JP2520345Y2 - Stirrer in household garbage composting equipment - Google Patents

Stirrer in household garbage composting equipment

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Publication number
JP2520345Y2
JP2520345Y2 JP1992013979U JP1397992U JP2520345Y2 JP 2520345 Y2 JP2520345 Y2 JP 2520345Y2 JP 1992013979 U JP1992013979 U JP 1992013979U JP 1397992 U JP1397992 U JP 1397992U JP 2520345 Y2 JP2520345 Y2 JP 2520345Y2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
fermenter
stirring
garbage
opening
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP1992013979U
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0566032U (en
Inventor
義治 鈴木
泰志 佐々木
Original Assignee
静岡製機株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 静岡製機株式会社 filed Critical 静岡製機株式会社
Priority to JP1992013979U priority Critical patent/JP2520345Y2/en
Publication of JPH0566032U publication Critical patent/JPH0566032U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2520345Y2 publication Critical patent/JP2520345Y2/en
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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Description

【考案の詳細な説明】[Detailed description of the device]
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本考案は、家庭の台所で発生する
厨芥等の生ゴミを、各家庭毎に、これを好気的発酵分解
させて堆肥化する家庭用生ゴミの堆肥化装置において、
発酵槽内に投入する生ゴミの堆積物を撹拌混合する撹拌
装置に関する。
[Industrial application] The present invention relates to a household garbage composting apparatus for composting garbage such as kitchen waste generated in a kitchen at home by aerobically fermenting and decomposing it for each household. ,
The present invention relates to a stirring device that stirs and mixes raw garbage deposits to be fed into a fermenter.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】家庭で発生する生ゴミを逐次、これを発
酵分解させて堆肥となし菜園や花壇に土壌還元し得るよ
うに処理することは、資源の再利用になり、またゴミ処
理対策の一貫も兼ねることから注目されており、従来に
おいても、この種の装置としては例えば、特開昭59−
190284号公報、実開昭61−155340号公報
等に記載されたものが提案されている。
2. Description of the Related Art Sequential fermentation and decomposition of raw garbage generated at home to treat it so that it can be returned to the compost and pear gardens and flower beds as soil results in the reuse of resources and as a waste treatment measure. It has attracted attention because it is also consistent, and in the past, an apparatus of this type has been disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 59-
The ones described in Japanese Patent No. 190284 and Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 61-155340 are proposed.
【0003】生ゴミを堆肥化するには、その生ゴミ中の
有機質分を微生物の力を借りて発酵分解させることによ
り達成される。この発酵には、発酵に際して得られる発
酵熱が大きく、また発酵に伴う悪臭の発生も少ない等の
利点から、一般に、処理物中に酸素を与えて発酵させる
好気的発酵分解の方法が採用されている。この好気的発
酵を促進するには、微生物の活動にとって最適な環境を
整える必要から、処理物を適正な範囲の水分状態及び温
度状態に維持し、また発酵に必要な酸素を供給する必要
がある。このため、この種の生ゴミの堆肥化装置におい
ては、前述の先行技術にみられるように処理物全体の水
分状態や酸素の供給状態を均一化するための撹拌手段が
設けられている。
Composting of garbage is accomplished by fermenting and decomposing the organic matter in the garbage with the help of microorganisms. In this fermentation, the fermentation heat obtained during fermentation is large, and the generation of a bad odor associated with fermentation is also small.In general, a method of aerobic fermentation decomposition in which oxygen is given to the processed product to ferment is adopted. ing. In order to promote this aerobic fermentation, it is necessary to maintain an optimum environment for the activity of microorganisms, so it is necessary to maintain the treated material in a water state and a temperature state in an appropriate range and supply oxygen necessary for fermentation. is there. For this reason, this type of garbage composting device is provided with a stirring means for equalizing the water condition and the oxygen supply condition of the whole treated material as seen in the above-mentioned prior art.
【0004】[0004]
【考案が解決しようとする課題】ところで、従来の先行
技術では、その撹拌装置は、発酵槽内に垂直に支持した
撹拌装置の回転軸を、発酵槽の上部に備えたモータによ
って駆動する形態であるから、駆動源としてモ―タを必
要とし、装置自体のコストが高価になる。また発酵槽の
上部にモ―タを備える場合、発酵槽の上部に開口する生
ゴミの投入口の開口面積にスペース上の制約が生じ、投
入口の開口面積を大きくすることができないから、投入
量の制約を受けて使用上、種々の不便が派生する。また
従来技術による撹拌装置では、切返し板を回転軸の下部
に装着したのみの簡単な撹拌構造であるので、撹拌作用
により堆積物が、発酵槽内の周辺部に偏り堆積層の厚さ
が不均一になる状態が起る。堆積物がこのような偏った
状態になると、堆積物中への通気が不均一となり、特に
通気効率を高めるために送風手段を設けて空気を強制通
風する装置では、堆積物の少ない部分から送風空気が抜
けて堆積物全体にわたり均一な通気ができなくなるとい
う問題点も派生する。
By the way, in the conventional prior art, the agitator has a form in which the rotating shaft of the agitator vertically supported in the fermenter is driven by a motor provided in the upper part of the fermenter. Therefore, a motor is required as a drive source, and the cost of the device itself becomes high. Also, if a motor is provided at the top of the fermenter, there will be space restrictions on the opening area of the raw garbage input port that opens at the top of the fermentation tank, and it will not be possible to increase the opening area of the input port. Due to the limited amount, various inconveniences arise in use. In addition, since the stirring device according to the conventional technology has a simple stirring structure in which the turning plate is attached only to the lower part of the rotating shaft, the stirring action causes the sediment to be unevenly distributed in the peripheral portion of the fermenter and the thickness of the deposited layer is not uniform. A uniform condition occurs. When the sediment becomes such a biased state, the airflow into the sediment becomes uneven, and especially in the device that forcibly ventilates the air by providing a ventilation means to increase the ventilation efficiency, the air is blown from the portion with less sediment. The problem also arises that the air escapes and uniform ventilation is not possible over the entire sediment.
【0005】本考案は、上述の諸点に鑑み、モ―タ等の
動力源を用いない手動操作の安価な手段によって、しか
も撹拌混合する処理物が撹拌羽根に引き掛ることもなく
軽快に、また処理物を全体的に均一に撹拌混合できて混
合性能にも優れた撹拌装置を提供することを目的とする
ものである。
In view of the above-mentioned points, the present invention provides an inexpensive means of manual operation that does not use a power source such as a motor, and is light and agitated without the processed material to be agitated and mixed being caught on the agitating blade. An object of the present invention is to provide a stirrer capable of uniformly stirring and mixing the treated product as a whole and having excellent mixing performance.
