JP3478515B2 - Apparatus and method for recording and reproducing data - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for recording and reproducing data

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Publication number
JP3478515B2
JP3478515B2 JP01799796A JP1799796A JP3478515B2 JP 3478515 B2 JP3478515 B2 JP 3478515B2 JP 01799796 A JP01799796 A JP 01799796A JP 1799796 A JP1799796 A JP 1799796A JP 3478515 B2 JP3478515 B2 JP 3478515B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
time code
means
data
input data
recording
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JP01799796A
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Japanese (ja)
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JPH08279273A (en
Inventor
泰司 米田
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松下電器産業株式会社
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Priority to JP7-46370 priority
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Description

Detailed Description of the Invention

[0001]

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for recording and reproducing video and audio which provide a "time difference reproduction" function and a "time difference fast forward reproduction" function.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art In recent years, the number of broadcast channels has greatly increased due to the spread of satellite broadcasting, CATV, etc., and the programs to be watched often overlap. In addition, video is completely popular at home, and more convenient usage is required.

FIG. 16 shows a configuration in which a television and a video cassette recorder (VCR) are connected as an example of a conventional apparatus for recording and reproducing video and audio.

Hereinafter, each component shown in FIG. 16 will be described.

The broadcast receiving section 1 and the broadcast receiving section 2 receive a broadcast. Typically, the broadcast receiving unit 1 is a tuner built in the television, and the broadcast receiving unit 2 is a tuner built in the VCR.

The video / audio recording section 3 converts the video and audio output from the broadcast receiving section 2 into a recording signal and records the recording signal on a magnetic tape. The magnetic tape is driven by the magnetic tape drive unit 4.

The video / audio reproducing section 5 reproduces video and audio by converting the recording signal recorded on the magnetic tape. The video and audio reproduced by the video / audio reproduction unit 5 are supplied to the selection output unit 6.

The selective output unit 6 selectively outputs one of the output of the broadcast receiving unit 1 and the output of the video / audio reproducing unit 5. The selection in the selection output unit 6 is manually determined by the user.

The image display section 7 displays the image selected by the selection output section 6. The voice output unit 8 outputs the voice selected by the selection output unit 6.

[0010]

However, in the conventional apparatus having the above-mentioned structure, in order to reproduce the program currently being recorded, the recording is once stopped, the magnetic tape is rewound, and then the reproduction is started. Is required. Therefore, there are the following problems.

(1) The program cannot be reproduced from the beginning while continuing recording of the program being broadcast.

(2) When there is no choice but to interrupt viewing of a program being broadcast, the program cannot be played back from the point where viewing of the program was interrupted while continuing recording of the program.

(3) When there is no choice but to interrupt the viewing of a program being broadcast, the program cannot be fast-forwarded from where the viewing of the program was interrupted while continuing recording of the program.

Further, in the conventional apparatus, a plurality of programs cannot be recorded on the magnetic tape at the same time. Therefore, in order to record a plurality of programs at the same time, it is necessary to prepare the same number of recording / reproducing devices as the plurality of programs.

The objects of the present invention are (1) and (2) above.
"Time difference playback" function to solve the problem of the above, and (3) above
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a recording / reproducing apparatus having a "time difference fast-forward reproduction" function and a method thereof, which solves the above problem.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a recording / reproducing apparatus and method capable of simultaneously recording and reproducing a plurality of channels.

[0017]

[0018]

[0019]

[0020]

[0021]

[0022]

[0023]

Apparatus of the present invention In order to achieve the above object, according to an apparatus for recording and reproducing data, receiving means for receiving input data to generate a time code, to impart the time code to the input data Time code generating means, thinning means for thinning out the input data with the time code at a predetermined ratio, recording means for recording the input data with the time code thinned by the thinning means on a recording medium, and the recording Management means for managing the information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the medium, and management by the management means while recording the input data with the time code on the recording medium. Based on the information
Reproducing means for reproducing the data with time code recorded on the recording medium, comparing means for comparing the time code of the input data with the time code of the data reproduced by the reproducing means, and the comparison result by the comparing means. In response to the,
The above-mentioned object is achieved by the selection output means for selectively outputting at least one of the input data and the data reproduced by the reproduction means.

The apparatus further comprises compression means for compressing the input data with the time code thinned by the thinning means, and decompressing means for decompressing the data with the time code reproduced by the reproducing means. May be.

The selective output means includes means for giving priority to each of the input data with the time code and the reproduced data with the time code, and the device outputs the output of the selective output means to a predetermined value. In the display means for displaying in the form of, the predetermined mode may further include display means that is changed according to the priority order.
Another device of the present invention is a device for recording and reproducing data, a receiving means for receiving input data, a time code generating means for generating a time code and giving the time code to the input data, Recording means for recording input data with a time code on a recording medium, management means for managing information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the recording medium, and input data with the time code Reproducing means for reproducing the data with the time code recorded on the recording medium based on the information managed by the managing means while recording on the recording medium;
Thinning-out means for thinning out the time-coded data reproduced by the reproducing means at a predetermined ratio, comparing means for comparing the time code of the input data with the time code of the data thinned-out by the thinning means, According to the comparison result by the comparison means, the input data and the selective output means for selectively outputting at least one of the data thinned out by the thinning means are provided, whereby the above object is achieved.

The apparatus may further include a compression means for compressing the input data with the time code and a decompression means for decompressing the data with the time code reproduced by the reproducing means.

The selective output means includes means for giving priority to each of the input data with time code and the thinned data with time code, and the device outputs the output of the selective output means. The display means may be further provided to display in a predetermined mode, and the display mode of the display means may be changed according to the priority order. Another device of the present invention is a device for recording and reproducing data, a receiving means for receiving input data, a time code generating means for generating a time code and giving the time code to the input data, First thinning means for thinning out input data with time code at a first ratio, recording means for recording the input data with time code thinned by the first thinning means on a recording medium, and recording on the recording medium Management means for managing the information indicating the position of the input data with the time code, and based on the information managed by the management means while recording the input data with the time code on the recording medium. And reproducing the data with the time code recorded on the recording medium, and the data with the time code reproduced by the reproducing device.
A second thinning means for thinning out at a ratio of, a comparing means for comparing the time code of the input data with the time code of the data thinned by the second thinning means, and the comparing means according to the comparison result by the comparing means. The present invention includes the selection output means for selectively outputting at least one of the input data and the data thinned out by the second thinning means, thereby achieving the above object.

The apparatus further comprises compression means for compressing the time-coded input data thinned out by the first thinning-out means, and decompression means for decompressing the time-coded data reproduced by the reproducing means. You may have it.

The selective output means includes means for giving a priority to each of the time-coded input data and the thinned-out time-coded data, and the device outputs the output of the selective output means. The display means may be further provided to display in a predetermined mode, and the display mode of the display means may be changed according to the priority order.

[0030]

[0031]

[0032]

[0033]

[0034]

[0035]

Another method of the present invention is a method of recording / reproducing data, comprising the steps of (a) receiving input data, and (b) generating a time code and adding the time code to the input data. And (c) thinning out the input data with the time code at a predetermined ratio, and (d) recording the input data with the time code thinned in step (c) in a recording medium. (E) managing information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the recording medium,
(F) reproducing the time-coded data recorded in the recording medium based on the information managed in step (e) while recording the input data with the time code in the recording medium And (g) comparing the time code of the input data with the time code of the data reproduced in step (f), and (h) comparing the input data with the time code of the input data according to the comparison result in step (g). Selectively outputting at least one of the reproduced data, thereby achieving the above object.

