JP3353346B2 - Combine transfer power mechanism - Google Patents

Combine transfer power mechanism

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Publication number
JP3353346B2
JP3353346B2 JP26665192A JP26665192A JP3353346B2 JP 3353346 B2 JP3353346 B2 JP 3353346B2 JP 26665192 A JP26665192 A JP 26665192A JP 26665192 A JP26665192 A JP 26665192A JP 3353346 B2 JP3353346 B2 JP 3353346B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
transfer
speed
transport
stock
culm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP26665192A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0690607A (en
Inventor
清 飯泉
Original Assignee
井関農機株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 井関農機株式会社 filed Critical 井関農機株式会社
Priority to JP26665192A priority Critical patent/JP3353346B2/en
Publication of JPH0690607A publication Critical patent/JPH0690607A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3353346B2 publication Critical patent/JP3353346B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、コンバインの搬送伝動
機構に係るものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a combine transmission mechanism.
【0002】[0002]
【従来技術】従来公知の実公昭59−2246号公報に
は、エンジンAと、無段主変速装置Bと、(刈取部変速
装置は存在しない)走行装置Cと、圃場の穀稈を刈取る
刈取部Dと、穀稈供給装置を有する脱穀室と、刈取部D
と穀稈供給装置との間に設けた後側株元搬送装置および
後側穂先搬送装置Eと、引継搬送装置Fとを持つものに
おいて、走行装置Cと刈取部Dと搬送装置Eと引継搬送
装置Fとの動力伝動構成を、エンジンAから無段主変速
装置Bを経て走行装置Cと刈取部Dと後側株元搬送装置
と後側穂先搬送装置Eと引継搬送装置Fとにそれぞれ動
力伝達されるように構成したコンバインの搬送伝動機構
について記載されている(図2)。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, Japanese Utility Model Publication No. Sho 59-2246 discloses an engine A, a continuously variable main transmission B, a traveling device C (having no cutting section transmission), and a culm in a field. A cutting section D, a threshing room having a grain culm supply device, and a cutting section D
In the apparatus having the rear stock transfer apparatus and the rear spike transfer apparatus E provided between the stalk feeding device and the transfer unit F, the transfer apparatus C, the cutting unit D, the transfer apparatus E, and the transfer apparatus The power transmission configuration with the device F is changed from the engine A via the continuously variable main transmission B to the traveling device C, the reaping unit D, the rear stock transfer device, the rear tip transfer device E, and the transfer transfer device F, respectively. A description is given of a combine transfer mechanism configured to be transmitted (FIG. 2).
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】前記公知例は、エンジ
ンAから無段主変速装置Bを経て、走行装置Cと刈取部
Dと後側株元搬送装置と後側穂先搬送装置Eと引継搬送
装置Fとにそれぞれ動力伝達されるように構成している
から、走行装置Cと刈取部Dと後側株元搬送装置と後側
穂先搬送装置Eと引継搬送装置Fとが、同じ割合にしか
変速されない。しかし、同じ割合にしか変速されない
と、倒伏穀稈の刈取のとき支障がある。
In the known example, a traveling device C, a reaper D, a rear stock transfer device, a rear spike transfer device E, and a takeover transfer from an engine A via a continuously variable main transmission B are used. Since the power is transmitted to the device F, the traveling device C, the reaping unit D, the rear stock source transport device, the rear ear tip transport device E, and the takeover transport device F have the same ratio. No shifting. However, if the gear ratio is changed only at the same ratio, there is a problem when cutting the lodging culm.
【0004】[0004]
【発明の目的】本発明は、走行装置と刈取部と後側株元
搬送装置と後側穂先搬送装置と引継搬送装置とを、異な
る割合で変速できるようにしたものである。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to change the speed of a traveling device, a cutting section, a rear stock transfer device, a rear spike transfer device, and a transfer transfer device at different rates.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】よって、本発明は、エン
ジン43と、無段主変速装置45と、走行装置2と、圃
場の穀稈を刈取る刈取部4と、穀稈供給装置30を有す
る脱穀室31と、刈取部4と穀稈供給装置30との間に
設けた後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置1
8とを持つものにおいて、前記後側株元搬送装置17は
穀稈を主として起立状態で搬送するようにし、該後側株
元搬送装置17の終端と穀稈供給装置30との間に穀稈
を主として横倒れ状態で搬送する引継搬送装置76を設
け、前記走行装置2と前記刈取部4と前記後側株元搬送
装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18と前記引継搬送装
置76との動力伝動構成を、エンジン43から無段主変
速装置45を経て走行装置2に、また、無段主変速装置
45から刈取部4と後側株元搬送装置17と後側穂先搬
送装置18と引継搬送装置76とにそれぞれ動力伝達さ
れるようにし、もって、前記穀稈供給装置30の搬送速
度Aは車速に拘らず常に一定速度に維持し、前記引継搬
送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17お
よび前記後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cは車速に応
じて増減速制御するようにすると共に、前記引継搬送装
置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および
前記後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度CとはB<Cと構
成し、且つ、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記
後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18の搬
送速度Cが前記穀稈供給装置30の搬送速度Aを越えた
後は、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株
元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度
Cの車速に対する変化率が小さくなるように構成した
ンバインの搬送伝動機構としたものである。よって、本
発明は、エンジン43と、無段主変速装置45と、走行
装置2と、圃場の穀稈を刈取る刈取部4と、穀稈供給装
置30を有する脱穀室31と、刈取部4と穀稈供給装置
30との間に設けた後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂
先搬送装置18とを持つものにおいて、前記後側株元搬
送装置17は穀稈を主として起立状態で搬送するように
し、該後側株元搬送装置17の終端と穀稈供給装置30
との間に穀稈を主として横倒れ状態で搬送する引継搬送
装置76を設け、走行装置2と刈取部4と後側株元搬送
装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18と引継搬送装置7
6との動力伝動構成を、エンジン43から無段主変速装
置45を経て走行装置2に、また、無段主変速装置45
から刈取部変速装置52を経て、刈取部4と後側株元搬
送装置17と後側穂先搬送装置18と引継搬送装置76
とにそれぞれ動力伝達されるようにし、もって、前記穀
稈供給装置30の搬送速度Aは車速に拘らず常に一定速
度に維持し、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記
後側株元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬送装置18
の搬送速度Cは車速に応じて増減速制御するようにする
と共に、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側
株元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬送装置18の搬
送速度CとはB<Cと構成し、且つ、前記引継搬送装置
76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および後
側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cが前記穀稈供給装置3
0の搬送速度Aを越えた後は、前記引継搬送装置76の
搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先
搬送装置18の搬送速度Cの車速に対する変化率が小さ
くなるように構成したコンバインの搬送伝動機構とした
ものである。
Accordingly, the present invention provides an engine 43, a continuously variable main transmission 45, a traveling device 2, a reaping unit 4 for reaping cereal culm in a field, and a cereal culm supply device 30. Threshing room 31 and the rear-side stock transfer device 17 and the rear-side tip transfer device 1 provided between the cutting unit 4 and the grain culm supply device 30
8, the rear stock transfer device 17 is configured to transfer the cereals mainly in an upright state, and the cereal culm is provided between the end of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the grain stalk supply device 30. Power transfer between the traveling device 2, the reaping unit 4, the rear stock transfer device 17, the rear spike transfer device 18, and the transfer device 76. The structure is changed from the engine 43 to the traveling device 2 via the continuously variable main transmission 45, and from the continuously variable main transmission 45 to the reaper 4, the rear stock transfer device 17, the rear tip transfer device 18, and the takeover transfer device. 76 and the transmission speed of the cereal stalk feeding device 30.
Degree A is always maintained at a constant speed regardless of the vehicle speed.
The transfer speed B of the feeding device 76 and the rear stock source transfer device 17 and
And the transfer speed C of the rear tip transfer device 18 depends on the vehicle speed.
