JP2016525821A - Cell selection in dynamic spectral arbitrage systems - Google Patents

Cell selection in dynamic spectral arbitrage systems Download PDF

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JP2016525821A
JP2016525821A JP2016516735A JP2016516735A JP2016525821A JP 2016525821 A JP2016525821 A JP 2016525821A JP 2016516735 A JP2016516735 A JP 2016516735A JP 2016516735 A JP2016516735 A JP 2016516735A JP 2016525821 A JP2016525821 A JP 2016525821A
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network
dsc
wireless device
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dpc
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JP2016525821A5 (en
JP6239741B2 (en
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スミス,クリント
ラオ ディークシタ デビゼッティー,ナジェスワラ
ラオ ディークシタ デビゼッティー,ナジェスワラ
スミス,サムエル
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リバダ ネットワークス エルエルシーRivada Networks Llc
リバダ ネットワークス エルエルシーRivada Networks Llc
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Priority to PCT/US2014/039589 priority patent/WO2014193840A1/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/048Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on terminal or device properties
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/14Spectrum sharing arrangements between different networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/17Selecting a data network PoA [Point of Attachment]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/18Selecting a network or a communication service
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • H04W72/0413Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes in uplink direction of a wireless link, i.e. towards network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/044Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on the type of the allocated resource
    • H04W72/0453Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on the type of the allocated resource the resource being a frequency, carrier or frequency band
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/10Connection setup
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/08Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery
    • H04W48/12Access restriction or access information delivery, e.g. discovery data delivery using downlink control channel

Abstract

A dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) system includes a dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) and a dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) that dynamically manage the allocation and use of resources (eg, spectrum resources) across different networks together. obtain. The wireless device may be configured to intelligently select and use these allocated resources. For example, the wireless device reviews an ordered list of preferred networks to identify and select a first cell site in the first telecommunications network, between the wireless device and the selected first cell site. Whether the wireless device is in a geographical area, and establishes a first communication link to the network, receives network information identifying a geographical area in which the wireless device is authorized to use resources of the second telecommunication network, and And determining and establishing a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunications network based on the received network information.

Description

  This application claims the benefit of priority of US Provisional Patent Application No. 61 / 827,927, entitled “Methods and Systems for Dynamic Arbitrage Cell Selection,” filed May 28, 2013, The entire contents are hereby incorporated by reference.

  With the ever-increasing use of wireless communication devices to access networks and download large files (eg, video files), there is an increasing demand for the radio frequency spectrum. Too many devices trying to access the finite radio frequency (RF) bandwidth allocated for such services can cause problems such as call interruptions and slow access to the Internet. The user is dissatisfied. Nevertheless, some parts of the RF spectrum, such as dedicated RF bands for emergency services (eg police, fire fighting, rescue, etc.), are such that the voice and radio communication bands are discontinuous and only used temporarily. Most remain unused. Thus, for dynamically allocating unutilized telecommunications resources (eg, RF spectrum, etc.) of the first telecommunications network for access and use by wireless devices subscribed to other networks. The improved methods and solutions will be beneficial to telecommunications networks, service providers and consumers of telecommunications services.

  Various embodiments include a Dynamic Spectrum Arbitrage (DSA) method that considers an ordered list of preferred networks by a processor of a wireless device to determine a first cell in a first telecommunication network. Select a site, establish a first communication link between the wireless device and the selected first cell site, and allow the wireless device to use resources of the second telecommunication network Receiving network information identifying the target area at the wireless device, determining whether the wireless device is in a geographic area, and responding to the determination that the wireless device is in the geographic area based on the received network information A wireless device and a second cell in the second telecommunication network Including establishing a second communication link between.

  In one embodiment, receiving network information may include receiving a CSG identifier that defines a particular closed subscriber group (CSG) or hybrid cell in the second telecommunication network. In a further embodiment, establishing the first communication link between the wireless device and the selected first cell site may include establishing a first communication link to the home network of the wireless device. Often, establishing a second communication link between a wireless device and a second cell in a second telecommunication network based on received network information is in a borrower network different from the home network of the wireless device. Establishing a second communication link to the other cell site.

  In a further embodiment, receiving network information may include receiving system information block (SIB) information. In a further embodiment, establishing a second communication link between the wireless device and a second cell in the second telecommunications network based on the received network is the same or a different network as the wireless device. Establishing a connection with another radio access technology (RAT) associated with the. In a further embodiment, establishing a second communication link between the wireless device and a second cell in the second telecommunication network based on the received network establishes a connection in another frequency band. Can include. In further embodiments, the wireless device may include a dual USIM configured to facilitate timely acquisition of the network using a DSA process.

  In a further embodiment, the method receives network information at a first dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) in a first telecommunication network, and from the first DSC, the first and second telecommunication network externals. Transmitting network information to a second dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) and transmitting the network information from the DPC to a second DSC in a second telecommunication network. In a further embodiment, the method receives, at a first DSC to DPC processor, a request for radio frequency (RF) spectrum resources and the availability of RF spectrum resources available for allocation in a second telecommunication network. Identifying the amount, dynamically allocating a portion of the available RF spectrum resources of the second telecommunication network for access and use by the first telecommunication network and initiating use of the allocated RF spectrum resources To the first DSC.

  Further embodiments may include a dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) system that includes a first dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) that includes a first DSC processor, an eNodeB, and a wireless device that includes a device processor. Can be included. The device processor reviews an ordered list of preferred networks, selects a first cell site in the first telecommunications network, and establishes a first communication link to the selected first cell site. Receiving from the DSC network information identifying a particular geographic region in which the wireless device is allowed to use the resources of the second telecommunication network, and determining whether the wireless device is in the geographic region; Based on the received network information, configured to perform operations using the processor-executable instructions, including establishing a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunication network. Also good.

  In one embodiment, the device processor may receive the network information including receiving a CSG identifier that defines a particular closed subscriber group (CSG) or hybrid cell in the second telecommunication network. Operations may be configured to be performed using processor executable instructions. In one embodiment, the device processor establishes a first communication link to a selected first cell site to establish a first communication link to a cell site in the wireless device's home network. Establishing a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunications network based on the received network information is different from the home network of the wireless device in the cell site in the borrower network Operations may be configured to be performed using processor executable instructions, including establishing a second communication link to the.

  In one embodiment, the device processor may be configured to perform operations using processor-executable instructions such that receiving network information includes receiving system information block (SIB) information. In one embodiment, the device processor establishes a second communication link between the wireless device and a second cell in the second telecommunication network based on the received network, the same as the wireless device Alternatively, operations may be configured to perform using processor-executable instructions, including establishing a connection with another radio access technology (RAT) associated with another network. In one embodiment, the device processor establishes that the second communication link between the wireless device and the second cell in the second telecommunication network establishes a connection in another frequency band. Such operations may be configured to be performed using processor-executable instructions.

  In one embodiment, the wireless device may include a dual USIM configured to facilitate timely acquisition of the network using a DSA process. In one embodiment, the first DSC processor is a dynamic external to the first and second telecommunications networks for receiving and forwarding network information to a second DSC in the second telecommunications network. Operations including sending network information to a spectrum policy controller (DPC) may be configured to perform using processor-executable instructions. In one embodiment, the DPC includes a DPC processor that receives a request for radio frequency (RF) spectrum resources from a first DSC and is available for allocation in a second telecommunication network. Identify the amount of resources, dynamically allocate a portion of the available RF spectrum resources of the second telecommunication network for access and use by the first telecommunication network, and start using the allocated RF spectrum resources Operations including notifying the first DSC to obtain are configured to be performed using processor-executable instructions.

  A further embodiment includes a wireless device having a device processor that reviews an ordered list of preferred networks to select a first cell site in the first telecommunications network and to select Receiving a network information establishing a first communication link to one cell site, identifying a particular geographical area in which the wireless device is permitted to use resources of the second telecommunication network, and Performing an operation comprising determining whether the network is in a geographic region and establishing a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunication network based on the received network information It is configured to execute using possible instructions. In a further embodiment, the device processor receives the network information as including receiving a CSG identifier defining a particular closed subscriber group (CSG) or hybrid cell in the second telecommunication network. Operations may be configured to be performed using processor executable instructions.

  Further embodiments include a wireless computing device having a processor (or processing core) configured to perform various operations corresponding to the methods described above using processor-executable instructions.

  Further embodiments include a server computing device having one or more processors configured to perform various operations corresponding to the methods described above using processor-executable instructions.

  Further embodiments may include computing devices that include various means for performing functions corresponding to the method operations discussed above.

  A further embodiment provides a non-transitory processor-readable storage medium having stored thereon processor-executable instructions configured to cause a processor / processing core to perform various operations corresponding to the method operations discussed above. Including.

  The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments of the invention, and together with the general description given above and the detailed description given below. It helps to explain the features of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a system block diagram illustrating various logical and functional components and communication links of a communication system that can be used to implement various embodiments. FIG. 2 is a system block diagram illustrating various logical and functional components and communication links of a communication system that can be used to implement various embodiments. FIG. 2 is a system block diagram illustrating various logical and functional components and communication links of a communication system that can be used to implement various embodiments. FIG. 2 is a system block diagram illustrating various logical and functional components and communication links of a communication system that can be used to implement various embodiments. FIG. 2 is a system block diagram illustrating various logical and functional components and communication links of a communication system that can be used to implement various embodiments. FIG. 2 is a process flow diagram illustrating a dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) method for allocating resources from a dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) perspective, according to one embodiment. FIG. 3 is a message flow diagram illustrating message communication between components of a DSA communication system when allocating resources, according to one embodiment. FIG. 4 is a process flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSA method for resource allocation and access in a communication system including a DPC, two dynamic spectrum controllers (DSCs) and a wireless device. FIG. 4 is a process flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSA method for resource allocation and access in a communication system including a DPC, two dynamic spectrum controllers (DSCs) and a wireless device. FIG. 4 is a process flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSA method for resource allocation and access in a communication system including a DPC, two dynamic spectrum controllers (DSCs) and a wireless device. FIG. 4 is a process flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSA method for resource allocation and access in a communication system including a DPC, two dynamic spectrum controllers (DSCs) and a wireless device. FIG. 4 is a process flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSA method for resource allocation and access in a communication system including a DPC, two dynamic spectrum controllers (DSCs) and a wireless device. FIG. 3 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a dynamic spectrum arbitrage application part (DSAAP) registration method. FIG. 3 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a dynamic spectrum arbitrage application part (DSAAP) registration method. FIG. 3 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a dynamic spectrum arbitrage application part (DSAAP) registration method. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating an embodiment of a DSAAP advertising method. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating an embodiment of a DSAAP advertising method. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP method for communicating a list of available resources. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP method for communicating a list of available resources. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP bid method. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP bid method. FIG. 5 is a message flow diagram illustrating an embodiment of a DSAAP notification method for notifying a participating network of a result of a bid operation. FIG. 5 is a message flow diagram illustrating an embodiment of a DSAAP notification method for notifying a participating network of a result of a bid operation. FIG. 5 is a message flow diagram illustrating an embodiment of a DSAAP notification method for notifying a participating network of a result of a bid operation. FIG. 5 is a message flow diagram illustrating an embodiment of a DSAAP notification method for notifying a participating network of a result of a bid operation. FIG. 6 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP purchase method for purchasing resources quickly (or nearly immediately). FIG. 6 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP purchase method for purchasing resources quickly (or nearly immediately). FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP allocation method for allocating resources of a lender network for access and use by components of the borrower network. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP allocation method for allocating resources of a lender network for access and use by components of the borrower network. FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP backoff method for selectively pulling a wireless device back from a lender network to a borrower network (ie, its home PLMN). FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSAAP backoff method for selectively pulling a wireless device back from a lender network to a borrower network (ie, its home PLMN). FIG. 4 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSC-initiated DSAAP deregistration method for terminating a DSA operation. FIG. 6 is a message flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DPC-initiated DSAAP deregistration method for terminating a DSA operation. FIG. 5 is a message flow diagram illustrating a DSC initiated DSAAP error display method for reporting errors. FIG. 6 is a message flow diagram illustrating a DPC-initiated DSAAP error display method for reporting errors. FIG. 3 is a process flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a method for network selection and reselection in a DSA communication system. FIG. 4 is a component block diagram illustrating that a virtual bidding area may be identified based on a closed subscriber group in one embodiment. FIG. 6 is a process flow diagram illustrating one embodiment of a DSA method that uses a closed subscriber group identifier as part of a network selection and reselection operation. FIG. 3 is a component block diagram of an exemplary wireless device suitable for use with various embodiments. FIG. 2 is a component block diagram of a server suitable for use in one embodiment.

  Various embodiments will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference numbers will be used throughout the drawings to refer to the same or like parts. References to specific examples and implementations are for illustrative purposes and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention or the claims.

  As used herein, the terms “mobile device”, “wireless device”, and “user equipment (UE)” can be used interchangeably and refer to various cellular phones, personal data assistants (PDAs). , Palmtop computers, laptop computers with wireless modems, wireless email receivers (eg Blackberry® and Treo® devices), multimedia internet-enabled cellular phones (eg iPhone®) and the like Any one of the personal electronic devices. The wireless device may include a programmable processor and memory. In a preferred embodiment, the wireless device is a cellular handheld device (eg, a wireless device) that can communicate over a cellular phone communication network.

  As used in this application, the terms “component”, “module”, “engine”, “manager”, but not limited to, hardware configured to perform a specific operation or function Is intended to include computer-related entities such as firmware, a combination of hardware and software, software or running software. For example, a component can be, but is not limited to being, a process running on a processor, a processor, an object, an executable, a thread of execution, a program, a computer, a server, network hardware, and so forth. By way of illustration, both an application running on a computing device and the computing device can be referred to as a component. One or more components can exist within a process and / or thread of execution, and the components can be localized on one processor or core and / or distributed between two or more processors or cores. be able to. In addition, these components can execute from various non-transitory computer readable media having various instructions and / or data structures stored thereon.

  Many different cellular and mobile communication services and standards are available or contemplated in the future, and all of the services and standards can be implemented to benefit from various embodiments. Such services and standards include, for example, third generation partnership project (3GPP), long term evolution (LTE) systems, third generation wireless mobile communication technology (3G), fourth generation. Wireless mobile communication technology (4G), global system for mobile communication (GSM (registered trademark): global system for mobile communications), universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS), 3GSM, general packet radio service (GSM) general p ket radio service (CDMA), code division multiple access (CDMA) system (for example, cdmaOne, CDMA2000 (trademark)), GSM evolved high-speed data rate (EDGE: advanced data rates for GSM evolution phone) (AMPS: advanced mobile phone system), digital AMPS (IS-136 / TDMA), evolutionary data optimization (EV-DO: evolution-data optimized), digital enhanced cordless telecommunications microcode (DECT) World Wide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX), Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) I & II (WPA, WPA2), Bluetooth (registered trademark), integrated digital enhanced network (iden), land mobile radio (LMR) and evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN) : Evolved universal terrestrial radio access network). Each of these techniques involves, for example, sending and receiving voice, data, signals and / or content messages. Unless stated otherwise in the terms of the claims, any reference to terminology and / or technical details related to an individual telecommunication standard or technology is for illustrative purposes only, and the scope of the claims may Or it should be understood that it is not intended to be limited to technology.

  The top priority for responding to any emergency or disaster situation is to establish effective communication. In a large-scale emergency or disaster situation (both human and natural), between all primary responders and emergency personnel to respond effectively to the emergency and to manage and control the emergency It is most important to maintain communication. Without effective communication between the first responder and other emergency personnel, resources cannot be effectively assembled in the areas where resources are most needed. Even if the situation is not very urgent (eg, traffic accidents and fires), the first responder can request support assets and coordinate with other services (eg, utilities, hospitals, etc.). There must be.

  Due to the ubiquity of ownership and use of wireless devices, emergency communications via wireless devices using commercial cellular communication networks may be the most efficient and effective means of bringing emergency rescue personnel and resources together. Many. Technical challenges in adjusting radio frequencies between various first responders (eg, police, fire, ambulance, FEMA, utilities, etc.) by enabling wireless devices to provide effective emergency communications And prevent costs in advance. Also, a qualified first responder (eg, a doctor, nurse, former police or military person) to an off-duty or normally non-wired accident can have a wireless device or borrow quickly. .

  However, emergency communications over cellular communications networks are not without problems. Cellular and other telecommunications networks (“networks”) are designed to accommodate access requests from only a fraction of the total number of wireless devices in a particular cell. In the event of an emergency or crisis, a predictable human response to the situation can encourage an extraordinary number of wireless device users in a particular cell to access the network simultaneously, potentially overusing network resources There is. The wireless device user can attempt to alert emergency personnel about an emergency (such as a 911 emergency call) or to alert a friend or family member that the user is in the emergency area but is safe. Some users may be sending images of emergency situations (fire, accidents, etc.) to a news agency or friend. In large-scale situations, emergency responders who use wireless devices for emergency communications will increase call volume. Nonetheless, a predictable increase in call volume during an emergency situation can overwhelm commercial cellular communications networks, especially in the cellular zone where the emergency is in effect, and thus the communication use of emergency rescue personnel In contrast, the network becomes unreliable.

  To overcome these and other limitations of existing solutions, various embodiments provide a hierarchy for delivering wireless device communication based on quality of service (QoS) and degree of service (GoS) for first responders. Includes components configured to provide express priority access (TPA) capabilities. A detailed description of an exemplary TPA system can be found in US Pat. No. 8,275,349, dated 25 September 2012, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety and for all purposes. Is provided by.

  In overview, TPA systems or solutions are various for coordinating, making available and / or providing wireless communication resources to top-priority users (eg, emergency personnel) during heavy congestion or during emergencies. It may include various components configured to perform TPA operations. For example, the TPA component monitors the wireless network call volume to determine whether the wireless network call volume exceeds a first predetermined threshold, and when the wireless network call volume exceeds a first predetermined threshold. Configured to distribute wireless network resources based on priority and reserve a portion of the allocated resources for top priority use (ie, use by authorized emergency personnel wireless devices). it can. The TPA component determines whether the highest priority device is calling or whether the highest priority device is being called (either to pre-registered wireless devices or authorized emergency personnel wireless devices, or (From pre-registered wireless devices or authorized ambulance personnel wireless devices), monitor incoming and outgoing calls, and unless you receive a call from the highest priority device or call the highest priority device, To allow general access to wireless network resources and to limit general access to wireless network resources in response to a determination that a call is coming from the highest priority device or a call is made to the highest priority device It can be further configured. Thus, the TPA solution allows the telecommunications system to use more available resources and ensures that the highest priority user can access and use the system when needed.

  In various embodiments, these and other TPA operations are responsible for the availability, allocation of telecommunications resources (eg, RF spectrum, etc.) between two or more networks (eg, between a lender network and a borrower network). Can be implemented in a dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) system configured to dynamically manage access and usage. A detailed description of an exemplary DSA system can be found in US Pat. No. 8,711,721 dated April 29, 2014, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety and for all purposes. Is provided by.

  Briefly, a DSA system includes a dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) configured to manage DSA operations and interactions between two or more networks (eg, between a lender network and a borrower network). obtain. The DPC component establishes a first communication link to a first dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) component in a first communication network (eg, E-UTRAN, etc.), and a second in the second communication network. May be configured to establish a second communication link to the other DSC component. The DPC component then determines whether radio frequency (RF) spectrum resources are available for allocation in the second communication network, identifies the amount of RF spectrum resources available for allocation, Various operations may be performed to allocate all or a portion of the available RF resources of the second communication network for access and use by wireless devices in one communication network.

