JP3216077B2 - Assembled and mounted three-dimensional structures - Google Patents

Assembled and mounted three-dimensional structures

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Publication number
JP3216077B2
JP3216077B2 JP17696096A JP17696096A JP3216077B2 JP 3216077 B2 JP3216077 B2 JP 3216077B2 JP 17696096 A JP17696096 A JP 17696096A JP 17696096 A JP17696096 A JP 17696096A JP 3216077 B2 JP3216077 B2 JP 3216077B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
horizontal
upright support
upright
members
support members
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP17696096A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0978871A (en
Inventor
三男 佐々木
Original Assignee
三男 佐々木
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP19578795 priority Critical
Priority to JP7-195787 priority
Application filed by 三男 佐々木 filed Critical 三男 佐々木
Priority to JP17696096A priority patent/JP3216077B2/en
Publication of JPH0978871A publication Critical patent/JPH0978871A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3216077B2 publication Critical patent/JP3216077B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、分離自在に組み立
てられ、地表面等の実質上平坦な表面上に載置される、
組立及び載置式立体構築物に関する。本発明に係る立体
構築物は、例えば、立体駐車場、立体駐輪場、立体スポ
ーツパーク、立体多目的パーク等に適用される。
FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a detachable assembly which is mounted on a substantially flat surface such as a ground surface.
The present invention relates to assembling and placing type three-dimensional structures. The three-dimensional structure according to the present invention is applied to, for example, a three-dimensional parking lot, a three-dimensional bicycle parking lot, a three-dimensional sports park, a three-dimensional multipurpose park, and the like.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来から、立体構築物、例えば立体駐車
場は、都市における駐車空間を確保するため2層あるい
は3層以上の駐車空間を備え、通常の建造物と同様に、
地中に構築された基礎構造上に建造されている。然る
に、土地に固着された通常の建造物として構築された立
体駐車場には、(1) 通常の建造物と同様に建造に相当な
工期と費用を必要とする、(2) 土地用途の変更の際に
は、基礎構造と共に立体駐車場を破壊しなければなら
ず、使用建材等を効果的に再利用することができない、
等の問題が存在する。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a multi-story building, for example, a multi-story parking lot, has two or more layers of parking space to secure a parking space in a city.
It is built on a substructure built underground. However, a multi-story parking lot built as a normal building fixed to the land requires (1) a considerable construction period and cost like a normal building, and (2) changes in land use In such a case, the multi-story parking lot must be destroyed together with the basic structure, and the building materials used cannot be reused effectively.
And other problems.

【0003】これらの問題を解決するため、本発明者
は、角部用組立要素、辺部用組立要素及び中央部用組立
要素を所要位置に配置して、これらの組立要素の柱の上
端間に梁部材を連結すると共に下端間にブレース部材を
連結することによって組み立てられる立体駐車場構造体
を提案した(特公平6−15786号公報及び米国特許
第4800694号明細書参照)。この立体駐車場構造
体は、短期間にかつ安価に分離自在に組み立てられ、埋
設基礎構造を全く必要としないにもかかわらず立体駐車
場として十分な強度及び剛性を有し、かくして前記技術
的課題を十分達成できるものである。
In order to solve these problems, the inventor of the present invention arranged the corner assembly element, the side assembly element, and the center assembly element at required positions, and arranged the upper and lower ends of the pillars of these assembly elements. (See Japanese Patent Publication No. 6-15786 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,800,694). The multi-story parking structure is assembled in a short period of time and at low cost and is separable and has sufficient strength and rigidity as a multi-story parking lot despite no need for a buried foundation structure. Can be sufficiently achieved.

【0004】[0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】ところで、構築物は、
当然のことながら設置面積当たりの利用空間が大きいほ
ど使い易く、利便性が高くなる。また構成部材の種類が
少なく、簡素化されているほど、製造が容易となり、か
つ組立時間が短縮される。したがって構築費用が安価と
なる。
By the way, the construct is
As a matter of course, the larger the use space per installation area, the easier to use and the higher the convenience. In addition, as the types of constituent members are reduced and simplified, the manufacturing becomes easier and the assembling time is shortened. Therefore, the construction cost is low.

【0005】しかして前記従来の立体構築物の構築に際
しては、柱として、角部柱(角部組立要素)、辺部柱
(辺部組立要素)及び中央部柱(中央部組立要素)が用
意され、構築物の角部、及び辺部、中央部の所定の箇所
に使用される。すなわち前記立体構築物は、設置面積に
ついて比較的多くの柱を要する構成をなしているので、
内部空間のうち、特に中央部付近の空間が、多くの柱、
具体的には各中央部柱、出入口の幅を規定する辺部柱、
等に制約されて狭められ、したがって利用空間は十分に
大きいとはいえず、利便性という面で課題を残してい
る。また構成部材である柱として3種類を必要とするの
で、構成部材の簡素化(特に共通化)という面でも課題
を残している。
When the conventional three-dimensional building is constructed, corner pillars (corner assembly elements), side pillars (side assembly elements), and center pillars (central assembly elements) are prepared as pillars. , At the corner, side, and center of the construct. That is, since the three-dimensional structure has a configuration requiring a relatively large number of pillars for the installation area,
Of the internal space, especially the space near the center part has many pillars,
Specifically, each central pillar, side pillars that define the width of the entrance,
Therefore, the space used is not sufficiently large, and there is a problem in terms of convenience. Further, since three types of pillars are required as constituent members, there remains a problem in terms of simplification (particularly common use) of constituent members.

【0006】本発明は上記事実に基づいてなされたもの
で、その主目的は、同一設置面積において、従来の柱構
造からなる立体構築物よりも一層大きな利用空間を得る
ことができる、改良された組立及び載置式立体構築物を
提供することである。
The present invention has been made based on the above-mentioned facts, and a main object of the present invention is to provide an improved assembly capable of obtaining a larger use space than a conventional three-dimensional structure having a pillar structure in the same installation area. And to provide a mountable three-dimensional structure.

【0007】本発明の他の目的は、水平横方向及び水平
縦方向への面積の拡大はもとより、上方への拡大も容易
である、改良された組立及び載置式立体構築物を提供す
ることである。
It is another object of the present invention to provide an improved assembled and mounted three-dimensional structure which is easy to expand not only in the horizontal and horizontal directions but also in the vertical direction. .

【0008】本発明の更に他の目的は、構成部材が著し
く簡素化されることによって、構成部材の製作が一層効
率的に遂行されるので、全体の組立時間が著しく短縮さ
れ、したがって構築費用が更に安価となる、改良された
組立及び載置式立体構築物を提供することである。
Yet another object of the present invention is to significantly reduce the overall assembly time and thus the cost of construction since the fabrication of the components is performed more efficiently due to the significantly simplified components. It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved assembly and mounting three-dimensional structure which is less expensive.

【0009】[0009]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明によれば、分離自
在に組み立てられ、実質上平坦な表面上に載置される立
体構築物にして、所定の幅をもって水平方向に所定の長
さ延在するところの、該表面上に載置される基部と、該
基部から実質上鉛直上方に延びかつ該幅方向の厚さを規
定する両側面と該水平方向の長さを規定する両端面とを
有する直立部とを備え、それぞれコンクリートから一体
に成形された複数個の直立支持部材を含み、該直立支持
部材の各々の該基部の幅は該直立部の厚さよりも広い幅
を有するよう形成され、該直立支持部材の各々は、水平
横方向及び該水平横方向に直交する水平縦方向にそれぞ
れ相互に間隔を置いて配置され、該水平横方向に相互に
隣合う該直立支持部材の各々は、各々の該直立部の一端
面同士が相互に向き合わされて該水平横方向に一定の間
隔を置いて配置されると共に1個の横梁部材により分離
自在に連結され、該横梁部材は、該水平横方向に相互に
向き合わされた該直立支持部材の各々の該直立部の該一
端面、における上端部間を連結するよう配置され、該水
平縦方向に相互に隣合う該直立支持部材の各々は、各々
の該直立部の一側面同士が相互に向き合わされて該水平
縦方向に一定の間隔を置いて配置されると共に連結手段
により相互に分離自在に連結され、 該直立支持部材の各
々は実質上同一の構成を有し、 該直立支持部材の各々の
該一端面は、該直立部の該一端面及び該基部の一端面に
より規定され、該直立支持部材の各々の他端面は、該直
立部の他端面及び該基部の他端面により規定され、 該直
立支持部材の各々の該一端面であって、該直立部の該一
端面における少なくとも該上端部を除く下方の部分に
は、該直立部の該上端部における該一端面、及び該基部
の該一端面、の各々から該直立支持部材の各々の該他端
面方向に凹むような凹部が形成されている、ことを特徴
とする、立体構築物、が提供される。
According to the onset bright SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION, detachably assembled, and the three-dimensional construct to be placed on a substantially planar surface, a predetermined length extending in the horizontal direction with a predetermined width A base placed on the surface, both side surfaces extending substantially vertically upward from the base and defining the thickness in the width direction, and both end surfaces defining the length in the horizontal direction; And a plurality of upright support members each integrally formed from concrete, wherein the width of the base of each of the upright support members is formed to be wider than the thickness of the upright portion. And each of the upright support members is spaced apart from each other in a horizontal and horizontal direction and in a horizontal and vertical direction orthogonal to the horizontal and horizontal direction, and each of the upright support members adjacent to each other in the horizontal and horizontal direction. The one end faces of each of the upright portions face each other. The horizontal support members are arranged at regular intervals in the horizontal lateral direction and are separably connected by a single horizontal beam member. The horizontal beam members are connected to each of the upright support members facing each other in the horizontal horizontal direction. Each of the upright support members, which are arranged so as to connect between upper ends of the upright portions of the upright portions, and which are adjacent to each other in the horizontal vertical direction, have one side surface of each of the upright portions facing each other. which is connected in a freely separated from one another by a connecting means with is arranged at regular intervals in the horizontal longitudinal direction is, each of the upright support member
Each having a substantially identical configuration, wherein each of the upright support members is
The one end face is connected to the one end face of the upright portion and the one end face of the base portion.
And the other end surface of each of the upright support members is
The straight end is defined by the other end surface of the upright portion and the other end surface of the base portion.
The one end face of each of the upright support members, wherein
At least the lower part of the end face except the upper end part
The one end surface at the upper end of the upright portion, and the base portion
The other end of each of the upright support members from each of the one end faces of the
A three-dimensional structure is provided, wherein a concave portion that is concave in a plane direction is formed .

【0010】本発明による上記立体構築物において、直
立支持部材の各々は、コンクリートから一体に成形され
ており、前記従来の柱構造に対して壁構造をなしている
といえる。そして、直立支持部材の各々は、各々の直立
部の一端面同士が水平横方向に向き合わされる形態で配
置されかつ横梁部材により分離自在に連結される。また
各々の直立部の一側面同士が水平縦方向に向き合わされ
る形態で配置され、かつ連結手段により分離自在に連結
される。上記構成を有する本発明の立体構築物と上記従
来の立体構築物とが、それぞれ同じ設置面積を有するも
のとして、本発明における直立支持部材を角部の各々及
び辺部の各々に使用した場合には、従来の角部柱の各々
に対し水平横方向に隣接した辺部柱(出入口側の辺部
柱)及び中央部柱の全てを無くすことができる。しか
も、直立支持部材の各々の水平横方向の長さを、角部柱
の各々から対応する該辺部柱までの水平横方向の長さ、
及び他の辺部柱の各々から対応する中央部柱までの水平
横方向の長さ、のいずれより短くすることができる。こ
のことは、直立支持部材の各々がコンクリート製の壁構
造をなしていることに起因するものである。
[0010] In the three-dimensional structure according to the present invention, each of the upright support members is integrally formed from concrete, and it can be said that each of the upright support members has a wall structure with respect to the conventional column structure. Each of the upright support members is arranged in such a manner that one end faces of the respective upright portions face each other in the horizontal direction, and are connected to each other by a cross beam member so as to be separable. Further, one side surface of each of the upright portions is arranged so as to face each other in the horizontal and vertical directions, and is connected so as to be separable by connecting means. When the three-dimensional structure of the present invention having the above configuration and the conventional three-dimensional structure have the same installation area, when the upright support member of the present invention is used for each of the corners and each of the sides, All of the side pillars (side pillars on the entrance side) and the center pillar that are horizontally adjacent to each of the conventional corner pillars can be eliminated. Moreover, the horizontal lateral length of each of the upright support members is the horizontal lateral length from each of the corner columns to the corresponding side column,
And the horizontal lateral length from each of the other side pillars to the corresponding central pillar. This is due to the fact that each of the upright support members has a concrete wall structure.