Flip well as to control acceleration and deceleration and, said the conveying speed B of the takeover conveying device 76 and the conveying speed C of the rear lines based on the conveying device 17 and the rear tip transport device 18 constitutes a B <C, The transfer speed B of the transfer device 76 and the transfer speed B
Carrying of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear tip transfer device 18
The feeding speed C exceeds the feeding speed A of the grain culm supply device 30
After that, the transfer speed B of the transfer device 76 and the rear stock
Transfer speed of the original transfer device 17 and the rear ear transfer device 18
This is a combine transmission transmission mechanism configured so that the rate of change of C with respect to the vehicle speed is reduced . Therefore, the present invention provides an engine 43, a continuously variable main transmission 45, a traveling device 2, a reaping unit 4 for reaping cereal culm in a field, a threshing room 31 having a cereal culm supply device 30, and a reaping unit 4. And a rear stem transfer device 17 and a rear spike transfer device 18 provided between the stalk supply device 30 and the rear stem transfer device 17, the rear strain transfer device 17 transfers the grain stalk mainly in an upright state. In this way, the end of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the grain stalk supply device 30
And a transfer device 76 for transferring the culm mainly in a side-down state, the traveling device 2, the cutting section 4, the rear stock transfer device 17, the rear spike transfer device 18, and the transfer device 7
6 is transmitted from the engine 43 to the traveling device 2 via the continuously variable main transmission 45, and the continuously variable main transmission 45
Through the reaping section transmission 52, the reaping section 4, the rear stock transfer apparatus 17, the rear tip transfer apparatus 18, and the takeover transfer apparatus 76
Respectively so as to be the power transmission to the bets, it has been the grain
The transfer speed A of the culm supply device 30 is always constant regardless of the vehicle speed.
The transfer speed B of the transfer device 76 and the transfer speed
Rear stock transfer device 17 and rear spike transfer device 18
The transport speed C is controlled to increase or decrease according to the vehicle speed.
Together with the the conveying speed B of the takeover conveying device 76 and the conveying speed C of the rear lines based on the conveying device 17 and the rear tip transport device 18 constitutes a B <C, and the takeover conveying device
76 and the rear stock source transfer device 17 and the rear
The transport speed C of the side-ear tip transport device 18 is the same as the grain culm supply device 3.
After the transfer speed A exceeds 0, the transfer
Conveying speed B, the rear stock source conveying device 17 and the rear ear tip
The change rate of the transfer speed C of the transfer device 18 with respect to the vehicle speed is small.
This is a combine transfer conveyance mechanism configured to be as follows.
【0006】[0006]
【実施例】本発明の一実施例を図により説明すると、1
はコンバインの機体フレーム、2は機体フレーム1の下
方に設けた走行装置、3は機体フレーム1の上方に設け
た脱穀装置、4は機体フレーム1の前方に設けた刈取
部、5は前記刈取部4の分草体、6は引起装置、7は掻
込装置、8は刈刃、9は前側株元搬送装置、10は前側
穂先搬送装置、11は後側集束装置、12は刈取部フレ
ームである。刈取部4は、刈取部フレーム12に支持パ
イプ13の下部を固定し、支持パイプ13の基部に固定
の横筒14を機体側に設けた支持台15の上部に回動自
在に取付ける。横筒14および支持パイプ13内のそれ
ぞれには前記刈取部4に動力を伝達する伝動軸等を内蔵
させている。16は刈取上下シリンダ、17は刈取部4
で刈取った穀稈を後方の脱穀装置3に向かって搬送する
後側株元搬送装置、18は後側穂先搬送装置であり、こ
れらは、公知の構成で、前記後側株元搬送装置17は搬
送チエン19と該搬送チエン19の近傍に対向させて設
けた挾扼杆20とにより構成される。図示は省略する
が、前記搬送チエン19は、案内レールと該案内レール
を取付けたフレームに設けた縦軸回転の複数の案内ロー
ラに掛け回され、前記フレームの基部を前記支持パイプ
13の上部の横筒14側に回動自在に取付けることによ
り前記各前側株元搬送装置9および前側穂先搬送装置1
0の終端の引継点に臨む搬送チエン19の始端部が上下
するようにし、もって前記脱穀装置3に供給する扱深さ
を調節自在に構成されている。21は扱深さ調節装置、
22は稈長検出スイッチである。
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG.
Is a body frame of a combine, 2 is a traveling device provided below the body frame 1, 3 is a threshing device provided above the body frame 1, 4 is a reaping unit provided in front of the body frame 1, 5 is the reaping unit 4 is a weeding body, 6 is a pulling device, 7 is a scraping device, 8 is a cutting blade, 9 is a front stock transfer device, 10 is a front spike transfer device, 11 is a rear focusing device, and 12 is a cutting unit frame. . The reaper 4 fixes the lower part of the support pipe 13 to the reaper frame 12, and rotatably mounts a horizontal cylinder 14 fixed to the base of the support pipe 13 on an upper part of a support base 15 provided on the machine body side. In each of the horizontal tube 14 and the support pipe 13, a transmission shaft for transmitting power to the mowing unit 4 is incorporated. 16 is a cutting vertical cylinder, 17 is a cutting unit 4
Rear feeder transporting device for transporting the culms harvested in the rearward direction to the threshing device 3 at the rear, reference numeral 18 denotes a rear ear tip transporting device, which have a known configuration, Is constituted by a transport chain 19 and a sandwiching rod 20 provided in the vicinity of the transport chain 19 so as to face each other. Although not shown, the transport chain 19 is wrapped around a guide rail and a plurality of guide rollers rotating on a vertical axis provided on a frame to which the guide rail is attached, and a base of the frame is provided on an upper portion of the support pipe 13. Each of the front stock transfer devices 9 and the front spike transfer device 1 are rotatably mounted on the horizontal cylinder 14 side.
The starting end of the transport chain 19 facing the takeover point at the end of 0 is raised and lowered, so that the handling depth supplied to the threshing device 3 is adjustable. 21 is a handling depth adjusting device,
Reference numeral 22 denotes a culm length detection switch.
【0007】前記後側穂先搬送装置18は搬送ラグ23
を起伏自在に取付けたチエンをケース24内の縦軸回転
の駆動機構に巻回し、ケース24の基部を支持パイプ1
3の上部の横筒14側に回動自在に取付ける。25は取
付アーム、26は取付部材、27は前記後側穂先搬送装
置18の案内ガイドである。30は前記脱穀装置3の脱
穀室31に穀稈を供給する穀稈供給装置であり、供給搬
送チエン32と挾扼杆33により構成される。挾扼杆3
3は脱穀装置3の上部カバー34の側縁に取付けられ、
上部カバー34を上方に開放させるとこれに伴なって上
動するようにしている。前記供給搬送チエン32は前後
方向の案内レール35の始端部に設けた受動歯車36と
終端部に設けた駆動歯車37との間に掛け回され、前記
案内レール35の始端部側に設けた縦柱38の下部を支
持フレーム39に回動自在に取付けている。即ち、穀稈
供給装置30は、前記縦柱38を中心に終端部が側方に
回動するように構成する。支持フレーム39は下部を前
記機体フレーム1に固定し、上側は屈曲させて脱穀装置
3の前板に固定する。40は側部カバーであり、側部カ
バー40は前記案内レール35側に取付けられ、側部カ
バー40と案内レール35は一体的に外側回動するよう
に構成している。
The rear spike transfer device 18 includes a transfer lug 23.
Is wound around a drive mechanism for rotating the longitudinal axis inside the case 24, and the base of the case 24 is supported by the support pipe 1.
