JP2506010B2 - Roof material joint and roof structure using the joint - Google Patents

Roof material joint and roof structure using the joint

Info

Publication number
JP2506010B2
JP2506010B2 JP25876891A JP25876891A JP2506010B2 JP 2506010 B2 JP2506010 B2 JP 2506010B2 JP 25876891 A JP25876891 A JP 25876891A JP 25876891 A JP25876891 A JP 25876891A JP 2506010 B2 JP2506010 B2 JP 2506010B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
roof
side end
joint
eaves
ridge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP25876891A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH0571190A (en
Inventor
昇 山坂
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Gantan Beauty Industry Co Ltd
Priority to JP25876891A priority Critical patent/JP2506010B2/en
Publication of JPH0571190A publication Critical patent/JPH0571190A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2506010B2 publication Critical patent/JP2506010B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、例えば天然スレートあ
るいはタイル等の平板状の屋根材の屋根葺きに用いられ
る継手並びに該継手を用いた屋根構造に関するものであ
る。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a joint used for roofing a flat roof material such as natural slate or tile, and a roof structure using the joint.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来、この種の屋根構造においては、例
えば実開昭64−57318号公報あるいは実開昭64
−57320号公報等に開示されているような天然スレ
ートの屋根材を用いてなる構成を有するものがある。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, in this type of roof structure, for example, Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 64-57318 or Japanese Utility Model Publication No.
Some have a structure using a roofing material of natural slate as disclosed in Japanese Patent Publication No. 57320.

【0003】このような従来の屋根構造にあっては、下
地部材上に葺かれた屋根材の棟側端部を釘打ちにより固
定したり、あるいは屋根材の軒側端部をフック掛けによ
り支持している。
In such a conventional roof structure, the ridge side end of the roofing material that is laid on the base member is fixed by nailing, or the eaves side end of the roofing material is supported by hooking. are doing.

【0004】[0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記し
た従来構造のものでは、釘打ちにより屋根材を下地部材
上に屋根葺きする場合、釘打ち時の衝撃で屋根材が割れ
易く、しかも、水下側が固定されていないために、暴風
雨時などの強風により屋根材に負圧が作用すると、浮き
上がり易い。
However, in the above-mentioned conventional structure, when the roofing material is roofed on the base member by nailing, the roofing material is easily broken by the impact of nailing, and the Since the sides are not fixed, the roof material is easily lifted when a negative pressure acts on the roof material due to strong wind such as during a storm.

【0005】また、フック掛けによる支持構造の場合も
また、フックが片持ちで長さが長いために、曲げモーメ
ントが大きく、上述した釘打ち工法と同様に、屋根材に
負圧が作用すると、浮き上がり易いばかりでなく、屋根
材の支持が一枚につき一点のために、屋根材が割れると
容易に落下し易い。
Also, in the case of a supporting structure by hooking, the bending moment is large because the hook is cantilevered and the length is long, and when a negative pressure acts on the roof material as in the nailing method described above, Not only is it easily lifted up, but since the roofing material is supported at one point, it is easy to fall if the roofing material breaks.

【0006】さらに、縦目地からの水の浸入を防止する
ために、屋根材の縦方向の重ね代を多くして、少ない部
分で2枚重ねに、多い部分で3枚重ねにする必要があ
り、屋根表面として利用される部分が少ない反面、これ
によって、材料費が高騰するといった問題があった。
Furthermore, in order to prevent the entry of water from the longitudinal joint, by increasing the overlapping margin of the longitudinal roof member, a small part
It is necessary to stack two sheets in a minute and three sheets in a large portion, and the portion used as a roof surface is small, but this causes a problem that the material cost rises.

【0007】本発明の目的は、暴風雨時などの強風によ
って働く負圧の作用による屋根材の浮き上がりを確実に
防止し、かつ、屋根材の重ね代を少なくして材料費の節
約を図ることができるようにした屋根材の継手並びに該
継手を用いた屋根構造を提供することにある。
An object of the present invention is to reliably prevent the roofing material from being lifted up by the action of negative pressure which is exerted by a strong wind such as during a storm, and to reduce the overlapping cost of the roofing material to save the material cost. (EN) Provided is a roof material joint which is made possible, and a roof structure using the joint.

