JP3782644B2 - communications system - Google Patents

communications system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3782644B2
JP3782644B2 JP2000174941A JP2000174941A JP3782644B2 JP 3782644 B2 JP3782644 B2 JP 3782644B2 JP 2000174941 A JP2000174941 A JP 2000174941A JP 2000174941 A JP2000174941 A JP 2000174941A JP 3782644 B2 JP3782644 B2 JP 3782644B2
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
importance
call
terminal
means
communication
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Expired - Fee Related
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JP2000174941A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2001358834A (en
Inventor
慎一 吉原
學 吉野
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日本電信電話株式会社
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Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a communication system in which the importance of a call (communication) can be identified on the called side before the start of communication, and various controls such as billing, route selection, and priority connection can be performed accordingly. .
[0002]
[Prior art]
In recent years, it has become common to identify the importance of communication in a one-to-one correspondence with a terminal or caller on the caller side before the start of communication. As such a conventional system for notifying the importance of communication from the caller side to the callee side before the start of communication, for example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 5-347576 “Radio Selective Call Receiver with Display” and Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-187460. No. “Calling method from mobile terminal” and the like.
[0003]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
However, in these conventional systems, there is a problem that the importance of communication notified from the calling side to the receiving side is the importance for the calling side and not the importance for the receiving side. Furthermore, when a certain sender always gives the highest importance regardless of the actual importance of the communication, there is a problem that the notification of the importance has no meaning. Furthermore, in a communication network that accommodates such a transmission side and allocates resources of the communication network according to the importance, there is a problem that the load on the communication network becomes remarkably large.
[0004]
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide a communication system that can identify the importance of a call significant for a called party before the start of communication.
[0005]
An object of the present invention is to provide a communication system capable of various controls such as charging, route selection, and priority connection in accordance with the importance of a call that is significant for the called party.
[0006]
An object of the present invention is to provide a communication system capable of reducing the load on the network due to communication based on designation of the significance level of a meaningless call.
[0007]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
In the present invention, in order to achieve the above object, a terminal on the sending side having importance specifying means for specifying the importance of the call and a terminal on the receiving side having importance notifying means for notifying the callee of the importance of the call Is specified by the importance level specifying means in the communication system having the importance level transmitting means for transmitting the call importance level from the calling side terminal to the called side terminal before the start of communication. Based on the call importance history by caller terminal or caller specified by the importance level designation means in the past, call importance by caller terminal or caller is determined according to a predetermined conversion formula. An importance level conversion means for conversion is provided.
[0008]
According to the above-described configuration, it is possible to identify the importance level of a call significant for the called party before the start of communication, and charging, route selection, priority connection, etc. according to the significance level of the call significant for the called party In addition, it is possible to reduce the network load due to communication based on the designation of the significance level of a meaningless call.
[0009]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
[0010]
Embodiment 1
FIG. 1 shows a first embodiment of the present invention (however, it is not included in the scope of claims). In FIG. 1 , 10 is a terminal on the transmission side (transmission terminal), 20 is a terminal on the reception side. A terminal (incoming terminal), 30 is a communication network, here a telephone network.
[0011]
The calling terminal 10 includes importance specifying means 11 for specifying the importance of a call. In addition, the receiving terminal 20 uses the importance notification means 21 for notifying the callee of the importance of the call, and the importance of the call for each calling terminal or each caller specified by the importance specifying means 11 in the past. Importance conversion means 22 for converting according to a predetermined conversion formula based on a history of importance of calls for each calling terminal or caller specified by the degree specifying means 11 is provided. In addition, the telephone network 30 includes importance level transmission means 31 that transmits the importance level of a call from the calling terminal 10 to the receiving terminal 20 before the start of communication.
[0012]
In the above-described configuration, the importance level of the call designated by the importance level designation unit 11 of the calling terminal 10 is determined by the importance level transmission unit 31 of the telephone network 30 to the receiving terminal 20 where the call level is designated. It is transmitted before and after the call signal is transmitted. The importance level transmitted to the receiving terminal 20 is converted by the importance level conversion means 22 according to a predetermined conversion formula, then passed to the importance level notification means 21 and notified to the callee before the start of communication.
