JP4023884B2 - Contact switching mechanism of the switch device - Google Patents

Contact switching mechanism of the switch device Download PDF

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JP4023884B2
JP4023884B2 JP32839297A JP32839297A JP4023884B2 JP 4023884 B2 JP4023884 B2 JP 4023884B2 JP 32839297 A JP32839297 A JP 32839297A JP 32839297 A JP32839297 A JP 32839297A JP 4023884 B2 JP4023884 B2 JP 4023884B2
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direction
member
slide
formed
conversion element
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JPH11162292A (en
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枝折 藤好
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神保電器株式会社
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【0001】 [0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
この発明は、装置本体内部に設けた固定接点に対し、可動接点部材が揺動して接触または離間する構成を備えた押しボタン式スイッチ装置やピアノハンドル式スイッチ装置などに好適な接点開閉機構に関する。 The present invention, with respect to the fixed contacts provided inside the apparatus main body, to a push-button switch device and a piano handle switch device suitable contact switching mechanism and the like having a structure in which the movable contact member is in contact or spaced swung .
【0002】 [0002]
【従来の技術】 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
屋内配線装置として室内照明の入/切などに用いられる押しボタン式スイッチ装置やピアノハンドル式スイッチ装置は、装置本体の内部に、支点を中心として揺動自在な可動接点部材が設けてあり、この可動接点部材が固定接点に接触または離間することによって、各接点間に接続された屋内配線回路を入/切できる構成となっている。 Pushbutton switch device and a piano handle switch device used in such an indoor lighting on / off a raceway system, in the interior of the apparatus main body, is provided with a swingable movable contact member around the fulcrum, the by the movable contact member in contact with or spaced stationary contact has a configuration that can be on / off the indoor wiring circuit connected between the contacts.
【0003】 [0003]
従来、この種のスイッチ装置として、特開平6−111686号公報に開示されたピアノハンドル式スイッチがある。 Conventionally, as this kind of switch device, there is a piano handle switch disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 6-111686.
同スイッチの接点開閉機構は、次のように構成されている(図6参照)。 Contact switching mechanism of the switch is configured as follows (see FIG. 6).
すなわち、スライドカム33の両側にそれぞれ復帰用のばね片33a,33aが設けてあり、このばね片33a,33aにより、スライドカム33を中立位置に復帰できるようにしてある。 That is, each returning spring pieces 33a on both sides of the slide cam 33, 33a Yes and is provided, the spring piece 33a, by 33a, are also available return to the neutral position the slide cam 33. 各ばね片33a,33a間に配置したスライドカム33の下面中央部には、一対の掛合カム体38が突設してある。 Each spring piece 33a, the central portion of the lower surface of the slide cam 33 disposed between 33a, a pair of engaging cam 38 are projected.
【0004】 [0004]
スライドカム33は、押釦ハンドル32の下面部に形成されたスライドカム摺動溝内に摺動自在に嵌め込まれている。 The slide cam 33 is slidably fitted into the slide cam sliding groove formed on the lower surface of the push button handle 32. また、ばね片33a,33aもスライドカム33と一体となってスライドカム摺動溝内に嵌め込まれている。 Further, the spring piece 33a, 33a are also fitted into the slide cam 33 and the slide cam slide groove together.
【0005】 [0005]
反転回動する反転ハンドル31の上部には、スライドカム33に設けた一対の掛合カム体38に対応する一対の掛合突起34が設けてある。 At the top of the turning handle 31 to rotated in the reverse direction, the pair of engaging protrusions 34 corresponding to the pair of engaging cam 38 provided on the slide cam 33 is provided. そして、押釦ハンドル32の押し下げ時に、一方の掛合突起34に、該掛合突起34に対応する方の掛合カム体38の内面が当たり、ばね片33a,33aに抗して掛合カム体38が摺動するとともに、該掛合カム体38により掛合突起34が押し下げれらて反転ハンドル31を反転回動させる。 Then, when depressing the push button handle 32, the one engaging projection 34 hits the inner surface of the engaging cam 38 towards corresponding to 該掛 fitting protrusions 34, the spring piece 33a, engaging the cam member 38 against the 33a sliding while, engaging projections 34 to rotated in the reverse direction a latte turning handle 31 is pushed down by 該掛 engagement cam 38.
【0006】 [0006]
図中37は、押釦ハンドル32の復帰ばねであり、押釦ハンドル32に対する押込み力が解除されると、この復帰ばね37の付勢力により押釦ハンドル32は復元する。 Figure 37 is a return spring of the push button handle 32, the pressing force against the push button handle 32 is released, push button handle 32 by the urging force of the return spring 37 is restored.
【0007】 [0007]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】 [Problems that the Invention is to Solve
上述した構成の接点開閉機構は、スライドカム33の復帰用ばね片33a,33aと、押釦ハンドル32の復帰ばね37とが別部材として構成され、ばね片33a,33aはスライドカム33に組付けられて、スライドカム摺動溝内に嵌め込まれる。 Contact switching mechanism of the above-described configuration, the return spring pieces 33a of the slide cam 33, and 33a, the return spring 37 of the push button handle 32 is configured as a separate member, the spring piece 33a, 33a is assembled to the slide cam 33 Te, it is fitted into the slide cam sliding groove. 一方、押釦ハンドル32の復帰ばね37は、装置本体の別位置に組み込まれている。 On the other hand, the return spring 37 of the push-button handle 32 is incorporated in another position of the apparatus main body.
