JP3940386B2 - Solar energy device installation structure - Google Patents

Solar energy device installation structure Download PDF

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JP3940386B2
JP3940386B2 JP2003279946A JP2003279946A JP3940386B2 JP 3940386 B2 JP3940386 B2 JP 3940386B2 JP 2003279946 A JP2003279946 A JP 2003279946A JP 2003279946 A JP2003279946 A JP 2003279946A JP 3940386 B2 JP3940386 B2 JP 3940386B2
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solar energy
diagonal
chord
support
roof
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JP2005042493A (en
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元旦 舩木
和幸 西澤
和広 中瀬
浩一 北村
真一 古谷
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元旦ビューティ工業株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Description

本発明は太陽エネルギー装置の架設構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a construction structure of a solar energy device.
従来、例えば特許文献1に記載されているように、太陽エネルギー装置(太陽熱を利用した太陽電池や温水器)は建築物の外装面に設置されているが、一部を除いて、設置面に対して傾斜させて設置するものである。
しかし、上記のような場合、太陽エネルギー装置を傾斜させるための部材が必要になる問題や、太陽エネルギー装置が建築物から突出するように設置されるため、外観が損なわれるという問題があった。
特開平11−354823公報
Conventionally, as described in Patent Document 1, for example, solar energy devices (solar cells and water heaters using solar heat) are installed on the exterior surface of a building, except for a part, on the installation surface It is installed with an inclination.
However, in the above case, there is a problem that a member for inclining the solar energy device is required and a problem that the appearance is impaired because the solar energy device is installed so as to protrude from the building.
JP 11-354823 A
解決しようとする課題は、第1には、太陽エネルギー装置の支持が強固で、架台自体を傾斜させることなく太陽エネルギー装置を採光効率よく太陽光の方に向けて設置可能であると共に、太陽エネルギー装置が架台から突出せずに外観意匠を損なうことがない太陽エネルギー装置架設構造を、第2には、さらに、容易に屋根機能を付加可能な太陽エネルギー装置架設構造を、第3には、さらに、屋根下が明るい太陽エネルギー装置架設構造を提供することにある。   The problem to be solved is that, firstly, the support of the solar energy device is strong, and the solar energy device can be installed toward the sunlight with good lighting efficiency without tilting the gantry itself. A solar energy device installation structure in which the device does not protrude from the pedestal so that the appearance design is not impaired. Second, a solar energy device installation structure that can easily add a roof function. It is to provide a solar energy device erection structure with a bright under roof.
本発明は前記した課題を達成するため、以下の構成にしたことを特徴とする。
1.太陽エネルギー装置を架台で支持する太陽エネルギー装置架設構造において、架台は、上弦材、下弦材、斜材からなる立体トラス構造体からなり、前記立体トラス構造体の上接合部から上受け金具を、下接合部から下受け金具を、それぞれ前記斜材に沿うように延出し、前記対角状の上受け金具と下受け金具とに渡り太陽エネルギー装置を架設することを特徴とする。
2.前記した1において、太陽エネルギー装置を架設しない面部分、または、立体トラス構造体と太陽エネルギー装置の間に、非透水性材からなる外装材を配したことを特徴とする。
3.前記した1または2において、太陽エネルギー装置を架設しない面部分に配した外装材は、透光性材であることを特徴とする。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention is characterized by the following configuration.
1. In the solar energy device installation structure in which the solar energy device is supported by a gantry, the gantry is composed of a three-dimensional truss structure made of upper chord material, lower chord material, diagonal material, and an upper receiving metal fitting from an upper joint portion of the three-dimensional truss structure. A lower metal fitting extends from the lower joint portion along the diagonal member, and a solar energy device is installed across the diagonal upper metal fitting and the lower metal fitting.
2. In 1 mentioned above, the exterior material which consists of a water-impermeable material was arranged between the surface part which does not construct a solar energy apparatus, or between a solid truss structure and a solar energy apparatus.
3. In 1 or 2 described above, the exterior material disposed on the surface portion where the solar energy device is not installed is a translucent material.
