JP3774459B2 - Assembly fence - Google Patents

Assembly fence Download PDF

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JP3774459B2
JP3774459B2 JP2003426472A JP2003426472A JP3774459B2 JP 3774459 B2 JP3774459 B2 JP 3774459B2 JP 2003426472 A JP2003426472 A JP 2003426472A JP 2003426472 A JP2003426472 A JP 2003426472A JP 3774459 B2 JP3774459 B2 JP 3774459B2
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pot
retaining plate
vegetation
assembly fence
walls
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JP2004137892A (en
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英明 斉藤
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株式会社馬渡商会
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本発明は、杭体と土留板を用いて水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工技術に関するものである。   The present invention relates to an assembly fence construction technique for constructing a wall such as a water channel or a retaining wall using a pile body and a retaining plate.

従来、例えば、水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工は、複数本の杭体を、一定間隔で地中に埋設して立設し、この各杭体の中程背面部に突設された突出部に土留板の下端部を支持する状態で、土留板を隣り合う杭体間において杭体の上側部分の間に上下複数段に横架することにより背面土を支えるように施工される。
この場合、土留板は上下方向に積み重ねる状態に架設されることから、施工後の壁面は単なる平面的な壁に構築されるに過ぎないものになっている。
Conventionally, for example, an assembly fence that constructs walls such as waterways and retaining walls has been erected by burying multiple pile bodies in the ground at regular intervals and projecting to the middle back of each pile body. With the projecting part supporting the lower end of the retaining plate, the retaining plate is installed between the adjacent pile bodies so as to support the back soil by horizontally laying between the upper parts of the pile bodies. Is done.
In this case, since the earth retaining plates are installed so as to be stacked in the vertical direction, the wall surface after construction is merely constructed as a flat wall.

近年、コンクリートによる土木構造物の景観向上や環境緑化が重要視されるようになっている。
本発明では、この景観向上や環境緑化の観点に立ち、水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工についても、植栽による景観向上や環境緑化を図ることができるようにした組立柵工技術を提供することを課題としている。
In recent years, emphasis has been placed on improving the landscape and environmental greening of civil engineering structures using concrete.
In the present invention, from the viewpoint of this landscape improvement and environmental greening, the assembly fence work that allows the improvement of the landscape and greening of the environment by planting is also possible for the assembly fence work that constructs walls such as waterways and retaining walls. The challenge is to provide technology.

上記の課題を解決するために、本発明の組立柵工(請求項1)は、
水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工であって、
下側部分を地中に埋設する状態で壁面に沿って立設される複数本の杭体と、隣り合う杭体間において上下複数段に横架されて背面土を支える平状土留板とポット付き土留板を備え、
前記ポット付き土留板の正面に上面が開放した植生用ポット部を形成し、この植生用ポット部内に植生土を充填した構成にしている。
又、本発明の組立柵工(請求項2)は、
水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工であって、
下側部分を地中に埋設する状態で壁面に沿って立設される複数本の杭体と、隣り合う杭体間において上下複数段に横架されて背面土を支えるポット付き土留板を備え、
前記ポット付き土留板の正面に上面が開放した植生用ポット部を形成し、この植生用ポット部内に植生土を充填した構成にしている。
In order to solve the above problems, the assembly fence work of the present invention (Claim 1)
An assembly fence that constructs walls such as waterways and retaining walls,
A plurality of pile bodies standing along the wall surface with the lower part buried in the ground, and flat earth retaining plates and pots that are laid horizontally in multiple steps between adjacent pile bodies to support the back soil With a retaining plate,
A vegetation pot having an open upper surface is formed on the front surface of the earth retaining plate with the pot, and the vegetation pot is filled with the vegetation pot.
Moreover, the assembly fence work of the present invention (Claim 2)
An assembly fence that constructs walls such as waterways and retaining walls,
Equipped with multiple pile bodies standing along the wall surface with the lower part embedded in the ground, and a retaining plate with a pot that supports the back soil that is laid across multiple piles between adjacent pile bodies ,
A vegetation pot having an open upper surface is formed on the front surface of the earth retaining plate with the pot, and the vegetation pot is filled with the vegetation pot.

