JP3890277B2 - Specimen instruction information creation system - Google Patents

Specimen instruction information creation system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3890277B2
JP3890277B2 JP2002258454A JP2002258454A JP3890277B2 JP 3890277 B2 JP3890277 B2 JP 3890277B2 JP 2002258454 A JP2002258454 A JP 2002258454A JP 2002258454 A JP2002258454 A JP 2002258454A JP 3890277 B2 JP3890277 B2 JP 3890277B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
sample
rfid tag
instruction information
information
rack
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Expired - Fee Related
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JP2002258454A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2004093518A (en
Inventor
洋 田村
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株式会社エスアールエル
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Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a sample instruction information creation system for creating sample instruction information in which sample information of a sample stored in a sample rack is associated with position information on the sample rack. To It is related.
[0002]
[Prior art]
Conventionally, a specimen container that contains specimens such as blood, plasma, and serum is transported to a testing institution that performs specimen testing and the like, and is received and stored in a specimen rack after receiving processing is performed in the testing institution. That is, first, a reception process, for example, a label or the like that describes sample information including a sample number, a reception date, and the like is attached to a sample container that contains a sample transported to a laboratory. Next, the sample that has undergone the reception process is stored in a sample rack. For example, a sample instruction is obtained by associating (linking) the position number of the storage unit of the rack with the sample information of the sample stored in the rack. Information is created, and based on this sample instruction information, the sample is stored and the sample is tested (see, for example, Patent Document 1).
[0003]
The sample stored in the sample rack is extracted from the sample rack based on the sample instruction information when the retest or discard is instructed, and the retest or discard is performed. When the inspection is completed and storage is instructed in preparation for re-examination or the like, the sample is inserted into the sample rack and stored. Note that when a sample is extracted from the sample rack, whether or not the sample is instructed to be extracted is confirmed by visual inspection of the sample number or the like described on the label.
[0004]
[Patent Document 1]
JP-A-8-285855
[0005]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
As described above, when a re-examination or disposal is instructed, the sample is extracted from the sample rack based on the sample instruction information and re-examination or disposal is performed. Conventionally, however, an operator checks the sample information attached to the sample and the position information of the sample rack in which the sample is stored every time the sample is stored in the sample rack and inputs the information to a personal computer or the like. Therefore, the preparation of the sample instruction information requires a great amount of labor. Further, since a necessary sample is searched for based on the sample instruction information and the sample to be extracted from the sample rack is visually confirmed, there may be a sampling error in which a sample different from the sample to be extracted is extracted.
[0006]
An object of the present invention is to provide a sample instruction information generation system for generating sample instruction information for easily managing samples in units of sample racks. The Is to provide.
[0007]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
The sample instruction information creation system according to claim 1 is a sample rack for storing a plurality of sample containers having a first RFID tag for storing sample information, and a plurality of sample racks provided corresponding to the respective storage units of the sample rack. An RFID tag placement member in which a second RFID tag storing position information of the RFID tag placement portion on the sample rack is placed on the RFID tag placement portion, and the sample rack is placed on the RFID tag placement member. In a positioned state, it is transmitted from the first RFID tag. This A first antenna that receives the sample information and the position information transmitted in a state of being blocked by the sample container from the second RFID tag, the sample information received by the first antenna, and the Based on the position information, sample instruction information creation that creates sample instruction information in which the sample information of the sample container accommodated in each container of the sample rack and the position information of the sample container on the sample rack are associated with each other Means.
[0008]
According to the sample instruction information creation system of this first aspect, it is transmitted from the first RFID tag attached to the sample container. This Based on the sample information to be collected and the position information transmitted from the second RFID tag arranged on the RFID tag arrangement member, the sample instruction information creating means creates the sample in the sample container accommodated in each accommodation unit of the sample rack. Specimen instruction information that associates information with position information on the specimen rack of the specimen container is created. Therefore, accurate sample instruction information can be easily created.
[0009]
According to a second aspect of the present invention, the sample instruction information creating system includes a sample instruction information storage unit that stores the sample instruction information about the sample container in which the sample rack is accommodated in the sample rack.
[0010]
According to the sample instruction information creating system according to claim 2, since the sample rack includes the sample instruction information storage means for storing the sample instruction information related to the sample container accommodated in the sample rack, Specimen instruction information can be managed as a unit.