[0013]
Examples of different call importance notification methods include a difference in display on a display provided in the terminal, a difference in tone pattern of a melody or a ring tone provided in the terminal, a period or amplitude of vibration, and the like.
[0014]
Here, as an example of the conversion formula used in the importance conversion means of the present invention, the call importance history (designation history) for each caller terminal (calling number) or caller designated by the importance designation means in the past. An example using the weighted average, an example using the overall weighted average of the importance of the call, and an example in which an arbitrary value (information) input in advance on the called side is added to them. The importance level of the call is specified by an integer from “1” to “9”, the normal importance level is “5”, and the higher the numerical value, the higher the importance level.
[0015]
First, an example of conversion based on the call importance designation history is shown. In this example, it is assumed that the calling terminal of the calling number A specifies the call importance “8” 80 times and then specifies the call importance “3” 20 times. Assuming that the evaluation of the receiving terminal with respect to the importance of the call of the calling terminal with the calling number A is average as compared with the other calling terminals, the average of the importance of the call from the calling terminal with the calling number A is “ 5 ”is reasonable.
[0016]
Therefore, when processing by weighted average,
It can be shown by the conversion formula according to. However, when the converted value exceeds the allowable range of the importance of the call, it is corrected so as to be within the allowable range. For example, in this example, since the importance of the call is an integer from “1” to “9”, “1” is set when “1” or less, and “9” when “9” or more is set. Add corrections such as
[0017]
If the importance of the newly designated call is “6”, substituting it into equation (1),
6- (8 × 80 + 3 × 20) / 100 + 5
Thus, the importance value of the call after conversion is “4”.
[0018]
Further, only a predetermined number of times from a new past history may be applied to the conversion formula. Of the above-mentioned designation history of the terminal having the calling number A, when only the past 10 times are used, the converted value is “8”.
[0019]
Next, an example using a weighted average of the entire call importance is shown. In this example, it is assumed that a weighted average is not taken for each calling number, but a weighted average of the importance of calls designated by all calling terminals or all calling parties. Therefore, when the importance “4” has been designated 10,000 times in the past from the calling terminal of the calling number other than the calling number A, and the new designated importance is “6”, the conversion is performed by the above conversion formula (1). The value is “7”.
[0020]
Finally, an example in which an arbitrary value input in advance on the receiving side is taken into account will be described. When the evaluation of the receiving terminal with respect to the transmitting terminal with the calling number A is “minus 2” with respect to the other transmitting terminals, it can be reflected by adding “−2” to the above conversion formula using the weighted average. it can.
[0021]
When the evaluation of the transmission terminal of the transmission number A is “−2”, the evaluation of the transmission terminal of the transmission number B is “+1”, and this evaluation is applied to an example using the weighted average of the importance of the entire call. When the same importance “5” is specified by the calling terminal of the calling number A and the calling terminal of the calling number B, the respective conversion values are “3” and “6”, and the evaluation of the receiving side is set to the importance. Can be reflected.
[0022]
As described above, it is possible to notify the callee of the importance of the call for the called party before the start of communication.
[0023]
Embodiment 2
FIG. 2 shows a second embodiment of the present invention (however, it is not included in the scope of claims). In the figure, reference numeral 40 denotes a communication network, here, communication is realized using an Internet protocol. It is an IP telephone network, and includes the same importance level transmission means 41 and importance level conversion means 42 as described above. The importance level conversion means 42 is realized on a gateway server that holds data for conversion and converts the importance level. Reference numeral 20b denotes a receiving terminal having only the importance level notification means 21. Other configurations are the same as those in the first embodiment.
[0024]
In the above configuration, the importance level of the call designated by the importance level designation unit 11 of the calling terminal 10 is transferred to the importance level conversion unit 42 on the gateway server by the importance level transmission unit 41 of the IP telephone network 40. Then, after conversion according to a predetermined conversion formula as in the case of the first embodiment by the importance conversion means 42, a call in which the importance of the call is designated to the importance notification means 21 of the receiving terminal 20b. Is transmitted before and after the call signal is transmitted, and is notified to the called party before the start of communication.
