JP3660401B2 - Mounting structure for construction surface and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Mounting structure for construction surface and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3660401B2
JP3660401B2 JP20816995A JP20816995A JP3660401B2 JP 3660401 B2 JP3660401 B2 JP 3660401B2 JP 20816995 A JP20816995 A JP 20816995A JP 20816995 A JP20816995 A JP 20816995A JP 3660401 B2 JP3660401 B2 JP 3660401B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
mounting
building
coupling
flange
construction
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Expired - Fee Related
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JP20816995A
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Japanese (ja)
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JPH0953278A (en
Inventor
祐司 玉川
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ミサワホーム株式会社
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Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  The present invention relates to a mounting structure for a building surface portion to be mounted on a metal beam spanned between mounting members via mounting hardware, and a method for its construction.
[0002]
[Background Art and Problems to be Solved by the Invention]
  As a beam provided in a wooden building, a wooden beam using a peeled material is usually used. However, in recent years, it has become difficult to obtain timber due to a rise in timber prices and environmental problems due to a decrease in timber resources that can be used as building materials, making it difficult to stably supply components.
[0003]
  In addition, since the beam is a large member, when it is a wooden beam using a peeled material, its weight is considerably heavy and a reduction in weight has been desired. Therefore, instead of wooden beams, metal beams that can be obtained stably and that can be reduced in weight have come to be used.
[0004]
  However, when a metal beam is used for a wooden building, an architectural surface portion, which is a building member, is placed on the metal beam, and it is sometimes necessary to connect and fix the beam to the architectural surface portion. In this case, there arises a problem that it is difficult to join the building surface portion and the beam.
[0005]
  The present invention has been made in view of the above-described background art, and its problem is that the building surface portion can be easily and reliably connected and fixed on the metal beam laid between the mounted members. An object of the present invention is to provide a mounting structure for a construction surface portion and a construction method thereof.
[0006]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
  In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 1 is a member to be attached.(For example, member 110, member 120)Mounting hardware between(For example, member 40a, member 40a)Metal beam spanned through(For example, member 10)On top of the building surface(For example, member 30)The construction surface mounting structure for mounting, wherein the beam has an upper flange portion(Eg member 12), Lower flange(Eg member 14)And a web portion connecting the upper flange portion and the lower flange portion.(Eg member 16)And a joining member joined to the upper flange portion of the H-shaped cross section(Eg member 20)And the mounting hardware is fixed to the upper end of the mounted member.(For example, member 50a)And a beam end fixing portion fixed to the end of the beam.(For example, member 60a)And the mounting portionIsThis L-shaped bent part is formed in an L-shaped cross section with the upper end bent.Is formed in an L shape continuously along the front surface portion (for example, the member 58a) and the upper surface portion (for example, the member 52a) constituting the surface.Reinforcing rib(Eg, member 54a)The beam end fixing portion isOrthogonal to the front part from the front part constituting the mounting partA beam support surface that extends to the beam side and is bent horizontally at the upper end thereof to contact the lower surface of the upper flange portion(For example, member 62a)To support the lower surface of the upper flange portion and abut one of the side surfaces of the web portion, and connected and fixed to the beam end portion,Extending direction to the beam sideThe upper end at the tipBeam support surfaceReinforcing rib bent in the same direction as(For example, member 66a)The construction surface portion is connected and fixed to the beam by being joined to the coupling member.
[0007]
  Here, the mounted member is a member on which a beam is erected, and is not only a structural member such as a wall portion of a building, a beam, or a pillar, but also, for example, a reinforcing plate provided on the wall portion of the building, etc. Is also included.
[0008]
  In the first aspect of the invention, the coupling member is joined to the upper surface of the metal beam, and the coupling member and the construction surface portion are joined together, thereby connecting the beam, the coupling member, and the construction surface portion to each other. Therefore, it is possible to easily and reliably mount the building surface on the metal beam.
  Moreover, a preferable beam can be obtained from the point of rigidity and weight reduction by making a cross-sectional H-shaped beam.
  In addition, the mounting hardwareL-shaped cross section with bent upper endBy attaching the mounting hardware to the mounted member by having the mounting part,At the top of the mountingMounting and positioning can be easily performed by locking.
  Further, since the beam end fixing portion extends to the beam side, the connection and fixing between the mounting hardware and the beam can be strengthened, and the beam is more reliably supported by the mounting hardware.
