JP2020120635A - Aerial plant rearing tool, aerial plant rearing method and aerial plant decorative body - Google Patents

Aerial plant rearing tool, aerial plant rearing method and aerial plant decorative body Download PDF

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JP2020120635A
JP2020120635A JP2019015852A JP2019015852A JP2020120635A JP 2020120635 A JP2020120635 A JP 2020120635A JP 2019015852 A JP2019015852 A JP 2019015852A JP 2019015852 A JP2019015852 A JP 2019015852A JP 2020120635 A JP2020120635 A JP 2020120635A
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epiphytic
plant
growing
epiphytic plant
tool
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しのぶ 天野
Shinobu Amano
しのぶ 天野
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株式会社アクアデザインアマノ
Aqua Design Amano:Kk
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

To provide a sphagnum moss rearing tool capable of easily and preferably rearing sphagnum moss.SOLUTION: A sphagnum moss rearing tool is formed of a bottomed cylindrical shaped pottery, the pottery is subjected to surface treatment for allowing adhesion of sphagnum moss.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 4

Description

本発明は、着生植物を簡易かつ良好に育成でき、育成後そのまま室内装飾として用いたりすることができる着生植物育成具、着生植物育成方法および着生植物装飾体である。 The present invention provides an epiphytic plant growing tool, an epiphytic plant growing method, and an epiphytic plant ornament, which can easily and satisfactorily grow epiphytic plants and can be used as an interior decoration after growth.
従来から植物を室内装飾としたいという要求があるが、植物の中でも着生植物を育成することは簡単ではない。 Although there has been a demand for plants to be used for interior decoration, growing epiphytes among plants is not easy.
例えば、特許文献1には、着生植物である洋蘭類の育成方法および育成器(以下、従来例1という。)が開示されている。この従来例1は、根絡と通気性を確保できる着生部材に養液を揚水可能な揚水部材を積層し、前記着生部材の適当箇所を欠損させて着生孔を設け、この着生孔に洋蘭類の根部を保水材とともに充填し、着生部材の下端を養液槽内に浸漬して洋蘭類を立面的に育成するものである。 For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a method for growing a Western orchid that is an epiphytic plant and a growing device (hereinafter, referred to as Conventional Example 1). In this prior art example 1, a water-pumping member capable of pumping a nutrient solution is laminated on an epiphytic member capable of ensuring rooting and air permeability, and an appropriate site of the epigenetic member is cut off to form an epiphytic hole. The roots of the orchids are filled with a water retaining material in the holes, and the lower end of the epigenetic member is immersed in the nutrient solution tank to grow the orchids in a vertical manner.
また特許文献2には、着生植物の生育装置(以下、従来例2という。)が開示されている。この従来例2は、水を貯める容器と、容器内に立てる支柱と、支柱の上端面を覆う根定着材とからなり、根定着材において着生植物を生育するものである。 Further, Patent Document 2 discloses a growth apparatus for epiphytic plants (hereinafter referred to as Conventional Example 2). This conventional example 2 is composed of a container for storing water, a pillar standing in the container, and a root fixing material covering the upper end surface of the pillar, and an epiphytic plant is grown on the root fixing material.
特開昭61−274630号公報JP 61-274630 A 実用新案登録第3079482号公報Utility model registration No. 3079482
しかしながら、従来例1は着生部材に揚水部材を積層させること、着生部材に着生孔を形成すること、さらに、着生孔に洋蘭類を保水材とともに充填することなどが必須構成および必須作業であり、非常に厄介である。 However, in the conventional example 1, it is essential that the pumping member is laminated on the epidemic member, the epitaxy hole is formed in the epitaxy member, and the orchids are filled with the water retention material in the epitaxy member. This is a mandatory task and very troublesome.
また従来例2も、水を貯める容器、容器内に立てる支柱、支柱の上端面を覆う根定着材が必須構成であり、従来例1同様、非常に厄介である。 Also, in the conventional example 2, a container for storing water, a pillar standing in the container, and a root fixing material covering the upper end surface of the pillar are indispensable configurations, and like the conventional example 1, it is very troublesome.
本発明は着生植物を良好かつ簡易に育成することができる着生植物育成具、着生植物育成方法および着生植物装飾体を提供するものである。 The present invention provides an epiphytic plant growing tool, a method for growing epiphytic plants, and an epiphytic plant ornament, which can grow epiphytic plants favorably and easily.
添付図面を参照して本発明の要旨を説明する。 The gist of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
着生植物1を育成する着生植物育成具2であって、この着生植物育成具2は陶土を焼成した有底筒体であり、この有底筒体は着生植物1が付着可能な表面処理が施されていることを特徴とする着生植物育成具に係るものである。 An epiphytic plant growing tool 2 for growing an epiphytic plant 1, wherein the epiphytic plant growing tool 2 is a bottomed cylindrical body made by burning clay, and the epiphytic plant 1 can be attached to the bottomed cylindrical body. The present invention relates to an epiphyte growing tool characterized by being surface-treated.