【0008】 [0008]
したがって、ばね片33a,33aと復帰ばね37という二種類のばね部材を必要とするため部品点数が多くなり製品コストが高価格となる問題があった。 Thus, the spring piece 33a, there is 33a and the number of parts since it requires two types of spring members that return spring 37 is large and becomes product cost becomes expensive problem. しかも、それらばね片33a,33aと復帰ばね37とを、それぞれ別個に組付けまたは組み込む必要があるため、組立て作業が煩雑であった。 Moreover, they spring pieces 33a, a 33a and the return spring 37, since each is necessary to separately assembled or incorporated, the assembling work is complicated.
【0009】 [0009]
この発明は、このような問題を解決するためになされたもので、部品点数が少なく、組立て作業の容易なスイッチ装置の接点開閉機構を提供することを目的とする。 The present invention has been made to solve such problems, and an object thereof is small number of parts, provides a contact switching mechanism easy switching device assembly operations.
【0010】 [0010]
【課題を解決するための手段】 In order to solve the problems]
上記目的を達成するために、この発明は装置本体内部に設けた固定接点に対し、可動接点部材が揺動して接触または離間する構成を備えたスイッチ装置において、次の構成を備えた接点開閉機構としたことを特徴とする。 To achieve the above object, relative to the present invention is a fixed contact provided inside the apparatus main body, the switch device having the configuration in which the movable contact member is in contact or spaced swings, contact switching with the following structure characterized in that the mechanism.
【0011】 [0011]
(イ)所定のZ方向へ押込みおよび復元移動自在なように装置本体に装着された操作体(ロ)上記操作体と一体的にZ方向へ移動するとともに、該Z方向とほぼ直行するX方向へ移動自在なように配設されたスライド駆動体(ハ)スライド駆動体に形成した係合凸部(ニ)スライド駆動体における係合凸部のX方向両側方部位に形成した第1,第2の押圧凸部(ホ)装置本体の内部に所定の支点を中心として揺動自在に設けられ、該支点を中心とする揺動動作に伴い可動接点部材を揺動させる転換子(ヘ)転換子に形成され、スライド駆動体の第1の押圧凸部が当接可能であり、スライド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い転換子を一方向に揺動させる第1の押圧受部(ト)転換子に形成され、スライド駆動体の第2の押圧凸部が当接可能であり、ス (B) a predetermined pushing and restore movable manner apparatus is mounted in the operating body in the Z direction (B) as well as moves to the operating body integrally with the Z direction, X direction substantially orthogonal to the said Z-direction the first was formed in the X-direction both sides sites engaging portion in movable manner arranged slides driving body (c) engaging portion formed in the slide drive member (d) slide driving member to, the second pressing protrusion in the interior of the (e) the apparatus main body swingably provided around a predetermined fulcrum, Tenkanko (f) conversion of swinging the movable contact member with the rocking motion about the fulcrum are formed in the child, the first pressing protrusion of the slide driving member is capable abutment, the first press receiving part (g) Tenkanko for swinging the conversion element in one direction with the pushing movement of the slide drive member is formed, the second pressing protrusion of the slide driving member is capable abutment, scan イド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い転換子を他方向に揺動させる第2の押圧受部(チ)転換子に形成され、同転換子が他方向の揺動位置にあるとき、スライド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い係合凸部が摺接してスライド駆動体を所定のX方向に移動させ、この移動に伴い第1の押圧凸部を第1の押圧受部に当接させるとともに第2の押圧凸部を前記第2の押圧受部から離間させる第1スライド案内面(リ)転換子に形成され、同転換子が一方向の揺動位置にあるとき、スライド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い係合凸部が摺接してスライド駆動体を所定のX方向に移動させ、この移動に伴い第2の押圧凸部を第2の押圧受部に当接させるとともに第1の押圧凸部を第1の押圧受部から離間させる第2スライド案内面(ヌ)装置本体内に設けられ、操作体を It is formed on the second pressure receiving portions (h) conversion element for oscillating the conversion element in the other direction with the pushing movement of id driver, when the conversion element is in the rocking position of the other direction, of the slide driving member and engaging with the pushing movement convex portions are in sliding contact with moving the slide driving member in a predetermined X-direction, the second pressing is brought into contact with the first pressing protrusion Along with this movement to the first press receiving part the first slide guide surface for separating the projecting portion from the second pressure receiving portions formed on the (re) conversion element, when the conversion element is in the rocking position of the direction, engaging with the pushing movement of the slide drive member and convex portions are in sliding contact with moving the slide driving member in a predetermined X direction, the first pressing protrusion is brought into contact with the second pushing projection to the second pressure receiving portions due to the movement first provided in the second slide guide surface is moved away from the pressure receiving portion (j) the apparatus main body, the operating body 元移動方向に常時付勢するとともに、スライド駆動体をX方向の両側からほぼ均等に付勢する付勢部材【0012】 While constantly urging the original direction of movement, biasing member [0012] which substantially uniformly urge the slide driving member from both sides in the X-direction
以上の構成を備えた本発明は、操作体の付勢とスライド駆動体の付勢とを、単一の付勢部材により行なう構成となっているので、既述した特開平6−111686号公報に開示された接点開閉機構に比べ、部品点数が少なくなり、製品コストの低価格化と組立て作業の容易化を図ることができる。 The present invention having the above configuration, the biasing of the biasing the slide drive of the operating tool, since a configuration for performing a single urging member, JP-A-6-111686 discloses already described compared with contact switching mechanism disclosed in, the number of components is reduced, it is possible to facilitate price reduction of product cost and assembly operations.
