JP3254178B2 - Refrigeration circuit with auxiliary evaporator for defrost - Google Patents

Refrigeration circuit with auxiliary evaporator for defrost

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Publication number
JP3254178B2
JP3254178B2 JP33505897A JP33505897A JP3254178B2 JP 3254178 B2 JP3254178 B2 JP 3254178B2 JP 33505897 A JP33505897 A JP 33505897A JP 33505897 A JP33505897 A JP 33505897A JP 3254178 B2 JP3254178 B2 JP 3254178B2
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
evaporator
refrigerant
inlet
auxiliary
defrost
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP33505897A
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Japanese (ja)
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JPH11148770A (en
Inventor
正勝 上田
Original Assignee
タバイエスペック株式会社
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Priority to JP33505897A priority Critical patent/JP3254178B2/en
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Description

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0001]

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a compressor, a condenser, and an evaporator. TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a refrigeration circuit in which an evaporator inlet and an evaporator outlet are connected to each other, and more particularly to a technique for improving a cooling state of a fluid to be cooled during defrost.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art As a refrigerating circuit employing a hot gas-defrost method, for example, two evaporators are provided, and during normal cooling, any one of the evaporators is used.
At the time of defrost, hot gas is sent to any one of the evaporators to perform defrost, and the refrigerant that has exited from one of the evaporators is introduced into the other evaporator, and a new refrigerant liquid is supplied to the other evaporator. A refrigeration circuit has been proposed in which the circulating air is sent to cool the circulating air and defrost without off-cycle (see Japanese Utility Model Application No. 61-154123 (Japanese Utility Model Application Laid-Open No. 63-60879)).

However, this refrigeration circuit has a complicated structure, requires two evaporators having 100% capacity, increases the size of the apparatus, and increases costs due to these points. Have a problem.

[0004] It is to be noted that there is also employed an apparatus in which two evaporators are provided and switched to be used, and the evaporator in an off cycle is defrosted. Although this defrost device has a simple configuration, since the heat source for defrosting is circulating air, there is a problem that defrosting cannot be performed when the circulating air is at a low temperature, and it takes a long time even when defrosting can be performed. . Further, there is a problem that continuous operation of an environmental test device or the like using a refrigeration circuit is interrupted due to defrost.

[0005]

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention solves the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, enables continuous operation of an apparatus having a refrigeration circuit at a low cost with a simple structure, and enables cooling at the time of defrost. It is an object to provide a refrigeration circuit that can suppress a rise in the temperature of gas.

[0006]

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention is directed to a first aspect of the present invention which comprises a compressor, a condenser, and an evaporator for cooling a fluid to be cooled during normal operation. In the refrigeration circuit, which sequentially connects the compressor outlet and the condenser inlet, the condenser outlet and the evaporator inlet, and the evaporator outlet and the compressor inlet in the flow direction, and enables defrosting by hot gas, A refrigerant gas switching means capable of switching between the compressor outlet and an auxiliary evaporator having a refrigerant inlet and a refrigerant outlet provided on the downstream side of the evaporator in the flow direction of the fluid to be cooled, the auxiliary evaporator having a smaller capacity than the evaporator A defrost liquid pipe connecting the evaporator inlet side portion and the refrigerant inlet, auxiliary expansion means provided in the defrost liquid pipe to expand the refrigerant, and the condenser during the normal operation. Refrigerant liquid switching means for allowing the conduit from the mouth to the evaporator inlet to conduct and allowing the defrost liquid conduit to conduct at the time of defrosting, and The evaporator can be defrosted by passing through.

[0007] In addition to the above, a second aspect of the present invention provides a hot gas line connecting the compressor outlet and the refrigerant inlet via the refrigerant gas switching means, and the hot gas line and the defrost liquid. Gas-liquid switching means for making any one of the pipes conductive, an auxiliary defrost liquid pipe connecting the refrigerant outlet and the evaporator inlet, and a pipe passing through the auxiliary defrost liquid pipe and the condenser. And a refrigerant switching means for allowing any one of the hot gas and the hot gas to pass therethrough, and allowing the hot gas to pass through the evaporator from the auxiliary evaporator so that the auxiliary evaporator can be defrosted. I do.

