JP2018508382A5 - - Google Patents

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JP2018508382A5
JP2018508382A5 JP2017536318A JP2017536318A JP2018508382A5 JP 2018508382 A5 JP2018508382 A5 JP 2018508382A5 JP 2017536318 A JP2017536318 A JP 2017536318A JP 2017536318 A JP2017536318 A JP 2017536318A JP 2018508382 A5 JP2018508382 A5 JP 2018508382A5
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wear
resistant layer
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プレス装置は構造体ホイル(構造体を構成するホイル、以下同様)を含んでいてもよく、構造体ホイルには、光沢度が異なる部分が設けられている。光沢度が異なる部分は、構造体ホイルの基材に物質をデジタル印刷することによって得ることができる。光沢度が異なる部分は、ホイルに付けたコーティングをエングレーブドローラーに押し付け、コーティングを硬化することによって得てもよい。別の態様では、様々な光沢度を持つアルミニウムホイルを使用してもよい。デジタル印刷を装飾パターンと位置合わせできる。 The pressing device may include a structure foil (a foil constituting the structure, the same applies hereinafter) , and the structure foil is provided with portions having different glossiness. The parts having different glossiness can be obtained by digitally printing a substance on the base material of the structure foil. The parts having different glossiness may be obtained by pressing the coating applied to the foil against the engraved roller and curing the coating. In another aspect, aluminum foil with various glosses may be used. Digital printing can be aligned with decorative patterns.

構造体ホイルは紙ホイル、プラスチックホイル、又はアルミニウムホイル等の金属ホイルであってもよい。 The structure foil may be a metal foil such as paper foil, plastic foil, or aluminum foil.

プレス装置は構造体ホイルを含んでいてもよく、構造体ホイルには、光沢度が異なる部分が設けられている。光沢度が異なる部分は、構造体ホイルの基材に物質をデジタル印刷することによって得ることができる。光沢度が異なる部分は、ホイルに付けたコーティングをエングレーブドローラーに押し付け、コーティングを硬化することによって得てもよい。別の態様では、様々な光沢度を持つアルミニウムホイルを使用してもよい。デジタル印刷を装飾パターンと位置合わせできる。 Press apparatus may comprise a structure foil, the structure foils are provided glossiness different parts. The parts having different glossiness can be obtained by digitally printing a substance on the base material of the structure foil. The parts having different glossiness may be obtained by pressing the coating applied to the foil against the engraved roller and curing the coating. In another aspect, aluminum foil with various glosses may be used. Digital printing can be aligned with decorative patterns.

構造体ホイルは紙ホイル、プラスチックホイル、又はアルミニウムホイル等の金属ホイルであってもよい。 The structure foil may be a metal foil such as paper foil, plastic foil, or aluminum foil.

プレス装置11は、様々な光沢度を持つ構造体ホイルを含んでいてもよい。構造体ホイルは、耐磨耗層1と直接接触するようになっている。構造体ホイルは、プレス中、耐磨耗層1と、プレスプレート、プレスベルト、又はプレスシリンダとの間に配置されてもよい。 The press device 11 may include a structure foil having various glossiness. The structure foil is in direct contact with the wear resistant layer 1. The structure foil may be placed between the abrasion resistant layer 1 and the press plate, press belt, or press cylinder during pressing.

