JP3836112B2 - Waste plastic oil production facility - Google Patents

Waste plastic oil production facility Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3836112B2
JP3836112B2 JP2004085068A JP2004085068A JP3836112B2 JP 3836112 B2 JP3836112 B2 JP 3836112B2 JP 2004085068 A JP2004085068 A JP 2004085068A JP 2004085068 A JP2004085068 A JP 2004085068A JP 3836112 B2 JP3836112 B2 JP 3836112B2
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oil
gas
fuselage
tank
side
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JP2005272529A (en
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芳男 八巻
由和 小林
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株式会社御池鐵工所
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/70Recovery of polymers other than plastics or rubbers
    • Y02W30/702Recovery of polymers other than plastics or rubbers by chemically breaking down the molecular chains of polymers or breaking of crosslinks, e.g. devulcanisation
    • Y02W30/703Recovery of polymers other than plastics or rubbers by chemically breaking down the molecular chains of polymers or breaking of crosslinks, e.g. devulcanisation by dry-heat treatment only

Description

  The present invention relates to an oil conversion facility for thermally decomposing waste plastics to obtain oil, and more particularly to an oil conversion facility for producing high quality fuel oil capable of continuous operation in the thermal decomposition of plastics.

  For the best recovery of discarded plastic products, equipment is known that thermally decomposes the plastic and recovers it as a liquid oil. Furthermore, there are those obtained by fractionating cracked oil into light oil and heavy oil.

  In the pyrolysis oil conversion method for plastics, approximately 80% by weight is obtained as liquid oil from raw plastics using waste materials such as polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), etc. The remainder is sludge containing about 15% non-condensable gas (about 15%) and about 5% carbon as a solid residue. For this reason, plasticizing oil is one effective solution that can efficiently use waste plastic.

  As an example of a conventional plastic oiling device, Patent Document 1 has a pyrolysis kettle that is charged with thermal plastic waste and thermally decomposed, and a discharge path that leads from the bottom of the kettle to the outside of the kettle. , Supply from the supply section to the pyrolysis kettle, heat the plastic supplied in the pyrolysis kettle to melt and gasify it, send the cracked gas from the gas outlet on the kettle to the condenser, and discharge the above A scraper conveyor for discharging sludge was disposed along the bottom of the path, and sludge remaining on the bottom of the pot was discharged out of the pot along the discharge path to remove the sludge. The oil is discharged from the discharge portion, and the cracked gas is cooled in the subsequent condensing device to generate oil.

  In addition, in the equipment of this document, when the material is charged, the raw material plastic is charged into the decomposition tank from the supply section through a slide valve mechanism or the like. Residue discharge from the discharge unit was discharged through the water by connecting the discharge unit to a water-sealed water tank.

  In another patent document 2, a feed pipe for supplying waste plastic having a screw therein and a heating inclined pipe having a feed screw inside for heating and transferring the waste plastic are connected at a large opening angle. Further, there is disclosed a thermal decomposition apparatus in which the feed pipe and the inclined pipe are surrounded by a heating furnace and heated by hot air from a hot air furnace. In the inclined pipe for heating, the plastic is melted and decomposed, and the generated cracked gas is guided to the condenser from the top of the inclined pipe, and the sludge is dropped from the top of the inclined pipe to the lower water tank.

JP-A-6-212171 JP 2000-001677 A

  Since the facility of Patent Document 1 uses a wide pyrolysis kettle, a long discharge path that leads from the lower bottom of the kettle to the outside of the kettle is required to remove the sludge.

  Further, in Patent Document 2, the decomposition tank is composed of a feed pipe and an inclined pipe heated in a heating furnace, and the plastic is conveyed by a screw inside of the pipe, thereby heating, melting, decomposition vaporization, and discharge of residual sludge. However, there is a problem that the screw accumulates in the feed pipe and the inclined pipe and the screw does not move. There was a need to avoid.

  In addition, pyrolysis gas and high-temperature oil, which are intermediate products, are highly flammable, and it is important to prevent oil from entering gas seals and residues in high-temperature oiling facilities. It is important to do and maintain.

  In conventional equipment, the generated oil is highly demanded in terms of quality, and is expensive because it needs to be refined in another equipment.

The present invention is compact and stable without troubles such as clogging or gas leakage in the pyrolysis tank, etc., and can guarantee stable continuous operation, but prevents oil and resin from being mixed into the residue during the pyrolysis process. In addition, a high-boiling oil component is prevented from being mixed into the cracked gas, and an oiling facility for waste plastic having an excellent degree of separation is provided.

The plastic oiling facility of the present invention is such that the plastic supplied as raw material in the pyrolysis tank is heated by the feeding means while being melted, decomposed and gasified, and the cracked gas is gasified. allowed to flow out from the gas outlet to the condensing means, residue, Ri Nodea to discharge from the discharge portion, the thermal decomposition vessel, whereas the supply of the end and the high other end discharge side low supply part side between the discharge portion of the The bottomed fuselage is placed in a tilted state so that the lower part of the fuselage is heated by the heating furnace chamber, the upper part of the fuselage is in airtight contact with the atmosphere, and the gas outlet is at the center of the pyrolysis tank. Although it is provided at the upper part , its feature is that the feeding means is divided between the two parts so that the feeding means is divided into the feeding part on the supply part side and the feeding part on the discharge side. provided with a short ribbon screw with a number of turns of the partition of about times It is those made.

  The pyrolysis tank is heated in contact with the heating furnace chamber on the lower part of the fuselage, melts and decomposes the plastic, and exposes the upper part to the surrounding atmosphere, thereby lowering the temperature of the upper part of the fuselage, The low-boiling light gas generated in the gas is discharged from the gas outlet, but even if the vaporized gas contains heavy-boiling heavy components, it is condensed and liquefied on the inner wall of the exposed upper part, It is dropped on the part and again thermally decomposed to lower the molecular weight and vaporize. Thereby, a high quality cracked oil can be obtained by discharging a gas having a relatively low boiling point and a low molecular weight from the gas outlet.