[0008]

FIG. 1 shows a configuration example of a refrigeration circuit to which the present invention is applied. The refrigeration circuit includes a compressor 1, a condenser 2, an evaporator 3, and the like, and cools a circulating air such as an environmental test device as a fluid to be cooled in a flow direction of a refrigerant during normal operation (indicated by a solid arrow). In order, compressor outlet 1b and condenser inlet 2
a, a condenser outlet 2b and an evaporator inlet 3a, and an evaporator outlet 3b and a compressor inlet 1a. In addition to these, a four-way valve 4 as a refrigerant gas switching means and an auxiliary evaporator 5 , A defrost liquid conduit 6, an auxiliary capillary tube 7 as auxiliary expansion means, and solenoid valves 8a and 8b as refrigerant liquid switching means. Reference numeral 9 denotes a main capillary tube for expanding the refrigerant condensed in the condenser 2. The condenser 2 is air-cooled by a blower, for example. Reference numeral 10 denotes a check valve that allows the refrigerant to flow in a direction indicated by a dashed arrow.

The four-way valve 4 has a compressor inlet 1a and an outlet 1b.
Is an automatic valve that can be switched between. The state shown in the figure indicates a normal operation, and the and ports are electrically connected. At this time, the compressor outlet 1b is connected to the condenser inlet 2a.
And the hot gas compressed and heated by the compressor is discharged to the condenser, and the evaporator outlet 3b is connected to the compressor inlet 1a, and the low-temperature refrigerant gas is returned from the evaporator.

When the four-way valve is switched, the mouth,
Respectively, and the compressor inlet / outlet is switched by the four-way valve 4 as shown by the broken line in the figure, and the refrigerant flowing out of the compressor outlet 1b flows in the direction of the evaporator outlet 3a, contrary to the normal operation. Note that the refrigerant gas switching means may be configured by combining a plurality of ordinary solenoid valves or three-way valves in place of the four-way valve 4.

The auxiliary evaporator 5 is provided on the downstream side of the evaporator 3 in the flow direction of the circulating air indicated by a thick solid arrow in the figure, and has a refrigerant inlet 5a and a refrigerant outlet 5b. Small capacity and small size. The defrost liquid line 6 connects the evaporator inlet 3a side portion and the refrigerant inlet 5a. The auxiliary capillary tube 7 is provided in the defrost liquid line 6 and expands and vaporizes the refrigerant liquefied by the evaporator 3 at the time of defrost. The solenoid valves 8a and 8b
Either the conduit from the condenser outlet 2b to the evaporator inlet 3a or the defrost liquid conduit 6 is made conductive. Therefore, during normal operation, 8a closes and 8b opens, and vice versa during defrost.

The above refrigeration circuit is operated as follows. During normal operation without defrosting the evaporator 3, the refrigerant flows in the solid arrow direction. That is, the hot gas compressed by the compressor 1 is introduced into the condenser 2 through the opening of the conductive four-way valve 4. At this time, the check valve 10
As a result, hot gas does not flow to the auxiliary evaporator 5. The refrigerant liquid condensed in the condenser 2 expands in the main capillary tube 9 via the open electromagnetic valve 8b, and passes through the evaporator 3 to cool the circulating air. At this time, the solenoid valve 8a is closed, and the refrigerant liquid does not flow to the auxiliary evaporator 5. The low-temperature refrigerant gas exiting the evaporator 3 passes through the opening of the conductive four-way valve 4 and is sucked into the compressor.

In such a normal operation, the refrigerant is not flown through the auxiliary evaporator 5 as described above, so that the circulating air is cooled only by the evaporator 3. Therefore, even if the auxiliary evaporator 5 and the accompanying refrigerant system are provided, the influence on the normal operation is small. In addition, frost formation on the auxiliary evaporator 5 is small.

When the evaporator 3 becomes frosted, a defrost operation is performed. At this time, the refrigerant flows in the direction of the dashed arrow. That is, the four-way valve 4 is switched from the state of the normal operation, and the hot gas compressed by the compressor 1 is introduced into the evaporator 3 through the conducting port, and flows in the opposite direction to the normal operation. Heat is applied to the attached frost to melt it, and at the same time, it is cooled to liquefy a considerable portion thereof.

This refrigerant passes through the solenoid valve 8a in the defrost liquid line 6, is expanded in the auxiliary capillary tube 7, and is introduced into the auxiliary evaporator 5, where it cools the circulating air and becomes low-temperature refrigerant gas. Will be sent out. At the time of defrosting, as described above, the solenoid valve 8a is opened and the valve 8b is closed, and is switched from the normal operation.