また、請求項1記載の着生植物育成具において、前記表面処理は凹凸加工であることを特徴とする着生植物育成具に係るものである。 Further, the epiphyte growing tool according to claim 1, wherein the surface treatment is unevenness processing.
また、請求項1、2いずれか1項に記載の着生植物育成具において、前記着生植物1はミズゴケであることを特徴とする着生植物育成具に係るものである。 Further, the epiphytic plant growing tool according to any one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the epiphytic plant 1 is sphagnum moss.
また、着生植物1の育成方法であって、陶土を焼成して構成された有底筒体の表面に着生植物1を適宜付着し、水溶性の糸3もしくは紐を巻回して前記付着した着生植物1を前記有底筒体に保持せしめ、前記有底筒体に適宜水4を入れて前記着生植物1を育成し、前記有底筒体の表面を前記着生植物1で覆うことを特徴とする着生植物育成方法に係るものである。 A method for growing the epiphytic plant 1, wherein the epiphytic plant 1 is appropriately attached to the surface of a bottomed cylinder formed by firing clay, and the water-soluble thread 3 or string is wound to attach the epiphytic plant 1. The epiphytic plant 1 thus prepared is held in the bottomed tubular body, water 4 is appropriately added to the bottomed tubular body to grow the epiphytic plant 1, and the surface of the bottomed tubular body is treated with the epiphytic plant 1. The present invention relates to a method for growing epiphytes, which is characterized by covering.
また、請求項4記載の着生植物育成方法おいて、前記有底筒体は、適宜な場所に立てた状態として前記着生植物1を育成することを特徴とする着生植物育成方法に係るものである。 Further, in the method for growing epiphytic plants according to claim 4, the bottomed cylindrical body grows the epiphytic plant 1 in a state of standing in an appropriate place. It is a thing.
また、請求項4、5いずれか1項に記載の着生植物育成方法において、前記着生植物1はミズゴケであることを特徴とする着生植物育成方法に係るものである。 The epiphytic plant growing method according to any one of claims 4 and 5, wherein the epiphytic plant 1 is sphagnum moss.
また、着生植物1を使用した着生植物装飾体5であって、この着生植物装飾体5は陶土を焼成し周表面に前記着生植物1が着生したものであり、この着生植物1は水生ゴケ及び着生ラン6であることを特徴とする着生植物装飾体に係るものである。 Further, an epiphytic plant ornament 5 using the epiphytic plant 1, wherein the epiphytic plant ornament 5 is obtained by firing clay and having the epiphytic plant 1 settled on its peripheral surface. The plant 1 relates to an epiphytic plant ornament characterized in that it is aquatic moss and epiphytic orchid 6.
本発明は上述のように構成したから、着生植物を簡易かつ良好に育成することができる着生植物育成具、着生植物育成方法および着生植物装飾体を提供することが可能となる。 Since the present invention is configured as described above, it is possible to provide an epiphytic plant growing tool, an epiphytic plant growing method, and an epiphytic plant ornament which can easily and favorably grow epiphytic plants.
本実施例の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of a present Example. 本実施例の説明断面図である。It is explanatory sectional drawing of a present Example. 本実施例の作業状態説明図である。It is a work state explanatory view of a present Example. 本実施例の使用状態の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of the use condition of a present Example.
好適と考える本発明の実施形態を、図面に基づいて本発明の作用を示して簡単に説明する。 A preferred embodiment of the present invention will be briefly described with reference to the drawings showing the operation of the present invention.
本発明に係る着生植物育成具2は、陶土を焼成した有底筒体であり、この有底筒体は着生植物1の付着が可能な表面処理が施されている。 The epiphytic plant growing tool 2 according to the present invention is a bottomed tubular body made by burning clay, and the bottomed tubular body is subjected to a surface treatment to which the epiphytic plant 1 can be attached.
この有底筒体に水を入れ、有底筒体の表面に着生植物1を適宜付着させる。有底筒体は適度の通気性および通水性を有するため、着生植物1に適度な水分が与えられ、着生植物1は良好に育成し、有底筒体の表面は着生植物1で覆われる。 Water is put into this bottomed cylinder, and the epiphytic plant 1 is appropriately attached to the surface of the bottomed cylinder. Since the bottomed tubular body has appropriate air permeability and water permeability, the epiphytic plant 1 is appropriately watered, the epiphytic plant 1 grows well, and the surface of the bottomed tubular body is the epiphytic plant 1. To be covered.
本発明の具体的な実施例について図面に基づいて説明する。 Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
本実施例の着生植物育成具2は、可塑性に富んだ陶土を焼成した有底筒体であり、着生植物1の付着が可能な表面処理が施されているものである。 The epiphytic plant growing tool 2 of the present embodiment is a bottomed cylindrical body made by burning clay having a high plasticity, and is subjected to a surface treatment to which the epiphytic plant 1 can be attached.
着生植物は、コケ植物、洋ラン類など、どのようなものでもよく、本実施例は、水生ゴケ(生きているミズゴケ)を採用している。 The epiphytic plant may be any plant such as moss plants and orchids, and this embodiment employs aquatic moss (living sphagnum).
