JP2760042B2 - Fruit supply device to weighing box in fruit sorting facility - Google Patents

Fruit supply device to weighing box in fruit sorting facility

Info

Publication number
JP2760042B2
JP2760042B2 JP1113503A JP11350389A JP2760042B2 JP 2760042 B2 JP2760042 B2 JP 2760042B2 JP 1113503 A JP1113503 A JP 1113503A JP 11350389 A JP11350389 A JP 11350389A JP 2760042 B2 JP2760042 B2 JP 2760042B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
conveyor
box
guide
weighing
fruit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
JP1113503A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH02296618A (en
Inventor
仁志 藤野
Original Assignee
井関農機株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 井関農機株式会社 filed Critical 井関農機株式会社
Priority to JP1113503A priority Critical patent/JP2760042B2/en
Publication of JPH02296618A publication Critical patent/JPH02296618A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2760042B2 publication Critical patent/JP2760042B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 〔産業上の利用分野〕 この発明は、選果施設における秤量箱詰部への果実供
給装置に関する。
Description: TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to an apparatus for supplying fruits to a weighing box in a fruit sorting facility.
〔従来技術及び発明が解決しようとする課題〕[Problems to be solved by the prior art and the invention]
選果施設において、選別された果実等を規定重量毎に
空ダンボール箱に詰めるために、秤量機上の当該空箱へ
の供給コンベアとして、巾広の大出し用ベルトコンベア
と、巾狭の小出し用ベルトコンベアとを並設して、上記
規定重量近くまでは(例えば15kg詰めにおいて14.5k
g)、両ベルトコンベアで果実を供給し、残り僅かの分
は大出しベルトコンベアによる供給を遮断して、小出し
ベルトコンベアのみの供給によって、微量供給に切替え
るものとしている。
At the sorting facility, in order to pack selected fruits etc. into empty cardboard boxes for each specified weight, as a supply conveyor to the empty boxes on the weighing machine, a wide large-size belt conveyor and a narrow width dispenser Up to the specified weight (for example, 14.5k when packed 15kg)
g) The fruits are supplied by both belt conveyors, and the remaining small amount is cut off by the large-size belt conveyor, and the supply is switched to the small amount by supplying only the small-size belt conveyor.
ところが、このような形態では、一時期に選別果実の
量が集中したときには、小出しベルトコンベアによる微
量供給を統制できないで、規定重量を超えて箱詰めされ
ることとなり、精度のばらつきを生じ易い。
However, in such a mode, when the amount of sorted fruits is concentrated at one time, the supply of a small amount by the dispensing belt conveyor cannot be controlled, and the fruits are packed in a box exceeding a specified weight, which tends to cause variation in accuracy.
また、小出しベルトコンベア受入口と大出しベルトコ
ンベア受入口とが共に引出コンベア排出部にのぞむ一定
の関係にあって、それらの口幅によって搬送しうる選別
物の量が限られるから、引出コンベアによる移送物量に
変動がある場合には、特に小出しベルトコンベア面への
乗継ぎ量にむらが生じて規定重量に達する時間にばらつ
きを生じて、作業能率を低下させる。
In addition, since the small-size belt conveyor receiving port and the large-size belt conveyor receiving port are both in a fixed relationship with respect to the draw-out conveyor discharge section, the amount of sorted materials that can be conveyed is limited by their mouth widths. When there is a variation in the amount of the conveyed material, the amount of transfer to the dispensing belt conveyor surface becomes uneven, and the time required to reach the specified weight varies, thereby lowering the work efficiency.
〔課題を解決するための手段〕[Means for solving the problem]
この発明は上記の欠点を解消しようとし、選別コンベ
ア4からの選別物を受けて移送する引出コンベア7の終
端部と秤量箱詰部19との間に、該秤量箱詰部19の箱Aに
向けて案内するための案内機構9を設けるに、上記引出
コンベア7の終端側に予備箱Bへの落下空間Lを隔てて
少なくとも2つの案内面a,bを備えると共に、このうち
下手側の案内面bを起立姿勢に切り替える切替手段とこ
の起立案内面bと上記上手側案内面aとの谷間部分に幅
方向に一個並びの選別物を当該幅方向に送る横送り機構
とを備え、上記引出コンベア7からの選別物を落下空間
Lを越えて箱Aに供給する全量供給状態と、上記引出コ
ンベア7からの選別物のうち過剰分を落下空間Lから落
下させながら箱Aには一個あて供給する微量供給状態と
に切り替わる構成としてなる選果施設における秤量箱詰
部への果実供給装置の構成とする。
