transparent layer forming step.
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a transparent layer forming step.
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a transparent layer forming step.
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a transparent layer forming step.
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a transparent layer forming step.
FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view showing the vicinity of the inner periphery of a substrate provided with a transparent layer and a data layer.
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a process of forming a second transparent layer.
14A to 14D are cross-sectional views showing a configuration example of the closing means.
[Explanation of symbols]
DL, DL-1, DL-2, DL-3, DL-4 data layer
TL, TL-1, TL-2, TL-3, TL-4, TL-5 Transparent layer
FL filter layer
SL servo layer
2 Base
20 Servo base
31 First dielectric layer
32 Second dielectric layer
4 Recording layer
101 Center hole
200 rotating table
201 protrusion
300 Blocking means
301 disc
302 Support shaft
303 Convex
400 nozzles
500 Coating liquid
600 Annular projection

Claims (5)

  1. At least two annular information holding layers for holding recorded information and / or servo information are provided on a disk-like substrate having a central hole or between a pair of disk-like substrates, and the other information holding layers are transmitted. There is an information holding layer that is recorded or reproduced by recording light or reproducing light,
    At least two layers that are formed by a spin coating method in which the central hole is closed by the closing means by the closing means and have an annular shape and have an annular convex portion on the inner peripheral edge raised by the separation of the closing means has a layer of resin, other resin layer laminated on the annular projection side of the first resin layer of these respective resin layers, the ring-shaped convex portion, the annular protrusion of the first resin layer An optical information medium that is layered in a stepped manner so that it is also on the outside .
  2. 2. The optical information medium according to claim 1, wherein the thickness of the resin layer existing between the information recording layers holding the recorded information is 5 μm or more and less than 30 μm.
  3. 3. The optical information medium according to claim 1, wherein a confocal detection optical system is used for reproducing the information holding layer.
  4. 4. The optical information medium according to claim 1, wherein the information holding layer is separated into a data layer for holding recording information and a servo layer for holding servo information.
  5. A method for producing the optical information medium according to claim 1,
    The base is placed on a rotary table, the central hole is closed with a closing means having a disk part, and a coating liquid containing resin is supplied onto the disk part, and then the base is by rotating together with the closure means, as engineering that by spreading the coating solution onto the substrate to form a resin layer,
    By separating the disc portion from the substrate, the resin layer as engineering that form annularly,
    The more Engineering curing the resin layer possess in this order, and a method of forming a resin layer,
    Next, when the disk portion is separated from the base body, the next circle whose diameter is larger than the annular convex portion formed on the inner peripheral edge of the resin layer and whose lower surface is cut out so as to straddle the same. A process of forming the resin layer, a step of separating the disk part from the base, and a step of curing the resin layer in this order, with the central hole closed by the closing means having a plate part, A method for producing an optical information medium, wherein the method for forming a layer is repeated at least once .
JP2000233783A 2000-06-09 2000-08-01 Optical information medium and manufacturing method thereof Active JP4043175B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000-174543 2000-06-09
JP2000174543 2000-06-09
JP2000233783A JP4043175B2 (en) 2000-06-09 2000-08-01 Optical information medium and manufacturing method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000233783A JP4043175B2 (en) 2000-06-09 2000-08-01 Optical information medium and manufacturing method thereof
EP01305006A EP1162613A3 (en) 2000-06-09 2001-06-08 Optical information medium and making method
US09/875,975 US6576319B2 (en) 2000-06-09 2001-06-08 Optical information medium and making method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002063736A JP2002063736A (en) 2002-02-28
JP4043175B2 true JP4043175B2 (en) 2008-02-06

Family

ID=26593706

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2000233783A Active JP4043175B2 (en) 2000-06-09 2000-08-01 Optical information medium and manufacturing method thereof