3 is rotatably attached to the upper side of the horizontal cylinder 14. Reference numeral 25 denotes a mounting arm, reference numeral 26 denotes a mounting member, and reference numeral 27 denotes a guide for the rear spike transfer device 18. Reference numeral 30 denotes a cereal culm supply device for supplying cereal culm to the threshing room 31 of the threshing device 3, and is constituted by a supply and transport chain 32 and a clamping rod 33. Pinching rod 3
3 is attached to the side edge of the upper cover 34 of the threshing device 3,
When the upper cover 34 is opened upward, it moves upward accordingly. The supply and transport chain 32 is hung between a passive gear 36 provided at a starting end of a guide rail 35 in the front-rear direction and a driving gear 37 provided at a terminating end, and is provided on a vertical side provided at the starting end of the guide rail 35. The lower part of the column 38 is rotatably attached to the support frame 39. That is, the grain culm supply device 30 is configured such that the terminal end portion rotates sideways around the vertical column 38. The lower part of the support frame 39 is fixed to the body frame 1, and the upper part is bent and fixed to the front plate of the threshing device 3. A side cover 40 is attached to the guide rail 35 side, and the side cover 40 and the guide rail 35 are configured to rotate integrally outward.
【0008】43はエンジン、44は前記支持台15を
取付けた前記走行装置2に動力を伝達するミッションケ
ース、45はミッションケース44に設けた油圧式無段
主変速装置、46は前記横筒14に設けた刈取部入力プ
ーリであり、刈取部入力プーリ46には走行装置2のミ
ッションケース44へ至る伝動経路とは分岐した油圧式
無段主変速装置45からの伝動経路により回転が伝達さ
れ、走行装置2の走行速度と刈取部4の作業速度とを共
に最適な速度に変速している。47はエンジン43のエ
ンジン出力プーリ、48は油圧式無段主変速装置45に
設けたエンジン出力受動プーリ、49はベルト、50は
油圧式無段主変速装置45とミッションケース44の間
に設けたギヤボックス、51は軸受、52はギヤボック
ス50と軸受51の間に設けた後述する刈取部変速装
置、53、54はプーリ、55はベルト、56はギヤケ
ース、57は刈取部出力プーリ、58はベルト、59は
前記脱穀装置3へ出力する出力プーリである。
Reference numeral 43 denotes an engine; 44, a transmission case for transmitting power to the traveling device 2 on which the support 15 is mounted; 45, a hydraulic stepless main transmission provided on the transmission case 44; The rotation is transmitted to the reaper input pulley 46 via a transmission path from a hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45 that is branched from a transmission path to the transmission case 44 of the traveling device 2. The traveling speed of the traveling device 2 and the working speed of the reaper 4 are both changed to an optimum speed. 47 is an engine output pulley of the engine 43, 48 is an engine output passive pulley provided on the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45, 49 is a belt, 50 is provided between the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45 and the transmission case 44. A gear box, 51 is a bearing, 52 is a reaping section transmission device described later provided between the gear box 50 and the bearing 51, 53 and 54 are pulleys, 55 is a belt, 56 is a gear case, 57 is a reaping section output pulley, 58 is A belt 59 is an output pulley for outputting to the threshing device 3.
【0009】前記刈取部変速装置52は、ベルト62と
駆動割プーリ63と受動割プーリ64とにより構成さ
れ、駆動割プーリ63および受動割プーリ64はそれぞ
れカム体65、66により幅を広狭に調節して有効直径
を変更して無段変速するが、カム体65、66は互いに
反対に作用するように構成し、それぞれにはアーム67
を設け、各アーム67をロッド68により連結し、ロッ
ド68をモータ69により移動するロッド70により移
動させる。71はロッド70の基部に設けたコマ、72
はコマ71を螺合させた前記モータ69により回転する
ネジ軸、73は前記コマ71の回り止めガイドである。
刈取部変速装置52は走行装置2の走行速度に対して刈
取部4の作業速度を独自に変速させ、倒伏穀稈の刈取作
業のときは刈取部4の作業速度を早くさせる。なお、刈
取部変速装置刈取部変速装置52により刈取部4の作業
速度を独自に変更するだけでなく、前記ミッションケー
ス44内の副変速装置により変速される走行装置2の走
行速度に刈取部4の作業速度を対応させる構成とするこ
とも可能である。そして、前記受動割プーリ64は、そ
の回転軸74を一方向回転伝達クラッチ(ワンウェイク
ラッチ)75を介して軸受51に取付け、前記油圧式無
段主変速装置45が逆回転を伝達するとき、この逆回転
を刈取部4に伝達しないように構成している。
The reaping section transmission 52 comprises a belt 62, a driving split pulley 63 and a passive split pulley 64. The driving split pulley 63 and the passive split pulley 64 are adjusted in width by cam bodies 65 and 66, respectively. The cam bodies 65 and 66 are configured to operate in the opposite direction to each other while changing the effective diameter by changing the effective diameter.
Are provided, the arms 67 are connected by a rod 68, and the rod 68 is moved by a rod 70 moved by a motor 69. 71 is a top provided at the base of the rod 70, 72
Is a screw shaft which is rotated by the motor 69 screwed with the top 71, and 73 is a detent guide for the top 71.
The reaping unit transmission device 52 independently changes the working speed of the reaping unit 4 with respect to the traveling speed of the traveling device 2, and increases the working speed of the reaping unit 4 during the cutting work of the lodging grain culm. It should be noted that not only the working speed of the reaping unit 4 is independently changed by the reaping unit transmission device 52, but also the traveling speed of the traveling device 2 which is shifted by the auxiliary transmission device in the transmission case 44. It is also possible to adopt a configuration in which the working speeds of the two correspond to each other. The passive split pulley 64 has its rotary shaft 74 attached to the bearing 51 via a one-way rotation transmission clutch (one-way clutch) 75. When the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45 transmits reverse rotation, The reverse rotation is not transmitted to the reaper 4.
【0010】しかして、後側株元搬送装置17および後
側穂先搬送装置18の終端部と前記穀稈供給装置30の
搬送チエン32の始端部の間には引継搬送装置76を設
ける。引継搬送装置76は前記支持フレーム39にチエ
ン案内レール77の中間部を取付け、チエン案内レール
77の前後両端に一対の横軸回転の受動歯車78、78
を取付け、該受動歯車78、78に引継搬送チエン80
を掛け回す。81は別途設けた案内歯車であり、テンシ
ョン歯車を兼用する。そして、引継搬送チエン80には
前記ギヤケース56より突出す回転軸82に固定の駆動
歯車83を噛合わせる。したがって、引継搬送装置76
の搬送速度も油圧式無段主変速装置45により走行装置
2の走行速度と比例して変速され、また、前記刈取部変
速装置52により刈取部4の作業速度に同調して変速さ
れる。なお、穀稈供給装置30は、エンジン43の一定
回転が常時伝達されているので、搬送速度は一定であ
る。しかして、前記引継搬送チエン80の始端部は、後
側株元搬送装置17の搬送チエン19の終端部下方に臨
ませ、引継搬送チエン80の上方位置には案内ガイド8
5を設ける。案内ガイド85は、その始端部は後側株元
搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18の終端部近傍
に臨ませ、終端部は引継搬送チエン80の始端部の上方
に望ませ、かつ、引継搬送チエン80の始端部上方に位
置する作用位置と、引継搬送チエン80の始端部上方よ
り離れた退避位置との間移動自在に構成し、穀稈を案内
するだけでなく、メンテナンスも容易に行えるようにし
ている。案内ガイド85は、具体的には、穀稈の搬送方
向と平行(前後方向)の軸部材により形成し、案内ガイ
ド85の始端部は穀稈の搬送方向と交差する方向に屈曲
させて屈曲部に形成し、該屈曲部を前記後側穂先搬送装
置18の案内ガイド27の取付部材26の終端部に回転
自在かつ搬送方向と交差する方向に摺動自在に取付け、
案内ガイド85は引継搬送チエン80の始端部上方に位
置するようにバネにより付勢している。
[0010] Thus, a handover transfer device 76 is provided between the end of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18 and the start end of the transfer chain 32 of the grain culm supply device 30. The transfer device 76 has an intermediate portion of the chain guide rail 77 mounted on the support frame 39, and a pair of horizontal rotating passive gears 78, 78 at the front and rear ends of the chain guide rail 77.