【0011】したがって本発明による上記立体構築物に
よれば、従来のように多数の柱を必要とせず、特に内部
空間のうち、中央部付近の空間に位置する柱を無くすこ
とができるので、同一設置面積において、従来より一層
大きな利用空間を得ることができ、利便性が一層向上す
る。この立体構築物を駐車場として利用した場合には、
出入りの運転操作が従来よりも容易となる。また内部で
フォークリフト等の作業車が作業をするような倉庫等に
利用した場合には、その運行及び作業が従来よりも容易
となり、作業効率が向上する。
Therefore, according to the three-dimensional structure according to the present invention, a large number of pillars are not required unlike the prior art, and in particular, pillars located in the space near the center of the internal space can be eliminated, so that the same installation is possible. In terms of area, a larger use space can be obtained than before, and convenience is further improved. When this three-dimensional building is used as a parking lot,
Incoming and outgoing driving operations are easier than before. In addition, when used in a warehouse or the like in which a work vehicle such as a forklift works, the operation and work become easier than before, and work efficiency is improved.

【0012】本発明における立体構築物においては、ま
た、水平横方向及び水平縦方向への面積の拡大は、直立
支持部材の水平横方向への配列数及び水平縦方向への配
列数を増やすことにより容易に対応できる。更に上方へ
の面積の拡大、すなわち3階、4階・・・と高さを増や
す場合には、各直立支持部材の高さを、所望の階数に応
じて増やすことにより対応できる。この対応は、直立支
持部材の各々がコンクリートから一体に成形されること
により容易に遂行される。この場合、上記横梁部材及び
上記連結手段は、構築する階数に応じて、適宜増大され
る。
In the three-dimensional structure according to the present invention, the area in the horizontal and horizontal directions and the horizontal and vertical directions can be increased by increasing the number of arrays of the upright support members in the horizontal and horizontal directions and the number of arrays in the horizontal and vertical directions. Can be easily handled. When the area is further increased upward, that is, when the height is increased to the third floor, the fourth floor,..., The height of each upright support member can be increased by increasing the height according to a desired number of floors. This is easily accomplished by each of the upright support members being integrally molded from concrete. In this case, the cross beam member and the connecting means are appropriately increased according to the number of floors to be constructed.

【0013】本発明における立体構築物においてはま
た、従来における複数種の柱に代えて一種類の上記直立
支持部材が使用され、しかも直立支持部材の各々はコン
クリートから一体に成形されるので、多数の鋼板を溶接
することにより製作されていた従来の柱構造に較べて、
構成部材が著しく簡略化され、かつ構成部材の製作が従
来よりも効率的に遂行される。更に、直立支持部材の各
々間は、横梁部材及び連結手段により分離自在に連結さ
れるので、組立及び分解時間が極めて短く、分解後、各
構成部材を再利用することができる。
In the three-dimensional structure of the present invention, one kind of the upright supporting members is used instead of the conventional plurality of types of pillars. Further, since each of the upright supporting members is integrally formed from concrete, a large number of columns are used. Compared to the conventional column structure manufactured by welding steel plates,
The components are significantly simplified and the production of the components is performed more efficiently than in the past. Furthermore, since each of the upright support members is separably connected by the cross beam member and the connecting means, the assembling and disassembling time is extremely short, and the components can be reused after disassembly.

【0014】更に直立支持部材の各々がコンクリート
(例えばプレキャストコンクリート)から一体に成形さ
れることに起因して、型枠(フォーム)を構築現場に持
ち込み、直立支持部材の各々を、その場で製造すること
ができる。その結果、運搬費等の費用負担を軽減するこ
とができ、構築費用を節減することができる。また、本
発明による立体構築物は、基礎工事を必要としない等、
載置式の多くのメリットをも合わせ有している。
Further, due to the fact that each of the upright support members is integrally molded from concrete (eg, precast concrete), a form is brought to the construction site and each of the upright support members is manufactured in place. can do. As a result, cost burdens such as transportation costs can be reduced, and construction costs can be reduced. In addition, the three-dimensional structure according to the present invention does not require foundation work,
It also has many advantages of the mounting type.

【0015】[0015]

【0016】本発明における立体構築物においてはま
た、該直立支持部材の各々の一端面は、該直立部の該一
端面及び該基部の一端面により規定され、該直立支持部
材の各々の他端面は、該直立部の他端面及び該基部の他
端面により規定され、該直立支持部材の各々の該一端面
であって、該直立部の該一端面における少なくとも該上
端部を除く下方の部分には、該直立部の該上端部におけ
る該一端面、及び該基部の該一端面、の各々から該直立
支持部材の各々の該他端面方向に凹むような凹部が形成
されている。この構成によれば、内部空間における中央
部に面した直立支持部材の各々の一端面が、該中央部が
広くなる方向に凹んでいるので、その分、利用空間が拡
大され、利便性が一層向上する。具体的には、この立体
構築物を駐車場として利用した場合には、駐車した自動
車の、該直立支持部材に面したドアの開閉による干渉が
防止され、乗降も容易となる。
In the three-dimensional construct of the present invention,
And one end surface of each of the upright support member is defined by one end face of said one end surface and said base of the straight Tatsubu, the other end face of each of the upright support member, the other end surface of the straight Tatsubu and base portion The upright end portion of each of the upright support members, and a lower portion of the upright portion excluding at least the upper end portion at the one end surface thereof has the upright portion at the upper end portion of the upright portion. A concave portion is formed from each of the one end face and the one end face of the base portion so as to be recessed in the direction of the other end face of each of the upright support members. According to this configuration, since one end surface of each of the upright support members facing the central portion of the internal space is recessed in a direction in which the central portion is widened, the use space is accordingly enlarged, and the convenience is further improved. improves. Specifically, when the three-dimensional structure is used as a parking lot, interference of the parked automobile due to opening and closing of a door facing the upright support member is prevented, and getting on and off is facilitated.

【0017】本発明における立体構築物においてはま
た、直立支持部材の各々がコンクリートから一体に成形
されることに加えて更に共通部品から構成される(直立
支持部材の各々は実質上同一の構成を有している)
で、直立支持部材各々の製作が効率的に遂行され、立体
構築物全体の組立時間、したがって施工期間が著しく短
縮される。これにより構築費用が一層安価となる。
In the three-dimensional construct of the present invention,
In addition, each of the upright support members is formed integrally from concrete, and further comprises common parts (upright support members).
Since each of the support members has substantially the same configuration) , the fabrication of each of the upright support members is performed efficiently, and the assembly time of the entire three-dimensional structure, and thus the construction period, is significantly reduced. This results in lower construction costs.

【0018】[0018]

【0019】[0019]

【0020】本発明による立体構築物のその他の特徴
は、以下の記載及び図面によって明らかにされるであろ
う。
Other features of the three-dimensional construct according to the present invention will become apparent from the following description and drawings.

【0021】[0021]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、添付図面を参照して、本発
明に従って構成された組立及び載置式立体構築物の実施
形態について詳細に説明する。先ず、図1〜図3を参照
して立体構築物2の全体構成を概略的に説明する。2階
式立体駐車場に適用される立体構築物2は全体として直
方体形状に分離自在に組み立てられ、地表面でよい実質
上平坦な表面上に載置される。4及び6はコンクリート
から一体に成形された直立支持部材であって、それぞれ
実質上同一の構成を有している。直立支持部材4及び6
は、それぞれ、水平横方向に間隔を置いて配置されると
共に、水平横方向に直交する方向である水平縦方向に間
隔を置いて配置されている。なお、この明細書におい
て、水平横方向とは、立体構築物2の幅方向(図1及び
図2の略左上−右下方向)、水平縦方向とは立体構築物
2の長手方向(図1及び図2の略左下−右上方向)を意
味するものとする。以下、「水平横方向」は「横方
向」、「水平縦方向」は「縦方向」、とそれぞれ略称す
る。
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a three-dimensional structure constructed and mounted according to the present invention. First, the overall configuration of the three-dimensional construct 2 will be schematically described with reference to FIGS. The three-dimensional structure 2 applied to the two-story multi-storey parking lot is assembled as a whole in a separable rectangular shape and is placed on a substantially flat surface, which may be the ground surface. Reference numerals 4 and 6 denote upright support members integrally formed from concrete, each having substantially the same configuration. Upright support members 4 and 6
Are arranged at intervals in the horizontal and horizontal directions, and are also arranged at intervals in the horizontal and vertical directions that are directions orthogonal to the horizontal and horizontal directions. In this specification, the horizontal and horizontal directions are the width direction of the three-dimensional structure 2 (approximately the upper left and lower right directions in FIGS. 1 and 2), and the horizontal and vertical directions are the longitudinal direction (FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 (substantially lower left-upper right direction). Hereinafter, the “horizontal direction” is abbreviated as “horizontal direction”, and the “horizontal direction” is abbreviated as “vertical direction”.

【0022】直立支持部材4と6との横方向間隔は、そ
れぞれ実質上同一であり、直立支持部材4の各々の縦方
向間隔及び直立支持部材6の各々の縦方向間隔はそれぞ
れ実質上同一である。直立支持部材4と6との横方向に
対向する上端部間は、それぞれ1個の横梁部材8により
分離自在に連結されている。直立支持部材4の各々の縦
方向に対向する上端部間はそれぞれ2個の縦梁部材10
及び12により分離自在に連結されている。直立支持部
材6の各々の縦方向に対向する上端部間はそれぞれ2個
の縦梁部材14及び16により分離自在に連結されてい
る。横梁部材8の各々は相互に3個の縦梁部材18、2
0及び22により分離自在に連結されている。これらの
各梁部材8〜22は全てH型鋼から形成されている。
The lateral spacing between the upright supports 4 and 6 is substantially the same, and the vertical spacing of each of the upright supports 4 and the vertical spacing of each of the upright supports 6 are substantially the same. is there. The upper ends of the upright support members 4 and 6 that are opposed to each other in the lateral direction are connected to each other by one cross beam member 8 so as to be separable. Two vertical beam members 10 are provided between the vertically opposed upper ends of the upright support members 4, respectively.
And 12 are connected so as to be separable. The upper ends of the upright support members 6 that are opposed to each other in the vertical direction are separably connected by two vertical beam members 14 and 16, respectively. Each of the cross beam members 8 comprises three vertical beam members 18, 2
0 and 22 are separably connected. All of these beam members 8 to 22 are formed from H-section steel.

【0023】相互に隣接する直立支持部材4の各々の下
端とそれらを連結する縦梁部材10の下端中央との間
は、ブレース部材24及び26により分離自在に連結さ
れている。また直立支持部材4の各々の下端間は2個の
ブレース部材28及び30により分離自在に連結されて
いる。他方、相互に隣接する直立支持部材6の各々の下
端とそれらを連結する縦梁部材14の下端中央との間
は、ブレース部材32及び34により分離自在に連結さ
れている。また直立支持部材6の各々の下端間は2個の
ブレース部材36及び38により分離自在に連結されて
いる。なお内側に配置されているブレース部材30及び
38は駐車する自動車の車輪のストッパとしても機能し
うる。上記横梁部材8の各々は直立支持部材4と6とを
連結する梁手段を構成し、上記各縦梁部材10〜16、
各ブレース部材24〜38は、直立支持部材4と6とを
連結する連結手段を構成する。
Brace members 24 and 26 connect the lower end of each of the upright support members 4 adjacent to each other and the center of the lower end of the longitudinal beam member 10 connecting them so as to be separable. The lower ends of the upright support members 4 are connected to each other by two brace members 28 and 30 so as to be separable. On the other hand, between the lower ends of the upright support members 6 adjacent to each other and the center of the lower end of the longitudinal beam member 14 connecting them, brace members 32 and 34 are separably connected. The lower ends of the upright support members 6 are connected to each other by two brace members 36 and 38 so as to be separable. The brace members 30 and 38 disposed inside can also function as stoppers for the wheels of a parked automobile. Each of the horizontal beam members 8 constitutes beam means for connecting the upright support members 4 and 6, and each of the vertical beam members 10 to 16,
Each of the brace members 24-38 constitutes a connecting means for connecting the upright support members 4 and 6.