  Various embodiments include an improved cell selection method that enables wireless devices to intelligently access and use assigned resources (eg, RF spectrum resources). In an embodiment, the cell selection method may include selecting a cell in the lender network based on the closed subscriber group identifier.

  In general, wireless devices include modem cards that allow users to access wireless internet protocol (IP) and data services through a telecommunications network. These modems often place a wireless device on a particular telecommunications service carrier (eg, AT & T, Verizon, etc.) and the wireless device is connected to the global telecommunications network (herein “home network”) through that carrier's network (herein “home network”). And ultimately by requesting to connect to the Internet). A traditional wireless device is a cellular network of a different service provider (referred to herein as a “destination network”) when a connection through the home network is not available, such as when the wireless device is outside the geographical range of the home network. It can be “roaming” by connecting through.

  For example, when a conventional wireless device is powered on, the device performs various operations to identify appropriate carriers and / or networks that the wireless device can connect to the global telecommunications network. The wireless device may first scan the available cellular network to determine if a connection through the home network is available. This compares the value stored in the device's subscriber identity module (SIM) with one or more values received from the telecommunications network and determines at least one of the cellular networks for which the value is available. This can be accomplished by determining whether to identify the wireless device as the home network. If the value identifies at least one of the available cellular networks as a home network, the wireless device may automatically establish a connection to the home network. On the other hand, if the value stored in the SIM does not match any value received from an available cellular network, the wireless device reviews the preferred roaming list (PRL) and the device enters the global telecommunications network. A visitor network that may be connected may be identified and a connection to one of the identified visitor networks may be established.

  Such roaming features provide additional mobility and connectivity to traditional wireless devices, but are often much more expensive than connecting through a wireless device's home network. Further, the DSA system allows the first telecommunications network to lease resources from the second telecommunications network, so that wireless devices that subscribe to the first telecommunications network use the resources of the home network. Make leased resources available in the same way (ie, without paying roaming fees).

  By configuring the wireless device to intelligently identify resources that have permission to access and use, various embodiments allow a wireless device that joins a participating network to have a home network with a leased resource available. Do not attach to overloaded cell sites and / or cell sites in the visitor network. That is, various embodiments allow a wireless device to intelligently identify a global telecommunications network, ultimately a carrier, network, and / or cell that connects to the Internet. In an embodiment, the wireless device may identify a carrier / network / cell by using a closed subscriber group identifier value.

  In various embodiments, a wireless device may comprise SIM hardware, memory, or a card that stores one or more values that identify the home network and / or current network of the wireless device to which the wireless device is connected. . In various embodiments, the SIM may be implemented in hardware, mobile device memory, and / or a removable memory card. The SIM may be a universal SIM (USIM), a virtual SIM, a removable user identification module (R-UIM), a mini SIM, a micro SIM, an embedded SIM, or any other similar identification module. In an embodiment, the SIM may be a 3GPP compliant SIM such as USIM configured to support UMTS, EDGE, GPRS, LTE, CDMA, and / or other related communication technologies. In various embodiments, the SIM can be a single SIM, a dual SIM, or a multi-SIM. In an embodiment, the SIM is configured to support the Mileage authentication algorithm, which is a known algorithm based on Advanced Encryption Standard (AES).

  The SIM selects the exact, most likely, most appropriate and / or most cost-effective network (eg, PLMN) that can connect the wireless device with the wireless device and / or no longer uses the PLMN It may be configured to store critical information that can be used to identify those that are not. This critical information includes the Home Public Land Mobile Network (HPLMN) value, Home International Mobile Subscriber Identification (IMSI) value, allowed virtuals that can be used to identify participating Public Land Mobile Networks (PLMN) that can connect the mobile device. It may include a prioritized list of participating public land mobile networks (VPLMNs) and a list of forbidden PLMNs.

  In addition, the wireless device may store a preferred list of allowed networks (PLMN) and radio carriers. A preferred list may be an ordered list that organizes networks / carriers in rank order. The wireless device may be configured to select carriers, networks, and cells based on the preferred list. For example, when a wireless device is powered on and / or attempts to establish or re-establish connectivity, the wireless device may sequentially review a preferred list and connect to a suitable network and / or cell that can connect to the global telecommunications network. Can identify sites.

  After selecting a carrier, network, and / or cell site, the wireless device may receive network information (eg, network ID, cell ID, CSG ID, etc.) via a system information block (SIB) or master information block (MIB) communication signal. And / or receive and camp on the cell. The wireless device may then scan other cells continuously, repeatedly, or periodically to determine if it is camping on the best serving cell. This may be achieved through the wireless device measuring signal strength from neighboring cells and / or based on access technology. In this way, the wireless device can connect to the best serving cell.

  In an embodiment, the wireless device may be configured to update the preferred list in response to receiving a radio broadcast or communication signal, a wireless application protocol (WAP) communication message, a short message service (SMS) message, or the like. The wireless device may be further configured to initiate a search for a new PLMN in response to detecting or determining that the preferred list has been updated. For example, the wireless device may resume the cell selection process in response to receiving a WAP / SMS message that includes an updated preferred list (or search for a new PLMN that has become available via the updated preferred list). A client software application configured to start).

  In addition, the wireless device may be configured to monitor the preferred list to determine whether the list has been updated and / or detect preferred list changes. Alternatively or additionally, the wireless device may determine whether it has received a cell reselection indication or updated network / cell information, such as a new SIB / MIB that instructs the wireless device to perform a reselection operation. That is, the wireless device may continue to monitor the SIB / MIB for any changes or additional information and perform a cell reselection operation in response to determining that the preferred list has been updated. The wireless device may also be configured to perform a cell reselection operation in response to determining that a reselection indication has been received (eg, via SIB / MIB).

  As described above, the wireless device may request and / or receive network information after selecting a cell site to camp on and / or camping on the selected cell site. In an embodiment, this network information may include a closed subscriber group (CSG) identifier (CGS ID). The wireless device may use the CSG ID to perform cell selection / reselection operations and better manage connections to components within the lender network. In an embodiment, the wireless device may be configured to identify a virtual bidding area based on the CSG or CSG ID. In an embodiment, the lender network uses the CSG ID, uses the CSG ID to identify a particular borrower wireless device in the bid, and provides different services (eg, different QoS levels) based on the bid specific policy. Connections may be managed on a per-user and / or bid basis, such as by providing for identified services and / or applying bid specific billing rules to identified wireless devices.

  As an example, after establishing a communication link to a carrier / network / cell, the wireless device may receive a SIB / MIB that includes a CGS ID that defines a particular CSG or hybrid cell. The wireless device uses this information to identify and calculate the geographic area in which the wireless device is authorized to use the component of the lender network (eg, the area where the wireless device can attach to the eNodeB of the lender network). Or can be specified. The wireless device then determines whether it is in its geographical area, whether it is a member of the CSG, and / or if it is in the area of a hybrid cell, and different resources / cells in the same or different networks You can use this information for new connections to. The wireless device also uses this information to initiate communication on different frequency bands and / or to establish a communication link to another or different radio access technology (RAT) associated with the same or different network. obtain.

  Various embodiments select a first cell site in a first telecommunication network (wireless device home network, borrower network, etc.) and establish a first communication link to the selected first cell site. A wireless device configured to establish may be included. The wireless device then identifies network information that identifies a particular geographic region in which the wireless device is authorized to use resources of a second telecommunication network (eg, a different lender network than the wireless device's home network). Can receive. In one embodiment, the network information may include a closed subscriber group (CSG) identifier that defines a particular CSG or hybrid cell in the second telecommunication network. The network information may be received via SIB / MIB and / or may be SIB information.

  In response to receiving the network information, the wireless device establishes a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunication network (eg, by using a CSG identifier or the like), which , Establishing a connection in another frequency band, or establishing a connection using a radio access technology (RAT) associated with the first, second, or another telecommunications network.

  In one embodiment, a first DSC in a first telecommunication network may receive network information and send this information to DPCs outside the first and second telecommunication networks. The DPC may receive network information and send it to a second DSC in the second telecommunication network. The second DSC may then use this information to authorize access to the wireless device of the first telecommunications network.

  Various embodiments can be implemented in various communication systems, examples of which are shown in FIGS. Referring to FIG. 1A, the wireless device 102 may be configured to transmit and receive voice, data, and control signals to and from the base station 111, the base station 111 receiving a base transceiver base station (BTS ), NodeB, eNodeB, and the like. Base station 111 can communicate with access gateway 113, which includes controller, gateway, serving gateway (SGW), packet data network gateway (PGW), evolved packet data gateway (ePDG), packet data serving. It may include one or more of a node (PDSN), a serving GPRS support node (SGSN), any similar component, or a combination of their provided features / functions. Because these structures are well known and / or discussed in more detail below, certain details are omitted from FIG. 1A to focus on the description of the most relevant features.

  The access gateway 113 serves as the primary point of entry and exit of wireless device traffic and / or any logic and / or that connects the wireless device 102 to the wireless device 102's immediate service provider and / or packet data network (PDN). It can also be a functional component. The access gateway 113 transfers voice, data and control signals as user data packets to other network components, provides connectivity to external packet data networks, context (eg, network internal routing information, etc.) It can manage and store and act as an anchor between different technologies (eg, 3GPP and non-3GPP systems). The access gateway 113 transmits and receives data to and from the Internet 105, as well as the external service network 104, the Internet 105, other base stations 111, the wireless device 102 and the external service network 104, the Internet. 105, transmission and reception of voice, data and control signals from other base stations 111, wireless devices 102 can be coordinated.

  In various embodiments, the base station 111 and / or the access gateway 113 can dynamically manage the availability, allocation, access and use of various network resources (eg, RF spectrum, RF spectrum resources, etc.). It can be combined with a configured dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) system (eg, via a wired or wireless communication link). The DSA system is discussed in further detail below.

  FIG. 1B illustrates voice and data from and to the service network 104 (and ultimately the Internet 105) using various communication systems / technology (eg, GPRS, UMTS, LTE, cdmaOne, CDMA2000 ™). And that the wireless device 102 can be configured to transmit and receive control signals, any or all of which can be supported by or implemented in various embodiments.

  In the example shown in FIG. 1B, long term evolution (LTE) and / or evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN) data transmitted from wireless device 102 is received by eNodeB 116. And transmitted to a serving gateway (SGW) 118 located in the core network 120. The eNodeB 116 may send signaling / control information (eg, information about call setup, security, authentication, etc.) to the mobility management entity (MME) 130. MME 130 requests user / reservation purchase information from home subscriber server (HSS) 132, communicates with other MME components, and performs various administrative tasks (eg, user authentication, enforcement of roaming restrictions, etc.) And selecting SGW 118 and sending authentication and management information to eNodeB 116 and / or SGW 118. Upon receipt of authentication information (eg, authentication completion indication, selected SGW identifier, etc.) from the MME 130, the eNodeB 116 may transmit data received from the wireless device 102 to the selected SGW 118. The SGW 118 stores information about received data (eg, IP bearer service parameters, network internal routing information, etc.) and directs user data packets to a policy control enforcement function (PCEF) and / or a packet data network gateway (PGW). ) 128.

  FIG. 1B illustrates that general packet radio service (GPRS) data transmitted from the wireless device 102 is received by a base transceiver base station (BTS) 106 and is transmitted to a base station controller (BSC) and / or a packet control unit (BSC). It further shows that it can be transmitted to the PCU) component (BSC / PCU) 108. Code division multiple access (CDMA) data transmitted from the wireless device 102 is received by the base transceiver base station 106 and is transmitted to a base station controller (BSC) and / or packet control function (PCF) component (BSC / PCF) 110. Universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) data transmitted from the wireless device 102 may be received by the NodeB 112 and transmitted to a radio network controller (RNC) 114.

  The BSC / PCU 108, BSC / PCF 110, and RNC 114 components can process GPRS, CDMA, and UMTS data, respectively, and send the processed data to the components in the core network 120. More specifically, the BSC / PCU 108 and RNC 114 unit can send the processed data to a serving GPRS support node (SGSN) 122, and the BSC / PCF 110 sends the processed data to a packet data serving. It can be sent to the node (PDSN) and / or the high-speed packet data serving gateway (HSGW) component (PDSN / HSGW) 126. The PDSN / HSGW 126 may serve as a connection point between the radio access network and the IP-based PCEF / PGW 128. SGSN 122 may be responsible for routing data within a particular geographic service area, and may send signaling (control plane) information (eg, information about call setup, security, authentication, etc.) to MME 130. Can do. MME 130 requests user and subscription purchase information from home subscriber server (HSS) 132, performs various administrative tasks (eg, user authentication, enforcement of roaming restrictions, etc.), selects SGW 118 And management and / or authentication information can be sent to the SGSN 122.

  SGSN 122 may send GPRS / UMTS data to the selected SGW 118 in response to receiving authentication information from MME 130. The SGW 118 can store information about the data (eg, IP bearer service parameters, network internal routing information, etc.) and forward user data packets to the PCEF / PGW 128. The PCEF / PGW 128 may send signaling (control plane) information to the policy control rule function (PCRF) 134. The PCRF 134 accesses the subscriber database, creates a set of policy rules, and performs other specialized functions (eg, interacts with online / offline billing systems, application functions, etc.) Can do. PCRF 134 can then send the policy rules to PCEF / PGW 128 for implementation. The PCEF / PGW 128 may implement policy rules to control bandwidth, quality of service (QoS), data characteristics, and services communicated between the service network 104 and end users.

  In various embodiments, any or all of the components discussed above (eg, components 102-134) are configured to dynamically manage telecommunications resource availability, allocation, access, and usage. It can be combined with or included in the DSA system.

  FIG. 1C illustrates various logical components and communication links in one embodiment of system 100 that includes a DSA system 142 and an evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN) 140. In the example shown in FIG. 1C, DSA system 142 includes a dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) 144 component and a dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) 146 component. E-UTRAN 140 includes a number of interconnected eNodeBs 116 coupled with core network 120 (eg, via connections to MME, SGW, etc.).

  In various embodiments, the DSC 144 can be included in or coupled to the E-UTRAN 140, and in either case, included as part of the core network 120 or external to the core network 120. Or can be combined. In one embodiment, DSC 144 may be directly coupled to one or more eNodeBs 116 (eg, via a wired or wireless communication link).

  The eNodeB 116 may be configured to communicate with the DSC 144 via the Xe interface / reference point. In various embodiments, the Xe reference point between the DSC and the eNodeB 116 lists the available resources at the eNodeB 116 using the DSAAP protocol, TR-069 protocol and / or TR-192 data model extension. And notifications about bid / buy confirmations to the eNodeB 116 may be supported. DSC 144 may be configured to communicate with DPC 146 via an Xd interface / reference point. The Xd reference point between DSC and DPC can use the DSAAP protocol for dynamic spectrum and resource arbitrage operations. The eNodeB 116 can be interconnected and can be configured to communicate via an X2 interface / reference point, and the X2 interface / reference point can also use the DSAAP protocol to convey information. it can. The eNodeB 116 may be configured to communicate with the components of the core network 120 via the S1 interface. For example, the eNodeB 116 can connect to the MME 130 via the S1-MME interface and can connect to the SGW 118 via the S1-U interface. The S1 interface may support a many-to-many relationship between MME 130, SGW 118, and eNodeB 116. In one embodiment, the DPC and / or DSC component may be configured to communicate with the HSS 132 component.

  The eNodeB 116 may be configured to provide user plane (eg, PDCP, RLC, MAC, PHY) and control plane (RRC) protocol termination for the wireless device 102. That is, the eNodeB 116 acts as a termination point for all radio protocols for the wireless device 102 and relays voice (eg, VoIP, etc.), data, and control signals to the network components of the core network 120, thereby allowing the wireless device 102 to And a core network 120 (eg, layer 2 bridge). The eNodeB 116 also controls the use of the radio interface, allocates resources on demand, prioritizes and schedules traffic according to various quality of service (QoS) requirements, and monitors the use of network resources. It can also be configured to perform various radio resource management operations, such as In addition, the eNodeB 116 collects radio signal level measurements, analyzes the collected radio signal level measurements, and sets the wireless device 102 (or connection to the mobile device) to another base based on the results of the analysis. It can be configured to be handed over to a station (eg, a second eNodeB).

  DSC 144 and DPC 146 may be functional components configured to manage a dynamic spectrum arbitrage process for sharing radio frequencies and other network resources between different E-UTRANs 140. For example, the DPC 146 component can be configured to manage DSA operations and interactions between multiple E-UTRAN networks by communicating with the DSC 144 of the E-UTRAN network.

  FIG. 1D illustrates various logic and functional components that can be included in a communication system 101 suitable for use in performing DSA operations in accordance with various embodiments. In the example shown in FIG. 1D, the communication system 101 includes an eNodeB 116, a DSC 144, a DPC 146, an MME 130, an SGW 118, and a PGW 128.

  The eNodeB 116 includes a DSC application protocol and congestion monitoring module 150, an inter-cell radio resource management (RRM) module 151, a radio bearer (RB) control module 152, a connection mobility control module 153, a radio admission control module 154, an eNodeB measurement arrangement and specification. Module 155 as well as dynamic resource allocation module 156 may be included. Each of these modules 150-156 may be implemented in hardware, software or a combination of hardware and software.

  In addition, the eNodeB 116 includes a radio resource control (RRC) layer 157, a packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) layer 158, a radio link control (RLC) layer 159, a medium access control (MAC) layer 160, and a physical (PHY) layer. Various protocol layers including 161 may be included. In each of these protocol layers, various hardware and / or software components can implement functionality commensurate with the responsibilities assigned to that layer. For example, the data stream can be received at the physical layer 161, which recognizes the symbol in the radio frequency (RF) signal, and the received RF, receiver, buffer, and demodulator. A processing component may be included that performs the operation of performing other operations for extracting raw data from the signal.

  The DSC 144 may include an eNodeB geographic boundary management module 162, an eNodeB resource and congestion management module 163, a stream control transmission protocol (SCTP) module 164, a layer 2 (L2) buffer module 165, and a layer 1 (L1) buffer module 166. . The DPC 146 may include an eNodeB resource bid management module 167, an inter-DSC communication module 168, an SCTP / DIAMETER module 169, an L2 buffer module 170, and an L1 buffer module 171. The MME 130 may include a non-access layer (NAS) security module 172, an idle state mobility processing module 173, and an evolved packet system (EPS) bearer control module 174. The SGW 118 may include a mobility anchoring module 176. The PGW 128 may include a UE IP address assignment module 178 and a packet filtering module 179. Each of these modules 162-179 can be implemented in hardware, software, or a combination of hardware and software.

  eNodeB 116 may be configured to communicate with SGW 118 and / or MME 130 via an S1 interface / protocol. The eNodeB 116 may also be configured to communicate with the DSC 144 via the Xe interface / protocol. DSC 144 may be configured to communicate with DPC 146 via an Xd interface / protocol.