【0008】[0008]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記した課題を解決する
ために、本願の第1発明は、天然スレートあるいはタイ
ルなどの平板状の屋根材を母屋などの下地部材上に敷設
支持する継手であって、この継手は、棟側端部が前記下
地部材上に固定可能に形成され、かつ、その上面に互い
に横方向に隣接する各々の屋根材の突合せ端部が載置さ
れる支持基板と、この支持基板の軒側端部に形成された
前記各々の屋根材の軒側端部が係合支持される係合部
と、この係合部の下部に形成され、かつ、前記支持基板
上に載置される屋根材の軒側端部に対して互いに縦方向
に重なり合う軒側屋根材の棟側端部が当接支持される当
接部と、前記支持基板の側部に当接部から張出し形成さ
れた前記下地部材上に固定可能な固定片とを具備したこ
とを特徴とする屋根材の継手である。
In order to solve the above problems, the first invention of the present application is a joint for laying and supporting a flat roof material such as natural slate or tile on a base member such as a purlin. In this joint, a ridge-side end portion is formed so as to be fixable on the base member , and a supporting substrate on which the abutting end portions of the respective roof materials laterally adjacent to each other are placed on the upper surface thereof, An engaging portion formed on the eaves side end portion of the supporting substrate to engage and support the eaves side end portion of each roof member , and formed on the lower portion of the engaging portion , and on the supporting substrate. From the contact portion to the side portion of the supporting board , the contact portion on which the ridge-side end portions of the eave-side roof material that vertically overlap each other with respect to the eave-side end portion of the roof material to be placed are supported, A roof provided with a fixing piece that can be fixed on the base member that is formed overhanging. Which is a joint.

【0009】また、本願の第2発明は、天然スレートあ
るいはタイルなどの平板状の屋根材を母屋などの下地部
材上に継手を介して敷設し屋根葺きするにあたり、この
継手は、棟側端部継前記下地部材上に固定可能に形成さ
れ、かつ、その上面に互いに横方向に隣接する各々の屋
根材の突合せ端部が載置される支持基板と、この支持基
板の軒側端部に形成された前記各々の屋根材の軒側端部
が係合支持される係合部と、この係合部の下部に形成さ
、かつ、前記支持基板上に載置される屋根材の軒側端
部に対して互いに縦方向に重なり合う軒側屋根材の棟側
端部が当接支持される当接部と、前記支持基板の側部に
当接部から張出し形成された前記下地部材上に固定可能
な固定片とを具備し、前記下地部材上に固定された継手
の支持基板上に、互いに横方向に隣接する各々の屋根材
の突合せ端部を載置し、これら各々の屋根材の軒側端部
を、前記支持基板の係合部に係合支持させるとともに、
前記支持基板の当接部に棟側屋根材の軒側端部に対して
互いに縦方向に重なり合う軒側屋根材の棟側端部を嵌入
支持させてなることを特徴とする屋根構造である。
The second invention of the present application is that when a flat roof material such as natural slate or tile is laid on a base member such as a main house through a joint and roofing is performed, this joint has a ridge side end portion. Formed so that it can be fixed on the base member
And a supporting substrate on which the abutting ends of the respective roofing materials laterally adjacent to each other are placed, and the eaves side of each roofing material formed at the eaves side end of this supporting substrate. An engaging portion whose end portion is engaged and supported , and an eave which is formed in a lower portion of the engaging portion and vertically overlaps with the eave-side end portion of the roof material placed on the supporting substrate. The abutment part where the ridge-side end of the side roofing material abuts and is supported, and the side part of the support substrate.
And a fixing piece that can be fixed on the base member that is formed to project from the abutting portion, and the roof materials that are laterally adjacent to each other are abutted on the supporting substrate of the joint that is fixed on the base member. An end is placed, and the eaves side end of each of these roof members is engaged and supported by the engaging portion of the support substrate,
The roof structure is characterized in that the ridge-side end portions of the eaves-side roof material which vertically overlap with the eaves-side edge portion of the ridge-side roof material are fitted and supported by the abutting portions of the support substrate.

【0010】[0010]

【作用】すなわち、本発明は、天然スレートあるいはタ
イルなどの平板状の屋根材を母屋などの下地部材上に敷
設支持する継手を支持基板で形成し、この支持基板の棟
側端部を前記下地部材上にビス、釘等によって固定し、
かつ、その上面に互いに横方向に隣接する各々の屋根材
の突合せ端部を載置するとともに、これら各々の屋根材
の軒側端部を前記支持基板の軒側端部に形成された係合
部に係合支持させる一方、この係合部の下部に形成され
た当接部に、前記支持基板上に載置される屋根材の軒側
端部に対して互いに縦方向に重なり合う軒側屋根材の棟
側端部を当接支持させるように構成してなるために、互
いに横方向に隣接する上段の屋根材の縦目地から浸入す
る水が継手上で受けられて下段の屋根材上から排出さ
れ、これによって、縦目地の全長に亘って、上段の屋根
材の下に重ね合わされる下段の屋根材を棟側に延長させ
る必要がなく、屋根材の重ね代を少なくすることが可能
になる。
That is, according to the present invention, a joint for laying and supporting a flat roof material such as a natural slate or tile on a base member such as a main house is formed by a support substrate, and the ridge-side end of the support substrate is used as the base substrate. Secure it on the member with screws, nails, etc.
Moreover, the abutting ends of the respective roofing materials that are laterally adjacent to each other are placed on the upper surface thereof, and the eaves-side ends of the respective roofing materials are engaged with the eaves-side ends of the support substrates. The eaves-side roof that vertically engages the eaves-side end portion of the roofing material placed on the support substrate, while the eaves-side roof is engaged with and supported by the roof part. Since the ridge side end of the timber is configured to abut and support, water that infiltrates from the vertical joints of the upper roof material that is laterally adjacent to each other is received on the joint, and from the lower roof material It is discharged, and it is not necessary to extend the roof material of the lower tier, which is stacked under the roof material of the upper tier, to the ridge side over the entire length of the vertical joint, and it is possible to reduce the stacking margin of the roof material. Become.