【0024】直立支持部材4及び6の各々、横梁部材8
の各々及び縦梁部材10〜22の各々の上面は実質上同
一水平面上に位置付けられ、そしてそれらの上面には2
階のフロア40が分離自在に装着される。フロア40の
実質上矩形をなす周縁部には直立した囲い(壁)42が
設けられている。フロア40は、それぞれ複数個の、角
部フロアパネル部材44、辺部フロアパネル部材46及
び中央部フロアパネル部材48から構成されている。各
フロアパネル部材44〜48はそれぞれ実質上矩形をな
すと共にコンクリートから一体に成形されている。各角
部フロアパネル部材44の二つの辺部には、直立した囲
い44aが一体に設けられている。また各辺部プレート
部材46の一つの辺部には、直立した囲い46aが一体
に設けられている。なお、図示はしていないが、中央部
フロアパネル部材48及び辺部フロアパネル部材46の
一部は、それ自体は周知のチェッカープレートパネル、
エキスパンドメタルパネル等から構成することもでき
る。
Each of the upright support members 4 and 6 and the cross beam member 8
And the upper surface of each of the longitudinal beam members 10 to 22 are positioned on substantially the same horizontal plane, and the upper surface thereof has 2
The floor 40 of the floor is detachably mounted. An upright enclosure (wall) 42 is provided on a substantially rectangular peripheral portion of the floor 40. The floor 40 is composed of a plurality of corner floor panel members 44, side floor panel members 46, and central floor panel members 48, respectively. Each of the floor panel members 44 to 48 has a substantially rectangular shape and is integrally formed of concrete. Upright enclosures 44a are integrally provided on two sides of each corner floor panel member 44. An upright enclosure 46a is integrally provided on one side of each side plate member 46. Although not shown, a part of the center floor panel member 48 and a part of the side floor panel member 46 is a well-known checker plate panel,
It can also be composed of an expanded metal panel or the like.

【0025】図1に示す立体構築物2には、フロア40
と地表面とを結ぶ斜路構造体300が設けられている
(図1の2点鎖線参照)。斜路構造体300は、自動車
がフロア40により規定される2階に昇降するために使
用される。斜路構造体300が配置される辺部プレート
部材46の囲い46aは、除去される。
The three-dimensional structure 2 shown in FIG.
And an inclined road structure 300 connecting the ground surface and the ground surface (see a two-dot chain line in FIG. 1). The ramp structure 300 is used to move the vehicle up and down to the second floor defined by the floor 40. The enclosure 46a of the side plate member 46 where the ramp structure 300 is disposed is removed.

【0026】次に、図4〜図7を参照して、直立支持部
材について説明する。直立支持部材4及び6は実質上同
一の構成を有しているので、ここでは代表して直立支持
部材4について説明する。コンクリート(この実施形態
ではプレキャストコンクリート)から一体に成形された
直立支持部材4は、所定の幅をもって水平方向に所定の
長さ延在しかつ地表面でよい表面上へ載置される底面P
を有する基部50と、基部50から実質上鉛直上方に延
びる直立部52とを有している。直立部52は、図4に
示すように正面から見て略矩形をなし、更に全体が略同
一の厚さを有している。基部52の底面Pは平坦な水平
面に形成されている。基部50はまた、図7に示すよう
に上面から見て細長い矩形をなしている。
Next, the upright support member will be described with reference to FIGS. Since the upright support members 4 and 6 have substantially the same configuration, the upright support member 4 will be described as a representative here. The upright support member 4 integrally formed from concrete (precast concrete in this embodiment) extends a predetermined length in the horizontal direction with a predetermined width and is placed on a surface which may be a ground surface.
And an upright portion 52 extending substantially vertically upward from the base 50. The upright portion 52 has a substantially rectangular shape when viewed from the front as shown in FIG. 4, and has substantially the same thickness as a whole. The bottom surface P of the base 52 is formed in a flat horizontal plane. The base 50 also has an elongated rectangular shape as viewed from above as shown in FIG.

【0027】直立部52の一端面52aの上端部には該
一端面から外方に延びる片持梁部54が一体に成形され
ている。この一端面52aの上下方向中間部は直立して
おり、この直立した中間部と片持梁部54の間及び該中
間部と基部50との間はそれぞれ湾曲部により接続され
ている(図4参照)。図4から明らかなように、上記一
端面52aの上下方向中間部は、他端面52b方向に凹
む凹部53を形成している。図8をも参照して、片持梁
部54の先端部は上記横梁部材8との連結部をなし、該
先端部の上部には鉛直面54aが形成され、この鉛直面
54aの下端には端面54aから外方に延びる水平面5
4bが形成されている。そして該先端上部内には8個の
それ自体は周知の袋ねじ56が埋め込まれている。直立
部52の他端面52bは鉛直面をなし、また上面52c
は水平面をなす。直立部52の厚さを規定する側面52
d及び52eは、相互に平行な、実質上平坦な鉛直面か
らなる。
A cantilever portion 54 extending outward from the one end surface 52a is integrally formed at the upper end of one end surface 52a of the upright portion 52. The vertically intermediate portion of the one end face 52a is upright, and the upright intermediate portion and the cantilever portion 54 are connected to each other and the intermediate portion and the base portion 50 are connected by curved portions (FIG. 4). reference). As is evident from FIG. 4, a concave portion 53 that is recessed in the direction of the other end surface 52b is formed at the middle portion in the vertical direction of the one end surface 52a. Referring to FIG. 8 as well, the distal end of the cantilever portion 54 forms a connecting portion with the cross beam member 8, and a vertical surface 54a is formed at the upper portion of the distal end. Horizontal plane 5 extending outward from end face 54a
4b is formed. Eight well-known cap screws 56 are embedded in the upper end of the tip. The other end surface 52b of the upright portion 52 has a vertical surface, and has an upper surface 52c.
Forms a horizontal plane. Side surface 52 defining the thickness of the upright portion 52
d and 52e consist of mutually flat, substantially flat vertical surfaces.

【0028】直立部52の中央部にはX形の筋交い部5
8が形成されている。この筋交い部58は、側面52d
から52eに抜けるよう形成された4個の三角形状の貫
通孔59から規定されている。なお図示はされていない
が、直立支持部材4をコンクリートで成形するに際して
は、当業者には周知の如くその内部の要所に鉄筋が配置
される。この筋交い部58内の要所にも鉄筋が配置され
ている。なお直立部52の中央部に、X形の筋交い部5
8を形成することに代えて、3個の貫通孔から規定され
る逆V形筋交い部、4角形あるいは円形の貫通孔等を形
成する、等の実施形態(いずれも図示せず)もある。
An X-shaped brace 5 is provided at the center of the upright portion 52.
8 are formed. The brace 58 is provided on the side surface 52d.
Are defined from four triangular through-holes 59 formed so as to pass through the hole 52e. Although not shown, when the upright support member 4 is formed from concrete, reinforcing bars are arranged at important points inside the upright support member 4 as is well known to those skilled in the art. Reinforcing bars are also arranged at key points in the brace section 58. In the center of the upright portion 52, an X-shaped brace 5
Instead of forming 8, there are also embodiments (not shown), such as forming an inverted V-shaped brace defined from three through holes, a square or circular through hole, or the like.

【0029】図9をも参照して、直立部52の側面52
d及び52eのそれぞれの上端部2か所には、前記縦梁
部材10及び12との連結部が形成されている。これら
の連結部にはそれぞれ6個の、前記と同様な構成を有す
る袋ねじ56が埋め込まれている。直立部52の側面5
2d及び52eのそれぞれの下端部1か所には、前記ブ
レース部材24又は26との連結部が形成されている。
これらの連結部にはそれぞれ6個の、前記と同様な袋ね
じ56が埋め込まれている。
Referring also to FIG. 9, side surface 52 of upright portion 52
At two places at the upper end of each of d and 52e, a connecting portion with the vertical beam members 10 and 12 is formed. In each of these connecting portions, six cap screws 56 having the same configuration as described above are embedded. Side 5 of upright portion 52
A connecting portion with the brace member 24 or 26 is formed at one position of the lower end of each of 2d and 52e.
In each of these connecting portions, six cap screws 56 similar to the above are embedded.

【0030】基部50は直立部52の厚さTより広い幅
Wを有している(図7参照)。基部50の両側部には、
それぞれ複数の貫通孔50aが間隔を置いて、その上面
から底面Pに抜けるよう形成されている。各貫通孔50
aの直径は下方に向かうに従って拡大されている。直立
支持部材4の基部50が載置される表面(コンクリー
ト、アスファルト等)が均一でない場合、あるいは勾配
のある場合等において、これらの貫通孔50aを通して
セメントモルタル等の結合材料をグラウトし、あるいは
水ガラス等の薬液を注入することができる。これにより
基部50の底面Pと表面との隙間が前記材料により充填
されるので、直立支持部材4が安定して水平に載置さ
れ、かつ地盤の強さが増大される。また高さの調整も可
能となる。
The base 50 has a width W larger than the thickness T of the upright portion 52 (see FIG. 7). On both sides of the base 50,
A plurality of through holes 50a are formed at intervals so as to pass from the upper surface to the bottom surface P. Each through hole 50
The diameter of “a” is increased as going downward. When the surface (concrete, asphalt, or the like) on which the base 50 of the upright support member 4 is placed is not uniform, or has a gradient, grind a bonding material such as cement mortar through these through holes 50a, or use water. A chemical such as glass can be injected. As a result, the gap between the bottom surface P and the surface of the base 50 is filled with the material, so that the upright support member 4 is stably placed horizontally and the ground strength is increased. Also, the height can be adjusted.

【0031】基部50の両側部にはまた2個の貫通孔5
1が間隔を置いて、その上面から底面Pに抜けるよう形
成されている。各貫通孔51と基部50の対応する側部
の側縁との間には、該上面から底面Pに抜けるスリット
51aが形成されている。これらの貫通孔51及びスリ
ット51aは前記したブレース部材28及び30との連
結部をなす。
On both sides of the base 50, two through holes 5 are also provided.
1 are formed so as to pass from the upper surface to the bottom surface P at intervals. A slit 51a is formed between each through-hole 51 and a corresponding side edge of the base 50 so as to pass from the upper surface to the bottom surface P. The through holes 51 and the slits 51a form connection portions with the brace members 28 and 30 described above.

【0032】以上のように構成された直立支持部材4及
び6の各対は、各々の直立部52の一端面52aが相互
に向き合わされて横方向に一定の間隔を置いて配置され
る。また直立支持部材4の各々及び直立支持部材6の各
々は、各々の直立部52の一側面52eと52dとが相
互に向き合わされて縦方向に一定の間隔を置いて配置さ
れる。図1から明らかなように、縦方向の両端に配置さ
れた直立支持部材4及び6は、立体構築物2の角部直立
支持部材を構成する。また、角部直立支持部材4及び6
間にそれぞれ縦方向に間隔を置いて配置された他の直立
支持部材4及び6の各対は、辺部直立支持部材を構成す
る。
Each pair of the upright support members 4 and 6 configured as described above is arranged at a predetermined interval in the lateral direction with one end surfaces 52a of the upright portions 52 facing each other. In addition, each of the upright support members 4 and each of the upright support members 6 are arranged at regular intervals in the vertical direction with one side surface 52e and 52d of each upright portion 52 facing each other. As is clear from FIG. 1, the upright support members 4 and 6 arranged at both ends in the vertical direction constitute corner upright support members of the three-dimensional structure 2. Also, the corner upright support members 4 and 6
Each pair of other upright support members 4 and 6 which are spaced apart in the vertical direction, respectively, constitute side upright support members.

【0033】図3と共に図8を参照して、横梁部材8の
一端には矩形の連結板8aが固着され、連結板8aの、
H型鋼の垂直部8bによって分けられる両側部には、そ
れぞれ4個の連結孔8cが形成されている。横梁部材8
の一端は、そのH型鋼の下端水平部8dが直立支持部材
4の片持梁部54の水平面54b上に載置され、連結板
8aが直立面54aに当接された状態で、ボルトBによ
り片持梁部54に分離自在に連結される。横梁部材8の
他端も実質上同一の構成をなし、前記と同様にして直立
支持部材6の片持梁部54に分離自在に連結される。上
記のように、各直立支持部材4及び6に片持梁部54が
形成されることにより、横梁部材8の長さを短縮して強
度アップを図ることができる。
Referring to FIG. 8 together with FIG. 3, a rectangular connecting plate 8a is fixed to one end of the cross beam member 8, and the connecting plate 8a
Four connecting holes 8c are formed on both sides separated by the vertical portion 8b of the H-section steel. Cross beam member 8
The lower end horizontal portion 8d of the H-shaped steel is placed on the horizontal surface 54b of the cantilever 54 of the upright support member 4, and the connecting plate 8a is in contact with the upright surface 54a. It is connected to the cantilever portion 54 in a separable manner. The other end of the cross beam member 8 has substantially the same configuration, and is removably connected to the cantilever portion 54 of the upright support member 6 in the same manner as described above. As described above, since the cantilever portions 54 are formed on the upright support members 4 and 6, the length of the cross beam members 8 can be reduced to increase the strength.

