JP2019190047A - Upper end support structure for outdoor structure - Google Patents

Upper end support structure for outdoor structure Download PDF

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JP2019190047A
JP2019190047A JP2018081049A JP2018081049A JP2019190047A JP 2019190047 A JP2019190047 A JP 2019190047A JP 2018081049 A JP2018081049 A JP 2018081049A JP 2018081049 A JP2018081049 A JP 2018081049A JP 2019190047 A JP2019190047 A JP 2019190047A
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outdoor
building
floor
connecting member
corridor
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遼 吉崎
Ryo Yoshizaki
遼 吉崎
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Misawa Homes Co Ltd
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Misawa Homes Co Ltd
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Abstract

To provide a structure capable of supporting an upper end of an outdoor structure simply, at low cost, and with good appearance even if the upper end of an outdoor structure positioned outside an outdoor installation part installed outside a main body of a building is extended to a height substantially equal to an upper end part of a main body of the building.SOLUTION: An outdoor structure 12 is provided outside an outdoor installation part installed outside the main body of a building, and the outdoor structure 12 is provided so that an upper end thereof is at a height position substantially equivalent to an upper end part 1T of a main body of the building 1, and an upper end of the outdoor structure 12 and an upper end part 1T of the building 1 are connected by a head joint member 14.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 4

Description

本発明は、建物の本体外に設置される屋外空間の外側に位置する屋外構造体の上端を支持する構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a structure for supporting an upper end of an outdoor structure located outside an outdoor space installed outside a building body.

特許文献1において、屋外に面する側に開口が形成されたベランダにおいて、その開口を覆うように縦ルーバー(蒸散ルーバー)を建物躯体に取り付けた構造(冷却構造)が開示されている。
そして、特許文献2において、建物の1階部分に付設されたテラスの外周部分を壁で囲み、テラスの上方には屋根を設けず、あるいは開閉式の簡易な屋根を設けるなどして開放感を高めた、ロジアとも称される半屋外空間に、それを囲む壁の一部に大型の縦ルーバーを設置し、その縦ルーバーの上端を梁型構造体に固定した構造が開示されている。
また、特許文献3にユニット式建物のルーフバルコニーが開示され、特許文献4にユニット式建物の外廊下及び外階段が開示されている。
また、特許文献5において、建物のバルコニーの周部に立設した手摺支柱に手摺壁の上方まで伸びる添え柱を接合し、その添え柱の上端に植栽受梁を架け渡した緑化構造が提案されている。
In patent document 1, the structure (cooling structure) which attached the vertical louver (transpiration louver) to the building frame so that the opening may be covered in the veranda in which the opening was formed in the outdoor facing side is disclosed.
And in patent document 2, it surrounds the outer peripheral part of the terrace attached to the 1st floor part of a building with a wall, does not provide a roof above the terrace, or provides a feeling of opening by providing a simple openable roof. A structure is disclosed in which a large vertical louver is installed in a part of a wall surrounding the semi-outdoor space, which is also called a loggia, and the upper end of the vertical louver is fixed to a beam-type structure.
Patent Document 3 discloses a roof balcony of a unit type building, and Patent Document 4 discloses an outer corridor and an outer staircase of the unit type building.
Patent Document 5 proposes a greening structure in which a supporting pillar extending up above the handrail wall is joined to a handrail post erected on the peripheral part of the balcony of the building, and a planting beam is bridged over the upper end of the supporting pillar. Has been.

特開2016−65445号公報JP-A-2006-65445 特開2018−3462号公報JP 2018-3462 A 特開2014−145175号公報JP 2014-145175 A 特開2016−20567号公報Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2006-20567 特開2017−127196号公報JP 2017-127196 A

しかし、特許文献3のようなルーフバルコニー、特許文献4のような外廊下や外階段、特許文献5のようなバルコニーでは、その直上に建物躯体がないため、例えば目隠しのため、特許文献1・2のような縦ルーバー等の屋外部材を設ける場合、その屋外部材を建物上端まで延ばすことができなかった。   However, in the roof balcony as in Patent Document 3, the outside corridor and the outside staircase as in Patent Document 4, and the balcony as in Patent Document 5, there is no building frame immediately above the roof balcony. When an outdoor member such as a vertical louver such as 2 was provided, the outdoor member could not be extended to the top of the building.

本発明の課題は、建物の本体外に設置される屋外付設部の外側に位置する屋外構造体の上端を建物の本体上端部とほぼ同等の高さまで延ばしても、屋外構造体の上端を簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持できる構造を提供することである。   The object of the present invention is to simplify the upper end of the outdoor structure even if the upper end of the outdoor structure located outside the outdoor installation part installed outside the main body of the building is extended to a height substantially equal to the upper end of the main body of the building. -To provide a structure that can support light weight, low cost and good appearance.

以上の課題を解決するため、請求項1に記載の発明は、例えば図1から図8に示すように、
建物1の本体外に設置された屋外付設部の外側に屋外構造体12が設けられており、
前記屋外構造体12は、上端が、前記建物1の本体上端部1Tとほぼ同等の高さ位置となるように設けられており、
前記屋外構造体12の上端と、前記建物1の本体上端部1Tとが、頭つなぎ部材14で連結されている、屋外構造体の上端支持構造を特徴とする。
In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 1 is, for example, as shown in FIGS.
An outdoor structure 12 is provided on the outside of the outdoor installation part installed outside the main body of the building 1,
The outdoor structure 12 is provided such that the upper end is at a height position substantially equal to the main body upper end 1T of the building 1;
The upper end support structure of the outdoor structure is characterized in that the upper end of the outdoor structure 12 and the main body upper end 1T of the building 1 are connected by a head connecting member 14.

請求項1に記載の発明によれば、建物1の本体上端部1Tとほぼ同等の高さ位置となるように延ばされた屋外構造体12の上端と、建物1の本体上端部1Tとが頭つなぎ部材14で連結された構造なので、建物1の本体上端部1Tとほぼ同等の高さまで延ばされた屋外構造体12の上端を、建物1の本体上端部1Tに対し連結する頭つなぎ部材14によって、簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, the upper end of the outdoor structure 12 extended so as to have a height position substantially equal to the upper end portion 1T of the main body of the building 1 and the upper end portion 1T of the main body of the building 1 are provided. Since the structure is connected by the head connecting member 14, the head connecting member that connects the upper end of the outdoor structure 12 extended to a height substantially equal to the upper end 1 </ b> T of the building 1 to the upper end 1 </ b> T of the building 1. 14 can support simple, lightweight, low cost and good appearance.

請求項2に記載の発明は、例えば図1から図8に示すように、
請求項1に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記屋外構造体は、上端が、前記建物1の本体上端部1Tとほぼ同等の高さ位置となるように設けられた柱材12と、前記柱材12に沿って設けられるとともに、前記柱材12に支持される屋外部材8と、を備えており、
前記柱材12の上端と、前記建物1の本体上端部1Tとが、前記頭つなぎ部材14で連結されていることを特徴とする。
The invention described in claim 2 is, for example, as shown in FIGS.
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 1,
The outdoor structure is provided with a column member 12 provided so that an upper end thereof is substantially the same height as the upper end portion 1T of the main body of the building 1, the column member 12, and the column member 12 12, an outdoor member 8 supported by 12,
The upper end of the column member 12 and the main body upper end portion 1T of the building 1 are connected by the head connecting member 14.

請求項2に記載の発明によれば、建物1の本体上端部1Tとほぼ同等の高さ位置となる柱材12の上端を、建物1の本体上端部1Tに対し頭つなぎ部材14によって連結することができる。   According to the second aspect of the present invention, the upper end of the pillar 12 that is substantially the same height as the main body upper end portion 1T of the building 1 is connected to the main body upper end portion 1T of the building 1 by the head connecting member 14. be able to.