【0011】また、下地部材上にビス、釘等によって固
定される継手を介して屋根材を支持するようになってい
るために、屋根材には直接ビス、釘等による固定が行な
われず、これによって、従前のような釘打ち時の衝撃に
よって屋根材が割れることがない。
Further, since the roof material is supported through the joint fixed on the base member with screws, nails, etc., the roof material is not directly fixed with screws, nails, etc. As a result, the roof material will not be cracked by the impact of nailing as in the past.

【0012】さらに、1個の継手に係合部と嵌入部とを
左右一対形成した時は、一枚当たりの屋根材の軒側端部
と棟側端部とが係合部と当接部とで4点支持されるため
に、従前のような屋根材の割れによる落下、及び暴風雨
時などの強風によって働く負圧の作用による浮き上がり
の防止が図れる。
Further, an engaging portion and a fitting portion are provided on one joint.
When a pair of left and right sides is formed, the eave side end and the ridge side end of each roof material are supported at four points by the engaging portion and the abutting portion. It is possible to prevent falling due to the effect of negative pressure that is exerted by strong wind such as during heavy rain.

【0013】さらにまた、継手を形成する支持基板上の
中央棟側寄りに、互いに横方向に隣接する各々の屋根材
の突合せ端部間から上方に突出する係止具を設け、この
係止具で棟側屋根材の軒側端部を係止可能にしてなるた
めに、1個の継手に係合部と嵌入部とを左右一対形成し
た時は、係合部と当接部とによる4点支持に加えて、一
枚当たりの屋根材の軒側端部と棟側端部との支持が5点
となり、暴風雨時などの強風によって働く負圧の作用に
よる屋根材の浮き上がりの防止がより確実になる。
Further, a locking tool projecting upward from between the abutting ends of the roof materials laterally adjacent to each other is provided near the central ridge side on the support substrate forming the joint, and the locking tool is provided. In order to enable the eaves-side end of the ridge-side roof material to be locked with, a pair of left and right engaging parts and fitting parts are formed in one joint.
In addition to 4 points of support by the engaging part and the abutting part, 5 points of support for the eaves side edge and the ridge side edge of the roofing material per sheet will be provided due to strong winds such as during a storm. Preventing the roof material from rising due to the action of the negative pressure that is exerted becomes more reliable.

【0014】また、継手を形成する支持基板上の棟側端
部側に、互いに横方向に隣接する各々の屋根材の棟側端
部が当接される止水片を設けてなるために、屋根材の縦
目地から浸入する水の棟側への止水効果を高めるととも
に、屋根材のズレ上がりが防止可能になる。
Further, since the ridge-side end of the support substrate forming the joint is provided with a water-stop piece with which the ridge-side ends of the roof materials adjacent to each other in the lateral direction are abutted, In addition to increasing the water blocking effect on the ridge side of the water that enters from the vertical joints of the roof material, it is possible to prevent the roof material from slipping up.

【0015】さらに、下地部材上に防水シートを敷設し
てなるために、暴風雨等の異常気象時に、屋根材の縦目
地から浸入する水が継手上で受けられなくとも、防水シ
ート上で受けられて軒側に確実に排出することが可能に
なるとともに、デサイン上の理由などで雨仕舞いが十分
でない場合でも水密性を高め、これによって、デザイン
上の自由度が大きくなる。
Further, since the waterproof sheet is laid on the base member, even if the water intruding from the vertical joints of the roofing material cannot be received on the joint during abnormal weather such as storm, it can be received on the waterproof sheet. In addition to being able to reliably discharge it to the eaves side, it enhances watertightness even when rain is not enough due to reasons such as design, thereby increasing the degree of freedom in design.

【0016】[0016]

【実施例】以下、本発明の実施例を図面を参照しながら
詳細に説明すると、図1から図3は本発明に係る屋根材
の継手並びに該継手を用いた屋根構造の第1実施例を示
すものである。
Embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings. First Embodiment FIGS. 1 to 3 show a joint for roofing material according to the present invention and a first embodiment of a roof structure using the joint. It is shown.

【0017】すなわち、本願の第1発明は、図1,図2
及び図3に示すように屋根材の継手の構造に関するもの
あって、図中、1は下地部材である母屋を示す。
That is, the first invention of the present application is shown in FIGS.
As shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 3, the present invention relates to the structure of a joint for roofing material, and in the figure, 1 indicates a purlin which is a base member .

【0018】この母屋1上には、内層材2が敷設され、
この内層材2の上面には、シート状の防水シート3が敷
設されている。
An inner layer material 2 is laid on the main building 1,
A sheet-like waterproof sheet 3 is laid on the upper surface of the inner layer material 2.