【0013】 [0013]
操作体が押圧操作により押し込まれると、スライド駆動体も一体的に押込み方向へ移動する。 When the operating body is pressed by the pressing operation, the slide drive member also moves integrally push-in direction. このとき、スライド駆動体に形成した第1の押圧凸部が転換子の第1の押圧受部に当接すると、スライド駆動体からの押圧力によって第1の押圧受部が押し込まれて転換子が一方向へ揺動する。 At this time, the first pressing protrusion formed on the slide driving member abuts against the first pressure receiving portion of the conversion element, the first pressure receiving portion is pushed by the pressing force from the slide driving body Tenkanko There swings in one direction. この揺動動作に伴い可動接点部材が揺動し、固定接点との間の接離状態が切り替えられる。 The movable contact member with the rocking operation swings, is switched and away state between the fixed contacts.
【0014】 [0014]
また、この揺動動作と並行して、スライド駆動体に形成した係合凸部が転換子の第1スライド案内面に摺接し、同面に沿ってスライド駆動体が中立点からX方向一方側に移動する。 Further, the swinging operation in parallel with the engaging convex portion formed in the slide driving member is in sliding contact with the first slide guide surface of the conversion element, the slide driving body along the same plane X-direction one side from the neutral point to move to. その結果、スライド駆動体の第2の押圧凸部が、転換子の第2の押圧受部に当接しない位置に移動し、それら各部の当接が回避される。 As a result, the second pressing protrusion of the slide driving member is moved to a position not in contact with the second pressure receiving portions of Tenkanko, contact their respective portions is avoided.
【0015】 [0015]
操作体の押圧操作を終了すると、付勢部材からの付勢力により操作体が復元移動するとともに、スライド駆動体も付勢部材からの付勢力によってX方向他方側に移動して中立点位置に戻る。 Upon completion of the pressing operation of the operating body, the operating body by the biasing force of the biasing member as well as restoring movement, returns to the neutral point position by moving in the X direction the other side by the biasing force of the slide drive member also biasing member .
【0016】 [0016]
次に、操作体が押圧操作により押し込まれると、スライド駆動体が一体的に押込み方向へ移動し、スライド駆動体に形成した第2の押圧凸部が転換子の第2の押圧受部に当接する。 Then, when the operating tool is pushed by the pressing operation, the slide drive member is moved to integrally pushing direction, the second pressing protrusion formed on the slide driving member is in the second pressure receiving portions of the conversion element equivalent contact. これにより、第2の押圧受部が押し込まれて転換子が他方向へ揺動する。 Thus, the conversion element and the second pressure receiving portions pushed swings in the other direction. この揺動動作に伴い可動接点部材が揺動し、固定接点との間の接離状態が切り替えられる。 The movable contact member with the rocking operation swings, is switched and away state between the fixed contacts.
【0017】 [0017]
また、この揺動動作と並行して、スライド駆動体に形成した係合凸部が転換子の第2スライド案内面に摺接し、同面に沿ってスライド駆動体が中立点からX方向他方側に移動する。 In parallel with this swinging operation, the engaging convex portion formed in the slide driving member is in sliding contact with the second slide guide surface of the conversion element, the slide driving body along the same plane X-direction other side from the neutral point to move to. その結果、スライド駆動体の第1の押圧凸部が、転換子の第1の押圧受部に当接しない位置に移動し、それら各部の当接が回避される。 As a result, the first pressing protrusion of the slide driving member is moved to a position not in contact with the first pressure receiving portion of Tenkanko, contact their respective portions is avoided.
【0018】 [0018]
上記付勢部材は、板状の基板と、この基板の中央部に形成され、スライド駆動体がX方向に移動自在な状態で貫通できる切欠き部と、基板から延出し、操作体を復元移動方向に常時付勢する操作体付勢ばね部と、同じく基板から延出し、スライド駆動体をX方向の両側からほぼ均等に付勢するスライド駆動体付勢ばね部とを備えた構成とすることができる。 The biasing member includes a plate-shaped substrate, formed at the center of the substrate, and the notches slide driving body can be pierced with movable state in the X direction, extending from the substrate, restore moving the operating body that the operating body biasing spring portion which normally urged in the direction, also extending from the substrate, a structure in which a slide driving member urging spring portion which substantially uniformly urge the slide driving member from both sides in the X-direction can.