The present invention is intended to solve the above-mentioned drawback, and is provided between the terminal portion of the draw-out conveyor 7 for receiving and transferring the sorted material from the sorting conveyor 4 and the weighing boxing portion 19 in the box A of the weighing boxing portion 19. In order to provide a guide mechanism 9 for guiding toward the end, at least two guide surfaces a and b are provided at the end side of the draw-out conveyor 7 with a drop space L to the spare box B therebetween, and the lower side guide is provided. Switching means for switching the surface b to the upright posture, and a transverse feed mechanism for sending one sorted product in the width direction at a valley portion between the upright guide surface b and the upper guide surface a; A state in which the sorted material from the conveyor 7 is supplied to the box A across the falling space L, and one of the sorted materials from the draw-out conveyor 7 is supplied to the box A while dropping the excess from the falling space L. As a configuration that switches to a small supply state The structure of the fruit supply device to the weighing box in the fruit sorting facility will be adopted.
〔発明の作用及び効果〕[Functions and Effects of the Invention]
選別コンベア4からの選別物は引出コンベア7によっ
て移送されるが、始めは案内機構9の案内面a及びbを
もって全量供給状態にあって、その全量が秤量箱詰部19
で待機する空箱A内に供給され、所定重量に達すると、
下手側案内面bの起立と小出しベルトコンベア10のよう
な横送り機構の作動によって、上手側案内面aで受ける
選別物を横送りしながら箱Aに供給する微量供給状態に
切り替わり、殊に過剰の選別物は上手側案内面aを超え
て後続の予備箱B内に案内落下しうるものとなって、横
送り機構による供給が確実となり秤量精度が向上するも
のである。
Sorted materials from the sorting conveyor 4 are transported by the draw-out conveyor 7, but are initially in a fully supplied state with the guide surfaces a and b of the guide mechanism 9, and the entire amount is in the weighing box 19.
Is supplied into the empty box A waiting at
By erecting the lower guide surface b and operating a traverse mechanism such as the dispensing belt conveyor 10, the state is switched to a small supply state in which the sorted material received on the upper guide surface a is supplied to the box A while being traversed, and particularly excessively. Can be guided and dropped into the subsequent spare box B beyond the upper guide surface a, so that the feeding by the transverse feed mechanism is ensured and the weighing accuracy is improved.
また、上手側案内面aの幅は引出コンベアの出口幅に
略等しく設定でき、上記横送りは間断なく行われるか
ら、微量供給状態が長期化しないため、作業能率の低下
がない。
In addition, the width of the upper guide surface a can be set substantially equal to the exit width of the draw-out conveyor, and the above-mentioned lateral feed is performed without interruption.
〔実施例〕〔Example〕
この発明の一実施例を図面に基づき説明する。 An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
図は例えば被選別物としての馬鈴薯の選別施設を示
し、第1図において、1は荷受部、2は等級評価員によ
る等級選別部、3は整列供給部、4は選別コンベアであ
る。この選別コンベア4の始端側には、CCDカメラのよ
うな形状検出器5を設け、かつこのコンベア4の途中部
から排出部にわたり分級部6,6…を複数個所に設定し、
これら各分級部に対応すべくベルト形態の被出コンベア
7,7…を配設している。
FIG. 1 shows, for example, a potato sorting facility as a sorting object. In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a receiving unit, 2 denotes a grade sorting unit by a grade evaluator, 3 denotes an alignment feeding unit, and 4 denotes a sorting conveyor. A shape detector 5 such as a CCD camera is provided at the starting end side of the sorting conveyor 4, and classifiers 6, 6,... Are set at a plurality of places from a middle part of the conveyor 4 to a discharge part.
Belt-type conveyer that can be used for each classifier
7,7… are arranged.
上記被出移送コンベア7の終端排出部には、固定のシ
ュート8を設け、適宜間隔L隔てて次のような案内機構
9を有する。即ち、移送面aを傾斜状にして駆動によっ
て上記引出コンベア7とは直交する方向に移行しうる小
出しベルトコンベア10と、移送面bを上記移送面aに接
続する状態に傾斜状に設ける切替え板11とからなり、こ
のうち小出しベルトコンベア10は後記秤量機の所定計量
信号を受けて駆動状態に切り替わり、切替え板11は該所
定計量信号を受けて上端部の支軸12まわりに回動して起
立姿勢に切り替える切替手段を構成している。
A fixed chute 8 is provided at the end discharge section of the above-mentioned transfer conveyor 7, and a guide mechanism 9 as described below is provided at appropriate intervals L. That is, a dispensing belt conveyor 10 capable of moving the transfer surface a in an inclined shape and moving in a direction perpendicular to the pull-out conveyor 7 by driving, and a switching plate provided in an inclined shape so that the transfer surface b is connected to the transfer surface a. The dispensing belt conveyor 10 receives the predetermined weighing signal from the weighing machine, and switches to the driving state.The switching plate 11 receives the predetermined weighing signal and rotates around the support shaft 12 at the upper end. The switching means for switching to the standing posture is configured.
