JP2017082416A - Tremie pipe structure and pile construction method - Google Patents

Tremie pipe structure and pile construction method Download PDF

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JP2017082416A
JP2017082416A JP2015208930A JP2015208930A JP2017082416A JP 2017082416 A JP2017082416 A JP 2017082416A JP 2015208930 A JP2015208930 A JP 2015208930A JP 2015208930 A JP2015208930 A JP 2015208930A JP 2017082416 A JP2017082416 A JP 2017082416A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
tube
tremy
bottom
tremy tube
lower end
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JP6470671B2 (en
Inventor
山野辺 慎一
Shinichi Yamanobe
慎一 山野辺
河野 哲也
Tetsuya Kono
哲也 河野
昌之 田中
Masayuki Tanaka
昌之 田中
淳 島村
Jun Shimamura
淳 島村
宗之 小河
Muneyuki Ogawa
宗之 小河
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鹿島建設株式会社
Kajima Corp
ケミカルグラウト株式会社
Chemical Grouting Co Ltd
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a tremie pipe structure and a pile construction method that prevent floating of a basket during concrete casting when constructing a pile, and enable rational slime treatment.SOLUTION: A tremie pipe structure 1 includes a slide pipe 11 and a wing plate 12 provided at a lower end part of a tremie pipe 10. The slide pipe 11 is inserted externally on the tremie pipe 10, and may be raised/lowered along the tremie pipe 10. The wing plate 12 is placed on a steel material 31 at a bottom part of a basket, for pressing down the bottom part of the basket. The tremie pipe 10 is inserted into the basket at a time of secondary slime treatment, to have a bottom end of the tremie pipe 10 protrude downward below the bottom part of the basket through a gap in the steel material 31 at the bottom part of the basket, and slime on a hole bottom is sucked from the bottom end of the tremie pipe 10. When casting concrete, the blade plate 12 is placed on the steel material 31 so that the weight of the tremie pipe 10 is laid on the bottom part of the basket, thus pressing down the bottom part of the basket.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 5

Description

  The present invention relates to a tremmy pipe structure and a pile construction method.

  In ordinary cast-in-place pile construction, a rebar cage is installed in a hole formed in the ground, and then secondary slime treatment in mud is performed before concrete is placed (for example, patent) Reference 1-4). Subsidence of piles is largely caused by loosening of the surrounding ground and accumulation of slime at the bottom of the hole, and subsidence may be severely restricted as in railway structures, so secondary slime treatment is important in the construction of cast-in-place pile method It is.

  For this secondary slime treatment, (a) a method in which the slime settled at the bottom of the hole using a treme tube is sucked out by a submersible pump or air lift system, or (b) a stirring blade or a stabilizing liquid is injected. For example, there is a method in which sedimented slime is forcibly agitated and floated using a pipe or the like and is not deposited. In order to remove the slime with certainty, it is desirable to suck the slime together with the muddy water by the method (a), and replenish the good liquid from the wellhead by the amount discharged (referred to as good liquid replacement).

  Concrete is poured by inserting a plunger into the tremey pipe so that muddy water does not enter the tremy pipe, then pouring the concrete, feeding the concrete to the lower end of the tremy pipe while pushing down the plunger with the weight of the concrete, and discharging from the lower end of the tremy pipe Done in At this time, the plunger is discharged to the bottom of the hole and left in the concrete at the bottom of the hole. Thus, the same slime pipe is used for the secondary slime treatment and the concrete placing.

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-98549 JP 2009-36010 A JP 61-179922 A JP-A-3-194015

  Reinforcing bar cages generally have a cylindrical shape that combines axial reinforcing bars and strip reinforcing bars, and the bottom of the reinforcing bar cage is used to maintain the shape of the reinforcing bar cage and prevent the reinforcing bar cage from getting stuck in the hole bottom. There is a rebar called the bottom rebar. In general, this reinforcing bar is in the form of a cross-girder or a combination of two sets shifted by 45 degrees.

  As shown in FIG. 11, at the beginning of placing concrete 500, concrete 500 flows vertically downward as indicated by an arrow and is discharged from the lower end of treme tube 100, and then flows upward from the bottom of hole 200. At that time, since the reinforcing bar 301 at the bottom of the car 300 inhibits the flow of the concrete 500, the concrete 500 may lift the car 300 and the so-called car 300 may be lifted.