更に、プレス中、耐磨耗層1の上面にエンボス部分が形成されてもよい。プレスプレート、プレスシリンダ、プレスベルト、又は構造体ホイル等のプレス装置11には、耐磨耗層1にエンボス構造又はマクロ構造を形成する突出部分が設けられていてもよい。別の態様では、光沢度が異なる部分を形成する工程とは別の工程でエンボス部分が形成されてもよい。エンボスは、好ましくは、装飾パターン又は印刷デザインと位置合わせされる。装飾パターン又は印刷デザインは、耐磨耗層1の表面に、好ましくは、光沢度が異なる部分を持つ表面の反対側に形成されてもよい。別の態様では、耐磨耗層1は、装飾パターン又は印刷デザインが設けられた基材2に配置されてもよい。装飾パターン又は印刷デザインには、耐磨耗層1が後に接着される。 Further, an embossed portion may be formed on the upper surface of the wear resistant layer 1 during pressing. The press device 11 such as a press plate, a press cylinder, a press belt, or a structure foil may be provided with a protruding portion that forms an embossed structure or a macro structure in the wear-resistant layer 1. In another aspect, the embossed portion may be formed in a step different from the step of forming the portions having different glossiness. The embossing is preferably aligned with the decorative pattern or print design. The decorative pattern or print design may be formed on the surface of the abrasion resistant layer 1, preferably on the opposite side of the surface having different glossiness portions. In another aspect, the abrasion resistant layer 1 may be placed on a substrate 2 provided with a decorative pattern or print design. The abrasion resistant layer 1 is later adhered to the decorative pattern or printed design.

一実施例では、プレス装置11は、様々な光沢度が設けられた構造体ホイルを含んでいてもよい。構造体ホイルは、耐磨耗層1と直接接触するようになっている。構造体ホイルは、プレス中、耐磨耗層1と、プレスプレート、プレスベルト、又はプレスシリンダとの間に配置されてもよい。 In one embodiment, the press device 11 may include structure foils provided with various glosses. The structure foil is in direct contact with the wear resistant layer 1. The structure foil may be placed between the abrasion resistant layer 1 and the press plate, press belt, or press cylinder during pressing.

更に、プレス中、耐磨耗層1の上面にエンボス部分が形成されてもよい。プレスプレート、プレスシリンダ、プレスベルト、又は構造体ホイル等のプレス装置11には、耐磨耗層1にエンボス又はマクロ構造を形成する突出部分が設けられていてもよい。別の態様では、エンボス部分は、光沢度が異なる部分を形成する工程とは別の工程で形成されてもよい。エンボスは、好ましくは、装飾パターン又は印刷デザイン7と位置合わせされる。エンボスは、好ましくは、耐磨耗層1の光沢度が異なる部分とコーディネートされる。耐磨耗層1のエンボス部分の深さは、好ましくは100μmを越える。 Further, an embossed portion may be formed on the upper surface of the wear resistant layer 1 during pressing. The press device 11 such as a press plate, a press cylinder, a press belt, or a structure foil may be provided with a protruding portion that forms an embossed or macro structure in the abrasion resistant layer 1. In another aspect, the embossed portion may be formed in a step different from the step of forming the portions having different glossiness. The embossing is preferably aligned with the decorative pattern or print design 7. The embossing is preferably coordinated with a portion of the abrasion resistant layer 1 having a different glossiness. The depth of the embossed portion of the wear-resistant layer 1 preferably exceeds 100 μm.

耐磨耗層を形成する0.05mm厚の熱可塑性脂肪族ポリウレタン(PU)ホイルをPVCでできた装飾層に付けた。装飾層を、PVCでできた熱可塑性コアに取り付けた。耐磨耗層、装飾層、及びコアを互いにプレスして建材パネルを形成した。これらの層は互いに接着した。耐磨耗層を紙製の構造体ホイルに押し付けた。構造体ホイルは、二つの異なる光沢度を備えている。二つの異なる光沢度を持つ構造体ホイルを耐磨耗層に押し付けることによって、熱可塑性耐磨耗層は二つの異なる光沢度を得る。耐磨耗層の上面の一つの部分を光沢計で計測すると光沢度が39.2GUであり、別の部分の光沢度が12.7GUであった。
[例2]
A 0.05 mm thick thermoplastic aliphatic polyurethane (PU) foil forming an abrasion resistant layer was attached to a decorative layer made of PVC. The decorative layer was attached to a thermoplastic core made of PVC. The wear-resistant layer, the decorative layer, and the core were pressed against each other to form a building material panel. These layers adhered to each other. The abrasion resistant layer was pressed against the paper structure foil. The structure foil has two different glosses. By pressing a structure foil with two different glosses against the wear-resistant layer, the thermoplastic wear-resistant layer obtains two different glosses. When one portion of the upper surface of the wear-resistant layer was measured with a gloss meter, the glossiness was 39.2 GU, and the glossiness of another portion was 12.7 GU.
[Example 2]

