JP2915389B1 - Filtration type water storage tank device - Google Patents

Filtration type water storage tank device

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Publication number
JP2915389B1
JP2915389B1 JP3954898A JP3954898A JP2915389B1 JP 2915389 B1 JP2915389 B1 JP 2915389B1 JP 3954898 A JP3954898 A JP 3954898A JP 3954898 A JP3954898 A JP 3954898A JP 2915389 B1 JP2915389 B1 JP 2915389B1
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
tank
storage tank
filtration
filtered
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP3954898A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH11222905A (en
Inventor
幾男 吉田
Original Assignee
ヨシコン株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ヨシコン株式会社 filed Critical ヨシコン株式会社
Priority to JP3954898A priority Critical patent/JP2915389B1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2915389B1 publication Critical patent/JP2915389B1/en
Publication of JPH11222905A publication Critical patent/JPH11222905A/en
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

【要約】 【目的】 雨水等を濾過して集水し、利用価値の高いも
のとする。 【構成】 地表の水が浸透して濾過されるとともに、集
水路11の水が導入、濾過される浸透濾過槽10と、浸
透濾過槽10の下部に配置され、浸透濾過槽10で濾過
された水を貯溜するようにした貯溜槽20とからなる濾
過式貯水槽装置。
[Abstract] [Purpose] To filter rainwater, etc., and collect water to make it highly useful. [Constitution] While water on the ground surface is permeated and filtered, water in a water collecting channel 11 is introduced and filtered, and a permeation filtration tank 10 is disposed below the permeation filtration tank 10 and filtered by the permeation filtration tank 10. A filtration type water tank device comprising a water storage tank 20 for storing water.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は地表下に設置され、
水を貯溜し、また放流可能とする濾過式の貯水槽装置に
関する。
TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention is installed under the surface of the earth,
The present invention relates to a filtration type water storage tank device that stores and discharges water.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】宅地等の造成の場合、造成地とその周辺
の雨水の管理を考慮する必要がある。管理の方法として
は、造成地から出る水を調整池(貯水池)に一旦集水し
てからあらためて放流する方法があるが、これだけでは
水は殆んど濾過されないため利用価値が低い。そのため
集水した水を濾過して利用することが行なわれているけ
れども、その濾過が不充分であったため、十分な効果を
得ることができない。また、或る雨水管理システムの場
合は半月に1度、別システムでも2〜3ケ月に1度、と
短期間での保守点検が必要であった。この手間と経費は
負担を重くしており、さらに、濾過を不充分とする原因
となる。また調整池は単なる水溜りであり、その上部の
有効活用が図れないということがある。
2. Description of the Related Art In the case of land development such as residential land, it is necessary to consider the management of rainwater in the land developed and its surroundings. As a method of management, there is a method of once collecting the water from the lands to the regulating pond (reservoir) and then releasing it again. However, this alone has little utility because the water is hardly filtered. For this reason, the collected water is filtered and used, but the effect is not sufficient because the filtration is insufficient. In addition, some rainwater management systems require maintenance and inspection once every six months, and another system once every two to three months. This hassle and expense burdens heavily and further causes inadequate filtration. In addition, the regulating pond is simply a pool, and the upper part of the pond cannot be effectively used.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】本発明は前記の点に着
目してなされたものであり、その課題は雨水等を単に集
水するだけでなく、低コストで利用価値の高いものとす
ることである。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in view of the above points, and its object is not only to collect rainwater and the like, but also to provide a low cost and high use value. It is.
【0004】また本発明は、公園や道路その他公共の場
所の地下を貯水槽設置場所とし、散水や防火用水として