13は後記予備箱上部にのぞませて設ける固定の分岐
板、14は小出しベルトコンベアによる移送終端部下方に
のぞませて設ける固定の小出しシュート、15はこの小出
しシュート14に連設すべく設けられる副シュートで、秤
量箱詰部からの規定重量計量信号を受けて支軸16まわり
に回動する構成である。
13 is a fixed branch plate provided in the upper part of the spare box described later, 14 is a fixed dispensing chute provided below the end of the transfer by the dispensing belt conveyor, and 15 is provided to be connected to the dispensing chute 14 The auxiliary chute is configured to rotate around the support shaft 16 in response to a specified weight measurement signal from the weighing box.
19は秤量箱詰部であって、台秤20上に載置される空箱
に上記切替え板11の終端側がのぞみうる構成としてい
る。
Reference numeral 19 denotes a weighing box, which has a configuration in which the end side of the switching plate 11 can be viewed from an empty box placed on the platform scale 20.
21は配函コンベアで、空函を順次移送し、計量箱詰部
19の箱Aへの所定量充填の計量信号を受けることによる
押出アーム(図示せず)の作動によってこの計量箱詰部
19側に順次繰出すものであり、選別物を所定量充填され
た箱は空箱の押出作用を受けて搬送コンベア22側に送り
出される。尚、台秤20上の空箱の直後部には、予備箱B
が接近して待機できるよう上記配函コンベア、押出アー
ムを連動しうる構成としている。
21 is a box conveyor, which sequentially transports empty boxes,
The operation of an extruding arm (not shown) by receiving a weighing signal for filling a predetermined amount into the box A of 19 causes the weighing box part to be operated.
The box filled with a predetermined amount of the sorted material is sent out to the conveyor 22 side by receiving the empty box pushing action. In addition, immediately after the empty box on the platform scale 20, a spare box B
The box conveyor and the extruding arm can be linked to each other so that they can approach and stand by.
上例の作用について説明する。 The operation of the above example will be described.
荷受された馬鈴薯は、等級選別部2において等級評価
員により外観検査され秀・優等の等級別に選り分けられ
る。この分けられた状態を維持しながら次段の整列供給
部3では一列に揃えられる。
The received potatoes are visually inspected by a grade evaluator in a grade sorting section 2 and sorted according to grades such as excellent and honor. While maintaining the divided state, they are aligned in a line in the next stage of the alignment supply unit 3.
上記の馬鈴薯は選別コンベア4に供給されるが、その
始端側にある形状検出器5によって外径形状が検出され
る。各馬鈴薯毎に検出された検出信号は図外のコントロ
ーラーに入力され、どの分級部6,6…に動作信号を出力
すべきかを演算し、選別コンベア4からの排出機構を動
作させる。
The above potato is supplied to the sorting conveyor 4, and the outer diameter shape is detected by the shape detector 5 at the start end side. The detection signal detected for each potato is input to a controller (not shown), which calculates which classification unit 6, 6... Should output an operation signal, and operates the discharge mechanism from the sorting conveyor 4.
選別コンベア4からの馬鈴薯は、引出コンベア7に受
けられて移送され、シュート8を流下し空間Lを超えて
案内機構9にいたる。この案内機構9部において、小出
しベルトコンベア10は非駆動状態にあり、かつ切替え板
11は傾斜状の姿勢にあり(第2図中実線)、馬鈴薯は小
出しベルトコンベア10の移送面a、及び切替え板11の移
送面bによってその全量が台秤20上の空箱に供給され
る。
The potatoes from the sorting conveyor 4 are received and transferred by the draw-out conveyor 7, flow down the chute 8, reach the guide mechanism 9 over the space L. In this guide mechanism 9, the dispensing belt conveyor 10 is in a non-driving state, and the switching plate
Numeral 11 is inclined (solid line in FIG. 2), and the entire amount of potato is supplied to the empty box on the platform scale 20 by the transfer surface a of the dispensing belt conveyor 10 and the transfer surface b of the switching plate 11.
台秤20上の箱Aへの充填が進み、出荷すべき規定重量
(例えば10kg)よりもやや少ない所定重量(例えば9.5k
g)に達すると、コントローラから計量切替え信号が出
力される。この計量切替え信号を受けて案内機構9は微
量供給状態に切替えられるもので、即ち、小出しベルト
コンベア10は駆動状態に切り替わり、切替え板11も支軸
12まわりに回動して起立姿勢に変更される(第2図中仮
想線)。
The filling of the box A on the platform scale 20 proceeds, and a predetermined weight (for example, 9.5 k) slightly smaller than a specified weight (for example, 10 kg) to be shipped.