本実施例の有底筒体は陶土を焼成したもの、すなわち陶器であり、高さおよそ20センチメートル、直径およそ10センチメートルの円筒である。この有底筒体は、表面に特別に保護樹脂などが塗布されておらず、また表面は、手で触った時にわずかに感じる程度の凹凸が形成されている。この有底筒体の表面に形成される微細な凹凸の大きさや高さの度合いは、陶土の調整であったり、焼成温度の調整で可変するものであり、適宜設定される。そして更に、本実施例では、焼成する前に有底筒体の表面に凹部を多数形成しておき、焼成することで凹凸を成す凹凸加工も施されている。 The bottomed cylinder of the present embodiment is a pottery made by firing clay, that is, a pottery, and a cylinder having a height of about 20 cm and a diameter of about 10 cm. The bottomed cylindrical body is not coated with a protective resin or the like on its surface, and the surface is formed with unevenness that is slightly felt when touched by a hand. The size and height of the fine irregularities formed on the surface of the bottomed tubular body can be varied by adjusting the clay and the firing temperature, and are appropriately set. Further, in this embodiment, a large number of recesses are formed on the surface of the bottomed tubular body before firing, and the firing is also performed to make unevenness to make unevenness.
この着生植物1が付着可能な表面処理は、前述した有底筒体の表面に形成される凹凸形成処理の他、例えばブラスト処理(粗し処理)など、着生植物1の根が係止可能となる処理であればどのような処理でも良い。 The surface treatment to which the epiphytic plant 1 can be attached includes, in addition to the irregularity forming treatment formed on the surface of the bottomed cylindrical body described above, a root of the epiphytic plant 1 is locked by, for example, a blast treatment (roughening treatment). Any process is possible as long as it is possible.
また、本実施例の有底筒体はいわゆる陶器である。繊維で構成したもの、不織布で構成したもの、合成樹脂で構成したもの、木で構成したものなど、種々実験した結果、陶器が適度の通気性および通水性を有し、着生植物1に適度な水分を与え、さらに着生植物1を適度に保冷するため(気化熱により有底筒体の表面温度が低下するため)、好ましいことを確認した(図2参照)。尚、この陶器製の有底筒体が備える通気性および通水性は、陶土の調整であったり、焼成温度の調整で可変するものであり、適宜設定される。 Further, the bottomed cylinder of this embodiment is a so-called pottery. As a result of various experiments, such as those made of fibers, those made of non-woven fabric, those made of synthetic resin, those made of wood, etc., the pottery has appropriate breathability and water permeability, and it is suitable for epiphyte 1. It was confirmed to be preferable because it gives sufficient water content and further keeps the epiphytic plant 1 cool appropriately (because the heat of vaporization lowers the surface temperature of the bottomed cylinder) (see FIG. 2). The air permeability and water permeability of the bottomed cylindrical body made of earthenware can be changed by adjusting the clay or the firing temperature, and are appropriately set.
なお、この有底筒体の表面からにじみ出る水を受ける受け皿を設ける。 A saucer for receiving water that oozes from the surface of the bottomed cylinder is provided.
また、本実施例の水溶性の糸3若しくは紐は目立たないものであればどのようなものでもよい。 Further, the water-soluble thread 3 or the string of this embodiment may be any one as long as it is inconspicuous.
本実施例を用いて水生ゴケを育成する方法について詳述する。 A method for growing aquatic moss will be described in detail using this example.
有底筒体の表面に水生ゴケを適宜付着し、水溶性の糸3、たとえば、木綿糸(たとえば、出願人製の「モスコットン」)を巻回して前記付着した水生ゴケを前記有底筒体に保持固定させる。続いて、この有底筒体に適宜水4(適当な養分を混入させても良い。)を入れて前記水生ゴケ1を育成し(水4は減ったら適宜補充する。)、数日後、前記有底筒体の表面に水生ゴケ(の根)が定着し、有底筒体の底および内面以外の全表面に水生ゴケが係止付着し、水生ゴケで覆われた有底筒体となり、室内装飾として十分使用しうる物となる。 Aquatic moss is appropriately attached to the surface of the bottomed cylinder, and a water-soluble thread 3, for example, a cotton thread (for example, "Moss cotton" made by the applicant) is wound around the bottomed tube to attach the aquatic moss. Hold and fix it on the body. Subsequently, water 4 (which may be mixed with an appropriate nutrient) may be added to the bottomed cylinder to grow the aquatic moss 1 (replenish the water 4 as needed). Aquatic moss (root) is fixed on the surface of the bottomed cylinder, and the aquatic moss is locked and attached to all surfaces except the bottom and the inner surface of the bottomed cylinder, resulting in a bottomed cylinder covered with aquatic moss, It can be used as an interior decoration.
装飾性を向上させるため、水生ゴケに加え、図4に図示したように植物(たとえば着生ラン6)を適宜付加しても良く、付加した着生ラン6は水生ゴケによっても良好に保持され、さらに水生ゴケの保水性により十分保水されるから良好に育成し、一層商品価値の高い室内装飾となる。 In order to improve the decorative property, a plant (eg, epiphytic orchid 6) may be appropriately added as shown in FIG. 4 in addition to the aquatic moss, and the added epiphytic orchid 6 is well retained by the aquatic moss. Moreover, the water retention of the aquatic moss provides sufficient water retention, so that it can be cultivated well and become an interior decoration with a higher commercial value.
尚、本発明は、前記実施例に限られるものではなく、各構成要件の具体的構成は適宜設計し得るものである。 The present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiment, and the specific constitution of each constituent element can be designed appropriately.
1 着生植物
2 着生植物育成具
3 糸
4 水
5 着生植物装飾体
6 着生ラン
1 epiphytic plant 2 epiphytic plant breeding tool 3 thread 4 water 5 epiphytic plant ornament 6 epiphytic orchid