  Further, the excavation of the hole is performed to a predetermined depth so that a sufficient support force can be obtained by the pile after completion, and further, a layer that becomes a support layer is excavated to the pile diameter to be completed. In this state, the bottom of the car may be placed on the bottom of the hole. However, in construction, it is often excavated with sufficient margin, and it reaches the geology that can be confirmed as the assumed support layer even when excavating to a predetermined depth. If not, drill further until the support layer is reached. As a result, the bottom of the car is lifted to a certain extent from the bottom of the hole, and the secondary slime treatment and concrete driving are performed in a state where the reinforcing steel car is suspended in the muddy water.

  Since the slime can be sucked from the bottom of the tremmy tube is limited to the vicinity of the tip of the tube at most, for example, even if the secondary slime treatment is performed with the bottom of the tremy tube at the bottom of the cage, the slime deposited on the bottom of the hole It is impossible to sufficiently eliminate the suction. With the current technology, it is difficult to directly measure the amount of slime removed by suction in the construction management of the pile. In such a situation, the suction amount of the slime is not sufficient, which may lead to insufficient support capacity of the pile after completion. is there.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, such as a tremmy pipe structure that can prevent the car from rising during concrete placement and can perform slime treatment reasonably during the construction of piles. The purpose is to provide.

  1st invention for solving the subject mentioned above has a tremey tube, and a pressing member attached to the tremey tube for pressing the bottom of a cage using a steel member, and sucking slime The tremmy tube structure is characterized in that the mouth can be located below the position of the pressing surface of the pressing member when the pressing member presses the bottom of the car.

  In the present invention, the weight of the tremmy tube can be deposited by pressing the bottom of the car with the pressing member, and the raising of the car can be prevented when placing concrete from the tremy tube to the hole bottom. In addition, by providing a structure that allows the slime suction port to be located below the position of the pressing surface (position corresponding to the car bottom) when the car bottom is pressed by at least a pressing member, the suction port is arranged near the hole bottom. The next slime treatment can be performed reliably.

The pressing member is preferably a plate material disposed along the axial direction of the tremy tube.
First, concrete is driven to a predetermined launch height, and then the tremy pipe is pulled up to place the concrete again. By using the plate material arranged as described above as the pressing member, the tremy pipe is pulled up. Not disturbed by the finished concrete.

For example, the lower end of the tremy tube is below the position of the pressing surface, and the lower end of the tremy tube functions as a suction port for the slime. At this time, it is desirable that a slide tube is fitted on the lower end portion of the tremy tube so that the slide tube can be raised and lowered, an opening is provided on a side surface of the tremy tube, and the opening is opened and closed by raising and lowering the slide tube.
In this way, the lower end of the tremy tube is positioned below the position of the pressing surface of the pressing member, and the slime can be reliably sucked from the hole bottom using this as the slime suction port. In addition, by providing the above-mentioned opening on the side of the tremmy pipe, even if the plunger cannot be discharged well from the lower end of the tremmy pipe when placing concrete, the opening on the side of the tremy pipe is exposed by moving the slide pipe. Concrete can be discharged from this opening.

In addition, it is desirable that a slide tube is externally fitted to the lower end portion of the tremy tube so as to be movable up and down, and the lower end of the slide tube functions as a suction port for the slime.
In this case, the slide tube is lowered and the lower end thereof is used as a slime suction port, and slime can be sucked from the vicinity of the hole bottom. Further, if the slide tube is raised, concrete can be placed from the lower end of the tremy tube while the bottom of the car is pressed by the pressing member.

It is also desirable that a pipe having a flexible tube at the lower end is inserted into the tremy tube, and the end of the flexible tube functions as a suction port for the slime. At this time, the pipe is preferably connected to a suction pump through a rotatable connection.
In this case, the tip of the flexible tube at the lower end of the pipe inserted into the tremy tube is used as the slime suction port, and the slime can be sucked from the vicinity of the hole bottom. If the pipe or the like is removed, the concrete can be placed from the lower end of the tremy tube while the bottom of the car is pressed by the pressing member. Also, by connecting the pipe and the suction pump via a rotatable connection part, the pipe is rotated and the flexible tube is moved at the bottom of the hole while the pipe and the suction pump are connected, and the slime is sucked evenly. be able to.

