JP2017064514A - Hood for ultrasonic endoscope and ultrasonic endoscope - Google Patents

Hood for ultrasonic endoscope and ultrasonic endoscope Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2017064514A
JP2017064514A JP2017006484A JP2017006484A JP2017064514A JP 2017064514 A JP2017064514 A JP 2017064514A JP 2017006484 A JP2017006484 A JP 2017006484A JP 2017006484 A JP2017006484 A JP 2017006484A JP 2017064514 A JP2017064514 A JP 2017064514A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
hood
main body
portion
ultrasonic
state
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2017006484A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP6230734B2 (en
Inventor
森本 康彦
Yasuhiko Morimoto
康彦 森本
Original Assignee
富士フイルム株式会社
Fujifilm Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 富士フイルム株式会社, Fujifilm Corp filed Critical 富士フイルム株式会社
Priority to JP2017006484A priority Critical patent/JP6230734B2/en
Publication of JP2017064514A publication Critical patent/JP2017064514A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP6230734B2 publication Critical patent/JP6230734B2/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

An ultrasonic endoscope hood and an ultrasonic endoscope that prevent the body wall from coming into close contact with an observation window when an ultrasonic transducer is brought into close contact with the body wall. In an ultrasonic endoscope hood 100 to be attached to an ultrasonic endoscope, a notch 108 is formed at the tip of the hood 100, and a tip corner on the observation window 44 side along the notch 108 is provided. Is provided as a bowl-shaped portion 106. The saddle-shaped portion 106 protrudes in front of the observation window 44, and when the ultrasonic transducer 50 is brought into close contact with the body wall, the saddle-shaped portion 106 is interposed between the body wall and the observation window 44 so as to reach the observation window 44. The adhesion of the body wall is prevented. [Selection] Figure 5

Description

  The present invention relates to an ultrasonic endoscope hood and an ultrasonic endoscope apparatus, and more particularly to an ultrasonic endoscope hood and an ultrasonic endoscope that prevent adhesion of a body wall (such as a mucous membrane) to an observation window.

  As an ultrasonic endoscope, what is equipped with an electronic scanning ultrasonic transducer at the distal end of the insertion portion of the endoscope is known, while acquiring an ultrasonic image of a lesioned portion with the ultrasonic transducer, For example, a puncture needle led out from a treatment tool outlet at the distal end through a treatment tool channel is punctured into a lesion, and a cell tissue of the lesion is collected.

  In addition to the ultrasonic transducer, the ultrasonic endoscope includes an imaging means and an illuminating means, and can be observed with an optical image in the same manner as a general endoscope, and a puncture needle approaches the body wall. Until the puncture is performed, the puncture needle can be reliably guided to the target site by observing with the optical image.

  Patent Document 1 discloses a hood used for an ultrasonic endoscope. According to this, the cylindrical hood is attached to the distal end portion of the endoscope, and the space surrounded by the hood is sucked by the suction channel in a state where the distal end opening of the hood is in contact with the target site. . Thus, the target part can be drawn into the hood and brought into contact with the ultrasonic transducer, and the relative position between the target part and the ultrasonic transducer is stabilized.

JP 2009-268751 A

  By the way, if there is a gap between the ultrasonic transducer and the body wall, the ultrasonic wave is reflected by the gap and an image inside the tissue cannot be obtained. Therefore, in order to acquire a clear ultrasonic image, it is necessary to bring the ultrasonic transducer into close contact with the body wall. At this time, the body wall may be in close contact with the outer surface of the observation window, and the field of view from the observation window may be lost. If the field of view of the observation window is lost, the puncture point (puncture point) cannot be visually recognized.

  In addition, the puncture point can be confirmed with an ultrasonic image without using an optical image, but even in such a case, if the body wall is in close contact with the observation window, the entire image becomes an odd red image, which is uncomfortable. There is a problem of giving.

  Even when the hood described in Patent Document 1 is used, the target part is sucked into the hood and the target part and the ultrasonic transducer are brought into close contact with each other, so that the body wall is not prevented from coming into close contact with the observation window.

  The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, and an ultrasonic endoscope hood and an ultrasonic endoscope that prevent the body wall from coming into close contact with the observation window when the ultrasonic transducer is brought into close contact with the body wall. An object is to provide a sonic endoscope.

  In order to achieve the above object, an ultrasonic endoscope hood according to an aspect of the present invention includes an insertion portion having a distal end portion, and an ultrasonic transducer disposed at the distal end portion and having a plurality of ultrasonic transducers. A treatment instrument outlet that is disposed on the proximal side of the ultrasonic transducer at the distal end and from which the treatment instrument protrudes toward the ultrasonic observation range of the ultrasonic transducer, and a treatment instrument outlet at the distal end An ultrasonic endoscope hood for use in an ultrasonic endoscope comprising an observation window disposed at an adjacent position, and having an attachment portion attached to the distal end portion, wherein the distal end is ultrasonic A hood main body disposed on the proximal end side with respect to the transducer, and a hook-shaped portion provided on the hood main body and protruding toward the front of the observation window.

