JP2016070518A - Incinerator - Google Patents

Incinerator Download PDF

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JP2016070518A
JP2016070518A JP2014196919A JP2014196919A JP2016070518A JP 2016070518 A JP2016070518 A JP 2016070518A JP 2014196919 A JP2014196919 A JP 2014196919A JP 2014196919 A JP2014196919 A JP 2014196919A JP 2016070518 A JP2016070518 A JP 2016070518A
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pipe
incinerator
plate
support
gas burner
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JP6112731B2 (en
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隆次 大野
Ryuji Ono
隆次 大野
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隆次 大野
Ryuji Ono
隆次 大野
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an incinerator which promotes the effective utilization of the energy of a secondary combustion gas.SOLUTION: A second combustion part 3 arranged at an upper part of an incinerator 100 is constituted of: a withdrawal pipe part 4 which extends from an upper part of a main body 1 obliquely sideways and upwardly; a pipe part which extends from the withdrawal pipe part 4 to a vertical direction; a gas burner 8 arranged in the vicinity of a boundary between the withdrawal pipe part 4 and the pipe part 11, and downwardly; and a cooking plate 5 arranged in the vicinity of the boundary between the withdrawal pipe part 4 and the pipe part 11, and upwardly. The cooking plate 5 is constituted of a support part 6 formed of an aggregate of cast iron in order to enhance heat accumulation performance and heat conduction performance, and a plate part 7 arranged at the support part 6 and having a flat upper face. The support part 6 is arranged in a place in which the heat of the gas burner 8 is most extremely applied out of the withdrawal pipe part 4 and the pipe part. Smoke which is secondarily burnt is discharged from a chimney through the pipe part 11. On the other hand, the heat of the gas burner 8 is transmitted to the support part 6 via a wall face of the withdrawal pipe part 4, and heats the plate part 7. Boiling and cooking become possible by placing a kettle and a pan on the plate part 7.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 1

