JP2533531B2 - Assembly method for walls, ceilings, etc. - Google Patents

Assembly method for walls, ceilings, etc.

Info

Publication number
JP2533531B2
JP2533531B2 JP62098621A JP9862187A JP2533531B2 JP 2533531 B2 JP2533531 B2 JP 2533531B2 JP 62098621 A JP62098621 A JP 62098621A JP 9862187 A JP9862187 A JP 9862187A JP 2533531 B2 JP2533531 B2 JP 2533531B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
board
receiving
bracket
fitting
attached
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP62098621A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPS63265062A (en
Inventor
吉夫 関谷
収二 秋元
秀彦 松本
Original Assignee
株式会社アスク
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 株式会社アスク filed Critical 株式会社アスク
Priority to JP62098621A priority Critical patent/JP2533531B2/en
Publication of JPS63265062A publication Critical patent/JPS63265062A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2533531B2 publication Critical patent/JP2533531B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 産業上の利用分野 この発明は構築物の壁や天井等の組立工法、特にボー
ドに切削、孔明加工を加えないで形成する構築物の壁、
天井等に関するものである。
Description: TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a method for assembling a wall or ceiling of a structure, particularly a wall of a structure formed by not cutting or drilling a board,
It relates to the ceiling, etc.

従来の技術 従来、構築物における壁や天井等の組立工法におい
て、ボードに切削、孔明加工を加えずに取り付けるに
は、予め工場にて所要枚数のボードを特別な枠にて枠組
みして所定寸法のパネルを形成したり、ボード単体を枠
組みしたパネルを現場に運んで特別な取付手段をもって
建て込む工法が知られている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, in an assembly method for a wall or ceiling in a structure, in order to attach the board without cutting or drilling, the required number of boards should be framed in advance with a special frame in the factory. There is known a method of forming a panel or carrying a panel, which is a frame of a single board, to a site and building it with a special mounting means.

発明が解決しようとする問題点 しかし、この様な組立工法では予め工場でパネルを組
み立て製作するので、製作工程が増加し、また特殊な寸
法が必要な場合には所要の寸法の枠を準備しなければな
らず、ボード一枚当たりの重量が軽くても複数枚のボー
ドを枠組みするために一つのパネル当たりの重量が重く
なり、且つ形状が大きくなるために運搬が大変となる。
また、現場において建て込む場合に建て込み精度を要す
るために熟練を要し、パネル化による重量増大や形状の
大形化に伴って取り付けに要する作業員数が多くなると
共に重機が必要となり、且つ重機を操作する特殊作業員
も必要となり、大きくて重いパネルを固定するための特
別な固定用の取付金具が必要となる等の問題点がみられ
る。更に、取り付けられたパネルの一部のボードが破損
した場合は、隣接するボードの2次破損も考えられ、破
損部の取り替えはパネル全体を下地材から取り外し、枠
組を解体して破損部を取り替えなければならず、且つ修
復時には新設時同様の問題を生じる。
Problems to be Solved by the Invention However, in such an assembling method, the panels are assembled and manufactured in advance in the factory, so the number of manufacturing steps increases, and if a special dimension is required, prepare a frame with the required dimension. Even if the weight of one board is light, the weight of one panel is heavy due to the framework of a plurality of boards, and the shape is large, which makes the transportation difficult.
In addition, it requires skill to build on site and requires skill, and the number of workers required for installation increases as the panel increases in weight and the shape increases, and heavy equipment is required. There is also a problem that a special worker for operating the panel is required, and a special fixing metal fitting for fixing a large and heavy panel is required. In addition, if some of the boards on the attached panel are damaged, secondary damage to adjacent boards is also possible. To replace the damaged part, remove the entire panel from the base material, dismantle the frame, and replace the damaged part. It has to be done, and when repairing it causes the same problems as when newly installing.

従って、この発明の目的は、この様な従来における問
題点を解決するために、現場におけるボードの取り付け
が簡単で且つ迅速に行うことが出来ると共に、施工期間
を短縮して十分な安定した強度を有し、取付精度を向上
させた構築物の壁や天井等の組立工法を提供することに
ある。
Therefore, the object of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned problems in the conventional art, so that the board can be easily and quickly mounted on site, and the construction period can be shortened to provide a sufficiently stable strength. Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for assembling a building wall, ceiling, etc. that has improved mounting accuracy.