請求項3に記載の発明は、例えば図1から図8に示すように、
請求項2に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記頭つなぎ部材14は、前記柱材12の上端と、前記建物1の本体上端部1Tと、を連結するための横つなぎ部材16を備えることを特徴とする。
The invention according to claim 3 is, for example, as shown in FIGS.
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 2,
The head connecting member 14 includes a horizontal connecting member 16 for connecting the upper end of the pillar member 12 and the main body upper end portion 1T of the building 1.

請求項3に記載の発明によれば、建物1の本体上端部1Tとほぼ同等の高さ位置となる柱材12の上端を、建物1の本体上端部1Tに対し横つなぎ部材16によって連結することができる。   According to the third aspect of the present invention, the upper end of the column 12 that is at a height substantially equal to the main body upper end portion 1T of the building 1 is connected to the main body upper end portion 1T of the building 1 by the horizontal connecting member 16. be able to.

請求項4に記載の発明は、例えば図1から図8に示すように、
請求項1から3のいずれか一項に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記屋外付設部には、
前記建物1の本体外側に設置される屋外階段6・7と、
前記建物1の本体外側に設置されて、前記屋外階段6・7の内側に配置された外廊下2・3・4と、
前記外廊下2・3・4の上方に沿って設置された廊下屋根5と、が備えられており、
前記屋外構造体における前記柱材は、前記屋外階段6・7の外側を支持する複数の階段支柱12であり、
前記階段支柱12の上端と、前記廊下屋根5とが前記頭つなぎ部材14で連結されていることを特徴とする。
The invention described in claim 4 is, for example, as shown in FIGS.
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
In the outdoor attachment part,
Outdoor staircases 6 and 7 installed outside the main body of the building 1,
Outside corridors 2, 3, 4 installed outside the main body of the building 1 and arranged inside the outdoor stairs 6, 7,
And a corridor roof 5 installed along the upper side of the outer corridors 2, 3, 4,
The pillar material in the outdoor structure is a plurality of stair support columns 12 that support the outside of the outdoor staircases 6 and 7,
The upper end of the stair column 12 and the hallway roof 5 are connected by the head connecting member 14.

請求項4に記載の発明によれば、階段支柱12の上端を、建物1の本体外側で屋外階段6・7の内側に設置された外廊下2・3・4の上方に沿って設置された廊下屋根5に対し、連結する頭つなぎ部材14によって、簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   According to the invention of claim 4, the upper end of the stair column 12 is installed along the upper side of the outer corridors 2, 3, 4 installed outside the main body of the building 1 and inside the outdoor stairs 6, 7. The corridor roof 5 can be supported simply, lightly, at low cost and with good appearance by the connecting head connecting member 14.

請求項5に記載の発明は、例えば図1から図4に示すように、
請求項4に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記廊下屋根5は、前記建物1の本体上端部1T側から外側に突出するように設置された小屋部材51を含んで構成されており、
前記階段支柱12の上端と、前記小屋部材51の突出端側とが前記頭つなぎ部材14で連結されていることを特徴とする。
The invention according to claim 5 is, for example, as shown in FIGS.
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 4,
The hallway roof 5 includes a hut member 51 installed so as to protrude outward from the main body upper end 1T side of the building 1.
The upper end of the stair column 12 and the protruding end side of the cabin member 51 are connected by the head connecting member 14.

請求項5に記載の発明によれば、階段支柱12の上端を、廊下屋根5に含まれ、建物1の本体上端部1T側から外側に突出するように設置された小屋部材51の突出端側に対し連結する頭つなぎ部材14によって、簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   According to the invention described in claim 5, the upper end of the stair column 12 is included in the corridor roof 5, and the protruding end side of the hut member 51 installed so as to protrude outward from the main body upper end 1 </ b> T side of the building 1. The head connecting member 14 that is connected to each other can be supported simply, lightly, at low cost and with good appearance.

請求項6に記載の発明は、例えば図1から図4に示すように、
請求項4又は5に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記頭つなぎ部材14は、
前記廊下屋根5に固定されて垂下された縦つなぎ部材15と、
前記階段支柱12の上端と前記縦つなぎ部材15の下端とに固定された前記横つなぎ部材16と、
から構成されることを特徴とする。
The invention according to claim 6 is, for example, as shown in FIGS.
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 4 or 5,
The head connecting member 14 is
A vertical connecting member 15 fixed to the hallway roof 5 and suspended;
The horizontal connecting member 16 fixed to the upper end of the stair column 12 and the lower end of the vertical connecting member 15;
It is comprised from these.

請求項6に記載の発明によれば、廊下屋根5に固定されて垂下された縦つなぎ部材15と、その縦つなぎ部材15の下端と階段支柱12の上端とに固定された横つなぎ部材16と、から構成される頭つなぎ部材14なので、その縦つなぎ部材15及び横つなぎ部材16によって、階段支柱12の上端を簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   According to the invention described in claim 6, the vertical connecting member 15 fixed to the hallway roof 5 and suspended, and the horizontal connecting member 16 fixed to the lower end of the vertical connecting member 15 and the upper end of the stair column 12. Therefore, the upper end of the stair column 12 can be supported simply, lightly, at low cost and with good appearance by the vertical connecting member 15 and the horizontal connecting member 16.

請求項7に記載の発明は、例えば図1から図3、図6から図8に示すように、
請求項4又は5に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記外廊下2・3・4の外側を支持して前記廊下屋根5に上端が固定された廊下支柱11が備えられていて、
前記頭つなぎ部材14は、前記階段支柱12の上端と前記廊下支柱11の上端とに固定された前記横つなぎ部材16であることを特徴とする。
The invention described in claim 7 is, for example, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 and FIGS.
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 4 or 5,
A corridor post 11 having an upper end fixed to the corridor roof 5 to support the outside of the outer corridors 2, 3, and 4;
The head connecting member 14 is the horizontal connecting member 16 fixed to the upper end of the stair column 12 and the upper end of the hallway column 11.

請求項7に記載の発明によれば、建物1の外廊下2・3・4の外側を支持して廊下屋根5に上端が固定された廊下支柱11の上端と、階段支柱12の上端とに固定された横つなぎ部材16による頭つなぎ部材14なので、その横つなぎ部材16によって、階段支柱12の上端を簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   According to the seventh aspect of the present invention, the upper end of the corridor column 11 that supports the outside of the outer corridors 2, 3, and 4 of the building 1 and is fixed to the corridor roof 5, and the upper end of the staircase column 12 Since the head connecting member 14 is formed by the fixed horizontal connecting member 16, the upper end of the stair column 12 can be supported by the horizontal connecting member 16 in a simple, lightweight, low cost, and good appearance manner.

請求項8に記載の発明は、例えば図1、図2、図4、図6、図8に示すように、
請求項4から7のいずれか一項に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記屋外構造体における前記屋外部材は、前記階段支柱12に沿って設けられた縦方向のルーバー8であることを特徴とする。
The invention according to claim 8 is, for example, as shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8,
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to any one of claims 4 to 7,
The outdoor member in the outdoor structure is a longitudinal louver 8 provided along the staircase support 12.

請求項8に記載の発明によれば、階段支柱12の外側に沿って配置される縦方向のルーバー8を、階段支柱12を利用して支持することができる。   According to the invention described in claim 8, the longitudinal louver 8 arranged along the outside of the staircase support 12 can be supported using the staircase support 12.

請求項9に記載の発明は、例えば図1、図2、図4、図6、図8に示すように、
請求項8に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記複数の階段支柱12の外側に沿って横方向の支持部材18が固定されており、
前記縦方向のルーバー8は、前記横方向の支持部材18に固定されていることを特徴とする。
For example, as shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 4, FIG. 6, and FIG.
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 8,
A lateral support member 18 is fixed along the outside of the plurality of staircase columns 12,
The vertical louver 8 is fixed to the horizontal support member 18.

請求項9に記載の発明によれば、複数の階段支柱12の外側に沿って固定された横方向の支持部材18に対し、縦方向のルーバー8を固定することができる。   According to the ninth aspect of the present invention, the vertical louver 8 can be fixed to the horizontal support member 18 fixed along the outside of the plurality of staircase columns 12.