  The eNodeB 116 includes various functions for radio resource management such as radio bearer control, radio admission control, connection mobility control, dynamic allocation of resources to the wireless device 102 in both uplink and downlink (scheduling). Various operations can be performed (eg, via modules / layers 150-161) to provide functionality. These functions also include IP header compression and user data stream encryption, MME selection in UE attachment when routing from information provided by the UE to the MME 130 is not determined, routing of user plane data to the SGW 118 Paging message scheduling and transmission (from MME), broadcast information scheduling and transmission (from MME), measurement and measurement report configuration for mobility and scheduling, public alarm system (eg, earthquake and tsunami warning system) Message scheduling and transmission (from MME), closed subscriber group (CSG) handling, and transport level performance in the uplink It may also include ket markings. In one embodiment, the eNodeB 116 performs various operations to provide additional functionality such as S1 / X2 proxy functionality, S11 termination and / or SGW / PGW functionality to support a relay node (RN). It may be a donor eNodeB (DeNB) configured to perform.

  MME 130 includes non-access layer (NAS) signaling, NAS signaling security, access layer (AS) security control, inter-CN node signaling for movement between 3GPP access networks, idle mode UE reachability (paging retransmission control) Tracking area list management (for example, for wireless devices in idle and active modes), PGW and SGW selection, MME selection for handover with MME changes, handover to 2G or 3G 3GPP access network SGSN selection, roaming, authentication, bearer management functions including dedicated bearer establishment, public alarm systems (eg earthquake and tsunami warning system, commercial mobile warning service, etc.) support for message transmission, As well, it can be configured to perform various operations (eg, via modules 172-175) to provide various functions including performing paging optimization. The MME module can also communicate various device status and attachment / removal status information to the DSC. In one embodiment, the MME 130 may be configured not to filter the paging massage based on the CSG ID for the macro eNodeB.

  SGW 118 acts as a local mobility anchor point for mobility anchoring (eg for movement between 3GPPs), inter-eNodeB handover, E-UTRAN idle mode downlink packet buffering, initiation of network trigger service request procedure Legitimate interception, packet routing and forwarding, transport level packet marking in the uplink (UL) and downlink (DL), user and QoS class identifier (QCI) granularity for inter-operator billing, uplink ( Perform various operations (eg, via module 176) to provide various functions, including UL) and downlink (DL) billing (eg, per device, PDN and / or QCI), etc. ) It can be configured to.

  PGW 128 provides per-user packet filtering (eg, through thorough packet inspection), lawful interception, UE IP address assignment, transport level packet marking in uplink and downlink, UL and DL service level billing, Configured to perform various operations (eg, via modules 178-179) to provide various functions, including DL and rate implementation based on APN total maximum bit rate (AMBR), etc. be able to.

  DSC 144 manages resource arbitration operations in the network (eg, PLMN), tracks network resource lists, tracks current bids in progress, tracks bids that have been executed, and the borrower wireless device 102 in the lender network Perform various operations to provide various functions including tracking bid specific closed subscriber group (CSG) identifier (CSG-ID) for mobility management (eg, via modules 162-166). It can be constituted as follows. The DSC 144 is configured to deliver the wireless device 102 from the borrower network to the lender network (ie, perform a hand-in) and to pull the wireless device 102 back from the lender network to the borrower network (ie, perform a backoff). Can do.

  DSC 144 can also be configured to track eNodeB congestion, select a target eNodeB for handover, and manage traffic on the lender eNodeB. The DSC 144 offloads user traffic from the borrower network to the other less loaded eNodeB 116 in the lender network (eg, offloads low priority user traffic based on the configured policy). Offload high user traffic, offload user traffic with a particular QoS, etc.). The DSC 144 can also perform a backoff operation to pull the wireless device 102 back from the lender network to the borrower network. DSC 144 may also be configured to monitor, manage and / or maintain a history of congestion information collected or received from one or more eNodeBs of the system.

  The DPC 146 functions as a resource arbitrage broker between the DSC 144 of the lender and borrower network (eg, PLMN), lists resources from various lender networks for auctions, and manages the auction process. Various operations may be performed to provide (eg, via modules 167-171). DPC 146 sends high bid, bid, bid cancellation, bid withdrawal and bid end notifications to DSC 144 and installs bid specific billing rules in the online and / or offline billing system of the borrower and lender network, It can be configured to coordinate resource usage between DSC 144 by acting as a gateway between borrower and lender DSC 144.

  FIG. 1E illustrates network components and information flow of an exemplary communication system 103 that includes two E-UTRANs 140a, 140b interconnected by a DPC 146 configured to manage DSA operations and interactions. In the example shown in FIG. 1E, each E-UTRAN 140a, 140b includes an eNodeB 116a, 116b outside its core network 120a, 120b and a DSC 144a, 144b inside the core network 120a, 120b.

  DSCs 144a, 144b may be configured to communicate with DPC 146 via an Xd interface. In addition, DSC 144a, 144b is directly or indirectly connected to various network components of each core network 120a, 120b of DSC 144a, 144b, such as PCRF 134, HSS 132, and PCEF / PGW 128 (not shown in FIG. 1E). You can also connect to. In one embodiment, one or more of the DSCs 144a, 144b may be directly connected to one or more of the eNodeBs 116a, 116b.

  In addition to the connections and communication links referred to above, the system 103 provides additional connections / links to accommodate data flow and communication between components of different E-UTRAN (eg, E-UTRAN 140a and 140b). May be included. For example, the system 103 may include a connection / communication link between the eNodeB 116b of the second E-UTRAN 140b and the SGW 118 of the first E-UTRAN 140a. As another example, the system 103 may include a connection / communication link between the SGW 118 of the second E-UTRAN 140b and the PGW 128 of the first E-UTRAN 140a. These additional components, connections and communication links are not shown in FIG. 1E to focus on the discussion of related embodiments.

  As discussed in more detail below, DSCs 144a, 144b are configured to send information regarding availability of spectrum resources (eg, information received from eNodeB, PCRF, PCEF, PGW, etc.) to DPC 146. can do. This information may include data relating to the current and anticipated future usage and / or capacity of each network or subnetwork. The DPC 146 receives and uses such information to intelligently allocate, transfer, and transfer available resources from the first E-UTRAN 140a to the second E-UTRAN 140b (and vice versa) It can be configured to manage, reconcile or lease.

  For example, the DPC 146 may adjust the allocation of spectrum resources from the E-UTRAN 140a (ie, the lender network) to the second E-UTRAN 140b (ie, the borrower network) as part of the dynamic spectrum arbitrage operation. Can be configured. Such an operation is wireless device 102 wirelessly connected to eNodeB 116b of second E-UTRAN 140b via communication link 143 so that the allocated spectrum resources of first E-UTRAN 140a can be used. Can be passed to the eNodeB 116a of the first E-UTRAN 140a. As part of this handoff procedure, the wireless device 102 establishes a new connection 141 to the eNodeB 116a of the first E-UTRAN 140a and terminates the wireless connection 143 to the original eNodeB 116b, as if the second E-UTRAN 140a. -The allocated resources of the first E-UTRAN 140a may be used as if included in the UTRAN 140b. The DSA operation may be performed such that the first DSC 144a is the lender DSC for the first resource / time zone and the borrower DSC for the second resource or another time zone. it can.

  In one embodiment, the DSA and / or handoff operation may be performed to maintain a data connection to the original network (or a data connection managed by the original network) after the wireless device 102 has been handed over. it can. For example, the DSA and / or handoff operation may maintain a data flow connection to the PGW 128 of the second E-UTRAN 140b after the wireless device 102 is handed over to the eNodeB 116a of the first E-UTRAN 140a. Can be executed.

  FIG. 2A illustrates an exemplary DSA method 200 for allocating resources according to one embodiment. Method 200 may be performed by a processing core (eg, a server computing device) of a DPC 146 component.

  At block 202, the DPC 146 may establish a first communication link to a first DSC 144a of a first communication network (eg, E-UTRAN, etc.). At block 204, the DPC 146 may establish a second communication link to the second DSC 144b of the second communication network. At block 206, the DPC 146 may determine whether radio frequency (RF) spectrum resources are available for assignment within the second communication network. This can be achieved by communicating with the DSC 144 of the second communication network via the second communication link using the DSAAP protocol, which is a wired or wireless communication link. possible. At block 208, the DPC 146 may determine the amount of RF spectrum resources available for allocation. At block 210, the DPC 146 performs various operations to allocate all or a portion of the available RF resources of the second communication network for access and use by the wireless device 102 of the first communication network. Can do.

  In block 212, the DPC 146 may send a communication message to the first DSC 144a to inform the first communication network that it can begin using the allocated RF spectrum resources (eg, the DSAAP protocol). By using). At block 214, the DPC 146 may record a transaction in the transaction database that identifies the amount of RF spectrum resources allocated for use by the first communication network.

  At block 216, the DPC 146 may receive a communication message from the second DSC 144b that includes information indicating that the allocated resource has been consumed and / or requesting the release of the allocated resource. At block 218, the DPC 146 may send a resource consumption / release message to the first DSC 144a to terminate its use of the allocated resources by the first network.

  FIG. 2B shows an exemplary information flow between DPC 146 and multiple DSCs 144a-d when performing another embodiment of DSA method 250 for allocating resources. In the following description, the DSA method 250 is discussed in terms of the DPC 146 component and can be performed by the processing core of the DPC 146. However, it should be understood that the DSA method 250 may be performed by the processing core of the DPC 146 component, the processing core of the DSC 144a-d, or a combination thereof. In addition, it should be understood that all interaction and communication between DPC 146 and other components can be accomplished by the DSAAP component and / or using the DSAAP protocol. Thus, all such interactions and communications can be included in the DSAAP protocol.

  In operation 252, the processing core of the DPC 146 component may receive a “resource request” communication message from the first DSC 144a component of the first network (eg, E-UTRAN, etc.). It should be understood that the “resource request” communication message and all other communication messages discussed in this application can be DSAAP messages.

  The “resource request” communication message may include information suitable for notifying the DPC 146 that the first network is interested in purchasing, leasing, accessing and / or using resources from other networks. . The “resource request” communication message may also include a type and / or amount of resources (eg, RF spectrum resources) requested by the first network, a type and capability of the wireless device 102 to which the requested resources are allocated, and Information suitable for identifying other similar information may also be included.

  In operations 254, 256, and 258, DPC 146 generates a “resource inquiry” communication message, the second DSC 144 b component of the second network, the third DSC 144 c component of the third network, and the fourth network. To each of the fourth DSC 144d components. The DPC 146 may be configured to generate a “resource inquiry” communication message that includes requirements, criteria and information for various components, devices and resources. For example, the DPC 146 generates a “resource inquiry” communication message that includes information identifying the type, capability, and geographic criteria of the user wireless device 102 of the first network (and other networks) to which resources are to be allocated. be able to. The geographic criteria may include the geographic location, geographic polygon and / or license area of the user wireless device 102 to which resources are to be allocated.

  In operations 260 and 262, the DPC 146 may receive a “response to resource query” communication message from the second and third DSCs 144b, 144c. These “response to resource inquiry” communication messages may include information identifying the availability of extra resources that comply with the requirements / criteria included in the resource inquiry message. In operation 264, the DPC 146 may receive another “response to resource query” communication message from the fourth DSC 144d. This “response to resource inquiry” communication message may include information indicating that the fourth network does not include resources that meet the required requirements / criteria.

  In one embodiment, as part of operations 260-264, DPC 146 identifies second and third networks as having resources available for allocation and / or such resources. The database record can be updated to identify the fourth network as not including.

  In operation 266, the DPC 146 may generate a “resource availability” communication message and send it to multiple DSCs of multiple networks, including the first DSC 144a of the first network. DPC 146 may be configured to generate a “resource availability” communication message that includes information suitable for notifying the network that the resource is available for allocation. In one embodiment, the DPC 146 broadcasts a communication signal that includes information suitable for notifying the network that the resource is available for allocation via an auction and / or the auction start time for the auction. Can be configured to notify the network that resources are available for allocation.

  In operation 268, the DPC 146 may receive a “resource reservation request” communication message from the first DSC 144a. The received “resource reservation request” communication message includes information suitable for notifying the DPC 146 that the first network intends to participate in an auction and / or bid for at least a portion of the available resources. obtain.

  In operations 270 and 272, the DPC 146 may send a “resource reservation request” communication message to the second and third DSCs 144b, 144c, respectively. The “resource reservation request” communication message may include information suitable for causing the second and third DSCs 144b, 144c to reserve all or a portion of the resources available for allocation and use by other networks.

  In operations 274 and 276, the DPC 146 may receive a “resource reservation response” communication message from each of the second and third DSCs 144b, 144c. The “resource reservation response” message may include information suitable for notifying the DPC 146 about the reserved requested resource and / or information suitable for identifying the reserved resource.

  Optionally, at operation block 278, the DPC 146 may pool resources reserved for allocation and use by the wireless device 102 of another network (eg, the first network). For example, the DPC 146 can combine a spectrum group reserved in the second network with a spectrum group reserved in the third network. As another example, DPC 146 may pool resources available for the first and fourth channels of the spectrum set reserved in the second network.

  In operation 280, DPC 146 may receive a “resource bid” communication message from multiple networks, including the first DSC 144 a of the first network. Each “resource bid” communication message may include bids or offers for resource access, use, leases and / or purchases, as well as other relevant bid information (eg, price, requested allocation / access method, etc.). As part of operation 280, the DPC 146 may meet the requirements (eg, meet the minimum desired price) that the received resource bids provide for policies and rules of the DSA system and / or network offering resources for allocation. It can be determined whether or not to comply.

  In operation 282, the DPC 146 determines that the resource bid received from the first network is greater than the requirement specified by the DSA system policy / rules and resources (eg, greater than or equal to the minimum amount specified by the second network). The bid / offer from the first network can be accepted in response to a determination to comply with the claim for use of all or a portion of the resources in the pool of available resources. In operation 282, the DPC 146 may also generate a “bid acceptance” communication message and send it to the first DSC 144a.

  In operation 284, the DPC 146 allocates resources of the second network for access and use by the wireless device 102 of the first network by sending a “resource allocation request” communication message to the second DSC 144b. be able to. That is, at operation 284, the DPC determines that a portion of the resource (eg, a pool of available resources) that has been won by the first DSC 144a is fully available via the second network; In response, a resource allocation request message can be sent only to the second network.

  In operation 286, DPC 146 may receive a “resource allocated” communication message from second DSC 144b. In operation 288, the DPC 146 informs the first network that resources have been allocated for access and use by the wireless device 102 and / or that use of the allocated resources can begin. A “done” communication message may be sent to the first DSC 144a. At operational block 290, the DPC 146 may record a transaction in the transaction database that identifies these resources as being allocated for access and use by the first network.

  In operation 292, the DPC 146 sends a “resource release” communication message that includes information indicating that the allocated resource has been consumed and / or information suitable for requesting the release of the allocated resource. It can be received from DSC 144b. In operation 294, the DPC 146 may send a resource consumed / release message to the first DSC 144a to terminate its use of the allocated resource to the first network.

  3-7 illustrate one embodiment of a DSA method 300 for allocating and accessing resources in a communication system that includes a DPC 146 component, two DSC 144a, 144b components, and a wireless device 102. FIG. All or certain portions of the DSA method 300 may be performed by the processing core of the DPC 146, DSC 144 a-b, and / or the wireless device 102. In various embodiments, any of the interaction and communication between components 146, 144a, 144b and 102 can be realized or facilitated by the DSAAP component and / or using the DSAAP protocol. Therefore, all such interactions and communications can be included in the DSAAP protocol.

  Referring to FIG. 3, at block 302, the first DSC 144a of the first network performs a comparison with the total spectrum resources available to the first network to determine user traffic (eg, call and data traffic). Can be monitored. At block 304, the first DSC 144a generates a resource status report based on the results of the monitoring, records / stores the resource status report in memory, and sends the resource status report via the resource status report communication message to the DPC 146. Can be sent to. At decision block 306, the first DSC 144a determines whether additional resources are needed based on the received resource status report to provide appropriate services to the existing wireless devices 102 of the first network (and And / or whether there is a high probability that additional resources will be needed in the near future. In response to a determination that additional resources are needed (ie, decision block 306 = “Yes”), at block 308, the first DSC 144a may send a “resource request” communication message to the DPC 146. it can. In response to a determination that no additional resources are required (ie, decision block 306 = “No”), at block 302, the first DSC 144a may continue to monitor user traffic and / or other DSC operations. Can be executed.

  At block 310, the second DSC 144b of the second network performs a comparison with all spectrum resources available to the second network, monitors user traffic, generates a resource status report, and / or Any or all of the DSC operations discussed in this application can be performed. At decision block 312, the second DSC 144b may determine whether there is an extra amount of available resources in the second network. In response to a determination that there is no extra available resource in the second network (ie, decision block 312 = “No”), at block 310, the second DSC 144b may continue to monitor user traffic. And / or other DSC operations may be performed.

  In response to a determination that there is an extra available resource in the second network (ie, decision block 312 = “Yes”), at block 314, the second DSC 144b receives another network (eg, the first network All or certain portions of that extra resource can be marked, designated or assigned for access and use by the network. At block 316, the second DSC 144b may generate a resource allocation report and send the generated resource allocation report to the DPC 146 (eg, via a resource communication message). DSC 144b may include a resource allocation that includes information identifying resources (or a portion or a certain amount of resources) that are available for the allocation and / or marked, specified or allocated by the second network. It can be configured to generate a report.

  At block 320, the DPC 146 may receive various resource status and assignment reports from the DSC 144 of many different networks, including the first and second DSCs 144a, 144b of the first and second networks. These reports show the ratio of detected user traffic to the total available spectrum resources, the amount of resources required by the network, the amount of resources available for allocation on the network, and the allocated resources Network, such as the type and capabilities of the wireless device 102 to perform, system requirements that must be met before the wireless device 102 can access the allocated resources, network rules and policies for access and use of resources, and other similar information And information identifying various features, criteria, requirements and conditions of those components.

  At block 322, the DPC 146 may store the received report (eg, resource status report, resource allocation report, etc.) in memory (eg, non-volatile memory). At block 324, the DPC 146 may receive a resource request from a DSC 144 of a different network that includes the first DSC 144a of the first network. At block 326, the DPC 146 uses the received / stored information (eg, information received in the resource request, resource allocation report, resource status report, etc.) to allow the first network to allocate additional resources. The best / best available network that can be leased or purchased can be identified and selected. In the example shown in FIG. 3, DPC 146 has identified and selected the second network as the optimal network that provides resources to the first network.

  In block 328, the DPC 146 may send a resource inquiry communication message to the second DSC 1144b. At block 330, the second DSC 1144b may receive a resource inquiry communication message. At block 332, the second DSC 1144b may determine the availability, amount, and / or amount of extra resources that have been marked, specified, or allocated by the second network. At block 334, the second DSC 1144 b may generate a “response to resource query” communication message and send it to the DPC 146. The second DSC 1144b is information suitable for use in determining the availability and amount of resources that have been marked, designated or allocated for access and use by other networks (eg, the first network). A response to a resource query containing can be generated. At block 336, the DPC 146 may receive the “response to resource inquiry” communication message from the second DSC 1144b and perform the operations of decision block 400 shown in FIG. 4 in response.

  Referring to FIG. 4, at decision block 400, the DPC 146 determines whether resources are available based on data received from the second DSC 144b of the second network (eg, a response message to the resource query). Can be judged. For example, DPC 146 may determine that the identified resource is not available in response to a determination that all or a portion of the resource has been purchased or sold by another bidder before being reserved. it can.