【0006】[0006]
【課題を解決するための手段】上記の目的を達成するた
めに、本考案による装置は、上部に生ゴミの投入口が開
口され、底部に通気性を有する多孔板製の床板を介して
その下に排気兼排水用チャンバが区画された縦形筒状の
発酵槽を有し、この発酵槽の上部に、生ゴミ投入口を気
密に塞ぐ開閉蓋と、発酵槽内に上から底部に向けて空気
を吹き込む送風手段と、発酵槽内に内装された撹拌装置
を回転させる駆動手段を有し、この駆動手段による撹拌
装置の回転によって発酵槽内に逐次投入される生ゴミに
所要の撹拌作用を与え、且つ上記送風手段により吹き込
まれた空気を、発酵槽の上部より生ゴミの堆積層を通し
て床板底部のチャンバ内に向け強制通風させる通気構造
とした家庭用生ゴミの堆肥化装置において、前記撹拌装
置は、発酵槽内の中心部に垂直で且つ回転可能に直立し
て支持された撹拌軸と、該撹拌軸の下部に、発酵槽の内
壁近傍まで延びる半径方向のアームを介して該ア―ムの
先端部に装着された下段の撹拌羽根とを有し、該撹拌羽
根はアームの先端に対し回転方向には後退する向きで且
つア―ム先端の回転半径よりも小さい径の曲率に沿い所
定の後退角で上方へ立ち上がるように弯曲された形状に
形成していることを特徴とする。
In order to achieve the above object, the apparatus according to the present invention is provided with a floor plate made of a perforated plate having an air-permeable perforated plate at the bottom and an opening for the input of garbage. It has a vertical cylindrical fermenter with a chamber for exhaust and drainage underneath, and an opening / closing lid that hermetically closes the garbage input port at the top of this fermenter and from the top to the bottom inside the fermenter. It has a blowing means for blowing air and a driving means for rotating the stirring device installed in the fermentation tank, and the rotation of the stirring device by this driving means provides a necessary stirring action to the raw garbage sequentially fed into the fermentation tank. In the composting apparatus for domestic garbage that has a ventilation structure in which the air blown by the above-mentioned blowing means is forcedly ventilated from the top of the fermenter through the accumulation layer of garbage into the chamber at the bottom of the floorboard, The device is A stirring shaft vertically and rotatably supported vertically to the core, and attached to the lower end of the stirring shaft at the tip of the arm via a radial arm extending to the vicinity of the inner wall of the fermenter. And a stirring blade on the lower stage, the stirring blade being set back in the direction of rotation with respect to the tip of the arm and moving upward at a predetermined receding angle along a curvature of a diameter smaller than the turning radius of the arm tip. It is characterized in that it is formed in a curved shape so as to stand up.
【0007】また本考案による装置は、上記撹拌軸の上
部にも、半径方向に延びるアームを介して該アームの先
端に回転方向に対し前進する向きで且つ所定の角度で下
方へ延びる上段の撹拌羽根を有していること、また、上
記撹拌軸の上端部にT字状の接合部を有し、一方、前記
開閉蓋には、その蓋の開閉により上記接合部に対し係
合、離脱する2股状の駆動伝達爪を備えた駆動手段が内
設され、開閉蓋を閉じた時に上記2股状の駆動伝達爪が
T字状の接合部と係合して回転力を伝達するように構成
してなること等も併せ特徴としている。
In the apparatus according to the present invention, an upper stage agitator extending downwardly at a predetermined angle in a direction forward to the tip of the agitator shaft in the rotational direction is also provided above the agitator shaft. It has blades, and has a T-shaped joint at the upper end of the stirring shaft, while the opening / closing lid is engaged with and disengaged from the joint by opening and closing the lid. A driving means having a bifurcated drive transmission pawl is internally provided, and when the opening / closing lid is closed, the bifurcated drive transmission pawl is engaged with the T-shaped joint to transmit a rotational force. It is also characterized in that it is configured.
【0008】[0008]
【作用】本考案が適用される堆肥化装置は、各家庭にお
いて発生した生ゴミを、発酵槽内に上から順次投入し、
毎回の投入後に撹拌装置を所要の回数(15回程度)回
して生ゴミを撹拌混合した後、送風装置を動作して通気
を持続させておくように使用するものであり、この通気
により投入された生ゴミの堆積物には酸素の供給がなさ
れ、生ゴミ中の有機質分が微生物の力を借りて好気的発
酵分解が行われる最適条件になって逐次投入された堆積
物を、発酵槽内が満杯になるまで順次に堆肥化反応させ
て、発酵槽内が満杯になると堆肥として発酵槽内から取
出し、次回の処理に移るものである。
[Operation] The composting device to which the present invention is applied, throws the garbage generated in each household into the fermentation tank from the top,
After each feeding, the agitator is rotated a required number of times (about 15 times) to agitate and mix the garbage, and then the air blower is operated to keep the aeration used. Oxygen is supplied to the raw garbage sediment, and the organic matter in the raw garbage is fed into the fermentation tank under the optimal conditions under which aerobic fermentation decomposition is carried out with the help of microorganisms. The composting reaction is sequentially carried out until the inside is full, and when the inside of the fermenter is full, it is taken out as compost from the inside of the fermenter and moved to the next treatment.
【0009】この際に、本考案の構成によると、撹拌装
置は、その撹拌軸の下部にア―ムを介して装着された下
段の撹拌羽根の形態が、発酵槽の内壁近傍まで延びる半
径方向のアーム先端に対し、回転方向には後退する向き
で且つア―ム先端の回転半径よりも小さい径の曲率に沿
い所定の後退角で上方へ立ち上がるように弯曲された形
状になっているから、撹拌羽根の回転時に、回転する羽
根が、発酵槽内の円筒周辺部に堆積する生ゴミを回転方
向において後方斜め上向きで且つ円筒の内側方向へと順
に迫り上げるように回転移動し、これにより生ゴミの堆
積物は円筒周辺部の底部から上方、内側へと切り返すよ
うな撹拌混合作用が行われる。これにより発酵槽内の生
ゴミ堆積物はその全体が一様な撹拌状態に混合されて所
要の混合性能が得られ、また撹拌羽根の回転時に、堆積
物中に混入した大きな生ゴミが撹拌羽根に接触しても羽
根がその生ゴミを迫り上げるように回転移動することで
生ゴミの引き掛りがなく、スム―スな回転が行われ、撹
拌羽根の回動に要する力が少なくて済む。
At this time, according to the structure of the present invention, in the stirring device, the lower stirring blade mounted on the lower portion of the stirring shaft via an arm has a radial direction extending to the vicinity of the inner wall of the fermentation tank. With respect to the arm tip, it is curved so that it rises upward at a predetermined receding angle along a radius of curvature smaller than the radius of rotation of the arm tip, in the direction of retreating in the direction of rotation, When the stirring blade rotates, the rotating blade rotationally moves so that the raw garbage accumulated around the cylinder in the fermenter is slanted upward in the direction of rotation and toward the inside of the cylinder in order. The agitating and mixing action is performed so that the dust deposits are cut back upward and inward from the bottom of the peripheral portion of the cylinder. As a result, the whole raw garbage deposit in the fermenter is mixed in a uniform stirring state to obtain the required mixing performance, and when the stirring blade rotates, the large garbage mixed in the sediment is stirred by the stirring blade. Even if the blades come into contact with the blades, the blades rotate and move so as to push up the garbage, so that the garbage does not get caught, smooth rotation is performed, and less force is required to rotate the stirring blade.