[0011]
Claims 3 In the sample instruction information creation system described above, the sample instruction information storage unit includes a third RFID tag, and further includes a second antenna that transmits and receives the sample instruction information to and from the third RFID tag. It is characterized by.
[0012]
This claim 3 According to the described sample instruction information creation system, the sample instruction information related to the sample accommodated in the sample rack can be collectively written in a third RFID tag provided in the sample rack in a non-contact manner.
[0013]
Claims 4 In the sample instruction information creation system described above, the RFID tag placement member is configured by a member capable of blocking radio waves, the RFID tag placement portion has a tag receiving recess, and each of the tag receiving recesses The second RFID tag is accommodated.
[0014]
This claim 4 According to the described sample instruction information creation system, even when position information is transmitted from a plurality of adjacent RFID tags, the radio wave transmitted from each RFID tag can be blocked by a member capable of blocking the radio wave. Since it is blocked, interference such as radio waves between the RFIDs can be prevented.
[0015]
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the sample instruction information creating system, the first RFID tag and the second RFID tag are microwave RFID tags.
[0016]
According to the detected object sensing system of claim 5, the second RFID tag is configured by a microwave RFID tag, and the presence or absence of the detected object is detected using the microwave RFID tag. Yes. That is, in the microwave RFID tag, transmission of radio waves is blocked when there is liquid between the antenna and the RFID tag. Therefore, when the sample is liquid, the sample container stored in the rack container is used. The presence or absence can be detected.
[0017]
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, the third RFID tag is an electromagnetic induction type RFID tag.
[0018]
According to the sample instruction information creating system according to claim 6, the third RFID tag is of an electromagnetic induction type, so that the storage capacity is large and the sample instruction information of the sample stored in each storage unit of the sample rack. Can be stored in one third RFID tag.
[0019]
The sample instruction information creating system according to claim 7 is configured to detect a relative position between the sample rack and the RFID tag arrangement member, a moving unit for performing relative movement between the sample rack and the RFID tag arrangement member. And a position detecting unit configured to position each of the storage units of the sample rack on the RFID tag placement unit provided corresponding to each of the storage units of the sample rack of the RFID tag placement member. When this is detected, the sample information and the position information are received by the first antenna.
[0020]
According to the sample instruction information creation system of claim 7, when the position detection unit detects that each storage portion of the sample rack is positioned on the RFID tag placement portion of the RFID tag placement member, By receiving the sample information and the position information by the antenna, it is possible to reliably detect the position where the sample is stored in the sample rack. Accordingly, it is possible to reliably associate the sample information with the sample position information.
[0025]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, a sample instruction information creation system according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the following, an example will be described in which sample instruction information relating to a sample such as blood, plasma, and serum contained in a sample container is created.
[0026]
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration of a sample instruction information creation system 2 according to the embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, a sample rack 10 that stores a sample container (see FIG. 6) having a first RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tag is placed on an RFID tag placement member 14 on which a second RFID tag 12 of a rack station 4 is placed. It is configured to be movable. Further, the RFID tag arrangement member 14 and the first antenna 16 are arranged to face each other with a predetermined distance. Here, the first RFID tag included in the sample container stores sample information including the reception date and the sample number. Further, the second RFID tag 12 stores a unique ID associated with the position number assigned to the housing recess 14a (see FIG. 2) of the RFID tag placement member 14.
[0027]
In addition, when the sample rack 10 is positioned on the RFID tag placement member 14, the second antenna 20 is disposed at a position facing the third RFID tag 18 disposed on the outer surface of the sample rack 10. Here, the third RFID tag 18 stores sample instruction information related to the sample container accommodated in the sample rack, that is, information that associates (links) the sample information with the position of the sample container on the sample rack 10.
[0028]
Further, it is detected that the sample rack driving unit 24 and the sample rack 10 for moving the sample rack 10 onto the RFID tag placement member 14 and retreating from the RFID tag placement member 14 are located on the RFID tag placement member 14. A position sensor 26 is provided.
[0029]
The first antenna 16, the second antenna 20, the sample rack driving unit 24, and the position sensor 26 are connected to a personal computer (hereinafter referred to as a PC) 22, and the first antenna 16 and the second antenna 20 are connected to the PC 22. Under the control, data is transmitted and received between the first RFID tag and the second RFID tag 12. Further, the sample rack driving unit 24 performs drive control of the sample rack 10 based on a control signal from the PC 22. Further, the position sensor 26 detects the position of the sample rack 10 and inputs a detection signal to the PC 22.