The horizontal body of the pyrolysis tank is tilted so that the discharge side becomes higher, and oil and resin components generated by pyrolysis are accumulated on the supply side to prevent it from being mixed into the residue and being discharged. As a result, the oil recovery rate can be increased, and ignition and flame can be prevented when the residue is discharged and exposed to air, and stable operation is continued. In addition, since a short ribbon screw for partitioning about 1 to 3 turns is provided between both parts so as to be divided into a feeding part on the supply part side and a feeding part on the discharge side, The discharge part side can be kept at a high temperature and the oil and resin in the residue can be completely removed as a burned-out part.

  The oil conversion facility of the present invention is an oil conversion facility for pyrolyzing and plasticizing waste plastic as a raw material, and the oil conversion facility is a pyrolysis tank for gasifying the waste plastic, and a pyrolysis tank And a condensing means for cooling the cracked gas to produce oil.

  In this oil production facility, the pyrolysis tank has a bottomed fuselage, a supply unit for supplying waste plastic to the fuselage on the entrance side of the fuselage, and a plastic disposed from the entrance side to the exit side. It consists of a fuselage feeding means for transporting, a discharge part for discharging the residue to the exit side of the fuselage, and a heating furnace chamber for heating the fuselage to melt and decompose the plastic inside the fuselage. . The pyrolysis tank is a bottomed body that is horizontally placed in an inclined state so that the bottom of the fuselage is low at the supply part at one end and high at the discharge part at the other end, and the lower part of the fuselage is heated by the furnace chamber. The upper part of the fuselage is hermetically disposed in contact with the surrounding atmosphere, and the gas outlet is provided at the upper part of the substantially central part of the fuselage.

  As a preferable form of the decomposition tank, a bottomed horizontally long container in which the shape of the hollow body of the thermal decomposition tank is U-shaped in the longitudinal section perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the body can be adopted. The feeding means is arranged inside the fuselage, and the feeding means is preferably arranged around the rotation axis, and a rotation shaft that is rotatively driven in the fuselage along the longitudinal direction at the bottom of the fuselage. And a feed member that feeds the plastic, its melt, and the residue after vaporization upward in a slant. The feed member is preferably composed of a large number of paddle blades protruding around the rotation axis.

  The paddle blades are also arranged around the rotation axis at appropriate intervals in the axial direction. Each paddle blade has a paddle surface having a fan shape, a rectangular shape, a triangular shape, a trapezoidal shape or the like, and is arranged so that the outer edge of the paddle surface moves close to the inner bottom portion of the body. When the paddle blade is rotated by the rotation of the rotating shaft, the paddle surface of the paddle blade pushes out the solid matter in the rotation direction. Furthermore, the paddle surface has an angle of, for example, 5 to 30 ° with respect to the axial direction of the rotation axis, and preferably has an angle of 10 to 20 ° C. As a result, solids such as plastics and residues are slowly swept up by the paddle blades on the inner bottom of the cylinder and slowly sent upward, while the low-viscosity melt, undecomposed heavy oil, etc. , It moves downward through the gap between the paddle blades.

  The paddle blade is attached to the front side of a plurality of stem stems protruding from the outer periphery of the rotating shaft. Preferably, the paddle blade can be replaced with a blade base fixed to the front side of each stem. Once attached, the front of the paddle is the paddle surface. The outer edge of the paddle blade is close to the inner bottom portion of the body, and the inner edge of the paddle blade forms an appropriate gap with the outside of the rotating shaft, and the stem fixes both.

  The paddle blades fixedly projecting around the rotation axis are arranged at appropriate intervals along the longitudinal direction of the shaft, but in a preferred example, the fixing portion of the paddle blade to the rotation shaft of the stem is around the rotation axis. It can arrange | position so that it may surround in the spiral shape of a single helix or a double helix. These fixed portions are preferably arranged at equal intervals along the spiral with respect to one virtual spiral on the rotation axis. By rotating the rotating shaft, the spirally arranged paddles are sequentially rotated, and the solid matter can be effectively pushed up to the discharge portion side along the bottom surface of the cylinder of the pyrolysis tank.

  One of the methods for fixing the paddle blade to the rotating shaft is to insert a sleeve divided into a plurality of lengths on the outer periphery of the rotating shaft, and each sleeve is attached with a single stem. The paddle blades are fixed, and by providing a plurality of sleeves with respect to the rotation axis so as to form a certain angle between the sleeves adjacent to each other on one spiral, the plurality of paddles can be arranged around the rotation axis. It is possible to realize a spiral arrangement along double or more spirals.

  Each sleeve has a cylindrical shape provided with a hollow portion through which the rotation shaft is inserted, but preferably a split sleeve in which the two half sleeves are combined with each other to form a hollow shape, and any one of the half sleeves is divided. It is preferable that the stem of the paddle is fixedly provided on the outer surface side of the sleeve. The two halved sleeves are screwed together at the outer periphery close to the mating surface of the halved sleeves, and by adjusting the screws, the split sleeve can be opened to the halved sleeve and fitted into the rotating shaft, and removed. The position and rotation angle of the sleeve can be arbitrarily adjusted by fixing to the rotating shaft or loosening the space between the split sleeves. Therefore, the split sleeve can be fixedly protruded at a desired position with respect to the rotation shaft so that each paddle blade is at a desired position with respect to the rotation shaft.

  The bottom part of the decomposition tank body is U-shaped because a feed member that is arranged around the rotation axis and feeds the upper part of the slope, for example, the paddle blade is placed close to the bottom part, and plastic or Solids such as the residue can be sent to the discharge portion side inclined upward. Moreover, in the fuselage, an appropriate space is formed between the feeding member and the upper part of the fuselage, for example, the ceiling member, and the seizure of the plastic, its melt and residue, a mixture thereof, etc. occurs in the fuselage. In addition, there is an advantage that they can be prevented from being blocked or suspended in the body. Such an upper space increases the capacity for charging and transferring the raw material into the fuselage, so that continuous operation can be easily carried out even if there is a temporal variation in the plastic charging amount.

