JP3864911B2 - Navigation device and information center - Google Patents

Navigation device and information center Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3864911B2
JP3864911B2 JP2003006890A JP2003006890A JP3864911B2 JP 3864911 B2 JP3864911 B2 JP 3864911B2 JP 2003006890 A JP2003006890 A JP 2003006890A JP 2003006890 A JP2003006890 A JP 2003006890A JP 3864911 B2 JP3864911 B2 JP 3864911B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
destination
vehicle
means
information
data
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Expired - Fee Related
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JP2003006890A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2003240588A (en
Inventor
泰雄 伊藤
聡 北野
博幸 山川
昭二 横山
直樹 牛来
隆 菅原
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株式会社エクォス・リサーチ
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Priority to JP32889299A priority Critical patent/JP4441962B2/en
Application filed by 株式会社エクォス・リサーチ filed Critical 株式会社エクォス・リサーチ
Priority to JP2003006890A priority patent/JP3864911B2/en
Publication of JP2003240588A publication Critical patent/JP2003240588A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3864911B2 publication Critical patent/JP3864911B2/en
Priority to JP2009272754A priority patent/JP4803507B2/en
Priority to JP2009272753A priority patent/JP4803506B2/en
Priority to JP2011126663A priority patent/JP5489006B2/en
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical
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Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a navigation device, an information center, a guidance system, and a route transmission device that perform guidance for reaching a destination.
[0002]
[Prior art]
Navigation devices that search for a travel route to a destination and guide the driver are widely used. In this navigation device, a destination is set from a telephone number, a facility name, a genre, an address, etc. (destination setting process), and a recommended travel route from the current vehicle position or departure point to the set destination is searched ( (Route search processing), while a current position is detected by a GPS receiver or the like, a route to a destination is guided by voice or image according to the searched travel route (route guidance processing).
[0003]
On the other hand, recently, the navigation device has only a minimum number of programs and data, the navigation device performs destination setting and route guidance, and the route search to the destination is performed collectively in the information center. A navigation system has also been developed. In this system, a mobile phone, a mobile phone connected to the device, a wireless communication means such as PHS (Personal Handy-phone System), etc., transmission to the destination information center, a recommended travel route searched for in the information center, etc. It is supposed to receive.
[0004]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
However, in the above-described conventional navigation device or the like, it is necessary to operate a remote controller, a touch panel, or the like in the vehicle when setting the destination. In other words, the boarded user must turn on the power of the navigation device and set a destination number or waypoint (passage point) with a remote control, a touch panel, etc., with reference to the menu, such as a telephone number, an address, or a facility name. In other words, the destination cannot be obtained immediately after boarding, and the travel route to the destination cannot be obtained. Therefore, in a conventional navigation device or the like, it takes time to get route guidance to the destination after getting on the vehicle. Further, even when a plurality of members travel to the same destination by their own vehicles, each member has to individually set a destination as his / her own destination or acquire a search route.
[0005]
Therefore, the present invention has an object to achieve such a problem, and a first object thereof is to make it possible to immediately acquire specific data such as a destination and a travel route by turning on the ignition. A second object is to allow setting information such as a destination for another navigation apparatus to be set.
[0006]
By the way, the navigation device is based on the assumption that the travel route is displayed by displaying the travel route and the current position on a display device in the vehicle, or by outputting a guidance voice by a speaker in the vehicle. The destination is assumed to be reachable by the vehicle. However, the destination that the user will finally reach is not a point that can be reached by the vehicle (vehicle destination), but means other than the vehicle such as walking or cable car (non-vehicle means) from the vehicle destination. It may be a point to reach. For example, the final destination may not be reached without passing through a pedestrian road where vehicles cannot pass. In this case, the route from the departure point to the vehicle destination is set, but the route from the vehicle destination to the walking destination is not set. In addition, when there is no parking lot at the vehicle destination (when the vehicle destination and the walking destination are the same), and the parking lot around the destination is set as the vehicle destination, the vehicle destination and the walking destination are Different. When moving to such a destination by walking or the like, a portable information terminal that grasps a route to a walking destination by downloading and displaying a map from the current position to the destination on a portable information terminal (PDA) It has been proposed (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-26968).
[0007]
However, in the case of such a portable information terminal, since both the current position and the destination are displayed, the destination cannot be set in advance at a place other than the departure place, and arrives at the departure place (vehicle destination). After that, it is necessary to set the final destination set before the vehicle travels again and download the map data. For this reason, after reaching the vehicle destination, it was not possible to immediately move toward the final destination. Further, the portable information terminal needs to have a GPS receiver for detecting the position of confidence. Furthermore, when the vehicle position is reached by traveling or the like, if the vehicle position is unknown, it is possible to set the vehicle position as a walking destination on the portable information terminal or display a map to the vehicle position. could not.
[0008]
Therefore, a third object is to make it possible to acquire the final destination or map data up to the final destination immediately after reaching the vehicle destination. It is a fourth object of the present invention to make it possible to acquire a map and travel route data up to the vehicle position using a portable information terminal even if the vehicle position is unknown.
[0009]
In addition, in a navigation device that transmits and receives data to and from an information center, if the vehicle destination is a parking lot or the like, it is impossible to notify the information center of the current position of the vehicle or arrival at the destination by communication. There's a problem. Therefore, a fifth object of the present invention is to make it possible to notify an information center of an arrival position or arrival using a portable information terminal even if the arrival point of the vehicle is a communication impossible point.
[0010]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
According to the first aspect of the present invention, detection means for detecting the ignition on of the vehicle, and confirmation means for confirming the presence or absence of setting information set in advance in the information center when the ignition on is detected by the detection means And a receiving means for receiving specific data transmitted from the information center based on confirmation by the confirmation means, a specific processing means for performing specific processing based on the specific data received by the receiving means, and a vehicle Arrival determining means for determining whether or not the vehicle has arrived at the destination, and destination arrival transmitting means for transmitting the destination arrival and the current vehicle position to the information center when the arrival determining means determines that the vehicle has arrived at the destination. And comprising When the vehicle arrives at the vehicle destination and cannot communicate with the information center at the vehicle destination, the vehicle current position is transmitted to the portable information terminal. Thus, the first object is achieved.
In the invention according to claim 2, Claim 1 In the described navigation apparatus, the setting information is setting information transmitted from an information processing apparatus such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and a navigation apparatus.
In invention of Claim 3, Claim 1 or claim 2 In the described navigation device, the arrival determination means determines that the vehicle has arrived at the destination when the current vehicle position matches the destination or when the distance between the current vehicle position and the destination is a predetermined distance or less. It is characterized by doing.
In the invention according to claim 4, the detection means for detecting the ignition on of the vehicle, and the confirmation for confirming the presence or absence of the setting information registered to the information center when the ignition on is detected by the detection means And the setting information registered to the self by this confirmation means But If confirmed, an acquisition unit for acquiring the setting information from the information center, a specific processing unit for performing a specific process based on the setting information acquired by the acquisition unit, and whether the vehicle has arrived at the destination are determined. Arrival determining means, and when the arrival determining means determines that the vehicle has arrived at the destination, destination arrival transmitting means for transmitting the destination arrival and the current vehicle position to the information center. When the vehicle arrives at the vehicle destination and cannot communicate with the information center at the vehicle destination, the vehicle current position is transmitted to the portable information terminal. Thus, the first object is achieved.
In the invention according to claim 5, Claim 4 In the described navigation device, the setting information registered for the self is destination information for setting a destination, and the specific processing unit is a destination set by the destination information acquired by the acquisition unit. A travel route search to the ground or guidance of the searched travel route is performed as the specifying process.
In invention of Claim 6, Claim 4 In the described navigation device, the setting information registered for the self is guide information of a travel route, and the specific processing means uses the guide based on the guide information of the travel route acquired by the acquisition means as the specific processing. It is characterized by performing.
In invention of Claim 7, Claim 4, claim 5 or claim 6 In the described navigation apparatus, the setting information is setting information transmitted from an information processing apparatus such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and a navigation apparatus.
In the invention according to claim 8, In any one of claims 4-7 In the described navigation device, the arrival determination means determines that the vehicle has arrived at the destination when the current vehicle position matches the destination or when the distance between the current vehicle position and the destination is a predetermined distance or less. It is characterized by doing.
[0011]
In the invention described in claim 9, setting information receiving means for receiving destination information for setting a destination transmitted from an information processing device such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and a navigation device, and the setting information Setting information storage means for storing destination information addressed to a specific destination received by the receiving means, and vehicle arrival for judging whether the destination set by the received destination information is a place that can be reached by the vehicle A vehicle destination that sets a point that can be reached by the vehicle in the vicinity of the destination as a vehicle destination when the determining unit and the vehicle arrival determining unit determine that the destination cannot be reached by the vehicle; Setting means; and claim 1 to claim 8 Whether the destination information is stored in the setting information storage means based on a confirmation request for the presence / absence of destination information registered for itself from the navigation device according to any one of the claims. If it is confirmed by the center side confirmation means for confirming that the destination information for the navigation device that has requested the confirmation is stored, the destination information or the vehicle Transmitting means for transmitting information on the vehicle destination to the navigation device when the destination is set; The information processing device, the setting information storage area in the setting information storage means, and the navigation device are associated with each other by an ID for each user, and the setting information storage means receives contents of the setting information receiving means. Includes a setting request for another user, the received setting information is stored in a storage area of the setting information storage unit corresponding to the requested other user ID, and further, by the setting information storage unit, When the received setting information is stored in the storage area of the setting information storage unit corresponding to the requested other user's ID, notification means for notifying the other user to that effect Provide in the information center.
In the invention according to claim 10, Claim 9 In the described information center, the notification means notifies the other user of the fact by electronic mail, facsimile, data communication, or voice communication by voice data synthesized by voice.
In the invention described in claim 11, setting information receiving means for receiving destination information for setting a destination transmitted from an information processing device such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and a navigation device, and the setting information Setting information storage means for storing destination information addressed to a specific destination received by the receiving means, and vehicle arrival for judging whether the destination set by the received destination information is a place that can be reached by the vehicle A vehicle destination that sets a point that can be reached by the vehicle in the vicinity of the destination as a vehicle destination when the determining unit and the vehicle arrival determining unit determine that the destination cannot be reached by the vehicle; Setting means; and claim 1 to claim 8 Whether the destination information is stored in the setting information storage means based on a confirmation request for the presence / absence of destination information registered for itself from the navigation device according to any one of the claims. If it is confirmed by the center side confirmation means for confirming that the destination information for the navigation device that has requested the confirmation is stored, the destination information or the vehicle When the destination is set, transmission means for transmitting information on the vehicle destination to the navigation device; A notification means for notifying that the setting information has been registered or the contents of the setting information to the specific destination when the sender of the setting information is different from the specific destination; In the information center.
[0012]
In the invention of claim 12, destination information receiving means for receiving destination information transmitted from an information processing apparatus such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and a navigation apparatus, and the destination information receiving means Vehicle arrival determination means for determining whether or not the destination set in the destination information can be reached by the vehicle, and when the vehicle arrival determination means determines that the destination cannot be reached by the vehicle Vehicle destination setting means for setting a vehicle reachable point around the destination as a vehicle destination, and from the vehicle destination set by the vehicle destination setting means to the destination other than the own vehicle Non-vehicle movement route search means for searching for a movement route for arriving by the non-vehicle movement means, and information on the movement route searched for by this non-vehicle movement route search means A movement path transmitting means for transmitting Destination arrival receiving means for receiving destination arrival information and vehicle current position transmitted from the navigation device; In the information center The moving route transmitting means transmits the moving route to the portable information terminal when the current vehicle position received by the destination arrival information receiving means is the vehicle destination set by the vehicle destination setting means. It is characterized by that.
In invention of Claim 13, Claim 12 In the described information center, the non-vehicle moving means is at least one of public vehicles such as taxis and buses, cable cars, monorails, ropeways, trains, trains, ships, moving walkways, and walking. And
In the invention described in claim 14, the vehicle current position storage means for receiving and storing the vehicle current position from the navigation device, the portable information terminal position receiving means for receiving the current position from the portable information terminal, and the portable information terminal position A non-vehicle movement route search means for searching a movement route for arriving at the vehicle current position stored in the vehicle current position storage means from the current position received by the reception means by a non-vehicle movement means other than a vehicle; The information center is provided with a movement route transmission means for transmitting the movement route searched by the non-vehicle movement route search means to the portable information terminal.
[0013]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to FIGS.
(1) Outline of the embodiment
In the present embodiment, a destination setting screen or data is received from the information center, a destination is set by a portable information terminal such as a mobile phone, and the destination is transmitted to the information center together with the user ID. The destination does not necessarily need to be a point that can be reached by a vehicle, and may be a point that cannot be reached without using a non-vehicle means such as walking or a cable car. In this way, it may be a point that cannot be reached by the vehicle (regardless of whether it is recognized or not), so when setting the destination data and screen for requesting a parking lot with the parking lot as the vehicle guidance end point When it is received and selected from the information center, a parking lot request is also transmitted to the information center. In the information center, when the destination set by the user is received, the received destination is stored in the user data corresponding to the ID as the final destination, and there is a parking lot at the final destination. The vehicle destination is set and stored in the user data depending on whether the vehicle can travel to the final destination.
[0014]
On the other hand, when the user gets into the vehicle and turns on the ignition, the in-vehicle device (navigation device) starts communication with the information center (establishment of communication) and checks whether the destination has already been set in the information center. Check. In the information center, if the vehicle destination is set in the user data of the corresponding ID, the route search from the current position transmitted from the navigation device to the set vehicle destination is performed, and the recommended travel route is transmitted. . As described above, since the travel route to the destination set in advance by the portable information terminal or the like can be obtained from the information center immediately after the ignition is turned on by the ignition on, the user can set the destination and set the destination from turning on the power of the navigation device. There is no need to perform a series of operations up to transmission in the vehicle. In addition, the travel route to be transmitted does not transmit the entire travel route from the departure point to the vehicle destination, but transmits only the travel route for a predetermined distance from the current position, thereby shortening the communication time (less communication data amount). The vehicle side can depart early. When the navigation device transmits a request for a travel route again when reaching a predetermined distance (for example, 200 m) before the end of the received travel route, the information center displays a travel route from the current vehicle position to the destination. A search is made again and a travel route for a predetermined distance is transmitted to the navigation device. In this way, every time there is a request, a new travel route to the destination is newly searched and transmitted by a predetermined distance, thereby transmitting an optimum travel route considering the latest traffic information at the time of the request. Can do.
[0015]
When the navigation device arrives at the vehicle destination (ends voice route guidance), the navigation device transmits the current position of the vehicle to the information center. In the information center, the travel route from the current vehicle position to the final destination is searched in the non-vehicle mode, a map picture corresponding to the travel route is created, and transmitted to the portable information terminal corresponding to the ID. The portable information terminal provides guidance to the final destination by sequentially displaying the received map pictures according to user operations.
[0016]
(2) Details of the first embodiment
FIG. 1 shows a configuration of a navigation system according to the first embodiment. As shown in FIG. 1, the navigation system of this embodiment includes an information center 10, a navigation device 100 that is an in-vehicle device mounted on a moving vehicle V, and a navigation device carried by a user of the navigation device 100. And a personal digital assistant (PDA) 200 for assisting 100 functions. Communication using the radio is performed between the information center 10 and the navigation apparatus 100, and the communication form is mainly based on packet communication, but depending on the navigation apparatus 100, there may be a case where circuit switching is performed.
On the other hand, the navigation apparatus 100 and the portable information terminal 200 are connected mainly by circuit switching or packet communication when the portable information terminal is outside the vehicle, and when in the vehicle, infrared communication, SS (spread spectrum) communication, etc. Wireless communication, or wired communication such as serial communication and parallel communication.
[0017]
FIG. 2 shows the configuration of the information center 10, the navigation device 100, and the portable information terminal 200 in these navigation systems. The information center 10 includes various devices such as a communication control unit 12, an arithmetic processing unit 14, a database 40, an external information collection unit 70, and an input / output unit. The communication control unit 12 of the information center 10 is a communication device including a transmission device and a reception device, and is used for transmitting and receiving data to and from the navigation device 100 and the portable information terminal 200. Various communication systems such as a car phone, a mobile phone, and a PHS may be used.
[0018]
The arithmetic processing unit 14 includes a CPU 16 that performs arithmetic processing and a memory 18 that stores various programs and data. The memory 18 stores various programs executed by the information center 10 such as a route search program 20, a segment processing program 22, a guidance data extraction program 24, a destination determination program 25, and a system control program 26. The route search program 20 includes a vehicle mode route search program for searching a travel route by a vehicle from a vehicle departure point (current position of the vehicle or a designated departure point) to a vehicle destination, and a final destination from the vehicle destination. There is a route search program in a non-vehicle mode that searches for a route to reach the ground without using a vehicle (a route using a walking route, a monorail, or the like). The segment processing program 22 is a program for setting a segment length of a route searched for a route in the vehicle mode and a road length to be transmitted to the vehicle side. The guide data extraction program 24 is a program for searching, extracting, and editing guide data corresponding to the road length set by the segment processing program 22. The destination determination program 25 is a program for determining a vehicle destination and a final destination from destinations received from the portable information terminal 200 or the navigation device 100. The system control program 26 is a program for controlling and managing the operation of the entire information center 10.