By the flow of the refrigerant as described above, the circulating air can be cooled by the auxiliary evaporator 5. In this case, the auxiliary evaporator 5 cools and removes the temperature rise of the circulating air caused by flowing the hot gas to the evaporator 3 and defrosting, and also cools the circulating air by a certain degree to lower the temperature. It is not necessary to make the heat removal amount larger than the heat removal amount of the evaporator 3 during the normal operation. Further, the temperature of the circulating air flowing into the auxiliary evaporator 5 is higher than the temperature of the circulating air flowing into the evaporator 3 during the normal operation as described above. Is getting bigger. Therefore, the cooling area of the auxiliary evaporator 5 can be made smaller than that of the evaporator 3. As a result, by making the auxiliary evaporator 5 smaller and smaller in size than the evaporator 3 as in the present invention, it is possible to make the auxiliary evaporator 5 suitable for the defrost condition without waste.

The refrigerant gas evaporated in the auxiliary evaporator 5 reaches the four-way valve 4 from the outlet 5b via the check valve 10, passes through the conducting port, and is sucked into the compressor again. In this case, since the solenoid valve 8b is closed, the refrigerant gas does not flow toward the condenser 2.

According to the refrigeration circuit described above, the circulating air is cooled by the auxiliary evaporator 5, so that the continuous operation of the apparatus in an environmental test apparatus or the like is ensured. in this case,
Since the frost formed on the evaporator can be used as a cold heat source without using a condenser, an economical operation such as stopping a blower for cooling the condenser becomes possible. In addition, since the refrigeration load does not become larger in the defrost operation than in the normal operation, the refrigeration function can be determined on the basis of the normal operation, so that the apparatus does not increase in size and the capacity adjustment circuit and the like become unnecessary. .

As described above, since the auxiliary evaporator has a capacity suitable for the defrost operation, the amount of heat for cooling the circulating air is reduced to some extent. However, especially under normal temperature conditions that are not low, the temperature of the circulating air can be maintained at substantially the target temperature, and even at low temperatures, the low-temperature state can be maintained to a certain extent. You.

As described above, the refrigeration circuit of this embodiment capable of defrosting using hot gas has a very simple configuration as compared with a conventional refrigeration circuit of the same type. That is, for example, in the refrigeration circuit described in the related art, in addition to the basic circuit including one evaporator, two hot gas circuits, two defrost liquid evaporation circuits, and another evaporator during normal operation. In contrast to the fact that there are two inlet / outlet circuits through which the refrigerant passes through the heat exchanger, which is extremely complicated, in the refrigeration circuit of the present invention, in addition to the reference circuit including the evaporator 3, the inlet / outlet of the auxiliary evaporator 5 Only two circuits including are added. Further, in the refrigeration circuit of the present embodiment, the number of additional systems such as solenoid valves is reduced because the number of additional systems is small. Further, in the present invention, since the refrigerant at the compressor outlet can be switched, a four-way valve can be employed, so that the number of accessory valves can be minimized.

Since the refrigeration circuit of this embodiment has such a simple configuration, it is possible to easily switch between the normal operation and the defrost operation to reliably operate the refrigeration circuit. In addition, since there is no particular need for adjustment when switching the operation, it is possible to easily and quickly shift to each operation.

FIG. 2 shows another example of the refrigeration circuit of the present invention.
The refrigeration circuit of this example is different from that of FIG. 1 in that a hot gas pipeline 11 that connects a compressor outlet 1 b and a refrigerant inlet 5 a of an auxiliary evaporator 5 via a four-way valve 4, An electromagnetic valve 12 and an electromagnetic valve 8a as gas-liquid switching means for enabling conduction to one of the defrost liquid pipes 6, and a refrigerant outlet 5b
Auxiliary defrost liquid line 1 connecting the evaporator inlet 3a
3 and an electromagnetic valve 14 as a refrigerant switching means for making any one of the pipe 13 and the pipe passing through the condenser 2 conductive.

