JP2015518673A - Method, apparatus and storage medium for dynamic sharing of spectrum services - Google Patents

Method, apparatus and storage medium for dynamic sharing of spectrum services Download PDF

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JP2015518673A
JP2015518673A JP2015503181A JP2015503181A JP2015518673A JP 2015518673 A JP2015518673 A JP 2015518673A JP 2015503181 A JP2015503181 A JP 2015503181A JP 2015503181 A JP2015503181 A JP 2015503181A JP 2015518673 A JP2015518673 A JP 2015518673A
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Prior art keywords
spectrum
service
sharing
services
available
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JP2015503181A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
崇 庄納
崇 庄納
ウィーヴァー,ジェフ
コルデイロ,カルロス
スリカンテスワラ,スリカタヤヤニ
サデギ,バハレ
アレフィ,レザ
エム. ホーン,デイヴィッド
エム. ホーン,デイヴィッド
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インテル コーポレイション
インテル コーポレイション
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Priority to US61/603,261 priority
Application filed by インテル コーポレイション, インテル コーポレイション filed Critical インテル コーポレイション
Priority to PCT/US2012/033952 priority patent/WO2013126085A1/en
Publication of JP2015518673A publication Critical patent/JP2015518673A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0896Bandwidth or capacity management, i.e. automatically increasing or decreasing capacities, e.g. bandwidth on demand
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/02Resource partitioning among network components, e.g. reuse partitioning
    • H04W16/10Dynamic resource partitioning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/14Spectrum sharing arrangements between different networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W24/00Supervisory, monitoring or testing arrangements
    • H04W24/08Testing, supervising or monitoring using real traffic
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W28/00Network traffic or resource management
    • H04W28/16Central resource management; Negotiation of resources or communication parameters, e.g. negotiating bandwidth or QoS [Quality of Service]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/24Accounting or billing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0486Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on load
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0493Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on a resource usage policy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/12Dynamic Wireless traffic scheduling ; Dynamically scheduled allocation on shared channel
    • H04W72/1205Schedule definition, set-up or creation
    • H04W72/1257Schedule definition, set-up or creation based on resource usage policy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W74/00Wireless channel access, e.g. scheduled or random access
    • H04W74/002Transmission of channel access control information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/10Connection setup
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices
    • H04W88/06Terminal devices adapted for operation in multiple networks or having at least two operational modes, e.g. multi-mode terminals

Abstract

Techniques for managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services are provided. The technique includes storing information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided by one or more spectrum service holders in cloud spectrum service data. The technique matches one or more spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database with one or more service criteria associated with the spectrum sharing requester that processes the spectrum sharing request. Determining whether to allow one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to share with the spectrum service requester. The technique includes assigning one or more of the one or more available services to a spectrum sharing requester based on what has been matched.

Description

  The present application relates to a method, apparatus and storage medium for dynamic sharing of spectrum services.

  Service providers and device manufacturers (eg, related to wireless, cellular, etc.) are continually striving to provide value and convenience to customers, for example, by providing network services that attract people. Many agencies expect that mobile broadband service traffic will grow significantly globally over the next 5-10 years. Overall, these expectations range to an 80% compound annual growth rate. Such significant traffic growth has the consequence that the spectrum (current and future) intended to be exclusively licensed to mobile broadband carriers will be depleted within a decade. On the other hand, apart from the potential spectrum shortage problem, the spectrum usage situation in many countries and the world shows that the spectrum used in the range of 300MHz to 6GHz is very large. In view of such facts and issues, Industry and regulatory agencies are trying to adopt a more flexible and dynamic regulatory framework, including Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) and It is trying to enable spectrum sharing and access called Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). DSS and DSA make the spectrum assigned or owned by the primary user or spectrum holder available to secondary users or spectrum holders who need to use the spectrum without any harmful interference.

US Patent Application Publication No. 2008-0109343 US Patent Application Publication No. 2011-0310941

  Therefore, a technique for managing the dynamic sharing of available spectrum services is desired.

A method provided by one embodiment comprises:
Storing at least in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, the information comprising the one or more spectrum service holders; Including one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with an available spectrum service, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders;
Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. Processing a spectrum sharing request to determine whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
Assigning at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on the result of the matching.

FIG. 1 illustrates a system according to one embodiment that can manage dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. The figure which shows the component of the cloud service management platform by one Embodiment. 6 is a flowchart illustrating a procedure according to one embodiment for managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. The figure which shows the chipset which can be used in order to implement | achieve one Embodiment.