[0019]
The memory 18 also has working areas such as requested road length data 27, searched route data 28, extraction guidance data 29, etc. used for executing these programs. As the requested road length data 27, a value received from the navigation device 100 is stored in the working area, but a predetermined initial value is separately stored in the memory 18 in the case where it is not transmitted from the navigation device 100. For example, 10 km is stored as the initial value of the required road length, but other values such as 5 km, 15 km, and 20 km may be used. Moreover, you may make it change according to the remaining distance (distance on the searched driving | running route or linear distance) from a vehicle present position to a vehicle destination. For example, the initial value is increased as the remaining distance is longer, and the initial value is decreased as the remaining distance is shorter. Further, the initial value of the requested road length may be changed depending on the road type of the route to be transmitted to the navigation device 100 among the searched travel routes. For example, the initial value for expressways (including dedicated roads such as the Metropolitan Expressway) is the largest, the initial value for national and prefectural roads is the next largest, and the initial value for urban roads is minimized. To do. The remaining distance to the vehicle destination may be combined with the road type.
[0020]
The search route data 28 stores a travel route to the vehicle destination searched by the route search program 20 and divided route data obtained by dividing the travel route into segments of a predetermined unit by the segment processing program 22. FIG. 3 conceptually shows the data stored in the searched route data 28. As shown in FIG. 3, the search route data 28 indicates that the entire travel route to the vehicle destination is divided into segment units such as a divided route 1, a divided route 2,... As illustrated in FIG. Divided. Each divided route data includes a data head, intersection information, road information, node information, landmark information, etc., as shown in FIG.
[0021]
The database 40 includes route search data 42 for searching for a recommended route, guidance data 44 in which route guidance data is accumulated, communication area data 46 in which data related to a communication area is accumulated, and a telephone number and address for setting a destination. Destination setting data 48 such as, user data 50 that collects various information related to the user, parking lot data 52 that collects the parking lot location and congestion status, and a simple display of the route to the final destination searched in the non-vehicle mode Data necessary for route search and route guidance, such as map picture creation data 54 that collects map pictures to be stored, is stored. The route search data 42 includes data regarding intersections, data regarding roads, data regarding node points, and the like. The route search data 42 includes pedestrian-only roads such as pedestrian bridges and pedestrian crossings used in non-vehicle mode searches, and transportation means other than vehicles and walks (cable cars, monorails, ropeways, trains, trains, ships). , Buses, taxis, moving walkways, etc.) (including station names, point data, distances between points, timetables, etc.). The guidance data 44 includes various types of guidance data such as map data of each intersection and road, landmark data indicating major facilities, and voice guidance data. The communication area data 46 includes data relating to the communication status such as areas where radio waves do not reach, areas where communication is weak even if the radio waves arrive, and the like.
[0022]
The destination setting data 48 includes a destination name, a destination code number, coordinates (latitude, lightness), a telephone number, an address, and a zip code for facilities, places, points, etc. that can be set as destinations. The ground data is stored. Stored settable destinations include not only facilities that can be reached by vehicles, but also facilities that require shuttle buses and walks from the middle, such as Oze's mountain hut, from the viewpoint of nature conservation, It also stores places such as Hakone Owakudani that require a ropeway and walking on the way. These destination data are organized in a database with a hierarchical destination list, and as destination-related information necessary for destination setting, genre data that classifies all destinations by genre, classified by region Regional data is also stored. The destination setting data 48 includes explanatory information on the destination, for example, if the destination is a ryokan, commentary on the presence or absence of a hot spring and the effectiveness of the hot spring, and if the destination is an amusement park, Information about the area (number of cars that can be parked), target age (for children over 3 years old, for children over elementary school age, for adults, etc.), admission fees, closed days, etc. If available, commentary information such as play fees is also stored for each destination. In this way, by collecting and storing commentary information abundantly, the search facility such as “a place where children under 5 years old can play in nature in Kamakura” is received from the user of the navigation device 100, and the corresponding facility It becomes possible to search destinations and places and set destinations. In the case of such destination setting, a destination request (search condition) may be acquired by voice call, and an appropriate destination setting may be performed with the assistance of an operator.
[0023]
Further, the destination setting data 48 includes a mobile information terminal and a navigation device that do not have the destination setting program or the destination setting data via the Internet using browser software of WWW (World Wide Web). Web destination information (destination setting screen) to be transmitted when a destination setting request is made is also stored. Further, in the destination setting data 48, parking lot presence / absence data indicating whether or not there is a parking lot corresponding to each destination data is also stored as attached data.
[0024]
FIG. 4 conceptually shows data stored in the user data 50. User data 50 includes a user name, a user identification number (ID), a navigation device connection destination, a portable information terminal connection destination, a vehicle current position, a vehicle destination, a final destination, a passing point, for each user who uses the navigation system. Departure date and time, parking request, password, e-mail address, etc. are stored. The navigation device connection destination stores a telephone number such as a car phone connected to the navigation device 100, a mobile phone to be connected, and a PHS. In the portable information terminal connection destination, a telephone number of the portable information terminal 200 that may communicate with the information center 10 is stored. The telephone number stored in the portable information terminal connection destination is one telephone number for calling when the information center 10 makes a call request, and the telephone number for user authentication that accepts the call request from the portable information terminal ( (One or more) is stored. The departure date and time are stored in association with the vehicle destination and the final destination. When this departure date and time is specified, a plurality of destinations (vehicle destination and final destination) are set. Be able to. The user data 50 may store various other data such as a password used for user authentication.
[0025]
As shown in FIG. 2, an external information collection unit 70 is connected to the database 40. The external information collected by the external information collection unit 70 includes traffic jam information (congested location and distance, degree of traffic jam), construction information (construction section and construction period), accident location (accident location, accident grade, There are various kinds of traffic information such as whether or not the vehicle can pass and the estimated processing end time, etc., which are all used in the route search processing in the route search program 20 of the arithmetic processing unit 14. The external information collection unit 70 also establishes and changes roads, intersections, and traffic rules (route search data 42), establishes new facilities (guidance data 44, destination setting data 48), and changes communication areas (communication). Area data 46), information on parking lots full, empty cars, congestion, etc. (parking lot data 52), etc. are collected, and data stored in the database 40 is updated as needed. The external information collection unit 70 collects the external information using a communication means such as a telephone line or a dedicated line.
[0026]
Next, the configuration of the navigation device 100 will be described. The navigation device 100 includes an arithmetic processing unit 101, a memory 102, a position measurement unit 104, an input unit 105, a display unit 106, an audio output unit 107, and a communication control unit 108. The arithmetic processing unit 101 is constituted by a microcomputer system including a ROM and a RAM centered on the CPU, and uses various data stored in the data storage area 102B in accordance with various programs stored in the program storage area 102A of the memory 102. Control is to be performed.
[0027]
The program storage area 102A of the memory 102 includes a destination setting confirmation program 142 executed when the ignition is turned on, a destination setting program 144 for setting a destination as a final destination, and route data and guidance data transmitted from the information center 10. Based on the route guidance program 150 for displaying the route and landmark on the display unit 106 or outputting the voice of the route guidance from the voice output unit 107, comparing the current vehicle position with the received route / guidance data, This is a storage medium for storing programs executed by the arithmetic processing unit 101, such as a data request program 152 for requesting route / guide data for a route and a control program 154 for controlling the overall operation.
[0028]
The data storage area 102B of the memory 102 functions as a working area that is used as appropriate when executing the program. For example, the route / guide data (route data and guide data) 160 transmitted from the information center 10 and the information center 10 Vehicle destination to be transmitted, final destination data 161, vehicle-specific ID data 162 to be transmitted to the information center 10, vehicle position data (longitude / latitude) 164 measured by the position measuring unit 104, destination setting data 166 , A storage medium for storing requested road length data 168 and the like. The destination setting data 166 includes destination data, destination related information, commentary information, and the like similar to the destination setting data 48 except for data collected and changed by the external information collection unit 70 of the information center 10. Stored. The destination setting data 166 may be changed by newly establishing a facility or the like. The request road length data 168 uses an initial value stored in the memory 18 of the normal information center 10.
[0029]
The vehicle position data 164 includes a plurality of past position data in addition to the current position data of the vehicle measured by the position measurement unit 104 at predetermined time intervals. For example, position data of measurement points included in a certain distance or position data of a certain number of measurement points is stored. When the position measurement unit 104 newly performs measurement, the latest position data is stored, and the oldest stored position data is deleted. By connecting the plurality of position data, a travel locus of the vehicle can be obtained. This travel locus is used for so-called map matching for specifying the road on which the vehicle is traveling.
[0030]
The position measuring unit 104 is for measuring the position of the vehicle using so-called GPS, and receives a signal from a plurality of GPS satellites to measure the absolute position of the vehicle. A speed sensor, a direction sensor, and the like are provided. Speed sensors and azimuth sensors are used for autonomous navigation. The relative position measured by these sensors is used to obtain the current vehicle position in a tunnel where the GPS receiver cannot receive radio waves from satellites, or to correct the positioning error of the absolute position measured by the GPS receiver. Is done.
[0031]
The input unit 105 includes various switches, a touch panel attached to the display surface of the display unit 106, a remote controller, a data input device using voice recognition, and the like. On the touch panel, when a user touches an icon or the like displayed on the display unit 106 with a finger, corresponding data and commands are input. In a data input device using voice recognition, corresponding data and commands are input when a user utters a voice.
[0032]
The display unit 106 is a display such as a liquid crystal or CRT, and the touch panel is disposed on the surface as described above. The voice output unit 107 includes a voice synthesizer and a speaker, and guides voice when performing route guidance to the destination, for example, guidance voice such as “the intersection is 100 m ahead in the right direction.” The information is synthesized based on the route guidance data of 102B and output from the speaker. Such a speaker that outputs a guidance voice may be used also as a speaker for in-vehicle audio, and a dedicated speaker may be arranged on the upper part of the driver's seat or the upper part of the windshield (the upper center part, the upper part on the driver's seat side, etc.). It may be. The communication control unit 108 is a communication device for transmitting / receiving data to / from the information center 10 side, and is configured by communication devices including a transmission device and a reception device. Similarly to the center side, a system such as a car phone, a mobile phone, or a PHS may be used.
[0033]
Next, the configuration of the portable information terminal 200 will be described. The portable information terminal 200 mainly corresponds to a mobile phone, PHS, electronic notebook, handheld PC, and other personal digital assistants (PDAs) capable of data communication. The portable information terminal 200 illustrated in FIG. 2 represents a configuration common to these various devices when performing various processes in the present embodiment, and is required only for functions unique to each supply such as a mobile phone and an electronic notebook. The configuration to be performed is omitted as appropriate.
[0034]
The portable information terminal 200 includes an arithmetic processing unit 201, a memory 202, an input unit 205, a display unit 206, an audio output unit 207, and a communication control unit 208. The arithmetic processing unit 201 of the portable information terminal 200 is constituted by a microcomputer system including a CPU and a ROM and a RAM, and is stored in the data storage area 202B according to various programs stored in the program storage area 202A of the memory 202. Control using various data is performed.
[0035]
A program storage area 202A of the memory 202 receives a non-vehicle route such as a map picture from the information center 10 and a destination setting program 250 that sets a destination as a final destination and transmits it to the information center 10 and displays it on the display unit 206. This is a storage medium for storing programs executed by the arithmetic processing unit 201 such as a non-vehicle route display program 252 to be displayed and a control program 254 for controlling the operation of the entire portable information terminal 200. The data storage area 202B functions as a working area that is used as appropriate when executing the program. For example, the route / guidance data (non-vehicle route data and guidance data) 260 transmitted from the information center 10 and the portable information terminal 200 Correspondingly, this is a storage medium for storing the ID data 262 and destination setting data 266 of the navigation device 100 registered in the information center 10. The destination setting data 266 stores destination data, destination related information, and the like similar to the destination setting data 48 except for data collected and changed by the external information collection unit 70 of the information center 10. Yes. Note that the destination setting data 266 may store only a part of genre information and destination data, for example, in order to reduce the data amount of the portable information terminal 200. As part of the destination data, for example, only the destination name and destination code number, only the telephone number and destination name, only the telephone number and destination code number, and the like are stored. Furthermore, in order to reduce the amount of retained data, some or all of these data may be stored only in some areas. The destination setting data 266 does not store commentary information on the destination.
[0036]
In addition to various dedicated switches, switches such as a numeric keypad that can select a soft switch displayed on the display screen are used for the input unit 205, but depending on the portable information terminal 200, it is attached to the display surface of the display unit 206. In some cases, an input device using a touch panel, a remote control, or voice recognition is used.
[0037]
The display unit 206 is a display using liquid crystal or the like, and as described above, a touch panel may be disposed on the surface depending on the portable information terminal 200. The communication control unit 208 is a communication device for transmitting / receiving data to / from the information center 10 side, and is configured by communication devices including a transmission device and a reception device.
[0038]
Although the navigation apparatus 100 and the portable information terminal 200 illustrated in FIG. 2 have the above-described configuration, the navigation apparatus and the portable information terminal that can communicate with the information center 10 using this navigation system have different versions and models. It is possible to adopt different configurations depending on the case. For example, a simple navigation device 100 or a portable information terminal 200 that does not have the destination setting data and the destination setting program and sets the destination by Web information from the information center 10 can be used. In addition, the navigation device 100 described does not include route search data and a route search program. However, when the navigation device 100 includes data and a program at the same level as the information center, the navigation device 100 includes simple route search data and a route search program. In this case, it is also possible to provide route search data in a limited area (Kanto region, Tokai region, etc.) and a route search program at the same level as the information center 10. Moreover, although the portable information terminal 200 does not include a position measurement unit, the position may be independently measured by including a GPS receiver.
[0039]
Next, the operation of the navigation system configured as described above will be described. First, as an outline of the operation, a typical series of operations according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 5 shows a typical example of data exchange between the information center 10, the navigation system 100, and the portable information terminal 200. In the illustration of FIG. 5, typical route guidance by the navigation system includes a prior destination setting process, a navigation start process by ignition, and a non-vehicle movement route guidance process to the final destination. The advance destination setting process is a process of setting a destination at a point other than the departure place and registering it in the information center 10 in advance (E0 to E2, Es, and Ee) before leaving the information center 10 toward the destination. Show). The navigation start process by ignition on is a process (indicated by F0 to Fn, Fs, Fe) that confirms the presence or absence of destination setting by ignition on and guides the route to the vehicle destination while acquiring the search route from the information center 10 in a divided manner. ). The non-vehicle movement route guidance processing to the final destination is processing (G0 to G2, Gs, Ge) for guiding the non-vehicle movement route to the final destination after the vehicle arrives at the vehicle destination.
[0040]
In FIG. 5, communication between the portable information terminal 200 and the information center 10 is represented by a dotted line, and communication between the navigation apparatus 100 and the information center 10 is represented by a one-dot chain line. Communication starts with Es, Fs, Gs (transmission of call request packet CR in the case of packet communication, call (off-hook) in the case of circuit switching), and communication ends with Ee, Fe, Ge ( In the case of packet communication, a disconnection confirmation packet is received, and in the case of circuit switching, it is disconnected (on-hook).
[0041]
When the destination is pre-registered in the information center 10, the destination setting is performed in advance in the portable information terminal 200 as indicated by the arrow E0. Then, as indicated by the arrow E1, the installed destination, passing point, parking lot request, and ID of the corresponding navigation device 100 are transmitted to the information center 10. The passing point and the parking lot request are transmitted when selected in the destination setting, and are not transmitted when not selected. As shown in FIG. 5, it is a typical case that a destination or the like is transmitted from the portable information terminal 200 to the information center 10, but in addition, the destination is set in advance by the navigation device 100 and the information center 10. When sending to a mobile phone (sending from your own device or from another navigation device), or setting a destination on an information processing terminal such as a home or office personal computer or a word processor In some cases, the destination is set and transmitted from a public telephone capable of data communication. In the information center 10, when the destination set by the destination setting process and the ID are transmitted, the final destination and the vehicle destination are determined from the received destination as described later with reference to FIG. Register in the user data corresponding to the ID. This destination determination process is not limited to the case where the destination is set in advance, but is also executed when the destination is set by the navigation device 100 of the vehicle when the vehicle departs.
