JP3017714U - Fruit and vegetable cartoning equipment - Google Patents

Fruit and vegetable cartoning equipment

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Publication number
JP3017714U
JP3017714U JP1995005366U JP536695U JP3017714U JP 3017714 U JP3017714 U JP 3017714U JP 1995005366 U JP1995005366 U JP 1995005366U JP 536695 U JP536695 U JP 536695U JP 3017714 U JP3017714 U JP 3017714U
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
fruit
holding
held
box
eggplant
Prior art date
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JP1995005366U
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
徹 石井
孝道 下村
Original Assignee
石井工業株式会社
ヤンマー農機株式会社
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Priority to JP1995005366U priority Critical patent/JP3017714U/en
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Abstract

(57)【要約】 【目的】例えば、茄子、人参等の果菜物を箱詰めする作
業が機械的に行え、作業の省力化及び能率アップを図る
ことができる果菜物箱詰め装置を提供する。 【構成】整列用コンベア上の整列位置に整列された2列
分の各茄子を各吸着パッドで吸着保持した後、各吸着パ
ッドで吸着保持した左右の各茄子に各挾持プレートを押
付けた状態のまま段ボール箱内に一括収納する。各吸着
パッドで吸着保持した左右の各茄子と段ボール箱との面
接触が各挾持プレートの介在により阻止され、各吸着パ
ッドから各茄子が脱落したり、各茄子の箱詰め姿勢が変
位したりするのを確実に防止できる。この後、段ボール
箱内に収納した各茄子を各吸着パッドで押圧保持した状
態のまま左右の各挾持プレートのみを先行して垂直上昇
させるので、各挾持プレートを引き抜くときに左右の各
茄子が一緒に引き上げられるのを積極的に防止でき、箱
詰め状態を維持することができる。
(57) [Abstract] [Purpose] For example, to provide a fruit-carrying box packing device capable of mechanically packing the fruit-carrying vegetables such as eggplant, carrot, etc., to save labor and improve efficiency. [Structure] Each of the two rows of aubergines aligned at the alignment position on the conveyor for alignment is suction-held by each suction pad, and then each holding plate is pressed against each of the left and right aubergines suction-held by each suction pad. It is stored in the cardboard box as it is. Surface contact between the left and right aubergines sucked and held by each suction pad and the cardboard box is blocked by the interposition of each holding plate, and each aubergine may fall off from each suction pad or the packing posture of each aubergine may change. Can be reliably prevented. After this, only the left and right holding plates are lifted vertically while the respective eggplants stored in the cardboard box are pressed and held by the suction pads, so when pulling out the holding plates, the left and right It is possible to positively prevent it from being pulled up, and it is possible to maintain the boxed state.

Description

【考案の詳細な説明】[Detailed description of the device]

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】[Industrial applications]

この考案は、例えば、茄子、胡瓜、人参、長芋、或いは、蜜柑、林檎、梨、柿 、桃等の果菜物を箱詰めする作業に用いられる果菜物箱詰め装置に関する。 The present invention relates to, for example, a fruit-vegetable box packing device used for box-packing fruit vegetables such as eggplant, cucumber, carrot, yam, mandarin orange, apple, pear, persimmon, and peach.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】[Prior art]

従来、上述例のような茄子を箱詰めする装置としては、例えば、等階級別に選 別した適宜本数の各茄子に各吸着パッドを夫々密着させて、各吸着パッドに接続 した吸引用ブロワの負圧により吸着保持する。各吸着パッドにより吸着保持した 各茄子を段ボール箱上方に移動させ、各吸着パッドにより吸着保持した各茄子を 段ボール箱内に一括収納し、各吸着パッドに接続した吸引用ブロワの負圧を遮断 又は停止して、適宜本数の各茄子を段ボール箱内に箱詰めする装置がある。 Conventionally, as an apparatus for packing eggplants as in the above-mentioned example, for example, a negative pressure of a suction blower connected to each adsorption pad by adhering each adsorption pad to an appropriate number of each eggplant selected according to equal rank Hold by adsorption. Move each eggplant sucked and held by each suction pad to the upper part of the cardboard box, store each eggplant sucked and held by each suction pad in the cardboard box at once, and shut off the negative pressure of the suction blower connected to each suction pad. There is a device that stops and packs an appropriate number of each eggplant in a cardboard box.

【0003】[0003]

【考案が解決しようとする課題】[Problems to be solved by the device]

しかし、上述例のような茄子を箱詰めする場合、各吸着パッドで吸着保持した 各茄子を段ボール箱内に一括収納するとき、各吸着パッドで吸着保持した左右の 各茄子と段ボール箱とが互いに面接触することがあるが、例えば、胡瓜や人参等 の果菜物に比べて、各茄子と段ボール箱との対向面間に生じる接触抵抗の方が各 吸着パッドの吸着力よりも大きいため、その接触抵抗に抗して各茄子を強引に箱 詰めしようとすると、各吸着パッドから各茄子が脱落したり、各茄子の吸着姿勢 が変位したりするので、適宜本数の各茄子を整列した状態のまま箱詰めすること が困難である。且つ、茄子の箱詰め本数が不足したり、箱詰め姿勢が変位した場 合、作業者の手で本数及び姿勢を修正しなければならず、箱詰め作業に手間及び 時間が掛かるという問題点を有している。 However, when packaging aubergines as in the above example, when storing each aubergine adsorbed and held by each suction pad in a cardboard box together, the left and right aubergines adsorbed and held by each suction pad and the cardboard box face each other. Although they may come into contact with each other, the contact resistance generated between the facing surfaces of each eggplant and the cardboard box is larger than the suction force of each suction pad, as compared to fruit vegetables such as cucumber and carrots, for example. If you try to forcefully pack each aubergine against resistance, each aubergine will fall out of each adsorption pad or the adsorption posture of each aubergine will be displaced, so keep the number of each aubergine aligned. Difficult to pack in a box. In addition, when the number of eggplants packed in the box is insufficient or the packing posture is changed, the number and posture of the boxes must be corrected by the operator's hand, which causes a problem that the packing work takes time and time. There is.

【0004】 この考案は上記問題に鑑み、吸着ユニットの各吸着子により吸着保持した左右 の各果菜物を一対の各挾持体で挾持した状態のまま箱詰めすることにより、適宜 本数の各果菜物を箱詰めする作業が機械的に行え、作業の省力化及び能率アップ を図ることができる果菜物箱詰め装置の提供を目的とする。In view of the above problems, the present invention packs the left and right fruit and vegetables that are adsorbed and held by the adsorbents of the adsorption unit in a box while being held by a pair of holding bodies, so that an appropriate number of fruit and vegetables can be obtained. It is an object of the present invention to provide a fruit and vegetable boxing device that can perform boxing work mechanically, save labor, and improve efficiency.

【0005】[0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】[Means for Solving the Problems]

請求項1記載の考案は、上記吸着ユニットの下面側両端部に垂設した各吸着子 の外側位置に、該各吸着子により吸着保持される各果菜物の側部周面と対向して 一対の各挾持体を垂設すると共に、上記各吸着子により吸着保持した適宜数の各 果菜物を挾持する方向に一対の各挾持体を相対移動する果菜物挾持手段を設けた 果菜物箱詰め装置であることを特徴とする。 According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pair of adsorbents, which are vertically provided at both end portions on the lower surface side of the adsorption unit, at outer positions of the adsorbents so as to face the side peripheral surfaces of the fruit and vegetables that are adsorbed and held by the adsorbents. In addition to vertically arranging each of the holding bodies, a fruit and vegetable cartoning device provided with a means for holding a pair of the respective holding bodies, which relatively move a pair of the holding bodies in a direction of holding an appropriate number of the respective fruit and vegetables adsorbed and held by the respective adsorbents. It is characterized by being.

【0006】 請求項2記載の考案は、上記請求項1記載の構成と併せて、上記果菜物挾持手 段を、上記吸着ユニットの各吸着子により吸着保持した左右の各果菜物と対向す る降下位置と、該左右の各果菜物との対向が回避される上昇位置とに各挾持体を 上下動する挾持体昇降手段を設け、上記吸着ユニットの各吸着子により吸着保持 した左右の各果菜物を挾持する前進位置と、該左右の各果菜物に対して適宜間隔 に離間した後退位置とに一対の各挾持体を拡縮移動する挾持体拡縮手段を設けて 構成した果菜物箱詰め装置であることを特徴とする。According to a second aspect of the invention, in addition to the configuration of the first aspect, the fruit vegetable holding means is opposed to the left and right fruit vegetables that are adsorbed and held by the adsorbents of the adsorption unit. A holding body elevating means for moving the holding bodies up and down is provided at a descending position and an ascending position where the left and right fruits and vegetables are prevented from facing each other. A fruit and vegetable box packing device, which is provided with a holding body expanding / contracting means for expanding / contracting a pair of each holding body at an advancing position for holding an object and a retracted position spaced apart from each of the left and right fruit vegetables at appropriate intervals. It is characterized by

【0007】 請求項3記載の考案は、上記請求項1又は2記載の構成と併せて、上記吸着ユ ニットの下面側両端部に垂設した各挾持体の対向面に布生地を被覆した果菜物箱 詰め装置であることを特徴とする。The invention according to claim 3 is, in addition to the configuration according to claim 1 or 2, a fruit vegetable in which a cloth material is coated on the facing surface of each holding body which is vertically provided at both end portions on the lower surface side of the adsorption unit. It is characterized by being a box packing device.

