JP3795804B2 - Mount for upland cultivation equipment - Google Patents

Mount for upland cultivation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3795804B2
JP3795804B2 JP2001397339A JP2001397339A JP3795804B2 JP 3795804 B2 JP3795804 B2 JP 3795804B2 JP 2001397339 A JP2001397339 A JP 2001397339A JP 2001397339 A JP2001397339 A JP 2001397339A JP 3795804 B2 JP3795804 B2 JP 3795804B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
support
cultivation
cultivation bed
bed forming
column
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JP2001397339A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2003111522A (en
Inventor
裕之 中村
Original Assignee
株式会社アグリス
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Priority to JP2001233752 priority Critical
Priority to JP2001-233752 priority
Application filed by 株式会社アグリス filed Critical 株式会社アグリス
Priority to JP2001397339A priority patent/JP3795804B2/en
Publication of JP2003111522A publication Critical patent/JP2003111522A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/023Multi-tiered planters

Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a high-cultivating apparatus in which a cultivation bed for growing vegetables such as tomatoes, fruits such as persimmons, flowers and other plants is installed at an appropriate height above the ground, and in particular, a stand for supporting the cultivation bed.
[0002]
[Prior art]
In recent years, high-altitude cultivation has been actively performed mainly in the cultivation of strawberries, and the scale of the high-altitude cultivation apparatus is becoming larger and larger.
[0003]
On the other hand, as disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Publication No. Hei 6-75128, a device for high cultivation is embedded in the ground with struts of leg members that support the cultivation bed and fixed between the leg members. The film holding pipes are stretched in two rows, a plastic sheet is stretched between the film holding pipes in a U-shaped cross section, and the cultivation soil is filled in the U-shaped cross section to form a cultivation bed. It was general.
[0004]
However, the high cultivation apparatus having such a configuration requires a great deal of labor for the installation work, particularly for the work of embedding the legs of the leg members one by one in the ground and standing upright. The installation work on arable land that contained a lot of rocks and rocks was particularly difficult. For this reason, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 12-83478 discloses a ground frame having a column support portion provided at an appropriate interval on the long side, a plurality of columns, and a column connection unit at the same interval as the column support unit. A support rod of the grounding frame, the support column is detachably erected, and the support column upper end portion and the support column connecting portion are detachably connected to mount the sheet holding rod on the support column. An arrangement of unit units is proposed.
[0005]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
If it is such a unit-type gantry stand, it can be easily assembled on site. However, the conventionally proposed unit-type high-cultivation equipment stand is bulky and heavy, and requires a lot of labor to transport the grounding frame to the grounding location. However, it was difficult.
[0006]
In addition, the following problems have been pointed out in the conventional gantry mounting stand.
The operation of attaching the braces in the longitudinal direction and the lateral direction so that the leg members do not collapse, especially the operation of fixing each leg member one by one with a wire or a fixing bracket, is extremely complicated and labor-intensive.
・ Some leg members sink due to the softness of the ground, etc., and the entire device may tilt.
・ Excessive irrigation and cultivation nutrient solution fell to the ground, and the humidity in the vinyl house increased excessively, which could cause diseases such as powdery mildew.
-The runner (stalk) broke due to the weight of the fruit, and the flesh could be damaged.
[0007]
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, a first object of the present invention is to provide a stand for a high cultivation apparatus that is easy to transport and assemble and has a stable structure.
The second object is to provide a stand for an elevated cultivation apparatus that can further prevent the leg members from sinking.
The third object is to provide a stand for a high-cultivating apparatus that can suitably process surplus irrigation and cultivation nutrient solution.
A fourth object is to provide a stand for a high-cultivating apparatus that can support a fruit so that a runner (stem) does not break due to its own weight.
[0008]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
  In order to achieve this object, the present invention provides a stand for a high-cultivating apparatus in which a plurality of leg stands are set up at appropriate intervals and a cultivation bed support member is bridged between the leg stands. And a grounding base member placed on the ground, a support member that is detachably installed on the grounding base member, and a cultivation bed forming member that is removably supported by the support member.WithThe aboveTwo strut members are erected in a square shape on the grounding foundation member.It was decided to constitute as follows.
  The gantry for an elevated cultivation apparatus having such a configuration is such that the grounding base member is placed on the ground, the support member is erected on the grounding support member, and the cultivation bed forming member is mounted on the support member. Since there is no large and heavy grounding frame as in the past, it is easy to carry, and each leg stand can be assembled independently, even if it is a large stand, easily with a small number of people Can be installed. Further, the grounding base member placed on the ground can prevent the leg base from sinking.
  Furthermore, by placing two support members in a square shape on the grounding foundation member, a triangle or trapezoid can be configured with the grounding foundation member, the support member, and the cultivation bed forming member. In addition to increasing the frame strength of the gantry, as will be described later, when the side cultivation bed is provided below the central cultivation bed, it is also excellent in that the sunshine of the side cultivation bed can be secured.