アルミニウム酸化物粒子の形態の耐磨耗性粒子を間に挟んだPVCホイル及び熱可塑性脂肪族ポリウレタン(PU)ホイルでできた多層ホイルの形態の耐磨耗層を、PVCホイルが装飾層に面するようにPVCでできた装飾層に付けた。装飾層は、PVCでできた熱可塑性コアに取り付けられる。耐磨耗層、装飾層、及びコアを互いにプレスして建材パネルを形成した。これらの層は互いに接着した。耐磨耗層を紙製の構造体ホイルに押し付けた。構造体ホイルは、二つの異なる光沢度を備えている。二つの異なる光沢度を持つ構造ホイルを耐磨耗層に押し付けることによって、熱可塑性耐磨耗層は二つの異なる光沢度を得る。耐磨耗層の上面の一つの部分を光沢計で計測すると光沢度が25.2GUであり、別の部分の光沢度が12.6GUであった。
[例4]
Abrasion resistant layers in the form of aluminum oxide particles Abrasion resistant layers in the form of PVC foil and thermoplastic aliphatic polyurethane (PU) foil with particles sandwiched between them, and PVC foil faces the decorative layer. It was attached to a decorative layer made of PVC. The decorative layer is attached to a thermoplastic core made of PVC. The wear-resistant layer, the decorative layer, and the core were pressed against each other to form a building material panel. These layers adhered to each other. The abrasion resistant layer was pressed against the paper structure foil. The structure foil has two different glosses. By pressing a structural foil with two different glosses against the wear-resistant layer, the thermoplastic wear-resistant layer obtains two different glosses. When one portion of the upper surface of the wear-resistant layer was measured with a gloss meter, the glossiness was 25.2 GU, and the glossiness of another portion was 12.6 GU.
[Example 4]

Claims (33)