【0019】そして、前記母屋1上には、内層材2及び
防水シート3を介して天然スレートあるいはタイルなど
の平板状の屋根材4が屋根葺きされていて、これら各々
の屋根材4は、ビス、釘等の固定具5により前記母屋1
上の防水シート3を通して内層材2に固定された継手1
0を介して支持されている。
On the main building 1, a flat roof material 4 such as a natural slate or a tile is roofed via an inner layer material 2 and a waterproof sheet 3, and each roof material 4 is a screw. The purlin 1 by means of fasteners 5, such as nails
Joint 1 fixed to inner layer material 2 through upper waterproof sheet 3
Supported through 0.

【0020】この継手10は、図3に示すように、少な
くとも屋根材4の縦長さよりも長い縦長矩形の薄板金属
からなる支持基板11で形成され、この支持基板11
は、棟側端部11a側の中央部にビス、釘等の固定具5
か挿入される貫通孔12を有する。
As shown in FIG. 3, this joint 10 is formed of a supporting substrate 11 made of a vertically long rectangular thin sheet metal which is at least longer than the vertically long length of the roofing material 4.
Is a fixture 5 such as a screw or a nail at the center of the ridge-side end 11a.
It has a through hole 12 to be inserted.

【0021】また、前記支持基板11の軒側端部11b
には、左右一対の係合部13、13と当接部14、14
がそれぞれ形成され、これら各々の係合部13は、軒側
に水平に延びる支持片13aと、この支持片13aから
上方に屋根材4のほぼ厚さa分だけ立ち上がる立上片1
3bと、この立上片13bから棟側に延びる保持片13
cとで逆コ字状に折曲して、屋根材4の軒側端部4aが
係合支持可能になっている。
The eave-side end portion 11b of the support substrate 11
Includes a pair of left and right engaging parts 13, 13 and abutting parts 14, 14
Each of the engaging portions 13 is formed with a supporting piece 13a that extends horizontally to the eaves and a rising piece 1 that rises upward from the supporting piece 13a by approximately the thickness a of the roofing material 4.
3b and a holding piece 13 extending from the rising piece 13b to the ridge side
The eave side end 4a of the roofing member 4 can be engaged and supported by being bent in an inverted U shape with c.

【0022】一方、前記当接部14は、屋根材4の重ね
代W分だけ前記係合部13から棟側に離れた位置から屋
根材4のほぼ厚さa分だけ下方に垂下する垂下片14a
と、この垂下片14aの下端部に相当する位置から外側
横方向に張出させてなる固定片14bとで折曲形成さ
れ、前記垂下片14aの軒側端面に屋根材4の棟側端部
4bが当接支持可能になっているとともに、前記固定片
14bには、ビス、釘等の固定具6が挿入される貫通孔
14cが設けられている。
On the other hand, the abutting portion 14 is a hanging piece that hangs downward from the position separated from the engaging portion 13 by the overlap width W of the roofing material 4 toward the ridge side by approximately the thickness a of the roofing material 4. 14a
And a fixed piece 14b formed by laterally projecting from a position corresponding to the lower end of the hanging piece 14a, and the roof-side end of the roofing member 4 is formed on the eave side end surface of the hanging piece 14a. 4b is capable of abutting and supporting, and the fixing piece 14b is provided with a through hole 14c into which the fixing tool 6 such as a screw or a nail is inserted.

【0023】願の第2の発明は、上記した継手10を
用いた屋根構造に関するもので、この屋根葺き施工につ
いて、以下に説明する。
The second invention of the present patent application relates to a roof structure using a joint 10 described above, this roofing construction will be described below.

【0024】まず、母屋1上に内層材2を敷設し、その
上に防水シート3を敷設した後、軒側から継手10を屋
根材4の横幅に応じた所定の間隔でもって横方向にビ
ス、釘等の固定具5及び6にて固定する。
First, the inner layer material 2 is laid on the purlin 1, the waterproof sheet 3 is laid on the inner layer material 2, and then the joints 10 are screwed laterally from the eaves side at a predetermined interval according to the width of the roof material 4. , And fix with fasteners 5 and 6 such as nails.

【0025】次に、これら下段の各々の継手10の支持
基板11の上面に、互いに横方向に隣接する各々の屋根
材4、4の突合せ端部を縦目地b分の間隔を存して載置
するとともに、これら各々の屋根材4、4の突合せ端部
の軒側端部4a、4aを左右の係合部13、13に棟側
から軒側に向け差し込むことにより、それぞれ係合支持
させる。
Next, the abutting ends of the roofing members 4, 4 laterally adjacent to each other are placed on the upper surface of the supporting substrate 11 of each of the lower joints 10 at intervals of the vertical joint b. The eaves-side end portions 4a and 4a of the abutting ends of the respective roofing members 4 and 4 are inserted into the left and right engaging portions 13 and 13 from the ridge side to the eaves side so that they are engaged and supported. .