  In response to the determination that the resource is not available (ie, decision block 400 = “No”), at block 402, DPC 146 sends a “resource not available” communication message to the first DSC of the first network. 144a. At block 404, the first DSC 144a may receive a “resource unavailable” communication message. At block 406, the first DSC 144a searches for other available resources (eg, via the DPC 146), requests resources from different networks, requests different resources, The connection or communication session with the user can be terminated to release, or other similar operations can be performed to manage network traffic and congestion of the first network.

  In response to the determination that the resource is available (ie, decision block 400 = “Yes”), at block 408, the DPC 146 may send a “resource available” communication message to the first DSC 144a. it can. The resource availability message may include information that can be used by the first DSC 144a to determine the quality and amount of resources of the second network that can be used by the wireless device 102 of the first network. .

  In block 410, the first DSC 144a may receive the resource available communication message sent from the DPC 146. At block 412, the first DSC 144a determines the amount / amount of resources that the first network needs and / or attempts to acquire, and this and other resource information in a “resource request” communication message in the DPC 146. Can be sent to.

  At block 414, the DPC 146 may receive a “resource request” message from the first DSC 144a. At block 416, the DPC 146 may use the information contained in the received message to generate a “resource reservation request” communication message and send it to the second DSC 144b of the second network.

  At block 418, the second DSC 144 b may receive a “resource reservation request” message from the DPC 146. At block 420, the second DSC 144 b uses the information contained in the received “resource reservation request” message to reserve the requested amount of resources allocated for access and use by other network components. can do. At block 422, the second DSC 144b sends a “resource reserved” communication message to the DPC 146 to confirm that the requested amount of resources has been reserved and / or to identify the reserved resources. Can do.

  At block 424, the DPC 146 may receive a “resource reserved” communication message from the second DSC 144b. At block 426, the DPC 146 may begin providing reserved resources for the auction and / or accepting resource bids for the reserved resources.

  FIG. 5 illustrates that after DPC 146 has provided reserved resources for the auction and / or has begun accepting resource bids for the reserved resources (eg, performing the operations of block 426 shown in FIG. 4). 2 shows a bidding procedure of the DSA method 300 that can be performed.

  Referring to FIG. 5, at block 500, the first DSC 144a of the first network secures the second network by sending a resource bid to the DPC 146 (eg, via a communication message). Negotiate access to resources. At block 502, the DPC 146 may receive a resource bid from the first DSC 144a.

  At decision block 504, the DPC 146 may determine whether to accept the received resource bid, which may include the policy and rules of the DSA system and the requirements of the second network (eg, minimum It can be realized by determining whether or not to comply with (exceeding the amount of money). In response to the determination that the resource bid received from the first DSC 144a should be accepted (ie, decision block 504 = “Yes”), at block 506, the DPC 146 sends a “accept bid” communication message. It can be sent to the first DSC 144a. At block 508, the first DSC 144a may receive a “accept bid” message and wait for receipt of a resource access indication. At block 510, the DPC 146 may send a “resource allocation” communication message to the second DSC 144b of the second network.

  At block 512, the second DSC 144 b may receive a “resource allocation” communication message from the DPC 146. In block 514, the second DSC 144 b uses the information contained in the received “resource allocation” message to verify all or certain portions reserved for access and use by the first network component. Resources can be allocated. At block 516, the second DSC 144b includes information (eg, access parameters, etc.) that can be used by the wireless device 102 (ie, of the first network) to access the assigned resource. An “access” communication message can be generated and a “resource access” message can be sent to the DPC 146. At block 518, the second DSC 144b performs various operations to prepare for establishing a communication session / link to the wireless device 102 of the first network, such as by configuring or preparing a voice or data call. be able to.

  At block 522, the DPC 146 may receive the “resource access” communication message from the second DSC 144b and relay the resource access message to the first DSC 144a. At block 524, the first DSC 144 a may receive a “resource access” message from the DPC 146. The received “resource access” message may include access parameters that may be used by the wireless device 102 to access resources assigned to the second network. At block 526, the first DSC 144a may communicate with the wireless device 102 having a communication session with the first network and / or the wireless device 102 designated / marked by the first network for movement to another network. Access parameters can be transmitted.

  At block 528, the wireless device 102 may receive the second network access parameters from the first DSC 144a. At blocks 530 and 520, the wireless device 102 and / or the second DSC 142b may perform various operations to establish a communication session / link between the wireless device 102 and the second network. The second DSC 144b may then perform the operations of block 700 shown in FIG. 7, which are further discussed below.

  As noted above, at decision block 504, the DPC 146 may determine whether to accept the resource bid received from the first DSC 144a. In response to a determination that the resource bid received from the first DSC 144a should not be accepted (ie, decision block 504 = “No”), the DPC 146 performs the operation of block 600 shown in FIG. can do.

  Referring to FIG. 6, at block 600, the DPC 146 may send a “bid reject” communication message to the first DSC 144a. At block 602, the first DSC 144 a may receive a “bid reject” message from the DPC 146. At decision block 604, the first DSC 144a may determine whether the first network should / will perform a re-bidding for the resource. In response to the determination that the first network should / will perform a re-bid on the resource (ie, decision block 604 = “Yes”), at block 606, the first DSC 144a submits a new resource bid to the DPC. 146 (e.g., in a resource bid communication message).

  At block 608, the DPC 146 may receive a new resource bid (or re-bid) from the first DSC 144a. At decision block 610, the DPC 146 may determine whether to accept the new resource bid by determining whether the new resource bid conforms to the DSA system policies and rules and the requirements of the second network. it can. In response to a determination that a new resource bid should be accepted (ie, decision block 610 = “Yes”), DPC 146 may perform the operations of block 506 shown in FIG. In response to a determination that a new resource bid should not be accepted (ie, decision block 610 = “No”), DPC 146 may perform the operation of block 600.

  In response to a determination that the first network should re-bid for the resource (ie, decision block 604 = “No”), at block 612, the first DSC 144a sends a “resource request cancellation” communication message. Can be sent to DPC 146. At block 614, the DPC 146 may receive a “Cancel Resource Request” message from the first DSC 144a. At block 616, the DPC 146 may send a “release resource” communication message to the second DSC 144b.

  At block 618, the second DSC 144 b may receive a “resource release” message from the DPC 146. At block 620, the second DSC 144b may release the reserved resources so that other networks can use the resources. The second DSC 144b can then report the status of the allocated resources to the DPC 146, which is achieved by performing the operations of block 316 shown in FIG. 3 and discussed above. be able to.

  FIG. 7 may be performed after the second network provides access to the secondary user wireless device 102 of the first network (ie, after performing the operations of block 520 shown in FIG. 5). The clearing procedure of the DSA method 300 is shown.

  In block 700, the second DSC 144b may send invoices and payment instructions related to the use of the allocated resources by the first network to the DPC 146. At block 704, the DPC 146 may relay the received invoice and payment instructions to the first DSC 144a. At block 706, the first DSC 144a receives the invoice and payment instructions, and at block 718, the fee charged from the second network can be settled.

  Optionally or alternatively, at block 708, the second DSC 144b may send usage parameters and payment instructions to the DPC 146. At block 710, the DPC 146 may receive usage parameters and payment instructions from the second DSC 144b. At block 712, the DPC 146 may create an invoice for resource access and use. At block 714, the DPC 146 may send an invoice to the first DSC 144a of the first network. At block 716, the first DSC 144a receives the invoice and payment instructions, and at block 718, various operations can be performed to settle the charges charged from the second network.

  In various embodiments, the DPC 146 and DSC 144 components can be configured to communicate via an interface, which is a dynamic spectrum arbitrage application part (defined on Xe and / or Xd reference points). (DSAAP) protocol / module / component can be implemented or provided through. DSAAP can enable, facilitate, support or augment communication between DPC 146 and DSC 144 to improve the efficiency and speed of DSA systems and telecommunication networks. In various embodiments, all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component may be included in a DPC 146 component, a DSC 144 component, a component independent of the DPC 146 and DSC 144 components, or any combination thereof. . DSAAP modules / components can allow these and other DSA components to communicate information using the DSAAP protocol.

  For example, DSAAP allows DPC 146 and DSC 144 components to communicate specific information and / or DSC registration function, resource availability advertisement function, resource bidding and allocation function, from borrower user to lender network. Hand-in function, back-off function from the lender network, error handling function (for example, reporting of general error status in which no function-specific error message is defined), DSC deregistration function, error display function, DSC successful bid success and successful bid It is possible to perform an operation that provides various functions including a display function and a DSC resource allocation withdrawal function. In various embodiments, these functions are performed by configuring the DPC 146 and / or DSC 144 components to perform one or a combination of the DSAAP methods discussed below with reference to FIGS. 8A-17B. Can be provided, implemented or implemented. The use of the DSAAP protocol and the execution of the DSAAP method may include communication via one or more DSAAP messages.

  In various embodiments, the DSAAP message used to communicate information between the DSC 144 and the DPC 146 is a DSC registration request message, a DSC registration acceptance message, a DSC registration rejection message, a DSC deregistration message, a DSC resource registration request. Message, DSC resource registration acceptance message, DSC resource registration rejection message, available bid request message, available bid response message, available bid rejection message, DSC bid request message, DSC bid acceptance message, DSC bid rejection message, DSC high bid message, DSC successful bid message, DSC successful bid failure message, DSC bid cancellation message, DSC buy request message, DSC buy accept message, DSC buy reject message, DSC resource allocation End message, DSC resource withdrawn message and / or DSC backoff command message. Each of these messages may include or be associated with criticality information, presence information, range information and assigned criticality information. These messages and their contents are discussed in more detail below.

  In various embodiments, the DSAAP method includes a first DSC server of a first telecommunication network (eg, a borrower network) and a second DSC server of a second telecommunication network (eg, a lender network); It can be implemented in a DSA system including DPC servers outside the first and second telecommunications networks. The first DSC includes a first DSC processor coupled to the DPC via a first communication link, and the second DSC is coupled to the DPC via the second communication link. A processor may be included. The second DSC can be coupled to the eNodeB of the second telecommunication network via a third communication link. The first and second communication links can be defined on the Xd interface, and the third communication link is defined on the Xe interface.

  8A-8C illustrate that the DPC 146 can advertise various services to the DSC 144 (e.g., advertise the resources of the lender DSC 144 for bidding, and the borrower DSC 144 can bid on resources provided by other networks. FIG. 6 illustrates one embodiment of a DSAAP registration method 800 for registering a DSC 144 component with a DPC 146 to provide a In the example shown in FIGS. 8A-8C, the DSAAP registration method 800 is performed by the processing core of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component. The operations of the DSAAP registration method 800 may be performed after or in response to the DSC 144 or DPC 146 detecting that an XE signaling transport or communication link has been established.

  In operation 802 shown in FIGS. 8A-8C, DSC 144 may initiate DSAAP registration method 800 by generating a DSC registration request message and sending it to DPC 146. In one embodiment, DSC 144 may be configured to generate and / or send a DSC registration request message in response to a determination from DPC 146 that a service is required. For example, the DSC 144 generates a DSC registration request message in response to determining that its corresponding network (ie, the network represented by the DSC) includes extra resources that can be allocated to other networks. Can be configured. As another example, DSC 144 may require additional resources for its network to provide appropriate services to its existing wireless device 102 taking into account current or anticipated future user traffic, network congestion, etc. And a DSC registration request message can be generated in response to the determination.

  In various embodiments, the DSC 144 may include a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a DSC identity IE, a DSC Internet Protocol (IP) address IE, a DSC type IE, a DSC PLMN-ID IE, a PLMN type IE, and a DSC. It can be configured to generate a DSC registration request message that includes any or all of the resource update timer IEs. The DSC PLMN-ID IE may include a PLMN ID that is suitable for a specific use of a network (eg, E-UTRAN) that is associated with or represented by the DSC 144. The PLMN type IE may include information suitable for use in determining the type of network represented by DSC 144 (eg, public security, commercial, etc.). The DSC IP address IE may include the IP address of the DSC 144 that is responsible for managing, maintaining or providing the DSAAP XE interface.

  In operation block 804 shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B, DPC 146 performs various registration operations (ie, authentication of DSC, storage of DSC identifier information in memory, etc.) to register DSC 144 with DPC 146. be able to. In one embodiment, as part of these registration operations, DPC 146 is responsive to receiving a duplicate DSC registration request message (ie, for an already registered DSC identified by the same unique DSC identity). For example, an existing registration can be overwritten / overridden with a new registration.

  In operation block 806 shown in FIG. 8A, DPC 146 may determine that the registration operation was successful. In operation 808, DPC 146 may generate a DSC registration acceptance message and send to DSC 144 to indicate acceptance and registration of DSC 144. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 includes a DSC registration that includes any or all of a Message Type Information Element (IE), Message ID IE, DPC ID IE, XEh Signaling Transport Network Layer (TNL) Address IE, and Tunneling Information IE. An acceptance message can be generated. The XEh signaling TNL address IE may include an address value suitable for use in establishing a transport layer session. Tunneling information IEs encapsulate different payload protocols, establish secure communications over untrusted or unproven networks, carry payloads over incompatible delivery networks, and / or other similar May include information that can be used to perform the tunneling operations.

  In order to support XEh connectivity via / to DPC 146 via DPC 146, in action block 810, DSC 144 uses the address value contained in the XEh signaling TNL address IE of the DSC registration accept message to use the transport layer session. Can be established. In one embodiment, DSC 144 may be configured to establish a transport layer session in response to a determination that the DSC registration acceptance message includes an address value in the XEh signaling TNL address information element. In one embodiment, the DSC 144 supports XEh connectivity via / to the DPC 146 in response to a determination that the XEh signaling TNL address information element is not present, null, empty or not valid. It can be configured to determine that it is not or is not required.

  Referring to FIG. 8B, at operation block 812, DPC 146 may determine that the registration operation performed as part of operation 804 has failed. The DPC 146 may determine that the registration has failed in response to detecting any of various conditions / events including DSC authentication or authorization failure, network or component overload, DSC parameter mismatch. . In operation 814, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC registration reject message and send it to the DSC 144 to notify the DSC 144 that registration failed and / or the DPC 146 cannot register the DSC 144. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC registration rejection message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a cause IE, a criticality diagnosis IE, and a backoff timer IE. . The cause IE may include information suitable to identify the specific reason for the failure (eg, overload, etc.) or to indicate that the reason for the failure is unknown or unknown .

  At operation block 816, the DSC 144 may perform various registration failure response operations based on information included in the received registration rejection message. For example, the DSC 144 responds to a determination that the value of the cause IE of the received registration rejection message is set to “overload” and before attempting to register with that same DPC 146 again. It is possible to wait for the time indicated in the backoff timer IE of the reject message.

  Referring to FIG. 8C, at operation block 852, the DSC 144 may start a registration response timer in response to sending a DSC registration request message to the DPC 146 (eg, as part of operation 802). At operation block 854, the DSC 144 may determine that the registration response timer has expired before the DSC 144 receives the DSC registration response message. In operation 856, the DSC 144 may retransmit the DSC registration request message to the DPC 146 in response to determining that the timer has expired before receiving the corresponding DSC registration response message. In action block 858, the DSC 144 can restart or reset the registration response timer. In operation 860, the DPC may send a DSC registration response message to DSC 144. At operation block 862, the DSC 144 may stop the registration response timer in response to receiving the DSC registration response message.

  FIGS. 9A and 9B illustrate bidding / buying to allow DPC 146 to store, organize and / or make available those resources for bidding / allocation via a financial intermediary platform. 2 shows a DSAAP advertising method 900 for advertising available resources. In the example shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, the DSAAP advertising method 900 is performed by the processing core of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component.

  In action block 902 shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, the DSC 144 may determine that there are resources available for allocation within the cell served by the DSC 144. In operation block 904, the DSC 144 can generate a DSC resource registration request message and send it to the DPC 146. In various embodiments, the DSC 144 may include a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a DSC identity IE, a DSC type IE, a PLMN-ID list IE, a resource availability IE, a resource availability start time IE, Data bandwidth IE, grid list IE, bid or buy IE, minimum bid IE, resource availability end time IE, time IE, duration IE, megabits per second (MBPS) IE and cell identity IE Alternatively, a DSC resource registration request message including all can be generated.

  The DSC identity IE may include information that can be used by the DPC 146 to determine the identity of the DSC 144. For example, the DSC identity IE may include a DSC pool ID, DSC instance information, and a PLMN ID of the network that the DSC is managing or representing. The DSC pool ID is a unique identifier of the pool of available resources and / or may be the same as or similar to the MME pool ID and MME ID of the 3GPP EPC architecture.

  The message ID IE may include a message identifier for a specific DSC resource registration request message sent from the DSC 144. DSC 144 and DPC 146 may be configured to identify and correlate DSC resource registration request, DSC resource registration acceptance and / or DSC resource registration rejection messages using message ID IE as the sequence number.

  The resource availability IE may include information suitable for use by the DPC 146 in determining the PLMN ID of the network that advertises the resource for allocation and use by other networks. The DPC 146 may be configured to receive, store and / or maintain resource availability IEs for multiple DSCs and / or for multiple different networks (ie, different PLMN IDs). Thus, each resource availability IE may include information suitable for identifying one or more of the networks advertising for the resource.

  The time IE may include information suitable for use by the DPC 146 in determining the time at which the DSC 144 sent the DSC resource registration request message. The duration IE may include information suitable for use in determining when a resource should be available for bidding or buying.

  The data bandwidth IE may include information suitable for use in determining available bandwidth (eg, units: MBPS) for the duration specified in the optional duration IE. In response to a determination that the duration DS is not included in the received DSC resource registration request message (or in response to a determination that the duration IE does not include a valid value), the DPC 146 is designated by the MBPS IE. It can be determined that the bandwidth should be made available until it is consumed by the winning bidder or purchaser.

  The grid list IE may include information suitable for use in determining grid identifiers for network bandwidth locations that should be made available for bidding or buying. The cell identity IE is for each individual cell in each grid (identified by grid ID and cell ID) that has available resources offered for bidding or buying as part of the offer in the DSC resource registration request message. Information suitable for use in the decision may be included. The minimum bid amount IE may include a face value such as the US dollar (USD) or the amount of money.

  In action block 906 shown in FIG. 9A, DPC 146 may accept the DSC 144 resources for the bid. In operation 908, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC resource registration response or a DSC resource registration acceptance message and send it to the DSC 144 to acknowledge that the resource has been accepted. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC resource registration message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a bid ID IE, and a message ID IE. The message ID IE may include the same message identifier value that is included in the received DSC resource registration request message. The DPC 146 and / or DSC may be configured to identify and correlate the DSC resource registration request and the DSC resource registration acceptance message using the value of the message ID IE. At operational block 910, the DPC 146 may store, organize and / or make available network resources for bidding or buying via a financial intermediary platform.

  In operation 912 shown in FIG. 9B, the DPC 146 may reject the DSC resource registration request message and / or reject the resource identified in the received DSC resource registration request message for the bid. The DPC 146 may reject the message / resource for various reasons and / or in response to detecting any of various events or conditions. For example, DPC 146 determines that DPC 146 has not accepted resources from any operator, has not accepted resources for a particular operator specified in the received message, and has not accepted resources specified in the message. The resource can be rejected in response to a determination that the DPC is overloaded, a determination that there is not enough memory to store and service resources available for bidding, and the like. Also, the DPC 146 may determine that the administrator of the DPC 146 has invalidated further bids from a specific PLMN ID included in the DSC resource registration request message from all networks (eg, all PLMN IDs). In response, the resource availability message can be rejected.

