JP2019210598A - Wall framework and construction method using wall framework - Google Patents

Wall framework and construction method using wall framework Download PDF

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JP2019210598A
JP2019210598A JP2018104300A JP2018104300A JP2019210598A JP 2019210598 A JP2019210598 A JP 2019210598A JP 2018104300 A JP2018104300 A JP 2018104300A JP 2018104300 A JP2018104300 A JP 2018104300A JP 2019210598 A JP2019210598 A JP 2019210598A
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holding
vertical
portions
support
horizontal
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孝太 市丸
Kota Ichimaru
孝太 市丸
雅 石井
Masa Ishii
雅 石井
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パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社
Panasonic Ip Management Corp
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Abstract

To provide a wall framework system for improving workability and a construction method of the wall framework.SOLUTION: A wall framework system 1 consists of plural vertical crosspieces 30, on which surface materials 7 are fixed on one side in the wall thickness direction, and lower end supporting members 10 for supporting lower ends 30a of the vertical crosspieces. The lower end supporting members have lower horizontal crosspieces 25 and supporting members 11 which are set out on the slab 2 with a space in between and have supporting parts 20 for supporting end parts 25a of neighboring horizontal crosspieces. The supporting members have height adjustment parts 17 that make it possible to adjust heights of the supporting parts 20 against the slab.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 1

Description

本発明は、面材が固定される壁下地装置及びこれを用いた壁下地施工方法に関する。   The present invention relates to a wall foundation apparatus to which a face material is fixed and a wall foundation construction method using the same.
従来より、面材が固定される壁下地としては、壁幅方向に間隔を空けて配置される複数本のスタッド(縦桟、間柱)を備えたものが知られている。
例えば、下記特許文献1には、スラブ上に設置された下ランナー(下横桟)に複数本のスタッド(縦桟、間柱)の下端部を保持させる取付方法が開示されている。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as a wall base to which a face material is fixed, one having a plurality of studs (vertical bars, studs) arranged at intervals in the wall width direction is known.
For example, the following Patent Document 1 discloses an attachment method in which a lower runner (lower horizontal beam) installed on a slab holds the lower end portions of a plurality of studs (vertical beams, studs).
特開2002−61371号公報JP 2002-61371 A
しかしながら、上記特許文献1に記載された取付方法では、スラブに不陸があれば、下ランナーが水平となるように微調整を要したり、下ランナーが傾いて配された場合には各スタッドの長さを調整したりする必要があり、更なる改善が望まれる。   However, in the mounting method described in the above-mentioned Patent Document 1, if the slab is uneven, each stud needs to be finely adjusted so that the lower runner is horizontal or the lower runner is inclined. Therefore, further improvement is desired.
本発明は、上記実情に鑑みてなされたものであり、施工性を向上し得る壁下地装置及びこれを用いた壁下地施工方法を提供することを目的としている。   This invention is made | formed in view of the said situation, and it aims at providing the wall foundation apparatus which can improve workability, and the wall foundation construction method using the same.
上記目的を達成するために、本発明に係る壁下地装置は、壁厚方向一方側に面材が固定される複数本の縦桟と、前記縦桟の下端部を保持する下端保持部材と、を備えており、前記下端保持部材は、下横桟と、スラブ上に間隔を空けて設置され、隣り合う下横桟の端部を保持する保持部が設けられた支持部材と、を備え、該支持部材には、前記スラブに対する前記保持部の高さを調整可能とする高さ調整部が設けられていることを特徴とする。   In order to achieve the above object, a wall substrate apparatus according to the present invention includes a plurality of vertical beams whose face materials are fixed on one side in the wall thickness direction, a lower end holding member that holds a lower end portion of the vertical beam, The lower end holding member includes a lower horizontal rail, and a support member provided on the slab with a space and provided with a holding portion for holding an end of the adjacent lower horizontal rail, The support member is provided with a height adjusting portion that can adjust a height of the holding portion with respect to the slab.
また、上記目的を達成するために、本発明に係る壁下地施工方法は、本発明に係る壁下地装置を用いた壁下地施工方法であって、複数の前記支持部材のそれぞれの保持部が同高さとなるように、それぞれの高さ調整部を調整して各支持部材をスラブ上に間隔を空けて設置する工程と、これら支持部材に端部を保持させて複数本の前記下横桟を設置する工程と、これら支持部材及び下横桟を含む下端保持部材に下端部を保持させて複数本の前記縦桟を設置する工程と、を備えていることを特徴とする。   In order to achieve the above object, a wall foundation construction method according to the present invention is a wall foundation construction method using the wall foundation apparatus according to the present invention, and each holding portion of the plurality of support members is the same. Adjusting each height adjusting portion so that the height is adjusted, and installing each supporting member on the slab with a space therebetween, and holding the end portions on these supporting members to form a plurality of the lower horizontal rails. And a step of installing a plurality of the vertical bars by holding a lower end portion of the lower end holding member including the supporting member and the lower horizontal bar.
本発明に係る壁下地装置及びこれを用いた壁下地施工方法は、上述のような構成としたことで、施工性を向上させることができる。   The wall foundation apparatus and the wall foundation construction method using the same according to the present invention can improve the workability by adopting the above-described configuration.
本発明の一実施形態に係る壁下地装置が備える支持部材の一例を模式的に示す概略分解斜視図である。It is a general | schematic disassembled perspective view which shows typically an example of the supporting member with which the wall base apparatus which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention is provided. 同壁下地装置を模式的に示す一部破断概略斜視図である。It is a partially broken schematic perspective view which shows the same wall base apparatus typically. (a)は、同支持部材の概略平面図、(b)は、同壁下地装置及びこれを用いた本発明の一実施形態に係る壁下地施工方法の施工手順の一例を模式的に示す一部破断概略平面図である。(A) is a schematic plan view of the support member, and (b) is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of a construction procedure of the wall foundation apparatus and the wall foundation construction method according to an embodiment of the present invention using the same. FIG. (a)は、図3(a)におけるX1−X1線矢視に対応させた概略縦断面図、(b)は、図3(b)におけるX2−X2線矢視に対応させた一部破断概略縦断面図である。(A) is a schematic longitudinal cross-sectional view corresponding to the X1-X1 line arrow view in FIG. 3 (a), (b) is a partial fracture corresponding to the X2-X2 line arrow view in FIG. 3 (b). It is a schematic longitudinal cross-sectional view. (a)、(b)は、同壁下地施工方法の施工手順の一例を模式的に示し、(a)は、一部破断概略斜視図、(b)は、一部破断概略平面図である。(A), (b) shows typically an example of the construction procedure of the same wall foundation construction method, (a) is a partially broken schematic perspective view, (b) is a partially broken schematic plan view. . (a)、(b)は、同壁下地施工方法の施工手順の一例を模式的に示し、(a)は、一部破断概略平面図、(b)は、一部破断概略正面図である。(A), (b) shows typically an example of the construction procedure of the same wall foundation construction method, (a) is a partially broken schematic plan view, (b) is a partially broken schematic front view. .
以下に本発明の実施の形態について、図面に基づいて説明する。
なお、一部の図では、他図に付している詳細な符号の一部を省略している。
また、以下の実施形態では、本実施形態に係る壁下地装置を設置した状態を基準として上下方向等の方向を説明する。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
In some of the drawings, some of the detailed reference numerals attached to other drawings are omitted.
In the following embodiments, directions such as the up and down directions will be described with reference to the state where the wall foundation apparatus according to the present embodiment is installed.
