JP2016177952A - Luminaire and lighting control device - Google Patents

Luminaire and lighting control device Download PDF

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JP2016177952A
JP2016177952A JP2015056420A JP2015056420A JP2016177952A JP 2016177952 A JP2016177952 A JP 2016177952A JP 2015056420 A JP2015056420 A JP 2015056420A JP 2015056420 A JP2015056420 A JP 2015056420A JP 2016177952 A JP2016177952 A JP 2016177952A
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light
light source
lighting device
receiving element
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卓矢 吉田
Takuya Yoshida
卓矢 吉田
翔太 鍛冶
Shota Kaji
翔太 鍛冶
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Kaga Inc
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a luminaire and a lighting control device that enable the amount of light emitted from a light emission source to be directly detected by a light reception element and can inform as a trouble of a luminaire body even when a defect occurs in any part such as a control circuit or the like.SOLUTION: A first light reception element for detecting environmental light-dark is provided in a luminaire body. A second light reception element for directly detecting the amount of light emitted from a light emission source is provided. The light emission source is turned on/off based on the environmental light-dark detected by the first light reception element, and when the detection value detected by the second light reception element is equal to or lower than a preset reference value of the amount of light emitted from the light emission source, it is notified as decrease of the illumination light amount caused by failure of the luminaire itself.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 14

Description

本発明は、主に生活道路や街路などに設置される街路灯、防犯灯および道路灯などに好適な照明装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a lighting device suitable for street lamps, crime prevention lamps, road lamps and the like installed mainly on living roads and streets.

低消費電力の発光素子(LED)を光源にした照明装置は、一般家庭はもとより商業施設などでも多く設置され、屋外に設置する街路灯などの照明装置への採用も進んでいる。この照明装置は、本体の内部に発光素子を複数配列し、下方に向けて照明光を照射するようにしたものである。   Many lighting devices using light-emitting elements (LEDs) with low power consumption as light sources are installed not only in general homes but also in commercial facilities and the like, and are increasingly used in lighting devices such as street lamps installed outdoors. In this illumination device, a plurality of light emitting elements are arranged inside a main body, and illumination light is irradiated downward.

このような照明装置の設置には、例えば街路の既設の電柱を利用するか、あるいは専用の支柱を立設するようにしている。このような電柱、支柱を利用する場合は、通常、電柱、支柱に固定して延設された支管の先端に照明装置を固定するようにしている(特許文献1参照)。   For installation of such a lighting device, for example, an existing utility pole on a street is used, or a dedicated post is erected. When such a utility pole or support is used, the illuminating device is usually fixed to the tip of a branch pipe that is fixed and extended to the utility pole or support (see Patent Document 1).

また、このような照明装置においては、街路灯として設置した地域の環境の明暗を検出し、不点灯状態を監視する装置が知られている(特許文献2参照)。さらに、街路灯に無線モデムを備え街路灯の不点灯を通知する装置が提案されている(特許文献3参照)   Moreover, in such an illuminating device, the device which detects the brightness of the environment of the area installed as a street light and monitors a non-lighting state is known (refer patent document 2). Furthermore, a device has been proposed in which a street light is provided with a wireless modem to notify that the street light is not lit (see Patent Document 3).

特開2014−132593号公報JP 2014-132593 A 特開2001−319790号公報JP 2001-319790 A 特許第3491689号公報Japanese Patent No. 3491689

一般に街路などに設置される照明装置は、その発光源の自動点滅機能を備え、設置環境の明暗を検出して夜間の点灯および昼間の消灯を行うようにしている。このような機能が得られるようにするには、何れの照明装置においても電気制御部を備え、発光源を点滅するようにしている。この電気制御部は商用交流電源を電力源とし、整流回路、予備電池、リレースイッチなどの複数の電気部品を備え、発光源を点灯するようにしている。   In general, a lighting device installed on a street or the like has an automatic flashing function of its light source, and detects the brightness of the installation environment to turn it on at night and turn it off at daytime. In order to obtain such a function, any lighting device is provided with an electric control unit so that the light emission source blinks. This electric control unit uses a commercial AC power source as a power source, and includes a plurality of electrical components such as a rectifier circuit, a spare battery, and a relay switch, and turns on the light emission source.

このように電気制御部は複数の回路機能を組み合わせて構成されるものから複数の電気部品を必要とするものであるが、特にコンデンサー類、予備電池、機械接点を有するリレースイッチなどは、環境の温度、湿度、塩害などの影響を受けやすく、発光源の発光素子に比べてかなり耐久時間が短いものである。   In this way, the electric control unit is composed of a combination of a plurality of circuit functions and requires a plurality of electric parts. Particularly, capacitors, spare batteries, relay switches having mechanical contacts, etc. It is easily affected by temperature, humidity, salt damage, and the like, and has a considerably shorter endurance time than the light emitting element of the light emitting source.

このように電気部品が劣化し、あるいは接触不良などが生じると光源の起動電圧が低下するなどして発光量が低下し、所定の照明光量が得られなくなる。このような不具合の現象は気象条件の厳しい寒冷地や高熱の陽光に晒される地域で顕著であり、どのような環境に設置されても長期に亘り安定した照明光量を維持できることが品質保証上の重要な課題となっている。ところが、上述した特許文献1,2による場合は、照明装置の照明光量を外部から監視するようにしているので、照明装置内部の不具合による機能低下を監視することができない。   As described above, when the electrical components deteriorate or contact failure occurs, the light emission amount decreases due to a decrease in the starting voltage of the light source, and a predetermined illumination light amount cannot be obtained. Such a failure phenomenon is conspicuous in cold regions where the weather conditions are severe and in regions exposed to high heat sunlight, and it is possible to maintain a stable illumination light quantity for a long time regardless of the environment. It is an important issue. However, in the case of Patent Documents 1 and 2 described above, since the illumination light quantity of the illumination device is monitored from the outside, it is not possible to monitor a functional deterioration due to a malfunction inside the illumination device.

即ち、街路灯とした場合の照明装置に照明光量の低下を招く外因は、統計上で落雷が最も多いのであるが、この他に塩害、電蝕、虫害も発生し易い障害要因となっている。特に虫害は、照明装置が発する二酸化炭素、湿気、近紫外線、微量の熱に引き寄せられた蚊や小甲虫類が光源部を覆う透光カバーの水抜き孔から侵入し、死骸となって堆積することにより次第に光源部の発光光を遮り、発光源の照度を低下する要因となっている。また、透光カバーの外表面は蜘蛛類の営巣に好適であることから、この営巣に塵埃などが付着し、設置地域の照明光量低下の要因となっている。   In other words, the external factors that cause a reduction in the amount of illumination light to the lighting device in the case of a street light are statistically the most frequent lightning strikes, but in addition to this, it is an obstacle factor that easily causes salt damage, electric corrosion, and insect damage. . In particular, insect damage is caused by mosquitoes and small beetles attracted by carbon dioxide, moisture, near-ultraviolet rays, and a small amount of heat generated by the lighting device, entering through the drain holes of the translucent cover that covers the light source, and are deposited as dead bodies. As a result, the light emitted from the light source section is gradually blocked, which is a factor for reducing the illuminance of the light source. In addition, since the outer surface of the translucent cover is suitable for nesting of mosses, dust or the like adheres to the nesting, causing a reduction in the amount of illumination light in the installation area.

このように照明光量の低下は、照明装置自体の内因と外因によるものとに分類することができる。ところが、高所に設置された街路灯の照明光量の低下が何れの原因となるものか、近隣住民などには容易に判断することができず、また、保守点検を行う作業者も照明装置の内部を開放して直接確認しなければならず、対応の準備を十分に調えることができないという問題があった。   As described above, the decrease in the amount of illumination light can be classified into an internal cause and an external cause of the illumination device itself. However, it is not easy for neighboring residents to determine what causes the decrease in the amount of illumination of street lamps installed at high altitudes. There was a problem that it was necessary to open the inside and check directly, and it was not possible to fully prepare for the response.

そこで、本発明は、街路灯のように所定地域の道路や公園等に多数個配置された照明装置(照明灯、街路灯ともいう)を所定のサーバで管理するシステムにおいて、個々の照明装置から照明データ(照明情報ともいう)を収集し且つ集計し、それによって個々の照明装置の有する光源の制御を決定し、個々の照明装置へ制御信号を送信する照明制御装置及びこれに適する照明装置を提供するものである。   Therefore, the present invention provides a system for managing a plurality of lighting devices (also referred to as lighting lamps and street lamps) arranged on a road or park in a predetermined area, such as street lights, in a predetermined server. An illumination control device that collects and aggregates illumination data (also referred to as illumination information), thereby determines control of a light source of each illumination device, and transmits a control signal to each illumination device, and an illumination device suitable for the illumination control device It is to provide.

また、本発明は、個々の照明装置が備えた照度検出センサとしての受光素子が正常か否かの判断を行い、故障である照明装置については、その故障を特定する報知装置によって、故障している照明装置の特定を容易とし、故障を修復または照明装置等の交換を的確に行うことができる技術を提供する。   In addition, the present invention determines whether or not the light receiving element as an illuminance detection sensor provided in each lighting device is normal, and the lighting device in failure is broken down by a notification device that identifies the failure. The present invention provides a technique that makes it easy to identify a lighting device that can be used, repair a failure, or replace a lighting device accurately.

また、本発明は、サーバによって複数の照明装置の点灯と消灯を制御する場合、停電等の非常時や、サーバと照明装置との通信異常等の非常時において、所期の点灯状態と消灯状態を行うことができる技術を提供する。   In addition, the present invention controls the lighting and extinguishing of a plurality of lighting devices by a server. In an emergency such as a power outage or an emergency such as an abnormality in communication between the server and the lighting device, the intended lighting state and extinguishing state Provide technology that can do.

そこで本発明は、以下に述べる各手段により上記課題を解決し、本発明の目的を達成するようにした。   Therefore, the present invention solves the above problems by means described below and achieves the object of the present invention.

請求項1に記載の発明では、照明装置本体に環境明暗を検出する第1の受光素子を備えるとともに、発光源の発光量を直接検出する第2の受光素子を備え、前記第1の受光素子により検出した環境の明暗に基づいて発光源の点滅を行う一方、前記第2の受光素子により検出した検出値が予め設定した発光源の発光光量の基準値以下となったとき、照明装置自体の不具合による照明光量の低下として報知する。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, the lighting device main body includes a first light receiving element that detects environmental light and darkness, and a second light receiving element that directly detects the amount of light emitted from the light source, and the first light receiving element. While the light emission source blinks based on the brightness of the environment detected by the above, when the detection value detected by the second light receiving element becomes equal to or less than the preset reference value of the light emission amount of the light emission source, This is notified as a decrease in the amount of illumination light due to a problem.

請求項2に記載の発明では、上記請求項1に記載の照明装置において、第2の受光素子の透光カバー側を遮光して外乱となる光の進入を阻止する。   According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the illuminating device according to the first aspect, the light-transmitting cover side of the second light receiving element is shielded to prevent light from entering as a disturbance.

請求項3に記載の発明では、上記請求項1または2に記載の照明装置において、前記透光カバーを透過した照明光の光量を検出する第3の受光素子を設け、これによって透光カバーから出射された照明光の光量を検出し、この検出値が予め設定した照明光の光量の基準値以下となったとき、前記透光カバーの不具合による照明光量の低下として報知する。   According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the illuminating device according to the first or second aspect, a third light receiving element that detects the amount of illumination light transmitted through the translucent cover is provided. The amount of emitted illumination light is detected, and when this detected value is equal to or less than a preset reference value for the amount of illumination light, a notification is made that the illumination light amount has decreased due to a malfunction of the translucent cover.

請求項4または7に記載の発明では、
光源部を備えた照明装置の外部の明暗と、前記光源部の発光状態との総合照度を検出する単一の受光素子を備え、前記受光素子の検出する明るさと基準値との比較により、前記光源部の発光状態の正誤判断と、前記光源部の点灯制御とを行うこと。
In the invention according to claim 4 or 7,
A single light receiving element that detects the overall illuminance between the light and darkness of the illumination device including the light source unit and the light emission state of the light source unit, and by comparing the brightness detected by the light receiving element with a reference value, Correct judgment of the light emission state of the light source unit and lighting control of the light source unit.

請求項5または8に記載の発明では、
光源部の発光が透光カバーを透過して所要領域を照明する照明装置であって、前記照明装置の外部の明暗と、前記光源部の光が前記透光カバーを透過した場所の明暗との総合照度を検出する単一の受光素子を備え、前記受光素子の検出する明るさと基準値との比較により、前記光源部の発光状態の正誤判断と、前記透光カバーの汚損判断と、前記光源部の点灯制御とを行う。
In the invention according to claim 5 or 8,
A lighting device that illuminates a required area by light emission of a light source unit, wherein the brightness of the outside of the lighting device and the brightness of the place where the light of the light source unit is transmitted through the light-transmitting cover A single light receiving element for detecting the total illuminance, and comparing the brightness detected by the light receiving element with a reference value, whether the light emission state of the light source unit is correct, whether the translucent cover is dirty, and the light source The lighting control of the unit is performed.

請求項6に記載の発明では、
単体または複数からなるLED光源と、無線送受信部と、前記無線送受信部からの無線信号に基づいて前記LED光源の発光制御部と、前記LED光源の光源照度測定手段と、周囲環境照度測定手段とを備えた屋外用照明装置と、前記照明装置の一台または複数台を発光制御するサーバと、前記LED光源の光源照度測定手段によって測定された値と前記周囲環境照度測定手段によって測定された値とを取得し、前記照明装置の光源状態を監視し、報知する。
In invention of Claim 6,
A single or a plurality of LED light sources, a wireless transmission / reception unit, a light emission control unit of the LED light source based on a wireless signal from the wireless transmission / reception unit, a light source illuminance measurement unit of the LED light source, and an ambient environment illuminance measurement unit A value that is measured by a light source illuminance measuring means of the LED light source and a value measured by the ambient environment illuminance measuring means Are obtained, and the light source state of the illumination device is monitored and notified.

請求項9に記載の発明では、
前記照明装置に予備電池を備え、商用電源の供給が遮断されたとき、少なくとも前記無線送受信部への電力供給を前記予備電池から行い、前記無線送受信部は電力供給が商用電源から予備電池へ切り替わったとき、前記サーバへ無線送信する。
In the invention according to claim 9,
When the lighting device is provided with a spare battery and supply of commercial power is interrupted, at least power is supplied to the wireless transmitter / receiver from the spare battery, and the wireless transmitter / receiver switches the power supply from the commercial power source to the spare battery. At the time of transmission to the server.

上記請求項1に記載の発明によれば、発光源の発光光量を第2の受光素子により直接検出するようにしたので、制御回路などの何れの部分に不具合が生じても照明装置本体に障害があるものとして報知することができる。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, since the amount of light emitted from the light source is directly detected by the second light receiving element, the lighting device main body is obstructed even if a malfunction occurs in any part of the control circuit or the like. It can be notified that there is.

上記請求項2に記載の発明によれば、第2の受光素子の透光カバー側を遮光するようにしたので、例えば、乗用車などのヘッドライト、あるいは他の住環境の照明光などの進入を阻止することができ、光源部の発光光量を正確に検出することができる。   According to the second aspect of the present invention, since the light-transmitting cover side of the second light receiving element is shielded from light, for example, a headlight such as a passenger car or illumination light from other living environments is allowed to enter. Therefore, the amount of light emitted from the light source unit can be accurately detected.

上記請求項3に記載の発明によれば、透光カバーを透過した照明光の光量を検出する第3の受光素子を設け、透光カバーから出射された照明光の光量を検出するようにしたので、透光カバー自体の汚損による照明光量の低下を検出して報知することができる。   According to the third aspect of the present invention, the third light receiving element for detecting the amount of illumination light transmitted through the light-transmitting cover is provided, and the amount of illumination light emitted from the light-transmitting cover is detected. Therefore, it is possible to detect and notify a decrease in the amount of illumination light due to contamination of the translucent cover itself.