【0010】また撹拌軸に対し、上段の撹拌羽根と下段
の撹拌羽根との2段羽根構造としたものでは、発酵槽の
深さを深くした場合でも充分な撹拌ができ、しかも上段
の撹拌羽根と下段の撹拌羽根の切返し方向を逆にするこ
とによって、生ゴミの堆積物に撹拌作用を施した場合で
も堆積層の厚さの偏りを少なくできる。
In addition, with the two-stage blade structure of the upper stage stirring blade and the lower stage stirring blade with respect to the stirring shaft, sufficient stirring can be performed even when the depth of the fermentation tank is deep, and the upper stage stirring blade By reversing the turning direction of the lower stirring blade, it is possible to reduce the deviation of the thickness of the deposited layer even when the raw garbage deposit is subjected to the stirring action.
【0011】また開閉蓋に、その蓋の開閉により撹拌軸
の上端部に設けたT字状の接合部と係合、離脱する2股
状の駆動伝達爪を備えた駆動手段を内設したものでは、
開閉蓋を閉じた際に、2股状の駆動伝達爪がT字状の接
合部と係合して回転力を伝達し、開閉蓋を開放する際に
は、駆動伝達爪と接合部とが離脱して発酵槽の上部に開
口した生ゴミの投入口を大きく確保することができる。
Further, the opening / closing lid is internally provided with a driving means having a bifurcated drive transmission claw which engages and disengages with a T-shaped joint provided on the upper end of the stirring shaft when the lid is opened and closed. Then
When the opening / closing lid is closed, the bifurcated drive transmission claw engages with the T-shaped joint to transmit the rotational force, and when the opening / closing lid is opened, the drive transmission claw and the joint are separated from each other. It is possible to secure a large raw garbage inlet opening at the upper part of the fermenter after detaching.
【0012】[0012]
【実施例】以下、本考案の実施例を、図面を参照して説
明する。図1は本考案が適用される家庭用生ゴミの堆肥
化装置の1例を示す外観斜視図であり、図2は同装置の
内部構造を示す縦断側面図である。これらの図において
1は外壁を構成する四角壁の装置本体を示し、装置本体
1には、上部に開閉蓋2が上方へ向けて開閉自在に蝶着
されている。また装置本体1の内部には、上部に生ゴミ
の投入口31が開口された縦型筒状の発酵槽3と、この
発酵槽3の下側に位置して内部に所要量の水を貯留した
曝気タンク4と、内部に脱臭吸着剤51が収容された脱
臭カラム5とを有している。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is an external perspective view showing an example of a household garbage composting apparatus to which the present invention is applied, and FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional side view showing the internal structure of the apparatus. In these drawings, reference numeral 1 denotes a square-walled apparatus main body that constitutes an outer wall, and an opening / closing lid 2 is attached to an upper portion of the apparatus main body 1 so as to open and close upward. Further, inside the apparatus main body 1, a vertical cylindrical fermentation tank 3 having an opening 31 for raw garbage at the top, and below the fermentation tank 3, a required amount of water is stored inside. The aeration tank 4 and the deodorizing column 5 containing the deodorizing adsorbent 51 therein are provided.
【0013】発酵槽3は、図3にも示されているように
上方を開口した有底の筒状体に形成され、上縁にフラン
ジ部32を有し、このフランジ部32を装置本体1の上
縁に当接することにより発酵槽3を、装置本体1の内部
空間に対し上方へ装脱可能に支持している。上記発酵槽
3のフランジ部32には、前記開閉蓋2を閉じた際にこ
の開閉蓋2の下面に設けているリング状のシール部材2
3が上面に当接して発酵槽3の上部開口を気密に封止す
るようにしている。発酵槽3の内部には、底板33との
間に所要の間隔をあけてやや上に通気性を有する多孔板
製の床板34が設けられて、その底板33と床板34と
の間に排気兼排水用のチャンバ35が区画されている。
このチャンバ35の底面には排出口36が設けてあり、
これに接続された排出ホース37の先端が、前記曝気タ
ンク4内に備えた吸入管41に接続され、この吸入管4
1の先端は、曝気タンク4に貯留されている水の水面下
に開口されている。
As shown in FIG. 3, the fermenter 3 is formed into a bottomed cylindrical body having an opening at the top, and has a flange portion 32 at its upper edge. By contacting the upper edge of the fermenter 3, the fermenter 3 is supported detachably upward in the internal space of the apparatus body 1. The flange 32 of the fermenter 3 has a ring-shaped seal member 2 provided on the lower surface of the opening / closing lid 2 when the opening / closing lid 2 is closed.
3 is in contact with the upper surface to hermetically seal the upper opening of the fermenter 3. Inside the fermenter 3, a floor plate 34 made of a perforated plate having a slight air permeability is provided at a predetermined distance from the bottom plate 33, and the bottom plate 33 and the floor plate 34 also serve as exhaust gas. A chamber 35 for drainage is partitioned.
A discharge port 36 is provided on the bottom surface of the chamber 35,
The tip of the discharge hose 37 connected to this is connected to a suction pipe 41 provided in the aeration tank 4, and the suction pipe 4
The tip of No. 1 is opened below the surface of the water stored in the aeration tank 4.
【0014】また発酵槽3の内部には、本考案による撹
拌装置が設けられる。この撹拌装置は、発酵槽3の槽内
中心部に垂直に立設した撹拌軸6を有しており、この撹
拌軸6の軸周には、その上部位置に半径方向に延びるア
―ム61を介して固着された上段の撹拌羽根62と、軸
周の下部位置に同じく半径方向に延びるア―ム63を介
して固着された下段の撹拌羽根64とが装着されてい
る。上段および下段の撹拌羽根62、64は、図5に示
されているようにその上段の撹拌羽根62は、半径方向
に延びるア―ム61の先端に対して回転方向には前進す
る向きで且つ下向きに所要角度で傾斜するように固着さ
れている。また下段の撹拌羽根64は、発酵槽3の内壁
近傍まで延びる半径方向のア―ム63の先端に対し、回
転方向には後退する向きで且つア―ム先端の回転半径よ
りも小さい径の曲率rに沿って上向きに所要の後退角α
(図2参照)で立ち上がるような弯曲形態になってお
り、このような形態によって、下段の撹拌羽根64は曲
率rに沿い且つ角度αの後退角で立ち上がるような螺旋
状の撹拌軌跡を通るようにして、これにより発酵槽3内
に投入、堆積されている処理物が羽根64に引き掛りに
くく、また処理物を発酵槽3の円筒内側に向けて切り返
すような撹拌性能が得られるようにしている。なお撹拌
軸6は、その下部が床板34の中心部に回転自在に支持
され、また上部が支持部材65により発酵槽3内の中心
位置に垂直をなして回転可能に支持されており、撹拌軸
6の上端部はT字状の接合部66に形成されていて、後
述の撹拌駆動手段との結合、離脱が容易に行える構成に
なっている。
Inside the fermenter 3, a stirring device according to the present invention is installed. This stirring device has a stirring shaft 6 standing upright in the center of the inside of the fermentation tank 3, and on the circumference of the stirring shaft 6, there is an arm 61 extending radially in the upper position. An upper stage stirring blade 62 fixed by means of a shaft and a lower stage stirring blade 64 fixed by means of an arm 63 which also extends in the radial direction are mounted at a lower position on the circumference of the shaft. As shown in FIG. 5, the upper and lower stirring blades 62 and 64 are arranged such that the upper stirring blades 62 are oriented so as to advance in the rotational direction with respect to the tips of the radially extending arms 61. It is fixed so as to incline downward at the required angle. Further, the lower stirring blade 64 has a radius of curvature smaller than the radius of rotation of the arm tip with respect to the tip of the radial arm 63 extending to the vicinity of the inner wall of the fermenter 3 in the direction of receding in the rotation direction. the required receding angle α upwards along r
(See FIG. 2) It has a curved shape that rises up, and by such a shape, the lower stirring blade 64 passes through a spiral stirring locus that rises along the curvature r and at the receding angle of the angle α. As a result, it is difficult for the processed material that has been charged and accumulated in the fermenter 3 to be caught by the blades 64, and that the stirring performance is such that the processed material is cut back toward the inside of the cylinder of the fermenter 3. There is. The lower part of the stirring shaft 6 is rotatably supported by the central part of the floor plate 34, and the upper part thereof is rotatably supported by the support member 65 so as to be perpendicular to the central position in the fermentation tank 3. The upper end of 6 is formed in a T-shaped joint 66 so that it can be easily connected to and removed from an agitation drive means described later.
