JP2017190577A - Wooden system building method - Google Patents

Wooden system building method Download PDF

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JP2017190577A
JP2017190577A JP2016079256A JP2016079256A JP2017190577A JP 2017190577 A JP2017190577 A JP 2017190577A JP 2016079256 A JP2016079256 A JP 2016079256A JP 2016079256 A JP2016079256 A JP 2016079256A JP 2017190577 A JP2017190577 A JP 2017190577A
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panel
building
wooden
wire
construction
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出 橋詰
Izuru Hashizume
出 橋詰
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株式会社アクト
Act Co Ltd
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PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To realize easy obtaining of a wooden building having a high strength and high endurance at a stable quality and to realize shortening of construction period and cost down.SOLUTION: There is provided a wooden system building method which forms a building comprising: a plurality of linear materials for a building to be built by a wooden dwelling frame construction method or an itakura-method; wall panels which comprise a surface material whose end surface is connected to a side surface of the linear material and provide walls of the building; floor panels which comprise surface material connected to the linear material and the side surface of the linear material and provides a floor of the building; frame material fitted on upper opening surrounded by the wall panels; roof panels which comprise surface material fixed onto the frame material to seal the upper opening and provide a roof of the building. The wall panel and the floor panels comprise joint metal jointing their linear material one another. Each panel is a standard one and previously prepared. The joint metal mutually joints all linear material of the wall panels and the floor panels to form linear material conjugate comprising surface material in its inside, and then the roof panels are fitted to form the building.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 1

Description

この発明は木造建築に関し、より詳しくは、工場生産される規格化された構成部材を用いて、安定品質、工期短縮、低コスト化などの利点を享受できるような新規の木造システム建築構法に関する。   The present invention relates to a wooden building, and more particularly, to a new wooden system building construction method that can enjoy advantages such as stable quality, shortening a construction period, and cost reduction by using standardized components produced in a factory.
木造建築の構法のひとつに軸組構法がある。これは、柱や梁などの線材からなる軸組で外力に抵抗するように構成する構法であり、線材の曲げ強度のほか、斜材による変形抑制、面材によるせん断抵抗を必要に応じて発揮させて強度を得る。   One of the wooden construction methods is the frame construction method. This is a construction method that resists external force with a shaft consisting of wires such as columns and beams. In addition to the bending strength of the wire, it exhibits deformation control by diagonal materials and shear resistance by face materials as needed. To gain strength.
下記特許文献1の耐力壁構成パネルは、軸組構法において強度を得るためのパネルである。この耐力壁構成パネルは、線材で囲まれる開口部の内側面に当接する当接端面を有する面材と、この面材における当接端面部分を表裏両面から挟んで線材に対して固定される挟持材を有する構成である。   The load-bearing wall constituting panel of Patent Document 1 below is a panel for obtaining strength in the frame construction method. The load-bearing wall constituting panel includes a face member having an abutting end surface that abuts on an inner surface of an opening surrounded by the wire, and a clamping member that is fixed to the wire by sandwiching the abutting end surface portion of the face member from both the front and back surfaces. It is the structure which has material.
このほかに、下記特許文献2のように板倉構法を利用した壁板材がある。この壁板材は線材の側面に形成された溝に落とし込み板からなる面材を嵌め込んで構成されている。このような壁板材を用いた木造建築でも高い強度を得られる。   In addition to this, there is a wall board material using the Itakura construction method as in Patent Document 2 below. This wall plate material is configured by fitting a face material made of a drop plate into a groove formed on the side surface of the wire. High strength can be obtained even in a wooden structure using such a wall board material.
このように壁の強度を高めて高強度、高耐久の木造建築を得られるようにしてきたが、このような木造建築を手軽に得られるようにしたものはこれまでになかった。   In this way, the strength of the walls has been increased to obtain a high-strength, high-endurance wooden structure, but there has never been a structure that makes it easy to obtain such a wooden structure.
特許第5404007号公報Japanese Patent No. 5404007 特許第5061253号公報Japanese Patent No. 5061253
この発明は、高強度、高耐久の木造建築を安定した品質で得られるようにすることが手軽に行え、工期短縮のほか低コスト化なども実現できるようにすることを主な目的とする。   The main object of the present invention is to make it possible to easily obtain a high-strength, high-endurance wooden building with stable quality, and to realize cost reduction as well as shortening the construction period.
そのための手段は木造システム建築構法である。すなわち、木造システム建築構法は、木造軸組構法または板倉構法のうち少なくとも一方で建築される建築物を構成する複数の線材と、これら線材の側面に端面が結合される面材を有し、前記建築物の壁を構成する壁パネルと、前記線材とこれら線材の側面に結合される面材を有し、前記建築物の床を構成する床パネルと、前記壁パネルで囲まれる上部開口に嵌合する枠材と、該枠材に固定されて前記上部開口を塞ぐ面材を有し、前記建築物の屋根を構成する屋根パネルを備え、前記壁パネル及び/又は前記床パネルの前記線材には、これら線材同士を接合して、建築する一の前記建築物に必要な前記壁パネル及び前記床パネルのすべての前記線材を一つに接合する複数の接合金物が固定されており、前記壁パネルと前記床パネルと前記屋根パネルが規格化されたものであるとともに予め準備され、前記接合金物によって前記壁パネルと前記床パネルのすべての前記線材が互いに接合されて内側に前記面材を有する線材結合体が形成されるとともに、該線材結合体の上部に前記屋根パネルが嵌合されて一の前記建築物が形成される構法である。前記「予め準備され」とは、組み立て時点で存在すればよいという意味である。   The means for that is the wooden system construction method. That is, the wooden system building construction method has a plurality of wires constituting a building constructed at least one of the wooden frame construction method or the Itakura construction method, and a face material in which end faces are coupled to the side surfaces of these wires, A wall panel constituting a wall of a building, a wire panel and a floor panel coupled to a side surface of the wire rod, the floor panel constituting the floor of the building, and an upper opening surrounded by the wall panel A frame member to be joined, a face member fixed to the frame member to close the upper opening, and a roof panel constituting a roof of the building, comprising: a wall panel and / or a floor panel. A plurality of joint hardware for joining all the wire members of the wall panel and the floor panel, which are necessary for one building to be constructed, are joined to each other by joining these wire members, and the wall Panel, floor panel and roof The panel is standardized and prepared in advance, and all the wire rods of the wall panel and the floor panel are bonded to each other by the bonding hardware to form a wire rod assembly having the face material inside. In the construction method, the roof panel is fitted to the upper part of the wire combination body to form the one building. The “prepared in advance” means that it only needs to exist at the time of assembly.