上記請求項4または7に記載の発明によれば、単一の受光素子によって、光源部を備えた照明装置の外部の明暗と、光源部の発光状態との総合照度を検出するため、それぞれ設定の判定基準値によって適切な制御ができる。また、照明装置には、この単一の受光素子を透光カバー内に配置できるため、防水構造に適し、照明装置自体を簡素化でき、組み立ても簡素化できる。   According to the invention described in claim 4 or 7, each single light receiving element is set to detect the total illuminance between the brightness and darkness outside the illumination device including the light source unit and the light emission state of the light source unit. Appropriate control can be performed according to the determination reference value. Moreover, since this single light receiving element can be disposed in the light-transmitting cover, the lighting device is suitable for a waterproof structure, the lighting device itself can be simplified, and assembly can be simplified.

上記請求項5または8に記載の発明によれば、単一の受光素子によって、透光カバーを透過した光源部の発光照度と、照明装置の外部の明暗との総合照度を検出するため、それぞれ設定の判定基準値によって、透光カバーの汚損と、照明装置の外部の明暗と、光源部の発光状態とを判定できる。また、照明装置には、この単一の受光素子を透光カバー外に配置できるため、照明装置自体を簡素化でき、組み立ても簡素化できる。   According to the invention described in claim 5 or 8, in order to detect the total illuminance of the light source portion that has passed through the light-transmitting cover and the brightness outside the illumination device by a single light receiving element, Based on the setting determination reference value, it is possible to determine the contamination of the translucent cover, the brightness of the outside of the illumination device, and the light emission state of the light source unit. Moreover, since this single light receiving element can be arrange | positioned outside a translucent cover in an illuminating device, an illuminating device itself can be simplified and an assembly can also be simplified.

上記請求項6に記載の発明によれば、サーバによって複数台の照明装置を発光制御する場合、照明装置の光源状態を監視し、正規の点灯状況と故障状況を報知することができ、点検や故障対応の迅速化、点検作業の簡素化により人件費等の削減が達成できる。   According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, when a plurality of lighting devices are controlled to emit light by a server, the light source state of the lighting device can be monitored, and the normal lighting status and failure status can be notified. Labor costs can be reduced by speeding up troubleshooting and simplifying inspection work.

上記請求項9に記載の発明によれば、予備電池に切り替わった場合、その状態は、サーバSV側のモニタ上の表示部に表示される。そして、これらが、作業者が所持する端末機器へ送信され、その端末機器にも表示することにより、いずれの照明装置1が、予備電池に切り替わったかが把握でき、その後への準備を含めた適切な対応ができる。   According to the ninth aspect of the present invention, when the spare battery is switched, the state is displayed on the display unit on the monitor on the server SV side. These are transmitted to the terminal device owned by the worker, and displayed on the terminal device, so that it is possible to grasp which lighting device 1 has been switched to the spare battery, and appropriate preparations including preparations thereafter. Can respond.

本発明の照明装置の平面図である。It is a top view of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の側面図である。It is a side view of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の背面図である。It is a rear view of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の底面図である。It is a bottom view of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の内部構造を説明する底面図である。It is a bottom view explaining the internal structure of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の電源部のブロック回路である。It is a block circuit of the power supply part of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の電源部の要部断面図である。It is principal part sectional drawing of the power supply part of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の電源部の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of the power supply part of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の電源部の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of the power supply part of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の設置状態の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of the installation state of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の制御方式を示す機能ブロック図である。It is a functional block diagram which shows the control system of the illuminating device of this invention. 本発明の照明装置の故障検知動作フローである。It is a failure detection operation | movement flow of the illuminating device of this invention.

以下、本発明の実施の形態を図に基づいて詳細に説明する。図1〜4は本発明を実施する照明装置の一例の外観を示すもので、図1はこの照明装置1の平面図、図2は側面図、図3は背面図、図4は内部構造を示す底面図、さらに図5は断面図、図6は内部構造を説明する底面図、図7、図8は分解斜視図であり、以下にその構成を具体的に説明する。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. 1 to 4 show the appearance of an example of a lighting device for carrying out the present invention. FIG. 1 is a plan view of the lighting device 1, FIG. 2 is a side view, FIG. 3 is a rear view, and FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view, FIG. 6 is a bottom view for explaining the internal structure, and FIGS. 7 and 8 are exploded perspective views. The configuration will be specifically described below.

照明装置1は、主体となる上面カバー2がアルミダイキャストなどの耐食性に優れた素材により一体成形されたもので、この上面カバー2の下面の開口部は透光カバー3がシールパッキン3Aを介在させ、取付ボス2cにネジ孔3aを介してネジ止めされる。また、上面カバー2の後側部は図1、図3、図6などに示すように傾斜状部2aが形成され、この傾斜状部2aの一方の傾斜端部2a−1に、傾斜状部2aの開口形状に一致する蓋体4が蝶番4aにより開閉可能に連結されている。この蓋体4の蝶番4aを備えない他方の傾斜端部2a−1を取付ネジにより上面カバー2へ固定することにより、上面カバー2の後端面と蓋体4の前端面が図5に示すように連接するようにしている。   The illuminating device 1 is formed by integrally forming an upper surface cover 2 as a main body with a material having excellent corrosion resistance such as aluminum die-casting, and a translucent cover 3 intervenes a seal packing 3A in an opening on the lower surface of the upper surface cover 2. And screwed to the mounting boss 2c through the screw hole 3a. Further, as shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 3, FIG. 6, and the like, an inclined portion 2a is formed on the rear side portion of the top cover 2, and an inclined portion 2a-1 is formed on one inclined end portion 2a-1 of the inclined portion 2a. A lid 4 matching the opening shape of 2a is connected by a hinge 4a so as to be opened and closed. As shown in FIG. 5, the rear end surface of the upper cover 2 and the front end surface of the cover 4 are fixed to the upper cover 2 by fixing the other inclined end 2a-1 of the cover 4 that does not have the hinge 4a. To be connected to.

前記上面カバー2には図5に示すように固定金具Bの支管B1を挿通する通孔2bが形成され、空室内部に複数の取付ボス2cおよび後述する光源部5のヒートシンク2dなどが図7に示すように一体に成形されている。前記ヒートシンク2dには光源部5を配設した熱伝導板6が固定され、各発光素子5aから発生する発熱をヒートシンク2dへ導くようにしている。ヒートシンク2dは前記発熱を吸収し、上面カバー2から装置外部へ放散する。前記光源部5および熱伝導板6はホルダー7によりヒートシンク2dに固定される。また、光源部5の後部には電源部8が配置され、この電源部8から商用交流電源を電圧変換した直流の駆動電源がリード線9により光源部5に供給される。   As shown in FIG. 5, the upper surface cover 2 is formed with a through hole 2b through which the branch pipe B1 of the fixing bracket B is inserted, and a plurality of mounting bosses 2c and a heat sink 2d of the light source unit 5 to be described later are formed in the inner space. As shown in FIG. A heat conducting plate 6 provided with a light source unit 5 is fixed to the heat sink 2d, and heat generated from each light emitting element 5a is guided to the heat sink 2d. The heat sink 2d absorbs the heat and dissipates it from the top cover 2 to the outside of the apparatus. The light source unit 5 and the heat conducting plate 6 are fixed to the heat sink 2d by a holder 7. In addition, a power supply unit 8 is disposed at the rear of the light source unit 5, and a DC driving power obtained by converting a commercial AC power supply from the power supply unit 8 is supplied to the light source unit 5 through a lead wire 9.

前記電源部8へ商用交流電源を導くリード線9は上面カバー2の傾斜状部2aの空室内に配置した端子台10に接続され、商用交流電源用のケーブルは支管B1内を通じて外部へ引き出される。また、前記傾斜状部2aの空間内には、通孔2bから封止リング11を介在させて差し込まれた支管B1の端部を固定するための固定金具12が配設されている。   The lead wire 9 for guiding the commercial AC power source to the power source unit 8 is connected to the terminal block 10 disposed in the empty space of the inclined portion 2a of the top cover 2, and the cable for the commercial AC power source is drawn out through the branch B1. . A fixing fitting 12 for fixing the end portion of the branch pipe B1 inserted through the through hole 2b with the sealing ring 11 interposed is disposed in the space of the inclined portion 2a.

前記固定金具12は図7に示すように、端部が取付ボス2cに第1の支持部材12a、と端部が他の取付ボス2cにネジ止めされる第2の支持部材12bとからなる。第1の支持部材12aの中央には支管B1の軸心方向に並行する曲部12a−1が形成されており、一方、第2の支持部材12bの中央には支管B1の軸心方向に並行する平坦段部12b−1が形成されており、この平坦段部12b−1には図5に示すように固定用の固定ネジ12b−2および位置決めネジ12b−3を備える。   As shown in FIG. 7, the fixing bracket 12 is composed of a first support member 12a having an end portion attached to the mounting boss 2c and a second support member 12b having an end portion screwed to the other mounting boss 2c. A curved portion 12a-1 parallel to the axial direction of the branch pipe B1 is formed at the center of the first support member 12a, while parallel to the axial direction of the branch pipe B1 at the center of the second support member 12b. The flat step portion 12b-1 is formed, and the flat step portion 12b-1 includes a fixing screw 12b-2 for fixing and a positioning screw 12b-3 as shown in FIG.

つぎに、光源部5の構成について詳細に説明する。光源部5は複数のチップ状のLED光源となる発光素子5aを絶縁基板5b上に実装し、熱伝導板6上に固定された2枚一組の光源エレメント5cと、この光源エレメント5c上でスライド可能とし、各発光素子5aの発光光の出射方向をレンズ状の光制御部材5eで制御する光制御エレメント5dとの組み合わせを主体に構成される。光源部5と電源部8は透光カバー3で覆われ、光源部5の発光は、透光カバー3を透過して路面などの所要領域を照明する。   Next, the configuration of the light source unit 5 will be described in detail. The light source unit 5 has a light emitting element 5a, which is a plurality of chip-shaped LED light sources, mounted on an insulating substrate 5b, a set of two light source elements 5c fixed on the heat conducting plate 6, and a light source element 5c on the light source element 5c. It is slidable, and is mainly composed of a combination with a light control element 5d that controls the emission direction of emitted light of each light emitting element 5a with a lens-shaped light control member 5e. The light source unit 5 and the power source unit 8 are covered with a light-transmitting cover 3, and light emitted from the light source unit 5 is transmitted through the light-transmitting cover 3 to illuminate a required area such as a road surface.

つぎに電源部8の構成につて詳細に説明する。電源部8は、図9に示すように商用交流電源を降圧した直流に変換する整流回路8aと、この整流回路8aから出力される直流電源で発光素子5aを点灯する光源点灯回路8と、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1と、光源部5の発光の状態を検出する第2の受光素子8g−2と、透光カバー3から出射された照明光を検出する第3の受光素子8g−3と、各受光素子8g−1〜8g−3からの各信号を入力し、この入力した信号の状態に基づいてリレースイッチ8pを駆動して発光素子5aを点滅する点滅制御回路8dと、そしてこの点滅制御回路8dにおける判断に基づいてインジケータ8e−1またはインジケータ8e−2を点灯するインジケータ点灯回路8eを備える。   Next, the configuration of the power supply unit 8 will be described in detail. As shown in FIG. 9, the power supply unit 8 includes a rectifier circuit 8a that converts a commercial AC power supply into a direct current that has been stepped down, a light source lighting circuit 8 that lights the light emitting element 5a with a DC power supply output from the rectifier circuit 8a, The first light receiving element 8 g-1 that detects the light and darkness outside the main body of the apparatus 1, the second light receiving element 8 g-2 that detects the light emission state of the light source unit 5, and the illumination light emitted from the translucent cover 3 The third light receiving element 8g-3 for detecting the light and each signal from each of the light receiving elements 8g-1 to 8g-3 are input, and the relay switch 8p is driven based on the state of the input signal to light emitting element 5a. And the indicator lighting circuit 8e for lighting the indicator 8e-1 or 8e-2 based on the determination in the blinking control circuit 8d.

前記電源部8は、図7、図8に示すように中空の筺状ケース8aと、この筺状ケース8aの開口面を覆うスライド板8bとが一体構成されたもので、筺状ケース8aの内部に上記回路要素を実装した配線基板8c、および停電時などに対応するための予備電池8fを収容している。前記スライド板8bの外周は筺状ケース8aの外周から張り出したフランジ状となっており、このフランジ状部の四隅にダルマ孔8b−1が形成されている。予備電池8fは、再充電可能な蓄電池(二次電池)または再充電できない一次電池のいずれでもよい。以下に記載する実施形態は、予備電池8fは、再充電可能な蓄電池8fとして記載する。   As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the power supply unit 8 includes a hollow bowl-shaped case 8a and a slide plate 8b that covers the opening surface of the bowl-shaped case 8a. A wiring board 8c on which the above circuit elements are mounted and a spare battery 8f for accommodating a power failure are accommodated. The outer periphery of the slide plate 8b has a flange shape that protrudes from the outer periphery of the bowl-shaped case 8a, and Dharma holes 8b-1 are formed at the four corners of the flange-shaped portion. The spare battery 8f may be either a rechargeable storage battery (secondary battery) or a non-rechargeable primary battery. In the embodiment described below, the spare battery 8f is described as a rechargeable storage battery 8f.

前記筺状ケース8aの側部には図10に示すように配線基板8cに第1の受光素子8g−1が実装されている。この第1の受光素子8g−1に対向する筺状ケース8aの側壁には通孔8a−1が形成されており、上面カバー2の両側部に形成した採光部2fから外部環境の外光を導入するようにしている。即ち、上面カバー2の前記通孔8a−1に対面する位置は凹陥した状態に形成されており、この採光部2fの奥部立壁に通孔2f−1を形成している。そして、この通孔2f−1と前記通孔8a−1を共軸として透明素材で形成された採光パッキン13が嵌装されている。   As shown in FIG. 10, a first light receiving element 8g-1 is mounted on a wiring board 8c at the side of the bowl-shaped case 8a. A through hole 8a-1 is formed in the side wall of the bowl-shaped case 8a facing the first light receiving element 8g-1, and external light from the external environment is received from the daylighting portions 2f formed on both sides of the top cover 2. I am trying to introduce it. That is, the position of the top cover 2 facing the through hole 8a-1 is formed in a recessed state, and the through hole 2f-1 is formed in the deep vertical wall of the daylighting portion 2f. A daylighting packing 13 made of a transparent material is fitted around the through hole 2f-1 and the through hole 8a-1.

以上のように構成された電源部8の側部の一方に第1の受光素子8g−1を設けるように構成した場合、この第1の受光素子8g−1を上面カバー2の採光部2fの任意の一方に対向させて配置することが可能となる。かかる機能は、照明装置1を設置した周囲の住宅や建築物などの照明施設からの照射光がノイズとなり第1の受光素子8g−1で検知され、本来点灯すべき夜間において点灯しないという誤動作を生じる場合に対応することができる。   When the first light receiving element 8g-1 is provided on one of the side portions of the power supply unit 8 configured as described above, the first light receiving element 8g-1 is connected to the daylighting section 2f of the top cover 2. It becomes possible to arrange it so as to oppose any one. Such a function is a malfunction that light emitted from a lighting facility such as a surrounding house or building where the lighting device 1 is installed becomes noise and is detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1, and does not light at night when it should be lit. It can respond when it occurs.

このような場合、上面カバー2の採光部2fの光ノイズの進入側への第1の受光素子8g−1の配置を避け、光ノイズの影響を受けない採光部2fを選定して電源部8の配設が可能となるようにしている。即ち、電源部8が図6に示すように同図の上側の採光部2fから採光するようにした場合において、光ノイズの影響が確認されたとき、ダルマ孔8b−1の小径部を固定している取付ネジ14を緩め、スライド板8bスライドさせてダルマ孔8b−1の大径部から取付ネジ14の頭部を外すことにより、電源部8の全体を180°回転することができ、図6における下側の採光部2fから採光できるように、受光素子8g−1の配設方向を、図11、図12に示すように、右側または左側へ変更することができる。   In such a case, avoiding the placement of the first light receiving element 8g-1 on the light noise entrance side of the daylighting unit 2f of the top cover 2, the daylighting unit 2f that is not affected by the light noise is selected and the power source unit 8 is selected. Can be arranged. That is, in the case where the power supply unit 8 takes light from the upper daylighting unit 2f as shown in FIG. 6, when the influence of optical noise is confirmed, the small-diameter part of the dharma hole 8b-1 is fixed. The entire power supply unit 8 can be rotated by 180 ° by loosening the mounting screw 14 and sliding the slide plate 8b to remove the head of the mounting screw 14 from the large diameter portion of the Dharma hole 8b-1. The arrangement direction of the light receiving element 8g-1 can be changed to the right side or the left side as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12 so that the light can be taken from the lower daylighting portion 2f in FIG.