It is desirable that the lower end of the tremy tube is above the position of the pressing surface.
Thereby, the concrete can be discharged from above the bottom of the car, contributing to prevention of the car from lifting, and the plunger can be preferably discharged.

It is desirable that the pressing member is movable and can be in a state along the side surface of the tremy tube and in a state of jumping to the side of the tremy tube.
If the holding member can be moved, the bottom of the car is held down as the concrete is laid up to the side of the tremmy tube, and the tremmy tube is raised along the side of the tremy tube, the tremmy tube can be lifted more Can be smooth.

  2nd invention is the construction method of the pile using the tremy pipe structure of 1st invention, Comprising: The process of forming a hole in the ground and inserting the cage | basket using the steel member in the said hole, The said tremy In a state where the tube is inserted into the cage, the suction port is positioned below the bottom of the cage, the slime at the bottom of the hole is sucked, and the bottom of the cage is pressed by the pressing member, And a step of placing concrete from the tremy tube.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a tremmy pipe structure or the like that can prevent a car from being lifted during concrete placement and can perform slime treatment rationally during construction of a pile.

Diagram showing Tremy tube structure 1 Figure showing the pile construction method Figure showing the pile construction method The figure which shows the steel material 31 of a cage | basket bottom part The figure which shows the lower end part vicinity of the tremy tube 10 The figure which shows the lower end part vicinity of the tremy tube 10 The figure which shows the tremy tube structure 1a The figure which shows the lower end part vicinity of the tremy tube 10 The figure which shows the tremy tube structure 1b The figure which shows the lower end part vicinity of the tremy tube 10 Diagram showing the lift of the car 300

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

[First embodiment]
(1. Tremy tube structure 1)
Fig.1 (a) is a figure which shows the tremy tube structure 1 which concerns on the 1st Embodiment of this invention. As shown in FIG. 1A, in the tremy tube structure 1 of the present embodiment, a slide tube 11 and a wing plate 12 are provided at the lower end portion of the tremy tube 10.

  The slide tube 11 is externally fitted to the tremy tube 10 and has a blindfold plate 110 extending downward at a position avoiding the blade plate 12 in the circumferential direction. The slide tube 11 can be raised and lowered along the axial direction of the tremy tube 10, and a wire 13 a extending upward is attached to the slide tube 11 for raising and lowering. At the time of construction of the pile by the tremy tube structure 1, this wire 13a shall be extended to the top part (wellhead) of the hole (refer 21 in FIG. 2 (a) etc.) of the ground mentioned later.

  The blade 12 (pressing member) is a plate material having a substantially triangular stable blade shape. At least two blades 12 are provided along the outer periphery of the tremy tube 10. In the present embodiment, four blades 12 are provided at equal intervals (90 ° intervals) in the circumferential direction of the tremy tube 10. Each vane plate 12 is disposed along the axial direction of the tremy tube 10, and an upper end portion is attached to a side surface of the tremy tube 10 by pin bonding. Each vane plate 12 is connected to the slide tube 11 by a wire 13b.

  In the state where the wire 13a is loosened, as shown in FIG. 1 (a), the slide tube 11 is at the lower end of the tremy tube 10, and the blade plate 12 is disposed (closed) along the side surface of the tremy tube 10. It has become.

  On the other hand, when the wire 13a is pulled from above, the slide tube 11 is lifted as shown in FIG. 1 (b), and the blade 12 is pulled by the wire 13b and jumped to the side of the tremy tube 10 along with this. Become. In the present embodiment, the bottom surface of a cage (see 30 in FIG. 2B) described later can be pressed by the lower surface 121 (pressing surface) of the blade 12 at this time, and the lower end of the tremy tube 10 is the pressing surface. It is below the position of 121.

  The vane plate 12 is rotated at an angle of about 90 degrees around the position of the pin 120, and is attached so as not to rotate any more from the state of FIG. When the wire 13a is loosened, the slide tube 11 is lowered. As a result, the wire 13b is loosened, and the blade 12 is rotated in the reverse direction to return to the state shown in FIG.

