JP2019172447A - Physical distribution system - Google Patents

Physical distribution system Download PDF

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JP2019172447A
JP2019172447A JP2018063992A JP2018063992A JP2019172447A JP 2019172447 A JP2019172447 A JP 2019172447A JP 2018063992 A JP2018063992 A JP 2018063992A JP 2018063992 A JP2018063992 A JP 2018063992A JP 2019172447 A JP2019172447 A JP 2019172447A
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article
storage
container
shipping
articles
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俊臣 星
Toshiomi Hoshi
俊臣 星
啓樹 篠原
Hiroki Shinohara
啓樹 篠原
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Toyo Kanetsu Solutions K.K.
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Toyo Kanetsu Solutions K.K.
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Abstract

To provide a physical distribution system using a three-dimensional automatic warehouse, in which the operation of sorting, delivery, assortment, and shipment can be performed in an integrated manner, and physical distribution from entry to shipment is automated.MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEM: The present invention provides a physical distribution system in which a storage container presentation mechanism for articles and the like is connected to an entry/shipment section, and a shipment container transport mechanism having a shipment container presentation mechanism provided internally to be connected to the storage container presentation mechanism is provided, in a three-dimensional automatic warehouse in which storage shelves of articles and the like arranged in a grid pattern in an XY-axis direction are arranged facing each other with a predetermined space in which transfer means is disposed, a traveling carriage capable of reciprocating articles and the like in an X-axis direction of the storage shelves and transferring articles and the like between the storage shelves and lifting means provided with traveling rails in each stage and comprising a placement/transport table for articles and the like capable of reciprocating articles and the like in a vertical direction are disposed in the space, and the entry/shipment section for articles and the like is provided.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 9

Description

本発明は、入出庫部と、格納部と、移載手段とから構成され、物品又は物品収納容器(以下、「物品等」という。)を、格納部に保管、整理、又は、仕分けすることができる立体倉庫において、この立体自動倉庫に付設され、物品等の効率的で自動化された注文先への出荷処理が行える物流システムに関する。   The present invention comprises an entry / exit unit, a storage unit, and transfer means, and stores, organizes, or sorts articles or article storage containers (hereinafter referred to as “articles”) in the storage unit. The present invention relates to a physical distribution system attached to the three-dimensional automatic warehouse and capable of efficiently and automatically shipping goods and the like to an order destination.

物流における近代化・合理化は、生産・販売面のそれに比較すると立ち遅れていたが、
近年、必要な時に必要な物品を手にしたいという要望が、産業界だけでなく一般消費者でも強くなり、急速な物流合理化、すなわち、物流革命が起こりつつある。このため、パレチゼーション、コンテナリゼーションによるユニット・ロード・システム、立体倉庫の自動化等が推進されている。
Modernization and rationalization in logistics were behind in comparison with production and sales,
In recent years, the desire to obtain the necessary goods at the necessary time has become stronger not only in the industrial world but also in general consumers, and a rapid logistics rationalization, that is, a logistics revolution is taking place. For this reason, palletization, unit loading system by containerization, automation of three-dimensional warehouse, etc. are promoted.

特に、コンピュータを用いて集約された膨大な入出荷及び在庫情報等に基づいて、様々な制御システムが、コンベヤ、リフト、周辺装置等を効率的に連動させ、物品等を整理、保管すると共に、仕分けすることができる立体自動倉庫は、収容量、空間利用効率、人員削減、作業環境改善等の総合的な物流効率という観点から注目され、日夜進歩している。   In particular, various control systems, based on the enormous receipt / shipment and inventory information collected using a computer, efficiently link conveyors, lifts, peripheral devices, etc., organize and store articles, Three-dimensional automatic warehouses that can be sorted are attracting attention from the viewpoint of comprehensive physical distribution efficiency such as storage capacity, space utilization efficiency, personnel reduction, work environment improvement, etc., and are improving day and night.

このような立体自動倉庫は、一般的に、入出庫部と、格納部と、移載手段から構成され、各種移載手段によって、格納部及び入出庫部における物品等の自在な往復移動が可能であり、物品等が、格納部に搬入、保管、整理、仕分けされ、搬出される。   Such a three-dimensional automatic warehouse is generally composed of a loading / unloading unit, a storage unit, and transfer means, and various transfer means can freely reciprocate articles and the like in the storage unit and the loading / unloading unit. And articles etc. are carried in, stored, arranged, sorted, and carried out to the storage unit.

格納部における物品等の自在な往復移動は、物品等を移載可能な伸縮アーム等を備えたクレーンや走行台車等の様々な機構により行われる。また、入出庫部における物品等の自在な往復移動は、コンベヤ等が主体で行われ、そのコンベヤ等には、方向変換、一時貯留(アキュムレーション)、速度制御、正逆搬送、及び、停止等の様々な機構が、必要に応じて備えられている。そして、入出庫部と格納部との物品等の往復移動も、これらの移載手段を介して行われるが、新たな移載手段が設けられる場合もある。   The free reciprocation of the article in the storage unit is performed by various mechanisms such as a crane or a traveling carriage provided with an extendable arm or the like that can transfer the article or the like. In addition, the free reciprocation of articles and the like in the storage / exit section is mainly performed by a conveyor, etc., which includes direction change, temporary storage (accumulation), speed control, forward / reverse conveyance, and stop. Various mechanisms are provided as needed. The reciprocating movement of articles and the like between the loading / unloading unit and the storage unit is also performed through these transfer means, but a new transfer means may be provided.

格納部は、碁盤目状に区画された格納棚が(物品等の出し入れ可能な)格納面の反対面で隣接して1組の格納棚を形成し、この一組の格納棚が格納面で所定の空間を隔てて並置されており、その空間に物品等の移載手段が配置された格納設備が構成単位となり所定の数だけ配設されている場合が、空間の利用効率が高く一般的であるが、限定されるものではない。例えば、碁盤目状に区画された格納棚が格納面で所定の空間を隔てて並置されており、その空間に物品等の移載手段が配置された格納設備が構成単位となって所定の数だけ配設されているような場合もある(特許文献3)。また、格納部が、必ずしも碁盤目状に区画された格納棚に限定されることはなく、コンベヤ、リフト、周辺装置等を効率的に連動させ、物品等を整理、保管すると共に、仕分けすることができる構造となっていればよい。   The storage unit forms a set of storage shelves adjacent to each other on the opposite side of the storage surface (where goods can be put in and out), and this set of storage shelves is the storage surface. The use efficiency of the space is high when a predetermined number of storage facilities, which are juxtaposed across a predetermined space and in which the storage means in which transfer means such as articles are arranged, constitute a structural unit are provided. However, it is not limited. For example, storage shelves partitioned in a grid pattern are juxtaposed across a predetermined space on the storage surface, and a predetermined number of storage facilities in which transfer means such as articles are arranged in the space constitute a predetermined number. There may be a case where only these are arranged (Patent Document 3). In addition, the storage unit is not necessarily limited to the storage shelves partitioned in a grid pattern, and the conveyors, lifts, peripheral devices, etc. are efficiently linked to organize, store, and sort the articles. It is sufficient if the structure is such that

そして、上記移載手段の違いによって様々な立体自動倉庫が開発されている。例えば、図1に示す立体自動倉庫おいては、移載手段(1)4がスタッカクレーンで、空間3に配置されたレール45、46、その上を走行するクレーンマスト41が備えられたクレーン台車42、及び、そのクレーンマスト41に付設された物品等を出し入れ可能な伸縮アーム44を備えた物品載置台43から構成され、格納面の反対面で隣接する1組の格納棚が所定の空間3を隔てて並置された格納部1に配備されている(特許文献1)。この移載手段(1)4により、格納棚の水平(X軸)方向及び垂直(Y軸)方向に物品等の自在な往復移動が可能となっている。   Various three-dimensional automatic warehouses have been developed depending on the transfer means. For example, in the three-dimensional automatic warehouse shown in FIG. 1, the transfer means (1) 4 is a stacker crane, and a crane truck provided with rails 45 and 46 disposed in the space 3 and a crane mast 41 traveling on the rails 45 and 46. 42 and an article mounting table 43 provided with an extendable arm 44 capable of taking in and out the article attached to the crane mast 41, and a pair of storage shelves adjacent to each other on the opposite side of the storage surface is a predetermined space 3 (See Patent Document 1). This transfer means (1) 4 enables free reciprocation of articles and the like in the horizontal (X-axis) direction and vertical (Y-axis) direction of the storage shelf.

また、図2に示す立体自動倉庫おいては、移載手段(2)5が、Y軸方向の各段に設けられた走行レール52、その上を往復運動する物品等を出し入れ可能な(図示していない)伸縮アームを備えた走行台車51、物品等を移載可能な物品等載置搬送台54を昇降自在に付設した昇降機53、昇降機53の近傍の格納棚に付設される仮置き搬送台55から構成され、図1と同様の格納部1に配備されている(特許文献2)。この場合、走行台車51が格納棚のX軸方向への物品等の自在な往復移動を、物品等載置搬送台54を付設した昇降機53がY軸方向の物品等の自在な往復移動をそれぞれ担い、仮置き搬送台55が走行台車51と物品等載置搬送台54との間に介在し、XY軸方向への物品等の自在な往復移動を可能としている。   In addition, in the three-dimensional automatic warehouse shown in FIG. 2, the transfer means (2) 5 can take in and out the traveling rails 52 provided on each stage in the Y-axis direction, articles that reciprocate on the rails (FIG. 2). (Not shown) A traveling carriage 51 having a telescopic arm, an elevator 53 on which an article mounting carriage 54 to which articles and the like can be transferred is attached, and a temporary storage attached to a storage shelf in the vicinity of the elevator 53 It is comprised from the stand 55, and is arrange | positioned at the storage part 1 similar to FIG. 1 (patent document 2). In this case, the traveling carriage 51 performs free reciprocation of the article in the X-axis direction of the storage shelf, and the elevator 53 provided with the article mounting carriage 54 performs free reciprocation of the article in the Y-axis direction. The temporary transfer table 55 is interposed between the traveling carriage 51 and the article loading / unloading table 54 so that the articles can be freely reciprocated in the XY axis directions.

立体自動倉庫は、図1及び2の構成に限定されず、コンピュータを用いて集約された膨大な入出荷及び在庫情報等に基づいて、様々な制御システムが、コンベヤ、リフト、周辺装置等を効率的に連動させ、物品等を整理、保管すると共に、仕分けすることができる様々な構成が稼働している。   The three-dimensional automatic warehouse is not limited to the configuration shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, and various control systems efficiently operate conveyors, lifts, peripheral devices, etc. based on a large amount of receipt / shipment and inventory information collected using a computer. In conjunction with this, various configurations are in operation that can organize and store articles and the like and sort them.