前記電源部8の点滅制御回路8dに接続する第2の受光素子8g−2は、光源部5の発光を直接検出するため、図5〜図8に示すように光源部5へ向けて電源部8のスライド板8bに固定する。なお、前記第2の受光素子8g−2に遮光板15を装着しておくことにより、例えば、乗用車などのヘッドライト、あるいは他の住環境の照明光などの進入を阻止することができ、光源部の発光光量を正確に検出することができる。また、第3の受光素子8g−3は、光源部5の発光が透光カバー3を透過したときの照明光の光量を検出するものであり、実施例では、図5、図6、図8に示すように蓋体4に透光カバー3に向けて固定する。第3の受光素子8g−3による検出は、透光カバー3を透過する照明光以外の周囲の光の影響を受けることにより、正規の検出値が変化することは好ましくない。このため、透光カバー3を透過した照明光以外の周囲の光の影響を受けないような位置や向きに配置するか、また、透光カバー3を透過した照明光以外の周囲の光の影響を受けないように適切なカバーで覆うとか、適宜の手段を講じればよい。   The second light receiving element 8g-2 connected to the blinking control circuit 8d of the power supply unit 8 directly detects the light emission of the light source unit 5, and therefore the power supply unit toward the light source unit 5 as shown in FIGS. 8 is fixed to the slide plate 8b. In addition, by attaching the light shielding plate 15 to the second light receiving element 8g-2, for example, entry of headlights such as passenger cars or illumination light in other living environments can be prevented. It is possible to accurately detect the light emission amount of the part. The third light receiving element 8g-3 detects the amount of illumination light when the light emitted from the light source unit 5 is transmitted through the translucent cover 3. In the embodiment, FIGS. As shown in FIG. 4, the lid 4 is fixed toward the translucent cover 3. In the detection by the third light receiving element 8g-3, it is not preferable that the normal detection value changes due to the influence of ambient light other than the illumination light transmitted through the translucent cover 3. For this reason, it arrange | positions in the position and direction which do not receive the influence of ambient lights other than the illumination light which permeate | transmitted the translucent cover 3, or the influence of ambient lights other than the illumination light which permeate | transmitted the translucent cover 3 Cover it with an appropriate cover so that it will not be damaged, or take appropriate measures.

本発明の照明装置1は以上のように構成されていることから、図13に示すように街路などへ設置すると、照明装置1自体でもって、第1の受光素子8g−1により照明装置1の外部環境の明暗を検出し、光源部5の昼夜の点滅制御を通常のとおり行うことができる。即ち、外部環境の明るさが低下し、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出値が予め設定した点灯基準値以下に低下した場合、点滅制御回路8dの動作に基づきリレースイッチ8pの接点が閉じ、光源点灯回路8bを動作状態とし、発光素子5aを点灯する。また、外部環境の明るさが向上し、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出値が予め設定した消灯基準値以下に低下した場合、点滅制御回路8dの動作に基づきリレースイッチ8pの接点が開き、光源点灯回路8bを不動作状態とし、発光素子5aを消灯する。   Since the illuminating device 1 of the present invention is configured as described above, when the illuminating device 1 itself is installed on a street or the like as shown in FIG. The light and darkness of the external environment can be detected, and the light source unit 5 can be flashed day and night as usual. That is, when the brightness of the external environment decreases and the detection value of the first light receiving element 8g-1 decreases below a preset lighting reference value, the contact of the relay switch 8p is closed based on the operation of the blinking control circuit 8d. Then, the light source lighting circuit 8b is set in an operating state, and the light emitting element 5a is turned on. Further, when the brightness of the external environment is improved and the detection value of the first light receiving element 8g-1 falls below a preset turn-off reference value, the contact of the relay switch 8p opens based on the operation of the blinking control circuit 8d. Then, the light source lighting circuit 8b is deactivated, and the light emitting element 5a is turned off.

このようにして光源部5を点灯した状態において、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値が予め設定した基準値以下に低下した場合、点滅制御回路8dにおいて光源部5の発光に不具合が生じていると判断し、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−1を発光(例えば、赤色LED発光)させる。さらに、第1の受光素子8g−1、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値が正常である場合において、第3の受光素子8g−3による検出値が予め設定した基準値以下に低下した場合は、透光カバー3に汚損が生じていると判断し、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−2を発光(例えば、青色LED発光)させる。   When the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 falls below a preset reference value in the state where the light source unit 5 is turned on in this way, a malfunction occurs in the light emission of the light source unit 5 in the blinking control circuit 8d. The indicator lighting circuit 8e is activated to cause the indicator 8e-1 to emit light (for example, red LED emission). Further, when the detection values of the first light receiving element 8g-1 and the second light receiving element 8g-2 are normal, the detection value by the third light receiving element 8g-3 has decreased below a preset reference value. In this case, it is determined that the translucent cover 3 is fouled, and the indicator lighting circuit 8e is activated to cause the indicator 8e-2 to emit light (for example, blue LED light emission).

また、照明装置1は、落雷等により電源が一時的に切れると、電源が復帰しても消灯のままとなることがある。このような場合もその照明装置1が故障であることを報知することが重要である。この場合、光源点灯回路8bの出力電圧を検知して発光素子5aが消灯状態であることを検出する方法もあるが、最終的には発光素子5aが消灯であることを直接検出するのが好ましい。このため、本発明では、発光素子5aの消灯状態を第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値が、点滅制御回路8dに予め設定している基準値以下に低下した場合、点滅制御回路8dにおいて光源部5の発光に不具合が生じていると判断し、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−1を発光(例えば、赤色)させ、その照明装置1が故障であることを報知する。このように、第2の受光素子8g−2を設けることにより、照明装置1の電気回路の故障や落雷等による故障状態を検出することができるため、検出方式が簡素化され、低コスト化できるものとなる。   In addition, when the power is temporarily turned off due to lightning or the like, the lighting device 1 may remain off even when the power is restored. Even in such a case, it is important to notify that the lighting device 1 is out of order. In this case, there is a method of detecting that the light emitting element 5a is turned off by detecting the output voltage of the light source lighting circuit 8b, but it is preferable to finally detect that the light emitting element 5a is turned off. . For this reason, in the present invention, when the detected value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 in the extinguishing state of the light emitting element 5a falls below the reference value preset in the blinking control circuit 8d, the blinking control circuit 8d It is determined that there is a problem with the light emission of the light source unit 5, and the indicator lighting circuit 8e is activated to cause the indicator 8e-1 to emit light (for example, red), thereby notifying that the lighting device 1 is out of order. In this way, by providing the second light receiving element 8g-2, it is possible to detect a failure state due to a failure of an electric circuit of the lighting device 1 or a lightning strike, so that the detection method can be simplified and the cost can be reduced. It will be a thing.

以上の説明から明らかなように、上述した本発明特有の構成を実施することにより、照明装置の各種の不具合の状態を容易に確認することができ、この不具合に対する迅速な対応が可能となり、メンテナンス作業を容易なものとすることができる。   As is clear from the above description, by implementing the above-described configuration unique to the present invention, it is possible to easily check the state of various defects in the lighting device, and it is possible to quickly respond to this defect, and to perform maintenance. Work can be made easy.

上記の場合は、個々の照明装置1自体によって故障検知する方式である。一方、上記のような照明装置1は、街路灯のように所定地域の道路や公園等に複数、即ち多数個配置され、その地域の各照明装置1の照明状態が適正な状態か否かを管理センタにて管理することが要求される。その場合、所定のサーバSVを管理センタが管轄し、このサーバSVに対してその地域の複数(通常は多数といえる)の照明装置1の情報(データ)が集約される仕組みとすることができる。   In the above case, the failure detection is performed by each lighting device 1 itself. On the other hand, a plurality of lighting devices 1 as described above are arranged on a road or park in a predetermined area such as a street light, that is, a large number of lighting devices 1 and whether or not the lighting state of each lighting device 1 in the area is in an appropriate state. Management at the management center is required. In that case, the management center has jurisdiction over the predetermined server SV, and the information (data) of a plurality of (usually many) lighting devices 1 in the area can be aggregated with respect to the server SV. .

このようにサーバSVによって管理する方式は、サーバSVからの指示によって、サーバSVによって管理される複数(通常は多数といえる)の照明装置1の受光素子から照度情報がサーバへ送信され、正常状態か否かがサーバSV側で判断される方式である。以下、この方式を図14及び図15に基づいて説明する。
図14は制御方式を示す機能ブロック図であり、図15は照明装置1の故障検知動作フローである。図14に示すように、サーバSVに対して所定地域の各照明装置1の電源部8がデータ通信可能に接続されている。
In this way, the server SV manages the illuminance information from the light receiving elements of the plurality of (usually many) lighting devices 1 managed by the server SV in accordance with an instruction from the server SV, and the normal state. This is a method in which it is determined on the server SV side. Hereinafter, this method will be described with reference to FIGS.
FIG. 14 is a functional block diagram illustrating the control method, and FIG. 15 is a failure detection operation flow of the lighting device 1. As shown in FIG. 14, the power supply unit 8 of each lighting device 1 in a predetermined area is connected to the server SV so that data communication is possible.

図14は、各照明装置1の電源部8とサーバSVとの通信に係る構成を図式化したものであり、サーバSVは、タイマー機能を備え、情報処理部Jと無線送受信部MS1を備える。情報処理部Jは、マイクロコンピュータMC1、メモリMO1等を備え、メモリMOには所定の基準データを格納している。   FIG. 14 schematically illustrates a configuration related to communication between the power supply unit 8 of each lighting device 1 and the server SV. The server SV includes a timer function, and includes an information processing unit J and a wireless transmission / reception unit MS1. The information processing unit J includes a microcomputer MC1, a memory MO1, and the like, and predetermined reference data is stored in the memory MO.

また、各照明装置1の電源部8は、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出値を入力とする周囲環境照度測定手段ASと、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値を入力とする光源照度測定手段BSと、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値を入力とする透光カバー透過照度測定手段CSと、発光制御部HCと、無線送受信部MS2を備える。発光制御部HCは、光源点灯回路8bと点滅制御部8dとインジケータ点灯回路8eを含む。電源部8も、発光制御部HCに、マイクロコンピュータMC2による動作と、必要な基準データと測定データを記憶するメモリMO2を備えている。   Further, the power supply unit 8 of each lighting device 1 receives the ambient environment illuminance measuring means AS that receives the detection value of the first light receiving element 8g-1 and the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2. It includes a light source illuminance measuring means BS, a translucent cover transmitted illuminance measuring means CS that receives a detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3, a light emission control unit HC, and a wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. The light emission control unit HC includes a light source lighting circuit 8b, a blinking control unit 8d, and an indicator lighting circuit 8e. The power supply unit 8 also includes a memory MO2 in the light emission control unit HC for storing the operation by the microcomputer MC2 and necessary reference data and measurement data.

サーバSVと各照明装置1の電源部8との通信は、サーバSVはタイマー機能を備え、サーバSVからのポーリング方式によって、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1と各照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2とで情報通信を行う。
この情報通信は、図15に示すように、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、各照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ所定のタイミングにて順次ポーリングする(ステップS−1)方式である。
As for the communication between the server SV and the power supply unit 8 of each lighting device 1, the server SV has a timer function, and by the polling method from the server SV, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS 1 of the server SV and the wireless transmission / reception unit MS 2 of each lighting device 1 To communicate information.
As shown in FIG. 15, this information communication is a method in which polling is sequentially performed from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of each lighting device 1 at a predetermined timing (step S-1).

先ず第1番目の照明装置1との通信について説明する。
情報処理部Jは時間を含む演算を行うが、情報処理部Jからの制御信号によって、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、第1番目の照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ所定のタイミングにて順次ポーリングし(ステップS−1)、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1と照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2との間の通信確認を行う(ステップS−2)。この通信確認によって、照明装置1との間に通信エラーが生じた場合は、そのエラーが生じた照明装置1に対応する故障報知をブザーやLED発光等によって行う(ステップS−3)。この故障報知は、サーバSV側のモニタ上に文字やLEDの赤色発光等によって表示する。
First, communication with the first lighting device 1 will be described.
The information processing unit J performs an operation including time, but by the control signal from the information processing unit J, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV, and the wireless of the first lighting device 1 The transmitter / receiver MS2 is sequentially polled at a predetermined timing (step S-1), and communication between the wireless transmitter / receiver MS1 of the server SV and the wireless transmitter / receiver MS2 of the lighting device 1 is confirmed (step S-2). If a communication error occurs with the lighting device 1 due to this communication confirmation, failure notification corresponding to the lighting device 1 in which the error has occurred is performed by a buzzer, LED light emission, or the like (step S-3). This failure notification is displayed on the monitor on the server SV side by letters, red LED light emission, or the like.

ステップS−2で行う通信確認が正常であれば、周囲照度確認を行う(ステップS−4)。この周囲照度確認は、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ周囲照度確認を指示し、無線送受信部MS2から周囲環境照度測定手段ASへ測定指示を行うと共に、発光制御部HCへ制御指示を行う。このため、周囲環境照度測定手段ASは、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出値に基づく照度情報を発光制御部HCへ送り、発光制御部HCはその照度データを無線送受信部MS2へ送り、その照度データが無線送受信部MS2から無線送受信部MS1へ送信され、情報処理部JにてメモリMO1の基準データと比較される(ステップS−4)。   If the communication confirmation performed in step S-2 is normal, ambient illuminance confirmation is performed (step S-4). In this ambient illuminance confirmation, the wireless transmitter / receiver MS1 of the server SV instructs the wireless transmitter / receiver MS2 of the illumination device 1 to check the ambient illuminance, the wireless transmitter / receiver MS2 issues a measurement instruction to the ambient environment illuminance measuring means AS, and light emission control. A control instruction is given to the unit HC. For this reason, the ambient environment illuminance measurement means AS sends illuminance information based on the detection value of the first light receiving element 8g-1 to the light emission control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC sends the illuminance data to the radio transmission / reception unit MS2. The illuminance data is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1, and is compared with the reference data in the memory MO1 by the information processing unit J (step S-4).

この比較によって、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出する明るさが、基準データよりも明るい場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がない。このため、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を消灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって、光源部5を消灯状態とする(ステップS−5)。   As a result of this comparison, when the brightness detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1 is brighter than the reference data, it is not necessary to turn on the light source unit 5. For this reason, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning off the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and emits light from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns off the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-5).

光源部5を消灯状態であれば、再びステップS−1から順次ステップS−4までの動作が繰り返され、周囲照度確認が行われる。   If the light source unit 5 is turned off, the operations from step S-1 to step S-4 are repeated again, and ambient illuminance confirmation is performed.

一方、上記のような第1の受光素子8g−1の検出値に基づく照度データとメモリMO1の基準データとの比較によって、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出する照度データが、基準データよりも暗い場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がある。この場合は、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を点灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって光源部5を点灯状態とする(ステップS−6)。   On the other hand, by comparing the illuminance data based on the detection value of the first light receiving element 8g-1 as described above with the reference data of the memory MO1, the illuminance data detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1 is based on the reference data. If it is too dark, the light source unit 5 needs to be turned on. In this case, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning on the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the light emission control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns on the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-6).