この構成では、規格化されており予め形成され準備された壁パネルと床パネルと屋根パネルを組み合わせると、建築物を構成するすべての面が形成されて一の建築物を建築できる。壁パネルと床パネルは必要な線材を組み込んでパネル化されており、一体に備えられた接合金物を用いてすべての線材を接合すると、内側に面材を有する線材結合体が得られる。線材結合体は面材の端面が線材の側面に結合する構成であるので強度が高く、そのうえ線材と面材が互いに支えあう。線材結合体の上部、つまり組み合わされた壁パネルの上部開口に屋根パネルの枠材を嵌合して一体化すると線材結合体の上部も形状が保持される。壁パネルと床パネルと屋根パネルは規格化、つまり品質、形状、寸法などが規格に合わせて統一されているので組み方を変えたりすることもできる。工場で生産された各パネルを建築現場に搬入してから組み立てても、工場で建築物を組み立ててから建築現場に搬入しても、建築物を構成するユニットを工場で組み立ててからこれを建築現場に搬入して組み立ててもよい。   In this configuration, when standardized and pre-formed and prepared wall panels, floor panels, and roof panels are combined, all the surfaces constituting the building are formed and one building can be built. The wall panel and the floor panel are formed into a panel by incorporating necessary wires, and when all wires are joined using a joint metal fitting provided integrally, a wire joined body having a face material on the inside is obtained. The wire rod assembly has a structure in which the end face of the face material is joined to the side surface of the wire material, so that the strength is high, and the wire material and the face material support each other. When the frame member of the roof panel is fitted into and integrated with the upper part of the wire rod assembly, that is, the upper opening of the combined wall panel, the shape of the upper portion of the wire rod assembly is also maintained. The wall panel, floor panel and roof panel are standardized, that is, quality, shape, dimensions, etc. are standardized according to the standard, so the way of assembling can be changed. Whether the panels produced at the factory are brought into the construction site and assembled, or the building is assembled at the factory and then brought into the construction site, the units that make up the building are assembled at the factory and then built. It may be brought into the field and assembled.
この構成によれば、高強度、高耐久の木造建築を安定した品質で得られるようにすることが手軽に行え、工期短縮のほか低コスト化なども実現できる。   According to this configuration, it is possible to easily obtain a high-strength, high-endurance wooden building with stable quality, and it is possible to reduce the construction period and reduce costs.
木造システム建築構法の概念図。The conceptual diagram of a wooden system building construction method. 建築物斜視図。Building perspective view. 建築物の主な構成部材を示す分解斜視図。The disassembled perspective view which shows the main structural members of a building. 桁壁パネルの正面図。The front view of a girder wall panel. 妻壁パネルの正面図。The front view of a wife wall panel. 桁壁パネルと床パネルの端部の接合部分を示す分解斜視図。The disassembled perspective view which shows the junction part of the edge part of a girder wall panel and a floor panel. 桁壁パネルと妻壁パネルの接合部分を示す分解斜視図。The disassembled perspective view which shows the junction part of a girder wall panel and a wife wall panel. 桁壁パネル下部の間柱部分の接合部分と、桁壁パネルと床パネルの中間部の接合部分を示す分解斜視図。The disassembled perspective view which shows the junction part of the pillar part lower part of a girder wall panel, and the junction part of the intermediate part of a girder wall panel and a floor panel. 桁壁パネル上部の間柱部分の接合部を示す分解斜視図。The disassembled perspective view which shows the junction part of the pillar part upper part of a girder wall panel. 壁パネルの横断面図。The cross-sectional view of a wall panel. 建築物の縦断面図。The longitudinal cross-sectional view of a building. 壁パネルを組んだ状態の平面図。The top view of the state which assembled the wall panel. 屋根パネルの固定状態を示す縦断面図。The longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the fixed state of a roof panel. 壁パネルに窓枠を固定する態様を示す正面図。The front view which shows the aspect which fixes a window frame to a wall panel. 組み上げた壁パネルの上部角部分を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows the upper corner | angular part of the assembled wall panel. 組み立て途中の建築物の斜視図。The perspective view of the building in the middle of an assembly. 壁パネルの組み立て状態を示す横断面図。The cross-sectional view which shows the assembly state of a wall panel. 線材結合体を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows a wire combination body. 他の例に係る壁パネルの横断面図。The cross-sectional view of the wall panel which concerns on another example. 図19の壁パネルの接合態様を示す分解斜視図。The disassembled perspective view which shows the joining aspect of the wall panel of FIG.
この発明を実施するための一形態を、以下図面を用いて説明する。
この発明は木造建築においてパネル化や工業化、システム化をはかるもので、あらかじめ形成されたパネルを組み立てて建築される木造システム建築構法である。パネルをはじめとしてすべての部材は規格化されている。つまり、部材の品質、形状、寸法などが規格に合わせて統一されている。
An embodiment for carrying out the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
The present invention is intended to achieve panelization, industrialization, and systemization in wooden construction, and is a wooden system construction method that is constructed by assembling pre-formed panels. All members including the panel are standardized. That is, the quality, shape, dimensions, etc. of the members are unified according to the standard.
図1にこの木造システム建築構法の概念図を示す。すなわち木造システム建築構法では、あらかじめ形成されたパネルとして、壁パネルと床パネルと屋根パネルを準備し、これらのうち壁パネルと床パネルを接合金物による接合で組み立てて一体化するとともに、壁パネルの上部開口に屋根パネルを嵌合して一体化し、一の建築物が建築される。建築物としては、たとえば、店舗や事務所、ユニットハウスやバンガロ、東屋、物置、倉庫、ガレージ、休憩所、案内所、勉強部屋、仮設住宅、一般住宅、社寺建築、茶室などさまざまなものがある。   FIG. 1 shows a conceptual diagram of this wooden system construction method. That is, in the wooden system building construction method, a wall panel, a floor panel, and a roof panel are prepared as pre-formed panels, and among these, the wall panel and the floor panel are assembled and integrated by joining with joint hardware, A roof panel is fitted into the upper opening and integrated to form a single building. There are various types of buildings such as stores and offices, unit houses and bungalows, eastern stores, storerooms, warehouses, garages, rest areas, information centers, study rooms, temporary houses, ordinary houses, shrines and temples, and tea houses. .
図2は木造システム建築構法で建築した建築物11の一例を示す斜視図であり、図3がその建築物11の主な構成部材を示す分解斜視図である。図3に示したように建築物11は4枚の壁パネル12と1枚の床パネル13と1枚の屋根パネル14で構成される。   FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing an example of a building 11 constructed by the wooden system building construction method, and FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view showing main components of the building 11. As shown in FIG. 3, the building 11 includes four wall panels 12, one floor panel 13, and one roof panel 14.
これらのパネルのうち壁パネル12と床パネル13は線材Xと面材Yを有し、線材Xには、これら線材X同士を接合して、構築する一の建築物11に必要な壁パネル12及び床パネル13のすべての線材Xを一つに接合する複数の接合金物Zが固定されている。接合金物Zによる接合は、着脱自在である。   Among these panels, the wall panel 12 and the floor panel 13 have a wire X and a face Y, and the wire X is a wall panel 12 necessary for one building 11 constructed by joining the wires X together. And the some joining metal fitting Z which joins all the wire X of the floor panel 13 to 1 is fixed. Joining with the joint metal Z is detachable.
各パネルについて具体的に説明すると、壁パネル12は建築物11の周囲を形成する壁を構成するもので、木造軸組構法または板倉構法のうち少なくとも一方で建築される建築物11を構成する複数の線材Xと、これら線材Xの側面に端面が結合される面材Yで構成されている。壁パネル12の線材Xは、建築物11の通し柱21や間柱22、土台23、軒桁24、妻梁25を構成するものであって、角材で構成される。   If it demonstrates concretely about each panel, the wall panel 12 will comprise the wall which forms the circumference | surroundings of the building 11, and the plurality which comprises the building 11 constructed | assembled at least by either wooden frame construction method or Itakura construction method Wire rod X, and a face member Y whose end faces are coupled to the side surfaces of the wire rod X. The wire X of the wall panel 12 constitutes the through pillar 21 and the intermediary pillar 22, the base 23, the eaves girder 24, and the end beam 25 of the building 11, and is composed of square bars.