この組立柵工では、ポット付き土留板の正面に上面が開放した植生用ポット部を形成しているため、この植生用ポット部をいわゆるプランターとして使用することができる。
従って、この植生用ポット部に植生土を充填して、ここに植物を植生させれば、壁面に上下複数段のグリーンベルトができあがり、単なるコンクリート壁と異なり、景観向上や環境緑化を図ることができる。
In this assembly fence work, the pot portion for vegetation having an open upper surface is formed in front of the retaining plate with a pot, so that the pot portion for vegetation can be used as a so-called planter.
Therefore, by filling the pot for vegetation with vegetation soil and planting the plant here, a plurality of upper and lower green belts are created on the wall surface, and unlike a concrete wall, it is possible to improve the landscape and green the environment. it can.

本発明の組立柵工にあっては、景観向上や環境緑化の観点に立ち、水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工について、植栽による景観向上や環境緑化を図ることができる。   In the assembly fence construction of the present invention, from the viewpoint of landscape improvement and environmental greening, it is possible to improve the landscape and green the environment by planting the assembly fence construction for constructing walls such as waterways and retaining walls.

以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面により詳述する。
図1は本発明の実施の形態である組立柵工の断面図、図2はこの組立柵工の平面図、図3はこの組立柵工の正面図である。
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of an assembly fence according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a plan view of the assembly fence, and FIG. 3 is a front view of the assembly fence.

この組立柵工は、擁壁の壁面を施工するものであって、杭体1と、平状土留板2及びポット付き土留板3を備えている。   This assembly fence work constructs the wall surface of a retaining wall, and is provided with a pile body 1, a flat earth retaining plate 2, and an earth retaining plate 3 with a pot.

前記杭体1は、鉄筋コンクリートにより角柱状に形成され、中程背面部に突出部10が形成された既成品が用いられている。
そして、壁面に沿って複数本の杭体1を一定間隔で立設させるもので、この場合、突出部10が背面になるように各杭体1の下側部分を地中Gに打ち込んで埋設する。
The pile body 1 is formed of a reinforced concrete in a prismatic shape, and a ready-made product in which a protruding portion 10 is formed in the middle back portion is used.
Then, a plurality of pile bodies 1 are erected at regular intervals along the wall surface. In this case, the lower portion of each pile body 1 is driven into the underground G so that the projecting portion 10 becomes the back surface. To do.

