JP3756255B2 - Orthopedic operating table - Google Patents

Orthopedic operating table Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3756255B2
JP3756255B2 JP17902996A JP17902996A JP3756255B2 JP 3756255 B2 JP3756255 B2 JP 3756255B2 JP 17902996 A JP17902996 A JP 17902996A JP 17902996 A JP17902996 A JP 17902996A JP 3756255 B2 JP3756255 B2 JP 3756255B2
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
plate
left
right
operating table
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP17902996A
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Japanese (ja)
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JPH1014998A (en
Inventor
隆史 石川
Original Assignee
瑞穂医科工業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 瑞穂医科工業株式会社 filed Critical 瑞穂医科工業株式会社
Priority to JP17902996A priority Critical patent/JP3756255B2/en
Publication of JPH1014998A publication Critical patent/JPH1014998A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3756255B2 publication Critical patent/JP3756255B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

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Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to an orthopedic operating table.
[0002]
[Prior art]
Conventionally, as an orthopedic operating table, a back plate is mounted on a column, a waist plate is connected to the end of the back plate so as to be pivotable in the vertical direction, and a leg plate is detachably connected to the end of the waist plate. There is. When performing X-ray photography or surgery on the patient's waist, legs, etc., first, the Becken plate is placed on the waist plate and supported by a column extending obliquely upward from the column side, and then the patient is placed on the operating table. Next, the lower limb traction device is connected to the column side, and the traction shoes in the lower limb traction device are put on the patient's foot to fix the patient's leg. Then, the leg plate is removed from the waist plate, and the waist plate is rotated downward. Thereafter, an affected part such as a patient's leg is photographed with an X-ray imaging apparatus, and further, surgery is performed.
[0003]
Moreover, as an orthopedic operating table, what is described in Japanese Patent Publication No.4-1630 is proposed, for example. In this orthopedic operating table, a waist plate is mounted on a column, the left and right sides of the waist plate are cut out, and a triangular support plate is detachably applied thereto. Before the operation, a support plate is attached to support the patient's buttocks, and at the time of surgery, the support plate is removed so as not to hinder the operation.
[0004]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
However, in the former orthopedic operating table, when the X-ray image is taken with the patient lying on the operating table, the affected part is properly imaged because the lumbar plate rotated downward is in the way. There is a problem that you can not. Since the X-ray imaging apparatus for orthopedic surgery irradiates X-rays with the patient sandwiched between the opposing portions of the C-type frame, when the C-type frame hits the lumbar plate, the affected area should be imaged. Will not be able to. In the latter case, if the triangular support plate is removed, X-ray imaging of the legs and the like is possible, but the lumbar plate cannot be removed from the operating table, so that there is a problem that cleaning and the like become difficult. is there.
[0005]
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide means for solving such problems.
[0006]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
To solve the above problems, a first aspect of the invention, a back plate 2 is mounted on the column 1, the orthopedic operating table wainscot 4 are connected to be vertically pivoted in the back plate 2, the is the wainscot 4 bisecting the left and right direction of the back plate 2 is connected is vertically pivoting frame 12 to the back plate 2, pin 21 on the inside of the left and right wainscot 4 projecting toward the vertical pivoting frame 12 There are fixed, on the left and right sides of the upper and lower pivot frame 12 insertion hole 25 in which the pin 21 of the left and right wainscot 4 is inserted is formed, wainscot 4 above right and left of the pin 21 and the insertion hole 25, respectively through adopting detachably coupled with, the orthopedic operating table configuration on the left and right of the vertical pivoting frame 12.
Further, the invention of claim 2, in orthopedic operating table according to claim 1, said pins 21, 22 and the insertion hole 25, 26 is provided by a plurality of the wainscot 4 above lateral orthopedic The operating table configuration is adopted.
[0007]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Next, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
As shown in FIG. 1, the orthopedic operating table includes a column 1 placed on the floor of the operating room, a back plate 2 mounted on the column 1, and one end of the back plate 2. A head plate 3, a waist plate 4 attached to the other end of the back plate 2, and a leg plate 5 detachably attached to the end of the waist plate 4 are provided.
[0008]
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the column 1 is provided on a base 7 provided with casters 6 and the like, and the back plate 2 is moved up and down and inclined inside the column 1 and the base 7. A hydraulic device or the like (not shown) is stored. Since the column, the hydraulic device and the like have a known configuration, description thereof is omitted.
[0009]
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the back plate 2 has a back plate frame 8 that is placed on the column 1 and a back plate body 9 that is placed on the back plate frame 8. The back plate frame 8 is connected to the column 1 so as to be tiltable by ordinary means. The back plate body 9 is a rectangular plate for receiving the patient's back, and is connected to the end of the back plate frame 8 on the leg plate side via a hinge 10 and is also tiltably connected via a hydraulic cylinder 11. . When the hydraulic cylinder 11 is driven, the back plate main body 9 tilts on the back plate frame 8 with the hinge 10 as a fulcrum, thereby adjusting the angle of the patient's back.