Description

本発明は、二次燃焼室を備えた焼却炉に関するものである。   The present invention relates to an incinerator having a secondary combustion chamber.
従来から特許文献1に記載されているような焼却炉が知られていた。この焼却炉は、焼却物を焼却する炉体内に形成した第一の燃焼室と、炉体の上側に形成されガスを二次燃焼させるための燃焼筒とを備えている。   Conventionally, an incinerator as described in Patent Document 1 has been known. This incinerator includes a first combustion chamber formed in a furnace body for incineration of incinerated materials, and a combustion cylinder formed on the upper side of the furnace body for secondary combustion of gas.
特開2008−39366号公報JP 2008-39366 A
しかしながら、上記従来の焼却炉では、二次燃焼を起こす際に用いられるガスのエネルギーは二次燃焼のみに用いられているため、エネルギーの有効利用が図られていないという問題点があった。本発明は、係る問題点を解決するためになされたものである。   However, the conventional incinerator has a problem that the energy of the gas used for causing the secondary combustion is used only for the secondary combustion, so that the energy is not effectively used. The present invention has been made to solve such problems.
本発明に係る焼却炉は、投入した燃焼物を燃焼させる燃焼室を構成する中空の本体と、
当該本体から延出した引出管部と、引出管部の内部を加熱することで当該引出管部内に第二燃焼部を構成するバーナーと、前記引出管部に連結して煙を排出するための管部とを備えたことを特徴とする。
The incinerator according to the present invention comprises a hollow main body that constitutes a combustion chamber for burning the injected combustion product,
A drawer pipe part extending from the main body, a burner constituting a second combustion part in the drawer pipe part by heating the inside of the drawer pipe part, and connecting to the drawer pipe part for discharging smoke And a pipe portion.
また、本発明に係る焼却炉は、上記発明において、更に、前記引出管部に、当該引出管部に前記バーナーにより直接加熱可能に調理プレートを設けたことを特徴とする。 Further, the incinerator according to the present invention is characterized in that, in the above-mentioned invention, a cooking plate is provided in the drawer pipe part so that the drawer pipe part can be directly heated by the burner.
本発明の実施の形態に係る焼却炉を示す構成図である。It is a lineblock diagram showing the incinerator concerning an embodiment of the invention. 図1に示した焼却炉を示す一部斜視図である。It is a partial perspective view which shows the incinerator shown in FIG. この発明の実施の形態2に係る焼却炉を示す構成図である。It is a block diagram which shows the incinerator which concerns on Embodiment 2 of this invention.
(実施の形態1)
図1は、本発明の実施の形態に係る焼却炉を示す構成図である。図2は、図1に示した焼却炉を示す一部斜視図である。この焼却炉100は、燃焼室を構成すると共にステンレス板や鉄板で構成した円筒中空体の本体1からなり、その上部には天板、下部には底板が設けられる。底板の上部には、灰取出口21が設けられ、灰取出口21の近傍上側には金網22が設けられる。また、金網22の上側にはポンプ23からエアを供給する送風口24が設けられる。更に、送風口24の上側には焼却物の投入口25が設けられている。
(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing an incinerator according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a partial perspective view showing the incinerator shown in FIG. The incinerator 100 includes a cylindrical hollow body 1 that constitutes a combustion chamber and is formed of a stainless steel plate or an iron plate. An ash removal outlet 21 is provided at the top of the bottom plate, and a wire mesh 22 is provided on the upper side in the vicinity of the ash removal outlet 21. Further, a blower opening 24 for supplying air from the pump 23 is provided above the wire mesh 22. Further, an incinerator inlet 25 is provided above the air outlet 24.
本体1の上部には第二燃焼部3が設けられている。第二燃焼部3は、本体1の上部から斜め側方かつ上方に延出する引出管部4と、引出管部4から垂直方向に延出する管部と、引出管部4と管部との境付近で且つ下方に設けたガスバーナー8と、引出管部4と管部との境付近で且つ上方に設けた調理プレート5とから構成される。   A second combustion part 3 is provided on the upper part of the main body 1. The second combustion unit 3 includes an extraction pipe part 4 that extends obliquely upward and upward from the upper part of the main body 1, a pipe part that extends in a vertical direction from the extraction pipe part 4, an extraction pipe part 4, and a pipe part The gas burner 8 is provided in the vicinity of the boundary and below, and the cooking plate 5 is provided in the vicinity of the boundary between the extraction pipe portion 4 and the pipe portion and above.