A.請求項1により、架台を立体トラス構造体とすることで太陽エネルギー装置の支持が強固なものになる。
架台を立体トラス構造体とし、太陽エネルギー装置をトラス構造体の斜材に沿って架設することが出来るので、架台自体を傾斜させることなく太陽エネルギー装置を採光効率よく太陽光の方を向けて設置することができる。
太陽エネルギー装置をトラス構造体の斜材に沿って架設するので、太陽エネルギー装置が架台から突出することがなく、外観意匠を損なうことがない。
B.請求項2により、さらに、容易に屋根機能を付加出来るので、下屋や庇といった建築物の付帯部分に、容易に太陽エネルギー装置を設置可能となり、省エネルギー化を推進出来る。
C.請求項3により、さらに、外装材を設置した場合、透光性材を適宜配置出来るので、屋根下を明るくすることが出来る。
A. According to the first aspect, the support of the solar energy device becomes strong by making the gantry a three-dimensional truss structure.
Since the gantry is a three-dimensional truss structure, and the solar energy device can be installed along the diagonal of the truss structure, the solar energy device can be installed with the sunlight facing the sunlight more efficiently without tilting the gantry itself. can do.
Since the solar energy device is installed along the diagonal member of the truss structure, the solar energy device does not protrude from the gantry and the appearance design is not impaired.
B. According to the second aspect, since the roof function can be easily added, the solar energy device can be easily installed in the incidental part of the building such as the lower house or the fence, and the energy saving can be promoted.
C. Further, according to the third aspect, when the exterior material is installed, the translucent material can be appropriately arranged, so that the roof area can be brightened.
架台は、上弦材、下弦材、斜材からなる立体トラス構造体からなり、この立体トラス構造体における上弦材と斜材の接合部位の上接合部から上受け金具を、下弦材と斜材の接合部位の下接合部から下受け金具を、それぞれ前記斜材に沿うように延出し、前記対角状の上受け金具と下受け金具とに渡り太陽エネルギー装置を架設する。
かかる太陽エネルギー装置および外装材は、上下の受け金具への取り付けを原則とするが、太陽エネルギー装置、外装材の想定荷重条件が低く、斜材の許容荷重が大きい場合には、斜材に固定するようにしても良い。同様に、上弦材、下弦材の許容荷重が大きい場合には、それらに固定しても良い。
上下の受け金具は、立体トラス構造体における上下の各接合部にそれぞれ配設されるピース状の取付金具からなる態様、桁行き方向またはこれに交差する方向等の特定方向の各斜材に跨るようにして上下平行状に配設される長尺状の支持部材からなる態様、立体トラス構造体における上下の各接合部にそれぞれ配設されるピース状の取付金具と、桁行き方向またはこれに交差する方向等の特定方向の前記各取付金具に渡り各斜材を跨るようにして上下平行状に配設される長尺状の支持部材とからなる態様のいずれの態様のものであっても良い。
上下平行状の支持部材は、上下の取付金具に取り付けられるが、斜材に取り付けられても良く、太陽エネルギー装置および外装材を桁行き方向或いはこれに交差する方向の任意の位置に固定可能にすることで施工性の向上を図っていると共に、上弦材或いは下弦材を補助し得るようにしてある。
外装材は、屋根を構成する部材であっても良いし、そうでなくとも良い。屋根である場合、例えば、上部棟部材、下部棟部材、カバー部材、屋根材、樋部材で形成しても良く、下部棟部材が上弦材の働きを兼ねるようにしても良い。また、上部棟部材と下部棟部材間に形成される空間は、太陽エネルギー装置の配線・配管空間として利用し得るようにしても良いし、そうしなくとも良い。
外装材は、鉄、アルミ、ステンレス等の金属板(化粧鋼板等)、ガラス板、樹脂板、その他の公知の非透水性材からなる。この内、透光性があるのは、ガラス板、樹脂板(代表的にはポリカーボネート製)等である。また、外装材の組合せ例として、透光性のない金属板と透光性がある樹脂板とを併用して形成しても良い。
太陽エネルギー装置は、太陽電池、太陽熱温水器等のパネルやユニット、その他の公知のものが挙げられる。
The gantry consists of a three-dimensional truss structure consisting of upper chord material, lower chord material, and diagonal material. The upper metal fitting is connected from the upper joint of the upper chord material and diagonal material to the lower chord material and diagonal material. A lower receiving metal part is extended from the lower joint part of the joining part so as to follow the diagonal member, and a solar energy device is installed over the diagonal upper receiving metal part and the lower receiving metal part.
In principle, such solar energy devices and exterior materials should be attached to the upper and lower brackets. However, if the assumed load conditions of the solar energy devices and exterior materials are low and the allowable load of diagonal materials is large, they are fixed to the diagonal materials. You may make it do. Similarly, when the allowable load of the upper chord material and the lower chord material is large, they may be fixed to them.