図1〜図6は、本実施形態に係る壁下地装置及びこれを用いた壁下地施工方法の一例を模式的に示す図である。
本実施形態に係る壁下地装置1は、図6に示すように、壁厚方向一方側に面材7が固定される複数本の縦桟30と、縦桟30の下端部30aを保持する下端保持部材10と、を備えている。また、下端保持部材10は、下横桟25と、スラブ2上に間隔を空けて設置される支持部材11と、を備えている。
FIGS. 1-6 is a figure which shows typically an example of the wall base apparatus which concerns on this embodiment, and the wall base construction method using the same.
As shown in FIG. 6, the wall substrate apparatus 1 according to the present embodiment has a plurality of vertical beams 30 to which the face material 7 is fixed on one side in the wall thickness direction, and a lower end that holds a lower end portion 30 a of the vertical beam 30. Holding member 10. The lower end holding member 10 includes a lower horizontal rail 25 and a support member 11 installed on the slab 2 with a space therebetween.
この壁下地装置1の施工対象となる建物としては、戸建住宅や集合住宅等の住宅に限られず、商業施設や公共施設等の建物であってもよい。当該壁下地装置1は、種々の箇所に設置可能である。本実施形態では、図5(b)及び図6(a)に示すように、建物の躯体壁の壁面3に沿わせるように縦桟30及び下端保持部材10を設置した例を示している。つまり、壁下地装置1は、いわゆる二重壁(ふかし壁)の壁下地を構成する。つまりは、縦桟30の壁厚方向一方側のみに面材7が固定される構成としている。壁面3は、戸境壁を構成するものでもよく、間仕切壁を構成するものでもよい。なお、本実施形態に係る壁下地装置1は、躯体壁の壁面3に沿わせて設置される態様に限られず、建物内空間を間仕切る間仕切壁の壁下地として設置されるものでもよい。この場合は、縦桟30の壁厚方向両側に面材7が固定されるものでもよい。   Buildings to be constructed by the wall foundation apparatus 1 are not limited to houses such as detached houses and apartment houses, but may be buildings such as commercial facilities and public facilities. The wall foundation apparatus 1 can be installed in various places. In the present embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 5B and 6A, an example in which the vertical rail 30 and the lower end holding member 10 are installed so as to be along the wall surface 3 of the building wall of the building is shown. That is, the wall substrate apparatus 1 constitutes a so-called double wall (brick wall) wall substrate. That is, the face material 7 is fixed to only one side in the wall thickness direction of the vertical rail 30. The wall surface 3 may constitute a door wall or may constitute a partition wall. In addition, the wall base apparatus 1 which concerns on this embodiment is not restricted to the aspect installed along the wall surface 3 of a frame wall, You may install as a wall base of the partition wall which partitions off the space in a building. In this case, the face material 7 may be fixed to both sides of the vertical rail 30 in the wall thickness direction.
支持部材11の設置対象となるスラブ2は、上階と下階との間や地盤上に設けられた基礎スラブや床スラブ等のコンクリートスラブでもよい。
また、この壁下地装置1の天井側の固定対象としては、LGS(軽量形鋼)等の鋼製下地や木造下地でもよいが、天井スラブでもよい。
縦桟30に固定される面材7は、一般的な壁下地ボード、例えば、石膏ボード(プラスターボード)でもよく、インシュレーションボードやMDF(中密度繊維板)、ハードボード等の木質繊維板、木質積層板等の木質系ボードでもよい。また、面材7としては、このような石膏ボードや木質系ボードに限られず、例えば、0.5mm〜1.5mm程度の比較的に薄い鉄板等の金属板でもよい。また、面材7は、表面(室内側面)に化粧シートの貼着や塗装等の表面処理が施されて表面が化粧面とされたものでもよい。
The slab 2 as the installation target of the support member 11 may be a concrete slab such as a foundation slab or a floor slab provided between the upper floor and the lower floor or on the ground.
Moreover, as a fixed object on the ceiling side of the wall substrate apparatus 1, a steel substrate such as LGS (lightweight steel) or a wooden substrate may be used, but a ceiling slab may also be used.
The face material 7 fixed to the vertical beam 30 may be a general wall base board, for example, a gypsum board (plaster board), a wood fiber board such as an insulation board, MDF (medium density fiber board), hard board, etc. A wooden board such as a laminated board may be used. Moreover, as the face material 7, it is not restricted to such a gypsum board or a wooden board, For example, metal plates, such as a comparatively thin iron plate about 0.5 mm-1.5 mm, may be sufficient. In addition, the face material 7 may be a material whose surface (inner side surface) is subjected to a surface treatment such as sticking or painting of a decorative sheet to make the surface a decorative surface.
縦桟30は、図2に示すように、上下方向に長尺状とされている。この縦桟30は、図5に示すように、壁幅方向に間隔を空けて設けられる。この縦桟30を設けるピッチ(隣り合う縦桟30,30間の寸法)は、一般的な間柱(スタッド)を設けるピッチと同程度としてもよく、例えば、300mm〜600mm程度としてもよい。
また、本実施形態では、縦桟30を、略角筒状の鋼製下地としている。図例では、縦桟30を、長手方向に見て略正方形状とされたものとしている。また、図例では、縦桟30の四周の側壁部31,31,31,31に、表面側において凹み、かつ中空側となる軸心側に向けて突出するリブを長手方向に沿って延びるように設けた例を示している。なお、縦桟30としては、図例のような形状とされたものに限られず、例えば、C字状とされたものでもよく、その他、種々の構成とされたものでもよい。
As shown in FIG. 2, the vertical rail 30 is elongated in the vertical direction. As shown in FIG. 5, the vertical bars 30 are provided at intervals in the wall width direction. The pitch at which the vertical bars 30 are provided (the dimension between adjacent vertical bars 30, 30) may be the same as the pitch at which general studs (studs) are provided, and may be, for example, about 300 mm to 600 mm.
In the present embodiment, the vertical beam 30 is a steel base having a substantially rectangular tube shape. In the illustrated example, the vertical rail 30 is assumed to have a substantially square shape when viewed in the longitudinal direction. Further, in the illustrated example, ribs that are recessed on the surface side and project toward the axial side that is the hollow side are extended along the longitudinal direction on the four side walls 31, 31, 31, 31 of the vertical rail 30. The example provided in is shown. The vertical rail 30 is not limited to the shape shown in the figure, and may be, for example, a C-shape or may have various configurations.
また、本実施形態では、図5及び図6に示すように、縦桟30に、床材5が載置される根太4を支持する根太受部32を設けた構成としている。
根太受部32は、縦桟30の高さ方向途中部位から室内側(反壁面側)に向けて突出するように設けられている。各縦桟30の各根太受部32は、各縦桟30が施工された状態でそれぞれの上面が同一平面状となるように、各縦桟30の下端から上面までの寸法が同寸法となるように設けられる。図例では、この根太受部32を、縦桟30の面材7が固定される側(室内側)の側壁部31に固定される固定片部を有したL字状金具とした例を示している。また、図例では、根太受部32に支持された根太4と縦桟30との間に緩衝材等からなるスペーサー33を設けた例を示している。なお、根太受部32の上面側にも同様なスペーサーを設けた構成としてもよい。
Moreover, in this embodiment, as shown in FIG.5 and FIG.6, it is set as the structure which provided the joist receiving part 32 which supports the joist 4 in which the flooring 5 is mounted in the vertical rail 30. As shown in FIG.