光源部5が正規の点灯状態において、次いで光源照度測定を行う(ステップS−7)。この光源照度測定は、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ光源部5が正規の発光状態であるか否かの測定を行うものであり、無線送受信部MS1から光源照度測定を指示する制御信号が無線送受信部MS2へ送られる。それに基づき、無線送受信部MS2は、光源照度測定手段BSへ測定指示を行い、光源照度測定手段BSは、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値に基づく照度情報を発光制御部HCと無線送受信部MS1へ送る。この照度データは無線送受信部MS1へ送られ、情報処理部JにてメモリMO1の基準データと比較される(ステップS−8)。   When the light source unit 5 is in the normal lighting state, light source illuminance measurement is then performed (step S-7). This light source illuminance measurement is to measure whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the illumination device 1, and from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the light source A control signal instructing illuminance measurement is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. Based on this, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 issues a measurement instruction to the light source illuminance measurement unit BS, and the light source illuminance measurement unit BS wirelessly transmits / receives illuminance information based on the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 to the light emission control unit HC. Send to part MS1. This illuminance data is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1, and is compared with the reference data in the memory MO1 by the information processing unit J (step S-8).

この比較によって、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する照度データが、基準データよりも明るい場合は、光源部5が正規の発光状態(正常)であると判断され、再びステップS−1から順次ステップS−8までの動作が繰り返され、光源部5が正規の発光状態か否かの判別が行われる。   As a result of this comparison, when the illuminance data detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is brighter than the reference data, it is determined that the light source unit 5 is in the normal light emission state (normal), and from step S-1 again. The operations up to step S-8 are sequentially repeated, and it is determined whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state.

一方、上記のような第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値に基づく照度データとメモリMO1の基準データと比較によって、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する照度データが、基準データよりも暗い場合は、光源部5が正規の発光状態でない、所謂故障と判断され、その故障が生じた照明装置1に対応する故障報知は、ブザーやLED発光等によって行う(ステップS−9)。この故障報知は、照明装置1においては、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−1を発光(例えば、赤色)させる。また、サーバSV側では、モニタ上に文字やLEDの赤色発光等によって表示する。   On the other hand, by comparing the illuminance data based on the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 as described above with the reference data of the memory MO1, the illuminance data detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is more than the reference data. When it is dark, it is determined that the light source unit 5 is not in a normal light emission state, that is, a so-called failure, and failure notification corresponding to the lighting device 1 in which the failure has occurred is performed by a buzzer, LED light emission, or the like (step S-9). In the lighting device 1, this failure notification activates the indicator lighting circuit 8e to cause the indicator 8e-1 to emit light (for example, red). On the server SV side, the characters are displayed on the monitor by red light emission of LEDs or the like.

また、光源部5が正規の点灯状態において、透光カバー3を透過した照度測定を行い、透光カバー3の汚れや蜘蛛の巣などによる透過光の減衰状態を測定することができる。このような透光カバー透過照度測定は、上記の光源部5が正規の発光状態であるか否かの測定を行う場合のステップ同様の判定を行えばよい。   In addition, when the light source unit 5 is in a normal lighting state, the illuminance measurement transmitted through the translucent cover 3 can be performed, and the attenuation state of the transmitted light due to dirt or spider webs of the translucent cover 3 can be measured. Such a translucent cover transmission illuminance measurement may be performed in the same manner as in the step for measuring whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state.

即ち、ステップS−8において光源部5が正規の発光状態(正常)であると判断された場合、ステップS−1へ戻るのではなく、次のステップ10として、透光カバー透過照度測定を設け、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ、透光カバー透過照度測定を指示する制御信号を無線送受信部MS2へ送る。それに基づき、無線送受信部MS2は、透光カバー透過照度測定手段CSへ測定指示を行い、透光カバー透過照度測定手段CSは、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値に基づく照度データを発光制御部HCと無線送受信部MS1へ送る。この照度データは無線送受信部MS1へ送られ、情報処理部JにてメモリMO1の基準データと比較される(これをステップS−11とする)。   That is, when it is determined in step S-8 that the light source unit 5 is in the normal light emission state (normal), the process returns to step S-1 and the translucent cover transmission illuminance measurement is provided as the next step 10. Then, a control signal for instructing measurement of the light transmission cover transmissivity is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the illumination device 1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. Based on this, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 issues a measurement instruction to the translucent cover transmission illuminance measurement means CS, and the translucent cover transmission illuminance measurement means CS emits illuminance data based on the detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3. The data is sent to the control unit HC and the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1. This illuminance data is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1, and is compared with reference data in the memory MO1 by the information processing unit J (this is referred to as step S-11).

この比較によって、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する照度データが、基準データよりも明るい場合は、透光カバー3を透過した照度が正規の状態であると判断され、再びステップS−1から順次ステップS−10までの動作が繰り返され、透光カバー3を透過した照度が正規の発光状態か否かの判別が行われる。   As a result of this comparison, if the illuminance data detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is brighter than the reference data, it is determined that the illuminance transmitted through the translucent cover 3 is in a normal state, and step S-1 is performed again. To S-10 are sequentially repeated, and it is determined whether or not the illuminance transmitted through the translucent cover 3 is in a normal light emission state.

一方、上記のような第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値に基づく照度データとメモリMO1の基準データと比較によって、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する明るさが、基準データよりも暗い場合は、透光カバー3を透過した照度が正規の出射光状態でない、所謂故障と判断され、その故障が生じた照明装置1に対応する故障報知は、ブザーやLED発光等によって行う(これをステップS−12とする)。この故障報知は、照明装置1においては、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−2を発光(例えば、青色)させる。また、サーバSV側では、モニタ上に文字やLEDの青色発光等によって表示する。   On the other hand, by comparing the illuminance data based on the detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3 as described above with the reference data of the memory MO1, the brightness detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is higher than the reference data. When it is dark, it is determined that the illuminance transmitted through the translucent cover 3 is not a normal emitted light state, so-called failure, and failure notification corresponding to the lighting device 1 in which the failure has occurred is performed by buzzer, LED light emission, or the like (this) (Step S-12). In the lighting device 1, this failure notification activates the indicator lighting circuit 8e to cause the indicator 8e-2 to emit light (for example, blue). On the server SV side, the characters are displayed on the monitor by blue light emitted from the LEDs.

上記のような第3の受光素子8g−3の検出方式によれば、第3の受光素子8g−3による検出値が予め設定した基準値以下に低下した場合は、透光カバー3に汚損が生じていると判断できる。このため、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−2を発光(例えば、青色)させることにより、これを管理者が視認することにより、当該照明装置1の透光カバー3に汚損であることを把握でき、速やかな交換修理ができることとなる。   According to the detection method of the third light receiving element 8g-3 as described above, when the detection value by the third light receiving element 8g-3 falls below a preset reference value, the translucent cover 3 is soiled. It can be judged that it has occurred. For this reason, the indicator lighting circuit 8e is activated to cause the indicator 8e-2 to emit light (for example, blue), so that the manager visually recognizes this, so that the translucent cover 3 of the lighting device 1 is dirty. It will be possible to grasp the situation and promptly repair and repair.

このような判定動作は、第1番目の照明装置1との通信についての説明であるが、上記のような照明装置1との一連の通信が終了した後、第2番目以降の各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作が行われる。
即ち、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、第1番目の照明装置1の上記動作が終了した後、第2番目以降の照明装置1に対して、所定のタイミングにて各照明装置1に対して順次ポーリングして、上記同様にステップS−1以下と同様の動作を行う。
Such a determination operation is an explanation of communication with the first lighting device 1, but after the series of communication with the lighting device 1 as described above is completed, each of the second and subsequent lighting devices 1. The same determination operation is performed for.
That is, after the above-described operation of the first lighting device 1 is completed from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV, the second lighting device 1 and subsequent lighting devices 1 with respect to each lighting device 1 at a predetermined timing. Polling is sequentially performed, and the same operation as step S-1 and the subsequent steps is performed in the same manner as described above.

また、他の方式として、第1番目の照明装置1との通信を開始してから所定の時間経過後に、第2番目の照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにし、以後第3番目、第4番目と続き、それ以外の各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにする。即ち、順次所定の時間間隔でもって、各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにすることができる。   As another method, the same determination operation is performed for the second lighting device 1 after a predetermined time has elapsed since the start of communication with the first lighting device 1, and the third time thereafter. The same determination operation is performed for each of the other lighting devices 1 following the fourth. That is, the same determination operation can be performed for each lighting device 1 sequentially at a predetermined time interval.

上記のような判定動作は、サーバSVの管理する地域の各照明装置1について行われるが、時間が経過して夜明けが近くなるにしたがって、照明装置1の周囲が明るくなり、照明装置1による照明が必要のない明るさになれば、光源部5を消灯状態する必要がある。周囲の明るさは常に第1の受光素子8g−1が検出しており、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出する照度データが、基準データよりも明るい場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がない。このため、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を消灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって、光源部5を消灯状態とする(ステップS−5)。   The determination operation as described above is performed for each lighting device 1 in the area managed by the server SV. As time passes and the daylight approaches, the surroundings of the lighting device 1 become brighter, and the lighting by the lighting device 1 is performed. If the brightness becomes unnecessary, the light source unit 5 needs to be turned off. The surrounding lightness is always detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1, and when the illuminance data detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1 is brighter than the reference data, it is necessary to turn on the light source unit 5. There is no. For this reason, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning off the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and emits light from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns off the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-5).

上記いずれの場合でも、管理センタのサーバSVで管理するその地域の多数の照明装置1の保守点検を簡便に行うためには、その作業者がサーバSVと無線通信可能な端末機器を所持する。このため、管理センタのサーバSVで管理する情報(データ)は、その地域の保守点検を行う作業者が有する端末機器へ随時送信され、作業者は端末機器の表示部で受信した情報を確認できる。   In any of the above cases, in order to easily perform maintenance and inspection of a large number of lighting devices 1 in the area managed by the server SV of the management center, the worker possesses a terminal device capable of wireless communication with the server SV. For this reason, the information (data) managed by the server SV of the management center is transmitted as needed to the terminal device possessed by the operator who performs maintenance and inspection in the area, and the worker can confirm the information received on the display unit of the terminal device. .

この場合、サーバSVから端末機器へ送信された情報が、例えば上記のように、ステップS−3における故障情報であれば、それが端末機器へ送信され、作業者はその情報を確認して、該当する第1番目の照明装置1の点検修理を行う。第1番目の照明装置1の修理が終了し正常に復帰したときは、その旨を作業者が端末機器からサーバSVへ通信し、管理センタでは、モニタ等にて確認する。   In this case, if the information transmitted from the server SV to the terminal device is the failure information in step S-3 as described above, for example, it is transmitted to the terminal device, and the operator confirms the information, Inspect and repair the corresponding first lighting device 1. When the repair of the first lighting device 1 is completed and returns to normal, the operator communicates to that effect from the terminal device to the server SV, and the management center confirms it on a monitor or the like.

また、ステップS−9における故障判別演算でのエラーの故障情報についても、上記ステップS−3における故障情報と同様に、作業者の端末機器との通信が行われ、作業者の端末機器の表示部に、照明装置1のナンバーや位置情報等と共に故障表示される。   In addition, the failure information of the error in the failure determination calculation in step S-9 is also communicated with the operator's terminal device in the same manner as the failure information in step S-3, and the display of the operator's terminal device is displayed. The failure display is performed together with the number and position information of the lighting device 1 on the section.

所定地域に多数の照明装置1を設置した場合、少なくとも、それらの照明装置1の点灯と消灯の制御と、光源部5が正規の発光状態(正常)か否かの判定を行うことにより、この所定地域の多数の照明装置1の保守管理を適正に行うことが望まれる。   When a large number of lighting devices 1 are installed in a predetermined area, at least the lighting device 1 is turned on and off, and whether the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state (normal) or not is determined. It is desirable to properly perform maintenance management of a large number of lighting devices 1 in a predetermined area.

その場合、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗の検出と、光源部5の発光状態の検出とを行うことにより、照明装置1の点灯制御と発光不良状態の確認ができ、これによって、所定地域に設置された多数の照明装置1の点灯と消灯の制御と、光源部5が正規の発光状態(正常)か否かの判定を行うことができる。   In that case, the lighting control of the lighting device 1 and the light emission failure state can be confirmed by detecting the light and darkness outside the main body of the lighting device 1 and detecting the light emission state of the light source unit 5, and thereby, in a predetermined area. It is possible to control the turning on and off of a large number of installed lighting devices 1 and determine whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state (normal).

上記の場合、照明装置1は、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1と、光源部5の発光の状態を検出する第2の受光素子8g−2と、透光カバー3から出射された照明光を検出する第3の受光素子8g−3とを備えており、これらの測定に基づき、個々の照明装置1の正常状態を判定する。しかし、少なくとも、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1と、光源部5の発光の状態を検出する第2の受光素子8g−2とを設け、上記のように、これらの測定に基づき、個々の照明装置1の正常状態を判定することにより、この所定地域の多数の照明装置1の保守管理を適正に行うことができる。この場合、透光カバー3から出射された照明光を検出する第3の受光素子8g−3は、オプションで追加可能とすればよい。   In the above case, the illuminating device 1 includes a first light receiving element 8g-1 that detects light and darkness outside the main body of the illuminating device 1, a second light receiving element 8g-2 that detects a light emission state of the light source unit 5, and A third light receiving element 8g-3 for detecting the illumination light emitted from the translucent cover 3 is provided, and the normal state of each lighting device 1 is determined based on these measurements. However, at least a first light receiving element 8g-1 for detecting the brightness outside the main body of the illumination device 1 and a second light receiving element 8g-2 for detecting the light emission state of the light source unit 5 are provided, as described above. Moreover, by determining the normal state of each lighting device 1 based on these measurements, maintenance management of a large number of lighting devices 1 in this predetermined area can be properly performed. In this case, the third light receiving element 8g-3 that detects the illumination light emitted from the translucent cover 3 may be optionally added.

更に、本発明では、上記のように、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1と、光源部5の発光の状態を検出する第2の受光素子8g−2とを設ける技術に替わる技術して、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗の検出と、光源部5の発光状態の検出を単一の素子によって検出する技術を提供する。   Further, in the present invention, as described above, the first light receiving element 8g-1 for detecting the brightness outside the main body of the illumination device 1, and the second light receiving element 8g-2 for detecting the light emission state of the light source unit 5. As a technique that replaces the technique for providing the light source, a technique for detecting the light and darkness outside the main body of the lighting device 1 and the light emission state of the light source unit 5 by a single element is provided.

照明装置1の機体外部の明暗の検出と、光源部5の発光状態の検出とを、単一の素子によって検出するために、光源部5の発光の状態を検出する第2の受光素子8g−2が、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1を兼用するようにする。
即ち、第1の受光素子8g−1を省略し、第2の受光素子8g−2によって、光源部5の発光の状態と、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗の双方を検出するようにする。このため、上記では、第2の受光素子8g−2には遮光板15を装着しているが、これを省き、第2の受光素子8g−2が、光源部5に発光による照度と照明装置1の周囲の照度との総合照度を検出できるようにする。透光カバー3から出射された照明光を検出する第3の受光素子8g−3は、オプションで追加可能とすればよい。
A second light receiving element 8g- for detecting the light emission state of the light source unit 5 in order to detect the light and darkness outside the body of the lighting device 1 and the detection of the light emission state of the light source unit 5 by a single element. 2 also serves as the first light receiving element 8g-1 for detecting the brightness of the illumination apparatus 1 outside the main body.
In other words, the first light receiving element 8g-1 is omitted, and the second light receiving element 8g-2 detects both the light emission state of the light source unit 5 and the brightness outside the main body of the illumination device 1. Therefore, in the above description, the light-shielding plate 15 is attached to the second light-receiving element 8g-2, but this is omitted, and the second light-receiving element 8g-2 causes the light source unit 5 to emit light and emit illumination. The total illuminance with the illuminance around 1 can be detected. The third light receiving element 8g-3 that detects the illumination light emitted from the translucent cover 3 may be optionally added.