  In addition, when the wing plate 12 is flipped up as shown in FIG. 1 (b), the distance D between the outer ends of the pair of wing plates 12 at positions symmetrical with respect to the center of the tremmy tube 10 will be described later. It is set to be larger than the interval between the steel materials (refer to 31 in FIG. 4) arranged vertically or horizontally at the bottom of the car.

  An opening 101 through which concrete can be discharged is provided below the pressing surface 121 on the side surface of the lower end portion of the tremy tube 10, and the wire 13a is loosened and the slide tube 11 is lowered as shown in FIG. In the state, it is closed (closed) by the blindfold plate 110, but is exposed (opened) when the slide tube 11 is raised as shown in FIG. In this embodiment, two openings 101 are arranged symmetrically with respect to the center of the tremmy tube 10, and the total opening area is substantially equal to or larger than the cross-sectional area of the tremy tube 10. However, the opening 101 can be omitted.

(2. Pile construction method)
Next, a pile construction method according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. In this embodiment, first, the ground 20 is excavated to form the holes 21 as shown in FIG. In the hole 21, there is mud water 22 accompanying excavation.

  After the primary treatment of the slime at the bottom of the hole, a car 30 made of a steel member such as a reinforcing bar is inserted into the hole 21 and arranged as shown in FIG. The upper end of the car 30 is supported by the wellhead, and the bottom of the car 30 is located above the hole bottom. At the bottom of the car 30, as shown in FIG. 4, steel materials 31 such as steel plates and reinforcing bars are arranged vertically and horizontally in the form of a cross beam, and at least the center of the tremmy tube 10 shown in FIG. There are as many openings as possible.

  As shown in FIG. 2 (c), the tremey tube 10 is inserted into the car 30, and the lower end of the tremey tube 10 is projected from between the steel materials 31 at the car bottom to the lower part of the car bottom, and is arranged in the vicinity of the hole bottom. . FIG. 5A shows the vicinity of the lower end portion of the tremy tube 10 in this state, and the tremy tube 10 is set in a state where the wire 13a is loosened (see FIG. 1A).

  In this state, the secondary slime treatment is performed using the tremy tube 10. That is, a suction pump (not shown) or the like is connected to the upper end portion of the tremy tube 10, and the slime at the bottom of the hole is sucked up from the lower end of the tremy tube 10.

  After the slime is sucked in several places to eliminate the slime as much as possible, the lower end of the tremmy tube 10 is pulled up above the bottom of the car and the wire 13a is pulled from the wellhead and slides as shown in FIG. 1 (b). The pipe 11 is raised and the blade 12 is jumped up to the side of the tremy pipe 10.

  In this state, the trememy tube 10 is suspended again, and the vane plate 12 is placed on the steel material 31 at the bottom of the car as shown in FIG. 2 (d) to deposit the weight of the tremy tube 10 at the bottom of the car. FIG. 5B shows the vicinity of the lower end portion of the tremy tube 10 in this state, where the lower end of the tremy tube 10 is below the bottom of the car and the opening 101 on the side surface of the tremy tube 10 is open. Yes. This opening 101 is also below the bottom of the car.

  After that, a plunger is mounted in the tremy tube 10, and the concrete 13 starts to be driven before the slime is deposited again while the wire 13a is pulled. Since the concrete is driven by depositing the weight of the tremy tube 10 at the bottom of the car, the car 30 is prevented from being lifted.

  As the concrete is placed, as shown in FIG. 6 (a), the plunger 40 comes out of the lower end of the tremmy tube 10 and is discharged to the hole bottom, and the concrete is discharged from both the lower end of the tremy tube 10 and the opening 101 on the side surface. The For example, even when the distance between the lower end of the tremmy tube 10 and the bottom of the hole is small and the plunger 40 cannot be discharged from the lower end of the tremy tube 10, the concrete can be discharged without any problem from the opening 101 on the side surface of the tremy tube 10. When the plunger 40 can be discharged as shown in FIG. 6A, the wire 13a is loosened to lower the slide tube 11 as shown in FIG. 6B, and the opening 101 is closed by the blindfold plate 110 to close the lower end of the tremy tube 10. You may cast concrete from only.