<Outline of the embodiment>
The method according to one embodiment comprises:
Storing at least in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, the information comprising the one or more spectrum service holders; Including one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with an available spectrum service, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders;
Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. Processing a spectrum sharing request to determine whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
Assigning at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on the result of the matching.

Another form of device is:
At least one processor;
At least one memory containing computer program code for one or more programs;
The at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to cause the apparatus to perform at least some method by the at least one processor, the method comprising:
Storing at least in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, the information comprising the one or more spectrum service holders; Including one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with an available spectrum service, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders;
Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. Processing a spectrum sharing request to determine whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
Allocating at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on the result of the matching.

The storage medium according to another form is
A computer-readable storage medium storing one or more sequences of one or more instructions that cause an apparatus to perform the method by one or more processors, the method comprising:
Storing at least in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, the information comprising the one or more spectrum service holders; Including one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with an available spectrum service, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders;
Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. Processing a spectrum sharing request to determine whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
Assigning at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on the result of the matching.

  Hereinafter, embodiments according to the present application will be described. However, any system that uses any of the apparatus, method and / or system features described by this application is considered to be within the spirit and scope of the embodiments.

<Drawing>
Embodiments will now be described with non-limiting examples in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

  FIG. 1 illustrates a system according to one embodiment capable of managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services.

  FIG. 2 illustrates components of a cloud service management platform according to one embodiment.

  FIG. 3 shows a flowchart of a procedure according to one embodiment for managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services.

  FIG. 4 shows a chipset that can be used to implement one embodiment.

<Detailed Description of Embodiment>
Specific examples of methods, apparatus, computer programs, etc. for managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services are disclosed. In the following description, for the purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to facilitate understanding of the embodiments. However, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that the embodiments may be practiced without such specific details or equivalent forms. In other instances, well-known structures and devices are shown in block diagram form in order to avoid unnecessarily obscuring the embodiments.

  FIG. 1 illustrates a system according to one embodiment capable of managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. Dynamic sharing may be referred to as dynamic sharing or the like. The concept of Cloud Spectrum Service (CSS) is proposed to be realized in the form of a centralized DSS / DSA in a network cloud. Specifically, the cloud performs management such as dynamic (real-time) allocation, re-claiming, de-allocation, auditing, etc., or primary spectrum holder and operator / user / You may manage the optimized use of spectrum that is lent or borrowed between content providers (in other words, alternative spectrum holders).

  However, dynamic sharing of available spectrum services among nodes or entities such as primary spectrum holders, alternative spectrum holders, spectrum brokers, management service departments, and / or regulatory bodies etc. There is currently no suitable interface or protocol to implement communication that facilitates. Rather, traditional services with DSS / DSA functionality can be realized by a static database that can be serviced by the secondary system (e.g., in white space) or secondary without any coordination with the primary service. It is only realized by spectrum detection by the system (for example, DFS enabled WiFi operation in 5 GHz band).

  To address this issue, the system 100 of FIG. 1 introduces a feature that manages the dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. For example, by enabling communications between primary spectrum holders, alternative spectrum holders, spectrum brokers, management service departments and / or regulatory bodies, etc., to facilitate dynamic sharing of spectrum services available through the cloud interface. The system 100 responds to interface and protocol needs.

  In CSS, there are mainly four types of stakeholders, such as 1) primary spectrum service holder with exclusive rights to use a specific spectrum service, 2) owned by primary spectrum service holder or Alternative spectrum holders that need to borrow or borrow part of the allocated spectrum (e.g. cellular or mobile broadband operator or service provider), 3) between primary spectrum service holder and alternative spectrum service holder There is a regulatory body that manages spectrum allocation and / or authorizes borrowed or shared processing, and 4) a spectrum broker or management service unit that manages CSS processing performed in the CSS cloud.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the system 100 includes user equipment (UE) 101a-101n (collectively referred to as UE 101) with connections to the CSS management platform 103 and one or more primary spectrum services. Holder 107a-107n (collectively referred to as primary spectrum service holder 107) and one or more alternative spectrum service holders 109a-109n (collectively referred to as alternative spectrum service holder 109) ), A CSS database 111, and one or more spectrum service allocation regulation units 113a-113n (collectively referred to as spectrum service allocation regulation unit 113), which are coupled via the communication network 105. Is done. The primary service holder may be referred to as the primary spectrum service holder. Alternative spectrum service holders may be referred to as secondary service holders or secondary spectrum service users. UE 101, CSS management platform 103, primary spectrum service holder 107, alternative spectrum service holder 109, CSS database 111, and spectrum service regulation unit 113 are all shown to have a connection (or connection) with communication network 105. Each of these functions may or may not have a direct connection between each other depending on the various embodiments and system architecture.

