JP2016022447A - Water treatment apparatus, and method for cleaning water treatment facility - Google Patents

Water treatment apparatus, and method for cleaning water treatment facility Download PDF

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JP2016022447A
JP2016022447A JP2014149912A JP2014149912A JP2016022447A JP 2016022447 A JP2016022447 A JP 2016022447A JP 2014149912 A JP2014149912 A JP 2014149912A JP 2014149912 A JP2014149912 A JP 2014149912A JP 2016022447 A JP2016022447 A JP 2016022447A
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water treatment
cleaning
cleaning liquid
treatment facility
branch pipe
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JP6428017B2 (en
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西村 総介
Sosuke Nishimura
総介 西村
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栗田工業株式会社
Kurita Water Ind Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention provides a water treatment apparatus and a water treatment equipment washing method capable of reducing the amount of chemical solution used and the amount of waste cleaning waste and reducing the washing cost.
A water treatment apparatus includes first to n-th (n is an integer of 2 or more) water treatment equipment connected in series so that water to be treated is sequentially passed. Have This water treatment apparatus is provided with first to nth cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, 26, and 28 corresponding to the first to nth water treatment facilities, and kth (k is an integer of 1 to n). ) The first to nth circulating cleaning means for circulating the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid tank to the kth water treatment facility in the forward washing direction, and the pth (p is an integer of 2 to n) cleaning liquid tank Liquid supply means for supplying the cleaning liquid in the inside or the cleaning drainage of the p-th water treatment facility to the cleaning liquid tank on the front stage side.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a water treatment apparatus and a water treatment facility cleaning method.

  Currently, desalination and drainage recovery of seawater and brine using a reverse osmosis membrane (Reverse Osmosis Membrane: RO membrane) system is performed. Since the RO membrane is contaminated with the use and the performance of the RO membrane is deteriorated, the RO membrane is regularly cleaned with chemicals. Usually, the cleaning effluent used to clean the RO membrane is discarded.

  However, when the raw water is extremely contaminated and the frequency of chemical cleaning of the RO membrane is high, the cost of the chemical becomes high. Therefore, pretreatment is performed using a filter or a membrane filtration device to remove the contaminants in the RO membrane in advance. However, a certain amount of chemical cleaning is often required for filter membranes for pretreatment, membrane filtration devices such as microfiltration (MF) membranes and ultrafiltration (UF) membranes. Cost was a big problem.

  Patent Document 1 describes the use of reverse osmosis membrane cleaning wastewater for cleaning turbidity equipment as a technique for reducing the cleaning cost when cleaning a filtration medium. However, the method of Patent Document 1 is for cleaning the turbidity membrane in a different process using the chemical solution waste water of the reverse osmosis membrane, and is not used for cleaning the pretreatment device, It is not envisaged to clean pretreatment equipment consisting of multiple unit operations.

  Thus, conventionally, when raw water with a high pollution load is treated with an RO membrane, there has been a problem that the cost of chemical cleaning of the RO membrane is increased. In particular, when pretreatment equipment and RO membranes are combined, chemical cleaning is performed in a plurality of unit operations, so the degree of contamination of each equipment is not uniform, and waste such as discarding cleaning liquid that is not very dirty is wasted. As a result, there is a problem that a large amount of chemical solution is used and a waste amount of cleaning waste liquid is disposed, resulting in an increase in cleaning cost.

JP 2011-104504 A

  The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and provides a water treatment apparatus and a water treatment equipment washing method that can reduce the amount of chemical solution used and the amount of waste waste water for washing and reduce the washing cost. Is an issue.

  The water treatment apparatus of the present invention (first invention) includes water having first to nth (n is an integer of 2 or more) water treatment equipment connected in series so that the water to be treated is sequentially passed. In the treatment apparatus, first to n-th cleaning liquid tanks are installed corresponding to the first to n-th water treatment facilities, and the cleaning liquid in the k-th (k is an integer from 1 to n) cleaning liquid in the first to n-th water treatment facilities. 1st thru | or nth circulation washing means for circulating water to the water treatment equipment of k in the forward washing direction, and the washing | cleaning liquid in pth (p is an integer of 2-n) or pth water treatment And a liquid feeding means for feeding the cleaning waste liquid of the equipment to the cleaning liquid tank on the preceding stage side.

  In the first invention, the jth (j is an integer of 1 to (n-1)) water treatment facility and the (j + 1) th water treatment facility are connected, and the treated water of the jth water treatment facility is First to (n-1) connection pipes to be introduced into the (j + 1) th water treatment facility, first to (n-1) main branch pipes branching from each connection pipe, and each main branch pipe The first to (n-1) sub-branch pipes and the first to (n-1) sub-branch pipes respectively branching from the first to the (n-1) sub-branch pipes. And the j-th cleaning liquid tank, the j-th sub-branch pipe connects the j-th main branch pipe and the (j + 1) -th cleaning liquid tank, and the i-th (i is 2 to (n-1) ) Of the water treatment facility in (integer)), the cleaning liquid in the i-th cleaning liquid tank contains (i-1) sub-branch pipe, (i-1) main branch pipe and (i-1) Through the connecting pipe Supplied to the primary side of the i-th water treatment facility, and the washing drainage of the i-th water treatment facility passes through the i-th connection pipe, the i-th main branch pipe and the i-th sub branch pipe. It is preferable to circulate in the i-th cleaning liquid tank.