  Since the lower end of the tremy tube 10 or the opening 101 is below the bottom of the car, the concrete can be poured directly into the hole bottom, and mixing of the muddy water 22 can be minimized. In addition, if the concrete directly flows and hits the steel material 31 at the bottom of the car, there is a possibility that the tremy tube 10 may float or shift due to the reaction force. However, in this example, such a problem does not occur.

  Thus, as shown in FIG. 3 (a), the concrete 50 is driven up to a predetermined launch height (for example, about 4 m from the hole bottom) above the bottom of the car, and then the tremy pipe 10 is pulled up, and shown in FIG. 3 (b). In this way, the lower end of the tremy tube 10 is buried in the vicinity of the upper surface of the concrete 50 by about 2 m. If the wire 13a is loosened when the tremy tube 10 is pulled up, the vane plate 12 is closed, the pulling resistance by the concrete 50 is reduced, and the tremy tube 10 can be pulled up smoothly.

  After that, as usual, the concrete pouring by the tremy tube 10 and the above-described lifting of the tremy tube 10 are repeated. Since the bottom of the car is already buried in the concrete 50, there is no need to worry about the car 30 being lifted. Thus, when the concrete 50 is driven to a predetermined height as shown in FIG.

  In the above example, the vane plate 12 is rotatable. However, the vane plate 12 may be fixed to the tremy tube 10 in advance in an arrangement as shown in FIG. Even in this case, the slime can be sucked from the lower end of the tremmy tube 10 in the vicinity of the hole bottom by arranging the tremmy tube 10 in substantially the same arrangement as in FIG. However, if the wing plate 12 is movable as described above, the treme tube 10 is passed between the steel materials 31 by closing the wing plate 12 and passing the treme tube 10 between the steel materials 31 as shown in FIG. The lower end of the tube 10 can be deeper.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, the bottom of the car 30 can be held by the vane plate 12 so that the weight of the tremy pipe 10 can be deposited, and when the concrete is placed from the tremy pipe 10 to the hole bottom, the car 30 is placed. Can be prevented from lifting. Further, the lower end of the tremmy tube 10 is positioned below a pressing surface 121 (a position corresponding to the bottom of the car) when the bottom of the car is pressed by at least the vane plate 12, and this is used as a slime suction port to reliably suck slime from the vicinity of the hole bottom. There is no possibility that the slime cannot be sufficiently sucked because there is a separation from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 to the bottom of the hole.

  Further, by using the wing plate 12 disposed along the axial direction of the tremy tube 10 as a holding member at the bottom of the car, when the tremy tube 10 is pulled up as shown in FIG. Is not obstructed by the cast concrete 50. Further, if the vane plate 12 is movable, the bottom of the car is held down as the state of jumping to the side of the tremmy pipe 10 at the time of placing the concrete, and the state along the side surface of the tremy pipe 10 when the tremy pipe 10 is pulled up, Can be raised more smoothly.

  Further, by providing the opening 101 on the side surface of the tremy tube 10, the side surface of the tremy tube 10 can be moved by the movement of the slide tube 11 even when the plunger 40 cannot be discharged from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 at the time of placing concrete. Thus, the concrete 50 can be discharged from the opening 101.

  However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the opening 101 of the tremy tube 10 can be provided above the holding surface 121 of the vane plate 12. In this case, the concrete 50 can be discharged from above the bottom of the car. This reduces the amount of concrete flowing upward from the top and contributes to preventing the car 30 from being lifted. Furthermore, the slide tube 11 and the opening 101 can be omitted. In this case, the blade 12 may be operated directly from the wellhead using a wire or the like.

  Hereinafter, other examples of the present invention will be described as second and third embodiments. Each embodiment will be described with respect to differences from the first embodiment, and the same points will be denoted by the same reference numerals in the drawings and the like, and description thereof will be omitted.

[Second Embodiment]
(1. Tremy tube structure 1a)
FIG. 7A is a view showing a tremy tube structure 1a according to the second embodiment. As shown to Fig.7 (a), in the tremey tube structure 1a of 2nd Embodiment, the slide tube 11a and the blade board 12a are provided in the lower end of the tremey tube 10. FIG.