利用可能な利水設備を提供することを目的とする。
[0004] It is another object of the present invention to provide a water use facility that can be used as water for spraying or fire protection, by setting a basement in a park, road, or other public place as a storage tank installation place.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】前記課題等を解決するた
め、本発明は、地表下に設置され、水を貯溜しまた放流
可能な貯水槽装置について、地表の水が浸透して濾過さ
れるとともに、集水路の水が導入、濾過されるように
水管を設置した浸透濾過槽と、浸透濾過槽の下部に配置
され、浸透濾過槽で濾過された水を貯溜するために、暗
渠を構成する複数の単位部材からなる貯溜槽と、貯溜槽
に貯溜された水を放流する放流管とを具備し、集水路と
導水管との間に、事前に集水路からの水を濾過する前濾
過槽を設置するという構成を具備したものである。
To solve SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The above problems, but the present invention is installed in a subsurface, water was reservoir also about the discharge capable reservoir device, the surface of the water is filtered to penetrate As well as guiding the water in the catchment to be introduced and filtered.
An osmotic filtration tank equipped with a water pipe, and a dark filter placed in the lower part of the osmosis filtration tank to store water filtered by the osmosis filtration tank.
A storage tank comprising a plurality of unit members constituting a culvert, and a storage tank
And a discharge pipe for discharging water stored in the
Pre-filtration between the headrace and the water pipe
It is provided with a configuration in which a tank is installed .
【0006】[0006]
【発明の実施の形態】本発明に係る濾過式貯水槽装置A
は、集めた水を貯溜し、また放流可能な機能を有するも
のである。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Filtration type water tank device A according to the present invention
Has a function of storing collected water and releasing it.
【0007】上記貯水槽装置Aは、地表の水が浸透して
到達し、通過する過程で濾過される浸透濾過槽10を有
する。浸透濾過槽10には、地表水のみならず、集水路
11の水が導入され、通過する過程で同様に濾過され
る。図2参照。
The water storage tank device A has a permeation filtration tank 10 in which water on the surface of the ground penetrates, reaches, and is filtered in the process of passing through. Not only the surface water but also the water in the catchment channel 11 is introduced into the osmotic filtration tank 10 and is similarly filtered in the course of passing. See FIG.
【0008】浸透濾過槽10は利用可能な設置場所の面
積と同程度に設けることができる。浸透した水の濾過手
段12は任意であるが、例えば設置場所にトレンチを掘
り、そこに充填する構造を採ることができる。濾過手段
12としては、玉石、砂利、砕石等の鉱石のほか、プラ
スチックの廃材、消却灰の溶融スラグのようなもの、炭
その他各種のものが利用できる。実施例では単粒度の砕
石を使用して好結果を得た。
[0008] The osmotic filtration tank 10 can be provided as large as the area of the available installation site. The filtering means 12 for permeated water is optional, but, for example, a structure in which a trench is dug at an installation location and the trench is filled therein can be adopted. As the filtering means 12, ores such as cobble stones, gravel, and crushed stones, as well as plastic waste materials, molten slag of extinguished ash, charcoal and other various materials can be used. In the examples, good results were obtained using single crushed stone.
【0009】浸透濾過槽10には地表からのみならず、
集水路11からも水を導入する。そのために例えば導水
管13を濾過手段12中に埋設することができる。導水
管13は管状構造を持ちかつ外部(濾過手段中)へ水を
排出する手段として開口状部分を持っている。実施例で
は、多数の透孔が形成された塩化ビニル製のパイプを用
いて好結果を得た。
[0009] The permeation filtration tank 10 is not only from the ground surface,
Water is also introduced from the catchment channel 11. For this purpose, for example, a water pipe 13 can be embedded in the filtering means 12. The water pipe 13 has a tubular structure and has an open portion as a means for discharging water to the outside (during the filtration means). In the examples, good results were obtained using a pipe made of vinyl chloride having a large number of through holes.
【0010】集水路11と導水管13との間には、事前
に集水路11からの水を濾過する前濾過槽14を設置す
ることができる。実施例では沈澱式の濾過槽によって前
濾過槽14を構成しており、この場合、導水管13は前