【0015】また発酵槽3の外周部には、その発酵槽3
に対して所要の加熱作用を補助的に与える加温装置とし
て電熱ヒータ部9が下部に囲繞され、また図示していな
いが発酵槽3の外周部に位置する装置本体1の内部に
は、熱の放熱を防ぐ断熱保温材が設けられる。上記加温
装置としての電熱ヒータ部9は、図3及び図4に示され
ているように締付け機構を有する金属製の固定バンド9
1に固着されてあり、この固定バンド91を締付け動作
又は開放動作することによって発酵槽3との固着、離脱
が図れる構成にしている。すなわち固定バンド91は、
図4に示されているように円周の一部で固定金具92に
より装置本体1の内壁に固着されてあり、この固着位置
に対向する反対側は、切り離されて一対の締付け部93
が形成されている。この相対向する一対の締付け部93
の間に、装置本体1の内壁に固定した固定部96を挟ん
だ状態で両締付け部93のナットに右螺子、左螺子を有
する操作シャフト94が螺合挿通され、操作シャフト9
4を、装置本体1の外に設けている操作ノブ95の回動
操作により、使用時には、一方向へ回動させると固定バ
ンド91が発酵槽3の外周に密着する方向へ締付け動作
し、発酵槽3を取り外す際は、他方向へ回動させると発
酵槽3の外周から離間する方向へ開放動作するように構
成されている。
Further, on the outer peripheral portion of the fermenter 3, the fermenter 3
The electric heater part 9 is surrounded by a lower part as a heating device which supplementally gives a required heating action to the inside of the device main body 1 which is located in the outer peripheral part of the fermenter 3 though not shown. A heat insulation material is provided to prevent the heat radiation of the. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, a metal fixing band 9 having a tightening mechanism is provided in the electric heater 9 as the heating device.
The fixing band 91 is fixed to the fermenter 3, and the fixing band 91 is fixed to or separated from the fermenter 3. That is, the fixed band 91 is
As shown in FIG. 4, a part of the circumference is fixed to the inner wall of the apparatus main body 1 by a fixing metal fitting 92, and the opposite side facing the fixing position is cut off to make a pair of tightening portions 93.
Are formed. The pair of tightening portions 93 facing each other
The operation shaft 94 having the right screw and the left screw is threadedly inserted into the nuts of both tightening portions 93 with the fixing portion 96 fixed to the inner wall of the apparatus main body 1 interposed therebetween.
4 is rotated in one direction at the time of use by rotating the operation knob 95 provided outside the apparatus main body 1, the fixing band 91 is tightened in a direction in which the fixing band 91 is in close contact with the outer periphery of the fermentation tank 3, When removing the tank 3, when it is rotated in the other direction, the opening operation is performed in a direction away from the outer periphery of the fermentation tank 3.
【0016】前記開閉蓋2には、その蓋体を構成する上
板21と下板22との間に送風手段となる電動式のエア
ポンプ8が内設されている。この送風手段は、開閉蓋2
を閉じた際にエアポンプ8により送風される空気が、上
方から発酵槽3内に強制通風されるように吹出口81が
下向きに設置されている。また開閉蓋2には上記エアポ
ンプ8への駆動電圧を可変に調整する可変抵抗器(図示
省略)が設置されてあり、その調整つまみ82が開閉蓋
2の側部に設けられていて、これを調整することにより
エアポンプ8への駆動電圧を可変にして発酵槽3内に通
風される空気量の調整が行える構成になっている。
The opening / closing lid 2 is internally provided with an electric air pump 8 serving as a blowing means between an upper plate 21 and a lower plate 22 which constitute the lid body. This blowing means includes an opening / closing lid 2
The outlet 81 is installed downward so that the air blown by the air pump 8 when the air is closed is forcedly blown into the fermenter 3 from above. Further, a variable resistor (not shown) that variably adjusts the drive voltage to the air pump 8 is installed on the opening / closing lid 2, and an adjusting knob 82 thereof is provided on the side portion of the opening / closing lid 2. By adjusting the driving voltage to the air pump 8, the amount of air ventilated into the fermentation tank 3 can be adjusted.
【0017】また開閉蓋2には、その蓋体を構成する上
板21と下板22との間に前記撹拌装置を回転させる駆
動手段が設けられている。この駆動手段は、手動で回転
できる撹拌ハンドル7を有し、この撹拌ハンドル7の回
動軸71が、蓋体を構成する上板21と下板22との間
に挿入されて、これに減速機構を構成する一方のウオ―
ム72が固着され、このウオ―ム72に噛み合う他方の
ウオ―ムホィ―ル73の軸が駆動軸74として開閉蓋2
の下方へ延び、開閉蓋2を閉じた際に、その駆動軸74
の端部に装着した2股状の駆動伝達爪75が、撹拌軸6
の上端に形成されたT字状の接合部66と結合して回転
力を撹拌軸6に伝達し、また開閉蓋2の開放時には駆動
伝達爪75がT字状の接合部66と簡単に離脱できる構
成になっている。
Further, the opening / closing lid 2 is provided with a driving means for rotating the agitating device between an upper plate 21 and a lower plate 22 constituting the lid body. This drive means has a stirring handle 7 that can be rotated manually, and a rotating shaft 71 of this stirring handle 7 is inserted between an upper plate 21 and a lower plate 22 that form a lid, and decelerates thereat. One of the wows that make up the mechanism
The worm 72 is fixed, and the shaft of the other worm wheel 73 meshing with the worm 72 serves as a drive shaft 74 for the opening / closing lid 2.
Of the drive shaft 74 when the opening / closing lid 2 is closed.