The joist receiving portion 32 is provided so as to protrude from the midway in the height direction of the vertical rail 30 toward the indoor side (the opposite wall surface side). Each joist receiving part 32 of each vertical beam 30 has the same dimension from the lower end to the upper surface of each vertical beam 30 so that the upper surface of each vertical beam 30 is in the same plane with each vertical beam 30 installed. It is provided as follows. In the illustrated example, the joist receiving portion 32 is an L-shaped bracket having a fixing piece portion fixed to the side wall portion 31 on the side (indoor side) to which the face member 7 of the vertical rail 30 is fixed. ing. In the illustrated example, a spacer 33 made of a cushioning material or the like is provided between the joist 4 supported by the joist receiving part 32 and the vertical rail 30. A similar spacer may also be provided on the upper surface side of the joist receiving portion 32.
この根太受部32に支持される根太4は、略角柱状とされている。この根太4は、適宜の木質系材料から形成されたものでもよい。また、この根太4は、長手方向を水平方向に沿わせ、壁際に沿うように配される壁際下地を構成する。なお、この根太4は、根太受部32を貫通して止着された(ねじ込まれたまたは打ち込まれた)ねじや釘等の止具によって根太受部32に固定されるものでもよい。この場合、根太受部32に止具が挿通される挿通孔を設けた構成としてもよい。   The joist 4 supported by the joist receiving part 32 has a substantially prismatic shape. This joist 4 may be formed from an appropriate woody material. Further, the joists 4 constitute a wall-side base disposed so that the longitudinal direction is along the horizontal direction and along the wall. The joist 4 may be fixed to the joist receiving part 32 by a fastener such as a screw or a nail that is fixed (screwed or driven) through the joist receiving part 32. In this case, it is good also as a structure which provided the penetration hole through which a fastener is penetrated in the joist receiving part 32.
この根太4に載置される床材5は、スラブ2上に床下空間を介在させて二重床を構成するように配設される。この床材5は、図6(a)に示すように、平面視して略方形状の平板状とされている。この床材5は、根太4に加えて、適宜の支持脚6によって支持されるものでもよい。図例では、床材5の一隅部の下面側に支持脚6を取り付け、この一隅部の対角側の隅部において交差する隣り合う脚対角側2辺を、壁面3,3同士が交差する入隅部に向けて配設された根太4,4に載置した例を示している。また、壁際の床材5に隣り合う床材の脚対角側2辺は、隣り合う床材の支持脚6が設けられた一隅部において交差する隣り合う脚側2辺のいずれかに支持されるものでもよい。この場合は、床材5の各辺に段部等を設けた構成としてもよい。なお、床材5の四辺は、適宜の止具や接着剤によって載置対象(根太4や隣り合う床材の辺部)に対して固定されるものでもよい。また、床材5の支持態様としては、このような態様に限られず、その他、種々の変形が可能である。   The flooring 5 placed on the joists 4 is arranged on the slab 2 so as to form a double floor with an underfloor space interposed. As shown in FIG. 6A, the flooring 5 has a substantially rectangular flat plate shape in plan view. The flooring 5 may be supported by appropriate support legs 6 in addition to the joists 4. In the illustrated example, a support leg 6 is attached to the lower surface side of one corner of the flooring 5, and the wall surfaces 3 and 3 intersect two adjacent leg diagonal sides that intersect at the diagonal corner of the one corner. The example which mounted in joist 4 and 4 arrange | positioned toward the corner | angular part to do is shown. In addition, the two leg diagonal sides of the flooring adjacent to the flooring 5 at the wall are supported by either of the two adjacent leg sides intersecting at one corner where the supporting leg 6 of the adjacent flooring is provided. May be used. In this case, it is good also as a structure which provided the step part etc. in each edge | side of the flooring 5. FIG. It should be noted that the four sides of the flooring 5 may be fixed to the placement target (the joists 4 or the side of the adjacent flooring) with appropriate fasteners or adhesives. Moreover, as a support aspect of the flooring 5, it is not restricted to such an aspect, In addition, a various deformation | transformation is possible.
支持部材11は、図3及び図4に示すように、隣り合う下横桟25,25の端部25a,25aを保持する保持部20,20と、スラブ2に対する保持部20,20の高さを調整可能とする高さ調整部17と、を備えている。また、本実施形態では、支持部材11に、縦桟30の下端部30aを保持する縦桟保持部12を設けている。また、この縦桟保持部12に、上方側に向けて開口し、縦桟30の下端部30aが差し込まれる差込凹所13を設けた構成としている。
差込凹所13は、縦桟30の四周を囲むように設けられた側壁部14,14,14,14と底壁部15とによって区画されている。側壁部14,14,14,14の内側面は、縦桟30の側壁部31,31,31,31の外側面の形状に応じた形状とされている。つまり、側壁部14,14,14,14の内側面には、リブ状の突部が中心側に向けて突出するように設けられている。これら側壁部14,14,14,14は、互いに同厚さとされている。つまり、差込凹所13は、平面視して縦桟保持部12の中心部に位置するように設けられている。
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the support member 11 includes the holding portions 20 and 20 that hold the end portions 25 a and 25 a of the adjacent lower horizontal bars 25 and 25, and the height of the holding portions 20 and 20 with respect to the slab 2. And a height adjusting unit 17 that makes it possible to adjust. In the present embodiment, the support member 11 is provided with the vertical beam holding portion 12 that holds the lower end portion 30 a of the vertical beam 30. Moreover, it is set as the structure provided in the vertical beam holding | maintenance part 12 with the insertion recess 13 opened toward the upper side, and the lower end part 30a of the vertical beam 30 is inserted.
The insertion recess 13 is partitioned by side wall portions 14, 14, 14, 14 and a bottom wall portion 15 provided so as to surround the four circumferences of the vertical rail 30. The inner side surfaces of the side wall portions 14, 14, 14, 14 are shaped according to the shape of the outer side surfaces of the side wall portions 31, 31, 31, 31 of the vertical rail 30. In other words, rib-shaped protrusions are provided on the inner side surfaces of the side wall parts 14, 14, 14, and 14 so as to protrude toward the center side. The side wall portions 14, 14, 14, and 14 have the same thickness. That is, the insertion recess 13 is provided so as to be positioned at the center of the vertical beam holding portion 12 in plan view.
高さ調整部17は、縦桟保持部12の底壁部15に対して上下動自在に設けられている。本実施形態では、高さ調整部17は、ねじ作用によって言わば無段階的に調整可能な構成とされている。この高さ調整部17は、スラブ2に当接される台座部18と、雄ねじ部19と、を備えている。
台座部18は、比較的に扁平な略円板状とされている。この台座部18は、合成樹脂系材料や比較的に硬質なゴム等のエラストマー系材料から形成されたものでもよく、防振機能を有したものでもよい。この台座部18は、縦桟30及び隣り合う下横桟25,25を安定的に支持部材11によって保持可能なように、適宜の径とされたものでもよい。図例では、台座部18の径を、縦桟30の幅寸法(一辺の寸法)よりも大とした例を示している。
The height adjusting unit 17 is provided to be movable up and down with respect to the bottom wall 15 of the vertical beam holding unit 12. In the present embodiment, the height adjusting portion 17 is configured to be steplessly adjusted by a screw action. The height adjusting portion 17 includes a pedestal portion 18 that comes into contact with the slab 2 and a male screw portion 19.
The pedestal portion 18 has a relatively flat and substantially disk shape. The pedestal portion 18 may be formed from a synthetic resin material or an elastomer material such as a relatively hard rubber, or may have a vibration isolating function. The pedestal portion 18 may have an appropriate diameter so that the vertical beam 30 and the adjacent lower horizontal beam 25, 25 can be stably held by the support member 11. In the illustrated example, an example in which the diameter of the pedestal portion 18 is larger than the width dimension (one side dimension) of the vertical rail 30 is illustrated.