  Furthermore, since the beam end fixing portion supports the lower surface of the upper flange portion, the beam is more reliably supported by the mounting hardware. In addition, since the upper end is bent horizontally and the support surface is formed, positioning can be easily performed by bringing the support surface into contact with the lower surface of the upper flange portion when attaching the beam and the mounting hardware. it can. Furthermore, the support surface can be used as a reinforcing rib to increase the strength of the mounting hardware.it can.
[0009]
  According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect, the building surface portion is placed in the longitudinal direction of the beam, and is interposed between the roof surface portion (for example, the member 130) that is a supported member and the beam. It is characterized by a hut surface.
[0010]
  In the invention according to claim 2, even when the beam has to be provided at a position lower than the lower surface of the roof portion, which is a supported member, by a design problem or the like, the cabin surface portion is connected to the beam. Thus, the roof portion can be supported by the beam with the shed surface portion interposed.
[0011]
  Moreover, since the shed surface portion is placed along the longitudinal direction of the beam, the force acting on the beam can be uniformly dispersed.
[0012]
  A third aspect of the present invention is characterized in that, in the first or second aspect, the coupling member is the same quality as the building surface portion.
[0013]
  In invention of Claim 3, joining of the surface part for construction and a connecting member can be performed easily.
[0014]
[0015]
[0016]
[0017]
[0018]
[0019]
[0020]
[0021]
  According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first to third aspects, the mounting hardware has a centering portion (for example, a member 59a) indicating a center position that bisects the width of the beam. It is a feature.
[0022]
  In the invention described in claim 4, since the mounting hardware has a centering portion, it is easy to align the centering when mounting the mounting hardware to the mounted member. Furthermore, if a mounting hardware is attached to the beam in advance, it is possible to easily perform alignment when mounting the coupling member on the beam.
[0023]
  Invention of Claim 5 is the construction method of the attachment of the construction surface part using the attachment structure of the construction surface part in any one of Claims 1-4,
  A process of lifting and moving a metal beam having attachment hardware attached to both ends and having a coupling member bonded to the upper part between the attached members;
  Lowering the beam from above, and positioning the upper end of the mounting portion of the mounting hardware to the upper end of the mounted member;
  A step of attaching the attached member and the attachment hardware;
  Placing a building surface on the beam and joining with the coupling member;
It is characterized by including.
[0024]
  In the invention according to claim 5, the beam has mounting hardware at both ends, and a coupling member is joined to the upper portion thereof, and the mounting hardware is locked to the upper end surface of the mounted member. Since it has a mounting part for positioning, lift this beam with a crane etc.The top ofThe beam mounting operation is completed only by the operation of lowering the contacted member until it comes into contact with the upper end surface of the mounted member and performing the connection and fixing of the mounted member and the mounting hardware.
[0025]
  Thereafter, when the building surface portion is placed on the beam and joined to the coupling member, the beam, the coupling member, and the building surface portion are connected to each other, and the building surface portion can be attached on the beam.
  Therefore, the building surface part can be easily attached by a simple operation.
[0026]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
[0027]
  FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a mounting structure of a cabin panel 30 which is a building surface portion according to the present embodiment.
  As shown in FIG. 1, the cabin panel 30 is placed and fixed on the upper surface of the beam 10.
[0028]
  As shown in FIG. 1, the hut panel 30 has a mounting structure between a standing wall portion 110 and a vent beam 120 disposed facing the wall portion 110 along the longitudinal direction of the wall portion 110. The beam 10, the coupling member 20 attached to the upper surface of the beam 10, and the cabin panel 30 attached to the upper surface of the coupling member 20.
[0029]
  2 is a cross-sectional view showing the direction of the wall portion 110 of the mounting structure of the cabin panel 30, and FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing the direction of the vent beam 120 of the mounting structure of the cabin panel 30.
[0030]
  The beam 10 is a steel beam made of H-shaped steel, and as shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, an upper flange portion 12, a lower flange portion 14, and an upper flange portion 12 and a lower flange portion that are arranged to face each other vertically. 14, and a web portion 16 that is connected to 14.
[0031]
  As shown in FIG. 1, the beam 10 has an end on the wall 110 side attached to the wall 110 via an attachment fitting 40a, and an end on the vent beam 120 side attached to the bent beam 120 via an attachment fitting 40b. Is attached between the wall 110 and the vent beam 120.
  The configuration of the wall part 110 and the bent beam 120 will be described later.
[0032]
  FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the mounting hardware 40a, FIG. 5 (A) is a plan view showing the mounting hardware 40a, and FIG. 4 (B) is a front view.