  In operation 914 shown in FIG. 9B, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC resource registration reject message and send it to the DSC 144. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC resource registration rejection message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a cause IE, and a criticality diagnosis IE. In addition, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC resource registration rejection message including a message ID IE including the same value as the message identifier included in the DSC resource registration request message received from the DSC 144. The DPC 146 and / or DSC 144 may be configured to identify and correlate DSC resource registration request and DSC resource registration rejection messages using the value of the message ID IE.

  At operation block 916, the DSC 144 may perform various response operations for resource registration failure based on information included in the received DSC resource registration rejection message. For example, the DSC 144 uses the information contained in the DSC resource registration rejection message to attempt to register the resource with the DPC 146 again, try to register the resource with another DPC, or re-register with a different resource. It can be determined whether to try or perform any of the other DSC operations discussed in this application.

  10A and 10B illustrate a DSAAP method 1000 for communicating a list of available resources according to one embodiment. The DSAAP method 1000 may be performed to notify the borrower network about available resource bids or resources for bid / buy. In the example shown in FIGS. 10A and 10B, the DSAAP method 1000 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component. In one embodiment, borrower DSC 144 performs DSAAP method 1000 to retrieve / receive a list of available resources before DSC 144 makes a bid or lease or purchase request for resources from DPC 146. It can be constituted as follows.

  In operation 1002 shown in FIGS. 10A and 10B, the borrower DSC 144 generates an available bid request message to request information about available resource bids for allocation from the lender network for bid or buy. , To DPC 146. In various embodiments, borrower DSC 144 may include a sequence number information element (IE), a message type IE, a PLMN list IE that includes one or more PLMN ID IEs, and a grid ID list that includes one or more grid ID IEs. An available bid request message can be generated that includes any or all of the IEs.

  In one embodiment, the borrower DSC 144 may generate a specific bid request message including a desired network PLMN ID that may be included in the PLMN ID IE of the PLMN list IE of the available bid request messages. It can be configured to request specific resources from the network.

  In one embodiment, the borrower DSC 144 may generate an available bid request message by not entering the PLMN list IE of the available bid request message and / or not including the PLMN list IE and / or PLMN ID value. Can be configured to request resources from any available network.

  In one embodiment, the borrower DSC 144 generates the available bid request message including a grid ID of a desired grid that may be included in the grid ID IE of the grid ID list IE of available bid request messages. It can be configured to request resources from a particular grid in the network.

  In one embodiment, the borrower DSC 144 may enter the PLMN by not entering the generated available bid request message grid ID list IE and / or by generating an available bid request message that does not include a grid ID. The ID IE grid may be configured to request resources from any or all of the grids within a specified PLMN ID.

  In action block 1004 shown in FIGS. 10A and 10B, DPC 146 may determine whether the PLMN ID and grid ID included in the received available bid request message are valid. If the PLMN ID and grid ID are incorrect, at operation block 1005, the DPC 146 may determine an error / wrong value reason code. In operational block 1006, the DPC 146 may be for each grid identified in the received available bid request message or for all available grids (eg, for the received available bid request message). It can be determined if there are resources / bids available (when the grid ID list IE does not contain a valid value).

  In operation 1008 shown in FIG. 10A, DPC 146 may generate an available bid response message and send it to DSC 144. The DPC 146 includes a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a DSC identity IE, a PLMN-ID grid cell bid information list IE, a sequence number IE, a PLMN list IE and a grid list including one or more PLMN ID IEs It may be configured to generate an available bid response message that includes any or all of the IEs. In one embodiment, the PLMN list IE and the grid list IE may be included in the PLMN-ID grid cell bid information list IE. In one embodiment, the grid list IE may include one or more cell ID lists IE that include one or more cell ID IEs.

  In various embodiments, the DPC 146 identifies the absolute radio frequency channel number (ARFCN) IE, the channel bandwidth IE, the megabit or megabyte IE to identify the total available bandwidth, and the peak data rate of the resource. An available bid response message that includes any or all of the MBPS IE, resource available time IE, resource valid time IE, bid / buy IE, bid / buy end time IE, minimum bid IE and bid IE be able to. The DPC 146 may generate an available bid response message that includes such information for each PMLN, each resource, each grid and / or each cell identified in the message.

  In one embodiment, DPC 146 responds to a determination that there is a bid for an available resource for an auction, a list of PLMN IDs, a list of grid IDs in each PLMN, and available resources in each grid. / Can be configured to generate an available bid response message that includes a bid.

  In one embodiment, the DPC 146 responds to its determination by the DPC 146 for the associated network / PLMN ID that there are no bids for resources / resources available for the auction, and the message type and sequence number IE ( Or an available bid response message containing valid values of these IEs). In one embodiment, the DPC 146 may be configured to generate an available bid response message that includes a sequence number IE that has the same value as the sequence number IE included in the received available bid request message. . In one embodiment, DSC 144 can be configured to correlate messages using the sequence number IE of these request and response messages.

  In one embodiment, the DPC 146 may be configured to generate an available bid response message that includes a PLMN list IE that includes a PLMN ID and a grid ID list IE. The grid ID list IE may include a list of available cells for auctions in the grid. The cell ID list IE may contain cell IDs, and for each cell, ARFCN, channel bandwidth, total available bandwidth, allowable peak data rate, resource available and resource expires / It may include an end time (eg, UTC), a bid type auction or a buy type auction, a minimum bid amount or bid price, a bid end time (eg, UTC), and other similar information.

  In action block 1010, DSC 144 uses the information contained in the available bid response message to identify available resources for the bid and whether DSC 144 submits a bid for the available resources. Determining whether, DSC 144 may determine the resource to submit the bid, and / or other similar actions may be performed.

  Referring to FIG. 10B, at operation 1012, the DPC 146 may reject the available bid request message received from the borrower DSC 144 by generating an available bid reject message and sending it to the DSC 144. it can. DPC 146 determines that one or more of the PLMN IDs supplied in the request message are not from any of the known networks (eg, as part of operation 1004 or 1006), supplied in the request message Available bids in response to a determination that one or more of the grid IDs being used are not valid with respect to the supplied PLMN ID and / or that there are no resources / bids available in the associated grid It can be configured to reject the request message.

  In one embodiment, the DPC 146 may be configured to generate an available bid reject message that includes a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a cause IE, a criticality diagnosis IE, and a sequence number IE. The cause IE may include a reason code (eg, invalid PLMN ID, invalid grid ID, etc.) for rejection of an available bid request that can be determined at action block 1005. The sequence number IE may include the same sequence number value that is included in the available bid request message received from the borrower DSC 144. Accordingly, DPC 146 and / or DSC 144 may be configured to correlate those messages using request and response message sequence numbers IE.

  At action block 1014, the DSC 144 may perform response actions for various failures using information contained in the available bid reject messages. For example, the DSC 144 can determine whether to send another available bid request message to the DPC 146, determine whether to send another available bid request message to a different DPC, etc. .

  FIGS. 11A and 11B illustrate a DSAAP bidding method 1100 for bidding on DSC resources so that different borrower networks can bid on resources available from the lender network. In the example shown in FIGS. 11A and 11B, the DSAAP method 1100 is performed by the processing core of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component.

  In one embodiment, DSC 144 and / or DPC 146 may execute DSAAP method 1100 after DSC 144 has collected a list of resources available for bidding (eg, after executing DSAAP method 1000). Can be configured. In various embodiments, DSC 144 and / or DPC 146 may be configured to perform DSAAP method 1100 continuously or repeatedly until a bid expires. In one embodiment, the DPC 146 may be configured to select the bid that was won (ie, the one with the highest bid price) when the bid expires.

  In operation 1102 of method 1100 shown in FIGS. 11A and 11B, one or more of the resources determined to be available from the lender network (ie, in the list of resources obtained through execution of method 1000). To bid on one or more of the included resources, borrower DSC 144 may generate a DSC bid request message and send it to DPC 146. Borrower DSC 144 generates a DSC bid request message that includes any or all of Message Type Information Element (IE), Message ID IE, DSC Identity IE, DSC Type IE, Bid ID IE, PLMN ID IE, and Bid Amount IE. It can be constituted as follows. The bid ID IE may include information suitable for identifying a particular resource for which the borrower DSC 144 is to bid. The PLMN ID IE may include information suitable for use in identifying the PLMN ID of the network associated with the resource identified in the bid ID IE. The bid amount IE may include an amount of money (eg, USD) or a bid value.

  In one embodiment, the borrower DSC 144 may be configured to generate a DSC bid request message that includes a bid amount IE value that is greater than the minimum bid amount specified in the bid list for a particular resource / bid ID. In one embodiment, borrower DSC 144 may obtain a minimum bid amount and / or a bid list from a received available bid response message (eg, a message sent as part of operation 1008 shown in FIG. 10A). Can be configured.

  In action block 1104 shown in FIG. 11A, DPC 146 uses the information contained in the received DSC bid request message to determine whether the bid complies with DSA system policies and rules and the requirements of the lender network. By doing so, it can be determined whether the bid (resource bid) is valid and should be accepted. In operation 1106, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC bid acceptance message and send it to the DSC in response to a determination that the bid is valid and / or should be accepted. The DPC 146 is a message type information element (IE), message ID IE, bid ID IE, and other suitable for notifying the DSC 144 that a bid has been determined and / or accepted. The DSC bid acceptance message may be configured to include any or all of the information.

  Note that in the example discussed above, the DSC bid acceptance message informs DSC 144 that the bid is valid / accepted and does not inform the borrower DSC 144 that it has won. Should. The bidder DSC that has made a successful bid expires and can be notified via the DSC successful bid message when the DPC 146 determines that the borrower DSC is the highest bidder at the end of the bid. Similarly, the DPC 146 can inform the borrower DSC that has participated in the bidding process but submitted the successful bid bidding via the DSC successful bid failure message that the successful bid has not been submitted. The DSC successful bid message and the DSC successful bid failure message are discussed in further detail below.

  Referring to FIG. 11B, at operation block 1108, the DPC 146 may use information contained in the received DSC bid request message to determine that the bid is not valid and should not be accepted. For example, the DPC 146 uses the received information to determine that the bid does not comply with the DSA system policies / rules and / or does not comply with the requirements of the lender network (eg, does not meet the minimum desired price). Can do. As a further example, DPC 146 determines that the bid amount specified in bid amount IE of the bid request message is not higher than the minimum bid, and the bid amount is not the highest bid currently being offered. A determination that the bid ID contained in the bid ID IE is invalid, or the bid / resource is no longer available for bidding (eg, expired, auction closed, bid withdrawn or invalid bid ID Can be configured to determine that the bid is not valid or should not be accepted.

  In operation 1110, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC bid reject message and send it to the DSC 144. The DPC 146 may be configured to generate a DSC bid reject message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a bid ID IE, a cause IE, and a criticality diagnosis IE. The bid ID IE of the DSC bid reject message may include the same value as the bid identifier included in the received DSC bid request message. The cause IE may include a reason code that identifies the reason why the bid was rejected (eg, minimum bid not met, high bid, bid not found, etc.). In operation block 1112, the DSC 144 uses the information contained in the DSC bid reject message to determine whether to re-bid for the resource, to generate a new DSC bid request message including a valid bid ID. For example, response operations for various bid request failures can be executed.

  12A-12D show a DSAAP notification method 1200 for notifying the participating network of the result of the bid operation. That is, the DSAAP notification method 1200 indicates that the auction result (eg, DSC 144 has submitted a successful bid, DSC 144 has submitted a high bid, DSC 144 has submitted a successful bid, and the auction has been canceled. Etc.) can be executed to notify the DSC 144. In the example shown in FIGS. 12A-12D, the DSAAP notification method 1200 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component.

  The DSAAP notification method 1200 may be performed after the DPC 146 notifies the DSC 144 that the bid has been accepted (eg, after operation 1106 shown in FIG. 11). Also, the DSAAP notification method 1200 may be performed after a bid expires and / or in response to detection of an event or condition by the DPC 146 (eg, a new bid received, bid high, etc.). You can also.

  In action block 1202 shown in FIG. 12A, DPC 146 has the highest bid amount specified in the bid amount IE of the last, recent or latest bid request message received from DSC 144 in the current bid. It can be judged that it is not a thing. In operation 1204, the DPC 146 notifies the lessee DSC 144 that the previous bid has been overridden by a higher bid from another lessee DSC and / or that the previous bid is no longer valid. A bid message at a high DSC price can be generated and sent to the borrower DSC 144. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 is a DSC high value that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a cause IE, a bid information IE, a criticality diagnosis IE, a DSC ID IE, and a bid ID IE. Bidding messages can be generated.

  The DSC ID IE may include information suitable for use in identifying a particular borrower DSC 144. The bid ID IE may include a bid ID that is suitable for use in identifying high bid submissions. At operational block 1206, the borrower DSC 144 submits a higher bid for the resource to its DPC 146, submits a bid to a different DPC 146, terminates an existing call to free bandwidth, etc. It is possible to execute a response operation for bid failures at various high prices, such as by determining.

  Referring to FIG. 12B, at operation block 1210, the DPC 146 has expired and the bid amount specified in the bid amount IE of the last, recent or latest bid request message received from the DSC 144 is current. It can be determined that it is the highest bid. In operation 1212, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC successful bid message and send it to the borrower DSC 144 to notify the borrower DSC 144 that the previous bid is a successful bid. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may include message type information element (IE), message ID IE, bid ID IE, bid information IE, DSC ID IE, and sources such as bandwidth, MBPS, time, and bid amount awarded. DSC successful bid messages can be generated that include any or all of the bid details. The DSC ID IE may include information suitable for use in identifying a particular borrower DSC 144. The bid ID IE may include a bid identifier suitable for identifying a bid that has won a resource auction / bid operation.

  At operational block 1214, the winning borrower DSC 144 schedules its network equipment and devices (eg, wireless devices) to start using resources and / or make resources available for use (ie, winning bids). Before receiving the DSC resource allocated message from the DPC 146 before scheduling the resource to be ready for use by the borrower network. At operation block 1216, the DPC 146 may close the auction, such as by refusing further bids from other networks for resources won by bids submitted by the borrower DSC 144.

  Referring to FIG. 12C, at operation block 1220, the DPC 146 has expired and the bid amount specified in the bid amount IE of the last, recent or latest bid request message received from the DSC 144 is current. It can be determined that it is not the highest bid. In act 1222, the DPC 146 generates a DSC successful bid failure message to notify the lessee DSC 144 that the auction / bidding is closed because the previous bid was not a winning bid and another borrower DSC won the auction, Can be sent to the DSC 144. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC successful bid failure message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a bid ID IE, and a DSC ID IE. The DSC ID IE may include information suitable for use in identifying a particular borrower DSC 144 that has submitted a successful bid bid and / or to which a DSC successful bid message is sent. The bid ID IE may include a bid identifier that is suitable for use in identifying a submitted bid.

  At action block 1224, the borrower DSC 144 performs response actions for various failures, such as submitting bids for other available resources or determining whether to terminate an existing call to release resources. can do. At operation block 1226, the DPC 146 may close the auction and / or allow the borrower DSC that has failed to make a bid for other available resources.

  Referring to FIG. 12D, at operation block 1230, DPC 146 may determine that the auction for the network resource for which DSC 144 previously submitted a bid has been cancelled. For example, DPC 146 may determine that the auction has been withdrawn by the lender network operator or has been canceled by the DPC operator for administrative reasons. In operation 1232, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC bid canceled message and send it to the borrower DSC 144 to notify the borrower DSC 144 that the auction has been canceled. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC bid canceled message that includes any or all of the Message Type Information Element (IE), Message ID IE, Bid ID IE, DSC ID IE, and Cause IE. . The DSC ID IE may include information suitable for use in identifying a particular borrower DSC 144. The bid ID IE may include a bid identifier suitable for use in identifying the resource / bid from which the auction was canceled. The cause IE may include a reason code for bid cancellation (eg, auction canceled, auction canceled, etc.). At action block 1234, the borrower DSC 144 may perform various failure response actions, such as by submitting bids to different DPCs 146, ending the call, or the like.

  FIGS. 13A and 13B illustrate a DSAAP purchase method 1300 that enables a borrower network to make an immediate (or near-immediate) purchase and / or usage claim for resources made available for allocation by the lender network. In the example shown in FIGS. 13A and 13B, the DSAAP purchase method 1300 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component. In one embodiment, the DSC 144 and the DPC 146 have performed the DSAAP method 1000 discussed above with reference to FIG. 10, for example, after the DSC 144 has collected / received a list of resources available for purchase (eg, FIG. 10). Later, the DSAAP method 1300 may be configured to execute.

  In action block 1302 shown in FIGS. 13A and 13B, the borrower DSC 144 selects a particular resource for immediate purchase from a list of resources (eg, a list of resources obtained from the execution of the DSAAP method 1000 discussed above). Can be identified and selected. In various embodiments, the borrower DSC 144 may select resources that are scheduled for bidding, resources that are currently auctioned, resources that are made available only for immediate purchases, and so forth. it can. In operation 1304, the DSC 144 may generate a DSC buy request message and send it to the DPC 146 to request buying of the identified / selected resource from the lender network.

  In various embodiments, the DSC 144 may receive a DSC buy request that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a DSC identity IE, a DSC type IE, a bid ID IE, a bid price IE, and a PLMN ID IE. A message can be generated. The PLMN ID IE may include information suitable for use in identifying the PLMN ID of the network associated with the bid that can be identified via the bid ID IE. The bid price IE may include the amount of bid (eg, USD) submitted by the borrower DSC 144 (ie, bid price).

  In one embodiment, DSC 144 may receive a bid price equal to the amount specified via the bid price IE in the list of bid IDs included in the received available bid response message (discussed above with reference to FIG. 10). Can be configured to generate a DSC buy request message.

  In action block 1306 shown in FIG. 13A, DPC 146 uses the information contained in the received DSC buy request message to determine whether the requested resource, the network associated with the requested resource, and the requested resource. Whether it is currently auctioned, whether the requested resource is made available for immediate purchase, the minimum purchase amount requested for immediate purchase of the resource, and / or received It can be determined whether the buy price included in the DSC buy request message is equal to (or greater than) the requested purchase price. In the example shown in FIG. 13A, as part of operation block 1306, DPC 146 may determine that the buy price included in the received DSC buy request message is greater than or equal to the requested purchase price.

  In operation 1308, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC buy acceptance message and send it to the borrower DSC 144 to notify the borrower DSC 144 that the resource has been successfully purchased / lease for use. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC buy acceptance message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, and a bid ID IE. In action block 1310, DPC 146 terminates, stops or closes an active auction for the resource and / or similar actions so that the resource is no longer available for bidding or buying by other borrower DSCs. Can be executed.

  Referring to FIG. 13B, at action block 1312, the DPC 146 should reject the bid (buy request) using information contained in the received DSC buy request message (eg, as part of action 1304). Can be determined. For example, the DPC 146 may determine that the buy price specified in the buy price IE of the received DSC buy request message is less than the requested purchase price. As another example, DPC 146 may have an invalid bid ID value included in bid ID IE, or resources / bids are no longer available for bids (eg, expired, auction closed, bid It can be determined that it is caused by withdrawal or invalid bid ID).