When g) is reached, the controller outputs a weighing changeover signal. In response to the weighing switching signal, the guide mechanism 9 is switched to the small supply state, that is, the dispensing belt conveyor 10 is switched to the driving state, and the switching plate 11 is also pivoted.
It turns around 12 and changes to the standing posture (the virtual line in FIG. 2).
これによって、シュート8からの選別物は切替え板11
で一旦受けられ、この切替え板11と小出しベルトコンベ
ア10の移送面aとの間の谷間部分に至る選別物はベルト
コンベア10の駆動に伴う移送作用を受けて横送りされ、
小出しシュート14及び副シュート15を介して台秤20上の
箱A内に供給されることとなるが、移送面aは引出コン
ベア7の略排出部幅に等しく設定でき、作業効率の低下
を来さない。なお該ベルトコンベア10の巾は選別物の1
個が乗り得るだけの寸法に設定され、次々供給される選
別物が過剰となると移送途中の選別物に衝突する等しい
落下空間Lから分岐板14を介して後続する予備箱B内に
供給される。このため、微量供給状態にあっても供給量
を制限する必要がなく作業効率を高める。
As a result, the selection from the chute 8 is switched to the switching plate 11.
Once, and the sorted material reaching the valley portion between the switching plate 11 and the transfer surface a of the dispensing belt conveyor 10 is laterally fed by the transfer operation accompanying the driving of the belt conveyor 10,
It is supplied into the box A on the platform scale 20 through the dispensing chute 14 and the sub-chute 15, but the transfer surface a can be set to be substantially equal to the width of the discharge portion of the draw-out conveyer 7, resulting in a decrease in working efficiency. Absent. The width of the belt conveyor 10 is 1
The size is set to a size that allows the individual to ride on, and if the sorted material supplied one after another becomes excessive, it is supplied from the equal falling space L which collides with the sorted material in the middle of transfer via the branch plate 14 into the subsequent spare box B. . For this reason, it is not necessary to limit the supply amount even in the small supply state, and the work efficiency is improved.
秤量箱詰部19からの計量信号によって充填量が規定重
量に達すると、箱は繰出交換され充填された箱Aは搬送
コンベア上に、予備箱Bは台秤20上の正規の位置に至
る。又、該信号によって、引出コンベア7及び小出しベ
ルトコンベア10はその駆動が停止され、副シュート15は
支軸16まわりに回動して(第3図中仮想線)、選別物は
その位置に停滞する。
When the filling amount reaches the specified weight by the weighing signal from the weighing boxing unit 19, the boxes are fed out and replaced, and the filled box A reaches the regular position on the conveyor conveyor and the spare box B reaches the regular position on the platform scale 20. In addition, the drive of the draw-out conveyor 7 and the dispensing belt conveyor 10 is stopped by the signal, the sub-chute 15 rotates around the support shaft 16 (the imaginary line in FIG. 3), and the sorted material stays at that position. I do.
第4図及び第5図は別実施例を示し、案内機構9とし
て、分岐板を兼用し移送面aを形成する山型の固定板24
と、ベルトコンベア形態で移送面bを持つ小出しコンベ
ア25とからなるもので、該小出しコンベア25は規定重量
に近い所定重量に達すると第5図のように起立姿勢に切
り替わり非駆動状態から横送り可能な駆動状態に切り替
わる構成である。
FIGS. 4 and 5 show another embodiment, in which the guide mechanism 9 is a mountain-shaped fixing plate 24 which also serves as a branch plate and forms a transfer surface a.
And a dispensing conveyor 25 having a transfer surface b in the form of a belt conveyor. When the dispensing conveyor 25 reaches a predetermined weight close to a specified weight, the dispensing conveyor 25 switches to an upright posture as shown in FIG. This is a configuration that switches to a possible driving state.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
図はこの発明の一実施例を示すもので、第1図は全体平
面図、第2図は要部の側面図、第3図はその正面図、第
4図,第5図は別実施例を示す側面図である。 図中、4は選別コンベア,7,7…は引出コンベア,8はシュ
ート,9は案内機構,10は小出しベルトコンベア,11は切替
え板,12は支軸,13は分岐板,14は小出しシュート,15は副
シュート,19は秤量箱詰部,20は台秤を示す。
1 shows an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 1 is an overall plan view, FIG. 2 is a side view of a main part, FIG. 3 is a front view thereof, and FIGS. FIG. In the figure, 4 is a sorting conveyor, 7 and 7 are draw-out conveyors, 8 is a chute, 9 is a guide mechanism, 10 is a dispensing belt conveyor, 11 is a switching plate, 12 is a spindle, 13 is a branch plate, and 14 is a dispensing chute. , 15 is a sub-chute, 19 is a weighing box, and 20 is a platform scale.

