JP3098220B2 - Glass ceramic substrate for magnetic information storage media - Google Patents

Glass ceramic substrate for magnetic information storage media

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Publication number
JP3098220B2
JP3098220B2 JP10126898A JP12689898A JP3098220B2 JP 3098220 B2 JP3098220 B2 JP 3098220B2 JP 10126898 A JP10126898 A JP 10126898A JP 12689898 A JP12689898 A JP 12689898A JP 3098220 B2 JP3098220 B2 JP 3098220B2
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glass
information storage
magnetic information
storage medium
ceramic substrate
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JPH1116143A (en
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直雪 後藤
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株式会社オハラ
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DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0001]

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a substrate for a magnetic information storage medium used in an information storage device, and more particularly to a substrate having an ultra-smooth substrate suitable for near-contact recording and contact recording.
In the (contact start / stop) method,
A glass ceramic substrate for an information storage medium such as a magnetic disk, and a magnetic information formed by subjecting the substrate for a magnetic information storage medium to a film forming process, having a good surface characteristic of a landing area for preventing attraction between a magnetic disk and a magnetic head. It relates to a storage medium. In this specification, the term "magnetic information storage medium" refers to a magnetic information storage medium usable in a fixed hard disk, a removable hard disk, a card hard disk, a digital video camera, and a digital camera used as a hard disk of a personal computer. Etc. means a disk-shaped magnetic information storage medium.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art In recent years, with the use of multimedia in personal computers and the spread of digital video cameras, digital cameras, and the like, large data such as moving images and voices have been handled, and the demand for large-capacity magnetic information storage devices has increased. It is growing. Therefore, in the magnetic information storage medium, in order to increase the recording density, it is necessary to increase the bit and track densities and to reduce the size of the bit cells. The magnetic head operates in a state closer to the surface of the magnetic information storage medium as the bit cells are reduced. As described above, when the magnetic head operates in a low flying state (near contact) or a contact state (contact) with respect to the magnetic information storage medium substrate, the magnetic information storage device substrate starts and stops as a magnetic information storage device. Exclusive CSS (contact start / stop) with magnetic head sticking prevention processing (texture processing) applied to specific parts (mainly unrecorded parts on the inner and outer diameter sides of the magnetic information storage medium)
The magnetic head waits at a place outside the outer diameter of the magnetic information storage medium while the magnetic information storage medium is stopped, and when the disk is started, the magnetic information storage medium is rotated after the magnetic information storage medium rotates. Then, the magnetic head is loaded onto the magnetic information storage medium, and then the head is gently lowered onto the medium. When stopping, the magnetic head is raised while the magnetic information storage medium is rotating, and then the magnetic information storage is performed. There is a ramp loading method in which a medium is loaded to a place outside the outer diameter of the medium.

In the CSS method, if the contact surface between both the magnetic head and the magnetic information storage medium is unnecessarily specular,
Adsorption occurs at rest, causing problems such as uneven rotation start and damage to the surface of the magnetic information storage medium due to an increase in the coefficient of static friction. On the other hand, in the ramp loading method, when the disk is started / stopped, the magnetic head is located outside the outer diameter of the magnetic information storage medium, and the magnetic head is loaded onto the magnetic information storage medium only during disk startup. . This method requires precise operation control and the like for loading the magnetic head. However, since the landing area required in the CSS method is not required, the part occupied by the landing area should be used as the data area. This has the advantage that the recording capacity can be increased correspondingly and the problem of damage to the surface of the magnetic information storage medium when the disk is started can be solved.

As described above, as the magnetic information storage medium increases in storage capacity, it is required to lower the flying height of the magnetic head or to input and output magnetic signals due to the contact state, and to prevent the magnetic head from sticking to the magnetic information storage medium. , For conflicting demands, 2
Although methods are being considered, in any case, the surface characteristics of the data area must be higher than before, and therefore, a smoother surface than before is required for the substrate as well. ing. Furthermore, as for these storage media, magnetic information storage devices such as a removable type and a card type are being studied and put into practical use with respect to the current fixed type magnetic information storage device, and the application development of digital video cameras, digital cameras, etc. has begun. The characteristics required for the substrate, including the conditions for the strength and the like, are becoming higher.

Conventionally, an aluminum alloy has been used for the magnetic disk substrate material. However, in the aluminum alloy substrate, due to various material defects, projections or spot-like irregularities on the substrate surface in the polishing step occur, and the aluminum alloy substrate is smooth. Not enough in terms of gender. In addition, aluminum alloy is a soft material, so it is easy to deform and it is difficult to cope with thinning. Can't cope enough.