  According to the present invention, when the ultrasonic transducer is brought into close contact with the body wall, the saddle-like portion is interposed between the observation window and the body wall, so that the body wall can be prevented from coming into close contact with the observation window. . Thereby, the field of view of the observation window is secured.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the hood main body may be provided with a notch at a position where the treatment instrument outlet is formed.

  According to this aspect, it is possible to prevent the hood main body from inhibiting the derivation of the treatment instrument from the treatment instrument outlet.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the bowl-shaped portion is opposite to the treatment instrument outlet with a plane parallel to the longitudinal axis of the insertion portion and including the optical axis of the observation window. It is desirable to have an aspect provided on the side.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the hook-shaped portion is configured by a frame member that protrudes toward the front of the observation window in a state where the hood body is attached to the tip portion. can do.

  According to this aspect, the hindrance to the field of view of the observation window can be reduced.

  In the hood for an ultrasonic endoscope according to one aspect of the present invention, the bowl-shaped portion may be configured by a transparent member.

  According to this aspect, the hindrance to the field of view of the observation window can be reduced.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the transparent member may be made of silicon rubber or fluorine rubber.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the saddle-shaped portion is provided in a position that does not overlap with the treatment instrument protruding from the treatment instrument outlet in the observation field range of the observation window. be able to.

  According to this aspect, even if the hood body is used, the treatment instrument can be reliably observed.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, it is desirable that the hook-shaped portion is provided at a position not included in the ultrasonic scanning range of the ultrasonic transducer.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the first state in which the hook-shaped portion is located within the observation field range of the observation window, and the first state in which the hook-shaped portion is located outside the observation field range of the observation window. It can be set as the aspect provided with the switching means which switches between 2 states.

  According to this aspect, it is possible to keep the hood main body attached to the distal end portion of the endoscope without hindering the field of view of the observation window.

  In the hood for an ultrasonic endoscope according to one aspect of the present invention, the bowl-shaped portion is biased from one state to the other state among the first state and the second state, and the switching means is , Having a string-like member with one end connected to the hook-like part, applying a pulling force to the other end of the string-like member to bring the hook-like part into the other state, and against the other end of the string-like member It can be set as the aspect which makes a hook-shaped part one state by canceling | releasing tensile force.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the switching means includes a balloon connected to the bowl-shaped portion, and a fluid inflow / outflow means for allowing the fluid to flow in / out of the balloon. By inflating or deflating the balloon, the hook-shaped portion can be switched to the first state or the second state.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the hood main body includes a first main body portion provided on the proximal end side and a second main body portion provided on the distal end side of the first main body portion. The switching means has a rotating means for rotating the second main body portion around the axis of the hood main body with respect to the first main body portion, and the first main body portion is rotated by rotating the second main body portion, whereby the hook-shaped portion is It can be set as the aspect switched to a state or a 2nd state.

  In the ultrasonic endoscope hood according to one aspect of the present invention, the hood main body includes a first main body portion provided on the proximal end side and a second main body portion provided on the distal end side of the first main body portion. The switching means has a moving means for moving the second main body portion in the axial direction of the hood main body with respect to the first main body portion, and the second main body portion is moved by the front moving means so that the bowl-shaped portion is moved to the first main body portion. It can be set as the aspect switched to 1 state or a 2nd state.

  An ultrasonic endoscope according to another aspect of the present invention includes an insertion portion having a distal end portion, an ultrasonic transducer disposed at the distal end portion and having a plurality of ultrasonic transducers, and an ultrasonic transducer at the distal end portion. Is disposed on the base end side, and is disposed at a position adjacent to the treatment instrument outlet at the distal end portion, and a treatment instrument outlet that projects the treatment instrument toward the ultrasonic observation range of the ultrasonic transducer. An ultrasonic endoscope hood attached to the distal end portion, and the ultrasonic endoscope hood has an attachment portion attached to the distal end portion, and the distal end is more than the ultrasonic transducer. A hood main body disposed on the proximal end side, and a hook-shaped portion provided on the hood main body and protruding toward the front of the observation window.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to prevent the body wall from coming into close contact with the observation window when the ultrasonic transducer is brought into close contact with the body wall.

The whole figure which showed an example of ultrasonic endoscope 1 in which the hood for ultrasonic endoscopes concerning the present invention is used The perspective view which expanded and showed the tip part The perspective view which showed the state which removed the endoscope, the front-end | tip part, and the hood for ultrasonic endoscopes of 1st Embodiment The perspective view which showed the state which mounted | wore the endoscope, the front-end | tip part, and the ultrasonic endoscope hood of 1st Embodiment. Figure showing the tip from the front side of the observation window The figure which showed the image imaged in the state in which the hood of 1st Embodiment was mounted | worn at the front-end | tip part The figure which showed the mode at the time of making an ultrasonic transducer contact | adhere to a body wall, and acquiring an ultrasonic image The perspective view which showed the food | hood for ultrasonic endoscopes of 2nd Embodiment The figure which showed the image imaged in the state in which the hood of 2nd Embodiment was mounted | worn at the front-end | tip part The perspective view which showed the food | hood of 3rd Embodiment The perspective view which showed the food | hood of 4th Embodiment The perspective view which showed the food | hood of 4th Embodiment The perspective view which showed the food | hood of 5th Embodiment Exploded view of the hood of the fifth embodiment Sectional drawing of the food | hood of 5th Embodiment The figure of the 1st state in the food | hood of 5th Embodiment The figure of the 2nd state in the food | hood of 5th Embodiment The perspective view of the food | hood of 6th Embodiment Sectional drawing of the food | hood of 6th Embodiment Sectional drawing of the food | hood of 6th Embodiment The figure of the 1st state in the food | hood of 6th Embodiment The figure of the 2nd state in the food | hood of 6th Embodiment

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  FIG. 1 is an overall view showing an example of an ultrasonic endoscope 1 in which an ultrasonic endoscope hood according to the present invention is used.