The forked drive transmission claw 75 attached to the end of the stirring shaft 6
It is coupled with a T-shaped joint 66 formed at the upper end of the shaft to transmit the rotational force to the stirring shaft 6, and when the opening / closing lid 2 is opened, the drive transmission claw 75 is easily separated from the T-shaped joint 66. It can be configured.
【0018】前記発酵槽3の下側に位置して、装置本体
1の底部には、前記曝気タンク4が配置され、この曝気
タンク4は、装置本体1の下部に蝶着した側蓋11を開
けることにより取出し可能になっている。曝気タンク4
には、図6に示されるようにタンク4内に貯留した水が
規定水位に達したら内部の水をオ―バフロ―させる排水
管42が設けてあり、この排水管42の排水経路には規
定水位に達した余剰水のみが流れ出しタンク上部内の空
気が洩れないように途中に逆U字状のサイフォン部43
が形成されている。また曝気タンク4には、前述した排
出ホース37と接続される吸入管41の他に、タンク4
の上部空間に連通してタンク内の空気を排出するエアホ
―ス44が設けてあり、エアホ―ス44の先端は脱臭カ
ラム5の空気取入口52と接続されている。
The aeration tank 4 is arranged at the bottom of the apparatus main body 1 below the fermentation tank 3, and the aeration tank 4 has a side lid 11 hinged to the lower portion of the apparatus main body 1. It can be taken out by opening it. Aeration tank 4
As shown in FIG. 6, there is provided a drain pipe 42 for overflowing the water stored in the tank 4 when the water reaches a specified water level. Only the surplus water that has reached the water level flows out so that the air in the upper part of the tank does not leak.
Are formed. In addition to the suction pipe 41 connected to the discharge hose 37 described above, the aeration tank 4 also includes the tank 4
There is provided an air hose 44 which communicates with the upper space of the device and discharges the air in the tank. The tip of the air hose 44 is connected to the air intake port 52 of the deodorizing column 5.
【0019】上述の脱臭カラム5は、密封筒状体の容器
一端に上記したエアホ―ス44と接続される空気取入口
52を有し、他端に空気出口53を開口させ、容器内部
に吸着脱臭材51を収容してなるもので、この吸着脱臭
材51としては、ピートモスから作られた天然の吸着脱
臭材が使用される。そして脱臭カラム5は、上述の吸着
脱臭材51を通過する空気の通過時間が長く取れるよう
に容器を縦長の形状に形成してあり、装置本体1の1つ
のコーナ部の死角空間に配置され、コーナ部に蝶着され
た側蓋12を開けることによって取外し可能に装着され
ている。
The deodorizing column 5 described above has an air inlet 52 connected to the above-mentioned air hose 44 at one end of a hermetically sealed cylindrical container, and an air outlet 53 is opened at the other end for adsorption inside the container. The deodorizing material 51 is accommodated. As the adsorbing deodorizing material 51, a natural adsorbing deodorizing material made of peat moss is used. The deodorizing column 5 has a vertically long container so that the air passing through the adsorbing deodorizing material 51 can take a long time, and the deodorizing column 5 is disposed in a blind space of one corner of the apparatus body 1. It is detachably attached by opening the side lid 12 hinged to the corner portion.
【0020】次に、上述の実施例に説明した家庭用生ゴ
ミの堆肥化装置について、その使用態様及び作用を説明
する。この装置は各家庭に設置し、各家庭で発生する生
ゴミを日々、発酵槽3内に順次投入し、これに所要の撹
拌作用を与え、また常時通気して好気的発酵に適する水
分状態、温度状態に維持しつつ空気(酸素)の供給によ
って微生物の力を借りながら好気的発酵分解を行わせて
投入堆積物を、発酵槽3内が満杯になるまで逐次に堆肥
化反応させ、発酵槽3内が満杯になると発酵層3を取外
して、その堆肥化された処理物を排出するものである。
使用に際しては、最初の生ゴミを投入する際に、好気的
発酵の開始を促すための発酵立ち上げ期間を要する。最
初の投入時には、まず開閉蓋2を開き、発酵槽3内に上
方の投入口から生ゴミと共に発酵種菌を添加し、また投
入物の内部に空気が通りやすいようにオガクズ等の発酵
促進剤を投入する。投入後は、開閉蓋2を閉めて発酵槽
3の上部開口を密封し、撹拌ハンドル7を15回程度回
して撹拌装置により投入物を撹拌混合させる。そしてエ
アポンプ8を動作させ、発酵槽3の上方に位置する吹出
口81から発酵槽3内の投入物に向けて空気を送風す
る。投入初期の発酵の立ち上がり期間は、エアポンプ8
による送風量を少量に絞って発酵の立ち上がりを促進す
る。最初の投入後、3から5日で発酵が立ち上がる。そ
の後は、逐次、発生した生ゴミを、発酵した処理物の上
に順次積み上げるように投入し発酵槽3内に堆積させ
る。生ゴミの投入に際してはその都度、撹拌ハンドル7
を操作して堆積物を撹拌混合させる。発酵の立ち上げ期
間の後は、種菌や発酵促進剤の添加は必要でなく、また
生ゴミの投入量に応じて、投入量が多量の場合は、エア
ポンプ8による送風量を多く、投入量が少ない場合は送
風量を少なく調整させる。生ゴミを逐次投入し続ける
と、通常の家庭の生ゴミ発生量では約3ヶ月で発酵槽3
内が満杯になり、満杯になった発酵槽3内の堆積物は、
堆肥化反応の持続により全量が堆肥化されて排出され
る。なお次の使用のために堆肥化された堆積物を少量発
酵槽3内に残しておくと、最初の生ゴミの投入時の種菌
として使用することができる。
Next, the use mode and operation of the household garbage composting apparatus described in the above embodiment will be described. This equipment is installed in each household, and the garbage generated in each household is thrown into the fermenter 3 on a daily basis, to give it the necessary stirring action, and also to constantly ventilate the water state suitable for aerobic fermentation. , While maintaining the temperature state, the aerobic fermentation decomposition is performed with the aid of microorganisms by the supply of air (oxygen), and the input sediment is sequentially composted until the inside of the fermenter 3 is full, When the inside of the fermenter 3 is full, the fermented layer 3 is removed and the composted processed product is discharged.
In use, a fermentation start-up period is required to promote the start of aerobic fermentation when the first garbage is added. At the time of the first charging, first open the opening / closing lid 2, add fermented seed bacteria together with raw garbage into the fermentation tank 3 from the upper charging port, and add a fermentation accelerator such as sawdust to facilitate the passage of air inside the charging material. throw into. After the addition, the opening / closing lid 2 is closed to seal the upper opening of the fermenter 3, and the stirring handle 7 is rotated about 15 times to stir and mix the inputs with the stirring device. Then, the air pump 8 is operated to blow air from the outlet 81 located above the fermenter 3 toward the input in the fermenter 3. The air pump 8 is used for the start-up period of fermentation at the initial stage of feeding.
The amount of air blown by is reduced to a small amount to accelerate the start-up of fermentation. Fermentation takes place in 3 to 5 days after the first injection. After that, the generated garbage is sequentially loaded on the fermented processed material so as to be accumulated in the fermenter 3. Agitating handle 7 each time when throwing in garbage.