様々な光沢度を持つ耐磨耗層(1)を製造する方法において、
熱可塑性材料を含み、かつ実質的に透明で、更に、前記熱可塑性材料中に混入された耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子を含む、耐磨耗層(1)を提供する工程と、プレス後に前記耐磨耗層が光沢度の異なる部分(5、6)を得るように、光沢度が異なる部分を持つプレス装置(11)に対して前記耐磨耗層(1)を押し付ける工程とを含む、方法。
In the method for producing an abrasion resistant layer (1) having various glossiness,
A step of providing an abrasion-resistant layer (1) containing a thermoplastic material, which is substantially transparent, and further contains abrasion-resistant particles and / or scratch-resistant particles mixed in the thermoplastic material. Then, the wear-resistant layer (1) is pressed against the press device (11) having the parts having different glossiness so that the wear-resistant layer obtains the portions (5, 6) having different glossiness after pressing. Methods, including steps.
前記耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子は、前記耐磨耗層(1)に実質的に封入されている、請求項1に記載の方法。 The method according to claim 1, wherein the wear-resistant particles and / or scratch-resistant particles are substantially encapsulated in the wear-resistant layer (1). 前記耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子の平均粒径は、200μmよりも小さい、請求項1又は2に記載の方法。 The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the average particle size of the abrasion-resistant particles and / or the scratch-resistant particles is smaller than 200 μm. 前記熱可塑性材料は、熱可塑性ポリウレタン(PU)を含む、請求項1乃至3のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the thermoplastic material contains a thermoplastic polyurethane (PU). 前記熱可塑性材料は、ポリ塩化ビニル(PVC)、ポリエチレンテレフタレート(PET)、ポリビニルブチラール(PVB)、ポリブチレンテレフタレート(PBT)、架橋ポリエチレン(PEX)、ポリエチレン(PE)、ポリエステル、ポリスチレン(PS)、ポリプロピレン(PP)、ポリカーボネート(PC)、ポリビニルアセテート(PVAc)、エチレンビニルアセテート(EVA)、ポリアクリレート、メタクリレート、及び/又はこれらの組み合わせを含む、請求項1乃至3のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The thermoplastic materials include polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl butyral (PVB), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), crosslinked polyethylene (PEX), polyethylene (PE), polyester, polystyrene (PS), and the like. In any one of claims 1 to 3, which comprises polypropylene (PP), polycarbonate (PC), polyvinyl acetate (PVAc), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), polyacrylate, methacrylate, and / or a combination thereof. The method described. 前記プレス装置(11)は金属面を含み、前記光沢度が異なる部分は前記金属面に形成されている、請求項1乃至5のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the pressing device (11) includes a metal surface, and the portions having different glossiness are formed on the metal surface. 前記プレス装置(11)は、プレスシリンダ、プレスベルト、又はプレスプレートのいずれかを含み、前記プレス装置が含む前記プレスシリンダ、プレスベルト、又はプレスプレートのいずれかのうちの前記耐磨耗層と直接、接する部分は、前記光沢度が異なる部分を有する、請求項1乃至6のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The press device (11) includes any of a press cylinder, a press belt, or a press plate , and the wear-resistant layer of any of the press cylinder, the press belt, or the press plate included in the press device. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 6 , wherein the portion in direct contact has a portion having a different glossiness. 前記プレス装置(11)は構造体ホイルを含み、前記構造体ホイルは、前記光沢度が異なる部分を有する、請求項1乃至5のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The press device (11) comprises a structure foil, the structure foil, having a glossiness different parts, the method according to any one of claims 1 to 5. 前記異なる前記光沢度は、最大深さが30μmの部分(5、6)を含む前記耐磨耗層(1)の微小構造によって形成される、請求項1乃至8のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 Wherein said different gloss degree, the maximum depth is formed by a microstructure of the wear-resistant layer (1) comprising a portion (5, 6) of 30 [mu] m, to any one of claims 1 to 8 The method described. エンボス部分を前記耐磨耗層(1)に形成する工程を更に含む、請求項1乃至9のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 1 to 9, further comprising a step of forming an embossed portion on the wear-resistant layer (1). プレス前に前記耐磨耗層(1)を基材(2)に設ける工程を更に含む、請求項1乃至10のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 1 to 10, further comprising a step of providing the wear-resistant layer (1) on the base material (2) before pressing. 前記基材(2)は熱可塑性材料を含む、請求項11に記載の方法。 The method of claim 11, wherein the substrate (2) comprises a thermoplastic material. 建材パネル(10、10’、10’’)を製造する方法において、