[0033]
  The attachment hardware 40a is attached to the wall portion 110 via a beam receiving reinforcing plywood 160 attached to the beam 10 attachment position of the wall portion 110, and connects and fixes the beam 10 and the wall portion 110, and the attachment portion 50a. And a beam end fixing portion 60a.
[0034]
  The attachment portion 50a is attached to the wall portion 110 via the beam receiving / reinforcing plywood 160, and has an L-shaped cross section with its upper end bent so as to contact the vertical surface 164 from the upper end surface 162 of the beam receiving / reinforcing plywood 160. It consists of a flat metal plate.
  That is, the mounting portion 50 a has an upper surface portion 52 a that contacts the upper end surface 162 of the beam receiving and reinforcing plywood 160 and a front surface portion 58 a that contacts the vertical surface 164 of the beam receiving and reinforcing plywood 160. The upper surface portion 52a serves as a locked portion that is locked to the upper end surface 162 of the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 160 when the mounting hardware 40a is attached.
[0035]
  A plurality of ribs 54a for reinforcement are provided at predetermined intervals on the L-shaped bent portion of the mounting portion 50a.
  Further, a plurality of nail holes 57a are formed in the front portion 58a for connection with the beam receiving and reinforcing plywood 160.
[0036]
  A V-shaped groove 59a is formed near the center of the upper end of the front portion 58a. The groove 59a serves as a centering portion that indicates a center position that divides the width of the beam 10 into two equal parts.
[0037]
  The upper surface portion 52a has a cutout portion 56a formed by cutting out the upper surface portion 52a near the center near the center.
[0038]
  The beam end fixing portion 60a is a member made of a metal flat plate, and is formed at a predetermined position of the front surface portion 58a so as to extend in a direction opposite to the upper surface portion 52a and orthogonal to the front surface portion 58a.
[0039]
  The beam end fixing portion 60a has a beam support portion 62a whose upper end supports the lower surface of the upper flange portion 12 of the beam 10, and one side surface thereof is in contact with one side surface of the web portion 16 of the beam 10, A beam attachment portion 64a connected and fixed to the web portion 16 is formed.
[0040]
  A beam support surface that is bent horizontally and supports the lower surface of the upper flange portion 12 of the beam 10 is formed on the beam support portion 62a. The beam support portion 62a also functions as a reinforcing rib that reinforces the mounting hardware 40a by being bent horizontally.
[0041]
  Further, a reinforcing rib 66a formed by bending the tip portion in the same direction as the upper end portion is formed at the tip portion of the beam end fixing portion 60a, thereby reinforcing the strength of the mounting hardware 40a.
[0042]
  Two bolt holes 68a, 68a for connecting and fixing the mounting hardware 40a to the beam 10 are formed in the beam mounting portion 64a side by side.
[0043]
  The beam end fixing portion 60a is provided on the front portion 58a so that the beam 10 is disposed at a substantially central position of the front portion 58a in a state where the beam 10 and the beam end fixing portion 60a are connected.
  That is, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the beam 10 and the beam end fixing portion 60 a are connected by connecting the beam connecting portion 64 a to one side surface (front side in FIG. 1) of the web portion 16 of the beam 10. Since it is fixed, the beam end fixing portion 60a is formed slightly shifted from the groove portion 59a indicating the center position of the width of the beam main body 20 (see FIGS. 4 and 5).
[0044]
  Further, the beam end fixing portion 60a is provided so that the upper end portion thereof is positioned lower than the upper end of the front portion 58a by the thickness of the upper flange portion 12 of the beam 10.
  That is, the upper end of the beam end fixing portion 60a and the upper end of the beam 10 are set to be flush with each other with the beam 10 attached to the beam end fixing portion 60a.
[0045]
  The mounting hardware 40b is symmetrical to the mounting hardware 40a, and the other configuration is the same as that of the mounting hardware 40a. Therefore, the description thereof is omitted, and the same reference numerals are used for members similar to the mounting hardware 40a. This is expressed by writing b at the end.
[0046]
  The mounting hardware 40a configured as described above has the beam support portion 62a in contact with the lower surface of the upper flange portion 12 at the end of the beam 10 on the wall 110 side, and one side surface of the beam mounting portion 64a and the web portion 16 ( 1, the beam mounting portion 64 a and the web portion 16 are connected and fixed to each other by the bolt 70 in this state.
  The connection by the bolt 70 is performed through bolt holes 68a and 68a provided in the beam attachment portion 64a and bolt holes formed in the web portion 16 corresponding to the bolt holes 68a and 68a.