この場合、光源部5の発光素子5aであるLEDから発する光は、指向性があるため、第2の受光素子8g−2の向きによって検出精度が変化する。このため、発光素子5aから発する光を積極的に第2の受光素子8g−2で検出するために、照明装置1が有する街路等を照明する本来の照明効果を損なわないように、発光素子5aが発する光の通路の一部にリフレクタを配置する。これによって、発光素子5aが発する光をリフレクタで反射させ、第2の受光素子8g−2へ反射させることによって、第2の受光素子8g−2は発光素子5aの発する光を的確に検出できる。   In this case, since the light emitted from the LED that is the light emitting element 5a of the light source unit 5 has directivity, the detection accuracy varies depending on the direction of the second light receiving element 8g-2. For this reason, in order to positively detect the light emitted from the light emitting element 5a by the second light receiving element 8g-2, the light emitting element 5a is provided so as not to impair the original lighting effect of illuminating the streets and the like of the lighting device 1. A reflector is arranged in a part of the light path from which light is emitted. As a result, the light emitted from the light emitting element 5a can be accurately detected by reflecting the light emitted from the light emitting element 5a by the reflector and reflecting it to the second light receiving element 8g-2.

また、太陽光は指向性がないため、照明装置1の周囲の明るさは略均一状態となり、第2の受光素子8g−2は、照明装置1の周囲の明るさを検出できる。   Moreover, since sunlight has no directivity, the brightness around the lighting device 1 is substantially uniform, and the second light receiving element 8g-2 can detect the brightness around the lighting device 1.

この場合、情報処理部JのメモリMO1には、基準データとして、周囲の明るさが次第に低下して所定の暗さになるときの第1基準値K1と、光源部5が正規の点灯状態となったときの第2基準値K2と、光源部5が正規の点灯状態において照明装置1の周囲の明るさが次第に上昇して所定の明るさになったときの第3基準値K3と、光源部5が消灯状態のときの第4基準値K4と、を設定しておく。   In this case, in the memory MO1 of the information processing unit J, as the reference data, the first reference value K1 when the ambient brightness gradually decreases to a predetermined darkness, and the light source unit 5 is in a normal lighting state. The second reference value K2 when the light source unit 5 becomes normal, the third reference value K3 when the brightness of the surroundings of the lighting device 1 gradually increases to a predetermined brightness when the light source unit 5 is in the normal lighting state, and the light source A fourth reference value K4 when the unit 5 is in the off state is set.

先ず第1番目の照明装置1との通信について、図14及び図15に基づいて説明する。
情報処理部Jは時間を含む演算を行うが、情報処理部Jからの制御信号によって、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、第1番目の照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ所定のタイミングにて順次ポーリングし(ステップS−1)、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1と照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2との間の通信確認を行う(ステップS−2)。この通信確認によって、照明装置1との間に通信エラーが生じた場合は、そのエラーが生じた照明装置1に対応する故障報知をブザーやLED発光等によって行う(ステップS−3)。この故障報知は、サーバSV側のモニタ上に文字やLEDの赤色発光等によって表示する。
First, communication with the first lighting device 1 will be described with reference to FIGS. 14 and 15.
The information processing unit J performs an operation including time, but by a control signal from the information processing unit J, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV transfers to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the first lighting device 1 at a predetermined timing. Polling is sequentially performed (step S-1), and communication is confirmed between the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV and the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the illumination device 1 (step S-2). If a communication error occurs with the lighting device 1 due to this communication confirmation, failure notification corresponding to the lighting device 1 in which the error has occurred is performed by a buzzer, LED light emission, or the like (step S-3). This failure notification is displayed on the monitor on the server SV side by letters, red LED light emission, or the like.

ステップS−2で行う通信確認が正常であれば、周囲照度確認を行う(ステップS−4)。この周囲照度確認は、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ周囲照度確認を指示し、無線送受信部MS2から周囲環境照度測定手段の機能を兼用する光源照度測定手段BSへ測定指示を行うと共に、発光制御部HCへ制御指示を行う。このため、光源照度測定手段BSは、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値に基づく照度情報を発光制御部HCへ送り、発光制御部HCは光源部5が点灯か消灯かの光源状態情報を無線送受信部MS2へ送り、その情報が無線送受信部MS2から無線送受信部MS1へ送信され、情報処理部JにてメモリMO1の第1基準値K1と比較される(ステップS−4)。   If the communication confirmation performed in step S-2 is normal, ambient illuminance confirmation is performed (step S-4). In this ambient illuminance confirmation, the wireless transmitter / receiver MS1 of the server SV instructs the wireless transmitter / receiver MS2 of the lighting device 1 to check the ambient illuminance, and the wireless transmitter / receiver MS2 also functions as the ambient environment illuminance measuring means BS. A measurement instruction is sent to the light emission control unit HC. Therefore, the light source illuminance measuring means BS sends illuminance information based on the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 to the light emission control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC is light source state information indicating whether the light source unit 5 is turned on or off. Is transmitted from the wireless transceiver unit MS2 to the wireless transceiver unit MS1, and is compared with the first reference value K1 of the memory MO1 by the information processing unit J (step S-4).

この比較によって、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する照度データが、第1基準値K1よりも明るい場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がない。このため、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を消灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって、光源部5を消灯状態とする(ステップS−5)。   As a result of this comparison, when the illuminance data detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is brighter than the first reference value K1, it is not necessary to turn on the light source unit 5. For this reason, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning off the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and emits light from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns off the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-5).

光源部5が消灯状態であれば、再びステップS−1から順次ステップS−4までの動作が繰り返され、周囲照度確認が行われる。   If the light source unit 5 is turned off, the operations from step S-1 to step S-4 are repeated again, and the ambient illuminance confirmation is performed.

一方、上記のような第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値に基づく光源状態情報とメモリMO1の第1基準値K1と比較によって、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する照度データが、第1基準値K1よりも暗い場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がある。この場合は、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を点灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって光源部5を点灯状態とする(ステップS−6)。   On the other hand, illuminance data detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is obtained by comparing the light source state information based on the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 as described above with the first reference value K1 of the memory MO1. When it is darker than the first reference value K1, it is necessary to turn on the light source unit 5. In this case, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning on the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the light emission control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns on the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-6).

光源部5が正規の点灯状態において、次いで光源照度測定を行う(ステップS−7)。この光源照度測定は、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ光源部5が正規の発光状態であるか否かの測定を行うものであり、無線送受信部MS1から光源照度測定を指示する制御信号が無線送受信部MS2へ送られる。それに基づき、無線送受信部MS2は、光源照度測定手段BSへ測定指示を行い、光源照度測定手段BSは、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値に基づく照度情報を発光制御部HCと無線送受信部MS2へ送る。この照度情報は無線送受信部MS1へ送られ、情報処理部JにてメモリMO1の第2基準値K2と比較される(ステップS−8)。   When the light source unit 5 is in the normal lighting state, light source illuminance measurement is then performed (step S-7). This light source illuminance measurement is to measure whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the illumination device 1, and from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the light source A control signal instructing illuminance measurement is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. Based on this, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 issues a measurement instruction to the light source illuminance measurement unit BS, and the light source illuminance measurement unit BS wirelessly transmits / receives illuminance information based on the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 to the light emission control unit HC. Send to part MS2. This illuminance information is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1, and is compared with the second reference value K2 of the memory MO1 by the information processing unit J (step S-8).

この比較によって、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する明るさが、第2基準値K2よりも明るい場合は、光源部5が正規の発光状態(正常)であると判断され、再びステップS−1から順次ステップS−8までの動作が繰り返され、光源部5が正規の発光状態か否かの判別が行われる。   As a result of this comparison, when the brightness detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is brighter than the second reference value K2, it is determined that the light source unit 5 is in the normal light emission state (normal), and step S is again performed. -1 to Step S-8 are sequentially repeated, and it is determined whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state.

一方、上記のような第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値に基づく照度情報とメモリMO1の第2基準値K2との比較によって、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する明るさのデータが、第2基準値K2よりも暗い場合は、光源部5が正規の発光状態でない、所謂故障と判断され、その故障が生じた照明装置1に対応する故障報知は、ブザーやLED発光等によって行う(ステップS−9)。この故障報知は、照明装置1においては、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−1を発光(例えば、赤色)させる。また、サーバSV側では、モニタ上に文字やLEDの赤色発光等によって表示する。   On the other hand, brightness data detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is obtained by comparing the illuminance information based on the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 as described above with the second reference value K2 of the memory MO1. However, when it is darker than the second reference value K2, it is determined that the light source unit 5 is not in a normal light emission state, that is, a so-called failure, and a failure notification corresponding to the lighting device 1 in which the failure has occurred is caused by a buzzer, LED light emission, or the like. Perform (step S-9). In the lighting device 1, this failure notification activates the indicator lighting circuit 8e to cause the indicator 8e-1 to emit light (for example, red). On the server SV side, the characters are displayed on the monitor by red light emission of LEDs or the like.

このような判定動作は、第1番目の照明装置1との通信についての説明であるが、上記のような照明装置1との一連の通信が終了した後、第2番目以降の各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作が行われる。
即ち、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、第1番目の照明装置1の上記動作が終了した後、第2番目以降の照明装置1に対して、所定のタイミングにて各照明装置1に対して順次ポーリングして、上記同様にステップS−1以下と同様の動作を行う。
Such a determination operation is an explanation of communication with the first lighting device 1, but after the series of communication with the lighting device 1 as described above is completed, each of the second and subsequent lighting devices 1. The same determination operation is performed for.
That is, after the above-described operation of the first lighting device 1 is completed from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV, the second lighting device 1 and subsequent lighting devices 1 with respect to each lighting device 1 at a predetermined timing. Polling is sequentially performed, and the same operation as step S-1 and the subsequent steps is performed in the same manner as described above.

また、他の方式として、第1番目の照明装置1との通信を開始してから所定の時間経過後に、第2番目の照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにし、以後第3番目の照明装置1、第4番目の照明装置1と順次続き、それ以外の各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにする。即ち、順次所定の時間間隔でもって、各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにすることができる。   As another method, the same determination operation is performed for the second lighting device 1 after a predetermined time has elapsed since the start of communication with the first lighting device 1, and the third time thereafter. The lighting device 1 and the fourth lighting device 1 are sequentially followed, and the same determination operation is performed for each of the other lighting devices 1. That is, the same determination operation can be performed for each lighting device 1 sequentially at a predetermined time interval.

上記のような判定動作は、サーバSVの管理する地域の各照明装置1について行われるが、時間が経過して夜明けが近くなるにしたがって、照明装置1の周囲が明るくなり、照明装置1による照明が必要のない明るさになれば、光源部5を消灯状態する必要がある。この方式では、光源部5の発光の状態を検出する第2の受光素子8g−2が、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1を兼用するため、周囲の明るさは常に第2の受光素子8g−2が検出している。このため、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する明るさが第3基準値K3よりも明るい場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がない。このため、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を消灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって光源部5を消灯状態とする(ステップS−5)。光源部5が消灯状態か否かの判定は、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出する照度データが第4基準値K4よりも低いことにより、光源部5が消灯状態であると判定する。   The determination operation as described above is performed for each lighting device 1 in the area managed by the server SV. As time passes and the daylight approaches, the surroundings of the lighting device 1 become brighter, and the lighting by the lighting device 1 is performed. If the brightness becomes unnecessary, the light source unit 5 needs to be turned off. In this method, since the second light receiving element 8g-2 that detects the light emission state of the light source unit 5 also serves as the first light receiving element 8g-1 that detects light and darkness outside the main body of the illumination device 1, The brightness is always detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2. For this reason, when the brightness detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is brighter than the third reference value K3, it is not necessary to turn on the light source unit 5. For this reason, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning off the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and emits light from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns off the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-5). Whether or not the light source unit 5 is in the off state is determined by determining that the light source unit 5 is in the off state when the illuminance data detected by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is lower than the fourth reference value K4.

サーバSV側には、サーバSVの管理する地域の照明装置1ごとに、正常か非正常(故障)かの報知が、モニタ上の表示部に表示される。そして、これらの報知情報が、作業者が所持する端末機器へ送信され、作業者の端末機器の表示部に、照明装置1のナンバーや位置情報等と共に表示される。このため、作業者は、その表示を見て故障の照明装置1の点検修理を行うことができる。   On the server SV side, for each lighting device 1 in the area managed by the server SV, notification of normal or abnormal (failure) is displayed on the display unit on the monitor. These pieces of notification information are transmitted to the terminal device possessed by the worker, and displayed on the display unit of the worker's terminal device together with the number and position information of the lighting device 1. For this reason, the worker can check and repair the faulty lighting device 1 while viewing the display.

更に、本発明では、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗の検出と、光源部5の発光状態の検出とを、単一の素子によって検出する方式として、他の技術を提供する。
即ち、照明装置1の本体外部の明暗の検出と光源部5の発光状態の検出とを、第3の受光素子8g−3によって検出する技術を提供する。
Furthermore, in the present invention, another technique is provided as a method for detecting light and darkness outside the main body of the illumination device 1 and detection of the light emission state of the light source unit 5 by a single element.
That is, there is provided a technique for detecting the light / darkness outside the main body of the illumination device 1 and the light emission state of the light source unit 5 by the third light receiving element 8g-3.

光源部5が正規の点灯状態において、透光カバー3を透過した照度測定を行い、透光カバー3の汚れや蜘蛛の巣などによる透過光の減衰状態を測定することができる。このような透光カバー透過照度測定は、上記の光源部5が正規の発光状態であるか否かの測定も可能である。   When the light source unit 5 is in a normal lighting state, the illuminance measurement transmitted through the light-transmitting cover 3 can be performed, and the attenuation state of the transmitted light due to dirt or spider webs of the light-transmitting cover 3 can be measured. Such a translucent cover transmission illuminance measurement can also measure whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state.

この場合、情報処理部JのメモリMO1には、基準データとして、周囲の明るさが次第に低下して所定の暗さになるときの第1基準値Q1と、光源部5が正規の点灯状態であるときの透光カバー3を透過した照度を第2基準値Q2と、光源部5が正規の点灯状態において照明装置1の周囲の明るさが次第に上昇して所定の明るさになったときの第3基準値Q3と、光源部5が消灯状態のときの第4基準値Q4と、を設定しておく。   In this case, in the memory MO1 of the information processing unit J, as the reference data, the first reference value Q1 when the ambient brightness gradually decreases to a predetermined darkness, and the light source unit 5 in the normal lighting state. The illuminance transmitted through the translucent cover 3 at a certain time is the second reference value Q2, and the brightness around the lighting device 1 gradually increases to a predetermined brightness when the light source unit 5 is in a normal lighting state. A third reference value Q3 and a fourth reference value Q4 when the light source unit 5 is turned off are set in advance.

先ず第1番目の照明装置1との通信について、図14及び図15に基づいて説明する。
サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、第1番目の照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ所定のタイミングにて順次ポーリングし(ステップS−1)、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1と照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2との間の通信確認を行う(ステップS−2)。この通信確認によって、照明装置1との間に通信エラーが生じた場合は、そのエラーが生じた照明装置1に対応する故障報知をブザーやLED発光等によって行う(ステップS−3)。この故障報知は、サーバSV側のモニタ上に文字やLEDの赤色発光等によって表示する。
First, communication with the first lighting device 1 will be described with reference to FIGS. 14 and 15.
The wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV sequentially polls the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the first lighting device 1 at a predetermined timing (step S-1). Communication confirmation with the transmission / reception part MS2 is performed (step S-2). If a communication error occurs with the lighting device 1 due to this communication confirmation, failure notification corresponding to the lighting device 1 in which the error has occurred is performed by a buzzer, LED light emission, or the like (step S-3). This failure notification is displayed on the monitor on the server SV side by letters, red LED light emission, or the like.

ステップS−2で行う通信確認が正常であれば、周囲照度確認を行う(ステップS−4)。この周囲照度確認は、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ周囲照度確認を指示し、無線送受信部MS2から周囲環境照度測定手段の機能を兼用する透光カバー透過照度手段CSへ測定指示を行うと共に、発光制御部HCへ制御指示を行う。このため、周囲環境照度測定手段ASは、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値に基づく照度情報を発光制御部HCへ送り、発光制御部HCは光源部5が点灯か消灯かの光源状態情報を無線送受信部MS2へ送り、その情報が無線送受信部MS2から無線送受信部MS1へ送信され、情報処理部JにてメモリMO1の第1基準値Q1と比較される(ステップS−4)。   If the communication confirmation performed in step S-2 is normal, ambient illuminance confirmation is performed (step S-4). The ambient illuminance confirmation is performed by instructing the ambient illuminance confirmation from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and the translucent cover transmission illuminance that also functions as the ambient environment illuminance measurement means from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. A measurement instruction is given to the means CS and a control instruction is given to the light emission controller HC. Therefore, the ambient environment illuminance measurement means AS sends illuminance information based on the detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3 to the light emission control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC determines the light source state of whether the light source unit 5 is turned on or off. The information is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2, the information is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1, and is compared with the first reference value Q1 of the memory MO1 by the information processing unit J (step S-4).