  In the first invention, a raw water pipe is connected to the primary side of the first water treatment facility, and a leading branch pipe that connects the raw water pipe and the first cleaning liquid tank is provided. At the time of circulating cleaning of the water treatment facility, the cleaning solution in the first cleaning solution tank is supplied to the primary side of the first water treatment facility via the leading branch pipe and the raw water pipe, and the first water treatment facility It is preferable that the cleaning waste liquid is circulated to the first cleaning liquid tank through the first connection pipe, the first main branch pipe, and the first sub branch pipe.

  In the first invention, a treated water outlet pipe is connected to the secondary side of the nth water treatment facility, and a tail branch pipe is provided to connect the treated water outlet pipe and the nth cleaning liquid tank. At the time of circulating cleaning of the n-th water treatment facility, the cleaning liquid in the n-th cleaning liquid tank contains (n-1) sub-branch pipe, (n-1) main branch pipe and (n-1). ) Is supplied to the primary side of the n-th water treatment facility via the connecting pipe, and the waste water discharged from the n-th water treatment facility is supplied to the n-th washing liquid tank via the treated water discharge pipe and the tail branch pipe. It is preferably circulated.

  The water treatment apparatus of the present invention (second invention) includes water having first to nth (n is an integer of 2 or more) water treatment equipment connected in series so that the water to be treated is sequentially passed. In the treatment apparatus, first to nth cleaning liquid tanks are installed corresponding to the first to nth water treatment facilities, and the jth (j is an integer of 1 to (n-1)) water treatment facility. On the other hand, there are provided first to (n-1) th reverse cleaning means for allowing the cleaning liquid in the (j + 1) th cleaning liquid tank to flow in the backwash direction and to flow into the jth cleaning liquid tank. .

  In the second invention, the jth water treatment facility is connected to the (j + 1) th water treatment facility, and the treated water of the jth water treatment facility is introduced into the (j + 1) th water treatment facility. Thru | or the (n-1) th connection pipe, the 1st thru | or the (n-1) main branch pipe branched from each connection pipe, and the 1st thru | or the (n-1) th each branched from each main branch pipe. And the first to (n-1) sub-branch pipes, the j-th sub-branch pipe connecting the j-th main branch pipe and the j-th cleaning liquid tank, The sub-branch pipe connects the j-th main branch pipe and the (j + 1) -th washing liquid tank, and at the time of back washing the i-th (i is an integer of 2 to (n-1)) water treatment equipment, The cleaning liquid in the (i + 1) th cleaning liquid tank is supplied to the secondary side of the i-th water treatment facility via the i-th sub branch pipe, the i-th main branch pipe, and the i-th connection pipe. i Waste water discharged from the water treatment facility is introduced into the i-th cleaning liquid tank via the (i-1) connecting pipe, the (i-1) main branch pipe and the (i-1) sub branch pipe. It is preferred that

  In the second aspect of the invention, a raw water pipe is connected to the primary side of the first water treatment facility, and a leading branch pipe that connects the raw water pipe and the first cleaning liquid tank is provided. At the time of reverse cleaning of the water treatment facility, the cleaning liquid in the second cleaning solution tank passes through the first sub branch pipe, the first main branch pipe, and the first connection pipe to the secondary side of the first water treatment equipment. It is preferable that the cleaning waste liquid of the first water treatment facility is introduced into the first cleaning liquid tank through the raw water pipe and the leading branch pipe.

  In the present invention, the first to (n-1) water treatment facilities are a filter, an activated carbon tower, a microfiltration membrane device, or an ultrafiltration membrane device, and the nth water treatment facility is a reverse osmosis membrane. An apparatus is preferred.

  In the present invention, a high-order water treatment facility into which treated water of the n-th water treatment facility is introduced may be further provided downstream of the n-th water treatment facility.

  The water treatment facility cleaning method of the present invention (third invention) is a cleaning method for cleaning at least a part of the water treatment facility of the water treatment apparatus according to the first invention, wherein a step of circulating the cleaning liquid in a forward direction between the n cleaning liquid tanks and cleaning the n-th water treatment facility, and at least one water treatment facility on the front stage side and a cleaning liquid tank corresponding to the water treatment facility And a step of circulating the cleaning liquid in the forward direction to clean the water treatment facility, and the cleaning drainage of the nth water treatment facility or the cleaning liquid in the nth cleaning liquid tank to the cleaning liquid tank on the front side It is characterized by being sent as a cleaning liquid for the water treatment facility on the front side.

  The water treatment facility cleaning method of the present invention (fourth invention) is a cleaning method for cleaning at least a part of the water treatment facility of the water treatment apparatus according to the second invention, wherein the nth water treatment facility and the a cleaning liquid is circulated between the cleaning liquid tanks of n and the nth water treatment facility is cleaned, and the cleaning waste liquid in the cleaning liquid tank corresponding to the water treatment equipment on the rear stage side is moved to the front side by one stage. Supplying the treatment facility from the secondary side, backwashing the water treatment facility, and introducing the backwash drainage of the water treatment facility into the corresponding washing liquid tank.

