JP2018112019A - Bearing wall manufacturing method and bearing wall - Google Patents

Bearing wall manufacturing method and bearing wall Download PDF

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JP2018112019A
JP2018112019A JP2017004121A JP2017004121A JP2018112019A JP 2018112019 A JP2018112019 A JP 2018112019A JP 2017004121 A JP2017004121 A JP 2017004121A JP 2017004121 A JP2017004121 A JP 2017004121A JP 2018112019 A JP2018112019 A JP 2018112019A
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bearing
ceiling
floor
dismantling
location
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JP2017004121A
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Japanese (ja)
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照井 清貴
Seiki Terui
清貴 照井
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株式会社ポラス暮し科学研究所
Polus R&D Center Of Life-Styles Inc
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PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a bearing wall that reduces a range of wall to be dismantled.SOLUTION: There is provided a method of manufacturing a bearing wall 100 for a building 50, the building 50 having a ceiling 58 and a wall 57, and being configured such that a beam 52 appears by dismantling the ceiling 58 and foundations 51 appear by dismantling the floor 57. The method includes dismantling a wall between the ceiling 58 and the floor 57, installing a reinforcement tool 1 in a location other than those of frameworks for two pillars 53, 54 appeared in the dismantled location, and disposing a wall 60 on the dismantled location.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 5

Description

本発明は耐力壁の製造方法および耐力壁に関する。   The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a load bearing wall and a load bearing wall.

建物に作用する地震や風圧等の水平力に対して建物が倒れないよう抵抗する構造として耐力壁が知られている。この耐力壁の1つに筋交いを用いた筋交い耐力壁が知られている。
図5〜図7は、一般的な耐力壁の設置方法を説明する図である。
Bearing walls are known as structures that resist horizontal forces such as earthquakes and wind pressure acting on buildings so that they do not fall. A bracing bearing wall using bracing as one of the bearing walls is known.
5-7 is a figure explaining the installation method of a general load-bearing wall.

耐力壁が作成されていない箇所に新たに耐力壁を作成する場合、図5に示すように、まず天井90を解体し、次に床92を解体し、次に壁91を解体する。その後、図6に示すように、筋交い93を土台(横架材)94と梁(横架材)95と柱96に留め付ける。トラス形状をつくることで水平力に抵抗することができる。その後、図7に示すように仕上げを行い、天井97、壁98、床99を取り付ける。これにより、筋交い93は、天井97、壁98、床99に覆われる。   When newly creating a bearing wall at a location where a bearing wall has not been created, the ceiling 90 is first disassembled, then the floor 92 is disassembled, and then the wall 91 is disassembled, as shown in FIG. Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 6, the bracing 93 is fastened to a base (horizontal member) 94, a beam (horizontal member) 95, and a column 96. By creating a truss shape, it can resist horizontal force. Thereafter, finishing is performed as shown in FIG. 7, and the ceiling 97, the wall 98, and the floor 99 are attached. Thereby, the bracing 93 is covered with the ceiling 97, the wall 98, and the floor 99.

特開2014−214500号公報JP 2014-214500 A

前述したように、耐力壁を作成する際に天井や床を解体する工程が伴うため、作業が大がかりとなる問題があった。
1つの側面では、本発明は、解体する壁の範囲を少なくすることを目的とする。
As described above, there is a problem that the work becomes large because a process of dismantling the ceiling and the floor is involved in creating the bearing wall.
In one aspect, the present invention aims to reduce the range of walls to be demolished.

上記目的を達成するために、開示の耐力壁の製造方法が提供される。この製造方法は、天井と床のうち少なくとも1つを有し、天井を解体することで梁が現れ、床を解体することで土台が現れる建物への耐力壁の製造方法であって、天井と床との間にある壁を解体し、解体した箇所に現れた二本の柱それぞれの軸組以外の箇所にせん断負担部材を設置し、解体した箇所に壁を配置する。   To achieve the above object, a disclosed method for manufacturing a load-bearing wall is provided. This manufacturing method is a method for manufacturing a load-bearing wall for a building that has at least one of a ceiling and a floor, a beam appears when the ceiling is demolished, and a foundation appears when the floor is demolished. The wall between the floor is dismantled, the shear load member is installed at a location other than the shaft assembly of each of the two pillars appearing at the dismantled location, and the wall is placed at the disassembled location.

1態様では、解体する壁の範囲を少なくすることができる。   In one embodiment, the range of walls to be dismantled can be reduced.

耐力壁作成前の壁面を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the wall surface before bearing wall creation. 実施の形態の耐力壁を作成する工程を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the process of creating the bearing wall of an embodiment. 実施の形態の耐力壁を作成する工程を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the process of creating the bearing wall of an embodiment. 実施の形態の耐力壁を作成する工程を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the process of creating the bearing wall of an embodiment. 一般的な耐力壁の設置方法を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the installation method of a general bearing wall. 一般的な耐力壁の設置方法を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the installation method of a general bearing wall. 一般的な耐力壁の設置方法を説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the installation method of a general bearing wall.