【0026】このようにして、軒側に対応する下段の屋
根葺きを行なった後、これら下段の屋根材4の横方向中
央部の棟側端部4bに、前記継手10の軒側に形成した
左右一対の当接部14、14をそれぞれ当接し位置決め
しながら、これら各々の継手10の棟側端部11a及び
固定片14bを貫通孔12、14cを通してビス、釘等
の固定具5、6により固定する。
After the roofing of the lower tier corresponding to the eaves side is carried out in this way, the joints 10 are formed on the eaves side of the ridge side end 4b of the lower roofing material 4 in the lateral center. While abutting and positioning the pair of left and right abutting portions 14 and 14, respectively, the ridge-side end 11a and the fixing piece 14b of each joint 10 are passed through the through holes 12 and 14c by the fixing tools 5 and 6 such as screws and nails. Fix it.

【0027】そして、上記と同様に、これら上段の各々
の継手10の支持基板11の上面に、互いに横方向に隣
接する各々の屋根材4、4の突合せ端部を縦目地b分の
間隔を存して載置し、これら各々の屋根材4、4の突合
せ端部の軒側端部4a、4aを左右の係合部13、13
に棟側から軒側に向け差し込んで、それぞれ係合支持さ
せることにより、下段の屋根材4の棟側端部4bの上に
上段の屋根材4の軒側端部4aを所定の重ね代Wでもっ
て互いに縦方向に重ね合せ、このような施工を段階的に
繰返し行なうようになっているものである。
Then, similarly to the above, the abutting ends of the roof members 4, 4 laterally adjacent to each other are provided on the upper surface of the support substrate 11 of each of the upper joints 10 at intervals of the vertical joint b. The roof-side end portions 4a, 4a of the abutting end portions of the respective roofing members 4, 4 are placed on the left and right engaging portions 13, 13, respectively.
The eaves side end 4a of the upper roof material 4 is placed on the ridge side end 4b of the lower roofing material 4 by inserting the eaves side 4a of the upper roofing material 4 toward the eaves side from the ridge side toward the eaves side. Therefore, they are vertically overlapped with each other, and such construction is repeated stepwise.

【0028】また、図4は本願の第1発明である継手1
0の第2実施例を示すものであり、前記支持基板11上
の中央に細棒状の係止具15が葺足長さH分だけ棟側寄
りに設けられ、この係止具15は、屋根材4の2倍の長
さを有して立ち上がる柱部15aと、この柱部15aか
ら棟側に延びる保持部15bとで形成されているととも
に、図5に示すように、屋根葺き時に、互いに横方向に
隣接する各々の屋根材4、4の突合せ端部間である縦目
地bから上方に屋根材4の厚さa分だけ突出させること
により、棟側屋根材4の軒側端部4aを係止可能にして
なる構成を有するものである。
FIG. 4 is a joint 1 according to the first invention of the present application.
In the second embodiment of No. 0, a thin rod-like locking member 15 is provided at the center of the supporting substrate 11 by the length of the length of a thatched foot H toward the ridge side. It is formed of a pillar portion 15a that has a length twice that of the material 4 and stands up, and a holding portion 15b that extends from the pillar portion 15a to the ridge side, and as shown in FIG. The eaves-side end portion 4a of the ridge-side roofing material 4 is made to protrude upward from the vertical joint b between the abutting ends of the roofing materials 4 and 4 adjacent in the lateral direction by the thickness a of the roofing material 4. Is configured to be able to be locked.

【0029】さらに、図6は本願の第1発明である継手
10の第3実施例を示すものであり、上記第2実施例に
おける係止具15の位置から重ね代W分だけ棟側寄りの
支持基板11上の横方向全幅に止水片16を立設し、こ
の止水片16を、屋根材4の厚さa分だけ立ち上がる立
上片16aと、この立上片16aから軒側に延びる保持
部16bとで形成して、互いに横方向に隣接する各々の
屋根材4、4の棟側端部4b、4bを当接保持可能にし
てなる構成を有するものである。
Further, FIG. 6 shows a third embodiment of the joint 10 according to the first invention of the present application, which is located at the ridge side by the overlap margin W from the position of the engaging member 15 in the second embodiment. A water blocking piece 16 is erected over the entire width in the lateral direction on the support substrate 11, and the water blocking piece 16 is raised to the eaves side from the rising piece 16a that rises by the thickness a of the roofing material 4. It is formed by an extending holding portion 16b so that the ridge-side end portions 4b, 4b of the respective roof members 4, 4 laterally adjacent to each other can be held in contact with each other.

【0030】なお、上記の実施例において、本願の第1
発明である継手10を、互いに横方向に隣接させて突合
される一方の屋根材4と予め一体に接合しておくことも
可能である。
In the above embodiment, the first of the present application
It is also possible to previously join the joint 10 of the invention integrally with one roofing member 4 which is abutted laterally adjacent to each other.