前記平状土留板2は、鉄筋コンクリートにより平板状に形成された既成品が用いられている。
又、ポット付き土留板3は、背面板部30の正面に上面が開放した植生用ポット部31を形成したもので、この植生用ポット部31は、内側に傾斜した左右側板32,32と、上縁側が壁面の前面側に傾斜した前面板33とで内部に凹状空間34を囲むように形成されている。
また、前記背面板部30には、杭体1の背面幅の半分の突出幅で架設部35,35が両端部に形成され、又、背面板部30を貫通して前記凹状空間34内に連通する導水穴36が形成されている。
そして、この平状土留板2の両端部及びポット付き土留板3の架設部35,35を隣り合う杭体1,1間に横架させることにより、この平状土留板2及びポット付き土留板3によって背面土Bを支えた組立柵工が構成される。
尚、この実施の形態では、杭体の突出部10の上に平状土留板2の両端を支持させることで、擁壁の最下段に平状土留板2を横架させ、この平状土留板2の上に支持されるようにポット付き土留板3を2段に横架させ、このポット付き土留板3の上に支持されるように平状土留板2を横架させ、かつ擁壁の最上段において平状土留板2及び各杭体1の上端に笠木ブロック99を上から被せた擁壁構造に施工されている。
そして、前記各ポット付き土留板3の植生用ポット部31内に植生土Qを充填して、ここに植物を植生させるようになっている。
The flat earth retaining plate 2 is an existing product formed in a flat plate shape from reinforced concrete.
Moreover, the earth retaining plate 3 with a pot forms a vegetation pot portion 31 whose upper surface is open on the front surface of the back plate portion 30, and the vegetation pot portion 31 includes left and right side plates 32, 32 inclined inward, The upper edge side is formed so as to surround the concave space 34 with the front plate 33 inclined toward the front side of the wall surface.
In addition, the back plate 30 is formed with erection portions 35 and 35 at both ends with a projection width that is half the back width of the pile body 1, and penetrates the back plate 30 and enters the concave space 34. A water guide hole 36 that communicates is formed.
And this flat earth retaining plate 2 and the earth retaining plate with a pot are installed by extending the both ends of this earth retaining plate 2 and the installation parts 35 and 35 of the earth retaining plate 3 with a pot horizontally between the adjacent pile bodies 1 and 1. 3 is an assembly fence that supports the back soil B.
In this embodiment, by supporting both ends of the flat earth retaining plate 2 on the protruding portion 10 of the pile body, the flat earth retaining plate 2 is horizontally mounted on the lowermost stage of the retaining wall. The earth retaining plate 3 with the pot is horizontally mounted in two stages so as to be supported on the plate 2, the flat earth retaining plate 2 is horizontally disposed so as to be supported on the earth retaining plate 3 with pot, and the retaining wall Is constructed in a retaining wall structure in which the top of the flat retaining plate 2 and each pile body 1 is covered with a headboard block 99 from above.
And the vegetation soil Q is filled in the vegetation pot part 31 of the said retaining plate 3 with each pot, and a plant is made to vegetate here.

このように構成した組立柵工では、ポット付き土留板3の正面に上面が開放した植生用ポット部31が形成されているため、この植生用ポット部31をいわゆるプランターとして使用することができる。
従って、この植生用ポット部31に植生土Qを充填して、ここに植物を植生させれば、壁面に上下複数段のグリーンベルトができあがり、単なるコンクリート壁と異なり、景観向上や環境緑化を図ることができる。
又、導水穴36によって植生用ポット部31に充填した植生土Qと背面土Bが連通するため、背面土Bから植生土Qへの雨水の浸透が得られ、地山からの水分補給が得られる。
In the assembly fence constructed in this way, the vegetation pot part 31 having an open upper surface is formed on the front surface of the earth retaining plate 3 with a pot, and therefore the vegetation pot part 31 can be used as a so-called planter.
Therefore, if the vegetation pot part 31 is filled with the vegetation soil Q and the plant is vegetated here, a plurality of upper and lower green belts are formed on the wall surface, and unlike a concrete wall, the scenery is improved and the environment is greened. be able to.
In addition, since the vegetation soil Q filled in the vegetation pot portion 31 and the back soil B communicate with each other through the water guide hole 36, the infiltration of rainwater from the back soil B to the vegetation soil Q is obtained, and the water supply from the natural ground is obtained. It is done.

以上、本発明の実施の形態を図面により説明したが、具体的な構成はこれに限定されることはない。
例えば、杭体を用いた組立柵工については、これを用いて水路の壁面を構築するほか、擁壁の壁面を構築することができる。
又、杭体の立設間隔や土留板の段数等は、現場条件等に合わせて適宜に設計することができる。
又、土留板の材質についても、鉄筋コンクリートのほか、プラスチック、金属、木材、ポーラスコンクリート等を使用できるし、その表面にデザインや塗装を施すことは任意である。
又、実施の形態において、土留板として平状土留板2とポット付き土留板3を用いたが、平状土留板2を用いずに、ポット付き土留板3のみを用いて施工することもできる。
As mentioned above, although embodiment of this invention was described with drawing, a specific structure is not limited to this.
For example, about the assembly fence construction using a pile body, in addition to constructing the wall surface of a water channel using this, the wall surface of a retaining wall can be constructed.
Moreover, the standing interval of pile bodies, the number of steps of the retaining plates, and the like can be appropriately designed according to the field conditions and the like.
In addition to the reinforced concrete, the earth retaining plate can be made of plastic, metal, wood, porous concrete, etc., and the surface can be arbitrarily designed or painted.
Further, in the embodiment, the flat retaining plate 2 and the pot retaining plate 3 are used as the retaining plate. However, the flat retaining plate 2 can be used without using the flat retaining plate 2, and the construction can be performed using only the pot retaining plate 3. .