【0034】図3と共に図9を参照して、直立支持部材
4の各々の上端部間を連結する縦梁部材10の一端に
は、矩形の連結板10aが固着され、連結板10aの、
H型鋼の垂直部10bによって分けられる両側部には、
それぞれ4個の連結孔10cが形成されている。縦梁部
材10の一端は、その連結板10aが対応する側面52
d又は52eに当接した状態でボルトBにより、側面5
2d又は52eに分離自在に連結される。縦梁部材10
の他端も実質上同一の構成をなし、前記と同様にして他
の直立支持部材4の側面52e又は52dに分離自在に
連結される。他の縦梁部材12も同様にして直立支持部
材4間に連結される。更に他の縦梁部材14及び16も
同様にして直立支持部材6間に分離自在に連結される。
Referring to FIG. 3 and FIG. 9, a rectangular connecting plate 10a is fixed to one end of a vertical beam member 10 connecting the upper ends of the upright support members 4, and the connecting plate 10a
On both sides separated by the vertical section 10b of the H-section steel,
Each of the four connection holes 10c is formed. One end of the vertical beam member 10 is connected to the side surface 52 corresponding to the connecting plate 10a.
d or 52e, the bolt 5
It is detachably connected to 2d or 52e. Vertical beam member 10
Has substantially the same configuration, and is removably connected to the side surface 52e or 52d of the other upright support member 4 in the same manner as described above. The other vertical beam members 12 are similarly connected between the upright support members 4. Further, the other vertical beam members 14 and 16 are similarly detachably connected between the upright support members 6.

【0035】図3を参照して、縦方向に配列された直立
支持部材4の各々間は、それぞれ2個のブレース部材2
8及び30の各々によって分離自在に連結される。ブレ
ース部材28及び30の各々は角形断面の棒部材からな
る。ブレース部材28の各々の両端には円形の頭部28
aが形成され、ブレース部材30の各々の両端には円形
の頭部30aが形成されている。直立支持部材4の各々
の基部50の貫通孔51内に、対応するブレース部材2
8及び30の頭部28a及び30aが上方から嵌合され
る。貫通孔51の各々のスリット51aに棒部材の角形
部が嵌合される。縦方向に配列された直立支持部材6の
各々間も、それぞれ前記ブレース部材28及び30と実
質上同一の構成を有する2個のブレース部材36及び3
8により同様に分離自在に連結される。
Referring to FIG. 3, two brace members 2 are provided between each of the upright support members 4 arranged in the vertical direction.
8 and 30 are releasably connected. Each of the brace members 28 and 30 is formed of a rod member having a square cross section. A circular head 28 is provided at each end of each brace member 28.
a is formed, and a circular head 30a is formed at each end of each of the brace members 30. A corresponding brace member 2 is provided in the through hole 51 of each base 50 of the upright support member 4.
The heads 28a and 30a of 8 and 30 are fitted from above. The square portion of the rod member is fitted into each slit 51a of the through hole 51. Between each of the upright support members 6 arranged in the vertical direction, two brace members 36 and 3 having substantially the same configuration as the brace members 28 and 30, respectively.
Similarly, the connection is releasably connected by 8.

【0036】相互に隣接する直立支持部材4の各々の下
端とそれらを連結する縦梁部材10の下端中央との間
は、ブレース部材24及び26により分離自在に連結さ
れている。ブレース部材24及び26の各々は丸形断面
の棒部材からなる。ブレース部材24の各々の両端には
連結板24a及び24bが固着され、ブレース部材26
の各々の両端には連結板26a及び26bが固着されて
いる。ブレース部材24及び26の各々の上端の連結板
24a及び26aは、対応する縦梁部材10の下端中央
に分離自在に連結され、ブレース部材24及び26の各
々の下端の連結板24b及び26bは、対応する直立支
持部材4の下端に設けられた上記連結部に分離自在に連
結される。
The lower ends of the upright support members 4 adjacent to each other and the center of the lower end of the vertical beam member 10 connecting them are connected to each other by brace members 24 and 26 so as to be separable. Each of the brace members 24 and 26 comprises a rod member having a round cross section. Connecting plates 24a and 24b are fixed to both ends of the brace member 24, respectively.
The connecting plates 26a and 26b are fixed to both ends of the. The connecting plates 24a and 26a at the upper ends of the brace members 24 and 26 are detachably connected to the center of the lower end of the corresponding longitudinal beam member 10, and the connecting plates 24b and 26b at the lower ends of the brace members 24 and 26 are It is separably connected to the connection part provided at the lower end of the corresponding upright support member 4.

【0037】相互に隣接する直立支持部材6の各々の下
端とそれらを連結する縦梁部材16の下端中央との間
は、ブレース部材32及び34により分離自在に連結さ
れている。ブレース部材32及び34の各々は、前記ブ
レース部材24及び26と実質上同一の構成を有してい
る。したがって、各ブレース部材32及び34の各々
と、対応する縦梁部材16及び直立支持部材6との連
結、は前記と同様に遂行される。
The lower ends of the upright support members 6 adjacent to each other and the center of the lower end of the vertical beam member 16 connecting them are connected to each other by brace members 32 and 34 so as to be separable. Each of the brace members 32 and 34 has substantially the same configuration as the brace members 24 and 26. Accordingly, the connection between each of the brace members 32 and 34 and the corresponding longitudinal beam member 16 and upright support member 6 is performed in the same manner as described above.

【0038】図10に示す直立支持部材は、横方向に3
個以上の直立支持部材が相互に間隔を置いて配列された
立体構築物において、横方向両端に配列された直立支持
部材4及び6の各々間に配列された直立支持部材60の
形態を示している。直立支持部材60における直立部5
2の両端面の上端部には、それぞれの端面外方に延びる
片持梁部54が一体に形成されている。そして各片持梁
部54の先端には横梁部材8の対応する一端がそれぞれ
分離自在に連結される。その他の構成は、図4〜図7に
示す前記直立支持部材4と実質上同一であるので、説明
は省略する。
The upright support member shown in FIG.
In the three-dimensional structure in which more than one upright support members are arranged at a distance from each other, the configuration of the upright support members 60 arranged between each of the upright support members 4 and 6 arranged at both lateral ends is shown. . Upright portion 5 of upright support member 60
Cantilever portions 54 extending outward from the respective end surfaces are integrally formed at the upper end portions of the two end surfaces. A corresponding one end of the cross beam member 8 is detachably connected to a tip of each cantilever portion 54. The other configuration is substantially the same as the upright support member 4 shown in FIGS.

【0039】図11は、図1及び図2に示す前記立体構
築物2の更に他の形態である立体構築物70を示す。こ
の立体構築物70はフロア40を上下方向に間隔を置い
て二つ備えており、3階式である。図2と図11とを比
較すことにより容易に理解されるように、立体構築物7
0は立体構築物2を2段重ねしたような形態をなす。立
体構築物70には直立支持部材72及び74が使用され
ている。この直立支持部材72及び74は実質上同一の
構成を有している。
FIG. 11 shows a three-dimensional construct 70 which is still another embodiment of the three-dimensional construct 2 shown in FIGS. The three-dimensional structure 70 is provided with two floors 40 at an interval in the vertical direction, and is of a three-story type. As can be easily understood by comparing FIG. 2 and FIG. 11, the three-dimensional construct 7
0 has a form as if two-dimensional structures 2 were stacked. The three-dimensional structure 70 uses upright support members 72 and 74. The upright support members 72 and 74 have substantially the same configuration.

【0040】図12には直立支持部材72が示されてい
る。図12に示す直立支持部材72と図4〜図7に示す
直立支持部材4と比較することにより容易に理解される
ように、直立支持部材72は、直立支持部材4の上に直
立部52を積み上げたような構成を有している。直立部
52の高さは3階式に適合するよう規定され、直立部5
2の一端面52aの上端部及び上下方向中間部に上記と
同様な片持梁部54が一体に形成されている。直立部5
2の上方位置及び下方位置に、それぞれ前記したような
筋交い部58が形成されている。すなわち直立支持部材
72(及び74)の基本的構成は直立支持部材4と実質
上同一である。横方向に隣合う直立支持部材72及び7
4の各片持梁部54間は、それぞれ横梁部材8により連
結される。また縦方向に隣合う直立支持部材72の向き
合った側面の上端間及び中間部間、縦方向に隣合う直立
支持部材74の向き合った側面の上端間及び中間部間
は、それぞれ上記と同様な各縦梁部材により連結される
(図11参照)。横梁部材8の各々間もそれぞれ先に説
明したと同様な各縦梁部材により連結される。直立支持
部材72及び74の各々の上下方向中間部に2階用フロ
ア40が形成され、直立支持部材72及び74の各々の
上端部に3階用フロア40が形成される。その他の構成
は前記構築物2と実質上同一である。なお図示はされて
いないが、構築物70を駐車場として使用する場合に
は、2階用フロア40と地表面との間に斜路構造体が設
置され、更に2階用フロア40と3階用のフロア40と
の間、あるいは3階用のフロア40と地表面との間に斜
路構造体が設置される。
FIG. 12 shows the upright support member 72. As can be easily understood by comparing the upright support member 72 shown in FIG. 12 with the upright support member 4 shown in FIGS. 4 to 7, the upright support member 72 has the upright portion 52 on the upright support member 4. It has a stacked configuration. The height of the upright portion 52 is specified so as to conform to the third-floor type, and the upright portion 5 is provided.
A cantilever portion 54 similar to the above is integrally formed at the upper end portion of the one end surface 52a and the middle portion in the vertical direction. Upright 5
Brace portions 58 as described above are formed at the upper position and the lower position, respectively. That is, the basic configuration of the upright support member 72 (and 74) is substantially the same as that of the upright support member 4. Upright support members 72 and 7 laterally adjacent to each other
The four cantilever portions 54 of FIG. Further, between the upper end and the middle portion of the facing side surface of the upright support member 72 adjacent vertically, and between the upper end and the middle portion of the facing side surface of the upright support member 74 vertically adjacent, respectively, are the same as those described above. They are connected by vertical beam members (see FIG. 11). Each of the horizontal beam members 8 is also connected by each vertical beam member similar to that described above. The second-floor floor 40 is formed at the vertical intermediate portion of each of the upright support members 72 and 74, and the third-floor floor 40 is formed at the upper end of each of the upright support members 72 and 74. The other configuration is substantially the same as the construction 2. Although not shown, when the building 70 is used as a parking lot, a ramp structure is installed between the second floor 40 and the ground surface, and further, the second floor 40 and the third floor are used. A ramp structure is installed between the floor 40 or the floor 40 for the third floor and the ground surface.

【0041】図13に示す直立支持部材は、横方向に3
個以上の直立支持部材が相互に間隔を置いて配列された
立体構築物(図示せず)において、横方向両端に配列さ
れた直立支持部材72及び74の各々間に配列された直
立支持部材76の形態を示している。図13に示す直立
支持部材76における直立部52の両端面の上端部及び
中間部には、それぞれの端面外方に延びる片持梁部54
が一体に成形されている。そして各片持梁部54の先端
には横梁部材8の対応する一端がそれぞれ分離自在に連
結される。その他の構成は、図12に示す前記直立支持
部材72と実質上同一である。直立支持部材76は縦方
向にも複数個配列され、それらは実質上同一の構成を有
する。
The upright support member shown in FIG.
In a three-dimensional construction (not shown) in which more than one upright support members are arranged at a distance from each other, the upright support members 76 and 74 arranged between each of the upright support members 72 and 74 arranged at both lateral ends are provided. The form is shown. In the upright supporting member 76 shown in FIG.
Are integrally formed. A corresponding one end of the cross beam member 8 is detachably connected to a tip of each cantilever portion 54. The other configuration is substantially the same as the upright support member 72 shown in FIG. A plurality of upright support members 76 are also arranged in the vertical direction, and they have substantially the same configuration.