  Furthermore, this space between the feed member and the ceiling member of the fuselage is useful as a space for separating the gas and liquid after the plastic is heated and melted and decomposed at the bottom of the fuselage. The gas can be effectively collected at the gas outlet.

  The heating furnace is arranged below the pyrolysis tank, and the upper part of the heating furnace covers at least the lower part of the pyrolysis tank. The heating furnace can be heated by directly irradiating a flame of an oil burner from the furnace wall, or a separate hot blast furnace can be arranged and heated by supplying high-temperature gas from the hot blast furnace.

During the oil production operation, the raw plastic is inserted into the fuselage from the supply part on one end side, and transferred to the discharge part on the other end side in the upper part inclined along the lower bottom part of the fuselage inclined by the feeding means. To do.
The pyrolysis tank normally maintains the temperature inside the pyrolysis tank in the range of 300 to 500 ° C., preferably 350 to 450 ° C., with the combustion gas such as the burner described above. Through the wall surface, the plastic moving through the body is sequentially heated, melted, heated to a higher temperature, decomposed and vaporized components are evaporated, and the residue is further transferred toward the discharge portion. The cracked gas vaporized from the molten plastic is discharged from the gas outlet just above the fuselage, and is recovered by the condensing means via a conduit.

  As a preferred form of the heating furnace, an appropriate number of heating burners can be arranged on the supply-side furnace wall, and an auxiliary burner can be arranged on the discharge-side furnace wall. In this case, in the heating furnace, the temperature in the heating furnace on the residue discharge side can be kept higher than that on the supply side by the auxiliary burner on the discharge section side. Oil can be completely removed by evaporation, and residues such as carbon can be discharged as dry solids. For example, the temperature in the pyrolysis tank on the discharge part side can be increased to 400 to 600 ° C., and the residue can be made into a substantially complete solid content. In order to ensure the temperature gradient in the heating furnace, an appropriate partition or partial partition is placed between the supply side and the discharge side in a heat resistant manner, and the discharge inside the heating furnace is discharged compared to the supply side. It can be easier to keep the side at a higher temperature.

  The gas outlet is provided at substantially the upper center of the body of the thermal decomposition tank, and collects the decomposition gas in the body and pipes it to the condensing means. In particular, the body has a U-shaped cross section as described above. A ceiling plate is fixed to the upper part of the ceiling plate for airtightness, and the gas outlet is formed in the ceiling plate so as to penetrate one end of the conduit, and the conduit is connected to a condensing means described later.

  Since the gas outlet portion is provided at the upper part of the longitudinal center of the fuselage, it is vaporized from the plastic melt being transferred by the lower feeding means, and is provided between the feeding means and the upper ceiling plate. The cracked gas rising in the space is collected. Therefore, since the upper part of the fuselage is usually in contact with air, the cracked gas in the fuselage is cooled by the wall surface of the upper part of the fuselage, and the high-boiling oil component liquefies and falls from the wall surface to melt the plastic. It is mixed on the liquid side and is convenient for harvesting low melting point oil. However, the cracked gas stream still rising in the space may contain a large amount of high-boiling oil components in the form of mist.

  A reactor that separates and drops heavy oil droplets in the cracked gas can be disposed in the gas outlet portion so as to be close to the gas outlet portion inside the body. Such a reactor is formed of an assembly of perforated plates stacked in multiple layers, placed in the cracked gas passage in the vicinity to the gas outlet, captures fine droplets and separates them from the gas stream, It is made to drop and drop to the lower bottom part below. In particular, the gas outlet part may be provided with an air cooling jacket to be cooled by compressed air in order to force cooling. Air can also be supplied to the air cooling jacket via a supply air control damper whose opening is controlled by a temperature sensor at the outlet of the reactor. By the air cooling in the reactor, the condensation of heavy component gas is further promoted to fall to the bottom of the fuselage.

  The heavy oil component that has fallen to the bottom of the fuselage is heated again to a high temperature to be decomposed and reduced in molecular weight, and further vaporized to enter the cracked gas. As a result, the heavy components in the product oil are reduced, and a high-quality product oil rich in light oil components can be obtained.

  The supply portion of the thermal decomposition tank is provided on one end side of the body and has an opening for charging the raw material plastic into the body. A raw material supply device is disposed in the supply portion, and one preferable form thereof includes a charging hopper that receives the raw material plastic, and a screw feeder that connects between the bottom of the hopper and the supply portion of the fuselage. Is.

  The screw feeder penetrates the screw into the conduit and transports the plastic from the hopper through the conduit by the rotation of the screw. For this purpose, the screw feeder is located at the front side, that is, the pyrolysis tank. It is preferable that the blade pitch of the screw is relatively narrow on the supply portion side as compared with the hopper side. Further, the screw feeder may be tapered at the tip side by reducing the feeder conduit and the outer diameter of the scree blade. By making the blade pitch narrow or tapered, the plastic material being supplied is consolidated at this location to form a seal that prevents the inflow of air into the fuselage and the backflow of combustible gas from the pyrolysis tank. To do.

  Furthermore, nitrogen gas can be injected into the charging hopper or screw feeder to replace the air mixed in the raw material with nitrogen gas, and the inside of the pyrolysis tank can be more reliably maintained non-oxidizing. In particular, when the raw material plastic in the screw feeder runs out during operation, nitrogen replacement is performed to prevent the feeder from flowing into the decomposition tank of air and outflow of combustible gas. Further, an appropriate shutoff valve may be provided at the lower part of the hopper to block the movement of air or gas from or to the hopper.