Claims (1)

    (57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】選別コンベア4からの選別物を受けて移送
    する引出コンベア7の終端部と秤量箱詰部19との間に、
    該秤量箱詰部19の箱Aに向けて案内するための案内機構
    9を設けるに、上記引出コンベア7の終端側に予備箱B
    への落下空間Lを隔てて少なくとも2つの案内面a,bを
    備えると共に、このうち下手側の案内面bを起立姿勢に
    切り替える切替手段とこの起立案内面bと上記上手側案
    内面aとの谷間部分に幅方向に一個並びの選別物を当該
    幅方向に送る横送り機構とを備え、上記引出コンベア7
    からの選別物を落下空間Lを越えて箱Aに供給する全量
    供給状態と、上記引出コンベア7からの選別物のうち過
    剰分を落下空間Lから落下させながら箱Aには一個あて
    供給する微量供給状態とに切り替わる構成としてなる選
    果施設における秤量箱詰部への果実供給装置。
    1. A weighing box 19 is provided between a terminal portion of a draw-out conveyor 7 for receiving and transferring sorted materials from a sorting conveyor 4 and a weighing boxing portion 19.
    In order to provide a guide mechanism 9 for guiding the weighing box 19 toward the box A, a spare box B is provided at the end of the drawer 7.
    And at least two guide surfaces a and b separated by a falling space L, and a switching means for switching the lower guide surface b to the upright posture, and a switch between the upright guide surface b and the upper guide surface a. A traverse mechanism for feeding one sorted product in the width direction in the width direction at the valley portion;
    And a small amount of one of the selected materials from the draw-out conveyor 7 supplied to the box A while dropping an excess of the selected material from the draw-out conveyor 7 from the falling space L. A fruit supply device to a weighing box in a fruit sorting facility configured to switch to a supply state.
JP1113503A 1989-05-01 1989-05-01 Fruit supply device to weighing box in fruit sorting facility Expired - Lifetime JP2760042B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1113503A JP2760042B2 (en) 1989-05-01 1989-05-01 Fruit supply device to weighing box in fruit sorting facility