請求項10に記載の発明は、例えば図3、図4から図10に示すように、
請求項1から9のいずれか一項に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記建物1は、柱及び梁から形成された直方体の建物ユニット101を組み上げて構築されており、
前記建物ユニット101を組み上げて構築されたユニット建物1の本体上端部1T側から外側に突出する小屋パネル51が設置され、
前記屋外構造体12の上端と、前記小屋パネル51の突出端側とが頭つなぎ部材14(16)で連結されていることを特徴とする。
The invention according to claim 10 is, for example, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 to 10,
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to any one of claims 1 to 9,
The building 1 is constructed by assembling a rectangular parallelepiped building unit 101 formed of columns and beams,
A hut panel 51 protruding outward from the main body upper end 1T side of the unit building 1 constructed by assembling the building unit 101 is installed,
The upper end of the outdoor structure 12 and the protruding end side of the cabin panel 51 are connected by a head connecting member 14 (16).

請求項10に記載の発明によれば、建物ユニット101を組み上げて構築されたユニット建物1において、その本体上端部1T側から外側に突出して設置された小屋パネル51の突出端側と、屋外構造体12の上端とに連結された頭つなぎ部材14(16)なので、その頭つなぎ部材14(16)によって、屋外構造体12の上端を簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   According to the invention described in claim 10, in the unit building 1 constructed by assembling the building unit 101, the protruding end side of the hut panel 51 installed to protrude outward from the main body upper end 1T side, and the outdoor structure Since the head connecting member 14 (16) is connected to the upper end of the body 12, the head connecting member 14 (16) can support the upper end of the outdoor structure 12 simply, lightly, at low cost, and with good appearance. .

本発明によれば、建物の本体外に設置される屋外付設部の外側に位置する屋外構造体の上端を建物の本体上端部とほぼ同等の高さまで延ばしても、屋外構造体の上端を簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することができる。   According to the present invention, the upper end of the outdoor structure can be simplified even if the upper end of the outdoor structure located outside the outdoor installation part installed outside the main body of the building is extended to a height substantially equal to the upper end of the main body of the building.・ Supports light weight, low cost and good appearance.

本発明に係る屋外構造体の上端支持構造が適用される屋外空間の屋外階段及び外廊下部分を示す概略平面図である。It is a schematic plan view which shows the outdoor stairway and the exterior corridor part of the outdoor space where the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure which concerns on this invention is applied. 図1の外廊下の外側に沿った概略正面図である。It is a schematic front view along the outer side of the outer corridor of FIG. 図1の屋外階段及び外廊下部分の概略側面図である。It is a schematic side view of the outdoor staircase and outer corridor part of FIG. 図3の三階部分の拡大図である。It is an enlarged view of the 3rd floor part of FIG. 図4の矢印A部の拡大図である。It is an enlarged view of the arrow A part of FIG. 図2の廊下支柱が有る三階部分の拡大概略側面図である。It is an expansion schematic side view of the 3rd floor part with the corridor support | pillar of FIG. 図6の矢印B部の拡大図である。It is an enlarged view of the arrow B part of FIG. 本発明を適用した建物の一例を示す外観正面図である。It is an external appearance front view which shows an example of the building to which this invention is applied. 建物ユニットの概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of a building unit. 小屋パネルの概略平面図である。It is a schematic plan view of a shed panel.

以下、図面を参照して本発明の実施の形態について説明する。
(実施形態)
先ず、図8は本発明を適用した建物の一例としての外観を示すもので、図示のように、建物1は三階建ての集合住宅であり、一階外廊下2、二階外廊下3及び三階外廊下4が備えられている。その一階外廊下2、二階外廊下3及び三階外廊下4の外側に隣接して、一階外廊下2の床版中央と二階外廊下3の床版右端に架け渡した第一屋外階段6と、二階外廊下3の床版中央と三階外廊下4の床版右端に架け渡した第二屋外階段7とが備えられている。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
(Embodiment)
First, FIG. 8 shows an external appearance as an example of a building to which the present invention is applied. As shown in the figure, the building 1 is a three-story apartment house, and the first-floor outer corridor 2, the second-floor outer corridor 3, and the third-floor corridor. There is a corridor 4 outside the floor. The first outdoor staircase that spans the center of the floor slab of the first floor outer corridor 2 and the right end of the floor slab of the second floor outer corridor 3 adjacent to the outside of the first floor outer corridor 2, the second floor outer corridor 3, and the third floor outer corridor 4. 6 and a second outdoor staircase 7 spanning the center of the floor slab of the second floor outer corridor 3 and the right end of the floor slab of the third floor outer corridor 4.

第一屋外階段6は、直階段61と、その右端に連続する二階踊り場62とからなる。
第二屋外階段7は、直階段71と、その左端に連続する二階踊り場72と、直階段71の右端に連続する三階踊り場73とからなる。
なお、二階外廊下3の外側に沿って、第一屋外階段6右端の二階踊り場62に対応する部分及び第二屋外階段7左端の二階踊り場72に対応する部分を除いて手摺3aが備えられ、三階外廊下4の外側に沿って、第二屋外階段7右端の三階踊り場73に対応する部分を除いて手摺4bが備えられている。
また、第一屋外階段6の外側に沿って、直階段61及び二階踊り場62を含んで手摺6aが備えられ、第二屋外階段7の外側に沿って、直階段71、二階踊り場72及び三階踊り場73を含んで手摺7aが備えられている。
The first outdoor staircase 6 includes a straight staircase 61 and a second-floor landing 62 that continues to the right end thereof.
The second outdoor staircase 7 includes a straight staircase 71, a second-floor landing 72 that continues to the left end thereof, and a third-floor landing 73 that continues to the right end of the straight staircase 71.
A handrail 3a is provided along the outside of the second floor outer corridor 3 except for a portion corresponding to the second floor landing 62 at the right end of the first outdoor staircase 6 and a portion corresponding to the second floor landing 72 at the left end of the second outdoor staircase 7, A handrail 4b is provided along the outside of the third-floor outer corridor 4 except for the portion corresponding to the third-floor landing 73 on the right end of the second outdoor staircase 7.
A handrail 6a is provided along the outside of the first outdoor staircase 6 including the direct staircase 61 and the second floor landing 62, and the straight staircase 71, the second floor landing 72 and the third floor are provided along the outside of the second outdoor staircase 7. A handrail 7 a including a landing 73 is provided.

そして、第一屋外階段6及び第二屋外階段7の外側に沿って、その右端の二階踊り場及び三階踊り場から第二屋外階段7の左端の二階踊り場まで、一階床版から三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5までにわたる縦方向のルーバー8が設置されている。
また、その一階床版から三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5までにわたる縦方向のルーバー8が設置された部分を除いて、二階外廊下3及び三階外廊下4の中央から左端の外側に沿って、二階外廊下3の床版から三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5までにわたる縦方向のルーバー9が設置されている。
And along the outside of the first outdoor staircase 6 and the second outdoor staircase 7, from the second-floor landing on the right end and the third-floor landing to the second-floor landing on the left end of the second outdoor staircase 7, from the first floor to the third floor outer corridor A vertical louver 8 extending up to four corridor roofs 5 is installed.
The center of the second-floor outer corridor 3 and the third-floor outer corridor 4 extends from the center to the outside of the left end except for the portion where the vertical louver 8 extending from the first floor slab to the corridor roof 5 of the third-floor outer corridor 4 is installed. Along with this, a vertical louver 9 extending from the floor slab of the second-floor outer corridor 3 to the corridor roof 5 of the third-floor outer corridor 4 is installed.

次に、図1は本発明に係る屋外構造体の上端支持構造が適用される屋外空間の屋外階段6・7及び外廊下3・4部分を示す概略平面図で、外廊下3・4の床パネルの骨組みを示しており、図2は図1の外廊下2・3・4の外側に沿った概略正面図、図3は図1の屋外階段6・7及び外廊下2・3・4部分の概略側面図である。   Next, FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view showing outdoor staircases 6 and 7 and outer corridors 3 and 4 of an outdoor space to which the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to the present invention is applied. FIG. 2 is a schematic front view along the outside of the outer corridors 2, 3, 4 of FIG. 1, and FIG. FIG.