  The discharge portion of the pyrolysis tank is provided in the body and on the other end side opposite to the supply portion, and a discharge device is connected to the discharge portion. A preferable form of the discharge device includes a screw conveyor that sends out the residue connected to the discharge portion and a residue recovery case for the residue connected to the screw conveyor. The screw conveyor for discharge should have a structure in which the blades are removed in the middle, and residual plastic can always be present in the screw conveyor in a compacted state to prevent leakage of pyrolysis gas to the outside. it can.

  The residue collection case is normally kept airtight, and for this purpose, a second screw conveyor for feeding residue to the outside is connected to the bottom of the case, and the blades of the screw conveyor are cut off in the middle of the tip of the conveyor tube. The structure is good and the residue can always be present in a compacted state on the screw conveyor, and the residue recovery case can prevent leakage to the outside. The residue recovery case is provided with a temperature sensor, and by measuring the temperature, it is possible to detect leakage of cracked gas from the residue compaction portion at the outlet of the first screw conveyor.

  The above-mentioned discharge device has two stages of screw conveyors in the discharge section, an airtight recovery case between them, and a taper structure of the screw conveyor and a structure for consolidating the residue by cutting the blades halfway. Leakage can be prevented more reliably.

  Nitrogen gas injection piping and gas vent piping can be connected to the recovery case. Even if the residue seal in the screw conveyor of the discharge section is broken and the gas from the thermal decomposition tank flows into the residue recovery case, the nitrogen gas Explosion can be prevented by injecting. Further, the gas in the residue recovery case can be returned to the reactor through the gas vent pipe.

  The condensing means includes at least one stage condenser connected to the gas outlet of the pyrolysis tank and separating the cracked gas into liquid oil and exhaust gas. A condenser in series with two or more stages can be used as the condensing means.

  A condenser is connected to the gas outlet of the pyrolysis tank by a conduit, and the cracked gas is supplied to the lower part of the condenser, and in the process of ascending the condenser, an oil shower is lowered from the upper part of the condenser and brought into contact with the rising gas. The oil component is absorbed into the shower oil. Instead of an oil shower, the oil may flow down through a plurality of overflow plates, and the oil component in the separation gas may be absorbed by the overflow. A part of the oil component in the supplied cracked gas is dissolved in shower oil or flowing oil, and uncondensed gas is sent out from above.

  The product oil is taken out from the lower part of the first condenser and sent to the oil recovery tank. Part of the product oil from the oil recovery tank is conveniently cooled if necessary and circulated into the condenser shower.

  The use of a shower can absorb the decomposition gas such as PET that tends to generate sublimable crystals, so this capacitor collects most of the sublimable crystals by oil shower of the generated oil, and crystals on the inner wall of the capacitor. The adhesion of things can be prevented.

  When the second capacitor is applied, the second capacitor is preferably provided with a heat exchanger inside the capacitor. The cracked gas from the upper part of the first condenser is supplied to the lower part of the second condenser, and in the process of raising the cracked gas to the inside, it is efficiently cooled to a low temperature by passing through the heat exchanger and condensed. Accelerate liquefaction and gas-liquid separation. By setting the heat exchanger to a temperature at which it can be cooled, the gas having a low boiling point component can be condensed and liquefied here. From the lower part of the second condenser, the liquid is supplied to the oil recovery tank, and from the upper part of the second condenser, the residual gas in the cracked gas is taken out and sent to the gas washing tower.

  The heat exchanger is equipped with a differential pressure switch that detects the pressure difference between the upper and lower parts of the heat exchanger, and when the differential pressure increases, the oil shower is injected using the oil produced from the upper part. It is preferable to do so. Even if the tube in the heat exchanger is clogged due to the attachment of crystalline substances, the pressure difference can be detected and the deposits in the tube can be washed by showering the product oil at the top.

  The liquefaction facility of this embodiment is preferably provided with a gas cleaning tower, and it is preferable that uncondensed gas from the condenser is introduced from below and passed through a multi-stage alkaline aqueous solution shower to clean the gas before combustion.

  In the liquefaction facility of this embodiment, it is preferable that the cracked gas from the condenser or gas cleaning tower is further sent to the gas combustion tower by piping to burn the combustible components.

  The cleaning tower can wash and neutralize corrosive gas such as hydrogen chloride gas with an alkaline aqueous solution shower, burn clean gas in the gas combustion tower, and dissipate only non-combustible components into the atmosphere. In particular, the washing tower can suppress the generation of dioxins. A water-sealed tank is provided in the pipe between the gas combustion tower and the condenser or the gas cleaning tower to prevent backfire from the gas combustion tower.

  The liquefaction facility of this embodiment may include a neutralization processing tank connected to the oil recovery tank via a pump, and by neutralizing the produced oil collected in the oil recovery tank in the neutralization processing tank, It is possible to prevent the corrosion of equipment that uses oil, for example, combustion equipment such as burners and generators, and tanks and pipes attached to these equipment. A cooler is provided between the oil recovery tank and the neutralization treatment tank, and the generated oil can be cooled by the cooler prior to the neutralization treatment.

  The liquefaction equipment of this embodiment may include a centrifuge or a filtration device connected to the oil recovery tank, thereby removing impurities including moisture and carbon particles in the produced oil with a centrifuge and having a specific gravity. Particulate impurities equivalent to or less than that of the product oil can be completely removed with a filter of the filter device. As a result, it is possible to prevent operational troubles due to clogging of the filter of the burner of the heating furnace, and stable continuous operation becomes possible. Also, in other combustion equipment that uses the product oil, it is possible to prevent operational troubles due to fuel quality.

  The raw plastic waste used in the plastic oil production facility 1 is supplied in a state of being crushed and pulverized to an appropriate size. 1 and 4 show a pyrolysis tank. The outline of the pyrolysis tank is composed of a fuselage 20 fixed to the upper part of the heating furnace 4, and the fuselage 20 is described later on both ends 25a and 25b. The paddle blade-type feeding means 3 has a cylindrical shape that only accommodates both ends, and the inner side between them includes a lower bottom portion 21 and a side surface 22 having a U-shaped section on the lower side and a ceiling plate 23 on the upper side. It is prepared for. FIG. 4 shows a more specific embodiment of the pyrolysis tank.