[0030]
Here, the RFID tag is an automatic recognition tag that can read and rewrite stored information without contact. The RFID tag includes an electromagnetic coupling method using an electromagnetic induction effect, an electrostatic coupling method using an induction effect due to static electricity, an electromagnetic induction method using electromagnetic induction, a microwave method using microwave waves, and an infrared ray. There are optical systems that use light such as.
[0031]
As the first RFID tag and the second RFID tag 12, a microwave RFID tag is used. This microwave RFID tag transmits and receives information using a microwave in the 2.45 GHz band. Since this microwave RFID tag uses a very high frequency of 2.45 GHz, the influence of communication due to external noise (noise) is small. Further, this microwave RFID tag has a characteristic that information cannot be transmitted and received when a liquid exists between the antenna and the RFID tag.
[0032]
The third RFID tag 18 is an electromagnetic induction type RFID tag. This electromagnetic induction type RFID tag mainly uses electromagnetic waves of long / medium wavelength of 250 KHz or less or 13.56 MHz band. A coil is used as an antenna of an electromagnetic induction type RFID tag, and information is transmitted and received using an induced voltage caused by an induced magnetic flux of two coils. The electromagnetic induction type RFID tag has an amount of information that can be stored from several bytes to several hundred bytes. In addition, information can be transmitted and received even when a non-conductive material, that is, a human body, plastic, wood, glass, paper, or the like exists between the antenna and the RFID tag.
[0033]
Furthermore, the RFID tag can have various shapes depending on the usage pattern, for example, a label shape, a coin shape, a card shape, and the like. Among these, a label shape is used for the first RFID tag, a coin shape is used for the second RFID tag 12, and a label shape or a card shape is used for the third RFID tag 18.
[0034]
FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining the details of the RFID tag placement member 14. The RFID tag placement member 14 is made of a metal member. As shown in FIG. 2A, each of the plurality of RFID tag placement portions provided corresponding to the storage portions of the sample rack 10 is provided. A tag receiving recess 14a is formed. The tag accommodating recess 14a has a cylindrical shape with a closed lower portion for accommodating the coin-shaped second RFID tag 12. In addition, the tag receiving recesses 14a correspond to the receiving portions of the sample rack 10, that is, ten rows provided from the left to the right direction are provided in five rows from the front to the rear, for a total of 50 rows.
[0035]
FIG.2 (b) is AA sectional drawing of RFID tag arrangement | positioning member 14 (FIG.2 (a)). As shown in FIG. 2B, the tag receiving recess 14a has a predetermined depth from the surface of the RFID tag placement member 14, and the second RFID tag 12 is received at the bottom of each tag receiving recess 14a. Yes.
[0036]
That is, as shown in FIG. 3, the specimen position numbers “01”, “02”, “03”,... In order from left to right in the first row on the back side of each tag receiving recess 14a of the RFID tag placement member 14. In the second, third, fourth, and fifth rows from the back side, specimen position numbers are assigned in order from left to right. Further, a unique ID as shown in FIG. 4 is stored in the second RFID tag 12 housed in each tag housing recess 14a to which each specimen position number is assigned. Therefore, by storing the unique ID stored in each second RFID tag 12 in correspondence with each specimen position number in the PC 22, by receiving the unique ID transmitted from each second RFID tag 12 The position of the sample on the sample rack 10 can be detected.
[0037]
Here, since the second RFID tag 12 is housed in the tag housing recess 14a provided in the RFID tag placement member 14 formed of a metal member, the second RFID tag 12 transmits radio waves only in the vertical direction. That is, the radio wave transmitted from each second RFID tag 12 is transmitted only in the vertical direction while the radio wave in the horizontal direction is blocked by the metallic member. Therefore, radio wave interference between the adjacent second RFID tags 12 can be prevented.
[0038]
FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a sample rack 10 that stores sample containers. The sample rack 10 is made of a resin such as polypropylene, and is provided with a plurality of storage portions 28 for storing sample containers as shown in FIG. The sample rack 10 is provided with five rows having ten storage portions 28 from the left to the right, from the front to the rear, and a total of 50 storage portions 28 are provided.