The method further comprises the steps of compressing the input data with the time code thinned out in the step (c) and decompressing the data with the time code reproduced in the step (f). It may be included.

The step (h) includes a step of giving priority to each of the input data with the time code and the reproduced data with the time code, and the method includes the step in the step (h). It further includes a display step for displaying the selective output in a predetermined manner.
Display according to the priority in the display step
Aspects may be changed .

Another method of the present invention is a method of recording / reproducing data, comprising the steps of (a) receiving input data, and (b) generating a time code and adding the time code to the input data. And (c) recording the input data with the time code on a recording medium, and (d) managing information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the recording medium. ,
(E) While the input data with the time code is recorded on the recording medium, the data with the time code recorded on the recording medium is reproduced based on the information managed in step (d). Step, (f) thinning out the data with time code reproduced in step (e) at a predetermined ratio, (g) time code of the input data and time of data thinned out in step (f) And a step of (h) selectively outputting at least one of the input data and the data decimated in step (f) according to the comparison result in step (g). In this way, the above object is achieved.

The method may further include the steps of compressing the input data with the time code and decompressing the data with the time code reproduced in step (e).

The step (h) includes a step of giving priority to each of the input data with time code and the thinned data with time code, and the method includes the step (h). Further includes a display step for displaying the selective output in
Display according to the priority in the display step
Aspects may be changed .

Another method of the present invention is a method of recording / reproducing data, comprising the steps of (a) receiving input data, and (b) generating a time code and adding the time code to the input data. And (c) thinning out the input data with the time code at a first ratio, and (d) recording the input data with the time code thinned in step (c) in a recording medium. (E) managing information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the recording medium,
(F) While the input data with the time code is recorded on the recording medium, the data with the time code recorded on the recording medium is reproduced based on the information managed in step (e). Step (g) thinning out the time coded data reproduced in step (f) at a second ratio, (h) the time code of the input data and the data thinned out in step (g). A step of comparing the time code and a step of (i) selectively outputting at least one of the input data and the data thinned out in step (g) according to the comparison result in step (h). Including, which achieves the above objectives.

The method further comprises the steps of compressing the input data with the time code thinned out in the step (c) and decompressing the data with the time code reproduced in the step (f). It may be included.

The step (i) includes a step of giving priority to each of the input data with time code and the thinned data with time code, and the method includes the step (i). Further includes a display step for displaying the selective output in
Display according to the priority in the display step
Aspects may be changed .

[0045]

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

(Embodiment 1) FIG. 1 shows an apparatus 100 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Shows the configuration of. The device 100 has a "time difference reproduction" function. Here, the "time difference reproduction" function is defined as a function of reproducing the program being broadcast from the beginning while continuing recording of the program.

For example, the "time difference reproduction" function is useful when it is desired to watch the first half of a program again while continuing to record the latter half of the program. This is because the user can reproduce the first half of the program from the beginning without waiting for the end of recording of the second half of the program.

When a program from 9 pm to 11:00 pm is recorded by answering machine, the user returns home during the recording of the answering machine (for example, 9:30 pm), and the user returns before 11:00 pm. The "time difference play" function is useful when the user wants to start playing a program recorded by answering machine.
This is because the user can play the program from the beginning without waiting for the end of the answering machine recording.

Further, in the case where there is no choice but to interrupt the viewing of a certain program which is being broadcast, when it is desired to restart the viewing of the program from the point where the viewing of the program was interrupted later,
The "time difference playback" function is useful. This is because the user can play the program from the point where the viewing of the program was interrupted without waiting for the end of recording of the program.

Hereinafter, each component of the apparatus 100 will be described with reference to FIG.

Broadcast receiver 10 receives video and audio broadcasts. The broadcast receiving unit 10 is usually configured to be able to receive broadcasts of a plurality of channels. The broadcast receiving unit 10 selects one of the plurality of channels according to the channel selection signal from the input unit 14, and selects the video and audio corresponding to the selected channel as the video / audio recording unit 22. Output to the output unit 50.
The channel selection signal is input to the input unit 1 via the line 101.
4 to the broadcast receiving unit 10.

The video / audio recording unit 22 is the broadcast receiving unit 10.
The storage area management unit 31 is inquired as to where in the storage unit 30 the video and audio from the are to be recorded, and as a response to the inquiry, information indicating the position where the video and audio are recorded is obtained. The video / audio recording unit 22 records the video and audio at the position indicated by the information in the storage unit 30. Such position information is determined by the storage area management unit 31, and is referred to when the time difference reproduction is performed by the video / audio reproduction unit 40, as described later. This position information may be, for example, an address on the recording medium.

The video / audio recording section 22 includes a line 102.
A recording start signal, a recording end signal, and a time difference reproduction end signal are input from the input unit 14 via. The video / audio recording unit 22 starts the recording operation in response to the recording start signal, and ends the recording operation in response to the recording end signal or the time difference reproduction end signal.

The storage unit 30 stores video and audio in the storage unit 3.
It has a function of executing the operation of reproducing the video and audio recorded in the storage unit 30 in parallel with the operation of recording 0. For example, the storage unit 30 may be an optical disk drive having a recording head and a reproducing head that can be driven independently of each other, and a hard disk drive having such a plurality of heads.

FIG. 2 shows a specific configuration example of the storage section 30. The storage unit 30 includes a recording head 112 that records data on the recording medium 110, a reproducing head 114 that reproduces data recorded on the recording medium 110, and the recording head 1.
The recording controller 116 controls the recording head 12 and the reproducing controller 118 controls the reproducing head 114.

The recording controller 116 receives from the video / audio recording unit 22 the data to be written in the recording medium 110 and the information indicating the position to write the data (for example, the address on the recording medium 110). The recording controller 116 uses the recording head 1 based on the position information.
12 position is controlled, and the data is written to the recording medium 110 via the recording head 112.

The reproducing controller 118 is information indicating the position of the data read from the recording medium 110 from the video / audio reproducing section 40 (for example, an address on the recording medium 110).
To receive. The reproducing controller 118 controls the position of the reproducing head 114 based on the position information, and reads the data corresponding to the position information from the recording medium 110 via the reproducing head 114.

In this way, the recording controller 116 and the reproducing controller 118 are controlled independently of each other. As a result, the recording head 112 and the reproducing head 11
4 are controlled independently of each other. Accordingly, it is possible to perform the operation of reproducing the video and audio recorded on the recording medium 110 in parallel with the operation of recording the video and audio on the recording medium 110.

FIG. 3 shows another concrete configuration example of the storage unit 30. The recording unit 30 has an arbitration unit 122 and a random access memory 120.