この例の建築物11は平面視長方形であり、壁パネル12には長手方向にのびる桁壁パネル12aと、桁壁パネル12aに直角に設けられる妻壁パネル12bの2種類を有する。桁壁パネル12aは、図4に示したように、線材Xとしての通し柱21、間柱22、土台23及び軒桁24を有している。妻壁パネル12bは図5に示したように、線材Xとしての妻梁25を有している。これら線材Xには一般に柱材等として用いられるものと同等の角材が使用され、すべて同一太さ、例えば105mm角に設定されている。この例で線材Xは板倉構法で建築される建築物を構成するものであり、長手方向に沿ってのびる所定幅の溝Xaを側面に有する。溝Xaは面材Yが嵌る部分であり、面材Yが嵌る側面に形成される。   The building 11 in this example has a rectangular shape in plan view, and the wall panel 12 has two types, a girder wall panel 12a extending in the longitudinal direction and a end wall panel 12b provided at right angles to the girder wall panel 12a. As shown in FIG. 4, the girder wall panel 12 a includes a through column 21, a space 22, a base 23, and an eaves girder 24 as the wire X. The end wall panel 12b has a end beam 25 as a wire X as shown in FIG. For these wire rods X, square rods equivalent to those generally used as column members are used, and all are set to the same thickness, for example, 105 mm square. In this example, the wire X constitutes a building constructed by the Itakura construction method, and has a groove Xa having a predetermined width extending in the longitudinal direction on the side surface. The groove Xa is a portion into which the face material Y fits, and is formed on a side surface into which the face material Y fits.
まず、桁壁パネル12aについて説明する。桁壁パネル12aは面材Yを線材Xで囲む構成であり、通し柱22は桁壁パネル12aの左右両側に平行に配置され、これらの間に間柱22が通し柱21と平行に設けられ、間柱22の下端面に土台23の側面を接合し、間柱22の上端面に軒桁24の側面を接合して枠状に形成されている。土台23と軒桁24の長さは、左右両側の通し柱21間の距離に対応する長さである。   First, the girder wall panel 12a will be described. The girder wall panel 12a has a configuration in which the face material Y is surrounded by the wire material X. The through pillars 22 are arranged in parallel on both the left and right sides of the girder wall panel 12a, and the intermediate pillars 22 are provided in parallel with the through pillars 21 therebetween. The side surface of the base 23 is joined to the lower end surface of the frame, and the side surface of the eaves girder 24 is joined to the upper end surface of the stud 22 to form a frame shape. The lengths of the base 23 and the eaves girder 24 are lengths corresponding to the distance between the through pillars 21 on the left and right sides.
通し柱21と土台23および軒桁24間と、間柱22と土台23および軒桁24間は、接合金物Zで接合される。   The through pillar 21 and the base 23 and the eaves girder 24 are joined together with the joint metal Z between the intermediary pillar 22 and the base 23 and the eaves girder 24.
通し柱21と土台23、通し柱21と軒桁24の端部同士を接合する接合金物26は、接合される線材Xの端面Xb間に介在し、端面Xbに当接する当接面26aと、これら当接面26aから突出して端面Xbから線材X内に挿入される差し込み部26bを有する。具体的には、図6、図7に示したように、立方体形状に形成され、一つの角をとりまく3つの面を前述の当接面26aとしている。各当接面26aには、板状をなす前述の差し込み部26bが1枚ずつ突設されている。差し込み部26bは複数の穴部26cを有する。これらの穴部26cは、ドリフトピン91を挿入するための部分であり、接合金物26によって接合される通し柱21と土台23、軒桁24の端部には、穴部26cと対応する位置に貫通穴Xcが形成されている。   A metal fitting 26 that joins the end portions of the through pillar 21 and the base 23 and the through pillar 21 and the eaves beam 24 is interposed between the end faces Xb of the wire X to be joined, and a contact face 26a that comes into contact with the end face Xb, It has the insertion part 26b which protrudes from the contact surface 26a and is inserted in the wire X from the end surface Xb. Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, three surfaces that are formed in a cubic shape and surround one corner are used as the abutting surface 26 a described above. Each contact surface 26a is provided with one plate-like insertion portion 26b that protrudes from the contact surface 26a. The insertion part 26b has a plurality of holes 26c. These hole portions 26 c are portions for inserting the drift pins 91, and the end portions of the through pillar 21, the base 23, and the eaves beam 24 joined by the joint hardware 26 are penetrated to positions corresponding to the hole portions 26 c. A hole Xc is formed.
通し柱21と土台23を接合する、図6に示した接合金物26では、内部にナット92を入れて柱脚金物15を固定できるようにしている。柱脚金物15は、接合金物26の下と土台23の下を支える長さで平面視略L字形の支持板15aと、この支持板15aを支える支柱15bを有し、支柱15bの下にはアジャスタ15cを備えている。支持板15aの中間点には支柱15bから延びるボルト15dが備えられ、支持板15aの両端部には土台23に対する固定を行うボルト93を必要に応じて通す穴部15eが形成されている。   In the joining hardware 26 shown in FIG. 6 that joins the through pillar 21 and the base 23, a nut 92 is inserted inside so that the pillar base 15 can be fixed. The column base metal 15 has a support plate 15a having a length that supports the bottom of the joint metal 26 and the base 23 and has a substantially L-shape in plan view, and a support column 15b that supports the support plate 15a. An adjuster 15c is provided. Bolts 15d extending from the support columns 15b are provided at intermediate points of the support plate 15a, and holes 15e through which bolts 93 for fixing to the base 23 are passed as necessary are formed at both ends of the support plate 15a.
通し柱21と軒桁24を接合する、図7に示した接合金物26では、当接面26a以外の面の少なくとも1つにねじ穴26eを形成している。ねじ穴26eは、接合金物26を構成する板材に形成した穴部と、穴部の内側に保持したナットで構成される。   In the metal joint 26 shown in FIG. 7 that joins the through column 21 and the eaves beam 24, a screw hole 26e is formed in at least one of the surfaces other than the contact surface 26a. The screw hole 26e is composed of a hole formed in a plate material that constitutes the metal joint 26 and a nut held inside the hole.
間柱22の端部と土台23および軒桁24の中間部を接合する接合金物27は、線材Xである間柱22の端部に埋め込まれて間柱22の端面Xbと面一になる当接面27aと、この当接面27aに形成されたボルト挿入穴27bを有する。具体的には図8、図9に示したように、接合金物27は前述の当接面27aを有する基板27cと、この基板27cにおける当接面27aと反対側の面から立設される板状の差し込み部27dを有する。基板27cの中央には前述のボルト挿入穴27bが形成されており、差し込み部27dには前述の接合金物26の差し込み部26bと同様にドリフトピン91を挿入する複数の穴部27eが形成されている。   The joint metal 27 that joins the end of the intermediate pillar 22 and the intermediate portion of the base 23 and the eaves girder 24 is embedded in the end of the intermediate pillar 22 that is the wire X, and a contact surface 27a that is flush with the end face Xb of the intermediate pillar 22. And a bolt insertion hole 27b formed in the contact surface 27a. Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the metal joint 27 is a plate erected from the substrate 27c having the contact surface 27a described above and the surface of the substrate 27c opposite to the contact surface 27a. The insertion part 27d has a shape. The aforementioned bolt insertion hole 27b is formed in the center of the substrate 27c, and a plurality of hole portions 27e into which the drift pins 91 are inserted are formed in the insertion portion 27d in the same manner as the insertion portion 26b of the above-described joint metal fitting 26. Yes.