引出管部4は、本体1に溶接されており直径は本体1の半分以下程度である。この引出管部4は本体1と同じ素材により構成される。前記調理プレート5は、蓄熱性を伝熱性を高めるために鋳鉄の塊で構成した支持部6と、支持部6の上に設けた上面が平らなプレート部7とからなる。支持部6は、前記引出管部4と管部との上方に面接触した状態で取り付けられている。また、支持部6は、引出管部4及び管部のうちガスバーナー8の熱が最も加わる場所に設置される。換言すれば、調理プレート5はガスバーナー8により直接加熱されるように引出管部4に配置される。   The extraction pipe portion 4 is welded to the main body 1 and has a diameter of about half or less than that of the main body 1. The drawer tube portion 4 is made of the same material as the main body 1. The cooking plate 5 is composed of a support portion 6 made of cast iron in order to enhance heat storage and heat transfer, and a plate portion 7 having a flat upper surface provided on the support portion 6. The support portion 6 is attached in a state of surface contact above the extraction pipe portion 4 and the pipe portion. Moreover, the support part 6 is installed in the place where the heat of the gas burner 8 is most applied among the extraction pipe part 4 and the pipe part. In other words, the cooking plate 5 is disposed in the extraction pipe portion 4 so as to be directly heated by the gas burner 8.
ガスバーナー8は、ガス管に対して市販のバーナーの火口9を装着して構成される。ガス式としてガスタンク10からホースで火口9に連結している。火口9は、先端が前記支持部6に向いており、且つ、管部11の略軸方向に向く。同図の例では、略軸方向で且つ前記支持部6に向いて若干傾いて設けられる。また、支持部6を設けた管部11からは内部に複数の伝熱フィン12が軸方向に設けられる。この伝熱フィン12は、ガスバーナー8の熱を支持部6を介してプレート部7に導く。当該伝熱フィン12の間をガスバーナー8の火炎や高温の気体が通過することで熱が伝熱フィン12に伝わる。   The gas burner 8 is configured by attaching a commercially available burner crater 9 to a gas pipe. As a gas type, the gas tank 10 is connected to the crater 9 by a hose. The tip of the crater 9 faces the support portion 6 and faces the substantially axial direction of the tube portion 11. In the example of the figure, it is provided with a slight inclination toward the support portion 6 in the substantially axial direction. In addition, a plurality of heat transfer fins 12 are provided in the axial direction from the tube portion 11 provided with the support portion 6. The heat transfer fins 12 guide the heat of the gas burner 8 to the plate portion 7 through the support portion 6. Heat is transferred to the heat transfer fins 12 as the flame of the gas burner 8 or high-temperature gas passes between the heat transfer fins 12.
プレート部7の上面は平面となる。平面視で扇形状となるがこれに限定されない。プレート部7には、ヤカン等の調理器具を置くことができる。また、支持部6が加熱されることで周囲に遠赤外線を放出する。これにより、ガスバーナー8の熱を効率的に調理と暖房に用いることができる。   The upper surface of the plate portion 7 is a flat surface. Although it becomes a fan shape by planar view, it is not limited to this. A cooking utensil such as a kettle can be placed on the plate portion 7. Further, the support 6 is heated to emit far infrared rays to the surroundings. Thereby, the heat of the gas burner 8 can be efficiently used for cooking and heating.
また、管部11は、生ごみ処理機50に接続することができる。接続は煙突の前段階で接続しても良いし、分岐させた状態で接続しても良い(図示省略)。生ごみ処理機50は、金属製の箱状体であって管部と連結すると共に、排気口を備える。これにより、燃焼時の熱により生ごみを強力に乾燥させることができる。後述するが、この焼却炉100は二次燃焼によりクリーンな煙を排出することから、大量の生ごみ処理に適する。更に、木材の乾燥室に接続することも可能である(図示省略)。   Moreover, the pipe part 11 can be connected to the garbage processing machine 50. The connection may be made at the stage before the chimney, or may be made in a branched state (not shown). The garbage disposal machine 50 is a metal box-like body that is connected to a pipe portion and includes an exhaust port. Thereby, garbage can be strongly dried with the heat at the time of combustion. As will be described later, the incinerator 100 discharges clean smoke by secondary combustion, and thus is suitable for a large amount of garbage disposal. It is also possible to connect to a wood drying chamber (not shown).
更に、前記管部11には、オイルヒーター51のパイプ52を通し、内部のオイルを加熱することもできる。これにより、冬場において暖房用の燃料を削減できる。   Furthermore, the pipe 11 can be passed through a pipe 52 of an oil heater 51 to heat the internal oil. Thereby, the fuel for heating can be reduced in winter.
この焼却炉100を使用する場合、まず、投入口25を開いて内部に廃材木等の焼却物を投入する。そして、焼却物に火をつけると共にポンプ23を動かして送風口24から空気を内部に送る。これにより焼却物が燃焼を開始する。更に、ガスバーナー8を着火させて二次燃焼を可能な状態とする。   When using this incinerator 100, first, the input port 25 is opened, and incinerated materials such as waste wood are put inside. Then, the incinerated product is ignited and the pump 23 is moved to send air from the air blowing port 24 to the inside. As a result, the incinerated product starts to burn. Further, the gas burner 8 is ignited so that secondary combustion is possible.