The arbitration unit 122 receives a write command from the video / audio recording unit 22 and a read command from the video / audio reproducing unit 40. The arbitration unit 122 arbitrates the write command and the read command to sequentially output the write command and the read command to the random access memory 120. As a result, simultaneous access to the random access memory 120 is avoided. By sufficiently shortening the cycle of the write command and the read command to the random access memory 120, it can be considered that the operation of writing data to the random access memory 120 and the operation of reading data from the random access memory 120 are substantially in parallel. it can. Therefore, even with such a configuration, it is possible to execute the operation of reproducing the video and audio recorded in the storage unit 30 in parallel with the operation of recording the video and audio in the storage unit 30.

Referring again to FIG. 1, the video / audio reproducing section 4
0 plays the video and audio from the storage unit 30. A reproduction start signal, a reproduction end signal, a time difference reproduction start signal, and a time difference reproduction end signal are input to the video / audio reproduction unit 40 from the input unit 14 via the line 103.

The video / audio reproducing section 40 starts a normal reproducing operation in response to the reproduction start signal and the reproduction end signal,
finish. The video / audio reproduction unit 40 receives the position information of the video and audio managed by the recording area management unit 31 in response to the time difference reproduction start signal, and starts the reproduction of the video and audio based on the position information. To do. The video / audio reproduction unit 40 ends the reproduction operation in response to the time difference reproduction end signal.

The storage area management unit 31 manages the video and audio storage areas stored in the storage unit 30, and determines the newly stored video and audio recording areas. Specifically, the storage area management unit 31 has an area R for storing information (for example, an address on a recording medium) indicating the position in the storage unit 30 where the video and audio are recorded.

When the recording start signal is input to the video / audio recording section 22, the video / audio recording section 22 starts the recording operation. The video / audio recording unit 22 inquires of the storage area management unit 31 where in the storage unit 30 the video and audio from the broadcast receiving unit 10 should be recorded, and in response to the inquiry, the position at which the video and audio is recorded. Get the information to show. The storage area management unit 31 determines the position where the video and audio are recorded, and stores the information indicating the position in the area R.

After the recording operation is completed, the recording start signal is
When input again to the video / audio recording unit 22, the new position information is overwritten in the area R in the storage area management unit 31. In this way, the storage area management unit 31 holds only the latest position information.

The time difference reproduction start signal is the video / audio reproduction unit 4
When input to 0, the video / audio reproduction unit 40 refers to the area R in the storage area management unit 31 to read the position information,
Playback of video and audio is started from the position indicated by the position information.

The selective output section 50 selectively outputs at least one of the video and audio output from the broadcast receiving section 10 and the video and audio output from the video / audio reproducing section 40. The selective output unit 50 may selectively output only one of the output of the broadcast receiving unit 10 and the output of the video / audio reproducing unit 40, or the output of the broadcast receiving unit 10 and the video / audio reproducing unit 40.
It is also possible to prioritize each of the outputs of the audio reproducing unit 40 and output both of them.

The priority order is used to determine the mode of video display on the video display unit 60 or the mode of audio output on the audio output unit 70. For example, it is assumed that the selective output unit 50 gives the output of the broadcast receiving unit 10 a priority of “1” and the output of the video / audio reproducing unit 40 a priority of “2”. In this case, the video display unit 60 displays the video output from the broadcast receiving unit 10 on the main screen and the video output from the video / audio reproduction unit 40 on the sub screen, for example. Similarly, the video display unit 60 can adopt any display mode according to the priority order. The audio output unit 70 outputs the audio output from the broadcast receiving unit 10 at a high volume and the audio output from the video / audio reproduction unit 40 at a low volume, for example. Similarly, the voice output unit 7
0 can adopt any output mode according to the priority order.

The selection in the selection output section 50 is performed by the input section 1
4 in response to a video / audio selection signal input via line 104. The video / audio selection signal is used by the user to manually switch the output from the broadcast receiving unit 10 and the output from the video / audio reproducing unit 40. The selection in the selection output unit 50 is made in response to the time difference reproduction start signal and the time difference reproduction end signal input from the input unit 14 via the line 104.

Next, referring to FIGS. 4 (a) to 4 (d),
The operation of the device 100 related to the "time difference reproduction" function will be described.

4A to 4D, the output (input data) of the broadcast receiving unit 10, the input to the storage unit 30 (recorded data), the output of the storage unit 30 (reproduced data), and selection are shown. The time relationship between the output (output data) of the output unit 50 is shown.

In FIGS. 4A to 4D, each numbered rectangle represents one unit of recording and reproduction. For example, these may be one frame or one field. Moreover, these do not matter whether they are analog data or digital data.

At time T1, when the recording start signal is input from the input section 14, the recording start signal is changed to the line 1
It is supplied to the video / audio recording unit 22 via 02. As a result, the video / audio recording unit 22 starts the recording operation.
As a result, input data (data 1, 2, 3,
4. . . ) Are sequentially recorded in the storage unit 30 (FIG. 4A).
And FIG. 4 (b)).

At time T2, when the time difference reproduction start signal is input from the input unit 14, the time difference reproduction start signal is supplied to the video / audio reproduction unit 40 via the line 103 and selectively output via the line 104. Is supplied to the unit 50. As a result, the video / audio reproduction unit 40 starts the reproduction operation from the beginning of the recorded data. As a result, from time T2, the recorded data (data 1, 2, 3, 4, ...) Is sequentially reproduced as reproduction data (FIG. 4 (c)). Further, the selective output unit 50 automatically changes the output of at least the reproduction data so that the reproduction data is selectively output. As a result, at least reproduction data is output from the selection output unit 50 as output data (FIG. 4 (d)).

At time T3, when the time difference reproduction end signal is input from the input section 14, the time difference reproduction end signal is supplied to the video / audio recording section 22 via the line 102 and the video / audio recording section 22 via the line 103. It is supplied to the audio reproduction unit 40 and is supplied to the selection output unit 50 via the line 104. As a result, the video / audio recording unit 22 ends the recording operation. The video / audio reproduction unit 40 ends the reproduction operation. The selective output unit 50 selectively outputs at least the output immediately before the input of the time difference reproduction start signal,
Change its output automatically.

In this way, from time T2 to time T3, in parallel with the operation of recording video and audio in storage unit 30, the operation of reproducing video and audio stored in storage unit 30 is executed. .

In the example of the operation shown in FIG. 4, data 9 ...
12 is recorded in the storage unit 30. However, the data 9 to 12 are not reproduced by the video / audio reproduction unit 40. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 5, even if the video / audio recording unit 22 finishes the recording operation at time T4 by inputting the recording end signal from the input unit 14 at time T4, it is still shown in FIG. The same motion as the motion is obtained.

Thus, by inputting the recording end signal at time T4, it is possible to prevent redundant data from being recorded in the storage section 30. For example, when the length of the program to be recorded is known in advance, it is possible to input such a recording end signal with good timing.

The recording start signal and the recording end signal are
The user may manually input, or by using a known answering machine recording function, the recording start signal and the recording end signal may be automatically input at preset times.

In the first embodiment described above, the time difference reproduction start signal and the time difference reproduction end signal are provided in addition to the reproduction start signal and the reproduction end signal which have been conventionally used. The easiest method for generating such a signal is that when the user inputs a reproduction start command and a reproduction end command to the input unit 14, the input unit 14 generates the reproduction start signal and the reproduction end signal, Is a method of generating a time difference reproduction start signal and a time difference reproduction end signal when the time difference reproduction start command and the time difference reproduction end command are input to the input unit 14. However, the user distinguishes the reproduction start command from the time difference reproduction start command, distinguishes the reproduction end command from the time difference reproduction end signal, and inputs those commands into the input unit 1.
Entering 4 may be cumbersome for the user.