[0009]
Said structure WHEREIN: A grounding base member is provided with the support | pillar support receiving part which can stand and support the lower end part of a support | pillar member so that attachment or detachment is possible, and the cultivation bed formation member can insert the upper end part of a support | pillar member so that attachment or detachment is possible. It can comprise so that a support | pillar mounting part may be provided. If comprised in this way, it can assemble easily without using welding, binding by a wire, and other special tools and fixtures.
[0010]
The grounding foundation member can be configured such that an anchor driving hole is provided and an anchor (pile) for preventing collapse is driven into the anchor driving hole to fix the grounding foundation to the ground. Since each leg cradle can be fixed independently, the strength can be ensured and construction can be easily performed without providing braces. In addition, compared to the conventional case where the strut member is driven into the ground, the driving itself is easy and it is excellent in terms of construction in that it is not necessary to adjust the driving depth. Since the anchor is easier to pull out than the column, it is possible to easily adjust the position of the leg base and dismantle it once fixed.
On the other hand, it is also possible to provide an anti-settling material mounting portion on the grounding base member, and mount the anti-settling material along the ground by mounting on the anti-settling material mounting portion. If comprised in this way, sedimentation of each leg stand can be prevented more reliably.
[0012]
A length adjusting mechanism may be provided on the grounding base member so that the length of the grounding base member can be adjusted, and the interval between the two column support receiving portions can be adjusted.
When the support member is erected in a C shape, the distance between the support member lower ends is changed with the change of the length of the support member, but if it is a grounding base member equipped with such a length adjustment mechanism, Since it is only necessary to adjust the length of the grounding foundation member so as to fit the interval between the lower ends of the support members without cutting and processing the pipes as the support members, By changing the length of the support member, the height can be easily changed to an appropriate height, and an appropriate height-cultivating gantry can be easily and inexpensively provided. Moreover, it becomes easy to assemble the gantry for the overhead cultivation apparatus.
[0013]
In the gantry for an elevated cultivation apparatus having the above-described configuration, it is possible to attach a side cultivation bed forming member in addition to the cultivation bed forming member (the central cultivation bed forming member in the embodiment), and this side cultivation bed forming member For example, a column member mounting portion and a hooking portion are provided on one side of the main body, and the hooking portion is hooked on the cultivation bed forming member and the column member mounting portion is mounted on an intermediate portion of the column member. And can be configured to be detachable.
[0014]
A ball receiving support member that supports the fruit is stretched on the cultivation bed forming member, the side cultivation bed forming member, or both, and a sheet locking portion is provided on the surface portion of the ball receiving support member. Is possible.
By stretching the ball support member on the cultivation bed forming member (including the side cultivation bed forming member), the fruit can be grown on the ball support member, so the runner (stem) breaks with the weight of the fruit. Can be prevented. At that time, if a sheet locking portion is provided on the surface portion of the ball receiving support member, it is possible to engage the hole of the ball receiving sheet to suppress the deviation of the sheet.
[0015]
The above-described ball receiving support member can also be configured to be adjustable in inclination angle. If comprised so that inclination-angle adjustment is possible, since the inclination-angle of a ball receiving part can be adjusted according to a sunlight angle or the growth degree of a fruit, growth of a fruit can be promoted further.
At this time, in order to configure the ball receiving support member so that the inclination angle can be adjusted, for example, a ball receiving portion, a mounting gripping portion that is provided at the base end portion of the ball receiving portion and can be rotatably mounted, and a ball receiving portion The ball receiving support member can be configured to include a support arm portion that protrudes from the intermediate portion so that the length can be adjusted at an appropriate angle. If it is a ball support member having such a configuration, the mounting grip portion is rotatably attached to the cultivation bed support member, the inclination angle of the ball support member is adjusted, and the length of the support arm portion is adjusted to match the inclination angle. The ball support member can be fixed and supported by the support arm simply by abutting and fixing the tip of the support arm to the lateral side of the cultivation bed, that is, the outside of the ball support sheet. The inclination angle of the receiving portion can be easily changed, and the structure can be simplified.
However, it is possible to configure so as not to provide the sheet locking portion on the surface portion of the ball receiving support member, and it is also possible to adopt a configuration in which the ball receiving support member is not assembled.
[0016]
It is also possible to provide a cocoon support part at the bottom of the cultivation bed forming member or the side cultivation bed forming member, or both so that the cocoon can be arranged along the bottom of each cultivation bed. If a paddy is arranged along the bottom of the cultivation bed and excess irrigation (surplus water) or cultivation nutrient solution is allowed to escape outside the greenhouse, the humidity increase in the greenhouse can be suppressed and the humidity rises. It is possible to prevent the occurrence of illness caused by the above and at the same time reduce the work burden in the room.
[0017]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described based on examples.
[0018]
As shown in FIG. 1, the gantry 1 for an elevated cultivation apparatus according to the present embodiment (hereinafter referred to as “frame 1”) is configured such that a plurality of leg pedestals 2 are erected in parallel with each other at an appropriate interval. The cultivation bed support member 3 and the basket 4 can be bridged and assembled between the two and two.