[0042]
When the vehicle equipped with the navigation device 100 is turned on, route guidance to the vehicle destination is started. That is, as shown by the arrow F0 in FIG. 5, when the ignition of the vehicle on which the navigation device 100 is mounted is turned on, communication between the navigation device 100 and the information center 10 is established (Fs). F4 destination setting confirmation processing (FIGS. 9 and 10) is performed. If the destination is registered in advance in the information center 10, the navigation device 100 sends the current position, ID, requested road length, and route guidance acquisition request to the information center 10 as shown by the arrow F5 (see FIG. Not shown). The requested road length is transmitted when the requested road length data 168 is stored in the data storage area 102B of the navigation device 100. As will be described later with reference to FIG. 11, the information center 10 performs route search (vehicle mode), segment division, and requested guidance data extraction based on the received data, as indicated by an arrow F <b> 6. Then, as indicated by an arrow F7, the obtained route / guidance data is transmitted to the navigation device 100.
[0043]
The operation in the information center 10 will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 6, when the information center 10 receives a destination from the portable information terminal 200 or the navigation device 100, the information center 10 sets the received destination as the final destination PT and cannot reach the final destination PT by a vehicle. The vehicle destination PA is set in the case (including the case of guiding to the surrounding parking lot based on the parking lot request). L1 indicated by a thick solid line is a travel route searched (vehicle mode) from the terminal position PD of the received divided route to the vehicle destination PA, and L2 indicated by a thick dotted line is from the vehicle destination PA to the final destination PT. This is a route that has been searched (non-vehicle mode). M is a mark indicating the vehicle position displayed corresponding to the current position of the vehicle. The search route L1 is divided into five segments S1 to S5 when a predetermined distance (for example, 2 km) is used as a unit, and segment division points are P1 to P4. If the requested road length is LR, the transmission road length> the requested road length in the segments S1 and S2, the route data and guidance data of the segments S1 and S2 are transmitted to the navigation device 100.
[0044]
On the other hand, in the navigation device 100, as will be described later with reference to FIG. 12, as shown by an arrow F8 in FIG. 5, route guidance is performed based on the route / guidance data received in a divided manner. Note that route / guide data that is no longer needed is discarded. Here, when the route guidance continuation data is required, the current center and the route guidance acquisition request (request) are again notified to the information center 10, as indicated by the arrow F9. Thereafter, the same operation is repeated until reaching the destination. When the vehicle arrives at the vehicle destination, the current center and the arrival at the destination are notified to the information center 10 as indicated by the arrow Fn, and the navigation device 100 Communication between the information centers 10 is terminated.
[0045]
When the vehicle center arrival is received from the navigation device 100, the information center 10 stores the current position of the received vehicle as indicated by an arrow G0, and performs a route search in the non-vehicle mode from the current position to the final destination. This is performed (described later in FIG. 13). Then, as shown by the arrow Gs, communication with the portable information terminal connection destination corresponding to the user data 50 of the corresponding ID is started, and the guide data by the map picture to the final destination created by the route search as shown by the arrow G1 Is transmitted to the portable information terminal 200. In the portable information terminal 200 that has received the map picture, as will be described later with reference to FIGS. 14 and 15, the received map picture is displayed in sequence according to the user's operation, thereby non-vehicle means to the final destination. The route is guided by (G2).
[0046]
FIG. 5 illustrates the case where the advance destination setting process, the navigation start process by ignition, and the non-vehicle movement route guidance process to the final destination are executed as a series of processes. It is feasible. That is, when the final destination matches the vehicle destination, the non-vehicle movement route guidance process to the final destination is not executed. Further, the destination set in the advance destination setting process is always used in the navigation start process by ignition-on, but the advance destination setting process itself is not necessarily a process necessary for the navigation start process by ignition-on. The navigation start process by ignition on in the absence of the advance destination setting process can be executed. That is, in the first embodiment, the navigation start process by ignition-on is an essential process, and the advance destination setting process or / and the non-vehicle movement route guidance to the final destination are executed incidentally.
[0047]
Next, details of each operation by the devices constituting the above navigation system will be sequentially described.
(A) Destination setting operation
(A) First, the destination setting process in the portable information terminal 200 and the navigation device 100 provided with the destination setting programs 250 and 144 and the destination setting data 266 and 166 will be described. In the following description, processing by the portable information terminal 200 will be described. Similarly, in the navigation device 100, each part with the same name (each part with the same last two digits) is similarly performed. When the destination setting is selected, the destination setting process is executed, and the arithmetic processing unit 201 (corresponding to the arithmetic processing unit 101 in the case of the navigation apparatus 100. The same applies to the other parts below) is displayed on the display unit 206. As the destination setting screen, for example, input methods of “designation from the area list”, “designation from the genre list”, “input telephone number”, and “input address” are displayed as images. Then, of the four input methods displayed by the setter's input, after the cursor is moved to the display of the desired input method by the input unit 205 (joystick or key), the enter key is pressed, Is input by voice or the like, and the destination input method is selected. When “designation from the area list” or “designation from the genre list” is selected, a classification list of areas and genres is read from the destination setting data 266 and displayed on the display unit 206. Here, after acquiring the selection of the area and genre selected by the setter, the name of the destination divided into the selected area and genre is displayed, and the destination is acquired. Further, when “input telephone number” or “input address” is selected as the selection method, the telephone number or address is acquired by input from the input unit 205 (voice input or numeric keypad), etc. The destination is acquired from the correspondence between the telephone number or address stored in the data 266 and the destination.
[0048]
When the destination is acquired, the arithmetic processing unit 201 next checks whether or not there is a parking lot request and whether or not a departure date is specified. That is, a confirmation screen for the presence or absence of a parking lot is displayed to confirm the presence or absence of a request to the setter, and then a departure date and time input screen is displayed to confirm the departure date and time. When the transmission key is selected by the setter at the time when the destination is determined, it is handled that neither the parking lot request nor the departure date / time is specified.
[0049]
After the destination and, if selected, a parking lot request and / or departure date and time are confirmed, data such as the destination is transmitted to the information center 10 together with the ID of the corresponding navigation device by selecting a transmission key. . In the case of a destination by the portable information terminal 200, the ID of the corresponding navigation device 100 may be registered in advance in the portable information terminal 200, or may be input individually when setting the destination. Also good. On the other hand, in the case of destination setting by the navigation device 100, the ID read from the ID data 162 is transmitted, but another ID may be designated by the input of the setter. By allowing other IDs to be specified, when the vehicle has two vehicles (and the navigation device 100), the destination for driving with one vehicle can be set from the other vehicle. it can.
[0050]
(B) Next, the destination setting process in the portable information terminal 200 and the navigation apparatus 100 that do not include the destination setting programs 250 and 144 and the destination setting data 266 and 166 will be described.
Although the portable information terminal 200 will be described in this case as well, the navigation apparatus 100 operates in the same manner. FIG. 7 shows a process when a destination is set in the information center 10 via the Internet using WWW browser software in a portable information terminal 200 (which is often a mobile phone or PHS) that does not have the destination setting program 250 or the like. It is a representation. As a premise that the destination setting process shown in FIG. 7 is executed, a menu screen unique to each portable information terminal is displayed on the display unit 206 of the portable information terminal 200. This menu screen, other screens, The destination setting can be selected using the function keys. In the menu screen or the like, a navigation menu key (name is not limited as long as it is a destination setting key) is selected. As a menu screen unique to each portable information terminal 200, for example, in the case of a mobile phone, in addition to the “navigation menu” key, a “phone menu” key, a “data communication menu” key, etc. are displayed. In addition to the “navigation menu” key, a “schedule” key, an “address book” key, and the like are displayed. In some cases, the key is selected by a dedicated key for setting a destination (a hard key such as a switch instead of a soft key selected by software from the display screen).
[0051]
The arithmetic processing unit 201 of the portable information terminal 200 monitors the selection of the “navigation menu” in the destination setting process, and starts communication with the information center 10 when the navigation menu is selected (step 10; Y). Then, the information center 10 is requested to transmit the navigation menu, and the navigation menu screen (Web information) transmitted in response to the request is acquired (step 11). Then, the arithmetic processing unit 201 displays the acquired navigation menu screen on the display unit 206 (step 12). On this navigation menu screen, for example, keys for selecting various operations such as “1. Determine destination” key, “2. Search” key, and “3. Setting” key are displayed on the screen. Each of these keys is a software-selectable soft key. After selecting one of the keys displayed on the screen using the scroll key, or after specifying the number displayed before each key using the numeric keypad, press the select button. A key is selected by pressing it.
[0052]
When the “Determine destination” key is selected on the navigation menu screen (step 13; Y), the destination setting process is continued, and the arithmetic processing unit 201 requests the information center 10 to transmit a destination list. The destination list transmitted in response to this request is received (step 14). Then, the arithmetic processing unit 201 displays the acquired destination list on the display unit 206 (step 15), and monitors and confirms the selection of the destination by the setter (step 16; Y). The confirmed destination (and the passing point if selected) and the ID of the navigation device 100 registered corresponding to the portable information terminal 200 are transmitted to the information center 10.
[0053]
Next, the arithmetic processing unit 201 receives the parking request confirmation screen transmitted from the information center 10 by transmitting the destination and the like, displays it on the display unit 206, and sets whether or not to set the destination. (Step 18). When the parking request is selected on the parking request confirmation screen (step 18; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 transmits the parking request to the information center 10 (step 19). The departure date / time setting screen transmitted from the information center 10 is received when the parking request is not transmitted or the parking request is not issued, and is displayed on the display unit 206 to determine whether or not to set the departure date / time. An inquiry is made (step 20). When it is selected to set the departure date and time (step 20; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 displays a departure date and time designation screen on the display unit 206 (step 21), and the setting person inputs the departure date and time. Monitor (step 22). When the departure date and time or the departure date is input and the confirmation key is pressed (step 22; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 transmits the confirmed departure date and time (or departure date) to the information center 10. (Step 23), the destination setting process is terminated.
[0054]
In the destination setting process described above, the case where the destination list is displayed on the screen of the display unit 206 has been described. However, since there are a large number of destinations that can be set, the conditions for selecting the destination are sequentially set. The final destination may be set by sequentially narrowing down the hierarchical destination information acquired and selected as Web information. For example, after requesting / acquiring / displaying / selecting a region list, requesting / acquiring / displaying / selecting a genre list, and then requesting / acquiring / displaying / selecting a narrowed destination list may be performed. In this case, when the selected genre is further hierarchized, a genre request may be made a plurality of times until the genre at the lowest level is reached. Further, narrowing down by genre may be performed from the beginning without requesting the area list. In addition, as a list of methods for determining the destination, "Determine by genre", "Determine by phone number", "Determine by address", "Determine by name", and "Determine by purpose" were requested / obtained / displayed and selected You may make it select the destination according to a system. When “Determine by name” is selected, destinations in the order of the Japanese syllabary are sequentially transmitted and displayed. This “determined by name” may be an item that can be selected after a genre or region is designated. When “Determine by purpose” is selected, for example, the purpose of vehicle travel such as “overnight trip”, “date”, “meal”, and the like is displayed.
[0055]
(C) Destination determination processing
FIG. 8 is a flowchart showing the operation of the destination determination process performed in the information center 10 when the destination and ID are transmitted from the portable information terminal 200 or the navigation device 100. This destination determination process is executed when a destination is received. In addition to the case where the destination is set in advance before the vehicle departs, the case where the destination is set in the vehicle immediately before the departure, etc. It is executed including the case of.
[0056]
The arithmetic processing unit 14 of the information center 10 monitors the transmission of the destination from the user via the communication control unit 12 (step 31), receives the destination (step 31; Y), and uses the received destination as the final destination. It is stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID as the ground (step 32). That is, the received destination is stored in the final destination of the user data 50, and when a passing point, a parking lot request, and a departure date designation are also received, these are also stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID.
[0057]
Then, the arithmetic processing unit 14 determines whether or not there is a parking lot request in the received data (step 33; Y), and if there is a parking lot at the final destination (received destination). Is determined from the data attached to the destination setting data 48 (step 34). When there is no parking lot at the final destination (step 34; N), the arithmetic processing unit 14 searches for parking lots existing around the parking lot using the parking lot data 52 (step 35), and uses the searched parking lot as a vehicle purpose. It is stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID as a place (step 36), and the process returns to the main routine by the system control program 26.
[0058]
On the other hand, when there is no parking lot request in the data received from the user (step 33; N), the arithmetic processing unit 14 determines whether or not the vehicle can travel to the final destination (step 37). When the vehicle can travel to the final destination (step 37; Y), and when there is a parking lot request and there is a parking lot at the final destination (step 33; Y, step 34; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 14 The final destination, that is, the destination received from the portable information terminal 200 or the navigation device 100 is stored as the vehicle destination in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID (step 38), and the process returns to the main routine. When the final destination is a point where the vehicle cannot travel (Step 37; N), the arithmetic processing unit 14 stores the nearest travelable point from the final destination as the vehicle destination in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID. Then (step 39) returns to the main routine. Note that the arithmetic processing unit 14 determines whether there is a parking lot (step 34) and whether or not the vehicle can travel to the final destination (step 37), and searches for a nearby parking lot from the parking lot data 52. In (Step 35), it is determined including whether or not the area and period are subject to private car regulations and vehicle regulations.
[0059]
In this way, the information center 10 stores the received destination as the final destination, and automatically sets the vehicle destination separately from the final destination. Therefore, there is no need to check if there is a parking lot when setting a destination, or to search for a nearby parking lot when there is no parking lot. It can be set as a destination. For example, if you want to go to Myojin Pond in Kamikochi, the destination setter can set the Myojin Pond as a destination without having to check whether there are any car regulations or parking lots in Kamikochi. Since the Sawado parking lot is set as the vehicle destination as (or parking lot), the destination setting can be easily performed. The movement from the vehicle destination to the final destination by means other than the vehicle (the host vehicle) can be reached by receiving the map picture created in the final destination search process described later by the portable information terminal 200. It becomes possible.
[0060]
(B) Route Guidance to Vehicle Destination Next, an overall process for performing route guidance to the vehicle destination set at the information center will be described. (A) Destination setting confirmation process (on-vehicle apparatus; navigation apparatus) FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing the operation of the destination setting confirmation process when the ignition is turned on in the vehicle apparatus. The navigation device 100 is automatically turned on in conjunction with the ignition being turned on. When the ignition is turned on (step 41; Y), the navigation device 100 immediately enters the information center 10 via the communication control unit 108. A destination confirmation request and an ID are transmitted (step 42), and the information center 10 waits for a destination confirmation result to be transmitted. When the destination unset is received as the destination confirmation result from the information center 10 (step 43; N), the arithmetic processing unit 101 monitors whether or not the destination setting process is selected by the input unit 105 ( Step 44). When the destination setting process is selected (step 44; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 101 executes the destination setting process by the on-vehicle device described above (step 45), and if the destination (and is set) A parking lot request and / or departure date / time) is transmitted to the information center 10 (step 46). When the destination is transmitted, the information center 10 executes the above-described destination determination process (FIG. 8). Then, the arithmetic processing unit 101 receives the vehicle destination and final destination data 166 continuously transmitted from the information center 10, stores it in the data storage area 102B (step 47), and will be described later with reference to FIG. The request / route guidance process is executed (step 48), and the process returns to the main routine by the control program 154.
[0061]
On the other hand, when the destination of the destination confirmation request is received as the confirmation result for the destination confirmation request (step 43), the arithmetic processing unit 101 has already set the destination. The final destination data 166 is received and stored in the data storage area 102B (step 47), and the request / route guidance process is immediately executed (step 48). As described above, when the destination is set in the information center 10 in advance, the user who gets on the vehicle performs a series of operations from turning on the power of the navigation device 100 to setting the destination by always turning on the ignition before starting the travel. Without any operation, it is possible to immediately execute the request / route search process and start traveling while receiving route guidance toward the destination.
[0062]
(B) Destination setting confirmation processing (information center)
FIG. 10 is a flowchart showing the operation of the destination setting confirmation process in the information center 10. The arithmetic processing unit 14 of the information center 10 monitors the destination confirmation request from the navigation device 100. When there is a request (step 50; Y), the user data 50 of the corresponding ID is confirmed (step 51). It is confirmed whether the vehicle destination and departure date and time are stored (steps 52 and 53). When both the vehicle destination and departure date / time are stored (step 52; Y, step 53; Y), it is further checked whether the stored departure date is today (step 54). When the departure date is today (step 54; Y), and when the vehicle destination is stored but the departure date is not specified (step 53; N), the arithmetic processing unit 14 performs the destination setting confirmation process. As a confirmation result, the destination set already is transmitted to the navigation device 100 (step 55), and the set vehicle destination and final destination are further transmitted to the navigation device 100 (step 59). Then, a route search / guidance data transmission process (FIG. 11) described later is executed (step 60), and the process returns to the main routine by the system control program 26.