【0042】図14は、図1及び図2に示す前記立体構
築物2の更に他の形態である立体構築物100を示す。
立体構築物100の基本的構成及びレイアウトは、上記
立体構築物2と実質上同一である。先ず、立体構築物1
00の概要を説明する。立体構築物100は全体として
直方体形状に分離自在に組み立てられ、地表面でよい実
質上平坦な表面上に載置される。104及び106はコ
ンクリートから一体に成形された直立支持部材である。
直立支持部材104及び106の横方向及び縦方向の配
列の形態は上記直立支持部材4及び6のそれと実質上同
一である。直立支持部材104と106の各々との横方
向に対向する上端面間は、それぞれ1個の横梁部材10
8(梁手段を構成する)により分離自在に連結されてい
る。直立支持部材104の各々間はそれぞれサイドブレ
ース部材110及びベースブレース部材112(連結手
段を構成する)により分離自在に連結されている。また
直立支持部材106の各々間はそれぞれサイドブレース
部材114及びベースブレース部材116により分離自
在に連結されている。横梁部材108の各々の長手方向
中央部間は、それぞれ1個の縦梁部材118により分離
自在に連結されている。縦梁部材118の各々の横方向
両側の領域において、それぞれ縦方向に対向する、横梁
部材108の各々及び直立支持部材104の各々間、及
び横梁部材108の各々及び直立支持部材106の各々
間は、それぞれ上面からみてX形に交叉するような2個
のブレースロッド120及び122により分離自在に連
結されている。上記横梁部材108及び縦梁部材118
の各々はH型鋼から形成されている。
FIG. 14 shows a three-dimensional construct 100 which is still another embodiment of the three-dimensional construct 2 shown in FIGS.
The basic configuration and layout of the three-dimensional structure 100 are substantially the same as those of the three-dimensional structure 2 described above. First, three-dimensional building 1
00 will be described. The three-dimensional structure 100 is assembled as a whole so as to be separable into a rectangular parallelepiped shape, and is mounted on a substantially flat surface which may be a ground surface. 104 and 106 are upright support members integrally formed from concrete.
The configuration of the upright support members 104 and 106 in the horizontal and vertical directions is substantially the same as that of the upright support members 4 and 6 described above. One horizontal beam member 10 is provided between the upper end surfaces of the upright support members 104 and 106 that are opposed to each other in the lateral direction.
8 (constituting the beam means). The upright support members 104 are connected to each other by a side brace member 110 and a base brace member 112 (constituting a connecting means) so as to be separable. The upright support members 106 are connected to each other by a side brace member 114 and a base brace member 116 so as to be separable. A longitudinal beam member 118 is connected to each of the transverse beam members 108 at a central portion in the longitudinal direction in a separable manner. In the regions on both sides in the lateral direction of each of the longitudinal beams 118, the longitudinally opposed regions between each of the lateral beams 108 and each of the upright support members 104, and between each of the lateral beams 108 and each of the upright support members 106 , Each of which is separably connected by two brace rods 120 and 122 which cross each other in an X shape when viewed from above. The horizontal beam member 108 and the vertical beam member 118
Are formed from H-beams.

【0043】直立支持部材104、106及び横梁部材
108の各々の上面は実質上同一水平面上に位置付けら
れる。横梁部材108の各々の上面と横梁部材108の
各々により連結された直立支持部材104及び106の
各々の上面とによって、横方向に延在する水平載置面が
それぞれ形成される。そして各水平載置面上には2階の
フロア140が分離自在に装着される。フロア140の
実質上矩形をなす周縁部には直立した囲い142が設け
られている。フロア140は複数個のフロアパネル部材
144から構成されている。直立した囲い142は、複
数個のサイドパネル部材146から構成されている。
The upper surfaces of each of the upright support members 104 and 106 and the cross beam member 108 are positioned on substantially the same horizontal plane. The upper surface of each cross beam member 108 and the upper surface of each of the upright support members 104 and 106 connected by each of the cross beam members 108 form a horizontal mounting surface extending in the lateral direction. The second floor 140 is detachably mounted on each horizontal mounting surface. An upright enclosure 142 is provided at the substantially rectangular periphery of the floor 140. The floor 140 is composed of a plurality of floor panel members 144. The upright enclosure 142 is composed of a plurality of side panel members 146.

【0044】次に、図15〜図17を参照して、直立支
持部材104及び106について説明する。直立支持部
材104及び106は実質上同一の構成を有しているの
で、それらを代表して直立支持部材104について説明
する。直立支持部材104は、所定の幅WBをもって水
平方向に所定の長さLB延在するところの、上記表面上
に載置される基部150と、基部150から実質上鉛直
上方に延びかつ上記幅方向の厚さTMを規定する両側面
152及び154と水平方向の長さを規定する両端面1
56及び158とを有する直立部160とを備えてい
る。直立部160は平坦で水平な上面162を有してい
る。基部150は、上面から見て細長い形状をなし、ま
たその底面Pは平坦な水平面に形成されている。
Next, the upright support members 104 and 106 will be described with reference to FIGS. Since the upright support members 104 and 106 have substantially the same configuration, the upright support member 104 will be described as a representative thereof. The upright support member 104 extends horizontally a predetermined length LB with a predetermined width WB. The base 150 is mounted on the surface, extends substantially vertically upward from the base 150, and extends in the width direction. Side surfaces 152 and 154 that define the thickness TM and both end surfaces 1 that define the horizontal length
And an upright 160 having 56 and 158. The upright 160 has a flat, horizontal top surface 162. The base 150 has an elongated shape when viewed from above, and the bottom surface P is formed in a flat horizontal plane.

【0045】直立部160の一端面156の上端部は鉛
直面156aをなしている。基部150の一端面150
aは鉛直面156aの延長上に位置付けられている。直
立部160の他端面158と基部150の他端面150
bとは同一鉛直面上に位置付けられている。直立部16
0の一端面156における鉛直面156aを除く下方の
部分には、鉛直面156a及び基部150の一端面15
0aの各々から他端面158の方向に長さL1だけ凹む
ような凹部164が形成されている。凹部164の下方
部分は鉛直面156bをなし、鉛直面156bの上端と
鉛直面156aの下端とは曲面156cにより接続され
ている。直立部160の上記鉛直面156aには、該面
から垂直に外方に突出するようなガセットプレート16
6が一体に設けられている。直立部160は厚さTMを
有するが、その上端部においてはそれより大きな厚さT
Uを有している。直立部160の両側面152及び15
4は、いずれの厚さの部分も相互に平行な鉛直面からな
る。直立部160の略中央部には円形の貫通孔168が
形成されている。直立支持部材104はコンクリートで
一体に成形されているが、その内部の要所には鉄筋が配
置されている。なお基部150の幅WBは、直立部16
0の厚さTM及びTUよりも大きく規定されている。
The upper end of the one end surface 156 of the upright portion 160 forms a vertical surface 156a. One end face 150 of base 150
a is positioned on the extension of the vertical plane 156a. The other end surface 158 of the upright portion 160 and the other end surface 150 of the base 150
b is positioned on the same vertical plane. Upright part 16
In the lower portion of the one end surface 156 except for the vertical surface 156a, the vertical surface 156a and the one end surface 15 of the base 150 are provided.
A concave portion 164 is formed so as to be depressed by a length L1 from each of Oa in the direction of the other end surface 158. A lower portion of the concave portion 164 forms a vertical surface 156b, and an upper end of the vertical surface 156b and a lower end of the vertical surface 156a are connected by a curved surface 156c. The vertical surface 156a of the upright portion 160 has a gusset plate 16 which projects vertically outward from the surface.
6 are provided integrally. The upright 160 has a thickness TM, but at its upper end a greater thickness T
U. Both sides 152 and 15 of the upright portion 160
No. 4 consists of vertical planes parallel to each other in any thickness. A circular through hole 168 is formed substantially at the center of the upright portion 160. The upright support member 104 is integrally formed of concrete, and a reinforcing bar is arranged at a key point inside the upright support member 104. Note that the width WB of the base 150 is
It is specified to be larger than the thicknesses TM and TU of 0.

【0046】以上のように構成された直立支持部材10
4及び106の各対は、各々の直立部160の一端面1
56が相互に向き合わされて横方向に一定の間隔を置い
て配置される。また直立支持部材104の各々及び直立
支持部材106の各々は、各々の直立部160の一側面
152と154が相互に向き合わされて縦方向に一定の
間隔を置いて配置される。図14から明らかなように、
縦方向の両端に配置された直立支持部材104及び10
6は、立体構築物100の角部直立支持部材を構成す
る。また、角部直立支持部材104及び106間にそれ
ぞれ縦方向に間隔を置いて配置された他の直立支持部材
104及び106の各対は、辺部直立支持部材を構成す
る。
The upright support member 10 constructed as described above
4 and 106 correspond to one end face 1 of each upright 160.
56 are opposed to each other and are arranged at regular intervals in the lateral direction. In addition, each of the upright support members 104 and each of the upright support members 106 are arranged at regular intervals in the vertical direction with one side surface 152 and 154 of each upright portion 160 facing each other. As is clear from FIG.
Upright support members 104 and 10 arranged at both ends in the vertical direction
6 constitutes a corner upright support member of the three-dimensional structure 100. Further, each pair of other upright support members 104 and 106 which are arranged at an interval in the vertical direction between the corner upright support members 104 and 106 respectively constitute side upright support members.

【0047】図18を参照して、横梁部材108の一端
には鉛直方向に延在するような矩形の板170が固着さ
れ、板170の鉛直面には、該面から垂直に外方に突出
するようなガセットプレート172が一体に固着されて
いる。直立支持部材104の直立部160のガセットプ
レート166と横梁部材108の一端のガセットプレー
ト172とが2枚の連結板174を介して分離自在に連
結されることにより、横梁部材108の一端と直立支持
部材104の一端面156の上端面156aとが連結さ
れる。横梁部材108の他端も実質上同一の構成をな
し、前記と同様にして直立支持部材6の一端面156の
上端面156aに分離自在に連結される。以上のように
して横梁部材108により相互に連結された直立支持部
材104と106との対が複数対形成される。
Referring to FIG. 18, a rectangular plate 170 extending in the vertical direction is fixed to one end of cross beam member 108, and the plate 170 has a vertical surface projecting outwardly from the surface. A gusset plate 172 as shown in FIG. The gusset plate 166 of the upright portion 160 of the upright support member 104 and the gusset plate 172 at one end of the cross beam member 108 are detachably connected via two connection plates 174, so that one end of the cross beam member 108 and the upright support are provided. The one end surface 156 of the member 104 is connected to the upper end surface 156a. The other end of the cross beam member 108 also has substantially the same configuration, and is detachably connected to the upper end surface 156a of the one end surface 156 of the upright support member 6 in the same manner as described above. As described above, a plurality of pairs of the upright support members 104 and 106 interconnected by the cross beam member 108 are formed.

【0048】図19を参照して、横梁部材108の長手
方向中央部の両側には、ガセットプレート176が固着
されている。縦梁部材118の一端の垂直部118aと
ガセットプレート176の一方とが2個の連結板178
を介して分離自在に連結されることにより、縦梁部材1
18の一端と横梁部材108とが連結される。同様にし
て縦梁部材118の他端と他の横梁部材108とが分離
自在に連結される。ブレースロッド120の各々の一端
は横梁部材108に離脱自在に連結され、図示しない他
端は、それぞれ直立支持部材104及び106の上端部
の一側面に分離自在に連結される。上記ブレースロッド
122の各々の連結も同様にして行なわれる。ブレース
ロッド120及び122は図示しないターンバックルを
備えている。
Referring to FIG. 19, gusset plates 176 are fixed to both sides of the center of the cross beam member 108 in the longitudinal direction. The vertical portion 118a at one end of the vertical beam member 118 and one of the gusset plates 176 are connected to two connecting plates 178.
Can be detachably connected via the
One end of 18 and the cross beam member 108 are connected. Similarly, the other end of the vertical beam member 118 and the other horizontal beam member 108 are detachably connected. One end of each of the brace rods 120 is detachably connected to the cross beam member 108, and the other end (not shown) is detachably connected to one side of the upper end of the upright support members 104 and 106, respectively. The connection of each of the brace rods 122 is performed in the same manner. The brace rods 120 and 122 have a turnbuckle (not shown).

【0049】図20を参照して、ベースブレース部材1
12は実質上矩形をなし、コンクリートから一体に成形
されている。ベースブレース部材112の一端は、直立
支持部材104の基部150の一側部に2個のL形連結
板180を介して分離自在に連結され、図示しない他端
は、他の直立支持部材104の基部150の一側部に、
同様にして分離自在に連結される。上記ベースブレース
部材116も実質上同一の構成を有し、同様にして、直
立支持部材106間に分離自在に連結される。ベースブ
レース部材112及び116は、それぞれ自動車の車輪
のストッパの機能をもたせることができる。
Referring to FIG. 20, base brace member 1
Numeral 12 is substantially rectangular and is integrally formed from concrete. One end of the base brace member 112 is detachably connected to one side of the base 150 of the upright support member 104 via two L-shaped connecting plates 180, and the other end (not shown) is connected to the other upright support member 104. On one side of the base 150,
Similarly, they are connected so as to be separable. The base brace member 116 also has substantially the same configuration, and is likewise separably connected between the upright support members 106. Each of the base brace members 112 and 116 can function as a stopper for a vehicle wheel.