And the transfer gear chain 80 is attached to the passive gears 78, 78.
Around. Reference numeral 81 denotes a separately provided guide gear, which also serves as a tension gear. Then, a fixed drive gear 83 is engaged with the rotation shaft 82 projecting from the gear case 56 with the takeover conveyance chain 80. Therefore, the transfer device 76
Is also changed by the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45 in proportion to the traveling speed of the traveling device 2, and is also shifted by the cutting unit transmission 52 in synchronization with the working speed of the cutting unit 4. In the culm supply device 30, the constant rotation of the engine 43 is constantly transmitted, so that the transport speed is constant. The starting end of the transfer chain 80 faces the lower end of the transfer chain 19 of the rear stock transfer device 17, and the guide guide 8 is located above the transfer chain 80.
5 is provided. The guide guide 85 has its start end facing the end of the rear stock transfer device 17 and rear end tip transfer device 18, and its end end is desired to be above the start end of the take-over transfer chain 80. It is configured to be movable between an operation position located above the start end of the transfer chain 80 and a retreat position farther from above the start end of the takeover transfer chain 80, and can easily perform maintenance as well as guiding the grain culm. Like that. Specifically, the guide 85 is formed by a shaft member that is parallel to the conveying direction of the grain culm (front-back direction), and the starting end of the guide 85 is bent in a direction intersecting the conveying direction of the grain culm. The bent portion is rotatably attached to the end portion of the attachment member 26 of the guide 27 of the rear spike transport device 18 and slidably in a direction intersecting the transport direction.
The guide 85 is urged by a spring so as to be located above the start end of the take-over transport chain 80.
【0011】図12は、前記刈取部4の作業速度と、後
側株元搬送装置17と後側穂先搬送装置18および引継
搬送装置76の搬送速度と、走行装置2の走行速度を制
御する制御機構を示し、前記扱深さ調節装置21に設け
た稈長検出スイッチ22と、前記ミッションケース44
に設けた車速センサ86と、前記油圧式無段主変速装置
45の主変速操作レバー87の位置検知センサ(ポテン
ショメータ)88と、刈取クラッチ操作レバー89の入
切検知スイッチ90のそれぞれによりあつめられたデー
タにより前記刈取部変速装置52のモータ69を制御し
ている。
FIG. 12 shows a control for controlling the working speed of the cutting section 4, the transfer speeds of the rear stock transfer device 17, the rear ear transfer device 18 and the transfer transfer device 76, and the running speed of the transfer device 2. FIG. 6 shows a mechanism, a culm length detection switch 22 provided in the handling depth adjusting device 21, and a transmission case 44.
, A position detection sensor (potentiometer) 88 of a main transmission operation lever 87 of the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45, and an on / off detection switch 90 of a reaping clutch operation lever 89. The motor 69 of the reaping section transmission 52 is controlled by the data.
【0012】また、穀稈供給装置30の搬送速度Aと、
引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと、後側株元搬送装置1
7および後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cとは、A<
B<Cの関係にすることもある。即ち、後側株元搬送装
置17および後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cの最高
速度と穀稈供給装置30の搬送速度A(一定速度)との
中間付近に引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bの最高速度を
設定している。図中、92は扱胴、93は扱網、94は
排藁搬送装置、95は脱穀装置3の後部に設けた結束装
置またはカッタを有する排藁処理部、96はグレンタン
ク、97はロック装置である。
Further, the conveying speed A of the grain stalk supply device 30
The transfer speed B of the transfer transfer device 76 and the rear stock transfer device 1
7 and the transport speed C of the rear ear tip transport device 18, A <
In some cases, B <C. That is, the transfer speed B of the transfer transfer device 76 is set to a value close to the middle between the maximum transfer speed C of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear tip transfer device 18 and the transfer speed A (constant speed) of the grain culm supply device 30. The maximum speed is set. In the drawing, reference numeral 92 denotes a handling cylinder, 93 denotes a handling net, 94 denotes a straw conveying device, 95 denotes a straw processing unit having a binding device or a cutter provided at the rear of the threshing device 3, 96 denotes a Glen tank, and 97 denotes a lock device. It is.
【0013】次に作用を述べる。本発明は以上の構成で
あり、エンジン43を始動させると、この回転が油圧式
無段主変速装置45に伝達され、運転席の操作レバー8
7の操作により油圧式無段主変速装置45が回転数を無
段階に変速して走行装置2のミッションケース44に伝
達して機体を前進させ、他方、ミッションケース44か
ら刈取部入力プーリ46に伝達されて刈取部4の各部を
作動させ、分草体5により分草し、分草された穀稈を引
起装置6により引起し、引起した穀稈を掻込装置7によ
り掻込みながら根元側を刈刃8により切断し、刈取られ
た穀稈の根元側は前側株元搬送装置9により穂先側は前
側穂先搬送装置10により引継点まで搬送され、引継点
まで搬送された穀稈の株元は後側株元搬送装置17の縦
軸回転の歯車と回転する搬送チエン19と挾扼杆20に
より挾持搬送され、穂先側は案内ガイド27により案内
されて後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送ラグ23により搬送
される。
Next, the operation will be described. The present invention is configured as described above. When the engine 43 is started, this rotation is transmitted to the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45 and the operation lever 8 in the driver's seat is operated.
7, the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45 continuously changes the rotation speed and transmits the transmission to the transmission case 44 of the traveling device 2 to advance the machine body. The transmitted and operated portions of the mowing unit 4 are actuated, weeding is performed by the weeding body 5, the culled culm is raised by the raising device 6, and the raised culm is raked by the raking device 7 to the root side. The root side of the grain culm cut and cut by the cutting blade 8 is conveyed to the take-over point by the front-side conveyer device 10 by the front-side custody transfer device 9, and the root of the grain culm conveyed to the take-over point is It is pinched and conveyed by a longitudinally rotating gear of the rear side stock transfer device 17, a rotating transfer chain 19 and a holding rod 20, and the tip side is guided by a guide 27, and is conveyed by a transfer lug 23 of the rear end transfer device 18. Conveyed.
【0014】そして、後側株元搬送装置17および後側
穂先搬送装置18の終端部で、横軸回転の受動歯車78
に掛け回された引継搬送装置76の引継搬送チエン80
と該引継搬送チエン80の上方の案内ガイド85の間に
引継ぎ、引継搬送装置76は穀稈供給装置30の供給搬
送チエン32に引継いて脱穀装置3の脱穀室31に供給
し、回転する扱胴92により脱穀し、脱穀物を選別して
機外に取出し、脱穀済の排藁は排藁搬送装置94により
排藁処理部95に搬送して処理する。前記の場合、穀稈
は後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18の
終端部では起立状態であるが、案内ガイド27により案
内されて横倒しにされながら横軸回転の引継搬送チエン
80に引継ぐので、穀稈の搬送姿勢の乱れがなく、その
まま、穀稈を横倒し状態の最終姿勢で穀稈供給装置30
の供給搬送チエン32に引継ぐので、穀稈の落下を防止
して引継を確実にする。また、引継搬送装置76が穀稈
供給装置30の供給搬送チエン32と平行であって、か
つ内側に位置しているから、側面視重合させることがで
きて、引継が確実となるだけでなく、特に短穀稈の搬送
が確実となる。また、引継搬送装置76の引継搬送チエ
ン80の始端部は、後側株元搬送装置17の終端部下方
に臨ませ、また、穀稈供給装置30の供給搬送チエン3
2の始端部は引継搬送チエン80の終端部下方に臨ませ
ているから、各引継部における引継は良好に行われる。
At the end portions of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear tip transfer device 18, the passive gear 78, which rotates in the horizontal axis, is used.