この接合金物27は、当接面27aを予め土台23や軒桁24の側面に当接した状態で固定されるものであって、ボルト挿入穴27bには差し込み部27d側からボルト93を挿入する。挿入したボルト93は土台23や軒桁24に保持した雌ねじ部材94に螺合する。   The metal fitting 27 is fixed in a state where the contact surface 27a is in contact with the side surfaces of the base 23 and the eaves beam 24 in advance, and the bolt 93 is inserted into the bolt insertion hole 27b from the insertion portion 27d side. . The inserted bolt 93 is screwed into a female screw member 94 held on the base 23 or the eaves beam 24.
雌ねじ部材94は、円筒状に形成され、内部に雌ねじを有し、長手方向の中間位置に、中心を通って横切る貫通穴94aを備えている。この貫通穴94aは、接合金物26,27の穴部26c,27eと同様にドリフトピン91で固定したり、ボルト95で固定したりするための部分である。   The female screw member 94 is formed in a cylindrical shape, has a female screw inside, and has a through hole 94a that passes through the center at an intermediate position in the longitudinal direction. This through hole 94a is a part for fixing with the drift pin 91 or fixing with the bolt 95 in the same manner as the hole parts 26c and 27e of the metal fittings 26 and 27.
間柱22と土台23を接合する図8に示した接合金物27の固定部分には、土台23を支える柱脚金物16を備える。柱脚金物16は、形状は異なるものの前述の通し柱21の下の接合金物26の下に固定する柱脚金物15と同様の構成である。すなわち、柱脚金物16は、平面視略円形で、土台23の側面に対して接合する床パネル13の線材X(大引32)に向けて延びる延長部分を有した支持板16aと、この支持板16aを支える支柱16bを有し、支柱16bの下にはアジャスタ16cを備えている。支持板16aの中央には支柱16bからのびるボルト16dが備えられ、支持板16aの周囲には、壁パネル12の土台23と床パネル13の線材Xである大引32に対して木ねじや釘等で固定するための穴部16eが適宜形成されている。   A fixed portion of the joint hardware 27 shown in FIG. 8 that joins the stud 22 and the base 23 is provided with a column base 16 that supports the base 23. The column base metal 16 has the same configuration as the column base metal 15 fixed under the joint metal 26 below the through column 21 described above, although the shape is different. That is, the column base 16 is substantially circular in plan view, and has a support plate 16a having an extended portion extending toward the wire X (outline 32) of the floor panel 13 joined to the side surface of the base 23, and the support plate 16a. A column 16b is provided to support the plate 16a, and an adjuster 16c is provided below the column 16b. A bolt 16d extending from the column 16b is provided at the center of the support plate 16a. Around the support plate 16a, a wood screw, a nail, or the like with respect to the base 23 of the wall panel 12 and the large wire 32 which is the wire X of the floor panel 13 are provided. The hole 16e for fixing with is appropriately formed.
柱脚金物16の固定は、図8に示したように、土台23に内蔵した雌ねじ部材94を利用して行われる。接合金物27の固定位置とは別の位置に固定することもできる。   The column base 16 is fixed using a female screw member 94 built in the base 23 as shown in FIG. It can also be fixed at a position different from the fixing position of the metal joint 27.
桁壁パネル12aの通し柱21における上部の妻側の側面には、図7に示したように雌ねじ部材94が内蔵されている。雌ねじ部材94は、前述のようにドリフトピン91で固定される。   As shown in FIG. 7, a female screw member 94 is incorporated in the side surface of the upper side of the through column 21 of the girder wall panel 12a. The female screw member 94 is fixed by the drift pin 91 as described above.
妻壁パネル12bは、図3、図5に示したように、面材Yの上縁に線材Xとして妻梁25のみを有する構成である。妻梁25の長さは、面材Yの幅よりも短く、一対の桁壁パネル12aの通し柱21間の距離に等しい。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 5, the end wall panel 12 b is configured to have only the end beam 25 as the wire X on the upper edge of the face member Y. The length of the end beam 25 is shorter than the width of the face member Y, and is equal to the distance between the through columns 21 of the pair of girder wall panels 12a.
桁壁パネル12aと妻壁パネル12bの面材Yは、相互に嵌合して結合される複数の落とし込み板Yaで構成される。落とし込み板Yaは外壁と内壁を兼用できる程度の厚さ、たとえば30mm程度に設定され、落とし込み板Ya同士の結合面は、凸型の凸条と凹型の凹溝の嵌合で結合されている。   The face material Y of the girder wall panel 12a and the end wall panel 12b is composed of a plurality of drop plates Ya that are fitted and joined to each other. The drop plate Ya is set to a thickness that can be used both as an outer wall and an inner wall, for example, about 30 mm, and the connecting surfaces of the drop plates Ya are connected by fitting convex ridges and concave grooves.
面材Yの4辺の縁は線材Xの溝Xaに嵌る部分であり、図4、図5、図10に示したように、縁が溝Xaに嵌ることで面材Yの端面Ybが線材Xに結合される。縁は、落とし込み板Yaに対して落とし込み板Yaとは別体の角材からなる縁材Ycを固定して構成される。縁材Ycの固定は釘等(図示せず)で行える。   The edges of the four sides of the face material Y are portions that fit into the groove Xa of the wire X, and as shown in FIGS. 4, 5, and 10, the end face Yb of the face material Y becomes the wire by fitting the edge into the groove Xa. Bound to X. The edge is configured by fixing an edge member Yc made of a square member separate from the drop plate Ya to the drop plate Ya. The edge member Yc can be fixed with a nail or the like (not shown).
図10に拡大して示すように、縁材Ycの厚さは落とし込み板Yaの厚さよりも若干厚く形成され、線材Xの溝Xaとクリアランスをほとんど有しない厚さである。この縁材Ycは壁の内側において落とし込み板Yaと面一に設定されている。このため、落とし込み板Yaと溝Xaとの間には壁の外側において幅狭で浅い周溝Ydが形成されることになる。この周溝Ydは必要に応じてコーキング96が施される部分である。   As shown in an enlarged view in FIG. 10, the thickness of the edge member Yc is slightly thicker than the thickness of the dropping plate Ya, and is a thickness having almost no clearance with the groove Xa of the wire X. This edge member Yc is set flush with the drop plate Ya inside the wall. For this reason, a narrow and shallow circumferential groove Yd is formed between the dropping plate Ya and the groove Xa on the outside of the wall. This circumferential groove Yd is a portion where caulking 96 is applied if necessary.