  According to the present invention, the cleaning wastewater from the subsequent water treatment facility is reused for the forward washing or backwashing of the preceding water treatment facility, so that the amount of chemical used and the amount of waste cleaning wastewater are reduced, and the chemical cost and drainage are reduced. The burden of the liquid treatment can be reduced and the cleaning cost can be reduced.

  In addition, the main branch pipe branches off from the connecting pipe that connects two adjacent water treatment facilities, and the main branch pipe is used to wash the cleaning liquid when cleaning the front-stage water treatment facility and the rear-stage water treatment facility. By supplying, the whole connection pipe can be washed.

  Moreover, by making a 1st-(n-1) water treatment facility into a filter, an activated carbon tower, a microfiltration membrane device, or an ultrafiltration membrane device, and an nth water treatment facility as a reverse osmosis membrane device, The cleaning effluent of the reverse osmosis membrane device, which requires a high degree of cleanliness, can be reused as the cleaning liquid for the preceding water treatment facility.

It is the schematic of the water treatment apparatus which concerns on embodiment of this invention. It is a figure explaining the circulation washing process of RO membrane unit. It is a figure explaining the circulation washing process of a security filter. It is a figure explaining the circulation washing process of an activated carbon tower. It is a figure explaining the circulation washing process of a UF membrane unit. It is a figure explaining the backwash process of a security filter. It is a figure explaining the backwash process of an activated carbon tower. It is a figure explaining the backwash process of a UF membrane unit.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

  A water treatment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention is installed corresponding to each water treatment facility, and a plurality of water treatment facilities connected in series so that raw water (treated water) is sequentially passed through. A plurality of cleaning liquid tanks. FIG. 1 shows an example of a water treatment apparatus provided with four stages of water treatment equipment and four cleaning liquid tanks connected in series. As shown in FIG. 1, the water treatment apparatus includes a UF membrane unit 12 that is a first water treatment facility, an activated carbon tower 14 that is a second water treatment facility, a safety filter 16 that is a third water treatment facility, and a fourth water treatment. A cleaning liquid tank 22 (first cleaning liquid tank) corresponding to the RO membrane unit 18 and the UF membrane unit 12 which are facilities, a cleaning liquid tank 24 (second cleaning liquid tank) corresponding to the activated carbon tower 14, and a cleaning liquid tank 26 corresponding to the security filter 16. (Third cleaning liquid tank) and a cleaning liquid tank 28 (fourth cleaning liquid tank) corresponding to the RO membrane unit 18 are provided.

  A raw water pipe 40 is connected to the primary side of the UF membrane unit 12, and brackish water, seawater, ground water, landfill leachate, organic matter containing solutes such as ions and salts from a raw water tank (not shown) through the raw water pipe 40. Raw water such as waste water and biological wastewater is supplied. The UF membrane unit 12 has an ultrafiltration membrane (UF membrane), and filtrates raw water to obtain permeated water and concentrated water. The shape of the UF membrane is not particularly limited.

  The secondary side of the UF membrane unit 12 and the primary side of the activated carbon tower 14 are connected by a connection pipe 41 (first connection pipe), and the permeated water that has passed through the UF membrane unit 12 passes through the connection pipe 41 to activate the activated carbon tower. 14. On the other hand, the concentrated water is discharged through the pipe 45. Branch pipes 46 and 47 branch from the pipe 45, and the concentrated water is returned to the raw water tank through the branch pipe 46. The branch pipe 47 is connected to a sub branch pipe 61 described later.

  The secondary side of the activated carbon tower 14 and the primary side of the safety filter 16 are connected by a connection pipe 42 (second connection pipe), and the treated water of the activated carbon tower 14 is introduced into the safety filter 16 through the connection pipe 42. The

  The secondary side of the safety filter 16 and the primary side of the RO membrane unit 18 are connected by a connection pipe 43 (third connection pipe), and treated water from which foreign matter has been removed by the safety filter 16 is passed through the connection pipe 43. It is introduced into the RO membrane unit 18.

  The RO membrane unit 18 has a reverse osmosis membrane (RO membrane) and performs filtration to obtain permeated water and concentrated water. The shape of the RO membrane is not particularly limited. A treated water outlet pipe 44 is connected to the secondary side of the RO membrane unit 18, and the permeated water that has passed through the RO membrane unit 18 is discharged through the treated water outlet pipe 44. On the other hand, the concentrated water is returned to the raw water tank via the pipe 48. A branch pipe 49 branches from the pipe 48, and the branch pipe 49 is connected to the cleaning liquid tank 28.

  As described above, in the water treatment apparatus shown in FIG. 1, raw water is sequentially passed through the UF membrane unit 12, the activated carbon tower 14, the safety filter 16, and the RO membrane unit 18 for treatment.

  In the cleaning liquid tank 22, a cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the UF membrane of the UF membrane unit 12 is stored. Similarly, a cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the activated carbon tower 14 is stored in the cleaning liquid tank 24. The cleaning liquid tank 26 stores cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the safety filter 16. The cleaning liquid tank 28 stores cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the RO membrane of the RO membrane unit 18.