Claims (7)

  1. 着生植物を育成する着生植物育成具であって、この着生植物育成具は陶土を焼成した有底筒体であり、この有底筒体は着生植物が付着可能な表面処理が施されていることを特徴とする着生植物育成具。 An epiphytic plant growing tool for growing epiphytic plants, the epiphytic plant growing tool is a bottomed cylindrical body made by burning clay, and the bottomed cylindrical body is subjected to a surface treatment to which epiphytic plants can be attached. An epiphyte growing tool characterized by being used.
  2. 請求項1記載の着生植物育成具において、前記表面処理は凹凸加工であることを特徴とする着生植物育成具。 The epiphyte growing device according to claim 1, wherein the surface treatment is unevenness processing.
  3. 請求項1、2いずれか1項に記載の着生植物育成具において、前記着生植物はミズゴケであることを特徴とする着生植物育成具。 The epiphytic plant growing device according to claim 1, wherein the epiphytic plant is sphagnum moss.
  4. 着生植物の育成方法であって、陶土を焼成して構成された有底筒体の表面に着生植物を適宜付着し、水溶性の糸もしくは紐を巻回して前記付着した着生植物を前記有底筒体に保持せしめ、前記有底筒体に適宜水を入れて前記着生植物を育成し、前記有底筒体の表面を前記着生植物で覆うことを特徴とする着生植物育成方法。 A method of growing an epiphytic plant, wherein an epiphytic plant is appropriately attached to the surface of a bottomed cylindrical body formed by firing clay, and the attached epiphytic plant is wound with a water-soluble thread or string. An epiphytic plant characterized in that it is held in the bottomed cylinder, water is appropriately added to the bottomed cylinder to grow the epiphyte, and the surface of the bottomed cylinder is covered with the epiphytes. Training method.
  5. 請求項4記載の着生植物育成方法おいて、前記有底筒体は、適宜な場所に立てた状態として前記着生植物を育成することを特徴とする着生植物育成方法。 The method for growing an epiphytic plant according to claim 4, wherein the bottomed cylindrical body is raised in an appropriate position to grow the epiphytic plant.
  6. 請求項4、5いずれか1項に記載の着生植物育成方法において、前記着生植物はミズゴケであることを特徴とする着生植物育成方法。 The method for growing epiphytes according to claim 4, wherein the epiphytes are sphagnum moss.
  7. 着生植物を使用した着生植物装飾体であって、この着生植物装飾体は陶土を焼成し周表面に前記着生植物が着生したものであり、この着生植物は水生ゴケ及び着生ランであることを特徴とする着生植物装飾体。 An epiphyte ornamental body using an epiphytic plant, wherein the epiphyte ornamental body is one in which the epiphytic plant is settled on the circumferential surface by burning clay and the epiphytic plant is aquatic moss and An ornamental plant ornament characterized by being a fresh orchid.
JP2019015852A 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 Aerial plant rearing tool, aerial plant rearing method and aerial plant decorative body Pending JP2020120635A (en)

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