【0008】[0008]

【作用】[Action]

請求項1記載の果菜物箱詰め装置は、整列用コンベア上の整列位置に整列され た適宜本数の各果菜物を吸着ユニットの各吸着子で吸着保持した後、果菜物挾持 手段を駆動して、吸着ユニットの各吸着子で吸着保持した左右の各果菜物を一対 の各挾持体で挾持し、左右の各果菜物に各挾持体を押付けた状態のまま箱体内部 に一括収納することで、各吸着子で吸着保持した左右の各果菜物と箱体内部との 面接触が各挾持体の介在により阻止される。且つ、果菜物挾持手段を復帰駆動し て、箱体内部に収納した各果菜物を各吸着子で押圧した状態のまま左右の各挾持 体のみを引き抜くことで、箱体内部に収納された左右の果菜物が各挾持体と一緒 に引き上げられるのを防止する。 The fruit and vegetable box packing device according to claim 1, wherein after adsorbing and holding an appropriate number of each of the fruit and vegetables aligned at the alignment position on the alignment conveyor by each adsorber of the adsorption unit, the fruit and vegetable holding means is driven. By holding each left and right fruit and vegetables adsorbed and held by each adsorber of the adsorption unit with a pair of each holding body, and storing them together in the box while pressing each holding body against each left and right fruit and vegetables, Surface contact between the left and right fruits and vegetables that are adsorbed and held by each adsorbent and the inside of the box is prevented by the interposition of each holder. In addition, by driving the fruit and vegetable holding means to return, and pulling out the left and right holding bodies while pressing the fruit and vegetables stored inside the box with the adsorbents, the left and right stored inside the box Prevent the fruit and vegetables from being pulled up with each carrier.

【0009】 請求項2記載の果菜物箱詰め装置は、上記請求項1記載の作用と併せて、整列 用コンベア上の整列位置に整列された適宜本数の各果菜物を吸着ユニットの各吸 着子で吸着保持した後、挾持体昇降手段を駆動して、吸着ユニットの各吸着子に より吸着保持した左右の各果菜物と対向する位置に一対の各挾持体を降下停止す る。挾持体拡縮手段を駆動して、吸着ユニットの各吸着子により吸着保持した左 右の各果菜物を一対の各挾持体で挾持する。左右の各果菜物に各挾持体を押付け た状態のまま箱体内部に一括収納することで、各吸着子で吸着保持した左右の各 果菜物と箱体内部との面接触が各挾持体の介在により阻止される。且つ、挾持体 昇降手段と挾持体拡縮手段とを復帰駆動して、箱体内部に収納した各果菜物を各 吸着子で押圧した状態のまま一対の各挾持体のみを引き抜くことで、箱体内部に 収納された左右の果菜物が各挾持体と一緒に引き上げられるのを防止する。In addition to the operation according to claim 1, the fruit-vegetable box-packing device according to a second aspect of the present invention, together with the function of the first aspect, has an appropriate number of each of the fruit-and-vegetables aligned in the alignment position on the alignment conveyor. Then, the holding body lifting means is driven to stop lowering the pair of holding bodies at a position facing the left and right fruit and vegetables held by suction by the respective adsorbents of the adsorption unit. The holding body expansion / contraction means is driven to hold the left and right fruit and vegetables that are adsorbed and held by the adsorbents of the adsorption unit by the pair of holding bodies. By storing the holding bodies against the left and right fruits and vegetables in the box together while pressing them, the surface contact between the left and right fruits and vegetables adsorbed and held by each adsorbent and the inside of the box can be made by each holding body. Blocked by intervention. Moreover, by driving the holding body lifting means and the holding body expanding / contracting means to return, and pulling out only the pair of holding bodies while pressing the respective fruit and vegetables stored in the box body with the respective adsorbents, the box body Prevents the left and right fruit and vegetables stored inside from being pulled up with each holding body.

【0010】 請求項3記載の果菜物箱詰め装置は、上記請求項1記載の作用と併せて、果菜 物挾持手段を構成する各挾持体の対向面に、例えば、ビロード、コール天、別珍 等の布生地を被覆することで、各挾持体に被覆した各布生地により左右の各果菜 物に付与される接触抵抗が小さくなり、各吸着子で吸着保持した左右の各果菜物 と箱体内部との対向面間から各挾持体を引き抜く動作が容易に行える。In addition to the action of the above-mentioned claim 1, the fruit-vegetable box-packing device according to claim 3 has, for example, a velvet, a calle heaven, a velveteen, etc. on the facing surface of each holding body that constitutes the fruit-and-vegetable holding means. By covering the cloth material, the contact resistance given to each fruit on the left and right by each cloth material covered on each holder is reduced, and each fruit on the left and right adsorbed and held by each adsorbent and the inside of the box. The operation of pulling out each holding body from between the facing surfaces can be easily performed.

【0011】[0011]

【考案の効果】[Effect of device]

この考案によれば、吸着ユニットの各吸着子で吸着保持した左右の各果菜物を 一対の各挾持体で挾持した状態のまま箱体内部に一括収納することで、各吸着子 で吸着保持した左右の各果菜物と箱体との面接触が各挾持体の介在により阻止さ れ、従来方法のように左右の各吸着子から各果菜物が脱落したり、各果菜物の箱 詰め姿勢が変位したりするのを確実に防止できると共に、各果菜物の吸着姿勢が 安定し、所定の状態に箱詰めすることができる。且つ、箱詰め時に於いて、果菜 物の表皮が剥離したり、擦り傷が付いたりせず、商品価値が損なわれるのを確実 に防止することができる。 According to this device, the left and right fruit and vegetables that are adsorbed and held by the adsorbents of the adsorption unit are collectively stored inside the box while being held by the pair of holders so that the adsorbents hold the adsorbents. The surface contact between the left and right fruits and vegetables and the box is prevented by the interposition of the holders, so that the fruits and vegetables fall off from the adsorbents on the left and right as in the conventional method, and the packing posture of each fruits and vegetables is maintained. Displacement can be reliably prevented, the adsorption posture of each fruit and vegetables is stable, and it can be boxed in a predetermined state. In addition, it is possible to reliably prevent the commercial value of the fruit and vegetables from being peeled off or scratched at the time of packing in a box, thereby deteriorating the commercial value.

【0012】 しかも、箱体内部に収納された各果菜物を各吸着子で押圧した状態のまま左右 の各挾持体のみを引き抜くので、各挾持体を引き抜くときに左右の各果菜物が一 緒に引き上げられるのを積極的に防止できる。且つ、例えば、ビロード、コール 天、別珍等の布生地を各挾持体の対向面に被覆することで、各挾持体に被覆した 各布生地により左右の各果菜物に付与される接触抵抗が小さくなり、各挾持体の 引抜き動作が容易に行えると共に、箱詰め状態を維持することができる。Moreover, since the left and right holders are pulled out while the respective fruits and vegetables housed inside the box are pressed by the respective adsorbents, the left and right fruits and vegetables are joined together when the holders are pulled out. Can be positively prevented from being raised. In addition, for example, by covering the opposite surface of each holding body with a cloth material such as velvet, kohten, velveteen, etc., the contact resistance given to each fruit on the left and right by each cloth material covering each holding body is small. As a result, each holding body can be easily pulled out, and the boxed state can be maintained.

【0013】[0013]

【実施例】【Example】

この考案の一実施例を以下図面に基づいて詳述する。 図面は果菜物の一例として複数本の各茄子を箱詰めする作業に用いられる茄子 箱詰め装置を示し、図1、図2、図3に於いて、この茄子箱詰め装置1は、例え ば、4条並設した各仕分け用コンベア2…に生産者から持ち込まれる多数本の各 茄子N…を順次載置し、各仕分け用コンベア2…により搬送される各茄子N…の 等階級を各検査位置A…上部に配設した各等階級判定装置3…で夫々判定する。 各等階級判定装置3…による判定に基づいて、各仕分け用コンベア2…により搬 送される各茄子N…を各仕分け位置a〜d下部に配設した各茄子投入機4…に対 して等階級別に振分け投入し、或いは、各仕分け位置a〜d後段に配設した各予 備コンベア20…に対して等階級別に移載する。各茄子投入機4…に投入された 各茄子N…を各仕分け位置a〜d下部に配設した各整列用コンベア5…に対して 6本ずつ移載する。各整列用コンベア5…により搬送される6本分の各茄子N… を各整列位置B…上部に配設した各茄子整列機6…により前後2列に整列し、各 茄子整列機6…により整列した2列分の各茄子N…を各茄子箱詰め機7…で吸着 保持して各箱詰め位置C…に移動する。同時に、上面開放形態に製函された各段 ボール箱E…を各箱供給機8…により各箱詰め位置C…に供給し、各段ボール箱 E…の各フラップEa…を各箱開放機9…により四方に開放して、上述の各茄子 箱詰め機7…により吸着保持した2列分の各茄子N…を各段ボール箱E…に順次 箱詰めする。 An embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings. The drawings show, as an example of fruit and vegetables, an eggplant cartoning device used for the work of boxing a plurality of eggplants. In FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. A large number of each eggplant N ... brought in by the producer is sequentially placed on each of the sorting conveyors 2 ... Installed, and the equal rank of each eggplant N ... Carried by each sorting conveyor 2 ... Each of the equal rank judging devices 3 arranged at the upper part makes a judgment. Based on the determination by each equal class determination device 3, each eggplant N transported by each sorting conveyor 2 ... is assigned to each eggplant insertion device 4 arranged below each sorting position a to d. It is sorted and loaded according to the equal rank, or is transferred according to the equal rank to each of the preliminary conveyors 20 ... Arranged at the rear stages of the sorting positions a to d. 6 pieces of the respective eggplants N ... Placed in the respective eggplant inserting machines 4 are transferred to the respective aligning conveyors 5 arranged at the lower portions of the sorting positions a to d. 6 pieces of each eggplant N conveyed by each of the aligning conveyors 5 are arranged in two rows in front and back by each eggplant aligning machine 6 arranged at each aligning position B. The upper part is arranged by each eggplant aligning machine 6. Each of the aligned two rows of aubergines N ... Is adsorbed and held by each aubergine boxing machine 7 ... and moved to each boxing position C ... At the same time, the corrugated carton boxes E ... box-made in the top open form are supplied to the cartoning positions C ... by the carton feeders 8 ..., and the flaps Ea ... of the corrugated cardboard boxes E ... Are opened in four directions, and the two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the above-mentioned aubergine cartoning machines 7 ...