As materials for solving the problems of the aluminum alloy substrate, soda lime glass (SiO 2 —CaO—Na 2 O) and aluminosilicate glass (SiO 2 —Al 2 O 3 —Na 2 O) of chemically strengthened glass are used. However, in this case, polishing is performed after chemical strengthening, and the unstable element of the strengthening layer in thinning the disk is high. The substrate is textured to create irregularities on the substrate surface to improve the start / stop (CSS) characteristics. However, mechanical or thermal (laser processing) processing causes cracks and the like due to distortion of the chemical strengthening layer. Therefore, it is necessary to perform a chemical etching method or a film grain boundary growth method, and there is a drawback that low-cost stable productivity of a product is difficult. Since the glass contains a Na 2 O component as an essential component, the film-forming properties are deteriorated, and a barrier coating process is required to prevent Na 2 O from being eluted, and low cost and stable productivity of the product is difficult. .

Several crystallized glasses are known for aluminum alloy substrates and chemically strengthened glass substrates.
For example, SiO 2 described in JP-A-6-329440 is disclosed.
-Li 2 O-MgO-P 2 O 5 -based crystallized glass has lithium disilicate (Li 2 O · 2SiO 2 ) and α-quartz (α-SiO 2 ) as main crystal phases, and α-quartz ( By controlling the spherical particle size of α-SiO 2 ), the conventional mechanical texture and chemical texture are not required, and the surface roughness (Ra) obtained by polishing is 15 to
It is a very excellent material as a texture material on the entire surface of the substrate, which can be controlled in the range of 50 °, but has a target surface roughness (Ra) of 3 to 9 °, which is low in accordance with the rapidly increasing recording capacity. Inability to adequately respond to levitation. Also, no discussion has been made on the landing area described below.

Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 7-169048 discloses that a recording area and a landing area are formed on the surface of a magnetic disk substrate, and a photosensitive metal such as Au or Ag is added to SiO 2 —Li 2 O-based glass. A photosensitive crystallized glass containing is disclosed, but the main crystal phase of the crystallized glass is:
It is composed of lithium silicate (Li 2 O.SiO 2 ) and / or lithium disilicate (Li 2 O.2SiO 2 ). In particular, lithium silicate (Li 2 O.SiO 2 ) generally has poor chemical durability and is practically practical. Is a big problem. Further, in forming the landing area, a part of the substrate (landing area)
Is crystallized and subjected to chemical etching using a 6% HF solution. However, providing an uncrystallized portion and a crystallized portion to the disk substrate increases thermal and mechanical instability. In addition, HF chemical etching
Due to problems such as volatilization of the solution, it is difficult to control the concentration and the mass productivity is poor.

Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 9-35234 discloses SiO
2 -Al 2 O 3 -Li 2 in O-based glass, a magnetic disk main crystalline phase consists lithium disilicate (Li 2 O · 2SiO 2) and β- Supojuumen (Li 2 O · Al 2 O 3 · 4SiO 2) A substrate is disclosed, wherein the main crystalline phase of the crystallized glass is a β-spodumene (Li 2 O. *) having negative thermal expansion characteristics (resulting in the substrate having low expansion characteristics).
Al 2 O 3 .4SiO 2 ) and α-quartz (α-Si
O 2 ) and α-cristobalite (α-SiO 2 ) crystals
This regulates the precipitation of crystals having positive thermal expansion characteristics of the iO 2 system (the substrate has high expansion characteristics as a result).
This crystallized glass has a center line average surface roughness of 20 ° or less when polished as a magnetic disk, but the center line average surface roughness disclosed in the examples is 12 to 17 °, which satisfies the above requirement. However, it is still rough and cannot sufficiently cope with the low flying height of the magnetic head accompanying the improvement in storage capacity. And β
A material containing 5% or more of an Al 2 O 3 component indispensable for precipitation of spodumene and in which a crystal having a negative thermal expansion characteristic as a main crystal is precipitated is a component of an information storage medium device; It is clear that this has an adverse effect on the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion. In addition, the crystallization heat treatment temperature is also 820.
A high temperature of up to 920 ° C. is required, which hinders low cost and mass productivity.