[0063]
On the other hand, when the vehicle destination is not stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID (step 52), and when the vehicle destination and the departure date / time are stored but are not today's departure (step 54; N), the calculation is performed. The processing unit 14 transmits the destination unset as a destination setting confirmation result to the navigation device 100 (step 56). The arithmetic processing unit 14 monitors whether or not the destination setting process (step 45 in FIG. 9) has been executed in the navigation device 100 by the transmission without setting the destination and the destination has been transmitted (step 46 in the same) (step 46). FIG. 10; step 57). When the destination is received (step 57; Y), the destination determination process described with reference to FIG. 8 is executed (step 58), and the vehicle destination and final destination set in the destination determination process are displayed on the navigation device. 100 (step 59). Thereafter, route search / guidance data transmission processing is executed (step 60), and the process returns to the main routine. When the destination is not received (step 57; N), it can be determined that the vehicle travels without the need for route guidance, so the arithmetic processing unit 101 terminates communication with the navigation device 100 without performing a route search or the like. (Step 61), the process returns to the main routine.
[0064]
Next, the route search / guidance data transmission process (FIG. 11) on the information center 10 side for dividing and transmitting the travel route searched to the vehicle destination in predetermined units, and the vehicle destination while sequentially requesting the transmission of the divided route A request / route guidance process (FIG. 12) on the navigation device 100 side that guides the route up to will be described.
[0065]
(C) Route Search / Guidance Data Transmission Processing As shown in FIG. 11, the arithmetic processing unit 14 of the information center 10 monitors whether a route guidance data acquisition request (request) has been received from the navigation device 100 (on-vehicle device). If it is received (step Y), the current vehicle position included in the received information is extracted (step 66). Next, when the requested road length is designated in the received information (step 67; Y), the designated requested road length is stored in the requested road length data 27 of the memory 18 (step 68), and is not designated. In this case (step 67; N), an initial value prepared in advance as the required road length is set in the required road length data 27 and stored (step 69).
[0066]
Next, the arithmetic processing unit 14 searches for a route from the vehicle current position to the vehicle destination (step 70). The route search is performed with reference to route search data 42 in the database 40, that is, intersection data, road data, and node data. This route search processing is known, and is performed by the method disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Nos. 1-173297 and 1-173298, and the condition that the route having the shortest distance is the optimum route is used. To set the recommended route. In this embodiment, every time a request is received from the navigation device 100 (step 65; Y), a route from the vehicle current position to the vehicle destination is searched. In the information center 10, the external information collecting unit 70 obtains road information and traffic information such as traffic conditions and distances, traffic impossibility due to accidents, construction sections, etc. from the outside, and the database 40 is updated to the latest information. ing. For this reason, by performing a route search for each request from the vehicle side, a recommended route based on the latest data and its guidance data are always provided to the vehicle side, such as avoiding traffic congestion.
[0067]
Next, the arithmetic processing unit 14 executes the segment processing program 22 stored in the memory 18, and divides the travel route to the searched vehicle destination for each segment which is a unit of navigation (step 71). The unit to be divided may be a constant data size (for example, one segment is 1024 bytes), a road length is constant (for example, 1 km, 2 km, etc.). All the searched routes are divided into a divided route 1, a divided route 2,... As shown in FIG. Each divided path is one segment. As shown in FIG. 3B, each divided route data includes a data head, intersection information, road information, node information, landmark information, and the like.
[0068]
By segmenting such data, (i) even if the communication between the information center 10 and the navigation device 100 is interrupted, the route guidance can be performed as it is for the segment that has been transmitted at the time of the interruption. (Ii) There is an effect that retransmission may be performed from the segment that was being transmitted at the time of interruption. In other words, the segment is an information unit that can be decoded on the vehicle side. For example, if route / guidance data of 10 km is transmitted to the vehicle side as a single file as a whole and cannot be decoded on the vehicle side, route guidance cannot be performed for all of the 10 km. However, by dividing into 2 km segments and creating a file, the file can be decoded and route guidance can be provided for each segment.
[0069]
Next, the arithmetic processing unit 14 sequentially adds one segment closest to the vehicle position within the searched route range (step 72), and calculates the road length of the transmission road (step 73). That is, the transmission road length (total road length of the segment) = the transmission road length before the segment addition + the road length of the added segment is repeatedly performed to add the segments one by one. Then, segments are added until the total transmission road length obtained by adding the lengths of roads included in each segment becomes longer than the requested road length stored in the user data 50 of the ID (step) 74; N).
[0070]
As a result, if transmission road length> requested road length (or transmission road length ≧ requested road length) (step 74; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 14 executes the guide data extraction program 24 stored in the memory 18. Referring to the guidance data 44 in the database 40, the guidance data in the range corresponding to the transmission road length is searched and extracted, and stored in the extracted guidance data 29 in the memory 18 (step 75). The route data and the guidance data obtained as described above are transmitted to the navigation device 100 having the requested ID via the communication control unit 12 (step 76). At this time, the segmented route / guidance data is transmitted to the vehicle in order from the closest to the current vehicle position.
[0071]
(D) Request / route guidance processing
Next, a request / route guidance process executed by the navigation device 100 in response to the route search / guidance data transmission process by the information center 10 described above will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG. As shown in FIG. 12, the arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 transmits the current vehicle position and request (route guidance data acquisition request) and the requested road length to the information center 10 (step 80). Here, the requested road length is transmitted only when the requested road length data 168 is stored and for the first time.
[0072]
Then, the arithmetic processing unit 101 monitors whether or not the route / guide data (divided road data) divided according to the requested road length is received from the information center 10 (step 81). The route / guidance data 160 is stored in the memory 102, and the route guidance by the route guidance program 150 in the memory 102 is executed (step 82). For example, the arithmetic processing unit 101 displays a route map or landmark on the display unit 106 as route guidance, and refers to the current position of the vehicle in the position measurement unit 104, before a predetermined distance from the intersection to be changed. The voice output unit 107 outputs voice guidance such as “the intersection about 200 m ahead is in the right / left direction”.
[0073]
In this embodiment, the route / guidance data received from the information center 10 is not the data of all the travel routes up to the vehicle destination, but the divided route extracted from the travel route newly searched for each request for the divided route. To do. In the route search newly performed in response to the request, the latest traffic information and road information collected by the external information collection unit 70 are always used. Therefore, a route different from the travel route searched for at the time of departure may be extracted as a divided route due to a change in road conditions during travel (such as occurrence of a traffic jam or an accident). As described above, even when the road condition changes during the traveling, by receiving the divided route, it is possible to always receive and guide the optimum route at the present time. In addition, it is possible to flexibly cope with a change of destination. Furthermore, only a divided route having a route length (transmission road length) corresponding to a required road length required can be received from the information center 10, and data reception according to the memory capacity of the navigation device 100 is possible. In addition, receiving the divided route corresponding to the requested road length reduces the amount of received data and completes the reception of the divided route in a short time. Can start early. In addition, since a route search from the current vehicle position to the vehicle destination is performed for each request, for example, even when the vehicle deviates from the route, a request to the current vehicle position on the deviated road can be made. Route / guide data can be obtained, and driving can be performed with peace of mind.
[0074]
During route guidance, the arithmetic processing unit 101 acquires the current location of the vehicle from the position measurement unit 104 at predetermined time intervals, and the vehicle is a fixed distance (for example, 200 m) from the end of the divided route stored in the route / guidance data 160. It is monitored whether or not the front position has been reached (step 83). If it has not been reached (N), the process returns to step 82 to continue route guidance. When the vehicle reaches the position a certain distance before the end of the divided route (step 83; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 101 determines whether or not the end of the divided route coincides with the vehicle destination. (Step 84). If the end of the divided path does not coincide with the vehicle destination (step 84; N), the process returns to step 80 to transmit the current vehicle position and request (route guidance data acquisition request) to the information center 10 again and to receive the next divided path. Continue route guidance.
[0075]
When the end of the divided path coincides with the vehicle destination (step 84; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 101 determines whether or not the vehicle has arrived at the vehicle destination (step 85), and has arrived at the vehicle destination. If not (Step 85; N), the process returns to Step 82 to continue route guidance. On the other hand, when arriving at the vehicle destination (step 85; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 101 transmits the current vehicle position and arrival at the vehicle destination to the information center 10 (step 86). Return to routine. Whether the vehicle has arrived at the vehicle destination is determined based on whether the vehicle has actually arrived at the vehicle destination or the last route guidance point by voice when the travel distance to the vehicle destination is within 500 m. It is determined that the vehicle has arrived at the vehicle destination when the position after passing (around the vehicle destination) is reached.
[0076]
(C) Route Guidance to Final Destination Next, guidance to the final destination after the vehicle arrives at the vehicle destination will be described. (A) Final Destination Search Process FIG. 13 is a flowchart showing the operation of the final destination search process in the information center 10. The arithmetic processing unit 14 of the information center 10 monitors the transmission of the vehicle destination arrival from the navigation device 100 (step 90), and when the vehicle destination arrival is received (step 90; Y), the vehicle current transmitted simultaneously. The position is stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID (step 91). Here, although the vehicle destination is stored in the user data 50, the current vehicle position is stored separately for the vehicle destination set in the destination determination process (FIG. 8) of the information center 10. This is because it may not be arrived, and for example, it may be possible to arrive at another parking lot or the like. In addition, since the vehicle destination is deleted at a predetermined time (vehicle destination arrival time, final destination arrival time, etc.) for the next destination setting, store the current vehicle position separately from the final destination. This is because the information center 10 can recognize the vehicle position in advance.
[0077]
The arithmetic processing unit 14 determines whether or not the stored current vehicle position matches the final destination (step 92). If they match (step 92; Y), the main routine by the system control program 26 is determined. Return to On the other hand, when the current vehicle position is not the final destination (step 92; N), the arithmetic processing unit 14 searches for a route from the current vehicle position to the final destination in the non-vehicle mode (step 93). That is, the arithmetic processing unit 14 is a pedestrian-only road such as a pedestrian bridge or a pedestrian crossing used in the search in the non-vehicle mode, or a moving means (cable car, monorail, ropeway, train, train, ship, By using route search data 42 including data (station name, point data, distance between points, timetable, etc.) regarding routes that can be moved by buses, taxis, moving walkways, etc., the route to the final destination can be determined. Explore.
[0078]
Then, the arithmetic processing unit 14 creates a travel route based on the map picture using the map picture of the map picture creation data 54 in accordance with the travel route to the final destination searched (step 94). FIG. 14 exemplifies a map picture to the final destination that is created by the information center 10 and can be moved only by walking. As shown in FIG. 14, as a map picture, an entire route view including the current vehicle position M (displayed with a black symbol symbol in a circle) and the final destination PT (displayed with a symbol symbol ☆). a) and intersection diagrams (b) to (d) for the major intersections and intersections that turn left and right are created. The road to be displayed is displayed as a straight line passing through each intersection. The road is displayed with a thickness corresponding to the actual road width. Both the overall route map (a) and intersection maps (b) to (d) of facilities (stations, hospitals, police boxes, schools, gas stations, hotels, restaurants, shrines, parks, etc.) that will be used as route guides along the way The symbol mark and / or name is displayed in the map picture. The landmark of the guidance data 44 may be used as the symbol mark of the facility serving as a landmark. Also, in the entire route map, the intersection numbers assigned in the order of passing from the current vehicle position are displayed as circled numbers, and the intersection numbers with the specified numbers are displayed by specifying these numbers with the numeric keypad. . In the intersection map, the same intersection number as the intersection number in the overall route diagram (a) is displayed as a circled number. Moreover, the advancing direction after passing through each intersection is indicated by an arrow P. In this way, instead of a detailed road map, a simple map picture composed of straight roads and symbol marks is created, so that the amount of data transmitted to the portable information terminal 200 is reduced and the image display area is narrow ( Even the display unit 206 with a small number of dots can be displayed. In addition, the symbol mark makes it easy to intuitively recognize the movement route to the final destination.
[0079]
FIG. 15 illustrates a map picture in the case of moving to the final destination using non-vehicle means such as a train other than walking. In the example in this figure, the final destination is Tokyo EQ-R (Equus Research Co., Ltd.), and the area from Hamamatsucho Station to Ochanomizu cannot be moved by vehicles due to road restrictions, etc. It is an example when a parking lot is set. In such a case, the movement outline diagram in FIG. 15A, the entire route diagram in FIG. 15B, and an intersection diagram (not shown) (for example, FIGS. 14B to 14B) are created. In the movement outline diagram of FIG. 15 (a), it is displayed that the vehicle travels from the Hamamatsucho station of the vehicle destination to Ochanomizu on the JR Yamanote line, and moves from Ochanomizu station to the final destination of Tokyo EQ-R on foot. As shown in FIG. 15A, when a means other than walking is used, a movement outline diagram is created, and the movement means and the movement section (movement facility name) by the movement means are displayed. Then, for the moving section by walking, an overall route diagram of FIG. 15B and an intersection diagram (not shown) are created as necessary. In addition, each map picture is hierarchized, and is hierarchized in order of a movement conceptual diagram, a whole route map, and an intersection map. The movement concept diagram and the entire route diagram are further hierarchized in the same way as the intersection diagram when there are a plurality of diagrams in the same hierarchy, for example, a movement concept diagram (overall view) and a movement concept diagram (details). There may be.
[0080]
When the above map picture is created, the arithmetic processing unit 14 connects the line with the mobile terminal connection destination stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID (for example, by making a call), and reaches the created final destination. Is transmitted to the portable information terminal 200 (FIG. 13; step 95), and the process returns to the main routine by the system control program.
[0081]
(B) Route guidance by map picture of portable information terminal 200 When portable information terminal 200 receives route / guidance data (map picture) 260 transmitted from information center 10, it stores it in data storage area 202B and receives the received map. The uppermost map picture in the picture is displayed on the display unit 206. Note that the display unit 206 may only display that a map picture has been received, and may display the map picture when the input unit 205 selects the map picture display. After displaying the top layer map picture, the portable information terminal 200 displays the next screen when the next key or the next screen selection key (“→” key, “▽” key, etc.) is designated by the user. To do. In addition, when a number corresponding to a number displayed on the screen (a circled number in FIG. 14A) is designated with a numeric keypad, a corresponding intersection diagram is displayed.
[0082]
The user confirms the display screen of the portable information terminal 200, moves in the direction of the traveling direction arrow P displayed on the screen while taking correspondence between the actual target and the symbol mark, and displays the next screen according to the movement. It is possible to reach the final destination.
[0083]
The navigation device 100 according to the first embodiment described above has been described for the case where the navigation device 100 does not include the route search data and the route search program. However, the navigation device 100 may include the route search data and the route search program. Further, guidance data may be provided (Modification 11). In this case, when the ignition is turned on, the navigation apparatus 100 transmits a destination confirmation request and an ID to the information center 10 to confirm whether or not the destination is set in advance. When the destination is not set in the user data 50 corresponding to the ID in the information center 10 (including the case where the destination is not satisfied, but the destination is not set), the destination center is not set in the navigation device 100. Send to end communication. When the destination is set, the destination (or the vehicle destination and the final destination) is transmitted to the navigation device 100 and the communication is terminated.
[0084]
When the navigation device 100 receives a destination not set or a destination (or a vehicle destination and a final destination), the communication is terminated. When the destination (or the vehicle destination and the final destination) is received, the navigation device 100 searches for a travel route from the current vehicle position to the destination, and performs route guidance according to the searched travel route. Also in the modified example 11, when the vehicle destination and the final destination (vehicle destination ≠ final destination) are received, the navigation apparatus 100 finishes the route arrival to the vehicle destination and the vehicle arrives at the destination. The current position is transmitted to the information center 10, and when the information center 10 receives the arrival at the destination, the map picture created by searching the non-vehicle movement route from the current position of the vehicle to the final destination in the non-vehicle mode is assigned to the corresponding ID. It transmits to the portable information terminal 200.
[0085]
In this modified example 11, the navigation apparatus 100 may be able to select a mode in which the route search to the destination is performed in the own apparatus and a mode performed in the information center (modified example 12). In this case, for example, the navigation device 100 searches for a route with its own device when the destination is relatively close, and obtains a travel route early when the destination is far away (for example, when the distance is 100 km or more). Therefore, the travel route is received from the information center 10. When receiving a travel route, as described in the first embodiment, the request is made to the information center 10 and the divided routes are received in order to reflect the latest traffic information on all routes to the far destination. Can guide a simple route.
[0086]
Further, depending on the navigation device 100, the ignition destination may receive a preset destination (or vehicle destination and final destination) from the information center 10 and perform a route search to the destination or the like within the own device. The data may be received from the information center 10 for the purpose of supplementing data that is not used by the navigation device 100 with data used for guiding the travel route (Modification 13). For example, in order to reduce the size of the memory 102, the navigation device 100 does not hold data such as an enlarged intersection map. And the navigation apparatus 100 receives from the information center 10 for the purpose of supplementing data, such as an enlarged view of an intersection on the travel route to the searched destination.