By adding a state determination unit 15 (not shown) for determining whether or not the apparatus 100 is in the recording operation state to the apparatus 100, the reproduction start command and the time difference reproduction start command can be distinguished and the reproduction end command can be obtained. It is possible to eliminate the need for distinguishing between the time difference reproduction end command and

The state determination unit 15 determines whether the apparatus 100 is in the recording operation state. Such a determination is achieved, for example, by monitoring the recording start signal and the recording end signal input from the input unit 14 to the video / audio recording unit 22. A reproduction start command is input from the user through the input unit 14
When the input is input to, the input unit 14 inquires of the state determination unit 15 whether the device 100 is in the recording operation state. The state determination unit 15 returns the determination result to the input unit 14 in response to the inquiry. The determination result is “device 100
Is not in a recording operation state ”, the input unit 1
4 generates a reproduction start signal. The playback start signal is
It is supplied to the video / audio reproduction unit 40. When the result of the determination is “the device 100 is in the recording operation state”, the input unit 14 generates a time difference reproduction start signal. The time difference reproduction start signal is supplied to the video / audio reproduction unit 40 and the selection output unit 50.

The state determination unit 15 also determines which of the reproduction start signal and the time difference reproduction start signal is generated most recently. Such a determination is made by, for example, the input unit 1.
This is achieved by monitoring the playback start signal and the time difference playback start signal generated by 4. When the user inputs a reproduction end command to the input unit 14, the input unit 14
Asks the state determination unit 15 to determine which of the reproduction start signal and the time difference reproduction start signal is generated most recently. The state determination unit 15 returns the determination result to the input unit 14 in response to the inquiry. When the result of the determination is “playback start signal”, the input unit 14 generates a playback end signal. The reproduction end signal is supplied to the video / audio reproduction unit 40. If the determination result is “a time difference reproduction start signal”, the input unit 14
A time difference reproduction end signal is generated. The time difference reproduction end signal is supplied to the video / audio recording unit 22, the video / audio reproducing unit 40, and the selection output unit 50.

In this way, without using the time difference reproduction start command and the time difference reproduction end command, FIG. 4 and FIG.
The same operation as the operation shown in can be obtained. The state determination unit 15 may be built in the input unit 14.

(Second Embodiment) FIG. 6 shows an apparatus 200 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
Shows the configuration of. The configuration of the device 200 is the same as the configuration of the device 100 shown in FIG. 1 except that the video / audio compression unit 21 and the video / audio decompression unit 41 are added.
Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals and the description thereof will be omitted.

The video / audio compressing section 21 includes a broadcast receiving section 10
The video and audio output from is compressed by a predetermined method. The video / audio expansion section 41 expands the video and audio output from the video / audio reproduction section 40 by a predetermined method.
Any method can be adopted as the compression method and the expansion method. For example, a compression method and a decompression method based on the MPEG1 and MPEG2 standards may be adopted.

According to the second embodiment, in addition to the effect similar to that of the first embodiment, by compressing the output of the broadcast receiving unit 10, the amount of data recorded in the storage unit 30 can be reduced. As a result, it becomes possible to use a low-priced storage device having a smaller data transfer rate or storage capacity as the storage unit 30 as compared with the first embodiment. Further, in the second embodiment, when the same storage unit 30 as in the first embodiment is used, the recording time of the storage unit 30 can be significantly increased.

(Third Embodiment) FIG. 7 shows an apparatus 300 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
Shows the configuration of. The device 300 has a "time difference reproduction" function corresponding to multi-channel. Here, the "time difference reproduction" function corresponding to multi-channel is defined as a function of reproducing a program of a plurality of channels from the beginning while continuing recording of programs of a plurality of channels being broadcast. .

Hereinafter, each component of the apparatus 300 will be described with reference to FIG.

The N-channel broadcast receiving section 12 receives video and audio of N channels being broadcast. Here, N is a positive integer.

The M channel selection section 13 selects M channels from the N channels in response to the channel selection signal from the input section 16 and outputs the video and audio corresponding to the selected M channels. M channel video /
It is output to the voice recording unit 23. The channel selection signal is input from the input unit 16 to the M channel selection unit 13 via the line 301. Here, M is a positive integer, and N ≧
It is M.

The M channel video / audio recording section 23 is
The storage area management unit 33 is inquired about where in the storage unit 32 the video and audio of the M channels from the channel selection unit 13 are to be recorded, and as a response to the inquiry,
Obtain information indicating the position where the video and audio are recorded.
The M-channel video / audio recording unit 23 records the video and audio at the position indicated by the information in the storage unit 32. Such position information is determined by the storage area management unit 33, and is referred to when the time difference reproduction is performed by the P channel video / audio reproduction unit 42 as described later. This position information may be, for example, an address on the recording medium.

In the M channel video / audio recording section 23,
A recording start signal, a recording end signal, and a time difference reproduction end signal are input from the input unit 16 via the line 302. The M channel video / audio recording unit 23 starts the recording operation in response to the recording start signal, and ends the recording operation in response to the recording end signal or the time difference reproduction end signal.

The storage unit 32 stores the video and audio in the storage unit 3.
2 has a function of executing the operation of reproducing the video and audio recorded in the storage unit 32 in parallel with the operation of recording the data in 2. For example, the storage unit 32 can be driven by M independent of each other.
It may be an optical disk drive having one recording head and P reproducing heads and a hard disk drive having such a plurality of heads. Alternatively, the storage unit 32 may be a randomly accessible semiconductor memory. The storage unit 32 may be configured similarly to the storage unit 30 described with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3.

The P-channel video / audio reproducing unit 42 responds to the channel selection signal from the input unit 16 by the storage unit 3
P channels are selected from the plurality of channels recorded in No. 2, and the video and audio corresponding to the selected P channels are reproduced. The P channels may be selected from the M channels currently being recorded and the channels previously recorded in the storage unit 30. The channel selection signal is input to the input unit 16 via the line 303.
Is input to the P-channel video / audio reproducing unit 42 from.
Here, P is a positive integer.

The P channel video / audio reproduction section 42 includes
The reproduction start signal, the reproduction end signal, the time difference reproduction start signal, and the time difference reproduction end signal are input via the line 303.
Input from.

In response to the reproduction start signal and the reproduction end signal, the P channel video / audio reproduction unit 42 starts and ends the reproduction operation of P channels. The P-channel video / audio reproduction unit 42 responds to the time difference reproduction start signal by
It receives position information of video and audio managed by the storage area management unit 33, and based on the position information,
Playback of video and audio of P channels is started.
The P-channel video / audio reproducing unit 42 ends the P-channel reproducing operation in response to the time difference reproduction end signal.

The storage area management unit 33 manages the storage areas of the video and audio of a plurality of channels stored in the storage unit 32, and determines the newly stored video and audio recording areas. Specifically, the storage area management unit 33 stores areas R 1 to R for storing information (for example, an address on a recording medium) indicating the position in the storage unit 32 where the video and audio of a plurality of channels are recorded. Has M + K.