【0031】さらに、継手10に止水片16を設ける場
合、止水片16を支持基板11とは別体に形成して、溶
接等により一体化し、また、必ずしも、図6のような支
持基板11の全幅に配置する必要はない。
Further, when the water blocking piece 16 is provided in the joint 10, the water blocking piece 16 is formed separately from the supporting substrate 11 and integrated by welding or the like, and the supporting substrate as shown in FIG. It is not necessary to arrange the entire width of 11.

【0032】[0032]

【発明の効果】以上の説明から明らかなように、本願の
第1発明である継手は、天然スレートあるいはタイルな
どの平板状の屋根材を母屋などの下地部材上に敷設支持
する支持基板で形成し、この支持基板の棟側端部を前記
下地部材上にビス、釘等により固定し、かつ、その上面
に互いに横方向に隣接する各々の屋根材の突合せ端部を
載置するとともに、これら各々の屋根材の軒側端部を前
記支持基板の軒側端部に形成された係合部に係合支持さ
せる一方、この係合部の下部に形成された当接部に、前
記支持基板上に載置される屋根材の軒側端部に対して互
いに縦方向に重なり合う軒側屋根材の棟側端部を当接支
持させるように構成し、これによって、下地部材上に釘
打ちされる継手を介して屋根材を支持するようになって
いることから、屋根材には直接ビス、釘等による固定が
行なわれないために、従前のような釘打ち時の衝撃によ
って屋根材が割れることがない。
As is apparent from the above description, the joint which is the first invention of the present application is formed by a support substrate for laying and supporting a flat roof material such as natural slate or tile on a base member such as a purlin. Then, the ridge-side end of this support substrate is fixed on the base member with screws, nails, and the butt ends of the respective roof materials that are laterally adjacent to each other are placed on the upper surface thereof. The eaves side end of each roof member is engaged with and supported by the engagement part formed at the eaves side end of the support substrate, and the support substrate is attached to the contact part formed under the engagement part. The eaves side edge of the eaves side roofing material, which vertically overlaps with the eaves side edge of the roofing material placed on the ridge side, is abutted and supported, whereby it is nailed on the base member. Since the roofing material is supported through the joints, Directly to wood screws, in order to fixing by nails or the like is not performed, is never broken roofing by impact at the time of nailing as before.

【0033】また、このような継手を用いた第2発明の
屋根構造では、互いに横方向に隣接する上段の屋根材の
縦目地から浸入する水が継手上で受けられて下段の屋根
材上から排出されるために、縦目地の全長に亘って、上
段の屋根材の下に重ね合わされる下段の屋根材を棟側に
延長させる必要がなく、屋根材の重ね代を少なくするこ
とができ、これによって、材料費を節約することができ
る。
In addition, in the roof structure of the second invention using such a joint, water intruding from the vertical joints of the upper roof material laterally adjacent to each other is received on the joint and is absorbed from the lower roof material. Since it is discharged, it is not necessary to extend the roof material of the lower tier, which is stacked under the roof material of the upper tier, to the ridge side over the entire length of the vertical joint, and it is possible to reduce the overlapping margin of the roof material, This can save material costs.

【0034】さらに、一枚当たりの屋根材の軒側端部と
棟側端部とが係合部と当接部とで4点支持されることか
ら、従前のような屋根材の割れによる落下、及び暴風雨
時などの強風によって働く負圧の作用による浮き上がり
の防止を図ることができる。
Further, since the eave side end and the ridge side end of each roofing material are supported at four points by the engaging portion and the abutting portion, the roofing material is dropped due to cracking as in the conventional case. It is possible to prevent lifting due to the action of negative pressure that is exerted by strong wind such as during heavy rain.

【0035】さらにまた、請求項2または5において、
継手を形成する支持基板上の中央棟側寄りに、互いに横
方向に隣接する各々の屋根材の突合せ端部間から上方に
突出する係止具を設け、この係止具で棟側屋根材の軒側
端部を係止可能にしてなることから、1個の継手に係合
部と嵌入部とを左右一対形成した時は、係合部と当接部
とによる4点支持に加えて、一枚当たりの屋根材の軒側
端部と棟側端部との支持が5点となり、暴風雨時などの
強風によって働く負圧の作用による浮き上がりの防止を
より確実に行なうことができる。
Furthermore, in claim 2 or 5 ,
On the side of the central ridge on the support substrate that forms the joint, a locking tool that protrudes upward from between the abutting ends of the roof materials that are laterally adjacent to each other is provided. Engages with one joint because the eaves side end can be locked
When a pair of left and right portions and fitting portions are formed , in addition to the four-point support by the engagement portion and the contact portion, the support between the eave-side end and the ridge-side end of the roofing material per sheet is 5 This is a point, and it is possible to more surely prevent the floating due to the action of the negative pressure that is exerted by the strong wind such as during a storm.