  An ultrasonic endoscope 1 (hereinafter, simply referred to as an endoscope 1) in the figure is connected to an insertion portion 10 to be inserted into the body of a subject and a proximal end side of the insertion portion 10, and is grasped by a practitioner. An operation unit 12 that performs various operations, and a universal unit that is connected to the operation unit 12 and connects the endoscope 1 to a system component device (not shown) such as a processor device or a light source device that configures the endoscope system. And code 14.

  The insertion part 10 is formed in a long shape with a small diameter as a whole, a flexible part 30 having flexibility in order from the proximal end side to the distal end side, and a bending part 32 that can be bent by the operation of the operation part 12. And the front-end | tip part 34 in which an imaging means, an ultrasonic transducer (electromagnetic acoustic transducer), etc. are arrange | positioned is connected and comprised.

  The operation unit 12 is provided with various operation members operated by a practitioner, and includes a left and right angle knob 16, an upper and lower angle knob 17, a standing operation lever 18, an air / water supply button 20, a suction button 22, and the like. . The bending portion 32 is bent in the left-right direction and the up-down direction by the operation of the left-right angle knob 16 and the up-down angle knob 17.

  Further, the operation unit 12 is provided with a treatment instrument introduction port 24 for inserting a treatment instrument into a treatment instrument insertion passage (treatment instrument insertion channel) that is inserted through the insertion section 10.

  The universal cord 14 includes an electric cable, a light guide, and a fluid tube inside. A connector is provided at an end (not shown) of the universal cord 14. By connecting the connector to a predetermined system configuration device that constitutes an endoscope system such as a processor device or a light source device, power and control signals required for operation of the endoscope 1 from the system configuration device to the endoscope 1 , Illumination light, liquid / gas, etc. are supplied, and observation image data acquired by the imaging device of the distal end portion 34 and ultrasonic image data acquired by the ultrasonic transducer are transmitted from the endoscope 1 to the system configuration device. Is transmitted. Note that the observation image and the endoscopic image transmitted to the system configuration apparatus are displayed on the monitor.

  FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of the distal end portion 34. As shown in the drawing, the distal end portion 34 has a base portion 40 disposed on the proximal end side and an extending portion 42 extending from the base portion 40 toward the distal end side.

  The extending portion 42 is provided with a convex type ultrasonic transducer 50 in which a large number of ultrasonic transducers for transmitting and receiving ultrasonic waves are arranged along an arcuate ultrasonic wave transmitting / receiving surface. Thereby, an ultrasonic image (tomographic image) on a scanning plane parallel to the axis of the insertion unit 10 is acquired by the ultrasonic transducer 50, and the data of the ultrasonic image is the insertion unit 10, the operation unit 12, and the universal code 14. The signal is transmitted to the system component device connected to the universal cord 14 through a signal cable inserted through the inside.

  The base 40 has an outer peripheral surface 36 along a cylindrical surface centered on the axis of the insertion portion 10, and a left inclined surface 41 </ b> L and a right inclined surface 41 </ b> R are provided on the distal end side of the outer peripheral surface 36. It is done. An observation window 44, an air / water supply nozzle 48, and an illumination window 46L are provided on the left slope 41L, and an illumination window 46R is provided on the right slope 41R. A treatment instrument outlet 58 is provided at the center between the left slope 41L and the right slope 41R.

  An imaging unit in which the imaging optical system and the solid-state imaging device are integrally assembled is disposed inside the base 40 that is the base end side of the observation window 44. As a result, light from the observed region that becomes the observation visual field (field range) of the imaging means is taken in from the observation window 44, and an optical image of the observed region is formed by the imaging optical system, and the optical image is solid-state imaged. It is converted into an electric signal by the element. Then, the observation image data converted into the electrical signal is transmitted to the system component device connected to the universal cord 14 through the insertion unit 10, the operation unit 12, and the signal cable passing through the universal cord 14. The

  A light emitting portion is disposed inside the base portion 40 on the base end side of each of the illumination windows 46R and 46L. Illumination light is guided to the light emitting unit from the system component device connected to the universal cord 14 through the insertion unit 10, the operation unit 12, and a light guide that passes through the inside of the universal cord 14. The light is emitted from the light emitting portion and irradiated to the site to be observed through the illumination windows 46R and 46L.