本発明の実施の形態である組立柵工の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the assembly fence construction which is embodiment of this invention. その組立柵工の平面図である。It is a top view of the assembly fence construction. その組立柵工の正面図である。It is a front view of the assembly fence work.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 杭体
10 突出部
B 背面土
G 地中
Q 植生土
2 平状土留板
3 ポット付き土留板
30 背面板部
31 植生用ポット部
32 側板
33 前面板
34 凹状空間
35 架設部
36 導水穴
99 笠木ブロック
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Pile body 10 Protruding part B Back soil G Underground Q Vegetation soil 2 Flat earth retaining plate 3 Earth retaining plate with pot 30 Rear plate portion 31 Pot portion for vegetation 32 Side plate 33 Front plate 34 Recessed space 35 Construction portion 36 Water guide hole 99 Kasagi block

Claims (2)

水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工であって、
下側部分を地中に埋設する状態で壁面に沿って立設される複数本の杭体と、隣り合う杭体間において上下複数段に横架されて背面土を支える平状土留板とポット付き土留板とを備え、
前記ポット付き土留板の正面に上面が開放した植生用ポット部を形成し、この植生用ポット部内に植生土を充填したことを特徴とした組立柵工。
An assembly fence that constructs walls such as waterways and retaining walls,
A plurality of pile bodies standing along the wall surface with the lower part buried in the ground, and flat earth retaining plates and pots that are laid horizontally in multiple steps between adjacent pile bodies to support the back soil With a retaining plate,
An assembly fence construction characterized in that a vegetation pot part having an open upper surface is formed in front of the earth retaining plate with a pot, and the vegetation pot part is filled with the vegetation pot part.
水路や擁壁等の壁面を施工する組立柵工であって、
下側部分を地中に埋設する状態で壁面に沿って立設される複数本の杭体と、隣り合う杭体間において上下複数段に横架されて背面土を支えるポット付き土留板とを備え、
前記ポット付き土留板の正面に上面が開放した植生用ポット部を形成し、この植生用ポット部内に植生土を充填したことを特徴とした組立柵工。
An assembly fence that constructs walls such as waterways and retaining walls,
A plurality of pile bodies erected along the wall surface with the lower part buried in the ground, and a retaining plate with a pot that supports the back soil that is laid horizontally in multiple steps between adjacent pile bodies Prepared,
An assembly fence construction characterized in that a vegetation pot part having an open upper surface is formed in front of the earth retaining plate with a pot, and the vegetation pot part is filled with the vegetation pot part.
JP2003426472A 2000-03-28 2003-12-24 Assembly fence Expired - Fee Related JP3774459B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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JP2000088110 2000-03-28
JP2003426472A JP3774459B2 (en) 2000-03-28 2003-12-24 Assembly fence

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JP2003426472A JP3774459B2 (en) 2000-03-28 2003-12-24 Assembly fence

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JP3774459B2 true JP3774459B2 (en) 2006-05-17

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107288124B (en) * 2017-06-30 2018-03-27 中铁二院昆明勘察设计研究院有限责任公司 Oblique cutting board positioning method based on friction pile excavation operating mode
CN107503341B (en) * 2017-06-30 2018-04-24 中铁二院昆明勘察设计研究院有限责任公司 Oblique cutting board positioning method based on friction pile embankment operating mode

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