【0050】図21を参照して、サイドブレース部材1
10は実質上矩形をなし、コンクリートから一体に成形
されている。サイドブレース部材110の一端は直立支
持部材104の上記他端面158に2個のL形連結板1
82を介して分離自在に連結され、図示しない他端は、
他の直立支持部材104の上記他端面158に、同様に
して分離自在に連結される。上記サイドブレース部材1
14も実質上同一の構成を有し、同様にして、直立支持
部材106間に分離自在に連結される。
Referring to FIG. 21, side brace member 1
Numeral 10 is substantially rectangular and is integrally formed from concrete. One end of the side brace member 110 is attached to the other end surface 158 of the upright support member 104 by two L-shaped connecting plates 1.
82, the other end (not shown)
Similarly, the other upright support member 104 is detachably connected to the other end surface 158 of the support member 104. The side brace member 1
14 also have substantially the same configuration, and are likewise separably connected between the upright support members 106.

【0051】図22を参照して、フロアパネル部材14
4は、平面形状が実質上矩形をなすと共に平坦な上面を
有し、コンクリートから一体に成形されている。フロア
パネル部材144の長手方向の下面の両端部には、それ
ぞれその一側から他側に延在する水平下面184が形成
されている。フロアパネル部材144にはまた、水平下
面184の各々の内側縁から下方に延びるフランジ部1
86が形成されている。フランジ部186は、フロアパ
ネル部材144の下面において、水平下面184の各々
を除く周縁部に、環状に連続して形成されている。フロ
アパネル部材144の両端面には、該面の各々から外方
に延びる水平部188と、水平部188の各々の先端か
ら鉛直下方に延びる係止部189とからなる連結プレー
ト部材190がそれぞれ一体に設けられている。
Referring to FIG. 22, floor panel member 14
4 has a substantially rectangular planar shape and a flat upper surface, and is integrally formed from concrete. Horizontal lower surfaces 184 extending from one side to the other side are formed at both ends of the lower surface in the longitudinal direction of the floor panel member 144, respectively. The floor panel member 144 also includes a flange 1 extending downwardly from the inner edge of each of the horizontal lower surfaces 184.
86 are formed. The flange portion 186 is formed annularly and continuously on the lower surface of the floor panel member 144 at a peripheral portion excluding each of the horizontal lower surfaces 184. On both end surfaces of the floor panel member 144, a connection plate member 190 composed of a horizontal portion 188 extending outward from each of the surfaces and a locking portion 189 extending vertically downward from the tip of each horizontal portion 188 is integrally formed. It is provided in.

【0052】図23を参照して、上記したように、横梁
部材108の各々の上面と横梁部材108の各々により
相互に連結された直立支持部材104及び106の各々
の上面とによって、横方向に延在する水平載置面S(S
0、S1・・・)が形成される。立体構築物100の上
記レイアウトから明らかなように、水平載置面Sは実質
上同一水平面上にあって、縦方向に間隔を置いて複数
(横梁部材108と同数)形成される。フロアパネル部
材144の水平下面184の一方は相互に隣合う水平載
置面Sの一方の上に載置され、水平下面184の他方は
水平載置面Sの他方の上に載置される。図23におい
て、左側に位置する水平載置面S0は、立体構築物10
0の一端に位置付けられ、右側に位置する水平載置面S
1は、それに隣接して位置付けられた水平載置面を示し
ている。
Referring to FIG. 23, as described above, the upper surface of each cross beam member 108 and the upper surface of each of the upright support members 104 and 106 interconnected by each of the cross beam members 108 provide a lateral direction. The horizontal mounting surface S (S
0, S1...) Are formed. As is clear from the above-described layout of the three-dimensional structure 100, the horizontal mounting surfaces S are substantially on the same horizontal plane, and a plurality (the same number as the horizontal beam members 108) are formed at intervals in the vertical direction. One of the horizontal lower surfaces 184 of the floor panel member 144 is mounted on one of the horizontal mounting surfaces S adjacent to each other, and the other of the horizontal lower surfaces 184 is mounted on the other of the horizontal mounting surfaces S. In FIG. 23, the horizontal mounting surface S0 located on the left side is
0, the horizontal mounting surface S located on the right side
Reference numeral 1 denotes a horizontal mounting surface positioned adjacent thereto.

【0053】先ず右側の水平載置面S1と、これに載置
される二つのフロアパネル部材144との連結部の構成
について説明する。水平載置面S1上には、フロアパネ
ル部材144の各々の一端面同士が相互に隙間を置いて
対向するよう載置される。水平載置面S1上の隙間に
は、直立支持部材104、横梁部材108及び直立支持
部材106にわたって連続して延在するチャンネル部材
200が固着されている。チャンネル部材200は、上
記縦方向に間隔を置いて向き合った一対の鉛直部202
と鉛直部202の各々の下端を連結する水平底部204
とからなり、水平底部204が水平載置面S1に固着さ
れる。水平底部204には、内周面に雌ねじが形成され
た円筒状のナット部材206が複数個、直立して固定さ
れている(図19参照)。
First, the structure of the connecting portion between the right horizontal mounting surface S1 and the two floor panel members 144 mounted thereon will be described. One end surfaces of the floor panel members 144 are placed on the horizontal placement surface S1 so as to face each other with a gap therebetween. A channel member 200 extending continuously over the upright support member 104, the cross beam member 108, and the upright support member 106 is fixed to the gap on the horizontal mounting surface S1. The channel member 200 includes a pair of vertical portions 202 facing each other at a distance in the vertical direction.
And a horizontal bottom portion 204 connecting the lower ends of the vertical portions 202 with each other.
The horizontal bottom portion 204 is fixed to the horizontal mounting surface S1. On the horizontal bottom portion 204, a plurality of cylindrical nut members 206 having an internal thread formed on the inner peripheral surface are fixed upright (see FIG. 19).

【0054】フロアパネル部材144の各々の水平部1
88は、チャンネル部材200の対応する鉛直部202
の上方に間隔を置いて位置し、また各々の係止部189
は、対応する鉛直部202の内側面との間に隙間を置い
て位置付けられる。チャンネル部材200に沿って延在
する細長い矩形のプレート208(カバープレート手段
を構成する)が、相互に対向する水平部188の各々の
上面に跨がって配置されかつ水平部188の各々にボル
トにより分離自在に連結されている。またプレート20
8は、ボルト210により、ナット部材206の各々に
対し分離自在に連結される。以上のようにして、フロア
パネル部材144の各々の両端部は、水平載置面S1に
分離自在に連結される。この状態において、フロアパネ
ル部材144の各々のフランジ部186は、直立支持部
材104又は106の上端部の対応する一側面、又は、
横梁部材108の上端部の対応する一側面、にそれぞれ
隙間を置いて対向するよう位置付けられる。係止部18
9の各々と、対応する鉛直部202との上記位置関係及
びフランジ部186と対応する上記側面との位置関係
は、フロアパネル部材144の各々と、対応する直立支
持部材104及び106、及び横梁部材108との間に
縦方向のある量の相対移動が生じた場合の拘束機能を有
し、相互の連結関係を強化する。
Each horizontal portion 1 of the floor panel member 144
Reference numeral 88 denotes a corresponding vertical portion 202 of the channel member 200.
At intervals above and each locking portion 189
Are positioned with a gap between them and the corresponding inner surface of the vertical portion 202. An elongated rectangular plate 208 (constituting a cover plate means) extending along the channel member 200 is disposed over the upper surface of each of the horizontal portions 188 facing each other and a bolt is attached to each of the horizontal portions 188. Are connected so as to be separable. Also plate 20
Numeral 8 is detachably connected to each of the nut members 206 by bolts 210. As described above, both ends of the floor panel member 144 are detachably connected to the horizontal mounting surface S1. In this state, each flange portion 186 of the floor panel member 144 has a corresponding one side of the upper end of the upright support member 104 or 106, or
The upper end of the cross beam member 108 is positioned so as to face each of the corresponding one side surface with a gap therebetween. Locking part 18
9 and the corresponding vertical portions 202 and the corresponding side surfaces corresponding to the flange portions 186, respectively, correspond to the respective floor panel members 144, the corresponding upright support members 104 and 106, and the cross beam members. It has a constraint function when a certain amount of relative movement in the vertical direction occurs with respect to the head 108, and strengthens the mutual connection.

【0055】図23と共に図21を参照して、プレート
208には複数個の貫通孔212が形成されている。そ
してチャンネル部材200の上記横方向の少なくとも一
端部は、直立支持部材104又は106から該横方向に
突出し、突出した該一端部における水平底部202には
図示しない排水孔を含む排水手段が形成されている。排
水手段は、直立支持部材104又は106の上記他端面
158に沿って鉛直下方に延在する排水パイプ214を
含んでいる。上記貫通孔212からチャンネル部材20
0に流入した雨水等の液体は、排水パイプ214を介し
て円滑に排水される。
Referring to FIG. 23 together with FIG. 23, plate 208 has a plurality of through holes 212 formed therein. At least one lateral end of the channel member 200 protrudes in the lateral direction from the upright support member 104 or 106, and a drain means including a drain hole (not shown) is formed in the horizontal bottom 202 at the protruding one end. I have. The drainage means includes a drainage pipe 214 extending vertically downward along the other end face 158 of the upright support member 104 or 106. From the through hole 212 to the channel member 20
The liquid such as rainwater that has flowed into the drain pipe 0 is smoothly drained through the drain pipe 214.

【0056】次に再び図23を参照して、左方の水平載
置面S0と、これに載置されるフロアパネル部材144
との関係について説明する。水平載置面S0の上には複
数のストッパユニット220(ストッパ手段を構成す
る)が設けられている。ストッパユニット220の各々
は、水平載置面S0から上記縦方向の外方に延び次いで
下方に折り曲がるような複数個の第一のフック222
と、水平載置面S0上において縦方向の内方に延び次い
で上方に折り曲がるような複数個の第二のフック224
とを含んでいる。フック222と224とは水平載置面
S0の幅方向(縦方向)に延在しかつ水平載置面S0の
長手方向(横方向)に間隔を置いて配置された複数個の
プレート226の各々の両端に一体に形成されている。
各プレート226間は水平載置面S0の長手方向に延在
する複数の連結プレート228を介して相互に一体に固
着される。フック224間は、水平載置面S0の長手方
向に延在する1本のロッド230(フック224の各々
を貫通している)を介して相互に一体に連結される。水
平載置面S0上に載置されたフロアパネル部材144の
上記係止部189は、フック224に間隔を置いて係止
されている。フロアパネル部材144のフランジ部18
6は、直立支持部材104又は106の上端部の対応す
る一側面、又は、横梁部材108の上端部の対応する一
側面、にそれぞれ隙間を置いて対向するよう位置付けら
れる。上記の構成は、フロアパネル部材144と、対応
する直立支持部材104及び106、及び横梁部材10
8との間に縦方向のある量の相対移動が生じた場合の拘
束機能を有し、相互の連結関係を強化する。なお、スト
ッパユニット220の各々は水平載置面S0に固着して
も、載置した状態でもよい。
Referring again to FIG. 23, left horizontal mounting surface S0 and floor panel member 144 mounted thereon
Will be described. A plurality of stopper units 220 (constituting stopper means) are provided on the horizontal mounting surface S0. Each of the stopper units 220 includes a plurality of first hooks 222 that extend outward from the horizontal mounting surface S0 in the vertical direction and then bend downward.
And a plurality of second hooks 224 that extend inward in the vertical direction on the horizontal mounting surface S0 and then bend upward.
And The hooks 222 and 224 extend in the width direction (vertical direction) of the horizontal mounting surface S0, and each of the plurality of plates 226 arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction (horizontal direction) of the horizontal mounting surface S0. Are formed integrally at both ends.
The plates 226 are integrally fixed to each other via a plurality of connecting plates 228 extending in the longitudinal direction of the horizontal mounting surface S0. The hooks 224 are integrally connected to each other via one rod 230 (through each of the hooks 224) extending in the longitudinal direction of the horizontal mounting surface S0. The locking portions 189 of the floor panel member 144 mounted on the horizontal mounting surface S0 are locked at intervals by the hooks 224. Flange 18 of floor panel member 144
Numeral 6 is positioned so as to face a corresponding side surface of the upper end of the upright support member 104 or 106 or a corresponding side surface of the upper end of the cross beam member 108 with a gap therebetween. The above arrangement includes the floor panel member 144, the corresponding upright support members 104 and 106, and the cross beam member 10
8 has a restraining function when a certain amount of relative movement in the vertical direction occurs between them, thereby strengthening the mutual connection. In addition, each of the stopper units 220 may be fixed to the horizontal mounting surface S0 or may be in a mounted state.