問題点を解決するための手段 上述の目的を達成するために、この発明の壁、天井等
の組立工法は、ボードの一側が嵌め込まれる嵌め込み部
と隣接のボードの他側を受ける受け部とを有する受金具
を構築物の下地材に取付け、ボードの一側を受金具の嵌
め込み部に嵌め込んで固定し、ボードの他側を別の受金
具の受け部にて受けて受キャップで仮締固定し、受金具
を挟んで上下にボードが取付けられたときに受キャップ
を本締めしてボードを固定し、順次ボードを下地材の受
金具にて固定して壁や天井を形成するようにしたもので
ある。
Means for Solving the Problems In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the method for assembling a wall, a ceiling, etc. according to the present invention includes a fitting portion into which one side of the board is fitted and a receiving portion which receives the other side of the adjacent board. Attach the receiving bracket that you have to the base material of the construction, fit one side of the board into the fitting part of the receiving bracket and fix it, receive the other side of the board with the receiving part of another receiving bracket and temporarily tighten with the receiving cap Then, when the boards were mounted on the top and bottom with the receiving bracket sandwiched, the receiving cap was fully tightened to fix the board, and the board was sequentially fixed with the receiving bracket of the base material to form the wall or ceiling. It is a thing.

作用 従って、この発明は上述の手段によって、嵌め込み部
と受け部を有する受金具を下地材に取り付け、この受金
具の嵌め込み部にボードの一側を嵌め込み、受金具の受
け部にボードの他側を当てゝ受キャップで先ず仮締固定
し、次いで隣接のボードも同様にして仮締固定して先の
仮締した受キャップを本締めしてボードを取り付け、こ
の様な仮締めと本締めとを順次繰り返し行ってボードを
取り付けることが出来るものである。
Therefore, according to the present invention, by the means described above, the receiving metal fitting having the fitting portion and the receiving portion is attached to the base material, one side of the board is fitted in the fitting portion of the receiving metal fitting, and the other side of the board is fitted in the receiving portion of the receiving metal fitting. First, temporarily fix the receiving cap with the receiving cap, then fix the adjacent boards in the same way, and finally tighten the receiving cap that was temporarily tightened to attach the board. It is possible to attach the board by repeating the procedure in sequence.

この発明の他の目的や特長および利点は以下の添付図
面に沿っての詳細な説明から明らかになろう。
Other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

実 施 例 この発明の壁、天井の組立工法を構築物の下地材に対
して壁を組立てる場合に就いて説明すれば、第1乃至5
図に示される様に、コンクリート壁1にコンクリートア
ンカー3が打ち込まれてアンカーボルト4によってベー
ス金具5が取り付けられ、このベース金具5のボルト6
に胴縁受金具10が調節可能に取り付けられ、胴縁受金具
10に下地材である胴縁8が取付固定されるようになって
いる。コンクリート壁1に打ち込まれるコンクリートア
ンカー3は通常のもので、コンクリートアンカー3と一
体のアンカーボルト4によりこのコンクリートアンカー
3に図示の様な段付き状のベース金具5が取り付けら
れ、ベース金具5に熔接によって固着されたボルト6に
ナット11および回転盤12を介して調節可能にU字形の胴
縁受金具10が取り付けられ、次いでこのU字形の胴縁受
金具10の脚部間に胴縁8が嵌合され、ねじの様な適宣な
手段によって胴縁受金具10の胴部間に胴縁8が固定され
る。
Example The method of assembling a wall and a ceiling according to the present invention will be described in the case of assembling a wall to a base material of a structure.
As shown in the figure, the concrete anchor 3 is driven into the concrete wall 1, the base metal fitting 5 is attached by the anchor bolt 4, and the bolt 6 of the base metal fitting 5 is attached.
Furnishing bracket 10 is adjustably attached to the furring bracket
A furring strip 8, which is a base material, is attached and fixed to 10. The concrete anchor 3 driven into the concrete wall 1 is a normal one, and a stepped base metal fitting 5 as shown in the drawing is attached to the concrete anchor 3 by an anchor bolt 4 integrated with the concrete anchor 3 and welded to the base metal fitting 5. A U-shaped furring strip bracket 10 is adjustably attached to a bolt 6 fixed by means of a nut 11 and a turntable 12, and then a furring strip 8 is formed between legs of the U-shaped furring strip bracket 10. The furring strips 8 are fitted and the furring strips 8 are fixed between the furring strips of the furring strip bracket 10 by a suitable means such as screws.