International Publication No. WO97 / 01164 includes the above-mentioned Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 9-35234, and newly lowers the lower limit of the Al 2 O 3 component of the above composition system and lowers the crystallization heat treatment (at 680 to 770 ° C.). However, crystallized glass for magnetic disks has been disclosed, but the improvement effect is insufficient,
Crystal phase of all of the crystallized glass disclosed in the examples are intended to also have a negative thermal expansion characteristic, beta-Yuktobanian descriptor precipitate tight (Li 2 O · Al 2 O 3 · 2SiO 2) This has an adverse effect on the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion from the components of the information storage medium device. These publications are characterized in that they contain substantially no MgO component.

Several techniques are known for forming a landing area and a data area on the surface of a magnetic disk substrate. For example, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 6-290452 discloses a method for forming a landing region on a carbon substrate using a pulse laser having a wavelength of 523 nm.
In this case, the carbon substrate is pressed with a high pressure
Since a molded product is obtained at a temperature of ° C, cost reduction and mass productivity are hindered. The carbon substrate has a high surface hardness, and it is difficult to process the end face and precisely grind the surface, which hinders cost reduction and mass productivity. The method of forming the landing region utilizes the oxidation and vaporization of carbon by a pulsed laser. However, since the material is a material that undergoes a severe thermal oxidation reaction, the processed shape is unstable and there is a problem in reproducibility.

Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 7-65359 discloses a method of forming a landing region of an aluminum alloy substrate by using a pulse laser. In each case, not only the above-described problems of the aluminum alloy substrate but also the aluminum alloy substrate are disclosed. The processing of the substrate by the laser is a practical problem since the processed surface after the laser irradiation leaves defects such as oxidization and splashes of the molten portion peculiar to the metal.

[0013]

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned drawbacks in the prior art and to provide a magnetic head with a start / stop (contact start / stop) portion in a landing area. Enables stable flying of the magnetic head, and in the data area (including the ramp loading method), enables low flying in the data area corresponding to high recording density or input / output of a magnetic signal in a contact state. To provide a glass-ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium and a method for manufacturing the same, and a magnetic information storage medium in which a magnetic medium and other coatings are formed on the glass-ceramic substrate, which have unprecedented good surface characteristics. It is in.

[0014]

Means for Solving the Problems The inventor of the present invention has conducted intensive tests and researches in order to achieve the above object, and has found that SiO 2-
Li 2 O-K 2 O- MgO-ZnO-P 2 O 5 -Al 2 O 3 -
In a ZrO 2 -based glass, the main crystal phase is composed of α-quartz (α-SiO 2 ) and α-quartz solid solution (α-S
iO 2 solid solution), α-cristobalite (α-Si
O 2 ), at least one selected from α-cristobalite solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution) and lithium disilicate (Li 2 O · 2SiO 2 ), having a specific range of thermal expansion coefficient, Are formed in the form of fine spherical particles, the surface characteristics obtained by polishing are more excellent in smoothness, and the processing characteristics by CO 2 laser processing are excellent. It has been found that a glass ceramic for a magnetic information storage medium, which is even more advantageous for the formation of magnetic recording media, can be obtained, leading to the present invention.

That is, according to the first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a glass-ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium (except for a glass-ceramic substrate having a landing region in which countless irregularities or projections are formed by laser irradiation). Is α
-Quartz (α-SiO 2 ), α-quartz solid solution (α
-SiO 2 solid solution), α-cristobalite (α-Si
O 2 ) and α-cristobalite solid solution (α-Si
O 2 solid solution) is at least one or more and the lithium disilicate selected from the (Li 2 O · 2SiO 2) , - 50
Thermal expansion coefficient at +65 to + 70 ° C is +65 to + 130 × 1
0-7 / ° C, and the surface roughness (Ra) after polishing is 3 to
9Å der is, glass ceramic by mass percentage, SiO 2 70 ~80% Li 2 O 9 ~12% K 2 O 2 ~ 5% MgO 0.5~ 4.8% ZnO 0.2~ 3% However, MgO + each component of ZnO 1.2~ 5% P 2 O 5 1.5~ 3% ZrO 2 0.5~ 5% Al 2 O 3 2 ~ 5% Sb 2 O 3 + As 2 O 3 0 ~ 2% of the range Magnetic information characterized by containing
The glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium according to claim 1, wherein the glass ceramic substrate for a storage medium is substantially free of Na 2 O and PbO. The invention according to claim 3 is characterized in that the lithium disilicate crystal particles have a spherical particle form, the particle diameter is in the range of 0.05 to 0.30 μm, and α-quartz and α-quartz are used. The crystal particles of the quartz solid solution have a spherical particle form in which a plurality of particles are aggregated, the particle diameter is in the range of 0.10 to 1.00 μm, and the crystal particles of α-cristobalite and α-cristobalite solid solution Has a spherical particle form, and the particle diameter is in a range of 0.10 to 0.50 μm. The glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium according to claim 1 or 2, wherein The invention of claim 4, the raw glass containing respective components of said range and heat treatment in the range of 1 to 12 hours at a nucleation temperature of 450 to 550 ° C. for nucleation and further, crystal growth 680-800 for
After a heat treatment at a crystallization temperature of 1 to 12 hours,
The glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the glass ceramic substrate is obtained by polishing the surface to a surface roughness (Ra) of 3 to 9 °.
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a magnetic disk comprising a glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium according to any one of the first to fourth aspects, wherein a magnetic film and an underlayer, a protective layer, and a lubricating film are formed as necessary. It is.