[0087]
In the first embodiment described above, the navigation apparatus 100 registered as a user in the information center 10 and assigned an ID has been described with respect to the navigation apparatus 100 described with reference to FIG. 1, but the configuration of each navigation apparatus is not necessarily limited. The navigation device described in the first embodiment, the navigation device described in Modification Example 11, and other various navigation devices having different programs, data, and functions may be used (Modification Example 14). In this case, the navigation apparatus 100 transmits to the information center 10 transmission desired information specifying data for specifying information desired to be transmitted after confirming the destination setting to the information center 10 by turning on the ignition. In the information center 10, the destination, the vehicle destination and the final destination, the entire travel route to the destination or the final destination, the divided route to the destination or the final destination (the first route) according to the desired transmission information designation data. , Etc. are transmitted in response to a request on the divided path described in the embodiment.
[0088]
The destination determination process (FIG. 8) described in the first embodiment has been described when the information center 10 receives the destination and the ID. However, the destination determination process is performed when the destination is received. If the destination is set in advance, it may become impossible to reach the set vehicle destination due to a change in traffic regulations or the like until the departure date and time. Therefore, the destination determination process may be executed when the first request is met or when the destination confirmation request is met (Modification 15). This makes it possible to determine the optimum vehicle destination and final destination at the departure date and time.
[0089]
Even in the case of the modification 15, for example, the parking lot set as the vehicle destination may become full and cannot be parked. In such a case, the vehicle destination cannot be reached even in the modification 15. It will be. Therefore, the information center 10 may perform the destination determination process including the full information on the parking lot whenever there is a request for the divided route based on the traffic information collected by the external information collecting unit 70. Good (Modification 16). Further, the destination determination process may be executed when the vehicle arrives within a predetermined distance (for example, 10 km) from the initially set vehicle destination (Modification 16 ′).
[0090]
In the first embodiment described, in the final destination search process (FIG. 13), the travel route from the current vehicle position to the final destination is searched in the non-vehicle mode (step 93), and a map picture of the travel route is created. (Step 94), the map data including the vehicle destination and the final destination, and the data of the vehicle destination point and the final destination point are transmitted to the portable information terminal 200 (step 95). 200 may be transmitted (Modification 17).
[0091]
In the final destination process (FIG. 13), when a vehicle destination arrival is received and the current vehicle position does not match the final destination, route search in the non-vehicle mode (step 93) and map picture creation (step 94) is performed every time, but a frequently used vehicle destination (current vehicle position) and a picture map for the final destination are created in advance and stored in the database 40 together with the combination of the vehicle destination and final destination. You may make it (Modification 18). In this case, the information center 10 searches whether or not the combination of the vehicle destination and the final destination corresponding to the received current vehicle position is in the database 40, and if not, executes Steps 93 and 94 in FIG. If there is, the picture map stored with the combination is read and transmitted to the portable information terminal 200 (step 95).
[0092]
In the final destination process (FIG. 13), when the map picture is created, the arithmetic processing unit 14 connects the line with the mobile terminal connection destination of the corresponding ID (for example, by making a call), and creates the final destination created. Although the map picture up to the ground is directly transmitted to the portable information terminal 200 (step 95), the created map picture data may be transmitted as an email to the mail address of the corresponding ID (modified example) 19). In this case, the mobile information terminal 200 or other information processing apparatus can be used to download and display data such as a map picture from its own mail address.
[0093]
(3) Second Embodiment Next, a second embodiment will be described. Note that the configurations of the information center 10, the navigation device 100, and the portable information terminal 200 in each of the second and subsequent embodiments are substantially the same as those in the first embodiment, and therefore different configurations from the first embodiment will be described. The same parts are omitted as appropriate. In the first embodiment, the destination can be set in advance in the information center 10 before the vehicle departs, but the setting destination is only for the user data 50 of one person (mainly own ID). Only set the destination. However, there are cases where a plurality of vehicles travel toward the same destination at the same date and time, as in the case of golfing with a plurality of members. In such a case, according to the first embodiment, it is necessary to repeat the presetting of the same destination number of times for each member, and redundant operations are duplicated.
[0094]
Therefore, in the second embodiment, destination setting for a plurality of members can be performed by one destination setting by one person. That is, in the second embodiment, the destination setting is performed in a broadcast manner. Therefore, the portable information terminal 200 and the navigation device 100 according to the second embodiment include the destination transmission member setting processing program according to the present embodiment and the candidate list data of members for setting the destination, or the information center. WWW browser software for acquiring a member candidate list screen for selecting a destination transmission member from 10 as Web information. On the other hand, in the information center 10 in the second embodiment, the destination determination program for the second embodiment is stored in the memory 18 instead of the destination determination program 25, and the member candidate list is stored in the database 40. . The member candidate list is stored in the corresponding user data 50 for each user of each ID.
[0095]
FIG. 16 is a flowchart showing the operation of the destination transmission member setting process executed in portable information terminal 200 and navigation device 100. In the following description of the operation, the processing is performed by the portable information terminal 200, but the same processing is performed in the navigation device 100. In this case, similarly to the destination setting process in the first embodiment, the description of the operation of each unit of the portable information terminal 200 is the operation of each unit of the navigation device 100 in which the last two digits are the same. For example, the arithmetic processing unit 201 in the portable information terminal 200 corresponds to the arithmetic processing unit 101 in the navigation device 100.
[0096]
The arithmetic processing unit 201 first executes destination setting processing (step 101). This destination setting process is the same as the destination setting process described in the first embodiment. When the portable information terminal 200 includes the destination setting program 250 and the destination setting data 266, the destination setting process is performed. The destination selected from the data (including parking request and departure date / time) is transmitted to the information center 10. On the other hand, when there is no such program or data, the destination setting process based on the Web information described with reference to FIG. 7 is performed. In this case, including other processing, a selection screen on which keys and items are displayed for selecting necessary items, a user list, and the like are also acquired from the information center 10 using Web information, and the selected items and data are stored in the information center 10. Will be sent to. Hereinafter, the case of having a program and data will be described, but the same applies to the case of using Web information. In addition, when the broadcast setting of the destination according to the present embodiment is performed, the normal departure date and time is set in this destination setting process, but there is a case where it is set on the day of departure, so the setting of the departure date and time exists. Is not necessarily a mandatory setting.
[0097]
Thereafter, the arithmetic processing unit 201 determines whether or not “member setting” is selected from the display screen by the user (step 102). The display of the selected key may be other display such as “Send to other person”. When the member setting is not selected (step 102; N), the process returns to the main routine by the control program 254. On the other hand, when the eye setting is selected (step 102; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 acquires a member candidate list from the data storage area and displays it on the display unit 206 (step 104). FIG. 17 shows an example of a display screen displayed on the display unit 206 in the present embodiment. (A) is a destination transmission member setting screen on which a candidate list of members is displayed, and (b) is a new member. The setting screen, (c) shows a mail screen transmitted to a user whose destination is set by another person. As shown in FIG. 17A, on the destination transmission member setting screen, a user list unique to the destination setter is displayed. In other words, the other party who has set a destination for another person in the past, the other person who has set his or her destination, or another person who has set a separate member may send a destination. It is registered in the data storage area 202B as a member candidate. A candidate list of registered members is displayed. Then, on the destination transmission member setting screen, as shown in FIG. 17A, the user name and the user ID are displayed. A number is displayed in front of each user name. By specifying this number with the numeric keypad, the corresponding display location is highlighted or selected by touching the display location or by operating the cursor movement key. Thus, when a user name is selected, a check mark (displayed with a dot) indicating that the user name has been selected is displayed in the left frame of the selected user name.
[0098]
In this manner, the destination setter selects a member who sets the destination on the destination transmission member setting screen. If no member is displayed in the currently displayed member candidates, other member candidates are displayed in the same manner by selecting “0th screen” in the same manner. When a new member not registered in the destination setter member candidate list is selected, the “#new member” key illustrated in FIG. 17A is selected. When the arithmetic processing unit of the portable information terminal 200 detects the selection of the “#new member” key (step 105; Y), a new member setting screen shown in FIG. 17B is displayed on the display unit 106 (step 106). ). The destination setter specifies a new member who sets the destination on the new member setting screen. Input items for specifying a new member include the ID, name, email address, telephone number, and recitation number of the new member. In this embodiment, it is not necessary to input all these items. In order to specify a member (user), input of at least two items of ID and another item is required. However, three or more items, four or more items, or all items may be requested in order to perform user authorization more accurately. Alternatively, only one item may be accepted, and when the user cannot be specified with this one item, the input of another item may be requested.
[0099]
When the “* confirm” key is selected by the destination setter after selecting the destination transmission member on the above destination transmission member setting screen or new member setting screen, the arithmetic processing unit detects this (step 107; Y), the ID of the destination transmission member selected at the time of confirmation is transmitted to the information center 10 (step 108). When a new member is set, other items input together with the ID are also transmitted. The set new member is automatically registered in the user candidate list for the destination setter.
[0100]
FIG. 18 is a flowchart showing the destination setting process of this embodiment performed in the information center. The arithmetic processing unit 14 of the information center 10 performs processing from user destination reception monitoring (step 31) to vehicle destination storage (steps 36, 38, 39). The processes in steps 31 to 39 are the same as steps 31 to 39 in the destination determination process described with reference to FIG. After the above processing, the arithmetic processing unit 14 confirms whether or not the member ID is transmitted together with the destination or after the destination, and if there is a member ID (step 120; Y), the user data of each member ID The vehicle destination and the final destination are stored in 50 (step 121).
[0101]
The arithmetic processing unit 14 automatically creates an email indicating that the destination has been set by another person from the user data 50 regarding the destination setter and the received data such as the destination for the user of each member ID. And transmit (step 122). When sending an email, the email address stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID is used. FIG. 17C illustrates the mail created by the arithmetic processing unit 14. As illustrated in FIG. 17 (c), the name of the destination setter is used for “Takahashi Takahashi” in the first row, and the departure date and time is used for the date and time portion in the third row. The destination name is used for the part of the eye, the destination setter “Mr.” is used for the part “Takahashi” on the fifth line, and “Home” on the fifth line is the current vehicle position of the user data Is used, and the departure date and time is used as the scheduled departure time on the sixth line. In addition, the description below “details” on the last line is a URL (Uniform Resource Locators) for acquiring the target file and displaying it in the Web browser. A user who has received an e-mail from the information center 10 (the receiving device may be a personal computer, a navigation device 100, etc. in addition to the form information terminal 200) designates this URL, thereby allowing another person (FIG. 17 (c)). ) Allows you to edit your destination settings set by Takashi Takahashi). For example, when another member A is placed on the way between the set destinations, the home of the member A can be set as a passing point. As described above, the data related to the destination edited for the user after designating the URL displayed in the mail is stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID edited by the information center 10.
[0102]
After sending the mail to the user of each member ID, the arithmetic processing unit 14 determines whether or not a new member for the destination setter is set (step 123). Whether or not the member is a new member is determined based on whether or not a member ID not in the member candidate list stored in the user data 50 corresponding to the destination setter ID is received. When a new member is set (step 123; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 14 stores the name and ID of the new member in the destination candidate's member candidate list (step 124), and the control program 254. Return to the main routine.
[0103]
As a result of the above processing, a user whose destination is set by another person (user B) can confirm that the destination is set by checking the mail addressed to himself / herself. Then, as in the case where the user B himself / herself presets the destination in the information center 10, the user B turns on the ignition on the date set by the other person to thereby perform the destination setting confirmation processing (FIG. 9) A request / route guidance process (FIG. 12) is executed, and if the vehicle destination and the vehicle destination are different points, a map picture of the non-vehicle route is further received by the portable information terminal 200. As described above, according to the second embodiment, destinations for a plurality of members including oneself are registered in the user data 50 of the information center 10 by one destination setting by one destination setter. Can do.
[0104]
In the second embodiment described above, the information center 10 transmits the mail illustrated in FIG. 17C to each received member ID. However, when there is a member that cannot transmit the mail, the information center 10 transmits the mail. You may make it notify that the member who was not able to exist, member ID, and a name with respect to the portable information terminal 200 or the navigation apparatus 100 which set the destination (modification 21). In the portable information terminal 200 or the like that has received this, the presence of a member that could not be sent by e-mail and the name and ID of the member are displayed on the display unit. By confirming this display, the destination setter can notify the member that the destination has been set or that the mail could not be sent by means other than e-mail, for example, telephone.
[0105]
Moreover, in 2nd Embodiment demonstrated, it was made to store in the same area of the user 50, without distinguishing between the destination set by others and the destination set by the self, It may be stored (Modification 22). In this case, when the destination setting confirmation process is performed, the information center 10 sets the destination set by the other person to the user who has requested the destination setting confirmation if the set destination is set by another person. It is confirmed whether or not it is possible to transmit route / guide data to the destination (vehicle destination). The information center 10 performs route search / guidance data transmission processing (FIG. 11) when confirmation from the navigation device 100 that the destination set by another person is acceptable is transmitted.
[0106]
(4) Third Embodiment Next, a third embodiment will be described. In the described first embodiment, the information center 10 searches for a non-vehicle route from the vehicle destination to the final destination and transmits a map picture to the portable information terminal 20 so that the user of the portable information terminal 20 can walk or the like. To reach the final destination. In the third embodiment, separately from or in addition to the first embodiment, the current position of the vehicle on which the navigation device 100 is mounted is determined from the current position of the portable information terminal 200 for which the destination is preset. The non-vehicle route up to is searched and a map picture is transmitted to the portable information terminal 200. It should be noted that the destination setting process performed in advance can include a case where the destinations of other users described in the second embodiment are set in advance at the same time.
[0107]
FIG. 19 shows an example of data exchange between the information center 10, the navigation system 100, and the portable information terminal 200 in the present embodiment. As indicated by an arrow E0 ′ in FIG. 19, the portable information terminal 200 sets the destination and the current position by the operation described in the first embodiment. When the portable information terminal 200 includes a GPS receiver, the current position is set as a current position by a coordinate value specified by latitude and longitude specified by the GPS receiver. When a position measuring unit such as GPS is not provided, the address or telephone number of the place input by the user (destination setting person) is set as the current position. In the case of the portable information terminal 200 having the destination setting data 266, the current facility or the like is designated from the destination setting data 266 in the same manner as the destination setting process by the destination setting program 250. Is set as the current position. In this case, the destination setting program designates a facility or the like by a genre or the like as described in the first embodiment, and then selects “Set to destination”, “Set to transit point”, or “Set to current position”. By selecting, it is determined whether to set the destination, waypoint (passing point), or current position. Further, when the portable information terminal 200 performs destination setting for the information center 10 via the Internet using the WWW browser software, as shown in FIG. To set the current position.
[0108]
When the portable information terminal 200 sets the destination and the current position by any of the methods described above as indicated by an arrow E1 ′ in FIG. 19, the portable information terminal 200 transmits the set destination, the current position, and the ID to the information center 10. When the data such as the destination is received, the information center 10 determines whether or not the current position of the portable information terminal 200 is included in the received data, as indicated by an arrow E2 ′. Similar to the first embodiment, the destination determination process (FIG. 8) is executed, and the final destination and the vehicle destination are stored in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID.
[0109]
On the other hand, if the current position is included in the received data, it is determined that there is a request for searching for a moving route to the vehicle destination, and the current vehicle position is read from the user data 50 corresponding to the received ID. The route search from the received current position of the portable information terminal 200 to the current vehicle position is executed in the non-vehicle mode. That is, the arithmetic processing unit 14 of the information center 10 uses a pedestrian-only road such as a pedestrian bridge or a pedestrian crossing used in the search in the non-vehicle mode, or a moving means other than a vehicle or a walk (cable car, monorail, ropeway, train, Vehicles from the current location using route search data 42 including data (station names, point data, distances between points, timetables, etc.) regarding routes that can be moved by trains, ships, buses, taxis, moving walkways, etc. The travel route to the current position is searched. Then, the arithmetic processing unit 14 of the information center 10 uses the map picture of the map picture creation data 54 according to the searched travel path to the final destination, and uses the map picture illustrated in FIGS. As shown by the arrow E 3 ′, the created guidance data with the map picture to the vehicle destination is transmitted to the portable information terminal 200. The mobile information terminal 200 that has received the map picture guides the route by the non-vehicle means to the vehicle destination by sequentially displaying the received map picture according to the user's operation (E4 ').
[0110]
In the information center 10 in the third embodiment, it is necessary to be able to always recognize the current vehicle position. Therefore, the navigation device 100 acquires the current vehicle position from the position measurement unit 104 and transmits it to the information center 10 when the vehicle ignition is off. The information center 10 can always recognize the current position of the vehicle by storing the transmitted vehicle current position in the user data of the corresponding ID.
[0111]
As described above, according to the third embodiment, the user of the portable information terminal 200 can easily set the destination for the navigation device 100 and receive the map picture from the current position to the current position of the vehicle. The current position can be reached. Thus, since the map picture (non-vehicle movement route) up to the current vehicle position can be received, even when going to an unguided place, it is possible to move away from the vehicle with peace of mind.
[0112]
In the third embodiment described, the portable information terminal 200 transmits the current position to the information center 10 instead of the movement route search request. However, the information center 10 transmits the request data for the movement route search to the vehicle current position together with the current position. (Modification 31). In this case, the information center receives the movement route search request data together with the current position of the portable information terminal 200, thereby executing the movement route search in the non-vehicle mode up to the vehicle current position.