特に、図2に示した立体自動倉庫は、その他の立体自動倉庫と比較すれば、収納量、物流効率、空間利用効率、設備コスト、人員削減、作業環境改善等を含めた総合的な物流効率に優れているため、更なる改良が施されつつある。例えば、設備費用及び設置空間を抑制したまま収納量を増大させるため、昇降機構を対称の中心として格納棚を直列に配備したタンデム方式の立体倉庫(特許文献4)や、格納面の反対側で隣接する格納棚間の横断(Z軸)方向への物品等の移載を可能とした横断搬送方式の立体自動倉庫(特許文献5)等が提案されている。   In particular, the three-dimensional automated warehouse shown in Fig. 2 has a comprehensive logistics efficiency including storage capacity, logistics efficiency, space utilization efficiency, equipment cost, personnel reduction, work environment improvement, etc., compared with other three-dimensional automated warehouses. Further improvements are being made. For example, in order to increase the amount of storage while suppressing facility costs and installation space, a tandem type three-dimensional warehouse (Patent Document 4) in which storage shelves are arranged in series with the lifting mechanism as the center of symmetry, or on the opposite side of the storage surface There has been proposed a three-dimensional automated warehouse (Patent Document 5) and the like that can transfer articles and the like in the transverse (Z-axis) direction between adjacent storage shelves.

特に、横断搬送方式の立体自動倉庫では、格納部内において、極めて短い経路で物品等を整理、仕分けして保管できるので、予め設定された順序通りに出庫させることが可能となり、物品等の入出庫作業の自動化が促進される。例えば、図2において、格納棚Lと隣り合う格納棚Rn−1との間に段差等の物品が移動するための障害を設けなければ、通路3を走行している走行台車51nの伸縮アームを利用したPLからPRn−1への物品等のZ軸方向への水平移動が可能である。この動作を用いて、格納棚Rn−1のPRn−1の位置に移動してきた物品等は、左側の通路3n−1を走行する走行台車51n−1の伸縮アームを介して、その通路3n−1の反対側の格納棚Ln−1のPLn−1の位置に移され、格納棚LのPLは、格納棚Ln−1のPLn−1の位置まで配置が変更され得る。これは、走行台車51以外の移載手段(2)5を用いることなく、XZ軸方向への物品等の自在な移動が可能であることを意味し、例えば、PLの位置にある物品が注文されて出庫処理を行う場合、予め物品等をPLの位置からPLn−1の位置まで移動させておけるので、予め決められた順番どおりに出庫する順立て出庫の集約作業を容易に行なえる。 In particular, in a three-dimensional automated warehouse with a cross-conveying system, articles etc. can be sorted, sorted and stored in an extremely short path in the storage unit, so that goods can be delivered in a preset order. Automation of work is promoted. For example, in FIG. 2, to be provided disorders for which the article of the step or the like is moved between the storage shelves R n-1 adjacent to the storage shelf L n, of the traveling carriage 51n which is traveling passage 3 n It is possible to horizontally move an article or the like from PL n to PR n−1 using an extendable arm in the Z-axis direction. Using this operation, the articles etc. that have moved to the position of PR n-1 of the storage shelf R n-1 are passed through the telescopic arm of the traveling carriage 51 n-1 that travels in the left passage 3 n-1 . transferred to the passage 3 n-1 on the opposite side of the storage position of the rack L n-1 of PL n-1, PL n of storage shelves L n until the position of the PL n-1 of the storage shelf L n-1 The arrangement can be changed. This means that the article or the like in the XZ axis direction can be freely moved without using the transfer means (2) 5 other than the traveling carriage 51. For example, the article at the position of PL n When an order is issued and an exit process is performed, articles and the like can be moved from the position of PL n to the position of PL n−1 in advance, so that it is possible to easily perform an orderly collection operation for exiting in a predetermined order. The

このような立体自動倉庫内の集約作業が行えるようになると、予め設定された順序通りに出庫させる順出し機能を活用して、注文先に出庫する際の時間調整や仕分けするためのコンベヤが不要となると共に、出庫処理能力が大幅に向上する。そのため、立体自動倉庫の付帯設備として、立体自動倉庫の入出庫部の近くに、物品等の品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等の分類といった仕分け作業、更には、格納部内の物品等の再配置、整理・整頓、処分等の処理作業を効率的に行うことができるシステムが必要となってきた。   When such a consolidation work in a three-dimensional automatic warehouse can be performed, a time-out function for delivering goods according to a preset order is used, and a conveyor for time adjustment and sorting when delivering goods to an orderer is unnecessary. At the same time, the delivery processing capacity is greatly improved. Therefore, as ancillary equipment of the three-dimensional automatic warehouse, sorting work such as classification by type of goods, by destination, by customer, etc. A system that can efficiently perform processing operations such as rearrangement, organization / tidy-up, and disposal has become necessary.

このようなシステムとして、出庫部に供給されてきた物品等の仕分け作業及び処理作業を、作業者又はロボット等(以下、「作業者」という。)が実質的に移動することなく効率的に行うことができる具体例を図3に示す。   As such a system, the sorting operation and the processing operation of the articles etc. that have been supplied to the unloading section are efficiently performed without the operator or the robot (hereinafter referred to as “worker”) moving substantially. A specific example is shown in FIG.

図3は、(図示されていない)格納部に物品等を入出庫する搬送コンベヤ24、入庫コンベヤ21、及び、出庫コンベヤ22から構成される入出庫部2に、収納容器提示コンベヤ23を設置すると共に、集品空容器搬送コンベヤ81及び集品空容器供給コンベヤ82から成る集品空容器搬入部8と集品容器搬出コンベヤ101及び集品容器搬送コンベヤ102から成る集品容器搬出部10との間に、集品空容器提示部9を設置し、収納容器提示コンベヤ23と集品空容器提示部9とに隣接するように作業者11を配置したシステムである。このシステムにより、作業者11が移動することなく、出庫コンベヤ22から収納容器提示コンベヤ23に搬送されてきた収納容器61に入っている物品等を集品空容器7に仕分けし、集品容器71として集品容器搬出部10から出庫することができるようになる。一方、収納容器61は、物品等が残っている場合は、入庫コンベヤ21を経由して、格納部に再配置され、物品等が残っていない場合は、入庫コンベヤ21及び(図示されていない)格納部に物品等を入出庫する搬送コンベヤ24を経由して処分される。   FIG. 3 shows that the storage container presenting conveyor 23 is installed in the loading / unloading section 2 composed of a conveyor 24, a loading conveyor 21, and a loading conveyor 22 for loading and unloading articles and the like in a storage section (not shown). In addition, a collection empty container carry-in section 8 comprising a collection empty container transport conveyor 81 and a collection empty container supply conveyor 82 and a collection container carry-out section 10 comprising a collection container carry-out conveyor 101 and a collection container transport conveyor 102 are provided. A collection empty container presenting section 9 is installed between them, and a worker 11 is arranged so as to be adjacent to the storage container presenting conveyor 23 and the collection empty container presenting section 9. With this system, the articles and the like contained in the storage container 61 conveyed from the delivery conveyor 22 to the storage container presenting conveyor 23 are sorted into the collection empty container 7 without the worker 11 moving, and the collection container 71 It can come out from the collection container carrying-out part 10 as. On the other hand, the storage container 61 is rearranged in the storage unit via the warehousing conveyor 21 when articles and the like remain, and the warehousing conveyor 21 and the like (not shown) when the articles and the like do not remain. It is disposed of via a conveyor 24 that stores goods in and out of the storage unit.

更に、このシステムを、図4に示す平面図、及び、図5に示す図4の切断線Iで紙面に垂直に切断した断面図を用いて具体的に説明する。入出庫物品等搬送コンベヤ24から入庫された物品等は、格納部1における格納棚L及びRに保管される。注文が入ると、予め決められた順番どおりに出庫する順立て出庫できるように、例えば、格納棚Rn+1の指定された場所に整理された後、走行台車51n+1、仮置き搬送台55Rn+1、及び、昇降機53n+1に付設されている物品等載置搬送台54n+1を経由して、物品等が入った収納容器61n+1が、出庫コンベヤ22n+1から収納容器提示コンベヤ23n+1に搬送される。それと同時に、集品空容器7n+1が集品空容器搬送コンベヤ81から集品空容器供給コンベヤ82n+1を経由して集品空容器提示部9n+1に搬送され、そこで、作業者11n+1によって、収納容器61n+1の物品Eが集品空容器7n+1に移載される。そして、物品Eが入った集品容器71n+1が、集品容器搬出コンベヤ101n+1を経由して集品容器搬送コンベヤ102で搬出される。一方、物品Eが集品空容器7n+1に移載されて空となった収納空容器6n+1は、入出庫物品等搬送コンベヤ24を経由して搬出されるが、物品Eが残っている収納容器61n+1は、入庫コンベヤ21n+1を経由して格納部に再配置される。図5では、n列とn+1列に関連するコンベヤ及び物品等が重なっているため、上記集品空容器提示部9n+1で行われていることが、集品空容器提示部9として描かれているが、図4と照らし合わせて見ることによって、立体的に物流を理解することができる。 Further, this system will be specifically described with reference to a plan view shown in FIG. 4 and a cross-sectional view cut perpendicularly to the paper surface along the cutting line I shown in FIG. 4 shown in FIG. Articles etc. received from the conveyor 24 such as incoming / outgoing goods are stored in storage shelves L and R in the storage unit 1. For example, after the order is placed in a designated place on the storage shelf R n + 1 , the traveling cart 51 n + 1 and the temporary placement carriage 55R are arranged so that the products can be delivered in a predetermined order. The storage container 61 n + 1 containing articles and the like is transported from the delivery conveyor 22 n + 1 to the storage container presentation conveyor 23 n + 1 via the n + 1 and the article placement and transportation platform 54 n + 1 attached to the elevator 53 n + 1. The At the same time, the collection empty container 7 n + 1 is conveyed from the collection empty container transport conveyor 81 to the collection empty container presentation unit 9 n + 1 via the collection empty container supply conveyor 82 n + 1 , where the worker 11 n + 1 The article E in the storage container 61 n + 1 is transferred to the collection empty container 7 n + 1 . Then, the collection container 71 n + 1 containing the article E is carried out by the collection container transport conveyor 102 via the collection container carry-out conveyor 101 n + 1 . On the other hand, the storage empty container 6 n + 1 emptied by the transfer of the article E to the collection empty container 7 n + 1 is carried out via the transfer conveyor 24 such as the incoming / outgoing goods, but the storage in which the article E remains is stored. The container 61 n + 1 is rearranged in the storage unit via the warehousing conveyor 21 n + 1 . In FIG. 5, since the conveyors and articles related to the n and n + 1 rows overlap, what is being performed in the collection empty container presenting section 9 n + 1 is depicted as the collection empty container presenting section 9 n. However, the physical distribution can be understood in a three-dimensional manner by looking against FIG.