  The air / water supply nozzle 48 is connected to a system component connected to the universal cord 14 via a fluid tube passing through the inside of the insertion unit 10, the operation unit 12, and the universal cord 14, and supplied from the system component. The gas or water thus injected is jetted from the air / water supply nozzle 48 toward the observation window 44, and the observation window 44 is cleaned. Further, air supply or water supply from the air supply / water supply nozzle 48 is performed based on the operation of the air supply / water supply button 20 of the operation unit 12.

  The treatment instrument outlet 58 has a concave treatment instrument standing space 62, and an opening 64 of the treatment instrument insertion channel is disposed on the proximal end side of the treatment instrument standing space 62.

  The opening 64 is connected to the treatment instrument introduction port 24 of the operation unit 12 through a treatment instrument insertion channel (treatment instrument insertion passage) inserted into the insertion unit 10, and the treatment instrument inserted from the treatment instrument introduction port 24 is connected to the opening 64. It is led out from the opening 64 to the treatment instrument standing space 62.

  In addition, in the treatment instrument standing space 62, a treatment instrument stand 60 (hereinafter simply referred to as the stand 60) is disposed on the tip side of the opening 64.

  The stand 60 has a concave guide surface 60a that curves upward from the base end side toward the tip end side on the upper surface side, and the treatment instrument led out from the opening 64 is placed on the guide surface 60a of the stand base 60. It abuts and curves upward. As a result, the treatment instrument derived from the treatment instrument outlet 58 of the distal end portion 34 is distally advanced from the proximal end side by the stand 60 with respect to the central axis passing through the center of the distal end portion 34 (longitudinal axis of the insertion portion 10). It protrudes and arranges along the diagonal direction upward toward the side.

  The stand 60 is connected to the stand operation lever 18 of the operation unit 12 through an operation wire that passes through the insertion unit 10, and the stand 60 is raised or tilted by the operation of the stand operation lever 18. The standing angle of the stand 60 is changed. As a result, the derivation direction (derivation angle) of the treatment instrument derived from the distal end portion 34 (treatment instrument derivation port 58) is changed.

  Note that a suction channel is connected to the treatment instrument insertion channel, and suction from the treatment instrument outlet 58 is turned on or off by operating the suction button 22 of the operation unit 12.

  Next, an ultrasonic endoscope hood that is detachably attached to the distal end portion 34 of the endoscope 1 will be described.

  FIG. 3 shows the distal end portion 34 of the endoscope 1 and the ultrasonic endoscope hood 100 (hereinafter simply referred to as the hood 100) of the first embodiment, and the hood 100 is removed from the distal end portion 34. FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a state where the hood 100 is attached to the distal end portion 34.

  The hood 100 shown in these drawings has a hood main body 102 formed of an elastic material such as silicon rubber or fluororubber and in a cylindrical shape by a frame member, and has a notch 108 extending from the distal end to the proximal end side. Have However, the hood 100 is not necessarily transparent.

  The inner peripheral surface of the hood main body 102 has substantially the same diameter as the cylindrical outer peripheral surface 36 of the tip end portion 34, and the hood main body 102 is externally fitted to the outer peripheral surface 36 of the tip end portion 34 as shown in FIG. The inner peripheral surface of the base end side of the main body 102 is in close contact with the outer peripheral surface 36 of the distal end portion 34. As a result, the hood 100 (the hood main body 102) is attached to the distal end portion 34 as shown in FIG.

  Note that a portion of the hood main body 102 closer to the base end than the base end of the notch 108 has an action as the mounting portion 104 for mounting the hood main body 102 to the distal end portion 34. The configuration of the mounting unit 104 can be arbitrarily changed. In addition, the hood main body 102 can be attached to the distal end portion 34 by using any fixing means such as an adhesive or an adhesive tape.

  The hood main body 102 has a position where the base end of the notch 108 substantially matches the position of the base end of the concave treatment instrument standing space 62 in the treatment instrument outlet 58 of the distal end 34, and the treatment The device is mounted at a position where the circumferential position of the standing space 62 and the circumferential position of the notch 108 substantially coincide. As a result, the hood main body 102 is fixed at a substantially prescribed position with respect to the distal end portion 34, and the hood main body 102 is disposed at a position that does not hinder the derivation of the treatment instrument from the treatment instrument outlet 58.

  When the hood main body 102 is thus attached to the distal end portion 34, the distal end of the hood main body 102 is disposed on the proximal end side with respect to the ultrasonic transducer 50.

  Further, at least the tip side portions on both the left and right sides with respect to the notch portion 108 of the hood main body 102 are spaced apart from the left slope 41L and the right slope 41R facing obliquely upward (tilt obliquely) at the tip side of the tip 34. However, it is arranged in a state where it does not contact any surface of the tip end portion 34.

  Then, the hook-like portion 106 which is a portion on the left tip side with respect to the notch portion 108 of the hood main body 102 protrudes toward the front side of the observation window 44 which faces the left slope 41L of the tip portion 34 diagonally upward. Arranged. That is, as shown in FIG. 5, in the view showing the distal end portion 34 from the front side of the observation window 44, the projection 106 protrudes to a position where the hook-like portion 106 of the hood body 102 overlaps the position of the observation window 44.