建物1は、図9に示されるように、四方の床梁102、柱103及び天井梁104から形成された直方体の建物ユニット101を組み上げて構築されたユニット建物である。
建物ユニット101の建物1の外壁に面する部分には、図1、図3に示されるように、外壁材105が装着されている。
そして、最上階である三階の建物ユニット101の天井梁104上には、小屋パネル111が結合されて、この小屋パネル111の上に屋根材21が敷設されている。
As shown in FIG. 9, the building 1 is a unit building constructed by assembling a rectangular parallelepiped building unit 101 formed of four floor beams 102, columns 103, and ceiling beams 104.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, an outer wall material 105 is attached to a part of the building unit 101 facing the outer wall of the building 1.
A hut panel 111 is coupled on the ceiling beam 104 of the building unit 101 on the third floor, which is the top floor, and a roofing material 21 is laid on the hut panel 111.

小屋パネル111は、図10に示されるように、四方の小屋梁112が連結された長方形の枠状で、図示例では、平行する小屋梁112を結合する補強梁113が設けられている。なお、必要に応じて四方の小屋梁112にブレース材を架設してもよい。   As shown in FIG. 10, the shed panel 111 has a rectangular frame shape in which four shed beams 112 are connected. In the illustrated example, a reinforced beam 113 that connects the parallel shed beams 112 is provided. In addition, you may construct a brace material to the four-way hut beam 112 as needed.

一階外廊下2の床版は、図2、図3、図8に示されるように、ユニット建物1の基礎に連続するベタ打ちコンクリートにより形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 2, 3, and 8, the floor slab of the first floor outer corridor 2 is formed of solid concrete that is continuous with the foundation of the unit building 1.

二階外廊下3の床版は、図2、図3に示されるように、長尺の廊下床パネル31の上に床材36を敷設して、廊下床パネル31の下に天井材37を取り付けて構成される。
廊下床パネル31は、図1に示されるように、四方の床梁32が連結された長方形の枠状で、図示例では、平行する長尺の床梁32を結合する補強梁33、その補強梁33と短尺の床梁32を結合する補強梁34、平行する補強梁33間を結合する補強梁34、及び四方の床梁32間に架設したブレース材35から構成される。
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the floor slab of the second floor outer corridor 3 is constructed by laying a floor material 36 on a long corridor floor panel 31 and attaching a ceiling material 37 below the corridor floor panel 31. Configured.
As shown in FIG. 1, the corridor floor panel 31 has a rectangular frame shape in which four floor beams 32 are connected. In the illustrated example, the reinforcing beam 33 that connects the long parallel floor beams 32 and the reinforcement thereof It consists of a reinforcing beam 34 that connects the beam 33 and the short floor beam 32, a reinforcing beam 34 that connects the parallel reinforcing beams 33, and a brace member 35 that is installed between the four floor beams 32.

三階外廊下4の床版も、図1から図3に示されるように、長尺の廊下床パネル41の上に床材46を敷設して、廊下床パネル41の下に天井材47を取り付けて構成される。
廊下床パネル41も、図1に示されるように、四方の床梁42が連結された長方形の枠状で、図示例では、平行する長尺の床梁42を結合する補強梁43、その補強梁43と短尺の床梁42を結合する補強梁44、平行する補強梁43間を結合する補強梁44、及び四方の床梁42間に架設したブレース材45から構成される。
As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the floor slab of the third-floor outer corridor 4 is also laid with a flooring 46 on a long corridor floor panel 41 and a ceiling material 47 under the corridor floor panel 41. Installed and configured.
As shown in FIG. 1, the corridor floor panel 41 also has a rectangular frame shape in which four floor beams 42 are connected. In the illustrated example, a reinforcing beam 43 for connecting parallel long floor beams 42 and its reinforcement It consists of a reinforcing beam 44 that connects the beam 43 and the short floor beam 42, a reinforcing beam 44 that connects the parallel reinforcing beams 43, and a brace material 45 that is laid between the four floor beams 42.

以上の廊下床パネル31・41は、建物ユニット101の外壁材105が装着される床パネル102に対し各々の接続金物38・48を介してボルトナット結合によりそれぞれ固定されている。   The corridor floor panels 31 and 41 are fixed to the floor panel 102 to which the outer wall material 105 of the building unit 101 is mounted by bolts and nuts via the respective connection hardware 38 and 48, respectively.

以上の二階外廊下3及び三階外廊下4の廊下床パネル31・41の外側に沿って、図示のように、一階外廊下2の床版から三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5までにわたる屋外構造体、すなわち、廊下支柱11が設置されている。
図示例では、第一屋外階段6の直階段61と右側の二階踊り場62との境界部(第二屋外階段7の直階段71と右側の三階踊り場73との境界部)、第二屋外階段7の直階段71と左側の二階踊り場72との境界部、その二階踊り場72の左端の三箇所に廊下支柱11が配置されている。
As shown in the drawing, from the floor slab of the first floor outer corridor 2 to the corridor roof 5 of the third floor outer corridor 4 along the outside of the corridor floor panels 31 and 41 of the second floor outer corridor 3 and the third floor outer corridor 4 described above. An outdoor structure, that is, a corridor post 11 is installed.
In the illustrated example, the boundary between the straight staircase 61 of the first outdoor staircase 6 and the right second floor landing 62 (the boundary between the straight staircase 71 of the second outdoor staircase 7 and the right third floor landing 73), the second outdoor staircase. The corridor column 11 is arranged at the boundary between the 7 straight stairs 71 and the left second floor landing 72, and at the left end of the second floor landing 72.

廊下支柱11は、二階外廊下3及び三階外廊下4の廊下床パネル31・41の外側の床梁32・42に、一階から三階の各階ごとに上端又は上下端或は下端を、各々の接続金物39・49を介してボルトナット結合して、縦方向に連続する一様な形状となっている。
この廊下支柱11の上端は、三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5にブラケット13でボルトナット結合により固定されている(図6参照)。
The corridor column 11 has an upper end, an upper lower end or a lower end for each floor from the first floor to the third floor on the floor beams 32 and 42 outside the corridor floor panels 31 and 41 of the second floor outer corridor 3 and the third floor outer corridor 4, Bolts and nuts are connected to each other through the respective connection hardware 39 and 49 to form a uniform shape continuous in the vertical direction.
The upper end of the corridor column 11 is fixed to the corridor roof 5 of the third-floor outer corridor 4 with a bracket 13 by bolts and nuts (see FIG. 6).

そして、二階外廊下3の廊下床パネル31の外側に、第一屋外階段6の二階踊り場62の床版と、第二屋外階段7の二階踊り場72の床版が、接続金物64・74を介してボルトナット結合により固定されている。
さらに、三階外廊下4の廊下床パネル41の外側に、第二屋外階段7の三階踊り場73の床版が、接続金物74を介してボルトナット結合により固定されている。
The floor slab of the second floor landing 62 of the first outdoor staircase 6 and the floor slab of the second floor landing 72 of the second outdoor staircase 7 are connected to the outside of the corridor floor panel 31 of the second floor outer corridor 3 via connecting hardware 64 and 74. Are fixed by bolts and nuts.
Furthermore, the floor slab of the third floor landing 73 of the second outdoor staircase 7 is fixed to the outside of the corridor floor panel 41 of the third floor outer corridor 4 by a bolt and nut connection via a connection hardware 74.