桁壁パネル12aと妻壁パネル12bの面材Yの外側面における四隅と、左右両側縁の上下方向中間部には、図4、図5に示したように補助板28が固定されている。補助板28は、面材Yの表面に固定したときに線材Xの表面よりも内側に収まる厚さの板状であり(図10参照)、線材Xの側面に接する接触面28aを有する。つまり四隅の補助板28は直角をなす2つの接触面28aを有し、上下方向の中間部の補助板28は直線状の1つの接触面28aを有する。これらの接触面28aを有する辺以外の部分は、必要な面積を確保しつつデザイン性も考慮して適宜の形状に形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, auxiliary plates 28 are fixed to the four corners of the outer surface of the face member Y of the girder wall panel 12 a and the end wall panel 12 b and to the middle portion in the vertical direction of the left and right side edges. The auxiliary plate 28 is a plate shape having a thickness that fits inside the surface of the wire X when fixed to the surface of the face Y (see FIG. 10), and has a contact surface 28a that contacts the side surface of the wire X. That is, the auxiliary plates 28 at the four corners have two contact surfaces 28a that form a right angle, and the auxiliary plate 28 at the middle portion in the vertical direction has one contact surface 28a that is linear. The portions other than the side having the contact surface 28a are formed in an appropriate shape in consideration of design while ensuring a necessary area.
床パネル13は、線材Xとこれら線材Xの側面に結合される面材Yで形成され、建築物11の床を構成する。   The floor panel 13 is formed of a wire X and a face material Y coupled to the side surfaces of the wire X, and constitutes the floor of the building 11.
床パネル13の線材Xは、土台31や大引32を構成するものであって、前述の壁パネル12の線材Xと同じ角材で構成される。図3に示したように、床パネル13は長手方向の両端の2本の土台31と、これらの間で土台31と平行に並んだ3本の大引32を備え、これら土台31と大引32の上に面材Yが固定されている。土台31と大引32の長さは一対の桁壁パネル12aの通し柱21間の長さ、つまり妻壁パネル12bの妻梁25の長さと同じである。   The wire X of the floor panel 13 constitutes the base 31 and the large drawing 32, and is made of the same square as the wire X of the wall panel 12 described above. As shown in FIG. 3, the floor panel 13 includes two bases 31 at both ends in the longitudinal direction and three large forks 32 arranged in parallel with the base 31 therebetween. A face material Y is fixed on the surface 32. The lengths of the base 31 and the fork 32 are the same as the length between the through pillars 21 of the pair of girder wall panels 12a, that is, the length of the girder 25 of the end wall panel 12b.
土台31の上面(上側の側面)には、図6に示したように溝Xaが形成されている。この溝Xaは、妻壁パネル12bの面材Yの下端の縁が嵌る部分である。溝Xaを有するため、面材Yの長手方向の端は溝Xaの内面と面一に固定される。面材Yの長手方向と直交する方向の端には、間柱22に対応する部位を除いて、接合時に桁壁パネル12aの土台23の上面にのる載置縁部33が形成されている。土台31と大引32に対する面材Yの固定は、釘等(図示せず)で行える。   A groove Xa is formed on the upper surface (upper side surface) of the base 31 as shown in FIG. This groove Xa is a portion into which the lower edge of the face material Y of the end wall panel 12b fits. Since the groove Xa is provided, the end of the face member Y in the longitudinal direction is fixed flush with the inner surface of the groove Xa. At the end of the face member Y in the direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction, a mounting edge 33 is formed on the upper surface of the base 23 of the girder wall panel 12a at the time of joining, except for a portion corresponding to the stud 22. The face material Y can be fixed to the base 31 and the large pull 32 with a nail or the like (not shown).
床パネル13の線材Xのうちの大引32は、その端部を壁パネル12の線材Xである土台23の中間部に接合する接合金物35を有している。この接合金物35は、図8に示したように、前述の間柱22と土台23を接合する接合金物27と同様の構成である。   Of the wire rods X of the floor panel 13, the large pull 32 has a metal joint 35 that joins an end portion thereof to an intermediate portion of the base 23 that is the wire rod X of the wall panel 12. As shown in FIG. 8, the metal joint 35 has the same configuration as the metal joint 27 that joins the intermediate pillar 22 and the base 23.
つまり接合金物35は、線材Xの端部に埋め込まれて線材Xの端面Xbと面一になる当接面35aと、この当接面35aに形成されたボルト挿入穴35bを有する。当接面35aは接合を行う時に土台23の側面に当接する部分である。具体的には、接合金物35は前述の当接面35aを有する基板35cと、この基板35cにおける当接面35aと反対側の面から立設される板状の差し込み部35dを有する。基板35cの中央には前述のボルト挿入穴35bが形成されており、差し込み部35dにはドリフトピン91を挿入する複数の穴部35eが形成されている。また、当接面35a側からボルト挿入穴35bに挿入したボルト95を保持するため、基板35cの差し込み部35d側にはナット35fを保持している。ナット35fは基板35cと補助板35gの間に保持される。   That is, the metal joint 35 has a contact surface 35a that is embedded in the end portion of the wire X and is flush with the end surface Xb of the wire X, and a bolt insertion hole 35b formed in the contact surface 35a. The contact surface 35a is a portion that contacts the side surface of the base 23 when joining. Specifically, the metal joint 35 includes a substrate 35c having the above-described contact surface 35a and a plate-like insertion portion 35d erected from the surface of the substrate 35c opposite to the contact surface 35a. The aforementioned bolt insertion hole 35b is formed in the center of the substrate 35c, and a plurality of holes 35e into which the drift pins 91 are inserted are formed in the insertion part 35d. Moreover, in order to hold | maintain the volt | bolt 95 inserted in the volt | bolt insertion hole 35b from the contact surface 35a side, the nut 35f is hold | maintained at the insertion part 35d side of the board | substrate 35c. The nut 35f is held between the substrate 35c and the auxiliary plate 35g.
この接合金物35は、当接面35aを予め大引32の端部に埋設状態でドリフトピン91によって固定される。接合金物35による桁壁パネル12aと大引32の固定のため、桁壁パネル12aの土台23の外側面から挿入されるボルト95を備える。図8の例では、間柱22を有する位置と同じ位置に大引32を固定する例を示したため、ボルト95は土台23と共に雌ねじ部材94の貫通穴94aを通すように描いたが、間柱22を有しない位置に大引32を固定する場合には、図示は省略するが、土台23のみに通すことになる。   The metal fitting 35 is fixed by the drift pin 91 with the contact surface 35a embedded in the end portion of the large pull 32 in advance. A bolt 95 inserted from the outer surface of the base 23 of the girder wall panel 12a is provided to fix the girder wall panel 12a and the fork 32 by the joint metal fitting 35. In the example of FIG. 8, an example in which the large pull 32 is fixed at the same position as the position having the studs 22 is shown. Therefore, the bolt 95 is drawn so as to pass through the through holes 94 a of the female screw member 94 together with the base 23. In the case where the large drawer 32 is fixed at a position that is not provided, the drawing is omitted, but only the base 23 is passed.
屋根パネル14は図3に示したように、組みつけられる壁パネル12で囲まれる上部開口に着脱可能に嵌合する枠材41と、この枠材41に固定されて上部開口を塞ぐ面材42で形成されている。   As shown in FIG. 3, the roof panel 14 is detachably fitted into an upper opening surrounded by the wall panel 12 to be assembled, and a face material 42 fixed to the frame member 41 to close the upper opening. It is formed with.