  Further, FIG. 6 shows an image picked up by the image pickup means through the observation window 44 in a state in which the hood 100 is attached to the distal end portion 34. As shown in FIG. It arrange | positions in the position which does not overlap with the treatment tool P which protrudes from the treatment tool extraction port 58 among the observation visual field range of the observation window 44 (imaging means).

  The saddle-like portion 106 is desirably provided on the opposite side of the treatment instrument outlet 58 with a plane parallel to the axis (longitudinal axis) of the insertion portion 10 and including the optical axis of the observation window 44. Alternatively, it is desirable to be provided at a position not included in the ultrasonic scanning range of the ultrasonic transducer 50, and it is more desirable to be provided at a position satisfying both.

  According to the hood 100 of the first embodiment described above, the ultrasonic transmission / reception surface of the ultrasonic transducer 50 is brought into close contact with the body wall S as shown in FIG. 7 when acquiring an ultrasonic image at the time of insertion of a puncture needle. Let's say. At this time, the hook-shaped portion 106 of the hood 100 is interposed between the observation window 44 and the body wall S. Therefore, the body wall S is prevented from coming into close contact with the observation window 44.

  Next, an ultrasonic endoscope hood 150 (hereinafter simply referred to as a hood 150) according to a second embodiment will be described.

  FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing the hood 150 of the second embodiment. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the part of the action same or similar to the food | hood 100 of 1st Embodiment, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in the figure, in the hood 150 of the second embodiment, at least the ridge-shaped portion 106 is configured by a frame member 152, and the hood 150 (the hood main body 102) is attached to the distal end portion 34. A frame member 152 in the shape portion 106 projects toward the front of the observation window 44.

  According to the hood 150 of the second embodiment, when the ultrasonic transmission / reception surface of the ultrasonic transducer 50 is brought into close contact with the body wall, similarly to the hood 100 of the first embodiment, The frame member 152 of the bowl-shaped portion 106 of the hood 150 is interposed between the body wall and the body wall from being in close contact with the observation window 44.

  FIG. 9 shows an image picked up by the image pickup means through the observation window 44 in a state where the hood 150 is attached to the distal end portion 34. As shown in FIG. The saddle-shaped part 106 constituted by the frame member 152 is shown. Therefore, the field of view becomes clear.

  Next, an ultrasonic endoscope hood 200 (hereinafter simply referred to as a hood 200) according to a third embodiment will be described.

  FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing a hood 200 according to the third embodiment. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the part of the action same or similar to the food | hood 100 of 1st Embodiment, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in the figure, the hood 200 of the third embodiment is brazed in a state in which the hook-like portion 106 is deformed radially outward with respect to the axis of the hood main body 102.

  On the other hand, as a switching means, one end of the string-like member 202 is connected to an inner peripheral surface or the like in the hook-like portion 106, and the other end of the string-like member 202 is connected, for example, from the treatment instrument outlet 58 to the treatment instrument insertion channel. Derived from the treatment instrument introduction port 24 of the operation unit 12.

  According to this, when the operator applies a tensile force to the other end of the string-like member 202 led out from the treatment instrument introduction port 24, the hook-like portion 106 is in the radial direction with respect to the axis of the hood main body 102. By deforming inwardly into a first state that is located within the observation field of view of the observation window 44 (imaging means) and releasing the tensile force with respect to the other end of the string-like member 202, the hook-like portion 106 is It switches to the 2nd state located outside the observation visual field range of the observation window 44. FIG.

  Therefore, when priority is given to the field of view, the hook-shaped portion 106 can be set in the second state so that the hook-shaped portion 106 does not appear in the observation field range of the observation window 44.

  In the following description, the state in which the bowl-shaped portion 106 is deformed radially inward with respect to the axis of the hood main body 102 and is positioned within the observation field range of the observation window 44 is referred to as a first state. A state in which 106 is located outside the observation visual field range of the observation window 44 is referred to as a second state. However, the second state is not a state in which the hook-like portion 106 is completely retracted from the observation field range of the observation window 44, and the size (area) of the hook-like portion 106 entering the observation field range of the observation window 44 is the first state. It may mean a state that is smaller than that in the one state.

  In addition, it is possible to easily adopt the second state when a tensile force is applied to the string-like member 202 and the first state when the tensile force is released. That is, the hood 200 of FIG. 10 is biased so that the hook-like portion 106 is directed from the first state to the second state, and the hook-like portion 106 is moved to the first state by applying a pulling force to the string-like member 202. In this configuration, the hook-like portion 106 is brought into the second state by releasing the pulling force against the string-like member 202.

  On the other hand, for example, the hook-shaped portion 106 is placed along the same cylindrical surface as the other portions of the hood main body 102, or the hook-shaped portion 106 is brazed to the axis of the hood main body 102. Thus, the hook-shaped portion 106 is brought into the first state by being deformed toward the radially inner side. Then, one end of the string-like member 202 is connected to the outer peripheral surface or the like in the hook-like portion 106. Accordingly, the hook-like portion 106 is deformed radially outward by applying a tensile force to the string-like member 202 to be in the second state, and the tensile force against the string-like member 202 is released to release the hook-like portion 106. Can be set to the first state.