雄ねじ部19は、台座部18の平面視における中心部から上方側に向けて突出するように設けられている。縦桟保持部12の底壁部15には、この雄ねじ部19がねじ合わされる雌ねじ部16が設けられている。この雌ねじ部16は、差込凹所13に差し込まれた縦桟30の軸心に平面視して一致する位置となるように設けられている。また、図例では、この雌ねじ部16を、底壁部15を貫通させるように設けた例を示している。なお、縦桟保持部12側に雄ねじ部を設け、高さ調整部17側に雌ねじ部を設けた構成としてもよい。また、高さ調整部17としては、ねじ作用によって無段階的に調整可能な構成とされたものに限られず、多段階的に調整可能な構成とされたものとしてもよく、例えば、シート状の剥離可能な複数枚の高さ調整シートを積層した構成とされたもの等としてもよい。   The male screw portion 19 is provided so as to protrude upward from the center portion of the pedestal portion 18 in plan view. The bottom wall portion 15 of the vertical beam holding portion 12 is provided with a female screw portion 16 to which the male screw portion 19 is screwed. The female thread portion 16 is provided so as to coincide with the axial center of the vertical rail 30 inserted into the insertion recess 13 in plan view. Moreover, in the example of a figure, the example which provided this internal thread part 16 so that the bottom wall part 15 might be penetrated is shown. In addition, it is good also as a structure which provided the external thread part in the vertical beam holding | maintenance part 12 side, and provided the internal thread part in the height adjustment part 17 side. Further, the height adjustment unit 17 is not limited to a configuration that can be adjusted steplessly by a screw action, and may be a configuration that can be adjusted in multiple steps. It is good also as what was set as the structure which laminated | stacked the several height adjustment sheet | seat which can be peeled.
保持部20,20は、本実施形態では、互いに直交状に隣り合う下横桟25,25の端部25a,25aを保持するように設けられている。つまり、支持部材11は、壁面3,3同士が交差する隅部に設置される構成とされている。
また、これら直交状に設けられた保持部20,20のコーナー部に位置するように縦桟保持部12を設けた構成としている。換言すれば、支持部材11は、縦桟保持部12から直交状に突出させるように保持部20,20を設けた構成とされ、平面視してL字状とされている。
また、本実施形態では、これら保持部20,20に、隣り合う下横桟25,25の各端部25a,25aを受け入れるように各下横桟25,25の長手方向に沿って開口する受入凹所21,21を設けた構成としている。これら受入凹所21,21は、上方側に向けて開口するように設けられている。つまり、これら受入凹所21,21は、各下横桟25,25の長手方向に延びる凹溝状に設けられている。
In the present embodiment, the holding portions 20 and 20 are provided so as to hold the end portions 25a and 25a of the lower horizontal bars 25 and 25 that are adjacent to each other orthogonally. That is, the support member 11 is configured to be installed at the corner where the wall surfaces 3 and 3 intersect.
Moreover, it is set as the structure which provided the vertical beam holding | maintenance part 12 so that it might be located in the corner part of the holding | maintenance parts 20 and 20 provided orthogonally. In other words, the support member 11 has a configuration in which the holding portions 20 and 20 are provided so as to protrude perpendicularly from the vertical beam holding portion 12, and is L-shaped in plan view.
Further, in the present embodiment, the holding portions 20, 20 receive in the longitudinal direction of the lower horizontal bars 25, 25 so as to receive the end portions 25 a, 25 a of the adjacent lower horizontal bars 25, 25. The recesses 21 and 21 are provided. These receiving recesses 21 and 21 are provided so as to open upward. In other words, the receiving recesses 21 and 21 are provided in the shape of concave grooves extending in the longitudinal direction of the lower horizontal rails 25 and 25.
これら受入凹所21,21は、両側の側壁部22,22と底壁部23と縦桟保持部12の側壁部14,14とによって区画されている。これら受入凹所21,21は、それぞれの溝幅方向中央部がそれぞれの溝長手方向に見て差込凹所13の平面視における中心(縦桟30の軸心)に一致する位置となるように設けられている。これら受入凹所21,21の溝幅寸法(側壁部22,22間寸法)は、下横桟25,25の幅寸法に応じた寸法とされている。また、これら受入凹所21,21の溝深さ寸法は、下横桟25,25の上下寸法に応じた寸法とされている。
また、当該支持部材11の出隅側(外側)面を構成する出隅側の側壁部22,22の外側面は、縦桟保持部12の出隅側において互いに交差する側壁部14,14の外側面と同一平面状となるように設けられている。当該支持部材11の入隅側(内側)面を構成する入隅側の側壁部22,22の外側面は、縦桟保持部12の残余の互いに交差する側壁部14,14の外側面と同一平面状となるように設けられている。これら出隅側の側壁部22,22と入隅側の側壁部22,22とは、互いに同厚さとされている。また、これら保持部20,20の側壁部22,22,22,22の上面は、縦桟保持部12の側壁部14,14,14,14の上面と同一平面状とされている。
These receiving recesses 21 and 21 are partitioned by the side wall portions 22 and 22 on both sides, the bottom wall portion 23, and the side wall portions 14 and 14 of the vertical beam holding portion 12. These receiving recesses 21, 21 are positioned so that the respective center portions in the groove width direction coincide with the center (axial center of the vertical beam 30) in the plan view of the insertion recess 13 when viewed in the longitudinal direction of the respective grooves. Is provided. The groove width dimension (the dimension between the side wall portions 22 and 22) of the receiving recesses 21 and 21 is a dimension corresponding to the width dimension of the lower horizontal rails 25 and 25. Moreover, the groove depth dimension of these receiving recesses 21 and 21 is a dimension according to the vertical dimension of the lower horizontal rails 25 and 25.
Further, the outer side surfaces of the protruding corner side side walls 22, 22 constituting the protruding corner side (outer) surface of the support member 11 are the side walls 14, 14 intersecting each other on the protruding corner side of the vertical beam holding portion 12. It is provided so as to be flush with the outer surface. The outer side surfaces of the side wall portions 22, 22 on the corner side that constitute the inner corner side (inner side) surface of the support member 11 are the same as the outer side surfaces of the remaining side wall portions 14, 14 that intersect each other. It is provided so that it may become planar. The side wall portions 22 and 22 on the protruding corner side and the side wall portions 22 and 22 on the entering corner side have the same thickness. Further, the upper surfaces of the side wall portions 22, 22, 22, 22 of these holding portions 20, 20 are flush with the upper surfaces of the side wall portions 14, 14, 14, 14 of the vertical beam holding portion 12.
また、本実施形態では、各側壁部14,14の互いに向き合う溝内壁面の高さ方向途中部位に、互いに向き合う方向に向けて開口し、下横桟25の長手方向に沿って延びる係合溝22a,22aを設けた構成としている。また、各側壁部14,14の互いに向き合う溝内壁面の上端部に、互いに向き合う方向及び上方側に向けて開口し、下横桟25の長手方向に沿って延びる係合段部22b,22bを設けた構成としている。
また、各保持部20,20の底壁部23,23は、それぞれの下面が縦桟保持部12の底壁部15の下面と同一平面状となるように設けられている。
なお、支持部材11は、合成樹脂系材料や金属系材料から形成されたものでもよい。
また、図例では、支持部材11の互いに交差する出隅側面または入隅側面のそれぞれに貼着されるシート状のスペーサー24,24を設けた例を示している。これらスペーサー24,24は、緩衝機能や防振機能を有したものでもよい。
Further, in the present embodiment, the engaging grooves that open in the height direction intermediate portions of the inner wall surfaces of the side walls 14, 14 facing each other in the direction facing each other and extend along the longitudinal direction of the lower horizontal rail 25. 22a and 22a are provided. Further, engagement step portions 22b and 22b that open toward the upper side and the upper side of the inner wall surfaces of the grooves facing each other of the side wall portions 14 and 14 and extend along the longitudinal direction of the lower horizontal rail 25 are provided. The configuration is provided.