[0025]
In this embodiment, since the Internet protocol is used, it is possible to use a TOS field or the like present in the header of an IP packet carrying data according to the Internet protocol as means for specifying and transmitting the importance. .
[0026]
In the present embodiment, since the importance level conversion means exists in the network, it is not necessary to incorporate the importance level conversion means in the receiving terminal, and there is an advantage that it can be realized by a simple receiving terminal.
[0027]
Embodiment 3
FIG. 3 shows a third embodiment of the present invention (however, it is not included in the scope of claims). In the figure , 50 is a transmitting terminal, and the same importance level designating means 51 and Importance conversion means 52 is provided. Reference numeral 40b denotes an IP telephone network having only the importance level transmission means 41. Other configurations are the same as those in the second embodiment.
[0028]
In the above-described configuration, the importance level of the call designated by the importance level designation means 51 of the transmission terminal 50 is also passed to the importance level conversion means 52 of the transmission terminal 50 and is the same as in the first and second embodiments. Is converted according to a predetermined conversion formula. Thereafter, the importance level transmission means 41 of the IP telephone network 40b is transmitted to the importance level notification means 21 of the receiving terminal 20b before and after the call signal of the call in which the importance level of the call is designated is transmitted to start communication. The recipient is notified before.
[0029]
In the present embodiment, importance level transmission means is provided in the IP telephone network. Also, due to the difference in the arrangement of the importance level conversion means, the importance level of the call transmitted by the importance level transmission means is the importance level of the call before conversion in the first embodiment, and in this embodiment, the calling terminal-communication Network—The importance of converted calls used uniformly from the beginning to the end of the receiving terminal. For this reason, the present embodiment has an advantage that the importance level of a call to be transmitted can be used for call priority processing in the middle of the transmission path.
[0030]
Embodiment 4
Here, a fourth embodiment of the present invention (however, not included in the scope of claims) is shown.
[0031]
The difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is that it has a function of calculating a charge amount based on the importance level of a call designated by the importance level designation means of the calling terminal.
[0032]
According to the present embodiment, charging varies depending on the importance level of the call designated on the calling terminal side, and therefore, there is an effect of suppressing designation of meaningless high importance.
[0033]
[Embodiment 5]
Here, a fifth embodiment of the present invention (however, not included in the scope of claims) is shown.
[0034]
The difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is that it has a function of calculating a charge amount based on the importance of the call converted by the importance conversion means.
[0035]
According to the present embodiment, the calling terminal having a low evaluation on the receiving terminal side in the importance conversion means has a different charge amount even if the same call importance is specified with respect to the high evaluation transmitting terminal. .
[0036]
Therefore, when the charge for the calling terminal that is evaluated low is increased, the evaluation of the receiving side can be fed back to the calling side, and the communication with less importance of the call for the receiving side is reduced, and more important communication is supported. It becomes possible. In addition, when the charge for the highly rated calling terminal is increased, the communication is accepted with priority in exchange for an expensive fee.
[0037]
In the case of this embodiment, based on the negotiation between the caller side and the callee side, a usage method that is reflected in the evaluation of the callee side used in the conversion formula of the importance conversion means is assumed.
[0038]
Embodiment 6
FIG. 4 shows a sixth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 4 , reference numeral 40c denotes an IP telephone network, which includes a plurality of communication paths, here high importance, together with importance level transmission means 41 and importance level conversion means 42. A route selection unit 45 capable of selecting a communication route determined in advance on the called side according to the importance level of the call converted by the importance level conversion unit 42 from the communication path 43 and the low importance level communication path 44. ing. Other configurations are the same as those in the second embodiment.
[0039]
In FIG. 4, a plurality of routes 43 and 44 in the IP telephone network are shown as routes to be selected. However, as a high importance communication route, a normal telephone network expected to have higher communication quality than the IP telephone network. In this way, a route passing through a different network may be arranged.