この比較によって、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する明るさが、第1基準値Q1よりも明るい場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がない。このため、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を消灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって、光源部5を消灯状態とする(ステップS−5)。   According to this comparison, when the brightness detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is brighter than the first reference value Q1, it is not necessary to turn on the light source unit 5. For this reason, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning off the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and emits light from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns off the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-5).

光源部5が消灯状態であれば、再びステップS−1から順次ステップS−4までの動作が繰り返され、周囲照度確認が行われる。   If the light source unit 5 is turned off, the operations from step S-1 to step S-4 are repeated again, and the ambient illuminance confirmation is performed.

一方、上記のような第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値に基づく光源状態情報とメモリMO1の第1基準値Q1と比較によって、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する明るさが、第1基準値Q1よりも暗い場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がある。この場合は、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を点灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって光源部5を点灯状態とする(ステップS−6)。   On the other hand, by comparing the light source state information based on the detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3 as described above and the first reference value Q1 of the memory MO1, the brightness detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is: When it is darker than the first reference value Q1, it is necessary to turn on the light source unit 5. In this case, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning on the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the light emission control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns on the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-6).

光源部5が正規の点灯状態において、次いで光源照度測定を行う(ステップS−7)。この光源照度測定は、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ光源部5が正規の発光状態であるか否かの測定を行うものであり、無線送受信部MS1から光源照度測定を指示する制御信号が無線送受信部MS2へ送られる。それに基づき、無線送受信部MS2は、透光カバー透過照度手段CSへ測定指示を行い、透光カバー透過照度手段CSは、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値に基づく照度情報を発光制御部HCと無線送受信部MS2へ送る。この照度情報は無線送受信部MS1へ送られ、情報処理部JにてメモリMO1の第2基準値Q2と比較される(ステップS−8)。   When the light source unit 5 is in the normal lighting state, light source illuminance measurement is then performed (step S-7). This light source illuminance measurement is to measure whether or not the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the illumination device 1, and from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the light source A control signal instructing illuminance measurement is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. Based on this, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 issues a measurement instruction to the translucent cover transmission illuminance means CS, and the translucent cover transmission illuminance means CS transmits illuminance information based on the detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3 to the light emission control unit. The data is sent to the HC and the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This illuminance information is sent to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1, and is compared with the second reference value Q2 of the memory MO1 by the information processing unit J (step S-8).

この比較によって、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する明るさが、第2基準値Q2よりも明るい場合は、光源部5が正規の発光状態(正常)であり、且つ透光カバー3の汚損程度が許容範囲であると判断され、再びステップS−1から順次ステップS−8までの動作が繰り返され、光源部5が正規の発光状態か否か、及び透光カバー3の汚損程度が許容範囲であるか否かの判別が行われる。   As a result of this comparison, when the brightness detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is brighter than the second reference value Q2, the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emitting state (normal), and the light transmitting cover 3 It is determined that the degree of contamination is within the allowable range, and the operations from step S-1 to step S-8 are repeated again, and whether or not the light source unit 5 is in the normal light emission state and the degree of contamination of the translucent cover 3 are determined. It is determined whether or not it is within an allowable range.

一方、上記のような第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値に基づく照度情報とメモリMO1の第2基準値Q2との比較によって、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する明るさが、第2基準値Q2よりも暗い場合は、光源部5が正規の発光状態でないか、透光カバー3の汚損程度が許容範囲でないとの判断、所謂故障と判断され、その故障が生じた照明装置1に対応する故障報知は、ブザーやLED発光等によって行う(ステップS−9)。この故障報知は、照明装置1においては、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−2を発光(例えば、青色)させる。また、サーバSV側では、モニタ上に文字やLEDの青色発光等によって表示する。   On the other hand, by comparing the illuminance information based on the detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3 as described above with the second reference value Q2 of the memory MO1, the brightness detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is: If it is darker than the second reference value Q2, it is determined that the light source unit 5 is not in a normal light emission state or the degree of contamination of the light-transmitting cover 3 is not within an allowable range, that is, a so-called failure. The failure notification corresponding to 1 is performed by a buzzer, LED light emission, or the like (step S-9). In the lighting device 1, this failure notification activates the indicator lighting circuit 8e to cause the indicator 8e-2 to emit light (for example, blue). On the server SV side, the characters are displayed on the monitor by blue light emitted from the LEDs.

このように、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出方式によれば、光源部5が正規の発光状態であるか、透光カバー3の汚損程度が許容範囲であるかの判断ができる。このため、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する明るさが、第2基準値Q2よりも暗い場合は、光源部5が正規の発光状態でないか、透光カバー3の汚損程度が許容範囲ではないと判断される。   As described above, according to the detection method of the third light receiving element 8g-3, it is possible to determine whether the light source unit 5 is in a normal light emission state or whether the degree of contamination of the translucent cover 3 is within an allowable range. For this reason, when the brightness detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is darker than the second reference value Q2, the light source unit 5 is not in a normal light emission state or the degree of contamination of the translucent cover 3 is within an allowable range. It is judged that it is not.

このような判定動作は、第1番目の照明装置1との通信についての説明であるが、上記のような照明装置1との一連の通信が終了した後、第2番目以降の照明装置1についても同様の判定動作が行われる。
即ち、サーバSVの無線送受信部MS1から、第1番目の照明装置1の上記動作が終了した後、第2番目以降の照明装置1に対して、所定のタイミングにて各照明装置1に対して順次ポーリングして、上記同様にステップS−1以下と同様の動作を行う。
Such a determination operation is an explanation of communication with the first lighting device 1, but after the series of communication with the lighting device 1 as described above is finished, the second and subsequent lighting devices 1 are used. A similar determination operation is performed.
That is, after the above-described operation of the first lighting device 1 is completed from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV, the second lighting device 1 and subsequent lighting devices 1 with respect to each lighting device 1 at a predetermined timing. Polling is sequentially performed, and the same operation as step S-1 and the subsequent steps is performed in the same manner as described above.

また、他の方式として、第1番目の照明装置1との通信を開始してから所定の時間経過後に、第2番目の照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにし、以後第3番目の照明装置1、第4番目の照明装置1と続き、各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにする。即ち、順次所定の時間間隔でもって、各照明装置1についても同様の判定動作を行うようにすることができる。   As another method, the same determination operation is performed for the second lighting device 1 after a predetermined time has elapsed since the start of communication with the first lighting device 1, and the third time thereafter. Next to the lighting device 1 and the fourth lighting device 1, the same determination operation is performed for each lighting device 1. That is, the same determination operation can be performed for each lighting device 1 sequentially at a predetermined time interval.

上記のような判定動作は、サーバSVの管理する地域の各照明装置1について行われるが、時間が経過して夜明けが近くなるにしたがって、照明装置1の周囲が明るくなり、照明装置1による照明が必要のない明るさになれば、光源部5を消灯状態する必要がある。周囲の明るさは常に第3の受光素子8g−3が検出しており、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する明るさが第3基準値Q3よりも明るい場合は、光源部5を点灯する必要がない。このため、第1番目の照明装置1の光源部5を消灯するための制御指示を、情報処理部Jが無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、無線送受信部MS2から発光制御部HCへそれが指示され、発光制御部HCは光源点灯回路8bによって光源部5を消灯状態とする(ステップS−5)。光源部5が消灯状態か否かの判定は、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出する照度データが第4基準値Q4よりも低いことにより、光源部5が消灯状態であると判定する。   The determination operation as described above is performed for each lighting device 1 in the area managed by the server SV. As time passes and the daylight approaches, the surroundings of the lighting device 1 become brighter, and the lighting by the lighting device 1 is performed. If the brightness becomes unnecessary, the light source unit 5 needs to be turned off. The ambient brightness is always detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3. When the brightness detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is brighter than the third reference value Q3, the light source unit 5 is turned on. There is no need to do. For this reason, the information processing unit J sends a control instruction for turning off the light source unit 5 of the first lighting device 1 from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and emits light from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2. This is instructed to the control unit HC, and the light emission control unit HC turns off the light source unit 5 by the light source lighting circuit 8b (step S-5). Whether or not the light source unit 5 is in the off state is determined by determining that the light source unit 5 is in the off state when the illuminance data detected by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is lower than the fourth reference value Q4.

サーバSV側には、サーバSVの管理する地域の照明装置1ごとに、正常か非正常かの報知が、モニタ上の表示部に表示される。そして、これらの報知情報が、作業者が所持する端末機器へ送信され、作業者の端末機器の表示部に、照明装置1のナンバーや位置情報等と共に表示される。このため、作業者は、その表示を見て故障の照明装置1の点検修理を行うことができる。   On the server SV side, for each lighting device 1 in the area managed by the server SV, notification of normal or abnormal is displayed on the display unit on the monitor. These pieces of notification information are transmitted to the terminal device possessed by the worker, and displayed on the display unit of the worker's terminal device together with the number and position information of the lighting device 1. For this reason, the worker can check and repair the faulty lighting device 1 while viewing the display.

上記のように、第2の受光素子8g−2によって、光源部5の発光状態の検出と、照明装置1の外部の明暗の双方を検出する方式は、各照明装置1自体でもって判定する方式とし、サーバSVで管理しない方式とすることも可能である。即ち、点滅制御回路8dに第1基準値K1〜第4基準値K4を予め設定しておき、第2の受光素子8g−2の検出値が、これら基準値との比較によって、上記同様の判定を行うことにより、光源部5の点灯・消灯制御や、故障報知を行い、故障報知は、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−1、またはインジケータ8e−2を発光させることにより行うことができる。   As described above, the method of detecting both the light emission state of the light source unit 5 and the lightness and darkness outside the illumination device 1 by the second light receiving element 8g-2 is determined by each illumination device 1 itself. It is also possible to adopt a method that is not managed by the server SV. That is, the first reference value K1 to the fourth reference value K4 are set in advance in the blinking control circuit 8d, and the detection value of the second light receiving element 8g-2 is determined in the same manner as described above by comparing with these reference values. By performing the above, lighting / extinguishing control of the light source unit 5 and failure notification are performed, and the failure notification is performed by starting the indicator lighting circuit 8e and causing the indicator 8e-1 or indicator 8e-2 to emit light. it can.

上記のように、第3の受光素子8g−3によって、照明装置1の外部の明暗の検出と、光源部5の発光状態の検出の双方を検出する方式は、各照明装置1自体でもって判定する方式とし、サーバSVで管理しない方式とすることも可能である。即ち、点滅制御回路8dに第1基準値Q1〜第4基準値Q4を予め設定しておき、第3の受光素子8g−3の検出値が、これら基準値との比較によって、上記同様の判定を行うことにより、光源部5の点灯・消灯制御や、故障報知を行い、故障報知は、インジケータ点灯回路8eを起動してインジケータ8e−1、またはインジケータ8e−2を発光させることにより行うことができる。   As described above, the method of detecting both the light and darkness detection outside the illumination device 1 and the detection of the light emission state of the light source unit 5 by the third light receiving element 8g-3 is determined by each illumination device 1 itself. It is also possible to adopt a method that is not managed by the server SV. That is, the first reference value Q1 to the fourth reference value Q4 are set in advance in the blinking control circuit 8d, and the detection value of the third light receiving element 8g-3 is determined in the same manner as described above by comparison with these reference values. By performing the above, lighting / extinguishing control of the light source unit 5 and failure notification are performed, and the failure notification is performed by starting the indicator lighting circuit 8e and causing the indicator 8e-1 or indicator 8e-2 to emit light. it can.

本発明では、照明装置1に蓄電池8fを備え、商用電源ACの供給が遮断されたとき、その電圧変化を発光制御部HCに備えたマイクロコンピュータMC2により検出して判定し、少なくとも無線送受信部MS2への電力供給を蓄電池8fから行うように切り替える。無線送受信部MS2は電力供給が商用電源ACから蓄電池8fへ切り替わったとき、その情報をサーバSVの無線送受信部MS1へ無線送信する。その情報は無線送受信部MS1から情報処理部Jへ送られ、情報処理部JはサーバSV側のモニタに、商用電源ACから蓄電池8fへ切り替わったことを表示する。また、これらの情報が、作業者が所持する端末機器へ送信され、その端末機器にも表示される。   In the present invention, when the lighting device 1 includes the storage battery 8f and the supply of the commercial power supply AC is cut off, the voltage change is detected and determined by the microcomputer MC2 provided in the light emission control unit HC, and at least the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 Is switched so as to supply power from the storage battery 8f. When the power supply is switched from the commercial power supply AC to the storage battery 8f, the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 wirelessly transmits the information to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV. The information is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the information processing unit J, and the information processing unit J displays on the monitor on the server SV side that the commercial power supply AC has been switched to the storage battery 8f. Also, these pieces of information are transmitted to the terminal device owned by the worker and displayed on the terminal device.

このため、いずれの照明装置1が、蓄電池8fに切り替わったかが把握でき、作業者は、その後への準備を含めた適切な対応ができる。   For this reason, it can be grasped which lighting device 1 has been switched to the storage battery 8f, and the operator can take appropriate measures including preparations thereafter.

また、サーバSVで複数の照明装置1を管轄する方式において、昼夜に係らず停電が生じると、上記のように、蓄電池8fの電源に切り替わる。その情報は照明装置1側の無線送受信部MS2からサーバSV側の無線送受信部MS1へ送信され、情報処理部Jへ送られる。照明装置1は夜間に必要であり、特に災害時等では停電時にも光源部5が点灯するようにすることが必要である。このため、この停電が昼間であっても夜間であっても、蓄電池8fの電源への切り替わりによって、情報処理部Jは、各照明装置1の光源部5を蓄電池8fの電源によって点灯するように、制御信号をサーバSV側の無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2に送信し、発光制御部HCによって各照明装置1の光源部5を強制的に一斉点灯する。この方式は、制御を簡素化することにも繋がる。   Further, in the system in which the plurality of lighting devices 1 are managed by the server SV, when a power failure occurs regardless of day or night, the power source of the storage battery 8f is switched as described above. The information is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 on the lighting device 1 side to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 on the server SV side and sent to the information processing unit J. The illuminating device 1 is necessary at night, and it is necessary to turn on the light source unit 5 even at the time of a power failure, especially at the time of a disaster. For this reason, even if this blackout is daytime or nighttime, the information processing part J turns on the light source part 5 of each illuminating device 1 by the power supply of the storage battery 8f by switching to the power supply of the storage battery 8f. The control signal is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 on the server SV side to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and the light source control unit HC forcibly turns on the light source units 5 of the respective lighting devices 1 simultaneously. This method also leads to simplified control.

このような停電が昼間に生じた場合、光源部5を強制点灯するため、停電時間が長時間に及べば強制点灯時間が長時間に亘り、蓄電池8fの電力が消耗してしまい、必要な夜間点灯ができない状態となる虞がある。   When such a power outage occurs in the daytime, the light source unit 5 is forcibly turned on. Therefore, if the power outage time lasts for a long time, the power for the storage battery 8f is consumed over a long time. There is a risk that it will not be possible to light at night.

本発明は、このようなことを解決するために、各照明装置1の外部環境の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1の照度情報を有効活用する方式を提供する。以下、その方式を説明する。   In order to solve such a problem, the present invention provides a method for effectively utilizing the illuminance information of the first light receiving element 8g-1 for detecting the brightness of the external environment of each lighting device 1. The method will be described below.