According to this refrigeration circuit, a refrigerant flows as indicated by a thick solid line arrow in the figure to defrost the auxiliary evaporator 5 and evaporate the refrigerant liquid that has exited the auxiliary evaporator 5 toward the evaporator 3. As in the case of the defrosting of the evaporator 3, the circulating air is cooled, and continuity of operation can be obtained. The solenoid valves 8a and 8b are closed and open, respectively, so that the refrigerant liquid flowing out of the auxiliary evaporator 5 flows into the evaporator 3, and the refrigerant liquid expands in the main capillary tube 9 and flows into the evaporator 3. It flows in from the entrance 3a. The high-pressure hot gas of the compressor 1 is stopped by the check valve 10 when the solenoid valve 14 is closed, and flows only to the hot gas pipe 11. The solenoid valve 12 is naturally open.

As described above, the auxiliary evaporator 5 is used for defrosting the evaporator 3 and is not normally used. Further, even when defrosting, the circulating air is not frosted unless the circulating air is used at a low temperature of 0 ° C. or less. Since the interval required for defrosting is long, when frost is formed, defrosting can be appropriately performed when the environmental test device or the like is not used. However, with the refrigeration circuit as in this example, the auxiliary evaporator can be defrosted at any time while maintaining the continuous operation of the device, and the convenience in using the device can be further improved. Also, as the pipe system,
Only the hot gas line 11 is added substantially as compared with the example of the above, and the refrigeration circuit is extremely simple as compared with the conventional apparatus.

[0025]

As described above, according to the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, the refrigeration circuit includes a compressor, a condenser, and an evaporator, and connects the respective inlets and outlets starting from the outlet of the compressor, for example. Therefore, during normal operation in which the refrigerant flows in this order, the circulating air as the fluid to be cooled for cooling the test chamber by circulating through the test chamber and the air-conditioning chamber in the environmental test apparatus can be cooled by the evaporator. .

In such a basic circuit, since the refrigerant gas switching means capable of switching between the inlet and the outlet of the compressor is provided, the switching means is set to, for example, the first state, and the refrigerant is supplied in the order described above during normal operation. The hot gas compressed and heated by the compressor can be flowed in the direction of the evaporator outlet, that is, in the direction opposite to the normal operation, by setting the second state by switching the switching means while flowing. As a result, the evaporator can be defrosted with hot gas without providing a special additional line.

During the defrost, the temperature of the circulating air rises in order to flow the hot gas into the evaporator. However, since the auxiliary evaporator is provided downstream of the evaporator in the direction of the circulating air, the auxiliary evaporator is provided. The circulating air is cooled by the vessel, and the continuity of operation of a device using a refrigeration circuit such as an environmental test device can be obtained. That is, in the defrost, the frost adhering to the evaporator and the hot gas exchange heat, and most of the hot gas becomes a refrigerant liquid, but the defrost liquid pipe connecting the evaporator inlet side portion and the refrigerant inlet of the auxiliary evaporator. In addition to providing a passage, an auxiliary expansion means for expanding the refrigerant in the conduit is provided, so that the refrigerant liquid at the time of defrost is expanded and evaporated in the auxiliary evaporator, and the circulating air is cooled by absorbing heat. it can.

In this case, since there is provided a refrigerant liquid switching means for allowing any one of the conduit from the condenser outlet to the evaporator inlet and the defrost liquid conduit to be conducted, the refrigerant is supplied to the evaporator during normal operation. In addition to shutting off the refrigerant, the refrigerant liquid flowing backward through the evaporator is allowed to flow to the auxiliary evaporator, and the auxiliary evaporator can evaporate only the refrigerant liquid at the time of defrost as described above.
As a result, the flow rate of the compressor does not change between the normal operation and the defrost operation, and the refrigeration load does not become larger during the defrost operation than during the normal operation. Therefore, a load adjustment mechanism or the like is not required, the circuit is simplified, and the operation stability is improved. In addition, the capacity of the auxiliary evaporator is made smaller than the capacity of the evaporator in consideration of the difference in the state of the heat exchanger between the defrost operation and the normal operation. With a small capacity, the cost of the refrigeration circuit can be reduced.

According to the refrigeration circuit as described above, a refrigerant inlet line of the auxiliary evaporator comprising a defrost liquid line and a refrigerant outlet line naturally provided are added to the ordinary circuit as a pipe system. Therefore, the configuration of the refrigeration circuit capable of performing hot gas-defrost is extremely simple. Further, since the pipe system is simple, the number of valves and the like constituting the switching means is reduced. As a result, the cost of the refrigeration circuit can be reduced, and the operation can be easily switched.