枠材41は、図11に示したように外嵌合するものであって、断面長方形の角材を縦長にして平面視長方形に組んで形成する。面材42は枠材41の平面視形状よりも大きい長方形に形成され、枠材41の上面を塞ぐように固定される。面材42には、壁パネル12を構成した板材と同じ構成の板材を結合したものであっても、合板であっても、その他の板材であっても、いずれでもよい。   As shown in FIG. 11, the frame member 41 is externally fitted, and is formed by assembling a rectangular member with a rectangular cross section into a rectangular shape in plan view. The face material 42 is formed in a rectangular shape larger than the planar view shape of the frame material 41, and is fixed so as to close the upper surface of the frame material 41. The face member 42 may be a plate member having the same configuration as that of the plate member constituting the wall panel 12, a plywood plate, or another plate member.
枠材41は図12に示したように、壁パネル12の軒桁24と接合金物26に対してボルト97で固定できるように、適宜位置に貫通穴41a(図13参照)を有する。貫通穴41aに挿通するボルト97は、図13に示したように軒桁24に内蔵された雌ねじ部材94や、図7に示したように接合金物26の外面に形成したねじ穴26eに螺合される。   As shown in FIG. 12, the frame member 41 has a through hole 41a (see FIG. 13) at an appropriate position so that the frame member 41 can be fixed to the eaves spar 24 and the joint hardware 26 of the wall panel 12 with a bolt 97. The bolt 97 inserted into the through hole 41a is screwed into the female screw member 94 built in the eaves beam 24 as shown in FIG. 13 or the screw hole 26e formed on the outer surface of the joint hardware 26 as shown in FIG. Is done.
壁パネル12と床パネル13と屋根パネル14のほか、図12に示したように壁パネル12の上端に固定される火打ち部材51と梁材52を備える。火打ち部材51は、壁パネル12や床パネル13を構成する線材Xと同断面の角材からなり、両端に、軒桁24や妻梁25などに接合する傾斜面51aが形成されている。梁材52の端部には床パネル13における大引32の端部の接合金物35と同一の接合金物35が備えられる。火打ち部材51と梁材52は、軒桁24や妻梁25などに貫通するボルト98で固定される。   In addition to the wall panel 12, the floor panel 13, and the roof panel 14, as shown in FIG. 12, a fire-fitting member 51 and a beam member 52 that are fixed to the upper end of the wall panel 12 are provided. The fire striking member 51 is made of a square bar having the same cross section as the wire X constituting the wall panel 12 or the floor panel 13, and inclined surfaces 51 a that are joined to the eaves girder 24, the end beam 25, and the like are formed at both ends. An end of the beam member 52 is provided with a joint metal 35 that is the same as the joint metal 35 at the end of the large pull 32 in the floor panel 13. The fire striking member 51 and the beam member 52 are fixed by bolts 98 penetrating the eaves beam 24, the end beam 25, and the like.
また、壁パネル12には、パネル形成後か、パネル形成前の段階、または接合金物26,27,35によって壁パネル12と床パネル13のすべての線材Xが互いに結合されて内側に面材Yを有する線材結合体17(図18参照)が形成された後に、図14に示したように面材Yに開口53が切欠形成され、この開口53に窓枠54を装着する。開口53は出入り口となる部分や掃出し窓、腰窓など、所望の開口とする。窓枠54には、開口に対応した扉や窓が取り付けられる。   Further, the wall panel 12 has all the wire rods X of the wall panel 12 and the floor panel 13 joined to each other after the panel is formed or before the panel is formed, or by the metal fittings 26, 27, and 35. After the wire rod assembly 17 (see FIG. 18) having the shape is formed, an opening 53 is formed in the face material Y as shown in FIG. 14, and a window frame 54 is attached to the opening 53. The opening 53 is a desired opening such as a portion serving as an entrance / exit, a sweep window, or a waist window. A door or window corresponding to the opening is attached to the window frame 54.
さらに、壁パネル12には、図15に示したように固定される吊金具55が取り付けられる。吊金具55は、長方形板状の定着板部55aと、これと一体で横に張りだし後に上に延びる本体部55bを有し、本体部55bの上端に環状部55cが形成されている。   Further, the wall panel 12 is attached with a hanging metal fitting 55 fixed as shown in FIG. The hanging metal fitting 55 has a rectangular plate-shaped fixing plate portion 55a and a main body portion 55b that is integrally extended with the fixing plate portion 55a and extends upward, and an annular portion 55c is formed at the upper end of the main body portion 55b.
これらのほか、屋根パネル14の上を覆う防水シート(図示せず)や屋根板56(図2参照)などの必要な部材も備える。   In addition to these, necessary members such as a waterproof sheet (not shown) covering the top of the roof panel 14 and a roof plate 56 (see FIG. 2) are also provided.
以上のように壁パネル12と床パネル13と屋根パネル14とその他の部材は、少なくとも一の建築物11を建築するのに必要な種類と数をあらかじめ準備され、建築物11を建築する建築現場に搬入して組み立てて一の建築物11を建築する。あるいは、一の建築物または一の建築物を構成するユニット(図示せず)を工場等で形成して、一の建築物11またはユニットを建築現場に搬入する。ユニットを搬入した場合にはこれらを組み立てて、一の建築物を建築する。   As described above, the wall panel 12, the floor panel 13, the roof panel 14, and other members are prepared in advance in the number and type necessary to build at least one building 11, and the building site where the building 11 is built. It is carried in and assembled to build one building 11. Alternatively, one building or a unit (not shown) constituting one building is formed in a factory or the like, and the one building 11 or unit is carried into a building site. When units are brought in, they are assembled to build one building.
まずは、壁パネル12と床パネル13を接合金物26,27,35によって接合する。接合の順序は、組み立て場所の状況や作業人員などの条件に応じて適宜設定する。   First, the wall panel 12 and the floor panel 13 are joined by the joint hardware 26, 27, and 35. The joining order is set as appropriate according to the conditions of the assembly site and the conditions such as the work personnel.
たとえば図16に示したように、1枚の桁壁パネル12aに床パネル13を接合して、妻壁パネル12bと他の桁壁パネル12aを順に固定したり、2枚の桁壁パネル12aの間に床パネル13を接合してから2枚の妻壁パネル12bを固定したりする。   For example, as shown in FIG. 16, the floor panel 13 is joined to one girder wall panel 12a, and the end wall panel 12b and the other girder wall panel 12a are fixed in order, or the two girder wall panels 12a After joining the floor panel 13 in between, the two end wall panels 12b are fixed.
桁壁パネル12aの土台23と床パネル13の土台31との接合は、図6に示したように、接合金物26の差し込み部26bを土台31に差し込むとともに、ドリフトピン91を土台31に挿入すると行える。   As shown in FIG. 6, the base 23 of the girder wall panel 12 a and the base 31 of the floor panel 13 are joined by inserting the insertion portion 26 b of the joint hardware 26 into the base 31 and inserting the drift pin 91 into the base 31. Yes.
桁壁パネル12aの土台と23床パネル13の大引32との接合は、図8に示したように、接合金物35が装着された大引32の端部をボルト95で締結して行う。   As shown in FIG. 8, the base of the girder wall panel 12 a and the large drawing 32 of the 23 floor panel 13 are joined by fastening the end of the large drawing 32 to which the metal fitting 35 is attached with a bolt 95.