【0014】 上述した整列用コンベア5は、図4、図6に示すように、左右に架設した各取 付け枠5a,5aの対向面間に多数本の各支軸5b…を送り方向に対して所定等 間隔に隔てて軸架し、同各支軸5b…の軸周面に多数個の各送りローラ5c…を 自由回転可能に軸受し、減速機付きモータ(図示省略)の駆動力により各支軸5 b…を送り方向に回転して、各支軸5b…上に軸受した各送りローラ5c…を接 触抵抗により送り方向に回転させ、同各送りローラ5c…上に載置された6本分 の各茄子N…を送り方向に整列して搬送する。且つ、整列用コンベア5上に設定 した整列位置Bに、同位置に搬送される前列側の各茄子N…と対向して規制板5 dを架設し、同位置前段に設定した待機位置Dの搬送面上に、例えば、1本分の 茄子Nが送り方向に向けて載置される左右間隔に隔てて5本の各送りガイド10 …を架設している。As shown in FIGS. 4 and 6, the aligning conveyor 5 described above has a large number of spindles 5b ... Between the facing surfaces of the mounting frames 5a, 5a that are installed on the left and right in the feeding direction. Are mounted on the shaft peripheral surface of each of the support shafts 5b, and a large number of feed rollers 5c are rotatably supported by the driving force of a reduction gear motor (not shown). Each support shaft 5b ... is rotated in the feed direction, and each feed roller 5c supported on each support shaft 5b ... Is rotated in the feed direction by contact resistance, and placed on each feed roller 5c. 6 pieces of each eggplant N are arranged in the feeding direction and conveyed. At the alignment position B set on the alignment conveyor 5, a regulation plate 5 d is installed so as to face each eggplant N on the front row side conveyed to the same position, and the standby position D set at the same position upstream. For example, five feed guides 10 are installed on the transport surface at a left-right interval on which one eggplant N is placed in the feed direction.

【0015】 且つ、整列用コンベア5上に設定した整列位置Bに、同位置に搬送される後列 側の各茄子N…と対向して第1ストッパ11を出没可能に設け、同位置下部に配 設した出没用シリンダ12を第1ストッパ11の下端部に連結し、同位置に整列 される前後列の各茄子N…と対向して透過型又は反射型の各光電センサS1 ,S 2 を配設している。且つ、整列位置B直前に設定した待機位置Dに、同位置に搬 送される前後列の各茄子N…と対向して第2ストッパ13と第3ストッパ15と を出没可能に設け、同位置下部に配設した各出没用シリンダ14,16を各スト ッパ13,15の下端部に連結し、同位置に整列される前後列の各茄子N…と対 向して透過型又は反射型の各光電センサS3 ,S4 を配設している。At the alignment position B set on the alignment conveyer 5, a first stopper 11 is provided so as to be retractable so as to face each of the rear row side eggplants N ... The installed retracting cylinder 12 is connected to the lower end of the first stopper 11, and the transmissive or reflective photoelectric sensors S 1 and S 2 are arranged so as to face the respective eggplants N ... In the front and rear rows aligned at the same position. I have set up. Further, at the standby position D set immediately before the alignment position B, the second stopper 13 and the third stopper 15 are provided so as to be retractable, facing the respective eggplants N ... In the front and rear rows transported to the same position. The retractable cylinders 14 and 16 arranged in the lower portion are connected to the lower end portions of the stoppers 13 and 15, respectively, and face each of the eggplants N ... The photoelectric sensors S3 and S4 are provided.

【0016】 つまり、各光電センサS1 ,S2 ,S3 ,S4 から出力される検知信号に基づ いて各出没用シリンダ12,14,16を作動し、整列用コンベア5により搬送 される各茄子N…と当接する突出位置と、同各茄子N…との当接が回避される没 入位置とに各ストッパ11,13,15を上下動する。整列位置Bに搬送される 前列側の各茄子N…を規制板5dに当接して停止した後、光電センサS1 による 検知に基づいて出没用シリンダ12を作動し、同位置に搬送される後列側の各茄 子N…を第1ストッパ11で停止する。同時に、光電センサS2 による検知に基 づいて各出没用シリンダ14,16を作動し、待機位置Dに搬送される前列側及 び後列側の各茄子N…を第2ストッパ13と第3ストッパ15とで停止する。後 述する茄子整列機6と茄子箱詰め機7とを駆動して、2列分の各茄子N…を箱詰 め位置Cに移動すると同時に、各ストッパ11,14,16を没入して、後続の 各茄子N…を整列位置Bに順次搬送する。That is, based on the detection signals output from the photoelectric sensors S1, S2, S3, S4, the retracting cylinders 12, 14, 16 are operated, and the eggplants N carried by the aligning conveyor 5 ... The stoppers 11, 13 and 15 are moved up and down to a protruding position in which the stoppers 11, 13 and 15 are in contact with each other and a retracted position in which contact with the respective eggplants N is avoided. After the eggplants N on the front row side conveyed to the alignment position B are brought into contact with the regulation plate 5d and stopped, the retractable cylinder 12 is operated based on the detection by the photoelectric sensor S1 and the rear row side conveyed to the same position. Each of the eggplants N ... Is stopped by the first stopper 11. At the same time, based on the detection by the photoelectric sensor S2, each of the retractable cylinders 14 and 16 is actuated, and the eggplants N on the front row side and the rear row side conveyed to the standby position D are moved to the second stopper 13 and the third stopper 15. And stop at. By driving the eggplant aligning machine 6 and the eggplant cartoning machine 7 which will be described later, each of the two rows of eggplants N ... Is moved to the cartoning position C, and at the same time, the stoppers 11, 14, 16 are immersed and The respective eggplants N ... Of are sequentially transported to the alignment position B.

【0017】 且つ、待機位置Dの左側部に、同位置の後列側左端部に整列される茄子Nの下 部周面と対向して排除プレート17を出没可能に設け、同側下部に配設した出没 用シリンダ18を排除プレート17の下端部に連結し、同位置の左端部に排除用 シュータ19を斜設している。例えば、5本分の各茄子N…を後列側に箱詰めす るとき、出没用シリンダ18を作動して、同位置の後列側左端部に整列された1 本分の茄子Nを排除プレート17により排除し、排除用シュータ19から排出さ れる茄子Nを一時ストックして作業者の手で整列用コンベア5に返還する。Further, an exclusion plate 17 is provided on the left side of the standby position D so as to be retractable so as to face the lower peripheral surface of the eggplant N aligned with the left end on the rear row side of the same position, and disposed on the lower part of the same side. The retracting cylinder 18 is connected to the lower end of the excluding plate 17, and the excluding shooter 19 is obliquely provided at the left end at the same position. For example, when packing five aubergines N ... in the rear row side, the retracting cylinder 18 is operated to remove one aubergine N aligned at the rear row left end of the same position by the exclusion plate 17. The aubergine N that is eliminated and discharged from the elimination shooter 19 is temporarily stocked and returned to the alignment conveyor 5 by the hand of the operator.

【0018】 前述した茄子整列機6は、図5、図6、図7、図8に示すように、整列用コン ベア5上に設定した整列位置Bの下部前後に、同位置前後に整列される各茄子N …の下部中央面と対向して2枚の各持上げ板21,21を出没可能に夫々設け、 同各持上げ板21,21の前後間隔を6本分の各茄子N…が水平姿勢に支持され る間隔に設定すると共に、同各持上げ板21,21の上端側縁部に多数個の各受 けローラ22…を幅方向に対して自由回転可能に軸受している。且つ、同位置下 部に配設した各持上げ用シリンダ23,23のシリンダロッドを、前列側下部及 び後列側下部に配設した各持上げ板21,21の下端側中央部に連結して、同各 持上げ用シリンダ23,23の作動により、整列用コンベア5の搬送面よりも上 方に各受けローラ22…が突出される上昇位置と、同整列用コンベア5の搬送面 よりも下方に各受けローラ22…が没入される降下位置とに前後列の各持上げ板 21,21を上下動する。As shown in FIG. 5, FIG. 6, FIG. 7, and FIG. 8, the eggplant aligning machine 6 described above is aligned before and after the lower part of the aligning position B set on the aligning conveyor 5, and before and after the same position. Two lifting plates 21 and 21 are provided so as to be capable of appearing and retracting so as to face the lower center surface of each eggplant N. The distance is set to be supported in a posture, and a large number of receiving rollers 22 are rotatably supported on the upper edge portions of the lifting plates 21 and 21 so as to be freely rotatable in the width direction. Also, the cylinder rods of the lifting cylinders 23, 23 arranged at the lower part of the same position are connected to the lower end side central parts of the lifting plates 21, 21 arranged at the lower part on the front row side and the lower part on the rear row side, respectively. By the operation of the lifting cylinders 23, 23, the receiving rollers 22 are projected above the conveying surface of the aligning conveyor 5 to a raised position and below the conveying surface of the aligning conveyor 5. The lifting plates 21 and 21 in the front and rear rows are moved up and down to the lowered position where the receiving rollers 22 are immersed.

【0019】 且つ、整列位置Bの左側部及び右側部に、同部の前後列に整列される各茄子N ,Nの側部周面と対向して左側幅寄せ板24と右側幅寄せ板25とを配設し、同 位置下部に架設した各ガイドレール26,26上に右側幅寄せ板25の下端部を 左右移動可能に係合し、同位置下部に配設した幅寄せ用シリンダ27のシリンダ ロッドを右側幅寄せ板25の下端部に連結して、同幅寄せ用シリンダ27の作動 により、整列位置Bの左側部に固定した左側幅寄せ板24を基準として、前後列 に整列された6本分又は5本分の各茄子N…を左側に幅寄せする幅寄せ位置と、 同各茄子N…が搬送許容される待機位置とに右側幅寄せ板25を左右移動する。 つまり、各持上げ板21,21の上端側縁部に軸受した多数個の各受けローラ2 2…を幅寄せ方向に回転させて、同各受けローラ22…上に載置された各茄子N …を左側幅寄せ板25により幅寄せ移動する。In addition, on the left and right sides of the alignment position B, the left side shifting plate 24 and the right side shifting plate 25 face the side peripheral surfaces of the eggplants N 1 and N 2 aligned in the front and rear rows of the same position. And the lower end portion of the right side shifting plate 25 is movably engaged with the respective guide rails 26, 26 installed at the lower portion of the same position so that the lowering portion of the width shifting cylinder 27 disposed at the lower portion of the same position. The cylinder rod is connected to the lower end of the right-side width-shifting plate 25, and the cylinders for width-shifting 27 are actuated to align the left-side width-shifting plate 24 fixed to the left side of the alignment position B in front and rear rows. The right side widthwise shifting plate 25 is moved to the left and right between a width-shifting position where the six or five aubergines N ... Are moved to the left side and a standby position where the respective aubergines N ... are allowed to be conveyed. That is, a large number of the receiving rollers 22 supported on the upper edge portions of the lifting plates 21 and 21 are rotated in the width-shifting direction, and the eggplants N placed on the receiving rollers 22. Is moved by the left side width adjusting plate 25.