  On the one end 25a side of the body 20 of the pyrolysis tank, a supply unit 11 for plastic charging of raw materials is provided. The supply unit 11 opens on the ceiling plate 23 and is connected to a supply device 10 to be described later. The raw material plastic can be fed from the supply unit 11 onto the feeding means. On the other hand, a residue discharge portion 51 is provided on the other end 25 b side of the body 20, and the discharge portion 51 is opened to the lower bottom portion 21 and connected to a discharge device 50 described later. Is dropped from the discharge portion 51 to the discharge device 50. Furthermore, a cracked gas outlet 26 is provided in the center of the body 20 in the longitudinal direction so as to penetrate the ceiling plate 23.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the fuselage 20 is directly heated because the lower bottom 21 is joined to the upper part of the heating furnace 4, and in particular, the lower side including the bottom part joined to the high temperature region of the upper part of the heating furnace 4. Is formed from a steel plate that can withstand the temperature in the tank, in particular, a heat-resistant steel plate, in order to ensure heat transfer and heat resistance. On the other hand, from the side surface 22 of the body 20 to the upper ceiling plate 23, as shown in FIG. 1, it is set so as to be exposed to the atmosphere and to be cooled.

  The body 20 is provided with a feeding means 3 for feeding from the supply unit 11 toward the discharge unit 51. The rotating shaft 30 is pivotally supported through both end portions 25a and 25b and rotated. In this example, the shaft 30 is connected to the motor M and driven to rotate on the one end 25a side. A feed member is provided around the rotary shaft 30, and the inside of the body 20 is installed along the lower bottom portion 21. In this example, as shown in FIG. 1 and more specifically, as shown in FIG. A large number of paddle blades 32 are fixedly arranged around the shaft 30 at an appropriate interval in the longitudinal direction.

3A, 3B, and 4, in this example, a sleeve 35 divided into a large number in the axial direction of the rotary shaft 30 is fitted on the rotary shaft, and one paddle blade is provided in each sleeve 35. 32, each sleeve 35 is composed of two half sleeves 35a and 35b. Bolt holes are provided through the joint surfaces 352 from the outer surfaces of the half sleeves 35a and 35b. If the bolt 351 is inserted and screwed in, one sleeve 35 is formed.
In each sleeve 35, a plate-like stem 31 is fixed to the outer peripheral surface of one of the half sleeves, and the plate surface is fixed substantially parallel to the rotation direction, and in front of the tip of each stem 31, that is, in the rotation direction. Further, the blade base 311 is fixed to the paddle blade 32, and the paddle blade 32 is arranged so that the surface of the blade, that is, the paddle surface, faces the rotation direction.

  In FIG. 3C, the blade base 311 is accurately provided with an angle θ with respect to the axial center direction of the rotating shaft 30. When the paddle blade 32 rotates, each paddle blade 32 sweeps the inner surface of the lower bottom portion of the cylinder to form a certain width, and at the same time, the solid matter on the lower bottom portion of the cylinder at the angle θ of the paddle blade 32. Will be directed upwards. In this embodiment, the angle θ is 20 °. It is set so that the plastic, the melt, and the residue are sent to the discharge unit 51 side inside the cylindrical body by a large number of paddle blades by continuous rotation.

  In the example shown in FIG. 1, the paddle blade 32 divides the first paddle part 32a and the second paddle part 32b on the discharge side from the supply part 11 side to the gas outlet part 26, and both paddle parts 32a. , 32b, a short partitioning screw 33, that is, a ribbon screw 33 is fixed around the rotary shaft 30.

  Ribbon screw 33 is attached around rotating shaft 30 with one to three turns, and then the discharge part 51 side is kept at a high temperature to completely remove oil and resin in the residue as a burned-out part. Like to do. FIG. 5 shows an example of a ribbon screw. In this example as well, the ribbon screw 33 is fixed by stems 336a and 336b using divided sleeves. This example also uses half sleeves 335a and 335b as sleeves. The half sleeves 33a and 33b of the screw are fixed to each half sleeve to form a ribbon screw for one round.

  Further, the body 20 is inclined horizontally so that the lower bottom part 21 having a U-shaped longitudinal section is low on the raw material supply part 11 side and high on the residue discharge part 51 side. The outer edge of the blade 32 and the peripheral edge of the ribbon screw 33 are also arranged so as to be close to the lower bottom portion 21, and the rotating shaft 30 is also inclined upward on the discharge portion 51 side to separate the residue and the oil component. Convenient for

  The raw material supply device is composed of an input hopper that opens at the top and inputs raw material plastic, and a screw feeder that is connected to the lower portion of the hopper and feeds the raw material, and the outlet end of the feeder is the ceiling of the fuselage. It connects to the supply part provided in the board, and is arrange | positioned so that a raw material can be supplied to said feed means within the trunk | drum of a thermal decomposition tank.

  In the example of FIG. 1, the screw feeder 13 of the raw material supply apparatus 1 has a screw pitch narrower at the tip of the outlet side than the inlet side, compresses the raw material plastic in the feeder pipe, and supplies the air to the pyrolysis tank. The intrusion is prevented and the reverse flow of the decomposition gas is prevented.

  Further, in this embodiment, the raw material input into the hopper 121 is detected by the low level sensor and the high level sensor, the raw material level is detected, and the motor is controlled from above the detection to continuously or intermittently feed the screw feeder. To be done. As the motor of the screw feeder 13, an inverter motor or a servo motor is used.

The bottom or the screw feeder 13 of the charging hopper 121, a nitrogen pipe 91 is connected from the nitrogen source 9, for each complete introduction of the plastic of each batch, the nitrogen gas is injected, the nitrogen a conduit inside the feed device 10 Replace.