When the recording start signal is input to the M channel video / audio recording section 23, the M channel video / audio recording section 23 starts the recording operation of M channels. The M channel video / audio recording unit 23 inquires of the storage area management unit 33 where in the storage unit 32 the video and audio of the M channels from the M channel selection unit 13 are to be recorded, and as a response to the inquiry, the Obtain information indicating the position where video and audio are recorded. Storage area management unit 3
3 determines the position where the video and audio are recorded, and stores the information indicating the position in the areas R 1 to RM + K.

After the end of the recording operation, the recording start signal is
When input again to the M channel video / audio recording unit 23, new position information is overwritten on the regions R 1 to RM + K in the storage region management unit 33. In this way, the storage area management unit 33 holds only the latest position information.

When the time difference reproduction signal is input to the P-channel video / audio reproduction section 42, the P-channel video / audio reproduction section 42 selects P of the areas R 1 to RM + K in the storage area management section 33. The position information is read out with reference to the area of, and the reproduction of the video and audio of the P channels is started from the position indicated by the position information.

The selection output section 51 outputs the video and audio of N channels output from the N-channel broadcast receiving section 12 and the video and audio of P channels output from the P-channel video / audio reproducing section 42. The video of Q channels and the audio of one channel are at least selectively output. Where Q is a positive integer and N + P
≧ Q. The selective output unit 51 may selectively output only the video of Q channels and the audio of one channel among the output of the N-channel broadcast receiving unit 12 and the output of the P-channel video / audio reproducing unit 42. Then, the output of the N channel broadcast receiving unit 12 and the P channel video / audio reproducing unit 4
Each of the two outputs may be prioritized and both may be output. The priority order is used to determine the mode of video display on the video display unit 61 or the mode of audio output on the audio output unit 71. For example, the selection output unit 51 gives the outputs of the N-channel broadcast receiving unit 12 priority levels “P 1 to P N ”, and the outputs of the P-channel video / audio reproduction unit 42 the priority levels “P N + 1 to P N”. + P "is added. In this case, the image display unit 61 displays, for example, an image having a priority "P i" to the priority screen having an area proportional to the "P i". Similarly, the video display unit 6
1 may adopt any display mode according to the priority order.
The audio output unit 71 outputs, for example, at the volume proportion of the speech having the priority "P i" priority "P i". Here, i = 1, 2, 3 ,. . . , N + P. Similarly, the audio output unit 71 can adopt any output mode according to the priority order. However, it is preferable that the sound output unit 71 sets the volume of the sound other than the selected one sound to zero. This is to prevent confusion of a plurality of voices.

The selection in the selection output section 51 is performed by the input section 1
6 in response to a video / audio selection signal input via line 304. The video / audio selection signal is output by the user manually from the N-channel broadcast receiver 12 and P
It is used to switch between the output from the channel video / audio reproduction section 42. The selection in the selection output unit 51 is made in response to the time difference reproduction start signal and the time difference reproduction end signal input from the input unit 16 via the line 304.

(Fourth Embodiment) FIG. 8 shows an apparatus 400 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
Shows the configuration of. The device 400 is configured such that the M channel video / audio compression unit 24 and the P channel video / audio decompression unit 44.
The device 3 shown in FIG. 7 except that and are added.
No. 00 has the same structure. Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals and the description thereof will be omitted.

The M channel video / audio compression unit 24
The video and audio of the M channels output from the channel selection unit 13 are compressed by a predetermined method. The P-channel video / audio expansion unit 44 expands the video and audio of P channels output from the P-channel video / audio reproduction unit 42 by a predetermined method. Any method can be adopted as the compression method and the expansion method. For example, a compression method and a decompression method based on the MPEG1 and MPEG2 standards may be adopted.

According to the fourth embodiment, in addition to the effect similar to that of the third embodiment, the amount of data recorded in the storage unit 32 can be reduced by compressing the output of the M channel selection unit 13. . As a result, it becomes possible to use a low-priced storage device having a smaller data transfer speed or storage capacity as the storage unit 32 as compared with the third embodiment. Further, in the fourth embodiment, when the same storage unit 32 as in the third embodiment is used, the recording time of the storage unit 32 can be significantly increased.

(Fifth Embodiment) FIG. 9 shows an apparatus 500 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
Shows the configuration of. The device 500 has a "time difference fast forward reproduction" function. Here, what is the "time difference fast-forward playback" function?
The recording of the program is started from the time when the viewing of a certain program being broadcast is interrupted, and the video and audio recorded after the time when the viewing of the program is interrupted is fast-forwarded and played back, and the video and audio that are played fast-forward are broadcast. When it catches up with the video and audio inside, it automatically stops fast-forward playback and automatically switches to that program being broadcast. For example, the "time difference fast-forward reproduction" function is useful in the case where the viewing of a certain program being broadcast must be interrupted and the viewing of the program is resumed from where the viewing of the program was interrupted.

The configuration of the device 500 is the same as that of the device 100 shown in FIG. 1, except that the time code generating unit 11, the frame dropping unit 20, and the time code comparing unit 52 are added.
The configuration is the same as that of. Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof will be omitted.

The time code generating section 11 generates a time code and adds the time code to one unit of video and audio output from the broadcast receiving section 10. When the video and audio are digital data, the addition of the time code is achieved by adding a plurality of bits indicating the time code to the digital data. When the video and audio are analog data, for example, the addition of the time code is achieved by inserting an analog signal indicating the time code during the vertical blanking period between the frames. Here, the time code means information for identifying the time. Also, one unit of video and audio is
A unit for recording and reproducing. One unit for recording / reproducing may be, for example, one frame or one field. In the present embodiment, “video and audio” means video and audio to which a time code is added, unless otherwise specified.

The frame dropping unit 20 thins out the video and audio at a predetermined ratio from the video and audio to which the time code is added. The predetermined ratio is input from the input unit 14 to the frame dropping unit 20 via the line 105. For example,
When the predetermined ratio is 50%, the frame dropping unit 20 thins out one unit out of two units of video and audio output from the broadcast receiving unit 10. The unit of such thinning-out may be one frame or one field. In this way, the video and audio thinned out by the frame dropping unit 20 are supplied to the video / audio recording unit 22. As a result, the video / audio recording unit 22 records the thinned video and audio in the storage unit 30.

The video / audio reproducing section 40 reproduces the video and audio recorded in the storage section 30. As mentioned above,
The video and audio recorded in the storage unit 30 are thinned out by the frame dropping unit 20. The video / audio reproduction unit 40 performs signal processing on the thinned sound so that a person can recognize the thinned sound as normal sound. The signal processing is, for example, processing for shortening a silent section or smoothly connecting reproduced sounds,
Both are well-known processes.

The time code comparing section 52 is the broadcast receiving section 1
Time code TC1 for video and audio output from 0
And the time code TC2 of the video and audio output from the video / audio reproduction unit 40. Time code TC
2 corresponds to the time indicated by the time code TC1, or the time code T
When it comes after the time indicated by C1, the time code comparison unit 52 stops the reproduction operation of the video / audio reproduction unit 40, stops the recording operation of the video / audio recording unit 22, and selects the output unit 50. Change the selection in.