  In addition, the string-like member 202 may be inserted through a portion other than the treatment instrument insertion channel.

  Next, an ultrasonic endoscope hood 250 (hereinafter simply referred to as the hood 250) according to a fourth embodiment will be described.

  FIGS. 11 and 12 are perspective views showing a hood 250 according to the fourth embodiment. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the part of the action same or similar to the food | hood 100 of 1st Embodiment, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in these drawings, the hood 250 according to the fourth embodiment includes, as switching means, a balloon 252 that can be inflated and contracted with the bowl-shaped portion 106, a fluid supply / discharge tube 254 that communicates with the balloon 252, and a fluid. Fluid inflow / outflow means (not shown) connected to the supply / discharge tube 254.

  According to this, the fluid (gas or liquid) is supplied to the balloon 252 by the fluid inflow / outflow means, and the balloon 252 is inflated, so that the bowl-shaped portion 106 is within the observation visual field range of the observation window 44 as shown in FIG. It will be in the 1st state which is located. On the other hand, by discharging the fluid from the balloon 252 by the fluid inflow / outflow means and contracting the balloon 252, the second state in which the bowl-shaped portion 106 is located outside the observation visual field range of the observation window 44 as shown in FIG. Become.

  Accordingly, when priority is given to the field of view of the observation window 44, the hook-like portion 106 can be set in the second state so that the hook-like portion 106 does not appear in the observation visual field range of the observation window 44.

  Next, an ultrasonic endoscope hood 300 (hereinafter simply referred to as the hood 300) according to a fifth embodiment will be described.

  FIG. 13 is a perspective view illustrating a hood 300 according to the fifth embodiment. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the part of the action same or similar to the food | hood 100 of 1st Embodiment, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in the figure, the hood 300 of the fifth embodiment includes a first main body portion 302 in which the hood main body 102 is provided on the proximal end side, and a second main body portion provided on the distal end side of the first main body portion 302. 304. The second main body portion 304 is provided with a notch portion 108 and has a hook-like portion 106. The first main body portion 302 is attached to the distal end portion 34.

  As shown in the exploded view of FIG. 14 and the cross-sectional view of FIG. 15, an ultrasonic motor 306 is interposed between the first main body portion 302 and the second main body portion 304 as rotating means constituting the switching means. That is, a protrusion 302 a that protrudes radially outward is provided at the distal end of the first main body 302, and a protrusion 304 a that protrudes radially inward is provided on the proximal end side of the second main body 304. And these protrusion part 302a and protrusion part 304a are connected via the ultrasonic motor 306 so that rotation is possible.

  According to this, the ultrasonic motor 306 is driven by giving a drive signal to the ultrasonic motor 306 from the control means (not shown) via the electric cable 306 a, and the second main body 304 is moved to the second main body 304 by the driving of the ultrasonic motor 306. The main body 302 rotates around the axis of the hood main body 102. Thereby, the hook-like portion 106 rotates around the axis of the hood main body 102, and the hook-like portion 106 is positioned within the observation field range of the observation window 44 and the hook-like portion 106 is the observation field range of the observation window 44. It switches with the 2nd state located outside.

  As shown in FIG. 16, in the first state, the hook-shaped portion 106 is disposed in front of the observation window 44, and the notch portion 108 is disposed at a position that does not hinder the derivation of the treatment instrument from the treatment instrument outlet 58. . On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 17, in the second state, the hook-shaped portion 106 is retracted from the front of the observation window 44, and the notch portion 108 is disposed at a position that does not hinder the treatment tool from being drawn out from the treatment tool outlet 58. Is done.

  Accordingly, when priority is given to the field of view of the observation window 44, the hook-like portion 106 can be set in the second state so that the hook-like portion 106 does not appear in the observation visual field range of the observation window 44.

  Next, an ultrasonic endoscope hood 350 (hereinafter simply referred to as a hood 350) according to a sixth embodiment will be described.

  FIG. 18 is a perspective view showing a hood 350 according to the sixth embodiment. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the part of the action same or similar to the food | hood 100 of 1st Embodiment, and description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in the figure, in the hood 350 of the sixth embodiment, the hood main body 102 has a first main body 352 provided on the base end side and a second main body provided on the front end side of the first main body 302. Part 354. The second body portion 354 is provided with a notch portion 108 and has a hook-like portion 106. The first main body portion 352 is attached to the distal end portion 34.

  As shown in the cross-sectional views of FIGS. 19 and 20, the second main body 354 is connected to the inner peripheral side of the first main body 352 so as to be movable in the axial direction of the hood main body 102, and the first main body 352. Between the second main body 354 and the second main body 354, a fluid storage chamber 356 is provided as a moving means constituting the switching means. A fluid inflow / outflow means (not shown) is connected to the fluid storage chamber 356 via a fluid supply tube 358. Note that the second main body 354 is biased toward the distal end side or the proximal end side by the spring 360 with respect to the first main body portion 352.