[0113]
In the third embodiment described above, the case where the destination for the navigation device 100 is set in advance from the portable information terminal 200 has been described as an example. You may make it perform the search of the movement path | route by the non-vehicle mode from the present position of the information terminal 200 to a vehicle present position (modification 32). In this case, the portable information terminal 200 transmits to the information center 10 a current position that also serves as a request for non-vehicle movement route search to the current position and vehicle current position, or a request for non-vehicle movement route search to the vehicle current position. . On the other hand, if the information center 10 receives a current position that also serves as a request for a non-vehicle movement route search to the current position and the vehicle current position, or a request for a non-vehicle movement route search to the vehicle current position, Without performing the determination process (FIG. 8), the above-described search for the non-vehicle mode movement route from the current position to the current vehicle position and a map picture are created and transmitted to the portable information terminal 200.
[0114]
Furthermore, a facility or a spot other than the current vehicle position may be set as the destination of the portable information terminal 200, and a travel route to this destination may be searched in the non-vehicle mode (Modification 33). In this case, the mobile information terminal 200 requests the destination, the data indicating that the destination is the destination of the mobile information terminal 200, the current position, and the request for the travel route search in the non-vehicle mode (the current position is this). Request may be shared) to the information center. The setting of the destination by the portable information terminal 200 is performed by any one of the methods described in the first embodiment. The information center 10 searches for the non-vehicle mode travel route from the current position to the vehicle current position and creates a map picture and transmits it to the portable information terminal 200 without performing the destination determination process (FIG. 8). .
[0115]
(5) Fourth Embodiment Next, a fourth embodiment will be described. In the first embodiment described above, when the vehicle (navigation device 100) gets off the vehicle that has arrived at the vehicle destination and heads for the destination by walking or the like, the vehicle (navigation device 100) notifies the information center 10 of the current vehicle position when the vehicle destination arrives. Based on this, the server sends a simplified guide map (map picture) to the final destination to the mobile phone. However, if the arrival point of the vehicle (usually the vehicle destination) is a place where radio waves for communication such as an underground parking lot do not reach, the navigation device 100 notifies the information center 10 of the current vehicle position and the arrival of the vehicle destination. You may not be able to. In the fourth embodiment, when it is impossible to communicate with the information center 10 at the final vehicle arrival point, the mobile current terminal 200 is transmitted to the mobile information terminal 200 and moved to a communicable point. The vehicle arrival and the current vehicle position are transmitted to the information center 10.
[0116]
FIG. 20 illustrates an example of data exchange between the information center 10, the navigation system 100, and the portable information terminal 200 in the fourth embodiment. A process of setting the destination of the navigation device 100 from the portable information terminal 200 to the information center 100 (arrows E0 to E2), and a destination setting confirmation process (ignition on (arrow F0) of the vehicle on which the navigation device 100 is mounted) ( Arrows F1 to F4; FIGS. 9 and 10), split route request (navigation device 100) and route / guide data transmission (information center 10) processing (arrows F5 to F9,...) Are the same as in the first embodiment. It is.
[0117]
When data cannot be transmitted to the information center 10 when the navigation device 100 arrives at the destination, the arithmetic processing unit of the navigation device 100 is a position measurement unit 104 as indicated by an arrow Fn-2 ′ in FIG. The measured vehicle current position is transmitted to portable information terminal 200. The vehicle current position is transmitted by wireless communication such as infrared communication or SS (spread spectrum) communication, wired communication such as serial communication or parallel communication, packet switching method, or circuit switching method. When the communication with the information center is based on the packet switching method, the navigation device 100 unilaterally terminates the communication with the information center 10 when the current vehicle position is transmitted to the portable information terminal 200.
[0118]
When the mobile information terminal 200 receives the current vehicle position from the navigation device 100, the mobile information terminal 200 stores the received current vehicle position in the data storage area 202B, as indicated by an arrow Fn-1 'in FIG. Then, after carrying the portable information terminal 200 away from the vehicle and moving to a place where communication with the information center 10 is possible, the user moves the vehicle from the portable information terminal 200 to the information center 10 as indicated by an arrow Fn ′. The current position, ID, and vehicle destination arrival are notified.
[0119]
On the other hand, when receiving the current vehicle position, ID, and arrival at the vehicle destination from the portable information terminal, the information center 10 stores the current vehicle position in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID as shown by the arrow G0 and The travel route is searched in the non-vehicle mode from to the final destination. This search for the travel route is the same as the final destination search process (FIG. 13) described in the first embodiment. Then, as shown by the arrow G1, the map picture created by the final destination search process is transmitted to the portable information terminal 200. In the information center 10, when the communication with the navigation device 100 is based on the packet switching method, the communication is unilaterally terminated when the current vehicle position or the like is received from the portable information terminal 200.
[0120]
The mobile information terminal 200 that has received the map picture from the information center 10 to the final destination displays the map picture on the display unit 206 as shown by the arrow G2 to display the map picture to the final destination. Give guidance.
[0121]
FIG. 21 shows a request / route guidance process in the fourth embodiment. As shown in FIG. 21, in the request / route guidance process in the fourth embodiment, the processes from step 80 to step 85 are the same as those in the first embodiment (see FIG. 12). When the vehicle arrives at the vehicle destination (step 85; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 determines whether or not communication with the information center 10 is possible (step 130), and communication is possible. If so (step 130; Y), as in the first embodiment, the vehicle current position and arrival at the vehicle destination are transmitted to the information center 10 (step 86), and the control program 154 returns to the main routine. . On the other hand, when communication with the information center 10 is not possible, the arithmetic processing unit 101 transmits the current vehicle position measured by the position measurement unit 104 to the portable information terminal 200 and forcibly ends communication with the information center 10. (Step 131), the process returns to the main routine.
[0122]
As described above, according to the fourth embodiment, the current position (vehicle current position) can be acquired even by a portable information terminal that does not include a current position detection device such as a GPS receiver. The vehicle current position acquired from the navigation device 100 can be used as the current position of the portable information terminal 200 in Modification 33 of the third embodiment (Modification 41). The portable information terminal 200 requests the information center 10 for a travel route based on a map picture from a current position (= current position of the vehicle) to an arbitrary destination (a destination moved by non-vehicle means).
[0123]
In the third embodiment, the vehicle current position is transmitted from the navigation device 100 to the information center 10 with the ignition off. However, the fourth embodiment can be applied to this third embodiment as well (modified example). 42). In other words, when communication with the information center 10 is not possible when the ignition is off, the navigation device 100 transmits the current vehicle position to the portable information terminal 200. The user transmits the current vehicle position from the portable information terminal 200 to the information center 10 after moving to a place where communication is possible. Thereby, even when the ignition is turned off in an area where the vehicle cannot communicate, the information center 10 can store and recognize the current vehicle position.
[0124]
In the fourth embodiment, the navigation device 100 transmits the current vehicle position to the portable information terminal 200 when arriving at a vehicle destination or the like. However, the navigation device 100 is always at regular intervals (for example, every 5 minutes, n minutes). The vehicle current position may be transmitted to the portable information terminal 200 at a necessary timing or in response to a user request (variation 43). The necessary timing includes, for example, the timing of traveling a predetermined distance (for example, 100 m, 200 m, 500 m, etc.), the timing of changing the course of an intersection, the timing of ignition off, and the like. In this case, the current position of the portable information terminal 200 in the modified example 33 (= the current vehicle position) is also obtained in the case where the vehicle is temporarily parked in the middle of the travel route and goes out to a specific destination (the destination moved by the non-vehicle means) ) Can be used. Each modification of the fourth embodiment including the modification 43 can be applied even when the route guidance by the navigation device 100 is not performed (modification 44).
[0125]
(6) Fifth Embodiment Next, a fifth embodiment will be described. In the first embodiment described, the navigation device 100 includes the display unit 106, and the display unit 106 displays a destination setting, a travel route for route guidance, and a current position. In the first embodiment, the mobile terminal is used for setting the destination in the information center 10 and / or for receiving and displaying the non-vehicle movement route (map picture), and for displaying the vehicle travel route. Not used for. On the other hand, in the fifth embodiment, the portable information terminal 200 can be connected to the navigation device 100 by wire or wireless and used as a display unit and an input unit of the navigation device 100 and / or as a part of the display unit and the input unit. It is what I did.
[0126]
Thus, by using the display function and / or the input function of the portable information terminal 200 as a part of the navigation device 100, the navigation device 100 can be configured at a low cost or can be expanded. That is, by using the portable information terminal 200 as a display device, the display device of the navigation device 100 is unnecessary, and by using the portable information terminal 200 as a part of the input device, the configuration of the input unit of the navigation device 100 is simplified. Can be Further, the display function can be expanded by using the display function of the portable information terminal 200 in the navigation device 100 having the display device.
[0127]
Specifically, by using the display unit 206 of the portable information terminal 200 in the navigation device 100, various display data are output from the navigation device 100 and displayed on the display (display unit 206) of the portable information terminal 200. For example, when the vicinity of the guidance target intersection (for example, 200 before) is reached, the map screen displayed so far is switched to the intersection guidance map, or the intersection guidance map is displayed on a part of the screen. By using the display screen of the portable information terminal 200, only the intersection guide map can be displayed on the display unit 206 of the portable information terminal 200 while the map screen is displayed on the display unit 106 of the navigation device 100 as it is. Further, even a user who does not have a vehicle-mounted display (display unit 106) for the navigation device 100 can view a navigation guide map (route guide map) using only the portable information terminal 200. By displaying various selectable menus on the display unit 206 of the portable information terminal 200, the map can be viewed on the display unit 106 of the navigation device 100 even during menu display. On the other hand, when the input unit of the portable information terminal 200 is used by the navigation device 100, an input interface is not necessary for the navigation device 100 by transmitting a signal from the portable information terminal 200 to the navigation device 100 by communication.
[0128]
In the case of the fifth embodiment, the mobile information terminal 200 and the navigation device 100 each include a dedicated data transmission / reception unit and a data transmission / reception buffer that are also used as the communication control units 208 and 108. Both data transmission / reception units are provided with communication interfaces such as infrared communication (IrDA standard, IrTran-P standard, etc.), wireless communication such as SS (spread spectrum) communication, and wired communication such as serial communication and parallel communication. Further, when a mobile phone is used as the portable information terminal 200, a hands-free call can be made, and a call can be safely made by hands-free even when a guidance screen is displayed on the display unit 206. Note that the navigation apparatus 100 of the fifth embodiment is provided with a route search function to a destination, and a case will be described in which a route search program, route search data, and guidance data are provided. Further, a case will be described in which the portable information terminal 200 of the fifth embodiment does not have a destination setting program and destination setting data and does not have a function for setting a destination alone.
[0129]
Next, the operation in the fifth embodiment will be described. FIG. 22 is a flowchart showing the operation of the destination setting process by portable information terminal 200. The arithmetic processing unit of the portable information terminal 200 displays a mode selection screen on the display unit 206 (step 141). That is, the arithmetic processing unit 201 uses an “iMode” key that is a data communication menu for setting specific data communication as illustrated in FIG. 23A as a mode selection screen unique to each portable information terminal 200, A “telephone menu” key for selecting a telephone function and a “navigation menu” key for selecting a function of the present embodiment are displayed on the display unit 206. If the mobile information terminal 200 is a mobile phone, in addition to the “navigation menu” key, a “telephone menu” key, a “data communication menu” key, etc. A “schedule” key, an “address book” key, and the like are displayed on the display unit 206. These mode selection keys have been described as soft keys displayed on the screen, but may be hard keys such as switches.
[0130]
When the navigation menu is selected on the mode selection screen (step 141; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 of the portable information terminal 200 supplies an activation signal via the interface and activates the connected navigation device 100 ( Step 143). Then, the arithmetic processing unit 201 transmits a navigation menu request signal to acquire the navigation menu from the navigation device 100 (step 144), and displays the acquired navigation menu on the display unit 206 (step 145). In this navigation menu screen, as exemplified in FIG. 23B, various operations such as “1. Decide destination” key, “2. Search” key, and “3. Setting” key are selected. The key is displayed on the screen. Each of these keys is a software-selectable soft key. After selecting one of the keys displayed on the screen using the scroll key, or after specifying the number displayed before each key using the numeric keypad, press the select button. A key is selected by pressing it.
[0131]
When the “determine destination” key is selected on the navigation menu screen (step 146; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 transmits a destination list request signal to acquire the destination list from the navigation device 100 (step 146). 147), the destination list is displayed on the display unit 206 of the portable information terminal 200 (step 148). When the selection of the destination by the setter is monitored and confirmed (step 149; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 transmits the confirmed destination (and the passing point when selected) to the navigation device 100 ( Step 150), the navigation flag is turned on (Step 151), and the process returns to the main routine by the control program 254.
[0132]
FIG. 24 illustrates route setting processing by the navigation device 100 according to the fifth embodiment. The arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 monitors the transmission of the destination from the portable information terminal 200. When the destination is acquired (step 161; Y), the current position of the vehicle is acquired from the position measuring unit 104. (Step 162). Then, the travel route from the acquired current vehicle position to the destination is searched and stored in the route guidance data 160 in the data storage area 102B (step 163). If the navigation device 100 has a destination determination process (FIG. 8) function, the vehicle destination and final destination are determined when the destination is received from the portable information terminal 200, and FIG. In the route setting process, a route from the current vehicle position to the vehicle destination is searched. After completing the route search, the arithmetic processing unit 101 turns on a route setting flag indicating that the route has been searched (step 164), and returns to the main routine by the control program 154.
[0133]
FIG. 25 is a flowchart showing a process for transmitting route guidance data from the navigation device 100. The arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 checks whether or not the route search is completed from the route setting flag, and when the flag is on (step 171; Y), acquires the current vehicle position from the position measuring unit 104 (step). 172). Then, the arithmetic processing unit 101 determines whether there is guidance data to be transmitted to the portable information terminal 200, and if there is guidance data to be transmitted (step 173), transmits the guidance data to the portable information terminal 200 (step 173). Step 174). Data to be transmitted to the portable information terminal 200 includes a vehicle current position, a map, an enlarged intersection view, a travel route, and the like.
[0134]
The arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 transmits the route guidance data to the portable information terminal 200 in a timely manner until the vehicle arrives at the destination and the route guidance ends (step 175; N), and the vehicle arrives at the destination. When the route guidance is completed (step 175; Y), the navigation flag off is transmitted to the portable information terminal 200, the route setting flag set in step 164 of the route setting process is turned off, and the process returns to the main routine.
[0135]
FIG. 26 is a flowchart showing the process of the portable information terminal 200 for displaying the guidance data acquired from the navigation device 100 on the display unit 206. The arithmetic processing unit 201 of the portable information terminal 200 monitors the transmission of guidance data from the navigation device 100 (step 181). Upon receiving the guidance data (step 181; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 displays the received guidance data such as the current vehicle position, map, enlarged intersection map, and travel route on the screen of the display unit 206 (step 182). When displaying the guidance data, the arithmetic processing unit 201 can easily recognize the guidance data by turning on the backlight as necessary at night or the like. The arithmetic processing unit 201 continues to receive and display the guidance data until the vehicle arrives at the destination and a navigation flag off instruction is transmitted from the navigation device 100 (step 183; N). When the instruction is received (step 183; Y), the navigation flag is turned off (step 184), and the process returns to the main routine.
[0136]
FIG. 27 shows a route guidance screen displayed in the fifth embodiment. FIG. 27A shows an outline of a guide screen displayed when the navigation device 200 includes the display device 206, and the vehicle position M and the travel route L are displayed on the map screen. Then, as shown in FIG. 27b, when the next vehicle position is a predetermined distance (for example, 500 m, 700 m, 1 km, etc.) or more to the guidance intersection, the navigation apparatus 100 sends the portable information terminal 200 to the next guidance intersection. An arrow B2 indicating that the distance B1 and the course change direction indicate the change direction is transmitted as guidance data and displayed. In FIG. 27B, a distance B1 and a course change direction arrow B2 are displayed so as to turn right 2 km ahead. When the distance to the guidance intersection is a predetermined distance or more, as shown in FIG. 27 (b), the distance B1 and the route change direction arrow B2 are displayed, and the travel route, landmark, and the like are not displayed. Then, when the distance to the guidance intersection is less than the predetermined distance, as illustrated in FIG. 27C, the intersection enlarged view in which the map screen B3 and the arrow B4 displayed along the travel route are displayed is navigation. It is transmitted from the device 100 to the portable information terminal 200 and displayed. Although not displayed in FIG. 27C, landmarks and the like are appropriately displayed in the enlarged intersection view.