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US6576319B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1162613A3 (en)
JP (1) JP4043175B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4342087B2 (en) * 2000-06-09 2009-10-14 Tdk株式会社 Optical information medium manufacturing method and manufacturing apparatus
JP2002050053A (en) * 2000-08-01 2002-02-15 Tdk Corp Optical information medium
DE10123281C1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-10-10 Fraunhofer Ges Forschung Device for analyzing audio signal with respect to rhythm information divides signal into sub-band signals, investigates sub-band signal(s) for periodicity with autocorrelation function
CN1248211C (en) * 2001-09-12 2006-03-29 松下电器产业株式会社 Optical information recording medium and recording method using it
JP4071956B2 (en) * 2001-11-13 2008-04-02 Tdk株式会社 Multilayer optical recording medium
KR20040094897A (en) * 2002-04-02 2004-11-10 코닌클리케 필립스 일렉트로닉스 엔.브이. Dual stack optical data storage medium
CN102176316A (en) 2002-04-03 2011-09-07 松下电器产业株式会社 Optical disk drive and optical storage medium
JP2004039050A (en) * 2002-07-01 2004-02-05 Tdk Corp Optical recording medium, and method and device for manufacturing the same
MXPA03005877A (en) * 2002-07-04 2006-04-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Optical data recording medium and manufacturing method for the same.
JP3961466B2 (en) * 2002-09-05 2007-08-22 松下電器産業株式会社 Optical information recording medium, method for manufacturing the same, and method for holding optical information recording medium
US7151734B2 (en) * 2003-11-18 2006-12-19 Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Inc. Player with two read heads for double-sided optical discs
US20050105456A1 (en) * 2003-11-18 2005-05-19 Cookson Christopher J. Double-sided optical disc
US20050105435A1 (en) * 2003-11-18 2005-05-19 Cookson Christopher J. Player with a read-head yoke for double-sided optical discs
US20050105457A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-05-19 Cookson Christopher J. Double-sided optical disc with means for indicating its proper direction of rotation
US20050105450A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-05-19 Cookson Christopher J. Optical disc player having a read head with dual laser beam sources
US7327648B2 (en) * 2003-11-19 2008-02-05 Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Inc. Player with rotational control for double-sided optical discs
US20050108741A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-05-19 Cookson Christopher J. Disc drive or player for reading double-sided optical discs
US7362692B2 (en) * 2003-11-19 2008-04-22 Warner Bros. Home Entertainment Inc. Method and system of mass producing double-sided optical discs
US20050105427A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-05-19 Cookson Christopher J. Optical disc writer for making double-sided optical discs
US7512048B2 (en) * 2003-11-20 2009-03-31 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. Method and apparatus for reading optical discs having different configurations
US20050111332A1 (en) * 2003-11-20 2005-05-26 Cookson Christopher J. Method of reading data from the sides of a double-sided optical disc
US20050111334A1 (en) * 2003-11-20 2005-05-26 Cookson Christopher J. Method and apparatus for reading data from an optical disc in a reverse direction
JP2005174408A (en) * 2003-12-09 2005-06-30 Fuji Photo Film Co Ltd Optical information recording medium, its manufacturing method, and method of recording optical information
EP1727139A1 (en) * 2004-03-15 2006-11-29 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Multilayer information recording medium and process for producing the same
WO2005101392A1 (en) * 2004-04-15 2005-10-27 Pioneer Corporation Multi-layer disk-use optical pickup device
KR100859797B1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2008-09-23 주식회사 엘지화학 Apparatus for optical disc spin-coating
JP4463696B2 (en) * 2005-01-07 2010-05-19 オリジン電気株式会社 Optical disc manufacturing method and apparatus
JP4481874B2 (en) * 2005-05-18 2010-06-16 株式会社リコー Recording / playback device
JP4993973B2 (en) * 2006-09-08 2012-08-08 パナソニック液晶ディスプレイ株式会社 Liquid crystal display
CN101490758B (en) * 2006-11-14 2011-03-23 松下电器产业株式会社 Multilayer information recording medium and method for manufacturing the same
JP4345030B2 (en) * 2007-06-12 2009-10-14 ソニー株式会社 Optical disc apparatus and condensing position correction method
US8445091B2 (en) 2007-08-22 2013-05-21 Thomson Licensing Dual metal optical discs
US8318243B2 (en) 2007-11-29 2012-11-27 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Method for manufacturing optical information recording medium
JP4937956B2 (en) * 2008-03-31 2012-05-23 芝浦メカトロニクス株式会社 Transfer apparatus and transfer method
WO2013035197A1 (en) * 2011-09-09 2013-03-14 株式会社 東芝 Information recording medium, information reproduction device, method for reproducing management information, information recording and reproduction device, and method for reproducing and recording identification information