[0010]
A vertical rotating frame 12 is connected to a rear portion of the back plate frame 8 in the back plate 2. Arms 13 are integrally provided on the left and right sides of the vertical rotation frame 12, respectively. The arm 13 is provided with pins 17a, 17b, 17c, and 17d so as to form a four-bar linkage mechanism with the other two links 15 and 16 with respect to the brackets 14 provided on the left and right sides of the back plate frame 8, respectively. It is connected and supported through. A rod 19 a of a hydraulic cylinder 19 held in the back plate frame 8 via a pin 18 is connected to the link 15 that can rotate with respect to the back plate frame 8. As a result, when the hydraulic cylinder 19 is actuated and the rod 19a expands and contracts, the vertical rotation frame 12 rotates in the vertical direction with the pin 17a supporting it as a fulcrum.
[0011]
Further, as shown in FIGS. 2 to 5, a support arm 20 protrudes obliquely downward from the center of the rear portion of the back plate frame 8. The support arm 20 is for supporting a support column (not shown), for example, and the support column attached to the support arm 20 extends obliquely upward to hold a Becken plate (not shown). . The Becken plate is a substantially triangular plate for receiving the root of the patient's leg.
[0012]
As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the waist plate 4 is connected to the vertical rotation frame 12 via pins 21 and 22 so as to be disengageable from the left and right sides. Two or more pins 21 and 22 may be arranged for each of the left and right waist plates 4.
[0013]
Further, only one pin may be provided. In that case, it is necessary to make the cross section non-circular and to prevent the rotation of the waist plate 4 with respect to the vertical rotation frame 12.
The waist plate 4 is divided into left and right parts, each having a waist plate frame 23 and a waist plate body 24 fixed on the waist plate frame 23. Inside the front part of each waist plate frame 23, two large and small pins 21, 22 are fixed horizontally by planting or the like. On the other hand, insertion holes 25 and 26 are formed on the left and right sides of the vertically rotating frame 12 by drilling or the like corresponding to the pins 21 and 22 of the respective waist frame 23. A setscrew 27 for fixing the pins 21 and 22 is screwed to the waist plate frame 23. A knob 27 a is fixed to the set screw 27. A spring or the like may be pressed against the pin surface instead of the set screw 27.
[0014]
6 and 7, the left and right leg plates 5 are connected to the rear ends of the left and right waist plates 4 so as to be detachable and adjustable in inclination angle.
Next, a method of using this orthopedic operating table will be described.
[0015]
First, a Becken plate (not shown) is placed above the waist plate 4 and supported by a support (not shown) extending obliquely upward from the support arm 20. The patient is then placed on the operating table. Next, a lower limb traction device (not shown) is connected to the column side, and the traction shoe in the lower limb traction device is put on the patient's foot to fix the patient's leg. Then, the leg plate 5 is removed from the waist plate 4 and the hydraulic cylinder 19 is driven to rotate the vertical rotation frame 12 together with the waist plate 4 downward. When the waist plate 4 finishes rotating downward, the left and right waist plates 4 are removed from the vertical pivot frame 12 by loosening the set screws 27 and removing the pins 21 and 22 from the insertion holes 25 and 26.
[0016]
Thereafter, the affected area such as the waist and legs of the patient is imaged with an X-ray imaging apparatus (not shown), and further surgery is performed. Since the waist plate 4 is removed from the lower side of the Becken plate, it is possible to take an image by properly arranging the C-type frame of the X-ray imaging apparatus on the affected part when performing X-ray imaging. In addition, blood, drugs and the like do not adhere to the waist plate 4 during the operation. The Becken plate can be removed from the support post and cleaned after surgery.
[0017]
In order to return the operating table to the original state after the X-ray imaging and the operation are completed, the bezel plate, the support column, etc. are removed, the waist plate 4 is applied to the vertical rotation frame 12, and the pins 21, 22 are inserted into the insertion holes 25, 26. It is only necessary to insert it in the same manner as the original, and rotate the vertical rotation frame 12 upward to make it the same height as the back plate 2.
[0018]
【The invention's effect】
According to the present invention, the lumbar plate can be removed from the operating table. Therefore, when X-ray imaging is performed, the X-ray imaging apparatus can be appropriately disposed on the affected area and desired imaging can be performed. In addition, blood, drugs and the like do not adhere to the lumbar plate during the operation, and the lumbar plate is not soiled. In addition, the Becken plate used for surgery or the like can be easily cleaned because it is detachable from the operating table. Further, in the present invention, since the waist plate is connected to the back plate via a pin, the waist plate can be attached and detached easily and quickly.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is an overall perspective view of an orthopedic operating table according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a partially cutaway side view of a column and back plate location of an orthopedic operating table.
FIG. 3 is a front view of the part shown in FIG. 2 as viewed from the right side;
4 is a plan view showing the portion shown in FIG. 2 with the back plate body removed. FIG.
FIG. 5 is a side view of a back plate.
FIG. 6 is a partially cutaway plan view showing a waist plate together with a leg plate.
FIG. 7 is a side view showing a waist plate together with a leg plate.
[Explanation of symbols]
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Column 2 ... Back board 4 ... Waist board 12 ... Vertical rotation frame 21, 22 ... Pin 25, 26 ... Insertion hole