  For various embodiments, the CSS management platform 103 may be used by a spectrum broker or management service unit, and may be operably connected to or include the CSS database 111. The CSS management platform 103 may be configured to store various computational resources for handling CSS processing in the CSS database 111, or in other memory associated with the CSS management platform 103. It may be formed.

  For various embodiments, an alternative spectrum service holder 109 infrastructure, for example, a radio access network having the capability to use various available spectrum services provided for the primary spectrum service holder 107 as rental spectrum, for example. (RAN) and / or core network. Additionally, the UE 101 may be, for example, a CSS compatible multi-mode device that can use various available spectrum services provided to the primary spectrum service holder 107.

  In one or more embodiments, any combination of one or more of the following four logical interfaces may exist. For example, the first interface is defined between the primary spectrum service holder 107 and the CSS database 111. A second interface is defined between the alternative spectrum service holder 109 and the CSS management platform 103. A third interface is defined between the CSS management platform 103 and the CSS database 111. The fourth interface is defined between the primary spectrum service holder 107 and the CSS management platform 103.

  In various embodiments, depending on the CSS architecture or alternatively, other logical interfaces may be defined between the CSS management platform 103 and the UE 101 and / or between the spectrum service regulator 113. Good. Further, the spectrum service regulation unit may be a direct interface to the primary spectrum service holder 107.

  In one embodiment, the primary spectrum service holder 107 may provide information indicating that a spectrum service, such as a radio resource, is available in a dynamic format during a specific time period, etc., for example, CSS management platform 103 and / or Alternatively, it is provided directly to the CSS database 111 or via the CSS management platform 103. In response, information regarding available spectrum services provided by the primary spectrum service holder 107 is stored in the CSS database 111.

  For various embodiments, an alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 sends one or more spectrum sharing requests related to spectrum borrowing to the CSS management platform 103 via the interface. For example, there is a need for additional spectrum services that exceed the spectrum that is currently available to the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 or that is expected to be available in the future to the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101. If the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 determines, the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 sends to the CSS management platform 103 so that the need (demand) of the current or future spectrum service is satisfied. Create a request for spectrum sharing.

  A spectrum sharing request specifies various service criteria or details regarding the request, e.g., the period during which the required spectrum sharing is to be performed, the range of offered spectrum sharing offer prices, the required spectrum share. One or more of a frequency range in which ring is allowed, a performance condition regarding the requester of the spectrum sharing, and a spectrum service holder in which the required spectrum sharing is performed may be specified. It is not limited.

  Along with information that the spectrum service is available, the primary spectrum service holder 107 includes various spectrum sharing criteria, which include the desired price for sharing available spectrum services, the spectrum service available. One or more of performance data, frequency ranges of available spectrum services, and spectrum sharing requesters allowed to share available spectrum services may be specified, but are not limited to these. .

  In response to receiving a spectrum service sharing request, the CSS management platform 103 obtains information stored in the CSS database 111 and analyzes the spectrum sharing request of the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101. However, any regulatory rule may be considered, which relates to allocating one or more available spectrum services to other spectrum service holders 109 or UEs 101. “Assign” may be referred to as assigning, specifying, and the like.

  For example, the CSS management platform 103 compares the various spectrum sharing criteria set by the primary spectrum service holder 107 with the service criteria provided by the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101. Based on the comparison (result), the CSS management platform 103 determines whether a particular available spectrum service should be shared with the requesting alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101. To do. The decision about sharing available spectrum services can be determined, for example, by matching (or matching) the spectrum sharing criteria stored in the CSS database 111 with the service criteria provided by the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101. Result). The determination of match or match may be based, for example, on an optimization routine for pairing different spectrum sharing criteria with different service criteria. “Pairing” may be referred to as a combination or the like. Based on the match, a determination is made whether to share available spectrum services stored in the CSS database 111, and the available spectrum services are assigned to the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101. May be.