Transfer chain 80 of the transfer device 76 wound around
And a transfer guide 76 above the transfer transfer chain 80, and a transfer transfer device 76 transfers to the supply transfer chain 32 of the grain culm supply device 30 and supplies the supply to the threshing chamber 31 of the threshing device 3 to rotate the handling cylinder. Threshing is carried out by 92, threshing is selected and taken out of the machine, and the threshed waste is transported to a straw processing unit 95 by a straw transporting device 94 for processing. In the above case, the grain culm is in an upright state at the end portions of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18, but is taken over by the guide 27, and the take-over transfer chain 80 is rotated horizontally. In the final posture in which the grain culm is lying down, the grain culm feeding device 30 is not disturbed.
Of the cereal culm is prevented and the handover is ensured. In addition, since the transfer conveyor 76 is parallel to the feed conveyor chain 32 of the grain culm supply device 30 and is located inside, not only the side view can be superimposed, but also the transfer is ensured, Short culm can be transported reliably. In addition, the start end of the transfer conveyor chain 80 of the transfer conveyor system 76 faces the lower end of the rear stock transfer system 17 and the supply transfer chain 3 of the grain culm supply system 30.
Since the start end of 2 is located below the end of the transfer conveyance chain 80, the transfer in each transfer section is performed favorably.
【0015】前記引継搬送チエン80の駆動歯車83
は、前後の受動歯車78の間の側部に設けたギヤケース
56より突出する回転軸82に設けているから、駆動歯
車83と前後の受動歯車78とのそれぞれの位置関係を
正確に配置することができ、確実に作動させる。また、
ギヤケース56の入力プーリ54の部分にクラッチ41
を設けているので、刈取部4を停止させると引継搬送装
置76も停止し、またスタートの同調もなされて引継が
良好となり、穀稈の搬送姿勢も良好となる。また、ギヤ
ケース56はステー42により脱穀装置3の前板に固定
しているから、引継搬送装置76と後側株元搬送装置1
7および後側穂先搬送装置18と穀稈供給装置30との
位置関係も固定でき、作動が確実となる。
The drive gear 83 of the transfer conveyor chain 80
Are provided on the rotating shaft 82 protruding from the gear case 56 provided on the side between the front and rear passive gears 78, so that the positional relationship between the drive gear 83 and the front and rear passive gears 78 can be accurately arranged. And make sure it works. Also,
The clutch 41 is attached to the input pulley 54 of the gear case 56.
When the mowing unit 4 is stopped, the take-over transport device 76 is also stopped, and the start is synchronized, so that the take-over is good and the transport posture of the grain culm is also good. Also, since the gear case 56 is fixed to the front plate of the threshing device 3 by the stay 42, the take-over transport device 76 and the rear side stock transport device 1
7 and the positional relationship between the rear-side ear transfer device 18 and the grain culm supply device 30 can also be fixed, and the operation is assured.
【0016】そして、油圧式無段主変速装置45により
走行装置2を停止させると刈取部4および引継搬送装置
76は停止するので、作業が確実となり操作性が向上
し、また、ミッションケース44内の副変速装置により
機体を停止させたときは、油圧式無段主変速装置45か
ら刈取部4および引継搬送装置76に回転を伝達してい
るので、刈取部4等により搬送途中の穀稈を脱穀装置3
に供給できる。しかして、油圧式無段主変速装置45は
逆回転をミッションケース44に伝達するが、刈取部変
速装置52の受動割プーリ64は一方向回転伝達クラッ
チ75を介して軸受51に取付けた回転軸74取付けて
いるので、刈取部4および引継搬送装置76等に逆回転
が伝達されるのを防止している。このとき、回転軸74
は軸受51に設けた一方向回転伝達クラッチ75に取付
けているので、メンテナンスを容易に行なえる。
When the traveling device 2 is stopped by the hydraulic stepless main transmission 45, the reaping unit 4 and the take-over transfer device 76 are stopped, so that the work is assured and the operability is improved. When the machine body is stopped by the subtransmission, the rotation is transmitted from the hydraulic stepless main transmission 45 to the reaping unit 4 and the take-over conveyance device 76, so that the culm being conveyed by the reaping unit 4 or the like is transferred. Threshing device 3
Can be supplied. Thus, the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45 transmits the reverse rotation to the transmission case 44, but the passive split pulley 64 of the mowing unit transmission 52 is connected to the rotating shaft mounted on the bearing 51 via the one-way rotation transmission clutch 75. The attachment 74 prevents the reverse rotation from being transmitted to the reaper 4, the transfer device 76 and the like. At this time, the rotating shaft 74
Is mounted on the one-way rotation transmission clutch 75 provided on the bearing 51, so that maintenance can be performed easily.
【0017】しかして、圃場の穀稈が倒伏状態の場合
は、走行速度に対して刈取部4の作業速度が遅いと、充
分に倒伏穀稈を引上げることができないことがあるが、
刈取部変速装置52を作動させることにより刈取部4へ
伝達する回転を上昇させると、確実に作業が行なえる。
即ち、通常は、油圧式無段主変速装置45により走行装
置2と刈取部4は比例して変速されるが、刈取部変速装
置52により独自に刈取部4の作業速度と後側株元搬送
装置17、後側穂先搬送装置18および株引継搬送装置
76の搬送速度を変更して穀稈の状態に応じた作業速度
を選択できる。
In the case where the culm in the field is in the lodging state, if the working speed of the cutting unit 4 is slower than the traveling speed, the lodging culm may not be sufficiently pulled up.
When the rotation transmitted to the reaping unit 4 is increased by operating the reaping unit transmission 52, the work can be performed reliably.
That is, normally, the traveling device 2 and the reaping unit 4 are shifted in proportion to each other by the hydraulic continuously variable main transmission 45, but the working speed of the reaping unit 4 and the rear stock transfer are independently controlled by the reaping unit transmission 52. By changing the transport speeds of the device 17, the rear ear tip transport device 18, and the stock takeover transport device 76, the operation speed according to the state of the grain culm can be selected.
【0018】この場合、穀稈供給装置30の搬送速度A
と、引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと、後側株元搬送装
置17および後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cとは、
A<B<Cの関係にすると、後側株元搬送装置17およ
び後側穂先搬送装置18から引継搬送装置76への引継
ぎで減速され、引継搬送装置76から穀稈供給装置30
への引継ぎで減速され、穀稈供給装置30に向けて搬送
されるに従い穀稈の量が多くなって厚くなり、搬送速度
も次第に遅くなるので搬送姿勢が良好となる。
In this case, the conveying speed A of the grain stalk feeding device 30
And the transfer speed B of the takeover transfer device 76 and the transfer speed C of the rear stock source transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18
When the relationship A <B <C is satisfied, the speed is reduced by the transfer from the rear stock source transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18 to the transfer transfer device 76, and the grain transfer device 30 is transferred from the transfer transfer device 76.
The amount of the cereal stem increases and becomes thicker as it is conveyed toward the cereal culm supply device 30, and the conveying speed gradually decreases, so that the conveying posture is improved.
【0019】しかして、前記穀稈供給装置30は、脱穀
装置の上部カバー34を持ち上げて挾扼杆33を上動さ
せて供給搬送チエン32の上面を開放し、次に、駆動歯
車37への伝動の接続を外し、案内レール35の終端と
機体側とを固定するロック装置97のロックを解除して
から、縦柱38中心に案内レール35の終端部を外側回
動させて、穀稈供給装置30および脱穀装置3の脱穀室
31のメンテナンスを行なう。
Thus, the grain culm supply device 30 lifts the upper cover 34 of the threshing device and moves the clamping rod 33 upward to open the upper surface of the supply and transport chain 32. After disconnecting the transmission and unlocking the lock device 97 for fixing the terminal end of the guide rail 35 to the machine side, the terminal end of the guide rail 35 is pivoted outward around the vertical column 38 to supply grain culm. The device 30 and the threshing room 31 of the threshing device 3 are maintained.