Is operated to stir and mix the deposit. After the start-up period of fermentation, it is not necessary to add an inoculum or a fermentation accelerator, and if the input amount is large depending on the input amount of raw garbage, the amount of air blown by the air pump 8 is large. If it is small, adjust the air flow rate to a small level. If the garbage is continuously added, it will take about 3 months for the fermenter 3 to be produced in the normal amount of household garbage.
The inside of the fermenter 3 is full,
When the composting reaction continues, the entire amount is composted and discharged. If a small amount of the composted sediment is left in the fermenter 3 for the next use, it can be used as an inoculum when the first garbage is introduced.
【0021】上述の本装置に装備されている撹拌装置の
動作について説明すると、発酵槽3内への生ゴミの投入
後、撹拌ハンドル7を回すと、その回転軸71の回転に
より減速機構を構成するウオ―ム72、ウオ―ムホィ―
ル73を介して駆動軸74が回り、この回転力が2股状
の駆動伝達爪75と、これに係合するT字状の接合部6
6とを介して撹拌軸6に伝達され、その撹拌軸6にア―
ム61、63を介して装着された上段の撹拌羽根62、
下段の撹拌羽根64が発酵槽3内において回転する。こ
の場合に、撹拌ハンドル7の回転軸71から、撹拌軸6
に至る回転力の伝達経路には減速機構を構成するウオ―
ム72、ウオ―ムホィ―ル73が介在されてているの
で、そのギャ比を所要の減速比(例えば1/3の回転
数)に設定することで、撹拌のための作用力(撹拌ハン
ドル7を回す力)が軽減し、手動によっても撹拌軸6を
軽快に回転することができる。また、撹拌軸6に装着し
た下段の撹拌羽根64は、発酵槽3内の内壁近傍まで延
びる半径方向のアーム63の先端に対し、回転方向には
後退する向きで、且つア―ム先端の回転半径よりも小さ
い径の曲率rに沿って所定の後退角αで上方へ立ち上が
るように弯曲された形状になっているから、この撹拌羽
根64の回転時に、その回転する羽根64が、発酵槽3
内の円筒周辺部に堆積する生ゴミを回転方向において後
方斜め上向きで且つ円筒の内側方向へと順に迫り上げる
ように回転移動することで、堆積物中に大きな生ゴミが
混入していてもこれが撹拌羽根64に引き掛ることなく
スム―スに回転し、また生ゴミの堆積物を円筒周辺部の
底部から上方、内側へと切り返すように回転するから発
酵槽3内の堆積物は、その全体が均一な高さになるよう
に撹拌混合される。また下段の撹拌羽根64を装着した
半径方向に延びるアーム63が、発酵槽3の底部を形成
する通気性床板34の上に接近して回転することで、そ
の床板34への付着物も剥離するように回転して床板3
4の目詰りも解消するような働きをする。この結果、発
酵槽3内の生ゴミ堆積物中への通気性がよくなり、堆積
物中への空気(酸素)の通りが良くなることから、酸素
の供給と共に、通気による余剰水分の除去も適正に行わ
れて微生物の活動に適した環境が得られ、好気的発酵分
解が促進される。
The operation of the stirring device equipped in the above-mentioned device will be described. When the stirring handle 7 is rotated after the garbage is put into the fermenter 3, the speed reducing mechanism is constituted by the rotation of the rotating shaft 71. Worm 72, Worm Who
The drive shaft 74 is rotated via the lever 73, and the rotational force of the drive shaft 74 is bifurcated, and the T-shaped joint 6 is engaged with the drive transmission pawl 75.
6 is transmitted to the stirring shaft 6 via the
Upper stirrer blades 62 mounted via
The lower stirring blade 64 rotates in the fermentation tank 3. In this case, from the rotating shaft 71 of the stirring handle 7 to the stirring shaft 6
The transmission path of the rotational force to the
Since the worm 72 and the worm wheel 73 are interposed, by setting the gear ratio to a required reduction ratio (for example, 1/3 rotation speed), the action force for stirring (the stirring handle 7 The force required to turn the stirring shaft 6) is reduced, and the stirring shaft 6 can be easily rotated manually. Further, the lower stage stirring blade 64 mounted on the stirring shaft 6 is in a direction of retreating in the rotation direction with respect to the tip end of the arm 63 in the radial direction extending to the vicinity of the inner wall in the fermenter 3, and the arm tip is rotated. Since the stirring blade 64 has a curved shape so as to rise upward at a predetermined receding angle α along a curvature r having a diameter smaller than the radius, the rotating blade 64 rotates when the stirring blade 64 rotates.
Even if there is a large amount of raw garbage mixed in the deposit, the raw garbage accumulated on the periphery of the inner cylinder can be rotated backward and diagonally upward in the direction of rotation and inward toward the inside of the cylinder. The sediment in the fermenter 3 is rotated as a whole without rotating the stirring blades 64, and is rotated so as to cut the raw garbage deposit upward and inward from the bottom of the peripheral portion of the cylinder. Are mixed with stirring so that the height becomes uniform. Further, the radially extending arm 63 equipped with the lower stirring blades 64 approaches the rotating air-permeable floor plate 34 forming the bottom portion of the fermenter 3 to rotate, thereby removing the deposits on the floor plate 34. To rotate the floor plate 3
It also works to eliminate the clogging of item 4. As a result, the air permeability into the raw garbage deposits in the fermenter 3 is improved, and the air (oxygen) passage into the deposits is improved, so that oxygen is supplied and excess water is removed by aeration. Properly performed, an environment suitable for microbial activity is obtained, and aerobic fermentation decomposition is promoted.
【0022】また撹拌軸6に対し、本実施例のように上
段の撹拌羽根62と下段の撹拌羽根64との2段羽根構
造としたものでは、発酵槽3の深さを深くした場合でも
充分な撹拌ができ、しかも上段の撹拌羽根62と下段の
撹拌羽根64の切返し方向を逆にすることによって、生
ゴミの堆積物に撹拌作用を施した場合でも堆積層の厚さ
の偏りを少なくできる。
Further, as in the case of this embodiment, the stirring shaft 6 having a two-stage blade structure including the upper stage stirring blade 62 and the lower stage stirring blade 64 is sufficient even if the depth of the fermentation tank 3 is increased. It is possible to perform agitation, and by reversing the turning direction of the upper stirring blade 62 and the lower stirring blade 64, it is possible to reduce the deviation in the thickness of the deposited layer even when the raw garbage deposit is agitated. .
【0023】また開閉蓋2に、その蓋の開閉によって、
撹拌軸6の上端部に設けたT字状の接合部66に対しこ
れに係合、離脱する2股状の駆動伝達爪75を備えた駆
動手段を内設したものでは、開閉蓋2を閉じた際に、2
股状の駆動伝達爪75がT字状の接合部66と係合して
回転力を伝達し、開閉蓋2を開放する際には、駆動伝達
爪75と接合部66とが離脱して発酵槽3の上部に開口
した生ゴミ投入口31を大きく確保することができる。
Further, by opening and closing the opening / closing lid 2,
The opening / closing lid 2 is closed when the driving means having the bifurcated drive transmission claw 75 which engages and disengages with the T-shaped joint portion 66 provided on the upper end portion of the stirring shaft 6 is internally provided. 2 when
The crotch-shaped drive transmission claw 75 engages with the T-shaped joint portion 66 to transmit the rotational force, and when the opening / closing lid 2 is opened, the drive transmission pawl 75 and the joint portion 66 are separated from each other and the fermentation is performed. It is possible to secure a large garbage input port 31 that is open at the top of the tank 3.