[0047]
  The mounting hardware 40b is attached to the beam 10 at the end of the beam 10 on the side of the bent beam 120 in the same manner. However, as shown in FIG. It differs from the wall 110 side end in that it is in contact with (the back side in FIG. 1).
  Therefore, the web part 16 is clamped from one side and the other side by the beam end fixing part 60a of the mounting hardware 40a and the beam end fixing part 60b of the mounting hardware 40b, and the mounting hardware 40a and the mounting hardware 40b are connected to the beam 10 respectively. Connected and fixed.
[0048]
  Further, a beam receiving and reinforcing plywood 160 is attached to the attachment position of the beam 10 on the wall portion 110 with an adhesive, a nail or the like. Similarly, the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 170 is also attached to the attachment position of the beam 10 of the bent beam 120 by an adhesive, a nail or the like.
[0049]
  The mounting hardware 40a is attached to the beam receiving reinforcement plywood 160 by a nail or the like with the mounting portion 50a in contact with the vertical surface 164 from the upper end surface 162 of the beam receiving reinforcement plywood 160. Similarly, the mounting bracket 40b is attached to the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 170 by a nail or the like with the mounting portion 50b in contact with the vertical surface 174 from the upper end surface 172 of the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 170.
[0050]
  A coupling member 20 is attached to the upper surface of the upper flange portion 12 of the beam 10.
[0051]
  The coupling member 20 is a wooden member having a rectangular cross section, and is provided continuously over the longitudinal direction of the beam 10. Further, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the width of the coupling member 20 is slightly narrower than the width of the beam 10, and is provided at a substantially central position of the upper flange portion 12.
[0052]
  As shown in FIG. 6, the coupling member 20 is joined to the beam 10 by driving a plurality of steel plate nails 90 from the upper surface of the coupling member 20.
  Note that an adhesive may be used in combination for joining the coupling member 20 and the beam 10.
[0053]
  A cabin panel 30 is attached to the upper surface of the coupling member 20.
[0054]
  FIG. 8 is a plan view showing the shed structure of the building 100 constructed by the beam 10 and the shed panel 30.
  The building 100 is a building constructed by a so-called panel method, and the beam 10 is bridged between the standing wall portion 110 and the bent beam 120 to support the roof portion 130 at the ridge portion. It is a masterpiece. As shown in FIG. 8, the roof portion 130 is a so-called ridge roof composed of four-direction gradient roofs 132, 134, 136, and 138 and having a ridge portion 140.
[0055]
  As shown in FIG. 8, the beam 10 extends from the ridge 140 to the sloped roof 138 side. In other words, the slope from the ridge top of the gradient roof 138 starts from the middle of the beam 10.
  In such a roof structure, the beam 10 which is a ridge beam is provided at a position lower than the top of the ridge by a predetermined distance so as not to interfere with the inclination of the sloped roof 138 and is placed and fixed on the beam 10. A cabin panel 30 is interposed between the roof 130 supported by the beam 10 and the beam 10.
[0056]
  FIG. 7 is a front view showing the cabin panel 30. As shown in FIG. 7, the cabin panel 30 is a wooden building panel formed by combining a substantially rectangular panel 32 and a substantially triangular panel 36.
[0057]
  The rectangular panel 32 is formed of a frame body 34 framed by a core material and a reinforcing member 33 spanned in the frame body 34 along the short side direction. Two core members 31a and 31b are provided at the end portion of the panel 32 on the panel 36 side, and the upper end portion of the panel 32 on the panel 36 side is a sloped roof 138 (FIG. 8). It is inclined corresponding to the inclination of (see).
[0058]
  The substantially triangular panel 36 is formed by attaching face materials 35 to both surfaces of a frame body 38 that is a framework of a core material, and the inclination of the upper end surface 37 is a sloped roof 138 placed on the upper end surface 37. It corresponds to the slope of. Further, the panel 36 has an abutting surface 39 that abuts a connecting beam 126 described later at the end of the bent beam 120 side.
[0059]
  As shown in FIG. 1, the hut panel 30 having the above-described configuration brings the end portion on the panel 32 side into contact with the wall portion 110, and the contact surface 39 that is the end portion on the panel 36 side on the vent beam 120. It is arranged in contact with the attached connecting beam 126. That is, the hut panel 30 is extended from both ends of the beam 10 at both ends thereof.
[0060]
  As shown in FIG. 6, the cabin panel 30 is joined to the coupling member 20 by driving the screw nails 94 obliquely against the coupling member 20 from both side surfaces. It should be noted that an adhesive is used together to join the coupling member 20 and the cabin panel 30, and an adhesive is applied to the contact portion between the coupling member 20 and the cabin panel 30.