The upper and lower metal fittings straddle each diagonal member in a specific direction such as an aspect composed of piece-shaped mounting brackets respectively arranged at upper and lower joint portions in the three-dimensional truss structure, a direction of crossing, or a direction crossing this. In this way, an aspect composed of a long support member arranged vertically parallel to each other, a piece-shaped mounting bracket respectively arranged at each of the upper and lower joints in the three-dimensional truss structure, Any one of the aspects comprising the long support members arranged in parallel vertically so as to straddle each diagonal member over the respective mounting brackets in a specific direction such as a crossing direction, etc. good.
The vertical support members are attached to the upper and lower mounting brackets, but they may be attached to diagonal materials, so that the solar energy device and the exterior material can be fixed at any position in the direction of crossing or in the direction crossing this. In this way, the workability is improved and the upper chord material or the lower chord material can be assisted.
The exterior material may or may not be a member constituting the roof. In the case of a roof, for example, it may be formed of an upper ridge member, a lower ridge member, a cover member, a roof material, and a roof member, and the lower ridge member may also function as an upper chord material. In addition, the space formed between the upper ridge member and the lower ridge member may or may not be used as wiring / pipe space for the solar energy device.
The exterior material is made of a metal plate (such as a decorative steel plate) such as iron, aluminum, or stainless steel, a glass plate, a resin plate, or other known water-impermeable materials. Of these, glass plates, resin plates (typically made of polycarbonate), and the like have translucency. Further, as an example of a combination of exterior materials, a metal plate that does not transmit light and a resin plate that transmits light may be used in combination.
Examples of solar energy devices include panels and units such as solar cells and solar water heaters, and other known devices.
図1には本発明の太陽エネルギー装置架設構造における実施の1形態を例示しており、支柱1に渡り横架された架台2は、上弦材3と下弦材4と斜材5からなる立体トラス構造体に形成されている。この立体トラス構造体の架台2における上弦材3と斜材5がボルト10およびナット11で接合状態に止着固定された各上接合部6からは上取付金具7が斜め下向きに、下弦材4と斜材5がボルト12およびナット13で接合状態に止着固定された各下接合部8からは下取付金具9が斜め上向きに、それぞれ斜材5に沿うように延出されている。
上取付金具7はピース材で、水平状の固定部7aを上接合部6にボルト10およびナット11で固定されており、斜材5に沿うように斜め下向きの右取付部7bには上支持部材14が非透水性および非透光性の屋根材15上端部ともどもビス16で止着固定され、同じく斜材5に沿うように斜め下向きの左取付部7cには上支持部材14が非透水性および透光性の屋根材17上端部ともどもビス16で止着固定されている。
同様に、下取付金具9はピース材で、水平状の固定部9aを下接合部8にボルト12およびナット13で固定されており、斜材5に沿うように斜め上向きの右取付部9bには下支持部材18が非透水性および透光性の屋根材17下端部、樋部材19右端部ともどもビス20で止着され、同じく斜材5に沿うように斜め上向きの左取付部9cには下支持部材18が非透水性および非透光性の屋根材15下端部、樋部材19左端部ともどもビス20で止着固定されている。
FIG. 1 illustrates one embodiment of the solar energy device erection structure of the present invention. A gantry 2 that is laid across a column 1 is a three-dimensional truss composed of an upper chord member 3, a lower chord member 4, and an oblique member 5. It is formed in a structure. The upper chord member 3 and the diagonal member 5 in the frame 2 of this three-dimensional truss structure are fixedly fastened in a joined state with bolts 10 and nuts 11, and the upper mounting bracket 7 is obliquely downward from the upper joint portion 6. The lower fittings 9 extend obliquely upward and along the diagonal members 5 from the respective lower joints 8 in which the diagonal members 5 are fixedly fixed in the joined state by the bolts 12 and the nuts 13.
The upper mounting bracket 7 is a piece material, and a horizontal fixing portion 7 a is fixed to the upper joint portion 6 with bolts 10 and nuts 11, and an upper support is provided to the right mounting portion 7 b obliquely downward along the diagonal member 5. The member 14 is fixedly fixed to the upper end of the non-permeable and non-permeable roof material 15 with screws 16, and the upper support member 14 is impermeable to the left mounting portion 7 c obliquely downward along the diagonal material 5. The light and translucent roofing material 17 is fixedly fastened with screws 16 together.