According to the second aspect of the present invention, the defrost liquid line is closed by the gas-liquid switching means and the hot gas line to supply hot gas to the auxiliary evaporator, and the auxiliary defrost liquid line is switched to the refrigerant. By this means, the supply of the refrigerant from the condenser to the evaporator can be shut off, and the refrigerant liquid that has exited the auxiliary evaporator can be introduced into the evaporator. As a result, since the gas to be cooled can be cooled by the evaporator, when the auxiliary evaporator is frosted, the auxiliary evaporator can be defrosted while ensuring the continuity of the operation of the device. And the convenience of use of the device can be further improved.

In this case, in addition to the above, a hot gas pipe to the auxiliary evaporator and an auxiliary defrost liquid pipe are added as a pipe system, but a sufficient circuit is provided in comparison with the conventional apparatus. It is simplified.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is an explanatory diagram showing an example of a refrigeration circuit to which the present invention is applied.

FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram showing another example of a refrigeration circuit to which the present invention is applied.

[Explanation of symbols]

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Compressor 1a, 1b Compressor inlet, outlet 2 Condenser 2a, 2b Condenser inlet, outlet 3 Evaporator 3a, 3b Evaporator inlet, outlet 4 Four-way valve (refrigerant gas switching means) 5 Auxiliary evaporator 5a, 5b Refrigerant Inlet, outlet 6 Defrost liquid line 7 Auxiliary capillary tube (auxiliary expansion means) 8a Solenoid valve (refrigerant liquid switching means, gas-liquid switching means) 8b Solenoid valve (refrigerant liquid switching means) 11 Hot gas line 12 Solenoid valve (gas Liquid switching means) 13 auxiliary defrost liquid pipeline 14 solenoid valve (refrigerant switching means)

Claims (2)

(57) [Claims]
1. A compressor outlet, a condenser inlet, a condenser outlet, an evaporator inlet, and a compressor outlet, a condenser inlet, a condenser outlet, and an evaporator inlet, which are sequentially provided in a flow direction of a refrigerant in a normal operation for cooling a fluid to be cooled, comprising a compressor, a condenser, and an evaporator. In a refrigeration circuit in which an evaporator outlet and a compressor inlet are connected and defrosted by hot gas, refrigerant gas switching means capable of switching between the compressor inlet and the compressor outlet, and a flow direction of the fluid to be cooled An auxiliary evaporator having a refrigerant inlet and a refrigerant outlet provided on the downstream side of the evaporator and having a smaller capacity than the evaporator, a defrost liquid pipe connecting the evaporator inlet side portion and the refrigerant inlet, An auxiliary expansion means provided in the defrost liquid line for expanding the refrigerant, and a line extending from the condenser outlet to the evaporator inlet during the normal operation to allow conduction, And a refrigerant liquid switching means for making the defrost liquid line conductive, wherein the hot gas is passed from the evaporator to the auxiliary evaporator so that the evaporator can be defrosted. circuit.
2. A hot gas pipe connecting the compressor outlet and the refrigerant inlet via the refrigerant gas switching means,
Gas-liquid switching means for making any one of the hot gas pipe and the defrost liquid pipe conductive, an auxiliary defrost liquid pipe connecting the refrigerant outlet and the evaporator inlet, and the auxiliary defrost liquid pipe And a refrigerant switching means for allowing any one of a passage and a pipe passing through the condenser to be conducted, wherein the hot gas is passed through the evaporator from the auxiliary evaporator to defrost the auxiliary evaporator. The refrigeration circuit according to claim 1, further comprising:
JP33505897A 1997-11-18 1997-11-18 Refrigeration circuit with auxiliary evaporator for defrost Expired - Lifetime JP3254178B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP33505897A JP3254178B2 (en) 1997-11-18 1997-11-18 Refrigeration circuit with auxiliary evaporator for defrost

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP33505897A JP3254178B2 (en) 1997-11-18 1997-11-18 Refrigeration circuit with auxiliary evaporator for defrost

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH11148770A JPH11148770A (en) 1999-06-02
JP3254178B2 true JP3254178B2 (en) 2002-02-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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JP (1) JP3254178B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5764813B2 (en) * 2010-11-02 2015-08-19 伸和コントロールズ株式会社 low dew point air generator
JP2015224810A (en) * 2014-05-27 2015-12-14 清水建設株式会社 Air conditioning system
CN105372084B (en) * 2015-10-26 2018-05-01 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 A kind of heat pump performance detection method and Standard Machine weighing method

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