The main crystal phase of the glass-ceramic substrate of the present invention and the reasons for limiting its particle size / particle morphology, coefficient of thermal expansion, surface characteristics, composition, heat treatment conditions, textured surface, and the like are described below. The composition is similarly expressed on an oxide basis.

First, regarding the main crystal phase, α-quartz (α-SiO 2 ) and α-quartz solid solution (α-S
iO 2 solid solution), α-cristobalite (α-SiO 2 )
And at least one selected from α-cristobalite solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution) and lithium disilicate (Li 2 O · 2SiO 2 ). This is an important factor that determines the thermal expansion coefficient, mechanical strength, crystal morphology, and the surface characteristics resulting from the main crystal phase. In order to realize the various characteristics required for the high-density recording substrate described above, , These must be the main crystalline phases.

Regarding the coefficient of thermal expansion, the positioning of the magnetic head and the medium requires high precision with the improvement of the recording density. Therefore, each component of the medium substrate and the disk is required to have high dimensional accuracy. You. For this reason, the influence of the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion from these components cannot be ignored.
The difference between these coefficients of thermal expansion must be minimized. In particular, components having a thermal expansion coefficient of about +90 to + 100.times.10.sup.- 7 / .degree. C. are often used for components used in small-sized magnetic information storage media. However, depending on the drive design, the thermal expansion coefficient out of this range (around +70 to + 125 ×
(10 −7 / ° C.) in some cases. For the reasons described above, the thermal expansion coefficient is in the range of −65 to + 130 × in the range of −50 to + 70 ° C. so that the crystal system of the present invention can be widely used for the material of the constituent parts while balancing the strength with the crystal system. Should be 10 -7 / ° C.

[0019] Then the substrate to Na 2 O, although the reason why that is substantially free of PbO, high accuracy of the magnetic film, the finer, Na 2 O in the material is a component of interest. This is because Na ions significantly cause abnormal growth of the magnetic film particles and a decrease in the orientation. Therefore, if this component is present in the substrate, it diffuses into the magnetic film during the film formation and causes a decrease in magnetic characteristics. Because. PbO is an environmentally unfavorable component, and its use should be avoided as much as possible.

Next, regarding the surface characteristics of the substrate, C
The surface condition of the landing area (start / stop portion of the magnetic head) in the SS system is such that the unevenness or protrusion is 50 °.
In the following, due to the increase in contact resistance generated at rest, the head and the medium substrate are attracted to each other, and the risk of breakage of the magnetic medium or the head at the time of starting the disk is significantly increased. On the other hand, on a rough surface having irregularities or projections of 300 ° or more, a head crash or the like occurs after the disk is started.
The height of the surface roughness (R) should be controlled to 10 to 200 μm.
a) is required to be a surface state controlled at 10 to 50 °.

Further, with the improvement in the surface recording density of the magnetic information storage medium, the flying height of the head has been reduced to 0.025 μm or less, and the data area on the disk surface has a surface area enabling the flying height. It is required that the roughness (Ra) is 3 to 9 °. In the ramp loading method, the entire surface of the medium can be a data area. In this case, texture processing is not performed, and the surface roughness (Ra) of the entire area is required to be 3 to 9 °.

Next, regarding the grain morphology and grain size of these precipitated crystals, the smoothness as described above (3 to
In order to obtain a glass-ceramic substrate having (9), crystal grains and morphology are important factors. A desired surface roughness cannot be obtained if the crystal grain size is larger or smaller than each of the above crystals. In addition, since they are spherical in shape, they are exposed on the polished surface, and realize a smooth, good surface free of burrs and the like.