Further, the bottom wall portions 23, 23 of the holding portions 20, 20 are provided such that their lower surfaces are flush with the lower surface of the bottom wall portion 15 of the vertical beam holding portion 12.
The support member 11 may be formed of a synthetic resin material or a metal material.
Further, in the illustrated example, an example is shown in which sheet-like spacers 24 and 24 are provided that are attached to the protruding corner side surfaces or the entering corner side surfaces of the support member 11 that intersect each other. These spacers 24 and 24 may have a buffer function or a vibration isolating function.
下横桟25は、壁幅方向に長尺状とされている。この下横桟25は、上記のように隅部に設置されるL字状の支持部材11,11の保持部20,20間の寸法に応じた長さ寸法とされたものでもよい。また、下横桟25は、金属系材料から形成されたものでもよい。
本実施形態では、図2に示すように、この下横桟25に、上方側に向けて開口し、長手方向に延びる凹溝26を設けた構成としている。この凹溝26は、両側の側壁部27,27と底壁部28とによって区画され、縦桟30の下端部30aが差し込まれる構成とされている。
両側の側壁部27,27間の寸法は、縦桟30の幅寸法(一辺の寸法)に応じた寸法とされている。この凹溝26は、この凹溝26が設けられた下横桟25の端部25aを保持する支持部材11の差込凹所13及びこの凹溝26のそれぞれに下端部30a,30aが差し込まれた縦桟30,30の壁厚方向(下横桟25の幅方向)両面同士が同一平面状となるように設けられている。
The lower horizontal rail 25 is elongated in the wall width direction. The lower horizontal rail 25 may have a length dimension corresponding to the dimension between the holding parts 20 and 20 of the L-shaped support members 11 and 11 installed at the corners as described above. Further, the lower horizontal rail 25 may be formed of a metal material.
In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the lower horizontal rail 25 is provided with a concave groove 26 that opens upward and extends in the longitudinal direction. The concave groove 26 is partitioned by side wall portions 27, 27 and a bottom wall portion 28 on both sides, and is configured such that the lower end portion 30a of the vertical rail 30 is inserted.
The dimension between the side wall parts 27 on both sides is a dimension according to the width dimension (one side dimension) of the vertical rail 30. The concave groove 26 has lower end portions 30a and 30a inserted into the insertion recess 13 of the support member 11 that holds the end portion 25a of the lower horizontal rail 25 provided with the concave groove 26 and the concave groove 26, respectively. Further, the both sides of the vertical bars 30 and 30 (the width direction of the lower horizontal bar 25) are provided so as to have the same plane.
また、これら両側の側壁部27,27の外側面の高さ方向途中部位には、上記した保持部20の側壁部22,22に設けられた係合溝22a,22aに係合する係合突条27a,27aが全長に亘って延びるように設けられている。また、両側の側壁部27,27の外側面の上端部には、上記した保持部20の側壁部22,22に設けられた係合段部22b,22bに係合する係合突条27b,27bが全長に亘って延びるように設けられている。このような構成とすれば、支持部材11の受入凹所21に下横桟25を長手方向に沿って差し込めば、支持部材11に対する下横桟25の上下方向や幅方向への移動を抑制することができる。
また、本実施形態では、図5に示すように、凹溝26に差し込まれた縦桟30の下端部30aの溝長手方向への移動を抑制する縦桟ストッパー29を設けた構成としている。図例では、縦桟ストッパー29を、縦桟30の溝長手方向両側に位置するように、かつ両側の側壁部27,27間に架け渡すように設けた例を示している。なお、縦桟ストッパー29としては、このような態様とされたものに限られず、その他、種々の構成とされたものでもよい。
Further, engaging protrusions that engage with engaging grooves 22a and 22a provided on the side wall portions 22 and 22 of the holding portion 20 are provided in the height direction middle portions of the outer side surfaces of the side wall portions 27 and 27 on both sides. The strips 27a and 27a are provided so as to extend over the entire length. Further, at the upper end portions of the outer side surfaces of the side wall portions 27, 27 on both sides, engaging ridges 27b that engage with engaging step portions 22b, 22b provided on the side wall portions 22, 22 of the holding portion 20 described above, 27b is provided so as to extend over the entire length. With such a configuration, if the lower horizontal beam 25 is inserted in the receiving recess 21 of the support member 11 along the longitudinal direction, the movement of the lower horizontal beam 25 relative to the support member 11 in the vertical direction and the width direction is suppressed. be able to.
Further, in the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 5, a vertical beam stopper 29 that suppresses movement of the lower end portion 30 a of the vertical beam 30 inserted into the groove 26 in the groove longitudinal direction is provided. In the illustrated example, an example is shown in which the vertical beam stoppers 29 are provided so as to be positioned on both sides in the longitudinal direction of the groove of the vertical beam 30 and to be bridged between the side wall portions 27 on both sides. In addition, as the vertical beam stopper 29, it is not restricted to the thing made into such an aspect, Other things made into various structures may be sufficient.
また、本実施形態では、図4(b)に示すように、下横桟25の端部25aを支持部材11の受入凹所21に差し込んだ状態で、底壁部28の上面28aが縦桟支持部12の底壁部15の上面15aと同一平面状となる構成としている。図例では、底壁部28の上面28aを、底壁部28に全長に亘って延びるように、かつ上方側に向けて突出するように設けられた補強リブの上面28aとしている。また、図3(b)に示すように、底壁部28に、複数本(図例では、2本)の補強リブを設けた例を示している。なお、一部の図では、底壁部28の補強リブの図示を省略している。また、このような態様に代えて、例えば、保持部20の底壁部23及び下横桟25の底壁部28の両方または一方の厚さを図例よりも大として底壁部28の上面28aと縦桟支持部12の底壁部15の上面15aとが同一平面状となる構成としてもよい。   In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 4B, the upper surface 28a of the bottom wall portion 28 is a vertical beam with the end 25a of the lower horizontal beam 25 inserted into the receiving recess 21 of the support member 11. The top surface 15 a of the bottom wall portion 15 of the support portion 12 is configured to be flush with the upper surface 15 a. In the illustrated example, the upper surface 28a of the bottom wall portion 28 is the upper surface 28a of a reinforcing rib provided on the bottom wall portion 28 so as to extend over the entire length and project upward. Moreover, as shown in FIG.3 (b), the example which provided the reinforcement rib of the multiple pieces (in the example of a figure) on the bottom wall part 28 is shown. In some of the drawings, the reinforcing ribs of the bottom wall portion 28 are not shown. Further, instead of such an embodiment, for example, the thickness of both or one of the bottom wall portion 23 of the holding portion 20 and the bottom wall portion 28 of the lower horizontal rail 25 is set to be larger than that of the illustrated example. 28a and the upper surface 15a of the bottom wall part 15 of the vertical beam support part 12 are good also as a structure which becomes the same plane shape.