【0036】また、請求項3または6において、継手を
形成する支持基板上の棟側端部側に、互いに横方向に隣
接する各々の屋根材の棟側端部が当接される止水片を設
けてなることから、屋根材の縦目地から浸入する水の棟
側への止水効果を高めることができるとともに、屋根材
のズレ上がりを防止することができる。
The water blocking piece according to claim 3 or 6, wherein the ridge-side end portions of the roof materials that are laterally adjacent to each other are in contact with the ridge-side end portions on the support substrate forming the joint. By providing the above, it is possible to enhance the effect of stopping the water intruding from the vertical joints of the roofing material toward the ridge side and prevent the roofing material from shifting up.

【0037】さらに、請求項7において、下地部材上に
防水シートを敷設してなることから、暴風雨等の異常気
象時に屋根材の縦目地から浸入する水が継手上で受けら
れなくとも、防水シート上で受けられて軒側に確実に排
出することができるとともに、デザイン上の理由などで
雨仕舞いが十分でない場合でも水密性を高めることがで
き、これによって、デザイン上の自由度を大きくするこ
とができる。
Furthermore, in claim 7, since it is formed by laying a waterproof sheet on a base member, even without water intruding upon abnormal weather storms such as the vertical joints roofing received on joints, tarpaulins It can be received by the above and discharged to the eaves side surely, and even if rain is not enough for design reasons, it can increase watertightness, thereby increasing freedom in design. You can

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本願の第1発明である屋根材の継手の第1実施
例を用いた屋根構造を示す要部概略的斜視図。
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a main part showing a roof structure using a first embodiment of a joint for roofing material according to the first invention of the present application.

【図2】図1のII−II線における要部拡大断面図。FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of a main part taken along the line II-II of FIG.

【図3】本願の第1発明である屋根材の継手の第1実施
例を示す斜視図。
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing a first embodiment of a joint for roofing material according to the first invention of the present application.

【図4】本願の第1発明である屋根材の継手の第2実施
例を示す斜視図。
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a second embodiment of the joint for roofing material according to the first invention of the present application.

【図5】屋根材の継手の第2実施例を用いた屋根構造を
示す要部概略的斜視図。
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a main part showing a roof structure using a second embodiment of a joint for roofing material.

【図6】本願の第1発明である屋根材の継手の第3実施
例を示す斜視図。
FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a third embodiment of the roof joint of the first invention of the present application.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1・・・下地部材(母屋)、 2・・・内層材、 3・・・防水シート、 4・・・屋根材、 4a・・・軒側端部、 4b・・・棟側端部、 5、6・・・固定具(ビス、釘等)、 10・・・継手、 11・・・支持基板、 11a・・・棟側端部、 11b・・・軒側端部、 12・・・貫通孔、 13、13・・・係合部、 14、14・・・当接部、 14b、14b・・・固定片、 14c、14c・・・貫通孔、 15・・・係止具、 16・・・止水片、 a・・・屋根材の厚さ、 b・・・縦目地、 W・・・重ね代、 H・・・葺足長さ。 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Base member (purlin), 2 ... Inner layer material, 3 ... Waterproof sheet, 4 ... Roofing material, 4a ... Eaves side end part, 4b ... Building side end part, 5 , 6 ... Fixtures (screws, nails, etc.), 10 ... Joints, 11 ... Support substrate, 11a ... Ends on ridge side, 11b ... Ends on eaves, 12 ... Penetration Holes, 13, 13 ... Engaging portion, 14, 14 ... Abutting portion, 14b, 14b ... Fixing piece, 14c, 14c ... Through hole, 15 ... Locking tool, 16. ..Water-stopping pieces, a ... thickness of roofing material, b ... longitudinal joints, W ... overlap margin, H ... roofing foot length.