濾過槽14から濾過手段12である石層中に延出する状
態となる。導水管13は複数本を前濾過槽14に接続
し、濾過手段12中に枝状に延出した構造とすることが
できる。
A pre-filtration tank 14 for filtering water from the water collecting channel 11 can be provided between the water collecting channel 11 and the water conduit 13 in advance. In the embodiment, the pre-filtration tank 14 is constituted by a sedimentation type filtration tank. In this case, the water pipe 13 is in a state of extending from the pre-filtration tank 14 into the stone layer as the filtering means 12. A plurality of water pipes 13 may be connected to the pre-filtration tank 14 and may have a structure extending in the filter means 12 in a branch shape.
【0011】実施例の場合、浸透濾過槽10は、地表と
下部に設置される貯溜槽20との間に挟まれた構造を採
っている。したがってこの場合の浸透濾過槽10は下部
の貯溜槽天井面のスラブを底15とするトレンチに濾過
手段12の砕石を充填し、吸出防止材16の上を表土1
7で覆った構造を持つ。
In the case of the embodiment, the permeation filtration tank 10 has a structure sandwiched between the ground surface and a storage tank 20 installed below. Therefore, in this case, the osmotic filtration tank 10 is filled with the crushed stone of the filtering means 12 in the trench having the bottom 15 as the slab on the ceiling of the lower storage tank, and the top soil 1 on the suction prevention material 16.
It has a structure covered with 7.
【0012】上記浸透濾過槽10の下部には貯溜槽20
が配置され、上部の浸透濾過槽10で濾過された水を貯
溜する。貯溜槽20は、目的とする貯水量を決められた
設置場所に貯溜するために設けられる。槽構造をどのよ
うにするかは基本的に任意である。故に貯水槽20は浸
透濾過槽10の底15になっているスラブに設けられた
通水口18から、濾過されて流入してくる水を溜めて放
流可能な状態とすることができれば良い。19は砕石等
よりも小さいメッシュを持った、通水口18を覆う濾過
手段支持部材を示す。図1参照。
A storage tank 20 is provided below the permeation filtration tank 10.
Is disposed to store the water filtered in the upper osmosis filtration tank 10. The storage tank 20 is provided for storing a target water storage amount in a predetermined installation location. How to configure the tank structure is basically arbitrary. Therefore, the water storage tank 20 only needs to be in a state where the water that has been filtered and flows in from the water inlet 18 provided in the slab at the bottom 15 of the permeation filtration tank 10 can be collected and discharged. Reference numeral 19 denotes a filtering means support member having a mesh smaller than the crushed stone or the like and covering the water passage 18. See FIG.
【0013】図示の実施例では、暗渠を構成する門の字
形の、カルバートと呼ばれる単位部材22を基礎構21
上に設置して貯溜槽20を形成している。また、基礎構
21は貯溜槽20の傾斜底面を構成している。単位部材
22は門字形のものが連続空間を形成するように1列に
並べられており、それを3列、間隔を置いて配列し、そ
の列間にスラブ(15)を設置、ほぼ5列分に相当する
容量の貯溜槽20を形成している。図3参照。各単位部
材22には連通口23が設けられており、貯水槽全体で
水位が一定に保たれるようになっている。
In the embodiment shown in the figure, a unit member 22 called a culvert, which has a shape of a gate constituting a culvert, is connected to a base structure 21.
The storage tank 20 is formed by being installed on the top. The base structure 21 forms the inclined bottom surface of the storage tank 20. The unit members 22 are arranged in a row so that the gate-shaped ones form a continuous space. They are arranged in three rows at intervals, and slabs (15) are installed between the rows, and almost five rows are provided. A storage tank 20 having a capacity equivalent to a minute is formed. See FIG. Each unit member 22 is provided with a communication port 23 so that the water level is kept constant throughout the water storage tank.
【0014】24は浸透濾過槽10の底15であるスラ
ブの受け段部、25、26は門字形単位部材22の列の
最外端を封じる端壁を示す。水は集水路11から流入し
て放流管29より放流されるが、下流側の端壁26には
沈砂槽27とポンプ室28とが設けられ、そこに濾過さ
れた水を放流することができるポンプ30が装備され
る。31は、点検口としてのマンホールであり、各カル
バート列に1箇所設けられる。