[0019]
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the leg stand 2 includes a base bar 5 as a grounding base member placed on the ground, and two support members 6, 6 detachably installed on the base bar 5. And a central cultivation bed forming member 7 that is detachably attached to the upper end portions of the support members 6 and 6, and a side cultivation bed forming members 8 and 9 that are attached to the intermediate portion of the support members 6 and 6 detachably. The anti-settling material 10 is detachably mounted on the base bar 5.
[0020]
The base bar 5 is a molded body formed from a metal such as aluminum or plastic, and includes a bar body 11 having an appropriate length and an appropriate width as shown in FIG. In the vicinity of both ends in the vertical direction, column support receiving portions 12 and 12 that can detachably support the lower end portion of the column member 6 are provided. Anti-settling material mounting holes 13 and 13 are provided, and anchor driving holes 14 and 14 penetrating in the vertical direction are provided at portions closer to the center from both longitudinal ends of the bar body 11.
[0021]
Next, the configuration of the base bar 5 will be described in more detail.
[0022]
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the bar main body 11 is formed so that the surface and the skeleton are constituted by a plurality of plate-like portions in order to reduce the weight in this example. However, the bar main body 11 is limited to such a configuration. For example, it may be formed as a solid substance.
[0023]
In the case of this example, the column support receiving portion 12 is formed so that the lower end portion of the column member 6 can be erected and supported in an inwardly inclined state, but the column member 6 is erected and supported substantially vertically. It is also possible to form. The strut support receiving portion 12 may be configured to include, for example, a bottom portion and a cylindrical portion. However, the strut support receiving portion 12 may be engaged with and fixed to the strut member 6 by further providing an engaging portion in the cylindrical portion. It is also possible to form it.
[0024]
In the case of this example, the anti-settling material mounting hole 13 is formed by providing a round groove in the bottom surface portion of the bar main body 11. However, if the anti-settling material 10 can be mounted along the ground, such a configuration is provided. For example, a hole may be provided along the ground surface near the bottom surface, and the diameter of the hole at that time is set so that the anti-settling material 10 does not easily come off. It is preferable to set to the same diameter or slightly larger diameter.
Further, the anti-settling material mounting hole 13 can be formed so as to extend in the longitudinal direction of the bar main body 11, but as in this example, it intersects the short width direction of the bar main body 11, that is, the bar main body 11. If formed in the direction, not only the length of the anti-settling material 10 can be shortened, but also the stability of the leg base 2 can be further enhanced by the anti-settling material 10.
[0025]
In this example, a metal pipe member such as aluminum having an appropriate length is used as the anti-settling material 10 to be mounted in the anti-settling material mounting hole 13, but a solid member can also be used. In addition, it is also possible to use a corner member or other shape anti-settling material. Furthermore, it is also possible to use a plastic one.
[0026]
The anchor driving hole 14 can be provided substantially vertically or slightly obliquely.
As shown in FIG. 2, the anchor (pile) 40 to be driven into the anchor driving hole portion 14 is an anchor (pile) that is currently used regardless of the shape as long as it can be driven into the anchor driving hole portion 14. be able to. Moreover, the length of an anchor (pile) can also be selected suitably.
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 11, a lower grounding pedestal plate portion 12a is provided at the lower end of each column support receiving portion 12, that is, at the foot, and the inside of the grounding pedestal plate portion 12a, preferably the column support receiving portion 12 is preferred. An anchor driving hole 14 may be provided on the outside. By disposing the anchor driving hole 14 on the outside of the column support receiving portion 12, the anchor (pile) 40 can be driven more easily.
[0027]
It is also possible to provide a length adjusting mechanism 15 that can slide in the longitudinal direction in the middle portion of the bar body 11. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the length adjusting mechanism 15 divides the bar main body 11 into two pieces at the intermediate length portion, and provides each piece with a joining surface portion 15a having an appropriate length, and this joining surface portion 15a. A plurality of adjustment holes 15b, 15b,. The two pieces can be connected and fixed by adjusting the length, joining the joint surfaces 15a and 15a to each other, and inserting and tightening bolts, screws or the like into the adjustment holes 15b and 15b.
Further, by dividing the bar main body 11 into two pieces, the gantry 1 can be easily assembled. That is, when the column members 6 and 6 are erected on the base bar 5 fixed to the ground, and then the upper end of each column member 6 is to be inserted into the column mounting portion 20 of the central cultivation bed forming member 7, The insertion may be difficult as the length changes. However, if the bar body 11 is divided into two pieces, it can be assembled as follows. While inserting the upper end of each support | pillar member 6 in the support | pillar mounting part 20 of the center cultivation bed formation member 7, attaching each piece of the bar main body 11 to the lower end of each support | pillar member 6, and then the length of the base bar 5 The base bars 5 can be fixed to the ground while the pieces are connected to each other while adjusting the height, and the gantry 1 can be easily assembled regardless of the length of the column members 6.
However, the configuration of the length adjusting mechanism is not limited to this example.