  For example, if the primary spectrum service holder 107 only wishes to allow a certain company carrier to share / lend available spectrum services at a particular time, the CSS management platform 103 May decide to share (or whether to share) available spectrum services according to a particular combination of spectrum sharing criteria. Also, for example, if the primary spectrum service holder 107 is trying to lend and share available spectrum services only at a certain minimum price, the CSS management platform 103 can set the desired price indicated by the spectrum sharing standard. Only an alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 having an offer price that matches is determined to match. For various embodiments, the CSS management platform 103 may be configured to maximize the rewards obtained by sharing available spectrum services. For example, if an alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 is presenting a service criteria that indicates an offer price or price range that exceeds the spectrum's desired lending price, the CSS management platform 103 will select the highest available spectrum service. Assigned to the bidder (e.g., it is assumed that there are multiple alternative spectrum service holders 109 or UEs 101 specifying the price) and / or set the price If there is only one person, the available spectrum service may be allocated at the maximum price offered, rather than the desired price, which may be cheaper than the offered range.

  In one or more embodiments, various spectrum sharing criteria and / or service criteria are weighted such that a given criterion is more important than other criteria, and decisions regarding sharing spectrum services are weighted. You may make it make it based on matching (collation). For example, the spectrum sharing criteria is set to have a weight of “X” for a particular time, but the price point of spectrum sharing is set as “Y” weighted more than X If a particular price point presented by the spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 takes precedence over its time constraints, the CSS management platform 103 will either make a request to share the spectrum service or the spectrum share During the time that the ring is made, a decision may be made to share available spectrum services based on the offered price, even if the primary spectrum service holder 107 does not normally allow spectrum sharing. That is, the primary spectrum service holder 107 does not want to share spectrum services with a company such as an alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 during peak hours, but the primary spectrum service holder 107 is suitable for the price. If so, you may share.

  The above example performs matching, adjustment, weighting, optimization, determination, etc., for comparison and matching of alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 with available spectrum services provided by primary spectrum service holder 107 It should be noted that this is just an example. Any type of data related to spectrum sharing and / or service criteria when making decisions about sharing available spectrum services or assigning available spectrum services to alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101 , Criteria, combinations, and weighting methods may be provided to the CSS management platform 103.

  Also, when determining whether to share the available spectrum service with the requesting alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101, the CSS management platform 103 may provide any service provided by the spectrum service regulation unit 113. Regulatory rules may be considered. For example, when the CSS management platform 103 optimizes the agreement between spectrum sharing standards and service standards, some regulatory rules that control the allocation of spectrum services by borrowing, lending, sharing, etc. may be considered or used After a decision to share possible spectrum services is made, the CSS management platform 103 may provide regulatory rules, where the regulatory rules may share available spectrum services and / or Used in approving or denying assigning available spectrum services to alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101.

  In one or more embodiments, the CSS management platform 103 updates the CSS database 111 relating to assigning available spectrum services to alternative spectrum service holders 109 or UEs 101. The CSS management platform 103 may notify the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or the UE 101 of the determination regarding the request for spectrum sharing using the notification message. The notification message contains specific details regarding the decision to share available spectrum services and / or allocations, such as the amount paid, the amount to be paid, the duration of the allocation, the allocation frequency, the allocation frequency, Contains detailed information of the primary spectrum service holder.

  The CSS management platform 103 may report the allocation of available spectrum services to the primary spectrum service holder 107 via a notification message. The notification message includes specific details regarding sharing and / or allocation of spectrum services, eg, amount paid, amount to be paid, duration of allocation, allocated frequency, allocated frequency, details of the primary spectrum service holder. Includes information.

  As an example, communication network 105 of system 100 includes one or more networks, and may include, for example, a wired data network, a wireless network, a telephone network, or any combination thereof. The data network can be any local area network (LAN), metropolitan area network (MAN), wide area network (WAN), public data network (e.g., the Internet), short-range wireless network, any other suitable packet switched network, etc. It may be a commercially available network, a dedicated packet switched network (for example, a dedicated cable or optical fiber network, etc.), or any combination thereof. It is assumed that Further, the wireless network may be, for example, a cellular network and may use various technologies, such as EDGE (enhanced data rate for global evolution), GPRS (general packet radio service), GSM (registration). (Trademark) (global system for mobile communications), IMS (internet protocol multimedia subsystem), UMTS (universal mobile telecommunications system), etc., as well as any other suitable wireless medium, for example, WiMAX (worldwide interoperability for microwave access), Long Term Evolution (LTE) network, code division multiple access (CDMA), wideband CDMA (wideband CDMA: WCDMA (registered trademark)), WiFi (wireless fidelity), WiGig, WLAN (wireless LAN), Bluetooth (Bluetooth®), Internet protocol (IP), data casting Satellite may include any combinations or their mobile ad hoc network (MANET).