  As shown in FIG. 1, leading branch pipes 90 and 92 are branched from the raw water pipe 40, and the leading branch pipes 90 and 92 connect the raw water pipe 40 and the cleaning liquid tank 22. The leading branch pipe 90 is a through pipe without a pump. On the other hand, the leading branch pipe 92 is a pipe with a pump provided with a pump 32.

  A main branch pipe 51 (first main branch pipe) is branched from the connection pipe 41, and further, the main branch pipe 51 is further connected to a sub branch pipe 61 (first sub branch pipe) and a sub branch pipe 71 (first sub branch pipe). ) Is branched. The sub branch pipe 61 connects the main branch pipe 51 and the cleaning liquid tank 22. The sub branch pipe 71 connects the main branch pipe 51 and the cleaning liquid tank 24. Further, a sub branch pipe 81 provided with a pump 34 is provided in parallel with the sub branch pipe 71, and the main branch pipe 51 and the cleaning liquid tank 24 are also connected by the sub branch pipe 81.

  A main branch pipe 52 (second main branch pipe) branches off from the connection pipe 42, and further from the main branch pipe 52 to a sub branch pipe 62 (second sub branch pipe) and a sub branch pipe 72 (second sub branch pipe). ) Is branched. The sub branch pipe 62 connects the main branch pipe 52 and the cleaning liquid tank 24. The sub branch pipe 72 connects the main branch pipe 52 and the cleaning liquid tank 26. Further, a sub branch pipe 82 provided with a pump 36 is provided in parallel with the sub branch pipe 72, and the main branch pipe 52 and the cleaning liquid tank 26 are also connected by the sub branch pipe 82.

  A main branch pipe 53 (third main branch pipe) branches off from the connection pipe 43, and further from the main branch pipe 53 to a sub branch pipe 63 (third sub branch pipe) and a sub branch pipe 83 (third sub branch pipe). ) Is branched. The sub branch pipe 63 connects the main branch pipe 53 and the cleaning liquid tank 26. The sub branch pipe 83 connects the main branch pipe 53 and the cleaning liquid tank 28 and is provided with a pump 38.

  A tail branch pipe 94 branches from the treated water outlet pipe 44, and the tail branch pipe 94 connects the treated water outlet pipe 44 and the cleaning liquid tank 28.

  A cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the RO membrane of the RO membrane unit 18 is stored in the cleaning liquid tank 28. This cleaning liquid is a mixture of the permeated water of the RO membrane unit 18 supplied through the treated water extraction pipe 44 and the tail branch pipe 94 and the chemical added by the chemical addition means 96. As the chemical, alkali agents such as sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide, chelating agents such as nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and gluconic acid can be used. However, other cleaning chemicals may be used, and acid or hypochlorite-bound chlorine may be used. One cleaning chemical may be used alone, or two or more cleaning chemicals may be mixed and used.

  The RO membrane circulation cleaning process of the RO membrane unit 18 will be described with reference to FIG. In FIG. 2, the flow of the cleaning liquid is indicated by a bold line. The pump 38 supplies the cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 28 to the primary side of the RO membrane unit 18 through the secondary branch pipe 83, the main branch pipe 53, and the connection pipe 43, and performs flushing cleaning of the RO membrane. The cleaning liquid discharged from the permeate outlet of the RO membrane unit 18 is introduced into the cleaning liquid tank 28 through the treated water extraction pipe 44 and the tail branch pipe 94. In addition, the cleaning waste liquid discharged from the concentrated water outlet of the RO membrane unit 18 is introduced into the cleaning liquid tank 28 through the pipe 48 and the branch pipe 49. In this manner, the cleaning liquid is circulated in the forward direction between the cleaning liquid tank 28 and the RO membrane unit 18.

  Since the cleaning solution used for cleaning the RO membrane gradually decreases its cleaning effect, it is periodically replaced with a new one. When the cleaning liquid is replaced with a new one, the cleaning drainage liquid in the cleaning liquid tank 28 is not discarded but sent to the cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, and 26 via the pipe 98 by the pump 30. The amount of liquid supplied to the cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, and 26 by the pump 30 may be equal, or may be supplied only to any one or two of the cleaning liquid tanks. When all or most of the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid tank 28 is sent to the cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, and 26, the permeated water of the RO membrane unit 18 is supplied to the cleaning liquid tank 28. At this time, a chemical is added from the chemical addition means 96. As a result, the RO membrane cleaning liquid is replaced with a new one.

  A cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the safety filter 16 is stored in the cleaning liquid tank 26. This cleaning liquid is the cleaning liquid (RO membrane cleaning drainage) sent from the cleaning liquid tank 28 by the pump 30. However, in order to adjust the concentration, etc., it can be mixed with the treated water of the safety filter 16 supplied via the connection pipe 43, the main branch pipe 53 and the sub branch pipe 63, or a chemical can be added. Further, the treated water of the activated carbon tower 14 may be mixed instead of the treated water of the safety filter 16.

