JP3491202B2 - Raw seaweed pretreatment system and pretreatment device - Google Patents

Raw seaweed pretreatment system and pretreatment device

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Publication number
JP3491202B2
JP3491202B2 JP2000342443A JP2000342443A JP3491202B2 JP 3491202 B2 JP3491202 B2 JP 3491202B2 JP 2000342443 A JP2000342443 A JP 2000342443A JP 2000342443 A JP2000342443 A JP 2000342443A JP 3491202 B2 JP3491202 B2 JP 3491202B2
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
tank
water
salt
raw seaweed
washing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP2000342443A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2002078465A (en
Inventor
佳成 渡邊
克佳 河合
Original Assignee
渡邊機開工業株式会社
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Priority to JP2000197058 priority Critical
Priority to JP2000-197058 priority
Application filed by 渡邊機開工業株式会社 filed Critical 渡邊機開工業株式会社
Priority to JP2000342443A priority patent/JP3491202B2/en
Publication of JP2002078465A publication Critical patent/JP2002078465A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3491202B2 publication Critical patent/JP3491202B2/en
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Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】この発明は、採取した生海苔
を前処理して異物がなく、活性を有する良品質の生海苔
として抄機に供給することを目的とした生海苔前処理シ
ステム及び前処理装置に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention, the collected raw laver pretreated no foreign substance, Namaumi moss pretreatment system was intended to supply the抄機as raw seaweed good quality with activity and Regarding the pretreatment device.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来養殖海面から採取した生海苔は、貯
槽に入れて保存し、処理ラインの必要量宛逐送し、荒切
り、異物除去、細断、洗浄、脱水及び調合を経て海苔抄
機へ給送されている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, raw seaweed collected from aquacultured sea surface is stored in a storage tank and sent to the required amount of a processing line, rough cut, foreign matter removed, shredded, washed, dehydrated and blended to prepare the seaweed extract. Has been delivered to the machine.

【0003】[0003]

【発明により解決しようとする課題】前記従来の処理方
法によれば、採取した生海苔に比較的大きい異物(例え
ば直径(または厚さ)1mm〜10mm、長さ10mm
〜100mmの樹脂ひも、線、樹脂容器貝殻、甲殻類
等)もそのまま生海苔に巻き込まれている為に発見が遅
れ、荒切り後の小異物除去に際し発見される問題点があ
った。
According to the above-mentioned conventional treatment method, relatively large foreign matter (for example, a diameter (or thickness) of 1 mm to 10 mm and a length of 10 mm is added to the collected raw seaweed.
Since ~ 100 mm resin strings, wires, resin container shells, crustaceans, etc.) are also directly caught in the raw seaweed, the discovery is delayed, and there is a problem found when removing small foreign substances after rough cutting.

【0004】更に貝殻その他の異物の混入は作業性を低
下させるのみならず、製品の品質低下のおそれがあると
共に、生海苔の流れを悪くするおそれもあった。
Furthermore, the inclusion of shells and other foreign substances not only deteriorates workability, but also may deteriorate product quality and may worsen the flow of raw seaweed.

【0005】また生海苔は、採取後時間経過と共に劣
化し、これを放置すると、製品の品質を低下させるおそ
れがあるので、出願人が大小の異物を別々に除去するこ
とを提案したことにより、洗浄後に異物が残留すること
は殆んどなくなった。
[0005] In addition, raw seaweed deteriorates with the lapse of time after collection, and if left untreated, the quality of the product may be deteriorated. Therefore, the applicant proposed to remove large and small foreign substances separately. After cleaning, almost no foreign matter remained.

【0006】また従来は比較的大きい異物、小さい異物
とを同時に除去する為に、却って異物除去効率を低下さ
せるおそれもあった。
Further, in the prior art, since relatively large foreign matters and small foreign matters are removed at the same time, there is a possibility that the foreign matter removing efficiency is rather lowered.

【0007】また前記従来の洗浄処理方法によれば、図
16のように、海水貯蔵後の処理ライン中は殆んど真水
を利用していた。このように真水を使用するときは、生
海苔の劣化は避けられず、同一地域での採取、同一装置
を使用した場合であっても、1日の処理の初期(朝)の
生海苔製品と、中期(昼)以後の生海苔製品との間に品
質に大差を生じるおそれがあった。
Further, according to the conventional cleaning treatment method, as shown in FIG. 16, most of the fresh water is used in the treatment line after storage of seawater. In this way, when fresh water is used, deterioration of raw seaweed is unavoidable, and even if it is collected in the same area and the same equipment is used, it will be different from the raw seaweed product at the beginning of the day (morning). However, there was a possibility that there would be a big difference in quality between the raw seaweed products from the mid-term (daytime) and later.

【0008】そこで劣化した生海苔には、比較的濃い塩
水(例えば塩濃度3.0〜3.5%位)を使用して活性
化し、然る後真水洗浄して常態に戻すことにより、海苔
葉の収縮と拡開作用で異物の分離を良好にし、清浄効率
を向上すると共に、良品質の海苔製品を得ることができ
る。
The deteriorated raw seaweed is activated by using a relatively thick salt water (for example, salt concentration of about 3.0 to 3.5%), and then washed with fresh water to restore the normal state. The leaf contraction and expansion functions to improve the separation of foreign substances, improve the cleaning efficiency, and obtain a good quality seaweed product.

【0009】即ち塩水を使用すると、海苔葉が収縮し、
真水を使用すると海苔葉が拡がるので、塩水(塩濃度は
海水より若干濃くする。例えば3.4%〜3.6%)で
洗浄した後、真水で洗浄すれば、海苔葉が収縮と、拡開
を繰り返し、海苔葉に包み込まれたり、緊密に付着して
いた異物が取れ易くなることが判明している。
That is, when salt water is used, the seaweed leaves contract,
When fresh water is used, the seaweed leaves spread, so if you wash with salt water (salt concentration is slightly higher than seawater. For example, 3.4% to 3.6%) and then wash with fresh water, the seaweed leaves contract and expand. It has been found that repeated opening makes it easier to remove foreign matter that is wrapped in laver leaves or adheres tightly.

【0010】また洗浄に際して海苔葉に揉み作用を付与
することにより、厚くて硬い海苔葉が軟らかい良質の海
苔葉になる。
Further, by imparting a rubbing action to the nori leaves during washing, the thick and hard nori leaves become soft and good quality nori leaves.

【0011】[0011]

【課題を解決するための手段】この発明は、生海苔の前
処理として粗異物と小異物を別々に分離除去すると共
に、細断後の洗浄に工夫を加えることにより、粗異物の
まぎれ込みが皆無になり、適度の揉み作用を付与し、か
つ塩水を使用することにより海苔の賦活を可能にし、良
質かつ均一質の海苔製品を得ることができる。
According to the present invention, coarse foreign matter and small foreign matter are separately separated and removed as a pretreatment of raw seaweed, and the cleaning after shredding is devised so that the coarse foreign matter is prevented from being mixed. No seaweed is added, a proper rubbing action is imparted, and salt water is used to enable the activation of the seaweed, and it is possible to obtain a high-quality and uniform seaweed product.