[0028]
Next, the strut member 6 can be composed of a single bar member or pipe member made of metal such as aluminum or plastic, but in this example, as shown in FIG. The two pipe members (6A, 6B) are provided with engaging structures at the upper and lower ends, respectively, and the pipe members 6A, 6B are connected in the length direction.
In this strut member 6, the engagement structure between the pipe members 6A and 6B and between the pipe member 6A and the strut support receiving portion 12 is engaged, for example, by inserting it into the other and turning it. It is possible to form.
[0029]
The central cultivation bed forming member 7 is a molded body formed from a metal such as aluminum or plastic, and as shown in FIG. 4, as shown in FIG. Are provided with ball support members 17 and 17 to be assembled with each other.
[0030]
The main body 16 is provided with cultivation bed support member grips 19A, 19A at appropriate intervals at the inner bottom of the recess 18 forming the H-shaped upper part, and also cultivated at the upper ends of the upper protrusions on the left and right sides of the recess 18. Bed support member gripping portions 19B and 19B are provided, and column support portions 20 and 20 into which the upper end portions of the column member 6 can be removably inserted are provided in the respective leg portions forming the lower side portion of the H shape. The bottom surface of the recess 18 sandwiched between both leg portions is provided with a U-shaped heel support portion 21 for supporting the heel 4, and the outer portions of the upper projecting portions on both the left and right sides of the recess 18 face downward from the upper end as appropriate. Engaging portions 22 and 22 each having a ¬-shaped claw provided at the tip thereof are provided, and ¬-shaped hook receiving portions 23 and 23 are provided on the outer surfaces of the both leg portions.
[0031]
Here, the cultivation bed support member holding part 19 (19A, 19B) is formed in a groove shape having a thick part on the upper edge of the opening that can be opened and closed elastically, and is pushed in from the opening. The cultivation bed support member 3 can be fitted with one touch.
In the case of this example, the column mounting part 20 is formed obliquely so that the upper end portion of the column member 6 can be inserted in an outwardly inclined state, but the column member 6 can be inserted substantially vertically. It is also possible to form. The support mounting part 20 can be simply provided with a ceiling part and a cylindrical part, but an engaging part is provided in the cylindrical part and provided on the support member 6 (pipe member 6B). It is also possible to form the engagement structure so as to engage with each other.
[0032]
On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 4 and FIG. 7, the ball receiving support member 17 is provided with a ball receiving portion 25 like a crescent moon having a cross section provided with a curved bulged upper surface 25a and a flat lower surface 25b. The base end of the ball receiving portion 25 is provided with an attachment gripping portion 26 that can be pivotally attached to the cultivation bed support member 3, and an upwardly-shaped claw is formed on the distal end from the middle portion of the lower surface 25 b toward the lower base end side. An engaging portion 27 is provided, and a plurality of sheet locking portions 28 are provided in the upper surface 25a at appropriate intervals.
The ball receiving support member 17 has the attachment gripping portion 26 fitted to the cultivation bed support member 3 mounted in the cultivation bed support member gripping portion 19B of the main body 16 and the engagement portion 27 engaged with the engagement portion 22. By doing so, it can be attached to the main body 16 in an obliquely downwardly inclined manner.
The configuration of the ball receiving support member 17 will be further described. The shape of the ball receiving portion 25 can be arbitrarily formed. However, if the upper surface is curved and bulged, it is easy to place fruit when assembled to the main body 16 and drains water well. Excellent in terms.
[0033]
The attachment grip part 26 is provided with an opening that can be opened and closed elastically downward, a thick part is provided on the upper edge of the opening, and is formed in a groove shape. The member 3 can be fitted with one touch.
The engaging portion 27 is provided corresponding to the engaging portion 22 of the main body 16 and also serves as a support leg for the ball receiving support member 17.
As shown in FIG. 7, the sheet locking portion 28 is formed as a ¬ shaped protrusion, and the ball receiving sheet 42 is formed by engaging a hole 42 a provided in the ball receiving sheet 42 with the sheet locking portion 28. Can be prevented.
The ball support member 17 can be integrally formed with the main body 16.
[0034]
The ball receiving support member 17 may be configured to be arbitrarily adjustable in angle. In order to configure the ball receiving support member 17 so that the angle can be adjusted, for example, as shown in FIG. 8, the ball receiving support member 17 has a predetermined angle from the intermediate portion of the ball receiving portion 25 to the inside (cultivation bed side) (in this example, the ball receiving portion). The support arm portion 29 whose length can be adjusted (projected from 30 to 45 ° with respect to the lower surface 25b of 25) is projected.
At this time, as shown in FIG. 8, for example, the support arm portion 29 extends from a telescopic arm 29 a having a flat plate shape with a locking projection 29 d at one end and a lower surface 25 b of the ball receiving portion 25, A support arm main body 29c provided with a plurality of locking holes 29b that open (cultivation bed longitudinal direction) and are provided at appropriate intervals on the side surfaces to lock the locking protrusions 29d, and extend and contract within the support arm main body 29c. The arm 29a can be slidably fitted.