  In operation 1314, DPC 146 may generate a DSC buy reject message and send it to DSC 144. In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC buy reject message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a bid ID IE, and a cause IE. The value of bid ID IE may be the same as the bid identifier included in the DSC buy request message received as part of operation 1304. The cause IE may include a reason code for refusal to purchase request (eg, requested purchase price not met, bid not found, etc.) At action block 1316, the DSC 1316 may perform response actions for various failures, such as determining whether to submit a new purchase request with a higher bid amount. In action block 1318, DPC 146 performs various actions to make its resources available for bidding or buying by other borrower DSCs.

  FIGS. 14A and 14B illustrate a DSAAP resource allocation method 1400 for allocating resources of a lender network for access and use by components of the borrower network. In the example shown in FIGS. 14A and 14B, the DSAAP resource allocation method 1400 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component, the borrower DSC 144a component, and the lender DSC 144b component, each of which is all or a portion of the DSAAP module. / Components may be included.

  In action block 1402 shown in FIGS. 14A and 14B, DPC 146 may determine that borrower DSC 144a has successfully purchased a resource in the lender network represented by lender DSC 144b or made an auction for the resource. In operation 1404 shown in FIG. 14A, DPC 146 generates a DSC successful bid message to notify the lender network that one or more of its assigned resources / bids have been won by borrower DSC 144a. , Can be sent to the Lender DSC 144b.

  In various embodiments, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC successful bid message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a cause IE, and a criticality diagnosis IE. In a further embodiment, the DPC 146 may be configured to generate a DSC successful bid message that includes any or all of the bid ID IE, DSC ID IE, and bid value IE. These additional information elements can be used to convey information about successful bids. For example, the bid ID IE may include a bid ID corresponding to a successful bid at the auction for the resource and a successful bid at the auction. The DSC ID IE may include the DSC ID of the auction winner (ie, borrower DSC 144a). The bid value IE may include a successful bid price and / or purchase price of the resource.

  In operation 1404, the lender DSC 144b may generate and send a DSC resource allocated message to the DPC 146 to allocate / delegate resources for access and use by the borrower network component. Lender DSC 144b has a message type information element (IE), message ID IE, bid ID, PLMN-ID grid ID cell ID list IE, PLMN ID IE, grid ID IE, cell ID list IE and various auction / resource details ( For example, it can be configured to generate a DSC resource allocated message that includes any or all of bandwidth, MBPS, time, etc.). In one embodiment, the PLMN ID IE, grid ID IE and cell ID list IE may be included in the PLMN-ID grid ID cell ID list IE. The PLMN ID IE may include the PLMN ID of the lender network to which the resource is allocated and may be the same PLMN ID / network identified in the successful bid. The grid ID IE and cell ID list IE may include information suitable for identifying the grid / cell associated with the resource. These values may be the same as the grid / cell values included in the successful bid.

  In operation 1406, the DPC 146 forwards the received DSC resource allocated message to the winning borrower DSC 144a to allow the borrower DSC 144a to begin using the allocated resources of the lender network resources. Can do. In operation block 1408, the borrower DSC 144a schedules the network device to begin using the lender network resources from the time specified in the bid and / or included in the received DSC resource assigned message. be able to.

  Referring to FIG. 14B, at action block 1410, the lender DSC 144b determines that the submitted resources for the auction should be withdrawn prior to the allocation of the submitted resources to the auction winner. Can do. Lender DSC 144b may withdraw a resource after DPC 146 determines that the borrower network has purchased those resources or has won an auction for the resources for various reasons (eg, unexpected or administrative reasons). Judgment can be made.

  In operation 1412, lender DSC 144 b can generate a DSC resource withdrawn message and send it to DPC 146 to withdraw the resource. Lender DSC 144b may generate a DSC resource withdrawn message that includes any or all of Message Type Information Element (IE), Message ID IE, Bid ID IE, Cause IE, and PLMN-ID Grid ID Cell ID List IE. it can. The bid ID IE may include information suitable for use in bid identification. The cause IE may include a reason code that explains the reason for the withdrawal of the resource allocation (eg, the resource is not available, the resource was withdrawn, administrative, etc.).

  In operation 1414, the DPC 146 may forward the received DSC resource withdrawal message to the borrower DSC 144a that submitted the successful bid for the withdrawn resource. At action block 1416, the borrower DSC 144a may determine whether to participate in another auction, determine whether to bid on a different resource, determine whether to end the call to release the resource, and so on. A response operation to can be executed.

  FIGS. 15A and 15B illustrate one embodiment of a DSAAP backoff method 1500 that selectively pulls a wireless device back from the lender network to the borrower network to which the wireless device is subscribed (ie, its home PLMN). In the example shown in FIGS. 15A and 15B, the DSAAP backoff method 1500 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component, the borrower DSC 144a component, and the lender DSC 144b component, each of which is all or a portion of the DSAAP module. / Components may be included.

  In action block 1502 shown in FIGS. 15A and 15B, lender DSC 144b may determine that its network resources from a cell that is part of a previous auction are congested. That is, lender DSC 144b can determine that it requires access or use of its allocated resources. In operation 1504, the lender DSC 144b generates a DSC backoff command message to selectively pull back the wireless device that uses the allocated resources of the lender network to the borrower network (ie, its home PLMN), and the DPC 146 Can be sent to.

  Lender DSC 144b includes any or all of Message Type Information Element (IE), Message ID IE, Bid ID IE, UE Identity IE, Measurement Report IE, Handoff Cell Information IE, Cause IE and DSC Backoff Response Timer IE. A DSC backoff command message can be configured to be generated.

  The UE identity IE may include information suitable for use in determining identity related information of the wireless device (or UE), such as an international mobile telephone subscriber identification number (IMSI) of the wireless device or its network.

  The measurement report IE is the last, recent or latest measurement report E-UTRAN RRC message received by the lender network for the identified wireless device (ie, the wireless device requested to be backed off to the borrower network). Can be included.

  The bid ID IE may include a bid ID value corresponding to a bid that successfully entered the auction and completed / auctioned the auction. The bid ID can be used to identify the auction / contract associated with the backoff operation (ie, the auction / contract to which the resource is assigned).

  In one embodiment, the lender DSC 144b can be configured to determine whether there are multiple bid IDs corresponding to a congested cell. In one embodiment, lender DSC 144b may be configured to select a bid ID value from a number of bid IDs in response to determining that there are multiple bid IDs corresponding to a congested cell. In various embodiments, lender DSC 144b may be based on an operator policy defined by lender DSC 144b, based on previous agreements, based on policies / rules previously negotiated by the lender and borrower network operators, etc. A bid ID value can be selected.

  In operation 1506, the DPC 146 may forward the received DSC backoff command message to the borrower DSC 144a. At operational block 1508, the borrower DSC 144a uses the UE identity IE information in the received DSC backoff command message to identify the wireless device that is subject to the backoff operation (ie, the wireless device to be pulled back). be able to.

  At operational block 1510, the borrower DSC 144a uses information contained in the measurement report IE of the received DSC backoff command message to determine the target cell (within the borrower network) to which the identified wireless device should be delivered. (The Lender Network may have previously enabled measurement reports from the wireless device, such as when the wireless device is attached to or delivered to the Lender Network. ).

  In operation 1512, borrower DSC 144 a can generate and send a DSC backoff response message to DPC 146. Borrower DSC 144a is configured to generate a DSC backoff response message that includes any or all of Message Type Information Element (IE), Message ID IE, Bid ID IE, UE Identity IE, Handoff Cell Information IE and Cause IE can do. In one embodiment, the borrower DSC 144a includes the cause IE (or the value of the cause IE) in response to determining that an appropriate target cell (in the borrower network) for handover could not be identified or selected. A backoff response message can be configured to be generated. The value of the cause IE may identify the cause of failure such as network overload, no suitable target cell found or unknown wireless device / UE. In one embodiment, the borrower DSC 144a may include a DSC back that includes a value (eg, target cell information) for handoff cell information IE in response to a particular success of the target cell (within the borrower network) to which the wireless device may be delivered. An off response message can be configured to be generated.

  In operation 1514, the DPC 146 may identify the lender DSC 144a based on the bid ID IE included in the received DSC backoff response message and forward the received DSC backoff response message to the lender DSC 144b. . At operational block 1516, the lender DSC 144b may determine whether the received DSC backoff response message includes handoff cell information IE (or a valid value for handoff cell information IE). In response to determining that the received DSC backoff response message includes handoff cell information IE (or a valid value for handoff cell information IE), at operation block 1518, the lender DSC 144b includes the target included in the handoff cell information IE. Cell information can be used to encode a handover required message. At operational block 1520, the lender DSC 144b may initiate an S1-based handover procedure to deliver the wireless device from the lender network to the borrower network.

  Referring to FIG. 15B, at action block 1552, the lender DSC 144b may receive a DSC backoff command message (one of actions 1504) within the time specified by the DSC backoff response timer IE that the DPC 146 includes in the DSC backoff command message. It is possible to determine that the response has not been made. Alternatively or additionally, at action block 1554, lender DSC 144b allocates all remaining network resources for the resource / bid ID included in the DSC backoff command message or specified in the DSC backoff command message. It can be determined that there is significant or heavy network congestion or administrative reasons that require the withdrawal of.

  In operation 1556, the lender DSC 144b may generate a DSC resource withdrawal message and send it to the DPC 146. In operation 1558, the DPC 146 may forward the received DSC resource withdrawn message to the borrower DSC 144a to withdraw the remaining network resource allocation. At action block 1560, the borrower DSC 144a can perform various actions to respond to resource withdrawal failures, such as determining whether to end the call or bid for a new resource.

  FIG. 16A illustrates one embodiment of a DSC-initiated DSAAP deregistration method 1600 for terminating operation. In the example shown in FIG. 16A, the DSC-initiated DSAAP deregistration method 1600 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or certain portions of the DSAAP module / component.

  In operation block 1602, DSC 144 may determine that the DSA operation needs to be terminated. In operation 1604, DSC 144 can generate a DSC deregistration message and send it to DPC 146. The DSC 144 is configured to generate a DSC deregistration message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a backoff timer IE, and a cause IE that identifies the cause of the end of operation. be able to. In operation block 1606, the DPC 146 is responsive to receiving the DSC deregistration message to clear all associated resources associated with the DSC 144 and / or other similar operations to deregister the DSC 144. Can be executed.

  FIG. 16B illustrates one embodiment of a DPC-initiated DSAAP deregistration method 1650 for terminating the operation. In the example shown in FIG. 16B, the DPC-initiated DSAAP deregistration method 1650 is performed by the processing core of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component.

  In operation block 1652, DPC 146 may determine that it needs to end DSA operation with DSC 144. In operation 1654, the DPC 146 may generate a DSC deregistration message and send it to the DSC 144. The DPC 146 may include any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a backoff timer IE, and a cause IE that identifies the cause of the operation termination (eg, overload, unknown details, etc.). A DSC deregistration message can be configured to be included. At operation block 1656, the DPC 146 may perform all similar operations for deleting all associated resources associated with the DSC 144 and / or deregistering the DSC 144.

  At operation block 1658, the DSC 144 may perform various response actions for deregistration failures based on information included in the received DSC deregistration message. For example, when the cause IE of the DSC deregistration message is set to “overload”, the DSC 144 at least during the time indicated by the backoff timer IE included in the received DSC deregistration message. It can be configured so that registration to the same DPC 146 is not attempted again.

  FIG. 17A illustrates a DSC-initiated DSAAP error display method 1700 for reporting errors according to one embodiment. In the example shown in FIG. 17A, method 1700 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component.

  In operational block 1702, DSC 144 may detect an error or error condition (eg, a protocol error). In operation 1704, the DSC 144 can generate an error indication message and send it to the DPC 146. The DSC 144 may be configured to generate an error indication message that includes any or all of a message type information element (IE), a message ID IE, a cause IE, and a criticality diagnosis IE. The cause IE may include information suitable for use in identifying the cause or type of error (eg, transfer syntax error, abstract syntax error, logic error, etc.). The criticality diagnosis IE may include a procedure code IE, a trigger message IE, and a procedure critical IE. In action block 1706, DSC 144 and / or DPC 146 may perform response actions for various errors based on detected errors or information included in the received error indication message. Error detection and response operations are discussed in more detail below.

  FIG. 17B illustrates one embodiment of a DPC-initiated DSAAP error display method 1750 for reporting errors according to another embodiment. In the example shown in FIG. 17B, the method 1750 is performed by the processing cores of the DPC 146 component and the DSC 144 component, each of which may include all or a portion of the DSAAP module / component.

  In operation block 1752, DPC 146 may detect an error condition. In operation 1754, DPC 146 may generate an error indication message and send it to DSC 144. The DPC 146 may be configured to generate an error indication message that includes a cause information element (IE) that identifies the cause of the error. At operation block 1756, the DSC 144 and / or the DPC 146 may perform response actions for various errors based on information included in the received error indication message.

  As mentioned above, DSC 144 and DPC 146 may be configured to perform responses to various errors or responses to failures in response to detecting an error or failure condition. As part of these operations, DSC 144 and / or DPC 146 can identify the type or cause of the error / failure condition and adjust their response based on the identified type or cause. For example, DSC 144 and / or DPC 146 can be configured to determine if the detected error is a protocol error and adjust their responses accordingly.

  Protocol errors include transfer syntax errors, abstract syntax errors, and logic errors. A transfer syntax error can occur when a physical message received by a receiving function DSAAP entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) cannot be decoded. For example, the transfer syntax error is the ASN. It can be detected during the decoding of one piece of information. In one embodiment, the DSC 144 and DPC 146 components retransmit or re-request the DSAAP message (eg, as part of an error response operation) in response to determining that the detected error is a transfer syntax error. ) Can be configured as follows.

  An abstract syntax error can occur when a receiving function DSAAP entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) receives an information element (IE) or IE group (ie, an unknown IE ID) that cannot be understood or understood. An abstract syntax error can also occur when an entity receives an information element (IE) that violates a logical range (eg, the allowable number of copies). The DSC 144 and DPC 146 components detect or identify these types of abstract syntax errors (ie, unrecognized abstract syntax errors) and respond to errors based on the critical information contained in the corresponding DSAAP message. It can be configured to perform an operation. Additional details regarding these operations and critical information are provided further below.

  An abstract syntax error also occurs when the receiving function DSAAP entity did not receive the IE or IE group, but according to the specified presence of the object, the IE or IE group should be present in the received message. Can also happen. The DSC 144 and DPC 146 components detect or identify these specific types of abstract syntax errors (ie, absent IE or IE group), and in response, critical and presence information of the absent IE / IE group It can be configured to execute a response operation to an error based on the error. Additional details regarding these operations, criticality information, and presence information are provided further below.

  An abstract syntax error also occurs when the receiving entity receives an IE or IE group that is defined to be part of the message that is out of order or too many occurrences of the same IE or IE group. Can also happen. In addition, an abstract syntax error indicates that the receiving entity has received an IE or IE group, but the IE or IE group should be present in the received message, depending on the conditional presence of the relationship object and the specified condition. It can happen when it is not. The DSC 144 and DPC 146 components detect or identify such abstract syntax errors (ie, wrong order, too many occurrences, wrong presence, etc.) and, in response, procedures or methods associated with the error ( For example, it may be configured to reject or terminate the method that caused the error. The DSC 144 and DPC 146 components may reject or terminate the procedure / method as part of an error response operation.

  In various embodiments, the DSC 144 and DPC 146 components are configured to continue decoding, reading or processing a DSAAP message after detecting, identifying or determining that an abstract syntax error has occurred for the message. be able to. For example, the DSC 144 and DPC 146 components may skip a portion of the message that contains an error and continue processing other portions of the message. As part of this continuation processing, the DSC 144 and DPC 146 components can detect or identify additional abstract syntax errors.

  In one embodiment, the DSC 144 and DPC 146 components may respond to errors detected for each detected abstract syntax error and / or based on critical / presence information of IE / IE groups associated with the abstract syntax error. Can be configured to perform.

  As mentioned above, each DSAAP message can include or be associated with criticality information, presence information, range information, and assigned criticality information. In various embodiments, the receiving functional DSAAP entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) may detect an error, identify an error type, or identify a response to a particular error to be performed. Any or all of such information (eg, critical information, presence information, etc.) can be configured to be used. That is, the entity can perform different operations depending on the value of criticality information, presence information, range information, and / or assigned criticality information.

  In one embodiment, the receiving functional DSAAP entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) is responsible for identifying the type of error and identifying the response action for a particular error to be performed for the identified error type. The presence information included in the DSAAP message may be used. For example, an entity uses presence information to determine whether the presence of an information element (IE) is optional, conditional or mandatory for the message or communication It can be determined whether (for example, with respect to the RNS application). An entity generates an abstract syntax error when it is missing one or more information elements that are determined to be mandatory (or conditional if the condition is true). It can be determined that it happened.

  In one embodiment, a receiving functional DSAAP entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) may be configured to use critical information in identifying response actions for specific errors to be performed. That is, each DSAAP message may include critical information for each individual information element (IE) or IE group included in the message. The critical information values for each IE or IE group may include “Reject IE”, “Ignore IE and notify sender” and “Ignore IE”. The receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) uses this critical information to determine that the IE, IE group, or EP cannot be grasped, and as an abstract syntax error (ie, an abstract syntax error that cannot be grasped). And / or an action to respond to an error to be performed (eg, reject, ignore, notify, etc.).

  In one embodiment, the receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) determines that the information element (IE) included in the message received during execution of the method / procedure cannot be determined, and the IE In response to a determination that the value of the critical information for is set to “Reject IE”, reject the method / procedure and use the DSAAP error indication method (discussed above with reference to FIGS. 17A-B). Can be configured to start.

  For example, when a message initiating a method / procedure (eg, DSC registration request message, etc.) is received, determined to contain one or more IE / IE groups that cannot be grasped, and marked “Reject IE” The receiving entity may reject the method / procedure by not performing any of the function requests included in the message. The receiving entity can also report on the rejection of one or more IE / IE groups, typically using messages used to report unsuccessful procedure results. When the information of the received start message is insufficient and cannot be used to determine all IE values that need to be present in the message used to report the unsuccessful result of the procedure, the receiving entity shall The procedure can be terminated and the DSAAP error display method / procedure can be started.

  As a further example, a message is received that initiates a method / procedure that does not have a message to report an unsuccessful result, and that message is marked as "Reject IE" that the receiving entity cannot grasp. Or, when including multiple IE / IE groups, the receiving entity can end the method / procedure and start the DSAAP error indication method / procedure.

  As yet another example, when a response message (eg, a DSC registration response message) is received that includes one or more IEs that are marked as “Reject IE” that cannot be understood by the receiving entity. The side entity may consider the method / procedure to have failed to complete and initiate the local error handling method.

  In one embodiment, the receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) ignores or skips the method / procedure and includes information elements ( The DSAAP error display method (FIGS. 17A to 17B) in response to the determination that the IE) cannot be grasped and the determination that the value of the critical information for the IE is set to “notify IE and notify the sender” Can be configured to initiate (discussed above).