Next, the reason why the composition range of the raw glass is limited as described above will be described below. That is, the SiO 2 component is formed by lithium disilicate (Li 2 O · 2SiO 2 ), α-quartz (α-SiO 2 ), and α-quartz solid solution (α-SiO 2 ) which are precipitated as a main crystal phase by heat treatment of the raw glass.
Solid solution), α-cristobalite (α-SiO 2 ), α
Cristobalite solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution) is a very important component for producing crystals, but its amount is 70%.
If it is less than 10%, the precipitated crystals of the obtained glass ceramic are unstable and the structure is likely to be coarse, and if it exceeds 80%, the melting and forming properties of the raw glass become difficult.

The Li 2 O component is formed by lithium disilicate (Li 2 O) precipitated as a main crystal phase by heat treatment of the raw glass.
.2SiO 2 ) is a very important component for producing crystals, but if its amount is less than 9%, it becomes difficult to precipitate the above crystals, and at the same time, it becomes difficult to melt the raw glass.
If it exceeds 2%, the obtained crystals are unstable, the structure is likely to be coarse, and the chemical durability is deteriorated.

The K 2 O component is a component that improves the meltability of the glass and at the same time prevents coarsening of precipitated crystals.
If the amount is less than 2%, the above effects cannot be obtained.
If it exceeds, the deposited crystal becomes coarse, the crystal phase changes, and the chemical durability deteriorates. Further, the diffusion into the medium during film formation increases, and the risk of causing abnormal growth of the medium and lowering of the orientation increases.

The MgO and ZnO components are lithium disilicate (Li 2 O · 2SiO 2 ), α-
Quartz (α-SiO 2 ), α-quartz solid solution (α-
SiO 2 solid solution), α-cristobalite (α-Si
O 2 ) and α-cristobalite solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution) are important components that have been found to precipitate in the form of spherical particles. The MgO component is less than 0.5% and the ZnO component is If the total amount is less than 0.2% and the total amount thereof is less than 1.2%, the above effects cannot be obtained.
If the gO component and the ZnO component exceed 4.8% and 3%, respectively, and the total amount exceeds 5%, it becomes difficult to deposit desired crystals.

In the present invention, the P 2 O 5 component is indispensable as a crystal nucleating agent for glass, but if its amount is less than 1.5%, the crystal nucleus formation is insufficient and the precipitated crystal phase becomes coarse. On the other hand, if it exceeds 3%, the mass productivity is deteriorated due to the devitrification of the raw glass.

Like the P 2 O 5 component, the ZrO 2 component not only functions as a crystal nucleating agent for glass, but also has a remarkable effect on refining precipitated crystals, improving the mechanical strength of the material, and improving the chemical durability. If the amount is less than 0.5%, the above effects cannot be obtained. If the amount exceeds 5%, melting of the raw glass becomes difficult and ZrSi
Undissolved residues such as O 4 are generated.

The Al 2 O 3 component is a component for improving the chemical durability and hardness of the glass ceramic. If the content is less than 2%, the above effects cannot be obtained. The devitrification deteriorates, and the precipitated crystal phase changes into β-spodumene (Li 2 O.Al 2 O 3 .4SiO 2 ) of low expansion crystal. β-spodumene (Li 2 O.Al 2
O 3 · 4SiO 2 ) and β-cristobalite (β-S
Precipitation of iO 2 ) significantly reduces the coefficient of thermal expansion of the material, so the precipitation of these crystals must be avoided.

The Sb 2 O 3 and / or As 2 O 3 component can be added as a fining agent when the glass is melted, but a total amount of 2% or less is sufficient.

In addition, the substrate material has a fine, uniform and fine structure without defects such as crystal anisotropy, foreign matter, impurities, and the like, and a portable material such as high-speed rotation, head contact, and a removable storage device. It is required to have mechanical strength, high Young's modulus and surface hardness enough to withstand use, and the glass-ceramic substrate of the present application satisfies all of these conditions.

Next, in order to manufacture the glass-ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium according to the present invention, the glass having the above-mentioned composition is melted, subjected to hot forming and / or cold working, and then heated to 450 to 550 ° C. Heat treatment at a temperature in the range of 1 to 12 hours to form crystal nuclei, followed by 680 to 800 ° C.
The crystallization is performed by heat treatment at a temperature in the range of about 1 to 12 hours.

The main crystal phase of the glass ceramic crystallized by the heat treatment is α-quartz (α-Si
O 2 ), α-quartz solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution), α
At least one selected from cristobalite (α-SiO 2 ), α-cristobalite solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution) and lithium disilicate (Li 2 O.
2SiO 2 ), wherein the lithium disilicate crystal particles have a spherical particle structure and a size of 0.05 to 0.30 μm.
m, and the crystal particles of α-cristobalite and α-cristobalite solid solution have a spherical particle structure, and the size is in the range of 0.10 to 0.50 μm. Have. The crystal particles of α-quartz and α-quartz solid solution have a spherical particle structure in which a plurality of particles are aggregated, and have a diameter in the range of 0.10 to 1.00 μm.