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04305830A (en) * 1991-04-02 1992-10-28 Kuraray Co Ltd Optical information recording medium
US5714222A (en) * 1995-01-23 1998-02-03 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Optical recording medium and process for producing same
US5726970A (en) 1995-03-20 1998-03-10 Sony Corporation Multi-layer optical recording medium
JPH09180251A (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-07-11 Pioneer Electron Corp Disk substrate, metal mold for molding the same, and optical disk
JPH09198709A (en) 1996-01-23 1997-07-31 Sony Corp Multilayered optical disk and recording and reproducing device
JPH10222856A (en) 1997-02-07 1998-08-21 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Optical information recording/reproducing device
JP4066471B2 (en) 1997-02-14 2008-03-26 ソニー株式会社 Optical recording medium manufacturing method and manufacturing apparatus
JP3918221B2 (en) 1997-03-12 2007-05-23 ソニー株式会社 Protective film forming apparatus and protective film forming method
JPH10320850A (en) 1997-05-16 1998-12-04 Sony Corp Production method of optical recording medium
JPH11195251A (en) 1997-12-26 1999-07-21 Sony Corp Device and method for manufacturing optical recording medium
JP3695109B2 (en) 1997-12-26 2005-09-14 ソニー株式会社 Optical recording medium manufacturing apparatus
JP2002063737A (en) * 2000-06-09 2002-02-28 Tdk Corp Optical information medium and method of manufacturing the same
US6680898B2 (en) * 2001-02-21 2004-01-20 Todd J. Kuchman Optical disc and method of protecting same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20010053118A1 (en) 2001-12-20
JP2002063736A (en) 2002-02-28
EP1162613A2 (en) 2001-12-12
US6576319B2 (en) 2003-06-10
EP1162613A3 (en) 2006-01-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5581539A (en) Optical recording medium
EP0810590B1 (en) Optical data storage system with multiple rewritable phase-change recording layers
CN1121029C (en) Optical information recording medium, and recording and reproduction method and apparatus
US6221455B1 (en) Multi-layer optical disc and recording/reproducing apparatus
CN1329904C (en) Optical recording medium
JP4150155B2 (en) Information recording medium, information recording method, reproducing method, recording / recording apparatus, and information reproducing apparatus
JP3866016B2 (en) Optical information medium and reproducing method thereof
KR100248096B1 (en) Optical information recording medium, manufacturing method therefor, manufacturing apparatus therefor, and optical information recording and reproducing apparatus
KR100402169B1 (en) Multi-layer structure photo information media
JP3689612B2 (en) Information recording medium
US5493561A (en) Optical information recording medium and information recording and reproducing method thereof
US7372800B2 (en) Optical recording medium and optical recording process using the same
US7260053B2 (en) Optical recording medium, process for manufacturing the same, sputtering target for manufacturing the same, and optical recording process using the same
EP1378896A2 (en) Optical recording medium and method for recording and reproducing data
US7932015B2 (en) Optical recording medium
JP2005044395A (en) Optical information recording medium
JP3250989B2 (en) The optical information recording medium, the recording and reproducing method, its manufacturing method and an optical information recording and reproducing apparatus
US6159572A (en) Information recording medium and method of manufacturing resinous substrate for use in the recording medium
US7321481B2 (en) Optical recording medium
US6610380B2 (en) Optical information recording medium, manufacturing method, recording and reproduction method, and recording/reproduction device
US6929840B2 (en) Optical recording medium, method for manufacturing the same and target used for sputtering process
US20040174804A1 (en) Optical recording medium
US20040157158A1 (en) Optical recording medium
JP5560261B2 (en) Information recording medium
JP3725412B2 (en) Optical recording medium

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
RD01 Notification of change of attorney

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A7421

Effective date: 20040601

A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20041125

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20060116

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20060124

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20060324

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20071113

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

Ref document number: 4043175

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20071113

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20101122

Year of fee payment: 3

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20111122

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20121122

Year of fee payment: 5

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20121122

Year of fee payment: 5

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20131122

Year of fee payment: 6