【0020】 且つ、整列位置Bの左側部に、同位置の後列側左端部に整列される茄子Nの左 側周面と対向して補助プレート28を配設し、同側に配設した進退用シリンダ2 9を補助プレート28の背面部に連結して、例えば、5本分の各茄子N…を後列 側に箱詰めするとき、進退用シリンダ29を作動して、後列側に整列された5本 分の各茄子N…を右側幅寄せ板25と補助プレート28との相対移動により幅寄 せする。At the left side of the alignment position B, the auxiliary plate 28 is provided so as to face the left side peripheral surface of the eggplant N aligned at the rear row side left end of the same position, and the forward / backward movement is provided on the same side. The cylinder 29 for operation is connected to the back surface of the auxiliary plate 28, and when, for example, 5 eggplants N .. The respective eggplants N for this are brought to the width side by the relative movement of the right side shifting plate 25 and the auxiliary plate 28.

【0021】 且つ、整列位置Bの左側下部前後に、同位置前後に整列される各茄子N…の先 細側下面部と対向して2枚の各支持板30,30を出没可能に夫々設け、同各支 持板30,30の上端部に、例えば、シリコンゴム、ウレタンゴム等の弾性体で 形成又は被覆した2枚の各姿勢保持板31,31を固定し、各姿勢保持板31, 31の上端側縁部に各茄子N…の先細側下面部と対応する波形の各受け部31a …を形成し、同位置下部に配設した各出没用シリンダ32,32のシリンダロッ ドを各支持板30,30の下端側中央部に連結して、同各出没用シリンダ32, 32の作動により、整列用コンベア5の搬送面よりも上方に突出した上昇位置と 、同整列用コンベア5の搬送面よりも下方に没入した降下位置とに各姿勢保持板 31,31を上下動する。つまり、前後列に整列された各茄子N…の先細側を各 姿勢保持板31,31により持上げて、後述する各吸着パッド43…が密着され る姿勢に各茄子N…を傾斜する。In addition, two support plates 30, 30 are provided in front of and behind the lower left side of the alignment position B so as to be able to project and retract so as to face the tapered lower surface portions of the eggplants N ... , Two posture holding plates 31, 31 formed or covered with an elastic body such as silicone rubber or urethane rubber are fixed to the upper ends of the respective holding plates 30, 30, and the posture holding plates 31, The upper end of 31 is formed with corrugated receiving portions 31a ... Corresponding to the tapered lower surface of each eggplant N ..., and supports the cylinder rods of the retractable cylinders 32, 32 arranged at the lower part of the same position. The plates 30 are connected to the central portion on the lower end side, and the cylinders 32 and 32 for projecting and retracting are actuated to raise the projecting position above the transport surface of the aligning conveyor 5 and to transport the aligning conveyor 5. Each posture holding plate at the descending position that is depressed below the surface 3 Move 1, 31 up and down. That is, the taper side of each eggplant N ... Arranged in the front and rear rows is lifted by each posture holding plate 31, 31, and each eggplant N ... Is tilted in a posture in which each suction pad 43.

【0022】 前述した茄子箱詰め機7は、図2、図3に示すように、整列用コンベア5上に 設定した整列位置B上方と、同位置側部に設定した箱詰め位置C上方との間に各 ガイドレール33,33を架設し、同位置上部に配設した移動用シリンダ34の シリンダロッドを、各ガイドレール33,33間に架設した移動枠35の上面部 に連結して、同移動用シリンダ34の作動により、整列位置B上方と箱詰め位置 C上方とに移動枠35全体を水平移動する。且つ、移動枠35上部に立設した昇 降用シリンダ36のシリンダロッドを、同枠下部に垂設した昇降用シリンダ37 の上端部に連結し、同枠下部に垂設した昇降用シリンダ37のシリンダロッドを 昇降枠38の上面部に連結して、昇降用シリンダ36の作動により、整列位置B 上方と箱詰め位置C上方とで昇降枠38全体を垂直昇降する。且つ、箱詰め位置 Cに於いて昇降枠38を垂直降下したとき、昇降用シリンダ37を作動して、後 述する各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した各茄子N…が段ボール箱E内に収納さ れる降下位置と、同各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した各茄子N…が段ボール箱 Eの各フラップEa…よりも上方に待機される上昇位置とに昇降枠38全体を垂 直昇降する。As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the eggplant cartoning machine 7 described above has a space between the upper side of the alignment position B set on the aligning conveyor 5 and the upper side of the boxing position C set on the side of the same position. The guide rods 33, 33 are erected, and the cylinder rod of the moving cylinder 34 disposed above the same position is connected to the upper surface of the moving frame 35 erected between the guide rails 33, 33 for the same movement. By the operation of the cylinder 34, the entire moving frame 35 is horizontally moved above the alignment position B and above the packing position C. In addition, the cylinder rod of the ascending / descending cylinder 36 erected on the upper part of the moving frame 35 is connected to the upper end of the ascending / descending cylinder 37 vertically provided on the lower part of the same frame, and the ascending / descending cylinder 37 vertically installed on the lower part of the same frame. The cylinder rod is connected to the upper surface of the elevating frame 38, and the elevating cylinder 36 is actuated to vertically elevate the entire elevating frame 38 above the alignment position B and above the packing position C. Further, when the elevating frame 38 is vertically lowered at the boxing position C, the elevating cylinder 37 is operated, and each eggplant N ... Suctioned and held by each suction pad 43 ... The elevating frame 38 as a whole is vertically moved up and down to a descending position and a rising position where each eggplant N sucked and held by each suction pad 43 is held above each flap Ea of the cardboard box E.

【0023】 上述した昇降枠38は、同枠の前側両壁部に前部支持台39の両側端部を移動 不可に固定し、後側両壁部に架設した各ガイドレール41,41上に後部支持台 40の両側端部を前後移動可能に係合し、各支持台39,40の下面側に6本の 各支持管42…を所定等間隔に隔てて夫々垂設し、同各支持管42…の下端部に 合成ゴム製の各吸着パッド43…を取付け、各支持管42…の下端部を所定等間 隔に隔てて各取付け板45,45の上面側に挿通固定し、同各取付け板45,4 5の前後端部に、例えば、シリコンゴム、ウレタンゴム等の弾性体で形成した各 支持パッド46,47を垂設し、各支持パッド46,47の下端側縁部に各茄子 N…の先細側上面部と対応する波形の各受け部46a,47aを形成している。The elevating frame 38 described above has both end portions of the front support base 39 immovably fixed to both front wall portions of the same frame, and is mounted on the respective guide rails 41, 41 installed on both rear wall portions. The both ends of the rear support base 40 are engaged with each other so as to be movable back and forth, and six support pipes 42 ... Are hung vertically on the lower surface side of the support bases 39 and 40 at regular intervals. Adsorption pads 43 made of synthetic rubber are attached to the lower ends of the pipes 42, and the lower ends of the support pipes 42 are inserted and fixed on the upper surfaces of the attachment plates 45, 45 at regular intervals. At the front and rear ends of the mounting plates 45 and 45, support pads 46 and 47 formed of an elastic material such as silicon rubber or urethane rubber are vertically provided, and at the lower end side edges of the support pads 46 and 47, respectively. Corrugated receiving portions 46a and 47a corresponding to the tapered upper surface portion of each eggplant N ... Are formed.

【0024】 且つ、昇降枠38の前側両壁部に取付けた各進退用シリンダ44,44のシリ ンダロッドを後部支持台40の両側端部に連結して、各進退用シリンダ44,4 4の作動により、昇降枠38の前部側に固定した前部支持台39を基準として、 上述の茄子整列機6により整列した2列分の各茄子N…を前後列の各吸着パッド 43…により吸着保持する離間位置と、前後列の各吸着パッド43…により吸着 保持した2列分の各茄子N…を上下段違いに一部重合する集合位置とに後部支持 台40を前後移動する。The cylinder rods of the advancing / retreating cylinders 44, 44 attached to the front and rear wall portions of the elevating frame 38 are connected to both side ends of the rear support base 40 to operate the advancing / retreating cylinders 44, 44. Thus, with respect to the front support base 39 fixed to the front side of the elevating frame 38, the two rows of aubergines N ... Aligned by the above aubergine aligning machine 6 are sucked and held by the suction pads 43 of the front and rear rows. The rear support base 40 is moved back and forth between the separated position and the gathering position where the two rows of the eggplants N ... attracted and held by the suction pads 43 ...

【0025】 つまり、整列位置Bに整列された2列の各茄子N…に各吸着パッド43…を夫 々密着したとき、同各吸着パッド43…に接続した吸引用ブロワ又は真空ポンプ 等の適宜吸引手段(図示省略)による負圧で2列分の各茄子N…を吸着保持する 。同時に、各茄子N…の先端側上面部に短尺寸法の支持パッド46を押付け、各 茄子N…の後端側上面部に長尺寸法の支持パッド47を押付けて、各茄子N…の 先細側を若干持上げた姿勢に支持する。一方、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持し た2列分の各茄子N…を段ボール箱E内に収納したとき、負圧を遮断又は停止し て各茄子N…の吸着保持を解除する。That is, when the suction pads 43 are brought into close contact with the two rows of eggplants N arranged in the alignment position B, the suction blowers or vacuum pumps connected to the suction pads 43 are appropriately connected. Negative pressure by suction means (not shown) sucks and holds the two rows of each eggplant N ... At the same time, a short-sized support pad 46 is pressed against the tip side upper surface of each eggplant N ..., and a long-sized support pad 47 is pressed against the rear end side upper surface of each eggplant N ... Support in a slightly raised position. On the other hand, when the two rows of each eggplant N ... Adsorbed and held by each adsorption pad 43 ... Are housed in the corrugated cardboard box E, the negative pressure is shut off or stopped to release the adsorption / holding of each eggplant N ...