【0019】 [0019]
付勢部材をこのように構成すれば、基板、操作体付勢ばね部、スライド駆動体付勢ばね部をプレス加工等により一体成形することができ、加工工数を減少させることができる。 By configuring the biasing member in this manner, the substrate, the bias spring unit with the operating body, a slide driving member urging spring portion can be integrally formed by press working or the like, it is possible to reduce the number of processing steps.
【0020】 [0020]
【発明の実施の形態】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
以下、この発明の実施の形態について図面を参照して詳細に説明する。 It will be described in detail with reference to the drawings showing preferred embodiments of the present invention.
図1はこの発明の実施形態に係る接点開閉機構が組み込まれた押しボタン式スイッチ装置の分解斜視図、図2は同スイッチ装置の外観斜視図である。 Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of a push button switch device contact switching mechanism is incorporated according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is an external perspective view of the switch device. また、図3は同スイッチ装置の正面断面図、図4は同スイッチの側面断面図である。 Further, FIG. 3 is a front sectional view of the switch device, FIG 4 is a side sectional view of the switch.
図1および図3に示すように、押しボタン式スイッチ装置の装置本体100は、器体101および蓋体102からなり、器体101の内部には、端子部材103、解除ボタン104、固定接点部材105、可動接点支持端子106、同支持端子106に揺動自在に支持される可動接点部材107が組み込まれている。 As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, apparatus body 100 of the push button switch device consists device body 101 and the lid 102, in the interior of the vessel body 101, the terminal member 103, release button 104, the fixed contact member 105, the movable contact support terminals 106, movable contact member 107 which is swingably supported on the support pin 106 is incorporated.
【0021】 [0021]
端子部材103は、いわゆる螺子無し端子構造を構成しており、器体101の底部に形成した電線挿入孔101aに差し込まれた屋内配線を挾持して、固定接点部材105または可動接点支持端子106と電気的に導通させる。 Terminal member 103 constitutes a so-called screw without terminal structure, and sandwiched the interior wiring plugged into the electric wire insertion hole 101a formed in the bottom portion of the vessel body 101, the fixed contact member 105 or the movable contact support terminals 106 to be electrically connected. 解除ボタン104は、端子部材103による屋内配線の挾持状態を解除するためのもので、器体101に形成した解除孔101bにドライバ等の工具を差し込み、この解除ボタン104を操作できるようになっている。 Release button 104 is for releasing the clamped state of the house wiring by terminal member 103, insert the tool such as a driver to release hole 101b formed in the device body 101, so as to manipulate the release button 104 there.
【0022】 [0022]
固定接点部材105は金属板を屈曲形成してなり、一部に固定接点105aが設けられている。 The fixed contact member 105 is made by bending forming a metal plate, and the fixed contact 105a is provided in a part. 可動接点支持端子106および可動接点部材107も金属製であり、可動接点部材107の先端部には可動接点107aが設けられている。 Movable contact support terminals 106 and the movable contact member 107 is also made of metal, the movable contact 107a is provided at the distal end portion of the movable contact member 107. 可動接点部材107の基端部は、可動接点支持端子106に形成した可動接点支持ばね部106aに、揺動自在に支持されている。 The base end portion of the movable contact member 107, the movable contact support spring portions 106a formed on the movable contact support terminals 106, is swingably supported. この可動接点部材107の揺動に伴い、可動接点107aが固定接点105aに接触または離間する。 Along with the swing of the movable contact member 107, the movable contact 107a is in contact with or spaced stationary contact 105a.
【0023】 [0023]
可動接点部材107を揺動させる接点開閉機構は、操作体110、スライド駆動体111、付勢部材112、および転換子113で構成されている。 Contact switching mechanism for swinging the movable contact member 107, the operating body 110, the slide driving body 111, and a biasing member 112, and Tenkanko 113. 操作体110は、蓋体102の上面に形成した凹部に装着され、図3の上下方向(本明細書では、同方向をZ方向とする)に一定長さの範囲で押込みおよび復元移動自在となっている。 Operating body 110 is mounted in a recess formed on the upper surface of the lid 102, the vertical direction in FIG. 3 (herein, the same direction and Z direction) and freely pushing and restoring movement range of a predetermined length in going on. 操作体110の側壁には爪片110aが形成してあり、この爪片110aが蓋体102の内壁に形成した段部102aに係合して操作体110の抜けが防止されている。 The side wall of the operating body 110 Yes forming the claw piece 110a, engaged missing operating body 110 is prevented in this claw piece 110a is stepped portion 102a formed on the inner wall of the lid 102.
【0024】 [0024]
操作体110の内底部には、スライド駆動体111の摺動案内部が形成してあり、同案内部に沿ってスライド駆動体111が図3の左右方向(本明細書では、同方向をX方向とする)に移動自在となっている。 The inner bottom portion of the operating body 110, the sliding guide portion of the slide driving member 111 is Yes formed in the slide drive member 111 along the same guide part lateral direction (herein 3, the same direction X It is movable in a direction). この操作体110の上部に押しボタン114が着脱自在に取り付けられる。 Button 114 pushed to an upper portion of the operating body 110 is attached detachably.