【0057】図24を参照して、直立支持部材106の
他端面158の上端部には鉛直上方に延びるブラケット
240が複数個装着されている。側面(図24の左方)
から見て略矩形をなし、下端が湾曲している上記サイド
パネル部材146は、コンクリートから一体に成形され
ている。サイドパネル部材146の内側面にはブラケッ
ト242が複数個装着されている。サイドパネル部材1
46の各ブラケット242が直立支持部材106の対応
するブラケット240に分離自在に連結されることによ
り、サイドパネル部材146は直立支持部材106に支
持される。同様なブラケット240は、立体構築物10
0の縦方向両端に位置する横梁部材108の各々、他の
直立支持部材106及び104の同様な部位、立体構築
物100の横方向両端に位置するフロアパネル部材14
4の各々の一側面にも設けられ、これらの各ブラケット
240に、他のサイドパネル部材146の各々が上記と
同様にして分離自在に支持される。
Referring to FIG. 24, a plurality of brackets 240 extending vertically upward are mounted on the upper end of the other end surface 158 of upright support member 106. Side (left side of FIG. 24)
The side panel member 146 having a substantially rectangular shape as viewed from above and having a curved lower end is integrally formed from concrete. A plurality of brackets 242 are mounted on the inner surface of the side panel member 146. Side panel member 1
The side panel member 146 is supported by the upright support member 106 by each of the 46 brackets 242 being detachably connected to the corresponding bracket 240 of the upright support member 106. A similar bracket 240 is used for the three-dimensional structure 10
0, each of the cross beam members 108 located at both ends in the longitudinal direction, similar portions of the other upright support members 106 and 104, and the floor panel members 14 located at both lateral ends of the three-dimensional structure 100
4 is also provided on one side surface of each of the brackets 4, and each of the other side panel members 146 is detachably supported on each of the brackets 240 in the same manner as described above.

【0058】[0058]

【実施例】次に図14に示す立体構築物100の好適な
実施例について説明する。図14〜図17を参照して、
縦方向の両端にはそれぞれ一対の角部直立支持部材10
4及び106が配置され、それらの間に4対の辺部直立
支持部材104及び106が配置される。実質上同一の
構成を有する角部及び辺部直立支持部材104及び10
6の各々における各部の寸法は次の通りである。
Next, a preferred embodiment of the three-dimensional structure 100 shown in FIG. 14 will be described. Referring to FIG. 14 to FIG.
A pair of corner upright supporting members 10 are provided at both ends in the vertical direction.
4 and 106 are disposed, and four pairs of side upright support members 104 and 106 are disposed therebetween. Corner and side upright support members 104 and 10 having substantially the same configuration
The dimensions of each part in each of Nos. 6 are as follows.

【0059】基部150の一端面150aから他端面1
50bまでの長さLB及び直立部160の上端部におけ
る一端面156aから他端面158までの長さLUはそ
れぞれ3,000mm、基部150の底面Pから直立部
160の上面までの高さHは2,700mm、基部15
0の幅WBは650mm、直立部160の上端部の厚さ
TUは400mm、直立部160の上端部を除く部分の
厚さTMは300mm、直立部160の一端面156a
及び基部150の一端面150aと共通の鉛直面(直立
支持部材の一端面を規定する)から凹部164の鉛直面
156bまでの深さL1は600mm、貫通孔168の
直径は1,600mmである。直立部160の上端部の
厚さがTUを有する領域は、直立部160の上面から下
方への長さL2と一端面156aから他端面158方向
への長さL3とにより規定される領域と、直立部160
の上面から下方への長さL4と、上記長さLUから上記
長さL3を引いた残りの長さとにより規定される領域と
からなる。上記長さL2は600mm、長さL3は20
0mm、長さL4は400mmである。
One end face 150a of the base 150 to the other end face 1
The length LB up to 50b and the length LU from one end surface 156a to the other end surface 158 at the upper end of the upright portion 160 are 3,000 mm, respectively, and the height H from the bottom surface P of the base 150 to the upper surface of the upright portion 160 is 2 , 700 mm, base 15
0, the width WB is 650 mm, the thickness TU of the upper end of the upright portion 160 is 400 mm, the thickness TM of the portion excluding the upper end of the upright portion 160 is 300 mm, and one end surface 156a of the upright portion 160
The depth L1 from the vertical plane (which defines one end surface of the upright support member) to the vertical plane 156b of the recess 164 is 600 mm, and the diameter of the through hole 168 is 1600 mm. The region in which the thickness of the upper end of the upright portion 160 has TU is defined by a length L2 downward from the upper surface of the upright portion 160 and a length L3 from the one end surface 156a to the other end surface 158, Upright section 160
And a region defined by a length L4 from the upper surface to the lower side and a remaining length obtained by subtracting the length L3 from the length LU. The length L2 is 600 mm and the length L3 is 20
0 mm and the length L4 is 400 mm.

【0060】横梁部材108の各々はH型鋼から構成さ
れている。横梁部材108を構成するH型鋼の幅及び高
さは400mm、全長は8,800mmである。横梁部
材108によって相互に連結された直立支持部材104
及び106の各々の直立部160の一端面156a間の
横方向の間隔は9,000mm、直立支持部材104の
各々における幅方向の中心間の縦方向の間隔は5,50
0mm、直立支持部材106の各々における幅方向の中
心間の縦方向の間隔は5,500mmである。縦梁部材
118の各々もH型鋼から構成され、その幅は100m
m、高さは200mm、全長は5,090mmである。
ブレースロッド120及び122の各々はターンバック
ル付きの鋼製丸棒からなり、直径は13mmである。
Each of the cross beams 108 is made of H-shaped steel. The width and height of the H-shaped steel constituting the cross beam member 108 are 400 mm, and the total length is 8,800 mm. Upright support members 104 interconnected by cross members 108
The horizontal distance between the one end surfaces 156a of the upright portions 160 of the vertical support members 106 and 106 is 9,000 mm, and the vertical distance between the widthwise centers of the respective vertical support members 104 is 5,50.
The vertical spacing between the centers in the width direction of each of the upright support members 106 is 0,500 mm, and 5,500 mm. Each of the vertical beam members 118 is also made of H-shaped steel and has a width of 100 m.
m, the height is 200 mm, and the total length is 5,090 mm.
Each of the brace rods 120 and 122 consists of a round steel bar with a turnbuckle and is 13 mm in diameter.

【0061】サイドブレース部材110及び114の各
々の幅は1,300mm、長さは5,400mm、厚さ
は90mmである。ベースブレース部材112及び11
6の各々の幅は650mm、長さは4,830mm、厚
さは125mmである。フロアパネル部材144の各々
の幅は幅は1,480mm、長さは5,360mm、フ
ランジ部186を含む全厚さは300mm、フランジ部
186に囲まれた部位の厚さは75mmである。コーナ
部のそれを除くサイドパネル部材146の各々の幅(高
さ)は1,300mm、長さは5,475mmである。
上記各サイドブレース部材、ベースブレース部材、フロ
アパネル部材及びサイドパネル部材の各々は、コンクリ
ートから一体成形されている。
Each of the side brace members 110 and 114 has a width of 1,300 mm, a length of 5,400 mm, and a thickness of 90 mm. Base brace members 112 and 11
6, each has a width of 650 mm, a length of 4,830 mm, and a thickness of 125 mm. The width of each floor panel member 144 is 1,480 mm, the length is 5,360 mm, the total thickness including the flange 186 is 300 mm, and the thickness of the portion surrounded by the flange 186 is 75 mm. The width (height) of each of the side panel members 146 excluding that of the corner portion is 1,300 mm, and the length is 5,475 mm.
Each of the side brace members, base brace members, floor panel members, and side panel members is integrally formed of concrete.

【0062】以上、本発明による組立及び載置式立体構
築物の実施の形態について説明したが、本発明は前記実
施の形態に限定されるものではなく、本発明の範囲を逸
脱することなく種々の変形あるいは修正が可能である。
Although the embodiments of the assembled and mounted three-dimensional structure according to the present invention have been described above, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention. Alternatively, it can be modified.

【0063】[0063]

【発明の効果】本発明による組立及び載置式立体構築物
によれば、同一設置面積において、従来の柱構造からな
る立体構築物よりも一層大きな利用空間を得ることがで
きるので、利便性が向上する。また、水平横方向及び水
平縦方向への面積の拡大はもとより、上方への拡大も比
較的低コストで容易に遂行できる。更に、構成部材が著
しく簡素化されることによって、構成部材の製作が一層
効率的に遂行されるので、立体構築物全体の組立時間が
著しく短縮され、したがって構築費用が更に安価とな
る。
According to the assembled and mounted three-dimensional structure of the present invention, a larger use space can be obtained than in the conventional three-dimensional structure having a pillar structure in the same installation area, so that the convenience is improved. Further, not only the area in the horizontal and horizontal directions and the horizontal and vertical directions but also the upward expansion can be easily performed at a relatively low cost. In addition, the significantly simplified construction of the components results in a more efficient production of the components, thus significantly reducing the assembly time of the entire three-dimensional structure and thus lowering the construction costs.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明に係る組立及び載置式立体構築物の実施
の形態を示す斜視図。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an embodiment of an assembled and mounted three-dimensional structure according to the present invention.

【図2】図1に示す立体構築物の一部を破断して示す
図。
FIG. 2 is a partially cutaway view of the three-dimensional construct shown in FIG.

【図3】図2に示す立体構築物の一部を分解して示す
図。
FIG. 3 is an exploded view showing a part of the three-dimensional construct shown in FIG. 2;

【図4】図1に示す立体構築物に使用される直立支持部
材の正面図。
FIG. 4 is a front view of an upright support member used in the three-dimensional structure shown in FIG. 1;

【図5】図4の左側面図。FIG. 5 is a left side view of FIG. 4;

【図6】図4の右側面図。FIG. 6 is a right side view of FIG. 4;

【図7】図4の上面図。FIG. 7 is a top view of FIG. 4;

【図8】直立支持部材と横梁部材との連結部を示す分解
斜視図。
FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view showing a connecting portion between the upright support member and the cross beam member.

【図9】直立支持部材と縦梁部材との連結部を示す分解
斜視図。
FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view showing a connecting portion between the upright support member and the vertical beam member.

【図10】直立支持部材の更に他の実施形態を示す正面
図。
FIG. 10 is a front view showing still another embodiment of the upright support member.

【図11】本発明に係る組立及び載置式立体構築物の他
の実施形態を示す斜視図であって一部を破断して示す
図。
FIG. 11 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of the assembled and mounted three-dimensional structure according to the present invention, with a part thereof cut away.

【図12】図11に示す立体構築物に使用される直立支
持部材の正面図。
FIG. 12 is a front view of an upright support member used for the three-dimensional structure shown in FIG. 11;

【図13】図12に示す直立支持部材の他の実施形態を
示す正面図。
FIG. 13 is a front view showing another embodiment of the upright support member shown in FIG. 12;

【図14】本発明に係る組立及び載置式立体構築物の更
に他の実施の形態を示す斜視図であって一部を破断して
示す図。
FIG. 14 is a perspective view showing still another embodiment of the assembled and placed three-dimensional structure according to the present invention, with a part thereof cut away.

【図15】図14に示す立体構築物に使用される直立支
持部材の正面図。
FIG. 15 is a front view of an upright support member used in the three-dimensional structure shown in FIG. 14;

【図16】図15の左側面図。FIG. 16 is a left side view of FIG.

【図17】図15の上面図。FIG. 17 is a top view of FIG. 15;

【図18】図14における直立支持部材と横梁部材との
連結部を示す拡大斜視図。
FIG. 18 is an enlarged perspective view showing a connecting portion between the upright support member and the cross beam member in FIG. 14;

【図19】図14のA部拡大図。19 is an enlarged view of a portion A in FIG.

【図20】図14のB部拡大図。FIG. 20 is an enlarged view of a portion B in FIG. 14;

【図21】図14のC部拡大図。FIG. 21 is an enlarged view of a portion C in FIG. 14;

【図22】図14に示す立体構築物に使用されるフロア
パネル部材の一部を破断して示す斜視図。
FIG. 22 is an exemplary perspective view of a part of a floor panel member used in the three-dimensional structure shown in FIG.

【図23】図14に示す立体構築物に使用されるフロア
パネル部材と横梁部材との連結状態を示す図であって、
図14において水平横方向から見た一部破断図。
23 is a view showing a connection state between a floor panel member and a cross beam member used in the three-dimensional structure shown in FIG. 14,
FIG. 15 is a partially broken view as viewed from the horizontal horizontal direction in FIG. 14.