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1113503A JP2760042B2 (en) 1989-05-01 1989-05-01 Fruit supply device to weighing box in fruit sorting facility

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH02296618A JPH02296618A (en) 1990-12-07
JP2760042B2 true JP2760042B2 (en) 1998-05-28

Family

ID=14613976

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP1113503A Expired - Lifetime JP2760042B2 (en) 1989-05-01 1989-05-01 Fruit supply device to weighing box in fruit sorting facility

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2760042B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0542103U (en) * 1991-11-08 1993-06-08 有限会社武藤選果機製作所 Packing equipment for agricultural products
US9126758B2 (en) 2010-10-06 2015-09-08 Hamish Alexander Nigel Kennedy Arrangements for transferring articles

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5536177B2 (en) * 1974-12-27 1980-09-19
JPS6445216A (en) * 1987-08-12 1989-02-17 Iseki Agricult Mach Boxing device for fruit

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH02296618A (en) 1990-12-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5596865A (en) Method for the removal and the further processing of tablets or pills or the like derived from a tablet press and a device for performing the method
US3416619A (en) Means and method for rapidly filling receptacles
US4284187A (en) Automatic packing line
DD295326A5 (en) Method and device for the successive feeding of flat products
NL8901083A (en) Method and apparatus for disposal of packed products through a cross-conveyor.
US4336873A (en) Apparatus for transporting cigarettes from a supply stack to a packaging machine
US5848725A (en) Picking apparatus
JP2003214936A (en) Combination weighing apparatus
JP2760042B2 (en) Fruit supply device to weighing box in fruit sorting facility
JPH063182A (en) Apparatus and method for weighing and distribution
US20020134056A1 (en) Packaging apparatus and method
EP0519566B1 (en) Packaging device
US3976085A (en) Automatic cigarette feed machine
CN110789798A (en) Product packaging line
US3627101A (en) Conveyor arrangement for feeding articles in discrete and bulk fashion
JP5188102B2 (en) Boxing equipment
CN212710089U (en) Automatic weighing and packaging machine
JP2021080049A (en) Article feeder and measuring system comprising the same
JP2903783B2 (en) Quantitative feeding device in automatic packaging machine
JP3611914B2 (en) Weighing box packing equipment
JPH0815890B2 (en) Fruit feeding device for weighing and packing parts in a fruit sorting facility
JPWO2020003407A1 (en) Combination weighing device
JP2564915Y2 (en) Fruit and vegetable box weighing device
JP2020098172A (en) Combinational weighing device
JP2021080050A (en) Article feeder and measuring system comprising the same