  The circulation cleaning process of the safety filter 16 will be described with reference to FIG. In FIG. 3, the flow of the cleaning liquid is indicated by a bold line. The pump 36 supplies the cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 26 to the primary side of the safety filter 16 through the secondary branch pipe 82, the main branch pipe 52, and the connection pipe 42, and performs chemical cleaning of the safety filter 16. The cleaning drainage liquid of the safety filter 16 is introduced into the cleaning liquid tank 26 through the connection pipe 43, the main branch pipe 53 and the sub branch pipe 63. Thus, the cleaning liquid is circulated in the forward direction between the cleaning liquid tank 26 and the safety filter 16.

  A cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the activated carbon tower 14 is stored in the cleaning liquid tank 24. This cleaning liquid is the cleaning liquid (RO membrane cleaning drainage) sent from the cleaning liquid tank 28 by the pump 30. However, in order to adjust the concentration or the like, it can be mixed with the treated water of the activated carbon tower 14 supplied through the connection pipe 42, the main branch pipe 52 and the sub branch pipe 62, or a chemical can be added. Moreover, you may mix with the treated water of the UF membrane unit 12 instead of the treated water of the activated carbon tower 14. FIG.

  The circulation cleaning process of the activated carbon tower 14 will be described with reference to FIG. In FIG. 4, the flow of the cleaning liquid is indicated by a bold line. The pump 34 supplies the cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 24 to the primary side of the activated carbon tower 14 through the secondary branch pipe 81, the main branch pipe 51, and the connection pipe 41, and performs chemical cleaning of the activated carbon tower 14. The cleaning waste liquid from the activated carbon tower 14 is supplied to the cleaning liquid tank 24 through the connection pipe 42, the main branch pipe 52 and the sub branch pipe 62. Thus, the cleaning liquid is circulated in the forward direction between the cleaning liquid tank 24 and the activated carbon tower 14.

  The cleaning liquid tank 22 stores cleaning liquid for circulating and cleaning the UF membrane of the UF membrane unit 12. This cleaning liquid is the cleaning liquid (RO membrane cleaning drainage) sent from the cleaning liquid tank 28 by the pump 30. However, it is possible to mix with the permeated water of the UF membrane unit 12 supplied through the connection pipe 41, the main branch pipe 51, and the sub branch pipe 61, or to add chemicals for concentration adjustment or the like. Further, instead of the permeated water of the UF membrane unit 12, it may be mixed with the concentrated water of the UF membrane unit 12, or may be mixed with raw water.

  The UF membrane circulation cleaning process of the UF membrane unit 12 will be described with reference to FIG. In FIG. 5, the flow of the cleaning liquid is indicated by a bold line. The pump 32 supplies the cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 22 to the primary side of the UF membrane unit 12 via the leading branch pipe 92 and the raw water pipe 40 to perform chemical cleaning of the UF membrane. The cleaning liquid discharged from the permeate outlet of the UF membrane unit 12 is supplied to the cleaning liquid tank 22 through the connection pipe 41, the main branch pipe 51 and the sub branch pipe 61. Further, the cleaning drainage discharged from the concentrated water outlet of the UF membrane unit 12 is supplied to the cleaning liquid tank 22 through the pipe 45, the branch pipe 47 and the sub branch pipe 61. Thus, the cleaning liquid is circulated in the forward direction between the cleaning liquid tank 22 and the UF membrane unit 12.

  In the water treatment apparatus shown in FIG. 1, the UF membrane unit 12, the activated carbon tower 14, and the safety filter 16 can be backwashed as well as forward washed. At the time of backwashing, the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid tank corresponding to the water treatment equipment on the rear stage side is used for back washing of the water treatment equipment on the front stage side by one stage. This is because the cleanliness of the washing waste liquid of the rear side equipment is at a level that can be used for back washing of the front side equipment.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 6, the pump 38 supplies the cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 28 to the secondary side of the security filter 16 via the secondary branch pipe 83, the main branch pipe 53, and the connection pipe 43. Then, the safety filter 16 is back-washed. Cleaning drainage accompanying backwashing of the safety filter 16 is introduced into the cleaning liquid tank 26 via the connection pipe 42, the main branch pipe 52 and the sub branch pipe 72. In this way, the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid tank 28 passes through the safety filter 16 in the backwash direction and flows into the cleaning liquid tank 26.

  In addition, as shown in FIG. 7, the pump 36 supplies the cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 26 to the secondary side of the activated carbon tower 14 through the secondary branch pipe 82, the main branch pipe 52, and the connection pipe 42. The activated carbon tower 14 is back-washed. Cleaning waste liquid accompanying backwashing of the activated carbon tower 14 is introduced into the cleaning liquid tank 24 through the connection pipe 41, the main branch pipe 51 and the sub branch pipe 71. In this way, the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid tank 26 passes through the activated carbon tower 14 in the backwash direction and flows into the cleaning liquid tank 24.