[0039]
As shown in FIG. 5, a third RFID tag 18 is disposed on the outer surface of the rack. The third RFID tag 18 faces the second antenna 20 when the sample rack 10 is positioned between the first antenna 10 and the RFID tag placement member 14. The third RFID tag 18 stores sample instruction information of the sample container accommodated in the sample rack 10.
[0040]
As shown in FIG. 5, each storage unit 28 of the sample rack 10 is assigned a position number. That is, “01”, “02”, “03”,... Are assigned to the storage units 28 in the first row from the back side of the sample rack 10 from the left to the right. The accommodation numbers 28 in the second row are assigned position numbers “11”, “12”, “13”,... From left to right. Similarly, the third row, fourth row, and fifth row storage portions 28 from the back side of the sample rack 10 are also given position numbers. That is, the same number as that assigned to the corresponding tag receiving recess 14a of the RFID tag holding member 14 is attached.
[0041]
FIG. 6 shows the sample container 30 accommodated in the sample rack 10. The sample container 30 has a cylindrical shape with one end closed and an opening at the other end, and a first RFID tag 32 is attached to the outer wall near the opening.
[0042]
FIG. 7 is a block configuration diagram of the sample instruction information creation system according to the embodiment of the present invention. The sample instruction information creation system 2 is installed in a test institution that performs a test of a sample collected in a medical institution or the like. The sample instruction information creation system 2 includes a PC 22 that performs processing such as creation of sample instruction information. The PC 22 is connected to a communication control unit 34 that controls communication with a backbone system that performs sample acceptance processing, examination management, and the like.
[0043]
Further, the first antenna 16 and the second antenna 20 are connected to the PC 22. The first antenna 16 corresponds to the specimen information stored in the first RFID tag 32 and the positional information stored in the second RFID tag 12, that is, the RFID tag placement member 14 corresponding to each accommodating portion 28 of the specimen rack 10. The position information on the sample rack 10 of the plurality of tag receiving recesses 14a provided in is received. The second antenna 20 receives the sample instruction information stored in the third RFID tag 18, that is, the sample instruction information of the sample stored in the sample rack 10 from the third RFID tag 18 and is created in the PC 22. The sample instruction information is transmitted to the third RFID tag 18.
[0044]
The PC 22 includes a data processing unit 22a that performs processing such as creation of sample instruction information. The data processing unit 22a includes sample information and position information received via the first antenna 16, and further a second antenna 20. A data storage unit 22b for storing the sample instruction information of the sample accommodated in the accommodating unit of the sample rack 10 transmitted / received via is connected. The data processing unit 22 a is connected to a display unit 22 c that displays sample instruction information and the like of the sample stored in the storage unit 28 of the sample rack 10.
[0045]
Next, with reference to the flowchart of FIG. 8, a process for creating sample instruction information by the sample instruction information creating system according to the embodiment will be described.
[0046]
First, the sample container 30 containing the sample is carried into the inspection organization. When the sample is loaded, the first RFID tag 32 of the sample container 30 stores the sample information (acceptance date, sample ID) of the sample stored in the sample container.
[0047]
The worker registers the worker name, work time, etc. using the PC 22 (step S10). In other words, the operator name is registered by reading the card in which the worker number is stored or the barcode indicating the worker number, and by registering the time when the worker name is registered. Register time.
[0048]
Next, with the sample rack 10 retracted from the RFID tag holding member 14 of the rack station 4, one sample container 30 is set up on the sample rack 10 (see FIG. 9). In FIG. 9, the sample container 30 stands in the accommodating portion 28 of the position number “01” of the sample rack 10. Then, a control signal is output from the PC 22 to the sample rack driving unit 24, and the sample rack 10 is moved onto the RFID tag holding member 14 (step S11).
[0049]
Next, when the position sensor 26 detects that each accommodating portion 28 of the sample rack 10 is positioned on the RFID tag arranging portion 14a provided corresponding to each accommodating portion of the sample rack of the RFID tag arranging member 14. (Step S12), the specimen information stored in the first RFID tag 32 of the specimen container 30 by the first antenna 16 and the second RFID tag 12 placed in each RFID tag placement section 14a of the RFID tag placement member 14 are stored. The received position information is received (step S13).