Claims (7)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】天然スレートあるいはタイルなどの平板状
の屋根材を母屋などの下地部材上に敷設支持する継手で
あって、 この継手は、棟側端部が前記下地部材上に固定可能に形
成され、かつ、その上面に互いに横方向に隣接する各々
の屋根材の突合せ端部が載置される支持基板と、 この支持基板の軒側端部に形成された前記各々の屋根材
の軒側端部が係合支持される係合部と、 この係合部の下部に形成され、かつ、前記支持基板上に
載置される屋根材の軒側端部に対して互いに縦方向に重
なり合う軒側屋根材の棟側端部が当接支持される当接部
と、前記支持基板の側部に当接部から 張出し形成された前記
下地部材上に固定可能な固定片とを具備したことを特徴
とする屋根材の継手。
The method according to claim 1 Tabular roof material such as slate or tile a joint laying supported on a base member such as a purlin, this joint lockably shape ridge-side end on said underlying member
And a supporting board on which the abutting ends of the roofing materials that are laterally adjacent to each other are placed, and the eaves of the roofing materials formed at the eave-side ends of the supporting board. An engaging portion whose side end portion is engaged and supported , and an eaves-side end portion of the roofing material formed on the lower part of the engaging portion and placed on the supporting substrate , and vertically overlap each other. A ridge-side end portion of the eaves-side roof material is abutted and supported by abutting portions, and a fixing piece that can be fixed on the base member formed on the side portion of the support substrate so as to project from the abutting portion. Roof material joints characterized by.
【請求項2】支持基板上の中央棟側寄りに、互いに横方
向に隣接する各々の屋根材の突合せ端部間から上方に突
出する係止具を設け、この係止具で棟側屋根材の軒側端
部を係止可能にしたことを特徴とする請求項1記載の屋
根材の継手。
2. A locking tool projecting upward from between the abutting ends of the roof materials laterally adjacent to each other is provided near the center ridge side on the support substrate, and the locking tool is used for the ridge side roof material. The roof material joint according to claim 1, wherein the eaves side end portion of the roof member is lockable.
【請求項3】支持基板上の棟側端部側に止水片を立設し
たことを特徴とする請求項1または2記載の屋根材の継
手。
3. The joint for roofing material according to claim 1, wherein a water blocking piece is erected on the ridge side end portion side on the support substrate.
【請求項4】天然スレートあるいはタイルなどの平板状
の屋根材を母屋などの下地部材上に継手を介して敷設し
屋根葺きするにあたり、 この継手は、棟側端部が前記下地部材上に固定可能に形
成され、かつ、その上面に互いに横方向に隣接する各々
の屋根材の突合せ端部が載置される支持基板と、 この支持基板の軒側端部に形成された前記各々の屋根材
の軒側端部が係合支持される係合部と、 この係合部の下部に形成され、かつ、前記支持基板上に
載置される屋根材の軒側端部に対して互いに縦方向に重
なり合う軒側屋根材の棟側端部が当接支持される当接部
と、前記支持基板の側部に当接部から 張出し形成された前記
下地部材上に固定可能な固定片とを具備し、 前記下地部材上に固定された継手の支持基板上に、互い
に横方向に隣接する各々の屋根材の突合せ端部を載置
し、これら各々の屋根材の軒側端部を、前記支持基板の
係合部に係合支持させるとともに、前記支持基板の当接
部に棟側屋根材の軒側端部に対して互いに縦方向に重な
り合う軒側屋根材の棟側端部を嵌入支持させてなること
を特徴とする屋根構造。
4. When laying a flat roof material such as a natural slate or tile on a base member such as a purlin through a joint and roofing the joint, the ridge side end of the joint is fixed on the base member. Shape possible
And a supporting board on which the abutting ends of the roofing materials that are laterally adjacent to each other are placed, and the eaves of the roofing materials formed at the eave-side ends of the supporting board. An engaging portion whose side end portion is engaged and supported , and an eaves-side end portion of the roofing material formed on the lower part of the engaging portion and placed on the supporting substrate , and vertically overlap each other. A ridge-side end of the eaves-side roof material is abutted and supported by abutting, and a fixing piece that can be fixed on the base member formed on the side of the support substrate so as to project from the abutting portion , On the supporting substrate of the joint fixed on the base member, the abutting ends of the respective roofing materials laterally adjacent to each other are placed, and the eaves side end of each of these roofing materials is placed on the supporting substrate. Engage and support the engaging part, and the supporting part abuts on the supporting part in a vertical direction with respect to the eaves side end of the roof side roofing material. Roof structure characterized by comprising by a fitted supporting ridge-side end of the eaves-side roof member overlapping the.
【請求項5】支持基板上の中央棟側寄りに、互いに横方
向に隣接する各々の屋根材の隣接側部間から上方に突出
する係止具を設け、この係止具に棟側屋根材の軒側端部
を係止させてなることを特徴とする請求項4記載の屋根
構造。
5. A locking member is provided near the center ridge side on the support substrate so as to project upward from between adjacent side portions of respective roof members laterally adjacent to each other, and the locking member is provided on the ridge side roof member. The roof structure according to claim 4, wherein the eaves side end portion of the roof is locked.
【請求項6】支持基板上の棟側端部側に止水片を立設し
たことを特徴とする請求項4または5記載の屋根構造。
6. The roof structure according to claim 4, wherein a water blocking piece is erected on the ridge side end portion side on the support substrate.
【請求項7】下地部材上に防水シートを敷設してなるこ
とを特徴とする請求項4、5または6記載の屋根構造。
7. A roof structure according to claim 4, 5 or 6, wherein the composed waterproof sheet is laid set on the base member.
JP25876891A 1991-09-11 1991-09-11 Roof material joint and roof structure using the joint Expired - Fee Related JP2506010B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP25876891A JP2506010B2 (en) 1991-09-11 1991-09-11 Roof material joint and roof structure using the joint

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP25876891A JP2506010B2 (en) 1991-09-11 1991-09-11 Roof material joint and roof structure using the joint

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH0571190A JPH0571190A (en) 1993-03-23
JP2506010B2 true JP2506010B2 (en) 1996-06-12

Family

ID=17324819

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP25876891A Expired - Fee Related JP2506010B2 (en) 1991-09-11 1991-09-11 Roof material joint and roof structure using the joint

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2506010B2 (en)

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH0571190A (en) 1993-03-23

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