  Similarly, as shown in FIG. 8, the pump 34 supplies the cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 24 to the secondary side of the UF membrane unit 12 via the secondary branch pipe 81, the main branch pipe 51, and the connection pipe 41. Supply and backwash the UF membrane. The cleaning waste liquid accompanying the back washing of the UF membrane is introduced into the cleaning liquid tank 22 through the raw water pipe 40 and the leading branch pipe 90. As described above, the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid tank 24 passes through the UF membrane unit 12 in the backwash direction and flows into the cleaning liquid tank 22.

  In this way, the main branch pipe branched from the connecting pipe connecting two adjacent water treatment facilities is subjected to back washing of the water treatment facility on the upstream side (upstream side) of the branch point and water on the downstream side (downstream side). By using it for order washing of processing equipment, the entire connection pipe can be washed.

  For example, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 6, a cleaning liquid tank fed by a pump 38 to one main branch pipe 53 branched from a connection pipe 43 connecting the safety filter 16 and the RO membrane unit 18. The cleaning liquid in the flow 28 flows, and this cleaning liquid can be used for the forward circulation cleaning of the RO membrane and the back cleaning of the safety filter 16. The entire connection pipe 43 can be cleaned by circulating cleaning of the RO membrane and back cleaning of the safety filter 16.

  Further, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 7, a cleaning liquid tank 26 fed by a pump 36 is supplied to one main branch pipe 52 branched from a connection pipe 42 that connects the activated carbon tower 14 and the safety filter 16. The cleaning liquid flows, and this cleaning liquid can be used for the forward circulation cleaning of the safety filter 16 and the back cleaning of the activated carbon tower 14. The entire connection pipe 42 can be cleaned by circulating cleaning of the safety filter 16 and back cleaning of the activated carbon tower 14.

  Similarly, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 8, the cleaning liquid fed by the pump 34 is supplied to one main branch pipe 51 branched from the connection pipe 41 connecting the UF membrane unit 12 and the activated carbon tower 14. The washing liquid in the tank 24 flows, and this washing liquid can be used for forward circulation washing of the activated carbon tower 14 and back washing of the UF membrane. The entire connection pipe 41 can be cleaned by circulating cleaning of the activated carbon tower 14 and back cleaning of the UF membrane.

  In addition, although illustration is abbreviate | omitted, each piping is provided with the flow-path switching valve, the cutoff valve, etc., By controlling these valves, water treatment and washing | cleaning processing as mentioned above can be performed now. Yes.

  According to this embodiment, since the RO membrane cleaning effluent is reused for cleaning the water treatment equipment in the previous stage, compared with the case where the RO membrane cleaning effluent is discarded, By reducing the amount of washing waste liquid discarded, the chemical cost and the burden of waste liquid treatment can be reduced, and the washing cost can be suppressed.

  In the above embodiment, a new cleaning liquid is used for cleaning the RO membrane. This is because the RO membrane is required to have the highest cleanliness among a plurality of unit operations constituting the water treatment apparatus shown in FIG. A new cleaning liquid may be supplied to the cleaning liquid tank 22, 24 or 26 and used for cleaning the UF membrane, the activated carbon tower 14 or the safety filter 16.

  In the above embodiment, the cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, 26, and 28 corresponding to each of the plurality of facilities of the UF membrane unit 12, the activated carbon tower 14, the safety filter 16, and the RO membrane unit 18 are provided. One cleaning liquid tank may be provided for the equipment, and the cleaning liquid in this cleaning liquid tank may be collected into a plurality of equipment and passed for cleaning. A system in which a plurality of facilities are arranged in parallel is regarded as one water treatment facility, and one cleaning liquid tank may be provided for these plurality of facilities, or a plurality of the same or different types of facilities connected in series (multistage connection) May be regarded as one water treatment facility, and one cleaning liquid tank may be provided for the plurality of facilities. For example, a plurality of UF membrane units 12 can be connected in parallel, and the cleaning liquid can be supplied to each UF membrane unit 12 from one cleaning liquid tank. Further, for example, the activated carbon tower 14 and the safety filter 16 connected in series can be regarded as one facility, and one cleaning liquid tank can be provided for the activated carbon tower 14 and the safety filter 16. The equipment arranged in parallel and the combination considered as one equipment are not limited to this.

  However, when the frequency of cleaning of each facility and the components and concentration of the cleaning solution are different, it is preferable to provide a cleaning solution tank corresponding to each facility. By adopting such a configuration, even when the cleaning times of the respective facilities overlap, the cleaning liquid can be sent from the respective cleaning liquid tanks to the respective facilities, so that the cleaning liquid need not be discarded. For example, in the pretreatment equipment such as the UF membrane unit 12 and the activated carbon tower 14, the cleaning is performed about once a week, and the RO membrane unit 18 is cleaned about once a month.

  Further, a plurality of cleaning liquid tanks may be provided, and the cleaning waste liquid may be separated and stored according to the degree of contamination (water quality). In this case, the cleaning drainage can be reused more efficiently by selecting and using the cleaning drainage having the water quality necessary for cleaning for each unit operation constituting the water treatment facility in the previous stage.