【0020】[0020]
【効果】本発明は、エンジン43と、無段主変速装置4
5と、走行装置2と、圃場の穀稈を刈取る刈取部4と、
穀稈供給装置30を有する脱穀室31と、刈取部4と穀
稈供給装置30との間に設けた後側株元搬送装置17お
よび後側穂先搬送装置18とを持つものにおいて、前記
後側株元搬送装置17は穀稈を主として起立状態で搬送
するようにし、該後側株元搬送装置17の終端と穀稈供
給装置30との間に穀稈を主として横倒れ状態で搬送す
る引継搬送装置76を設け、前記走行装置2と前記刈取
部4と前記後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装
置18と前記引継搬送装置76との動力伝動構成を、エ
ンジン43から無段主変速装置45を経て走行装置2
に、また、無段主変速装置45から刈取部4と後側株元
搬送装置17と後側穂先搬送装置18と引継搬送装置7
6とにそれぞれ動力伝達されるようにし、もって、前記
穀稈供給装置30の搬送速度Aは車速に拘らず常に一定
速度に維持し、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前
記後側株元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬送装置1
8の搬送速度Cは車速に応じて増減速制御するようにす
ると共に、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後
側株元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬送装置18の
搬送速度CとはB<Cと構成し、且つ、前記引継搬送装
置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および
後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cが前記穀稈供給装置
30の搬送速度Aを越えた後は、前記引継搬送装置76
の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂
先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cの車速に対する変化率が小
さくなるように構成したコンバインの搬送伝動機構とし
たものであるから、刈取部4へ伝達する回転を上昇させ
て倒伏穀稈の作業が確実容易となるばかりでなく、これ
に対応して後側搬送装置17、18および引継搬送装置
76の搬送速度を変更して確実に搬送でき、また、引継
搬送装置76への引継で減速され、穀稈供給装置30に
向けて搬送されるに従い穀稈の量が多くなって厚くな
り、搬送速度も次第に遅くなるので搬送姿勢が良好にな
るという効果を奏し、また、供給搬送装置30の搬送速
度に対して後側搬送装置17と引継搬送装置76の搬送
速度とが過度に高速になって、引継搬送装置76から供
給搬送装置30への引継部において穀稈が詰まるような
支障 を少なくすることができる。本発明は、エンジン4
3と、無段主変速装置45と、走行装置2と、圃場の穀
稈を刈取る刈取部4と、穀稈供給装置30を有する脱穀
室31と、刈取部4と穀稈供給装置30との間に設けた
後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18とを
持つものにおいて、前記後側株元搬送装置17は穀稈を
主として起立状態で搬送するようにし、該後側株元搬送
装置17の終端と穀稈供給装置30との間に穀稈を主と
して横倒れ状態で搬送する引継搬送装置76を設け、走
行装置2と刈取部4と後側株元搬送装置17および後側
穂先搬送装置18と引継搬送装置76との動力伝動構成
を、エンジン43から無段主変速装置45を経て走行装
置2に、また、無段主変速装置45から刈取部変速装置
52を経て、刈取部4と後側株元搬送装置17と後側穂
先搬送装置18と引継搬送装置76とにそれぞれ動力伝
達されるようにし、もって、前記穀稈供給装置30の搬
送速度Aは車速に拘らず常に一定速度に維持し、前記引
継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置1
7および前記後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cは車速
に応じて増減速制御するようにすると共に、前記引継搬
送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17お
よび前記後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度CとはB<C
と構成し、且つ、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと
前記後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18
の搬送速度Cが前記穀稈供給装置30の搬送速度Aを越
えた後は、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後
側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送
速度Cの車速に対する変化率が小さくなるように構成し
コンバインの搬送伝動機構としたものであるから、刈
取部変速装置52を作動させることにより刈取部4へ伝
達する回転を上昇させて倒伏穀稈の作業が確実容易とな
るばかりでなく、これに対応して後側搬送装置17、1
8および株引継搬送装置76の搬送速度を変更して確実
に搬送でき、また、引継搬送装置76への引継で減速さ
れ、穀稈供給装置30に向けて搬送されるに従い穀稈の
量が多くなって厚くなり、搬送速度も次第に遅くなるの
で搬送姿勢が良好になるという効果を奏し、また、供給
搬送装置30の搬送速度に対して後側搬送装置17と引
継搬送装置76の搬送速度とが過度に高速になって、引
継搬送装置76から供給搬送装置30への引継部におい
て穀稈が詰まるような支障を少なくすることがで きる
According to the present invention, an engine 43 and a continuously variable main transmission 4 are provided.
5, a traveling device 2, a reaping unit 4 for reaping a culm in a field,
A threshing room 31 having a cereal culm supply device 30; and a rear stock transfer device 17 and a rear spike transfer device 18 provided between the cutting unit 4 and the cereal culm supply device 30; The stock carrier transport device 17 mainly transports the grain culm in an upright state, and the take-over transport that transports the grain culm mainly in a sideways state between the end of the rear strain carrier transport device 17 and the grain culm supply device 30. A device 76 is provided, and the power transmission configuration of the traveling device 2, the mowing unit 4, the rear stock transfer device 17, the rear spike transfer device 18, and the takeover transfer device 76 is controlled by the continuously variable main transmission from the engine 43. Traveling device 2 via device 45
In addition, from the continuously variable main transmission 45, the reaper 4, the rear stock transfer device 17, the rear ear transfer device 18, and the transfer transfer device 7
Respectively and 6 so as to be the power transmission, it has been the
The conveying speed A of the grain stalk feeding device 30 is always constant regardless of the vehicle speed
Speed, and the transfer speed B of the transfer
Rear stock transfer device 17 and rear spike transfer device 1
8 is controlled to increase or decrease according to the vehicle speed.
In addition, the transfer speed B of the transfer device 76 and the transfer speed C of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear tip transfer device 18 are configured to satisfy B <C.
The transfer speed B of the device 76 and the rear stock source transfer device 17 and
The conveying speed C of the rear ear tip conveying device 18 is the same as the grain culm feeding device.
After the transfer speed A exceeds 30, the transfer device 76
Speed B of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear ear
The change rate of the transfer speed C of the front transfer device 18 with respect to the vehicle speed is small.
Since it is a transport transmission mechanism for the combine that is configured to be small, the rotation transmitted to the cutting unit 4 is raised to not only facilitate the operation of the lodging grain culm, but also to correspond to the rear side. The transfer speed of the transfer devices 17 and 18 and the transfer transfer device 76 can be changed so that the transfer can be reliably performed. In addition, the transfer speed of the transfer to the transfer transfer device 76 is reduced, and the transfer of the cereal stem to the cereal culm supply device 30 is performed. As the amount increases and the transfer speed gradually decreases, the transfer posture is improved, and the transfer speed of the supply transfer device 30 is improved.
The transfer of the rear transfer device 17 and the transfer transfer device 76
Speed becomes excessively high, and the transfer
In the transfer section to the feeding / conveying device 30, the culm may be clogged.
Problems can be reduced . The present invention relates to an engine 4
3, a continuously variable main transmission 45, a traveling device 2, a reaping unit 4 for reaping grain culm in a field, a threshing room 31 having a cereal culm supply device 30, a reaping unit 4, and a cereal culm supply device 30. Between the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18, the rear stock transfer device 17 is configured to transfer the grain stem mainly in an upright state, A transfer device 76 is provided between the end of the former transport device 17 and the cereal culm supply device 30 for transporting the culm mainly in a sideways state, and the traveling device 2, the cutting section 4, the rear stock former transport device 17 and the rear ~ side
The power transmission structure of the head tip transfer device 18 and the takeover transfer device 76 is cut from the engine 43 to the traveling device 2 via the continuously variable main transmission 45, and from the continuously variable main transmission 45 to the cutting unit transmission 52 via the reaper. respectively to the part 4 and the rear lines based on the conveying device 17 and the rear tip conveying device 18 and the takeover conveying device 76 so as to be the power transmission, with, transportable of the culms supply device 30
The feed speed A is always maintained at a constant speed regardless of the vehicle speed.