Claims (2)

  1. Backplate is mounted on the column, the orthopedic operating table wainscot are connected to be vertically pivoted in the back plate, the wainscot is bisected right and left direction of the back plate, the upper and lower pivot on the back plate frame is connected, on the inside of the left and right wainscot are pins fixed to protrude toward the vertically pivoting frame, the insertion hole to the left and right of the upper and lower pivot frame in which the pin of the wainscot of the left and right are inserted There is formed, orthopedic operating table, characterized in that said left and right wainscot are detachably connected respectively to the right and left of the vertical rotating frame through said pin and said insertion hole.
  2. The orthopedic operating table according to claim 1, orthopedic operating table where the pin and the insertion hole and being provided by a plurality of the above left and right waist panel.
JP17902996A 1996-07-09 1996-07-09 Orthopedic operating table Expired - Fee Related JP3756255B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP17902996A JP3756255B2 (en) 1996-07-09 1996-07-09 Orthopedic operating table

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP17902996A JP3756255B2 (en) 1996-07-09 1996-07-09 Orthopedic operating table

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH1014998A JPH1014998A (en) 1998-01-20
JP3756255B2 true JP3756255B2 (en) 2006-03-15

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP17902996A Expired - Fee Related JP3756255B2 (en) 1996-07-09 1996-07-09 Orthopedic operating table

Country Status (1)

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JP (1) JP3756255B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7565708B2 (en) * 2005-02-22 2009-07-28 Jackson Roger P Patient positioning support structure
CN104013508B (en) * 2014-06-26 2016-06-22 周海丰 One kind of operating table

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH1014998A (en) 1998-01-20

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