  In the above embodiment, when the RO membrane cleaning drainage liquid stored in the cleaning liquid tank 28 is sent to the cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, 26 by the pump 30, chemicals suitable for cleaning each facility may be added. Good. Further, a means for supplying the cleaning drainage liquid from the RO membrane unit 18 to the cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, 26 is provided, and the cleaning drainage liquid is supplied from the RO membrane unit 18 to the cleaning liquid tanks 22, 24, 26 without using the cleaning liquid tank 28. Direct supply may be possible. Alternatively, a means for supplying the cleaning effluent from the RO membrane unit 18 to the secondary side of the UF membrane unit 12, the activated carbon tower 14 or the safety filter 16 is provided, and the reverse of the UF membrane unit 12, the activated carbon tower 14 or the safety filter 16. You may make it wash.

  In the above embodiment, when the pump 32 allows fluid to pass through when stopped, the leading branch pipe 90 may be omitted. Further, when the pump 34 allows fluid to pass through when stopped, the sub branch pipe 71 may be omitted. Further, when the pump 36 allows fluid to pass through when stopped, the sub-branch pipe 72 may be omitted.

  In the water treatment apparatus according to the above embodiment, the UF membrane unit 12 and the activated carbon tower 14 are provided as examples of the water treatment facility for performing the pretreatment of the RO membrane unit 18, but the pretreatment facility is not limited to these, A membrane filtration apparatus using a microfiltration (MF) membrane, a filter, other equipment that performs physicochemical treatment such as ion exchange, UV, and the like can be used.

  The pretreatment equipment such as a membrane filtration device may be a dead end type or a cross flow type.

  In the above embodiment, the cleaning liquid is introduced from the primary side or the secondary side of the water treatment facility for cleaning, but the cleaning liquid may be supplied from a dedicated cleaning nozzle in accordance with the characteristics of the facility.

  In the above embodiment, the treated water of the corresponding equipment is supplied to each cleaning liquid tank, but the treated water of the front-side equipment may be used for the cleaning liquid of the rear-side equipment. . For example, a part of the treated water of the activated carbon tower 14 may be supplied to the cleaning liquid tank 26 and mixed with the cleaning liquid of the safety filter 16.

  In the above-described embodiment, one or a plurality of high-order water treatment facilities may be further provided in the subsequent stage of the RO membrane unit 18.

12 UF membrane unit 14 Activated carbon tower 16 Safety filter 18 RO membrane unit 22, 24, 26, 28 Cleaning liquid tank 30, 32, 34, 36, 38 Pump 40 Raw water piping 41, 42, 43 Connection piping 44 Treated water outlet 51, 52, 53 Main branch pipe 61, 62, 63 Sub branch pipe 71, 72, 73, 81, 82, 83 Secondary branch pipe 90, 92 Lead branch pipe 94 Trail branch pipe 96 Chemical addition means

Claims (11)