妻壁パネル12bは、桁壁パネル12aの通し柱21における溝Xaに対して対応する縁を嵌め込んで、接合金物26,35によって線材X同士の接合状態を得ると、横断面図である図17に示したように、桁壁パネル12aの通し柱21の側面の溝Xaに妻壁パネル12bの面材Yの縁が嵌り込んで端面Ybが面接触して一体となる。このとき、面材Yに備えた補助板28の接触面は線材Xの側面に面接触する。同様に、桁壁パネル12aや妻壁パネル12bの床パネル13に対する接合を行って線材X同士の接合状態を得ると、縦断面図である図11に示したように、床パネル13の土台31の溝Xaに妻壁パネル12bの縁が嵌り込んで、端面Ybが面接触して一体となる。このとき、面材Yに備えた補助板28の接触面は線材Xの側面に面接触する。   FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of the end wall panel 12b when the corresponding edge is fitted into the groove Xa in the through column 21 of the girder wall panel 12a and the joining state of the wire members X is obtained by the joint hardwares 26 and 35. As shown in FIG. 4, the edge of the face member Y of the end wall panel 12b is fitted into the groove Xa on the side surface of the through column 21 of the girder wall panel 12a, and the end surface Yb comes into surface contact with each other. At this time, the contact surface of the auxiliary plate 28 provided on the face material Y comes into surface contact with the side surface of the wire X. Similarly, when the girder wall panel 12a and the end wall panel 12b are joined to the floor panel 13 to obtain a joined state between the wire rods X, the base 31 of the floor panel 13 is obtained as shown in FIG. The edge of the end wall panel 12b is fitted into the groove Xa, and the end surface Yb comes into surface contact with each other to be integrated. At this time, the contact surface of the auxiliary plate 28 provided on the face material Y comes into surface contact with the side surface of the wire X.
このようにして接合金物26,27,35によって壁パネル12と床パネル13の組み立て状態を得ると、壁パネル12と床パネル13のすべての線材Xが互いに接合されて内側に面材Yを有する図18に示したような線材結合体17が形成される。線材結合体17の上端部には前述の火打ち部材51などが固定される。   In this way, when the assembled state of the wall panel 12 and the floor panel 13 is obtained by the joint hardware 26, 27, 35, all the wire materials X of the wall panel 12 and the floor panel 13 are joined to each other, and the face material Y is provided inside. A wire combination 17 as shown in FIG. 18 is formed. The above-described firing member 51 and the like are fixed to the upper end portion of the wire rod assembly 17.
そして線材結合体17の上部には、屋根パネル14を嵌合してから、図2に示したような一の建築物11を形成する。屋根パネル14は、図12に示したようにボルト97で固定され、屋根パネル14の上には防水シートと屋根板56を固定する。すると、図2に示したような建築物が得られる。   And after fitting the roof panel 14 on the upper part of the wire combination body 17, the one building 11 as shown in FIG. 2 is formed. The roof panel 14 is fixed with bolts 97 as shown in FIG. 12, and a waterproof sheet and a roof plate 56 are fixed on the roof panel 14. Then, the building as shown in FIG. 2 is obtained.
工場等で建築物を構築した場合には、吊金具55を利用して、クレーン等で吊り下げて車両等で移動し、建築現場の所定位置に設置する。   When a building is constructed in a factory or the like, it is suspended by a crane or the like using a hanging bracket 55, moved by a vehicle or the like, and installed at a predetermined position on a building site.
このようにして構成する建築物11は、部材が仕様の似た用途ごとに工場等で予め規格に基づいて製造され、工場等や建築現場において組み立てられるので、品質の安定化と工期短縮、低コスト化を実現できる。組み立ては、主に接合金物26,27,35やボルト93,95,97,98、ドリフトピン91を用いて行うので、熟練工なしに単純工でも施工できる。にもかかわらず、建築物11を構成するすべての線材Xが一体に接合されるとともに、線材Xで囲まれる空間には面材Yがその端面Ybを線材Xの側面に結合しており、線材結合体17は線材Xと面材Yが互いに支えあうので、強度は高く、耐久性、耐震性が良好である。   Since the building 11 configured in this way is manufactured in accordance with the standard in advance at a factory or the like for each member whose specifications are similar, and is assembled at the factory or the construction site, the quality is stabilized and the construction period is shortened. Cost reduction can be realized. Assembling is mainly performed using the joint hardware 26, 27, 35, the bolts 93, 95, 97, 98, and the drift pin 91, so that simple construction can be performed without skilled workers. Nevertheless, all the wire rods X constituting the building 11 are joined together, and in the space surrounded by the wire rod X, the end face Yb is joined to the side surface of the wire rod X, and the wire rod Since the wire 17 and the face material Y support each other in the combined body 17, the strength is high, and durability and earthquake resistance are good.
また、建築現場での端材発生を少なくできるうえに、接合金物Zによる接合と屋根パネル14の嵌合が着脱自在であるので、解体も可能で、解体した時には一部の部材を再利用することもできる。このため資源循環型商品となる利点も有する。   In addition, the generation of mill ends at the construction site can be reduced, and the joining with the joint hardware Z and the fitting of the roof panel 14 are detachable. You can also. For this reason, it also has the advantage of becoming a resource recycling product.
さらに、規格化された部材の組み合わせ方法の選択により、デザインの変更ができる。つまり、デザインの自由度は高く、デザイン性を向上できる。   Further, the design can be changed by selecting a standardized method of combining members. In other words, the degree of freedom in design is high and the design can be improved.
以下、他の例について説明する。この説明において前述の構成と同様の部位についてはそれと同一の符号を付してその詳しい説明を省略する。   Other examples will be described below. In this description, the same parts as those described above are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted.
図19は、木造軸組構法で建築される建築物11を構成する壁パネル12の横断面図である。この図に示すように、壁パネル12は、前述と同様に複数の線材Xと、これら線材Xの側面に端面が結合される面材Yで構成されるが、面材Yの縁の端面Ycは線材Xの側面に当接するものであって、面材Yの縁の表裏両面は、線材Xの側面に固定される挟持材29で挟み込まれている。挟持材29は角材で構成され、線材Xに対して複数の釘99で固定される。   FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view of the wall panel 12 constituting the building 11 constructed by the wooden frame construction method. As shown in this figure, the wall panel 12 is composed of a plurality of wire rods X and a face member Y whose end faces are coupled to the side surfaces of these wire rods X as described above, but the end face Yc of the edge of the face member Y. Is in contact with the side surface of the wire material X, and both the front and back surfaces of the edge of the surface material Y are sandwiched between clamping members 29 fixed to the side surface of the wire material X. The sandwiching material 29 is made of square material and fixed to the wire X with a plurality of nails 99.
このような構成の壁パネル12においては、桁壁パネル12aでも妻壁パネル12bでも通し柱21を有する。   The wall panel 12 having such a configuration has through columns 21 in both the girder wall panel 12a and the end wall panel 12b.
壁パネル12の外側面や内側面には、図示を省略するが仕上げ材、つまり板材が必要に応じてあらかじめ備えられる。仕上げ材は後で付けてもよいが、仕上げ材も付けてパネル化しておくのが、作業性などの点で好ましい。   Although not shown, a finishing material, that is, a plate material, is provided in advance on the outer surface and inner surface of the wall panel 12 as necessary. Although the finishing material may be attached later, it is preferable to attach the finishing material to form a panel from the viewpoint of workability.
組み立てに際しては、例えば図20に示したように、通し柱21と土台23を接合している接合金物26同士と、通し柱21同士をボルト95で結合するとよい。   When assembling, for example, as shown in FIG. 20, the joining hardware 26 joining the through pillars 21 and the base 23 and the through pillars 21 may be coupled with bolts 95.