【0025】 [0025]
付勢部材112は、図1に示すように、基板112aと一体に操作体付勢ばね部112bおよびスライド駆動体付勢ばね部112cを形成した構成となっている。 The biasing member 112, as shown in FIG. 1, it has a configuration forming the operating body biasing spring portion 112b and the slide drive member biasing spring portion 112c integral with the substrate 112a. この付勢部材112は、蓋体102の上面に形成した凹部102b内に配置され、操作体付勢ばね部112bの付勢力により、操作体110を図3の上方向(復元移動方向)に付勢している。 The biasing member 112 is disposed in the recess 102b formed on the upper surface of the lid 102, by the biasing force of the operating body biasing spring portion 112b, with the operating body 110 in a direction (restoring movement direction) on the 3 It is energized. また、スライド駆動体付勢ばね部112cは、スライド駆動体111のX方向両側端面に係合しており、同駆動体111をX方向の両側からほぼ均等に付勢している。 The slide drive member biasing spring portion 112c is engaged with the X-directional side end surfaces of the slide driving member 111 and biases substantially equally the same driver 111 from both sides in the X direction. この付勢力によりスライド駆動体111は中立位置に戻ることができる。 Slide driving member 111 by the biasing force can return to the neutral position. また、基板112aの中央部には、スライド駆動体111が貫通できる切欠き部112dが形成してある。 The central portion of the substrate 112a, notch 112d of the slide drive member 111 to pass therethrough is is formed.
【0026】 [0026]
スライド駆動体111の底面には、図3に示すように、中央部に係合凸部111aが形成してあり、さらに係合凸部111aのX方向両側方部位に第1,第2の押圧凸部111b,111cが形成してある。 The bottom surface of the slide driving body 111, as shown in FIG. 3, the engaging projection 111a in a central portion Yes and is formed, further first and second push in the X-direction both sides sites engaging protrusion 111a protrusions 111b, 111c are is formed. これら各凸部111b,111cは、付勢部材112の基板中央部に形成した切欠き部112dから下方に突き出している。 Each of the convex portions 111b, 111c are protruded downward from the notch 112d formed on the substrate center portion of the biasing member 112. 蓋体102の凹部102b内に位置する底部中央部にも切欠き部102cが形成してあり、各凸部111b,111cは、この切欠き部102cを通して下方に移動することができる。 Bottom center portion also cut in-out portion 102c is positioned in the recess 102b of the lid 102 is Yes formed, the convex portions 111b, 111c may be moved downwardly through the cut-out portion 102c. これら付勢部材112の切欠き部112d、および蓋体102の切欠き部102cは、それぞれスライド駆動体111のX方向の移動を許容する大きさに形成してある。 Notch of notch 112d, and the cover 102 of biasing member 112 102c is is formed to a size that each allows movement of the X-direction of the slide driving body 111.
【0027】 [0027]
転換子113は、上部中央部に山形の突条113Aが形成してあり、この突条113Aの斜面は第1,第2スライド案内面113a,113bとなっている。 Tenkanko 113, Yes in the upper center portion chevron ridges 113A is formed, the inclined surface of the projection 113A has a first, second slide guide surface 113a, 113b. また、突条113Aの両端には支点部113c,113cが形成してあり、これらの支点部113c,113cが、蓋体102に形成した支持溝102dに揺動自在に支持されている。 Further, at both ends of the ridge 113A fulcrum 113c, 113c is Yes forms, these fulcrum 113c, 113c, are swingably supported by the support groove 102d formed in the lid 102. この状態で、突条113Aは中立位置にあるスライド駆動体111の係合凸部111aと対向している。 In this state, projection 113A faces the engaging portion 111a of the slide driving member 111 in a neutral position. さらに、突条113AのX方向両側方部位には、第1,第2の押圧受部113d,113eが形成してある。 Further, in the X-direction both sides site ridges 113A, first, second pressure receiving portions 113d, are to 113e are formed. 第1の押圧受部113dは、中立位置にあるスライド駆動体111に形成した第1の押圧凸部111bと対向している。 The first pressure receiving portion 113d is opposed to the first pressing protrusion 111b formed on the slide driving member 111 in a neutral position. また、第2の押圧受部113eは、中立位置にあるスライド駆動体111に形成した第2の押圧凸部111cと対向している。 The second pressure receiving portions 113e is opposed to the second pressing protrusion 111c formed in the slide drive member 111 in a neutral position.
【0028】 [0028]
転換子113の下端部には、可動接点部材107への係止部113fが形成してあり、この係止部113fが可動接点部材107の両側上端縁に係止されている。 At the lower end of Tenkanko 113, engaging portion 113f of the movable contact member 107 Yes and is formed, the engagement portion 113f is engaged with both side upper edge of the movable contact member 107. これにより転換子113と可動接点部材107はリンク機構を形成し、転換子113の揺動に連動して可動接点部材107も揺動する。 Thus conversion element 113 and the movable contact member 107 forms a link mechanism, the movable contact member 107 in conjunction with the swinging of Tenkanko 113 swings. 器体101の内底部には、図3に示すようにコイルばね115が配置してあり、このコイルばね115によって可動接点部材107および転換子113が蓋体102の支持溝102d側に付勢されている。 The inner bottom portion of the vessel body 101, Yes disposed coil spring 115 as shown in FIG. 3, the movable contact member 107 and Tenkanko 113 is urged support groove 102d side of the lid 102 by the coil spring 115 ing. この付勢力により、転換子113と可動接点部材107で形成してリンク機構は、トグル機構を構成する。 This biasing force, the link mechanism formed by Tenkanko 113 and the movable contact member 107 constitutes a toggle mechanism.