The transfer speed B of the joint transfer device 76 and the rear side stock transfer device 1
7 and the transfer speed C of the rear ear tip transfer device 18 is a vehicle speed.
And the transfer speed B of the takeover transfer device 76 and the transfer speed C of the rear stock source transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18 are B <C.
And the transfer speed B of the takeover transfer device 76
The rear stock source transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18
Transport speed C exceeds the transport speed A of the grain culm supply device 30
After the transfer, the transfer speed B of the transfer device 76 and the
Conveyance of the side stock former conveyance device 17 and the rear ear tip conveyance device 18
The rate of change of the speed C with respect to the vehicle speed is configured to be small.
And since it is obtained by the combined conveyance power transmission mechanism, not only the reaper working lodging culms by increasing the rotation transmitting gear 52 to the reaper 4 By operating is ensured easily, to Correspondingly, the rear transfer device 17, 1
8 and the transfer speed of the stock transfer device 76 can be changed so that the transfer speed can be reduced. is to thick, provide an advantage that the conveying posture since the conveying speed gradually slower is improved, also, supply
With respect to the transfer speed of the transfer device 30, the rear transfer device 17
The transfer speed of the transfer device 76 becomes excessively high,
In the transfer section from the transfer device 76 to the supply transfer device 30
As possible out is possible to reduce the trouble, such as clogging culms Te.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】 本発明の説明図。FIG. 1 is an explanatory diagram of the present invention.
【図2】 公知例の説明図。FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram of a known example.
【図3】 側面図。FIG. 3 is a side view.
【図4】 平面図。FIG. 4 is a plan view.
【図5】 側面図。FIG. 5 is a side view.
【図6】 変速装置の側面図。FIG. 6 is a side view of the transmission.
【図7】 側面図。FIG. 7 is a side view.
【図8】 部分斜視図。FIG. 8 is a partial perspective view.
【図9】 斜視図。FIG. 9 is a perspective view.
【図10】 伝動機構の概略図。FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a transmission mechanism.
【図11】 平面図。FIG. 11 is a plan view.
【図12】 制御機構図。FIG. 12 is a control mechanism diagram.
【図13】 他の実施例の説明図。FIG. 13 is an explanatory diagram of another embodiment.
【図14】 同作用状態説明図。FIG. 14 is an explanatory view of the same operation state.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1…機体フレーム、2…走行装置、3…脱穀装置、4…
刈取部、5…分草体、6…引起装置、7…掻込装置、8
…刈刃、9…前側株元搬送装置、10…前側穂先搬送装
置、12…刈取部フレーム、13…支持パイプ、14…
横筒、15…支持台、16…刈取上下シリンダ 17…後側株元搬送装置、18…後側穂先搬送装置、1
9…搬送チエン、20…挾扼杆、21…扱深さ調節装
置、22…稈長検出スイッチ、23…搬送ラグ、24…
ケース、25…取付アーム、26…取付部材、27…案
内ガイド、30…穀稈供給装置、32…搬送チエン、3
3…挾扼杆、34…上部カバー、35…案内レール、3
6…受動歯車、37…駆動歯車、38…縦柱、39…支
持フレーム、40…側部カバー、41…クラッチ、42
…ステー、43…エンジン、44…ミッションケース、
45…油圧式無段主変速装置、46…刈取部入力プー
リ、47…エンジン出力プーリ、48…エンジン出力受
動プーリ、49…ベルト、50…ギヤボックス、51…
軸受、52…刈取部変速装置、53、54…プーリ、5
5…ベルト、56…ギヤケース、57…刈取部出力プー
リ、58…ベルト、59…出力プーリ、62…ベルト、
63…駆動割プーリ、64…受動割プーリ、65、66
…カム体、67…アーム、68…ロッド、69…モー
タ、70…ロッド、71…コマ、72…ネジ軸、73…
回り止めガイド、74…回転軸、75…一方向回転伝達
クラッチ、76…中間引継搬送装置、77…チエン案内
レール、78…受動歯車、80…引継搬送チエン、81
…案内歯車、82…回転軸、83…駆動歯車、85…案
内ガイド、86…車速センサ、87…主変速操作レバ
ー、88…位置検知センサ、89…刈取クラッチ操作レ
バー、90…入切検知スイッチ、92…扱胴、93…扱
網、94…排藁搬送装置、95…排藁処理部、96…グ
レンタンク、97…ロック装置。
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Body frame, 2 ... Traveling device, 3 ... Threshing device, 4 ...
Cutting part, 5 ... Weeding body, 6 ... Raising device, 7 ... Scraping device, 8
... Cutting blade, 9 ... Front stock transfer device, 10 ... Front tip transfer device, 12 ... Cutting section frame, 13 ... Support pipe, 14 ...
Horizontal cylinder, 15: Support base, 16: Cutting vertical cylinder 17: Rear stock transfer device, 18: Rear tip transfer device, 1
9: transport chain, 20: clamping rod, 21: handling depth adjusting device, 22: culm length detection switch, 23: transport lug, 24 ...
Case, 25 ... Mounting arm, 26 ... Mounting member, 27 ... Guide guide, 30 ... Grain stalk supply device, 32 ... Transport chain, 3
3 ... Narrowing rod, 34 ... Top cover, 35 ... Guide rail, 3
6 passive gear, 37 drive gear, 38 vertical column, 39 support frame, 40 side cover, 41 clutch, 42
... stay, 43 ... engine, 44 ... mission case,
45: Hydraulic stepless main transmission, 46: harvester input pulley, 47: engine output pulley, 48: engine output passive pulley, 49: belt, 50: gear box, 51 ...
Bearing, 52: reaping section transmission, 53, 54: pulley, 5
Reference numeral 5: belt, 56: gear case, 57: cutting section output pulley, 58: belt, 59: output pulley, 62: belt,
63: drive split pulley, 64: passive split pulley, 65, 66
... Cam body, 67 ... Arm, 68 ... Rod, 69 ... Motor, 70 ... Rod, 71 ... Top, 72 ... Screw shaft, 73 ...
Non-rotating guide, 74: rotating shaft, 75: one-way rotation transmission clutch, 76: intermediate transfer device, 77: chain guide rail, 78: passive gear, 80: transfer transfer chain, 81
... Guide gear, 82 ... Rotary shaft, 83 ... Driving gear, 85 ... Guide guide, 86 ... Vehicle speed sensor, 87 ... Main speed change operation lever, 88 ... Position detection sensor, 89 ... Cutting clutch operation lever, 90 ... On / off detection switch Reference numerals 92, handling cylinder, 93, handling net, 94, straw conveying device, 95, straw processing unit, 96, Glen tank, 97, locking device.