  The heating furnace 4 of the pyrolysis tank is connected to the lower bottom portion 21 of the body 20, and the inside of the furnace iron shell is lined with an appropriate refractory 44 with respect to the lower side surface 42 and the bottom portion 41, and burners 43a, 43b are attached to the furnace wall. Is attached, and the inside of the furnace is heated and held at an appropriate temperature to heat the lower bottom portion 21 and a part of the side surface in the fuselage 20 positioned above.

  In the heating furnace 4 of this example, as shown in FIG. 1, a main burner 43a is arranged on the furnace wall on the supply side to maintain the temperature inside the heating furnace, and an auxiliary burner 43b is installed on the opposite furnace wall. It is provided, and the discharge part 51 side of the body 20 is heated and held at a higher temperature to promote vaporization and separation of the oil in the residue in the pyrolysis tank, thereby burning out the residue.

  Although the two types of burners 43a and 43b at the front and rear are fueled by the oil produced by the oil making facility 1, burners using gas as fuel can also be employed. The load in the furnace is confirmed by a draft gauge, and a manual exhaust heat damper (not shown) is provided in the chimney (not shown) to increase the thermal efficiency.

  A cracked gas outlet 26 is provided at the upper part of the body 20 of the pyrolysis tank, and the cracked gas outlet 26 is approximately at the middle in the longitudinal direction of the upper part of the fuselage, in this example, the ceiling plate 23 of the fuselage 20. And is connected to the pipe 27. The cracked gas generated in the body 20 is collected and guided to the pipe 27, and the pipe 27 is connected to the condensing means 6 described later.

  The cracked gas outlet portion 26 has a cylindrical shape that opens to the ceiling plate 23. In this example, a plurality of perforated plates are stacked in the vertical direction at appropriate intervals in the cylinder of the cracked gas outlet portion 26. A laminated plate reactor 25 is disposed, and a heavy component contained in the cracked gas in the form of a mist is condensed on a perforated plate and dropped downward to be removed from the cracked gas. The oil component dropped downward at the position of the reactor 25 is heated again while being stirred by the feeding means 3 of the paddle blade 32 and further decomposed.

  The plastic transferred from the supply device 10 into the body 20 of the pyrolysis tank is heated at a temperature of 350 to 450 ° C. in the cylinder of the pyrolysis tank, softened, gradually melted, decomposed, and gasified. During heating, the paddle blade 32 of the feeding means is moved to the residue discharging unit 51 side at a low speed while being intermittently stirred by combining rotation and stop by the motor M. It is also possible to rotate the paddle blade 32 continuously and very slowly. In this process, the fuselage 20 of the thermal decomposition tank 2 is inclined low on the supply unit 11 side, so that the molten plastic and the liquid material such as oil are gasified after moving to the supply unit 11 side to form solids such as residues. A thing is transferred to the residue discharge part 51 side in the dry state.

  In this embodiment, the upper part of the fuselage 20 constituting the pyrolysis tank is exposed to the atmosphere, so that the temperature is relatively lower than that of the bottom part and is decomposed at the lower bottom part 21 inside. Of the cracked gas, it is possible to lighten the product oil by condensing and liquefying it at the upper inner wall of the fuselage where the heavy components with high boiling points are exposed and dropping it to the bottom of the fuselage, and pyrolyzing again to lower the molecular weight.

In particular, in order to prevent the mixing of heavy components, it is preferable to control the outlet temperature at the top of the reactor 25 within a certain range (for example, 280 ± 10 ° C.).
An air cooling jacket may be provided in the cylindrical portion of the reactor 25.

  A discharge device is provided on the residue discharge unit side, and the discharge device is connected to the opening of the residue discharge unit 51 by the reverse blade 35 at the end of the paddle blade of the feeding unit, It consists of a screw conveyor 52 that sends the residue dropped in the conduit in an airtight manner, a recovery case 55 connected to the conveyor 52, and a second screw conveyor 56 connected to the recovery case 55. The exit sides of these screw conveyors 52 and 57 are hermetically sealed via a residue compaction adjusting mechanism 54, and the screw conveyors 52 and 56 have a structure in which the screw on the exit end side is cut off to achieve compaction. Intrusion of air from the atmosphere into the pyrolysis tank and leakage of cracked gas to the conveyor are prevented. Further, the residue consolidation adjusting mechanism 54 is provided with a spring-biased plate-shaped shut-off valve at the outlet of the conveyor pipe of the screw conveyor 52, so that the shield valve forms a seal and maintains the hermetic state of the pyrolysis tank. Provide a structure to do. Furthermore, these screw conveyors 52 and 56 are provided with water-cooling jackets 53 and 56, respectively, to prevent the occurrence of fires and explosions by cooling the residue to near room temperature.

  On the other hand, nitrogen gas is also injected into the residue recovery case 55 in advance, but it is set so that nitrogen gas is also injected when the inflow of pyrolysis gas is detected by the temperature sensor T3.

  The residue accumulated in the residue collection case 55 is discharged by the second screw conveyor 57 described above. The second screw conveyor 57 cuts off the blades in the middle and forms a residue seal at the residue outlet portion by cutting the residue outlet portion into a tapered taper, and maintains the residue recovery case 55 in an airtight state. Thereby, even if the gas in the thermal decomposition tank flows into the residue recovery case 55, double measures are taken by combining the screw conveyor 52 and the residue compaction adjusting mechanism 54 so that the gas does not leak to the outside. become.

  The cracked gas collected at the gas outlet portion 26 is transferred to the condensing means 6 through the pipe 27 to be processed as required. In the present invention, the condensing means is a series of devices for generating oil by cooling the cracked gas. In this embodiment, two-stage series capacitors 60 and 61 for condensing and separating the oil from the cracked gas, It consists of a gas combustion device for burning the separated gas or an off-gas combustion tower 63.