Reference numeral 24 denotes a receiving step of the slab which is the bottom 15 of the permeation filtration tank 10, and reference numerals 25 and 26 denote end walls which seal the outermost ends of the row of the gate-shaped unit members 22. Although water flows in from the water collecting channel 11 and is discharged from the discharge pipe 29, a sand settling tank 27 and a pump chamber 28 are provided on the downstream end wall 26, and the filtered water can be discharged there. A pump 30 is provided. Reference numeral 31 denotes a manhole as an inspection port, which is provided at one place in each culvert row.
【0015】このような本発明に係る濾過式貯水槽装置
Aには、その真上にもたらされる主として雨や雪等の降
水(表面水)と、集水路11からもたらされる流入水と
が集められる。表面水は表土17から地中へ浸透し、さ
らに濾過手段12によって濾過されることとなる。流入
水は集水路11から一旦前濾過槽14に流入し、予め汚
れが或る程度除去された状態となった上で濾過手段12
へ送られ、表面水とともに濾過される。その間浸透濾過
槽10及び貯溜槽20は調整池としての機能を発揮す
る。
In the filtration type water storage tank device A according to the present invention, precipitation (surface water) such as rain and snow mainly brought directly above the water storage device A and inflow water coming from the water collecting channel 11 are collected. . The surface water permeates into the ground from the topsoil 17 and is further filtered by the filtering means 12. The inflow water once flows into the pre-filtration tank 14 from the water collecting channel 11, and after a certain degree of dirt has been removed in advance, the filtration means 12
And filtered with surface water. During that time, the permeation filtration tank 10 and the storage tank 20 function as a regulating pond.
【0016】故に、表面水は浸透濾過槽10全体による
濾過作用を受けて、同槽下部に配置された貯溜槽20へ
通水口18から流入して貯溜された貯溜槽20へ通水口
18から流入して貯溜される。一方の流入水は事前に前
濾過槽14による濾過のち、濾過手段12で表面水に合
流し通水口18より貯溜槽20へ溜められることとな
る。このため雑排水が混入するおそれがある場合であっ
ても、2段階の濾過を経て貯溜される水は十分に濾過さ
れており、飲用以外の用途に利用可能であり非常に利用
価値の高いものとなる。
Therefore, the surface water is filtered by the entire permeation filtration tank 10 and flows into the storage tank 20 disposed at the lower part of the permeation filtration tank 10 through the water passage port 18 and flows into the stored storage tank 20 through the water passage port 18. It is stored. One of the inflow waters is filtered by the pre-filtration tank 14 in advance, then merges with the surface water by the filtration means 12, and is stored in the storage tank 20 through the water passage 18. For this reason, even if there is a risk of contamination by miscellaneous wastewater, the water stored through the two-stage filtration is sufficiently filtered and can be used for purposes other than drinking and is of very high utility value. Becomes
【0017】[0017]
【発明の効果】本発明は以上の如く構成されかつ作用す
るものであり、上下2槽式として上部の浸透濾過槽によ
り表面水を濾過する一方、併設の集水路から流入させた
流入水を浸透濾過槽の濾過手段に導き、夫々濾過した上
で貯溜槽へ利用価値の高い水として溜めておく調整池に
利用することができるという効果があり、防火用水とし
ては勿論のこと、撒水等地上環境への給水一般、その他
各種の用途に利用でき、かつ地表上は緑地やグラウンド
に活用することができるという効果を奏する。
According to the present invention, the surface water is filtered by the upper permeation filtration tank as an upper and lower two-tank type, while the inflow water flowing from the associated water collecting channel is permeated. There is an effect that it can be used as a regulating pond that guides to the filtration means of the filtration tank and stores it as high-value water in the storage tank after filtering each. It can be used for general water supply and other various uses, and can be used for green spaces and grounds on the ground surface.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】本発明に係る濾過式貯水槽装置の1実施例を示
す平面図。
FIG. 1 is a plan view showing one embodiment of a filtration type water storage tank device according to the present invention.
【図2】図1の例の正面断面図。FIG. 2 is a front sectional view of the example of FIG. 1;
【図3】図1の例の右側面図。FIG. 3 is a right side view of the example of FIG. 1;
【図4】図1の例の左側面図。FIG. 4 is a left side view of the example of FIG. 1;