[0061]
  As described above, the cabin panel 30 is connected to the beam 10 by being joined to the coupling member 20. That is, the beam 10, the connecting member 20, and the connecting member 20 and the cabin panel 30 are joined, so that the beam 10, the connecting member 20, and the cabin panel 30 are connected to each other.
[0062]
  In addition, as shown in FIG. 8, a beam 80 and a beam 82 other than the beam 10 are installed between the wall 110 and the vent beam 120, and the lower surface of the gradient roof 132 is formed in the middle portion of the gradient roof 132. I support it.
[0063]
  Both the beam 80 and the beam 82 are steel beams made of H-shaped steel, and both ends thereof are respectively attached to the wall 110 and the vent beam 120 via attachment hardware (not shown).
[0064]
  Here, the wall portion 110 is constructed by standing a house-cutting panel 112 on a standing wall panel 102.
[0065]
  The wall panel 102 is formed by attaching face materials 106, 106 to both surfaces of a core material 104 framed in a square shape. Further, the house-cut panel 112 is a substantially triangular panel formed by attaching face materials 116, 116 to both sides of the framed core material 114, and the inclined surface thereof is matched to the inclination of the roof 130 to be supported. Is formed.
[0066]
  As shown in FIG. 2, the wall portion 110 is provided with a combination of two house-cut panels 112 a and 112 b on a standing wall panel 102, and inclined surfaces 118 a and 118 b that are inclined on both sides from the ridge top. Is formed. The inclined surfaces 118a and 118b correspond to the inclination of the roof surface inclined to both sides from the building top.
[0067]
  As shown in FIG. 3, the bent beam 120 is a beam in which the horizontal beam portion 122 and the climbing beam portion 124 are joined at a predetermined angle, and the wall portion 142 and the wall that are erected perpendicularly to the wall portion 110. It is installed between the part 144 (refer FIG. 8). A reinforcing plate 125 is attached to a joint portion between the horizontal beam portion 122 and the climbing beam portion 124. As shown in FIG. 3, the end portion of the horizontal beam portion 122, which is one end portion of the bent beam 120, is attached to the wall portion 142 via a beam receiving member 150.
  The beam receiver 150 has an attachment portion 152 whose upper end portion is bent horizontally and formed in an L-shaped cross section, and an upward U-shaped beam receiver portion 154 that protrudes from the vertical surface of the attachment portion 152. doing. The beam receiver 150 is attached with the attachment portion 152 in contact with the vertical surface from the upper end surface of the beam reception reinforcing plywood 146 attached to the attachment surface of the vent beam 120 of the wall portion 142. The horizontal beam portion 112 is attached to the wall portion 142 by receiving the lower end portion of the horizontal beam portion 112 by the beam receiving portion 154 and connecting and fixing the beam receiving portion 154 and the horizontal beam portion 122. Similarly, the end portion of the climbing beam portion 124, which is the other end portion of the bent beam 120, is attached to the wall portion 144 via a beam bracket.
[0068]
  (Construction method)
  Next, the construction method of the attachment structure of the cabin panel 30 according to the present embodiment described above will be described.
[0069]
  First, the attachment hardware 40a, the attachment hardware 40b, and the coupling member 20 are attached to the beam 10 in advance.
[0070]
  Specifically, the mounting hardware 40a is attached to one end (the wall 110 side) of the beam 10, and the mounting hardware 40b is attached to the other end. Then, the coupling member 20 is joined to the upper surface of the upper flange portion 12 of the beam 10. The steps so far may be performed in advance at a factory or the like.
[0071]
  Then, the beam 10 including the mounting hardware 40a and 40b and the coupling member 20 is lifted and moved by a crane or the like using a lifting tool between the wall portion 100 and the vent beam 120. A beam receiving / reinforcing plywood 160 is attached to the beam attaching position of the wall 110, and a beam receiving / reinforcing plywood 170 is attached to the beam attaching position of the bent beam 120.
[0072]
  In addition, the beam receiving reinforcing plywoods 160 and 170 are preliminarily marked at a position on the extension of the center of the width of the beam 10 in a state where the beam 10 is correctly arranged (not shown).
[0073]
  The upper surface portion 52a, which is the locked portion of the mounting hardware 40a, is in contact with the upper end surface 162 of the beam receiving reinforcement plywood 160, and the upper surface portion 52b, which is the locked portion of the mounting hardware 40b, is the beam receiving reinforcement plywood 170. The position is lowered until it comes into contact with the upper end surface 172.