Similarly, the lower mounting bracket 9 is a piece material, and a horizontal fixing portion 9 a is fixed to the lower joint portion 8 with bolts 12 and nuts 13, and obliquely upward to the right mounting portion 9 b along the diagonal member 5. The lower support member 18 is fixed to both the lower end portion of the non-permeable and translucent roofing material 17 and the right end portion of the eaves member 19 with a screw 20. The lower support member 18 is fixedly fastened with screws 20 together with the lower end portion of the non-water-permeable and non-light-transmissive roof material 15 and the left end portion of the gutter member 19.
上支持部材14および下支持部材18は断面ハット型の長尺状の金属製のもので、上支持部材14は、桁行き方向の上取付金具7における各右取付部7bと各左取付部7cにそれぞれ架設され、下支持部材18は、桁行き方向の下取付金具9における各右取付部9bと各左取付部9cにそれぞれ架設されており、この桁行き方向に沿い上下平行状の上支持部材14と下支持部材18に跨るようにして屋根材15、17が取り付けられている。
そして、斜材5に沿い配設された非透水性および非透光性の屋根材15上には太陽エネルギー装置21が対角状の上支持部材14と下支持部材18に取り付けられて保持され、桁行き方向との交差方向に非透水性および透光性の屋根材17と太陽エネルギー装置21とが交互した屋根面意匠に仕上げられている。
The upper support member 14 and the lower support member 18 are made of a long metal with a hat-shaped cross section, and the upper support member 14 includes the right mounting portion 7b and the left mounting portion 7c in the upper mounting bracket 7 in the carry direction. The lower support members 18 are respectively installed on the right mounting portions 9b and the left mounting portions 9c of the lower mounting bracket 9 in the carry direction, and are vertically supported in the vertical direction along the carry direction. Roofing materials 15 and 17 are attached so as to straddle the member 14 and the lower support member 18.
A solar energy device 21 is attached to and held by the diagonal upper support member 14 and lower support member 18 on the non-water-permeable and non-light-transmissive roof material 15 disposed along the diagonal member 5. The roof surface design in which the non-permeable and translucent roofing material 17 and the solar energy device 21 are alternately arranged in the direction intersecting the girder direction is finished.
桁行き方向の各上接合部6には、桁行き方向に長尺状の上部棟部材22および下部棟部材23がそれぞれ跨座状に取り付けられている。上部棟部材22は断面下向きコ形状の金属製のもので、上接合部6のボルト10にナット24、パッキング25で取り付けられ、左右の側面部22a下端が下部棟部材23の左右の被取付部23aにビス26でそれぞれ固定されている。下部棟部材23は上弦材としての働きを兼ねる断面略笠状の金属製のもので、左右の被取付部23aには上部棟部材22の左右の側面部22a下端がビス26でそれぞれ固定されている。この上部棟部材22内における下部棟部材23との間の空間には配線、配管空間27が形成されている。
上下の棟部材22、23と屋根材15および屋根材17との間には、それぞれ桁行き方向に長尺状のカバー部材28が配設されており、このカバー部材28はビス16で左右の上支持部材14に止着されて取り付けられていて、これらの上部棟部材22とカバー部材28と屋根材15および屋根材17とからなる屋根面29が形成されている。
An upper ridge member 22 and a lower ridge member 23 that are long in the beam direction are attached to each upper joint portion 6 in the beam direction in a straddle shape. The upper ridge member 22 is made of a metal having a U-shaped cross section and is attached to the bolt 10 of the upper joint portion 6 with a nut 24 and a packing 25, and the lower ends of the left and right side surface portions 22a are the left and right attached portions of the lower ridge member 23. 23a is fixed with screws 26 respectively. The lower ridge member 23 is made of a metal having a substantially cap-shaped cross section that also functions as an upper chord member. The left and right side portions 22a of the upper ridge member 22 are fixed to the left and right attached portions 23a with screws 26, respectively. Yes. In the space between the upper ridge member 22 and the lower ridge member 23, a wiring and piping space 27 is formed.
Between the upper and lower ridge members 22 and 23 and the roofing material 15 and the roofing material 17, long cover members 28 are arranged in the direction of the beams, respectively. The upper support member 14 is fixedly attached to the upper support member 14, and a roof surface 29 including the upper ridge member 22, the cover member 28, the roof material 15, and the roof material 17 is formed.
桁行き方向の各下接合部8上には、桁行き方向に長尺状の樋部材19が左右の屋根材15と屋根材17との下側に渡って配設されている。この樋部材19は、左右の固定部19aがビス20で下支持部材18に止着されて取り付けられていて、屋根面29の谷部を形成し、雨水が桁行き方向の端に流れるようにしてある。   On each lower joint portion 8 in the swaying direction, eaves members 19 that are long in the swaying direction are disposed below the left and right roof materials 15 and 17. The left and right fixing portions 19a are fixed to the lower support member 18 with screws 20 to form the trough portion of the roof surface 29 so that rainwater flows to the end of the girder direction. It is.