【0012】即ちシステムの発明は、貯槽から取り出し
た生海苔を荒切り後、比較的大きい天然固形物及び人工
固形物をスリットで分離する粗異物分離手段と、定量移
送手段と、洗浄と分離による小異物分離手段と、細断手
段と真水又は塩水を入れて洗浄する二つの洗浄槽を設置
し、各洗浄槽内に乱流を発生させる撹拌翼を夫々架設し
て、真水及び/又は塩水による二つの洗浄槽を設置し、
各洗浄槽内へ撹拌手段を架設すると共に、各撹拌手段へ
駆動手段を連結し、前記各洗浄槽は、海苔液が直列状に
流動するように連結し、各洗浄槽へ真水又は塩水の供給
手段を夫々付設した洗浄手段とを順次連結し、前記各手
段の制御手段を付設したことを特徴とする生海苔前処理
システムであり、塩水を入れる洗浄槽には、塩水タンク
又は塩水生成装置を付設したことを特徴とするものであ
る。
[0012] That is, the invention of the system comprises a coarse foreign matter separating means for separating relatively large natural solids and artificial solids with slits after rough cutting of raw seaweed taken out from a storage tank, quantitative transfer means, and washing and separation. Small foreign matter separating means, shredding means and two washing tanks for washing with fresh water or salt water are installed, and stirring blades for generating turbulent flow are installed in each of the washing tanks. We installed two washing tanks,
A stirring means is installed in each washing tank, and a driving means is connected to each stirring means. The washing tanks are connected so that the laver liquid flows in series, and fresh water or salt water is supplied to each washing tank. It is a raw seaweed pretreatment system characterized by sequentially connecting the cleaning means to which each means is attached, and a control means for each of the above means, wherein a salt water tank or a salt water generator is provided in the washing tank containing the salt water. It is characterized by being attached.

【0013】次に装置の発明は、請求項1記載の分離手
段は、分離槽の中央部へ設けた隔壁に、複数の環状溝を
同心円状に穿設した固定盤を固定し、その下面に対向し
て、前記環状溝に夫々遊嵌できる環状突条を有する回転
盤を昇降可能で回転自在の軸に架設し、該軸に羽根車よ
り成るからまり防止手段を取付け、前記固定盤の上方の
分離槽には、生海苔吸引パイプ端を接続開口させ、前記
回転盤の下方に分離槽の生海苔混合液の給送パイプを接
続開口すると共に、分離異物の排出口を設置し、前記分
離槽の側壁に透覗孔を設けたことを特徴とする異物分離
用の生海苔前処理装置であり、請求項記載の洗浄手段
は、二つの洗浄槽を設置し、各洗浄槽内へ洗浄槽へ架設
した二本の撹拌軸に、不均等間隔で撹拌羽根が対向すべ
く突設した撹拌手段を架設すると共に、各撹拌手段へ駆
動手段を連結し、前記各洗浄槽は、海苔液が直列状に流
動するように連結し、各洗浄槽へ真水又は撹拌手段を有
する塩水槽に、塩の定量供給手段は、塩槽の送塩筒に設
けた定量器とした塩と水の定量供給手段を付設した塩水
の供給手段を夫々付設したことを特徴とする生海苔前処
理装置である。
Next, the invention of the device is the separating hand according to claim 1.
The step is to fix a fixed plate having a plurality of annular grooves concentrically formed on a partition wall provided in the center of the separation tank, and to face the lower surface thereof with annular protrusions that can be loosely fitted in the annular grooves. The rotating disc having the movable disc is erected on a rotatable shaft, and a tangling prevention means composed of an impeller is attached to the shaft, and the separation tank above the fixed disc is connected and opened with a raw seaweed suction pipe end, A foreign matter characterized in that a feed pipe for the raw seaweed mixed solution in the separation tank is connected and opened below the rotating disk, a discharge port for the separated foreign matter is installed, and a side wall of the separation tank is provided with a see-through hole. a raw laver pretreatment system for separating, washing means according to claim 1 is installed two cleaning tank, the two stirring shafts bridged to the cleaning tank to the cleaning tank, unequally intervals The stirring means is provided so as to project so that the stirring blades face each other, and the driving means is connected to each stirring means, Note Each washing tank is connected so that the laver liquid flows in series, and fresh water or a salt water tank having a stirring means is supplied to each washing tank, and a fixed amount supply means of salt is a fixed amount provided in a salt feeding cylinder of the salt tank. The raw seaweed pretreatment device is characterized in that salt water supply means provided with a fixed amount supply means of salt and water are provided respectively.

【0014】この発明において、海水を利用できる場所
においては、塩水に代えて用いることができるが、塩濃
度を向上させるには必要量の塩を添加する。
In the present invention, salt water can be used in place where sea water can be used, but a necessary amount of salt is added to improve salt concentration.

【0015】前記発明における塩水利用については、必
要に応じ、真水と塩をタンクに入れて、撹拌すれば、水
量と塩量とにより求める濃度の塩水を得ることができ
る。
Regarding the use of salt water in the above-mentioned invention, if necessary, fresh water and salt are put in a tank and stirred to obtain salt water having a concentration determined by the amount of water and the amount of salt.

【0016】また塩は比較的溶解し難いので、塩水を予
め別タンクで作り、使用濃度に基づき必要に応じ定量宛
使用することができる。
Further, since salt is relatively difficult to dissolve, salt water can be prepared in a separate tank in advance and can be used in a fixed amount depending on the concentration used.

【0017】即ち現場で塩水を作る場合には、濃度の不
安定性があるが、予め作っておけば支障はない。尤も一
部海水を利用し、これに濃度増大用に塩を添加するので
あれば、現場でも手軽にできる。
That is, when salt water is made on site, the concentration is unstable, but if it is made in advance, there is no problem. However, if seawater is partially used and salt is added to increase the concentration, it can be easily done on site.

【0018】前記洗浄に際し、撹拌により生海苔に外力
を付与すれば、揉み作用となり、劣化した生海苔に活性
を付与し、良質にすることができる。この場合に揉み作
用を発生する形状、構造は従来知られているものは勿
論、従来実施したものであれば、これを用いることがで
きる。
When an external force is applied to the raw seaweed by stirring during the washing, a rubbing action is provided, and activity is imparted to the deteriorated raw seaweed, so that good quality can be obtained. In this case, the shape and structure for generating the rubbing action are not limited to those known in the related art, and may be those used in the related art.

【0019】この発明における粗異物の分離除去につい
ても、例示の構造に限定されるものではなく、粗異物が
効率よく分離できると共に、作業性乃至性能の良いもの
は、何れも採用することができる。
The separation / removal of the coarse foreign matter in the present invention is not limited to the exemplified structure, and any coarse foreign matter that can be efficiently separated and has good workability and performance can be adopted. .

【0020】前記発明システムについては、各手段を
連結して構成し、前記のシステムの手段を実施する装置
であって、何れも使用し得るものである。
The system of the present invention is a device for connecting the respective means to each other and implementing the means of the system, and any of them can be used.

【0021】[0021]

【発明の実施の形態】この発明は、採取した生海苔を貯
槽に収容し、これを定量宛取り出して粗異物を分離する
と共に、細断後の洗浄は、海苔葉の状態に応じ、塩水で
洗浄して活性化してから真水で洗浄し、若干弱らせて次
工程に送る。前記において、塩水洗浄を先にするか、後
にするかは専ら生海苔の状態(品質)に基づいて定める
ことにする。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION According to the present invention, the collected raw seaweed is stored in a storage tank, and a fixed amount of this seaweed is separated to separate coarse foreign substances. It is washed and activated, then washed with fresh water, slightly weakened and sent to the next step. In the above, whether to wash with salt water first or after is decided based on the condition (quality) of raw seaweed.

【0022】この発明は、従来方法に、貯槽収容後の粗
異物分離処理と、細断後海苔葉の状態に応じ塩水又は真
水での洗浄処理を施すことにより、生海苔葉の処理につ
いて万事遺漏がないようにする。
According to the present invention, the conventional method is used to separate coarse foreign matter after storage in a storage tank and to wash it with salt water or fresh water after shredding according to the state of the seaweed leaf. So that there is no

【0023】この発明は、採取した生海苔を一貫処理ラ
インに入れる場合に、粗異物の分離除去後、小異物を分
離し、ついで塩水洗浄と真水洗浄および揉み作用付与す
ることを特徴とし、この処理が従来と異なる。
The present invention is characterized in that, when the collected raw seaweed is put into an integrated processing line, after separating and removing coarse foreign substances, small foreign substances are separated, and then salt water washing, fresh water washing and rubbing action are applied. The processing is different from the conventional one.