[0137]
Next, when a mobile phone is used as the portable information terminal 200, processing when there is an incoming call during route guidance will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG. The arithmetic processing unit 201 of the mobile phone (portable information terminal 200) monitors whether there is an incoming call, and if there is an incoming call (step 191; Y), determines whether the navigation flag is turned on. (Step 192). When there is no incoming call (step 191; N), and when there is an incoming call but the navigation flag is off (step 192; N), the process returns to the main routine. When the navigation flag is on (step 192; Y), the portable information terminal 200 continues to display the guidance data of the guidance data transmitted from the navigation device 100, including during a call, without switching, and receives an incoming call for a hands-free call. A sound is output (step 193). When the hands-free call switch is turned on or when a certain time has elapsed after the incoming call (step 194; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 201 starts a hands-free call (step 195). Since the portable information terminal 200 is connected to the navigation device 100 via a cable and is fixed in the vehicle (in the case of wireless communication, fixed at a communicable position), a dedicated hands-free unit is used, or an in-vehicle microphone And a speaker are used as a hands-free unit. The arithmetic processing unit 201 continues the call until the hands-free call ends (step 196; N), and when the call ends due to selection of a call end key or the like (step 196; Y), returns to the main routine.
[0138]
In the fifth embodiment described above, the case where a destination (including a passing point) is set and transmitted to the navigation device 100 has been described. However, the portable information terminal 200 is a parking lot as in the first embodiment. A request (when the navigation device 100 has a destination determination process (FIG. 8) function) and / or a departure date and time (when advance destination setting is performed for the navigation device 100) is set and the navigation device 100 is set. (Modification 51).
[0139]
Further, the case has been described where the navigation device 100 of the fifth embodiment described above has a route search function to the destination and the portable information terminal 200 does not have a single destination setting function, but is the same as the first embodiment. In addition, the navigation device 100 may not have a route search function and / or the portable information terminal 200 may have a single destination setting function. For example, when the navigation device 100 does not have a route search function and performs a route search or the like at the information center 10, the portable information terminal 200 displays the set destination (passage point, parking lot request, departure date / time) and navigation. The ID of the device 100 is transmitted to the information center 10 (Modification 52). In this modified example 52, the information center 10 stores the received destination (vehicle destination) in the user data 50 of the corresponding ID. As in the first embodiment, the destination determination process (FIG. 8) and the destination confirmation determination process (FIGS. 9 and 10) are executed. Thereafter, the information center 10 searches for a travel route to the vehicle destination and transmits it to the navigation device 100 via the portable information terminal 200 or directly. In this case, the travel route transmitted to the navigation device 100 may be the entire travel route to the vehicle destination, or may be a divided route according to a request from the navigation device 100 as in the first embodiment. Guidance data corresponding to the received all travel routes or divided routes and the current vehicle position is transmitted from the navigation device 100 to the portable information terminal 200 and displayed on the display unit 206 of the portable information terminal 200.
[0140]
Furthermore, when the advance destination setting described in the first embodiment is performed for the information center 10, the set destination is transmitted to the information center 10 regardless of the presence or absence of the route search function of the navigation device 100. You may make it do.
[0141]
(7) Sixth Embodiment Next, a sixth embodiment will be described. In the sixth embodiment, for example, the information center 10 performs point search, route search, travel schedule setting, and the like, and the user moves to the parking lot near the destination by the guidance of the on-vehicle navigation device 100, from which the mobile phone is carried. The present invention is applied to a system (seamless navigation system) that uses the information terminal 200 to guide to a destination. In the first embodiment to the fifth embodiment and each modification, the case where the portable information terminal 200 is connected to the navigation apparatus 100 by wireless or wired use has been described, but in the sixth embodiment, each of these In the embodiment and the modification, when the user moves out of the vehicle together with the portable information terminal 200, a problem caused by forgetting to transmit necessary data to the portable information terminal 200 is solved.
[0142]
The navigation device 100 according to the sixth embodiment includes a wireless or wired communication device with the portable information terminal 200 and a position supplement device (position supplement means) that supplements the position of the portable information terminal 200. The mobile information terminal 200 includes a web browser software that displays various information, a communication device with the navigation device 100, and a communication control unit that mediates communication between the information center 10 and the navigation device 10 through mobile communication such as a mobile phone. 208 is provided.
[0143]
FIG. 29 is a flowchart showing a processing operation in which the navigation device 100 according to the sixth embodiment supplements the position of the portable information terminal 200. The arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 monitors the portable terminal (step 201), and determines whether or not the portable information terminal 200 is moving from the inside of the vehicle to the outside of the vehicle (step 202). That is, when the portable information terminal 200 is wirelessly connected by infrared communication or the like, the arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 periodically exchanges position confirmation data with the portable information terminal 200, thereby allowing the portable information terminal 200. The distance is calculated, and it is recognized as “move outside the vehicle” when the distance is longer than a predetermined distance. As the data for position confirmation, data including an identification code is transmitted and received so that both sides can identify each other, and the distance of the portable information terminal 200 is calculated based on the intensity of the radio wave (infrared rays) or the amount of change in the intensity. Is done. In addition to the identification code, electric field strength and error rate may be exchanged, and the detailed data format conforms to the data communication standard used between the two. In addition, when the portable information terminal 200 is connected to the navigation device 100 in a wired manner for charging or power feeding, the arithmetic processing unit of the navigation device 100 detects that the wired connection has been released, thereby “moving outside the vehicle”. Recognize.
[0144]
When the movement of the portable information terminal 200 from the inside of the vehicle to the outside of the vehicle is detected (step 202; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 101 acquires the current position from the position measuring unit 104 (step 203) and identifies the portable information terminal 200. Data is transmitted (step 204), and the process returns to the main routine by the control program 154. Here, the navigation apparatus 100 transmits the vehicle current position or the map data of the vehicle current position and the vehicle current position, etc. as specific data to the portable information terminal 200 by radio. Note that the current vehicle position may be transmitted to the information center 200 through the portable information terminal 200 in response to a user selection operation or a preset option setting.
[0145]
As described above, since the mobile information terminal 200 always automatically acquires the current vehicle position and stores it in the data storage area, for example, by applying this embodiment to the first embodiment, the information center 10 and the navigation device Since the vehicle current position is always stored in the portable information terminal 200 when communication with 100 is not possible, the inconvenience that the user cannot transmit the vehicle current position or the like to the information center 10 after reaching a communicable place is avoided. In addition, since the current position of the vehicle is automatically stored in the portable information terminal 200 whenever the user leaves the vehicle, the information center 10 is requested to search for the movement route in the non-vehicle mode to the vehicle after leaving the vehicle. In addition, the stored vehicle current position can be transmitted to the information center 100 as the final destination of the non-vehicle mode movement route search, and it is possible to leave the vehicle safely even in an unguided land. The current position transmitted from the portable information terminal 200 to the information center 10 is set by the facility name, telephone number, address, etc. when present.
[0146]
As described above, according to the sixth embodiment, the current vehicle current position is automatically transferred to the portable information terminal 200 using the wireless communication without any special user operation. The burden can be reduced. Further, it is possible to prevent the data from being transferred because the connection is canceled before the data is transferred, which is likely to occur in a wired connection.
[0147]
The sixth embodiment described above can be configured as follows.
(A) An in-vehicle device and a portable information terminal are provided, and the in-vehicle device is configured to determine whether the portable information terminal is about to move from the inside of the vehicle to the outside of the vehicle. A transmission unit that transmits specific data to the portable information terminal when it is determined that the mobile information terminal is going to move out of the vehicle, the portable information terminal is transmitted by the storage device and the transmission unit The vehicle data processing system further comprises receiving means for receiving the data and storing the data in the storage device.
(B) The determination unit determines that the portable information terminal is about to move from the inside of the vehicle to the outside when the distance between the portable information terminal and the vehicle exceeds a threshold value. Vehicle data processing system.
(C) When the portable information terminal and the vehicle are connected by a power supply cable or a data communication cable, the determination unit determines that the portable information terminal can be The vehicle data processing system according to (A), wherein it is determined that the vehicle is going to move outside the vehicle.
(D) The portable information terminal includes processing means for executing a specific process using data stored in the storage device by the receiving means (A), (B), or The vehicle data processing system according to (C).
(E) The specific data is vehicle position data, and the specific processing displays a vehicle position together with a map on a screen of a portable information terminal. The vehicle data processing according to (D) system.
[0148]
(F) When determining that the portable information terminal is about to move from the inside of the vehicle to the outside of the vehicle, and when the determination unit determines that the portable information terminal is about to move from the inside of the vehicle to the outside of the vehicle, An in-vehicle data processing apparatus comprising: a transmission unit that transmits specific data to the portable information terminal. For example, a navigation device is applied as the in-vehicle data processing device.
(G) The determination unit determines that the portable information terminal is about to move from the inside of the vehicle to the outside of the vehicle when the distance between the portable information terminal and the vehicle exceeds a threshold value. In-vehicle data processing device.
(H) When the portable information terminal and the vehicle are connected by a power supply cable or a data communication cable, the determination means determines that the portable information terminal is removed from the vehicle interior when the connection by the cable is released. The in-vehicle data processing device according to (F), wherein it is determined that the vehicle is going to move outside the vehicle.
(I) The in-vehicle data processing device according to (F), (G) or (H), wherein the specific data is vehicle position data.
[0149]
(J) A portable information terminal comprising: a storage device; and a reception unit that receives specific data transmitted from the in-vehicle data transmission device when moving from the inside of the vehicle to the outside of the vehicle, and stores the specific data in the storage device.
(K) The portable information terminal according to (J), comprising processing means for executing a specific process using data stored in the storage device by the receiving means.
(L) The portable information terminal according to (K), wherein the specific process displays a vehicle position together with a map on a screen of the portable information terminal.
[0150]
(8) Seventh embodiment
Next, a seventh embodiment will be described. In the seventh embodiment, for example, the information center 10 performs point search, route search, travel schedule setting, and the like, and the user moves to the parking lot in the vicinity of the destination by the guidance of the on-board navigation device 100, from which the mobile phone is carried. The present invention is applied to a system (seamless navigation system) that uses the information terminal 200 to guide to a destination. In the first embodiment, the navigation device 100 is configured to acquire data such as a preset destination from the information center 10 when the ignition is turned on. However, in the seventh embodiment, the portable information terminal 200 is connected from outside the vehicle. It is detected that the vehicle is about to move into the vehicle or has moved, and the destination data registered in advance in the information center 10 is automatically acquired.
[0151]
The navigation device 100 according to the seventh embodiment includes a wireless or wired communication device with the portable information terminal 200 and a position supplement device (position supplement means) that supplements the position of the portable information terminal 200. The mobile information terminal 200 includes a web browser software that displays various information, a communication device with the navigation device 100, and a communication control unit that mediates communication between the information center 10 and the navigation device 10 through mobile communication such as a mobile phone. 208 is provided. In addition, the navigation apparatus 100 of this embodiment communicates with the information center 10 via the portable information terminal 200, and does not include the communication control unit 108 that communicates with the information center 10 alone.
[0152]
FIG. 30 is a flowchart showing a processing operation in which the navigation device 100 according to the seventh embodiment supplements the position of the portable information terminal 200. The arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 monitors the portable terminal (step 211), and determines whether the portable information terminal 200 is moving from the outside of the vehicle into the vehicle (step 212). That is, when the portable information terminal 200 is wirelessly connected by infrared communication or the like, the arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 periodically exchanges position confirmation data with the portable information terminal 200, thereby allowing the portable information terminal 200. The distance is calculated, and when moving closer than a predetermined distance, it is recognized that “move into the vehicle”. As the data for position confirmation, data including an identification code is transmitted and received so that both sides can identify each other, and the distance of the portable information terminal 200 is calculated based on the intensity of the radio wave (infrared rays) or the amount of change in the intensity. Is done. In addition to the identification code, electric field strength and error rate may be exchanged, and the detailed data format conforms to the data communication standard used between the two. Further, when the portable information terminal 200 is connected to the navigation device 100 in a wired manner for charging or feeding, the arithmetic processing unit of the navigation device 100 detects that the wired connection has been connected, thereby “moving into the vehicle”. Recognize.
[0153]
When the movement of the portable information terminal 200 from the outside of the vehicle to the inside of the vehicle is detected (step 212; Y), the arithmetic processing unit 101 acquires the set destination information from the information center 10 (step 213). That is, the arithmetic processing unit 101 requests the portable information terminal 200 to acquire the set destination information from the information center 10. In response to this request, the portable information terminal 200 acquires the set destination information from the information center 10 and transmits it to the navigation device 100. The arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 stores the set destination information acquired from the information center 10 via the portable information terminal 200 in the data storage area 102B, and returns to the main routine.
[0154]
The navigation apparatus 100 that has acquired the set destination information from the information center 10 via the portable information terminal 200 searches for a travel route from the current vehicle position to the acquired destination and provides travel guidance.
[0155]
As described above, according to the seventh embodiment, the objective information set and stored in advance in the information center 10 is automatically transferred to the portable information terminal 200 using radio without any special operation by the user. Thus, the user's burden of setting the destination can be reduced. In addition, it is possible to prevent a case where a data transfer cable or the like is forgotten to be connected or a data transfer cannot be performed due to a connection error or the like that is likely to occur in a wired connection. Furthermore, since the most time-consuming communication is performed when getting into the automobile, the travel route guidance by the navigation device 100 can be started immediately after boarding.
[0156]
In the embodiment described above, the navigation device 100 communicates with the information center 10 via the portable information terminal 200 and includes the communication control unit 108 that communicates with the information center 10 alone. As described above, the navigation apparatus 100 may include the communication control unit 108 that communicates with the information center 10 alone (Modification 71). In this case, when the arithmetic processing unit 101 of the navigation device 100 detects the movement of the portable information terminal 200 from the outside of the vehicle to the inside of the vehicle (step 212; Y), the set destination information is directly transmitted to the information center via the communication control unit 108. Get from 10.
[0157]
In the seventh embodiment described above, the navigation apparatus 100 has acquired the set destination information from the information center, but searches the information center 10 for a travel route to the set destination by transmitting the current vehicle position. The searched route / guidance data may be acquired from the information center 10 (Modification 72). In this case, the travel route acquired by the navigation device 100 may be the entire travel route to the vehicle destination, or a divided route according to a request from the navigation device 100 may be acquired as in the first embodiment.
[0158]
The seventh embodiment described above can be configured as follows.
(A) Whether the information center capable of transmitting specific data to the in-vehicle device and the portable information terminal are being brought into the vehicle from the outside of the vehicle, or whether the portable information terminal is brought into the vehicle from the outside of the vehicle When the determination means for determining whether the portable information terminal is about to move from outside the vehicle or that the portable information terminal has been brought into the vehicle from outside the vehicle, Transmitting means for transmitting specific data from the information center to the in-vehicle device, the in-vehicle device receiving a storage device, and receiving the specific data transmitted by the transmitting means and storing in the storage device Vehicle data processing, comprising: means; and processing means for executing specific processing using specific data stored in the storage device by the receiving means Stem.
(B) The determination means determines that the portable information terminal is about to move from the outside of the vehicle into the vehicle when the distance between the portable information terminal and the vehicle is equal to or less than a threshold value (a) ) Vehicle data processing system.
(C) The determination unit determines that the portable information terminal is brought into the vehicle from outside the vehicle when the portable information terminal and the in-vehicle device are connected by a power supply cable or a data transmission cable. The vehicle data processing system described in (a).
(D) The specific data is guidance data for guiding the vehicle to the destination, and the processing means guides the vehicle to the destination as the specific processing. The vehicle data processing system described.
(E) The specific data is destination data, and includes a road data storage device that stores road data for route setting, and the processing means includes road data and destination data as the specific processing. The vehicle data processing system according to (a), (b), (c) or (d), comprising: setting means for setting a route to the destination using
[0159]
(F) a storage unit, a determination unit that determines whether the portable information terminal is about to be brought into the vehicle from outside the vehicle, or a determination unit that determines whether the portable information terminal is brought into the vehicle from the outside of the vehicle, and the determination unit, When it is determined that the portable information terminal is moving from the outside of the vehicle into the vehicle or that the portable information terminal is brought into the vehicle from outside the vehicle, specific data is received from the information center and stored in the storage means. An in-vehicle data processing apparatus comprising: receiving means for storing; and processing means for executing specific processing using specific data stored in the storage device. As this in-vehicle data processing device, for example, a navigation device is used.
(G) The determination means determines that the portable information terminal is about to move from the outside of the vehicle into the vehicle when the distance between the portable information terminal and the vehicle is equal to or less than a threshold value (f) The in-vehicle data processing device according to).
(H) When the portable information terminal is connected by a power supply cable or a data transmission cable, the determination means determines that the portable information terminal has been brought into the vehicle from outside the vehicle. The in-vehicle data processing device according to (f).
(I) The specific data is guidance data for guiding the vehicle to a destination, and the processing means guides the vehicle to the destination as the specific processing (f), The in-vehicle data processing device according to (g) or (h).