以下、実施の形態の耐力壁を、図面を参照して詳細に説明する。
<実施の形態>
図1は、耐力壁作成前の壁面を説明する図である。
Hereinafter, the bearing wall of the embodiment will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
<Embodiment>
FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a wall surface before creating a bearing wall.

耐力壁作成前の建物50は、建築物の一部である。建物50は、土台51と、梁52と、柱53、54と、間柱55と、内壁56とを備えている。土台51の上部には床57が形成されている。梁52の下部には天井58が形成されている。間柱55は省略することもできる。   The building 50 before the bearing wall is created is a part of the building. The building 50 includes a base 51, a beam 52, columns 53 and 54, an intermediate column 55, and an inner wall 56. A floor 57 is formed on the top of the base 51. A ceiling 58 is formed below the beam 52. The spacer 55 can be omitted.

柱53、54と間柱55は内壁56により覆われている。内壁56と外壁(図示せず)との間には空隙が存在し、その空隙に後述する補強具を配置して耐力壁を形成する。
図2〜図4は、実施の形態の耐力壁を作成する工程を説明する図である。
The pillars 53 and 54 and the intermediate pillar 55 are covered with an inner wall 56. There is a gap between the inner wall 56 and the outer wall (not shown), and a reinforcing member described later is disposed in the gap to form a bearing wall.
2-4 is a figure explaining the process of creating the bearing wall of embodiment.

図2に示すように、耐力壁を作成する際には、内壁56の一部を解体する。具体的には、図5に示した例とは異なり床57と天井58との間にある(室内に該当する部位の)内壁56を解体し、床57および天井58は解体しない。このため土台51と柱53、54の取り付け部分(床内部)の内壁(第2の壁)、および梁52と柱53、54の取り付け部分(天井内部)の内壁(第2の壁)は隠れたままである。
次に、図3に示すように、補強具(せん断負担部材)1を柱53、54の軸組以外の箇所に取り付ける。
As shown in FIG. 2, when creating the bearing wall, a part of the inner wall 56 is disassembled. Specifically, unlike the example shown in FIG. 5, the inner wall 56 (at a portion corresponding to the room) between the floor 57 and the ceiling 58 is disassembled, and the floor 57 and the ceiling 58 are not disassembled. For this reason, the inner wall (second wall) of the mounting portion (inside the floor) of the base 51 and the columns 53 and 54 and the inner wall (second wall) of the mounting portion (inside the ceiling) of the beam 52 and the columns 53 and 54 are hidden. It remains.
Next, as shown in FIG. 3, the reinforcing tool (shear bearing member) 1 is attached to a portion other than the shaft assembly of the columns 53 and 54.

補強具1は、棒状体(長尺体)2と棒状体2の両端部に取り付けられたブラケット3、3とを有している。なお、棒状体2の代わりに柱状の部材を用いてもよい。
補強具1の構成材料は、例えばステンレス綱等の金属や、樹脂等が挙げられる。
The reinforcing tool 1 includes a rod-shaped body (long body) 2 and brackets 3 and 3 attached to both ends of the rod-shaped body 2. A columnar member may be used instead of the rod-shaped body 2.
Examples of the constituent material of the reinforcing tool 1 include metals such as stainless steel, resins, and the like.

ブラケット2は、略コ形をなしており、柱53、54との取り付け面に取り付け具を介して固定されている。取り付け具は例えばネジや釘である。各ブラケット2は、所定の厚みの鋼板をプレス成形により略コ字形に形成したものである。   The bracket 2 has a substantially U shape, and is fixed to an attachment surface with the pillars 53 and 54 via an attachment. The attachment tool is, for example, a screw or a nail. Each bracket 2 is formed by pressing a steel plate having a predetermined thickness into a substantially U shape by press forming.

なお、補強具1を柱53、54に取り付ける際には、棒状体2と水平面との角度αは60度以上となるようにするのが好ましい。また、土台51の上面51aからブラケット3の下部3aまでの距離は10cmとするのが好ましい。梁52の下面52aからブラケット3の上部3bまでの距離は40cmとするのが好ましい。   In addition, when attaching the reinforcement tool 1 to the pillars 53 and 54, it is preferable to make the angle (alpha) of the rod-shaped body 2 and a horizontal surface be 60 degree | times or more. The distance from the upper surface 51a of the base 51 to the lower portion 3a of the bracket 3 is preferably 10 cm. The distance from the lower surface 52a of the beam 52 to the upper portion 3b of the bracket 3 is preferably 40 cm.

その後、図4に示すように、解体した内壁56に対応する箇所に内壁(第1の壁)60を取り付ける。これにより、補強具1が内壁60により隠され耐力壁100が形成される。また、内壁60と、天井58より上部の内壁56との間には繋ぎ目が形成される。内壁60と、床57より下部の内壁56との間には繋ぎ目が形成される。   Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 4, an inner wall (first wall) 60 is attached to a location corresponding to the disassembled inner wall 56. As a result, the reinforcing member 1 is hidden by the inner wall 60 and the bearing wall 100 is formed. Further, a joint is formed between the inner wall 60 and the inner wall 56 above the ceiling 58. A joint is formed between the inner wall 60 and the inner wall 56 below the floor 57.