  UE 101 may be any type such as mobile terminal, fixed terminal or mobile terminal, for example, mobile handset, communication station, station, unit, communication device, device, multimedia computer, multimedia tablet, Internet node, communicator , Desktop computer, laptop computer, notebook computer, netbook computer, tablet computer, personal communication system (PCS) device, personal navigation device, personal digital assistant (PDA), audio / video player, digital camera / camcorder, positioning device Positioning device, television receiver, wireless broadcast receiver, electronic book device, game device, or any combination thereof. But to better, more accessories and peripheral devices those devices may include any combination thereof. UE 101 may be assumed to be able to support any type of interface to a user (eg, a “detachable” circuit, etc.).

  For example, UE 101, CSS management platform 103, primary spectrum service holder 107, alternative spectrum service holder 109, and optional CSS database 111 and spectrum service allocation regulator 113 are either existing or future or being defined Protocols may be used to communicate with each other and with other components of communication network 105. In this application, a protocol includes a group of rules or procedures that define how network nodes in communication network 105 interact with each other based on information transmitted over a communication link. This protocol relates to the operation of the various layers within each node, for example, starting with the process of generating and receiving various types of physical signals, the process of selecting the links that transport those signals, those signals This relates to various operations ranging from the processing of the format of information notified by, the processing of specifying which software application operating in the computer system transmits and receives information, and the like. Protocol layers that are conceptually different when exchanging information over a network may be defined in the Open System Interconnection (OSI) reference model.

  Communication between network nodes is typically performed by individual data packets. Each packet typically includes 1) header information associated with a particular protocol, and 2) payload information that includes the header information followed by information that may be processed independently of that particular protocol. Depending on the protocol, the packet includes 3) tailor information that follows the payload and indicates the end of the payload information. The header indicates the source of the packet (source), the destination of the packet (destination), the length of the payload, and other characteristics used by the protocol. Often, the data in the payload for a particular protocol includes different protocol headers and payloads associated with different upper layers of the OSI reference model. The header for a particular protocol typically indicates the type of the next protocol contained in the payload. An upper layer protocol is referred to as being encapsulated with a lower layer protocol, and so on. A header included in a packet through a plurality of heterogeneous networks such as the Internet typically includes a physical (layer 1) header, a data link (layer 2) header, an internetwork (layer 3) header, a transport ( Layer 4) header and various application (Layer 5, Layer 6, Layer 7, etc.) headers (defined in the OSI reference model).

  FIG. 2 illustrates components of the CSS management platform 103 according to one embodiment. As a specific example, the CSS management platform 103 includes one or more components for managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. It is envisaged that the function of these components may be a combination of one or more elements, or may be performed by other equivalent functional units. In this embodiment, the CSS management platform 103 includes the communication module 201, the control logic unit 203, the sharing determination module 205, the restriction rule module 207, the allocation module 209, and the optional CSS database 111 as described above.

  For various embodiments, the CSS management platform 103 receives information about one or more available spectrum services provided by the primary spectrum service holder 107 via the communication module 201. Control logic 203 causes information about one or more available spectrum services to be stored in CSS database 111. The request regarding spectrum sharing (request for spectrum sharing) may be received by the communication module 201. Upon receiving the spectrum sharing request, the control logic unit 203 instructs the sharing determination module 205 to evaluate (or determine) some information related to the spectrum sharing request. And / or a requester of spectrum sharing (eg, alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101). Then, the sharing determination module 205 includes information related to the spectrum sharing request and some information related to available spectrum services stored in the CSS database 111 (e.g., any regulation rule managed by the regulation rule module 207 and And / or any spectrum sharing criteria, etc.) to determine whether to share one or more available spectrum services with the requester of spectrum sharing.

  As described above, a decision regarding sharing spectrum services may be made in consideration of any available regulatory rules, or some regulatory rules may be applied in advance to share available spectrum services. Judgment may be made. Upon making a decision to share one or more available spectrum services, the control logic 203 determines one or more available spectrum services to be the spectrum sharing requester (i.e., the alternative spectrum service holder 109). Alternatively, the allocation module 209 is instructed to encourage sharing of available spectrum services by allocating to UE 101).

  When assigning an available spectrum service to a spectrum sharing requestor, the assignment module 209 indicates that the assignment has been performed, one of the primary spectrum service holder 107 and the alternative spectrum service holder 109 or UE 101. Notifying above, the communication module 201 may notify various details regarding the decision to share one or more available spectrum services such as price, time, provider, etc. Further, the assignment module 209 may update the CSS database 111 to reflect the assigned spectrum service.