  The slide tube 11a is externally fitted to the tremy tube 10 and has a slit 111 extending upward from the lower end at a position corresponding to the blade 12a in the circumferential direction. The slide tube 11a can be raised and lowered along the tremey tube 10, and a wire 13a extending upward is attached to the slide tube 11a for raising and lowering. At the time of construction of the pile by the tremy tube structure 1a, the wire 13a extends to the wellhead.

  The wing plate 12 a is a plate material having a substantially triangular stable wing shape, and at least two blade plates are provided along the outer periphery of the tremy tube 10. In the present embodiment, four blades 12 a are provided at equal intervals (90 ° intervals) in the circumferential direction of the tremy tube 10. Each vane plate 12 a is disposed along the axial direction of the tremy tube 10, and its upper end is fixed to the lower end of the tremy tube 10 in a rib shape.

  In the present embodiment, the bottom of the car can be pressed by the lower surface 121a (pressing surface) of the blade 12a, and the lower end of the tremy tube 10 is above the pressing surface 121a. Further, the distance D between the outer ends of the pair of blades 12a located symmetrically with respect to the center of the tremy tube 10 is set to be larger than the distance between the steel members 31 arranged vertically or horizontally at the bottom of the car.

  In the state where the wire 13a is pulled, the lower end of the slide tube 11a is above the lower end of the tremy tube 10 as shown in FIG. 7 (a), but when the wire 13a is loosened, it slides as shown in FIG. 7 (b). The tube 11a is lowered, the blade plate 12a is passed through the slit 111, and the lower end of the slide tube 11a protrudes below the pressing surface 121a of the blade plate 12a.

(2. Pile construction method)
In the present embodiment, after the car 30 is built in the same manner as described above, in the secondary slime treatment step (corresponding to the above-described FIG. 2C), as shown in FIG. The wire 13a is inserted into the car 30 in a loosened state, and the vane plate 12a is placed on the steel material 31 at the bottom of the car as shown in FIG. 8 (a), the bottom of the car is pressed, and the lower end of the slide tube 11a is steel at the bottom of the car. The secondary slime treatment is performed in a state of protruding from between 31 to the bottom of the car bottom. The lower end of the slide tube 11a is in the vicinity of the hole bottom, and the slime on the hole bottom can be sucked up from the lower end of the slide tube 11a.

  After the slime is sucked into several places, the tremy tube 10 is moved to the vicinity of the center of the bottom of the car, and as shown in FIG. 13a is pulled from the wellhead, and the lower end of the slide tube 11a is pulled up to be equal to or higher than the lower end of the tremy tube 10.

  Thereafter, the plunger is mounted in the tremy tube 10 and the concrete is started to be placed in the same manner as described above. In this embodiment, the plunger is discharged from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 as usual, and the concrete is also discharged from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 without any problem. Since the concrete is discharged from above the bottom of the car, and the weight of the tremy tube 10 is deposited at the bottom of the car, the car 30 does not rise.

  In the same manner as described above, after the concrete is driven to a predetermined launch height above the bottom of the car (see FIG. 3B), the tremy tube 10 is pulled up. At that time, it is not particularly necessary to pull the wire 13a. Thereafter, the concrete can be placed up to a predetermined height in the same manner as described above.

  In the second embodiment, the slide tube 11a is lowered so that its lower end is positioned downward from the bottom of the car 30, and this can be used as a slime suction port. If the slide tube 11a is raised, concrete can be placed from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 with the bottom of the car pressed by the blade 12a. In the present embodiment, the lower end of the tremy tube 10 is above the position of the pressing surface 121a, and concrete can be discharged from above the bottom of the car. This contributes to prevention of the car 30 from being lifted and the plunger is preferably discharged. it can.

[Third Embodiment]
(1. Tremy tube structure 1b)
FIG. 9A is a view showing a tremy tube structure 1b according to the third embodiment. As shown in FIG. 9A, in the tremey pipe structure 1b of the third embodiment, a pipe 15 such as a steel pipe is inserted into the tremey pipe 10, and a vacuum hose 151 that is a flexible pipe is provided at the lower end of the pipe 15. (Flexible hose) is attached.