[0050]
Here, when the liquid is present between the second RFID tag 12 and the first antenna 16, the microwave second RFID tag 12 is blocked from transmitting position information. Accordingly, only the position information of the storage unit 28 that does not store the sample container 30 that stores the sample in the sample rack 10 is received. That is, when one sample container is set up in the sample rack 10, the unique ID stored in the second RFID tag 12 at the position where the sample container 30 does not exist is received. Accordingly, the PC 22 creates sample instruction information by associating the sample position number (see FIG. 4) associated with the unique ID with the sample information (step S14), and stores it in the data storage unit 22b.
[0051]
Next, it is determined whether sample information has been created for all 50 sample containers that can be accommodated in the sample rack 10 (step S15), and sample information has been created for all 50 sample containers. If not, the process returns to step S11 to create sample instruction information for the next sample container. That is, a control signal is output from the PC 22 to the sample rack driving unit 24, and the sample rack 10 is retracted from the RFID tag holding member 14 of the rack station 4. With the sample rack 10 retracted from the RFID tag holding member 14, the second sample container 30 is set up on the sample rack 10. That is, the sample container 30 is set up in the storage unit 28 having the position number “02”.
[0052]
Then, a control signal is output from the PC 22 to the sample rack driving unit 24, the sample rack 10 is moved onto the RFID tag holding member 14 (step S11), and each storage unit of the sample rack 10 is moved to the RFID tag placement member by the position sensor 26. When it is detected that the position is located on the RFID tag placement portion 14a provided corresponding to each storage portion of the 14 sample racks (step S12), the first antenna 16 applies the first RFID tag 32 of the sample container 30 to the first RFID tag 32. The stored specimen information and the unique ID stored in the second RFID tag 12 disposed in each RFID tag placement section 14a of the RFID tag placement member 14 are received (step S13). In this case, since the unique ID stored in the second RFID tag 12 at the position where the sample container 30 does not exist is received, the position on the sample rack 10 in which the sample container 30 is newly accommodated is recognized. be able to. Accordingly, sample instruction information is created based on the received unique ID and sample information and stored in the data storage unit 22b.
[0053]
If it is determined that the sample instruction information has been created for all the 50 sample containers 30 that can be accommodated in the sample rack 10 by repeating the processes in steps S11 to S14 (step S15), the data storage is performed. The sample instruction information and the rack number of the sample rack 10 stored in the unit 22b are transmitted to the third RFID tag 18 via the second antenna 20, and the sample instruction information and the rack number are written (step S16). That is, the sample instruction information (sample instruction information in which sample information is linked to the sample position number) and the rack number for 50 sample containers shown in FIG. 10 and the rack number are displayed on the third RFID tag 18 arranged on the outer surface of the sample rack 10. Remembered.
[0054]
Next, when the specimen is stored in a refrigerator or the like for examination, reexamination, etc., specimen creation information is created as shown in the flowchart of FIG.
[0055]
First, the worker registers the worker name, work time, etc. using the PC 22 (step S20). In other words, the operator name is registered by reading the card in which the worker number is stored or the barcode indicating the worker number, and by registering the time when the worker name is registered. Register time.
[0056]
Next, the second antenna 20 receives the sample instruction information stored in the third RFID tag 18 of the sample rack 10 and stored in the sample rack 10 (step S21), and the received sample instruction is received. Based on the information, the sample arrangement map is displayed on the display unit 22c of the PC 22, and the sample for which an extraction instruction has been issued from the host system or the like is displayed on the sample arrangement map so as to be identifiable (step S22). The operator confirms the sample for which an extraction instruction has been issued on the display unit 22c of the PC 22, and extracts the sample from the sample rack 10.
[0057]
Next, the sample rack 10 is moved onto the RFID tag holding member 14 of the rack station 4, and each storage portion 28 of the sample rack 10 corresponds to each storage portion of the sample rack of the RFID tag placement member 14 by the position sensor 26. Is detected on the RFID tag placement portion 14a provided, the specimen information stored in the first RFID tag 32 of the specimen container 30 by the first antenna 16 and each RFID of the RFID tag placement member 14 are detected. The unique ID position information stored in the second RFID tag 12 arranged in the tag arrangement unit 14a is received (step S23).