【0026】 且つ、図9、図10、図11、図12に示すように、昇降枠38の下面側中央 部に垂直固定した昇降用シリンダ48のシリンダロッドを取付け板49の上面側 中央部に固定し、同取付け板49の下面側両端部に水平固定した各拡縮用シリン ダ50,50のシリンダロッドを各挾持プレート51,51の上端側中央部に連 結すると共に、同各挾持プレート51,51を、昇降枠38の前側両側部の左側 前後部に垂設した各吸着パッド43,43と、右側前後部に垂設した各吸着パッ ド43,43により吸着保持される左右の各茄子N,Nに対して押圧される大き さ及び形状に形成して、昇降用シリンダ48の作動により、各吸着パッド43… で吸着保持される左右の各茄子N,Nに対して押圧される降下位置と、各茄子N ,Nに対して押圧が回避される上昇位置とに各挾持プレート51,51を上下動 し、各拡縮用シリンダ50,50の作動により、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持 した左右の各茄子N,Nを押圧する前進位置と、同各茄子N,Nに対して適宜間 隔に離間した後退位置とに各挾持プレート51,51を前後動する。In addition, as shown in FIGS. 9, 10, 11, and 12, the cylinder rod of the lifting cylinder 48 vertically fixed to the central portion of the lower surface side of the lifting frame 38 is attached to the central portion of the upper surface side of the mounting plate 49. The cylinder rods of the expansion and contraction cylinders 50, 50 that are fixed and horizontally fixed to both end portions of the lower surface side of the mounting plate 49 are connected to the center portions of the upper ends of the holding plates 51, 51, and the holding plates 51. , 51 are attached to the front and rear side portions of the elevating frame 38 on the left and right front and rear portions, respectively, and the right and left eggplants which are held by the suction pads 43 and 43 on the right and front portions, respectively. It is formed into a size and shape that is pressed against N, N, and is lowered by being pressed against the left and right eggplants N and N that are suction-held by the suction pads 43 by the operation of the lifting cylinder 48. Position and each eggplant N, The holding plates 51, 51 are moved up and down to a rising position where the pressure is avoided with respect to N, and the expansion and contraction cylinders 50, 50 are operated, so that the left and right eggplants N, which are suction-held by the suction pads 43 ,. The holding plates 51, 51 are moved back and forth to a forward position where N is pressed and a retracted position where they are appropriately separated from the respective eggplants N and N.

【0027】 つまり、整列用コンベア5上の整列位置Bに整列された2列分の各茄子N…に 各吸着パッド43…を密着させて吸着保持し、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持し た2列分の各茄子N…を適宜高さに垂直上昇させ、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保 持した2列分の各茄子N…を上下段違いに一部重合した後、昇降用シリンダ48 を作動して、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nと対向する 高さ位置に各挾持プレート51,51を降下させ、各拡縮用シリンダ50,50 を作動して、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N…に各挾持プレ ート51,51を押付けて、2列分の各茄子N…を幅寄せした状態のまま挾持す る。That is, the suction pads 43 are brought into close contact with the aubergines N of two rows aligned at the alignment position B on the alignment conveyor 5 by suction and held by the suction pads 43. After vertically elevating each of the two rows of aubergines N ... to a suitable height and partially superposing the two rows of each aubergines N ... held by the suction pads 43 ... By operating, the holding plates 51, 51 are lowered to the height positions facing the left and right eggplants N, N sucked and held by the suction pads 43, and the expansion / contraction cylinders 50, 50 are operated to The gripping plates 51, 51 are pressed against the left and right eggplants N ... Adsorbed and held by the suction pads 43 ..., and the two rows of the eggplants N ..

【0028】 一方、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nに各挾持プレー ト51,51を押付けた状態のまま段ボール箱E内に収納して、各吸着パッド4 3…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nと段ボール箱Eとが互いに面接触するの を防止する。2列分の各茄子N…を段ボール箱E内に収納した後、昇降用シリン ダ48を復帰作動して、段ボール箱E内に収納された各茄子N…の中央上面部を 各吸着パッド43…で押圧保持した状態のまま左右の各挾持プレート51,51 のみを先行して垂直上昇させ、各拡縮用シリンダ50,50を復帰作動して、左 右の各挾持プレート51,51を初期間隔に離間する。On the other hand, while the holding plates 51, 51 are pressed against the left and right eggplants N, N suction-held by the suction pads 43, they are housed in the corrugated cardboard box E, and the suction pads 43 ,. It prevents the left and right eggplants N, N adsorbed and held by (4) and the cardboard box E from making surface contact with each other. After accommodating the two rows of each eggplant N ... In the cardboard box E, the lifting cylinder 48 is returned to operate so that the central upper surface of each eggplant N ... Only the left and right holding plates 51, 51 are vertically lifted in advance while being pressed and held by ..., and the expansion and contraction cylinders 50, 50 are returned to the initial position, so that the left and right holding plates 51, 51 are initially spaced. Away from.

【0029】 前述した箱供給機8は、箱詰め位置Cの下部両側に架設した各カイドレール5 2,52に昇降台53の両側端部を上下動可能に係合し、同下部一側に垂直軸受 したネジ軸54上に、昇降台53の後側端部に固定したナット部55を螺合して 、降下位置下部に配設した減速機付き昇降用モータ56の駆動力により、各スプ ロケット57,58及び駆動チェーン59を介してネジ軸54を正逆回転させ、 上段側後部に配設した搬入用コンベア66及び下段側前部に配設した搬出用コン ベア67に対して水平となる位置と、上面開放形態に組立てられた段ボール箱E を箱詰め位置Cに供給する位置とに箱載置台60を垂直昇降する。且つ、昇降台 53の前側上面部に一つの段ボール箱Eが載置される大きさに形成した箱載置台 60を水平回転可能に軸受し、同昇降台53の前側下面部に固定した減速機付き 回転用モータ61の駆動力により、各ギャ62,63を介して、上下段に箱詰め される各茄子N…が前後逆向きとなる状態に箱載置台60を180度正逆回転す る。In the box feeder 8 described above, the guide rails 52 and 52 installed on both sides of the lower part of the boxing position C are engaged with both end portions of the elevating table 53 so as to be vertically movable, and a vertical bearing is provided on one side of the lower part. A nut portion 55 fixed to the rear end of the lifting table 53 is screwed onto the screw shaft 54, and each sprocket 57 is driven by the driving force of the lifting motor 56 with a reduction gear arranged at the lower position of the descending position. , 58 and the drive chain 59 to rotate the screw shaft 54 in the forward and reverse directions so as to be horizontal with respect to the carry-in conveyor 66 arranged at the rear of the upper stage and the carry-out conveyor 67 arranged at the front of the lower stage. Then, the box mounting table 60 is vertically moved up and down to a position where the corrugated cardboard box E 1 assembled in the top open form is supplied to the boxing position C. In addition, a reducer fixed on the front lower surface of the elevator table 53, which horizontally rotatably bears a box mounting table 60 formed on the front upper surface of the elevator table 53 so that one cardboard box E can be mounted. By the driving force of the rotation motor 61, the box mounting table 60 is rotated 180 degrees forward and backward through the gears 62 and 63 so that the eggplants N ...

【0030】 且つ、箱詰め位置C下部の搬入側に、製函工程(図示省略)から供給される空 の段ボール箱Eを搬送するための搬入用コンベア66を配設し、同位置下部の搬 出側に、封函工程(図示省略)に箱詰め済みの段ボール箱Eを搬送するための搬 出用コンベア67を配設している。なお、上述した段ボール箱Eには、例えば、 合成樹脂製又は紙製の包装袋(図示省略)を敷設してもよい。On the carry-in side below the boxing position C, a carry-in conveyor 66 for carrying the empty cardboard box E supplied from the box making process (not shown) is provided, and the carry-out conveyor under the same position is carried out. On the side, an unloading conveyor 67 for carrying the boxed cardboard boxes E in the packaging step (not shown) is provided. The cardboard box E described above may be provided with a packaging bag (not shown) made of synthetic resin or paper, for example.

【0031】 前述した箱開放機9は、上述した箱載置台60により箱詰め位置Cに供給され る段ボール箱Eの各フラップEa…と対応する位置に各開放板64…を上下開閉 可能に軸支し、同各開放板64…の軸端部を傘歯車機構(図示省略)を介して動 力伝達可能に連結し、同位置側部に配設した開閉用シリンタ65のシリンダロッ ドを開放板64の軸端部に連結して、同開閉用シリンダ65の作動により、上述 した箱載置台60に載置された段ボール箱Eの各フラップEa…と対向する閉位 置と、同段ボール箱Eの各フラップEa…を開放する開位置とに各開放板64… を連動して上下開閉する。In the box opening machine 9 described above, the opening plates 64 are pivotally supported so as to be able to open and close vertically at the positions corresponding to the flaps Ea of the corrugated cardboard box E supplied to the boxing position C by the box mounting table 60 described above. The shaft ends of the open plates 64 are connected to each other via a bevel gear mechanism (not shown) so that the power can be transmitted, and the cylinder rods of the opening and closing cylinders 65 disposed at the same position side are opened plate 64. Of the corrugated cardboard box E mounted on the above-mentioned box mounting table 60 by the operation of the opening / closing cylinder 65 of the corrugated cardboard E. The open plates 64 ... Are interlocked with the open position for opening the flaps Ea.