【0024】この発明の装置は、分離槽の中央部へ設け
た隔壁に、複数の環状溝を同心円状に穿設した固定盤を
固定し、その下面に対向して、前記環状溝に夫々遊嵌で
きる環状突条を有する回転盤を昇降可能で回転自在の軸
に架設し、該軸にからまり防止手段を取付け、前記固定
盤の上方の分離槽には、生海苔吸引パイプ端を接続開口
させ、前記固定盤の下方に分離槽の生海苔混合液の給送
パイプを接続開口すると共に、分離異物の排出口を設置
し、前記分離槽の側壁に透覗孔を設けたことを特徴とす
る異物分離用の生海苔前処理装置であって、羽根車の遊
嵌により、回転盤の軸へ長い異物(例えば、ビニールフ
ィルム又は紐)が巻きつくのを防止する。また、透覗孔
により、異物の分離状況をみて、大きい異物が溜った時
には透覗孔の蓋を開いて取り出すこともできる
In the apparatus of the present invention, a fixing plate having a plurality of annular grooves concentrically formed is fixed to a partition wall provided in the central portion of the separation tank, and the stationary plate is opposed to the lower surface of the fixing plate, and the annular grooves are respectively moved. A turntable having an annular projection that can be fitted is erected on a shaft that can be raised and lowered and is rotatable, and a entanglement prevention means is attached to the shaft, and an end of a fresh seaweed suction pipe is connected to a separation tank above the fixed plate. In addition, a feed pipe for the raw seaweed mixed liquid in the separation tank is connected and opened below the fixed plate, a discharge port for separated foreign matter is installed, and a see-through hole is provided on the side wall of the separation tank. A raw seaweed pretreatment device for separating foreign matter, which prevents a long foreign matter (for example, a vinyl film or a string) from being wound around the shaft of the rotating disk due to loose fitting of the impeller. Further, by viewing the state of separation of foreign matter through the see-through hole, it is possible to open and take out the lid of the see-through hole when a large foreign matter is accumulated .

【0025】[0025]

【実施例1】この発明の処理システムを図について説
明する。養殖海域から採取して貯槽に収容した原藻(生
海苔)を定量宛取出し荒切後、粗異物を除去した後、洗
浄すると共に小異物を分離し、ついで細断する。前記に
おいて、小異物の分離前に荒切りする場合もある。
Example 1 will be described 1 the processing system of the present invention. A fixed amount of raw algae (raw seaweed) collected from the aquaculture area and stored in a storage tank is taken out, and after rough cutting, coarse foreign substances are removed, then washed and small foreign substances are separated, and then shredded. In the above case, rough cutting may be performed before the small foreign matter is separated.

【0026】ついで塩水洗浄手段と、真水洗浄手段又は
真水洗浄手段と塩水洗浄手段を経て前処理を完了する。
前記前処理の完了した生海苔は、調合機を経て抄機に送
り、乾燥すれば製品となる。
Then, the pretreatment is completed through the salt water washing means, the fresh water washing means or the fresh water washing means and the salt water washing means.
The raw seaweed that has been subjected to the pretreatment is sent to a paper machine through a blender and dried to be a product.

【0027】前記において、細断手段は従来公知のミン
チによるが、塩水洗浄手段又は真水洗浄手段については
特に限定がなく、従来使用した各装置を使用することが
できる。実際上は生海苔処理時に、生海苔葉の状態を見
定めて決める。
In the above, the shredding means is conventionally known mince, but the salt water washing means or the fresh water washing means is not particularly limited, and each conventionally used device can be used. Actually, when the raw seaweed is treated, the state of the raw seaweed leaves is determined and determined.

【0028】然し乍ら、実施例に示すような装置によ
れば、目的に応じた加工度を選定できるので、合理的で
ある。
However, the apparatus as shown in the third embodiment is rational because the working degree can be selected according to the purpose.

【0029】また粗異物の分離手段についても機械に限
定はないので、粗異物と生海苔とを分離できる装置は総
て使用することができるが、実施例3に示す装置は合理
的で、高能率で分離することができる。
Since the means for separating the coarse foreign matter is not limited to any machine, all the apparatuses capable of separating the coarse foreign matter and the raw seaweed can be used, but the apparatus shown in Example 3 is rational and high. It can be separated by efficiency.

【0030】粗異物については、比較的大きい異物(例
えば固定盤と回転板の通過間隙1mmを通過できない大
きさの異物)を分離するので、間隙が詰るおそれが少な
く、かつ間隙の総面積が大きいので、高能率の処理が期
待できる。このようにすれば、処理能率と処理効率の両
方を向上させることができる。
Regarding coarse foreign matter, since relatively large foreign matter (for example, foreign matter having a size which cannot pass through the passage gap of 1 mm between the fixed plate and the rotary plate) is separated, there is little risk of clogging and the total area of the gap is large. Therefore, highly efficient processing can be expected. In this way, both processing efficiency and processing efficiency can be improved.

【0031】前記における生海苔の活性度の判定につい
ては、採取原藻の状態はもとより、小異物除去後の状態
を目視により又はカメラその他の器機によって検出し、
良否を比較して、塩水処理又は真水処理の何れかの選定
又は繰り返し処理などの選定をする。
Regarding the determination of the activity of raw seaweed in the above, not only the state of the collected algae but also the state after removal of small foreign matter is detected visually or by a camera or other device,
The quality is compared, and either salt water treatment or fresh water treatment is selected or repeated treatment is selected.

【0032】[0032]

【実施例2】この発明の粗異物除去装置の実施例を図
2、3、4、5、6に基づいて説明する。円筒槽1の上
部に、複数の環状溝2、2を同心円状に穿設した固定盤
5を固定し、該固定盤5上を、液出口4を有する截頭円
錐形の蓋3被覆する。前記固定盤5の下面には、前記環
状溝2、2に夫々遊嵌する複数の環状突条6、6を有
し、該環状突条6、6を断面台形に形成すると共に、下
面中央部のボスへ回転軸7の上端部を固定した回転盤1
0を前記固定盤に対向して架設する。前記回転盤10の
中央軸受部8へ、前記固定盤5の中央へ下向に突設固定
した軸受部9を回転自在に嵌装してある。前記回転軸7
の下部には、その昇降用ハンドル11が取付けてある
(昇降ハンドル機構の例は後述する)。図中5aは固定
盤5のリブ、10aは回転盤10のリブである。
[Embodiment 2] An embodiment of the coarse foreign matter removing device of the present invention
Description will be made based on 2, 3 , 4 , 5, and 6 . A fixed plate 5 having a plurality of annular grooves 2 and 2 formed concentrically is fixed to the upper part of the cylindrical tank 1, and the fixed plate 5 is covered with a frustoconical lid 3 having a liquid outlet 4. On the lower surface of the fixed plate 5, there are provided a plurality of annular ridges 6, 6 which are loosely fitted in the annular grooves 2, 2, respectively. The annular ridges 6, 6 are formed in a trapezoidal cross section, and the lower surface central portion is formed. Turntable 1 with the upper end of the rotating shaft 7 fixed to the boss of
0 is installed to face the fixed plate. A bearing portion 9 is fixed to the central bearing portion 8 of the rotary disk 10 so as to be rotatably fitted to the center of the fixed disk 5 so as to project downward. The rotating shaft 7
An elevating handle 11 is attached to the lower part of the device (an example of the elevating handle mechanism will be described later). In the figure, 5a is a rib of the fixed platen 5 and 10a is a rib of the rotary platen 10.