  FIG. 3 shows a flowchart of a procedure according to one embodiment for managing dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. In one embodiment, the CSS management platform 103 performs a process or procedure 300, which may be implemented with a chipset including a processor and memory, for example, as shown in FIG. In step 301, the CSS management platform 103 confirms that at least in part, information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided by one or more spectrum service holders is stored in a cloud service database. cause. This information includes one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with one or more available spectrum services. One or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by one or more spectrum service holders. For the various embodiments, the upper spectrum sharing criteria are the period during which one or more spectrum services are available, the desired price for sharing available spectrum services, the performance of available spectrum services. It may include one or more of data, frequency ranges of available spectrum services, and spectrum sharing requesters allowed to share available spectrum services.

  In step 303, the CSS management platform 103 processes the spectrum sharing request and at least partially shares one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor. Determine whether. The decision to share one or more spectrum services is a match between one or more spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with the spectrum sharing requester. Based at least in part on gender (matching or matching). For various embodiments, the one or more service criteria may include a period during which the required spectrum sharing is to be performed, a range of prices offered for the required spectrum sharing, and a frequency range within which the required spectrum sharing is allowed. May include one or more of performance conditions related to a requester of spectrum sharing and a spectrum service holder in which the required spectrum sharing is performed. Furthermore, the requester of spectrum sharing may be any node or presence such as a client such as UE 101 described above and / or other spectrum service holders.

  Next, in step 305, the CSS management platform 103 selectively determines or determines one or more regulatory rules associated with the spectrum service allocation regulator, and based at least in part on the one or more regulatory rules. Assign one or more available spectrum services.

  The process continues at step 307 and the CSS management platform 103 assigns one or more of the available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based at least in part on the above match. Cause that. Next, in step 309, the CSS management platform 103, based at least in part on assigning one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to a spectrum sharing requestor, a cloud spectrum service. Causes the database to be updated.

  Next, in step 311, the CSS management platform 103 sends a notification indicating an assignment of one or more available spectrum services to one or more spectrum service holders associated with the one or more assigned spectrum services. Cause it to be. For various embodiments, the notification indicating the allocation of one or more available spectrum services is one or more details relating to a decision to share one or more spectrum services with a spectrum sharing requestor. Information may be included. The process continues at step 313, where the CSS management platform 103 causes a notification indicating an allocation of one or more available spectrum services to be sent to a spectrum sharing requestor, at least in part.

  The above process for managing the dynamic sharing of available spectrum services may advantageously be implemented by software, hardware, firmware or software and / or a combination of firmware and / or hardware. For example, the processes described herein may be advantageously implemented by a processor, digital signal processing (DSP) chip, application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA), and the like. Hereinafter, hardware for executing the above functions will be described as an example.

  FIG. 4 shows a chipset or chip 400 that may be used in one embodiment. Chipset 400 is programmed to manage the dynamic sharing of the available services described above and may include components such as bus 401, processor 403, memory 405, DSP 407, and ASIC 409, for example.

  The processor 403 and memory 405 may be incorporated into one or more physical packages (eg, chips). As a specific example, a physical package includes a structure of one or more materials, components, and / or wires on a structural assembly (e.g., a substrate), physical strength, specific size and shape, and / or electrical signal. Indicates one or more features, such as restrictions on sending and receiving. In one embodiment, it is envisioned that chipset 400 may be implemented on a single chip. In one embodiment, it is further envisioned that the chipset or chip 400 may be implemented as a single “system on chip”. In one embodiment, it is envisioned that a separate ASIC may not necessarily be used, for example, all related functions disclosed herein may be performed by one or more processors. The chipset or chip 400 or a portion thereof forms a means for performing one or more steps to manage the dynamic sharing of available spectrum services.

  In one or more embodiments, the chipset or chip 400 includes communication means such as a bus 401 for communicating information among the components of the chipset 400. The processor 403 has a connection to the bus 401, executes instructions, and processes information stored in the memory 405, for example. The processor 403 may include one or more processing cores that are each configured to execute individually. A multi-core processor can perform multi-processing in a single physical package. Specific examples of multi-core processors include two, four, or eight processing cores. Alternatively or additionally, the processor 403 includes one or more microprocessors formed via a bus 401 in a short dam form and can perform individual execution of instructions, pipeline processing and multi-thread processing. The processor 403 may include one or more special signal processing functions and tasks such as one or more digital signal processors (DSPs) 407 or one or more application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) 409. It may be accompanied by various elements. The DSP 407 is typically configured to process real-world signals in real time independently of the processor 403. Similarly, the ASIC 409 may be configured to perform special functions that are not easily performed by a more general general purpose processor. Other special components that contribute to performing the above inventive functions include one or more field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), one or more controllers, one or more other special purpose computer chips, etc. May be included.