  1. In a water treatment apparatus having first to nth (n is an integer of 2 or more) water treatment equipment connected in series so that water to be treated is sequentially passed,
    First to nth cleaning liquid tanks are installed corresponding to the first to nth water treatment facilities,
    First to n-th circulating cleaning means for circulating the cleaning liquid in the k-th (k is an integer from 1 to n) cleaning liquid tank through the k-th water treatment facility in the forward washing direction;
    A liquid feeding means for feeding the cleaning liquid in the p-th (p is an integer of 2 to n) cleaning liquid tank or the cleaning drainage liquid of the p-th water treatment facility to the preceding-stage cleaning liquid tank;
    A water treatment apparatus comprising:
  2. In claim 1,
    The jth (j is an integer from 1 to (n-1)) water treatment facility and the (j + 1) th water treatment facility are connected, and the treated water of the jth water treatment facility is connected to the (j + 1) th water treatment facility. First to (n-1) connecting pipes to be introduced into the water treatment facility;
    First to (n-1) main branch pipes branching from each connection pipe;
    First to (n-1) sub-branch pipes and first to (n-1) sub-branch pipes respectively branching from each main branch pipe;
    Further comprising
    The j-th sub branch pipe connects the j-th main branch pipe and the j-th cleaning liquid tank,
    The jth slave branch pipe connects the jth main branch pipe and the (j + 1) th cleaning liquid tank,
    At the time of circulating cleaning of the i-th (i is an integer from 2 to (n-1)) water cleaning equipment, the cleaning liquid in the i-th cleaning liquid tank is the (i-1) sub-branch pipe, the (i-1) Is supplied to the primary side of the i-th water treatment facility via the main branch pipe and the (i-1) -th connection pipe,
    The cleaning drainage liquid of the i-th water treatment facility is circulated to the i-th cleaning liquid tank through the i-th connecting pipe, the i-th main branch pipe, and the i-th sub branch pipe. Water treatment equipment.
  3. In claim 2,
    Raw water piping is connected to the primary side of the first water treatment facility,
    A leading branch pipe connecting the raw water pipe and the first cleaning liquid tank is provided;
    At the time of circulating cleaning of the first water treatment facility, the cleaning liquid in the first cleaning liquid tank is supplied to the primary side of the first water treatment facility via the leading branch pipe and the raw water pipe,
    The water treatment is characterized in that the washing drainage of the first water treatment facility is circulated to the first washing liquid tank through the first connecting pipe, the first main branch pipe and the first sub branch pipe. apparatus.
  4. In claim 2 or 3,
    A treated water discharge pipe is connected to the secondary side of the nth water treatment facility,
    A tail branch pipe connecting the treated water take-out pipe and the n-th cleaning liquid tank is provided;
    At the time of circulating cleaning of the n-th water treatment facility, the cleaning liquid in the n-th cleaning liquid tank contains (n-1) sub-branch pipe, (n-1) main branch pipe, and (n-1). Is supplied to the primary side of the n-th water treatment facility via a connection pipe of
    A water treatment apparatus characterized in that cleaning waste liquid of the n-th water treatment facility is circulated to an n-th washing liquid tank through a treated water take-out pipe and a tail branch pipe.
  5. In a water treatment apparatus having first to nth (n is an integer of 2 or more) water treatment equipment connected in series so that water to be treated is sequentially passed,
    First to nth cleaning liquid tanks are installed corresponding to the first to nth water treatment facilities,
    The first (j + 1) -th water treatment facility with respect to the j-th (j-1) integer water treatment facility is passed through the cleaning liquid in the (j + 1) th cleaning liquid tank in the backwash direction and flows into the j-th cleaning liquid tank. A water treatment apparatus comprising (n-1) th back washing means.
  6. In claim 5,
    The j-th water treatment facility is connected to the (j + 1) -th water treatment facility, and the treated water of the j-th water treatment facility is introduced into the (j + 1) -th water treatment facility. 1) the connection piping;
    First to (n-1) main branch pipes branching from each connection pipe;
    First to (n-1) sub-branch pipes and first to (n-1) sub-branch pipes respectively branching from each main branch pipe;
    Further comprising
    The j-th sub branch pipe connects the j-th main branch pipe and the j-th cleaning liquid tank,
    The jth slave branch pipe connects the jth main branch pipe and the (j + 1) th cleaning liquid tank,
    At the time of back washing of the i-th (i is an integer of 2 to (n-1)) water cleaning equipment, the washing liquid in the (i + 1) -th washing liquid tank contains the i-th sub-branch pipe, the i-th main branch pipe, and the i-th main branch pipe. supplied to the secondary side of the i-th water treatment facility via the i connecting pipe,
    The effluent from the i-th water treatment facility passes through the (i-1) connecting pipe, the (i-1) main branch pipe, and the (i-1) secondary branch pipe. A water treatment apparatus which is introduced into a cleaning liquid tank.
  7. In claim 6,
    Raw water piping is connected to the primary side of the first water treatment facility,
    A leading branch pipe connecting the raw water pipe and the first cleaning liquid tank is provided;
    At the time of reverse cleaning of the first water treatment facility, the cleaning liquid in the second cleaning solution tank is transferred to the first water treatment facility via the first sub branch pipe, the first main branch pipe, and the first connection pipe. Supplied to the secondary side of
    A water treatment apparatus, wherein the waste water from the first water treatment facility is introduced into the first washing liquid tank through the raw water pipe and the leading branch pipe.
  8. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 7,
    The first to (n-1) water treatment facilities are a filter, an activated carbon tower, a microfiltration membrane device, or an ultrafiltration membrane device,
    The n-th water treatment facility is a reverse osmosis membrane device.
  9. In any of claims 1 to 8,
    A water treatment apparatus, further comprising a high-order water treatment facility into which treated water of the nth water treatment facility is introduced after the nth water treatment facility.
  10. A cleaning method for cleaning at least a part of water treatment equipment of the water treatment device according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    Cleaning the n-th water treatment facility by circulating a cleaning liquid in a forward direction between the n-th water treatment facility and the n-th washing solution tank;
    A step of cleaning the water treatment facility by circulating a cleaning solution in a forward direction between at least one water treatment facility on the front side and a washing solution tank corresponding to the water treatment facility;
    With
    A water treatment facility characterized in that the cleaning liquid in the n-th water treatment facility or the cleaning solution in the n-th cleaning solution tank is fed to the preceding-stage side washing solution tank and used as the washing liquid in the preceding-stage water treatment facility. Cleaning method.
  11. A cleaning method for cleaning at least some of the water treatment facilities of the water treatment device according to any one of claims 5 to 7,
    Cleaning the n-th water treatment facility by circulating a cleaning liquid between the n-th water treatment facility and the n-th cleaning liquid tank;
    Only one stage of cleaning waste liquid in the cleaning liquid tank corresponding to the water treatment equipment on the rear stage is supplied from the secondary side to the water treatment equipment on the front stage, the water treatment equipment is backwashed, and this water treatment equipment is backwashed. Introducing the drainage liquid into the corresponding cleaning liquid tank;
    A method for cleaning a water treatment facility comprising:
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JP2007181822A (en) * 2006-12-19 2007-07-19 Kobelco Eco-Solutions Co Ltd Water treatment system for producing drinking water and its operation method
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JP2007130523A (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-05-31 Kobelco Eco-Solutions Co Ltd Membrane washing method for water treatment system
JP2007181822A (en) * 2006-12-19 2007-07-19 Kobelco Eco-Solutions Co Ltd Water treatment system for producing drinking water and its operation method
WO2011028906A1 (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-03-10 General Electric Company Water purification system skid
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