  According to this, the fluid (gas or liquid) is supplied to the fluid storage chamber 356 by the fluid inflow / outflow means, and the fluid storage chamber 356 is expanded so that the second main body 354 is hooded with respect to the first main body 352. It moves to the front end side of the main body 102 in the axial direction. As a result, the first state in which the bowl-shaped portion 106 is located within the observation visual field range of the observation window 44 as shown in FIG.

  In contrast, the fluid is discharged from the fluid storage chamber 356 by the fluid inflow / outflow means, and the fluid storage chamber 356 is contracted, so that the second main body 354 is in the axial direction of the hood main body 102 with respect to the first main body 352. Move to the proximal side. As a result, the second state in which the bowl-shaped portion 106 is located outside the observation visual field range of the observation window 44 as shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 21, in the first state, the hook-shaped portion 106 is disposed in front of the observation window 44, and the notch portion 108 is disposed at a position that does not hinder the derivation of the treatment instrument from the treatment instrument outlet 58. . On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 22, in the second state, the hook-shaped portion 106 is retracted from the front of the observation window 44, and the notch portion 108 is disposed at a position that does not hinder the derivation of the treatment instrument from the treatment instrument outlet 58. Is done.

  Accordingly, when priority is given to the field of view of the observation window 44, the hook-like portion 106 can be set in the second state so that the hook-like portion 106 does not appear in the observation visual field range of the observation window 44.

  The spring 360 shown in FIGS. 19 and 20 attaches the second main body portion 354 to the proximal end side with respect to the first main body portion 352 in the direction in which the bowl-shaped portion 106 changes from the first state to the second state. The second main body portion 354 may be attached to the distal end side with respect to the first main body portion 352 in the direction in which the flange portion 106 changes from the second state to the first state. It may act as a tension spring that biases.

  Moreover, it is desirable that the hook-shaped portion 106 is brazed toward the inner side in the radial direction.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Ultrasound endoscope (endoscope), 10 ... Insertion part, 12 ... Operation part, 14 ... Universal cord, 18 ... Standing operation lever, 24 ... Treatment tool introduction port, 30 ... Soft part, 32 ... Bending part , 34 ... tip part, 36 ... outer peripheral surface, 40 ... base part, 41L ... left slope, 41R ... right slope, 42 ... extension part, 44 ... observation window, 46L and 46R ... illumination window, 48 ... air / water feed nozzle 50 ... Ultrasonic transducer, 58 ... Treatment tool outlet, 60 ... Treatment tool stand, stand, 60a ... Guide surface, 62 ... Treatment tool stand space, 64 ... Opening, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 350: Hood, ultrasonic endoscope hood, 102: Hood main body, 104: Mounting portion, 106: Hook-shaped portion, 108: Notch portion, 152 ... Frame member, 202 ... String-shaped member, 252 ... Balloon, 254 ... Tube for fluid supply / discharge, 30 ... ultrasonic motor 356 ... fluid housing chamber, 358 ... fluid supply tube, 360 ... spring

Claims (13)

  1. An insertion portion having a tip portion;
    An ultrasonic transducer disposed at the tip and having a plurality of ultrasonic transducers;
    A treatment instrument outlet port disposed at a proximal end side than the ultrasonic transducer at the distal end, and a treatment instrument projecting toward an ultrasonic observation range of the ultrasonic transducer;
    An observation window disposed closer to the proximal end than the ultrasonic transducer at the distal end;
    A hood for an ultrasonic endoscope used for an ultrasonic endoscope comprising:
    A hood main body having a mounting portion to be mounted on the distal end portion, the distal end being disposed on the proximal end side with respect to the ultrasonic transducer;
    A hook-shaped portion provided on the hood main body and protruding toward the front of the observation window;
    A hood for an ultrasonic endoscope.
  2.   The ultrasonic hood according to claim 1, wherein the hood body includes a notch at a position where the treatment instrument outlet is formed.
  3.   3. The ultrasonic endoscope according to claim 1, wherein the bowl-shaped portion is configured by a frame member that protrudes toward the front of the observation window in a state where the hood main body is attached to the distal end portion. hood.
  4.   The hood for an ultrasonic endoscope according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the hook-shaped portion is formed of a transparent member.
  5.   The ultrasonic hood according to claim 4, wherein the transparent member is made of silicon rubber or fluorine rubber.
  6.   The ultrasonic wave according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the hook-shaped portion is provided at a position that does not overlap with the treatment instrument protruding from the treatment instrument outlet in the observation visual field range of the observation window. Endoscope hood.
  7.   The hood for an ultrasonic endoscope according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the hook-shaped portion is provided at a position that is not included in an ultrasonic scanning range of the ultrasonic transducer.
  8.   2. A switching unit that switches between a first state in which the hook-shaped portion is located within an observation visual field range of the observation window and a second state in which the hook-shaped portion is located outside the observation visual field range of the observation window. The hood for an ultrasonic endoscope according to any one of?
  9. The hook-like portion is biased to a state from one state to the other state among the first state and the second state,
    The switching means has a string-like member having one end connected to the hook-shaped part, and makes the hook-shaped part the other state by applying a tensile force to the other end of the string-like member, The hood for an ultrasonic endoscope according to claim 8, wherein the hook-like portion is brought into the one state by releasing a pulling force on the other end of the string-like member.
  10.   The switching means includes a balloon connected to the bowl-shaped portion, and a fluid inflow / outflow means for allowing fluid to flow into and out of the balloon, and by inflating or deflating the balloon by the fluid inflow / outflow means, The ultrasonic endoscope hood according to claim 8, wherein the hook-shaped portion is switched to the first state or the second state.
  11. The hood main body has a first main body portion provided on the proximal end side, and a second main body portion provided on the distal end side of the first main body portion,
    The switching means has a rotating means for rotating the second main body portion around the axis of the hood main body with respect to the first main body portion, and by rotating the second main body portion by the rotating means, The ultrasonic endoscope hood according to claim 8, wherein the hook-shaped portion is switched to the first state or the second state.
  12. The hood main body has a first main body portion provided on the proximal end side, and a second main body portion provided on the distal end side of the first main body portion,
    The switching means has a moving means for moving the second main body portion in the axial direction of the hood main body with respect to the first main body portion, and by moving the second main body portion by a front moving means, The ultrasonic endoscope hood according to claim 8, wherein the hook-shaped portion is switched to the first state or the second state.
  13. An insertion portion having a tip portion;
    An ultrasonic transducer disposed at the tip and having a plurality of ultrasonic transducers;
    A treatment instrument outlet port disposed at a proximal end side than the ultrasonic transducer at the distal end, and a treatment instrument projecting toward an ultrasonic observation range of the ultrasonic transducer;
    An observation window disposed closer to the proximal end than the ultrasonic transducer at the distal end;
    An ultrasonic endoscope hood attached to the tip,
    The ultrasonic endoscope hood is:
    A hood main body having a mounting portion to be mounted on the distal end portion, the distal end being disposed on the proximal end side with respect to the ultrasonic transducer;
    A hook-shaped portion provided on the hood main body and protruding toward the front of the observation window;
    An ultrasonic endoscope comprising:
JP2017006484A 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 Ultrasound endoscope hood and ultrasound endoscope Active JP6230734B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2017006484A JP6230734B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 Ultrasound endoscope hood and ultrasound endoscope