【図24】図14に示す立体構築物に使用されるサイド
パネル部材と直立支持部材との連結状態を示す図であっ
て、図14において水平縦方向から見た一部省略図。
24 is a view showing a connection state between a side panel member and an upright support member used for the three-dimensional structure shown in FIG. 14, and is a partially omitted view seen in a horizontal and vertical direction in FIG.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

2、70及び100 立体構築物 4、6、72、76、104及び106 直立支持部材 8及び108 横梁部材 10、12、14、16、18、20、22及び118
縦梁部材 24、26、28、30、32、34、36及び38
ブレース部材 40及び140 フロア 42及び142 囲い 50及び150 基部 52及び160 直立部 53及び164 凹部 144 フロアパネル部材 200 チャンネル部材 202 ストッパユニット
2, 70 and 100 3D structures 4, 6, 72, 76, 104 and 106 Upright support members 8 and 108 Cross beam members 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 22 and 118
Vertical beam members 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36 and 38
Brace members 40 and 140 Floors 42 and 142 Enclosures 50 and 150 Bases 52 and 160 Uprights 53 and 164 Depressions 144 Floor panel members 200 Channel members 202 Stopper units

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (58)調査した分野(Int.Cl.7,DB名) E04H 6/08 - 6/10 E04B 1/04 E04B 1/30 E04B 1/342 - 1/343 ──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continued on the front page (58) Field surveyed (Int.Cl. 7 , DB name) E04H 6/08-6/10 E04B 1/04 E04B 1/30 E04B 1/342-1/343

Claims (4)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】 分離自在に組み立てられ、実質上平坦な
表面上に載置される立体構築物にして、 所定の幅をもって水平方向に所定の長さ延在するところ
の、該表面上に載置される基部と、該基部から実質上鉛
直上方に延びかつ該幅方向の厚さを規定する両側面と該
水平方向の長さを規定する両端面とを有する直立部とを
備え、それぞれコンクリートから一体に成形された複数
個の直立支持部材を含み、該直立支持部材の各々の該基
部の幅は該直立部の厚さよりも広い幅を有するよう形成
され、 該直立支持部材の各々は、水平横方向及び該水平横方向
に直交する水平縦方向にそれぞれ相互に間隔を置いて配
置され、 該水平横方向に相互に隣合う該直立支持部材の各々は、
各々の該直立部の一端面同士が相互に向き合わされて該
水平横方向に一定の間隔を置いて配置されると共に1個
の横梁部材により分離自在に連結され、該横梁部材は、
該水平横方向に相互に向き合わされた該直立支持部材の
各々の該直立部の該一端面、における上端部間を連結す
るよう配置され、 該水平縦方向に相互に隣合う該直立支持部材の各々は、
各々の該直立部の一側面同士が相互に向き合わされて該
水平縦方向に一定の間隔を置いて配置されると共に連結
手段により相互に分離自在に連結され、 該直立支持部材の各々は実質上同一の構成を有し、 該直立支持部材の各々の該一端面は、該直立部の該一端
面及び該基部の一端面により規定され、該直立支持部材
の各々の他端面は、該直立部の他端面及び該基部の他端
面により規定され、 該直立支持部材の各々の該一端面であって、該直立部の
該一端面における少なくとも該上端部を除く下方の部分
には、該直立部の該上端部における該一端面、及び該基
部の該一端面、の各々から該直立支持部材の各々の該他
端面方向に凹むような凹部が形成されている、 ことを特徴とする、立体構築物。
1. A releasably assembled, substantially flat
A three-dimensional structure placed on the surface, extending a predetermined length horizontally with a certain width
A base mounted on the surface, and substantially lead-free from the base.
Both side surfaces extending directly above and defining the thickness in the width direction;
And an upright portion having both end surfaces defining a horizontal length.
Multiple, each integrally molded from concrete
A plurality of upright support members, the base of each of the upright support members.
The width of the part is formed to have a width wider than the thickness of the upright part
Wherein each of the upright support members comprises a horizontal lateral direction and the horizontal lateral direction.
Are spaced apart from each other in the horizontal and vertical directions
Each of the upright support members being adjacent to each other in the horizontal lateral direction,
One end face of each of the upright portions faces each other and
It is arranged at a fixed interval in the horizontal direction and one
The cross beam member is connected so as to be separable, and the cross beam member is
Of the upright support members facing each other in the horizontal direction.
Connecting between the upper end portions of the upright portions at the one end surface thereof
Each of the upright support members adjacent to each other in the horizontal and vertical directions,
One side of each of the uprights faces each other and
Horizontally and vertically spaced apart and connected
Connected to each other by meansAnd Each of the upright support members has substantially the same configuration; The one end face of each of the upright support members is connected to the one end of the upright portion.
The upright support member defined by a surface and one end surface of the base.
The other end face of the upright portion and the other end of the base portion
Defined by the surface, The end face of each of the upright support members, wherein
A lower portion of the one end surface excluding at least the upper end portion
The end face at the upper end of the upright portion, and the base
Each of the upright support members from each of the one end faces of the
A concave portion that is concave toward the end face is formed,  A three-dimensional structure characterized by the fact that:
【請求項2】 該横梁部材の上面と該横梁部材により連
結された該直立部の各々の上面とによって、該水平横方
向に延在する水平載置面が規定され、 該水平縦方向に間隔を置いて相互に隣合う該水平載置面
間には、平面形状が実質上矩形をなすと共にコンクリー
トから一体に成形された複数個のフロアパネル部材が載
置され、該フロアパネル部材の各々は、少なくとも、該
水平縦方向の両端に位置する該水平載置面を除く他の該
水平載置面の各々に対して、分離自在に連結され、 該フロアパネル部材の各々の該水平縦方向の両端部に
は、対応する該水平載置面上に載置される水平下面と、
該水平下面の内側縁から下方に延びるフランジ部が形成
され、 該フロアパネル部材の各々の該水平下面が対応する該水
平載置面上に載置された状態において、該フロアパネル
部材の各々の該フランジ部は、該直立支持部材の各々に
おける該直立部の上端部の対応する一側面、及び、該横
梁部材の上端部の対応する一側面、にそれぞれ隙間を置
いて対向するよう位置付けられる、請求項記載の立体
構築物。
2. The horizontal mounting surface extending in the horizontal direction is defined by an upper surface of the cross beam member and an upper surface of each of the upright portions connected by the cross beam member. A plurality of floor panel members, each of which has a substantially rectangular planar shape and is integrally formed from concrete, are placed between the horizontal mounting surfaces that are adjacent to each other, and each of the floor panel members is , At least, each of the other horizontal mounting surfaces except for the horizontal mounting surface located at both ends in the horizontal vertical direction, is separably connected, and the horizontal vertical direction of each of the floor panel members. At both ends, a horizontal lower surface mounted on the corresponding horizontal mounting surface,
A flange portion extending downward from an inner edge of the horizontal lower surface is formed, and in a state where the horizontal lower surface of each of the floor panel members is mounted on the corresponding horizontal mounting surface, each of the floor panel members is The flange portion is positioned so as to face a corresponding one side of an upper end of the upright portion and a corresponding one side of an upper end of the cross beam member in each of the upright support members with a gap therebetween. The three-dimensional structure according to claim 1 .
【請求項3】 該水平縦方向の両端に位置する該水平載
置面の各々上にはストッパ手段が配置され、 該ストッパ手段の各々は、該水平載置面の各々上から該
水平縦方向の外方に延び次いで下方に折り曲がるような
複数個の第一のフックと、該水平載置面の各々上におい
て該水平縦方向の内方に延び次いで上方に折り曲がるよ
うな複数個の第二のフックとを含み、 該両端部に位置する該水平載置面の各々上に載置された
該フロアパネル部材の各々の一端面には、該第二のフッ
クの各々の上端の上方を該水平縦方向の外側に向かって
延びる水平部と、該水平部の各々の先端において、該第
二のフックの各々に対し隙間を置いて係合するよう鉛直
下方に延びる係止部とからなる連結プレート部材が設け
られている、請求項記載の立体構築物。
3. A stopper means is disposed on each of the horizontal mounting surfaces located at both ends in the horizontal and vertical directions, and each of the stopper means is arranged on the horizontal and vertical direction from above each of the horizontal mounting surfaces. A plurality of first hooks extending outwardly and bending downward, and a plurality of first hooks extending horizontally inward and then bending upward on each of the horizontal mounting surfaces. An upper end of each of the second hooks on one end surface of each of the floor panel members mounted on each of the horizontal mounting surfaces located at the both ends. A horizontal portion extending outward in the horizontal vertical direction, and a locking portion extending vertically downward at a distal end of each of the horizontal portions so as to engage with each of the second hooks with a gap therebetween. The three-dimensional structure according to claim 2 , wherein a connection plate member is provided.
【請求項4】 該水平縦方向の両端に位置する該水平載
置面を除く他の該水平載置面の各々上には、該フロアパ
ネル部材の各々の一端面同士が相互に隙間を置いて対向
するよう載置され、 該他の水平載置面の各々上の該隙間には、該直立支持部
材の一方から他方にわたって連続して延在しかつ該水平
縦方向に間隔を置いて向き合った一対の鉛直部と該鉛直
部の各々の下端を連結する水平底部とからなるチャンネ
ル部材が配置されると共に該水平底部が該水平載置面に
固着され、 該フロアパネル部材の各々において、該隙間を置いて相
互に対向する該一端面の各々には、それぞれ、対応する
該チャンネル部材の該鉛直部の各々の上端の上方を相互
に近付く方向に延びる水平部と、該水平部の各々の先端
において、該チャンネル部材の該鉛直部の各々の互いに
対向する面との間に隙間を置いて鉛直下方に延びる係止
部とからなる連結プレート部材が設けられ、相互に対向
する該連結プレート部材の各々は、該連結プレート部材
の各々の該水平部の上面に跨がって配置されかつ該チャ
ンネル部材に沿って延在するカバープレート手段を介し
て分離自在に連結され、 該カバープレート手段の各々は、対応する該チャンネル
部材に分離自在に固着され、 該カバープレート手段の各々には複数個の貫通孔が形成
され、該チャンネル部材の各々の該水平横方向の少なく
とも一端部は、該直立支持部材の一方又は他方から該水
平横方向に突出し、突出した該チャンネル部材の各々の
該一端部における該水平底部には排水孔を含む排水手段
が形成されている、請求項記載の立体構築物。
4. An end surface of each of the floor panel members is spaced from each other on each of the horizontal mounting surfaces other than the horizontal mounting surfaces located at both ends in the horizontal vertical direction. In the gap on each of the other horizontal mounting surfaces, extending continuously from one of the upright support members to the other and facing the horizontal vertical space at intervals. A channel member composed of a pair of vertical portions and a horizontal bottom portion connecting the lower ends of the vertical portions is arranged, and the horizontal bottom portion is fixed to the horizontal mounting surface, and in each of the floor panel members, Each of the one end faces facing each other with a gap therebetween has a horizontal portion extending in a direction approaching each other above an upper end of each of the vertical portions of the corresponding channel member, and a respective one of the horizontal portions. At the tip, the vertical portion of the channel member A connection plate member comprising a locking portion extending vertically downward with a gap between each of the opposing surfaces is provided, and each of the connection plate members facing each other is a respective one of the connection plate members. A cover plate means disposed astride the upper surface of the horizontal portion and extending along the channel member, and is releasably connected via cover plate means, each of the cover plate means being separable to the corresponding channel member. A plurality of through-holes are formed in each of the cover plate means, and at least one end in the horizontal direction of each of the channel members is disposed in the horizontal direction from one or the other of the upright support members. 3. The three-dimensional structure according to claim 2 , wherein a drain means including a drain hole is formed at the one end of each of the projecting channel members at the one end of the horizontal bottom.
JP17696096A 1995-07-10 1996-07-08 Assembled and mounted three-dimensional structures Expired - Fee Related JP3216077B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP19578795 1995-07-10
JP7-195787 1995-07-10
JP17696096A JP3216077B2 (en) 1995-07-10 1996-07-08 Assembled and mounted three-dimensional structures

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP17696096A JP3216077B2 (en) 1995-07-10 1996-07-08 Assembled and mounted three-dimensional structures

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0978871A JPH0978871A (en) 1997-03-25
JP3216077B2 true JP3216077B2 (en) 2001-10-09

Family

ID=26497676

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP17696096A Expired - Fee Related JP3216077B2 (en) 1995-07-10 1996-07-08 Assembled and mounted three-dimensional structures

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3216077B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006291696A (en) * 2005-03-18 2006-10-26 Mitsuo Sasaki Placing type shelf structural unit and placing type shelf structure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH0978871A (en) 1997-03-25

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