基材(2)を提供する工程と、
熱可塑性材料を含み、かつ実質的に透明で、更に、前記熱可塑性材料中に混入された耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子を含む、耐磨耗層(1)を前記基材(2)に設ける工程と、 前記基材(2)及び前記耐磨耗層(1)を互いにプレスし、これによって前記建材パネル(10、10’、10’’)を形成する工程とを含み、
プレス後に前記耐磨耗層(1)が光沢度が異なる部分(5、6)を得るように、光沢度が異なる部分を持つプレス装置(11)に前記耐磨耗層(1)を押し付ける、方法。
In the method of manufacturing building material panels (10, 10', 10'')
The process of providing the base material (2) and
The base material is an abrasion-resistant layer (1) containing a thermoplastic material, which is substantially transparent, and further contains abrasion-resistant particles and / or scratch-resistant particles mixed in the thermoplastic material. Includes a step of providing the base material (2) and a step of pressing the base material (2) and the abrasion-resistant layer (1) against each other to form the building material panel (10, 10', 10''). ,
The abrasion-resistant layer (1) is pressed against the pressing device (11) having the portions having different glossiness so that the abrasion-resistant layer (1) obtains the portions (5, 6) having different glossiness after pressing. Method.
前記耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子は、前記耐磨耗層(1)に実質的に封入されている、請求項13に記載の方法。 13. The method of claim 13, wherein the wear-resistant particles and / or scratch-resistant particles are substantially encapsulated in the wear-resistant layer (1). 前記耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子の平均粒径は、200μmよりも小さい、請求項13又は14に記載の方法。 The method according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the average particle size of the abrasion-resistant particles and / or scratch-resistant particles is smaller than 200 μm. 前記光沢度が異なる部分(5、6)は、装飾パターン又は印刷デザイン(7)と位置合わせされている、請求項13乃至15のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 13 to 15, wherein the portions (5, 6) having different glossiness are aligned with the decorative pattern or the print design (7). 前記熱可塑性材料は、熱可塑性ポリウレタン(PU)を含む、請求項13乃至16のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 13 to 16, wherein the thermoplastic material comprises a thermoplastic polyurethane (PU). 前記熱可塑性材料は、ポリ塩化ビニル(PVC)、ポリエチレンテレフタレート(PET)、ポリビニルブチラール(PVB)、ポリブチレンテレフタレート(PBT)、架橋ポリエチレン(PEX)、ポリエチレン(PE)、ポリエステル、ポリスチレン(PS)、ポリプロピレン(PP)、ポリカーボネート(PC)、ポリビニルアセテート(PVAc)、エチレンビニルアセテート(EVA)、ポリアクリレート、メタクリレート、及び/又はこれらの組み合わせを含む、請求項13乃至16のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The thermoplastic materials include polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl butyral (PVB), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), crosslinked polyethylene (PEX), polyethylene (PE), polyester, polystyrene (PS), and the like. 13. One of claims 13 to 16, comprising polypropylene (PP), polycarbonate (PC), polyvinyl acetate (PVAc), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), polyacrylate, methacrylate, and / or a combination thereof. The method described. 前記プレス装置(11)は金属面を含み、前記光沢度が異なる部分は前記金属面に形成されている、請求項13乃至18のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 13 to 18, wherein the pressing device (11) includes a metal surface, and the portions having different glossiness are formed on the metal surface. 前記プレス装置(11)は、プレスシリンダ、プレスベルト、又はプレスプレートのいずれかを含み、前記プレス装置が含む前記プレスシリンダ、プレスベルト、又はプレスプレートのいずれかのうちの前記耐磨耗層と直接、接する部分は、前記光沢度が異なる部分を有する、請求項13乃至19のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The press device (11) includes any of a press cylinder, a press belt, or a press plate , and the wear-resistant layer of any of the press cylinder, the press belt, or the press plate included in the press device. The method according to any one of claims 13 to 19 , wherein the portion in direct contact has a portion having a different glossiness. 前記プレス装置(11)は構造体ホイルを含み、前記構造体ホイルは、前記光沢度が異なる部分を有する、請求項13乃至18のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The press device (11) comprises a structure foil, the structure foil, having a glossiness different parts, the method according to any one of claims 13 to 18. 