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2017006484A JP6230734B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 Ultrasound endoscope hood and ultrasound endoscope

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2014187816 Division 2014-09-16

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2017064514A true JP2017064514A (en) 2017-04-06
JP6230734B2 JP6230734B2 (en) 2017-11-15

Family

ID=58491015

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2017006484A Active JP6230734B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2017-01-18 Ultrasound endoscope hood and ultrasound endoscope

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP6230734B2 (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000126122A (en) * 1998-10-21 2000-05-09 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Intracoelom diagnostic instrument
JP2003164455A (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-10 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Ultrasonic endoscope and bronchus tube therefor
JP2009268751A (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-11-19 Olympus Medical Systems Corp Hood for ultrasonic probe device and ultrasonic probe device
JP2011212096A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-27 Fujifilm Corp Hood for endoscope

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000126122A (en) * 1998-10-21 2000-05-09 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Intracoelom diagnostic instrument
JP2003164455A (en) * 2001-11-30 2003-06-10 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Ultrasonic endoscope and bronchus tube therefor
JP2009268751A (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-11-19 Olympus Medical Systems Corp Hood for ultrasonic probe device and ultrasonic probe device
JP2011212096A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-27 Fujifilm Corp Hood for endoscope

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP6230734B2 (en) 2017-11-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6855107B2 (en) Method for insertion of an endoscope into the colon
EP1399201B1 (en) Device for in-vivo procedures
US6149598A (en) Ultrasound endoscope
EP1804642B1 (en) Automated control of irrigation and aspiration in a single-use endoscope
JP2007167302A (en) Overtube for endoscope and endoscopic system
JP2005131211A (en) Externally mounted channel for endoscope
JP4416990B2 (en) System for operating a device in vivo
EP0659387A2 (en) Ultrasonic diagnosis and therapy system in which focusing point of therapeutic ultrasonic wave is locked at predetermined position within observation ultrasonic scanning range
JP2014524303A (en) Multiple observation element endoscope
JP3965170B2 (en) Endoscope
US20090124856A1 (en) Endoscope Insertion Portion
US6461304B1 (en) Ultrasound inspection apparatus detachably connected to endoscope
JP2005131163A (en) External channel for endoscope
US8784302B2 (en) Endoscope
EP1992292A1 (en) Ultrasonic endoscope
JPH07171150A (en) Internally inserting type ultrasonic inspecting device
JP3854205B2 (en) Endoscope device
JP5030514B2 (en) Endoscope and endoscope system
JP2002078675A (en) Motor operated angle type electronic endoscope system
US8827922B2 (en) Endoscope apparatus
US7938772B2 (en) Insertion apparatus
JPH07227394A (en) Ultrasonic diagnostic and curing system
JP4618410B2 (en) Ultrasound endoscope
JP5678239B2 (en) Ultrasound endoscope
EP2016914A2 (en) Insertion assisting device and endoscope apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20170118

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20170922

A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20171002

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20171017

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 6230734

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150