このような物流システムにより、立体自動倉庫において、物品等の品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等の分類といった仕分けを伴う出庫作業、更には、格納部内の物品等の再配置、整理・整頓、処分等の処理作業を効率的に行うことが可能となるが、新たな問題を内在している。それは、図6に示すように、収納容器提示コンベヤ23及び集品空容器提示部9とからなるピッキングステーションGTPから出庫された物品等は、品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等の分類を全て同時に出庫処理作業として行うことができないため、荷合せという仕分け作業を行った後、梱包・出荷されなければならず、格納部1からの出庫が滞りなく行われるに従い、集品容器7が荷合せ部13に集中し、滞留するため、物流の律速段階となる場合が生じることである。   With such a distribution system, in a three-dimensional automatic warehouse, the delivery work with sorting such as classification of goods etc., destination address, customer classification, etc., as well as the rearrangement, arrangement and ordering of articles etc. in the storage unit Although it becomes possible to perform disposal operations such as disposal efficiently, new problems are inherent. As shown in FIG. 6, the articles delivered from the picking station GTP composed of the storage container presenting conveyor 23 and the collection empty container presenting section 9 are classified by type, destination, customer, etc. Since all cannot be performed at the same time as the unloading process, the sorting operation called assortment must be performed and then packed and shipped, and as the unloading from the storage unit 1 is performed without delay, the collection container 7 is loaded. Since it concentrates and stays in the combining part 13, it may become a rate-determining stage of physical distribution.

この荷合せで生じる問題は、例えば、図7に示すように、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131から送付先方面ごとの出荷空容器12が出荷空容器提示部133に供給されると共に、立体自動倉庫から集品容器搬送コンベヤ102を経由して、品種別に分類された物品A〜Jが入っている集品容器71が出荷容器提示部133に順出しされ、送付先方面ごとに物品が集約される作業で、自動化することが困難な工程であることに起因している。その後、物品等が集約された出荷容器121は、出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142で梱包部143を経由して、出荷コンベヤ144で出荷されるが、この梱包及び出荷工程が物流システムの律速段階となることはない。   As shown in FIG. 7, for example, the problem that occurs in this assortment is that the shipping empty container 12 for each destination is supplied from the shipping empty container transport conveyor 131 to the shipping empty container presenting unit 133 and from the three-dimensional automatic warehouse. The collection container 71 containing the articles A to J classified by product type is sent to the shipping container presentation unit 133 via the collection container transport conveyor 102, and the articles are aggregated for each destination. This is because the process is difficult to automate. Thereafter, the shipping container 121 in which articles and the like are aggregated is shipped on the shipping conveyor 144 via the packing unit 143 by the shipping container transporting conveyor 142. This packing and shipping process becomes the rate-limiting step of the distribution system. There is no.

これに対し、図8に示すような自動投入装置134を用いたシステムが検討され始めた。例えば、出荷空容器12が、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131により自動投入装置134n−3に供給されると同時に、品種別に分類された物品A〜Cが入っている集品容器71が搬送コンベヤ102から自動投入装置134n−3に供給され、自動的に送付先方面ごとに物品A〜Cが集約され、出荷容器搬出コンベヤ141n−3から出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142を経由して梱包部143に移動された後、出荷コンベヤ144で出荷されるシステムである。 On the other hand, a system using an automatic loading device 134 as shown in FIG. For example, the shipping empty container 12 is supplied to the automatic input device 134 n-3 by the shipping empty container transfer conveyor 131, and at the same time, the collection container 71 containing the articles A to C classified according to the type is transferred to the transfer conveyor 102. To the automatic loading device 134 n-3 , the articles A to C are automatically aggregated for each destination, and are shipped from the shipping container carry - out conveyor 141 n-3 to the packing unit 143 via the shipping container carrying conveyor 142. The system is shipped on the shipping conveyor 144 after being moved.

この自動投入装置134を用いた荷合せは、作業者を必要としない自動化された物流システムであるが、物品等の衝撃を緩和したり、物品等を出荷容器に隙間なく収めたりすることが困難であり、活用可能な物品等が限定されるという問題がある。また、自動投入装置134に求められる衝撃緩和機構及び効率的収納機構を実現することが困難であり、例え、このような機構が自動投入装置134に備えられたとしても、自動投入装置自体が極めて複雑で大きく、高価なものになるという問題がある。   The assortment using the automatic loading device 134 is an automated distribution system that does not require an operator, but it is difficult to reduce the impact of the article or the like and to fit the article or the like in the shipping container without any gaps. Therefore, there is a problem that usable articles are limited. In addition, it is difficult to realize an impact mitigation mechanism and an efficient storage mechanism required for the automatic loading device 134. Even if such a mechanism is provided in the automatic loading device 134, the automatic loading device itself is extremely difficult. There is a problem that it becomes complicated, large and expensive.

このように、立体自動倉庫において、物品等の品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等の分類といった仕分けを伴う出庫作業、更には、格納部内の物品等の再配置、整理・整頓、処分等の処理作業を効率的に行うことが可能となったが、簡便な機構で、最終的な出荷作業に至るまでの効率的で自動化された物流システムの完成には至っていない。   In this way, in a three-dimensional automatic warehouse, the delivery work with sorting such as classification of goods etc., destination address, customer classification, etc., and further rearrangement, organization / tidying, disposal, etc. of articles in the storage unit, etc. Although it has become possible to efficiently perform the above processing operations, an efficient and automated distribution system up to the final shipping operation has not been completed with a simple mechanism.

特開2012−236683号公報JP 2012-236683 A 国際公開2010/026633号公報International Publication No. 2010/026633 特開2015−168573号公報JP2015-168573A 特開2011−178549号公報JP 2011-178549 A 特表2015−524374号公報Special table 2015-524374 gazette

上述したように、立体自動倉庫において、物品等の品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等の分類といった仕分けを伴う出庫作業、更には、格納部内の物品等の再配置、整理・整頓、処分等の処理作業を効率的に行うことが可能となったが、簡便な機構で、最終的な出荷作業までを含めた効率的で自動化された物流システムの完成には至っていない。そこで、本発明は、立体自動倉庫において、出庫から出荷までを含めた効率的で自動化された物流システムを簡便な機構で提供することを目的としている。   As described above, in a three-dimensional automatic warehouse, the delivery work with sorting such as classification of goods etc., destination address, customer classification etc., and further rearrangement, arrangement / tidying, disposal of articles etc. in the storage unit It has become possible to efficiently perform such processing operations, but an efficient and automated logistics system including a final shipping operation has not been completed with a simple mechanism. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an efficient and automated physical distribution system including from a delivery to shipment in a three-dimensional automatic warehouse with a simple mechanism.

本発明者らは、XY軸方向に碁盤目状に配列してなる物品等の格納棚が、移載手段を配設する所定の空間を隔てて対峙して配置され、その空間に、格納棚のX軸方向に物品等の往復移動が可能であって、格納棚との間で物品等の移載が可能である走行台車と、その走行レールが各段に設けられると共に、垂直方向に物品等の往復移動が可能である物品等載置搬送台を備えた昇降手段が配設され、物品等の入出庫部を備えた立体自動倉庫において、入出庫部に物品等の収納容器提示機構を連接し、収納容器提示コンベヤに連設するように出荷容器提示機構を配置することによって、仕分け、出庫、荷合せ、及び、出荷の作業を集約して行うことができ、出庫から出荷までの物流が効率的でほぼ自動化できることを見出し、本発明の完成に至った。   The inventors of the present invention have storage shelves for articles or the like arranged in a grid pattern in the X and Y axis directions, facing each other across a predetermined space in which the transfer means is disposed, and in the storage shelves A traveling carriage capable of reciprocating an article in the X-axis direction and transferring an article etc. to and from a storage shelf, and a traveling rail are provided at each stage, and an article in a vertical direction. In a three-dimensional automatic warehouse equipped with an article loading / unloading unit that can reciprocate such as articles, a storage container presentation mechanism for articles etc. is provided in the loading / unloading section. By arranging the shipping container presentation mechanism so as to be connected and connected to the storage container presentation conveyor, sorting, delivery, assortment, and shipping can be performed in an integrated manner. Was found to be efficient and almost automatic, and the present invention was completed.

すなわち、本発明は、水平長手及び垂直方向に碁盤目状に配列してなる格納棚から構成される格納部と、その格納棚の物品等を出し入れ可能な格納面の水平長手方向に走行し、物品等を自在に出し入れすることができる移載手段と、移載手段が格納面において往復移動できる走行空間と、物品等を垂直方向に往復移動するための物品等載置搬送手段が付設された昇降手段と、物品等載置搬送手段と移載手段とを媒介する仮置き搬送手段と、物品等の入出庫部とを備えた立体自動倉庫において、物品等の入出庫部が、入出庫搬送手段とそれに連接する物品等収納容器提示機構とを備え、その物品等収納容器提示機構に連設するように出荷容器提示機構を物品等収納容器提示機構ごとに内設した第一の出荷容器搬送機構を配備したことを特徴とする物流システムである。特に、この第一の出荷容器搬送機構は、出荷容器提示機構と出荷容器の搬入機構及び搬出機構と一体化して兼ね備えていることを特徴としている。   That is, the present invention travels in the horizontal longitudinal direction of the storage surface composed of a storage shelf that is arranged in a grid pattern in the horizontal length and vertical direction, and the storage surface that can be taken in and out of the storage shelf, etc. Transfer means that can freely move articles in and out, traveling space in which the transfer means can reciprocate on the storage surface, and article transfer means for reciprocating the articles in the vertical direction are attached. In a three-dimensional automatic warehouse equipped with a lifting / lowering means, a temporary transfer means for transferring articles and a transfer means, and an incoming / outgoing part for articles, the incoming / outgoing parts for articles etc. are transferred into and out of goods. 1st shipping container transport provided with a shipping container presentation mechanism for each article storage container presentation mechanism so as to be connected to the article storage container presentation mechanism Characterized by the deployment of the mechanism It is a logistics system. In particular, the first shipping container transport mechanism is characterized by being combined with the shipping container presentation mechanism, the shipping container loading mechanism, and the unloading mechanism.