すなわち、第一屋外階段6の二階踊り場62の床版は、踊り場床パネル621の上に床材626を敷設して構成される。
踊り場床パネル621は、図1に示されるように、四方の床梁622が連結された正方形の枠状に形成されている。
この踊り場床パネル621の内側の床梁622が、二階外廊下3の廊下床パネル31の外側の床梁32の下に、図3に示されるように、接続金物66を介してボルトナット結合により固定されている。
That is, the floor slab of the second floor landing 62 of the first outdoor staircase 6 is configured by laying the floor material 626 on the landing floor panel 621.
As shown in FIG. 1, the landing floor panel 621 is formed in a square frame shape in which four floor beams 622 are connected.
As shown in FIG. 3, the floor beam 622 inside the landing floor panel 621 is connected to the outside floor beam 31 of the second floor outer corridor 3 by bolts and nuts via the connection hardware 66 as shown in FIG. It is fixed.

第二屋外階段7の二階踊り場72の床版は、踊り場床パネル721の上に床材726を敷設して構成される。
踊り場床パネル721は、図1に示されるように、四方の床梁722が連結された正方形の枠状に形成されている。
この踊り場床パネル721の内側の床梁722が、二階外廊下3の廊下床パネル31の外側の床梁32の下に、図3に示されるように、接続金物76を介してボルトナット結合により固定されている。
The floor slab of the second floor landing 72 of the second outdoor staircase 7 is configured by laying a floor material 726 on the landing floor panel 721.
As shown in FIG. 1, the landing floor panel 721 is formed in a square frame shape in which four floor beams 722 are connected.
The floor beam 722 inside the landing floor panel 721 is connected to the bottom floor beam 32 outside the corridor floor panel 31 of the second-floor outer corridor 3 by bolts and nuts, as shown in FIG. It is fixed.

第二屋外階段7の三階踊り場73の床版も、踊り場床パネル731の上に床材736を敷設して構成される。
踊り場床パネル731は、図1に示されるように、四方の床梁732が連結された正方形の枠状に形成されている。
この踊り場床パネル731の内側の床梁732が、三階外廊下4の廊下床パネル41の外側の床梁42の下に、図3、図4、図6に示されるように、接続金物76を介してボルトナット結合により固定されている。
The floor slab of the third floor landing 73 of the second outdoor staircase 7 is also configured by laying a flooring 736 on the landing floor panel 731.
As shown in FIG. 1, the landing floor panel 731 is formed in a square frame shape in which four floor beams 732 are connected.
As shown in FIGS. 3, 4, and 6, a connecting hardware 76 is provided on the inner floor beam 732 of the landing floor panel 731 below the outer floor beam 42 of the hallway floor panel 41 of the third floor outer corridor 4. Are fixed by bolts and nuts.

以上の第一屋外階段6及び第二屋外階段7の外側の側板65・75に沿って、一階外廊下2の床版から三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5までにわたる階段支柱12が設置されている。
そして、第一屋外階段6の直階段61の左端、中央、直階段61と右側の二階踊り場62との境界部(第二屋外階段7の直階段71の左端、中央、直階段71と右側の三階踊り場73との境界部)、第二屋外階段7の左側の二階踊り場72の左端、右側の三階踊り場73の右端の五箇所に階段支柱12が配置されている。
Along the side plates 65 and 75 on the outside of the first outdoor staircase 6 and the second outdoor staircase 7, the stair column 12 extending from the floor slab of the first floor outer corridor 2 to the corridor roof 5 of the third floor outer corridor 4 is installed. ing.
And the left end of the first outdoor staircase 6, the center of the straight staircase 61, the boundary between the straight staircase 61 and the right second floor landing 62 (the left end of the straight staircase 71 of the second outdoor staircase 7, the center, the straight staircase 71 and the right Steps 12 are arranged at five locations on the left end of the second-floor landing 72 on the left side of the second outdoor staircase 7 and on the right end of the third-floor landing 73 on the right side.

階段支柱12は、第一屋外階段6及び第二屋外階段7の直階段61・71の外側の側板616・716の中央と右端と、第二屋外階段7の二階踊り場72の踊り場床パネル721の外側の床梁722の左端と、第一屋外階段6の二階踊り場62の踊り場床パネル621の外側の床梁622の右端(第二屋外階段7の三階踊り場73の踊り場床パネル731の外側の床梁732の右端)に、一階から三階の各階ごとに上端又は上下端或は下端を、接続金物67・77を介してボルトナット結合して、縦方向に連続する一様な形状となっている。
この階段支柱12は、廊下支柱11の位置と対応しない位置で、第一屋外階段6の右側の二階踊り場62の右端と、第二屋外階段7の左側の二階踊り場72と右側の三階踊り場73の右端の位置において、上端が、図3に示すように、三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5にブラケット13及び頭つなぎ部材14を介してボルトナット結合により固定されている。
The stairs support 12 includes the center and right ends of the side plates 616 and 716 outside the straight stairs 61 and 71 of the first outdoor stairs 6 and the second outdoor stairs 7, and the landing floor panel 721 of the second floor landing 72 of the second outdoor stairs 7. The left end of the outside floor beam 722 and the right end of the outside floor beam 622 of the landing floor panel 621 of the second floor landing 62 of the first outdoor staircase 6 (the outside of the landing floor panel 731 of the third floor landing 73 of the second outdoor staircase 7). The upper end or the upper and lower ends or the lower end of each floor from the first floor to the third floor is connected to the bolts and nuts via connecting hardware 67 and 77 to the floor beam 732), and a uniform shape continuous in the vertical direction. It has become.
The stair column 12 is a position that does not correspond to the position of the corridor column 11, the right end of the second floor landing 62 on the right side of the first outdoor stair 6, the second floor landing 72 on the left side of the second outdoor stair 7, and the third floor landing 73 on the right side. As shown in FIG. 3, the upper end is fixed to the corridor roof 5 of the third-floor outer corridor 4 by a bolt and nut connection via a bracket 13 and a head connecting member 14.

頭つなぎ部材14は、廊下屋根5にブラケット13を介して固定される縦つなぎ部材15と、その縦つなぎ部材15の下端と階段支柱12の上端とをつなぐ横つなぎ部材16とからなる。   The head connecting member 14 includes a vertical connecting member 15 that is fixed to the hallway roof 5 via a bracket 13, and a horizontal connecting member 16 that connects the lower end of the vertical connecting member 15 and the upper end of the stair column 12.

また、廊下支柱11の位置と対応する位置の階段支柱12は、その上端が、頭つなぎ部材14としての横つなぎ部材16を介して階段支柱12の上端にボルトナット結合により固定されている(図6参照)。   In addition, the upper end of the staircase support 12 at a position corresponding to the position of the corridor support 11 is fixed to the upper end of the stair support 12 by a bolt and nut connection via a horizontal connecting member 16 as a head connecting member 14 (FIG. 6).

そして、階段支柱12の外側には、ブラケット17及び横方向の支持部材18を介して縦方向のルーバー8がボルトナット結合により固定されている。
ブラケット17は、階段支柱12の外側に、一階から三階の各階ごとに上部寄り及び下端寄りの二か所にボルトナット結合されている。
横方向の支持部材18は、五箇所の階段支柱12にボルトナット結合したブラケット17の間において、左右両端をブラケット17にボルトナット結合して、横方向に連続する一様な形状となっている。
The vertical louver 8 is fixed to the outside of the stair column 12 by bolts and nuts via a bracket 17 and a horizontal support member 18.
The bracket 17 is connected to the outside of the stair column 12 by bolts and nuts at two locations near the upper and lower ends of each floor from the first floor to the third floor.
The support member 18 in the horizontal direction has a uniform shape which is continuous in the horizontal direction by connecting the left and right ends to the bracket 17 between the brackets 17 connected to the five staircase columns 12 by bolts and nuts. .

この横方向支持部材18の外側に、階段支柱12の位置に沿って屋外部材、すなわち、縦方向のルーバー8がボルトナット結合されるとともに、階段支柱12の間にも等間隔に縦方向のルーバー8がボルトナット結合されている。
縦方向のルーバー8は、横方向支持部材18の外側に、一階から三階の各階ごとに上部寄り及び下端寄りの二か所をボルトナット結合して、縦方向に連続する一様な形状となっている。
An outdoor member, that is, a vertical louver 8 is bolted to the outside of the lateral support member 18 along the position of the stair column 12, and a vertical louver is also equally spaced between the stair columns 12. 8 is bolt-nut coupled.
The vertical louver 8 has a uniform shape that is continuous in the vertical direction by connecting two nuts near the upper and lower ends of each floor from the first floor to the third floor on the outside of the lateral support member 18 by bolts and nuts. It has become.