【0033】前記実施例において、生海苔の貯槽からの
ホース100により、矢示99のように円筒槽1内へそ
の下部の送入口16から生海苔と海水との混合液を矢示
17のように送入すると共に、回転軸7を回転し、かつ
蓋3の液出口4から吸引すると、前記環状溝2の内壁と
環状突条6の側壁との間隙Sから海苔液は矢示18のよ
うに吸引され(図7)、前記間隙Sより大きい異物12
は円筒槽1内へ残留する。この場合に、異物の比重が1
より大きければ、異物12は下方へ降下するが、比重が
1より小さければ、回転盤10の下面付近に浮遊する。
そこで生海苔液の移送終了後、円筒槽1の底板13に設
けた異物の取出しパイプ14のバルブ19を開いて、上
部から清掃水を送入すれば、円筒槽1内の水と異物との
混合液を矢示53のように取出すことができる。
In the above embodiment, the hose 100 from the raw seaweed storage tank was used to supply the mixture of raw seaweed and seawater into the cylindrical tank 1 from the lower inlet 16 as shown by the arrow 99, as shown by the arrow 17. When the rotary shaft 7 is rotated and suctioned from the liquid outlet 4 of the lid 3, the seaweed liquid flows from the gap S between the inner wall of the annular groove 2 and the side wall of the annular protrusion 6 as shown by the arrow 18. Foreign matter 12 larger than the above-mentioned gap S by being sucked in (FIG. 7).
Remains in the cylindrical tank 1. In this case, the specific gravity of the foreign matter is 1
If it is larger, the foreign matter 12 descends downward, but if the specific gravity is smaller than 1, it will float near the lower surface of the turntable 10.
Therefore, after the transfer of the raw seaweed liquid is completed, the valve 19 of the foreign substance take-out pipe 14 provided on the bottom plate 13 of the cylindrical tank 1 is opened, and the cleaning water is fed from above, whereby the water in the cylindrical tank 1 and the foreign matter are separated from each other. The mixed liquid can be taken out as shown by an arrow 53.

【0034】前記蓋3はフック15と、掛止環15aの
掛止で円筒槽1の上端部へ固定されているので、レバー
20を矢示101のように動かしてフック15を外せば
蓋3を容易に取外し、内部を清掃することができる。ま
た吸水ポンプ44により加圧水を矢示58のように円筒
槽1内へ送流すれば、間隙Sを逆流し、容易に洗浄清掃
することもできる(図)。何れにしても、円筒槽
1の分離異物12は、その底板13上へ溜まるので、前
記のように清掃水を逆流すれば、取出しパイプ14から
矢示53のように容易に流去することができる。
Since the lid 3 is fixed to the upper end of the cylindrical tank 1 by the hook 15 and the retaining ring 15a being engaged, the lid 3 can be removed by moving the lever 20 as shown by an arrow 101 and removing the hook 15. Can be easily removed and the inside can be cleaned. Further, if the pressurized water is sent to the inside of the cylindrical tank 1 by the water suction pump 44 as shown by the arrow 58, the gap S can be made to flow backward and cleaning and cleaning can be easily performed (FIGS. 2 and 4 ). In any case, since the separated foreign matter 12 in the cylindrical tank 1 collects on the bottom plate 13, if the cleaning water is made to flow backward as described above, it can be easily discharged from the take-out pipe 14 as indicated by the arrow 53. it can.

【0035】前記回転軸7には、管軸102に羽根10
3を放射状に植設した羽根車107が遊嵌(自由回転で
きる)してあるので、円筒槽1内へ混合液が送入される
と、送入圧力に応じて羽根車107は回転し、混合液内
の長い海苔又は組状物がからみつくのを未然に防止して
いる。
The rotary shaft 7 includes a tube shaft 102 and blades 10.
Since the impeller 107 in which 3 is radially planted is loosely fitted (freely rotatable), when the mixed liquid is fed into the cylindrical tank 1, the impeller 107 rotates according to the feeding pressure, It prevents the long seaweed or braids in the mixed solution from becoming entangled.

【0036】また、円筒槽1の上部側壁に透覗孔104
が穿設され、透明蓋105を嵌着固定してビス106で
固定してある。前記透明蓋105を透視して、内部に大
きい異物が留っている場合には、透明蓋105を外し、
透覗孔104から手(又は器具)を入れて、大きい異物
を取出すことができる。
Further, a see-through hole 104 is formed in the upper side wall of the cylindrical tank 1.
The transparent lid 105 is fitted and fixed and fixed with the screw 106. Looking through the transparent lid 105, if a large foreign matter remains inside, remove the transparent lid 105,
A large foreign object can be taken out by putting a hand (or an instrument) through the see-through hole 104.

【0037】円筒槽内の分離異物は取出しパイプ14か
ら外界へ取出すが、取出しパイプ14から出ないような
大きい異物は透覗孔104から取り出すことができる。
The separated foreign matter in the cylindrical tank is taken out from the take-out pipe 14 to the outside, but a large foreign matter which does not come out of the take-out pipe 14 can be taken out from the see-through hole 104.

【0038】前記回転軸7の下方は、ベアリング11
0、110に回転自在に支持され、下部に中空軸109
が固定され、中空軸109は、モータ108と、連動し
て回転するので、前記回転軸7を介し、回転盤10を所
定の回転数で回転させることができる。
Below the rotary shaft 7, a bearing 11 is provided.
It is rotatably supported by 0 and 110, and has a hollow shaft 109 at the bottom.
Is fixed, and the hollow shaft 109 rotates in conjunction with the motor 108, so that the rotary disk 10 can be rotated at a predetermined rotational speed via the rotary shaft 7.

【0039】前記回転軸7の下端は、軸受け112のベ
アリング113で回転自在で、昇降可能に支持されてい
る。また回転軸7の下端面7aは、前記軸受け112に
固定されたナット114に螺合した昇降軸115の上端
面と対向してあり、該昇降軸115は、調節台フレーム
116の支板117を貫通し、前記昇降軸115の下端
部に昇降用ハンドル11が固定してある。
The lower end of the rotary shaft 7 is rotatably supported by a bearing 113 of a bearing 112 so that it can be raised and lowered. The lower end surface 7a of the rotary shaft 7 is opposed to the upper end surface of an elevating shaft 115 that is screwed into a nut 114 fixed to the bearing 112, and the elevating shaft 115 mounts a support plate 117 of the adjustment base frame 116. An elevating handle 11 is fixed to the lower end of the elevating shaft 115.

【0040】前記実施例において、ロックナット11
8、119を弛めた後、昇降用ハンドル11を右又は左
に回転すると、昇降軸115は矢示120、121のよ
うに昇降するので、昇降軸115の上端面により、回転
軸7の下端面7aを突き上げ、又は当該位置を下げる。
従って、前記昇降用ハンドル11を廻すことにより、昇
降軸115を介し、回転軸7を微小昇降させて、固定盤
5の環状溝と、回転盤10の環状突条6とにより形成し
た通過間隙を微調整することができる。
In the above embodiment, the lock nut 11
When the lifting handle 11 is rotated right or left after slackening 8, 119, the lifting shaft 115 moves up and down as indicated by arrows 120 and 121. The end surface 7a is pushed up or the position is lowered.
Therefore, by rotating the elevating handle 11, the rotating shaft 7 is slightly moved up and down through the elevating shaft 115 to form a passage gap formed by the annular groove of the fixed plate 5 and the annular protrusion 6 of the rotating plate 10. Can be fine-tuned.

【0041】前記通過間隙が、例えば0.5〜1.0m
mの場合に、0.01mm程度の精度で通過間隙を調整
することができる。
The passage gap is, for example, 0.5 to 1.0 m.
In the case of m, the passing gap can be adjusted with an accuracy of about 0.01 mm.