また、本発明は、水平長手及び垂直方向に碁盤目状に配列してなる格納棚から構成される格納部と、その格納棚の物品等を出し入れ可能な格納面の水平長手方向に走行し、物品等を自在に出し入れすることができる移載手段と、移載手段が、格納面において往復移動できる走行空間と、物品等を垂直方向に往復移動するための物品等載置搬送手段が付設された昇降手段と、物品等載置搬送手段と移載手段とを媒介する仮置き搬送手段と、物品等の入出庫部とを備えた立体自動倉庫において、物品等の入出庫部が、入出庫搬送手段と入出庫搬送手段に連接する物品等収納容器提示機構とを備え、その物品等収納容器提示機構に連設するように第二の出荷容器搬送機構に連接する出荷容器提示機構を物品等収納容器提示機構ごとに付設したことを特徴とする物流システムである。特に、この物流システムにおいては、出荷容器提示機構は、第二の出荷容器搬送機構に接続された出荷容器の搬入機構及び搬出機構とから形成されることを特徴としており、第二の出荷容器搬送機構から独立して構成される。   In addition, the present invention travels in the horizontal longitudinal direction of the storage surface composed of storage shelves that are arranged in a grid pattern in the horizontal length and vertical direction, and the storage surface in which articles and the like of the storage shelves can be taken in and out, Transfer means that can freely move articles in and out, traveling space in which the transfer means can reciprocate on the storage surface, and article transfer means for reciprocating the articles in the vertical direction are attached. In a three-dimensional automatic warehouse comprising a lifting and lowering means, a temporary placing and conveying means for interposing article placing and conveying means and a transferring means, and an article loading and unloading section, the article loading and unloading section is loaded and unloaded. A storage container presenting mechanism for connecting articles to the storage container presentation mechanism connected to the transporting means and the loading / unloading transport means, and a shipping container presenting mechanism connected to the second shipping container transporting mechanism so as to be connected to the storage container presenting mechanism. Attached to each storage container presentation mechanism Is a logistics system that butterflies. In particular, in this physical distribution system, the shipping container presenting mechanism is formed by a shipping container carrying-in mechanism and a carrying-out mechanism connected to the second shipping container carrying mechanism. Configured independently of the mechanism.

つまり、本発明の物流システムの技術思想は、仕分け、出庫、及び、荷合せの各作業を一体化することが可能な機構を立体自動倉庫に付設させたことである。   That is, the technical idea of the physical distribution system of the present invention is that a mechanism capable of integrating sorting, shipping, and assembling operations is attached to a three-dimensional automatic warehouse.

本発明の物品等収納容器提示機構は、入出庫部において、格納棚から物品等を出庫する搬送手段と格納棚に物品等を入庫する搬送手段が、搬送手段で連結されることによって形成される。これらの各搬送手段は、コンベヤであることが好ましく、コンベヤが交差又は連結され、物品等の分岐及び合流を実行する必要がある箇所には、搬送方向を変換する各種方向変換機構を備えている。例えば、方向変換機構を備えた装置として、コンベヤに昇降式及び/又は回転式のローラ、ベルト、及び、ホイール等の方向変換させる機能部品を備えた装置、コンベヤ自体が回転する機能部品を備えた装置、コンベヤの側面に物品等の方向変換させる機能部品を備えた装置等が適用されるが、搬送装置で分岐及び合流搬送が可能な一般的な装置を全て使用することが可能である。特に、直角に分岐及び合流可能な搬送装置が好ましい。   The article storage container presenting mechanism according to the present invention is formed by connecting, in the loading / unloading unit, a transport unit that unloads articles from the storage shelf and a transport unit that stores articles etc. in the storage shelf by the transport unit. . Each of these conveying means is preferably a conveyor, and is provided with various direction changing mechanisms for changing the conveying direction at a place where the conveyors intersect or are connected and it is necessary to execute branching and merging of articles and the like. . For example, as a device provided with a direction changing mechanism, a device provided with functional parts that cause the conveyor to change directions such as lifting and / or rotating rollers, belts, and wheels, and a functional part that the conveyor itself rotates are provided. Although the apparatus, the apparatus provided with the functional component which changes the direction of articles etc. are applied to the side of a conveyor, it is possible to use all the general apparatuses which can be branched and joined and conveyed by a conveying apparatus. In particular, a conveyance device that can branch and merge at right angles is preferable.

また、上記搬送手段は、入出庫部の一部を形成し、物品等の処理、例えば、物品等を品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等に分ける仕分け、保管庫内の物品等の再配置、整理、処分等を行うための搬送手段であるため、必要に応じ、一時貯留機構(アキュムレーションコンベヤ)、速度制御機構、正逆搬送機構、分岐搬送機構、合流搬送機構、及び、停止機構の少なくとも一つ以上の機構を有するコンベヤで構成されているものが好ましい。   In addition, the transport means forms a part of the loading / unloading unit and processes the articles, for example, sorting the articles by type, destination, customer, etc. Since it is a transport means for arranging, organizing, disposing, etc., a temporary storage mechanism (accumulation conveyor), a speed control mechanism, a forward / reverse transport mechanism, a branch transport mechanism, a merging transport mechanism, and a stop mechanism What is comprised with the conveyor which has at least 1 or more mechanism is preferable.

本発明の第一の出荷容器搬送機構は、出荷容器提示機構が内設された搬送手段であって、その出荷容器提示機構が物品等収納容器提示機構に連設するように物品等収納容器提示機構ごとに配備される。ここで、連設とは、作業者が実質的に移動することなく、物品等収納容器提示機構に供給されてきた物品等を取り出し、その取り出した物品等を出荷容器に投入又は処理しうることが可能である位置に配設されることを意味する。そして、この第一の出荷容器搬送機構は、出荷容器を搬入する搬送手段と、出荷容器に物品等が出荷投入又は処理された出荷容器を搬出する搬送手段とが接続されて形成され、両者が一体化し、併用される一つの搬送手段に内設される。更に、この第一の出荷容器搬送機構は、出荷容器提示機構ごとに、例えば、ガイドランプ及びデジタル表示器等が付設されており、ガイドランプが点灯している位置の出荷容器に、物品等収納容器提示機構に供給されてきた物品等をデジタル表示器が指示する数だけ投入し、投入完了ボタンを押す一連の作業を繰り返すようなデジタルピッキングシステムであることが好ましい。   The first shipping container transport mechanism of the present invention is a transport means having a shipping container presenting mechanism installed therein, and presents the container storage container etc. so that the shipping container presentation mechanism is connected to the article storage container presenting mechanism. Deployed for each mechanism. Here, the continuous arrangement means that the operator can take out the article etc. supplied to the article storage container presentation mechanism without substantially moving, and can put the removed article etc. into the shipping container or process it. It is meant to be arranged at a position where it is possible. The first shipping container transport mechanism is formed by connecting a transporting means for carrying in the shipping container and a transporting means for transporting the shipping container into which the articles are shipped or processed and connected to the shipping container. It is installed in one conveying means that is integrated and used together. Furthermore, this first shipping container transport mechanism is provided with a guide lamp, a digital display, etc. for each shipping container presentation mechanism, and stores articles etc. in the shipping container at the position where the guide lamp is lit. It is preferable that the digital picking system repeats a series of operations of loading articles and the like supplied to the container presentation mechanism in the number indicated by the digital display and pressing the loading completion button.

更に、この第一の出荷容器搬送機構についても、品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等に分ける仕分けを行うための搬送手段であるため、必要に応じ、一時貯留機構(アキュムレーションコンベヤ)、速度制御機構、正逆搬送機構、分岐搬送機構、合流搬送機構、及び、停止機構の少なくとも一つ以上の機構を有するコンベヤで構成されているものが好ましい。特に、合流搬送機構は、出荷容器の供給の自由度を高め、分岐搬送機構は、梱包及び出荷工程への自由度を高めるため、物流システムを更に高速化・効率化することができる。このように、第一の出荷容器搬送機構は、荷合せの機能を有するものである。   Furthermore, since this first shipping container transport mechanism is also a transport means for sorting by type, destination, customer, etc., a temporary storage mechanism (accumulation conveyor), speed, if necessary What is comprised by the conveyor which has at least 1 or more mechanism of a control mechanism, a normal / reverse conveyance mechanism, a branch conveyance mechanism, a merging conveyance mechanism, and a stop mechanism is preferable. In particular, the merging and transporting mechanism increases the degree of freedom in supplying the shipping containers, and the branching and transporting mechanism increases the degree of freedom in the packaging and shipping process, so that the physical distribution system can be further increased in speed and efficiency. Thus, the first shipping container transport mechanism has a function of assortment.

このような物品等収納容器提示機構及び第一の出荷容器搬送機構を、入出庫物品等搬送手段から入庫された物品等が、予め決められた順番どおりに出庫する順立て出庫できるように格納部の格納棚に整理された立体自動倉庫に付設することによって、物品等の品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等の分類といった仕分け、出庫、及び、荷合せを一体化することが可能となる。具体的に表現すれば、物品等収納容器提示機構に供給されてきた仕分けされた物品等が、作業者が実質的に移動することなく、物品等収納容器提示機構に供給されてきた物品等を取り出し、その取り出した物品等を出荷容器に投入することによって更に仕分けされ、予め決められた順番通りに梱包及び出荷工程に順次搬送されるということである。ただし、必要に応じ、合流搬送機構及び分岐搬送機構を設けることによって、予め決められた順番と逆転して梱包・出荷工程に移動させることもできる。   Such a storage container presentation mechanism for goods and the first shipping container transport mechanism, the storage section so that the goods received from the transport means such as storage goods can be shipped out in a predetermined order. It is possible to integrate sorting, delivery, and assortment such as classification by product type, destination, customer, etc. . More specifically, the sorted articles etc. that have been supplied to the article storage container presentation mechanism are the articles etc. that have been supplied to the article storage container presentation mechanism without the operator substantially moving. This means that the picked-up articles and the picked-up articles are further sorted by putting them into a shipping container, and sequentially conveyed to the packing and shipping process in a predetermined order. However, if necessary, by providing a merging and transporting mechanism and a branching and transporting mechanism, it is possible to move to the packing / shipping process by reversing the predetermined order.