この様にして一定の間隔を置いて設けられた胴縁8の
下端に、先ず、下端ランナー15(第1、2図)がボルト
16によって取り付けられる。この下端ランナー15は水平
方向に延び、ボード20の下縁が嵌め込まれる嵌め込み部
17が設けられている。この様に胴縁8に取り付けられた
下端ランナー15に対して、取り付けられるべきセラミッ
クやコンクリートボード、或はタイル等の様なボード20
の縦寸法に対応した位置にて、ボード20の上縁を受ける
受金具22がボルト23によって胴縁8に取り付けられる。
この受金具22は第3、4図に示される様に適宣な金属板
を折り曲げてつくられ、下部にボード20の上縁を受ける
ための受け部24が設けられると共に、この受け部24の上
に隣接のボード20の下縁が嵌め込まれる嵌め込み部25が
設けられており、受け部24と嵌め込み部25の間に且つ中
央にねじ孔27が更に設けられている。また、受金具22に
はボルト23のための孔28が設けられていると共にボード
20の下部が当接するための折り曲げ部29が設けられてお
り、受金具22のこれら受け部24と嵌め込み部25と折り曲
げ部29のボード20の当たる部分にはゴムやアスベストや
織布等が設けられるのが好適である。更に、最上段のボ
ード20の上縁を受けるための上端受金具30がボルト31に
より胴縁8に取り付けられる。この上端受金具30(第5
図)はボード20の上縁が嵌め込まれる嵌め込み部32とボ
ード20の上部が当接する折り曲げ部33が設けられてい
る。
At the lower end of the furring strip 8 thus provided at regular intervals, the lower end runner 15 (Figs. 1 and 2) is first bolted.
Mounted by 16. The lower end runner 15 extends in the horizontal direction, and the lower edge of the board 20 is fitted into the fitting portion.
17 are provided. A board 20 such as a ceramic or concrete board or tile to be attached to the lower end runner 15 attached to the furring strip 8 in this manner.
A bracket 22 for receiving the upper edge of the board 20 is attached to the furring strip 8 by a bolt 23 at a position corresponding to the vertical dimension of the board.
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the bracket 22 is made by bending an appropriate metal plate, and a receiving portion 24 for receiving the upper edge of the board 20 is provided in the lower portion of the receiving metal 24. A fitting portion 25 into which the lower edge of the adjacent board 20 is fitted is provided on the top, and a screw hole 27 is further provided in the center between the receiving portion 24 and the fitting portion 25. Further, the bracket 22 is provided with a hole 28 for the bolt 23 and the board
A bent portion 29 for contacting the lower portion of the 20 is provided, and rubber, asbestos, woven cloth, etc. are provided at the receiving portion 24 of the metal fitting 22, the fitting portion 25, and the portion of the bent portion 29 where the board 20 abuts. Preferably. Further, an upper end bracket 30 for receiving the upper edge of the uppermost board 20 is attached to the furring strip 8 with bolts 31. This upper end bracket 30 (5th
In the drawing, a fitting portion 32 into which the upper edge of the board 20 is fitted and a bending portion 33 with which the upper portion of the board 20 abuts are provided.