Next, the heat-crystallized glass ceramic is wrapped in a conventional manner and then polished to obtain a magnetic disk substrate material having a surface roughness (Ra) in the range of 3 to 9 °.

Further, these substrates are irradiated with a CO 2 laser on the landing region to form irregularities or projections on the landing region. In the landing area after laser irradiation, irregularities or projections of 50 to 300 ° are provided at intervals of 25 to 250 μm, and the surface roughness is 10 to 50 °.
Formed in the range. In FIG. 1, a glass ceramic substrate 1 has a landing area 3 surrounding a central circular hole 5.
And a data area 2 outside thereof. 4 is a ring. FIG. 2 shows the shape of the irregularities formed in the landing region. FIG. 3 shows the shape of the projection formed in the landing region. FIG. 4 shows the distance between the projections and depressions or projections formed in the landing region. FIG. 5 shows the height of the irregularities or protrusions formed in the landing region.

Lasers used for surface modification (cutting, welding, fine processing) of generally known materials include Ar lasers and C lasers.
O 2 laser, excimer laser, but can be classified into LD pumped solid-state laser, the laser processing of the glass-ceramic particularly in the present invention, Ar laser, excimer laser generates a surface defect due to the shape and splashes of work surface Therefore, it has been found that the laser is limited to the CO 2 laser.

In order to form a landing region by a CO 2 laser, a polished glass ceramic substrate is rotated in a state of being clamped by a spindle while being irradiated with a pulse laser perpendicularly to the substrate surface at regular intervals, and irregularities or protrusions in the landing region are formed. To form

The irradiation of the pulse laser is performed in the following manner.
(2) When the laser spot diameter is about 10 to 50 μm, various conditions such as laser output and laser pulse width are controlled in accordance with the glass ceramic composition.

Various conditions affecting the formation of projections and depressions or projections on the substrate surface by CO 2 laser irradiation include laser output,
The laser pulse length and the laser spot diameter, that is, the irradiation area of the substrate surface are the main factors, but the material of the substrate to be irradiated with the laser is particularly the melting point of the glass by the laser irradiation (heat-up). And the melting point of the precipitated crystals. For example, as shown in Table 1, a general glass substrate on which no crystal is deposited has a lower melting point than glass ceramic, and when irradiated with a laser, the molten portion is very unstable, and irregularities or protrusions are formed. It is difficult to control the shape. In addition, distortion and microcracks due to thermal causes are generated in the laser-irradiated portion and the non-irradiated portion, thereby significantly reducing the strength of the substrate. In glass ceramic substrates, the difference in melting point is very large depending on the type of precipitated crystal. The glass ceramic of the present invention has a higher melting point than the glass substrate, and the irregularities or projections after laser irradiation are stable. It is. On the other hand, in general, MgO—Al 2 O 3 —Si
O 2 system, ZnO—Al 2 O 3 —SiO 2 system, Li 2 O—Al 2
As shown in Table 1, a glass ceramic such as an O 3 —SiO 2 system has a higher melting point than the glass ceramic of the present invention. It is difficult to control the formation of projections and depressions or protrusions.

[0040]

Next, a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described. Table 1 lists the temperatures at which the raw materials are melted when producing each glass or glass ceramic. Tables 2 to 5 show practical composition examples (Nos. 1 to 10) of the glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic disk of the present invention and two conventional Li 2 O—SiO 2 based glass ceramics as comparative composition examples (Comparative Example 1: No. 62-72547, Comparative Example 2: Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 9-35234), nucleation temperature, crystallization temperature, crystal phase, crystal particle diameter and crystal particle morphology of these glass ceramics. , Surface roughness (Ra) obtained by polishing the data area, C in the landing area
Both the height of the irregularities or protrusions obtained by O 2 laser irradiation and the value of the surface roughness Ra are shown.