一方、本発明の物品等収納容器提示機構は、そこで収納容器内の物品等が取り出され、収納容器内に物品等が残った場合、格納部内に収納容器を再配置又は整理・整頓するために再入庫する、或いは、収納容器を処分するために格納部から出庫する等の処理作業も効率的に行うことが可能である。もちろん、収納容器内に物品等がなくなった場合には、収納容器を処分するために格納部から出庫することが可能である。   On the other hand, the storage container presentation mechanism according to the present invention is for the purpose of rearranging, organizing, and organizing the storage container in the storage unit when the article etc. in the storage container is taken out and the article etc. remains in the storage container. It is also possible to efficiently carry out processing operations such as re-entry or taking out from the storage unit to dispose of the storage container. Of course, when there are no articles or the like in the storage container, it is possible to take out the storage container to dispose of the storage container.

更に、本発明の物品等収納容器提示機構に連設するように第二の出荷容器搬送機構に連接する出荷容器提示機構を別途配備することが好ましい。この出荷容器提示機構は、物品等提示機構に対し、作業者が実質的に移動することなく、物品等収納容器提示機構に供給されてきた物品等を取り出し、その取り出した物品等を、出荷容器提示機構に供給されてきた出荷容器に投入又は処理しうることが可能である位置に配設され、搬送手段によって第二の出荷容器搬送機構に接続される。そして、第二の出荷容器搬送機構は、出荷容器提示機構に出荷容器を搬入し、物品等が投入又は処理された出荷容器の搬出するための搬送手段であって、出荷容器提示機構ごとに、例えば、ガイドランプ及びデジタル表示器等が付設されており、ガイドランプが点灯している位置の出荷容器に、物品等収納容器提示機構に供給されてきた物品等をデジタル表示器が指示する数だけ投入し、投入完了ボタンを押す一連の作業を繰り返すようなデジタルピッキングシステムであることが好ましい。従って、この場合、出荷容器提示機構が荷合せの機能を有している。   Furthermore, it is preferable to separately provide a shipping container presenting mechanism connected to the second shipping container transport mechanism so as to be connected to the article storage container presenting mechanism of the present invention. This shipping container presentation mechanism takes out articles etc. that have been supplied to the article storage container presentation mechanism without the operator moving substantially relative to the article presentation mechanism, It is arranged at a position where it can be charged or processed into the shipping container supplied to the presentation mechanism, and is connected to the second shipping container transport mechanism by the transport means. And the second shipping container transport mechanism is a transport means for carrying the shipping container into the shipping container presentation mechanism and unloading the shipping container in which articles or the like are input or processed, and for each shipping container presentation mechanism, For example, a guide lamp and a digital display are attached, and the number of articles indicated by the digital display is the number of articles supplied to the storage container presentation mechanism on the shipping container at the position where the guide lamp is lit. It is preferable that the digital picking system repeats a series of operations of loading and pressing a loading completion button. Therefore, in this case, the shipping container presentation mechanism has a function of assortment.

第二の出荷容器搬送機構及び出荷容器提示機構も、入出庫部の一部を形成し、物品等を品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等に分ける仕分け等の物品等の処理に係わる搬送を行い、梱包・出荷工程への物品等の搬出を効率的に行うための搬送手段であるため、コンベヤであることが好ましく、コンベヤが交差又は連結され、物品等の分岐及び合流を実行する必要がある箇所には、搬送方向を変換する上記の各種方向変換機構を備えており、特に、直角に分岐可能な搬送装置が好ましい。また、必要に応じ、一時貯留機構(アキュムレーションコンベヤ)、速度制御機構、正逆搬送機構、分岐搬送機構、合流搬送機構、及び、停止機構の少なくとも一つ以上の機構を有するコンベヤで構成されているものが好ましい。   The second shipping container transport mechanism and the shipping container presentation mechanism also form a part of the loading / unloading section, and transport related to the processing of articles etc., such as sorting, etc., dividing goods etc. by type, destination, customer etc. Is a conveyor means for efficiently carrying out articles etc. to the packing / shipping process, and is preferably a conveyor, and the conveyors need to be crossed or connected to execute branching and joining of articles etc. Is provided with the above-described various direction changing mechanisms for changing the conveyance direction, and a conveyance device capable of branching at right angles is particularly preferable. Moreover, it is comprised with the conveyor which has at least 1 mechanism of a temporary storage mechanism (accumulation conveyor), a speed control mechanism, a forward / reverse conveyance mechanism, a branch conveyance mechanism, a merging conveyance mechanism, and a stop mechanism as needed. Those are preferred.

第二の出荷容器搬送機構は、出荷空容器を搬入し、物品等が投入された出荷容器を梱包・出荷工程に搬出する過程において、コンピュータを用いて集約された膨大な情報に基づいて、物品等を投入しなければならない格納棚の列に配設された出荷容器提示機構に出荷空容器及び物品等が投入された出荷容器を搬入し、搬出する。従って、作業者は、物品等収納容器提示機構に供給される仕分けされた物品等を、出荷容器提示機構に供給されてきた出荷空容器又は物品等が投入された出荷容器に、必要するだけを移載すればよいだけで、作業者のミスが発生する可能性が極めて低くなるという特徴がある。更に、出荷容器提示機構を新たに設けることによって、出荷空容器及び物品等が投入された出荷容器の搬送形態の自由度が高まり、物流が高速化・効率化されるという特徴もある。   The second shipping container transport mechanism carries in the shipping empty container, and in the process of unloading the shipping container into which the article has been put into the packing / shipping process, based on a large amount of information collected using a computer, Etc., the shipping containers presenting the shipping empty containers and articles are loaded and unloaded into the shipping container presenting mechanism arranged in the storage shelf row where the etc. should be put. Therefore, the worker only needs the sorted articles supplied to the storage container presentation mechanism for the goods to the shipping empty container supplied to the shipping container presentation mechanism or the shipping container into which the articles are put. There is a feature that the possibility of an operator's mistake occurring becomes extremely low simply by transferring. Furthermore, by newly providing a shipping container presentation mechanism, there is a feature that the degree of freedom of the transportation form of the shipping container into which the shipping empty container and the articles and the like are charged is increased, and the physical distribution is speeded up and made efficient.

このように、物品等収納容器提示機構、出荷容器提示機構、第二の出荷容器搬送機構を入出庫物品等搬送手段から入庫された物品等が、予め決められた順番どおりに出庫する順立て出庫できるように格納部の格納棚に整理された立体自動倉庫に付設されることによって、物品等の品種別、送付先方面別、顧客別等の分類といった仕分け、出庫、及び、荷合せを一体化することが可能となり、簡便な機構で、最終的な出荷作業までを含めた効率的で自動化された物流システムが構築される。   In this way, the goods etc. that are received from the storage means such as the storage container presenting mechanism, the shipping container presenting mechanism, and the second shipping container transporting mechanism for the goods are delivered in a predetermined order in a predetermined order. It is attached to a three-dimensional automatic warehouse arranged on the storage shelf of the storage unit so that sorting, shipping, and assortment such as classification by product type, destination, customer, etc. are integrated This makes it possible to construct an efficient and automated logistics system including a simple shipping mechanism including the final shipping operation.

なお、既に記載したように、このような物流は、従来の一般的な方法、すなわち、膨大な入荷、出荷、及び、在庫データを保有する中央情報システムに基づいた様々な制御システムによって制御され、コンベヤ、昇降機、ピッキング、周辺装置等の一連の動作が連動して行われる。   In addition, as already described, such logistics is controlled by various conventional control methods based on a general information method, that is, a large amount of arrival, shipment, and a central information system having inventory data. A series of operations such as a conveyor, an elevator, picking, and a peripheral device are performed in conjunction with each other.

本発明により、予め決められた順番どおりに出庫する順立て出庫できるように格納部の格納棚に整理された立体自動倉庫から供給される仕分けされた物品等の更なる仕分けによって、出庫及び荷合せをも一体化することが可能となり、最終的な出荷作業までを含めた効率的で自動化された物流システムを簡便な機構で構築することができると同時に、格納部内の物品等の再配置、整理・整頓、処分等の処理作業も効率的に行うこともできる。   According to the present invention, delivery and assembling by further sorting of sorted articles and the like supplied from a three-dimensional automatic warehouse arranged in a storage shelf of the storage unit so that they can be shipped out in a predetermined order. Can be integrated, and an efficient and automated logistics system including the final shipping work can be constructed with a simple mechanism, and at the same time, the rearrangement and organization of the articles etc. in the storage unit・ Processing such as ordering and disposal can be performed efficiently.

また、本発明の物流システムは、人の介在する工程が少なく、簡便な搬送手段を主体とするため、膨大な入荷、出荷、及び、在庫データを保有する中央情報システムに基づいた様々な制御システムによって制御され、コンベヤ、昇降機、ピッキング、周辺装置等の一連の動作が連動して行われる自動化システムを提供するものである。   In addition, since the physical distribution system of the present invention has few steps involving humans and is mainly composed of simple transportation means, various control systems based on a central information system having a large amount of arrival, shipment, and inventory data. It provides an automation system that is controlled by the above-described system, and a series of operations of a conveyor, an elevator, picking, a peripheral device, and the like are performed in conjunction with each other.