なお、L字状の支持部材11,11間において一壁面3に沿って間隔を空けて配される縦桟30の下端部30aを下横桟25の凹溝26に差し込んで保持させる態様に代えて、または加えて、I字状とされた支持部材に保持させる態様としてもよい。つまり、支持部材は、差込凹所13を設けた縦桟保持部12の両側に、直列状に隣り合う下横桟25,25の端部25a,25aを保持する保持部20,20を設けたI字状とされたものでもよい。つまりは、壁下地装置1は、互いに直交状に隣り合う下横桟25,25の端部25a,25aを保持するL字状の支持部材11と、直列状に隣り合う下横桟25,25の端部25a,25aを保持するI字状の支持部材11と、を備えたものであってもよい。   In addition, it replaces with the aspect which inserts and hold | maintains the lower end part 30a of the vertical beam 30 arrange | positioned at intervals along the one wall surface 3 between the L-shaped support members 11 and 11 in the concave groove 26 of the lower horizontal beam 25. Alternatively or additionally, the support member may be held by an I-shaped support member. That is, the support member is provided with holding portions 20 and 20 for holding the end portions 25a and 25a of the lower horizontal beams 25 and 25 adjacent in series on both sides of the vertical beam holding portion 12 provided with the insertion recess 13. It may be an I-shape. That is, the wall base apparatus 1 includes the L-shaped support member 11 that holds the end portions 25a and 25a of the lower horizontal bars 25 and 25 that are adjacent to each other orthogonally, and the lower horizontal bars 25 and 25 that are adjacent in series. And the I-shaped support member 11 that holds the end portions 25a, 25a.
また、本実施形態に係る壁下地装置1に、縦桟30の上端部を保持し、天井スラブ等の天井側の固定対象に固定される上端保持部材を設けた構成としてもよい。この場合は、上端保持部材を、上記した下端保持部材10の支持部材11や下横桟25を上下反転させたような構成とされたものとしてもよい。つまり、縦桟30の上端部が差し込まれる差込凹所13を設けた縦桟保持部12と、隣り合う上横桟(25)の端部(25a)を受け入れる受入凹所21を設けた保持部20と、を有した支持部材11及び上横桟(25)を含む上端保持部材(10)を設けた構成としてもよい。また、この場合は、縦桟30の上端部を支持部材11の差込凹所13に差し込んだ状態で、上記した高さ調整部17の台座部18を天井側の固定対象に対して上昇させて突き当て、その状態で固定されるものとしてもよい。なお、上端保持部材としては、このような構成とされたものに限られず、その他、種々の構成とされたものの採用が可能である。   Moreover, it is good also as a structure which provided the upper end holding member fixed to the fixed object of ceiling side, such as a ceiling slab, in the wall base apparatus 1 which concerns on this embodiment. In this case, the upper end holding member may be configured such that the support member 11 of the lower end holding member 10 and the lower horizontal rail 25 are turned upside down. In other words, the vertical beam holding portion 12 provided with the insertion recess 13 into which the upper end portion of the vertical beam 30 is inserted, and the holding provided with the receiving recess 21 for receiving the end portion (25a) of the adjacent upper horizontal beam (25). It is good also as a structure which provided the upper end holding member (10) containing the support member 11 which has the part 20, and the upper horizontal crosspiece (25). Further, in this case, with the upper end of the vertical beam 30 inserted into the insertion recess 13 of the support member 11, the pedestal 18 of the height adjusting unit 17 is raised with respect to the ceiling-side fixed object. It is good also as what is fixed in that state. The upper end holding member is not limited to such a configuration, and various other configurations can be adopted.
次に、本実施形態に係る壁下地装置1を用いた壁下地施工方法の一例について説明する。
同壁下地施工方法は、図5に示すように、複数の支持部材11,11のそれぞれの保持部20,20が同高さ(上下方向で同位置)となるように、それぞれの高さ調整部17,17を調整して各支持部材11,11をスラブ2上に間隔を空けて設置する工程を備えている。これら複数の支持部材11,11は、当該壁下地装置1によって構成される壁面の壁幅方向に間隔を空けて設置される。また、同壁下地施工方法は、これら支持部材11,11に端部25a,25aを保持させて複数本の下横桟25,25を設置する工程を備えている。
本実施形態では、上記のようにL字状とされた支持部材11,11を、壁面3,3同士が交差する隅部に設置するようにしている。図例では、壁面3,3同士が交差する入隅部と壁面3,3同士が交差する出隅部とのそれぞれに支持部材11,11を設置した例を示している。また、図例では、入隅部に設置される支持部材11の壁面3,3側に向く面(出隅側面)と壁面3,3との間にスペーサー24,24を設けた例を示している。また、出隅部に設置される支持部材11の壁面3,3側に向く面(入隅側面)と壁面3,3との間にスペーサー24,24を設けた例を示している。
Next, an example of the wall foundation construction method using the wall foundation apparatus 1 which concerns on this embodiment is demonstrated.
As shown in FIG. 5, the wall base construction method adjusts each height so that the holding portions 20 and 20 of the plurality of support members 11 and 11 have the same height (the same position in the vertical direction). A step of adjusting the portions 17 and 17 to install the support members 11 and 11 on the slab 2 at intervals is provided. The plurality of support members 11, 11 are installed at intervals in the wall width direction of the wall surface constituted by the wall foundation apparatus 1. In addition, the wall base construction method includes a step of installing a plurality of lower horizontal rails 25, 25 by holding the end portions 25a, 25a on these support members 11, 11.
In the present embodiment, the support members 11 and 11 that are L-shaped as described above are installed at the corners where the wall surfaces 3 and 3 intersect. In the illustrated example, the support members 11 and 11 are shown installed at the entrance corner where the wall surfaces 3 and 3 intersect and the exit corner where the wall surfaces 3 and 3 intersect. Further, in the illustrated example, an example is shown in which spacers 24 and 24 are provided between the wall surfaces 3 and 3 and the surfaces facing the wall surfaces 3 and 3 (protruding corner side surfaces) of the support member 11 installed at the entrance corner. Yes. Moreover, the example which provided the spacers 24 and 24 between the surface (entrance corner side surface) and the wall surfaces 3 and 3 which face the wall surfaces 3 and 3 side of the supporting member 11 installed in a protrusion corner part is shown.
また、これら支持部材11,11は、互いに向き合うように設けられた保持部20,20の受入凹所21,21同士が壁厚方向で一致した位置となるように設置される。これら支持部材11,11の互いに向き合う保持部20,20の壁厚方向の位置合わせは、下横桟25の端部25a,25aをそれぞれの受入凹所21,21に差し込むことで行うようにしてもよい。例えば、いずれか一方の支持部材11を、高さ調整を含んで位置決めして設置した後に、この支持部材11の保持部20の受入凹所21に下横桟25の一方の端部25aを差し込む。そして、高さ調整した他方の支持部材11の保持部20の受入凹所21に下横桟25の他方の端部25aを受け入れさせて、この支持部材11の位置決めがなされるものでもよい。このような構成とすれば、いずれか一箇所の支持部材11を位置決めすれば、他の支持部材11の壁厚方向の位置決めを下横桟25によって容易に行うことができる。換言すれば、下横桟25によって接続して支持部材11を順次、設置していくことで、下横桟25のそれぞれの位置合わせを容易に行うことができる。   Moreover, these support members 11 and 11 are installed so that the receiving recesses 21 and 21 of the holding parts 20 and 20 provided so as to face each other may be in a position where they coincide with each other in the wall thickness direction. Positioning of the holding portions 20 and 20 of the support members 11 and 11 facing each other in the wall thickness direction is performed by inserting the end portions 25a and 25a of the lower horizontal rail 25 into the receiving recesses 21 and 21, respectively. Also good. For example, after one of the support members 11 is positioned and installed including height adjustment, one end portion 25a of the lower horizontal rail 25 is inserted into the receiving recess 21 of the holding portion 20 of the support member 11. . Then, the receiving member 21 of the holding part 20 of the other supporting member 11 whose height is adjusted may be allowed to receive the other end 25a of the lower horizontal rail 25 so that the supporting member 11 is positioned. With this configuration, if any one of the support members 11 is positioned, the other support members 11 can be easily positioned in the wall thickness direction by the lower horizontal rail 25. In other words, it is possible to easily align each of the lower horizontal bars 25 by connecting the lower horizontal bars 25 and sequentially installing the support members 11.