If it is the ball support member 17 of such a structure, the attachment holding part 26 will be rotatably fitted in the appropriate place of the cultivation bed support member 3, the inclination angle of the ball support part 25 will be determined, and it is a broken line in FIG. By adjusting the length of the support arm 29 so as to match the determined inclination angle, and by bringing the tip of the extendable arm 29a into contact with the lateral abdomen of the cultivation bed, that is, the outside of the ball receiving sheet 42 The ball receiving support member 17 can be fixed in a state where it is inclined at an appropriate angle.
However, the structure of the ball receiving support member is not limited to the above example.
[0035]
Next, the side cultivation bed forming member 8 (9) is a molded body formed from a metal such as aluminum, plastic, or the like, and as shown in FIG. A ball receiving support member 31 to be assembled on one side of the main body 30 is provided.
[0036]
The main body 30 includes a cultivation bed support member gripping portion 19C at the inner bottom portion in the recess 32, and includes cultivation bed support member gripping portions 19D and 19D at the upper ends of the upper projecting portions on both the left and right sides of the recess 32. The engagement portion 22 is provided with a downwardly-shaped claw at the tip at an appropriate lower position from the upper end portion of the upper projecting portion on the portion (outside as viewed from the column member 6). A U-shaped heel support portion 33 for supporting is provided, and a plate-like portion 35a extends from the upper end portion of the cut surface 34 cut along the inclination of the support member 6 inside the recess 32 (on the support member 6 side). The extending plate-like portion 35a is provided with a latching portion 35 provided with an engagement hole 35b, and the cutting surface 34 is provided with strut mounting portions 36, 36 provided at appropriate intervals in the vertical direction. I have.
[0037]
In the configuration of the main body 30, the cultivation bed support member grips 19C and 19D are formed in the same manner as the cultivation bed support member grips 19A and 19B, and can be formed in the same manner.
The engaging portion 22 has the same structure as the engaging portion 22 of the main body 16.
The reason why the inner surface of the recess 32 is a cut surface 34 along the inclination of the support member 6 is that the support 32 is not inclined when the support members 36, 36 formed along the cut surface 34 are attached to the support member 6. This is because of the arrangement.
The latching portion 35 is formed to correspond to the latch receiving portion 23 of the main body 16 so as to be latchable thereto, and the position and shape are formed corresponding to the position and shape of the latch receiving portion 23. Is preferred.
As shown in FIG. 5, the column mounting portion 36 is formed so as to project a groove portion having an opening that can be opened and closed elastically on the side along the cut surface 34 (on the column member 6 side). However, it is formed so that it can be attached to the column member 6 by one-touch by pushing from the opening, but it can also be formed in a cylindrical shape so that the column member 6 can be inserted therethrough.
[0038]
On the other hand, the ball receiving support member 31 has the same configuration as the ball receiving support members 17 and 18, and as shown in FIG. 4, the main body 30 is similar to the ball receiving support members 17 and 18. It can be assembled on the left and right side of the.
[0039]
The cultivation bed support member 3 uses a long metal pipe member in this example, but may be made of plastic or may be configured to be connected in the length direction.
As the ridge 4, a long plastic ridge or a long ridge made of a plastic film or sheet can be used. Moreover, it may be configured by appropriately connecting the ridges having a length in the length direction.
[0040]
Next, a method for assembling the gantry 1 will be described.
[0041]
When the installation position of the leg base 2 is determined, the base bar 5 on which the anti-settling material 10 is mounted is placed on the ground, and the anchor (pile) 40 is driven into the anchor driving hole 14 to fix the base bar 5 to the ground.
Next, after the lower end portion of the pipe member 6A is inserted and fixed to the column support receiving portions 12 and 12 of the base bar 5, the pipe member 6B is connected to each pipe member 6A and the two column members 6 are used as the base. Stand in a square shape on the bar 5.
The upper end portion of each support member 6 is inserted into the support mounting portion 20 of the central cultivation bed forming member 7, and the central cultivation bed forming member 7 is mounted on the support members 6 and 6.
[0042]
However, when the length adjusting mechanism 15 is provided in the bar main body 11, as described above, the upper end of each strut member 6 is inserted into the strut mounting portion 20 of the central cultivation bed forming member 7, while each strut member Each piece of the bar main body 11 is attached to the lower end of the base 6, and thereafter the pieces are connected to each other while adjusting the length of the base bar 5, so that the base bar 5 can be fixed to the ground.
[0043]
As described above, the base bar 5 is fixed to the ground, the support members 6 and 6 are erected, the central cultivation bed forming member 7 is attached thereon, and then the side cultivation bed forming member 8 (9) is hooked. The portion 35 is hooked to the hook receiving portion 23 of the central cultivation bed forming member 7 and the column cultivation bed forming member 8 (9) is attached by fitting the column mounting portion 36 to the intermediate portion of the column member 6.
[0044]
When the plurality of leg mounts 2 are erected independently at appropriate intervals in this manner, the cultivation bed support member holding portions 19A, 19B, 19C, or 19D in each leg mount 2 are held. Then, a total of 10 cultivation bed support members 3 are bridged between the leg stands 2 and 2.