【0032】 図示実施例は上記の如く構成するものにして、以下、茄子箱詰め装置1により 多数本の各茄子N…を箱詰めするときの動作を説明する。 先ず、図1に示すように、4条並設した各仕分け用コンベア2…に多数本の各 茄子N…を順次載置し、各仕分け用コンベア2…により搬送される各茄子N…の 等階級を各検査位置A…上部に配設した各等階級判定装置3…で夫々判定する。 例えば、CCDカメラ等で撮像した画像データに基づいて各茄子N…の等階級を 各等階級判定装置3…により1本ずつ判定すると共に、各等階級判定装置3…に よる判定に基づいて、各仕分け用コンベア2…により搬送される各茄子N…を各 仕分け位置a〜d下部に配設した各茄子投入機4…に対して等階級別に振分け投 入する。The illustrated embodiment is configured as described above, and the operation of packing a large number of eggplants N ... With the eggplant packing apparatus 1 will be described below. First, as shown in FIG. 1, a large number of aubergines N ... are sequentially placed on four sorting conveyors 2 arranged side by side, and each aubergine N ... Conveyed by each sorting conveyor 2 ... The class is judged by each of the equal position judging devices 3 arranged at the respective inspection positions A .. For example, based on the image data taken by a CCD camera or the like, the equal classes of the eggplants N ... Are judged one by one by the equal class judging devices 3 ... And based on the judgment by the equal class judging devices 3 ... The eggplants N ... that are conveyed by the sorting conveyors 2 ... Are sorted and thrown into the respective eggplant feeders 4 ...

【0033】 次に、各茄子投入機4…を駆動して、等階級別に振分け投入された各茄子N… を各仕分け位置a〜d下部に配設した各整列用コンベア5…に対して6本ずつ移 載し、各茄子N…の先細側を送り方向に向けて各整列用コンベア5…により並列 搬送する。なお、各茄子N…の本数に過不足が生じたり、各茄子N…の向きが不 揃いとなった場合、作業者の手で本数及び向きを修正する。且つ、各茄子投入機 4…に投入されなかった余剰分の各茄子N…は各予備コンベア20…に対して等 階級別に順次移載し、各予備コンベア20…に載置された各茄子N…を作業者の 手で各整列用コンベア5…に移載する。Next, by driving each aubergine inserter 4 ..., each aubergine N ... which has been sorted and loaded according to the equal rank is provided to each of the aligning conveyors 5 ... Which are arranged below the respective sorting positions a to d. The books are transferred one by one, and the eggplants N ... Are conveyed in parallel by the aligning conveyors 5 with the tapered side facing the feeding direction. When the number of each eggplant N ... is inadequate or insufficient, or when the orientation of each eggplant N ... is inconsistent, the operator manually corrects the number and orientation. Further, the excess aubergines N that have not been inserted into the aubergine inserters 4 ... Are sequentially transferred to the auxiliary conveyors 20 ... In order of equal rank, and the aubergines N placed on the auxiliary conveyors 20 ... ... is transferred to each alignment conveyor 5 by the operator's hand.

【0034】 次に、一つの整列用コンベア5上に載置された各茄子N…の箱詰め作業を説明 する。図4に示すように、整列用コンベ5上の整列位置Bに6本分の各茄子N… を搬送し、同整列位置Bに搬送される前列側の各茄子N…を規制板5dに当接し て搬送停止する。同整列位置Bに搬送される後列側の各茄子N…を第1ストッパ 11に当接して搬送停止する。同時に、待機位置Dに搬送される後続の各茄子N …を第2ストッパ13と第3ストッパ15とに当接して搬送停止する。Next, a boxing operation of each eggplant N ... Mounted on one aligning conveyor 5 will be described. As shown in FIG. 4, six aubergines N ... are conveyed to the alignment position B on the alignment container 5, and each front aubergine N ... Conveyed to the same alignment position B is applied to the regulation plate 5d. Contact and stop transportation. The rear row side eggplants N ... Which are conveyed to the same alignment position B are brought into contact with the first stopper 11 to stop the conveyance. At the same time, the subsequent eggplants N ... Which are conveyed to the standby position D are brought into contact with the second stopper 13 and the third stopper 15 to stop the conveyance.

【0035】 次に、茄子整列機6を駆動して、図5、図6に示すように、整列用コンベア5 上の整列位置Bに整列された2列分の各茄子N…を各持上げ板21,21により 適宜高さに持上げ、同時に、各持上げ板21,21により持上げられた2列分の 各茄子N…を右側幅寄せ板25により左側に水平移動して、各持上げ板21,2 1により持上げられた2列分の各茄子N…を左側幅寄せ板24と右側幅寄せ板2 5とで幅寄せする。同時に、図7、図8に示すように、左側部に幅寄せした各茄 子N…の先細側を各姿勢保持板31,31により適宜高さに持上げ、各持上げ板 21,21を搬送面下に没入して、左側部に幅寄せした2列分の各茄子N…を先 端側を持上げた姿勢に傾斜する。同時に、右側幅寄せ板25を初期位置に復帰さ せる。Next, the aubergine aligning machine 6 is driven, and as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the two rows of aubergines N ... Aligned at the alignment position B on the aligning conveyor 5 are lifted by the lifting plates. 21, 21 is lifted to an appropriate height, and at the same time, each of the two rows of eggplants N ... Lifted by each lifting plate 21, 21 is horizontally moved to the left by the right side shifting plate 25, and each lifting plate 21, 2 is moved. Each of the two rows of eggplants N lifted by 1 is moved to the right side by the left side width aligning plate 24 and the right side width aligning plate 25. At the same time, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the tapered side of each eggplant N ... which has been moved to the left side is lifted to an appropriate height by each of the posture holding plates 31 and 31, and the lifting plates 21 and 21 are transferred to the transport surface. Immerse underneath and tilt the two rows of aubergines N ... At the same time, the right side shifting plate 25 is returned to the initial position.

【0036】 次に、茄子箱詰め機4を駆動して、図9、図10に示すように、整列用コンベ 5上の整列位置B上方に待機する各吸着パッド43…を垂直降下させ、各姿勢保 持板31,31により持上げられた各茄子N…の上部中央面に各吸着パッド43 …を密着させて吸着保持し、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した2列分の各茄子 N…を適宜高さに垂直上昇させながら、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した2列 分の各茄子N…を上下段違いに一部重合する。同時に、各吸着パッド43…で吸 着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nに各挾持プレート51,51を押付け、2列分の 各茄子N…を幅寄せした状態のまま挾持する。各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持し た2列分の各茄子N…を各挾持プレート51,51で挾持した状態のまま箱詰め 位置C上方に水平移動する。同時に、各姿勢保持板31,31を搬送面下に没入 し、各ストッパ11,13,15を没入して、整列用コンベア5上に載置された 後続の各茄子N…を整列位置B及び待機位置Dに順次搬送する。Next, by driving the eggplant cartoning machine 4, as shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, the suction pads 43, which stand by above the aligning position B on the aligning container 5, are vertically lowered, and the postures are changed. The adsorption pads 43 are brought into close contact with the upper central surface of the eggplants N lifted by the holding plates 31 and 31 to be adsorbed and held, and the two rows of the eggplants N which are adsorbed and held by the adsorption pads 43 ... While vertically rising to an appropriate height, the two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the adsorption pads 43 ... At the same time, the gripping plates 51, 51 are pressed against the left and right eggplants N, N sucked and held by the suction pads 43, respectively, and the two rows of the eggplants N, ... The two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the suction pads 43 ... Are horizontally moved above the boxing position C while being held by the holding plates 51, 51. At the same time, the posture holding plates 31, 31 are immersed under the conveying surface, the stoppers 11, 13, 15 are retracted, and the subsequent eggplants N ... Placed on the aligning conveyor 5 are aligned at the alignment position B and The sheets are sequentially conveyed to the standby position D.

【0037】 一方、箱供給機8を駆動して、製函工程(図示省略)から供給される空の段ボ ール箱Eを搬入用コンベア66を介して箱載置台60上に移載し、同箱載置台6 0を垂直上昇して空の段ボール箱Eを箱詰め位置Cに供給する。同時に、箱開放 機9を駆動して、箱載置台60上に載置された段ボール箱Eの各フラップEa… を各開放板64…により四方に開放する。On the other hand, the box feeder 8 is driven to transfer the empty corrugated box E supplied from the box making process (not shown) onto the box table 60 via the carry-in conveyor 66. , The box mounting table 60 is vertically lifted to supply an empty cardboard box E to the boxing position C. At the same time, the box opening machine 9 is driven to open the flaps Ea ... Of the cardboard box E placed on the box placing table 60 in all directions by the open plates 64.

【0038】 次に、図11、図12に示すように、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した2列 分の各茄子N…を左右の各挾持プレート51,51で挾持した状態のまま箱詰め 位置C上方に水平移動させ、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した2列分の各茄子 N…を左右の各挾持プレート51,51で挾持した状態のまま垂直降下して、各 吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nに各挾持プレート51,5 1を押付けた状態のまま段ボール箱E内に一括収納することで、図13に示すよ うに、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N…と段ボール箱Eとの 面接触が各挾持プレート51,51の介在により確実に阻止され、箱詰め時に於 いて、左右の各吸着パッド43…から各茄子N…が脱落したり、各茄子N…の箱 詰め姿勢が変位したりするのを確実に防止できる。Next, as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, the two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the respective suction pads 43 ... Are held in the boxing position while being held by the left and right holding plates 51, 51. C is horizontally moved upward, and the two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the respective suction pads 43 ... Are vertically lowered while being held by the left and right holding plates 51, 51, and then the respective suction pads 43 ... As shown in FIG. 13, by holding the holding plates 51, 51 pressed against the left and right eggplants N, N, which have been sucked and held, collectively in the corrugated cardboard box E, as shown in FIG. The surface contact between the left and right aubergines N ... and the corrugated cardboard box E is reliably prevented by the interposition of the holding plates 51, 51, and the aubergines N ... fall off from the left and right suction pads 43 ... at the time of boxing. Box of each eggplant N ... Therefore, it is possible to reliably prevent the posture from changing.