本発明において、光源部5を備えた照明装置1は、照明装置1の外部環境の明暗を検出する第1の受光素子8g−1と、光源部5の点灯及び消灯を制御する発光制御部HCと、照度情報を送信する第1の無線送受信部MS2とを備える。
また、照明装置1の複数を管轄するサーバSVを備え、サーバSVは、第1の無線送受信部MS2とで信号の送受信する第2の無線送受信部MS1と、第2の無線送受信部MS1が受信する適宜の照度情報とメモリMO1の基準情報とを比較する情報処理部Jとを備える。
そして、夕方や夜間等のように照明装置1の外部環境の照度が低下する状況では照明装置1を点灯制御し、朝方のように照明装置1の外部環境の照度が上昇する状況では照明装置1を消灯制御することとなる。
In the present invention, the illuminating device 1 including the light source unit 5 includes a first light receiving element 8 g-1 that detects the brightness of the external environment of the illuminating device 1, and a light emission control unit HC that controls lighting and extinction of the light source unit 5. And a first wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 that transmits illuminance information.
Moreover, the server SV which has jurisdiction over two or more of the illuminating devices 1 is provided, and server SV receives 2nd radio | wireless transmission / reception part MS1 which transmits / receives a signal with 1st radio | wireless transmission / reception part MS2, and 2nd radio | wireless transmission / reception part MS1 receives. And an information processing unit J that compares the appropriate illuminance information with the reference information of the memory MO1.
The lighting device 1 is controlled to be turned on when the illuminance of the external environment of the lighting device 1 is reduced, such as in the evening or at night, and the lighting device 1 is controlled when the illuminance of the external environment of the lighting device 1 is increased as in the morning. Is controlled to be turned off.

この場合、情報処理部Jは、それぞれの照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報の平均値を演算し、この平均値とメモリMO1の基準情報を比較し、この比較が所定の条件を満たしているか否かによって、それぞれの照明装置1の光源部5を点灯状態とするか消灯状態とするかの制御指示を、第2の無線送受信部MS1からそれぞれの照明装置1の第1の送受信部MS2へ送り、それぞれの照明装置1の発光制御部HCが光源部5を点灯状態とするか消灯状態とするかの制御を行う。   In this case, the information processing unit J calculates the average value of the illuminance information obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 of each lighting device 1, compares the average value with the reference information in the memory MO1, and compares this comparison value. The second wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 gives a control instruction to turn on or off the light source unit 5 of each lighting device 1 depending on whether or not the lighting device 1 satisfies a predetermined condition. To the first transmission / reception unit MS2, the light emission control unit HC of each lighting device 1 controls whether the light source unit 5 is turned on or off.

具体的には、夕方や夜間等のように照明装置の外部環境の照度が低下する状況では、照明装置を点灯制御することとなる。
この場合は、情報処理部Jは、それぞれの照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報の平均値を演算し、この平均値とメモリMO1の基準情報を比較し、平均値が基準情報を満たしておれば(具体的には、平均値が基準照度を下回っておれば)、各照明装置1の光源部5を点灯状態とすべく制御指示を、第2の無線送受信部MS1からそれぞれの照明装置1の第1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、それぞれの照明装置1の発光制御部HCが光源部5を点灯状態とする。しかしまだ平均値が基準情報を満たさない場合は、照明装置1の光源部5を消灯状態に維持すべく制御指示を、第2の無線送受信部MS1からそれぞれの照明装置1の第1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、それぞれの照明装置1の発光制御部HCが光源部5を消灯状態に維持する。
Specifically, in a situation where the illuminance of the external environment of the lighting device decreases, such as in the evening or at night, the lighting device is controlled to be turned on.
In this case, the information processing unit J calculates the average value of the illuminance information obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 of each lighting device 1, compares the average value with the reference information in the memory MO1, and calculates the average If the value satisfies the reference information (specifically, if the average value is lower than the reference illuminance), a control instruction is issued to turn on the light source unit 5 of each lighting device 1 and the second wireless transmission / reception is performed. The light is transmitted from the unit MS1 to the first wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of each lighting device 1, and the light emission control unit HC of each lighting device 1 turns on the light source unit 5. However, if the average value still does not satisfy the reference information, a control instruction is issued from the second wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to maintain the light source unit 5 of the lighting device 1 in the extinguished state. The light emission control unit HC of each lighting device 1 maintains the light source unit 5 in the extinguished state.

また、朝方等のように照明装置1の外部環境の照度が上昇する状況では、照明装置1を消灯制御することとなる。
この場合は、情報処理部Jは、それぞれの照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報の平均値を演算し、この平均値とメモリMO1の基準情報を比較し、前記平均値が前記基準情報を満たしておれば(具体的には、平均値が基準照度を上回わるか以上であれば)、各照明装置1の光源部5を消灯状態とすべく制御指示を、第2無線の送受信部MS1からそれぞれの照明装置1の第1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、それぞれの照明装置1の発光制御部HCが光源部5を消灯状態とする。しかしまだ平均値が基準情報を満たさない場合は、照明装置1の光源部5を点灯状態に維持すべく制御指示を、第2の無線送受信部MS1からそれぞれの照明装置1の第1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、それぞれの照明装置1の発光制御部HCが光源部5を点灯状態に維持する。
Moreover, in the situation where the illuminance of the external environment of the lighting device 1 increases, such as in the morning, the lighting device 1 is controlled to be turned off.
In this case, the information processing unit J calculates the average value of the illuminance information obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 of each lighting device 1, compares the average value with the reference information of the memory MO1, If the average value satisfies the reference information (specifically, if the average value exceeds or exceeds the reference illuminance), a control instruction is issued to turn off the light source unit 5 of each lighting device 1. Then, the second wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 sends the light to the first wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and the light emission control unit HC of each lighting device 1 turns off the light source unit 5. However, if the average value still does not satisfy the reference information, a control instruction is issued from the second wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to maintain the light source unit 5 of the lighting device 1 in the lighting state. The light emission control unit HC of each lighting device 1 maintains the light source unit 5 in the lighting state.

このような制御において、前記平均値は、それぞれの照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度のなかで、最上値と最下値とを削除した残りの照度の平均値をとる。これによって、異常の高い照度や、異常に低い照度を除外でき、平均値として好ましい値が得られる。   In such control, the average value is the average value of the remaining illuminances obtained by deleting the highest value and the lowest value among the illuminances obtained from the first light receiving elements 8g-1 of the respective lighting devices 1. . Accordingly, abnormally high illuminance and abnormally low illuminance can be excluded, and a preferable value can be obtained as an average value.

これによって、各照明装置1の有する第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報の平均値と基準情報と比較することによって、サーバSVによって管轄される複数照明装置1を一斉点灯または一斉消灯することができる。
このため、各照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から、その地域の外部環境の明暗情報をサーバSV側で把握できるため、管轄する複数照明装置1の一斉点灯及び一斉消灯の制御ができ、その地域の照明制御を的確に行うことができる。
Thus, by comparing the average value of the illuminance information obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 included in each lighting device 1 with the reference information, the plurality of lighting devices 1 managed by the server SV are turned on or off simultaneously. can do.
For this reason, since the server SV side can grasp the brightness / darkness information of the external environment in the area from the first light receiving element 8g-1 of each lighting device 1, the simultaneous lighting and simultaneous light-off control of the plurality of lighting devices 1 having jurisdiction are possible. It is possible to accurately control the lighting in the area.

また、各照明装置1が第1の受光素子8g−1の検知ごとに、自己で点灯及び消灯を行えば、その地域の複数の照明装置1がランダムに点灯したり消灯したりという現象を呈し、故障であるかの如き現象に見えるが、本発明ではそれを回避して一斉点灯及び一斉消灯の制御ができ、美的環境上でも好ましいものとなる。   In addition, if each lighting device 1 is turned on and off by itself every time the first light receiving element 8g-1 is detected, a plurality of lighting devices 1 in the area are turned on or off at random. However, in the present invention, it is possible to control simultaneous lighting and simultaneous lighting off by avoiding this phenomenon, which is preferable in an aesthetic environment.

このような制御によって、サーバSVで管轄する複数の照明装置1の設置地域において、昼間に停電が生じた場合でも、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出照度に基づく制御となり、蓄電池8fの電源の余計な消耗を避けることができる。   By such control, even when a power failure occurs in the daytime in the installation area of the plurality of lighting devices 1 managed by the server SV, the control is based on the detected illuminance of the first light receiving element 8g-1, and the power supply of the storage battery 8f Can be avoided.

また、複数の照明装置1をサーバSVで管轄する方式において、照明装置1とサーバSVとの間の通信に異常が生じ、照明装置1をサーバSVでコントロールできない非常時においては、照明装置1の点灯・消灯の制御ができなくなる。照明装置1は、昼間は消灯し、夜間には点灯する必要がある。以下、この解決手段について説明する。   Further, in a method in which a plurality of lighting devices 1 are managed by the server SV, an abnormality occurs in communication between the lighting device 1 and the server SV, and in an emergency where the lighting device 1 cannot be controlled by the server SV, the lighting device 1 It becomes impossible to control lighting / extinguishing. The lighting device 1 needs to be turned off during the day and turned on at night. Hereinafter, this solution will be described.

正規の制御において、照明装置1の点灯は、上記のように、情報処理部Jは、それぞれの照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報の平均値を演算し、この平均値とメモリMO1の基準情報を比較し、平均値が基準情報を満たしておれば(具体的には、平均値が基準照度を下回わるか以下であれば)、各照明装置1の光源部5を点灯状態とすべく制御指示を、第2の無線送受信部MS1からそれぞれの照明装置1の第1の無線送受信部MS2へ送り、各照明装置1の発光制御部HCが光源部5を点灯状態とする。   In regular control, the lighting device 1 is turned on, as described above, the information processing unit J calculates the average value of the illuminance information obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 of each lighting device 1, The average value is compared with the reference information in the memory MO1, and if the average value satisfies the reference information (specifically, if the average value is below or below the reference illuminance), the light source of each lighting device 1 A control instruction is sent from the second wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 to the first wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of each lighting device 1, and the light emission control unit HC of each lighting device 1 causes the light source unit 5 to turn on the light source unit 5. Turn on the light.

即ち、次第に夕刻になるにしたがって照明装置1の周辺照度が低下し所定照度まで低下したとき、照明装置1の光源部5を点灯することとなる。この照明装置1の光源部5を点灯することに適する所定照度、即ち基準情報(基準照度)を例えば100ルクス(100lx)とする。一方、各照明装置1がサーバSVからの指示が受けられない非常事態が生じたとき、各照明装置1が自己の判断で点灯するような救済対策を講じることが重要となる。   That is, the light source unit 5 of the lighting device 1 is turned on when the ambient illuminance of the lighting device 1 is gradually reduced to a predetermined illuminance as it becomes evening. A predetermined illuminance suitable for lighting the light source unit 5 of the illuminating device 1, that is, reference information (reference illuminance) is set to 100 lux (100 lx), for example. On the other hand, when an emergency situation occurs in which each lighting device 1 cannot receive an instruction from the server SV, it is important to take remedial measures so that each lighting device 1 is turned on at its own judgment.

この場合、通常は各照明装置1がサーバSVからの指示で点灯するため、その動作が確保できるようにしなければならない。このため、各照明装置1が自己の判断で点灯するときの照度(これを冗長閾値照度という)は、前記基準照度100lxよりも十分低い照度、例えば10ルクス(10lx)とする。   In this case, since each lighting device 1 is normally turned on in response to an instruction from the server SV, the operation must be ensured. For this reason, the illuminance (this is referred to as the redundant threshold illuminance) when each lighting device 1 is turned on at its own judgment is set to an illuminance sufficiently lower than the reference illuminance 100 lx, for example, 10 lux (10 lx).

このような設定において、通常、夕方になるにしたがって第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報(照度値)は低下し、サーバSVからのポーリングにより、または各照明装置1から自動的に、時々刻々各照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報がサーバSVへ送信される。   In such a setting, the illuminance information (illuminance value) obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 usually decreases in the evening, and is automatically polled from the server SV or automatically from each lighting device 1. The illuminance information obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 of each lighting device 1 is transmitted to the server SV every moment.

このようにサーバSVへ送信される第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報(照度値)は、冗長閾値照度10lxよりも先に基準照度100lxに到達することとなる。
このため、上記のように、サーバSVでは、この100lxの照度を第1の受光素子8g−1が検出し、その照度情報が照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2からサーバSVの無線送受信部MS1へ送信され、情報処理部Jで照度情報の平均値を演算し、この平均値がメモリMO1の基準照度100lx以下または100lxを下回れば、通常なら上記のように、サーバSVから各照明装置1へ点灯指示が送信される。
Thus, the illuminance information (illuminance value) obtained from the first light receiving element 8g-1 transmitted to the server SV reaches the reference illuminance 100lx before the redundant threshold illuminance 10lx.
Therefore, as described above, in the server SV, the illuminance of 100 lx is detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1, and the illuminance information is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the illumination device 1 to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 of the server SV. When the average value of the illuminance information is calculated by the information processing unit J and the average value is less than or equal to the reference illuminance of 100 lx or less than 100 lx in the memory MO1, the lighting is normally turned on from the server SV to each lighting device 1 as described above. An instruction is sent.

しかし、照明装置1をサーバSVでコントロールできない非常時においては、各照明装置1へ点灯指示が送信されず、照明装置1は点灯しない。この場合、照明装置1の周囲は次第に暗くなり、第1の受光素子8g−1が検出する照度が冗長閾値照度10lx以下または10lxを下回れば、発光制御部HCの動作によって、その照明装置1の光源部5は自己点灯する。このような冗長制御によって、照明装置1をサーバSVでコントロールできない非常時の救済が可能となる。   However, in an emergency in which the lighting device 1 cannot be controlled by the server SV, a lighting instruction is not transmitted to each lighting device 1, and the lighting device 1 is not turned on. In this case, if the illuminance detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1 is less than or equal to the redundant threshold illuminance 10lx or less than 10lx, the operation of the light emission control unit HC causes the illuminating device 1 to become darker. The light source unit 5 is self-lit. Such redundant control makes it possible to provide emergency relief in which the lighting device 1 cannot be controlled by the server SV.

なお、冗長閾値照度を10lxのように極端に低い照度に設定すれば、周囲の照明灯が点灯しているのに、サーバSVで管轄される地域の各照明装置1は点灯してない状況となり、その地域の照明装置1は故障ではないかとの不安が生じる。
これを避けるためには、各照明装置1が自己点灯する照度を基準照度100lxか、100lxより若干低い照度(例えば10lx低い照度)にするなどの設定にしておけば、このような懸念はなくなる。
If the redundant threshold illuminance is set to an extremely low illuminance such as 10 lx, each lighting device 1 in the area under the jurisdiction of the server SV is not lit although the surrounding lighting is lit. Then, there is anxiety that the lighting device 1 in that area may be out of order.
In order to avoid this, if the illuminance at which each lighting device 1 self-illuminates is set to a reference illuminance of 100 lx or an illuminance slightly lower than 100 lx (for example, an illuminance lower by 10 lx), such a concern is eliminated.

また、他の方式として、時刻に基づく冗長制御することができる。この場合は、サーバSVで管轄される各照明装置1が設置された地域の日暮れ時刻を基準情報とする。この日暮れ時刻は、年間を通じて異なるため、日暮れ時刻の標準時刻を、日ごと、週ごと、月ごとのように予めデータベース化し、これをサーバSV側及び照明装置1側のメモリに記憶させておく。
そして、サーバSV側及び各照明装置1側に、リアルタイムクロックを内蔵させておき、毎日の時刻を刻むようにする。
As another method, redundant control based on time can be performed. In this case, the sunset information in the area where each lighting device 1 managed by the server SV is installed is used as reference information. Since the sunset time varies throughout the year, the standard time of sunset is stored in a database in advance, such as daily, weekly, monthly, and stored in the memory on the server SV side and the lighting device 1 side.
Then, a real time clock is built in the server SV side and each lighting device 1 side so as to keep the daily time.

これによって、照明装置1をサーバSVでコントロールできない非常時においても、照明装置1の光源部5を点灯することに適する時刻、例えば20時に到達すれば、各照明装置1は、発光制御部HCの動作によって、その照明装置1の光源部5は自己点灯する。   As a result, even in an emergency in which the lighting device 1 cannot be controlled by the server SV, each lighting device 1 can be controlled by the light emission control unit HC if it reaches a time suitable for turning on the light source unit 5 of the lighting device 1, for example, 20:00. By the operation, the light source unit 5 of the illumination device 1 is self-lit.