[0058]
Here, when the liquid is present between the second RFID tag 12 and the first antenna 16, the microwave second RFID tag 12 is blocked from transmitting position information. Accordingly, only the unique ID stored in the second RFID tag 12 of the storage unit 28 that does not store the sample container 30 that stores the sample in the sample rack 10 is received.
[0059]
Next, based on the unique ID received in step S23, it is determined whether or not the sample for which an extraction instruction has been issued has been correctly extracted (step S24). If an incorrect sample has been extracted, A warning is given (step S25).
[0060]
On the other hand, when the sample for which the extraction instruction has been issued is correctly extracted, the sample instruction information is updated, and the updated sample instruction information is transmitted to the third RFID tag 18 via the second antenna 20, and the sample instruction information is updated. Writing is performed (step S26). When the sample container 30 is newly accommodated in the sample rack 10, sample instruction information is created based on the sample information received in step S23 and the unique ID, and is written in the third RFID tag 18 in step S26. .
[0061]
Specimen instruction information creation system according to an embodiment of the present invention Is Sent from the first RFID tag 32 attached to the sample container. This Based on the sample information to be received and the position information transmitted from the second RFID tag 12 arranged on the RFID tag arranging member 14, the sample information on the sample container 30 accommodated in each accommodation unit 28 of the sample rack 10 and the sample Creates sample instruction information that correlates with the position information of the container on the sample rack Have The Therefore, accurate sample instruction information can be easily created without relying on a host system. The Test instructions and sample management can be performed at the initiative of the sample and sample rack.
[0062]
Further, according to the sample rack according to the present embodiment, the sample instruction information of the sample container accommodated in the accommodating portion 28 of the sample rack 10 is stored in the third RFID tag 18, so that the sample rack unit is a sample rack unit. And sample instruction information can be managed as a unit.
[0063]
In the sample instruction information creation system according to the above-described embodiment, the sample rack 10 is moved onto the RFID tag placement member 14 by driving the sample rack drive unit 24 by the PC 22, and the RFID tag placement member 14. Although it is retracted from above, the sample rack 10 may be manually moved onto the RFID tag placement member 14 and retracted from the RFID tag placement member 14. Further, by driving the RFID tag placement member 14, the sample rack 10 may be moved onto the RFID tag placement member 14 and retracted from the RFID tag placement member 14.
[0064]
Further, according to the sample instruction information generating system according to the above-described embodiment, the storage unit of the position number “01”, the storage unit of “02”, the storage unit of “03”,. Although the sample containers 30 are accommodated, the order of the accommodating portions for accommodating the sample containers is not limited to this as long as the sample containers are accommodated one by one.
[0065]
Further, according to the sample instruction information generation system according to the above-described embodiment, the RFID tag placement member 14 is made of a metal member. However, the radio wave can be blocked without being limited to the metal member. Another member, for example, an RFID tag placement member having the same shape as the RFID tag placement member 14 in the above-described embodiment may be formed of plastic and filled with a liquid may be used. Even in this case, the radio wave transmitted from each second RFID tag 12 is transmitted only in the vertical direction while the radio wave in the horizontal direction is blocked. Therefore, radio wave interference between the adjacent second RFID tags 12 can be prevented.
[0066]
In addition, according to the sample instruction information generation system according to the above-described embodiment, the second RFID tag 12 is configured by a microwave RFID tag, but an RFID tag other than the microwave tag, for example, an electromagnetic induction action is performed. An RFID tag such as an electromagnetic coupling method using, an electrostatic coupling method using an induction action by static electricity, an electromagnetic induction method using electromagnetic induction, and an optical method using light such as infrared light may be used. Furthermore, instead of the microwave second RFID tag 12 arranged on the RFID tag arrangement member 14, an infrared sensor, an optical sensor, an ultrasonic sensor, or the like that can detect the presence or absence of a sample container may be used. In this case, plane position information on the sensor arrangement member is given to each sensor.
[0067]
Further, according to the sample instruction information creation system according to the above-described embodiment, the first RFID tag 12 is configured by a microwave RFID tag, and the third RFID tag is configured by an electromagnetic induction RFID tag. The RFID tag system is not limited to this. For example, an electromagnetic coupling method using electromagnetic induction, an electrostatic coupling method using electrostatic induction, an electromagnetic induction method using electromagnetic induction, a microwave method using microwaves, and an optical method using light such as infrared rays Any of RFID tags such as the above may be used.