【0039】 次に、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した2列分の各茄子N…を段ボール箱E 内に一括収納した後、段ボール箱E内に収納された各茄子N…の中央上面部を各 吸着パッド43…で押圧保持した状態のまま左右の各挾持プレート51,51の みを先行して垂直上昇させ、続いて、各吸着パッド43…による吸着保持を解除 してから箱詰め位置C上方に垂直上昇することで、各挾持プレート51,51を 垂直上昇するときに左右の各茄子N,Nが一緒に引上げられたりせず、段ボール 箱E内に収納された各茄子N…の箱詰め状態が変位するのを積極的に防止でき、 各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した2列分の各茄子N…を段ボール箱Eの下段側 に箱詰めすることができる。Next, after the two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the respective suction pads 43 ... Are collectively stored in the corrugated cardboard box E, the central upper surface portion of each of the aubergines N ... With the suction pads 43 held by the suction pads 43, only the left and right holding plates 51, 51 are vertically lifted first, and then the suction holding by the suction pads 43 is released, and then the packing position C is reached. By vertically ascending upward, the respective eggplants N, N on the left and right are not pulled up together when vertically ascending the holding plates 51, 51, and each eggplant N stored in the cardboard box E is packed in a box. It is possible to positively prevent the state from being displaced, and it is possible to pack the two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the respective suction pads 43 ... In the lower side of the corrugated cardboard box E.

【0040】 次に、整列用コンベア5上の整列位置B上方に各吸着パッド43…を回帰させ て、同整列位置Bに整列された2列分の各茄子N…を各吸着パッド43…で吸着 保持する。同時に、箱載置台60に載置された段ボール箱Eを180度方向転換 して、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した2列分の各茄子N…を段ボール箱Eの 上段側に箱詰めする。上下段に積重ねられる2列分の各茄子N…を前後互い違い にして段ボール箱E内に箱詰めした後、箱載置台60を垂直降下して、箱詰め済 みの段ボール箱Eを搬出用コンベア67を介して封函工程(図示省略)に搬送供 給する。Next, the suction pads 43 are returned to above the alignment position B on the alignment conveyor 5, and the two rows of eggplants N ... aligned at the same alignment position B are respectively sucked by the suction pads 43. Adsorb and hold. At the same time, the corrugated cardboard box E mounted on the box mounting table 60 is turned around 180 degrees, and the two rows of aubergines N ... Adsorbed and held by the respective suction pads 43 ... Are packed on the upper side of the corrugated cardboard box E. After packing the two rows of eggplants N ... Stacked in the upper and lower rows in the corrugated cardboard box E in a staggered manner, the box placing table 60 is vertically lowered to move the boxed corrugated cardboard box E to the carry-out conveyor 67. It is conveyed and supplied to the box packaging process (not shown) via

【0041】 以上のように、茄子箱詰め機7の各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各 茄子N,Nに各挾持プレート51,51を押付けた状態のまま段ボール箱E内に 一括収納することで、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N…と段 ボール箱Eとの面接触が各挾持プレート51,51の介在により確実に阻止され 、左右の各吸着パッド43…から各茄子N…が脱落したり、各茄子N…の箱詰め 姿勢が変位したりするのを確実に防止できると共に、各茄子N…の吸着姿勢が安 定し、所定の状態に箱詰めすることができる。且つ、箱詰め時に於いて、各茄子 N…の表皮が剥離したり、擦り傷が付いたりせず、商品価値が損なわれるのを確 実に防止することができる。As described above, the holding plates 51, 51 are pressed against the left and right eggplants N, N, which are sucked and held by the suction pads 43 of the eggplant cartoning machine 7, and are collectively stored in the cardboard box E. As a result, the surface contact between the left and right eggplants N, which are sucked and held by the suction pads 43, and the corrugated carton box E is reliably prevented by the interposition of the holding plates 51, 51. It is possible to surely prevent each eggplant N ... from falling off and change the packing posture of each eggplant N ..., and stabilize the suction posture of each eggplant N ..., so that the eggplant N ... can be boxed in a predetermined state. . Moreover, it is possible to reliably prevent the commercial value of the eggplant N ... from being peeled off or scratched during the packaging in a box.

【0042】 しかも、段ボール箱E内に収納した各茄子N…の中央上面部を各吸着パッド4 3…で押圧保持した状態のまま左右の各挾持プレート51,51のみを先行して 垂直上昇させるので、各挾持プレート51,51を引き抜くときに左右の各茄子 N,Nが一緒に引上げられるのを積極的に防止でき、段ボール箱E内に収納され た各茄子N…の箱詰め状態を維持することができる。Moreover, with the central upper surface of each eggplant N ... Stored in the corrugated cardboard box E being pressed and held by each suction pad 43, only the left and right holding plates 51, 51 are vertically raised in advance. Therefore, it is possible to positively prevent the left and right eggplants N, N from being pulled up together when pulling out the respective holding plates 51, 51, and maintain the boxed state of the eggplants N ... Stored in the corrugated cardboard box E. be able to.

【0043】 図14は上面開放形態に製函した段ボール箱E内に、例えば、ポリエチレン、 ポリ塩化ビニル等の合成樹脂で形成した透明又は半透明の包装袋Pを敷設した他 の箱詰め例を示し、整列用コンベア5上の整列位置Bに整列された2列分の各茄 子N…を茄子箱詰め機7の各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持し、各吸着パッド43 …で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nに各挾持プレート51,51を押付けた状 態のまま段ボール箱E内に収納することで、上述の実施例と同様に、各吸着パッ ド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N…と、段ボール箱E内に敷設した包装袋 Pとの面接触が各挾持プレート51,51の介在により確実に阻止され、左右の 各吸着パッド43…から各茄子N…が脱落したり、各茄子N…の箱詰め姿勢が変 位したりするのを確実に防止できる。且つ、段ボール箱E内に収納した各茄子N …の中央上面部を各吸着パッド43…で押圧保持した状態のまま左右の各挾持プ レート51,51のみを先行して垂直上昇するので、各挾持プレート51,51 を垂直上昇するときに左右の各茄子N,Nが一緒に引上げられるのを積極的に防 止でき、箱詰め状態を維持することができる。FIG. 14 shows another example of boxing in which a transparent or translucent packaging bag P made of a synthetic resin such as polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride is laid in a corrugated cardboard box E which is opened in a top view. , The two rows of each eggplant N ... aligned at the alignment position B on the aligning conveyor 5 are suction-held by the suction pads 43 ... of the eggplant cartoning machine 7, and the left and right sides suction-held by the suction pads 43. By storing the holding plates 51, 51 pressed against the eggplants N, N in the corrugated cardboard box E in the state of being pressed, the left and right sides sucked and held by the suction pads 43 ... Surface contact between the eggplant N ... and the packaging bag P laid inside the corrugated cardboard box E is reliably prevented by the interposition of the holding plates 51, 51, and the eggplant N ... falls off from the left and right suction pads 43. , Each eggplant N ... boxing posture changed It can be surely prevented. Moreover, since the central upper surface of each eggplant N ... Stored in the corrugated cardboard box E is pressed and held by each suction pad 43 ..., only the left and right holding plates 51, 51 are vertically lifted in advance. It is possible to positively prevent the left and right aubergines N, N from being pulled up together when vertically lifting the holding plates 51, 51, so that the boxed state can be maintained.

【0044】 図15は各挾持プレート51,51の挾持面全体に、例えば、ビロード、コー ル天、別珍等の柔らかく起毛した各布生地51a,51aを貼着して挾持する他 の箱詰め例を示し、整列用コンベア5上の整列位置Bに整列された2列分の各茄 子N…を茄子箱詰め機7の各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した後、各吸着パッド 43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nに各挾持プレート51,51を押付け ることで、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N…と各挾持プレー ト51,51との面接触が各布生地51a,51aの介在により確実に阻止され る。且つ、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した各茄子N…を段ボール箱E内に収 納した後、左右の各茄子N,Nと段ボール箱Eとの対向面間から各挾持プレート 51,51を引き抜くことで、各挾持プレート51,51に貼着した各布生地5 1a,51a表面の柔らかい起毛が弾性変形し、左右の各茄子N,Nに付与され る接触抵抗を小さくするため、各挾持プレート51,51の引抜き動作が容易に 行えると共に、左右の各茄子N,Nが一緒に引上げられるのを防止することがで き、箱詰め状態を維持することができる。FIG. 15 shows another example of packing in which the holding surfaces of the respective holding plates 51, 51 are covered with soft cloths 51a, 51a, such as velvet, calle, velveteen, etc. The two rows of the eggplants N ... aligned at the aligning position B on the aligning conveyor 5 are sucked and held by the suction pads 43 of the eggplant cartoning machine 7, and then held by the suction pads 43. By pressing the gripping plates 51, 51 against the left and right eggplants N, N, the surface contact between the left and right eggplants N, which are suction-held by the suction pads 43, and the gripping plates 51, 51 is made. It is reliably prevented by the interposition of the cloths 51a, 51a. After storing the eggplants N ... sucked and held by the suction pads 43 ... in the corrugated cardboard box E, the gripping plates 51, 51 are placed between the facing surfaces of the left and right eggplants N, N and the corrugated cardboard box E. By pulling out, the soft brushed surface of each cloth material 51a, 51a attached to each holding plate 51, 51 is elastically deformed, and the contact resistance given to each left and right eggplant N, N is reduced, so that each holding The plate 51, 51 can be easily pulled out, and the left and right eggplants N, N can be prevented from being pulled up together, so that the boxed state can be maintained.

【0045】 この考案の構成と、上述の実施例との対応において、 この考案の果菜物は、実施例の茄子Nに対応し、 以下同様に、 箱体は、段ボール箱Eに対応し、 果菜物箱詰め装置は、茄子箱詰め装置1に対応し、 吸着ユニットは、昇降枠38に対応し、 各吸着子は、各吸着パッド43…に対応し、 各挾持体は、各挾持プレート51,51に対応し、 果菜物挾持手段は、昇降用シリンダ48と、各拡縮用シリンダ50,50と、 各挾持プレート51,51とに対応し、 挾持体昇降手段は、昇降用シリンダ48に対応し、 挾持体拡縮手段は、各拡縮用シリンダ50,50に対応するも、 この考案は、上述の実施例の構成のみに限定されるものではない。In the correspondence between the configuration of the present invention and the above-mentioned embodiment, the fruit and vegetables of the present invention correspond to the eggplant N of the embodiment, and the same shall apply hereinafter to the box body corresponding to the corrugated cardboard box E. The object box packing device corresponds to the eggplant box packing device 1, the suction unit corresponds to the elevating frame 38, each suction member corresponds to each suction pad 43, and each holding body is set to each holding plate 51, 51. Correspondingly, the fruit and vegetables holding means corresponds to the lifting cylinder 48, the expansion and contraction cylinders 50 and 50, and the holding plates 51 and 51, and the holding body lifting means corresponds to the lifting cylinder 48. The body expansion / contraction means corresponds to each expansion / contraction cylinder 50, 50, but the present invention is not limited to the configuration of the above-described embodiment.