  The first capacitor 60 is a bowl-shaped cylindrical container. A pipe 27 from the cracked gas outlet 26 is connected to the container lower part 601, and oil shower nozzles 602 and 602 are arranged in three stages in the upper and lower sides inside the container. The spray oil cools the rising cracked gas, and at the same time, the oil component in the gas is dissolved in the spray oil. The spray oil is sent from the lower part of the container to the oil recovery tank 64 through the pipe 607. On the other hand, uncondensed gas containing components not dissolved in the first capacitor 60 is taken out from the upper part of the container through the pipe 603 and supplied to the second capacitor 61 in the next stage.

  The second capacitor 61 is also a vertical cylindrical container in this example, and a pipe 603 from the upper part of the first capacitor container is connected to the lower part of the container, so that uncondensed gas is supplied into the container. Is provided with a heat exchanger 614, the primary refrigerant of this heat exchanger 614 is made water, the non-condensed gas is allowed to pass through, and the non-condensed gas is cooled to 40 ° C. or less by water cooling, All low-boiling hydrocarbons, for example, hydrocarbon gases having 5 or more carbon atoms, are condensed and liquefied. From the lower end of the container, the liquefied oil is recovered in the oil recovery tank 64 through the pipe 617. On the other hand, the non-condensed gas that has not been liquefied by the second condenser is taken out from the upper part of the vessel through the pipe 616 and sent to the gas combustion tower 63.

  In the second condenser 61, a shower nozzle 613 for injecting oil is disposed above the heat exchanger 614, and a differential pressure gauge (not shown) that detects the pressure on the inlet side and the outlet side of the heat exchanger 614. ), The pressure difference between the inlet and outlet of the exchanger is measured, and when there is a certain pressure loss or more, an oil shower is injected from the nozzle 613. Shower oil cleans the thin tubes of the heat exchanger and rinses out deposits such as crystals and carbon adhering to the thin tubes, eliminates the pressure loss of the heat exchanger 614, increases the gas flow rate, and decreases the cooling capacity. To prevent.

    The oil recovered from the first and second capacitors 60 and 61 is stored in the oil recovery tank 64. Further, as the shower oil used in the first and second condensers 60 and 61, the produced oil collected by the condensers 60 and 61 and stored in the oil recovery tank 64 is used. The generated oil is cooled from the oil recovery tank 64 to a temperature of 50 to 80 ° C. by a water-cooled cooler 68 to adjust the temperature, and is supplied to the shower nozzles 602, 613, and 615 of the capacitors 60 and 61.

  The use of an oil shower in these capacitors has an advantage that almost all of the crystal and carbon particles generated by thermal decomposition can be recovered without adhering to the inner wall of the capacitor. As an example of the crystal substance, there is a case where the crystal is sublimable with a decomposition product of PET, but since the sublimation temperature is 150 ° C. or higher, it is almost absorbed in the shower oil of the first capacitor 60.

  The uncondensed cracked gas that has passed through the second condenser 61 is neutralized by the alkaline solution three-stage shower nozzle 621 in the gas cleaning tower 62 via the pipe 616. The gas cleaning liquid is circulated between the cleaning water tank 65 via the pipes 624 and 651, and the pH value of the circulating water is constantly monitored by a pH sensor installed in the cleaning water tank 65. When the measured pH value is lower than the set value, the metering pump installed in the caustic soda tank 661 is operated to supply the sodium hydroxide aqueous solution to the washing water tank 65, and the pH value of the gas washing water is maintained within a certain range. I try to do it. The cracked gas that has passed through the gas cleaning tower 62 is completely burned in the off-gas combustion tower 63 via a water-seal tank 624 that prevents backfire.

  On the other hand, the generated oil recovered by the two-stage condenser and collected in the oil recovery tank 64 as described above is transferred to a transfer pump (not shown) when the high liquid level of the tank is detected by the liquid level sensor installed in the tank. ) Is activated and then cooled to the oil neutralizing tank 66 while being cooled through the cooler 67. Therefore, a certain amount of alkaline water layer is stored at the bottom of the oil neutralization processing tank 66, and the generated oil and alkaline water are mixed and stirred by a circulation pump to remove the acid contained in the generated oil. Become a sex oil.

  A circulating water pH sensor (illustrated) is installed in the water layer portion of the neutralization treatment tank 66, and when the pH value of the circulating water falls below a set value (for example, pH 8), a metering pump installed in the caustic soda tank 661 ( In this case, sodium hydroxide is supplied to the neutralization tank and the pH value of the circulating water is maintained within a certain range.

  When the oil level reaches a high liquid level by a liquid level sensor (not shown) installed in the neutralization processing tank 66, a transfer pump (not shown) is operated and transferred to the centrifuge 662.

  Impurities such as water, carbon and crystals contained in the produced oil are removed from the produced oil by the centrifuge 662, and then stored in the refining tank 663. During operation of the centrifuge 662, nitrogen gas is injected for explosion protection.

  A liquid level sensor (not shown) installed in the refining tank 663 activates a transfer pump (not shown) when the tank reaches a high liquid level, and the generated oil is sent to two sets of filter devices 664 and 665. Therefore, the particulate carbon that could not be removed by the centrifuge 662 is removed.

  Thereafter, the produced oil is stored in the service tank 69 and shipped through the pipe 692. A part of the generated oil stored in the service tank 69 is connected to the main burner 43a and the auxiliary burner 43b of the heating furnace by a pipe 691 and used as fuel for them.

  The oil recovery tank 64, the oil neutralization processing tank 66, the refining tank 663, the service tank 69, and the pipes connected to these may be provided with a hot water jacket (not shown), particularly in the low temperature period in winter. It is possible to prevent the generated oil from being waxed in the process.