【0042】図中111は回転軸7と中空軸109を固
定するキー、122は水切りごむ、123は水抜孔、1
24はスリーブ、125はロックナットである。
In the figure, 111 is a key for fixing the rotary shaft 7 and the hollow shaft 109, 122 is a drainer, 123 is a drainage hole, 1
Reference numeral 24 is a sleeve, and 125 is a lock nut.

【0043】前記実施例は、回転軸7を昇降させる機構
の一例であるが、従来使用されている軸移動調節の構造
は何れも使用することができる。
The above-mentioned embodiment is an example of a mechanism for moving the rotary shaft 7 up and down, but any of the conventionally used structures for adjusting the axial movement can be used.

【0044】またモータと、回転軸との連動構造もギヤ
ー連動またはベルトとプーリーとの連動など、自由に選
択することができる。
Further, the interlocking structure of the motor and the rotating shaft can be freely selected such as gear interlocking or belt and pulley interlocking.

【0045】[0045]

【実施例3】この発明の混合液から小異物を分離除去す
る実施例を図6、7、8、9、10に基づいて説明す
る。この実施例は、粗異物を分離して送られた生海苔を
荒切りし(又は荒切りすることなく)、生海苔と水との
混合液を減圧吸引して細隙を通過させることにより、小
異物と生海苔とを分離すると共に、洗浄して、生海苔の
汚れと小異物とをほぼ完全に除去しようとした装置であ
る。
[Embodiment 3] An embodiment of separating and removing small foreign matters from the mixed liquid of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 6, 7 , 8 , 9, and 10. In this example, raw laver sent by separating coarse foreign matter is roughly cut (or without rough cutting), and a mixed solution of raw laver and water is suctioned under reduced pressure to pass through a slit. This is an apparatus that separates small foreign matter and raw nori seaweed, and washes them to almost completely remove the dirt and small foreign matter of the raw seaweed.

【0046】即ち平面多角形の外槽21内に所定の間隔
を保って平面相似形の洗浄槽22を設置し、該洗浄槽2
2と、前記外槽21との間に仕切筒23を設置する。前
記洗浄槽22の側壁はパンチングメタル製で多数の微小
孔を有し、生海苔は通過できないが、汚水と微固形物を
通過させることができる。
That is, the cleaning tank 22 having a similar shape to the plane is installed in the outer tank 21 having a planar polygon shape at a predetermined interval.
A partition cylinder 23 is installed between 2 and the outer tub 21. The side wall of the cleaning tank 22 is made of punched metal and has a large number of fine holes, which cannot pass raw seaweed but pass sewage and fine solids.

【0047】前記洗浄槽22の底板24の中央部へ、周
縁部に複数の環状溝28を有する固定盤25を固定し、
該固定盤25の下面は、漏斗状の匣体26の上部で密に
覆われ、該匣体26の下部には、連結パイプ27aを介
して吸引パイプ27を連結し、該連結パイプ27aに、
送水パイプ32を連結する。
A fixing plate 25 having a plurality of annular grooves 28 at its peripheral portion is fixed to the central portion of the bottom plate 24 of the cleaning tank 22.
The lower surface of the fixed platen 25 is densely covered by the upper part of the funnel-shaped box 26, and the suction pipe 27 is connected to the lower part of the box 26 via a connection pipe 27a.
The water supply pipe 32 is connected.

【0048】前記固定盤25の上面側には、該固定盤2
5の環状溝28と遊嵌する環状突条29を有する回転盤
30を昇降自在に対向架設する(図)。前記回転盤3
0の中央部には、該回転盤30に回転力を付与すると共
に、昇降させることができる回転軸31の下端が固定し
てある。図中33は送液ホース、34は補水ホース、3
5は異物排出口、36は排出パイプ、37、38は排水
パイプである。
On the upper surface side of the fixed plate 25, the fixed plate 2
A turntable 30 having an annular projection 29 that loosely fits the annular groove 28 of No. 5 is erected so as to be vertically movable (FIG. 8 ). The turntable 3
At the center of 0, a lower end of a rotary shaft 31 is fixed which can apply a rotational force to the rotary disk 30 and can be moved up and down. In the figure, 33 is a liquid supply hose, 34 is a rehydration hose, 3
Reference numeral 5 is a foreign matter discharge port, 36 is a discharge pipe, and 37 and 38 are drainage pipes.

【0049】前記実施例において、荒切器39によって
荒切りされた生海苔は、矢示40のように、送液ホース
33を経て洗浄槽22内へ送入されると、回転盤30に
より撹拌され、回転盤30のリブ30aにより、洗浄槽
22の内周壁側へ流動させられ、微小固形物は汚水と共
に、パンチングメタルを通過して仕切筒23の内側に入
り、排水口を経て排水パイプ37から矢示41のように
排水される(図)。
In the above-mentioned embodiment, the raw seaweed rough-cut by the rough-cutting device 39 is fed into the washing tank 22 through the liquid-feeding hose 33 as shown by an arrow 40, and is agitated by the turntable 30. Then, the ribs 30a of the rotary disk 30 cause the ribs 30a to flow toward the inner peripheral wall side of the cleaning tank 22, and the fine solids pass through the punching metal and enter the inside of the partition tube 23 together with the dirty water, and then the drain pipe 37 through the drain port. The water is drained as indicated by arrow 41 (Fig. 7 ).

【0050】一方吸引パイプ27で矢示42のように吸
引すると、固定盤25の下面が減圧されるので、環状溝
28と、環状突条29により形成された間隙Sを介して
洗浄槽22内の混合液は矢示43のように吸引される。
従って混合液中の生海苔と水とは、前記間隙Sを経て矢
示43、42のように吸引され、吸引パイプ27を経
て、貯留槽へ入る。
On the other hand, when suction is performed by the suction pipe 27 as shown by the arrow 42, the lower surface of the fixed platen 25 is depressurized, so that the inside of the cleaning tank 22 is passed through the gap S formed by the annular groove 28 and the annular ridge 29. The mixed liquid of is sucked as shown by an arrow 43.
Therefore, the raw seaweed and water in the mixed liquid are sucked through the gap S as shown by arrows 43 and 42, and enter the storage tank through the suction pipe 27.

【0051】前記のように、洗浄槽22内へ送入された
混合液は洗浄され、微固形物は汚水と共に、排水パイプ
37から排出され、仕切筒23をオーバーフローした汚
水は、排水口を経て排水パイプ38から排出される。
As described above, the mixed liquid fed into the cleaning tank 22 is washed, the fine solids are discharged from the drain pipe 37 together with the sewage, and the sewage overflowing the partition tube 23 passes through the drain port. It is discharged from the drain pipe 38.

【0052】一方間隙Sを通過できなかった固形異物
は、混合液の撹拌回転によって、パンチングメタルの内
側下方の底板24上に溜まっているので、洗浄槽22内
の混合液を排出した後、補水ホース34から矢示45、
59のように、洗浄水を送入すると共に、回転盤30を
回転し、かつ排出パイプ36のバルブ63を開くと、固
形異物は矢示46のように、排出口35、バルブ40お
よび排出パイプ36を矢示46のように経て、矢示47
のように外界に排出される(図)。
On the other hand, the solid foreign matter that cannot pass through the gap S is accumulated on the bottom plate 24 inside and below the punching metal due to the stirring rotation of the mixed liquid, so that the mixed liquid in the cleaning tank 22 is discharged and then replenished with water. 45 from the hose 34,
As shown by 59, when the washing water is fed, the rotary plate 30 is rotated, and the valve 63 of the discharge pipe 36 is opened, the solid foreign matter is discharged by the discharge port 35, the valve 40 and the discharge pipe as indicated by an arrow 46. 36 through arrow 46, arrow 47
Is discharged to the outside (Fig. 6 ).