  A blade 12a similar to that of the second embodiment is attached to the lower end portion of the tremy tube 10. The vacuum hose 151 protrudes from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 and its tip can be located below the pressing surface 121a of the blade 12a.

  As shown in FIG. 9B, a swivel joint 153 that is a rotatable connection portion is provided at the upper end portion of the pipe 15. The pipe 15 is connected to a suction pump via a swivel joint 153, and the pipe 15 is rotatable in the circumferential direction in this state. In the present embodiment, the swivel joint 153 is suspended by the suspension member 16 to support the pipe 15, but the swivel joint 153 is temporarily fixed to a gantry (not shown) provided on the ground 20 or temporarily attached to the tremy tube 10. It may be fixed.

(2. Pile construction method)
In this embodiment, after the car 30 is built in the same manner as described above, the treme tube 10 is inserted into the car 30 in the secondary slime treatment step (corresponding to FIG. Place the steel material 31 on the bottom of the car and press the bottom of the car. Then, the pipe 15 is inserted into the tremy pipe 10, and the vacuum hose 151 is projected from the lower end of the tremy pipe 10 as shown in FIG. Perform slime treatment. The tip of the vacuum hose 151 is in the vicinity of the hole bottom, and the slime at the hole bottom can be sucked up from the end.

  The tip of the vacuum hose 151 can be moved as shown by the dotted line in the figure by adjusting the insertion depth of the pipe 15 and rotating the pipe 15 without changing the position of the tremy tube 10, and this tip is moved to the entire bottom surface of the hole 21. By doing so, slime can be sucked evenly. The vacuum hose 151 bends gently along the bottom surface of the hole 21 due to its flexibility. The length of the vacuum hose 151 is a length that can extend to the vicinity of the outer periphery of the bottom surface of the hole 21.

  After the secondary slime treatment is completed, the pipe 15, the vacuum hose 151, etc. are removed from the tremy tube 10 as shown in FIG. 10 (b), and the plunger is set in the tremy tube 10 as in the second embodiment. Place concrete. During this time, the weight of the tremy tube 10 is left at the bottom of the car by the vane plate 12a.

  Also in this embodiment, the plunger is discharged from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 as usual, and the concrete is also discharged from the lower end of the tremy tube 10 without any problem. Since the concrete is discharged from above the bottom of the car, and the weight of the tremy tube 10 is deposited at the bottom of the car, the car 30 does not rise. Subsequent processing is substantially the same as that of the second embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

  In the third embodiment, the vacuum hose 151 at the lower end of the pipe 15 inserted into the tremy tube 10 is positioned downward from the bottom of the car 30 and can be used as a slime suction port. Further, even when the steel material 31 is densely arranged at the bottom of the car, it can be extended downward through the vacuum hose 151 between the steel materials 31, and the slime at the bottom of the hole can be sucked evenly by the rotation of the pipe 15 or the like. If the pipe 15 and the like are removed, concrete can be placed from above the bottom of the car while the bottom of the car is pressed by the blade 12a, as in the second embodiment, contributing to prevention of the car 30 from being lifted. In addition, the plunger can be suitably discharged.

  The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described above with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited to such examples. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes or modifications can be conceived within the scope of the technical idea disclosed in the present application, and these are naturally within the technical scope of the present invention. Understood.

1, 1a, 1b; Tremy tube structure 10; Tremy tubes 11, 11a; Slide tubes 12, 12a; Wing plates 13a, 13b; Wire 15; Pipe 16; Suspension material 20; Ground 21; Hole 22; Steel 40; Plunger 50; Concrete 101; Opening 110; Blindfolded plate 111; Slit 120; Pins 121 and 121a; Pressing surface 151; Vacuum hose 153;

Claims (10)