例えば、木材を燃焼させるとクレオソートをはじめとする様々な物質が煙の中に含まれる。この煙内に存在する物質をさらに燃やしていくことで煙をクリーンにする。この焼却炉100では、引出管部4にガスバーナー8が設けられていることから、当該引出管部4が二次燃焼室となる。この二次燃焼を効率的なものとするには送風口24から十分な空気を送り、酸素が良く混ざった状態に保つことが必要である。そしてガスバーナー8による加熱の温度は、少なくとも550℃以上とする。 For example, when wood is burned, various substances including creosote are contained in smoke. The smoke is cleaned by further burning the substances present in the smoke. In this incinerator 100, since the extraction pipe part 4 is provided with the gas burner 8, the extraction pipe part 4 becomes a secondary combustion chamber. In order to make this secondary combustion efficient, it is necessary to send a sufficient amount of air from the air blowing port 24 to keep oxygen in a well-mixed state. And the temperature of the heating by the gas burner 8 shall be at least 550 degreeC or more.
二次燃焼した煙は、管部11を通って煙突から排出される。一方、前記ガスバーナー8の熱は引出管部4の壁面を介して支持部6に伝わりプレート部7を加熱する。このとき、プレート部7にケトルや鍋を置くことで湯沸しや調理が可能となる。この焼却炉100では、ガスバーナー8の火炎が管部11内に放出されるように、当該ガスバーナー8を管部11に対して垂直に設置して火炎が管部11の軸方向に放出されるようにしている。このため、燃焼効率を高く維持できる。   Secondary-combusted smoke passes through the pipe part 11 and is discharged from the chimney. On the other hand, the heat of the gas burner 8 is transmitted to the support portion 6 through the wall surface of the extraction pipe portion 4 to heat the plate portion 7. At this time, boiling or cooking is possible by placing a kettle or a pan on the plate portion 7. In this incinerator 100, the gas burner 8 is installed perpendicular to the pipe part 11 so that the flame of the gas burner 8 is released into the pipe part 11, and the flame is released in the axial direction of the pipe part 11. I try to do it. For this reason, combustion efficiency can be maintained high.
また、この管部11に突出した伝熱フィン12がガスバーナー8の熱を支持部6に伝えるので、調理プレート5に十分な熱が伝わる。従来からテーブルトップで調理が可能な薪ストーブ等が存在するが、これらは本体の熱を使用することから焼却物の量がある程度必要であり、十分に燃焼しなければ調理には不十分であった。これに対し、本発明の焼却炉100は、二次燃焼に用いるガスバーナー8の熱を直接使用することから、本体1の焼却物の量が少なくても調理プレート5を十分な熱量を持って使用可能となる。   Further, since the heat transfer fins 12 protruding from the tube portion 11 transmit the heat of the gas burner 8 to the support portion 6, sufficient heat is transmitted to the cooking plate 5. Conventionally, there are wood-burning stoves that can be cooked on a table top, but these use the heat of the main body, so some amount of incineration is necessary, and if they do not burn enough, they are not sufficient for cooking. It was. On the other hand, since the incinerator 100 of the present invention directly uses the heat of the gas burner 8 used for secondary combustion, the cooking plate 5 has a sufficient amount of heat even if the amount of the incinerated product of the main body 1 is small. Can be used.
(実施の形態2)
図3は、この発明の実施の形態2に係る焼却炉を示す構成図である。この焼却炉200は、前記引出管部204を本体1から水平に延出し、この引出管部204の下部に前記ガスバーナー8の火口9を設置すると共に、引出管部204の上部であって且つ火口9の上方に前記調理プレート205を設けた構成である。調理プレート205は、上記同様に鋳鉄製であり支持部206と当該支持部206の上に設けたプレート部207からなる。
(Embodiment 2)
FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing an incinerator according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention. The incinerator 200 extends the extraction pipe part 204 horizontally from the main body 1, installs the crater 9 of the gas burner 8 at the lower part of the extraction pipe part 204, and is an upper part of the extraction pipe part 204 and The cooking plate 205 is provided above the crater 9. The cooking plate 205 is made of cast iron as described above, and includes a support portion 206 and a plate portion 207 provided on the support portion 206.
ガスバーナー8の火口9から噴出する火炎は調理プレート205の支持部206に直接当たり、支持部206を加熱する。また、火口9からの熱により引出管部204内が二次燃焼室となる。二次燃焼の作用効果は上記実施の形態1と同様である。この実施の形態2に係る焼却炉200では、ガスバーナー8の火炎を直接に前記支持部206に当たるようにしているので、ガスバーナー8を用いることで調理プレート205が直ぐに加熱されて使用可能となる。   The flame ejected from the crater 9 of the gas burner 8 directly hits the support portion 206 of the cooking plate 205 and heats the support portion 206. Further, the inside of the extraction pipe portion 204 becomes a secondary combustion chamber by the heat from the crater 9. The effect of secondary combustion is the same as that of the first embodiment. In the incinerator 200 according to the second embodiment, since the flame of the gas burner 8 directly hits the support portion 206, the cooking plate 205 can be immediately heated and used by using the gas burner 8. .
100 焼却炉
1 本体
3 第二燃焼部
4 引出管部
5 調理プレート
6 支持部
7 プレート部
8 ガスバーナー
9 火口
11 管部
12 伝熱フィン
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100 Incinerator 1 Main body 3 2nd combustion part 4 Drawer pipe part 5 Cooking plate 6 Support part 7 Plate part 8 Gas burner 9 Tinder 11 Pipe part 12 Heat transfer fin