スタッカクレーンを物品等の移載手段として配設した従来の立体自動倉庫の模式図である。It is a schematic diagram of the conventional three-dimensional automatic warehouse which arrange | positioned the stacker crane as transfer means, such as articles | goods. 走行台車と昇降機を物品等の移載手段として配設した従来の立体自動倉庫の模式図である。It is a schematic diagram of the conventional three-dimensional automatic warehouse which arrange | positioned the traveling trolley and the elevator as transfer means, such as articles | goods. 図2に示す立体自動倉庫の入出庫部に付設された収納容器提示部の近くに、集品容器搬入出部と連接する集品空容器提示部を配置し、収納容器提示部と集品空容器提示部とに隣接するように作業者を配備した物流システムの概略図である。An empty collection container presenting section connected to the collection container loading / unloading section is arranged near the storage container presenting section attached to the loading / unloading section of the three-dimensional automatic warehouse shown in FIG. It is the schematic of the physical distribution system which arranged the worker so that it may adjoin to a container presentation part. 図3に示す物流システムの、物品等の流れを説明するための平面模式図である。FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view for explaining the flow of articles and the like in the physical distribution system shown in FIG. 3. 図4の切断線Iで紙面に垂直に切断し、立体的に物品等の流れを説明するための断面模式図である。FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view for explaining the flow of articles and the like three-dimensionally by cutting perpendicularly to the paper surface along the cutting line I in FIG. 4. 図1又は2に示す立体自動倉庫の入出庫部に付設された収納容器提示部の近くに、集品容器搬入出部と連接する集品空容器提示部を配置し、収納容器提示部と集品空容器提示部とに隣接するように作業者を配備した物流システムにおける入庫から出庫及び出荷までの工程概要図である。A collection empty container presenting section connected to the collection container carrying in / out section is arranged near the storage container presenting section attached to the loading / unloading section of the three-dimensional automatic warehouse shown in FIG. It is a process outline figure from warehousing to delivery and shipment in a physical distribution system in which workers are arranged so as to be adjacent to an empty container presenting unit. 図6に示す荷合せ及び梱包・出荷工程の概要図である。It is a schematic diagram of the packing and packing / shipping process shown in FIG. 図6に示す荷合せ及び梱包・出荷工程において、荷合せ工程に自動投入装置を導入した場合の概要図である。FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram when an automatic loading device is introduced in the assembling process in the assembling and packing / shipping process shown in FIG. 6. 本発明の物流システムの特徴を示す、入庫から出庫及び出荷までの工程概要図である。It is a process outline figure from warehouse to delivery and shipment which shows the characteristic of the physical distribution system of the present invention. 本発明の一実施形態に係る、図2の立体自動倉庫の入出庫部に、収納容器提示コンベヤ、並びに、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ、及び、出荷空容器提示部、及び、出荷容器搬送コンベヤから成る第一の出荷容器搬送機構を付設した物流システムの平面模式図である。According to one embodiment of the present invention, the storage / removal unit of the three-dimensional automatic warehouse of FIG. 2 includes a storage container presenting conveyor, a shipping empty container transporting conveyor, a shipping empty container presenting unit, and a shipping container transporting conveyor. It is a plane schematic diagram of the physical distribution system which attached the 1st shipping container conveyance mechanism. 本発明の一実施形態に係る、図10の切断線IIで紙面に垂直に切断した、物流システムの断面模式図である。It is a cross-sectional schematic diagram of the physical distribution system cut | disconnected perpendicularly to the paper surface by the cutting line II of FIG. 10 based on one Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の一実施形態に係る、図2の立体自動倉庫の入出庫部に、収納容器提示コンベヤ、並びに、出荷空容器提示部、及び、出荷空容器搬送・供給コンベヤ、及び、出荷容器搬出・搬送コンベヤから成る第二の出荷容器搬送機構を付設した物流システムの平面模式図である。2, the storage container presenting conveyor, the shipping empty container presenting section, the shipping empty container transport / supply conveyor, and the shipping container unloading / It is a plane schematic diagram of the physical distribution system which attached the 2nd shipping container conveyance mechanism which consists of a conveyance conveyor. 本発明の一実施形態に係る、図12の切断線IIIで紙面に垂直に切断した物流システムの断面模式図である。It is a cross-sectional schematic diagram of the physical distribution system cut | disconnected perpendicularly to the paper surface by the cutting line III of FIG. 12 based on one Embodiment of this invention.

以下、本発明を、図面に示した一実施形態を用いてより詳細に説明するが、本発明は、これらに限定されるものではなく、本発明の主旨を逸脱しない範囲内で種々変更して実施することが可能であり、特許請求の範囲に記載した技術思想によってのみ限定されるものである。   Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to an embodiment shown in the drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to these, and various modifications can be made without departing from the gist of the present invention. It can be carried out and is limited only by the technical idea described in the claims.

図9は、本発明の物流システムの特徴を説明するために描かれた入庫から出庫及び出荷までの物品等の流れを示す工程概要図であり、この流れは、膨大な入荷、出荷、及び、在庫データを保有する中央情報システムに基づいた様々な制御システムによって制御され、コンベヤ、昇降機、ピッキング、周辺装置等の一連の動作が連動して行われる自動化システムによって具現化されるものである。なお、移載手段は、物品等の出し入れや移動を可能とする伸縮アーム等を備えた、図1に示すようなスタッカクレーン型の移載手段4、又は、図2に示すような走行台車型の移載手段5のいずれも適用でき、スタッカクレーン型の移載手段4の場合には、昇降機53は不要である。   FIG. 9 is a process outline diagram showing the flow of goods and the like from warehousing to shipping and shipping drawn to explain the characteristics of the physical distribution system of the present invention. It is controlled by various control systems based on a central information system that holds inventory data, and is embodied by an automated system in which a series of operations such as conveyors, elevators, picking and peripheral devices are performed in conjunction. The transfer means is a stacker crane type transfer means 4 as shown in FIG. 1 or a traveling cart type as shown in FIG. In the case of the stacker crane type transfer means 4, the elevator 53 is unnecessary.

まず、入出庫物品等搬送コンベヤ24から格納棚L、Rに入庫された物品等が投入された収納容器は、注文が入ると、予め決められた順番どおりに出庫する順立て出庫できるように整理される。そして、格納棚L、Rから収納容器が取り出され、出庫コンベヤ22を経由して、収納容器提示コンベヤ23及び出荷空容器提示部133から成るピッキングステーションGTP、例えば、GTP−1において、収納容器から必要な数量だけ、例えば、ある送付先方面の出荷空容器に移載される。そして、この出荷容器は、出荷空容器と出荷容器の搬送を兼ねたコンベヤで搬送され、この送付先方面の出荷容器に仕分けされるべき物品等をGTP−3で更に移載した後、直ちに出荷容器搬送コンベヤで梱包・出荷部14に移動され、出荷される。すなわち、本発明の、物品等収納容器提示コンベヤ、出荷空容器提示部、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ、及び、出荷容器搬送コンベヤから構成されるシステムは、従来の荷合せに相当する機能を有している。従って、本発明によれば、格納棚への入庫から送付先への出荷までがほぼ完全に自動化された物流が提供される。   First, storage containers into which articles and the like stored in the storage shelves L and R are input from the transfer conveyor 24 are arranged so that they can be output in a predetermined order when an order is received. Is done. Then, the storage containers are taken out from the storage shelves L and R, and are picked up from the storage containers at the picking station GTP, for example, GTP-1, including the storage container presentation conveyor 23 and the shipping empty container presentation unit 133 via the delivery conveyor 22. For example, a necessary quantity is transferred to a shipping empty container in a certain destination area. This shipping container is transported by a conveyor that also serves to transport the shipping empty container and the shipping container, and after further transferring goods and the like to be sorted into the shipping container in the direction of the destination by GTP-3, the shipping container is immediately shipped. It is moved to the packing / shipping section 14 by the container transport conveyor and shipped. That is, the system constituted by the present invention storage container presenting conveyor, shipping empty container presenting section, shipping empty container transporting conveyor, and shipping container transporting conveyor has a function corresponding to conventional assortment. Yes. Therefore, according to the present invention, it is possible to provide logistics in which the process from entering the storage shelf to shipping to the destination is almost completely automated.

一方、必要な数量だけの物品等が取り出された収納容器に物品等が残っている場合は、入庫コンベヤ21を経由して格納棚L、Rに再配置或いは整理されるか、入出庫コンベヤ24を経由して処分される。もちろん、収納容器に物品等が残っていない場合は、入出庫コンベヤ24を経由して処分される。   On the other hand, if the articles etc. remain in the storage container from which the necessary quantity of articles etc. has been taken out, they are rearranged or arranged on the storage shelves L, R via the warehousing conveyor 21, or the warehousing conveyor 24 Will be disposed of via. Of course, when no article or the like remains in the storage container, it is disposed via the loading / unloading conveyor 24.

図10の平面図は、図2の立体自動倉庫の入出庫部2に、収納容器提示コンベヤ23、並びに、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131、及び、出荷空容器提示部133、及び、出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142から成る第一の出荷容器搬送機構を付設した物流システムの平面模式図である。図2に示すような走行台車型の移載手段5を具体例として用い、請求項1に包摂される本発明の一実施形態を示している。XY軸方向に碁盤目状に配列してなる物品等を格納するR列の格納棚とL列の格納棚とが、移載手段の配設空間3を介して対面し、一つの立体自動倉庫のユニットを形成しており、このユニットが、複数Z軸方向に並んでおり、ここでは、その一部を表記した。更に、背面で隣接するRn−1列の格納棚とL列の格納棚の間には、物品等の水平移動を妨げるものはない。 The plan view of FIG. 10 shows the storage container presenting conveyor 23, the shipping empty container transport conveyor 131, the shipping empty container presenting section 133, and the shipping container transport conveyor in the loading / unloading section 2 of the three-dimensional automatic warehouse of FIG. FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of a physical distribution system provided with a first shipping container transport mechanism consisting of 142; FIG. 2 shows an embodiment of the present invention included in claim 1 using a traveling cart type transfer means 5 as shown in FIG. 2 as a specific example. A storage shelf storage shelf and L n columns of R n columns for storing goods or the like to be arranged in a grid pattern in the XY axis direction, facing via the disposing space 3 n of the transfer means, one A unit of a three-dimensional automatic warehouse is formed, and this unit is arranged in a plurality of Z-axis directions, and a part thereof is shown here. Further, between the storage shelves of the storage rack and L n columns of adjacent R n-1 columns at the rear, nothing prevents the horizontal movement of the article or the like.

X軸方向の物品等の移動手段は、走行レール52上を自在に走行する物品等を自在に出し入れ可能な、例えば、伸縮アーム部を有する走行台車51であり、Y軸方向の物品等の移動手段は、物品等載置搬送台54を備えた昇降機53で構成されており、物品等載置搬送台54と走行台車51との物品等の移動を媒介するための仮置き搬送台55が格納棚の端に設けられている。更に、背面で隣接するRn−1列とL列の格納棚間は、伸縮アームによって物品等の水平移動が可能であり、これら全体で格納棚のXYZ軸方向の自在な物品等の往復移動が可能な移載手段を構成している。 The moving means for the article in the X-axis direction is, for example, a traveling carriage 51 having an extendable arm portion that can freely put in and out the article that travels on the traveling rail 52, and moves the article in the Y-axis direction. The means is composed of an elevator 53 provided with an article placement / conveyance table 54, and a temporary placement / conveyance table 55 for mediating the movement of articles etc. between the article placement / conveyance table 54 and the traveling carriage 51 is stored. It is provided at the end of the shelf. Furthermore, between storage shelves of R n-1 column and the L n column adjacent the back is capable of horizontal movement of the article such as the telescopic arm, the reciprocating of the article such as a freely XYZ axis direction of the storage shelves throughout these A movable transfer means is configured.