図4は図3の三階部分の拡大図で、図5は図4の矢印A部の拡大図であり、図示のように、三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5は、建物1の本体上端部1Tの骨組みから外側に突出する小屋部材、すなわち、小屋パネル51の外側に外壁材52を備えて、その外壁材52の下端と建物1の外壁材105上端との間に天井材53を取り付けて構成される。
また、外壁材52の上部及び内側に支柱54、横木55及び笠木56を組み付けたパラペット57を備えており、その内側は外壁材58で覆われている。
なお、小屋パネル51の上には、建物1の本体上端部1Tの上に敷設された屋根材21及び排水溝22が設置されている。
4 is an enlarged view of the third floor portion of FIG. 3, and FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of an arrow A part of FIG. 4. A hut member protruding outward from the frame of the section 1T, that is, an outer wall member 52 is provided outside the hut panel 51, and a ceiling member 53 is attached between the lower end of the outer wall member 52 and the upper end of the outer wall member 105 of the building 1 Configured.
Further, a parapet 57 in which a support 54, a crosspiece 55 and a headboard 56 are assembled is provided on the upper and inner sides of the outer wall member 52, and the inner side is covered with the outer wall member 58.
In addition, on the hut panel 51, a roof material 21 and a drainage groove 22 laid on the main body upper end 1T of the building 1 are installed.

小屋パネル51は、図10に示されるように、四方の小屋梁512が連結された長方形の枠状で、図示例では、平行する小屋梁512を結合する補強梁513が設けられている。   As shown in FIG. 10, the shed panel 51 has a rectangular frame shape in which four shed beams 512 are connected. In the illustrated example, the shed panel 51 is provided with reinforcing beams 513 that connect the parallel shed beams 512.

そして、小屋パネル51の外側の溝形鋼による小屋梁512の下面にブラケット13がボルトナット結合されており、このブラケット13に縦つなぎ部材15の上端がボルトナット結合されている。   The bracket 13 is bolted to the lower surface of the shed beam 512 made of channel steel outside the cabin panel 51, and the upper end of the vertical connecting member 15 is bolted to the bracket 13.

ブラケット13は、図5に拡大して示すように、小屋パネル51の外側の溝形鋼による小屋梁512の下面に重なる上部結合片131に対し、縦つなぎ部材15の上端面に重なる下部結合片132が、外壁材52に対し内方に隙間Sを確保した位置にずれた形状に形成されている。
この隙間Sの確保により、小屋梁512の下面に上部結合片131を重ねてボルトナット結合する作業が良好に行われる。
As shown in an enlarged view in FIG. 5, the bracket 13 has a lower connecting piece that overlaps the upper end surface of the vertical connecting member 15 with respect to the upper connecting piece 131 that overlaps the lower surface of the shed beam 512 made of channel steel outside the shed panel 51. 132 is formed in a shape shifted to a position in which a gap S is secured inward with respect to the outer wall material 52.
By ensuring this gap S, the work of connecting the upper coupling piece 131 on the lower surface of the roof beam 512 and bolt-nut coupling is performed satisfactorily.

さらに、ブラケット13の下部結合片132に縦つなぎ材15が上端面を重ねてボルト結合されており、この縦つなぎ部材15の天井材53より僅かに突出した下端と、階段支柱12の上端との間に横つなぎ部材16がボルトナット結合されている。
すなわち、階段支柱12の上端に横つなぎ部材16の外端が重ねてボルトナット結合されており、この横つなぎ材16の内端が縦つなぎ部材15の下端にボルトナット結合されている。
このように、階段支柱12に対応する位置に廊下支柱11が無い場合は、階段支柱12の上端と小屋パネル51の外側の小屋梁512とをつなぐ頭つなぎ部材14として、縦つなぎ部材15及び横つなぎ部材16を用いている。
Further, the vertical connecting member 15 is bolted to the lower connecting piece 132 of the bracket 13 with the upper end face overlapped, and the lower end slightly protruding from the ceiling member 53 of the vertical connecting member 15 and the upper end of the stair column 12 A horizontal connecting member 16 is bolted and nut-coupled therebetween.
That is, the outer end of the horizontal connecting member 16 is overlapped with the upper end of the stair column 12 and is bolted and nut-connected, and the inner end of the horizontal connecting member 16 is connected to the lower end of the vertical connecting member 15 with a bolt and nut.
Thus, when there is no corridor support | pillar 11 in the position corresponding to the stairs support | pillar 12, as the head connection member 14 which connects the upper end of the stairs support | pillar 12 and the shed beam 512 of the outer side of the shed panel 51, the vertical connection member 15 and the horizontal The connecting member 16 is used.

図6は図2の廊下支柱11が有る三階部分の拡大概略側面図で、図7は図6の矢印B部の拡大図であり、図示のように、階段支柱12に対応する位置に廊下支柱11が有る場合には、階段支柱12の上端と小屋パネル51の外側の小屋梁512とをつなぐ頭つなぎ部材14として、階段支柱12の上端と廊下支柱11の上端とをつなぐ横つなぎ部材16のみを用いている。   6 is an enlarged schematic side view of the third floor portion where the corridor post 11 of FIG. 2 is located, and FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of an arrow B portion of FIG. 6. When the column 11 is provided, the horizontal connecting member 16 that connects the upper end of the stair column 12 and the upper end of the corridor column 11 is used as the head connecting member 14 that connects the upper end of the step column 12 and the outer beam 512 of the cabin panel 51. Use only.

すなわち、図示のように、小屋パネル51の外側の小屋梁512の下面に上部結合片131でボルトナット結合したブラケット13の下部結合片132に、廊下支柱11の上端がボルトナット結合されている。
その廊下支柱11の上端から天井材53より僅かに下の位置に、横つなぎ材16の内端がボルトナット結合されている。
この横つなぎ材16の外端に、階段支柱12の上端がボルトナット結合されている。
In other words, as shown in the drawing, the upper end of the hallway column 11 is bolt-nut coupled to the lower coupling piece 132 of the bracket 13 that is bolt-nut coupled to the lower surface of the cabin beam 512 outside the cabin panel 51 by the upper coupling piece 131.
The inner end of the horizontal connecting member 16 is bolt-nut coupled to a position slightly below the ceiling member 53 from the upper end of the corridor post 11.
The upper end of the stair column 12 is bolted to the outer end of the horizontal connecting member 16.

以上のような縦方向のルーバー8が設置された部分を除いて、図8に示されるように、二階外廊下3及び三階外廊下4の中央から左端の外側に沿って、二階外廊下3の床版から三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5までにわたって設置される縦方向のルーバー9は、廊下支柱11の外側に固定した横方向の支持部材19に固定されている。
すなわち、縦方向のルーバー9は、前述した横方向の支持部材18と同様に、図1に示すように、廊下支柱11の外側にブラケット17を介してボルトナット結合された横方向の支持部材19にボルトナット結合されて等間隔に設置されている。
Except for the portion where the vertical louver 8 is installed as described above, as shown in FIG. 8, the second-floor outer corridor 3 extends from the center of the second-floor outer corridor 3 and the third-floor outer corridor 4 to the left outer side. The vertical louver 9 installed from the floor slab to the corridor roof 5 of the third-floor outer corridor 4 is fixed to a lateral support member 19 fixed to the outside of the corridor column 11.
That is, as shown in FIG. 1, the vertical louver 9 is connected to the outside of the corridor post 11 by bolts and nuts 17 via the brackets 17 in the same manner as the horizontal support member 18 described above. Bolts and nuts are connected to each other at equal intervals.