以上述べたように、耐力壁100の製造方法によれば、床57や天井58を解体せずに内壁56の一部を解体するだけで耐力壁100を形成する。これにより、解体範囲を減少させ、簡単に耐力壁100を形成することができる。   As described above, according to the method for manufacturing the load-bearing wall 100, the load-bearing wall 100 is formed only by disassembling a part of the inner wall 56 without disassembling the floor 57 and the ceiling 58. Thereby, the dismantling range can be reduced and the bearing wall 100 can be formed easily.

また、このような形状の補強具1を取り付けることにより、補強具1を取り付けない場合に比べて水平力に対抗することができる耐力が増すことは言うまでも無い。   Further, it goes without saying that by attaching the reinforcing tool 1 having such a shape, the proof stress capable of resisting the horizontal force is increased as compared with the case where the reinforcing tool 1 is not attached.

さらに、図4に示すような形状の補強具1を配置することにより、筋交いの耐力壁と(トラス形状をつくらなくても)同程度の耐力を確保することができる。また、柱の折損を抑制することができる。
なお、本実施の形態では片掛の補強具1を配置した例を示したが、これに限らず、補強具1をたすき掛けにしてもよい。
Furthermore, by arranging the reinforcing tool 1 having a shape as shown in FIG. 4, it is possible to ensure the same level of proof strength as a bracing bearing wall (even if a truss shape is not formed). Moreover, breakage of the column can be suppressed.
In addition, although the example which has arrange | positioned the one-piece reinforcement tool 1 was shown in this Embodiment, you may use the reinforcement tool 1 not only as this but.

以上、本発明の耐力壁の製造方法および耐力壁を、図示の実施の形態に基づいて説明したが、本発明はこれに限定されるものではなく、各部の構成は、同様の機能を有する任意の構成のものに置換することができる。また、本発明に、他の任意の構成物や工程が付加されていてもよい。   As mentioned above, although the manufacturing method of the bearing wall and the bearing wall of this invention were demonstrated based on embodiment of illustration, this invention is not limited to this, The structure of each part is arbitrary having the same function It can be replaced with the configuration of Moreover, other arbitrary structures and processes may be added to the present invention.

1 補強具
2 棒状体
3 ブラケット
50 建物
51 土台
52 梁
53、54 柱
55 間柱
56、60 内壁
57 床
58 天井
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Reinforcing tool 2 Bar-shaped body 3 Bracket 50 Building 51 Base 52 Beam 53, 54 Column 55 Intermediary column 56, 60 Inner wall 57 Floor 58 Ceiling

Claims (3)

天井と床のうち少なくとも1つを有し、天井を解体することで梁が現れ、床を解体することで土台が現れる建物への耐力壁の製造方法であって、
天井と床との間にある壁を解体し、
解体した箇所に現れた二本の柱それぞれの軸組以外の箇所にせん断負担部材を設置し、
解体した箇所に壁を配置する、
ことを特徴とする耐力壁の製造方法。
A method of manufacturing a load-bearing wall for a building that has at least one of a ceiling and a floor, a beam appears by dismantling the ceiling, and a foundation appears by dismantling the floor,
Dismantle the wall between the ceiling and the floor,
Install shear bearing members at locations other than the shafts of the two pillars that appeared at the dismantled location,
Place the wall at the dismantled location,
A method of manufacturing a load bearing wall.
前記せん断負担部材は柱状または棒状の長尺体と、前記長尺体に接続され柱に取り付けられるブラケットとを有し、
前記長尺体が水平面となす角度が60度以上となるように二本の柱に取り付ける請求項1に記載の耐力壁の製造方法。
The shear bearing member has a columnar or rod-shaped long body, and a bracket connected to the long body and attached to the column,
The manufacturing method of a load-bearing wall according to claim 1, wherein the long body is attached to two pillars so that an angle formed with a horizontal plane is 60 degrees or more.
天井と床のうち少なくとも1つを有し、天井を解体することで梁が現れ、床を解体することで土台が現れる建物に取り付けられる耐力壁であって、
天井と床に挟まれた室内に設けられた第1の壁と、
前記第1の壁と繋ぎ目を介して配置された、天井上部および床下部に配置された第2の壁と、
前記第1の壁を解体することで現れる二本の柱それぞれの軸組以外の箇所に設置されたせん断負担部材と、
を有することを特徴とする耐力壁。
A bearing wall attached to a building having at least one of a ceiling and a floor, a beam appearing by dismantling the ceiling, and a foundation appearing by dismantling the floor,
A first wall provided in the room sandwiched between the ceiling and the floor;
A second wall disposed above the ceiling and at the bottom of the floor, arranged via a joint with the first wall;
A shear bearing member installed at a location other than the shaft set of each of the two pillars that appear by dismantling the first wall;
A bearing wall characterized by comprising:
JP2017004121A 2017-01-13 2017-01-13 Bearing wall manufacturing method and bearing wall Granted JP2018112019A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109610703A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-04-12 包头市兼强轻型板业有限责任公司 A kind of assembled wallboard

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