【0029】 [0029]
次に、図3および図5を参照して動作を説明する。 Next, the operation will be described with reference to FIGS. 3 and 5. 図5はスライド駆動体111と転換子113の動作説明図である。 Figure 5 is an operation explanatory view of a slide driving body 111 and conversion element 113.
押しボタン114と共に操作体110が押し込まれると、図5(a)に示すように、スライド駆動体111も一体的に押込み方向(図5の矢印 I方向)へ移動する。 When the operating member 110 with the button 114 pushed is pushed, as shown in FIG. 5 (a), the slide drive member 111 also moves integrally with the push-in direction (arrow I in Figure 5). このとき、スライド駆動体111に形成した第1の押圧凸部111bが転換子113の第1の押圧受部113dに当接すると、図5(b)に示すように、スライド駆動体111からの押圧力によって第1の押圧受部113dが押し込まれ、転換子113が一方向(図5の矢印II方向)へ揺動する。 At this time, the first pressing protrusion 111b formed on the slide driving member 111 abuts against the first pressure receiving portion 113d of Tenkanko 113, as shown in FIG. 5 (b), from the slide drive member 111 the first press receiving part 113d is pushed by the pressing force, Tenkanko 113 swings in one direction (arrow direction II in FIG. 5). そして、転換子113、可動接点部材107、およびコイルばね115で構成されるトグル機構の死点を越えると、コイルばね115の付勢力をもって、転換子113は同方向(図5の矢印II方向)へ揺動しようとする。 Then, Tenkanko 113, the movable contact member 107, and exceeds the dead point of the composed toggle mechanism by the coil spring 115, with the biasing force of the coil spring 115, Tenkanko 113 the same direction (arrow II direction of FIG. 5) When you try to swing to.
【0030】 [0030]
また、この揺動動作と並行して、スライド駆動体111に形成した係合凸部111aが転換子113の第1スライド案内面113aに摺接し、同面113aに沿ってスライド駆動体111が中立点からX方向一方側(図5の矢印 III方向)に移動する。 In parallel with this swinging operation, the engaging projection 111a formed on the slide driving member 111 is in sliding contact with the first slide guide surface 113a of Tenkanko 113, the slide drive member 111 along the surface 113a is neutral moves from the point in the X direction one side (the arrow direction III in FIG. 5). その結果、スライド駆動体111の第2の押圧凸部111cが、転換子113の第2の押圧受部113eに当接しない位置に移動し、それら各部111c,113eの当接が回避される。 As a result, the second pressing protrusion 111c of the slide driving member 111 is moved to a position not in contact with the second pressure receiving portions 113e of Tenkanko 113, they each portion 111c, abutting of 113e is avoided.
【0031】 [0031]
操作体110への押圧力を解除すると、図5(c)に示すように、付勢部材112からの付勢力により操作体110が図5の矢印IV方向へ復元移動するとともに、スライド駆動体111も付勢部材112からの付勢力によってX方向他方側(図5の矢印 V方向)に移動して中立点位置に戻る。 When releasing the pushing force of the operating body 110, as shown in FIG. 5 (c), together with the biasing force operating body 110 restores moving the arrow IV direction in Fig. 5 from the urging member 112, the slide drive member 111 returns to the neutral point position and moved by the urging force from the urging member 112 in the X-direction other side (the arrow V direction of FIG. 5). 転換子113は、コイルばね115の付勢力をもって図5の矢印II方向へ揺動する。 Tenkanko 113 swings with the urging force of the coil spring 115 in the arrow II direction of FIG. この揺動動作に伴い可動接点107aと固定接点105aとの間の接離状態が切り替えられる。 And away state between the movable contact 107a with the the swing operation and the fixed contact 105a is switched.
【0032】 [0032]
次に、操作体110が押圧操作により押し込まれると、スライド駆動体111が一体的に押込み方向へ移動し、スライド駆動体111に形成した第2の押圧凸部111cが転換子113の第2の押圧受部113eに当接する。 Then, when the operation member 110 is pushed by the pressing operation, the slide drive member 111 is moved to the integrally pushing direction, the second pressing protrusion 111c formed in the slide drive member 111 is a second of Tenkanko 113 It comes into contact with the pressure receiving portion 113e. これにより、第2の押圧受部113eが押し込まれて転換子113が図5の矢印IIと逆の方向へ揺動する。 Thus, the second pressure receiving portions 113e is pushed in Tenkanko 113 is swung in the arrow II opposite direction of FIG.