[0041]

[Table 1]

[0042]

[Table 2]

[0043]

[Table 3]

[0044]

[Table 4]

[0045]

[Table 5]

In each of the glasses of the above embodiments of the present invention, raw materials such as oxides, carbonates, nitrates and the like are mixed, and the mixture is melted at a temperature of about 1350 to 1450 ° C. using an ordinary melting apparatus, and stirred. After homogenization, it was molded into a disk and cooled to obtain a glass molded body. Thereafter, this is heat-treated at 450 to 550 ° C. for about 1 to 12 hours to form crystal nuclei.
Crystallization by heat treatment at 0 ° C. for about 1 to 12 hours gave the desired glass ceramic. Next, the above glass ceramic was wrapped with abrasive grains having an average particle diameter of 5 to 30 μm for about 10 to 60 minutes, and then polished with cerium oxide having an average particle diameter of 0.5 to 2 μm for about 30 to 60 minutes to finish. Furthermore, the polished glass ceramic fixes the irradiation system of CO 2 laser,
The glass ceramic disk substrate was rotated and irradiated with a pulse laser to form irregularities or projections on the landing area.

The irradiation of the CO 2 laser is performed by the laser output,
The measurement was performed by controlling various conditions such as the laser beam diameter, the focal length, and the laser pulse width according to the composition of the glass ceramic.

Further, the glass-ceramic disk having the landing area formed thereon is used as an optical surface roughness analyzer Zygo.
Was used to determine the surface roughness (Ra) of the data area, the height of the irregularities or protrusions in the landing area, and the surface roughness Ra.

FIGS. 6 and 7 show the crystal forms of the examples and comparative examples of the present invention, and FIGS. 8 and 9 show the surface states of the examples of the present invention and the known aluminosilicate-based tempered glass after laser irradiation. Shown in FIG. 6 shows an embodiment (No.
2) A scanning electron micrograph showing the particle structure of the glass ceramic after HF etching, FIG. 7 is a scanning electron micrograph showing the particle structure of the conventional glass ceramic (Comparative Example 1) after HF etching, and FIG. Examples of the present invention (No.
FIG. 9 is a scanning electron micrograph of the glass ceramic after irradiation with a CO 2 laser, and FIG. 9 is a scanning electron micrograph of the aluminosilicate-based tempered glass after irradiation with a CO 2 laser.

As shown in Tables 2 to 5 and FIGS. 6 and 7, in the present invention and the comparative example of the conventional Li 2 O—SiO 2 glass ceramic, lithium disilicate (Li 2 S
i 2 O 5 ) has a completely different crystal particle size and crystal form, and the glass ceramic of the present invention comprises at least one or more selected from α-quartz, α-quartz solid solution, α-cristobarite and α-cristobarite solid solution. Lithium disilicate (Li 2 Si 2 O 5 ) has a spherical form (α
-Quartz was in an aggregated spherical form) and the crystal grain size was fine.

On the other hand, in the glass ceramic of Comparative Example 1, lithium disilicate (Li 2 Si 2 O 5 ) has a needle-like form and a large crystal grain diameter of 1.0 μm or more. This has an effect on the surface roughness obtained by polishing and the defects generated from falling off of crystal grains in a situation where smoothness is required, and the glass ceramics of Comparative Examples 1 and 2 have a smoothness of 12 ° or less. It was difficult to obtain a particularly excellent surface. The glass ceramic of Comparative Example 2 was
The main crystal phase contains β-cristobalite, and its coefficient of thermal expansion (× 10 −7 / ° C.) is as low as 61, and the coefficient of thermal expansion with each component of the magnetic information storage medium device. The difference was large.

As shown in the above prior art, the surface state by the laser processing shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 is different from the defect caused by the conventional aluminum substrate or chemically strengthened glass.
As shown in FIG. 8, the glass ceramic of the present invention can be laser-processed with excellent uniformity and shape. It is clear that the chemically strengthened glass (SiO 2 —Al 2 O 3 —Na 2 O, K 2 O ion exchange) shown in FIG. In this regard, the glass ceramic of the present invention has better heat resistance than the glass in the amorphous state, and there is no change in stress between the surface strengthened layer specific to tempered glass and the internal unreinforced layer. It is considered that the crystal phase precipitated inside has an effect of preventing the growth of microcracks caused by various external actions, and the overall effect thereof improves the durability against laser irradiation.

On the glass-ceramic substrate obtained in the above example, a Cr intermediate layer (80 nm), a Co—Cr magnetic layer (50 nm), a SiC
A protective film (10 nm) was formed. Next, a perfluoropolyether-based lubricant (5 nm) was applied to obtain an information magnetic storage medium. The information magnetic storage medium thus obtained can reduce the flying height of the head compared to the conventional one due to its good surface roughness, and perform input / output in a contact state between the head and the medium by the ramp loading method. However, magnetic signals could be input and output without causing head damage and medium damage.