【0053】前記回転軸31は、スプロケット48によ
り駆動力を入力すると共に、昇降軸49と回転自在に連
結されているので、ハンドル50を介し、回転軸31は
矢示76、78のように昇降させられる。また、送水パ
イプ32から矢示79のように加圧水を矢示85のよう
に送水すれば、回転盤30と固定盤25の間隙Sを逆洗
することができる。
The rotary shaft 31 receives a driving force by a sprocket 48 and is rotatably connected to a lifting shaft 49. Therefore, the rotary shaft 31 is lifted and lowered as indicated by arrows 76 and 78 via a handle 50. To be made. Further, if pressurized water is supplied from the water supply pipe 32 as shown by arrow 79 as shown by arrow 85, the gap S between the rotary disk 30 and the fixed disk 25 can be backwashed.

【0054】前記実施例は、小異物分離装置の一例であ
るが、この装置に限定されることなく、現に使用されて
いる各種異物除去装置を使用することができる。
The above embodiment is an example of the small foreign matter separating device, but the present invention is not limited to this device, and various foreign substance removing devices currently in use can be used.

【0055】前記のように生海苔は洗浄槽内の洗浄によ
って小異物、微小異物及び汚水と分離され、洗浄生海苔
として次工程(ミンチ)に送られる。前記異物除去につ
いては実施例に限定されるものではない。
As described above, the raw seaweed is separated from the small foreign matter, the fine foreign matter and the sewage by the washing in the washing tank and sent to the next step (minced) as washed raw seaweed. The removal of foreign matter is not limited to the embodiment.

【0056】[0056]

【実施例4】この発明の仕上げ洗浄の実施例を図11、
12、13、14に基づいて説明する。第1洗浄槽51
の長手方向に平行して、第1、第2の回転軸52、53
を上下に所定間隔に架設し、前記回転軸52、53に夫
々撹拌羽根54、55を放射状に突設する。前記撹拌羽
根54、55は互に交叉させてあると共に、相互間隔S
、Sは不均等にしてある。従って回転軸を回転すれ
ば、撹拌羽根54、55によって混合液は不均等に撹拌
され、生海苔は不均等外力を受けて十分洗浄される。前
記第1洗浄槽51には、第2洗浄槽60が並列してあ
り、第2洗浄槽60の内部に撹拌羽根56を有する回転
軸57が架設してある。前記第1洗浄槽51には、ミン
チ64の生海苔排出頭65が臨ませてある。前記第1洗
浄槽51と、第2洗浄槽60の間には脱水槽61が介装
されており、第1洗浄槽51と第2洗浄槽60とで、塩
水又は真水を使い分ける際には、中間で脱水槽61(図
14)を使用する。
[Embodiment 4] An embodiment of finish cleaning of the present invention is shown in FIG.
Description will be made based on 12, 13, and 14. First cleaning tank 51
Parallel to the longitudinal direction of the first and second rotary shafts 52, 53
Are vertically installed at predetermined intervals, and stirring blades 54 and 55 are radially provided on the rotating shafts 52 and 53, respectively. The stirring blades 54 and 55 are crossed with each other and have a mutual spacing S.
1 and S 2 are unequal. Therefore, when the rotary shaft is rotated, the mixed liquid is agitated unevenly by the agitating blades 54 and 55, and the raw seaweed is sufficiently washed by receiving an unequal external force. A second cleaning tank 60 is arranged in parallel with the first cleaning tank 51, and a rotary shaft 57 having a stirring blade 56 is installed inside the second cleaning tank 60. The first washing tank 51 faces a fresh seaweed discharge head 65 of mince 64. A dehydration tank 61 is interposed between the first cleaning tank 51 and the second cleaning tank 60, and when salt water or fresh water is used separately between the first cleaning tank 51 and the second cleaning tank 60, In the middle, dehydration tank 61 (Fig.
14 ) is used.

【0057】前記実施例において、例えば塩水洗浄の際
はミンチ64から排出された生海苔は、シュート66を
矢示67のように通り、第1洗浄槽51に入り、塩水中
を矢示62のように流動しつつ、強く揉み作用を受けて
排出口68から脱水槽61に入り、脱水槽61のシュー
ト69から第2洗浄槽60に入って、矢示70のように
進行しつつ、真水で洗浄されて、次工程(脱水機を経て
調合機)へ送られる。
In the above-mentioned embodiment, for example, the raw seaweed discharged from the mince 64 at the time of washing with salt water passes through the chute 66 as indicated by the arrow 67, enters the first washing tank 51, and enters the salt water as indicated by the arrow 62. Flowing into the dehydration tank 61 from the discharge port 68, entering the second cleaning tank 60 from the chute 69 of the dehydration tank 61, and advancing as shown by the arrow 70, and flowing with fresh water. It is washed and sent to the next step (preparation machine via dehydrator).

【0058】前記において、第1洗浄槽51で真水で洗
浄された場合には、その排出口68から第2洗浄槽60
の供給口71に送られ、第2洗浄槽60で塩水により洗
浄されて矢示70のように進行し、排出口72から脱水
槽61に送られ、脱水槽61のシュート69を経て調合
機(図示してない)に送られる。図11中73はモー
タ、74、75、75aは撹拌軸52、57を連動させ
るスプロケットである。前記における第2洗浄槽60の
塩水は、塩又は濃塩水を添加して作る。
In the above, when the first washing tank 51 is washed with fresh water, the second washing tank 60 is discharged from the outlet 68.
Is fed to the supply port 71 of the second washing tank 60, washed with salt water in the second washing tank 60, proceeds as shown by the arrow 70, is sent to the dehydration tank 61 from the discharge port 72, and passes through the chute 69 of the dehydration tank 61 to the blender (Not shown). In FIG. 11, 73 is a motor, and 74, 75 and 75a are sprockets for interlocking the stirring shafts 52 and 57. The salt water in the second cleaning tank 60 described above is prepared by adding salt or concentrated salt water.

【0059】前記において第1洗浄槽51の洗浄を省略
する場合には、シュート66を矢示77のように延長
し、ミンチ64で細断した生海苔を第2洗浄槽60へ直
接移して洗浄する(図12)。
When the washing of the first washing tank 51 is omitted in the above, the chute 66 is extended as shown by the arrow 77, and the raw seaweed shredded with the mince 64 is directly transferred to the second washing tank 60 for washing. (Fig. 12).

【0060】前記脱水槽61は、外槽80の内側に所定
の間隔を保ってパンチングメタル製の分離筒81を固定
し、該分離筒81の内部に所定の間隔を保って回転筒8
2を立設し、回転筒82の下端をモータ83に連結する
(図14)。
In the dehydration tank 61, a separation cylinder 81 made of punching metal is fixed inside the outer tank 80 with a predetermined space, and inside the separation cylinder 81 with a predetermined space, the rotary cylinder 8 is held.
2 is erected and the lower end of the rotary cylinder 82 is connected to the motor 83 (FIG. 14 ).

【0061】前記回転筒82には螺旋植毛84が設けて
あり、螺旋植毛84の先端は、前記分離筒81の内壁に
摺接して清掃と、生海苔を矢示85のように上昇させる
ようになっており、前記螺旋植毛84は、所定間隔毎に
断部a(植毛なくの部分がある)が設けてある(図
)。
The rotary cylinder 82 is provided with a spiral flocked hair 84, and the tip of the spiral flocked hair 84 is brought into sliding contact with the inner wall of the separation cylinder 81 for cleaning and raising the raw seaweed as shown by an arrow 85. The spiral flocked hair 84 is provided with breaks a (there is a portion without flocking) at predetermined intervals (FIG. 1 ).
4 ).