【0033】 [0033]
また、この揺動動作と並行して、スライド駆動体111に形成した係合凸部111aが転換子113の第2スライド案内面113bに摺接し、同面113bに沿ってスライド駆動体111が中立点から図5の矢印 V方向に移動する。 In parallel with this swinging operation, the engaging projection 111a formed on the slide driving member 111 is in sliding contact with the second slide guide surface 113b of the Tenkanko 113, the slide drive member 111 along the same plane 113b neutral It moves from the point in the direction of arrow V in FIG. その結果、スライド駆動体111の第1の押圧凸部111bが、転換子113の第1の押圧受部113dに当接しない位置に移動し、それら各部111b,113dの当接が回避される。 As a result, the first pushing projection 111b of the slide driving member 111 is moved to a position not in contact with the first pressure receiving portion 113d of Tenkanko 113, they each portion 111b, the abutment of 113d is avoided.
【0034】 [0034]
操作体110への押圧力を解除すると、付勢部材112からの付勢力により操作体110が図5の矢印IV方向へ復元移動するとともに、スライド駆動体111も付勢部材112からの付勢力によって図5の矢印 III方向に移動して中立点位置に戻る。 When releasing the pushing force of the operating body 110, together with the operation member 110 by the biasing force of the biasing member 112 is restored moved in the arrow direction IV in Fig. 5, by the biasing force of the slide drive member 111 also urges member 112 move the arrow III direction in FIG. 5 back to the neutral point position. 転換子113は、コイルばね115の付勢力をもって図5の矢印IIと逆の方向へ揺動する。 Tenkanko 113 swings with the urging force of the coil spring 115 in the arrow II opposite direction of FIG. この揺動動作に伴い可動接点107aと固定接点105aとの間の接離状態が切り替えられる。 And away state between the movable contact 107a with the the swing operation and the fixed contact 105a is switched.
【0035】 [0035]
なお、この発明は上述した実施形態に限定されるものではない。 The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above. 例えば、ピアノハンドル式スイッチ装置にも適用することができる。 For example, it can be applied to the piano handle switch device.
【0036】 [0036]
【発明の効果】 【Effect of the invention】
以上説明したように、この発明の接点開閉機構によれば、操作体の付勢とスライド駆動体の付勢とを、単一の付勢部材により行なう構成となっているので、部品点数が少なく、組立て作業が容易となる効果がある。 As described above, according to the contact switching mechanism of the present invention, a biasing of the biasing the slide drive of the operating tool, since a configuration for performing a single urging member, the number of parts is small , there is an effect that becomes easy assembling work.
【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
【図1】この発明の実施形態に係る接点開閉機構が組み込まれた押しボタン式スイッチ装置の分解斜視図である。 1 is an exploded perspective view of a push button switch device contact switching mechanism is incorporated according to an embodiment of the present invention.
【図2】同スイッチ装置の外観斜視図である。 2 is an external perspective view of the switch device.
【図3】同スイッチ装置の正面断面図である。 3 is a front sectional view of the switch device.
【図4】同スイッチの側面断面図である。 4 is a side sectional view of the switch.
【図5】スライド駆動体と転換子の動作説明図である。 FIG. 5 is an operation explanatory diagram of the slide driving body and convertible child.
【図6】従来技術を説明するための図である。 6 is a diagram for explaining a conventional technology.
【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS
100:装置本体 101:器体102:蓋体 102a:段部102b:凹部 102c:切欠き部102d:支持溝103:端子部材 104:解除ボタン105:固定接点部材 105a:固定接点106:可動接点支持端子 107:可動接点部材107a:可動接点 110:操作体111:スライド駆動体 111a:係合凸部111b:第1の押圧凸部 111c:第2の押圧凸部112:付勢部材 112a:基板112b:操作体付勢ばね部112c:スライド駆動体付勢ばね部112d:切欠き部113:転換子 113A:突条113a:第1スライド案内面113b:第2スライド案内面113c:支点部113d:第1の押圧受部 113e:第2の押圧受部113f:係止部 114:押しボタン115:コイルばね 100: apparatus main body 101: device body 102: lid 102a: stepped portion 102b: concave portion 102c: notch 102d: support groove 103: terminal member 104: release button 105: fixed contact members 105a: stationary contact 106: movable contact support terminal 107: movable contact member 107a: movable contact 110: operation 111: slide driving bodies 111a: engaging protrusions 111b: first pressing protrusion 111c: second pressing protrusion 112: biasing member 112a: substrate 112b : operating body biasing spring portion 112c: slide driving member urging spring portion 112d: notch 113: Tenkanko 113A: protrusion 113a: first slide guide surface 113b: second slide guide surface 113c: fulcrum portion 113d: second 1 of the pressure receiving portion 113e: second pressure receiving portions 113f: locking portion 114: push button 115: coil spring

Claims (1)

  1. 装置本体内部に設けた固定接点に対し、可動接点部材が揺動して接触または離間する構成を備えたスイッチ装置において、 The fixed contacts provided inside the apparatus main body, the switch device having the configuration in which the movable contact member is in contact or spaced swings,
    所定のZ方向へ押込みおよび復元移動自在なように前記装置本体に装着された操作体と、 An operating body that is mounted to the push and the apparatus main body so as to freely restored movement in a predetermined Z direction,
    この操作体と一体的にZ方向へ移動するとともに、該Z方向とほぼ直行するX方向へ移動自在なように配設されたスライド駆動体と、 While moving to the operating body integrally with the Z direction, and a slide driving member which is disposed so as to be movable in the X direction substantially orthogonal to the said Z-direction,