[0045]
And in each of the center cultivation bed formation member 7 and the side cultivation bed formation members 8 and 9 of each leg stand 2, the attachment holding part 26 is fitted to the cultivation bed support member 3, and the engaging part 27 is engaged with the engaging part 22. The base 1 can be assembled by attaching the ball receiving support member 17 (31) by engaging the, and attaching the heel 4 to each of the heel support portions 21 and 33.
[0046]
The gantry 1 having such a configuration is assembled using a plurality of lightweight members, and the assembly does not require binding by welding or wire, or any other fixing means using special tools or fixtures. And assembly can be easily performed. Moreover, since it can construct while standing each leg stand 2 independently independently, even if it is a large-scale thing, it can construct easily with a small number of people.
Further, since the base bar 5 is placed on the ground, and the base bar 5 is further fixed to the ground by driving the anchor 40, and the leg mounts 2 are erected, so that the columns are placed on the ground one by one as in the prior art. As compared with the case where it was driven in, each leg stand 2 can be erected easily. Not only that, the structure is such that the leg stand 2 is erected and fixed independently, so that stability can be ensured without attaching braces, and the construction is easy, and it is driven into the ground. By pulling out the anchor (pile) 40, the installation position of each leg base 3 can be easily corrected.
Further, since the base bar 5 is placed on the ground and the anti-settling material 10 is disposed on the ground, the settling of the leg mounts 2 can be reliably prevented, as in the conventional case. The entire gantry 1 is not tilted by settling.
Further, the support members 6 and 6 are erected on the base bar 5 in a square shape, and the base bar 5, the support members 6 and 6 and the central cultivation bed forming member 7 form a substantially triangular shape, more precisely, a trapezoidal shape. Since it is a structure, the frame strength of each leg stand 2 can be raised. Furthermore, the central cultivation bed (central cultivation bed) and the cultivation bed (side cultivation bed) arranged below this can be arranged so that they do not overlap vertically, ensuring sunshine on the side cultivation bed It is also excellent in that it can be done.
Moreover, in the case of this example, the side cultivation is performed only by hooking the hook 35 on the hook receiving part 23 of the central cultivation bed forming member 7 and fitting the column mounting part 36 on the intermediate part of the column member 6. One of the attractive features is the ease of mounting to which the bed forming members 8 and 9 can be attached.
In addition, it is preferable to arrange | position the edge part 4 outside the house outdoor, and to comprise so that the received water may be led out of the house outdoor. As a result, the humidity in the house can be prevented from excessively increasing, and diseases of growing plants such as powdery mildew can be prevented.
[0047]
The gantry 1 having the above-described configuration can be configured as, for example, as follows to be a tall cultivation apparatus.
[0048]
As shown in FIG. 6, in each of the central cultivation bed forming member 7 and the side cultivation bed forming members 8 and 9, a base material sheet 41 is bridged in a U-shaped cross section between the cultivation bed support members 3 and 3. By filling the sheet 41 with soil, the cultivation beds on the center and both sides are formed. And the apparatus for tall cultivation can be comprised by making the ball receiving sheet 42 adhere to the upper surface of each ball receiving support member 17 and 31. FIG.
[0049]
Here, if the base material sheet 41 is a sheet | seat provided with the intensity | strength which can support soil, and waterproofness, the raw material etc. may be arbitrary, However, The drainage hole for draining of excess water is provided. Is preferred.
[0050]
The ball receiving sheet 42 is a highly transparent sheet or film material for improving the daylighting in the central cultivation bed and the side cultivation bed, or an aluminum sheet or the like for increasing the irradiation efficiency to the fruit due to irregular reflection from the sheet surface. It is preferable to use a sheet made of a highly reflective sheet or a film material. Further, a plurality of holes 42 a are provided in the sheet surface, and the holes 42 a are locked to the sheet locking portion 28. It is preferable to deposit the ball on the ball receiving support member 17 (31).
If the ball receiving sheet 42 is attached in this way, the ball receiving sheet 42 can be prevented from being displaced, and a plurality of holes 42a provided in the sheet surface can improve ventilation and drainage. It can also prevent ball burns due to surface temperature rise.
Further, a mesh sheet (net) can be used as the ball receiving sheet 42. If it is a mesh sheet, it can be attached to the sheet engaging portion 28 without being provided with the plurality of holes 42a as described above.
[0051]
In addition, although not shown in figure, the base material sheet 41 and the ball receiving sheet 42 are fitted to the cultivation bed support member 3 from above the base material sheet 41 and the ball receiving sheet 42, so that these base material sheet 41 and The ball receiving sheet 42 can be fixed to the cultivation bed support member 3.
As shown in FIG. 10, the hook supports 21 and 32 are formed with hook-like protrusions 21A, 21A and 31A, 31A, respectively, and the hook-like protrusions 21A (31A) are used to hook the ears. It can also comprise so that the collar 4 may be suspended. In addition, the heel supports 21 and 32 can be configured so that the heel 4 can be attached to be inclined in a certain direction so that water can easily flow.