[0074]
  At this time, the marking position provided on the beam receiving reinforcement plywood 160 and the groove 59a of the mounting hardware 40a are combined with the marking position provided on the beam receiving reinforcement plywood 170 and the groove 59b of the mounting hardware 40b. Adjust the centering position.
[0075]
  Then, nailing is performed through a plurality of nail holes 57a provided in the front portion 58a of the mounting hardware 40a, and the mounting hardware 40a and the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 160 are connected and fixed. Similarly, the mounting bracket 40b and the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 170 are connected and fixed, and the beam 20 is installed between the wall 110 and the bent beam 120.
[0076]
  Next, the hut panel 30 is lifted and placed on the coupling member 20 attached to the beam 10, and a plurality of screw nails 94 are driven obliquely at predetermined intervals, so that the hut panel 30 and the coupling member 20 are connected. Join.
  By joining the beam 10 and the coupling member 20 and the coupling member 20 and the cabin panel 30 respectively, the beam 10, the coupling member 20 and the cabin panel 30 are connected to each other, and the attachment of the cabin panel 30 to the beam 10 is completed. . In addition, the joint beam 126 attached on the hut panel 30 and the wall part 110, and the hut panel 30 and the vent beam 120 is also joined by a nail or the like.
[0077]
  After that, a joining purlin is attached to the upper end of the panel 32 constituting the shack panel 30, and a plurality of roof panels are laid on the shack assembly in which the wall portion 110, the shack panel 30, the vent beam 120, etc. are constructed. A roof portion 130 is constructed.
[0078]
  Thus, if it is the attachment structure of the shed panel 30 which concerns on this Embodiment, the coupling member 20 which is wooden is joined to the upper surface of the steel beam 10, and also the coupling member 20 and the wooden shed panel 30 are connected. By joining, the beam 10, the coupling member 20, and the cabin panel 30 can be connected to each other, and a structure that allows the cabin panel 30 to be easily and reliably mounted on the steel beam 10 is obtained.
[0079]
  In addition, since the mounting hardware 40a, 40b, the coupling member 20 and the beam 10 are integrally formed in advance in a factory or the like, the mounting hardware 40a and the wall 110, and the mounting hardware 40b and the bent beam 120 are installed in the field. Further, it is sufficient to attach the hut panel 30 and the coupling member 20, and the field work is simplified.
[0080]
  Furthermore, the mounting hardware 40a attached to the beam 10 has an upper surface portion 52a that is a locked portion that is locked and positioned by the upper end surface 162 of the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 160 that is a mounted member, so that a crane or the like can be used. If the beam 10 lifted in step 2 is lowered until the upper surface portion 52a comes into contact with the upper end surface 162 of the beam receiving / reinforcing plywood 160, positioning can be performed easily.
  Similarly, the mounting bracket 40b can be positioned by lowering the beam 10 until the upper surface portion 52b contacts the upper end surface 172 of the beam receiving reinforcing plywood 170.
[0081]
  As described above, the number of construction steps in the field can be reduced as compared with the conventional beam installation work, the installation work can be simplified, and the construction time can be shortened.
[0082]
  Further, the mounting of the mounting hardware 40a, 40b to the beam 10 and the mounting of the coupling member 20 is performed in advance in a factory or the like, so that the quality and accuracy can be improved and meet the demand for industrialization.
[0083]
  Since the beam 10 is a steel beam, stable supply of members is possible, and cost can be reduced. Moreover, it is sufficient also in strength.
  Further, since the beam 10 is made of H-shaped steel, it is easier to manufacture than the case of using an assembled beam, and the shape formed by the upper and lower flange portions 12 and 14 and the web portion 16 is rigid and lightweight. This is preferable.
[0084]
  The mounting bracket 40a has a beam end fixing portion 60a extending to the beam 10 side, supports the lower surface of the upper flange portion 12 at its upper end, and is connected to the side surface of the web portion 16, so that it is firmly connected to the beam 10. The beam 10 can be supported more reliably.
  Moreover, the beam support part 62a and the beam attachment part 64a can each be provided with a reinforcing rib, whereby the strength of the attachment hardware 40a can be increased.
  Further, the mounting hardware 40a has a groove 59a that indicates the center position that divides the width of the beam main body 20 into two equal parts, thereby aligning the core when mounting the beam 10 and the position when mounting the coupling member 30 to the beam 10. Matching is easy.