Claims (3)

    (57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 地表下に設置され、水を貯溜しまた放流
    可能な貯水槽装置であって、地表の水が浸透して濾過さ
    れるとともに、集水路の水が導入、濾過されるように
    水管を設置した浸透濾過槽と、浸透濾過槽の下部に配置
    され、浸透濾過槽で濾過された水を貯溜するために、暗
    渠を構成する複数の単位部材からなる貯溜槽と、貯溜槽
    に貯溜された水を放流する放流管とからなり、集水路と
    導水管との間に、事前に集水路からの水を濾過する前濾
    過槽を設置したことを特徴とする濾過式貯水槽装置。
    1. A water storage tank device installed under the surface of a ground, capable of storing and discharging water, wherein the water of the surface of the water is permeated and filtered, and the water of a collecting channel is introduced and filtered. Guidance
    An osmotic filtration tank equipped with a water pipe, and a dark filter placed in the lower part of the osmosis filtration tank to store water filtered by the osmosis filtration tank.
    A storage tank comprising a plurality of unit members constituting a culvert, and a storage tank
    Discharge tube Toka Rana to discharge the water stored in is, and the current waterway
    Pre-filtration between the headrace and the water pipe
    A filtration type water storage tank device comprising a super tank .
  2. 【請求項2】 貯溜槽が浸透濾過槽の直下に設置されて
    おり、浸透濾過槽の底面が貯溜槽の天井面を形成してい
    て、そこに、濾過された水を貯水槽へ流入させる通水口
    が設けられている請求項1記載の濾過式貯水槽装置。
    2. A storage tank is provided immediately below an osmosis filtration tank, and a bottom surface of the osmosis filtration tank forms a ceiling surface of the storage tank, through which a filtered water flows into the storage tank. The filtration type water storage tank device according to claim 1, wherein a water port is provided.
  3. 【請求項3】 浸透濾過槽は下部の貯溜槽天井面のスラ
    ブを底とするトレンチに濾過手段を充填し、吸出防止材
    の上を表土で覆い、緑地やグラウンドとして利用可能と
    した構造を有する請求項1又は2記載の濾過式貯水槽装
    置。
    3. The infiltration filtration tank has a structure in which a filtration means is filled in a trench having a slab at the bottom of a lower storage tank ceiling surface, and a top surface is covered on a suction prevention material so that it can be used as a green space or a ground. filtration type reservoir apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein.
JP3954898A 1998-02-05 1998-02-05 Filtration type water storage tank device Expired - Lifetime JP2915389B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3954898A JP2915389B1 (en) 1998-02-05 1998-02-05 Filtration type water storage tank device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3954898A JP2915389B1 (en) 1998-02-05 1998-02-05 Filtration type water storage tank device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2915389B1 true JP2915389B1 (en) 1999-07-05
JPH11222905A JPH11222905A (en) 1999-08-17

Family

ID=12556121

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP3954898A Expired - Lifetime JP2915389B1 (en) 1998-02-05 1998-02-05 Filtration type water storage tank device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2915389B1 (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100501015C (en) * 2006-09-22 2009-06-17 董国良 Urban underground water supply system for rain water collection and pavement flood prevention
JP2008231704A (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-10-02 Furukawa Electric Co Ltd:The Rainwater storage facility
JP4936955B2 (en) * 2007-03-30 2012-05-23 一般社団法人地下貯水工法協会 Rainwater temporary storage tank
JP5202210B2 (en) * 2008-09-25 2013-06-05 一般社団法人地下貯水工法協会 Underground water tank
CN103541421B (en) * 2013-10-17 2015-08-26 广东圣腾科技股份有限公司 A kind of Novel rainwater intercepts water and oozes row's integral system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH11222905A (en) 1999-08-17

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