この様にこの発明に従って胴縁8に受金具22を用いて
所要の具合にボード20を取り付けるには、先ず胴縁8の
下端に取り付けられた下端ランナー15に、最下段のボー
ド20の下縁を嵌め込み、次いで上端を受金具22の受け部
24にて受け、その上から受キャップ35を当てゝボルト36
にて受金具22に仮締固定する。こうして最下段のボード
20を順次仮締固定していき、最下段のボード20の仮締固
定が済んだなら次ぎの段のボード20の下縁を、最下段の
ボード20の上縁を仮締固定する受キャップ35の処の受金
具22の嵌め込み部25に嵌め込むと共に該ボード20の上縁
を受金具22の受け部24にて受けてこれを受キャップ35と
ボルト36にて仮締固定し、順次同段のボード20の仮締固
定を行っていって所要の段のボード20の仮締固定が済ん
だときに先の下段のボード20の受キャップ35とボルト36
を本締めしてボード20を固定する。この様にしてボード
20を順次仮締し、固定することによってボード20が下地
である胴縁8に取り付け固定されて壁が形成される。
As described above, according to the present invention, in order to mount the board 20 to the furring strip 8 using the brackets 22 in a desired manner, first, the lower edge runner 15 mounted on the lower end of the furring strip 8 is attached to the lower edge of the lowermost board 20. And then insert the upper end into the receiving part of the receiving bracket 22.
Receive at 24, put a receiving cap 35 on it, bolt 36
Temporarily tighten and fix to bracket 22. Thus the bottom board
Temporarily fix 20 in sequence, and once the bottom board 20 is fixed, the lower edge of the board 20 in the next row and the upper edge of the bottom board 20 are temporarily fixed. At the same time, it is fitted into the fitting portion 25 of the receiving metal fitting 22 and the upper edge of the board 20 is received by the receiving portion 24 of the receiving metal fitting 22, and this is temporarily tightened and fixed by the receiving cap 35 and the bolt 36. When the board 20 of the lower stage is temporarily tightened and fixed, and the board 20 of the required stage is temporarily fixed, the receiving cap 35 and the bolt 36 of the lower board 20 of the preceding stage.
Tighten to secure board 20. Board in this way
By temporarily tightening and fixing 20 in sequence, the board 20 is attached and fixed to the furring strip 8 as a base to form a wall.

また、天井の場合には第1図に示される様にコンクリ
ート壁1'に先の場合と同様にして取り付けられた胴縁8'
に例えば壁用の受金具22と同様の受金具または図示の様
な断面T字形の受金具41を取り付け、この受金具41ボー
ド40の両縁を嵌め込み受キャップ42とボルト43にて仮締
めし、且つ本締めすることによって天井用のボード40を
取り付けて天井を形成することができる。また、天井の
隅部のボード40の端縁は、隅の胴縁8"に取り付けられた
端部受金具45によって取り付け固定され、隅部の隙間は
カバー47によって覆われるのが好適である。
Further, in the case of a ceiling, as shown in FIG. 1, a furring strip 8'attached to a concrete wall 1'in the same manner as in the previous case.
For example, a receiving bracket similar to the receiving bracket 22 for the wall or a receiving bracket 41 having a T-shaped cross section as shown in the drawing is attached, and both edges of the receiving bracket 41 board 40 are fitted and temporarily fastened with the receiving cap 42 and the bolt 43. The ceiling board 40 can be attached to form the ceiling by fully tightening. Further, it is preferable that the edge of the board 40 at the corner of the ceiling is fixedly attached by the end bracket 45 attached to the furring strip 8 ″ at the corner, and the gap at the corner is covered by the cover 47.

発明の効果 上述した如くこの発明の構築物の壁や天井の組立工法
に依れば、ボードの一方の縁を受金具の嵌め込み部に嵌
め込み、他方の縁を受金具の受け部にて受けて受キャッ
プで仮締固定して、受金具を挟んでボードが取り付けら
れたときに受キャップを本締めすることによってボード
を固定することができ、こうして順次ボードを下地材の
胴縁に受金具によって固定することにより壁や天井を形
成することができるので、現場での作業が受金具や受キ
ャップをボトルで締めるだけなので熟練を必要とせず、
ボードを単体で取り付けるために軽量であれば一人で作
業することができ、特別な重機も一切必要でなく、取り
付けられたボードが一部破損しても破損したボードだけ
を取り替えれば良く、従って簡単に取り替えることが出
来、短時間に少ない人数で高い取り付け精度をもってセ
ラミックやコンクリートボード、或はタイル等の様な適
宣な材料のボードを取り付けることによって構築物の壁
や天井等を組み立てることができる等の効果が得られ
る。
As described above, according to the method for assembling the wall or ceiling of the structure of the present invention, one edge of the board is fitted into the fitting portion of the receiving metal fitting and the other edge is received by the receiving portion of the receiving metal fitting. The board can be fixed by temporarily tightening it with the cap and then fully tightening the receiving cap when the board is attached across the receiving bracket, thus sequentially fixing the board to the rim of the base material with the receiving bracket. By doing so, it is possible to form walls and ceilings, so on-site work does not require skill because it only tightens the bracket and the cap with the bottle,
Since it is lightweight because you can install the board alone, you can work alone, you do not need any special heavy equipment, even if the installed board is partially damaged, you only have to replace the damaged board. It can be easily replaced, and with a small number of people in a short period of time, it is possible to assemble a wall or ceiling of a building by attaching a board of appropriate material such as ceramic or concrete board or tile with a high installation accuracy. And so on.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