【0062】前記実施例において、生海苔と水との混合
液を送入パイプ86から矢示98のように分離筒81の
内側に送入すると共に、モータ83を始動すると、混合
液は螺旋植毛84により上方へ移動させられると共に、
汚水及び微細固形物は分離筒81の側壁を矢示87のよ
うに通過して排水パイプ88から矢示89のように排出
される(図14)。
In the above-mentioned embodiment, when the mixed liquid of fresh seaweed and water is fed from the feeding pipe 86 into the inside of the separating cylinder 81 as shown by the arrow 98 and the motor 83 is started, the mixed liquid spirally flockes the hair. It is moved upward by 84,
Sewage and fine solids pass through the side wall of the separation cylinder 81 as indicated by arrow 87 and are discharged from the drainage pipe 88 as indicated by arrow 89 (FIG. 14 ).

【0063】一方洗浄された生海苔は、螺旋植毛84に
よって矢示90のように送られ、シュート69から矢示
79のように次工程(洗浄槽)に送られる。図中91は
跳ね出し羽根、92は通過口である。
On the other hand, the washed raw seaweed is sent by the spiral flocked hair 84 as shown by the arrow 90, and sent from the chute 69 to the next step (washing tank) as shown by the arrow 79. In the figure, reference numeral 91 is a jumping blade, and 92 is a passage opening.

【0064】前記実施例において、塩を供給するには、
塩タンク95の流下筒96に計量バルブ97を回転自在
に架設し、該計量バルブ97を自動又は手動で回転し、
所定量の塩を取り出す。例えばバルブ97は1回転で1
0gの塩が排出されるとすれば、10回転で100gと
なり、その回転数により必要量の塩を供給することがで
きる。前記計量バルブ97は、例えば円柱体の外壁に溝
が設けてあり、この溝内へ塩が入って定量化される。
In the above embodiment, to supply salt,
A metering valve 97 is rotatably installed on the flow-down cylinder 96 of the salt tank 95, and the metering valve 97 is automatically or manually rotated.
Remove a predetermined amount of salt. For example, the valve 97 rotates once per revolution
If 0 g of salt is discharged, it becomes 100 g in 10 rotations, and the required amount of salt can be supplied depending on the number of rotations. The metering valve 97 has, for example, a groove on the outer wall of a cylindrical body, and salt is quantified in the groove.

【0065】[0065]

【発明の効果】この発明によれば、貯槽に入る前に粗異
物を排除するので、爾後の処理が一層円滑になると共
に、粗異物と小異物を分けて分離するので、分離効率を
向上させることができる効果がある。
According to the present invention, since the coarse foreign matter is removed before entering the storage tank, the subsequent treatment becomes smoother, and the coarse foreign matter and the small foreign matter are separated separately, so that the separation efficiency is improved. There is an effect that can be.

【0066】また生海苔の品質に応じ、塩水処理と、真
水処理を繰り返すことにより、生海苔の活性化と、生海
苔から固形異物、付着物を完全に近く除去できると共
に、生海苔の品質を一定にし、製品を均質化できる効果
がある。
By repeating the salt water treatment and the fresh water treatment depending on the quality of the raw seaweed, the activation of the raw seaweed and the removal of solid foreign matters and adhering substances from the raw seaweed can be almost completed, and the quality of the raw seaweed can be improved. It has the effect of making it uniform and homogenizing the product.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】同じくシステムの実施例のブロック図。 FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the system.

【図2】同じく粗異物分離装置の実施例の一部を省略し
た断面図。
FIG. 2 also omits a part of the embodiment of the coarse foreign matter separating device.
Cross section.

【図3】(a)同じく蓋を除去し一部を省略した平面
図。 (b)同じく羽根車部分の一部を省略した横断平面図。
FIG. 3 (a) is a plan view with the lid removed and a part omitted.
Fig. (B) Similarly, the cross-sectional plan view which abbreviate | omitted a part of impeller part.

【図4】同じく図3に示す粗異物分離装置の実施例の一
部を省略した断面図。
FIG. 4 is one example of the embodiment of the coarse foreign matter separating device shown in FIG.
Sectional drawing which abbreviate | omitted the part.

【図5】同じく回転盤の昇降機構の実施例の一部を省略
した断面拡大図。
FIG. 5 also omits a part of the embodiment of the lifting mechanism for the turntable .
FIG.

【図6】(a)同じく生海苔の通過間隙を示す一部断面
拡大説明図。 (b)同じく他の切断面における一部断面拡大説明図。
FIG. 6 (a) is a partial cross section showing a passage gap of fresh seaweed.
FIG. (B) Similarly, a partially enlarged cross-sectional explanatory view of another cut surface.

【図7】同じく小異物を除去する実施例の概念図。 FIG. 7 is a conceptual diagram of an example of removing small foreign matters.

【図8】同じく一部横断平面図。 FIG. 8 is a partially transverse plan view of the same.

【図9】同じく図8における回転盤と固定盤の関係を示
す一部断面拡大図。
FIG. 9 is a view showing the relationship between the rotary plate and the fixed plate in FIG.
An enlarged view of a partial cross section.

【図10】同じく通過間隙の一部断面拡大説明図。 FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of a partial cross section of the passage gap.

【図11】同じく洗浄槽の実施例の一部を省略した平面
図。
FIG. 11 is a plan view of the cleaning tank, omitting a part of the embodiment.
Fig.

【図12】同じく一部を省略した縦断正面図。 FIG. 12 is a vertical sectional front view with a part thereof omitted.

【図13】同じく撹拌羽根の交叉状態を示す拡大説明
図。
FIG. 13 is an enlarged explanation showing the crossing state of the stirring blades .
Fig.

【図14】同じく脱水槽の実施例の一部を省略した一部
断面拡大図。
FIG. 14 is a partially omitted embodiment of the dehydration tank
Sectional enlarged view.

【図15】同じく塩供給装置の実施例の概念図。 FIG. 15 is a conceptual diagram of an embodiment of the salt supply device.

【図16】従来の生海苔処理方法のブロック図。 FIG. 16 is a block diagram of a conventional method for treating raw seaweed.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 円筒槽 2 環状溝 3 蓋 4 液出口 5 固定盤 5a 固定盤のリブ 6 環状突条 7 回転軸 8 中央軸受部 9 軸受筒 10 回転盤 10a 回転盤のリブ 11 昇降用ハンドル 12 大きい異物 13 底板 14 取出しパイプ 15 フック 16 送入口 19、40 バルブ 20 レバー 21 外槽 22 洗浄槽 23 仕切筒 24 底板 25 固定盤 26 匣体 27 吸引パイプ 27a 連結パイプ 28 環状溝 29 環状突条 30 回転盤 30a リブ 31 回転軸 32 送水パイプ 33 送液ホース 34 補水ホース 35 異物排出口 36 排出パイプ 37、38 排水パイプ 39 荒切器 48 スプロケット 49 昇降軸 50 ハンドル 51 第1洗浄槽 52 第1回転軸 53 第2回転軸 54、55、56 撹拌羽根 57 回転軸 60 第2洗浄槽 61 脱水槽 64 ミンチ 65 生海苔排出頭 66、69 シュート 68、72 排出口 71 供給口 73 モータ 74、75、75a スプロケット 80 外槽 81 分離筒 82 回転筒 83 モータ 84 螺旋植毛 86 送入パイプ 88 排水パイプ 91 跳ね出し羽根 92 通過口 95 塩タンク 96 流下筒 97 計量バルブ 104 透覗孔 105 透明蓋 107 羽根車 108 モータ 114 ナット 115 昇降軸 119、120、126 ロックナット 1 cylindrical tank 2 annular groove 3 lid 4 liquid outlet 5 fixed board 5a Fixed plate rib 6 annular ridges 7 rotation axis 8 Central bearing 9 Bearing tube 10 turntable 10a Turntable rib 11 Lifting handle 12 large foreign matter 13 Bottom plate 14 Take-out pipe 15 hooks 16 entrance 19, 40 valves 20 lever 21 Outer tank 22 Cleaning tank 23 partition 24 Bottom plate 25 fixed plate 26 box 27 Suction pipe 27a Connection pipe 28 annular groove 29 annular protrusion 30 turntable 30a rib 31 rotation axis 32 water pipe 33 Liquid supply hose 34 Rehydration hose 35 Foreign matter outlet 36 discharge pipe 37, 38 drainage pipe 39 Rough cutting device 48 sprockets 49 Lifting axis 50 handles 51 First cleaning tank 52 First rotating shaft 53 Second rotating shaft 54, 55, 56 Stirring blade 57 rotation axis 60 Second cleaning tank 61 dehydration tank 64 minced 65 Raw seaweed discharging head 66, 69 shoots 68, 72 outlet 71 Supply port 73 motor 74, 75, 75a sprockets 80 outer tank 81 Separation Tube 82 rotating cylinder 83 motor 84 spiral flocking 86 Inlet pipe 88 drainage pipe 91 Bounce blade 92 Passage 95 salt tank 96 Downflow tube 97 Metering valve 104 see-through hole 105 transparent lid 107 impeller 108 motor 114 nuts 115 Lifting axis 119, 120, 126 Lock nut