なお、上記のように位置決めされた支持部材11は、スラブ2に対して適宜の接着剤等によって固定するようにしてもよい。また、天井側にも同様に、支持部材11や上横桟(25)を含む上端保持部材(10)を施工するようにしてもよい。
また、同壁下地施工方法は、これら支持部材11及び下横桟25を含む下端保持部材10に下端部30aを保持させて複数本の縦桟30を設置する工程を備えている。図例では、各支持部材11,11の差込凹所13,13及び下横桟25の凹溝26に、各縦桟30,30,30の下端部30a,30a,30aを差し込んで保持させた例を示している。また、下横桟25の凹溝26に下端部30aが差し込まれた縦桟30の両側に縦桟ストッパー29,29を取り付けた例を示している。
The support member 11 positioned as described above may be fixed to the slab 2 with an appropriate adhesive or the like. Similarly, an upper end holding member (10) including the support member 11 and the upper horizontal rail (25) may be applied to the ceiling side.
In addition, the wall base construction method includes a step of installing a plurality of vertical bars 30 by holding the lower end part 30 a on the lower end holding member 10 including the support member 11 and the lower horizontal bar 25. In the illustrated example, the lower ends 30 a, 30 a, 30 a of the vertical bars 30, 30, 30 are inserted and held in the insertion recesses 13, 13 of the support members 11, 11 and the concave grooves 26 of the lower horizontal bars 25. An example is shown. Further, an example is shown in which vertical beam stoppers 29, 29 are attached to both sides of the vertical beam 30 in which the lower end 30a is inserted into the concave groove 26 of the lower horizontal beam 25.
そして、このように設置された縦桟30の壁厚方向一方側に面材7(図6(b)参照)を固定するようにしてもよい。図例では、面材7を固定する前に、根太4及び床材5を施工する例を示している。
また、根太4を、上記のように各縦桟30に設けられた根太受部32に支持させた構成としている。図例では、出隅部に位置する縦桟30に、出隅部において直交状に配される根太4,4の端部をそれぞれに支持する根太受部32,32を設けた例を示している。なお、図例では、入隅部に位置する縦桟30に、入隅部において直交状に配される根太4,4の一方の端部を支持する根太受部32を設けた例を示しているが、両方の根太4,4の端部を支持し得る根太受部32を設けた構成としてもよい。
And you may make it fix the face material 7 (refer FIG.6 (b)) to the wall thickness direction one side of the vertical rail 30 installed in this way. In the illustrated example, the joist 4 and the flooring 5 are applied before the face material 7 is fixed.
Further, the joist 4 is configured to be supported by the joist receiving portion 32 provided on each vertical rail 30 as described above. In the example shown in the figure, an example is shown in which a vertical beam 30 located at a protruding corner portion is provided with joist receiving portions 32 and 32 that respectively support the ends of the joists 4 and 4 arranged orthogonally at the protruding corner portion. Yes. In the example shown in the figure, an example is shown in which a vertical beam 30 located at the corner of the corner is provided with a joist receiving portion 32 that supports one end of the joists 4 and 4 arranged orthogonally at the corner of the corner. However, the joist receiving portion 32 that can support the ends of both joists 4 and 4 may be provided.
そして、このように施工された根太4,4に床材5の辺部を支持させ、支持脚6をスラブ2に接地させて床材5を施工する。そして、面材7を施工するようにしてもよい。なお、入隅部に位置する縦桟30に、入隅部において直交状に配される面材7の端部を固定する適宜の固定部を設けた構成としてもよい。
また、上記施工手順は、一例に過ぎず、各部材の機能を阻害しない限りにおいて別手順で行うようにしてもよく、種々の変形が可能である。
Then, the floor material 5 is constructed by supporting the sides of the floor material 5 on the joists 4 and 4 constructed in this way and grounding the support legs 6 to the slab 2. And you may make it construct the face material 7. FIG. In addition, it is good also as a structure which provided the appropriate | suitable fixing | fixed part which fixes the edge part of the face material 7 distribute | arranged orthogonally in an entrance corner to the vertical beam 30 located in an entrance corner.
Moreover, the said construction procedure is only an example, and may be performed by another procedure as long as the function of each member is not inhibited, and various modifications are possible.
本実施形態に係る壁下地装置1及びこれを用いた壁下地施工方法は、上述のような構成としたことで、施工性を向上させることができる。
つまり、縦桟30の下端部30aを保持する下端保持部材10の支持部材11に、スラブ2に対する保持部20の高さを調整可能とする高さ調整部17を設けた構成としている。従って、それぞれの高さ調整部17,17を調整してスラブ2上に間隔を空けて設置された各支持部材11,11の各保持部20,20に端部25a,25aを保持させることで各下横桟25を水平かつ同高さに配置することができる。これにより、スラブ2に不陸があった場合にも容易に対応可能となる。また、このように配置された下端保持部材10に縦桟30の下端部30aを保持させることができる。これにより、各下横桟25が水平かつ同高さとなるように微調整したり、縦桟30の長さを調整したりする必要性を低減することができ、施工性を向上させることができる。
The wall foundation apparatus 1 and the wall foundation construction method using the same according to the present embodiment can improve the workability by adopting the above-described configuration.
In other words, the height adjusting portion 17 that can adjust the height of the holding portion 20 with respect to the slab 2 is provided on the support member 11 of the lower end holding member 10 that holds the lower end portion 30a of the vertical rail 30. Therefore, by adjusting the respective height adjusting portions 17 and 17, the end portions 25 a and 25 a are held by the holding portions 20 and 20 of the support members 11 and 11 that are installed on the slab 2 at intervals. Each lower horizontal rail 25 can be arranged horizontally and at the same height. Thereby, it becomes possible to easily cope with the case where the slab 2 is uneven. In addition, the lower end holding member 10 arranged in this manner can hold the lower end 30a of the vertical rail 30. As a result, it is possible to reduce the necessity for fine adjustment so that each lower horizontal rail 25 is horizontal and at the same height, or to adjust the length of the vertical rail 30, and to improve the workability. .
また、本実施形態では、縦桟30に、床材5が載置される根太4を支持する根太受部32を設けた構成としている。従って、高さ調整された下端保持部材10に複数本の縦桟30,30を保持させることで、各縦桟30,30の根太受部32,32を容易に同高さに配することができる。また、このように同高さに配された根太受部32,32に根太4を支持させることで、根太4を容易に水平にすることができ、施工性を向上させることができる。なお、このような根太受部32を縦桟30に設けていない構成としてもよい。   Moreover, in this embodiment, it is set as the structure which provided the joist receiving part 32 which supports the joist 4 in which the flooring 5 is mounted in the vertical beam 30. As shown in FIG. Accordingly, by holding the plurality of vertical bars 30, 30 on the lower end holding member 10 whose height has been adjusted, the joist receiving portions 32, 32 of the vertical bars 30, 30 can be easily arranged at the same height. it can. Moreover, the joist 4 can be easily leveled by supporting the joist 4 on the joist receiving portions 32 and 32 arranged at the same height as described above, and the workability can be improved. In addition, it is good also as a structure which does not provide such a joist receiving part 32 in the vertical crosspiece 30. FIG.