【0046】 上述した実施例では、茄子箱詰め装置1により多数本の各茄子N…を箱詰めす る作業を説明しているが、例えば、胡瓜、人参、長芋、蜜柑、林檎、梨、柿、桃 等の果菜物を箱詰めする作業にも用いることができる。箱詰め時に於いて、果菜 物の表皮に付いた突起が剥離したり、擦り傷が付いたりせず、商品価値が損なわ れるのを確実に防止することができる。In the above-described embodiment, the operation of packing a large number of each eggplant N ... by the eggplant cartoning device 1 is described, but, for example, cucumber, carrot, Chinese yam, tangerine, apple, pear, persimmon, peach. It can also be used for the work of packing fruit vegetables such as. When the product is packed in a box, the protrusions on the skin of the fruit and vegetables are not peeled off or scratched, and it is possible to reliably prevent the product value from being impaired.

【0047】 さらに、各吸着パッド43…で吸着保持した左右の各茄子N,Nと各挾持プレ ート51,51との対向面に、例えば、水道水、蒸溜水、植物油、アルコール等 の液体を吹付けて相互の接触抵抗を低減するもよい。Furthermore, liquids such as tap water, distilled water, vegetable oil, alcohol, etc. are provided on the facing surfaces of the left and right eggplants N, N adsorbed and held by the respective suction pads 43 ... And the respective holding plates 51, 51. May be sprayed to reduce mutual contact resistance.

【0048】 且つ、実施例に於いて、昇降用シリンダ48及び拡縮用シリンダ50により左 右の各挾持プレート51,51を昇降動作及び拡縮動作するが、これら各シリン ダ48,50の代わりに、例えば、電動モータ(図示省略)の駆動力により左右 の各挾持プレート51,51を昇降動作及び拡縮動作してもよい。In the embodiment, the lifting cylinder 48 and the expansion / contraction cylinder 50 move the left and right holding plates 51, 51 up / down and expand / contract, but instead of the cylinders 48, 50, respectively. For example, the left and right holding plates 51, 51 may be moved up and down and expanded and contracted by the driving force of an electric motor (not shown).

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】茄子箱詰め装置の全体構成を示す平面図。FIG. 1 is a plan view showing the overall configuration of an eggplant cartoning device.

【図2】茄子箱詰め機による茄子の箱詰め動作を示す側
面図。
FIG. 2 is a side view showing an eggplant box packing operation by the eggplant box packing machine.

【図3】茄子箱詰め機による茄子の箱詰め動作を示す正
面図。
FIG. 3 is a front view showing an eggplant box packing operation by the eggplant box packing machine.

【図4】整列用コンベアによる茄子の整列動作を示す平
面図。
FIG. 4 is a plan view showing the operation of aligning the eggplants by the aligning conveyor.

【図5】茄子整列機による茄子の持上げ動作を示す側面
図。
FIG. 5 is a side view showing an operation of lifting an aubergine by an aubergine aligning machine.

【図6】茄子整列機による茄子の幅寄せ動作を示す正面
図。
FIG. 6 is a front view showing an eggplant width-shifting operation by the eggplant aligning machine.

【図7】茄子整列機による茄子の傾斜動作を示す側面
図。
FIG. 7 is a side view showing the tilting operation of the eggplant by the eggplant aligning machine.

【図8】茄子整列機による茄子の傾斜動作を示す正面
図。
FIG. 8 is a front view showing the tilting operation of the eggplant by the eggplant aligning machine.

【図9】各吸着パッドの吸着動作及び各挾持プレートの
挾持動作を示す正面図。
FIG. 9 is a front view showing a suction operation of each suction pad and a holding operation of each holding plate.

【図10】各吸着パッドの吸着状態及び各挾持プレート
の挾持状態を示す正面図。
FIG. 10 is a front view showing a suction state of each suction pad and a holding state of each holding plate.

【図11】各吸着パッド及び各挾持プレートで保持した
茄子の箱詰め動作を示す正面図。
FIG. 11 is a front view showing the packing operation of the eggplants held by the suction pads and the holding plates.

【図12】各挾持プレートの引抜き動作を示す正面図。FIG. 12 is a front view showing the pulling-out operation of each holding plate.

【図13】段ボール箱に茄子を箱詰めするときの動作を
示す断面図。
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view showing an operation when the eggplant is packed in a cardboard box.

【図14】袋敷設済みの段ボール箱に箱詰めする他の箱
詰め例を示す断面図。
FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view showing another example of packing in a cardboard box in which bags have been laid.

【図15】布生地を貼着した各挾持プレートで箱詰めす
る他の箱詰め例を示す断面図。
FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view showing another example of boxing in which each holding plate to which a cloth material is attached is boxed.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

N…茄子 E…段ボール箱 P…包装袋 1…茄子箱詰め装置 2…仕分け用コンベア 3…等階級判定装置 4…茄子投入機 5…整列用コンベア 5d…規制板 6…茄子整列機 7…茄子箱詰め機 8…箱供給機 9…箱開放機 21…持上げ板 22…受けローラ 24…左側幅寄せ板 25…右側幅寄せ板 31…姿勢保持板 43…吸着パッド 46,47…支持パッド 46a,47a…受け部 51…挾持プレート 51a…布生地 N ... Eggplant E ... Cardboard box P ... Packaging bag 1 ... Eggplant box packing device 2 ... Sorting conveyor 3 ... Equal class determination device 4 ... Eggplant insertion machine 5 ... Alignment conveyor 5d ... Regulation plate 6 ... Eggplant aligning machine 7 ... Eggplant box packing Machine 8 ... Box feeder 9 ... Box opener 21 ... Lifting plate 22 ... Receiving roller 24 ... Left side shifting plate 25 ... Right side shifting plate 31 ... Posture holding plate 43 ... Suction pad 46, 47 ... Support pad 46a, 47a ... Receiving part 51 ... Holding plate 51a ... Cloth cloth

Claims (3)

【実用新案登録請求の範囲】[Scope of utility model registration request] 【請求項1】整列用コンベア上の整列位置に整列された
適宜数の各果菜物を吸着ユニットに垂設した各吸着子に
より吸着保持し、該各吸着子により吸着保持した適宜数
の各果菜物を箱体内部に箱詰めする果菜物箱詰め装置で
あって、上記吸着ユニットの下面側両端部に垂設した各
吸着子の外側位置に、該各吸着子により吸着保持される
各果菜物の側部周面と対向して一対の各挾持体を垂設す
ると共に、上記各吸着子により吸着保持した適宜数の各
果菜物を挾持する方向に一対の各挾持体を相対移動する
果菜物挾持手段を設けた果菜物箱詰め装置。
1. An appropriate number of each fruit and vegetables aligned at an alignment position on an alignment conveyor is adsorbed and held by each adsorbent vertically installed in an adsorption unit, and an appropriate number of each fruit and vegetables adsorbed and held by each adsorbent. A fruit and vegetable box packing device for boxing objects inside a box, wherein the side of each fruit and vegetable adsorbed and held by each of the adsorbents is located outside each of the adsorbents provided vertically at both ends of the lower surface of the adsorption unit. A fruit picking means for vertically moving a pair of each holding body facing the peripheral surface and for relatively moving the pair of each holding body in a direction for holding an appropriate number of each fruit held by the adsorbents. A box for packing fruits and vegetables.
【請求項2】上記果菜物挾持手段を、上記吸着ユニット
の各吸着子により吸着保持した左右の各果菜物と対向す
る降下位置と、該左右の各果菜物との対向が回避される
上昇位置とに各挾持体を上下動する挾持体昇降手段を設
け、上記吸着ユニットの各吸着子により吸着保持した左
右の各果菜物を挾持する前進位置と、該左右の各果菜物
に対して適宜間隔に離間した後退位置とに一対の各挾持
体を拡縮移動する挾持体拡縮手段を設けて構成した請求
項1記載の果菜物箱詰め装置。
2. A descending position facing the left and right fruit and vegetables held by the adsorbents of the adsorbing unit by the fruit picking means, and an ascending position for avoiding facing the left and right fruit and vegetables. And a holding body lifting means for moving each holding body up and down is provided, and an advance position for holding each left and right fruit and vegetables adsorbed and held by each adsorbent of the adsorption unit, and an appropriate interval for each left and right fruit and vegetables. 2. The fruit and vegetable packing apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a holding body expanding / contracting means for expanding / contracting the pair of holding bodies at a retracted position spaced apart from each other.
【請求項3】上記吸着ユニットの下面側両端部に垂設し
た各挾持体の対向面に布生地を被覆した請求項1又は2
記載の果菜物箱詰め装置。
3. The cloth material is coated on the facing surface of each holding body which is vertically provided at both end portions on the lower surface side of the suction unit.
The described fruit and vegetable box packaging device.
JP1995005366U 1995-05-08 1995-05-08 Fruit and vegetable cartoning equipment Expired - Lifetime JP3017714U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1995005366U JP3017714U (en) 1995-05-08 1995-05-08 Fruit and vegetable cartoning equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1995005366U JP3017714U (en) 1995-05-08 1995-05-08 Fruit and vegetable cartoning equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP3017714U true JP3017714U (en) 1995-11-07

Family

ID=43153188

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP1995005366U Expired - Lifetime JP3017714U (en) 1995-05-08 1995-05-08 Fruit and vegetable cartoning equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3017714U (en)

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