Claims (2)

    (57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 エンジン43と、無段主変速装置45
    と、走行装置2と、圃場の穀稈を刈取る刈取部4と、穀
    稈供給装置30を有する脱穀室31と、刈取部4と穀稈
    供給装置30との間に設けた後側株元搬送装置17およ
    び後側穂先搬送装置18とを持つものにおいて、前記後
    側株元搬送装置17は穀稈を主として起立状態で搬送す
    るようにし、該後側株元搬送装置17の終端と穀稈供給
    装置30との間に穀稈を主として横倒れ状態で搬送する
    引継搬送装置76を設け、前記走行装置2と前記刈取部
    4と前記後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置
    18と前記引継搬送装置76との動力伝動構成を、エン
    ジン43から無段主変速装置45を経て走行装置2に、
    また、無段主変速装置45から刈取部4と後側株元搬送
    装置17と後側穂先搬送装置18と引継搬送装置76と
    にそれぞれ動力伝達されるようにし、もって、前記穀稈
    供給装置30の搬送速度Aは車速に拘らず常に一定速度
    に維持し、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後
    側株元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬送装置18の
    搬送速度Cは車速に応じて増減速制御するようにすると
    共に、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株
    元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送
    速度CとはB<Cと構成し、且つ、前記引継搬送装置7
    6の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および後側
    穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cが前記穀稈供給装置30
    の搬送速度Aを越えた後は、前記引継搬送装置76の搬
    送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬
    送装置18の搬送速度Cの車速に対する変化率が小さく
    なるように構成したコンバインの搬送伝動機構。
    1. An engine 43 and a continuously variable main transmission 45.
    A traveling device 2, a cutting unit 4 for cutting the culm in a field, a threshing room 31 having a cereal culm supply device 30, and a rear plant provided between the reaper 4 and the cereal culm supply device 30. In the apparatus having a transport device 17 and a rear spike tip transport device 18, the rear stock transport device 17 mainly transports the grain culm in an upright state, and an end of the rear strain transport device 17 and a grain culm. Provided between the feeding device 30 is a take-over transport device 76 that transports the grain culm mainly in a sideways state, and the traveling device 2, the cutting unit 4, the rear stock source transport device 17, and the rear spike transport device 18 The power transmission structure with the transfer device 76 is transferred from the engine 43 to the traveling device 2 via the continuously variable main transmission 45,
    Further, power is transmitted from the continuously variable main transmission 45 to the reaper 4, the rear stock transfer device 17, the rear spike transfer device 18 and the transfer transfer device 76, respectively, so that the grain culm is transmitted.
    The transfer speed A of the supply device 30 is always constant regardless of the vehicle speed.
    And the transfer speed B of the transfer device 76 and the
    Of the side stock former transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18
    If the transport speed C is controlled to increase or decrease according to the vehicle speed,
    In both cases , the transfer speed B of the takeover transfer device 76 and the transfer speed C of the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18 are configured to be B <C , and the transfer transfer device 7
    6 and the rear stock transfer apparatus 17 and the rear side
    The conveying speed C of the head conveying device 18 is the same as that of the grain culm supplying device 30.
    After the transfer speed A has been exceeded, the transfer
    Feeding speed B, the rear stock transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer
    The change rate of the transport speed C of the feeding device 18 with respect to the vehicle speed is small.
    A transport mechanism for a combine that is configured to
  2. 【請求項2】 エンジン43と、無段主変速装置45
    と、走行装置2と、圃場の穀稈を刈取る刈取部4と、穀
    稈供給装置30を有する脱穀室31と、刈取部4と穀稈
    供給装置30との間に設けた後側株元搬送装置17およ
    び後側穂先搬送装置18とを持つものにおいて、前記後
    側株元搬送装置17は穀稈を主として起立状態で搬送す
    るようにし、該後側株元搬送装置17の終端と穀稈供給
    装置30との間に穀稈を主として横倒れ状態で搬送する
    引継搬送装置76を設け、走行装置2と刈取部4と後側
    株元搬送装置17および後側穂先搬送装置18と引継搬
    送装置76との動力伝動構成を、エンジン43から無段
    主変速装置45を経て走行装置2に、また、無段主変速
    装置45から刈取部変速装置52を経て、刈取部4と後
    側株元搬送装置17と後側穂先搬送装置18と引継搬送
    装置76とにそれぞれ動力伝達されるようにし、もっ
    て、前記穀稈供給装置30の搬送速度Aは車速に拘らず
    常に一定速度に維持し、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速
    度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬
    送装置18の搬送速度Cは車速に応じて増減速制御する
    ようにすると共に、前記引継搬送装置76の搬送速度B
    と前記後側株元搬送装置17および前記後側穂先搬送装
    置18の搬送速度CとはB<Cと構成し、且つ、前記引
    継搬送装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置1
    7および後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cが前記穀稈
    供給装置30の搬送速度Aを越えた後は、前記引継搬送
    装置76の搬送速度Bと前記後側株元搬送装置17およ
    び後側穂先搬送装置18の搬送速度Cの車速に対する変
    化率が小さくなるように構成したコンバインの搬送伝動
    機構。
    2. An engine 43 and a continuously variable main transmission 45.
    A traveling device 2, a cutting unit 4 for cutting the culm in a field, a threshing room 31 having a cereal culm supply device 30, and a rear plant provided between the reaper 4 and the cereal culm supply device 30. In the apparatus having a transport device 17 and a rear spike tip transport device 18, the rear stock transport device 17 mainly transports the grain culm in an upright state, and an end of the rear strain transport device 17 and a grain culm. Provided between the feeding device 30 and a transfer device 76 that mainly transports the grain culm in a sideways state, and the traveling device 2, the cutting unit 4, and the rear side
    The power transmission structure of the stock transfer device 17 and the rear ear transfer device 18 and the takeover transfer device 76 is changed from the engine 43 to the traveling device 2 via the continuously variable main transmission 45, and from the continuously variable main transmission 45 to the mowing. through the section transmission 52, so as to be respectively power transmission to the reaper 4 and the rear lines based on the conveying device 17 and the rear tip conveying device 18 and the takeover conveying device 76, with
    Therefore, regardless of the vehicle speed, the transport speed A of the grain stalk supply device 30 is
    Always maintain a constant speed, the transfer speed of the transfer
    Degree B, the rear stock source transport device 17 and the rear ear tip transport
    The transport speed C of the feeding device 18 is controlled to increase or decrease according to the vehicle speed.
    While manner, the conveying speed B of the takeover conveying device 76
    And the transfer speed C of the rear stock source transfer device 17 and the rear spike transfer device 18 is configured to be B <C , and
    The transfer speed B of the joint transfer device 76 and the rear side stock transfer device 1
    7 and the transport speed C of the rear ear tip transport device 18 is the grain culm.
    After the transfer speed A of the supply device 30 is exceeded, the transfer
    The transfer speed B of the device 76 and the rear stock source transfer device 17 and
    Of the transfer speed C of the front and rear ear tip transfer device 18 with respect to the vehicle speed.
    Combine transport transmission mechanism configured to reduce the conversion rate .
JP26665192A 1992-09-09 1992-09-09 Combine transfer power mechanism Expired - Lifetime JP3353346B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP26665192A JP3353346B2 (en) 1992-09-09 1992-09-09 Combine transfer power mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP26665192A JP3353346B2 (en) 1992-09-09 1992-09-09 Combine transfer power mechanism

Related Child Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2000037547A Division JP2000188935A (en) 2000-01-01 2000-02-16 Carrying transmission mechanism for combine harvester
JP2002135630A Division JP3622739B2 (en) 2002-05-10 2002-05-10 Combine
JP2002135629A Division JP3659238B2 (en) 2002-05-10 2002-05-10 Combine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0690607A JPH0690607A (en) 1994-04-05
JP3353346B2 true JP3353346B2 (en) 2002-12-03

Family

ID=17433796

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP26665192A Expired - Lifetime JP3353346B2 (en) 1992-09-09 1992-09-09 Combine transfer power mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3353346B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4670155B2 (en) * 2001-02-05 2011-04-13 井関農機株式会社 Combine
JP5027020B2 (en) * 2008-03-18 2012-09-19 ヤンマー株式会社 Combine
JP4670945B2 (en) * 2008-11-29 2011-04-13 井関農機株式会社 Combine
JP4670982B2 (en) * 2009-06-30 2011-04-13 井関農機株式会社 Combine
JP4835747B2 (en) * 2009-10-30 2011-12-14 井関農機株式会社 Combine
JP4670988B2 (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-04-13 井関農機株式会社 Combine
JP4816804B2 (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-11-16 井関農機株式会社 Combine
JP6624856B2 (en) * 2015-09-01 2019-12-25 株式会社クボタ Combine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH0690607A (en) 1994-04-05

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