The selective output unit 50 selectively outputs at least one of the video and audio output from the broadcast receiving unit 10 and the video and audio output from the video / audio reproduction unit 40. The selection in the selection output unit 50 is made in response to the video / audio selection signal input from the time code comparison unit 52. The video / audio selection signal is a video / audio output from the video / audio reproduction unit 40 and a video / audio output from the broadcast receiving unit 10 when the video / audio reproduced fast-forward catches up with the video / audio in the air. And used to switch to voice. The selection in the selection output unit 50 is made in response to the time difference fast-forward reproduction start signal input from the input unit 14 via the line 104.

Next, referring to FIGS. 10A to 10D,
The operation of the apparatus 500 related to the "time difference fast forward reproduction" function will be described.

10A to 10D show the broadcast receiving unit 10.
Output (input data), input to the storage unit 30 (recorded data), output of the storage unit 30 (reproduced data), and output of the selective output unit 50 (output data). Show.

In FIGS. 10A to 10D, each numbered rectangle represents one unit of recording and reproduction. For example, these may be one frame or one field. Moreover, these do not matter whether they are analog data or digital data. The time code added to the data represented by the rectangle is shown above the numbered rectangle.

At time T1, when the recording start signal is input from the input section 14, the recording start signal is changed to the line 1
It is supplied to the video / audio recording unit 22 via 02. As a result, the video / audio recording unit 22 starts the recording operation.
In the video / audio recording section 22, the input data (data 5, 7, 9, 1) decimated by the frame dropping section 20 is recorded.
1. . . ) Is supplied. Therefore, the input data decimated by the frame dropping unit 20 is sequentially recorded in the storage unit 30 (FIGS. 10A and 10B).

At time T2, when the time difference fast-forward reproduction start signal is input from the input section 14, the time difference fast-forward reproduction start signal is supplied to the video / audio reproduction section 40 through the line 103 and the line 104. Selective output unit 5
Supplied to zero. As a result, the video / audio reproduction unit 40
The reproduction operation is started from the beginning of the recorded data. As a result, from time T2, recording data (data 5, 7, 9, 1
1. . . ) Are sequentially reproduced as reproduction data (FIG. 10).
(C)). In parallel with this reproducing operation, the video / audio recording section 22 continues the recording operation. Further, the selection output unit 50 is
In response to the time difference fast-forward reproduction start signal, the priority order corresponding to the input data and the priority order corresponding to the reproduction data are automatically changed so that the reproduction data is preferentially displayed. As a result, the reproduction data is preferentially output from the selection output unit 50 as output data (FIG. 10 (d)).

In the period P1, from the time indicated by the time code TC1 of the video and audio output from the broadcast receiving unit 10 to the time indicated by the time code TC2 of the video and audio output from the video / audio reproducing unit 40. One is before. As a result, the video / audio recording unit 2
2 continues the recording operation, and the video / audio reproduction unit 40 continues the reproduction operation.

At time T3, the fast-forwarded video and audio catch up with the video and audio being broadcast. Figure 1
In the examples shown in 0 (b) and (c), at time T3, the time (01
3) is the time indicated by the time code TC2 (01
Match 3). In this case, the time code comparison unit 52
Sends a recording end signal to the video / audio recording unit 22, sends a reproduction end signal to the video / audio reproducing unit 40, and sends a video / audio selection signal to the selection output unit 50. As a result, the video / audio recording unit 22 ends the recording operation in response to the recording end signal. The video / audio reproduction unit 40 ends the reproduction operation in response to the reproduction end signal. In response to the video / audio selection signal, the selection output unit 50 automatically changes the priority order corresponding to the input data and the priority order corresponding to the reproduction data so that the input data is preferentially displayed. As a result, the input data is preferentially output from the selection output unit 50 as output data (FIG. 10 (d)).

As described above, from time T2 to time T3, in parallel with the operation of recording the video and audio in the storage unit 30, the operation of reproducing the video and the audio stored in the storage unit 30 is executed. .

(Sixth Embodiment) FIG. 11 shows an apparatus 60 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention.
The structure of 0 is shown. The configuration of the device 600 is the same as that of the device 500 shown in FIG. 9 except that the video / audio compression unit 21 and the video / audio decompression unit 41 are added. Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals and the description thereof will be omitted.

The video / audio compression unit 21 is composed of the frame dropping unit 2
Video and audio thinned out by 0 are compressed by a predetermined method. The video / audio expansion unit 41 includes the video / audio reproduction unit 4
The video and audio output from 0 are expanded by a predetermined method. Any method can be adopted as the compression method and the expansion method. For example, MPEG1, MPEG2
A compression method and a decompression method based on the standard may be adopted.

According to the sixth embodiment, in addition to the same effect as the fifth embodiment, the amount of data recorded in the storage unit 30 can be reduced by compressing the output of the frame dropping unit 20. Thereby, as compared with the fifth embodiment,
A low-cost storage device having a low data transfer rate or storage capacity can be used as the storage unit 30.
Further, in the sixth embodiment, when the same storage unit 30 as in the fifth embodiment is used, the recording time of the storage unit 30 can be significantly increased.

(Embodiment 7) FIG. 12 shows an apparatus 70 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to Embodiment 7 of the present invention.
The structure of 0 is shown. The configuration of the device 700 is shown in FIG. 9 except that the frame dropping unit 20 in front of the video / audio recording unit 22 is deleted and the frame dropping unit 45 is added after the video / audio reproducing unit 40. The configuration of the device 500 is the same. Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof will be omitted.

According to the apparatus 700, the thinning process is not performed in the recording operation. As a result, the output of the broadcast receiving unit 10 is recorded in the storage unit 30 without being thinned out. In the reproduction operation, the frame dropping unit 45 thins out the video and audio from the video and audio reproduced by the video / audio reproduction unit 40 at a predetermined ratio. The predetermined ratio is input from the input unit 14 to the frame dropping unit 45 via the line 106. For example, when the predetermined ratio is 50%, the frame dropping unit 45 thins out one unit out of two units of video and audio output from the video / audio reproduction unit 40. The unit of such thinning-out may be one frame or one field. In this way, the video and audio thinned out by the frame dropping unit 45 are supplied to the time code comparison unit 52.

According to the seventh embodiment, in addition to the effect similar to that of the fifth embodiment, the thinning process of video and audio is performed at the time of reproduction, so that the reproduction speed can be freely set or changed at the time of reproduction. be able to. This facilitates playback according to the needs of the user.

(Embodiment 8) FIG. 13 shows an apparatus 80 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to Embodiment 8 of the present invention.
The structure of 0 is shown. The configuration of the device 800 is shown in FIG. 12 except that the video / audio compression unit 21 is added and the frame dropping unit 45 is replaced with a set of the video / audio decompression unit 41 and the frame dropping unit 46. The configuration of the device 700 is the same. Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals and the description thereof will be omitted.

The video / audio compressing section 21 includes the broadcast receiving section 10
The video and audio output from is compressed by a predetermined method. The video / audio expansion section 41 expands the video and audio output from the video / audio reproduction section 40 by a predetermined method.
The frame dropping unit 46 cooperates with the video / audio expansion unit 41 to perform a thinning process. For example, the compression method is MPEG1,
When a compression method for performing inter-frame / inter-field coding such as MPEG2 is adopted, the frame dropping unit 46
And the function of the video / audio expansion unit 41 are achieved by expanding and outputting only the I frame. This is because by decompressing and outputting only the I frame, decompression and frame dropping (thinning) can be performed at the same time.
This enables efficient frame reduction (thinning).