[0085]
  Further, according to the hut panel mounting structure according to the present embodiment, even when the beam 10 is provided at a position lower than the lower surface of the roof portion 130 as a supported member by a predetermined distance as in the building 100, the shed. By connecting and fixing the panel 30 on the beam 10, the roof portion 130 can be supported by the beam 10 with the cabin panel 30 interposed therebetween.
[0086]
  Moreover, since the shed panel 30 is mounted over the longitudinal direction of the beam 10, the force which acts on the beam 10 can be disperse | distributed uniformly.
[0087]
  The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications can be made within the scope of the gist of the invention.
[0088]
  For example, in this embodiment, a shed panel has been described as a building surface portion attached to a metal beam. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the present invention can be applied to other building surface portions such as floor panels. It is.
[0089]
  Further, the joining member used for joining the beam and the joining member, and joining the joining member and the building surface portion only needs to be able to reliably join both members, and is not limited to the steel plate nail and the screw nail. It is possible to apply a joining member.
[0090]
  Both the coupling member and the cabin panel are not limited to wood, but considering the ease of installation, the coupling member is preferably the same quality as the building surface.
[0091]
  In the present embodiment, the case where the coupling member is continuously provided over the longitudinal direction of the beam has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the coupling member can reliably join the building surface portion. It may be provided in the area, and may be provided at predetermined intervals, for example. Further, the shape of the mounting hardware is not limited to this embodiment, and various modifications are possible depending on the place where the beam is bridged.
[0092]
  Furthermore, the beams are not necessarily limited to those having an H-shaped cross section, and can take various shapes such as a rectangular shape.
[0093]
  Further, the centering portion of the mounting hardware is not limited to the present embodiment, and for example, a groove may be provided on the upper surface (locked portion) of the mounting hardware, or it is guided to the mounting member side. It is conceivable when centering is performed by providing a member. For example, a method of providing a projection-like (for example, a nail) guide member on the member to be attached and providing a V-shaped groove on the upper surface of the attachment hardware is conceivable. In this case, the centering position can be uniquely determined by fitting the guide member in the groove.
[0094]
  Furthermore, the mounting hardware may be connected to the end of the beam by welding or the like.
[0095]
  In the present embodiment, the building constructed by the panel method is described as an example of the building to which the beam and the building surface are attached. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the present invention is a building by various building methods such as a two-by-four method. It is applicable to.
[0096]
【The invention's effect】
  As described above, according to the first aspect of the present invention, it is possible to easily and reliably attach the building surface portion on the metal beam.
  Moreover, a preferable beam can be obtained from the point of rigidity and weight reduction by making a cross-sectional H-shaped beam.
  In addition, the mounting hardware, L-shaped cross section with bent upper endBy attaching the mounting hardware to the mounted member by having the mounting part,At the top of the mountingMounting and positioning can be easily performed by locking.
  Further, since the beam end fixing portion extends to the beam side, the connection and fixing between the mounting hardware and the beam can be strengthened, and the beam is more reliably supported by the mounting hardware.
  Furthermore, since the beam end fixing portion supports the lower surface of the upper flange portion, the beam is more reliably supported by the mounting hardware. In addition, since the upper end is bent horizontally and the support surface is formed, positioning can be easily performed by bringing the support surface into contact with the lower surface of the upper flange portion when attaching the beam and the mounting hardware. it can. Furthermore, the support surface can increase the strength of the mounting hardware as a reinforcing rib.
[0097]
  According to the invention described in claim 2, even when the beam has to be provided at a position lower than the lower surface of the roof portion, which is a supported member, by a design problem or the like, the cabin surface portion is connected to the beam. Thus, the roof portion can be supported by the beam with the shed surface portion interposed.
[0098]
  Moreover, since the shed surface part is mounted over the longitudinal direction of a beam, the force which acts on a beam can be disperse | distributed uniformly.
[0099]
  According to invention of Claim 3, joining of the surface part for construction and a coupling member can be performed easily.
[0100]
[0101]
[0102]
[0103]
[0104]
  According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, since the mounting hardware has the centering portion, it is easy to align the centering when mounting the mounting hardware to the mounted member. Furthermore, if a mounting hardware is attached to the beam in advance, it is possible to easily perform alignment when mounting the coupling member on the beam.
[0105]
  According to invention of Claim 5, a beam can be easily attached to a to-be-attached member by simple operation | work, and the surface part for construction can be attached.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a cabin panel mounting structure according to the present embodiment.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing the wall portion direction of the cabin panel mounting structure shown in FIG. 1;
3 is a cross-sectional view showing the direction of a bent beam in the cabin panel mounting structure shown in FIG. 1. FIG.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a mounting hardware.