  As an example, when a message is received that initiates a method / procedure that includes one or more IE / IE groups that are marked “Ignore IE and notify sender” that the recipient entity cannot grasp The receiver entity ignores the unrecognized IE / IE group content and uses the recognized IE / IE group to continue the method / procedure as if the unrecognizable IE / IE group was not received. However (except for reporting) it is possible to report in the method / procedure response message that one or more IE / IE groups have been ignored. When the information received in the start message is insufficient to determine all IE values that need to be present in the response message, the receiving entity terminates the method / procedure and displays the DSAAP error indication method / procedure. Can start.

  As a further example, a message to report the results of a method / procedure that includes one or more IE / IE groups marked as “ignore the IE and notify the sender by ignoring the IE” that the recipient entity cannot grasp. When a message to start a method / procedure that does not exist is received, the receiving entity ignores the contents of the IE / IE group that cannot be understood, and the IE that cannot be understood by using the understood IE / IE group. Continue the method / procedure as if the IE group was not received (except for reporting) and start the DSAAP error indication method / procedure to report that one or more IE / IE groups were ignored can do.

  As yet another example, when a response message is received that includes one or more IE / IE groups marked as “Ignore IE and notify sender” that the recipient entity cannot grasp The side entity ignores the unrecognized IE / IE group content and uses the understood IE / IE group to continue the method / procedure as if the unrecognizable IE / IE group was not received (report DSAAP error indication method / procedure can be initiated.

  In one embodiment, the receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) determines that the information element (IE) included in the message received during execution of the method / procedure cannot be determined, and the IE In response to determining that the critical information value for is set to “Ignore IE”, the method / procedure can be configured to ignore or skip.

  As an example, when a message is received that initiates a method / procedure that includes one or more IE / IE groups marked as “ignore IE” that the receiving entity cannot grasp, the receiving entity The content of the IE / IE group that cannot be understood can be ignored, and the method / procedure can be continued as if the unrecognizable IE / IE group was not received using only the understood IE / IE group.

  As a further example, when a response message is received that includes one or more IE / IE groups marked as “ignore IE” that the receiving entity cannot understand, the receiving entity cannot recognize the IE. The method / procedure can continue as if the IE / IE group was not received, ignoring the contents of the / IE group and using the understood IE / IE group.

  When reporting on unrecognized IE / IE groups marked as “Reject IE” or “Ignore IE and Notify Sender” using the response message defined for the method / procedure Element criticality diagnostic IEs can be included in the criticality diagnostic IE for each reported IE / IE group.

  In one embodiment, a receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) responds to a determination that a type of message IE in the received message cannot be decoded by the DSAAP error indication method (see above with reference to FIGS. 17A-B). Can be configured to start). In one embodiment, the entity may be configured to consider only those IEs specified in the specification version used by the component in determining the correct order for the IEs included in the message.

  In one embodiment, the receiving entity (e.g., DSC, DPC, etc.) can be configured to provide an absent IE / IE according to the critical information for the absence of an incoming message specified in the current document version used by the receiver. It can be configured to process IE groups.

  As an example, the receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) responds to a determination that the received message lacks one or more IE / IE groups with the specified critical “Reject IE”. Thus, it can be configured not to execute any function request of the received start message. The receiving entity may reject the method / procedure and report on the absent IE / IE group, usually using a message used to report the unsuccessful result of the method / procedure. When it is determined that the information received in the start message is insufficient to determine all IE values that need to be present in the message used to report the unsuccessful result of the method / procedure, The entity can end the method / procedure and start the DSAAP error indication method / procedure.

  As a further example, an incoming message that initiates a method / procedure that does not have a message to report an unsuccessful result lacks one or more IE / IE groups with the specified critical "Reject IE" The receiving entity can end the method / procedure and start the DSAAP error display method / procedure.

  As yet another example, when the received response message lacks one or more IE / IE groups with the specified critical “Reject IE”, the receiving entity may A local error handling method / procedure can be initiated, assuming that termination has failed.

  As another example, if the incoming message that initiates the method / procedure lacks one or more IE / IE groups with the specified critical "ignore IE and notify sender", the receiver Entities ignore the lack of their IEs, continue the method / procedure based on other IE / IE groups present in the message, and lack one or more IE / IE groups Can be reported in a method / procedure response message. When the information received in the start message is insufficient to determine all IE values that need to be present in the response message, the receiving entity terminates the method / procedure and displays the DSAAP error indication method / procedure. Can start.

  As another example, one or more of the received messages that initiate a method / procedure that does not have a message to report the result of the method / procedure have the specified critical “ignore IE and notify sender” In the absence of other IE / IE groups, the receiving entity will ignore the lack of those IEs and continue with the method / procedure based on other IE / IE groups present in the message. And a DSAAP error indication method / procedure can be initiated to report the lack of one or more IE / IE groups.

  As another example, if the received response message is missing one or more IE / IE groups with the specified criticality “ignore IE and notify sender”, The entity ignored the lack of those IEs and continued the method / procedure based on other IE / IE groups present in the message and was missing one or more IE / IE groups DSAAP error indication methods / procedures can be initiated to report this.

  As another example, when a received message that initiates a method / procedure lacks one or more IE / IE groups with the specified critical “ignore IE”, the receiving entity The lack of IE can be ignored and the method / procedure can continue based on other IE / IE groups present in the message.

  As another example, if the received response message lacks one or more IE / IE groups with the specified critical “ignore IE”, the receiving entity can identify those IE / IEs. The lack of group can be ignored and the method / procedure can continue based on other IE / IE groups present in the message.

  The receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) can be received in the wrong order in various ways, contain too many occurrences, or exist incorrectly (ie, “condition when the condition is not met” It can be configured to respond to messages that include an IE or IE group (included or marked as “attached”). For example, the receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) may determine that the received message contains an out-of-order IE or IE group, contains too many IEs, or contains an incorrectly existing IE. In response, none of the received start message function requests can be configured to execute. The recipient entity rejects the method / procedure and uses the message normally used to report the unsuccessful result of the method / procedure for the cause value “abstract syntax error (falsely constructed message)”. Can be reported. When the information received in the start message is insufficient to determine all IE values that need to be present in the message used to report the unsuccessful result of the method / procedure, the receiving entity shall / The procedure can be ended and the DSAAP error display method / procedure can be started.

  As another example, a message is received that initiates a method / procedure that does not have a message to report an unsuccessful result, including an IE or IE group that is out of order, too frequent or incorrectly present In this case, the receiving entity can terminate the method / procedure and initiate the DSAAP error indication method / procedure using the cause value “abstract syntax error (falsely constructed message)”.

  As another example, when a response message is received that contains an IE or IE group that is out of order, too frequent or incorrectly present, the receiving entity may have failed to terminate the method / procedure. It is possible to start local error handling.

  As mentioned above, protocol errors include transfer syntax errors, abstract syntax errors, and logic errors. When describing a method / procedure when a message is correctly grasped, but the information contained in the message is not valid (ie, a semantic error) or is incompatible with the state of the receiving entity Occur.

  In one embodiment, the receiving entity (eg, DSC, DPC, etc.) may respond to logic error determination / detection based on a method / procedure class and include an IE / IE group criticality that includes an incorrect value. Regardless of the information, it can be configured to execute a response operation to an error.

  For example, if a logic error is detected in a class 1 method / procedure request message and the method / procedure has a message to report on this unsuccessful result, the message may be “semantic error” or “receiver status”. Can be sent with an appropriate cause value (ie, cause IE) such as “incompatible message”. If a logic error is detected in a class 1 method / procedure request message and the method / procedure does not have a message to report on this unsuccessful result, the method / procedure is terminated and the DSAAP with the appropriate cause value An error display method / procedure can be started. If a logic error is present in the class 1 procedure response message, the procedure can be considered to have failed to finish and local error processing can begin.

  When a logic error is detected in the class 2 procedure message, the procedure can be terminated and the DSAAP error display procedure can be started with an appropriate cause value.

  In various embodiments, the receiving entity (e.g., DSC, DPC, etc.) is able to control local error handling methods / procedures (as opposed to DSAAP error indication methods / procedures) when a protocol error is detected in an error indication message. )). If a response message or an error indication message needs to be returned, but lacks the information necessary to determine the receiver of that message, the procedure may be considered unsuccessful and local error handling may begin. it can. In the event of an error exiting the procedure, the cause value returned is the value of the procedure even if one or more abstract syntax errors with critical "ignore and notify" have occurred previously in the same procedure. It can reflect the error that caused the termination of.

  Using the DSA / DSAAP method described above, the DSA system may provide dynamic and real-time access to spectrum resources. Thus, spectrum resources may be available on the wireless device's home network, PLMN, or networks not listed in the preferred roaming list.

  In one embodiment, the wireless device may be preprogrammed with an appropriate PLMN list, and the wireless device may be radio provisioned on the secondary home network list. Radio provisioning may provide an indication to one or a group of wireless devices with an updated PLMN list or a preferred list of preferred networks to resume the cell selection process. Alternatively or additionally, the wireless device may be configured with a client application that receives the WAP / SMS message and allows the wireless device to search for a PLMN that has become available in the DSA process.

  Several methods may be used to allow wireless devices to access resources available on different networks. In a DSA communication system, there are at least two types of networks or source systems: virtual networks or existing networks. The virtual network may include a network that utilizes a primary network radio access network (RAN). When connecting to a virtual network, the DPC 146 controls access of the secondary wireless device and accesses the primary system's RF spectrum resources and subscriber records so that the secondary user appears as a roaming service user on the primary network. Can be. The secondary user wireless device may access the virtual network using a list of preferred networks.

  Alternatively, when used based on an existing network, the secondary user wireless device may perform cell selection based on a primary list of networks participating in the DSA communication system. Once the secondary user wireless device is authenticated, the DPC 144 may verify the secondary user for access to resources on the primary network. If authentication or verification is not successful, the DPC may send a request to the secondary wireless device (eg, via a client in the device) to re-call to the appropriate system.

  In one embodiment, the wireless device may include a universal subscriber identity module or USIM. The USIM can be a single or dual USIM. Critical information, such as data required for accurate network selection, can be stored in the USIM. By using USIM, the wireless device may no longer be able to use PLMN. The USIM may store information such as home international mobile subscriber identity or IMSI (HPLMN), a prioritized list of allowed VPLMNs, and a prohibited PLMN list.

  If the wireless device uses dual USIM, it may be possible to immediately access the spectrum resources available on the alternative network. Dual USIM may also allow multi-band multi-mode wireless devices to access various networks in DSA as well as using standard roaming configurations.

  FIG. 18 shows an embodiment 1800 of a method of network and cell initialization by a wireless device in a DSA system. The method 1800 may be performed at the processing core of the wireless device 102.

  In block 1802, the wireless device is powered on and attempts to establish a connection (or the wireless device attempts to re-establish the connection) by initiating an initial network and cell selection operation. At block 1804, the wireless device 102 may search a preferred network list (eg, PLMN / PRL list) stored on the device. At block 1806, the wireless device may select a cell by receiving, reading, and identifying signal strength of nearby cell site broadcast channels.

  At decision block 1808, the wireless device may read the cell site broadcast channel and determine whether the cell site offers the correct network, system, or technology. The wireless device selects the best available cell site and establishes a connection to that cell site, and the best available cell site measures the neighboring cell based on the access technology, It can be identified through determining which cell is best utilized. In response to determining that the selected network / cell is not accurate or available (ie, determination 1808 = “No”), at block 1810, the wireless device uses an arbitrary cell selection process / stage and Continue to search for the appropriate cell site by selecting the next PLMN / PRL list until it finds a site that can be normally accessed according to the access protocol in the new PLMN list.

  In response to determining that the selected network / cell is correct and available (ie, determination 1808 = “Yes”), at block 1812, the wireless device is transmitted from the selected cell site. A system information block (SIB) / master information block (MIB) may be requested and / or received. SIB / MIB includes information about the network that the cell site is serving, PLMN ID, cell ID, closed subscriber group ID, traffic assignment identifier (TAI) (routing area), LTE neighbor list, LTE non-system site list , GSM cells, UMTS cells, CDMA cells, and other services available through the network. This information can be used for a variety of different purposes by the wireless device.

  For example, when a wireless device moves from an eNodeB to an eNodeB, it may determine that a change has occurred at the serving eNodeB using SIB / MIB information transmitted from the new eNodeB. To detect changes at the eNodeB, the wireless device may identify changes in SIB / MIB information that may include changes in PLMN availability and changes in TAI parameters. The TAI parameter may define a specific routing area that can be further used to improve the geographic area in which the wireless device can use available resources.

  The cell site may receive SIB / MIB and network information via the network's HSS 132. In addition to data transmitted over the SIB, the network's HSS 132 may also provide information about which PGW the wireless device may use to access resources on the network.

  At decision block 1814, the wireless device may determine whether reselection is necessary. If reselection is not required (ie, decision block 1814 = “Yes”), at block 1816, the wireless device may camp on the cell channel. If system reselection is required (ie, decision block 1814 = “No”), at block 1818 the wireless device is instructed to reselect a new cell or system based on the cell selection / reselection process. obtain.

  While camping on the selected cell site, the wireless device may receive additional information and instructions, such as a public land mobile network or an updated list of PLMN / PRLs, wirelessly from the selected network. The wireless device may also continue to monitor the SIB / MIB for any changes or additional information.

  In one embodiment, the SIB / MIB provides a secondary access class, which determines which channels a wireless device can use for access through the reselection process based on the DSA process. Can be able to judge. The SIB / MIB may also include data that enables a camping wireless device to reselect another radio access technology (IRAT) and attempt to acquire a control channel with a new radio access terminal (RAT). Thus, the information in the SIB / MIB may be used to instruct the wireless device to reselect another RAT associated with another network that may be in the same network or a different frequency band.

  Cell reselection that may trigger PLMN selection may be controlled via specific parameters. For example, a DSA communication system may utilize a forbidden PLMN-ID to prevent a wireless device that is using resources from one network from roaming to another network. For example, a DSA communication system may prevent secondary user wireless devices that are using the resources of the primary host network from roaming back to the secondary home network or establishing a connection with the secondary home network. Similarly, a DSA communication system that uses over the air (OTA) client activation or a dual USIM driven PLMN ID prioritization scheme may use wireless resources that are using network resources unless the DSA communication system rules allow. You can also prevent the device from re-establishing connections with other networks.

  In one embodiment, a wireless device camping at a cell site may be instructed to perform cell reselection when the current cell capacity reaches a predetermined level. In such a situation, the DSC 144 of the currently camping network includes instructions to cause the camping wireless device to perform cell reselection and search for another TAI area or system, The SIB / MIB of the current network can be changed. The instruction to perform cell reselection can also be transferred to the wireless device via a WAP / SMS message.

  The wireless device may be configured to perform a cell reselection operation based on the change in TAI. When using a network, different TAIs may be assigned to different wireless devices, depending on the particular usage and device type. For example, the network may assign one TAI to DSA communication system users. The network can also assign another TAI to devices that do not use the DSA communication system. The advantage of using multiple layered TAIs may allow the TAI allocation network to selectively adjust usage traffic. Multiple layered TAIs further allow the TAI allocation network to have the correct PLMN-ID, but prevents wireless devices that are not supported to use the selected area from selecting cells. And can be denied service or forced into cell reselection.

  In one embodiment, a special client is installed on the DSA communication system adaptive wireless device to allow the wireless device to identify which systems and RATs are supported for use on a secondary basis. The client application's PLMN / PRL list may be updated by receiving an SMS or WAP that may be sent to the handset via a text message or through a data (IP) session. The updated client application may instruct the wireless device to go to the appropriate channel for access to the assigned resources of the primary network.

  DSA communication systems in legacy networks and systems that may or may not have the ability to have secondary access channels defined in the SIB, depending on the use of client applications (eg, due to software load) Implementation can be facilitated.

  In idle mode, the wireless device may be instructed to perform intra frequency measurements and inter frequency measurements in the cell reselection process. Using information in the SIM / MIB or from the client application, the wireless device may perform an intra frequency search, an inter frequency, or an inter radio access technology (iRAT). This process may be controlled by UTRAN. Intra and inter frequency measurement or inter radio access technology may be region or cell / sector based depending on the configuration of the wireless device.

  After the wireless device selects the appropriate cell site and before going into idle mode, the wireless device may need to be authenticated by the camping system. The selected network requires verification and authentication of the wireless device to ensure that the device has the permissions required for network access.

  The DSA communication system may authenticate the wireless device using different methods. Authentication of wireless devices using DSA may depend on business agreements between different providers and DSA systems. For example, authentication can be based on a general level or a priority level. The authentication process follows using an HSS 132 of DPC 146 as an anchor, which may be accessed by AAA / AuC of the PCRF 3G / 2.5G network in LTE or similar platforms. The host network may authenticate the secondary user by using standard MAP / IS-41 signaling.

  Once authenticated, each participant is assigned (a) a defined usage level allowed on the host network, duration allowed on the system, purchase type (eg, wholesale or various IMIs), and the HSS If the application relies on a server accessible from the backend, it continues.

  In one embodiment, initial cell selection and origination with DSA may follow what is identified in the 3GPP specification. Initial cell selection may include the wireless device selecting an appropriate network and cell for use. The initial cell selection and origination process may not be necessary in the licensed or regional area because they are effectively home networks (home PLMNs), and the initial cell selection that takes place is the end user wireless device This is because it can be transparent.

  In one embodiment, the DSA process may include utilizing a network / cell access algorithm so that the wireless device obtains the correct network. Initial network and cell selection may begin when the wireless device is powered on or reestablished. The wireless device may be programmed to retrieve from a preferred list of networks (PLMNs) and radio carriers that are authorized to use. The wireless device may begin this process by examining the existing PLMN / PRL list that identifies the authorized networks (PLMN IDs) and carriers that are programmed into the wireless device and should be used in rank order. The wireless device can be pre-programmed with an appropriate PLMN list (ie, a preferred list of networks). The wireless device may also be over-the-air (OTA) provisioned with the home network, thereby instructing the wireless device or wireless device group to resume the cell selection process with the updated PLMN list. Alternatively, upon receiving a WAP / SMS message, the wireless device has a client application pre-installed on the device that can initiate a search for the PLMN being served due to the DSA process Can do.

  In one embodiment, the wireless device may include a USIM card or memory. The USIM in the wireless device may be a single USIM or a dual USIM. The USIM may include information suitable for use when selecting the correct network and / or when determining that the PLMN should not be used. In one embodiment, the USIM may include a home IMSI (HPLMN), a prioritized list of allowed VPLMNs, and a list of forbidden PLMNs. The use of dual USIMs facilitates immediate use of alternative networks and may allow multi-mode multi-band wireless devices to access various networks using DSA in addition to standard roaming configurations.

  After the carrier, network, and cell are identified / selected, the wireless device may make an initial selection, receive the necessary information, and camp on the cell until further action is required. In the process, the cell site to which the wireless device is attached or initially communicating provides a variety of different types of network information and services, any or all of which are provided through communication with the HSS. obtain. The HSS may also provide information about the PGW that can be used by the wireless device.