【0024】また本装置の使用時において、エアポンプ
8によって発酵槽3の上方から送風された空気は、発酵
槽3内の堆積物を上から下に通気し、その堆積物を通過
した排気は、通気性を有する多孔板製の床板34を通っ
てその下に区画されたチャンバ35内に流出される。こ
のような空気の流通経路では、空気が、発酵槽3内の生
ゴミ堆積層を上から下へ流通してチャンバ35内に流出
した際、その排気は、過飽和空気としてチャンバ35内
の壁面に結露が生じ、この水滴はチャンバ35内の底部
(発酵槽3の底板33)に設けた排出口36から、排出
ホース37を通って曝気タンク4内の吸入管41に流
れ、曝気タンク4内の水面下に排水されてタンク4内に
回収される形態となるから、結露水が上方の発酵槽3内
に戻ることがなく、空気の流通によって吸着された水分
の除去が効率よく行われる共に、除去された水分の回収
も発酵槽3の底部に排水口36→排出ホース37→吸入
管41→曝気タンク4等の排水経路を設けるのみで簡単
に回収できるようになる。また生ゴミの堆積層を通過し
た空気は、チャンバ35内に流出された後に底部の排出
口36から排出ホース37→吸入管41→曝気タンク4
→エアホース44を経て脱臭カラム5へと流通し、悪臭
成分を含んだ排気が、発酵槽3内の上部へ逆戻りするこ
ともないので、生ゴミの投入に際して開閉蓋2を開いた
時に悪臭成分を含んだ臭気が上方の投入口31より外部
に飛散する現象も起らない。また排気は、上述のように
チャンバ35内の底部に設けた排出口36から排出ホー
ス37→吸入管41→曝気タンク4→エアホース44→
脱臭カラム5を経て大気に排出され、特定の脱臭経路
(曝気タンク4、脱臭カラム5)を迂回して外部に排出
される形態であるから、臭気の飛散を極力少なくでき
る。
When the apparatus is used, the air blown from above the fermenter 3 by the air pump 8 ventilates the deposits in the fermenter 3 from top to bottom, and the exhaust gas passing through the deposits is It flows out through a floor plate 34 made of a porous plate having air permeability and into a chamber 35 defined below the floor plate 34. In such an air flow path, when the air flows from the top to the bottom in the raw garbage accumulation layer in the fermenter 3 and flows out into the chamber 35, the exhaust air is supersaturated air to the wall surface in the chamber 35. Condensation occurs, and the water droplets flow from the discharge port 36 provided in the bottom portion (bottom plate 33 of the fermentation tank 3) in the chamber 35 to the suction pipe 41 in the aeration tank 4 through the discharge hose 37, and then in the aeration tank 4. Since it is drained below the surface of the water and collected in the tank 4, the condensed water does not return to the upper fermentation tank 3 and the adsorbed water is efficiently removed by the circulation of air. The removed water can be easily recovered by simply providing a drainage path such as a drainage port 36 → a discharge hose 37 → a suction pipe 41 → aeration tank 4 at the bottom of the fermentation tank 3. Further, the air that has passed through the accumulated layer of garbage is discharged into the chamber 35 and then discharged from the discharge port 36 at the bottom to a discharge hose 37 → a suction pipe 41 → the aeration tank 4.
→ Since the exhaust gas flowing through the air hose 44 to the deodorizing column 5 does not return to the upper part of the fermenter 3 back to the upper part of the fermentation tank 3, the malodorous component is removed when the opening / closing lid 2 is opened when the raw garbage is loaded. The phenomenon that the contained odor is scattered to the outside through the upper inlet 31 does not occur. Further, the exhaust air is discharged from the discharge port 36 provided in the bottom portion of the chamber 35 as described above, to the discharge hose 37 → the suction pipe 41 → the aeration tank 4 → the air hose 44 →
Since it is discharged to the atmosphere through the deodorizing column 5 and bypasses a specific deodorizing route (aeration tank 4, deodorizing column 5) and is discharged to the outside, the scattering of odor can be minimized.
【0025】[0025]
【考案の効果】本考案によれば、撹拌装置の駆動を、手
動のハンドル操作による簡単な構成としたので、モータ
等の動力源を用いたものに比べて装置自体のコストを安
価にできる。また撹拌羽根の構成を、撹拌抵抗が少な
く、しかも充分な撹拌作用が得られる形状としたので、
撹拌操作が軽快で且つ確実な撹拌混合ができる。撹拌装
置の駆動手段を開閉蓋に内設し、開閉蓋の開閉によって
撹拌装置への動力の伝達の接続,切り離しを行う構成に
したものでは、生ゴミの投入時には開閉蓋を開放して大
きな投入口を確保でき、また、開閉蓋を閉じたままで撹
拌作業できるので衛生的である等の効果が得られる。
According to the present invention, since the stirring device is driven by a simple structure by a manual handle operation, the cost of the device itself can be reduced as compared with that using a power source such as a motor. Also, since the structure of the stirring blade has a shape with a small stirring resistance and a sufficient stirring action,
The stirring operation is light and reliable stirring and mixing is possible. With a structure in which the drive means of the agitator is installed inside the opening / closing lid and the power transmission to the agitator is connected / disconnected by opening / closing the opening / closing lid, the opening / closing lid is opened when the garbage is put in, and a large amount is thrown in. Since the mouth can be secured and the stirring work can be performed with the opening / closing lid closed, the effect of being hygienic can be obtained.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】家庭用生ゴミの堆肥化装置の外観を示す斜視図FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the appearance of a household garbage composting device.
【図2】家庭用生ゴミの堆肥化装置の縦断断面図[Figure 2] Vertical cross-sectional view of household garbage composting device
【図3】発酵槽及び電熱ヒ―タ部を示す斜視図FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing a fermenter and an electric heating heater.
【図4】電熱ヒ―タ部の配置位置を横断して示した断面
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a position where an electric heating heater is arranged.
【図5】撹拌装置の撹拌羽根を説明する平面図FIG. 5 is a plan view illustrating a stirring blade of the stirring device.