[0052]
Assuming the case where it is installed outdoors, there is a possibility that plastic forming parts, for example, the central cultivation bed forming member 7 and the side cultivation bed forming members 8 and 9 are deteriorated by ultraviolet rays. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 11, it is preferable to cover at least the outer sides of the central cultivation bed forming member 7 and the side cultivation bed forming members 8 and 9 with a weather resistant sheet 44 capable of absorbing ultraviolet rays and the like.
For example, as shown in FIG. 11, the weather-resistant sheet 44 is hung down by fixing the upper end of the weather-resistant sheet 44 around the cultivation bed support member 3 at the upper end of the upper protruding portion of the central cultivation bed forming member 7. The lower end of the side cultivating bed is not fixed, or can be attached so as to be wound around and fixed to the cultivating bed support member 3 at the inner upper end of the upper protruding portion of each of the side cultivating bed forming members 8 and 9. In addition, the weatherproof sheet 44 below is wound and fixed to the cultivation bed support member 3 on the outside of the upper protrusions of the side cultivation bed forming members 8 and 9 and hung downward, and the lower end is not fixed, Alternatively, the anchor can be fixed by driving into the ground.
In addition, when winding and fixing the weather-resistant sheet 44 around the cultivation bed support member 3, for example, as shown in FIG. 12, an opening that can be opened and closed elastically with a substantially C-shaped cross section can be fitted with one touch. What is necessary is just to fit and fix the weather-resistant sheet 44 to the cultivation bed support member 3 together with the ball receiving sheet 42 using a simple fixing clip 45.
The weatherproof sheet 44 may have pores so that drainage and air can pass through.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a partial perspective view illustrating a configuration example of a gantry (with a ball receiving sheet) according to an embodiment of the present invention.
2 is a front view showing a configuration example of a leg gantry constituting the gantry of FIG. 1; FIG.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing an example in which a length adjusting mechanism is provided on a grounding base member.
4 is a front view showing an exploded state of an upper portion of the leg base shown in FIG. 2. FIG.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing a mounting structure of a side cultivation bed forming member and a support member.
FIG. 6 is a front view showing a configuration example of a leg stand of the tall cultivation apparatus according to one embodiment.
7A is a top view illustrating an example of a ball receiving support member, and FIG. 7B is a partial cross-sectional view illustrating a state in which a ball receiving sheet is attached to the ball receiving support member.
FIG. 8 is a front view showing an example of a configuration in which a support arm portion is protruded from an intermediate portion of the ball receiving portion so that the angle of the ball receiving support member can be arbitrarily adjusted.
FIG. 9 is an enlarged front view showing an operation mode of the ball receiving support member of FIG. 8;
10 is a front view showing a configuration example of a leg gantry provided with a modification of the heel support portion in the leg gantry shown in FIG. 2. FIG.
FIG. 11 is a front view showing an example of a state in which a weather-resistant sheet is covered on a leg base.
FIG. 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing a configuration example of a fixing portion of a weatherproof sheet.
[Explanation of symbols]
1 High-cultivating equipment stand
2 leg stand
3 cultivation bed support members
4 樋
5 Base bar
6 Prop members
7 Central cultivation bed forming member
8 and 9 side cultivation bed forming member
10 Anti-settling material
11 Bar body
12 Prop support receiving part
13 Antisedimentation material mounting hole
14 Anchor driving hole
15 Length adjustment mechanism
15a Adjustment hole
16 body
17 Ball support member
18 recess
19A-D Cultivation bed support member gripping part
20 Prop mounting part
21 heel support
22 Engagement part
23 Suspension receiving part
25 Ball receiving part
26 Mounting grip
27 Engagement part
28 Seat locking part
29 Support arm
29a Locking piece
29b Locking hole
29c Support arm body
30 body
31 Ball support member
32 recess
32 heel support
34 Cut surface
35 Hook
36 Prop mounting part
40 anchor
41 Base sheet
42 Ball receiving sheet
43 soil
44 Weatherproof sheet
45 Sheet gripping member

Claims (10)

  1. A stand for a high-cultivating apparatus, wherein a plurality of leg mounts are erected at appropriate intervals, and a cultivation bed support member is bridged between the leg stands,
    The leg stand includes a grounding base member placed on the ground, a support member that is detachably installed on the grounding support member, and a cultivation bed forming member that is removably supported by the support member.
    A stand for an upright cultivation apparatus provided with a configuration in which two support members are erected in a square shape on a grounding base member .
  2. The pedestal for an elevated cultivation apparatus according to claim 1 , comprising a structure in which an anchor driving hole is provided in the grounding foundation member, and an anchor is driven into the anchor driving hole to fix the grounding foundation member to the ground.
  3. The gantry for an elevated cultivation apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, comprising a configuration in which a length adjusting mechanism is provided on the grounding base member.