Claims (2)

  1. 投入した燃焼物を燃焼させる燃焼室を構成する中空の本体と、
    当該本体から延出した引出管部と、
    引出管部の内部を加熱することで当該引出管部内に第二燃焼部を構成するバーナーと、
    前記引出管部に連結して煙を排出するための管部と、
    を備えたことを特徴とする焼却炉。
    A hollow main body that constitutes a combustion chamber for burning the combusted material,
    A drawer tube extending from the main body;
    A burner that constitutes the second combustion section in the extraction pipe section by heating the inside of the extraction pipe section;
    A pipe part connected to the extraction pipe part for discharging smoke;
    An incinerator characterized by comprising:
  2. 更に、前記引出管部に、当該引出管部に前記バーナーにより直接加熱可能に調理プレートを設けたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の焼却炉。
    The incinerator according to claim 1, further comprising a cooking plate provided on the drawer pipe portion so that the drawer pipe portion can be directly heated by the burner.
JP2014196919A 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 Incinerator Active JP6112731B2 (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106838924A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-13 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of New-type refuse vehicle heat-treatment furnace
CN107062249A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-08-18 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of New-type refuse vehicle treatment furnace for effectively improving garbage disposal effect

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6237700B2 (en) 2015-05-28 2017-11-29 コニカミノルタ株式会社 Paper humidifier and image forming system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4617500Y1 (en) * 1967-07-03 1971-06-18
JPS6021692Y2 (en) * 1980-08-09 1985-06-28
JPH07225015A (en) * 1994-02-10 1995-08-22 Shin Nippon Kansouki Kk Incinerator
JPH0849829A (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-02-20 Sekisui Environment Kk Batch type incinerator
JPH10325519A (en) * 1997-05-23 1998-12-08 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Incinerator of waste
JP2006078151A (en) * 2004-09-06 2006-03-23 Masakazu Kusakabe Smokeless high-temperature burning furnace

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4617500Y1 (en) * 1967-07-03 1971-06-18
JPS6021692Y2 (en) * 1980-08-09 1985-06-28
JPH07225015A (en) * 1994-02-10 1995-08-22 Shin Nippon Kansouki Kk Incinerator
JPH0849829A (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-02-20 Sekisui Environment Kk Batch type incinerator
JPH10325519A (en) * 1997-05-23 1998-12-08 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Incinerator of waste
JP2006078151A (en) * 2004-09-06 2006-03-23 Masakazu Kusakabe Smokeless high-temperature burning furnace

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106838924A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-13 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of New-type refuse vehicle heat-treatment furnace
CN107062249A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-08-18 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of New-type refuse vehicle treatment furnace for effectively improving garbage disposal effect

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