【図6】曝気タンクの部分を一部破談して示した斜視図FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a part of the aeration tank broken down.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 装置本体 11,12 側蓋 2 開閉蓋 21 上板 22 下板 2
3 シ―ル部材 3 発酵槽 31 生ゴミ投入口 32 フラ
ンジ部 33 底板 34 床板 35 チャンバ 36 排出口 37 排出ホ―ス 4 曝気タンク 41 吸入管 42 排水管 4
3 サイフォン部 44 エアホ―ス 5 脱臭カラム 51 脱臭吸着材 52 空気取入
口 53 空気出口 6 撹拌軸 61 ア―ム 62 上段の撹
拌羽根 63 ア―ム 64 下段の撹拌羽根 65 支持部材 66 T字状の接合部 r 曲率 α 後退角 7 撹拌ハンドル 71 回転軸 72 ウオ
―ムギャ 73 ウオ―ムホィ―ル 74 駆動軸 75 駆動伝達爪 8 エアポンプ 81 吹出口 82 調整
つまみ 9 電熱ヒータ部 91固定バンド 92 固定
金具 93 締付け部 94 操作シャフト 95 操作ノブ 96 固定部
1 Device Main Body 11, 12 Side Lid 2 Open / Close Lid 21 Upper Plate 22 Lower Plate 2
3 Seal member 3 Fermenter 31 Raw garbage input port 32 Flange part 33 Bottom plate 34 Floor plate 35 Chamber 36 Discharge port 37 Discharge hose 4 Aeration tank 41 Intake pipe 42 Drain pipe 4
3 Siphon part 44 Air hose 5 Deodorizing column 51 Deodorizing adsorbent 52 Air intake 53 Air outlet 6 Stirring shaft 61 Arm 62 Upper stirring blade 63 Arm 64 Lower stirring blade 65 Supporting member 66 T-shaped Joint part r Curvature α Receding angle 7 Stirring handle 71 Rotating shaft 72 Worm gear 73 Worm wheel 74 Drive shaft 75 Drive transmission pawl 8 Air pump 81 Air outlet 82 Adjusting knob 9 Electric heating part 91 Fixing band 92 Fixing bracket 93 Tightening 94 Operation shaft 95 Operation knob 96 Fixed part

Claims (3)

    (57)【実用新案登録請求の範囲】(57) [Scope of utility model registration request]
  1. 【請求項1】 上部に生ゴミの投入口が開口され、底部
    に通気性を有する多孔板製の床板を介してその下に排気
    兼排水用チャンバが区画された縦形筒状の発酵槽を有
    し、 前記発酵槽の上部に、生ゴミ投入口を気密に塞ぐ開閉蓋
    と、発酵槽内に上から底部に向けて空気を吹き込む送風
    手段と、発酵槽内に内装された撹拌装置を回転させる駆
    動手段を有し、この駆動手段による撹拌装置の回転によ
    って発酵槽内に逐次投入される生ゴミに所要の撹拌作用
    を与え、且つ上記送風手段により吹き込まれた空気を、
    発酵槽の上部より生ゴミの堆積層を通して床板底部のチ
    ャンバ内に向け強制通風させる通気構造とした家庭用生
    ゴミの堆肥化装置において、 前記撹拌装置は、発酵槽内の中心部に垂直で且つ回転可
    能に直立して支持された撹拌軸と、該撹拌軸の下部に、
    発酵槽の内壁近傍まで延びる半径方向のアームを介して
    該ア―ムの先端部に装着された下段の撹拌羽根とを有
    し、該撹拌羽根はアームの先端に対し回転方向には後退
    する向きで且つア―ム先端の回転半径よりも小さい径の
    曲率に沿い所定の後退角で上方へ立ち上がるように弯曲
    された形状に形成していることを特徴とする家庭用生ゴ
    ミの堆肥化装置における撹拌装置。
    1. A vertical cylindrical fermenter having a raw garbage input opening at the top and a ventilation / drainage chamber underneath a floor plate made of air-permeable perforated plate at the bottom. Then, on the upper part of the fermenter, an opening / closing lid that airtightly closes the garbage input port, a blowing means for blowing air from the top to the bottom in the fermenter, and a stirring device installed inside the fermenter are rotated. A driving means is provided, the rotation of the stirring device by the driving means gives a required stirring action to the garbage successively introduced into the fermenter, and the air blown by the blowing means is
    In a composting apparatus for domestic household waste having a ventilation structure for forced ventilation from the upper part of the fermenter through the sediment layer of the raw material into the chamber at the bottom of the floor plate, the stirring device is vertical to the center of the fermenter and A stirring shaft rotatably supported upright and a lower part of the stirring shaft,
    A lower-stage stirring blade attached to the tip of the arm through a radial arm extending to the vicinity of the inner wall of the fermenter, the stirring blade being oriented in a direction retracting in the rotational direction with respect to the tip of the arm. In the composting apparatus for household garbage, the curved shape is formed so as to rise upward at a predetermined receding angle along a curvature having a diameter smaller than the turning radius of the arm tip. Stirrer.
  2. 【請求項2】 上記撹拌軸の上部に、別の半径方向に延
    びるアームを介して該アームの先端に回転方向に対し前
    進する向きで且つ所定の角度で下方へ延びる上段の撹拌
    羽根を有していることを特徴とする請求項1記載の家庭
    用生ゴミの堆肥化装置における撹拌装置。
    2. An upper stage stirring blade that extends forward with respect to the rotational direction and extends downward at a predetermined angle to the tip of the arm above the stirring shaft via another radially extending arm. The agitating device in the household garbage composting device according to claim 1, wherein
  3. 【請求項3】 上記撹拌軸の上端部にT字状の接合部を
    有し、一方、前記開閉蓋には、その蓋の開閉により上記
    接合部に対し係合、離脱する2股状の駆動伝達爪を備え
    た駆動手段が内設され、開閉蓋を閉じた時に上記2股状
    の駆動伝達爪がT字状の接合部と係合して回転力を伝達
    するように構成してなることを特徴とする請求項1,2
    記載の家庭用生ゴミの堆肥化装置における撹拌装置。
    3. A bifurcated drive having a T-shaped joint at the upper end of the stirring shaft, while the opening / closing lid engages and disengages from the joint when the lid is opened and closed. A driving means having a transmission claw is internally provided, and when the opening / closing lid is closed, the bifurcated drive transmission claw is engaged with the T-shaped joint to transmit the rotational force. Claims 1 and 2, characterized in that
    An agitating device in the household garbage composting device described.
JP1992013979U 1992-02-14 1992-02-14 Stirrer in household garbage composting equipment Active JP2520345Y2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1992013979U JP2520345Y2 (en) 1992-02-14 1992-02-14 Stirrer in household garbage composting equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP1992013979U JP2520345Y2 (en) 1992-02-14 1992-02-14 Stirrer in household garbage composting equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0566032U JPH0566032U (en) 1993-08-31
JP2520345Y2 true JP2520345Y2 (en) 1996-12-18

Family

ID=11848347

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP1992013979U Active JP2520345Y2 (en) 1992-02-14 1992-02-14 Stirrer in household garbage composting equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2520345Y2 (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2584743Y2 (en) * 1993-11-17 1998-11-05 静岡製機株式会社 Stirrer in household garbage composting equipment
KR20000053691A (en) * 1999-11-05 2000-09-05 정규 A device for a garbage disposal
JP4671014B2 (en) * 2001-09-26 2011-04-13 幸一 吉田 Garbage disposal equipment
JP4526930B2 (en) * 2004-11-16 2010-08-18 株式会社資生堂 Powder mixing and grinding equipment

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH0566032U (en) 1993-08-31

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