以上、実施形態によれば、三階建て集合住宅のユニット建物1の本体上端部1Tとほぼ同等の高さまで延ばされた階段支柱12の上端と、ユニット建物1の三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5の小屋パネル51の突出端側とが頭つなぎ部材14で連結された第一屋外階段6及び第二屋外階段7としたため、ユニット建物1の三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5とほぼ同等の高さまで延ばされた階段支柱12の上端を、三階外廊下4の小屋パネル51の突出端側に対し連結する頭つなぎ部材14によって、簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   As described above, according to the embodiment, the upper end of the stair column 12 extended to almost the same height as the main body upper end 1T of the unit building 1 of the three-story apartment building, and the hallway of the third-floor outer corridor 4 of the unit building 1 Since the first outdoor staircase 6 and the second outdoor staircase 7 are connected to the protruding end side of the roof panel 51 of the roof 5 by the head connecting member 14, it is almost equivalent to the corridor roof 5 of the third-floor outer corridor 4 of the unit building 1. The upper end of the stair column 12 extended up to the height of the stairs is supported by a head connecting member 14 that connects the projecting end side of the cabin panel 51 of the third-floor outer corridor 4 with simple, light weight, low cost, and good appearance. I can.

そして、小屋パネル51の突出端側に固定されて垂下された縦つなぎ部材15と、その縦つなぎ部材15の下端と階段支柱12の上端とに固定された横つなぎ部材16と、から構成される頭つなぎ部材14としたため、その縦つなぎ部材15及び横つなぎ部材16によって、階段支柱12の上端を簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   And it is comprised from the vertical connecting member 15 fixed to the protrusion end side of the hut panel 51, and hanging down, and the horizontal connecting member 16 fixed to the lower end of the vertical connecting member 15 and the upper end of the stair column 12. Since the head connecting member 14 is used, the vertical connecting member 15 and the horizontal connecting member 16 can support the upper end of the stair column 12 with ease, light weight, low cost, and good appearance.

また、一階外廊下2、二階外廊下3及び三階外廊下4の外側を支持して、その三階外廊下4の廊下屋根5の小屋パネル51の突出端側に上端が固定された廊下支柱11の上端と、階段支柱12の上端とに固定された横つなぎ部材16による頭つなぎ部材14としたため、その横つなぎ部材16によって、階段支柱12の上端を簡易・軽量・低コスト・外観性良好に支持することできる。   A corridor supporting the outside of the first floor outer corridor 2, the second floor outer corridor 3 and the third floor outer corridor 4 and having an upper end fixed to the protruding end side of the hut panel 51 of the corridor roof 5 of the third floor outer corridor 4 Since the head connecting member 14 is formed by the horizontal connecting member 16 fixed to the upper end of the support column 11 and the upper end of the staircase support column 12, the upper end of the stair support column 12 is simply, lightweight, low cost, and appearance by the horizontal connecting member 16. It can be favorably supported.

さらに、複数の階段支柱12の外側に沿って配置される縦方向のルーバー18を、階段支柱12を利用して固定することができる。   Furthermore, the vertical louvers 18 arranged along the outside of the plurality of staircase columns 12 can be fixed using the staircase columns 12.

すなわち、複数の階段支柱12の外側に沿って固定された横方向の支持部材18に対し、縦方向のルーバー8を固定することができる。   That is, the vertical louver 8 can be fixed to the horizontal support member 18 fixed along the outside of the plurality of staircase columns 12.

また、複数の階段支柱12間に複数配置された縦方向のルーバー8も、横方向の支持部材18を利用して固定することができる。   In addition, a plurality of vertical louvers 8 arranged between a plurality of staircase columns 12 can also be fixed using a supporting member 18 in the horizontal direction.

(変形例)
以上の実施形態においては、三階建ての集合住宅としたが、本発明はこれに限定されるものではなく、二階建てや四階建て以上の集合住宅であってもよい。
また、実施形態では、ユニット建物としたが、鉄骨造建物や木造建物やRC造建物であってもよい。
さらに、実施形態では、建物の本体外側の外廊下としたが、建物の本体内側の外廊下であってもよい。例えば、建物の本体を構成する複数の建物ユニットの内側に外壁材が設けられて、複数の建物ユニットの内部空間が屋内側と屋外側に区切られる状態となり、その屋外側を外廊下とすることができる。ユニット建物ではない建物も同様である。この場合、小屋パネル(小屋部材)は使用しないので、部品点数減少・コスト低減の効果がある。
また、実施形態では、外廊下の外側に沿った屋外階段としたが、建物の本体外側に沿った屋外階段であってもよい。例えば、建物の外廊下と直交する本体外側に沿って屋外階段を設けて、その屋外階段の上端を外廊下の端部につないだものや、外廊下の無い建物の本体外側に沿って屋外階段を設けたものが挙げられる。
さらに、階段、廊下、支柱、ルーバー、頭つなぎ部材、支持部材の材質や形状等も任意であり、その他、具体的な細部構造等についても適宜に変更可能であることは勿論である。
(Modification)
In the above embodiment, a three-story apartment house is used, but the present invention is not limited to this, and may be a two-story or four-story apartment house.
Moreover, although it was set as the unit building in embodiment, a steel-frame building, a wooden building, and RC structure building may be sufficient.
Furthermore, in the embodiment, the outer corridor is outside the main body of the building, but it may be the outer corridor inside the main body of the building. For example, an outer wall material is provided inside a plurality of building units constituting the main body of the building, and the internal space of the plurality of building units is divided into an indoor side and an outdoor side, and the outdoor side is used as an outer corridor. Can do. The same applies to buildings that are not unit buildings. In this case, since the shack panel (shack member) is not used, there is an effect of reducing the number of parts and cost.
Moreover, although it was set as the outdoor staircase along the outer side of an outer corridor in embodiment, the outdoor stairway along the outer side of the main body of a building may be sufficient. For example, an outdoor staircase is provided along the outside of the main body that is orthogonal to the outer corridor of the building, and the upper end of the outdoor staircase is connected to the end of the outer corridor, or an outdoor staircase along the outer side of the main body of the building without the outer corridor. Are provided.
Furthermore, the material and shape of the stairs, hallway, support column, louver, head connecting member, and support member are arbitrary, and other specific details such as structures can be changed as appropriate.

また、実施形態では、屋外構造体の上端支持構造が、屋外廊下及び屋外階段を含む屋外付設部に適用されているが、これに限られるものではない。
すなわち、ルーフバルコニー、インナーバルコニー、キャンチバルコニー、吹き抜け等のような種々の形態の屋外付設部に適用できる。
屋外構造体における柱材としては、種々の形態の屋外付設部に対応して、長さや径等が適宜変更されてもよい。
なお、柱材の下端部は、地面、バルコニー床、手摺等に適宜固定されていればよい。
屋外部材としては、用途・目的に合わせて変更可能であり、例えば目隠し用としてルーバー、採光用として不透明面材、安全用として手摺、緑化用として緑化面材等が挙げられる。
In the embodiment, the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure is applied to an outdoor attachment section including an outdoor corridor and an outdoor staircase, but is not limited thereto.
That is, the present invention can be applied to various types of outdoor attachments such as a roof balcony, an inner balcony, a cantilever balcony, and an atrium.
As a pillar material in the outdoor structure, the length, diameter, and the like may be appropriately changed in accordance with various types of outdoor attachment portions.
In addition, the lower end part of a pillar material should just be suitably fixed to the ground, a balcony floor, a handrail, etc.
As an outdoor member, it can change according to a use and a purpose, For example, a louver for a blindfold, an opaque surface material for lighting, a handrail for safety, a greening surface material for greening, etc. are mentioned.