[0040]
This route selection means 45 reflects the recognition of the importance of the call on the called side, so it is not recognized as important on the called side and the importance of the call designated on the calling side with respect to the allocation of resources such as memory at the called terminal. For communications that are not expected to be in an appropriate situation, the caller can eliminate waste such as reservation of high-priority communication paths and network resources.
[0041]
When additional charges are made for reservations for highly important communication routes and network resources,
(1) Charge according to the route selection corresponding to the importance of the call designated by the caller,
(2) Charge according to route selection corresponding to the importance level of the call converted by the importance level conversion means;
Any of these two charging methods can be applied in the present embodiment.
[0042]
The former is an appropriate charging method particularly in a situation where the overhead for making a reservation cannot be ignored. If this is not the case, it is possible to avoid unnecessary charging for the calling side, which is a desirable charging method for the calling side.
[0043]
When only the caller is charged according to the importance of the call, even if the importance of the converted call is higher than the importance of the designated call, route change by the route selection means is suppressed. It is desirable to provide a means for notifying the caller that the charge will increase because the importance of the call has increased.
[0055]
【The invention's effect】
As described above, according to the present invention, the importance level of the call for each caller-side terminal or caller designated by the importance level designation unit is set to the caller side terminal designated by the importance level designation unit in the past. Based on the call importance history for each caller or caller, it is provided with importance conversion means that converts the call according to a predetermined conversion formula to identify the call importance significant for the called party before the start of communication. In addition, various controls such as billing, route selection, and priority connection are possible according to the importance of the call that is significant for the called party, and network load due to communication based on designation of the meaning of the meaningless call Can be reduced.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a first embodiment of a communication system of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing a second embodiment of the communication system of the present invention. FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a sixth embodiment of a communication system according to the present invention.
10, 50: Originating terminal, 11, 51: Importance specifying means, 20, 20b: Incoming terminal, 21: Importance notifying means, 22, 42, 52: Importance converting means, 30: Telephone network, 31, 41: Importance degree transmission means, 40, 40b, 40c: IP telephone network, 43: High importance communication path, 44: Low importance communication path, 45: Path selection means.

Claims (3)

  1. Communication between the caller terminal having importance specifying means for specifying the call importance and the callee terminal having importance notifying means for notifying the callee of the call importance is started. A communication system connected via a communication network having importance level transmission means for transmitting from a calling terminal to a receiving terminal before,
    Call importance level by caller terminal or caller specified by importance level designation means, and call importance history by caller terminal or caller previously specified by importance level designation means In the communication system provided with the importance conversion means for converting according to the predetermined conversion formula,
    A communication system comprising: a path selection unit capable of selecting a communication path determined in advance on the receiving side according to the importance level of a call converted by the importance level conversion unit from a plurality of communication paths.
  2.   2. The communication system according to claim 1, wherein a billing amount is calculated based on route selection according to the importance level of the call designated by the importance level designation means.
  3.   The communication system according to claim 1, wherein the billing amount is calculated based on route selection according to the importance of the call converted by the importance conversion means.
JP2000174941A 2000-06-12 2000-06-12 communications system Expired - Fee Related JP3782644B2 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7693553B2 (en) 2004-06-30 2010-04-06 Avaya Inc. Intelligent ringtone service
US7343150B2 (en) 2004-06-30 2008-03-11 Avaya Technology Corp. Log-based ringtones
US7308253B2 (en) 2004-06-30 2007-12-11 Avaya Technology Corp. Log-based ringtone service
JP5128496B2 (en) * 2006-12-27 2013-01-23 京セラ株式会社 Communication system, radio communication terminal, communication method, radio communication method, radio communication device, and control method thereof
US8780795B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2014-07-15 Kyocera Corporation Wireless communication apparatus and control method thereof
JP2010057008A (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-11 Nec Corp Communication system, communication control device, communication method, communication control method, and program
JP5421014B2 (en) * 2008-09-26 2014-02-19 京セラ株式会社 Wireless communication system, calling terminal, and wireless communication method
JP2010109995A (en) * 2009-12-04 2010-05-13 Kazuhiro Yamamoto Voice chat system having call-significance function

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