It is typical sectional drawing of the fuselage | body of the decomposition tank which concerns on the Example of the plasticization equipment of the present invention. The typical piping system diagram of the whole plastic oil-ized equipment concerning the Example of this invention is shown. It is typical width sectional drawing (A, B, C) containing the paddle blade | wing as a trunk body feeding means in the thermal decomposition tank which concerns on the Example of the plasticization equipment of the present invention. It is sectional drawing of the thermal decomposition tank of the plasticization equipment of this invention. Sectional drawing containing the screw for a partition included in the thermal decomposition tank internal body feeding means which concerns on the Example of the plasticization equipment of the present invention is shown.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Raw material supply apparatus 11 Supply part 13 Screw feeder 2 Pyrolysis tank 26 Gas outlet part 3 Feeding means
33 Ribbon Screw 52 Screw Conveyor 55 Residue Collection Case 51 Discharge Part 4 Heating Furnace 43a Heating Burner 43b Auxiliary Burner 25 Reactor 60 First Capacitor 61 Second Second Capacitor 602 Oil Shower Nozzle 614 Heat Exchanger 613 Oil Shower Nozzle 62 Gas Washing Tower 624 Water ring tank 63 Off-gas combustion tower 64 Oil recovery tank 66 Neutralization tank

Claims (3)

  1. An oiling facility for pyrolyzing and plasticizing waste plastic as a raw material, the oiling facility cooling a cracking gas from the pyrolysis tank for gasifying the waste plastic and the pyrolysis tank Condensing means for producing oil,
    The pyrolysis tank heats the body with a bottomed hollow body, a supply unit for supplying waste plastic to the body on one end side of the hollow body, a discharge unit for discharging residue to the other side of the body, and the body. A heating furnace for melting and decomposing plastic inside the fuselage to gasify it into cracked gas, and a fuselage feeding means arranged at the bottom of the fuselage to transport the plastic from the supply part side to the discharge part,
    The pyrolysis tank is horizontally placed in an inclined state so that the bottom of the fuselage is low on the supply part side at one end and high on the discharge part side, and the upper part of the fuselage is arranged in airtight contact with the surrounding atmosphere, In the plastic oiling facility in which the gas outlet for discharging the cracked gas is provided on the center side of the upper part of the fuselage ,
    The feeding means is provided with a short ribbon screw for partitioning with a number of turns of 1 to 3 times between the two parts so as to be divided into a feeding part on the supply part side and a feeding part on the discharge side. Waste plastic oil production facility characterized by
  2. The body bottom bottom of the pyrolysis tank has a U-shaped longitudinal section,
    The feeding means has a rotary shaft that is installed in the fuselage along the longitudinal direction and is driven to rotate, and is arranged around the rotary shaft and feeds the plastic and its residue along the lower bottom of the fuselage in an upwardly inclined manner. a feed member having a plurality of paddles blade saw including,
    A plurality of sleeves divided in the axial direction of the rotating shaft are fitted on the rotating shaft, and one paddle blade is fixed to each sleeve. Each sleeve is composed of two halved sleeves. 2. The oil making facility according to claim 1, wherein a bolt hole is provided through the joint surface from the outer surface, and a bolt is fitted into the bolt hole and screwed to form one sleeve .
  3. The condensing means is connected to the gas outlet of the pyrolysis tank and includes a condenser for separating the cracked gas into product oil and uncondensed gas,
    The capacitor includes a first capacitor, the cracked gas is passed from the lower part of the condenser, the produced oil is showered down from the upper part, the uncondensed gas is discharged from the upper part of the condenser, and the produced oil is sent from the bottom of the condenser to the oil recovery tank. Connected to the oil recovery tank, and includes a second condenser, the gas discharged from the first condenser is passed through the lower part, and a heat exchanger is provided inside to promote the condensing of the gas. , It is connected to the oil recovery tank so that uncondensed gas is discharged from the top of the condenser and the generated oil is sent from the bottom to the oil recovery tank,
    The second condenser includes a differential pressure detector that detects a pressure difference between the inlet side and the outlet side of the heat exchanger, and detects the generated oil from the upper part of the heat exchanger when a preset pressure difference is detected. The oiling facility according to claim 1, wherein a shower is sprayed on the heat exchanger to clean the inside of the pipe of the heat exchanger .
JP2004085068A 2004-03-23 2004-03-23 Waste plastic oil production facility Expired - Fee Related JP3836112B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004085068A JP3836112B2 (en) 2004-03-23 2004-03-23 Waste plastic oil production facility

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CN2878390Y (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-03-14 王新明 Multi-functional full automatic remote constant temperature heat supply cracking device for waste and old tyre
TWI316073B (en) * 2006-05-11 2009-10-21 Ind Tech Res Inst Method and apparatus for control of recycling the liquefied wax portion contained in the gaseous head fraction from liquefaction of waste plastics by thermolysis
CN101495600B (en) * 2006-05-25 2013-03-27 布莱斯特股份有限公司 Liquefying apparatus
KR100956654B1 (en) * 2007-11-19 2010-05-10 (주)피이알이엔티 Pyrolysis oil recovery apparatus using waste material
JP5542310B2 (en) * 2008-04-09 2014-07-09 株式会社東芝 Plastic pyrolysis equipment
JP5346955B2 (en) * 2008-12-01 2013-11-20 三菱化工機株式会社 Solid content recovery device and solid content recovery method
JP2011011143A (en) * 2009-07-02 2011-01-20 Kyowa Sangyo Kk Waste material supply device in specific gravity liquid sorter of waste material, and the specific gravity liquid sorter of waste material equipped with the waste material supply device
JP5819607B2 (en) * 2010-12-28 2015-11-24 活水プラント株式会社 Low pressure pyrolysis equipment and continuous oil carbonization equipment
KR101555282B1 (en) * 2014-01-10 2015-09-23 에코플랜트 주식회사 Waste material heating apparatus for recovering pyrolysis oil
WO2015105259A1 (en) * 2014-01-10 2015-07-16 에코플랜트 주식회사 Recycled oil production apparatus using waste raw material, and recycled oil production apparatus using waste raw material and comprising multiple heat exchange units
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