第1図はこの発明の壁、天井の組立工法によりボードを
取り付ける状態を示す縦断面概要図、第2図は下端ラン
ナーの側断面図、第3、4図は受金具の正面図および側
断面図、第5図は上端受金具の側断面図である。図中、
1、1':コンクリート壁、3:コンクリートアンカー、4:
アンカーボルト、5:ベース金具、6、16、23、31、36、
43:ボルト、8、8'、8":胴縁、10:胴縁受金具、11:ナッ
ト、12:回転盤、15:下端ランナー、20、40:ボード、22:
受金具、24:受け部、25:嵌め込み部、27:ねじ孔、28:
孔、30:上端受金具、35、42:受キャップ、41:断面T字
形の受金具、45:端部受金具。
FIG. 1 is a schematic vertical sectional view showing a state where a board is attached by a wall and ceiling assembly method of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a side sectional view of a lower end runner, and FIGS. 5 and 5 are side sectional views of the upper end bracket. In the figure,
1, 1 ': Concrete wall, 3: Concrete anchor, 4:
Anchor bolt, 5: Base bracket, 6, 16, 23, 31, 36,
43: bolt, 8, 8 ', 8 ": furring strip, 10: furring strip bracket, 11: nut, 12: turntable, 15: bottom runner, 20, 40: board, 22:
Bracket, 24: Receiving part, 25: Fitting part, 27: Screw hole, 28:
Hole, 30: upper end bracket, 35, 42: cap, 41: T-shaped bracket, 45: end bracket.

Claims (1)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】ボードの一側が嵌め込まれる嵌め込み部と
隣接のボードの他側を受ける受け部とを有する受金具を
構築物の下地材に取付け、ボードの一側を受金具の嵌め
込み部に嵌め込んで固定し、ボードの他側を別の受金具
の受け部にて受けて受キャップで仮締固定し、受金具を
挟んで上下にボードが取付けられたときに受キャップを
本締めしてボードを固定し、順次ボードを下地材の受金
具にて固定して壁や天井を形成することを特徴とする
壁、天井等の組立工法。
1. A receiving metal fitting having a fitting portion into which one side of the board is fitted and a receiving portion that receives the other side of the adjacent board is attached to a base material of the construction, and one side of the board is fitted into the fitting portion of the receiving metal fitting. The other side of the board is received by the receiving part of another receiving metal fitting and temporarily fixed with the receiving cap, and when the board is mounted vertically with the receiving metal fitting sandwiched, the receiving cap is fully tightened and the board Is fixed, and the boards are sequentially fixed by the base metal fittings to form walls and ceilings.
JP62098621A 1987-04-23 1987-04-23 Assembly method for walls, ceilings, etc. Expired - Fee Related JP2533531B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP62098621A JP2533531B2 (en) 1987-04-23 1987-04-23 Assembly method for walls, ceilings, etc.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP62098621A JP2533531B2 (en) 1987-04-23 1987-04-23 Assembly method for walls, ceilings, etc.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPS63265062A JPS63265062A (en) 1988-11-01
JP2533531B2 true JP2533531B2 (en) 1996-09-11

Family

ID=14224619

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP62098621A Expired - Fee Related JP2533531B2 (en) 1987-04-23 1987-04-23 Assembly method for walls, ceilings, etc.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2533531B2 (en)

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPS63265062A (en) 1988-11-01

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