本発明の太陽エネルギー装置架設構造における実施の1形態を例示している縦断正面図。1 is a longitudinal front view illustrating an embodiment of a solar energy device installation structure according to the present invention. 部分拡大縦断正面図。FIG. 上接合部周りの部分拡大縦断正面図。The partial expansion vertical front view around an upper junction part. 下接合部周りの部分拡大縦断正面図。The partial expansion vertical front view around a lower junction part.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 支柱
2 架台
3 上弦材
4 下弦材
5 斜材
6 上接合部
7 上取付金具(上受け金具)
7a、9a、19a 固定部
7b、9b 右取付部
7c、9c 左取付部
8 下接合部
9 下取付金具(下受け金具)
10、12 ボルト
11、13、24 ナット
14 上支持部材
15、17 屋根材(外装材)
16、20、26 ビス
18 下支持部材
19 樋部材
21 太陽エネルギー装置
22 上部棟部材
22a 側面部
23 下部棟部材
23a 被取付部
25 パッキング
27 配線、配管空間
28 カバー部材
29 屋根面
1 Support 2 Stand 3 Upper chord material 4 Lower chord material 5 Diagonal material 6 Upper joint 7 Upper mounting bracket (Upper bracket)
7a, 9a, 19a Fixed portion 7b, 9b Right mounting portion 7c, 9c Left mounting portion 8 Lower joint 9 Lower mounting bracket (lower receiving bracket)
10, 12 Bolt 11, 13, 24 Nut 14 Upper support member 15, 17 Roofing material (exterior material)
16, 20, 26 Screws 18 Lower support member 19 Gutter member 21 Solar energy device 22 Upper ridge member 22a Side surface portion 23 Lower ridge member 23a Mounted portion 25 Packing 27 Wiring and piping space 28 Cover member 29 Roof surface

Claims (3)

  1. 太陽エネルギー装置を架台で支持する太陽エネルギー装置架設構造において、
    前記架台は、上弦材、下弦材、斜材からなる立体トラス構造体からなり、
    前記立体トラス構造体の上接合部から上受け金具を、下接合部から下受け金具を、それぞれ前記斜材に沿うように延出し、
    前記対角状の上受け金具と下受け金具とに渡り太陽エネルギー装置を架設することを特徴とする太陽エネルギー装置の架設構造。
    In the solar energy device installation structure that supports the solar energy device with a gantry,
    The gantry consists of a three-dimensional truss structure consisting of upper chord material, lower chord material, diagonal material,
    The upper receiving metal fitting from the upper joint portion of the three-dimensional truss structure, and the lower receiving metal fitting from the lower bonding portion, respectively, extend along the diagonal material,
    A solar energy device erection structure, wherein a solar energy device is erected between the diagonal upper and lower brackets.
  2. 太陽エネルギー装置を架設しない面部分、または、立体トラス構造体と太陽エネルギー装置の間に、非透水性材からなる外装材を配したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の太陽エネルギー装置の架設構造。   The installation structure of the solar energy device according to claim 1, wherein an exterior material made of a water-impermeable material is arranged between a surface portion where the solar energy device is not installed, or between the three-dimensional truss structure and the solar energy device. .
  3. 太陽エネルギー装置を架設しない面部分に配した外装材は、透光性材であることを特徴とする請求項1または2記載の太陽電池の架設構造。   The solar cell installation structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the exterior material disposed on the surface portion where the solar energy device is not installed is a translucent material.
JP2003279946A 2003-07-25 2003-07-25 Solar energy device installation structure Active JP3940386B2 (en)

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KR101002856B1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-21 박영환 Apparatus for condensing sunlight of two-way tracing for loof
KR101102893B1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2012-01-11 박영환 Apparatus for condensing sunlight of two-way tracing for loof
JP5638221B2 (en) * 2009-10-30 2014-12-10 株式会社エクソル Solar power plant
JP2012060095A (en) * 2009-11-13 2012-03-22 Toshiaki Ota Aerial photovoltaic power generation device
CN102484974A (en) * 2010-12-03 2012-06-06 株式会社格林普乐斯 Equipment for opening and closing ventilating windows of greenhouse roof in two directions
CN103199741B (en) * 2012-01-06 2015-06-24 宁波市广德太阳能科技有限公司 Roof solar electricity generating device

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