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (58)調査した分野(Int.Cl.7,DB名) A23L 1/337 ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of the front page (58) Fields surveyed (Int.Cl. 7 , DB name) A23L 1/337

Claims (4)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】 貯槽から取り出した生海苔を荒切り後、
比較的大きい天然固形物及び人工固形物をスリットで分
離する粗異物分離手段と、定量移送手段と、 洗浄と分離による小異物分離手段と、細断手段と真水又
は塩水を入れて洗浄する二つの洗浄槽を設置し、各洗浄
槽内に乱流を発生させる撹拌翼を夫々架設して、真水及
び/又は塩水による二つの洗浄槽を設置し、各洗浄槽内
へ撹拌手段を架設すると共に、各撹拌手段へ駆動手段を
連結し、前記各洗浄槽は、海苔液が直列状に流動するよ
うに連結し、各洗浄槽へ真水又は塩水の供給手段を夫々
付設した洗浄手段とを順次連結し、前記各手段の制御手
段を付設したことを特徴とする生海苔前処理システム。
1. After rough cutting the raw seaweed taken out from the storage tank,
Coarse foreign matter separation means for separating relatively large natural solids and artificial solids with slits, quantitative transfer means, small foreign matter separation means by washing and separation, shredding means and two methods of washing with fresh water or salt water. A cleaning tank is installed, a stirring blade for generating turbulent flow is installed in each cleaning tank, two cleaning tanks with fresh water and / or salt water are installed, and a stirring means is installed in each cleaning tank. A drive means is connected to each stirring means, each washing tank is connected so that the laver liquid flows in series, and each washing tank is sequentially connected to a cleaning means provided with fresh water or salt water supply means. A raw seaweed pretreatment system characterized in that a control means for each of the above means is additionally provided.
【請求項2】 塩水を入れる洗浄槽には、塩水タンク又
は塩水生成装置を付設したことを特徴とする請求項
載の生海苔前処理システム。
Wherein the cleaning tank to put water in the raw seaweed pretreatment system according to claim 1, wherein the annexed salt water tank or brine device.
【請求項3】 請求項1記載の分離手段は、分離槽の中
央部へ設けた隔壁に、複数の環状溝を同心円状に穿設し
た固定盤を固定し、その下面に対向して、前記環状溝に
夫々遊嵌できる環状突条を有する回転盤を昇降可能で回
転自在の軸に架設し、該軸に羽根車より成るからまり防
止手段を取付け、前記固定盤の上方の分離槽には、生海
苔吸引パイプ端を接続開口させ、前記回転盤の下方に分
離槽の生海苔混合液の給送パイプを接続開口すると共
に、分離異物の排出口を設置し、前記分離槽の側壁に透
覗孔を設けたことを特徴とする異物分離用の生海苔前処
理装置。
3. The separating means according to claim 1 , wherein a fixing plate having a plurality of annular grooves concentrically formed in a partition wall provided in the central portion of the separation tank is fixed to face the lower surface of the fixing plate. A rotary disk having annular projections that can be loosely fitted in the annular grooves is installed on a rotatable shaft that can be raised and lowered, and a tangling prevention means composed of an impeller is attached to the shaft. , Open the end of the raw seaweed suction pipe, connect the opening of the feed pipe of the raw seaweed mixed solution in the separation tank under the rotating plate, and install the outlet for the separated foreign matter to the side wall of the separation tank. Raw seaweed pretreatment device for foreign matter separation characterized by having a peephole.
【請求項4】 請求項記載の洗浄手段は、二つの洗浄
槽を設置し、各洗浄槽内へ洗浄槽へ架設した二本の撹拌
軸に、不均等間隔で撹拌羽根が対向すべく突設した撹拌
手段を架設すると共に、各撹拌手段へ駆動手段を連結
し、前記各洗浄槽は、海苔液が直列状に流動するように
連結し、各洗浄槽へ真水又は撹拌手段を有する塩水槽
に、塩の定量供給手段は、塩槽の送塩筒に設けた定量器
とした塩と水の定量供給手段を付設した塩水の供給手段
を夫々付設したことを特徴とする生海苔前処理装置。
4. A washing means according to claim 1 is installed two cleaning tank, the two stirring shafts bridged to the cleaning tank to the cleaning tank, stirring blades at unequal intervals so as to face A projecting stirring means is installed, and a driving means is connected to each stirring means, and each washing tank is connected so that the laver liquid flows in series, and fresh water or a salt having a stirring means in each washing tank. Raw seaweed pretreatment characterized in that a fixed amount supply means of salt is provided in the water tank, and a salt water supply means provided with a fixed quantity supply means of salt and water, which is a fixed quantity device provided in a salt feeding cylinder of the salt tank, is attached respectively. apparatus.
JP2000342443A 2000-06-29 2000-11-09 Raw seaweed pretreatment system and pretreatment device Expired - Lifetime JP3491202B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000197058 2000-06-29
JP2000-197058 2000-06-29
JP2000342443A JP3491202B2 (en) 2000-06-29 2000-11-09 Raw seaweed pretreatment system and pretreatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000342443A JP3491202B2 (en) 2000-06-29 2000-11-09 Raw seaweed pretreatment system and pretreatment device

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2003197323A Division JP2004000244A (en) 2000-06-29 2003-07-15 Preliminary treatment method for raw laver

Publications (2)

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JP3491202B2 true JP3491202B2 (en) 2004-01-26

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4733621B2 (en) * 2006-12-06 2011-07-27 フルタ電機株式会社 Equipment for separating and / or removing coarse foreign matter from raw nori mixture
JP4954811B2 (en) * 2007-07-05 2012-06-20 フルタ電機株式会社 System that unitizes pretreatment process in laver production
JP6326444B2 (en) * 2016-04-21 2018-05-16 株式会社イツワ工業 Nori seaweed supply system
JP6246257B2 (en) * 2016-04-21 2017-12-13 株式会社イツワ工業 Nori seaweed supply system

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3065451U (en) 1999-07-02 2000-02-02 フルタ電機株式会社 Clearance adjustment mechanism of raw seaweed foreign matter separation device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3065451U (en) 1999-07-02 2000-02-02 フルタ電機株式会社 Clearance adjustment mechanism of raw seaweed foreign matter separation device

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