  In one embodiment, the processor (or multiprocessor (s)) 4-3 is a group of information regarding information as defined in computer program code related to managing or controlling the dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. Execute the process. Computer program code is a group of instructions or statements that provide instructions for operating a processor and / or computer system to perform specified functions. The program code (code) may be written in, for example, a computer programming language that is compiled into a processor original instruction group. The code may be written directly (eg in machine language) using the original instructions. A group of processes moves information from bus 401 and provides information to bus 401. A group of processes typically includes a comparison of two or more information units, a shift (shift) of some information units, a combination of two or more information units, etc., for example, OR, exclusive OR ( XOR) and addition or multiplication or logical processing such as AND. Each process in the group of processes that can be executed by the processor is represented to the processor by information referred to as an instruction, such as one or more numeric operation codes. A processing sequence executed by the processor 403, such as a series of processing codes or processing code sequences, forms computer system instructions, or processor instructions referred to simply as computer instructions. The processor may be realized mechanically, electronically, electromagnetically, optically, chemically or quantum device alone or in combination.

  The processor 403 and accompanying elements have a connection to the memory 405 via the bus 401. Memory 405 is a dynamic memory (e.g., RAM, magnetic disk, writable optical disk, etc.) that stores executable instructions that perform the inventive steps described herein in operation to manage dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. ) And static memory (eg, RAM, CD-ROM, etc.). Memory 405 stores data generated by or associated with performing the inventive steps.

  In one or more embodiments, the memory 405, such as random access memory (RAM) or any other dynamic storage device, etc. contains information including processor instructions for managing the dynamic sharing of available spectrum services. save. In dynamic memory, the stored information is allowed to be changed by the system 100. RAM allows information units stored in locations called memory addresses to store and extract information independently at adjacent addresses. Memory 405 is used to store temporary values used by processor 403 during execution of processor instructions. Memory 405 may be a read only memory (ROM) or any other static storage device coupled to bus 401 and stores static information (including instructions) that is not changed by system 100. Some types of memory form volatile storage that loses stored information when power is lost. Memory 405 may be non-volatile (permanent) storage that maintains information (including instructions) even when system 100 is turned off or powered down, such as a magnetic disk, optical disk, flash card, etc. There may be.

  The term “computer-readable medium” as used herein refers to any medium that participates in providing information to processor 403 that includes instructions for executing. Such a medium may take many forms, including computer-readable storage media (eg, non-volatile media, volatile media), transmission media, and the like. Volatile media includes, for example, dynamic memory. Transmission media include, for example, twisted pair cables (twisted pairs), coaxial cables, copper wires, optical fiber cables, carrier waves (carrier waves), etc., and carrier waves propagate through space without wires or cables, for example, acoustic waves and electromagnetic waves Including radio waves, light, infrared rays, and the like. Signals include amplitude, frequency, phase, polarization, or artificial changes formed by physical features that are transmitted through other transmission media. Common forms of computer readable media are, for example, floppy disks, flexible disks, hard disks, magnetic tapes, some other magnetic media, CD-ROM, CDRW, DVD, some other optical media, punch cards, paper tape, optical Mask sheet, some other physical medium (e.g. having a pattern with holes or other optically recognizable indicia), RAM, PROM, EPROM, FLASH-EPROM, EEPROM, flash memory, some other memory chip or cartridge , But not limited to, a carrier wave, a carrier wave, any other medium that can be read by a computer. The term computer readable storage medium is used herein to refer to anyone who removes a transmission medium from a computer readable medium.

  A number of embodiments and examples have been described above. However, the embodiments and the like are not limited to the above-described embodiments, and include various obvious modifications and equivalent forms, which also belong to the scope of the claims. While the features of the various embodiments are represented by a predetermined combination of matters in the claims, it is envisioned that these features can be formed in any combination and order.