1 建物
1T 本体上端部
101 建物ユニット
102 床梁
103 柱
104 天井梁
105 外壁材
111 小屋パネル
112 小屋梁
113 補強梁
2・3・4 外廊下(屋外付設部)
3a・4a 手摺
31・41 廊下床パネル
32・32 床梁
33・34・43・44 補強梁
35・45 ブレース材
36・46 床材
37・47 天井材
38・48 接続金物
39・49 接続金物
5 廊下屋根
51 小屋部材(小屋パネル)
512 小屋梁
513 補強梁
52 外壁材
53 天井材
54 支柱
55 横木
56 笠木
57 パラペット
58 外壁材
6・7 屋外階段(屋外付設部)
6a・7a 手摺
61・71 直階段
616・716 外側の側板
62・72 二階踊り場
621・721 踊り場床パネル
622・722 床梁
626・726 床材
73 三階踊り場
731 踊り場床パネル
732 床梁
736 床材
66・76 接続金物
67・77 接続金物
8 屋外階段6・7の外側に設置される縦方向のルーバー(屋外部材)
9 外廊下3・4の外側に設置される縦方向のルーバー
11 廊下支柱
12 階段支柱(屋外構造体)
13 ブラケット
131 上部結合片
132 下部結合片
14 頭つなぎ部材
15 縦つなぎ部材
16 横つなぎ部材
17 ブラケット
18 階段支柱12外側の支持部材
19 廊下支柱11外側の支持部材
21 屋根材
22 排水溝
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Building 1T Main body upper end part 101 Building unit 102 Floor beam 103 Column 104 Ceiling beam 105 Outer wall material 111 Hut panel 112 Hut beam 113 Reinforcement beam 2.3.4 Exterior corridor (outdoor attachment part)
3a, 4a Railings 31, 41 Corridor floor panels 32, 32 Floor beams 33, 34, 43, 44 Reinforcement beams 35, 45 Brace materials 36, 46 Floor materials 37, 47 Ceiling materials 38, 48 Connection hardware 39, 49 Connection hardware 5 Hallway roof 51 Hut components (shed panels)
512 Hut beam 513 Reinforcement beam 52 Outer wall material 53 Ceiling material 54 Post 55 Yokogi 56 Kasagi 57 Parapet 58 Outer wall material 6-7 Outdoor staircase (outdoor installation part)
6a / 7a Handrail 61/71 Straight staircase 616/716 Outer side plate 62/72 Second floor landing 621/721 Landing floor panel 622/722 Floor beam 626/726 Flooring 73 Third floor landing 731 Landing floor panel 732 Floor beam 736 Flooring 66/76 Connection hardware 67/77 Connection hardware 8 Longitudinal louvers (outdoor members) installed outside the outdoor staircases 6 and 7
9 Vertical louvers installed outside outside corridors 3 and 4 11 Corridor post 12 Stair post (outdoor structure)
13 Bracket 131 Upper connecting piece 132 Lower connecting piece 14 Head connecting member 15 Vertical connecting member 16 Horizontal connecting member 17 Bracket 18 Support member 19 outside staircase column 12 Support member 21 outside corridor column 11 Roof material 22 Drainage groove

Claims (10)

建物の本体外に設置された屋外付設部の外側に屋外構造体が設けられており、
前記屋外構造体は、上端が、前記建物の本体上端部とほぼ同等の高さ位置となるように設けられており、
前記屋外構造体の上端と、前記建物の本体上端部とが、頭つなぎ部材で連結されていることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
An outdoor structure is provided outside the outdoor installation part installed outside the building body,
The outdoor structure is provided such that the upper end is substantially at the same height as the upper end of the main body of the building,
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein an upper end of the outdoor structure and an upper end of a main body of the building are connected by a head connecting member.
請求項1に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記屋外構造体は、上端が、前記建物の本体上端部とほぼ同等の高さ位置となるように設けられた柱材と、前記柱材に沿って設けられるとともに、前記柱材に支持される屋外部材と、を備えており、
前記柱材の上端と、前記建物の本体上端部とが、前記頭つなぎ部材で連結されていることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 1,
The outdoor structure is provided along a pillar material provided so that an upper end thereof is at substantially the same height as the upper end portion of the main body of the building, and is supported by the pillar material. An outdoor member,
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein an upper end of the pillar member and an upper end portion of a main body of the building are connected by the head connecting member.
請求項2に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記頭つなぎ部材は、前記柱材の上端と、前記建物の本体上端部と、を連結するための横つなぎ部材を備えることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 2,
The upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein the head connecting member includes a horizontal connecting member for connecting the upper end of the pillar member and the upper end of the main body of the building.
請求項1から3のいずれか一項に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記屋外付設部には、
前記建物の本体外側に設置される屋外階段と、
前記建物の本体外側に設置されて、前記屋外階段の内側に配置された外廊下と、
前記外廊下の上方に沿って設置された廊下屋根と、が備えられており、
前記屋外構造体における前記柱材は、前記屋外階段の外側を支持する複数の階段支柱であり、
前記階段支柱の上端と、前記廊下屋根とが前記頭つなぎ部材で連結されていることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
In the outdoor attachment part,
An outdoor staircase installed outside the body of the building;
An outer corridor installed outside the main body of the building and disposed inside the outdoor staircase;
And a corridor roof installed along the upper side of the outer corridor,
The pillar material in the outdoor structure is a plurality of stairs pillars that support the outside of the outdoor stairs,
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein an upper end of the stair column and the hallway roof are connected by the head connecting member.
請求項4に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記廊下屋根は、前記建物の本体上端部から外側に突出するように設置された小屋部材を含んで構成されており、
前記階段支柱の上端と、前記小屋部材の突出端側とが前記頭つなぎ部材で連結されていることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 4,
The hallway roof is configured to include a hut member installed so as to protrude outward from the upper end of the main body of the building,
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein an upper end of the stair column and a protruding end side of the shed member are connected by the head connecting member.
請求項4又は5に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記頭つなぎ部材は、
前記廊下屋根に固定されて垂下された縦つなぎ部材と、
前記階段支柱の上端と前記縦つなぎ部材の下端とに固定された前記横つなぎ部材と、
から構成されることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 4 or 5,
The head connecting member is
A vertical connecting member fixed to the corridor roof and suspended;
The horizontal connecting member fixed to the upper end of the stair column and the lower end of the vertical connecting member;
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure characterized by comprising:
請求項4又は5に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記外廊下の外側を支持して前記廊下屋根に上端が固定された廊下支柱が備えられていて、
前記頭つなぎ部材は、前記階段支柱の上端と前記廊下支柱の上端とに固定された前記横つなぎ部材であることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 4 or 5,
A hallway column having an upper end fixed to the hallway roof to support the outside of the outer hallway is provided,
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein the head connecting member is the horizontal connecting member fixed to the upper end of the staircase post and the upper end of the hallway post.
請求項4から7のいずれか一項に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記屋外構造体における前記屋外部材は、前記階段支柱に沿って設けられた縦方向のルーバーであることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to any one of claims 4 to 7,
The outdoor structure upper end support structure, wherein the outdoor member in the outdoor structure is a longitudinal louver provided along the staircase support column.
請求項8に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記複数の階段支柱の外側に沿って横方向の支持部材が固定されており、
前記縦方向のルーバーは、前記横方向の支持部材に固定されていることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to claim 8,
A lateral support member is fixed along the outside of the plurality of staircase columns,
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein the vertical louver is fixed to the horizontal support member.
請求項1から9のいずれか一項に記載の屋外構造体の上端支持構造において、
前記建物は、柱及び梁から形成された直方体の建物ユニットを組み上げて構築されており、
前記建物ユニットを組み上げて構築されたユニット建物の本体上端部から外側に突出する小屋パネルが設置され、
前記屋外構造体の上端と、前記小屋パネルの突出端側とが前記頭つなぎ部材で連結されていることを特徴とする屋外構造体の上端支持構造。
In the upper end support structure of the outdoor structure according to any one of claims 1 to 9,
The building is constructed by assembling rectangular parallelepiped building units formed from columns and beams,
A hut panel projecting outward from the upper end of the main body of the unit building constructed by assembling the building unit is installed,
An upper end support structure for an outdoor structure, wherein an upper end of the outdoor structure and a protruding end side of the hut panel are connected by the head connecting member.
JP2018081049A 2018-04-20 2018-04-20 Upper end support structure for outdoor structure Pending JP2019190047A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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