5A is a plan view of the mounting hardware shown in FIG. 4, and FIG. 5B is a front view.
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing a connection state of a beam, a coupling member, and a cabin panel.
FIG. 7 is a front view showing a cabin panel.
FIG. 8 is a plan view showing a shed structure of a building constructed by beams and shed panels.
[Explanation of symbols]
  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Beam, 12 ... Upper flange part, 14 ... Lower flange part, 16 ... Web part, 20 ... Connecting member, 30 ... Hut panel, 40a, 40b ... Mounting hardware, 50a, 50b ... Mounting part, 52a, 52b ... Upper surface Part (locked part)As the upper end of the mounting part), 58a, 58b ... front portion, 59a, 59b ... groove portion, 60a, 60b ... beam end fixing portion, 62a, 62b ... beam support portion, 64a, 64b ... beam mounting portion, 90 ... steel plate nail, 94 ... screw nail .

Claims (5)

  1. A mounting structure for a building surface portion for mounting a building surface portion on a metal beam spanned between mounting members via mounting hardware,
    The beam has an H-shaped cross section having an upper flange portion, a lower flange portion, and a web portion connecting the upper flange portion and the lower flange portion, and has a connecting member joined to the upper portion of the upper flange portion. And
    The mounting hardware has a mounting portion locked to the upper end portion of the mounted member, and a beam end fixing portion fixed to the end of the beam,
    The attachment portion is formed in an L-shaped cross-section with the upper end bent, and is formed in an L-shape continuously on the surface of the L-shaped bent portion along the front surface portion and the upper surface portion constituting the same. Reinforcing ribs are provided,
    The beam end fixing part extends from the front part constituting the attachment part to the beam side perpendicular to the front part , and the upper end of the beam end fixing part is bent horizontally to contact the lower surface of the upper flange part. To support the lower surface of the upper flange portion and abut one of the side surfaces of the web portion, and are connected and fixed to the beam end portion, and the distal end portion in the extending direction to the beam side A reinforcing rib bent in the same direction as the beam support surface at the upper end is formed on
    The construction surface portion mounting structure, wherein the construction surface portion is connected and fixed to the beam by being joined to the coupling member.
  2. In claim 1,
    The construction surface portion mounting structure is characterized in that the construction surface portion is a shed surface portion that is placed along the longitudinal direction of the beam and is interposed between the roof surface portion that is a supported member and the beam.
  3. In claim 1 or claim 2,
    The structure for mounting a building surface portion, wherein the coupling member is the same quality as the building surface portion.
  4. In any one of Claims 1-3,
    The mounting structure for a building surface portion, wherein the mounting hardware has a centering portion that indicates a center position that bisects the width of the beam.
  5. A construction method for mounting a building surface using the building surface mounting structure according to claim 1,
    A process of lifting and moving a metal beam having attachment hardware attached to both ends and having a coupling member bonded to the upper part between the attached members;
    Lowering the beam from above, and positioning the upper end of the mounting portion of the mounting hardware to the upper end of the mounted member;
    A step of attaching the attached member and the attachment hardware;
    Placing a building surface on the beam and joining with the coupling member;
    The construction method of the installation of the surface part for construction characterized by including.
JP20816995A 1995-08-15 1995-08-15 Mounting structure for construction surface and construction method thereof Expired - Fee Related JP3660401B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP20816995A JP3660401B2 (en) 1995-08-15 1995-08-15 Mounting structure for construction surface and construction method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP20816995A JP3660401B2 (en) 1995-08-15 1995-08-15 Mounting structure for construction surface and construction method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0953278A JPH0953278A (en) 1997-02-25
JP3660401B2 true JP3660401B2 (en) 2005-06-15

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106401017A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 中国建筑股份有限公司 L-shaped flexible joint coupled wall with embedded joint beam section and construction method of L-shaped flexible joint coupled wall
CN106401014A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 中国建筑股份有限公司 L-shaped rigid joint coupled wall with embedded joint beam section and construction method of L-shaped rigid joint coupled wall

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106401017A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 中国建筑股份有限公司 L-shaped flexible joint coupled wall with embedded joint beam section and construction method of L-shaped flexible joint coupled wall
CN106401014A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-15 中国建筑股份有限公司 L-shaped rigid joint coupled wall with embedded joint beam section and construction method of L-shaped rigid joint coupled wall
CN106401014B (en) * 2016-09-30 2018-10-26 中国建筑股份有限公司 L-shaped rigid joint coupled wall with pre-buried seam beam section and its construction method

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Publication number Publication date
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