(J) The specific data is destination data, and includes a road data storage device storing road data for route setting, and the processing means includes road data and destination data as the specific processing. The vehicle-mounted data processing device according to (f), (g), (h) or (i), comprising: setting means for setting a route to the destination using
[0160]
In each of the embodiments and modifications described above, the destination setting confirmation process (FIG. 9) is performed when the ignition is turned on, but the destination setting confirmation process may be performed when the navigation device 100 is switched on.
[0161]
The navigation system of the present invention can also be applied to a system that transmits and receives data through a unique communication network such as a taxi, a bus, a transportation vehicle, and a center that delivers them.
[0162]
In each of the embodiments and modifications described above, the case where destination data or the like is transmitted when the destination is set in the information center 10 has been described. The operator may set the destination in the corresponding user data 50 of the information center 10 by conversation with the operator. In addition, the destination or waypoint transmitted from the portable information terminal 200 to the information center 10 may be a telephone number, 50 sounds of an address, a genre, a facility name, a zip code, or the like. Alternatively, the destination or waypoint may be transmitted to the center by voice, the transmitted voice may be recognized by the center, and the recognition result may be registered as the destination or waypoint.
[0163]
In each of the embodiments and modifications described above, when the navigation device and the portable information terminal are connected by a data communication cable, the user can perform data communication from the portable information terminal even though communication is being performed. There is a possibility that the cable may be disconnected or may be disconnected due to contact. Therefore, when communicating via the data communication cable, means for preventing the data communication cable from being disconnected from the portable information terminal can be provided. For example, by inserting the connector itself into the socket of the portable information terminal into the connector of the data communication cable, the portable information terminal is engaged, and in this engaged state, it is elastic by being brought close to each other by the user. Two claws are provided to be deformed and disengaged. An elliptical cam whose rotation is controlled by a motor is provided between the two claws. During data communication, the rotation of the motor is controlled so that the elliptical long sides of the cams come into contact with the respective claws so that they cannot be brought close to each other even by user operations. On the other hand, when data communication is not being performed, the motor is controlled to rotate so that the short side of the ellipse of the cam faces each of the claws so that the user can perform a proximity operation on the two claws. In addition, for example, a light emitting element such as an LED is embedded in the connector of the data communication cable so that the light emitting element does not emit light when data communication is not in progress. By making them equal, the user may be informed that data communication is in progress. In addition, a display color when data communication is not being performed or when data communication is being performed may be changed using a two-color LED or the like.
[0164]
Although the embodiments and modifications have been described above, these embodiments and modifications can be executed alone, but can be combined with other embodiments and modifications, and other embodiments and modifications. It is possible to add to the above or replace corresponding portions of other embodiments and modifications.
[0165]
Also, (1) detection means for detecting ignition on of the vehicle, confirmation means for checking the presence or absence of setting information set in advance in the information center when the ignition on is detected by the detection means, and this confirmation A navigation device comprising receiving means for receiving specific data transmitted from the information center based on confirmation of the means, and specific processing means for performing specific processing based on the specific data received by the receiving means;
A setting information receiving means for receiving setting information transmitted from an information processing device such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and the navigation device; a setting information storing means for storing setting information received by the setting information receiving means; Based on a confirmation request from the navigation device, when the setting information storage means confirms whether or not the setting information is stored in the center side confirmation means, and when the storage of the setting information is confirmed by the center side confirmation means An information center comprising specific data transmitting means for transmitting specific data to the navigation device;
It is also possible to provide a guidance system consisting of
(2) It is also possible to provide the guidance system according to (1) above, wherein the setting information is destination information, and the specific data is destination information or travel route guidance information. .
(3) A route transmission device provided outside the portable information terminal, wherein the route from the vehicle destination to the final destination is transmitted to the portable information terminal before the vehicle reaches the vehicle destination. It is also possible to provide a route transmission device characterized by comprising means.
(4) A route transmission device provided outside the portable information terminal, wherein a transmission from the vehicle destination to the final destination is transmitted to the portable information terminal when the vehicle reaches the vehicle destination. It is also possible to provide a route transmission device characterized by comprising means.
[0166]
【The invention's effect】
According to the present invention, specific data such as a destination and a travel route can be acquired immediately after the ignition is turned on.
In addition, setting information such as a destination for another navigation device can be set. Further, immediately after reaching the vehicle destination, the final destination or map data up to the final destination can be acquired.
Moreover, even if the vehicle position is unknown, a map and travel route data up to the vehicle position can be obtained using the portable information terminal.
Even if the arrival point of the vehicle is a point where communication is not possible, the information center can be notified of the arrival position and arrival using the portable information terminal.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 illustrates a configuration of a navigation system according to a first embodiment.
FIG. 2 is a configuration diagram of an information center, a navigation device, and a portable information terminal in the navigation system.
FIG. 3 is an explanatory diagram conceptually showing searched route data in an information center.
FIG. 4 conceptually represents user data in an information center.
FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram showing a typical example of data exchange between the information center, the navigation system, and the portable information terminal.
FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram showing a search route in an information center and how segments are divided.
FIG. 7 is a flowchart showing processing when a destination is set in an information center via the Internet using WWW browser software in a portable information terminal that does not have a destination setting program or the like.
FIG. 8 is a flowchart showing an operation of a destination determination process performed in the information center when a destination and ID are transmitted from a portable information terminal or a navigation device.
FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing an operation of a destination setting confirmation process in the navigation device when the ignition is turned on.
FIG. 10 is a flowchart showing an operation of a destination setting confirmation process in the information center.
FIG. 11 is a flowchart of route search / guidance data transmission processing on the information center side for transmitting a travel route searched to a vehicle destination by dividing it in predetermined units.
FIG. 12 is a flowchart of a request / route guidance process of a navigation device that provides route guidance to a vehicle destination while sequentially requesting transmission of divided routes.
FIG. 13 is a flowchart showing the operation of final destination search processing in the information center.
FIG. 14 is an explanatory view exemplifying a map picture to a final destination that can be moved only by walking, created at the information center.
FIG. 15 is an explanatory diagram exemplifying a map picture created in the information center when moving to a final destination using non-vehicle means such as a train other than walking.
FIG. 16 is a flowchart showing an operation of destination transmission member setting processing executed in the portable information terminal and the navigation device in the second embodiment.
FIG. 17 shows an example of a display screen displayed on the display unit in the second embodiment. (A) is a destination transmission member setting screen on which a candidate list of members is displayed, and (b) is a new screen. Member setting screen (c) shows a mail screen sent to a user whose destination is set by another person.
FIG. 18 is a flowchart showing destination setting processing of an information center in the second embodiment.
FIG. 19 is an explanatory diagram showing an example of data exchange between the information center, the navigation system, and the portable information terminal in the third embodiment.
FIG. 20 is an explanatory diagram showing an example of data exchange between the information center, the navigation system, and the portable information terminal in the fourth embodiment.
FIG. 21 is a flowchart showing request / route guidance processing in the fourth embodiment;
FIG. 22 is a flowchart showing an operation of destination setting processing by the portable information terminal of the fifth embodiment.
23 is an explanatory view exemplifying a display screen of a portable information terminal in the destination setting process of FIG.
FIG. 24 is a flowchart showing route setting processing by the navigation device in the fifth embodiment.
FIG. 25 is a flowchart showing processing for transmitting route guidance data from the navigation device in the fifth embodiment.
FIG. 26 is a flowchart showing processing of the portable information terminal that displays guidance data acquired from the navigation device on the display unit in the fifth embodiment.
FIG. 27 is an explanatory diagram showing a route guidance screen displayed in the fifth embodiment.
FIG. 28 is a flowchart showing processing when an incoming call is received during route guidance when a mobile phone is used as the mobile information terminal.
FIG. 29 is a flowchart showing a processing operation in which the navigation device in the sixth embodiment supplements the position of the portable information terminal.
FIG. 30 is a flowchart showing a processing operation in which the navigation device according to the seventh embodiment supplements the position of the portable information terminal.
[Explanation of symbols]
10 Information Center
12 Communication control unit
14 Arithmetic processing part
18 memory
20 Route search program
22 Segment processing program
24 Guide data extraction program
25 Destination determination program
26 System control program
27 Requested road length data
28 Search route data
29 Extraction guidance data
40 database
42 Route search data
44 Information for guidance
46 Communication area data
48 Destination setting data
50 user data
52 Map picture creation data
70 External Information Collection Department
100 Car navigation system
101 arithmetic processing unit
102 memory
102A Program storage area
102B Data storage area
104 Position measurement unit
105 Input section
106 Display section
107 Audio output unit
108 Communication control unit
142 Destination setting confirmation program
144 Destination setting program
150 Route guidance program
152 Data Request Program
154 Control program
160 Route and guidance data
161 Vehicle destination and final destination data
162 ID data
164 Vehicle position data
166 Destination setting data
168 Request road length data
200 Personal digital assistant
201 arithmetic processing unit
202 memory
202A Program storage area
202B Data storage area
204 Position measurement unit
205 Input section
206 Display section
208 Communication control unit
250 Destination setting program
252 Non-vehicle route display program
254 Control program
260 Route and guidance data
262 ID data
266 Destination setting data

Claims (14)

  1. Detecting means for detecting ignition on of the vehicle;
    Confirmation means for confirming the presence or absence of setting information set in advance in the information center when ignition on is detected by the detection means;
    Receiving means for receiving specific data transmitted from the information center based on the confirmation of the confirmation means;
    Specific processing means for performing specific processing based on specific data received by the receiving means;
    Arrival determination means for determining whether or not the vehicle has arrived at the destination;
    A destination arrival transmitting means for transmitting the destination arrival and the current vehicle position to the information center when it is determined by the arrival determining means that the vehicle has arrived at the destination;
    Equipped with,
    A navigation device , wherein a vehicle current position is transmitted to a portable information terminal when a vehicle arrives at a vehicle destination and communication with the information center is not possible at the vehicle destination .
  2. The navigation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the setting information is setting information transmitted from an information processing apparatus such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and a navigation apparatus.
  3. The arrival judging means judges that the vehicle has arrived at the destination when the current vehicle position coincides with the destination or when the distance between the current vehicle position and the destination is a predetermined distance or less. The navigation device according to claim 1 or 2 .
  4. Detecting means for detecting ignition on of the vehicle;
    Confirmation means for confirming the presence or absence of setting information registered to the information center when ignition on is detected by the detection means;
    If it is confirmed by the confirmation means that there is setting information registered for itself, an acquisition means for obtaining the setting information from the information center;
    Specific processing means for performing specific processing based on the setting information acquired by the acquisition means;
    Arrival determination means for determining whether or not the vehicle has arrived at the destination;
    A destination arrival transmitting means for transmitting the destination arrival and the current vehicle position to the information center when it is determined by the arrival determining means that the vehicle has arrived at the destination;
    Equipped with,
    A navigation device , wherein a vehicle current position is transmitted to a portable information terminal when a vehicle arrives at a vehicle destination and communication with the information center is not possible at the vehicle destination .
  5. The setting information registered for the self is destination information for setting a destination,
    Said identification processing means according to claim 4, characterized in that the travel route search to the destination that is set by the acquired destination information by the acquisition unit, or the guidance of the chosen route as the specific processing Navigation device.
  6. The setting information registered for the self is driving route guidance information,
    5. The navigation apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the specific processing unit performs guidance based on travel route guidance information acquired by the acquisition unit as the specific processing.
  7. The navigation apparatus according to claim 4, 5, or 6, wherein the setting information is setting information transmitted from an information processing apparatus such as a portable information terminal, a personal computer, and a navigation apparatus.
  8. The arrival judging means judges that the vehicle has arrived at the destination when the current vehicle position coincides with the destination or when the distance between the current vehicle position and the destination is a predetermined distance or less. The navigation device according to any one of claims 4 to 7 .
  9. Setting information receiving means for receiving destination information for setting a destination transmitted from an information processing device such as a portable information terminal, personal computer, and navigation device;
    Setting information storing means for storing destination information addressed to a specific destination received by the setting information receiving means;
    Vehicle arrival judgment means for judging whether or not the destination set by the received destination information is a point that can be reached by the vehicle;
    Vehicle destination setting means for setting, as a vehicle destination, a point that can be reached by the vehicle around the destination when the destination is determined by the vehicle arrival determination means to be a point that cannot be reached by the vehicle;
    Based on a request for confirmation of the presence / absence of destination information registered for the self from the navigation device according to any one of claims 1 to 8 , the setting information storage means stores Center side confirmation means for confirming whether or not the location information is stored;
    When it is confirmed by the center side confirmation means that the destination information addressed to the navigation device that has made the confirmation request is stored, when the destination information or the vehicle destination is set Transmitting means for transmitting the vehicle destination information to the navigation device;
    Equipped with,
    The information processing device, the setting information storage area in the setting information storage means, and the navigation device are associated by an ID for each user,
    When the received content of the setting information receiving unit includes a setting request for another user, the setting information storing unit stores the received setting information in the setting information storing unit corresponding to the ID of the requested other user. Store it in the storage area,
    Further, when the received setting information is stored in the storage area of the setting information storage means corresponding to the requested other user ID by the setting information storage means, a notification means for notifying the other user of that fact An information center comprising:
  10. 10. The information center according to claim 9, wherein the notifying unit notifies the other user of that by electronic mail, facsimile, data communication, or voice communication using voice data synthesized by voice.
  11. Setting information receiving means for receiving destination information for setting a destination transmitted from an information processing device such as a portable information terminal, personal computer, and navigation device;
    Setting information storing means for storing destination information addressed to a specific destination received by the setting information receiving means;
    Vehicle arrival judgment means for judging whether or not the destination set by the received destination information is a point that can be reached by the vehicle;
    Vehicle destination setting means for setting, as a vehicle destination, a point that can be reached by the vehicle around the destination when the destination is determined by the vehicle arrival determination means to be a point that cannot be reached by the vehicle;
    Based on a request for confirmation of the presence / absence of destination information registered for the self from the navigation device according to any one of claims 1 to 8 , the setting information storage means stores Center side confirmation means for confirming whether or not the location information is stored;
    When it is confirmed by the center side confirmation means that the destination information addressed to the navigation device that has made the confirmation request is stored, when the destination information or the vehicle destination is set Transmitting means for transmitting the vehicle destination information to the navigation device;
    A notification means for notifying that the setting information has been registered or the content of the setting information to the specific destination when the sender of the setting information is different from the specific destination ;
    An information center comprising:
  12. Destination information receiving means for receiving destination information transmitted from an information processing device such as a portable information terminal, personal computer, and navigation device;
    Vehicle arrival judgment means for judging whether or not the destination set by the destination information received by the destination information receiving means is a point that can be reached by the vehicle;
    Vehicle destination setting means for setting, as a vehicle destination, a point that can be reached by the vehicle around the destination when the destination is determined by the vehicle arrival determination means to be a point that cannot be reached by the vehicle;
    Non-vehicle movement route search means for searching for a movement route for arriving with the non-vehicle movement means other than the own vehicle from the vehicle destination set by the vehicle destination setting means to the destination;
    Travel route transmitting means for transmitting information on the travel route searched by the non-vehicle travel route search means to the portable information terminal ;
    Destination arrival receiving means for receiving destination arrival information and vehicle current position transmitted from the navigation device;
    Equipped with,
    The movement route transmitting means transmits the movement route to a portable information terminal when the current vehicle position received by the destination arrival information receiving means is a vehicle destination set by the vehicle destination setting means. Information center.
  13. The non-vehicle movement means, public vehicles taxi or bus, etc., cable cars, monorails, ropeways, trains, trains, boats, moving walkways, and to claim 12, characterized in that at least one of walk The listed information center.
  14. Vehicle current position storage means for receiving and storing the vehicle current position from the navigation device;
    A portable information terminal position receiving means for receiving the current position from the portable information terminal;
    Non-vehicle movement route for searching for a movement route for arriving by the non-vehicle movement means other than the vehicle from the current position received by the portable information terminal position reception means to the vehicle current position stored in the vehicle current position storage means Search means;
    A travel route transmitting means for transmitting the travel route searched by the non-vehicle travel route search means to the portable information terminal;
    An information center comprising:
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JP32889299A JP4441962B2 (en) 1999-11-18 1999-11-18 Guidance system
JP2003006890A JP3864911B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2003-01-15 Navigation device and information center
JP2009272754A JP4803507B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2009-11-30 Vehicle data processing system
JP2009272753A JP4803506B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2009-11-30 Navigation device
JP2011126663A JP5489006B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2011-06-06 Navigation device and information terminal

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JP32889299A JP4441962B2 (en) 1999-11-18 1999-11-18 Guidance system
JP2003006890A JP3864911B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2003-01-15 Navigation device and information center
JP2009272754A JP4803507B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2009-11-30 Vehicle data processing system
JP2009272753A JP4803506B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2009-11-30 Navigation device
JP2011126663A JP5489006B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2011-06-06 Navigation device and information terminal

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JP2009272753A Expired - Fee Related JP4803506B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2009-11-30 Navigation device
JP2009272754A Expired - Fee Related JP4803507B2 (en) 1999-11-18 2009-11-30 Vehicle data processing system
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