  In one embodiment, a closed subscriber group (CSG) identifier may be provided as part of the information transmitted to the wireless device. A CSG ID may define a particular CSG or hybrid cell that can be further used to improve the geographic region in which the wireless device is licensed. In addition, when the wireless device moves from the first eNodeB to the second eNodeB, the MIB information transmitted from the eNodeB can be changed to indicate a change in PLMN availability and a difference in CSG ID. In addition to PLMN and CSG ID information, the wireless device may receive a list of alternative LTE sites that can be utilized in addition to other radio access technologies and associated neighbor lists. All this information may be provided in a system information broadcast information (SIB) message.

  As described above, when the wireless device is powered up, it searches for the strongest cell in the preferred PLMN / PRL list. The wireless device searches for the strongest cell and then performs the PLMN / PRL selection and cell selection process. During the cell selection process, the wireless device reads system information block (SIB) information transmitted from the cell site. When an appropriate cell is not available at the start, the wireless device can continue to hunt (eg, heuristics and trial and error) until it finds a site that allows normal access using an arbitrary cell selection process / stage. Using) --- according to the wireless device access protocol using the appropriate PLMN list. After initial acquisition, the wireless device camps on a cell that matches the correct PLMN and scans other cells to determine which cell is the best serving cell. This can be achieved by the wireless device measuring neighboring cells based on the access technology to determine which cell is best utilized.

  Based on the SIB information, the wireless device may camp on the cell or may be instructed to reselect the cell or system based on the cell selection / reselection process. In addition, the SIB may instruct the wireless device to select another radio access technology (RAT) associated with another network that may be in the same network or in a different frequency band.

  When the wireless device camps on the channel, it can receive additional information and instructions. While camping on the channel, the wireless device may have a PLMN / PRL list updated over the air (eg, a preferred list of networks). The SIB can also monitor for additional information. A secondary access class may also be defined, which may allow the wireless device to determine the channel to use in the reselection process. The SIB may also notify the wireless device to reselect another radio access technology (RAT) and then have the wireless device attempt to acquire a control channel on the new RAT.

  As described above, a wireless device may include a single or dual USIM configured to facilitate proper acquisition of a network that matches the DSA process. In addition, the wireless device may include a client software application that identifies the lender network / cell to be used as a secondary base. Based on the client software, the wireless device can determine which systems and RATs are supported for use. The PLMN / PRL list updated using the client application is obtained from SMS or WAP, pushed to the handset, or via a text message or through a data (IP) session for information Can do.

  Cell reselection that triggers PLMN selection may be controlled via specific parameters. The use of the forbidden PLMN-ID may be used as part of the DSA process to prevent wireless devices with home network coverage from attempting to roam to the destination network, in some cases the true home network. Using OMN, client activation, or dual USIM driven PLMN ID prioritization schemes, the DSA process is also wireless if the wireless device moves out of the cell coverage area, unless allowed by DSA rules. Prevent devices from trying to reacquire a true home network.

  In addition, cell reselection can be invoked through the DSA if a capacity situation occurs in a camping cell or a network that is instructed to be used by a wireless device. The DSC then uses the OMC to instruct the wireless device to look for another CSG area or system to change the MIB / SIB information for the affected cell or network. The indication can also be transferred to the wireless device by a WAP / SMS message.

  FIG. 19 is a component block diagram illustrating that a virtual bidding area may be determined based on a closed subscriber group (CSG) or CSG ID. In the example shown in FIG. 19, each of the wireless devices 102a, 102b, 102c is attached to an eNodeB 116 in the lender network. The first wireless device 102a is a subscriber to the lender network and is assigned CSG ID 1. The second and third wireless devices are borrower network subscribers and are assigned CSG ID 2 and CSG ID 3, respectively. Accordingly, each of the wireless devices 102a, 102b, 102c is assigned a different CSG ID, which may be based on a specific bid offered by the lender network and won / purchased by the borrower network.

  That is, in the example shown in FIG. 19, the lender network uses CSG ID 1 for the home network and its home users, while all lender cells are operating in the hybrid access mode. This can prioritize the lender user (eg, wireless device 102) and treat all other borrower users (CSG ID 2 and CSG ID 3) as secondary users with secondary access priority. Also, different QoS can be applied to primary users versus secondary users.

  It should be understood that in the example shown in FIG. 19, the wireless devices 102b, 102c are not provided with separate routing areas or virtual cells. Rather, these devices / CSGs allow the lender network to identify specific borrower wireless devices for bidding. This allows the lender network to filter / classify the wireless devices 102a, 102b, 102c, apply differentiated services based on specific policies to bids, and / or apply specific charges to bids. be able to. Thus, by using such CSG IDs, the lender network may be able to manage access and use of resources by wireless devices on a per user and per bid basis.

  FIG. 20 shows an embodiment 2000 of a cell selection method for selecting carriers, networks, and / or cells based on CSG ID. Method 2000 may be performed at a processing core of a wireless device.

  At block 2002, the processing core may select an initial carrier network and cell. At block 2004, the processing core may establish a connection or communication link to the selected carrier, network, and cell. At block 2006, the processing core may receive a CSD ID that defines a particular CSG or hybrid cell. At block 2008, the processing core may select a new cell in a different network based on the CSG identifier. At block 2010, the processing core may establish a connection to the selected cell.

  Various embodiments enable, facilitate, and support communication between two or more DSA components (eg, DPC, DSC, eNodeB, MME, HSS, etc.) to improve the efficiency and speed of the DSA system. Or include or use a Dynamic Spectrum Arbitrage Application Part (DSAAP) protocol and / or component configured to augment. A DSA component can be any component discussed in this application and / or any component that participates in any of the DSA operations, communications, or methods discussed in this application. Thus, the DSAAP component can communicate between any of the components discussed in this application (between DPC and DSC components, between DSC and eNodeB components, between DSC and MME components, DSC and HSS components, and Communication, including communication between the MME component and the HSS component, between the eNodeB component and the wireless device, etc.).

  To facilitate communication between two or more DSA components, the DSAAP component can include a client module that exposes an application programming interface (API) and / or facilitates communication between the DSA components. In addition, the DSAAP component provides a variety of DSA functions that allow the DSA component to communicate specific information, use specific communication messages, and / or further improve the efficiency and speed of the DSA system and participating networks. It can be configured to perform a specific operation.

  By way of example, a DSAAP component can be configured such that an eNodeB is with a DSC component (eg, via the Xe interface), with other eNodeBs (eg, via the X2 interface), and with various other components (eg, via the S1 interface). ) Can be configured to communicate with each other. As a further example, bids and bid information can be more efficiently communicated so that traffic and resource usage in various networks can be better monitored so that DPC and / or DSC components can better pool resources across different networks. The DSAAP component enables communication between the DSC component and the DPC component so that component registration and deregistration can be performed quickly and efficiently, and so that backoff operations can be performed better , Promote, support or increase. The DSAAP component also improves DSA resource auction operations by improving the performance and efficiency of procedures such as bidding, invoice generation, resource advertisement, resource request, resource purchase, and verification of the validity of bid authentication information. Can also be improved.

  In various embodiments, all or a portion of a DSAAP component can be included in one or more DSA components, such as a DPC component, a DSC component, an eNodeB component, an MME component, an HSS component. The DSAAP component can be implemented in hardware, software, or a combination of hardware and software. In one embodiment, the DSAAP component can be configured to implement a DSAAP protocol that can be defined on Xe, Xd and / or X2 reference points. In various embodiments, the Xe reference point between the DSC and the eNodeB may use the DSAAP protocol, TR-069 protocol and / or TR-192 data model extension to list available resources and eNodeB in the eNodeB. Support for notification of bid / buy confirmation to. The Xd reference point between DSC and DPC can use the DSAAP protocol for dynamic spectrum and resource arbitrage operations. The X2 interface / reference point between eNodeBs can also convey information using the DSAAP protocol.

  In various embodiments, the DSAAP component can be configured to allow various DSA components (eg, DSC, DPC, eNodeB, etc.) to communicate with the DSAAP protocol and / or perform various DSAAP methods. The DSAAP method includes a first DSC server of a first telecommunication network (eg, a borrower network), a second DSC server of a second telecommunication network (eg, a lender network), and the first and second Any DSA system discussed in this application can be implemented, such as a system including a DPC server outside a telecommunications network.

  Various embodiments can be implemented on a variety of mobile wireless computing devices, examples of which are shown in FIG. Specifically, FIG. 21 is a system block diagram of a mobile transceiver device in the form of a smartphone / cell phone 2100 suitable for use in any of the embodiments. Cell phone 2100 may include a processor 2101 coupled to internal memory 2102, a display 2103, and a speaker 2104. In addition, the cell phone 2100 may include a cellular phone transceiver 2106 coupled with an antenna 2105 and / or a processor 2101 for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic radiation that can be connected to a wireless data link. Cellphone 2100 may also typically include a menu selection button or rocker switch 2107 for receiving user input.

  The typical cell phone 2100 also digitizes the audio received from the microphone into data packets suitable for wireless transmission, decodes the received audio data packets to generate an analog signal, and a speaker to generate the audio. A voice encoding / decoding (CODEC) circuit 2108 that provides an analog signal to 2104 may also be included. Also, one or more of processor 2101, wireless transceiver 2106, and CODEC 2108 may include digital signal processor (DSP) circuitry (not separately shown). The cell phone 2100 implements a ZigBee transceiver (ie, IEEE 802.15.4 transceiver) or other similar communication circuit (eg, Bluetooth® or WiFi protocol, etc.) for low-power narrow-area communication between wireless devices. Circuit).

  One embodiment described above, including spectral arbitrage functionality, can be implemented in a broadcast system on various commercially available server devices, such as server 2200 shown in FIG. Such a server 2200 typically includes a processor 2201 coupled with volatile memory 2202 and mass non-volatile memory (such as disk drive 2203). Server 2200 may also include a floppy disk drive, compact disk (CD) or DVD disk drive 2204 coupled with processor 2201. Server 2200 may also include a network access port 2206 coupled with processor 2201 to establish a data connection with a network 2207 such as a local area network coupled with other communication system computers and servers.

  Processors 2101, 2201 can be any programmable microprocessor, microcomputer, or multiple processors that can be configured by software instructions (applications) to perform various functions, including the functions of the various embodiments described below. It can be a chip or a chip. In some wireless devices, one processor can be provided with multiple processors 2201 dedicated to wireless communication functions and one processor dedicated to running other applications. In general, software applications can be stored in internal memory 2102, 2202 before being accessed or loaded into processors 2101, 2201. The processors 2101 and 2201 may include internal memory sufficient to store application software instructions. In some servers, processor 2201 may include internal memory sufficient to store application software instructions. In some receiver devices, the secure memory can be in a separate memory chip coupled to the processor 2101. Internal memory 2102, 2202 may be volatile or non-volatile memory (such as flash memory) or a mixture of both. For the purposes of this description, a general reference to memory refers to all memory accessible by the processors 2101, 2201, internal memory 2102, 2202, removable memory plugged into the device, and processors 2101, 2201. Includes memory within itself.

  The foregoing method descriptions and process flow diagrams are provided merely as illustrative examples and are not intended to imply or imply that the steps of the various embodiments must be performed in the order presented. As will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, the order of the steps of the previous embodiment can be performed in any order. Terms such as “after”, “next”, “next”, etc. are not intended to limit the order of the steps. That is, these terms are only used to guide the reader through the description of the method. In addition, any reference to a claim element in the singular using the article ("a", "an" or "the") should not be construed as limiting the element to the singular.

  Various exemplary logic blocks, modules, circuits, and algorithm steps described in connection with the embodiments disclosed herein may be implemented as electronic hardware, computer software, or a combination of both. To clearly illustrate this interchangeability of hardware and software, the foregoing has described various exemplary components, blocks, modules, circuits, and steps, generally in terms of their functionality. Whether such functionality is implemented as hardware or software depends upon the particular application and design constraints imposed on the overall system. One of ordinary skill in the art can implement the functionality described in various ways for each particular application, but such implementation decisions should be construed as causing deviations from the scope of the present invention. is not.

  The hardware used to implement the various exemplary logic, logic blocks, modules and circuits described in connection with the embodiments disclosed herein is a general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DPC). An application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components, or to perform the functions described herein It can be implemented or implemented with any combination of those designed. A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor, but in the alternative, the processor may be any conventional processor, controller, microcontroller, or state machine. A processor may also be a combination of computing devices (eg, DPC and microprocessor combinations, multiple microprocessors, one or more microprocessors coupled to a DPC core, or any other such configuration). Can also be implemented. Alternatively, some steps or methods may be performed by circuitry that is specific to a given function.

  In one or more exemplary aspects, the functions described can be implemented in hardware, software, firmware, or any combination thereof. If implemented in software, the functions may be stored as one or more instructions or code on a non-transitory computer-readable medium or non-transitory processor-readable medium. The method or algorithm steps disclosed herein may be implemented in a processor-executable software module that may reside on a non-transitory computer-readable or processor-readable storage medium. A non-transitory computer readable or processor readable storage medium may be any storage medium that can be accessed by a computer or processor. By way of example, and not limitation, such non-transitory computer readable or processor readable media may be RAM, ROM, EEPROM, flash memory, CD-ROM or other optical disk storage, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage. It can include a device or any other medium that can be used to store the desired program code in the form of instructions or data structures and that can be accessed by a computer. Discs (“Disk” and “disc”), as used herein, include compact discs (CDs), laser discs, optical discs, digital versatile discs (DVDs), floppy discs and Blu-ray discs, usually The disk reproduces data magnetically, while the disk uses a laser to optically reproduce data. Combinations of the above are also included within the scope of non-transitory computer readable and processor readable media. In addition, the operations of the method or algorithm may reside as one, any combination or set of code and / or instructions on a non-transitory processor-readable medium and / or computer-readable medium, and the computer program product Can be incorporated into.

  The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be changed to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Can be applied. Accordingly, the invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the scope of the following claims and with the principles and novel features disclosed herein. Should be given.

Claims (20)

  1. The wireless device processor reviews an ordered list of preferred networks and selects a first cell site in the first telecommunication network;
    Establishing a first communication between the wireless device and the selected first cell site;
    Receiving at the wireless device network information identifying a geographic region in which the wireless device is authorized to use resources of a second telecommunication network;
    Determine whether the wireless device is in the geographic region;
    Based on the received network information and in response to determining that the wireless device is in the geographic region, a second cell between the wireless device and a second cell in the second telecommunications network. A dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) method comprising establishing two communication links.
  2.   The DSA method of claim 1, wherein receiving network information comprises receiving a CSG identifier that defines a particular closed subscriber group (CSG) or hybrid cell in the second telecommunications network.
  3. Establishing the first communication link between the wireless device and the selected first cell site includes establishing the first communication link to a home network of the wireless device;
    Establishing the second communication link between the wireless device and the second cell in the second telecommunications network based on the received network information is with the home network of the wireless device The DSA method of claim 1, comprising establishing the second communication link to a cell site in a different borrower network.
  4.   The DSA method of claim 1, wherein receiving network information includes receiving system information block (SIB) information.
  5.   Establishing the second communication link between the wireless device and the second cell in the second telecommunication network based on a received network is the same or a different network as the wireless device The DSA method of claim 1 comprising establishing a connection with another radio access technology (RAT) associated with the.
  6.   Establishing the second communication link between the wireless device and the second cell in the second telecommunication network based on a received network establishes a connection in another frequency band The DSA method of claim 1, comprising:
  7.   The DSA method of claim 1, wherein the wireless device includes a dual USIM configured to facilitate timely acquisition of a network using a DSA process.
  8. Receiving the network information at a first dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) in the first telecommunication network;
    Transmitting the network information from the first DSC to a dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) external to the first and second telecommunication networks;
    The DSA method of claim 1, further comprising transmitting the network information from the DPC to a second DSC in the second telecommunication network.
  9. Receiving a request for radio frequency (RF) spectrum resources from the first DSC at the processor of the DPC;
    Identifying the amount of RF spectrum resources available for allocation in the second telecommunication network;
    Dynamically allocating a portion of the available RF spectrum resources of the second telecommunication network for access and use by the first telecommunication network;
    9. The DSA method of claim 8, further comprising notifying the first DSC that it can begin using allocated RF spectrum resources.
  10. A wireless device comprising a device processor;
    A first dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) comprising a first DSC processor, the device processor comprising:
    Review the ordered list of preferred networks and select the first cell site in the first telecommunication network;
    Establishing a first communication link to the selected first cell site;
    Receiving from the DSC network information identifying a particular geographic region in which the wireless device is allowed to use resources of a second telecommunication network;
    Determine whether the wireless device is in the geographic region;
    Based on the received network information, configured to perform an operation using a processor-executable instruction that includes establishing a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunications network. A Dynamic Spectrum Arbitrage (DSA) system.
  11.   The device processor operates such that receiving network information includes receiving a CSG identifier defining a particular closed subscriber group (CSG) or hybrid cell in the second telecommunications network; The DSA system of claim 10 configured to execute using processor-executable instructions.
  12. The device processor is
    Establishing the first communication link to the selected first cell site comprises establishing the first communication link to a cell site in the home network of the wireless device;
    Establishing a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunication network based on the received network information is different from a home network of the wireless device in a borrower network cell The DSA system of claim 10, wherein the DSA system is configured to perform operations using processor-executable instructions such as establishing the second communication link to a site.
  13.   11. The device processor of claim 10, wherein the device processor is configured to perform operations using processor-executable instructions such that receiving network information includes receiving system information block (SIB) information. The DSA system described.
  14.   The device processor establishes the second communication link between the wireless device and the second cell in the second telecommunication network based on the received network; and An operation configured to perform operations using processor-executable instructions, including establishing a connection between another radio access technology (RAT) associated with the same or another network. 10. The DSA system according to 10.
  15.   The device processor establishes the second communication link between the wireless device and the second cell in the second telecommunication network to establish a connection in another frequency band; The DSA system of claim 10, wherein the DSA system is configured to perform such operations using processor-executable instructions.
  16.   The DSA system of claim 10, wherein the wireless device includes a dual USIM configured to facilitate timely acquisition of a network using a DSA process.
  17. The first DSC processor is
    Receiving the network information;
    Sending the network information to a dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) external to the first and second telecommunication networks for forwarding to a second DSC in the second telecommunication network. The DSA system of claim 10, wherein the DSA system is configured to perform operations using processor-executable instructions.
  18. The DPC includes a DPC processor, and the DPC processor includes:
    Receiving a request for radio frequency (RF) spectrum resources from the first DSC;
    Identifying the amount of RF spectrum resources available for allocation in the second telecommunication network;
    Dynamically allocating a portion of the available RF spectrum resources of the second telecommunication network for access and use by the first telecommunication network;
    18. The DSA of claim 17, wherein the DSA is configured to perform an operation using processor-executable instructions that includes notifying the first DSC that it can begin using allocated RF spectrum resources. system.
  19. A wireless device,
    A device processor, the device processor comprising:
    Review the ordered list of preferred networks and select the first cell site in the first telecommunication network;
    Establishing a first communication link to the selected first cell site;
    Receiving network information identifying a particular geographic region in which the wireless device is allowed to use resources of a second telecommunication network;
    Determine whether the wireless device is in the geographic region;
    Based on the received network information, configured to perform an operation using a processor-executable instruction that includes establishing a second communication link to a second cell in the second telecommunications network. A wireless device.
  20.   The device processor operates such that receiving network information includes receiving a CSG identifier defining a particular closed subscriber group (CSG) or hybrid cell in the second telecommunications network; The wireless device of claim 19, configured to execute using processor executable instructions.
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