  1. Tremy tube,
    A pressing member attached to the tremy tube, for pressing the bottom of the car using a steel member,
    Have
    A tremey tube structure characterized in that the slime suction port can be positioned below the position of the pressing surface of the pressing member when the pressing member presses the bottom of the car.
  2.   2. The tremy tube structure according to claim 1, wherein the pressing member is a plate member disposed along an axial direction of the tremy tube.
  3. The lower end of the tremy tube is below the position of the pressing surface;
    3. The tremy tube structure according to claim 1, wherein a lower end of the tremy tube functions as a suction port for the slime.
  4. A slide tube is fitted to the lower end of the tremy tube so that it can be raised and lowered,
    4. The tremy tube structure according to claim 3, wherein an opening is provided on a side surface of the tremy tube, and the opening is opened and closed by raising and lowering the slide tube.
  5. A slide tube is fitted to the lower end of the tremy tube so that it can be raised and lowered,
    The tremy tube structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a lower end of the slide tube functions as a suction port for the slime.
  6. A pipe having a flexible tube at the lower end is inserted into the tremy tube,
    The tremy tube structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein an end portion of the flexible tube functions as a suction port for the slime.
  7.   The tremy tube structure according to claim 6, wherein the pipe is connected to a suction pump through a rotatable connecting portion.
  8.   8. The tremy tube structure according to claim 5, wherein a lower end of the tremy tube is above a position of the pressing surface. 9.
  9.   3. The tremy tube structure according to claim 2, wherein the pressing member is movable, and can be in a state along a side surface of the tremy tube and a state of jumping to the side of the tremy tube.
  10. A pile construction method using the tremy tube structure according to any one of claims 1 to 9,
    Forming a hole in the ground, and inserting a cage using a steel member into the hole;
    Inserting the tremely tube into the car and sucking slime at the bottom of the hole in a state where the suction port is located below the bottom of the car;
    A step of placing concrete from the tremy pipe while holding the bottom of the car with the pressing member;
    A construction method of a pile having
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Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5197207A (en) * 1975-02-24 1976-08-26 Suraimujokyohoho oyobi sonosochi
JPS524607A (en) * 1975-06-28 1977-01-13 Marugo Kk Method of forming casttin place concrete pile
JPS5413605A (en) * 1977-07-01 1979-02-01 Hitachi Construction Machinery Method of construction of driving pile for deciding location and device of treating slime for driving pile
JPS54139203A (en) * 1978-04-21 1979-10-29 Takenaka Komuten Co Method of driving construction of location driving pile and slime treatment device for driving pile
JPS56176246U (en) * 1980-05-27 1981-12-25
JPS61179922A (en) * 1985-02-05 1986-08-12 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Method and device of disposing slime during driving of cast-in-place pile with enlarged bottom
JPS6437539A (en) * 1987-08-03 1989-02-08 Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Optical switch
US5026214A (en) * 1989-07-13 1991-06-25 Beck Iii August H Apparatus for placing cementitious materials in earth excavations
JP2001032271A (en) * 1999-07-26 2001-02-06 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Work execution method of cast-in-place concrete pile having long steel frame therein
JP2004263561A (en) * 2004-06-30 2004-09-24 Hazama Corp Cast-in-place pile and its work execution method
JP2005273412A (en) * 2004-03-26 2005-10-06 Okumura Corp Method for preparing in-situ concrete pile

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5197207A (en) * 1975-02-24 1976-08-26 Suraimujokyohoho oyobi sonosochi
JPS524607A (en) * 1975-06-28 1977-01-13 Marugo Kk Method of forming casttin place concrete pile
JPS5413605A (en) * 1977-07-01 1979-02-01 Hitachi Construction Machinery Method of construction of driving pile for deciding location and device of treating slime for driving pile
JPS54139203A (en) * 1978-04-21 1979-10-29 Takenaka Komuten Co Method of driving construction of location driving pile and slime treatment device for driving pile
JPS56176246U (en) * 1980-05-27 1981-12-25
JPS61179922A (en) * 1985-02-05 1986-08-12 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Method and device of disposing slime during driving of cast-in-place pile with enlarged bottom
JPS6437539A (en) * 1987-08-03 1989-02-08 Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Optical switch
US5026214A (en) * 1989-07-13 1991-06-25 Beck Iii August H Apparatus for placing cementitious materials in earth excavations
JP2001032271A (en) * 1999-07-26 2001-02-06 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Work execution method of cast-in-place concrete pile having long steel frame therein
JP2005273412A (en) * 2004-03-26 2005-10-06 Okumura Corp Method for preparing in-situ concrete pile
JP2004263561A (en) * 2004-06-30 2004-09-24 Hazama Corp Cast-in-place pile and its work execution method

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