また、本実施形態では、支持部材11に、上方側に向けて開口し、縦桟30の下端部30aが差し込まれる差込凹所13を設けた構成としている。従って、縦桟30の下端部30aを支持部材11の差込凹所13に差し込んで保持させることができる。また、支持部材11に、隣り合う下横桟25,25の各端部25a,25aを受け入れるように各下横桟25,25の長手方向に沿って開口する受入凹所21,21を設けた構成としている。従って、下横桟25の端部25aを支持部材11の受入凹所21に差し入れて保持させることができる。また、間隔を空けて配置された支持部材11,11の各受入凹所21,21に長手方向の各端部25a,25aを保持させることで、下横桟25を容易に水平に設置することができる。また、壁幅方向に間隔を空けて配される複数本の縦桟30,30の各下端部30a,30aを、このように設置された支持部材11及び下横桟25に保持させることで、各縦桟30,30を容易に同高さに設置することができる。   Moreover, in this embodiment, it is set as the structure which provided in the support member 11 the insertion recess 13 which opened toward the upper side and into which the lower end part 30a of the vertical rail 30 is inserted. Therefore, the lower end 30 a of the vertical beam 30 can be inserted and held in the insertion recess 13 of the support member 11. The support member 11 is provided with receiving recesses 21 and 21 that open along the longitudinal direction of the lower horizontal bars 25 and 25 so as to receive the end portions 25a and 25a of the adjacent lower horizontal bars 25 and 25. It is configured. Therefore, the end portion 25a of the lower horizontal rail 25 can be inserted into the receiving recess 21 of the support member 11 and held. Further, the lower horizontal rail 25 can be easily installed horizontally by holding the end portions 25a and 25a in the longitudinal direction in the receiving recesses 21 and 21 of the support members 11 and 11 arranged at intervals. Can do. Further, by holding the lower end portions 30a, 30a of the plurality of vertical beams 30, 30 arranged at intervals in the wall width direction on the support member 11 and the lower horizontal beam 25 thus installed, Each vertical rail 30 and 30 can be easily installed in the same height.
また、本実施形態では、支持部材11の保持部20,20を、互いに直交状に隣り合う下横桟25,25の端部25a,25aを保持するように設けた構成としている。従って、このように直交状に保持部20,20が設けられた支持部材11を、壁の出隅部や入隅部に設置することで、互いに直交状に配される下横桟25,25の端部25a,25aを保持させることができる。
なお、本実施形態では、支持部材11に、差込凹所13及び受入凹所21を設けた例を示しているが、これらのうちの両方または一方を設けていない構成としてもよい。支持部材11に設けられる下横桟25の保持部20としては、ねじ等の締結具によって端部25aを保持する構成とされたものでもよく、その他、種々の構成とされたものでもよい。また、支持部材11に縦桟30の下端部30aを保持する縦桟保持部12を設けていない構成としてもよい。本実施形態に係る壁下地装置1を構成する各部材及び各部の構成は、上記したような構成に限られず、その他、種々の変形が可能である。
Moreover, in this embodiment, it is set as the structure which provided the holding | maintenance parts 20 and 20 of the support member 11 so that the edge parts 25a and 25a of the lower horizontal rails 25 and 25 adjacent to each other orthogonally may be hold | maintained. Accordingly, by installing the support member 11 provided with the holding portions 20 and 20 orthogonally in this way at the protruding corner portion and the entering corner portion of the wall, the lower horizontal rails 25 and 25 arranged orthogonally to each other. The end portions 25a, 25a can be held.
In the present embodiment, an example in which the insertion recess 13 and the receiving recess 21 are provided in the support member 11 is shown, but a configuration in which neither or one of these is provided may be employed. The holding portion 20 of the lower horizontal rail 25 provided on the support member 11 may be configured to hold the end portion 25a with a fastener such as a screw, or may have various other configurations. Moreover, it is good also as a structure which does not provide the vertical beam holding | maintenance part 12 which hold | maintains the lower end part 30a of the vertical beam 30 in the support member 11. FIG. The structure of each member and each part which comprises the wall base apparatus 1 which concerns on this embodiment is not restricted to an above-described structure, In addition, a various deformation | transformation is possible.
1 壁下地装置
10 下端保持部材
11 支持部材
13 差込凹所
17 高さ調整部
20 保持部
21 受入凹所
25 下横桟
25a 端部
30 縦桟
30a 下端部
32 根太受部
2 スラブ
4 根太
5 床材
7 面材
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Wall base apparatus 10 Lower end holding member 11 Support member 13 Insertion recessed part 17 Height adjustment part 20 Holding part 21 Receiving recessed part 25 Lower horizontal beam 25a End part 30 Vertical beam 30a Lower end part 32 Radial receiving part 2 Slab 4 Radial 5 Floor material 7 Face material

Claims (5)

  1. 壁厚方向一方側に面材が固定される複数本の縦桟と、前記縦桟の下端部を保持する下端保持部材と、を備えており、
    前記下端保持部材は、下横桟と、スラブ上に間隔を空けて設置され、隣り合う下横桟の端部を保持する保持部が設けられた支持部材と、を備え、該支持部材には、前記スラブに対する前記保持部の高さを調整可能とする高さ調整部が設けられていることを特徴とする壁下地装置。
    A plurality of vertical bars whose face material is fixed on one side in the wall thickness direction, and a lower end holding member that holds the lower end of the vertical bars,
    The lower end holding member includes a lower horizontal rail and a support member provided on the slab at an interval and provided with a holding portion for holding an end portion of an adjacent lower horizontal rail. The wall base apparatus is provided with a height adjusting portion that can adjust a height of the holding portion with respect to the slab.
  2. 請求項1において、
    前記縦桟は、床材が載置される根太を支持する根太受部を備えていることを特徴とする壁下地装置。
    In claim 1,
    The vertical base is provided with a joist receiving part that supports joists on which a floor material is placed.
  3. 請求項1または2において、
    前記支持部材には、上方側に向けて開口し、前記縦桟の下端部が差し込まれる差込凹所と、前記保持部を構成し、前記隣り合う下横桟の各端部を受け入れるように各下横桟の長手方向に沿って開口する受入凹所と、が設けられていることを特徴とする壁下地装置。
    In claim 1 or 2,
    The support member is configured to open toward the upper side, form an insertion recess into which the lower end of the vertical beam is inserted, and the holding unit, and receive each end of the adjacent lower horizontal beam. And a receiving recess that opens along the longitudinal direction of each lower horizontal rail.
  4. 請求項1乃至3のいずれか1項において、
    前記支持部材の保持部は、互いに直交状に隣り合う下横桟の端部を保持するように設けられていることを特徴とする壁下地装置。
    In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 3,
    The wall base apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the holding portion of the support member is provided so as to hold the end portions of the lower horizontal bars that are adjacent to each other orthogonally.
  5. 請求項1乃至4のいずれか1項に記載の壁下地装置を用いた壁下地施工方法であって、
    複数の前記支持部材のそれぞれの保持部が同高さとなるように、それぞれの高さ調整部を調整して各支持部材をスラブ上に間隔を空けて設置する工程と、これら支持部材に端部を保持させて複数本の前記下横桟を設置する工程と、これら支持部材及び下横桟を含む下端保持部材に下端部を保持させて複数本の前記縦桟を設置する工程と、を備えていることを特徴とする壁下地施工方法。
    A wall foundation construction method using the wall foundation apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    Adjusting the height adjusting portions so that the holding portions of the plurality of supporting members have the same height, and installing the supporting members on the slab at intervals, and end portions on these supporting members. Holding the plurality of lower crosspieces and holding the lower end portion of the lower end holding member including the supporting member and the lower horizontal crosspiece and installing the plurality of vertical crosspieces. A wall foundation construction method characterized by
JP2018104300A 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 Wall framework and construction method using wall framework Pending JP2019210598A (en)

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