このような壁パネル12を用いた木造システム建築構法でも、前述と同様の作用、効果を有する。   Such a wooden system construction method using the wall panel 12 has the same operations and effects as described above.
また、前述のように木造軸組構法と板倉構法のいずれか一方のみを利用するのではなく、その双方を混在させてもよい。   Further, as described above, not only one of the wooden frame construction method and the Itakura construction method is used, but both of them may be mixed.
建築物11の内部に間仕切りパネル(図示せず)を追加することもできる。   A partition panel (not shown) can be added to the inside of the building 11.
壁パネル12と床パネル13を接合する接合金物Zは壁パネル12のみに備えることもできる。   The metal joint Z for joining the wall panel 12 and the floor panel 13 may be provided only in the wall panel 12.
屋根パネル14は前述例のように一つではなく、複数備えて組み合わせるようにしてもよい。また線材結合体17に対する屋根パネル14の嵌合は内嵌合としてもよい。   The roof panel 14 is not limited to one as in the above example, but a plurality of roof panels 14 may be provided and combined. Further, the fitting of the roof panel 14 to the wire combination 17 may be an internal fitting.
前述のように柱脚金物を使用せずに、別途に基礎を設けてその基礎の上に建築物を設置してもよい。   As described above, a foundation may be provided separately and a building may be installed on the foundation without using the column base.
11…建築物
12…壁パネル
13…床パネル
14…屋根パネル
17…線材結合体
X…線材
Xb…端面
Y…面材
Yb…端面
Z,26,27,35…接合金物
26a,27a,35a…当接面
26b…差し込み部
27b,35b…ボルト挿入穴
41…枠材
42…面材
53…開口
54…窓枠
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11 ... Building 12 ... Wall panel 13 ... Floor panel 14 ... Roof panel 17 ... Wire rod assembly X ... Wire rod Xb ... End surface Y ... Surface material Yb ... End surface Z, 26, 27, 35 ... Joint metal fittings 26a, 27a, 35a ... Contact surface 26b ... Insertion part 27b, 35b ... Bolt insertion hole 41 ... Frame material 42 ... Face material 53 ... Opening 54 ... Window frame

Claims (7)

  1. 木造軸組構法または板倉構法のうち少なくとも一方で建築される建築物を構成する複数の線材と、これら線材の側面に端面が結合される面材を有し、前記建築物の壁を構成する壁パネルと、
    前記線材とこれら線材の側面に結合される面材を有し、前記建築物の床を構成する床パネルと、
    前記壁パネルで囲まれる上部開口に嵌合する枠材と、該枠材に固定されて前記上部開口を塞ぐ面材を有し、前記建築物の屋根を構成する屋根パネルを備え、
    前記壁パネル及び/又は前記床パネルの前記線材には、これら線材同士を接合して、建築する一の前記建築物に必要な前記壁パネル及び前記床パネルのすべての前記線材を一つに接合する複数の接合金物が固定されており、
    前記壁パネルと前記床パネルと前記屋根パネルが規格化されたものであるとともに予め準備され、
    前記接合金物によって前記壁パネルと前記床パネルのすべての前記線材が互いに接合されて内側に前記面材を有する線材結合体が形成されるとともに、
    該線材結合体の上部に前記屋根パネルが嵌合されて一の前記建築物が形成される
    木造システム建築構法。
    A wall having a plurality of wires constituting a building to be constructed at least one of the wooden frame construction method or the Itakura construction method, and a surface material having end faces coupled to the side surfaces of these wires, and constituting the wall of the building A panel,
    A floor panel comprising the wire and a face material coupled to a side surface of the wire, and constituting a floor of the building;
    A frame member that fits into the upper opening surrounded by the wall panel, a face member that is fixed to the frame member and closes the upper opening, and includes a roof panel that constitutes the roof of the building,
    The wires of the wall panel and / or the floor panel are joined together, and all the wires of the wall panel and the floor panel necessary for the building to be constructed are joined together. A plurality of joint hardware is fixed,
    The wall panel, the floor panel and the roof panel are standardized and prepared in advance,
    All the wire rods of the wall panel and the floor panel are bonded to each other by the bonding hardware to form a wire rod assembly having the face material inside,
    A wooden system building construction method in which the roof panel is fitted to the upper part of the wire combination body to form one building.
  2. 前記接合金物による接合と、前記屋根パネルの嵌合が着脱自在である
    請求項1に記載の木造システム建築構法。
    The wooden system building construction method according to claim 1, wherein the joining by the joining hardware and the fitting of the roof panel are detachable.
  3. 前記接合金物のうち前記線材の端部同士を接合する前記接合金物が、接合される前記線材の端面間に介在し、前記端面に当接する当接面と、これら当接面から突出して前記端面から前記線材内に挿入されるに差し込み部を有するものである
    請求項1または請求項2に記載の木造システム建築構法。
    Of the joint metal, the joint metal that joins the ends of the wire rods is interposed between the end surfaces of the wire rods to be joined, a contact surface that comes into contact with the end surface, and projects from the contact surfaces to the end surface. The wooden system building construction method according to claim 1, wherein the wooden system building construction method has an insertion portion to be inserted into the wire.
  4. 前記接合金物のうち前記線材の端部を前記線材の中間部に接合する前記接合金物が、前記線材の端部に埋め込まれて前記線材の端面と面一になる当接面と、該当接面に形成されたボルト挿入穴を有するものである
    請求項1から請求項3のうちいずれか一項に記載の木造建築構法。
    A contact surface that joins an end portion of the wire rod to an intermediate portion of the wire rod among the joint metal fittings, a contact surface that is embedded in an end portion of the wire rod and is flush with an end surface of the wire rod, and a corresponding contact surface The wooden building construction method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the wooden building construction method has a bolt insertion hole.
  5. 前記壁パネルが、前記線材で囲まれている前記面材に切欠形成された開口と、該開口に固定された窓枠を有する
    請求項1から請求項4のうちいずれか一項に記載の木造システム建築構法。
    The wooden structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the wall panel includes an opening formed in the face material surrounded by the wire material, and a window frame fixed to the opening. System building construction method.
  6. 請求項1から請求項5のうちいずれか一項に記載の木造システム建築構法の前記壁パネル、前記床パネル及び前記屋根パネルを建築現場に搬入して組み立てて一の前記建築物を建築する
    木造システム建築の建築方法。
    A wooden structure in which the wall panel, the floor panel, and the roof panel of the wooden system building construction method according to any one of claims 1 to 5 are brought into a building site and assembled to construct one building. The architectural method of system architecture.
  7. 請求項1から請求項5のうちいずれか一項に記載の木造システム建築構法の前記壁パネル、前記床パネル及び前記屋根パネルを組み立てて一の前記建築物、または一の前記建築物を構成するユニットを形成し、
    一の前記建築物または前記ユニットを建築現場に搬入し、前記ユニットを搬入した場合にはこれらを組み立てて、一の前記建築物を建築する
    木造システム建築の建築方法。
    The said wall panel of the wooden system building construction method as described in any one of Claims 1-5, the said floor panel, and the said roof panel are assembled, and the said one building or the said one building is comprised. Forming a unit,
    A construction method of a wooden system architecture in which one building or the unit is carried into a building site, and when the unit is carried, the units are assembled to construct the one building.
JP2016079256A 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 Wooden system building method Pending JP2017190577A (en)

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