入出庫部2は、物品等の格納棚への入出庫を担う物品等入出庫コンベヤ24、格納棚Lに付設される入庫コンベヤ21、格納棚Rに付設される出庫コンベヤ22、そして、格納棚L及びRに付設される収納容器提示コンベヤ23が、入庫コンベヤ21と出庫コンベヤ22に接続されている。これらのコンベヤの交差するところにおいては、直角に方向変換可能なコンベヤに昇降式ローラの方向変換機能部品を備えた方向変換機構付き搬送台を配備している。また、それぞれのコンベヤは、少なくとも一時貯留機構及び停止機構を備えている。   The loading / unloading unit 2 includes a loading / unloading conveyor 24 for articles and the like, which is responsible for loading and unloading articles and the like, a loading conveyor 21 attached to the storage shelf L, a loading conveyor 22 attached to the storage shelf R, and a storage shelf. Storage container presentation conveyors 23 attached to L and R are connected to the entry conveyor 21 and the exit conveyor 22. At the intersections of these conveyors, a conveyor table with a direction changing mechanism provided with a direction changing function part of an elevating roller is arranged on a conveyor capable of changing directions at right angles. Each conveyor includes at least a temporary storage mechanism and a stop mechanism.

上記収納容器提示コンベヤ23の近くに、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131と出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142を兼ね、デジタル表示器、ガイドランプが備えられたコンベヤが連設され、このコンベヤには、収納容器提示コンベヤ23に面して、出荷空容器提示部133が内設されており、少なくとも、一時貯留機構及び停止機構を備えている。ここで、収納容器提示コンベヤ23と出荷空容器提示部133の位置関係は、作業者11が移動することなく、収納容器提示コンベヤ23に供給された収納容器61から出荷空容器提示部133に供給された出荷空容器12への物品等の移載が可能である距離にあることである。そして、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131、出荷容器搬送コンベヤ、及び、142出荷空容器提示部133が、従来の荷合せ部13に相当する機能を発揮する。   In the vicinity of the storage container presentation conveyor 23, a shipping empty container transfer conveyor 131 and a shipping container transfer conveyor 142, which are combined with a digital display and a guide lamp, are provided in series. 23, a shipping empty container presenting unit 133 is provided, and at least a temporary storage mechanism and a stop mechanism are provided. Here, the positional relationship between the storage container presentation conveyor 23 and the shipping empty container presentation unit 133 is supplied from the storage container 61 supplied to the storage container presentation conveyor 23 to the shipping empty container presentation unit 133 without the operator 11 moving. That is, it is at a distance that allows the transfer of the article or the like to the shipped empty container 12. The shipping empty container transfer conveyor 131, the shipping container transfer conveyor, and the 142 shipping empty container presenting unit 133 exhibit functions corresponding to the conventional packing unit 13.

図10には図示していないが、必要に応じて、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131と出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142を兼ねたコンベヤに、出荷容器、例えば、物品Cを仕分けした出荷容器を梱包工程に先送り可能な分岐コンベヤを設けても良い。また、同じく、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131と出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142を兼ねたコンベヤに、出荷空容器を先送りすることが可能な合流コンベヤを設けても良い。これらによって、より高速で効率の良い物流を実現することができる。   Although not shown in FIG. 10, if necessary, the shipping container, for example, the shipping container in which the article C is sorted, is forwarded to the packing process to the conveyor that also serves as the shipping empty container transfer conveyor 131 and the shipping container transfer conveyor 142. Possible branch conveyors may be provided. Similarly, a confluence conveyor that can forward the shipping empty containers may be provided on the conveyor that also serves as the shipping empty container transfer conveyor 131 and the shipping container transfer conveyor 142. By these, faster and more efficient logistics can be realized.

図10を用いて物品等の流れをより具体的に説明する。物品Dは、物品等に関する膨大なデータに基づいて制御、動作された走行台車51、物品等載置搬送台54Rを備えた昇降機53、仮置き搬送台55R等の移載手段を用いて、格納棚L、Rに整理され保管されている。物品Dに注文が入ると、同じ移載手段を用いて、予め決められた順番どおりに出庫できるように、例えば、格納棚Rの指定された場所に再配置した後、順立て出庫される。すなわち、出庫コンベヤ22を経由して収納容器提示コンベヤ23に供給される。それと同時に、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131から空容器12が、出荷空容器提示部133に供給され、作業員11が移動することなく、その場で、物品Dの収納容器61から出荷容器12への移載が完了し、出荷容器121として出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142で搬送される。更に、この出荷容器121に仕分けされるべき物品Eが、同様に、収納容器提示コンベヤ23n+1と出荷空容器提示部133n+1との間で移載され、出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142を経由して梱包及び出荷工程に搬送される。 The flow of articles and the like will be described more specifically with reference to FIG. Article D is controlled on the basis of extensive data about the article such as the traveling carriage 51 n operatively, elevator 53 n with an article or the like mounted conveying platform 54R n, the transfer means such as a temporary carrying table 55R n The storage shelves L and R are arranged and stored. Once the order the article D, using the same transfer means, to allow goods issue in the order determined in advance, for example, after re-placed in the specified location of the storage shelves R n, are sequentially fresh goods issue . That, is supplied to the container presented conveyor 23 n via the unloading conveyor 22 n. At the same time, the empty container 12 is supplied from the shipping empty container transport conveyor 131 to the shipping empty container presenting unit 133 n , and the worker 11 n moves from the storage container 61 n of the article D on the spot without moving. The transfer to 12 n is completed, and the product is transported by the shipping container transport conveyor 142 as the shipping container 121 n . Further, the article E to be sorted into the shipping container 121 n is similarly transferred between the storage container presenting conveyor 23 n + 1 and the shipping empty container presenting unit 133 n + 1 , via the shipping container transporting conveyor 142. It is transported to the packing and shipping process.

一方、収納容器61から物品Dが取り出され、空となった収納容器6は、入庫コンベヤ21を経由して、入出庫コンベヤ24から自動倉庫外に搬出される。収納容器61に物品Dが残っている場合は、入庫コンベヤ21を経由して格納棚Rに再配置されるか、別の格納棚に整理されるか、入庫コンベヤ21を経由して、入出庫コンベヤ24から自動倉庫外に搬出される。 On the other hand, the article D is taken out from the storage container 61 n , and the empty storage container 6 n is carried out of the automatic storage warehouse 24 from the storage conveyor 24 via the storage conveyor 21 n . If there are remaining article D into the storage container 61 n are either relocated to storage shelf R n via the warehousing conveyer 21 n, either organized in a different storage shelf, via a goods receipt conveyor 21 n Then, it is carried out of the automatic warehouse from the loading / unloading conveyor 24.

更に、本発明の一実施形態である物流システムを、図10の切断線IIで紙面に垂直に切断して認められる断面模式図を図11に示す。ここでは、本発明の入出庫部2に付設した入庫コンベヤ21、出庫コンベヤ22、収納容器提示コンベヤ23、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131、出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142、出荷空容器提示部133を、格納棚L、Rの一段目に設けているが、格納棚L、Rの何段目に設けても良いし、格納棚L、Rを底上げしたり、階上に設置し、格納棚L、Rの真下や階下に設けても良い。   Furthermore, FIG. 11 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the physical distribution system according to an embodiment of the present invention, which is recognized by cutting the distribution system perpendicular to the paper surface along the cutting line II in FIG. Here, the storage conveyor 21, the storage conveyor 22, the storage container presentation conveyor 23, the shipping container transport conveyor 131, the shipping container transport conveyor 142, and the shipping container display section 133 attached to the storage section 2 of the present invention are stored in a storage shelf. Although it is provided in the first level of L and R, it may be provided in any number of storage shelves L and R, and the storage shelves L and R are raised or installed on the floor, It may be provided directly below or downstairs.

次いで、図12の平面図は、図2の立体自動倉庫の入出庫部2に、収納容器提示コンベヤ23、並びに、出荷空容器提示部133、及び、出荷空容器搬送・供給コンベヤ131・132、及び、出荷容器搬出・搬送コンベヤ141・142から成る第二の出荷容器搬送機構を付設した物流システムの平面模式図で、請求項2に包摂される本発明の一実施形態を示している。このシステムの特徴は、出荷空容器提示部133を、出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ131及び出荷容器搬送コンベヤ142を兼ねたコンベヤから、出荷空容器供給コンベヤ132及び出荷容器搬出コンベヤ141を付設して独立させたことである。これは、段落0046に記載した分岐コンベヤ及び合流コンベヤを、物品等の移載が行われる格納棚L、Rごとに設け、出荷空容器12及び出荷容器121の物流の高速化及び高効率化を実現したものである。   Next, the plan view of FIG. 12 shows the storage container presenting conveyor 23, the shipping empty container presenting section 133, and the shipping empty container transport / supply conveyors 131 and 132 in the loading / unloading section 2 of the three-dimensional automatic warehouse of FIG. FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of a physical distribution system provided with a second shipping container transport mechanism including shipping container carry-out / transport conveyors 141 and 142, and shows an embodiment of the present invention included in claim 2; The feature of this system is that the shipping empty container presenting unit 133 is made independent from the conveyor that also serves as the shipping empty container transfer conveyor 131 and the shipping container transfer conveyor 142 by attaching the shipping empty container supply conveyor 132 and the shipping container unloading conveyor 141. That is. This is because the branching conveyor and the merging conveyor described in paragraph 0046 are provided for each storage shelf L, R on which goods and the like are transferred, so that the distribution of the shipping empty containers 12 and the shipping containers 121 can be made faster and more efficient. It has been realized.

図12に示した本発明の一実施形態である物流システムを、図12の切断線IIIで紙面に垂直に切断して認められる断面模式図を図13に示す。図13も図11と全く同様のことが言える。   FIG. 13 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the physical distribution system shown in FIG. 12, which is one embodiment of the present invention, which is recognized by cutting along the cutting line III in FIG. 13 can be said to be exactly the same as FIG.

以上、一実施形態を示すことによって、本発明を具体的に説明したが、本発明がこれらの実施形態によって限定されるものではない。   As mentioned above, although this invention was demonstrated concretely by showing one embodiment, this invention is not limited by these embodiment.