    このスライド駆動体に形成した係合凸部と、 An engaging protrusion formed on the slide driving member,
    前記スライド駆動体における係合凸部のX方向両側方部位に形成した第1,第2の押圧凸部と、 First and second pushing projection formed in the X-direction both sides sites engaging projection of the slide driving member,
    前記装置本体の内部に所定の支点を中心として揺動自在に設けられ、該支点を中心とする揺動動作に伴い前記可動接点部材を揺動させる転換子と、 Swingably provided around a predetermined fulcrum inside the apparatus main body, and a conversion element for oscillating the movable contact member with the swinging motion about a fulcrum,
    この転換子に形成され、前記スライド駆動体の第1の押圧凸部が当接可能であり、前記スライド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い前記転換子を一方向に揺動させる第1の押圧受部と、 Formed in the conversion element, the first pressing protrusion of the slide driving member is capable abutment, a first pressure receiving portion for oscillating the conversion element in one direction with the pushing movement of the slide drive member When,
    前記転換子に形成され、前記スライド駆動体の第2の押圧凸部が当接可能であり、前記スライド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い前記転換子を他方向に揺動させる第2の押圧受部と、 Is formed on the conversion element, the second pressing protrusion of the slide driving member is capable abutment, the second press receiving part for oscillating the conversion element due to the pushing movement of the slide drive member in the other direction When,
    前記転換子に形成された山形の突条と、 And Yamagata ridges formed on the conversion element,
    この突条の一方の斜面であって、同転換子が前記他方向の揺動位置にあるとき、前記スライド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い前記係合凸部が摺接して前記スライド駆動体を所定のX方向に移動させ、この移動に伴い前記第1の押圧凸部を前記第1の押圧受部に当接させるとともに前記第2の押圧凸部を前記第2の押圧受部から離間させる第1スライド案内面と、 A one inclined surface of the protrusion, when the conversion element is in the rocking position of the other direction, predetermined the slide drive member the engaging protrusion with the pushing movement of the slide drive member is in sliding contact moving the X direction, the to separate the second pressing protrusion is brought into contact with the first pressing protrusion in said first pressure receiving portion due to the movement of the second press receiving part and one slide guide surface,
    前記突条の他方の斜面であって、同転換子が前記一方向の揺動位置にあるとき、前記スライド駆動体の押込み移動に伴い前記係合凸部が摺接して前記スライド駆動体を所定のX方向に移動させ、この移動に伴い前記第2の押圧凸部を前記第2の押圧受部に当接させるとともに前記第1の押圧凸部を前記第1の押圧受部から離間させる第2スライド案内面と、 A other inclined surface of the protrusion, when the conversion element is in the rocking position of the direction, predetermined the slide drive member the engaging protrusion with the pushing movement of the slide drive member is in sliding contact moving the X direction, the separating the first pressing protrusion is brought into contact with the second pushing projection to the second pressure receiving portions due to the movement from the first press receiving part and the second slide guide surface,
    前記装置本体内に設けられ、前記操作体を復元移動方向に常時付勢するとともに、前記スライド駆動体をX方向の両側からほぼ均等に付勢する単一の付勢部材とを備え、 The device is provided in the main body, while constantly urging the operating member to restore the moving direction, and a single urging member for urging substantially uniformly said slide driving member from both sides in the X direction,
    前記付勢部材は、 Wherein the biasing member,
    板状の基板と、 A plate-shaped substrate,
    前記スライド駆動体が貫通するとともに、当該スライド駆動体のX方向の移動を許容する大きさに、前記基板の中央部に形成された切欠き部と、 Together with the slide driver extends, and the movement of the X-direction of the slide driving member to a size to allow the formed in the center portion of the substrate notch,
    前記基板から延出し、前記操作体を復元移動方向に常時付勢する操作体付勢ばね部と、 Said extending from the substrate, the operating body biasing spring portion which always urges the operating body in the restoring direction of movement,
    前記基板から延出し、前記スライド駆動体をX方向の両側からほぼ均等に付勢するスライド駆動体付勢ばね部とを含み、 Wherein extending from the substrate, and a said slide driving member urging spring portion substantially equally biased slide driving member from both sides in the X direction,
    前記操作体の内底部には、前記スライド駆動体をX方向に摺動案内する摺動案内部が形成してあり、 Wherein the inner bottom portion of the operating body, the slide driving body Yes and sliding guide portion for slidably guided in the X direction is formed,
    前記スライド駆動体は、前記付勢部材の切欠き部を貫通して配置されるとともに、前記操作体の摺動案内部に案内されてX方向に摺動する構成であることを特徴とする接点開閉機構。 The slide drive member, the contact, characterized in that while being disposed through the notch of the urging member, is configured to slide is guided in the X direction to the sliding guide portion of the operating body opening and closing mechanism.
JP32839297A 1997-11-28 1997-11-28 Contact switching mechanism of the switch device Expired - Lifetime JP4023884B2 (en)

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US5645964A (en) 1993-08-05 1997-07-08 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
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