また、上記において、個々の照明装置1が備える第1の受光素子8g−1の故障検知を行うことができる。
この場合のひとつの方法として、上記のように、情報処理部Jは、それぞれの照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報の平均値を演算する。この場合の平均値は、上記のように最上値と最下値とを削除した残りの照度の平均値をとることが好ましい。
Moreover, in the above, failure detection of the 1st light receiving element 8g-1 with which each illuminating device 1 is provided can be performed.
As one method in this case, as described above, the information processing section J calculates the average value of the illuminance information obtained from the first light receiving elements 8g-1 of the respective lighting devices 1. The average value in this case is preferably the average value of the remaining illuminances with the highest value and the lowest value deleted as described above.

そして、情報処理部Jは、照明装置1ごとに、照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1から得られる照度情報と前記平均値とを比較し、この照度情報が前記平均値を満たしておれば、その第1の受光素子8g−1は正常であると判定する。一方、この照度情報が前記平均値を満たしていなければ、その第1の受光素子8g−1は故障であると判定する。
このような故障判定は、サーバSVで管轄する各照明装置1について行われる。
And the information processing part J compares the illuminance information obtained from the 1st light receiving element 8g-1 of the illuminating device 1 with the said average value for every illuminating device 1, and this illuminance information satisfy | fills the said average value. If so, it is determined that the first light receiving element 8g-1 is normal. On the other hand, if the illuminance information does not satisfy the average value, it is determined that the first light receiving element 8g-1 is defective.
Such a failure determination is performed for each lighting device 1 under the jurisdiction of the server SV.

この判定結果は、サーバSV側のメモリMO1に記憶されると共に、各照明装置1の正常か否かがモニタ上に表示される。そして、この情報は、作業者が所持する端末機器へ送信され、その端末機器にも表示される。このため、作業者は、このサーバSVで管轄する地域の照明装置1の正常か否かを把握し、故障の照明装置1の修理または交換を行うことができる。   The determination result is stored in the memory MO1 on the server SV side, and whether or not each lighting device 1 is normal is displayed on the monitor. This information is transmitted to the terminal device owned by the worker and displayed on the terminal device. For this reason, the worker can grasp whether or not the lighting device 1 in the area under the control of the server SV is normal, and can repair or replace the failed lighting device 1.

また、他の方式として、個々の照明装置1は、自己が備える第1の受光素子8g−1の検出に基づき、発光制御部HCが光源部5の点灯または消灯の制御を行う。一方、サーバSVは、第1の受光素子8g−1の故障判定も行う。   As another method, in each lighting device 1, the light emission control unit HC controls the light source unit 5 to be turned on or off based on detection of the first light receiving element 8 g-1 included in the lighting device 1. On the other hand, the server SV also performs failure determination of the first light receiving element 8g-1.

即ち、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出値に基づく照度データと、メモリMO1の基準データとの比較を行う場合において、予めメモリMO1には、その地域における一年間に亘り、照明装置1の周囲の標準の外部環境照度として、晴れ、雨、曇り等の気象条件に合わせて、各日の日の出時刻における標準照度データと、日の入り時刻における標準照度データとを記憶させておき、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出する照度データと、これらの標準照度データとの比較を行う。   That is, when the illuminance data based on the detection value of the first light receiving element 8g-1 is compared with the reference data of the memory MO1, the memory MO1 is previously stored in the memory MO1 for one year in the area. The standard illuminance data at the sunrise time of each day and the standard illuminance data at the sunset time are stored in accordance with the weather conditions such as sunny, rainy, cloudy, etc. The illuminance data detected by the element 8g-1 is compared with these standard illuminance data.

この比較において、日の入り時刻において、日の入り時刻における標準照度データよりも、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出する照度データが、所定の範囲以下であれば、情報処理部Jは故障と判定する。一方、日の出時刻における標準照度データよりも、第1の受光素子8g−1の検出する照度データが、所定の範囲以下であれば、情報処理部Jは故障と判定する。この故障情報は、サーバSV側のメモリMO1に記憶されると共に、各照明装置1の正常か否かがモニタ上に表示される。   In this comparison, if the illuminance data detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1 is less than or equal to the predetermined range at the sunset time than the standard illuminance data at the sunset time, the information processing unit J determines that there is a failure. On the other hand, if the illuminance data detected by the first light receiving element 8g-1 is less than or equal to the predetermined range than the standard illuminance data at the sunrise time, the information processing unit J determines that there is a failure. This failure information is stored in the memory MO1 on the server SV side, and whether or not each lighting device 1 is normal is displayed on the monitor.

また、この故障情報は、サーバSV側の無線送受信部MS1から照明装置1の無線送受信部MS2に送信され、発光制御部HCに含まれるインジケータ点灯回路8eを起動して、インジケータ8e−1を点滅発光(例えば、赤色点滅)させるか、インジケータ8e−1とインジケータ8e−1を交互発光させる等によって、第1の受光素子8g−1の故障を報知する。
このような故障判定は、サーバSVで管轄する各照明装置1について行われる。
Further, this failure information is transmitted from the wireless transmission / reception unit MS1 on the server SV side to the wireless transmission / reception unit MS2 of the lighting device 1, and activates the indicator lighting circuit 8e included in the light emission control unit HC to blink the indicator 8e-1. The failure of the first light receiving element 8g-1 is notified by, for example, emitting light (for example, blinking red) or alternately causing the indicators 8e-1 and 8e-1 to emit light.
Such a failure determination is performed for each lighting device 1 under the jurisdiction of the server SV.

このように、個々の照明装置1は、自己が備える第1の受光素子8g−1の検出に基づき、サーバSV側に設けた標準照度データとの比較によって、個々の照明装置1の第1の受光素子8g−1が正常か否かの判定ができる。この故障情報は、サーバSV側のメモリMO1に記憶されると共に、各照明装置1の正常か否かがモニタ上に表示される。そして、この情報は、作業者が所持する端末機器へ送信され、その端末機器にも表示される。このため、作業者は、このサーバで管轄する地域の照明装置1の正常か否かを把握し、故障の照明装置1の修理または交換を行うことができる。   As described above, each lighting device 1 is based on the detection of the first light receiving element 8g-1 included in the lighting device 1, and is compared with the standard illuminance data provided on the server SV side. It is possible to determine whether the light receiving element 8g-1 is normal. This failure information is stored in the memory MO1 on the server SV side, and whether or not each lighting device 1 is normal is displayed on the monitor. This information is transmitted to the terminal device owned by the worker and displayed on the terminal device. For this reason, the worker can grasp whether or not the lighting device 1 in the area controlled by the server is normal, and can repair or replace the defective lighting device 1.

1・・・・・照明装置
2・・・・・上面カバー
2a・・・・傾斜状部
2f・・・・採光部
3・・・・・透光カバー
4・・・・・蓋体
4a・・・・蝶番
5・・・・・光源部
5c・・・・光源エレメント
5d・・・・光制御エレメント
5e・・・・光制御部材
6・・・・・熱伝導板
7・・・・・ホルダー
8・・・・・電源部
8g−1・・第1の受光素子
8g−2・・第2の受光素子
8g−3・・第3の受光素子
8e−1・・インジケータ
8e−2・・インジケータ
8f・・・・予備電池
9・・・・・リード線
10・・・・端子台
11・・・・封止リング
12・・・・固定金具
12a・・・第1の支持部材
12b・・・第2の支持部材
13・・・・採光パッキン
SV・・・・サーバ
J・・・・・情報処理部
MS1・・・無線送受信部
MS2・・・無線送受信部
HC・・・・発光制御部
AS・・・・周囲環境照度測定手段
BS・・・・光源照度測定手段
CS・・・・透光カバー透過照度測定手段
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Illuminating device 2 ... Upper surface cover 2a ...... Inclined part 2f ...... Daylighting part 3 ... Translucent cover 4 ... Lid 4a ... Hinges 5 ... Light source 5c ... Light source element 5d ... Light control element 5e ... Light control member 6 ... Heat conduction plate 7 ... Holder 8... Power supply unit 8 g-1... First light receiving element 8 g-2... Second light receiving element 8 g-3 .. Third light receiving element 8 e-1. Indicator 8f ... Spare battery 9 ... Lead wire 10 ... Terminal block 11 ... Sealing ring 12 ... Fixing bracket 12a ... First support member 12b ... -Second support member 13-Daylight packing SV-Server J-Information processing unit MS1-Wireless transmission Shin unit MS2 · · · wireless transceiver HC · · · · emission control unit AS · · · · ambient illumination measuring means BS · · · · source light illumination measuring means CS · · · · translucent cover transmissive illumination measuring means

Claims (9)

下面を開放した照明装置の上面カバーと、複数の発光素子を基板上に実装した一つもしくは複数の光源部と、該光源部および前記発光素子を点灯するための点灯装置を覆う透光カバーを備えた照明装置であり、
前記照明装置に環境明暗を検出する第1の受光素子を備えるとともに、発光源の発光量を直接検出する第2の受光素子を備え、前記第1の受光素子により検出した環境の明暗に基づいて発光源の点滅を行う一方、前記第2の受光素子により検出した検出値が予め設定した発光源の発光光量の基準値以下となったとき、照明装置自体の不具合による照明光量の低下として報知するようにしたことを特徴とする照明装置。
An upper cover of the lighting device having an open lower surface, one or a plurality of light source units on which a plurality of light emitting elements are mounted on a substrate, and a translucent cover that covers the light source unit and a lighting device for lighting the light emitting elements. A lighting device provided,
The lighting device includes a first light receiving element that detects environmental light and darkness, and a second light receiving element that directly detects the amount of light emitted from the light source, and is based on the lightness and darkness of the environment detected by the first light receiving element. While the light source is blinking, when the detection value detected by the second light receiving element is less than or equal to a preset reference value of the light emission amount of the light emission source, a notification is given as a decrease in the light amount due to a malfunction of the illumination device itself. A lighting device characterized by the above.
前記第2の受光素子の透光カバー側を遮光して外乱となる光の進入を阻止するようにしたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の照明装置。   The lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the light-transmitting cover side of the second light receiving element is shielded so as to prevent light from entering as a disturbance. 前記透光カバーを透過した照明光の光量を検出する第3の受光素子を設け、この第3の受光素子の検出値が予め設定した照明光の光量の基準値以下となったとき、前記透光カバーの不具合による照明光量の低下として報知するようにしたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の照明装置。   A third light receiving element for detecting the amount of illumination light transmitted through the light transmitting cover is provided, and when the detection value of the third light receiving element is equal to or less than a preset reference value of the amount of illumination light, The illuminating device according to claim 1, wherein a notification is made as a decrease in the amount of illumination light due to a failure of the light cover. 光源部を備えた照明装置の外部の明暗と、前記光源部の発光状態との総合照度を検出する単一の受光素子を備え、前記受光素子の検出する明るさと基準値との比較により、前記光源部の発光状態の正誤判断と、前記光源部の点灯制御とを行うことを特徴とする照明装置。   A single light receiving element that detects the overall illuminance between the light and darkness of the illumination device including the light source unit and the light emission state of the light source unit, and by comparing the brightness detected by the light receiving element with a reference value, An illuminating device that performs right / wrong determination of a light emission state of a light source unit and lighting control of the light source unit. 光源部の発光が透光カバーを透過して所要領域を照明する照明装置であって、前記照明装置の外部の明暗と、前記光源部の光が前記透光カバーを透過した場所の明暗との総合照度を検出する単一の受光素子を備え、前記受光素子の検出する明るさと基準値との比較により、前記光源部の発光状態の正誤判断と、前記透光カバーの汚損判断と、前記光源部の点灯制御とを行うことを特徴とする照明装置。   A lighting device that illuminates a required area by light emission of a light source unit, wherein the brightness of the outside of the lighting device and the brightness of the place where the light of the light source unit is transmitted through the light-transmitting cover A single light receiving element for detecting the total illuminance, and comparing the brightness detected by the light receiving element with a reference value, whether the light emission state of the light source unit is correct, whether the translucent cover is dirty, and the light source The lighting apparatus characterized by performing lighting control of a part. 単体または複数からなるLED光源と、無線送受信部と、前記無線送受信部からの無線信号に基づく前記LED光源の発光制御部と、前記LED光源の光源照度測定手段と、周囲環境照度測定手段とを備えた屋外用照明装置と、前記照明装置の一台または複数台を発光制御するサーバとを備え、前記サーバは、前記LED光源の光源照度測定手段によって測定された値と前記周囲環境照度測定手段によって測定された値とを取得し、前記照明装置の光源状態を監視し、報知することを特徴とする照明制御装置。   A single or a plurality of LED light sources, a wireless transmission / reception unit, a light emission control unit of the LED light source based on a wireless signal from the wireless transmission / reception unit, a light source illuminance measurement unit of the LED light source, and an ambient environment illuminance measurement unit An outdoor illumination device, and a server that controls light emission of one or more of the illumination devices, wherein the server measures a value measured by a light source illuminance measurement unit of the LED light source and the ambient environment illuminance measurement unit The illumination control device is characterized in that it acquires the value measured by, monitors and informs the light source state of the illumination device. 単体または複数からなるLED光源部と、無線送受信部と、前記無線送受信部からの無線信号に基づく前記光源部の発光制御部と、照度測定手段と、を備えた屋外用照明装置と、前記照明装置の一台または複数台を発光制御するサーバとを有し、前記照明装置は、前記照明装置の外部の明暗と前記光源部の発光状態との総合照度を検出する単一の受光素子を備え、前記サーバは、前記受光素子の検出する明るさと基準値との比較により、前記光源部の発光状態の正誤判断と、前記光源部の点灯制御と、を行うことを特徴とする照明制御装置。   A single or multiple LED light source unit, a wireless transmission / reception unit, a light emission control unit of the light source unit based on a wireless signal from the wireless transmission / reception unit, and an illuminance measuring means, and an illumination device for outdoor use, and the illumination A server that controls light emission of one or a plurality of devices, and the lighting device includes a single light receiving element that detects a total illuminance between brightness and darkness outside the lighting device and a light emission state of the light source unit. The lighting control device, wherein the server performs correct / incorrect determination of the light emission state of the light source unit and lighting control of the light source unit by comparing the brightness detected by the light receiving element with a reference value. 単体または複数からなるLED光源部と、前記光源部を覆う透光カバーと、無線送受信部と、前記無線送受信部からの無線信号に基づく前記光源部の発光制御部と、照度測定手段と、を備えた屋外用照明装置と、前記照明装置の一台または複数台を発光制御するサーバとを有し、前記照明装置は、前記照明装置の外部の明暗と前記光源部の光が前記透光カバーを透過した場所の明暗との総合照度を検出する単一の受光素子を備え、前記サーバは、前記受光素子の検出する明るさと基準値との比較により、前記光源部の発光状態の正誤判断と、前記光源部の点灯制御と、を行うことを特徴とする照明制御装置。   A single or a plurality of LED light source units, a translucent cover that covers the light source unit, a wireless transmission / reception unit, a light emission control unit of the light source unit based on a wireless signal from the wireless transmission / reception unit, and an illuminance measurement means And a server that controls light emission of one or a plurality of the lighting devices, and the lighting device is configured so that light and darkness outside the lighting device and light from the light source unit are in the translucent cover. The server includes a single light receiving element that detects the total illuminance with the light and darkness of the place where the light is transmitted, and the server determines whether the light emission state of the light source unit is correct by comparing the brightness detected by the light receiving element with a reference value. A lighting control apparatus that performs lighting control of the light source unit. 前記照明装置に予備電池を備え、商用電源の供給が遮断されたとき、少なくとも前記無線送受信部への電力供給を前記予備電池から行い、前記無線送受信部は電力供給が商用電源から予備電池へ切り替わったとき、前記サーバへ無線送信することを特徴とする請求項6乃至8のいずれかに記載の照明制御装置。   When the lighting device is provided with a spare battery and supply of commercial power is interrupted, at least power is supplied to the wireless transmitter / receiver from the spare battery, and the wireless transmitter / receiver switches the power supply from the commercial power source to the spare battery. The lighting control apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the lighting control apparatus wirelessly transmits to the server.
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