前記異なる前記光沢度は、最大深さが30μmの部分(5、6)を含む前記耐磨耗層(1)の微小構造によって形成される、請求項13乃至21のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 Wherein said different gloss degree, the maximum depth is formed by a microstructure of the wear-resistant layer (1) comprising a portion (5, 6) of 30 [mu] m, to any one of claims 13 to 21 The method described. エンボス部分を前記耐磨耗層(1)に形成する工程を更に含む、請求項13乃至22のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 13 to 22, further comprising a step of forming an embossed portion on the wear-resistant layer (1). 前記基材(2)は熱可塑性材料を含む、請求項13乃至23のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 13 to 23, wherein the base material (2) contains a thermoplastic material. 前記基材(2)は、装飾パターン又は印刷デザイン(7)を持つ装飾層(3)を含む、請求項13乃至24のうちのいずれか一項に記載の方法。 The method according to any one of claims 13 to 24, wherein the base material (2) includes a decorative layer (3) having a decorative pattern or a printed design (7). 建材パネル(10、10’、10’’)において、
基材(2)と、
前記基材(2)に設けられた、熱可塑性材料と、前記熱可塑性材料中に混入された耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子とを含み、かつ実質的に透明な耐磨耗層(1)とを備え、
前記耐磨耗層(1)には、光沢度が異なる部分(5、6)が設けられている、建材パネル。
In building material panels (10, 10', 10'')
Base material (2) and
A wear-resistant material containing a thermoplastic material provided on the base material (2) and abrasion-resistant particles and / or scratch-resistant particles mixed in the thermoplastic material, and which is substantially transparent. With layer (1)
A building material panel provided with portions (5, 6) having different glossiness in the wear-resistant layer (1).
前記光沢度が異なる部分(5、6)は、前記基材(2)又は前記耐磨耗層(1)の装飾パターン又は印刷デザイン(7)と位置合わせされている、請求項26に記載の建材パネル。 26. The portion (5, 6) having different glossiness is aligned with the decorative pattern or print design (7) of the base material (2) or the wear-resistant layer (1). Building material panel. 前記耐磨耗層(1)には、前記基材(2)又は前記耐磨耗層(1)の装飾パターン又は印刷デザイン(7)と位置合わせされたエンボスが設けられている、請求項26又は27に記載の建材パネル。 26. The wear-resistant layer (1) is provided with embossing aligned with the base material (2) or the decorative pattern or print design (7) of the wear-resistant layer (1). Or the building material panel according to 27. 前記耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子は、前記耐磨耗層(1)に実質的に封入されている、請求項26に記載の建材パネル。 The building material panel according to claim 26, wherein the wear-resistant particles and / or scratch-resistant particles are substantially enclosed in the wear-resistant layer (1). 前記耐磨耗性粒子及び/又は耐擦傷性粒子の平均粒径は、200μmよりも小さい、請求項26又は29に記載の建材パネル。 The building material panel according to claim 26 or 29, wherein the average particle size of the abrasion-resistant particles and / or the scratch-resistant particles is smaller than 200 μm. 前記熱可塑性材料は、ポリウレタン(PU)、ポリ塩化ビニル(PVC)、ポリエチレンテレフタレート(PET)、ポリビニルブチラール(PVB)、ポリブチレンテレフタレート(PBT)、架橋ポリエチレン(PEX)、ポリエチレン(PE)、ポリエステル、ポリスチレン(PS)、ポリプロピレン(PP)、ポリカーボネート(PC)、ポリビニルアセテート(PVAc)、エチレンビニルアセテート(EVA)、ポリアクリレート、メタクリレート、及び/又はこれらの組み合わせを含む、請求項26乃至30のうちのいずれか一項に記載の建材パネル。 The thermoplastic materials include polyurethane (PU), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl butyral (PVB), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), crosslinked polyethylene (PEX), polyethylene (PE), polyester, and the like. Of claims 26-30, comprising polystyrene (PS), polypropylene (PP), polycarbonate (PC), polyvinyl acetate (PVAc), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), polyacrylate, methacrylate, and / or a combination thereof. The building material panel described in any one item. 前記基材(2)は、熱可塑性材料を含む、請求項26乃至31のうちのいずれか一項に記載の建材パネル。 The building material panel according to any one of claims 26 to 31, wherein the base material (2) contains a thermoplastic material. 前記基材(2)は、装飾パターン又は印刷デザイン(7)を持つ装飾層(3)を含む、請求項26乃至32のうちのいずれか一項に記載の建材パネル。 The building material panel according to any one of claims 26 to 32, wherein the base material (2) includes a decorative layer (3) having a decorative pattern or a printed design (7).
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