[0054]

As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to stably float a magnetic head in a landing area and to cope with an increase in recording density while eliminating the above-mentioned disadvantages of the prior art. Glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium capable of having two surface characteristics, and a magnetic information storage formed by forming a coating of a magnetic medium on the glass ceramic substrate. A medium can be provided.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a top view showing a landing area and a data area surrounding a circular hole at the center of a glass-ceramic substrate for a CSS type magnetic information storage medium according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a shape of unevenness formed in a landing region of the embodiment.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a shape of a projection formed in a landing region of the embodiment.

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing an interval between projections and depressions or projections formed in a landing region of the embodiment.

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing the height of unevenness or protrusions formed in a landing region of the embodiment.

FIG. 6 shows HF of the glass ceramic of the present invention (Example 2).
5 is a scanning electron microscope photograph showing a particle structure after etching.

FIG. 7 is a scanning electron micrograph showing the particle structure of a conventional glass ceramic (Comparative Example 1) after HF etching.

FIG. 8 shows the CO of the glass ceramic of the present invention (Example 3).
2 is a scanning electron micrograph showing unevenness after laser irradiation.

FIG. 9 shows CO of a conventional aluminosilicate-based tempered glass.
2 is a scanning electron micrograph showing unevenness after laser irradiation.

FIG. 10 shows a landing zone type magnetic information storage device in which starting and stopping of a magnetic head are performed in a landing area.

FIG. 11 shows a magnetic information storage device of a ramp loading type for starting and stopping a magnetic head from a magnetic information storage medium substrate.

[Explanation of symbols]

 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Glass ceramic substrate 2 Data area 3 Landing area 4 Ring 5 Circular hole 6 Magnetic information storage device 7 Magnetic head arm

──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continued on the front page (58) Field surveyed (Int. Cl. 7 , DB name) C03C 1/00-14/00

Claims (5)

    (57) [Claims]
  1. In a glass-ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium (excluding those having a landing region in which countless irregularities or projections are formed by laser irradiation), the main crystal phase is α-quartz (α-SiO 2 ), α-
    At least one or more selected from quartz solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution), α-cristobalite (α-SiO 2 ) and α-cristobalite solid solution (α-SiO 2 solid solution); and lithium disilicate (Li 2 O · 2Si)
    An O 2), - 50~ + 70 thermal expansion coefficient at ° C. is the + 65~ + 130 × 10-7 / ℃ , the surface roughness after polishing (Ra) is Ri 3~9Å der, glass ceramic
    Oxide standards by mass percentage, SiO 2 70 ~80% Li 2 O 9 ~12% K 2 O 2 ~ 5% MgO 0.5~ 4.8% ZnO 0.2~ 3% However, MgO + ZnO 1 is. containing 2~ 5% P 2 O 5 1.5~ 3% ZrO 2 0.5~ 5% Al 2 O 3 2 ~ 5% Sb 2 O 3 + As 2 O 3 0 ~ 2% of each ingredient in the range A glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium, characterized in that:
  2. 2. The glass-ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium according to claim 1, wherein the glass-ceramic substrate is substantially free of Na 2 O and PbO.
  3. 3. The lithium disilicate crystal particles have a spherical particle form, and the particle diameter is 0.05 to 0.30 μm.
    The α-quartz and α-quartz solid solution crystal particles have a spherical particle form in which a plurality of particles are aggregated, and the particle diameter is in the range of 0.10 to 1.00 μm. The crystal particles of α-cristobalite and α-cristobalite solid solution have a spherical particle form, and the particle diameter is in the range of 0.10 to 0.50 μm. Glass ceramic substrate for magnetic information storage media.
  4. 4. A raw glass containing each component in the above-mentioned range is subjected to a nucleation temperature of 450 ° C.
    Heat treatment for 12 hours, and 6 hours for crystal growth
    After heat treatment in the range of 1 to 12 hours at the crystallization temperature of eighty to eight hundred ° C., characterized in that it is obtained by polishing the surface to a surface roughness of 3~9Å (Ra), of claim 1 to 3 The glass ceramic substrate for a magnetic information storage medium according to any one of the above.
  5. 5. A method according to claim 1 magnetic film and optionally in the underlayer to the magnetic information storage medium glass ceramic substrate according to any one of 4, the intermediate layer, a protective layer, by forming a lubricating layer, etc. Magnetic disk.
JP10126898A 1997-04-28 1998-04-21 Glass ceramic substrate for magnetic information storage media Expired - Fee Related JP3098220B2 (en)

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