[0068]
【The invention's effect】
Specimen instruction information creation system according to an embodiment of the present invention Is Sent from the first RFID tag attached to the sample container This Based on the sample information to be collected and the position information transmitted from the second RFID tag arranged on the RFID tag arrangement member, the sample instruction information creating means creates the sample in the sample container accommodated in each accommodation unit of the sample rack. Create sample instruction information that correlates information with the location information of the sample container on the sample rack Have The Therefore, accurate sample instruction information can be easily created.
[0069]
Further, according to the sample rack of the present invention, the sample instruction information of the sample container accommodated in the sample rack accommodating portion is stored in the sample instruction information storage means, so the sample and the sample instruction information in units of sample racks. Can be managed as one.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of a sample instruction information creation system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a view for explaining an RFID tag arrangement member according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a view for explaining position numbers of RFID tag placement portions of the RFID tag placement member according to the embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a diagram for explaining a unique ID stored in each RFID tag arranged in each RFID tag arrangement portion of the RFID tag arrangement member according to the embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a diagram for explaining a sample rack according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a view for explaining a sample container according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a block configuration diagram of a sample instruction information creating system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a flowchart for explaining a process for creating sample instruction information according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a diagram for explaining a state in which the sample container is set up on the sample rack according to the embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 10 is a diagram for explaining sample instruction information according to the embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a flowchart for explaining a process for creating sample instruction information according to the embodiment of the present invention;
[Explanation of symbols]
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 2 ... Specimen instruction | indication information creation system, 4 ... Rack station, 10 ... Sample rack, 12 ... 2nd RFID tag, 14 ... RFID tag arrangement | positioning member, 14a ... Tag accommodation recessed part, 16 ... 1st antenna, 18 ... 3rd RFID tag, 20 2nd antenna, 22 PC, 22a Data processing unit, 22b Data storage unit, 22c Display unit, 24 Sample rack drive unit, 26 Position sensor, 30 Sample container, 32 First RFID tag

Claims (7)

  1. A sample rack containing a plurality of sample containers having a first RFID tag for storing sample information;
    RFID tag in which a plurality of RFID tag placement sections provided corresponding to the respective storage sections of the sample rack are provided with second RFID tags in which position information of the RFID tag placement section on the sample rack is stored A placement member;
    In a state where the sample rack is positioned on the RFID tag disposed member, it is transmitted from the specimen information and the second RFID tags that are sent from the first RFID tag in a state of being blocked by the sample container A first antenna for receiving the position information;
    Based on the sample information and the position information received by the first antenna, the sample information of the sample container accommodated in each accommodating portion of the sample rack and the position information of the sample container on the sample rack And a sample instruction information creating means for creating sample instruction information in association with the sample instruction information creating system.
  2.   The sample instruction information creating system according to claim 1, wherein the sample rack includes a sample instruction information storage unit that stores the sample instruction information regarding the sample container accommodated in the sample rack.
  3. The sample instruction information storage means includes a third RFID tag,
    The sample instruction information creation system according to claim 2, further comprising a second antenna that transmits and receives the sample instruction information to and from the third RFID tag.
  4. The RFID tag arrangement member is composed of a member capable of blocking radio waves,
    Wherein the RFID tag placement section, the tag housing recess is formed, any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that said each of said tag housing recess second RFID tag is housed Sample instruction information creation system described in 1.
  5.   5. The sample indication information generation system according to claim 1, wherein the first RFID tag and the second RFID tag are configured by a microwave RFID tag. 6. .
  6. The sample instruction information creating system according to claim 3 , wherein the third RFID tag is configured by an electromagnetic induction type RFID tag.
  7. Moving means for performing relative movement between the sample rack and the RFID tag placement member;
    A position detecting means for detecting a relative position between the sample rack and the RFID tag placement member;
    When it is detected by the position detection means that each storage part of the sample rack is located on the RFID tag placement part provided corresponding to each storage part of the sample rack of the RFID tag placement member, The sample instruction information creation system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the sample information and the position information are received by the first antenna.
JP2002258454A 2002-09-04 2002-09-04 Specimen instruction information creation system Expired - Fee Related JP3890277B2 (en)

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