According to the eighth embodiment, in addition to the effect similar to that of the seventh embodiment, by compressing the output of the broadcast receiving section 10, the amount of data recorded in the storage section 30 can be reduced. As a result, it becomes possible to use a low-priced storage device having a smaller data transfer speed or storage capacity as the storage unit 30 as compared with the seventh embodiment. Further, in the eighth embodiment, when the same storage unit 30 as in the seventh embodiment is used, the recording time of the storage unit 30 can be significantly increased.

(Ninth Embodiment) FIG. 14 shows an apparatus 90 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to a ninth embodiment of the present invention.
The structure of 0 is shown. The configuration of the device 900 is the same as that of the device 700 shown in FIG. 12 except that the frame dropping unit 20 is added before the video / audio recording unit 22. Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof will be omitted.

According to the apparatus 900, the thinning process is performed in both the recording operation and the reproducing operation.

In the recording operation, the frame dropping unit 20
Images are thinned out at a predetermined ratio from the video and audio output from the broadcast receiving unit 10. The predetermined ratio is line 10
The data is input from the input unit 14 to the frame dropping unit 45 via 5. In the storage unit 30, the video and audio thinned out by the frame dropping unit 20 are recorded.

The frame dropping unit 45, in the reproducing operation,
Video and audio are thinned out from the video and audio reproduced by the video / audio reproduction unit 40 at a predetermined ratio. The predetermined ratio is input from the input unit 14 to the frame dropping unit 45 via the line 106. The video and audio thinned out by the frame dropping unit 45 are supplied to the time code comparing unit 52. The thinning rate in the frame dropping unit 20 and the thinning rate in the frame dropping unit 45 can be adjusted independently.

According to the ninth embodiment, in addition to the effect similar to that of the seventh embodiment, by recording the thinned-out video and audio in the storage unit 30, the amount of data recorded in the storage unit 30 can be reduced. be able to. As a result, it becomes possible to use a low-priced storage device having a smaller data transfer speed or storage capacity as the storage unit 30 as compared with the seventh embodiment. Further, in the ninth embodiment, when the same storage unit 30 as in the seventh embodiment is used, the recording time of the storage unit 30 can be significantly increased.

(Embodiment 10) FIG. 15 shows the configuration of an apparatus 1000 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to Embodiment 10 of the present invention. The configuration of the device 1000 is
The audio compression unit 21 is added, and the frame dropping unit 45 displays video /
The configuration is the same as that of the apparatus 900 shown in FIG. 14, except that the voice decompression unit 41 and the frame dropping unit 46 are replaced. Therefore, the same components are designated by the same reference numerals and the description thereof will be omitted.

The video / audio compressing section 21 includes the broadcast receiving section 10.
The video and audio output from is compressed by a predetermined method. The video / audio expansion section 41 expands the video and audio output from the video / audio reproduction section 40 by a predetermined method.
The frame dropping unit 46 cooperates with the video / audio expansion unit 41 to perform a thinning process. For example, the compression method is MPEG1,
When a compression method for performing inter-frame / inter-field coding such as MPEG2 is adopted, the frame dropping unit 46
And the function of the video / audio expansion unit 41 are achieved by expanding and outputting only the I frame. This is because by decompressing and outputting only the I frame, decompression and frame dropping (thinning) can be performed at the same time.
This enables efficient frame reduction (thinning).

According to the tenth embodiment, in addition to the effect similar to that of the ninth embodiment, by compressing the output of the broadcast receiving unit 10, the amount of data recorded in the storage unit 30 can be reduced. As a result, as compared with the ninth embodiment,
A low-cost storage device having a low data transfer rate or storage capacity can be used as the storage unit 30.
Further, in the tenth embodiment, when the same storage unit 30 as in the ninth embodiment is used, the recording time of the storage unit 30 can be significantly increased.

In the first to tenth embodiments described above, all the constituent elements can be realized by physical devices. However, it is also possible to realize the functions of these constituent elements by software that can be controlled by the CPU. In particular, those skilled in the art will understand that the functions of the components other than the broadcast receiving unit 10 and the storage unit 30 can be easily realized by software.

[0140]

As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to realize a "time difference reproduction" function of reproducing a program being broadcast from the beginning while continuing recording of the program. In this way, if you have no choice but to interrupt the viewing of a certain program being broadcast,
After that, it becomes possible to resume viewing the program from where the viewing of the program was interrupted. It is also possible to realize such a "time difference reproduction" function corresponding to multi-channel.

Further, according to the present invention, it is possible to realize the "time difference fast forward reproduction" function. In this way, if you have no choice but to interrupt the viewing of a certain program being broadcast,
After that, it becomes possible to resume viewing the program from where the viewing of the program was interrupted. By thinning out data during recording, the amount of data recorded in the storage unit 30 can be reduced. By thinning out data during reproduction, the reproduction speed can be freely set or changed during reproduction. This facilitates playback according to the needs of the user.

Further, the amount of data recorded in the storage unit 30 can be reduced by compressing the data during recording and expanding the data during reproduction.

[Brief description of drawings]

FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus 100 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a specific configuration example of a storage unit 30 in the device 100.

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating another specific configuration example of a storage unit 30 in the device 100.

4 (a) to (d) are time charts showing the operation of the apparatus 100 related to the "time difference reproduction" function.

5A to 5D are time charts showing another operation of the apparatus 100 related to the "time difference reproduction" function.

FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus 200 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus 300 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus 400 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 9 is a diagram showing the configuration of an apparatus 500 for recording and reproducing video and audio according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.

FIGS. 10A to 10D are time charts showing another operation of the apparatus 500 related to the “time difference fast forward reproduction” function.

FIG. 11 is a diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus 600 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the configuration of an apparatus 700 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 13 is a diagram showing a configuration of an apparatus 800 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to an eighth embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 14 is a diagram showing the configuration of an apparatus 900 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to a ninth embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 15 is a diagram showing the configuration of an apparatus 1000 for recording / reproducing video and audio according to a tenth embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 16 is a diagram showing a configuration of a conventional device for recording and reproducing video and audio.