本発明は、立体自動倉庫の入出庫部に連接するように、収納容器提示機構を設け、収納容器提示機構に連設するように、出荷容器提示機構を備えた出荷容器搬送機構を付設するだけで、入庫から出荷までの一連の作業工程をほぼ自動化した物流システムを構築できると共に、立体倉庫内の物品等の再配置、整理、処分も行えるシステムである。従って、単なる物品及び物品収納容器等に限定されるものではなく、車、書籍、あるいは、工場等における原材料、部品、仕掛品、完成品等のあらゆる保管管理システムに適用することができる立体自動倉庫を用いた物流システムである。   The present invention is provided with a storage container presentation mechanism so as to be connected to a loading / unloading section of a three-dimensional automatic warehouse, and is simply provided with a shipping container transport mechanism provided with a shipping container presentation mechanism so as to be connected to the storage container presentation mechanism. Thus, it is possible to construct a distribution system that almost automates a series of work processes from warehousing to shipping, and also to rearrange, organize, and dispose articles in a three-dimensional warehouse. Therefore, it is not limited to mere articles and article storage containers, but a three-dimensional automatic warehouse that can be applied to any storage management system for raw materials, parts, work-in-process, finished products, etc. in cars, books, factories, etc. It is a logistics system using

1 格納部
2 入出庫部
21 格納棚Lに付設される入庫コンベヤ
22 格納棚Rに付設される出庫コンベヤ
23 格納棚L及びRに付設される収納容器提示コンベヤ
24 入出庫物品等搬送コンベヤ
3 移載手段の配設空間
4 移載手段(1)
41 移載手段(1)を構成するクレーンマスト
42 移載手段(1)を構成するクレーン台車
43 移載手段(1)を構成する物品等載置台
44 移載手段(1)を構成する伸縮アーム
45 移載手段(1)を構成する上部走行レール
46 移載手段(1)を構成する下部走行レール
5 移載手段(2)
51 移載手段(2)を構成する走行台車
52L 格納棚Lに設置され、移載手段(2)を構成する走行レール
52R 格納棚Rに設置され、移載手段(2)を構成する走行レール
53 移載手段(2)を構成する昇降機
54L 昇降機53の格納棚L側に付設され、移載手段(2)を構成する物品等載置搬送台
54R 昇降機53の格納棚R側に付設され、移載手段(2)を構成する物品等載置搬送台
55L 格納棚Lに連設され、移載手段(2)を構成する仮置き搬送台
55R 格納棚Rに連設され、移載手段(2)を構成する仮置き搬送台
6 収納空容器
61 物品等が入っている収納容器
7 集品空容器
71 物品等が入っている集品容器
8 集品空容器搬入部
81 集品空容器搬送コンベヤ
82 集品空容器供給コンベヤ
9 集品空容器提示部
10 集品容器搬出部
101 集品容器搬出コンベヤ
102 集品容器搬送コンベヤ
11 作業者
12 出荷空容器
121 物品等が入っている出荷容器
13 荷合せ部
131 出荷空容器搬送コンベヤ
132 出荷空容器供給コンベヤ
133 出荷空容器提示部
134 物品等自動投入装置
14 梱包・出荷部
141 出荷容器搬出コンベヤ
142 出荷容器搬送コンベヤ
143 梱包部
144 出荷コンベヤ
A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J 物品
L,R 格納棚
PL,PR 格納棚L及びRに格納される物品等
GTP ピッキングステーション
I,II,III 切断線
下付きn 移載手段の配設空間の第n列に係ることを示し、例えば、3
第n列の移載手段の配設空間
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Storage part 2 Entry / exit part 21 Warehousing conveyor 22 attached to the storage shelf L Warehousing conveyor 23 attached to the storage shelf R Storage container presentation conveyor 24 attached to the storage ledges L and R Conveyor 3 such as warehousing goods Space 4 for placing means Transfer means (1)
41 Crane mast 42 constituting transfer means (1) Crane cart 43 constituting transfer means (1) Article mount table 44 constituting transfer means (1) Telescopic arm constituting transfer means (1) 45 Upper travel rail 46 constituting transfer means (1) Lower travel rail 5 constituting transfer means (1) Transfer means (2)
51 Traveling carriage 52L constituting transfer means (2) Installed on storage shelf L and traveling rail 52R constituting transfer means (2) Traveling rail installed on storage shelf R and constituting transfer means (2) 53 An elevator 54L constituting the transfer means (2) is attached to the storage shelf L side of the elevator 53, and an article and the like carrying carrier 54R constituting the transfer means (2) is attached to the storage shelf R side of the elevator 53, The article and so on loading / conveying base 55L constituting the transfer means (2) is provided continuously with the storage shelf L, and the temporary carrying stand 55R constituting the transfer means (2) is provided continuously with the storage shelf R and the transferring means ( 2) Temporary transfer carrier 6 constituting the storage empty container 61 Storage container 7 containing articles etc. Collection empty container 71 Collection container containing articles etc. 8 Collection empty container carrying-in part 81 Collection empty container transfer Conveyor 82 Collection empty container supply conveyor 9 Collection empty container presentation unit 10 Collection Container unloading unit 101 Collection container unloading conveyor 102 Collection container carrying conveyor 11 Worker 12 Empty shipping container 121 Shipping container 13 containing goods etc. Packing unit 131 Shipping empty container conveying conveyor 132 Shipping empty container supply conveyor 133 Shipping empty Container presentation unit 134 Automatic article loading device 14 Packing / shipping unit 141 Shipping container carry-out conveyor 142 Shipping container transport conveyor 143 Packing unit 144 Shipping conveyor A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J L, R Storage shelves PL, PR Articles stored in storage shelves L and R, etc. GTP picking stations I, II, III Shown in relation to the nth column of the arrangement space of the transfer means, 3 n is
Arrangement space for transfer means in the nth row

Claims (2)

水平長手及び垂直方向に碁盤目状に配列してなる格納棚から構成される格納部と、
前記格納棚の物品又は物品収納容器を出し入れ可能な格納面の水平長手方向に走行し、前記物品又は物品収納容器を自在に出し入れすることができる移載手段と、
前記移載手段が、前記格納面において往復移動できる走行空間と、
前記物品又は物品収納容器を垂直方向に往復移動するための物品又は物品収納容器載置搬送手段が付設された昇降手段と、
前記物品又は物品収納容器載置搬送手段と前記移載手段とを媒介する仮置き搬送手段と、
前記物品又は物品収納容器の入出庫部と、
を備えた立体自動倉庫において、
前記入出庫部が、入出庫搬送手段と前記入出庫搬送手段に連接する物品又は物品収納容器提示機構とを備え、
前記物品又は物品収納容器提示機構に連設するように出荷容器提示機構を前記物品又は物品収納容器提示機構ごとに内設した第一の出荷容器搬送機構を配備したことを特徴とする物流システム。
A storage section composed of storage shelves arranged in a grid pattern in the horizontal length and vertical direction;
A transfer means that travels in a horizontal longitudinal direction of a storage surface in which an article or an article storage container of the storage shelf can be taken in and out, and can freely put in and out the article or the article storage container;
A traveling space in which the transfer means can reciprocate on the storage surface; and
Elevating means provided with article or article storage container mounting and conveying means for reciprocating the article or article storage container in the vertical direction;
Temporary placement conveyance means that mediates the article or article storage container placement conveyance means and the transfer means;
A loading / unloading section of the article or article storage container;
In a three-dimensional automatic warehouse equipped with
The loading / unloading section includes loading / unloading conveyance means and an article or article storage container presentation mechanism connected to the loading / unloading conveyance means,
A logistics system comprising a first shipping container transport mechanism provided with a shipping container presentation mechanism for each article or article storage container presentation mechanism so as to be connected to the article or article storage container presentation mechanism.
水平長手及び垂直方向に碁盤目状に配列してなる格納棚から構成される格納棚と、
前記格納棚の物品又は物品収納容器を出し入れ可能な格納面の水平長手方向に走行し、前記物品又は物品収納容器を自在に出し入れすることができる移載手段と、
前記移載手段が、前記格納面において往復移動できる走行空間と、
前記物品又は物品収納容器を垂直方向に往復移動するための物品又は物品収納容器載置搬送手段が付設された昇降手段と、
前記物品又は物品収納容器載置搬送手段と前記移載手段とを媒介する仮置き搬送手段と、
前記物品又は物品収納容器の入出庫部と、
を備えた立体自動倉庫において、
前記入出庫部が、入出庫搬送手段と入出庫搬送手段に連接する物品又は物品収納容器提示機構とを備え、
前記物品又は物品収納容器提示機構に連設するように、第二の出荷容器搬送機構に連接する出荷容器提示機構を前記物品又は物品収納容器提示機構ごとに付設したことを特徴とする物流システム。
A storage shelf composed of storage shelves arranged in a grid pattern in the horizontal length and vertical direction;
A transfer means that travels in a horizontal longitudinal direction of a storage surface in which an article or an article storage container of the storage shelf can be taken in and out, and can freely put in and out the article or the article storage container;
A traveling space in which the transfer means can reciprocate on the storage surface; and
Elevating means provided with article or article storage container mounting and conveying means for reciprocating the article or article storage container in the vertical direction;
Temporary placement conveyance means that mediates the article or article storage container placement conveyance means and the transfer means;
A loading / unloading section of the article or article storage container;
In a three-dimensional automatic warehouse equipped with
The loading / unloading unit includes a loading / unloading conveyance unit and an article or an article storage container presentation mechanism connected to the loading / unloading conveyance unit,
A logistics system, wherein a shipping container presentation mechanism connected to a second shipping container transport mechanism is provided for each article or article storage container presentation mechanism so as to be connected to the article or article storage container presentation mechanism.
JP2018063992A 2018-03-29 2018-03-29 Physical distribution system Pending JP2019172447A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07228335A (en) * 1994-02-15 1995-08-29 Kajima Corp Picking control method using noncontact data carrier
CN103889864A (en) * 2012-08-06 2014-06-25 德马泰克财务服务有限公司 Method for providing transport units from a warehouse
JP2015042589A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-05 株式会社ダイフク Article storage facility
JP2017124935A (en) * 2015-10-30 2017-07-20 トーヨーカネツソリューションズ株式会社 Automatic high-rise warehouse
JP2018008775A (en) * 2016-07-12 2018-01-18 トーヨーカネツソリューションズ株式会社 Multi-tier automatic warehouse

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07228335A (en) * 1994-02-15 1995-08-29 Kajima Corp Picking control method using noncontact data carrier
CN103889864A (en) * 2012-08-06 2014-06-25 德马泰克财务服务有限公司 Method for providing transport units from a warehouse
JP2015042589A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-05 株式会社ダイフク Article storage facility
JP2017124935A (en) * 2015-10-30 2017-07-20 トーヨーカネツソリューションズ株式会社 Automatic high-rise warehouse
JP2018008775A (en) * 2016-07-12 2018-01-18 トーヨーカネツソリューションズ株式会社 Multi-tier automatic warehouse

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