  4. In addition to the above cultivation bed forming member, it is a stand for an elevated cultivation apparatus provided with a side cultivation bed forming member,
    The side cultivation bed forming member includes a column member mounting portion and a hooking portion on the left and right sides of the main body, hooks the hooking portion on the cultivation bed forming member, and attaches the column member mounting portion to an intermediate portion of the column member. The gantry for a height-cultivating apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, comprising a structure that is attached to the detachable and detachably attached.
  5. In addition to stretching a ball support member that supports the fruit on the cultivation bed forming member or the side cultivation bed forming member, or both of them, the surface of the ball support member is provided with a structure for providing a sheet locking portion. The gantry for elevated cultivation apparatus in any one of Claims 1-4 .
  6. The pedestal for an elevated cultivation apparatus according to claim 5 , wherein the tilt angle of the ball support member is adjustable.
  7. The ball receiving support member protrudes from the ball receiving portion, the mounting gripping portion provided at the base end portion of the ball receiving portion so as to be pivotably mountable, and an adjustable angle from an intermediate portion of the ball receiving portion. The gantry for a height-cultivating apparatus according to claim 5 or 6 , wherein the support arm part is configured to include a support arm part.
  8. The pedestal for a cultivating apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein a cultivating bed forming member, a side cultivating bed forming member, or a heel support portion is provided at the bottom of both.
  9. The grounding base member includes a column support receiving portion that can detachably support the lower end portion of the column member.
    Cultivation bed forming member, the elevated cultivation device for frame according to any one of claims 1 to 8 in which with a post mounting portion that can fitted detachably upper end of the strut member.
  10. The height setting according to any one of claims 1 to 9 , comprising a structure in which an anti-settling material mounting portion is provided on the grounding base member, and the anti-settling material is disposed along the ground by being mounted on the anti-settling material mounting portion. A stand for cultivation equipment.
JP2001397339A 2001-08-01 2001-12-27 Mount for upland cultivation equipment Active JP3795804B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001233752 2001-08-01
JP2001-233752 2001-08-01
JP2001397339A JP3795804B2 (en) 2001-08-01 2001-12-27 Mount for upland cultivation equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001397339A JP3795804B2 (en) 2001-08-01 2001-12-27 Mount for upland cultivation equipment
US10/062,723 US20030024159A1 (en) 2001-08-01 2002-02-05 Frame for elevated cultivation device
KR20020023593A KR100488827B1 (en) 2001-08-01 2002-04-30 Stand for high-position cultivating device

Publications (2)

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JP2003111522A JP2003111522A (en) 2003-04-15
JP3795804B2 true JP3795804B2 (en) 2006-07-12

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US (1) US20030024159A1 (en)
JP (1) JP3795804B2 (en)
KR (1) KR100488827B1 (en)

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KR101585806B1 (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-01-15 주식회사 가람온실 Strawberry high-installed cultivation apparatus
KR101623315B1 (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-05-20 주식회사 가람온실 Strawberry high-installed cultivation apparatus

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US7770743B1 (en) * 2008-03-03 2010-08-10 Matt Janowak Support structure for hanging plants
US20110036005A1 (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-02-17 Aiken John E String trellis apparatus
KR101313057B1 (en) * 2010-11-15 2013-09-30 이길세 Crops Supporting Equipment
KR101240249B1 (en) * 2011-02-17 2013-03-07 박영환 Plant growing system
JP5521163B2 (en) * 2011-03-30 2014-06-11 愛媛県 Movable light reflector for cultivation and cultivation method using the same
AU2012202390A1 (en) * 2011-06-21 2013-01-17 Beckhart Pty Limited A machine to aid in growing mushrooms
US9426949B1 (en) * 2011-11-21 2016-08-30 David A. Epstein Systems and apparatus for extracting and delivering nutrients from biomass for plant growth
KR200469064Y1 (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-09-16 허순옥 Bed apparatus for easeily havesting
KR200480429Y1 (en) * 2014-05-15 2016-05-24 주식회사 하나로수경 Bed frame structure for the hydroponics facilities
KR20160004063U (en) 2015-05-19 2016-11-29 신한재 Bed for high position cultivating
KR101589414B1 (en) * 2015-07-29 2016-01-29 은덕기 Strawberry growth method using growth container
JP6383759B2 (en) * 2016-07-07 2018-08-29 タキゲン製造株式会社 Support for fruit support
KR101758024B1 (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-07-13 김남준 Multipurpose Crops Farming Device capable of a Water Culture
KR102115377B1 (en) 2017-07-21 2020-05-27 박도향 Gosol cultivation bed supporting device
JP6471204B1 (en) * 2017-10-17 2019-02-13 タキゲン製造株式会社 Support for fruit support

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KR101585806B1 (en) * 2014-12-03 2016-01-15 주식회사 가람온실 Strawberry high-installed cultivation apparatus
KR101623315B1 (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-05-20 주식회사 가람온실 Strawberry high-installed cultivation apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2003111522A (en) 2003-04-15
KR100488827B1 (en) 2005-05-12
KR20030011515A (en) 2003-02-11
US20030024159A1 (en) 2003-02-06

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