[Explanation of symbols]

10 Broadcast receiver 11 Time code generator 12 N channel broadcast receiver 13 M channel selector 14, 16 Input section 20 frame dropping section 21 Video / Audio Compressor 22 Video / audio recorder 23 M channel video / audio recording section 24 M channel video / audio compression unit 30, 32 storage 31, 33 Storage area management unit 40 video / audio playback section 41 Video / audio decompression unit 42 P channel video / audio playback section 44 P channel video / audio decompression unit 45,46 Frame drop section 50, 51 Selective output section 52 Time Code Comparison Section 60, 61 Video display 70, 71 audio output section

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Claims (18)

(57) [Claims]
1. An apparatus for recording / reproducing data, comprising: receiving means for receiving input data; time code generating means for generating a time code and giving the time code to the input data; Thinning-out means for thinning out the input data at a predetermined ratio, recording means for recording the input data with the time code thinned out by the thinning means on a recording medium, and the recording means with the time code recorded on the recording medium. Management means for managing information indicating the position of the input data, and recording the input data with the time code on the recording medium based on the information managed by the management means while recording the input data on the recording medium. Reproducing means for reproducing the reproduced time-coded data, time code of the input data, and time code of the data reproduced by the reproducing means Comparing means for comparing, in response to the comparison result by said comparing means, apparatus and a selection output means for selectively outputting at least one of data reproduced by the input data and the regeneration means.
2. A compression means for compressing the input data with the time code thinned by the thinning means, and a decompression means for decompressing the data with the time code reproduced by the reproducing means. The device according to claim 1 .
3. The selection output means comprises means for giving priority to each of the input data with time code and the reproduced data with time code,
The device according to claim 1 , wherein the device further comprises display means for displaying the output of the selective output means in a predetermined mode, and the display mode of the display means is changed according to the priority order. .
4. An apparatus for recording / reproducing data, comprising: receiving means for receiving input data; time code generating means for generating a time code and giving the time code to the input data; Recording means for recording the input data of the above in a recording medium, management means for managing the information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded in the recording medium, and the input data with the time code in the recording medium During recording, the reproducing means for reproducing the data with the time code recorded on the recording medium on the basis of the information managed by the managing means, and the time code with the reproduced by the reproducing means. A thinning means for thinning out data at a predetermined ratio, a time code of the input data and a time code of data thinned by the thinning means are compared. Comparison means for, in response to a comparison result by said comparing means, apparatus and a selection output means for selectively outputting at least one of data thinned by said input data and 該間 pulling means.
5. The apparatus according to claim 4 , further comprising compression means for compressing the input data with the time code and expansion means for expanding the data with the time code reproduced by the reproduction means. .
6. The selection output means includes means for giving priority to each of the input data with time code and the thinned data with time code.
The device according to claim 4 , wherein the device further comprises display means for displaying the output of the selection output means in a predetermined mode, and the display mode of the display means is changed according to the priority order. .
7. An apparatus for recording / reproducing data, comprising: receiving means for receiving input data; time code generating means for generating a time code and adding the time code to the input data; First thinning-out means for thinning out the input data at a first ratio, recording means for recording the time-coded input data thinned out by the first thinning means in a recording medium, and the recording means recorded in the recording medium. Management means for managing the information indicating the position of the input data with the time code; and, based on the information managed by the management means while recording the input data with the time code on the recording medium. Reproducing means for reproducing the data with time code recorded on the recording medium, and thinning out the data with time code reproduced by the reproducing means at a second ratio. Second thinning means, comparing means for comparing the time code of the input data with the time code of the data thinned by the second thinning means, and the input data and the An apparatus provided with a selective output means for selectively outputting at least one of the data thinned out by the second thinning means.
8. A compression unit for compressing the input data with the time code thinned by the first thinning unit,
Further comprising a decompression means for decompressing the data with the time code reproduced by said reproducing means, claim
7. The device according to 7 .
9. The selection output means comprises means for giving a priority to each of the time-coded input data and the thinned-out time-coded data,
8. The device according to claim 7 , wherein the device further comprises display means for displaying the output of the selection output means in a predetermined mode, and the display mode of the display means is changed according to the priority order. .
10. A method of recording and reproducing data, comprising: (a) receiving input data; (b) generating a time code and adding the time code to the input data; ) A step of thinning out the input data with the time code at a predetermined ratio, (d) a step of recording the input data with the time code thinned in step (c) on a recording medium, and (e) the recording. Managing the information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the medium, and (f) while recording the input data with the time code on the recording medium, in step (e) Reproducing the time-coded data recorded on the recording medium based on the managed information, (g) the time code of the input data, and step (f) Comparing the time code of the reproduced data in step (h), and selectively outputting at least one of the input data and the reproduced data according to the comparison result in step (g). And including.
11. The method further comprises the steps of compressing the input data with the time code thinned out in the step (c) and decompressing the data with the time code reproduced in the step (f). 11. The method of claim 10 , wherein
12. The step (h) includes a step of giving priority to each of the input data with time code and the reproduced data with time code, and the method includes the step (h). 11. The method according to claim 10 , further comprising a display step of displaying the selective output in step 1) in a predetermined manner, wherein the display manner is changed according to the priority in the display step.
13. A method of recording and reproducing data, comprising: (a) receiving input data; (b) generating a time code and adding the time code to the input data; ) Recording the input data with the time code on a recording medium, (d) managing information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the recording medium, (e) the time Reproducing the time-coded data recorded on the recording medium based on the information managed in step (d) while recording the coded input data on the recording medium; ) A step of thinning out the time coded data reproduced in step (e) at a predetermined ratio, (g) a time code of the input data and step (f). And (h) at least one of the input data and the data thinned out in step (f) is selected according to the comparison result in step (g). Output step.
14. The method according to claim 13 , further comprising compressing the input data with the time code and decompressing the data with the time code reproduced in step (e). Method.
15. The step (h) includes a step of giving priority to each of the input data with time code and the thinned data with time code, and the method includes the step (h). 14. The method according to claim 13 , further comprising a display step of displaying the selective output in h) in a predetermined manner, wherein the display manner is changed in the display step according to the priority order.
16. A method of recording and reproducing data, comprising: (a) receiving input data; (b) generating a time code and adding the time code to the input data; ) A step of thinning out the input data with the time code at a first ratio, (d) a step of recording the input data with the time code thinned in step (c) on a recording medium, and (e) the recording. Managing the information indicating the position of the input data with the time code recorded on the medium, and (f) while recording the input data with the time code on the recording medium, in step (e) Reproducing the data with the time code recorded on the recording medium based on the managed information; and (g) reproducing the time code reproduced in step (f). A step of thinning out the data with a code at a second ratio; (h) a step of comparing the time code of the input data with the time code of the data thinned out in step (g); (i) step (h) And a step of selectively outputting at least one of the input data and the data thinned out in step (g) according to the comparison result in step (g).
17. The method further includes compressing the input data with the time code thinned out in the step (c), and decompressing the data with the time code reproduced in the step (f). 17. The method of claim 16 , wherein
18. The step (i) includes a step of giving a priority to each of the input data with time code and the thinned data with time code, and the method includes the step (i). 17. The method according to claim 16 , further comprising a displaying step of displaying the selective output in i) in a predetermined manner, wherein the displaying manner is changed in the displaying step according to the priority order.
JP01799796A 1995-02-09 1996-02-02 Apparatus and method for recording and reproducing data Expired - Lifetime JP3478515B2 (en)

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US6636271B1 (en) * 1998-01-07 2003-10-21 Thomson Licensing S.A. Apparatus and method for playing back a recorded video signal in a time compressed manner
US7558472B2 (en) 2000-08-22 2009-07-07 Tivo Inc. Multimedia signal processing system
JP4574858B2 (en) * 1998-12-23 2010-11-04 コーニンクレッカ フィリップス エレクトロニクス エヌ ヴィ Program playback device
KR100669896B1 (en) * 1999-11-10 2007-01-18 톰슨 라이센싱 Fading feature for a dvd recorder
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