Claims (24)

  1. Storing at least in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, the information comprising the one or more spectrum service holders; Including one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with an available spectrum service, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders;
    Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. Processing a spectrum sharing request to determine whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
    Allocating at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on the result of the matching.
  2. The method comprises the step of determining one or more regulation rules for spectrum service allocation regulation;
    The method of claim 1, wherein the allocation of the one or more available spectrum services is also based on the one or more regulatory rules.
  3.   The method of claim 1, comprising updating the cloud spectrum service database based on assigning at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requestor. The method described.
  4.   The method of claim 1, comprising notifying one or more spectrum service holders associated with the one or more assigned spectrum services of a notification indicating the allocation of the one or more available spectrum services. .
  5.   5. The notification indicating the allocation of the one or more available spectrum services includes one or more details regarding a decision to share the one or more spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor. The method described.
  6.   The method of claim 1, comprising sending a notification indicating an allocation of the one or more available spectrum services to a requester of the spectrum sharing.
  7.   The method of claim 1, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria includes a period during which the one or more spectrum services are available.
  8.   The one or more spectrum sharing criteria include a desired price for sharing the available spectrum service, performance data of the available spectrum service, a frequency range of the available spectrum service, and an available spectrum. The method of claim 1, comprising one or more of the spectrum sharing requestors allowed to share services.
  9.   The one or more service criteria includes a period during which required spectrum sharing is to be performed, a range of price prices for required spectrum sharing, a frequency range in which required spectrum sharing is allowed, and the spectrum sharing. The method of claim 1, comprising one or more of a performance condition for a requestor of the spectrum and a spectrum service holder for which the required spectrum sharing is performed.
  10.   The method of claim 1, wherein the spectrum sharing requester is another spectrum service holder.
  11. At least one processor;
    At least one memory containing computer program code for one or more programs;
    The at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to cause the apparatus to perform at least some method by the at least one processor, the method comprising:
    Storing at least in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, the information comprising the one or more spectrum service holders; Including one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with an available spectrum service, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders;
    Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. Processing a spectrum sharing request to determine whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
    Assigning at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on the result of the matching.
  12. Said method comprising the step of determining one or more regulation rules for spectrum service allocation regulation;
    The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the allocation of the one or more available spectrum services is also based on the one or more regulatory rules.
  13.   The method comprises updating the cloud spectrum service database based on assigning at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requestor. The apparatus of claim 11.
  14.   12. The method includes notifying one or more spectrum service holders associated with the one or more assigned spectrum services of a notification indicating an assignment of the one or more available spectrum services. The device described in 1.
  15.   15. The notification indicating the allocation of the one or more available spectrum services includes one or more details regarding a decision to share the one or more spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor. The device described.
  16.   12. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the method comprises sending a notification indicating an allocation of the one or more available spectrum services to a requester of the spectrum sharing.
  17.   The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria includes a time period during which the one or more spectrum services are available.
  18.   The one or more spectrum sharing criteria include a desired price for sharing the available spectrum service, performance data of the available spectrum service, a frequency range of the available spectrum service, and an available spectrum. 12. The apparatus of claim 11, comprising one or more of the spectrum sharing requestors that are allowed to share services.
  19.   The one or more service criteria includes a period during which required spectrum sharing is to be performed, a range of price prices for required spectrum sharing, a frequency range in which required spectrum sharing is permitted, The apparatus of claim 11, comprising one or more of a performance condition related to a requestor and a spectrum service holder where the required spectrum sharing is performed.
  20.   The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the spectrum sharing requester is another spectrum service holder.
  21. A computer-readable storage medium storing one or more sequences of one or more instructions that cause an apparatus to perform the method by one or more processors, the method comprising:
    Storing at least in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, the information comprising the one or more spectrum service holders; Including one or more spectrum sharing criteria each associated with an available spectrum service, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders;
    Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. Processing a spectrum sharing request to determine whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
    Allocating at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on the result of the matching.
  22. Said method comprising the step of determining one or more regulation rules for spectrum service allocation regulation;
    The storage medium of claim 21, wherein the allocation of the one or more available spectrum services is also based on the one or more regulatory rules.
  23. Control logic for causing at least processing to store in a cloud spectrum service database information corresponding to one or more available spectrum services provided to one or more spectrum service holders, wherein the information is Control logic including one or more spectrum sharing criteria associated with each of the one or more available spectrum services, wherein the one or more spectrum sharing criteria are provided by the one or more spectrum service holders. And
    A communication module that receives a request for spectrum sharing;
    Based at least in part on a match between the one or more available spectrum sharing criteria stored in the cloud spectrum service database and one or more service criteria associated with a requester of spectrum sharing. A sharing determination module for determining whether to share one or more of the one or more available spectrum services with the spectrum sharing requestor;
    An allocation module for allocating at least one or more of the one or more available spectrum services to the spectrum sharing requester based on a result of the matching.
  24. The apparatus has a regulation rule module for determining one or more regulation rules relating to spectrum service allocation regulation;
    24. The apparatus of claim 23, wherein the allocation of the one or more available spectrum services is also based on the one or more regulatory rules.
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